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THE TITTSBIJR'G- DISPATGH,' 'SUNDilT, 'MAT '19, 1689
1 Visit to theflewly-Built Home of a
' Genuine Boomer Family.
AMOKG-THE CHEROKEE INDIANS.
This Kation is Highly Civilized, and Quite
TOUKG SQUAWS CAN PLAT THE PIAXO
Tahlequah, Capital of Chekokee
If Anoy, May 16. On May 3, in company
with Mr. Stephan, a Denver photographer,
I set out for the Cherokee Nation, in the
northeast corner of the Indian Territory.
To go by rail was a very round-about way,
one being obliged to change cars four
times between Guthrie and Tahlcquah, the
capital of the Cherokee Nation. "We bought
us two ponies from "town boomers," who
had ridden into Guthrie, and who had no
y farther use for their animals.
On the morning of the 3d ot May we set
out upon our journey. It was 6 o'clock in
the morning when we left Guthrie, and
some of the boomers were astir. "When it
became noised about thatthe Cherokee Na
tion was to be our destination we were
besieged by a horde of disappointed boomers
who entreated Us to send them the very first
news concerning the opening of the "Cher
okee strip" to settlement.
Our paraphernalia consisted of a wagon
sheet (to be used as a tent), some blankets,
a frying pan and a coffee-pot. For pro
visions we had some corn bread, coffee and
bacon. All of the first day we rode through
tbe land of the boomers. Some of them
already had houses and barns completed,
others had them in course of erection, but
the majority of them still lived in tents.
Most of them were planting corn and small
"garden truck," as they called it
Toward dark it commenced to rain and
soon it was pouring down in torrents. "We
saw a light in a window, and riding up
shouted: "Hello-o-a!" A man came to the
door and said: " 'Eight an' look at your
saddle!" He was followed to the door by a
woman with a lamp in her hand and abont
a dozen towheaded children clinging to her
skirts and peeping out at us from behind
their mother's dress.
A big liver-spotted dog came out and
barked furiously at us. The boomer threw
a chunk of wood at Dim and shouted: "Git
in the house, you measly sup. Ain't you
ashamed of yourself to treat strangers thet
a-way?" After the dog had slunk howling
away, with his tail between his less, we
ventured to dismount. Our horses were
put up, and we went into the house. Alter
our hostess had invited us both to "take
the rocking cheer," arid our host had ven
tured the remark that it was pow'ful bad
weather, I commenced a survey of our poor
"We were evidently in the best room;
otherwise, what was George' JTashington's
rv:. ., j j, .,1' -.jd vrhy was
er the man
e been the
as an organ,
th a string
that I couldn't
inat I could make
. Stephan studied
..nd finally concluded
an Anchor to "Wind-
.ere mat oiepnan was mis
a. vSKomer stood a high-posted.
rded bed. It was that kind ot an old
fashioned bed that we used to sleep in when
we went to grandma's house. You had ,to
have a ladder in order to get in, and when
yon got in you d sink away down into tl
feather bed and nearly smother.
On the floor beside the log fireplace stoi
a Dig cloc. It was about five feet hie
and on its glass lront was painted a bunc
of roses. Some cane-bottomed chairs, wit
cushions and tidies on (one being a rocke
"for company"), constituted the remaindi
of the room s lurniture.
An old yellow loosing grandmother si
in a comer, rocking herself to and fro, an
crooning to herself an old love ditty b;
tween whiffs lroni her clav pipe. She inter
spersed her song with rambling, incoherent
maudlin remarks about her troubles; abou
how she used to be as lively a young woma
as ever set heel to a sock". And now loo
at herl Then she would sing again. From
time to time she raked a coal from the fire
with her skinny finger and relit her pipe.
SLEPT IK THE BABJT.
Finally one of the little tcw-heads com
menced to whimper, and ended with a wail
loud and long. The old grandmother took
it up and coddled it and fondled it and rode
it on her knee, and sang "Now we go upy,
up, upy, and now we go downy, down,
downy. This monotonous lullaby kept
running through my head. I became drowsy.
The old woman's voice seemed farther and
farther away. "Now we go upy, up, upy,
and now we go downy, down, downy." I fell
asleep and awoke in the morning still in tbe
armchair. I think Stephan slept in the
After "victuals" we journeyed on. For
several days we traveled in this manner.
eating our three meals of cornbread. coffee I
and bacon, and sleeping out upon the bard I
prairie, wrappeu in our oiacKets, ana witn
the wagon-sheet over us to keep the dew off.
Coming through the Sac and Fox country.
Stephan tried to secure some photographs of
Indian girls, but when he put his head un
der the black cloth, and leveled his instru-4
ment at them, they became I Tightened and
scampered away as fast as they could go.
We stopped at one of the huts, about noon
on May 4, and asked for something to eat.
They pretended not to understand us, but I
believe they did. At any rate we did not
care for any of their dinner. They were
eating dogs' brains. The Sacs and Foxes
esteem dog brains as a great delicacy. They
raise dogs purposely for their brains. I
never saw so many doss in my life as I did
coming through the Sac and Fox country.
There were all sizes and colors. The In
dians eat their brains right ont of the skull.
He dips it out with a kind of spoon. "We
saw a right handsome girl eating dog brains
in this fashion. It was a ery repulsive
Passing through the Creek Nation we saw
nothing of interest. The Creeks are civil-
ized, live in huts and wear store clothes. On
the night of May G we slept at the Hotel De
Ferryman, at Okmulgee, the capital of the
Creek Nation. It pleased Stephan wonder
fully well to find himself once more in a
"regular bed." His way of putting it,
"regular bed," seemed so ridiculous. Since
leaving Guthrie we had been sleeping in
, barns, in chairs, and out upon the hard
' prairie, so that this "regular bed" felt
On the night of May 7 we entered the lit
tle town of Tablequah, a place of about 1,000
inhabitants and t..e capital of the Cherokee
Nation. A herd of cows came lowing down
the lane, in .charge ol the town herdsman.
The tinkling ol their bells made pretty
music, and formed an accompaniment to the
chimes Irom the two or three little white
washed churches. A bevy of Indian girls
trooped by ns on their way to the evening
worship. They all wore red roses in their
hair and in the bosoms ot their white dresses.
There was" just enough admixture of Indian
blood in their veins to give their beauty the
My friend and myself went to a party at
an Indian girl's house. Some of the girls
are highly accomplished; play the piano and
ing beautifully. "When we told them that
we had brought our tents with us, expecting
to have to camp nut, they thought it was a
Some of the voung ladies are educated
even in the classics. A female seminary
has just been completed at a cost ot 500,000.
"With an iron fence and furniture the total
cost will be 5100,000. On last Tuesday this
building was dedicated. A pretty proces
sion of Sunday school girls, dressed in
white and carrying banners, marched
through the streets, preceded by a band of
music composed of Indians. Arriving at
the grounds, speeches were deliveied by the
chief and other dignitaries. A choir of
young Indian girls sang songs in both
Cherokee and English.
Besides this female seminary there is one
for males, built at a cost ot 5100,000. And
then there are about 400 other schoolsin
the nation, some of them being mission
schools. The Cherokee Government is di
vided into three branches, executive, legis
lative and judicial, and they have a Con
stitution similar to that of the United
States. It provides that the affairs of State
shall not be administered by anyone not be
lieving in God.
The chief of the Cherokee Kation is J.
B. Mayes. He has very little Indian blood
in his "veins. He Js elected for a term of
lour years, and receives a salary of $2,000 a
year. His duties are similar to those of
President of the United States. The legis
lative branch of the Government consists of
a lower house of 49 members and an upper
house of 18 members.
HENEr GEOEGE'S FOLLOWERS.
The Cherokee Nation 'proper embraces
6,000,000 acres ef land. The Cherokee out
let contains 7,000,000 acres. Tbe land is
held in common, as provided ior in their
constitution. Each Cherokee citizen is en
titled to just as much land as he can con
veniently handle. There has been much
agitation ot late looking toward the opening
ot the Cherokee outlet (the unoccupied land
of the Cherokees), to settlement.
From present indications, it seems to me
that the Cherokees will be loth to part with
it at any price the Government would pay
lor it. The Chief refuses to call the Coun
cil together to act in the matter, claiming
that a change in the constitution must be
made by the people, before any of the land
ol the Cherokee Nation can be disposed of.
As no change can be made in their national
constitutiou until August in 1891, when the
general election occurs, it is not probable
that the Cherokee outlet will be made a part
of the public domain of the United States
for some time to come. Boosiee.
BRIGHT SCHOOL GOSSIP.
Tbo Teachers' Chief Desire Tbe Annual
Examination for Provisionals Visitors
Day nnd Pupils' Teeib.
It is the desire of many of the teachers to
wind up the school year with a regular good
old-fashioned teachers' institute. Accord
ing to the programme arranged for this
year's institute work, there yet remains a
general one to be bad, and, instead of having
outside lecturers hold the fort, the tendency of
belief is that Home talent will wield tbe gavel
and will essay at will npon such subjects as
"Should tbe Speller be Used as a Text BookT"
and like themes for controversy, and that all
the last of this season's institutes be marked
by tbe enthusiasm of the olden times.
Snpenntendent Luckey yesterday com
menced his examination for all persons desiring
teachers' provisional certificates. One hundred
and sixty-two applicants were examined in phys
iology, music and orthography. Next Saturday
the studies will be grammar, composition and
The North School windows are being sup
plied with awnings, which partly do the duty of
the old trees lately cut down. The space ac
corded by tbeabsenceof the trees i eventually,
it is said, to be made apromisingflower garden.
Visitors', or opening, dayis occurring quite
freqnently among tbe various schools, and it
is amusing to note tbe various devices and
tactics that the teachers call on to enlist the
support of their pupils for their best efforts
and appearance for the event. One bright and
gay yonng teacher, who has a number of
pupil-t at the age when they lose their first
teeth, saw, to her sorrow, that a number of her
prettiest girls, who would likely make a good
impression for tbe great occasion, were losing
one or two front teeth. She told them and tbe
others how careful they mast be and
not lose any more teeth till after "open
ing day." They took it very seri
ously, tw ,the teacher's great amusement.
No teeth were lost for a few days. But one
morning last week a little girl came up and se
riously said: "Oh, -Miss G., I lost my tooth. I
tried so hard to keep it in; but I took a drink
and it slipped right away ! I told mamma how
sorry you'd be that I lost it before opening
day!" With twinkllnc eves the teacher com
mented on the serious drawback.
Tee Lincoln School will have its annual vis
iting day May 9.
Miss Lou Taylor, of the Luckey School,
has obtained a leave of absence, and, with her
sister, sails on June IS for London to visit rela
tives. At a later period they will join tho regu
lar Pittsburg excursionists at Pans.
Mb. Robert McCabgo, the newly elected
Supervisor of Music, entered npon his duties
Wednesday morning. Prof.Blnebartwill have
charge of fhe same schools as previously, and
Mr. McCargo of those of the late Prof. Prosser.
At the Sterret School, during the month of
May, each Friday afternoon is devoted to an
entertainment to which the parents are cor
dially invited. Each room has a special Friday
to greet friends. On the 17th Inst. Miss Belle
McMillan's room contributed tbe exercises. A
'tray drill" was especially admired. The last
ntertainment will De given jnay 3L
11 Odd and Ends of Luce nnd Tnrcomnn
Curtains at Less.Tbnn Half Price.
"We will take stock in a few weeks, and
before the time comes would like to get rid
t all odds and ends in curtain department.
All patterns in both lace and turcoman
urtains that have become reduced to a few
airs, are put with carpet remnants on first
loor, and will go on Monday morning at
ne-tnira ineir vaiue.
They run from one-half pair to three pair
I Come early Monday morning,
fl crowds will be there later in the day.
627 and 629 Penn avenue.
Is that Dickson, the Tailor, of 65 Fifth
avenue? Yes. Send around to the hotel
and get my last spring's suit and pnt in as
good shape as that last one you cleaned and
repaired for me; saved me from buying a
new suit Yours, etc.
Ger tbe Beat.
The demand for Marvin's rye bread grows
larger every day. It is baked by German
bakers, and h the best made in the country.
All grocers keep it TTSSu
Dyed on tho First Day of Slay.
In the year of our Lord, 1889, a beautiful
light suit, all wool, five years old, a lovely
dark blue, bv Dickson, the Tailor, 65 Filth
ave., cor. "Wood st, second floor. Tele
New patterns that prove more desirable
and less in cost than goods offered iu pre
vious seasons. P. C. Schoekeck,
711 Liberty street
Kosenbattsi & Co. show more hats and
bonnets than a dozen other stores combined.
See for yourself and compare prices.
The handsomest line of cream colored
fabrics we nave ever shown, beautiful stuffs
for both beaside and evening wear; bargains
in these goods during our clearance sale.
Mtvtsu Hugds & Hacke.
For May Festival.
An immense choice of fine fans from 25c
to 5, also feather fans at 37c, worth $L
Fine, painted fans 50c up, also pocket fans
iuc np, at r.osentjanm & uo's.
AXL the new shades and colors in awn
ings tat Mamaux & Son's, 537 and 539 Penn
ROSeitbmjm & Co. show the largest and
finest line of parasols and sun umbrellas iu
tbe Hro cities. Their Dnces are below all
othe. See for yourself.
Drilling for Gas Likely to Lead to the
Collapse of the Earth.
FLOWER FARMS IN. FLORIDA,
Development "of Plate Glass Manufacture in
SCIENTIFIC AND 1ND0STEIAL HOTES.
rraxFABiD tor thi dispatch
Beadersof The Dispatch who desire
information on subjects relating to indus
trial development and progress in mechan
ical, civil and electrical engineering and
the sciences can have theft queries answered
through this column.
Some disquieting theories have been late
ly advanced on this question. Prof. Joseph
F. Jones protests strongly against tapping
the natural gas reservoirs, and says that
disastrous explosions will eventually occur,
and the gas being exhausted, the earth's
crust will collapse, and the earth will lose
its place among the heavenly bodies and
fall to pieces. Another writer prophesies
that if the boring is continued the country
along the gas belt from Toledo through
Ohio, Indiana and Kentucky will be ripped
up to thedepth of 1,200 or 1,500 feet, leaving
a chasm through which tbe waters of Lake
Erie will come down, filling the Ohio and
Mississippi valleys and blotting them out
One theorist, after investigating the gas
wells with telephones and delicate ther
mometers, distinguished sounds like the
boiling of rocks, and estimated that a mile
and one-half or so beneath the Ohio and In
diana gas field the temperature of the earth
is 3,500. "We look in vain for a scientist
who will give us some crumb of comfort.
Another savantsays that an immense cavity
exists, where the gas is stored, and a mile
below is a mass ot seething, hungry flame,
which is gradually eating into the rock floor
of the cavern and thinning it. Eventually,
he predicts, the flames will reach the gas,
and an explosion of most objections! magni
tude will ensue.
Among the many new industries that are
being developed in this country is the rais
ing of flowers for the manufacture of per
fumer. It is stated that attar of roses can
be made in Florida as successfully as in the
gardens of Bulgaria. The two varieties of
roses used are the musk and damask, and
the special conditions of soil and climate
necessary for their proper cultivation are
seldom to be met with, being confined in
Europe to a tract of land in the Balkan
Mountains, 30 miles wide and 300 long. On
the southern slopes of the Blue Ridge
Mountains, and in parts of Florida, these
varieties of roses flourish abundantly, and
it is claimed that 18 acres well managed will
yield 540,000 per 'annum. Other flowers,
such as jasmine, violets, lilies, jonquils, etc.,
are also used for distillation aud absorption,
or enfleurage. In the latter process, sheets
of glass are spread over with layers of pure
fat, somewhat less than a quarter of an inch
thick, and over this fat are shed the fresh
leaves of the flowers. In a very short time
all the odor is absorbed by the fat, which is
cut up into small square pieces and put into
alcohol. The scent at once unites itself to
the alcohol and is fit for the market.
Modern Milling- and Modern Teeth.
The modern milling processes and mod
ern flour are great enemies to modern teeth.
It is tbe outside of all the grains and cereal
foods that contains the carbonate and phos
phate of lime and traces of other earthy
salts which nourish the bony tissue and
build the frame Up, and by sifting away the
outside of corn, oats, barley, etc., we de
prive the teeth of proper nourishment, and
every succeeding generation of teeth is be
coming more and more fragile' and weak.
Oatmeal is one of the best foods for supply
ing the teeth with nourishment It makes
the dentine, cementum and enamel strong,
flint-like and able to resist all forms of de
cay. Ii you have children never allow auy
white bread on your table. The best bread
is made of whole wheat ground, not bolted,
so that the bran which contains the minute
quantities of lime is present.
Plate Glass Manufacture.
A phenomenal instance of development is
afforded hy tbe plate glass manufacture in
this country. The industry, though scarce
ly eight years old, has succeeded not only
in building up the Allegheny Valley, but
in driving France and England out of the
American markets. Ten years ago im
ported French plate glass was selling in the
United mates at $2 SO per foot, and now
American plate glass, which is a finer prod
uct than the French plate, sells at (1 per
foot To-day there is not one-half the
amount of French glass sold in the United
States that is supplied from England, and
both supplies form less than one-half the
amount imported a few years ago. This
wonderful stride has been made possible by
natural gas, aud that the fact is appreciated
is shown by the recent large acquisition of
gas territory by the Pittsburg Plate Glass
Company, which now controls 14,000 acres.
Prodoc'ton of Salt.
At one time neaiiy the whole of the salt
used as food and for industrial purposes
was obtained from the sea, and in many
countries where the climate is dry and
warm, and which have a convenient sea
board, a great quantity of salt is still so
obtained. Two hundred and fifty thousand
tons are produced yearly in Portugal, and
an approximate quantity on the Atlantic
and Mediterranean coasts of France. Spain
turns out from the Balearic islands, the 'Bay
of Cadiz and elsewhere 300,000 tons annual
ly, and even the small seaboard of Austria
produces 70,000 to 100,000 tons.
Prof. Dr. F'orster, Director of the Uni
versity Ophthalmic Clinique at Bresiau,
has recently drawn the attention of parents
and pedagogues to what he believes is often
the cause of short-sightedness in the young
namely that they are allowed to wear col
lars which are too tight for them. The pro
fessor appears to have excellent reasons for
his deductions, for in 300 cases that came
under his notice the patients were suffering
from a chronic complaint, indicating a dis
turbance in the regular and normal flow of
blood, brought on by the wearing ot collars
which were not large enough.
Cement for Machinery Foundation.
A valuable cement is now largely used.
Two parts of oxide of zinc, two of crushed
hard limestone and one of pulverized grit
form a powder to which a certain proportion
of ochre is added as a coloring agent A
liquid consisting of a saturated solution of
six parts of zinc in commercial mnriatic
acid, to which is added one part of sal am
moniac, is diluted with two-t irds of its
volume of water, and two and- half pints
ot this liquid mixed with one pound of the
powder forms a quickly-hardening cement
of great strength.
Mueh attention, has of late been paid to
the questioner increasing the durability of
various materials, such as iron, wood, etc.,
by coating, saturating or other means.
Among the principal preservative agents
that have come under notice is "Cyanite."
which soaks into the pores of timber and
renders it fireproof. It is made as a color
less paint, and needs renewal only at long
Intervals. If, as it is claimed, this ma
terial will protect timber against the rav
ages of the white ant, it is a very valuable
Romance of Invention.
Some of the pioneers in electrical applica
tion have reaped golden harvests. Prof.
A". G, Bell was at one time walking
about "Washington anxious to sell telephone
stock for 10 cents on the dollar. Before that
he was teaching a deaf and dumb school in
Boston. The telephone hrnnpht him fame
and rinhe. nnd he now hft an income of
hundreds of dollars n day, and a fortune of
50,000,000. U. 15. Brush is said to nave
been working at $15 a week before he struck
the electric light which made him a mil
.Removal of Tattoo Marks.
The skin is covered with a concentrated
solution of tannin and retattooed with this
in the parts to be cleaned. Then rub with
an ordinary nitrate of silver crayon over
tbe parts, which become black by formation
of tannateof silver in the superficial layer
of tbe dermis. Sprinkle tannin powder on
the surface several times a day to dry it
A dark crust forms, which loses color in
three or four days, and in a fortnight or so,
comes away, leaving a reddish scar, free or
tattoo marks, and in a few months hardly
Electric Communication for Prisoners.
Electric communication has been estab
lished between the police office and the cells
reserved for prisoners in an English prison.
In each cell is an electric button, which on
being pressed rings a bell in the office. The
officer in charge cannot only see Irom which
cell the call comes, but can disconnect tbe
bell by a switch if the prisoner be unruly
and keep ou ringing. The accommodation
is for prisoners who are ill or who wish to
see the police for any other reason.
Arrest of Cancer Growth by Electricity.
Dr. J. Inglis Parsons; assistant physi
cian at the Chelsea Hospital for women,
England, publishes in the British Medical
Journal a history of some most interesting
experiments in treating cases of cancer by
powerful interrupted voltaic currents, and
the remarkable success he obtained points
to the further use of electricity not only lor
the alleviation, but also for the cure of this
dreadful scourge. i
Peanuts for Sleeplessness.
"What will to many be a very agreeable
remedy has been recommended by a learned
prelate for the cure of insomnia. He says
that he has found sleep induced by the eat
ing of a half a pint of peanuts just before
retiring for the night Thn nuts should be
carefully roasted in the shell and not over--done
or burned. He considers tbat only
overcooked or stale nuts are indigestible.
OU of Eucalyptus In Phthisis.
An eminent physician reports that for 18
months he has employed eucalyptus oil
in conjunction with cod-liver oil in the
treatment of phthisis, with marked success.
The oils were administered as an emulsion,
which contained 75 per cent of cod-liver oil
and five minims of eucalyptus oil in each
A physician who has been frequently
asked by his patients forsomething to remove
"moth" and freckles, says: "A wash con
sisting of equal parts of lactic acid and
glycerine will do the work, and is harmless
when applied to the skin.
America's Newspaper Circulation.
America publishes more papers than all
the rest of the world combined. Last year
its 17,107 periodicals printed 2,950,556,500
copies, enongh to supply every soul on earth
with two newspapers.
Economy of Labor,
Tbe increasing economy of labor is shown
by the fact that in modern foundries 50 men
can produce as many castings as were form
erly turned out by 200 men. ' ' f
Treatment of Seasickness.
Dr. Skinner reports that he has gained
excellent results by the simultaneous em
ployment of atropine and strychnine, or by
that of caffeine.
During the last year the sum total of edu
cational gilts in this country was nearly
Odd Fellows Traveling.
About 200 representatives of the Grand
Lodge of I. O. O. F. go ont on the 8 A. if.
train this' morning, B. & O. B.R. for York,
Pa. Quite a delegation go on the P. R.R.
The Grand Encampment opens at 9 A. if.
Monday, at York, and the Grand Lodge at
9 A. M. Tuesday, and will be in session un
til Thursday evening and possibly until
Friday. Nearly every county in Western
Pennsylvania will be" represented. Repre
sentative Mathews, of East Liberty Lodge,
No. 585, will supply the Western Pennsyl
vania delegation with The Dispatch
daily during the session.
Ono Thousand Miles of Trnimportntlon and
One Week's Board for 812 00.
Tbe Pittsburg and Cincinnati packet line.
Steamers leaving Pittsburg as follows:
Steamer Katie Stockdale, Thomas S. Cal
houn, Master.leaves everv Monday at 4 p.m.
Steamer Hudson, J. F. Ellison, Master,
leaves every Wednesday at 4 p. M.
Steamer Scotia, G, W.- Eowley, Master,
leaves ever Friday at 4 p. u.
First-class fare "to Cincinnati and return,
$12 00, meals and stateroom included; or,
down by river and return by rail, 512 50.
Tickets good until used.
For further information apply to James
A. Henderson, Superintendent, 94 Water
Coal nnd Mineral Lands for Sale.
Thomas S. Reed Esq., formerly of New
Florence, Pa., and who, at time of his
death last tall, was one of the oldest printers
In this State, was also the owner of a 60-acre
lot of coal and mineral land near Lock
port, on the P. P.. R. This land will be
offered at public sale in New Florence, by
his executor, May 23, at 130 o'clock r. M.
The buyers of coal and mineral lands will
do well to not neglect this opportunity of
investing in what will in the near future be
a valuable parcel of land.
FINE GROCERY BUSINESS
For Snlo at sit J.I verpool,
Doing $40,000 business a vear. Stock now
reduced to ?4,000 or $5,000. Good reasons
for selling; one partner going on a farm,
other wishes to retire on account of age.
Fine chance ior yohne man with a little
capital. L. T. Conant & Son,
East Liverpool, O.
We would advise our readers to call at
the new show rooms of Kramer & Redtnan,
Lim., and G. T. Herrick & Co., at 708
Smitbfield street, on their opening days,
May 20, 21 and 22. From what we have
seen of their mantels and fireplaces, the dis
play will be a beautiful one.
For summer furnishing. Special patterns
adapted for the hot season. Most suitable
goods for campmeetings, lawn fetes and ex
cursion parties. P. C. Schoexeck,
711 Liberty street
Black Goods An elegant line of light
weight summer j'abrics, entire new effects
this season; bargains during our clearance
sale. Hugus & Hacke.
Bosenbaum & Co. show more hats and
bonnets than a dozen other stores combined.
See for yourself and compare prices.
1 i .
Floeentine. awnings at Mamaux &
Sons, 537 and 539 Penn ave.
THE LEAP TO DEATH.
A Wild, Wierd Indian Legend Coming
From the Days When the
PALEFACES WERE IET UNKNOWN,
The Prophecj Made bj White Cloud, the'
Aged Ircpois Chief.
BIG PAPPOOSE AND HIS PILGRIMAGE
rCOBEESFOXDEJJCE OT TUB DISPATCH-I
Findlay, O., May 18. The recent dis
covery in a gravel pit near the High Banks,
on the Blanchard river, of the .skeletons of
two Indians locked in close embrace, has
revived among the early settlers of the
county an old Indian legend, which was
current in this section while the century was
still yonng; and which, in itself, is so beau
tiful, nnd yet so Indian-like, as to lead to
tbe belief that the skeletons found the other
day were the identical braves whose tragic
fate is so fascinatingly woven into the le
From a gentleman whose grandfather en
joyed the friendship and confidence of one
of the last Iroquois chieftains who made the
lake region of Ohio his home, The Dis
patch correspondent has gathered the
material features of a romance as full of
love, pathos and courage as was ever writ
ten of the heroes of mythology, or is con
tained in the legendary lore of any of tbe
nations of tbe earth, past and present.
Long before the white sails of Europe
cast their baleful shadows over the Western
continent, a vast portion of the country was
occupied by two mighty nations of red
men; tbe Iroquois, by far the most warlike
nation, dominated, with its united tribes,
around tho northern shores of the great
lakes; while the Algonquin race peopled
the country from Labrador almost to the
Floridas and extended itself westward.south
of Lake Erie, almost to the borders of Ore
gon. Those of the Algonquin strain the
Nepperbaus who inhabited-the country be
tween the Miami-of-the-Lakesand the Ohio,
were fierce and blood-thirsty, but withal
manly and brave.
THE1T AND NOW.
Their villages were principally along the
smaller streams tributary to the above named
rivers. In those days the Blanchard river,
now dividing the city of Findlay into north
and south divisions, and npon whose banks
the skeletons were found not long since,
flowed downward to its resting place in the
bosom of tbe lakes under some dark Indian
name; and. where this city now stands, with
tbe sunlight glittering upon many spires
and countless windows, the smoke ot numer
ous camp fires ascended to the great heavens
above, untrammeled by a single adjunct of
civilization, Irom painted wigwatrs of poles
and skins and birch bark wrought with bar
Then was the Blanchard river wider and
the curves and sweeps of the current more
graceful than now. What is now known as
the "High Banks," near which the inter,
locked Indian skeletons were found, were
higher then and the river broader at the
base, and on the summit was a large thunder-split
rock. But the rnsbing waters and
grinding ice of many springs have worn
away the storm beaten buttresses until but
a moiety of their former height appear,
while the great rock has fallen and lies
buried under the flood and shifting sands.
Of the Algonquin tribe, that formerly
held dominion along this stream, history
has only preserved the name. A handlul of
eartben beads, a few flint arrow-beads, are
the sole memorials of a once great populace.
But tradition, with wonderful tenacity,
clings to its legends. Even from the dross
of nameless nations some golden deed shines
forth with a luster antiquity can not tar
nish. So among the songs of the Iroquois
were heard the valorous deed told in the
legend that follows. It was heard iu the
council fires, iu the wigwams and in the tra
ditionary lore of the once powerful nation,
as long as a remnant of the tribe followed
the setting sun into tbe spirit land of the
BEFORE COLUMBUS' TIME.
Long before the coming of the pale faces
there was a great warrior of the Huron
Iroquois named "Big Papoose." He had
a round, smooth, small face like a child, but
his arms were long and his shoulders broad
and powerful as the branches of the oak;
at the council fire he spoke not; at hunting
parties he was indolent; and of the young
squaws none could say, "He loves me."
But if he spoke not at the council fires, his
people knew that the scalps in his wigwam
were numerous as the leaves on the oak
tree; and if he cared not for hunting, it was
yet remembered that he wore a triple collar
made from the claws of grizzly bears, and
the old braves loved to singot the great deer
he had pursued and killed with a blow from
his stone ax, when his feet were as the wings
ol tne swallow.
True it was the love that is so'common to
men the love of woman was not in his
breast; but the brightest and boldest
maiden's eyes dropped in bis presence, and
many a time when he was near, the bosoms
of dusky beauties would rise and fall with
unuttered emotion. Yet the "Big Pap
poose was the friend of children, and it was
he who would bind the tiny flint arrow
heads to the feathered shafts, and the
string to the little bow with the sinews of
the deer, and practice the boy braves of the
tribe in mimic warfare; and taught them to
step with the foot of the snarrow, and trap
the rabbit, the fox and the beaver, and to
shout the death whoop.
AN AGED WABEIOE.
Tnere was then a very old brave in the
Iroquois tribe. . His ha'ir was like tbe foam
of the water l all and his eyes were deep and
dark as the pool beneath it He was so old
that he could lay his hand on the head ot a
squaw of a"hundred years and say: "Boy."
He it was who had found, far in tbe North,
under the uttermost stars, the sacred pieces
of copper; he it was who bad seen the great
fish, so large that a single one could drink
up the lake at a mouthful; and the great
thunder water Niagara he had seen; and
the cavern big enough to contain all the
Indian tribes, the Iroquois and Algonquins;
and the stone arch that held up the skies,
the sun and moon, and the clouds; he had
stood beneath, and he had seen it
He was called the White Cloud, and
sometimes, when the summer's heat had
been powerful upon the eartb, and the green
leaves oi me maize uruupeu iuu uiucu, lie
would bring forth the magic red pipe and
smoke, and blow the smoke toward the
West, and the vapors would rise up and
approach him and overshadow him; and the
rain would fall and the leaves rise up re
freshed and the birds sing loudly among the
rain-jeweled leaves of the forest Then,
too, would the "Big Papoose" sit on
the same loir with White Cloud aud
ask him to tell him of tbe mysteries of the
skies; and the sachem would chant of the
White Babbit ot the North, tbe ,Queen of
the Heavens, that holds dominion pver the
uttermost stars, and the snows of winter;
that hides in summer when the sun is pow
er'ul, that she may rival his brightness in
the season of frost
One day the "Big Papoose" said to the
Chief: "Why, oh, White Cloud, do you
ever blow the smoke of the Calumet toward
the West is there .no rain, too, in the
A SPIRIT OP PBOPHECY.
Then the white haired answered: "Be
cause I like not the visions I see when I
blow the smoke toward the east As the
smoke of the calumet moves westward, I
behold iu it nations of red men, moving and
ever moving toward the land where the snn
finds rest iu tbe arms of the Great Father.
But when I blow the smoke toward the
east I see the red men no more, but the
glitter of mighty waters, and winged canoes
in siz3 like the great trees of the
forest and potent arrows of fire that dart
forth with clouds and tnunderings. And,
further and further toward the east I see
more and more of the winged canoe3 in
number like the leaves that are blown by
the winds of autumn; and the winged ca
noes bear many nations, and in the ap
proaching1 hosts see not one red man."
"I hare dreamed," replied the yonng
warrior, "of a maiden whose eyes were in
color like yonder lake, and whose skin was
as beautiful as the snow at sunset"
"Do you think of her often; more than of
the women of the Iroquois?" asked the
"Big Papoose" bowed his head, but said
"The time will come," continued, the old
chief, "when the woman with blue eyes will
think of the youne brave."
,kWhen?" asked his listener, eagerly.
The While Cloud touched with his finger
a young oak, whose stem was not thicker
than a stock ot maize, one moon old, and
replied: "When this trunk has grown that
a man may stretch his amis aronnd it and
yet his right hand cannot meet his left hand,
then will the young chief live in the
thoughts of the maiden with the skin like
the flush of the sunset on the snow."
"You speak truth," answered the big
warrior. "So, too, have I dreamed."
"Tell me," continued the white prophet,,
"whom do you envy of living men?"
"Not one." said the voung chief.
"Whom of the dead do yon envy?" per
sisted White Cloud.
"The warriors who are dead in battle, yet
live famed in the song of the Iroquois."
"Lookl" cried the prophet A volume of
smoke arose from the red pipe, and the old
man blew it gently toward tho east. Tbe
Iroquois saw it spread into a plain, vari
gated with hills and rivers and the villages
of his tribe; when it passed beyond the
boundaries ot his nation, he recognized tbe
habitations of the Algonquins; he saw their
burial places, and the stretched skins with
the accursed totems of his hereditary ene
mies; he saw, too, noble warriors, the
women, the medicine men and the children.
Then tbe cloud moved on, and in his
fancv he looked upon a sparkling river.
along whose banks were villages of Algon
quin tribes, the wigwams ot the Nepper
hanas. And, in his vision, he was standing
on the brink of a gigantio cliff, whose
shadow lay midway across the sparkling
river. And as he looked his foot touched a
fragment of rock and it fell, sheer down,
from the summit of a precipice to its base
and touched nothing as it fell. And as bis
eyes wandered up and down tbe sparkling
river, he saw the beautiful curves of its
shores go on their wending way to the lake.
Then the sparkling river grew dimmer, and
its high banks faded from view, and he saw
only the blue sky and the.clouds, and far off
in the east an eagle.
SENT ON A PILGRIMAGE.
"My son," said the 'white-haired chief,
"you nave seen it. To-morrow night loosen
the' thongs ot your moccasins beyond the
wigwams of the Iroquois. In the country
of the Algonquins is that wondrous cliff,
and before five suns you will see the dawn
light flooding the sparkling river. Take
with you this bag of pigments aud painting
implements. On the bare rock that rests on
the summit of the high bank of tbe spark
ling river inscribe the totem of your tribe
and the record of your achievements. Go,
I sav no more."
Then the White Cloud put the tube of
the calumet to his lips, and as the smoke
arose from the kinikinic the bowl of his red
pipe expanded wider and wider, and tbe
blue vapor spread out like tbe mist tbat
rises from a lake on a midsummer morning.
Then there came a powerful wind from the
east,and tbe smoke rolled away before it and
was driven with marvelous swiftness until
it grew red under the sinking sun, and
passed to the far off hunting grounds of the
Dakotahs. The young chief watched it
until it vanished, and then turned to his
companion. There was nothing near him
but the green grass and the slender oak
which the White Cloud had touched with
Then the "Big Papoose" 'took the bag of
pigments to his wigwam and prepared for
his journey. Around his broad chest he
drew the folds of a gorgeous hnnting robe,
decorated with the many hued barbs of tbe
porcupine, and secured it with a gaudy belt
of wampum. His leggings were fringed
with beads,shells of various colors aud the
hair of scalps, and bis moccasins were
wrought with quills twisted with the flowers
of the prairie. -
ON the mabch.
Then he took, from the notched poles of
his wigwam his tufted bow and a sheaf of
arrows tipped with brilliant feathers; and
he thrust the stone ax through his belt of
wampum, and shook, once more, the slender
spear staff with its ponderous head of
pointed flint. Then he passed beyond the
wigwams of his tribe. Twice the moon rose
and he saw the maize fields of the Algon
quins. Later and later, she glittered over
his solitary way. He saw lodges of hostile
tribes without number, and other maize
fields, and at night the campfires of a great
Then he came to a shallow river dotted
with canoes; then before him was a gently
sloping upland, and just as the moon.and
the dawn were shining together, he stood
under the shadows of the tall trees on the
summit of the high banks, and at his feet
was the broad, bare rocs, and below nim tbe
waters or tne sparciing river. ie looted
around, then walking across the rock to its
farthest extremity, he laid upon its surface
his tufted bow and sheaf of arrows, loosened
his belt of wampum, cast down his terrible
stone ax and pointed spear. Then he took
irom the hag the pigments'and painting im
plements, and before midday be had
sketched upon the rock the outlines of his
grand achievements as a brave, and as an
Iroquois warrior iu the land of his fathers.
It was the moment when he had com
pleted the totem of his tribe, when he was
farthest from his weapons, that a fawn
darted to the platform, gathered up its af
frighted form at sight of him, and sprang,
sheer over the brink. The next instant an
Algonquin warrior leaped npon the ledge.
A startled look at the Iroquois, a contempt
uous glance at the pictured rock, two
panther bouuds and the hereditary foes were
struggling upon the edge of the precipice.
A DESPERATE BATTLE.
They were equally matched. Sometimes
in their struggles they leaned far over the
yawning depths below, and then unitedly
bent back, like twin oak trees overblown.
Both were unarmed, for the Algonquin had
not suspected an enemy where the foot of an
Iroquois had never trod. So, with terrible
strength, and zeal and skill, each sought to
overthrow tbe other upon the high floor of
the battle ground. But it was vain, and at
last exhausted, with tremendous throes and
throbs of anger, tbey lay in each other's
embrace, until the shadows of tbe cliff had
stretched far over the bosom of the spark
"Let us arise," at length said the Algon
quin. Tbe warriors arose to their feet, and stood
looking into each other's faces. Then they
stood upon the brink of the precipice. The
touch of a hand would have precipitated
either to tbe death below.
"Let us not perish," said the Algonquin,
"like thje raccoon and the fox starving in
the deathlock, but rather let us die like
The Iroquois listened. "Do you let me
gq," continued the Algonquin, "and tell
tbe warriors of my tribe, that they may wit
ness it, and I will leap with you from this
life to the one beyond.
Tbe Iroquois smiled.
"Stay,'' added the Algonquin, "I am a
child; do I not know the fate of an Iroquois
who would venture within the domain of
my people? But remain you until my re
turn, that the history of my deed may be in
scribed with that ot yours npon the rock."
The Iroquois smiled again and said,- "I
wait." Then the Algonquin bounded
away to the camp of bis people.
THE LEAP TO DEATH.
Left to himself, the Iroquois collected to
gether his painting implements and filled
with brilliant color the outlines he bad
sketched upon the rock. Then he cast his
spear into the sparkling river, and sent the
stone ax circling through tbe air until it
splashed far out into the stream; and ha
broke the tufted bow with his powerful
arms and snapped his feathered arrows, one
by one. Then he girded on his gorgeous
belt of wampum and waited. Of whom waa
he dreaming as he looked npon the picture
he had painted upon the rock? Was it not
the blue-eyed maiden with cheeks like the
flush of sunset on the snow?
The Iroquois waited. Then he heard a
murmur as of the winds stirring the leaves
and then tbe rustle of rapid footsteps; and
as he started to his feet, the forest behind
him was thronged with Algonquins warri
ors. There was silence for an instant, and
then an hundred .bows were bent, and an
hundred arrows struck him. v
But as he turned to hurl defiance at his
enemies, a warrior form bounded upon tbe
parapet; It caught the arrow-studded figure
tottering npon the brink in its arms and
screamed into its dying ears: "I am here,
Oh I Iroquois," and then two forms locked
together swept from the high banks to the
depths below, and the sparkling river sane
I then, as it sings yet, the funeral requiem
oi me xnuiau Draves. .
'For crayon portraits go to Dabbs, 602
Liberty street. He has had great experi
ence and has a) ways shown the very best of
1558 Telephone 1538.
Is that Dickson, the Tailor, of 65 Fifth
avenue? Yes. Send around to the hotel
and get my last spring's suit and put in as
good shape as that last one you cleaned and
repaired for me; saved me from buying a
new suit. Yours, etc.
Go only to Pearson if you want a good
likeness and for less money; his cab, photos
are the best
Hendricks & Co., 68 Federal st, Alle
gheny, make the finest photographs in
the two cities at tl a doz.; proof shown..
Shawls The most attractive display of
shawls, especially for evening wear, we have
ever shown; prices abont one-third original
value. Hugus & Hacke.
Idlewild awnings, entirely new, at
Mamaux & Son's, 537 and 539 Penn avenue.
Is a necessity with nearly everybody. The run
down, tired condition at this season is due
to impurities in the blood which bave accumu
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ness and headache, gives healthy action to the
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"I take Hood's Sarsaparilla every year as a
spring tonic, with most satisfactory results."
C.Paemelee, 319 Bridge street,Brooklyn,K.Y.
"Hood's Sarsaparilla purified my blood, gave
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recommend Hood's Sarsaparilla to others
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K. B. If you decide to take Hood's Sarsapa
rilla do not be Induced to buy any other.
Sold by all druggists. Sl;sixforSi Prepared
only by C.L HOOD & CO., Lowell, Mass.
(00 Doses One Dollar
" Eternal fyjln is flu Price
of My." .:
Constant supervision is theprice of success. As seasons' ble prunings are to a tree, so
are constant rednctions to sneers in drygoods. Two times a year we cut off all surplus;
fifty-two times each year we reinspect our work; fifty-two tir; nes a year we have a sale with,
special offerings in our seventy-five departments. Our faur .ons low prices-have made-asr-
names renowned, ana tnus irom aay to aay renown increase ,s because of vaipe given.
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3,000 yaors fancy stripe Bourette Suiting
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3,000 yards English Beiges mixed, check
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2,000 yards Mohair Suitings (side bands) )i'
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2,000 yards French Figured Chillies at jftc a
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2,000 yards Persian Challies at 23c yard.
1,000 yards Satin Finished Cashmere at 39c
OUR MILLINERY "
Always popular! Now more popular than v yer. The largest, handsomest and most ele
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. Special in Handkerchiefs, i
Ladies' triple hemstitched HandkercJ uefs, strictly pure linen, 2 for 25c These caa
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Si"lr HyEtrbf3 am-d. 3-lcrves-
Children's Silk Mitts at 12c a pair. .
Children's Jersey Mitts at 24b a pf iir. '
Ladies Silk Mitts at 24c, 29c, 39o nnd 49c a pair.
Ladies' Silk Taffeta Gloves at 29,49d and 74e a pair. " ' . .'
The popular "Town Talk" at 44 c. ''..
English Sateen Corsets, all coW rs, at 49c, ' ,
French "Woven Corsets, all colors, at 69c. ,
Others at 75c, 89c and $1 up.
Ladies' Balbriggan Hose, 2 t ,aJr for 25c
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Several cases of Ladies' Print "Wrappers; extensive variety of patterns and colors
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Our great Fan sale m tinned No such bargains ever seen in either city..
IN ACTIVE PREPARATION the greatest slaughter sale of Hemstitched I
broideries, Insertions aj jd Fiouncings that has ever taken place in this or any other c:
aue nonce oi wnicn w ii De given in ail tne
U n Specif il attention is called
II Ui iui .semeni.. -
Successors to MORRIS H. DANZIGER.
SIXTH STREET AND PENN AVENUE. -X
ON THE VERGE OP DESPAIR.
MR GEO. T. HARTRBTS EXP.
Another Patient "Whom the Physi
cians Failed to Help f
Cured by Dr. Smith, the Magneitaf
Physioian, at 502 Perm
Dr. Smith is performing some of tbe most
wonderful cures ever witnessed in PIttsburz.
Scores and hundreds of Invalids who bav
hitherto been unable to find relief from their
sufferings are being restored to health la lams
numbers through Dr. Smith's strange magnetic
power. It is exceedingly interesting to see
and talk with the vast number of invalids suf
fering from all manner of complaints wbo are
brought to tbe doctor for bis favorable or un
favorable opinion of tnelr diseases. It is also
gratifying to observe the change tbat takes
place in many of these seemingly helpless caies.
Scores of invalids wbo are so weak and feeble
that they have to be carried to the doctor m
chairs and on beds are restored to health in a
short time. Some are cured by one, soma by
two magnetic treatments, while others require
more. Tho Tillowing very interesting cases
were cured by our magnetic treatment:
Mr. Geo. T. Hartrey. wbo resides at Bprlng
dale. Pa., has been a great sufferer from con
sttpatlon hemorrhoid (piles) and from fistulas
for a number of years. File tumors as large as
a black walnut made their appearance several
years ago, and were tbe cause of much suffer
ing, xnese tumors were oiien proiapseo, ana
would bleed so profusely as to cause extreme
prostration. As tbe disease advanced four ffs
tulse made their appearance, and were so pain-
f ul that he was obliged to give up his businese
ana was unaDie to perioral any manual latu'
Mr. Hartrey bad tried the skill of a number o
physicians bnt bad been unable to And relli ,
until he applied to Dr. Smith, the magnet
physician, at No. 503 Penn avenue, wbo cur j,j
him permanently without the use of tbe kni J9
or ligature. Dr. Smith agreed to cure him ' Oit
a certain sum of money, which Mr. E. p jy
him at tbe beginning of tbe treatment. y,r
Hartrey was permanently cured in a si jjij
time and may be referred to.
Mr. Peet, owner and manager of Imp rial
Hall was a great sufferer from verfcocei e for
many years. He applied to Dr. Smith an i was
Sermauently cured. He may be referr r d to
Ir. John Foley, who resides at Millvalr 4 Wju
taken with a terrible pain in bis right sb c ulder
upwaru ul uvo uiuuuia iiu. .l.jo aitc g cama
ou suddenly, like a shock of paralysi , xjie
arm became useless in a few momen a , time.
He could not use tbe band nor move r,. flner
A abort time after tbe attack he beg: ii to "ex
perience pain in tbe shoulder. Tbe pam jn.
creased in severity for a number of d. 4j wnon
it was discovered tbat there was an ccumula
tion of pus in tbe shoulder joint. I jr Foley
applied to a doctor, who opened tb sboulder
wiib the knife. Large quantities b - pas wa3
discharged at the time and a fist Ja formed,
which continued to discbarge a tb j a acrid pus.
In this helpless and hopeless con d ition he ap
plied to Dr. Smith, the magne t.c physician,
at 502 Penn avenue, and wa j cured per
fectly. He has regained tbe use of bis arm.
J. C. Henderson haa been tort c red with piles
for ten years. He was cured bj f j)r. smim c,
Dr. Smith cures all forms ,t femaia com
plaints without the use of lnst x aments or ex
posure of the person. Healsr wQres piles and
rupture without the use of tl ir, knife, or pain
to the patient, nor detention from business.
He treats-and cures cancers', iess time and
with less pain than by :-jy ot,er fa,own
Dr. Smith is permanently l ne-ito ,tmp..n
j avenue. where overybody jf in go. from 9 x. x.
uu I r. Jn. il uuvmji tuu j- ajfj jreo an(j cures
wwiiuoiuK mMua xi. He treats every
form of disease known , hnmanltr. Onti
502 Penn avenue and cons jt him if you wish to
get well. Letters or inq' x aj must contain two
1,500 y -ds Cretonne Suitings, double-fold,
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1,500 ; ards Albemarle Suitings at 39o a
(3,000; yards Silk Surahs, black and colors,
wo a yard.
1,500 yards Satin Bbadames at 79c a yard.
C.OOf ) yards Fignred Shanghai Sift at 59o a
1,0 J0 yards Black Gros Grain Silk at-Wo a
2 W0 yards Faille Fraacaise Silk.black anVl
cuiura, at. ou a jraru.
"WIRAFS. t ;.
$3 99 and U 24.
to our new Housefurnishing Department. '
ms tf wmemm