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KSTABLIBHED" FEBRUARY 8, 188.
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PITTSBURG, MONDAY, MAY 6. IS88.
THE CHABGE OF BIG0TEY.
" The statement of the Hon. George Shiras,
with regard to the legislative investigation
which he proposes into Judge White's
conduct, may be summed up, as nearly as
we can understand it, as disclaiming any
attack on the Judge's integrity, but assert
ing that he is bigoted, intolerant and unfair.
Mr. Shiras says that if any one under
stands his resolution as alleging corruption
lie is much mistaken, although the scope of
the investigation would -warrant evidence of
that sort if presented. Bnt he thinks that
exhibitions of bad temper, prejudice, con
sultation with outside parties as to the
granting of license, and a number of other
qualities which Mr. Shiras sums up under
the heads of bigotry "and intolerance will
This, at least, permits the public to 'see
exactly what the basis of the movement is.
It is fair to infer from the statement that
the resolutions have behind them no evi
dence of corruption of enough weight to
establish even a presumption. As to the
pther charge, the method in which the
Jndge conducted the License Court is fully
before the public, and the unprejudiced
part of it will have no difficulty in reaching
a conclusion concerning charges with such
a basis. It is not bigotry and intolerance
for a Judge who believes that the liquor
traffic ought to be abolished to grant 93
licenses in tbe city of Pittsburg. It is not
partiality or undue influence to give the
police authorities a hearing on the char
acter of the licensed drinking places and
their effect as to the maintenance of order.
If the police authorities were not fair in
their testimony, the blame must be placed
elsewhere than with the Judge.
Judge White may have made, and prob
ably did make, some mistakes in his license
decisions. But Mr. Shiras" statement leaves
his resolutions with scarcely a leg to stand
AH EXAMPLE THE 0THEB WAT.
It is instructive to find that the sup
porters of the raderossing bill in and
vbontthe-3.jj!.lnture are Imlding up an ac
cident at Bridesbnrg Junction near Phila
delphia, in which a Pennsylvania Railroad
train struck an omnibus full of people with
destructive and fatal results, as an argu
ment in favor of the bill. The always in
teresting Senator Cooper is quoted as saying
that "such accidents as the one at Frank
ford to-day would educate the people of the
Commonwealth against grade crossings and
he predicted that a bill abolishing them
would be passed by the next Legislature."
That the people have already been educated
up to the necessity of abolishing grade
crossings is evident; but the sanguine tem
perament of 'Senator Cooper leads him to
overlook the vital fact that the bill Vhich
he is urging would not abolish tbe grade
crossing which is cited as an example in its
favor. When Senator Cooper brings in a
bill to abolish the present grade crossings,
the public will offer no objection to the
prohibition of future ones on equal terms.
PATKIOTISH AND GEAKKAB.
Of course it was inevitable, after Mr.
Channccy M. Depew had referred in his
oration to tbe fact that "One Hundred years
ago the United States began their exist
ence," that some ferociously republican
General should criticise the nse of the
plural in that connection. We observe that
the esteemed Colnmbns Journal takes ex
ception to the expression, saying that "it is
.grammatical, but not patriotic." The logic
of this criticism would make it necessary to
say also concerning a certain important
document, to-wit, the Constitution of the
United States that it is grammatical, but
not patriotic. That instrument uses the
plural term in exactly the same way by say
ing that "Treason against the United States
shall consist in levying war against them."
The fact is that the theories of those who
consider that their views of this nation re
quire them to jump upon Lindley Murray
hv making a plural subject govern singular
verbs and pronouns must impeach not only
the Constitution, but the fathers who cre
ated the Constitution and the nation. If
fhey had desired to give a title to the coun
trvin the singular number they would have
called it the "United Nation of North
America," or "United Columbia," or any
other term that they desired to invent.
But they preferred to call it the United
States, and to use the term in the plural
throughout all the fundamental instruments
which founded this country. The example,
both of Mr. Depew and of the constitutional
fathers, should impress on onr friends that
patriotism does not require us tobeungram
maticaL AS IT SHOULD BE.
It is announced by the cable dispatches
ihat the efforts of the copper interests to
reach an agreement by which the price of
copper should be fixed at an arbitrary figure
and the output of the mines curtailed, have
proved to be a failure. The American com
mittee, it is said, have sailed for home, and
"copper will be put on the open market and
sold for what it will bring."
As that is the only way in which copper
or any other staple should be sold, the world
will waste no tears ovfr the failure of the
combination policy to make it bring a
higher price. The only fair price for any
staple is what it will bring in open market
with a free action of supply and demand.
Grain, live stock, iron and nearly all the
great staples have to be sold in this way,
and the justice of the prices so established
is universally recognized. If wheat in the
opes and unmanipulated market-will bring
$1 a bushel that is its true value; if it will
bring onlyjs cents tbat is no less its true
value, and those who cannot afford to raise
wheat for that price must seek some other
field of production.
To permit the producers of copper, petro
leum or any other staple, therefore, to estab
lish an arbitrary price and exact more than
it will bring in open market under free
competition is to give them a special privi
lege and advantage over the great mass of
producers. To let them burden those who
have no such advantage maybe looked upon
Indifferently in Europe where class privi
leges are firmly rooted; bnt in this country
it is a violation of the very foundation of
our Government. The announcement that
copper' will be -sold for what it will bring is
simply a declaration that the rule of com
mercial equality is, temporarily at least, re
established in the copper trade.
The fact that the recent effort to monopo
lize this trade has resulted in piling up an
immense surplus which will probably de
press the market below the cost of pro
duction, is likewise no more than satisfac
tory. It is the legitimate and. natural
penalty for the evil of combination, to force
prices above what it will bring in open
market Interests that are disposed to fol
low the example othe copper trade should
profit by the example.
A HIGH LIMIT.
Senate bill 137, which is expected to come
up for passage in the House of Bepresenta
tives this week, is a Jewel of its kind. It
provides that for the merger and consolida
tion of railways in the State, which are
not competing or parallel lines, the amount
of stock or bonds issued by the consolidated
company may exceed the amounts ofsnch
issues by the companies before consolida
tion. But a limit is secured for this by
providing that no issues shall be made in
excess of $150,000 of stock and $160,000 of
bonds per mile of railroad.
The gravity with which the possible
abuses of stock-watering are prevented by
setting a limit of $300,000 of capitalization
per mile is a joke well worthy the genius of
Senator Cooper, the putative author of the
bill. Tbe average and honest cost per mile
of railroads in this State is between $30,000
and $40,000. The Pennsylvania Bailroad's
own estimate of tbe cost of its four-track
road, which is one of the costliest in the coun
try, is less than $160,000 per mile. To pretend
to set a limit of $300,000 per mile is simply
to open up a scope for stock watering
beyond the wildest achievements in that
line yet on record.
What scheme of wholesale issue of fiat
stocks and securities is behind this bill, we
cannot say. Perhaps there is none. Possi
bly Senator Cooper introduced it solely for
the amiable and philanthropic purpose of
making: things lively for the printers of
bonds and stock certificates.
WHAT WE SHOULD HOT COPY.
Perhaps it was a necessary outcome of the
late Centennial event, but it is nevertheless
one of its drawbacks, that we find the New
York Serald improving it as an occasion for
urging a return to the knee breeches of our
fathers. That journal sighs for the knee
breeches and ejaculates at the imaginary
pictures of Washington, Hamilton, Frank
lin and Adams, clothed "in those cornmeal
sacks, miscalled pantaloons."
It is probable that the use of trousers
which approximate cornmeal sacks by the
New York dudes, is a practical protest by
them against the former proposition of knee
breeches. They know very well that the
physical shortcomings of the age make the
knee breeches useless for this day. When it
is proposed that they shall exhibit their
shrunken shanks to the public gaze, they
show their dissent from it by enveloping
their legs in more voluminous drapery than
ever before. The judgment of the dudes,
even upon matters of costume, is not infal
lible, but in this respect they are more
nearly right than usual.
The knee breeches, we should remember,
were an article which our fathers inherited
from the rule of monarchy. It only took a
fev decades of republicanism to make them
pass out of existence. When our esteemed
cotemporary, the Serald, brings its mighty
intellect to shaping the sartorial policy of
the country, it should remember the sig
nificance of this fact, as pointing ont that
the knee breeches are the sign of inequality
and privilege. They create an aristocracy
of well-developed calves, and submit the
spindle-shanked, knock-kneeded and bow
legged to the sneers and sarcasms, of the
unfeeling world. Besides this, they encour
age the policy of sham, and burden the peo
ple with the dangers and inconveniences
that are experienced by yielding to the
temptation of false calves. To say nothing
of their relative inconvenience and discom
fort, no true American newspaper should,
in celebrating a century of republicanism,
urge a return to the aristocratic and un
democratic knee breeches.
Beyond this let us urge upon the esteemed
Serald one more great truth. In copying
the noble example of our fathers, it is neces
sary to go a good deal higher than the knee
Onxy five hundred postoffices to dispose
of during Washington's first term! No
wonder that the practical politicians regard
the methods of those days as obsolete and
entirely unsuited to the necessities of the
Oue esteemed cotemporary, the New
York Evening Sun, lightly casts aside
Bishop Potter's remarks as "pessimism,"
andin the same column comments on the fact
that an Italian title is for sale in the New
York market, which it points out is a re
production of one of the features of Bur
yan's Vanity Fair. But no one has any
right to think this a proof of decadence, for
such an idea, on the authority of the esteemed
Sun, Mr. Chauncey M. Depew and other
eminent authorities, would constitute the
unpardonable offenscof pessimism!
Ninety; millions reduction of the pub
lic debt ior the present fiscal year is a very
good record, which shows that the nation
keeps on reducing its obligations whether
Republicans or Democrats are at the helm.
It is pleasant to observe that hope springs
with great vigor in the human breast, as is
shown by the manner in which the esteemed
Philadelphia Press augurs the possibility of
great things for Philadelphia flowing from
the fact that a well is being sunk for oil or
pasinMontgomcrycounty. The iVewrecog
nizes that it is "a trifle premature to specu
late on the benefits;" but it is quite right
in not permitting that consideration to deter
it from a glittering dream. If some people
could not hope prematurely for oil and gas,
they could never hope at all.
The Wall street organs are now engaged
in boominfc stocks. Consequently nothing
more is heard of the way in which the inter
State commerce law is ruining the railroads.
JRepbesentatiye Lesion's denial that
the liquor interests had anything to do
with Representative Shiras' resolutibn, to-
gether with equally solemn asseverations
to the same effect, made in this city, reveals
a perception that the movement may develop
the qualities of a boomerang. Nevertheless
the frequency and urgency of these -denials
recalls the criticism of Hamlet's mother or
the Flayer Queen: "Methinks the lady doth
protest too much."
The French method of "calling attention
to a victim of injustice" by firing a blank
cartridge at President Carnot, is unique,
but not commendable.
The House of Bepreseutatives at Harris
burg is very evidently in no temper to be
fooled by the Senate's amendments to the
soldiers orphans' school bill which will
permit the syndicate to retain its grip on
the appropriations. Let the House cling
to the credit of its position that henceforth
there shall be no speculation in public
Count Hebbebt Bisjiabck evidently
thinks that if dinners can purchase Samoa,
there is no use in stinting the diplomatic
The statement that the Michigan Salt
Trust wants to raise a loan of $10,000,000
in Europe, is a straw in the wind indicating,
that the enterprising members of the com
bination have perceived the possibility of
utilizing the trnst fever for selling their
concerns at about twice their real yalue.
PEOPLE OP PROMINENCE.
Ex-Refbesektativb Matsoit, who was a
Democratic candidate for Governor of Indiana
last year, has gone Into railroading, and expects
to moke it pay better than politics.
Ex-United States Senatob Lapham has
made a call upon President Harrison. Boscoe
Conkllngs successor in the Senate has grown
very old, and was -recognized by very few
I 'Mb. HAinxToif Fish, who rendered the ser
vice he was asked to perform at tbe centennial.
Is SI j ears old. Hehadbeen in Congress long be
fore the year 1818, when he was elected Gov
ernor of Now York State.
Chief Justice Fuller has purchased of
Judge Wylle the latter's residence property on
Fourteenth street, fronting Thomas' Circle, be
tween Vermont avenue and M street, Washing
ton, for $100,000. The Chief Justice will take
possession of the residence next autumn.
Mrs. Burnett has been Invited by a real,
live Lord Fauntleroy, whose situation as well
as name she unconsciously plagiarized in her
story, to pay him a visit in his ancestral
estate, and see for herself that the Fauntleroy
estate Is not of such stuff as dreams are
Charles Dudley Wabsebwm an Inter
ested spectator of the Centennial festivities.
Mr. Warner is a tall man, with a long, pale
face, prominent nose, and luxuriant white hair
and beard. He is not a dude In his attire, and
seems to have the literary man's disregard of
Only fonr of the new United States Min
isters have left this country fOr their posts of
dntv. They are Colonel Fred Grant, of New
York, Minister to Austria; Mr. Hicks, of Wis
consin. Minister to Peru; John F. Swift, of
California, Minister to Japan, and W. W.
Thomas, of Maine, Minister to Sweden and
The monument to the memory of the lata
ex-President Arthur, now being erected in the
Albany, N. Y., Rural Cemetery, is a large sar
cophagus of granite. The monument is in the
family lot in the western part of the cemetery.
A large bronze figure will be placed atone side
of the sarcophagus. Tho only Inscription will
be the name "Arthur" in plain letters on the
base of the monument.
The Jesuit Fathers of St. Francis Xavier's
College, New York, are preparing a unique
memorial of the centennial of Washington's
inauguration. It is to be called "A Tribute to
Washington," and 17 languages will be used to
tell of tbe greatness of the Father of his Coun
try. The Rev. J. F. X O'Conor. S. J., vice
president of the college, is directing the work
of preparing the memorial. Thus far, beside
English, these languages hare been used:
Babylonian, Assyrian, Arabic, Eyriac, Egyp
tian, Algerian, French, Spanish, German,
Latin, Greek, Irish and Italian.
THE ATTACK ON JDDGE WHITE.
The Philadelphia Press bay It waeUncalled
For and Inconsiderate,
From tbe Philadelphia Press..
The assault upon Judge White, of Pittsburg,
by Representative Shiras, of the same city, is
an uncalled for and Inconsiderate act. The
Judge doubtless has failings of temper, and
perhaps showed unduly his hostility to the
whole liquor business, more than was becom
ing in a Judge called to act dispassionately on
application for liquor licenses. The real
offense, however, on which the proposed im
peachment is based, is that he enforced the
license law more severely and strictly than
was agreeable to tbe applicants for license.
They can, however, make nothing by an impo
tent display ot their wrath in an attempt to
Judge White's rulings were somewhat more
extreme than those of the Philadelphia License
Court, but moderate by comparison with those
of the interior judges, who refused to grant any
licenses whatever. The law gives the license
judge a large degree of discretion, which he Is
free to exercise in accordance with his best
judgment of what public policy requires. The
grievance of those who are dissatisfied with tho
way Judge White exercised his discretion is
with tbe high license law,' which gives him the
power wnich be used to reduce the number of
saloons and promote sobriety and order.
Tbe attack upon this Pittsburg Judge will be
construed and accepted everywhere as an attack
upon high license. It is an extremely impolitic
move at tbe present time, even from tbe liqnor
sellers' standpoint. It deserves and is bound
to come to nothing.
THE SENATORIAL SICK LIST.
members Who are Convalescent and Others
Not o fortunate.
Special Telegram to The Dispatch.
HabbisbubQ, May 5. Senator Schnatterly,
of Fayette, who has been at the Orthopedic
Hospital in Philadelphia since some time in
January, receiving treatment for locomotor
ataxis,3returned to this city to-day. He is
much better than when he went away, but says
be is not so well as be was a short time ago.
After adjournment he will go to tbe Hot
Springs for treatment. Senator Shull, who
early In tbe session went South for his health,
has also returned. Senators Rutan, ot Alle
gheny, and Stehman, of Lancaster, are the only
remaining absentees from the Senate because
of illness. Senator Stehman, it is understood
is in very bad condition. His trouble is with
General Harrison Allen, of Dakota, is still
here. His stay has been protracted beyond his
original expectation by the fact that he has
been accumulating material to aid in the con
struction of the new State.
A FAMILY OP MINISTERS.
For Generations Nearly AH the Sons Have
Covington, Kt., May 5. There is a New
England family which has fourteen relations in
tbe ministry. For several generation! father
and son have been ministers. In one branch of
this family there are four brothers in tbe Epis
copal ministry at present. Three of these offi
ciated at tbe same service this morning in
Trinity Church, Covington the Rev. Charles
R. Baker, who is rector ot the largest Episcopal
Church In Brooklyn (1,220 communicants); Rev.
Frank Woods Baker, rector of the Episcopal
Church In Covington, and his associate. Rev.
The other brother. Rev. George S. Baker, has
a large charge in New York City. The father,
grandfather and great-grandfather of these
tons were ministers in Massachusetts.
DEATHS OP A DAT.
George Nedey, of Marshall township, Allegheny
county, who died yesterday morning, aged 73
years, was born on the same rarm where be died.
A wlfe,,three daughters and one son survive him.
Tbe deceased wa well and favorably known as an.
active worker In tbe hepnullcan party, and was
for many years regarded as a standing delegate to
county conventions of his patty. lie was a faith
ful church member, was regarded as a man of
nrosa views ana win ne missea ny nu many
U1CUU AU IU pdblVU VI UiV VVHMl.
Strange Adventure of Derelict Vessels
Roaming- Abont the Ocean nndEndanger
Ina Navigation Woird Story oflhoBark
- Marie Celeste.
rCOnElSPONDESCS OT TiniPISFATCR.l
WAsnmpTOJT, May 8. A paragraph pub
lished in a local paper recently spoke of the
wanderings of a derelict vessel which had been
abandoned on the sea and whleh had been
drifting from placs to place ior a long time in
terfering with navigation. An effort will be
made at the next session of Congress to have
some action taken by tbe principal naval
powers of tbe world to chart the oceans with a
view to placing somewhere the responsibility
tor removing from tbe lace or tne ocean the
floating craft that make navigation dangerous.
Many of these drifting, ownerless vessels are
found on tbe open sea from time to time. They
are ships which have sprung leaks and been
abandoned as unsafe or which were cast ashore,
and then drifted away again without their
crews. They are without direction or control,
and they drift from place to place at the will of
tbe wind and tides. If it is possible to secure
unitv of action, the seas will be charted and
divided into seetions,in each of which some one
of the maritime nations of the world will have
jurisdiction over derelicts and will assume tbe
responsibility of sinking them or towing them
An Interesting Stndy.
The history of the derelicts that have been
followed from one part of the world to another
by the reports of passing vessels would make
an interesting book. It was only a few months
ago that a vessel was brought into harbor that
had been abandoned off the American coast,
and after crossing the Gulf Stream had drifted
across tbe ocean, and was finally picked up off
the Hebrides. Sho was taken into harbor and
her cargo was found to nave been little in
jured. Another Bhiff that was abandoned, and
was finally brought into port, was the Maggie
M. Rivers. She became water-logged off the
coast of Hatteras and was left to sink. Her
captain and crew escaped in the small boats
and were picked up bv a passing vessel. Tbe
vessel floated abont, but did not sink as had
been expected. Sue crossed the Gulf Stream
and then began to move in great circles. Often
she was very nearshore, and then she would be
heard from far at sea. She was finally brought
Into port at Bermuda after ten months' drift
ing, and her entire cargo of lumber was saved
and sold bv the ere w of H. M. S. Canada, which
had picked her up.
A Remnrkablo Derelict
One of the most remarkable cases of a dere
lict ever known In fact one of the most re
markable incidents of tbe sea recorded in his
torywas tbe discovery of the abandoned bark
Marie Celeste in the Mediterranean Sea some
tenor twelve years ago. A vessel sailing the
Mediterranean one day sighted a bark under
full sail and signaled her. There was no re
sponse. After signaling for some time and
gettlng.no sign, from the bark, the captain of
tbe vessel sent a boat's crew to investigate,
The crew of the boat as It approached tbe bark
could distinguish no sign of life. There were
no seamen on' her decks and no voice hailed
them as their boat drew near. They climbed
aboard and found that the deck of the bark
was deserted, although everything on it was in
perfect order. The sails were set and every
rope was in Its place. It looked as though all
of the crew had gone below. But when the
boat's crew went below they found the cabin
and tbe forecastle alike empty. Everything
was in perfect order. There was a sewiug ma
chine in the cabin and under the needle was a
woman's garment half completed. It seemed
as though the sewer bad been gone but a mo
ment. In the forecastle were the seamen's
kits. An examination of the bold showed that
there was a full cargo aboard, and apparently
no injury to the vessel had occurred.
Some sailors were sent aboard and the
bark was taken to Genoa. There her owners
were communicated with. They were Ignorant
of the fate ot the captain and crew. They had
heard nothing from the bark since she sailed
for New York. A new crew was put on board
and tbe bark was taken to New York. Here
and in Genoa search was made far a trace of
the crew of the vessel, but without avail.
Finally circulars were sent over the world and
the friends of the missing men were consulted;
but no trace of them could be found. And the
mystery that surrounded their disappearance
has never been cleared up. No one of them
has evcrbeen beard from and no one knows
to-day how the Marie Celeste was abandoned
under full .head of sail in the middle of the
Mediterranean and where her recreant crew
Followed by Fate.
Tbe Marie Celeste seemed to be fated for
peculiar adventures. After her eventful voy
age she was recommissloned at New York and
put into South American trade. Three or fonr
years ago she was scuttled off the coast of
South America and all of her cargo was lost.
Her captain was tried for the crime and found
guilty. The Marie Celeste was favored by f ito
above most derelicts In that she had two ad
ventures. With the majority of abandoned
vessels abandonment means slow dissolution.
This was the fate of the Twenty-one Friends,
which drifted about the ocean for six or eight
months some years ago and then disappeared.
Her pieces probably lie rotting at the bottom
oi tne ocean.
Nipped by Arclie Ice.
One of tbe most remarkable cases in marl
time history, and probably the most famous,
was that of the British sloop-of war Resolute,
which was one of three vessels sent on an ex
pedition to the Arctic seas about 1850 to search
for tidings of Sir John Franklin and his men.
In the winter of 1851, while in Melville Bay, the
eastern bight of Baffin's Bay, the ship was
nipped in the ice of a mighty pack and forced
clear above tbe water. Tbe ice, in its constant
tronbled movements, relaxed its grip for a time
and let tbe ship down to the water, only to come
together again with greater force and crush
her heady sides as If they were paper. The
ship's bow was lifted high in the air, and she
Was heeled well down to starDoard, While tbe
stnrdy oaken frame and huge beams buckled
ard ground as though sho were a giant in the
throes of physical pain. The ship was aban
doned, and the crew waited until help came
from the sister Bhip of the expedition, which
was held fast a mile or more away.
After all were safely on board the consort a
furious gale and snowstorm set In and con
tinued two days, and the ire was much broken
by the adverse tides and winds. When all was
over, ana tne seamen looxea across mo treach
erous Ice fields, tbe good ship Resolute was
gone. But she had not sunk.
In due time tbe expedition returned home,
the loss of tbe Resolute was duly reported, ana
her name was stricken from the admiralty lists
of the British navy.
A Graceful Gift.
Fonr years after the Resolute was deserted a
New London whaling vessel, commanded by
Captain James Bnffington, encountered a three
days' gale in the floe that slowly streams con
tinually down the western shore below DaviV
straits and jnst oft tho entrance to the North
umberland gulf, which she was trying to reach.
When the weather cleared the vessel was fast
In the floe and all on board were surprised to
see a large vessel, British in build and rig. but
showing no colors, also fast in the floe, about 10
miles away. Captain George E. Tyson, who be
came famous afterward for his sufferings and
heroism while drifting for six. months on the
ice for over 15,000 miles, was mate of the vessel.
After a day or two be got permission to go with
three men to the strange vessel, and after 80
hours of dangerous travel he reached. and
boarded her. It was Her Britannic Majesty's
sloop of war Resolute, derelict and in perfect
condition. The party remained on board two
dajs, there being plenty of provisions, wet and
dry. and then reported their find to Captain
The finders of a derelict became the owners
of it, and as the value of this find was much
greater than could result from a whaling
cruise, the cruise was abandoned, and both
vessels worked ont of the ice and came to New
London- There was great excitement here and
in Great Britain over the find, and Congress
stepped in with an appropriation giving the
finders a lump sum of $200,000 for their prize.
Then the vessel was put in thorongh condition,
and being officered and manned by a detail
from tbe navy, was sent under escort of a
frigate to England, and presented In person to
Queen Victoria as a gilt from America. The
scene on tbe quarterdeck ol tbe Resolute dur
ing the ceremony of the presentation to tbe
Queen, at tbe Portsmouth dock yard. Is a sub
ject of a grand historical painting, containing
portraits of the Queen and Prince Albert, and
their party, and of all tbe American officers,
and of the American Minister.
The bydrograpbic office of tbe Navy Depart
ment makes tbe tracing of derelicts a specialty.
Bhip captains report derelicts when seen to the
Navy Department, and the pilot chart, which
is Issued monthly from the hydrographic office
for the Information of navigators, contains
statements from time to time of the location,
as near as It can be determined, of any derelict
that max be afloat Navigators in possession
of this information know where to be on the
looxont ior wese dangerous oostacies.
( Looks Suspicions.
The New York Prohibition Voice heads Its
Centennial edition "Wen York." Did the Vola-
1 also attend Fish's banquet T
The Appearance of tbe Pennsylvania Troops
In the Centennial parade.
From the Army and Navy Journal. J
At the head of Pennsylvania's division rode
Governor Beaver accompanied by Adjutant
General Hastings. The staff, too far In rear,
was badly aligned. Colors failed to dip.
Pennsylvania's division, for a division In or
ganization It is, is certainly not aped to the
criticism of being tnoro for show than service.
Clad in tbe fatigue uniform of the army, and
fully equipped in heavy marching order. It
gave the appearance of a return from a cam
paign rather than troops on parade for cere
mony. Second Brigade, General Wiley. Staff made
a fair salnte; colors not dipped.
The Tenth Regiment, Colonel Hawkins, held
the right of the brigade, with eight companies
of 20 front It is from western part of State.
In point of numbers it made a good appearance,
in other respects fair to good, the Fifth and
Eighth companies poor. Distances badly
Fifteenth Regiment, Colonel Krlps, compa
nies from western part of State, all passed
Eighteenth Regiment, Colonel Smith, from
Pittsburg. The companies were generally in
good strength, but its lack of equalization de
tractod very much from the general appear
ance. Blankets Instead of overcoats were
rolled on knapsack. The jeompanles were more
or less unsteady.
Fifth Regiment, Colonel Burchfleld. compa
nies from Altoona and vicinity. No special
comment can be made on any one of them.
They passed in fair form
Sixteenth Regiment, Colonel Hnlings, com
panies from western part of State. Ranks of
several of the companies slim. First company
passed with good alignment, balance fair.
Within a year pr two past this regim'ent has
become noted for rifle practice.
Fourteenth Regiment, Colonel Glenn, com
panies from Pittsburg and vicinity. In general
the step was regular and alignments good.
Guides of First, Fifth and Sixth companies
marched at support arms, and guide of Fourth
Company with bayonet unfixed.
Battery B, Captain Hunt trom Pittsburg,
brought up the rear of Pennsylvania's con
tingent They were obliged to halt in front of review
ing stand, otherwise would have made a very
creditable passage. The non-commissioned, f-
improperly, however, saluted.
Pennsylvania's division was, doubtless a dis
appointment to tbe ladies looking for a bright
spectacle, but it had an air ot reality, wanting
in some of the organizations more gaudily uni
formed. Though uniformed exactly alike,
there was a noticeable difference in many of
the organizations. In drill they were unequal.
Marching, in steadiness somewere unsurpassed
while others were, as we have already noted,
only fair, but notwithstanding the regularity
and steadiness of tbe march, on the part of the
best the step was short and cramped. Indeed,
a full length, free, swinging step was an excep
tion throughout the command. We call atten
tion to this in no spirit of criticism, but addl
tional care on the part of commanding officers
to this matter would undoubtedly tend to a
better appearance and less fatigue on a long
LAWSUIT ABOUT A GOOSE.
Nearly S130 Spent In Litigation to Recover
the fenm of 40 Cents.
LouisvtMiE, May 5. At Antioch, a small
village in Metcalfe county, this State, suit was
brought by Mrs. James Poynter to recover
damages from Mrs. Ware, for the slaughter of
a gray goose belonging to the former. The
killing occurred three years ago. The places
upon which tbe two women live adjoin. Mrs.
Poynter owned a flock of geese which she
Srizcd highly. The geese frequently got into
Irs. Ware's yard and ate all tbe grass. It is
said that one goose can eat as much as three
horses. Mrs. Ware frequently warned her
neighbor to keep her geese in her own yard.
Mrs. Poynter promised to do so, but the geese
were too much for her- When they found out
that they were not wanted in Mrs. Ware's yard
they made that enclosure their favorite stamp
One day Mrs. Ware discovered tbe geese in
her yard, and she said "she guessed she
wouldn't be bothered with them dratted geese
any longer-" She gave chase with a good
sized billet of wood. She struck one goose on
the head and killed her. The others escaped.
Mrs. Poynter demanded that Mrs. Ware pay
her 40 cents Tor the dead goose. She brought
suit in 'Squire John Grlnstead's court to re
cover the 40 cents. She employed a good law
yer. So did Mrs Ware. Both women were
widows, and each vowed she would spend her
last cent lathe case before she would give in.
After many mistrials and continuances, pro
longed through three years, 'Squire Grinstead
has at last given bis decision. It is in favor of
the defendant. The costs on each side are
about $150, and Mrs. Poynter has to pay all un
less she appeals to a higher court and receives
a reversal of the magistrate's decision.
CHICAGO'S GAS SCHEME.
Financiers Alarmed by tbe Formation of a
Chicago, MayC The rumor that tbe Chi
cago Gas Trust would soon issue $10,000,000 new
bonds to bring Indiana gas here through pipes
has not been received with unalloyed pleasure
by holders of trust certificates, and many of
the latter have sold ont. Certificates went down
somewhat on tbe news, and telegrams in great
numbers poured in here from New York.
While there is a scheme to pipe gas from In
diana here, it is not being engineered by tbe
gas trust but by nn independent company. Mr.
Columbus R. Cummings admitted this to-day.
and it would seem that the scheme, if carried
out will be a big thing for tbe trust. The f 10,
000,000 bonds will be no obligation on tbe gas
trust while tbe latter will make money by
leasing to the new company many miles ot pipe
In Chicago that it is not using.
On the other hand. President Fay, of the gas
trust says he knows of no natural gas com
pany, and if there was one no gas could be
Siped from Indiana, as there is a law of that
tate prohibiting it. This, of course, would
knock tbe natural gas scheme in the bead, al
though there is surely some plan on foot
'SHIPPING DISEASED CATTLE.
Anlmnls Afflicted With Lump Jaw Sent to
Buffalo by Carlonda.
Buffalo, May 6. The Western dressed beef
traffic has been given a setback by the discov
ery of Cattle Inspector Rast that diseased live
stock in a terrible condition had escaped the
inspectors who are charged with the duty of
inspecting cattle ;at the Western live stock
markets. There were 17 cattle in one car, all
afflicted with lump jaw, and an attempt was
marin to escane tbe local inspector at East
Buffalo. The cattle came from Kansas City J
and were consignea to tue Jacoo uoiu racKing
Company. Instead of unloading at the usual
place, tbe car was run around on Dold's
slaughtering house switch.
The East Buffalo cattle men discovered the
condition of the cattle and notified the health
authorities. Dold's men claimed that they
were going to reship the- cattle west but In
spector Rast consigned the carload to the fer
tilizer factories. Dr. Dorr said, after inspect
ing tbe cattle, that if a needle were run into
one of the diseased lumps and a man were then
inoculated with it, it wonld cause his death.
This disease is of a virulent type, and the flesh
of cattle afflicted with it is poisonous.
A Carbon Connty School Teacher Rated
Higher Thnn a Conl Baron.
MAUCH Chunk, Pa., May 6. There is trou
ble between tbe Commissioners and Assessors
of this county. Tbe Commissioners prepared
rules for the Assessors In making assessments.
The orders were carried out at Weatherly, but
not at several other places. At Weatherly a
laborer is assessed at $225; at Mauch Chunk
from (SO to $80, according to bis income. A
Mauch Chunk coll baron, whose income is
$150,000 per year, and who also has profits as a
miner and shipper, is assessed at $400, while a
poor Weatherly school teacher is assessed at
$000. At Weatherly real estate is assessed at
its full value, while at Mauch Chunk, the
Packer estate, which cost $120,000, is assessed
at $40,000. Tbe citizens of Weatherly met last
night and apopted resolutions protesting
against the injustice.
Flre-Entlng Bug Killers.
From the Pioneer Press.
As one by one the Legislatures of various
States adjourn'and drop Into innocuous desue
tude, the "burl the foul and false accusation
in his teeth'1 business is. also petering out One
would hardly think that a fierce, fire-eating
legislator could condescend to kill as many
potato bugs as his granger neighbor, but he
can, and does.
Roster of State Troops.
The Army and A'avy Journal donbles Its
lssno of May 4 to give full ro3tcrs ot tbe State
troops In t bo Centennial procession, with crit
ical commentam the bearing and appearance
of each organization, made by expert military
observers on the grand stand. It is a number
which every friend of the soldiers will find full
Old.Tlme Picnics of the Pittsburg Bar.
To the Editor of The rflspatchs
Sweet recreation batr'd, what doth ensue,
Set moody and dull melancholy,
(Kinsman to grim and comfortless despair)
And, at her heels, a hnge, infections troop
Of pale dlstemperatures, and foes to life I
Our subject may. perhaps, be of interest at
this date. Thesa picnics, held at the country
residences of members of this par at the be
ginning and during the civil war of 1861415,
were a source of great relaxation and enjoy
ment to all attending and participating. Con.
tJdering the great changes whleh have taken
place since, the death of many of the judges
of our courts and members ot this bar "who
took part therein, the destruction by fire of
our second Court House, and tbe events follow
ing the Same, these events may ber considered
as belonging to the olden time by reason of
The picnics wero gotten up in the manner de
fined by Webster, who describes a picnic as
formerly an entertainment at which each per
son contributed some dish or article for the
general table; in present se, an entertainment
carried by a party on an excursion of pleasure
Into tbe country; also, the party itself." As for
"the party Itself' In the old picnics of this bar.
If reminiscences were published of what oc
curred, they would furnish very entertaining
and, doubtless, instructive reading. To a con
siderable extent they were, in the language ot
the poet Pope,
The feast of reason
And tbe fiow0f son!.
Further, the sentiment of these lines was am
plified and amended from time to time by a
construction of the Statute of Limitations
The statute we'll toll
By a good flow of bowl.
The country seats of members of this bar
were all located for convenient and speedy ac
cess by public or private accommodations, and,
in addition, possessed all advantages that could
be desired as to scenery, natural forests, cozy
meadow retreats, views of rivers, refreshing
springs; in short all facilities for unalloyed
enjoyment In the language of the old song:
The glasses sparkle on the board,
The wlnelB ruby bright!
Tbe reign or pleasure Is restored,
Ufease and fond delight.
, Yes, it was beautiful to look on or participate
in those old-time picnics of the Pittsburg bar
and observe the disciples of Blackstone then
and there following bis example. For, accord
ing to tradition.it is recorded In the ancientEo
glish "Inns of Court" that
When Blackstone wrote those volumes sage,
now me textin every court.
Be paused at the foot of every page
And took a hearty drink ox port
Ptxtsbubo, May 4. Fnrrz;
Not Doing Business on Paper.
To the Editor of The Dispatch:
Saturday's edition of your paper contains a
dispatch from Fhiladelphlaentltled, "A Trust's
Hard Row," which reflects indirectly upon the
business, character and methods of the United
States Funeral Directing Company. The item
In question describes some of tbe alleged his
tory of "The National Trust and Burial Asso
ciation," its paper capital of $500,000. Its mam
moth casket and coffin factory without founda
tions, and its inability, iu several cases cited, to
furnish the funeral supplies tbat it had con
tracted to supply. Although thoroughly
acquainted with the above mentioned circum
stances, yet as to their truth or falsity we have
here nothing to say.
But it is stated that those alleged tacts in the
history of tbe National Trnst and Burial Asso
ciation reveal some Interesting facts in relation
to tbe method of procedure of this and similar
organizations. Now, tbe only similar organiza
tion in the country is the United StatesFuneral
Directing Company, of which we have tbe
agency for the cities of Pittsburg and Alleghe
ny. Its factory does not exist on paoer, bntis
situated In the city of Camden, N. J.; employs
a large number of skilled union workmen, and
Is under the charge of one of the best known
and most experienced casket and coffin manu
facturers in tbe United States. Its capital
stock of $500,000 is not paper capital, and the
officers of the company are prominent business
men of the cities in which they reside. Our
defense does not rest upon mere theory or
empty statements. We are no new, un
tried organization, and the facts of
our history argue more potently
for us than any statements we could make.
Although in existence for only about two years,
we are at present conducting one-third of
all tbe funerals in the city of Camden, N. J.:
have conducted as many as forty funerals a
week in Philadelphia, and have yet to hear the
first complaint against the conduct of any one
ot them. We have been In Pittsburg only a
month, but have already conducted several
funerals in a manner entirely satisfactory to all
concerned. We repeat tbat we court investiga
tion, and would be pleased to show our sup
plies and explain our books and methods to any
one calling at our office.
Hoping. Mr. Editor, that yon will give this
article the prominence in vour paper given to
the communication from Philadelphia, we re
main, respectfully yours. .
H. I. Budd & Son,
Managers United States Funeral Directing Co.
Pittsbubo, May 4.
Protestant Home for Boys.
To the Editor of Tbe Dlssatcn:
As the public has for some time been inter
ested in the agitation created by Mr. O'Brien,
of the Humane Society, it may be well to give
a few facts connected therewith. The will of
Miss Jane Holmes reads as follows :
In case within two years from and after my de
cease an Institution shall be organized in inch
manner and nnder snch control as aliall meet the
approval of my said executors, to be known as the
Protestant Borne for Boys, tbe purpose of which
shall be to furnish a home or boarding bouse for
boys under tbe age of 21 years, and tbe particulars
and details of which organization shall be mod
eled upon thore of tbe Lincoln Institute, of Phila
delphia, then 1 authorize them, out of any funds
not otherwise appropriated, to aptly and appro
priate ror tne use ana support oi sua institution
the sum of 850,000; and I likewise direct tbat said
institution shall not share in my residuary estate.
The laws of the Lincoln Institute are; all that
the boys earn until 16 years of ago goes to ward
their support in the Institution. After IS they
pay S3 per week for which they are boarded,
lodged, washed and mended. They can re
main until 21 years of age. This is the rule
which we endeavor to follow. As the majority
of onr boys earn but $150 per week. It will be
seen that this amountwould not go very tar in
clothing, lodging, food, washing and mending,
medical attendance ana education.
As to the vague charge of cruelty made by
Mr. O'Brien, the State Board of Charities, tbe
advisory Board and tbe Managers of tbe Home
have investigated tbe matter and find no cause
for the charge. The charge being still made,
Mr. President Eaton has been asked to appoint
a committee of his Board to again investigate.
If he does so, no doubt the public will be fully
Informed of the result
The rules of this Home, like all well man
aged homes, public and private, are that stnet
order and good conduct shall prevail and when
It becomes necessary, tbe boys shall be pun
ished for disobedience humanely and firmly.
This the board proposes to do.and will allow no
interference from individuals or societies. With
regard to the vicious charge that tbe funds
have been misappropriated it is not necessary
to make reply. tins. Wjt. McCbeert,
President of the Board of Managers.
Pittsbubo, May 4.
To the Editor of The Dispatch:
Please inform me if anyone as yet has been
appointed as Superintendent of the Censnsf If
so, who? Who is the proper person for an
enumerator to apply to for a position?
Pittsbubo, May 4.
Robert P- Porter, df New York, has been
appointed Sunerintendent of Census. Make
application to the Supervisor of Census for
your district after one has been appointed.
Tothe Editor or Tbe Dispatch:
What authority is there for the use of tbe
word "enthuse" ? B. O. Belles.
Allegheny, May 1
Will Visit Wniblngton Soon and Then
to Europe Fall of Fight.
Philadelphia, May 6. Alex. K. McClure
sends the following from Cincinnati to the
Times: A special permit from Halstead's
physician enabled me to visit bim this morning
In his room, where he has been confined for
some six weeks. He Is able to be up, is well
on In the slow work of recovery, and hopes to
get back to his office early next week. His
heart action, tbat was seriously affected by
rheumatism, is substantially restored. But he
realizes tbe obvious fact that bis impetuosity
in bard work must be restrained hereafter.
He is in good spirits, Is full of pluck, and,
after a good rest abroad, he will come back in
his fighting clothes. He will visit Washington
In a fortnight or so. Thence go to New York,
whence he will sail for Europe and spend two
months at the German springs, expecting to
return with bis family In August
Unkind ts tbe Goddess.
From the Chicago Tribune. J
"The predictions as to the extinction of the
elephant," coldly says the Louisville Courier
Journal, "are not worth attention. We shall
have elephants on our bands for a long time to
come-" This Is the most heartless, unfeeling
aUnsionwe bave.ever known Colonel Watter
so'n to make to the atar-eyed g. of r.
GOOD THIKGS IN ABUNDANCE
la tbe Mammoth Triple Number of The
Dispatch leaned Yesterday.
It was great There were 20 broad pages,
everyone of them containing: matter of interest
to the reader who desires to. keen thoroughly
posted. The news and gossip of America and
the Old World, by wire and cable from hun
dreds of bright correspondents, were one Im
portant feature. The opening chapters of A
Lnew serial by one of the most famous writers
or tbe day was another. Speolal articles rrom
the most gifted authors on questions of litera
ture, art, science and religion; the happy
thoughts of humorists and tbe profound reflec
tions of philosophers) pearls of poetry; choice
miscellany In short the best and most whole
some reading for old and young, in tbe most
liberal quantities, were included in the magazine-like
newspaper provided by The Dis
patch for its patrons yesterday. It is no
wonder that the list of subscribers is growing
larger very rapidly. No other paper In the
State offers as much for the money.
The London theater goers have at last ar
rived at the conclusion that America Is a great
country. They cheer the Stars and. Stripes
vociferously whenever they see them. The
whites and blacks are at war in West Africa,
Great slaughter is reported. O'Brien has sued
Lord Salisbury for libeling him in a speech
Eminent divines of England are wrangling
over political qu estions. Negotiations are pro
gressing satisfactorily at the Bamoan Confer.
ence. .England sides with America mappe,
the- German ex-Consul, alleges that the Ameri
cans stirred up all the trouble.
An interesting interview with Jay Gould was
an attractive piece of domestic news. The
millionaire takes issue with Bishop Potter, and
ooesn't believe that the world is, degenerating
or tbat American wealth produces "plutocra
cy." A tract of 7,500,000 acres of landU.which.
it is proposed to open to settlement in Mon
tana, is said to be very poor for agricultural
purposes. The Illinois Steel Company, with a
capital stock of $25,000,000, has been formally
organized. Ben Butler charges Admiral Por
ter with cowardice at New Orleans. The
Standard Oil Company is said to have secured
possession of tbe leading white lead works of
tile country: The Pennsylvania Senators In
dulged in a hat discussion of the Allegheny
county gangers' bill. Governor Beaver has
signed the municipal lien bill New York's
highest society gave an amateur circus per
formance, which was a brilliant success,
The Allegheny County Bar Association held
a meeting and voted, 65 to 34, against a legisla
tive investigation of Judge White's actions.
Saloon keepers had as much business as they
could attend to. No snch crowds were ever
seen in Pittsburg drinking places before.
President Conway says tbat the strike of the
railroad coal miners is practically won. There
are 2,200 men at work at advanced wages and
4,000 Idle. The Central Trades Council will In-
quire into the importation of English glass
blowers. The original title deed rorBraddook's
field has come to light and The Dispatch
gives its interesting history.
At Indianapolis the Pittsburg Club was
beaten by the Hooslers; score, 12 to 17. Galvin
was injured during tbe game. The gossip and
news of the turf was given In full, also the
usual review of sports.
Sidney Lnska's new serial, "Metamorphosis,"
was begun in tbe second part It promises to be
Intensely interesting. F. G. Carpenter gave a
graphic sketch of scenes in the romantio
Himalaya Mountains, the highest on the globe.
O. M. a described a West Virginia field on
which many celebrated pugilists have fought
Shirley Dare told women howto be both stylish
and economical. Gall Hamilton contributed
one of her brightest letters on a toplo of Inter
est to all women. Mary G. Humphreys fur
nished a pen picture of some of tbe kitchens of
wealthy Americans. Claude Lowrey sketched
the history of Will Carleton's rise as a poet
"Tbe Texas Cowboy as He Is," was tbe subject
of a well written article on the fourteenth page.
Everyday science, Clara Belle's chat, Lillian
Spencer's Cuban correspondence and a letter
from Florida, describing the Cracker's home
life, wero other good papers. E. W. Bartlett
gave an amusing account of an unsnecessful
experiment in horticulture, and J. W. Breen
contributed his views and impressions of the
great Centennial celebration.
Part III, pages 17 to 20, included letters and
special articles on a great variety of subjects.
Beverly Crump gave an account of life in
Martinique, the tropical paradise: the
famous writer of juvenile stories, Oliver Optic,
described a Spanish bull fight Bill Nye gave
bis version of tbe history of the Indian Tippe
canoe; Dr. Hammond contributed a valuable
paper on health; a number of noted meteorolo
gists discussed the weather and the signal ser
vice; Heinricbs furnished a capital fairy tale;
Mrs.Frank Leslie wrote of "A Woman's Ward
robe." and Rev. George Hodges, H. A. V., E.
L. Wakeman, Henry Haynie, Captain King,
Bessie Bramble and others, contributed origi
GOUNOD DENIES IT.
He Has Not Made a Contract to Visit This
New York Herald Paris Cable. I
It was rnmored yesterday tbat a party by the
name of Louis Nathal, of New York, was In
Paris and bad arranged with M. Gonnod for a
tour in America for next season. There Is,
however, not one word of trnth In tbe report
This evening I called on the illustrious com
poser at his residence in the Place Males
herbes. M. Gounod was just leaving bis house.
but he kindly consented to be interviewed, and
in answer to the statement as above outlined,
said: "There is not one word of truth in it I
have not seen or ever heard of snch a person.
I have had no such proposition from any one,
and if I bad I shonld not entertain it for a sin
gle moment It is a source of much pleasure to
me to know that I have so many warm friends
and admirers in tbe United States; bnt as I
told you a year ago, I am now too old to think
of going so far away from borne. No, there Is
no trnth whatever In th e report
THE GEOEGE WASHINGTON CLUB.
A New National Patriotic Organization
Started In New York.
New Yobk, May 6. A new national patri
otic club was organized at 719 East Ninth street
on Saturday night It is to be known as "The
George Washington Club," and its constitu
tion provides that "every man, woman and
child who subscribes to tbe doctrine of patriot
ism may become a member." Letters of en
couragement were received from ex-President
Cleveland. Senator Evarti. Senator Blair. John
G. Whittier, George William Curtis and
others. President Clevelana's letter advised
the club to elect young men as its officers.
The officers elected were these: President
Arthur D.Cochrane; Vice Presidents. Senator
Blair, Admiral Porter, General Clinton B.
Fisk, Hon. Amos J. Cummings, Albert Griffin,
ot Kansas; George R. Scott of Brooklyn; 8am
uel D. Hastings, of Wisconsin, and Samuel
Gompers, President of the American Federa
tion of Ltbor; Secretary. Frank AUaben; Treas
urer. Charles B. Blnger. All the officers
chosen have accepted their positions.
Hrr-Aii Akehs, of Lancaster, has broken his
right leg three times within a year.
A Readiko shoemaker recently found $86
in a shoe sent him by a lady customer for re
pairs. Jons Simmon's, of Graber's Ford, near
Scbwenksrille. has lauded a catfish four inches
broad across tbe brow.
R. T. Ellenbekoer, of Garwood, has a
boy six years old whose bead takes a Vi hat
and whose voice is as deep as a man's.
A KA G-MAN by the name of Strong; In Titus
vllle, while purchasing a lot of rags found $40
in an envelope, and at once turned it over to
tJoSEPH Bailt, of Marlborough, Chester
county, has raised a rhubarb stalk five inches
around at the thickest and almost long enough
for a walking stick.
A SFARKlrom an emery wheel at the Em
pire Works, in Tatamy, flew into a five-gallon
trough ot aspbaltum, making work for the
firemen for fifteen minutes.
MBS. BOWERS, of Smithfleld, had fixed three
cow bells on the Inside of the smokehouse
door, A few nights ago thieves opened the
door, rang the bells, and in their flight left a
very nice lap-robe.
A flustered West Chester bridegroom
slipped a quarter in the pastor's hand, think
Ingtft a $10- gold piece. Discovering bis mis
take he made reparation, and afterward told a
friend'. "He took "Mw $40 gold piece with f
pleasure, ont me mean part of it was tint he
kept the. quarter tSo,"
Hoffman & Moore, of Apalachicola,
Fla-, have a cat that I IS yean old, and baa
presented the firm 'with an average of 12 kit.
tens per year far IS year; soaking a total of iso
There is anistot In the possession of
the Atlanta police which has 12 notches ontha
handle, and the man who owns the pistol has
stated that every notch represents a person he
A party from Naples, la., a few days
ago had with them the jaws of a leopard shark
measnring 18 Inches in Width and two feet In
the spread. Tbe mouth was large enough to
take in a barrel at oae, gulp.
The largest pension butone ever granted
a Union soldier was recently granted to
OtrisMan Holzwortb, of LowvUle N. Y.j ho re
efivesa haek pension, exclusive Of expenses,
of $12.979 80 and a monthly allowance of S72.
Mr. Holzwortb, is an inmate of the Lewis
Connty Asylum, and Is Incurably insane.
John A. Fulmer, ot Moravia, N- T.,
has in his possession a neck yoke which ba a
history. It originally belonged to Major Gen
eral Frederick William Augustus Baron -Da
Steuben, who came to this country In Vf 0. Ho
died in 1804, so it will be seen that this neck
yoke is quite a relic The wood appears to be
A young Polish lady, who is desiroBsl
of cultivating her musical talent.begs the as
sistance of kind friends "to enable her to pro
cure a piano, which her parents cannot afford
to purchase." This Is her address, as given 1st
a London paper: Jadniga Janina Boens Taw
dom Dolinsklogo, Poland.
A Wichita boy enlisted in the' regular
army of Uruguay, South America, and for IS
months never heard a word of his native Ian.
gnage. While detailed as a guard In the Opera
House at Montevideo, he heard Patti sing
"Home, Sweet Home," in English. It made
him so homesick that he took the first oppor
tunity to come back to nia native land, and ia
now again in Kansas.
3Tor many years an old cow of a light
brown sandy color has been getting" her herb,
age off the old hills beyond the depot at Vien
na, Ga,, which has grown scantier year by
year, and in the winter amounted to almost ac
tual starvation. It has bees a noticeable faet
through the bleakest part of last winter tbat
this cow has tried on several occasions to com
mit suicide by jumping npon the track in front
of tbe engine. Since tbe grass has come ont
you never sea this cow abont the railroad at all.
John Lamphere, of Gilboa, Schoharie,
county, N. Y it Is said, Is the owner of a
chicken that has four fully developed legs.
The rapid manner in which the fowl scratches
earth, it is alleged, astonishes the otber hens so
tbat they hide their beads In their feathers and
forget to lay eggs. When on roost the auartet
of feet take up no more room than an ordinary
chicken's feet do. The curiosity can run, twice
as fast as its companions and lta legs do not in.
terf ere with one another.
There Is a young married lady In ZUber
ton, Ga, who is a snake charmer. She is fear.
less of these reptiles, and will capture with ber
nanas any snake mat sne nnos in tne woods,
and has tamed several of them for pets. Onca
she captured a large snake that seized her
band. This lady did not experience any
trouble from its fangs, and continued ber sport;
of capturing them- She seems to have a
strange power over reptiles, and it Is seldom
that they offer any resistance.
Mr. Smith, while fishing in Lake
Catherine, Fla., lately, caught a strange look
ing fish about two feet long, body like an eel,
bnt thicker and larger, no scales, head short
and flattened. But the great difference be
tween It and other fish was In its having two
anterior limbs, each about one and a half
inches in length, which are used in swimming;
and it oan use them in traveling on the ground,
for it can move pretty well ont of its own ele-,
ment It is not a true flsb. but a reptile, and is
described In natural history as a siren. They
can live a long time out of water. They-are
rarely seen. This is the second one caught by
Mr. Smith within a month.
James P. Lott, of Willacoochee, Ga.,
has kept a record of all the rattlesnakes he has
killed for tbe past 20 years, and there are soma
interesting and instructive facts in it worthy of
attention. He has killed in all 27 large rattle
snakes, nothing less than ten rattles and a but
ton, and, curious to say, 25 of these were on onat .
lot of land, about four miles from Lellaton. On
the third Sunday of March a year ago he killed
a large rattlesnake,and again on the third Sun.
day of last March he killed another one, which
had just swallowed a grown rabbit It also
contained II rattlesnake eggs, so In killing thJr"
one be killed a dozen, and avenged the po.
rabbit -. J(
Gum chewing is the prevailing mania
in Albion, Neb. The disgusting habit has be
come so general that parents and preachers in- I
velgh against it, bnt to no effect During ser- '
vices in church last 8unday the dominie dell- "
cately insinuated that the congregation looked
like a corral of munching cattle, so industri
ously did the jaws wag. While tbe preacher
was rounding an eloquent peroration on the
beauties of the ecboless shore, a mighty yell
Tent tbe rafters. It came from the paralyzed
jaw of Mr. Cato, who had been suddenly
smitten with lead colic, caused by chewing -adulterated
gum. Cato was taken home and
the congregation dismissed. Next day a ton of
second-hand gum was plucked from the pews
and dumped into the raging Beaver.
A few days ago at the end of a wharf in
Fort Myers, FIjl, a 40-foot pile of about one
foot in diameter was loosely tied with. 100 feet
of cable. The hands suddenly noticed the cable
running from the coil, and before anyone-could
secure It hoth pile and cable were moving
rapidly to sea. A devil fish had got tangled
in the cable. Boats were at onca secured and
started in pursuit and after a two-mile race
they captured the line and log, tbe monster hav
ing become loosened, which accounts tor their
being able to overtake it Considering that
this sped of ray attains a weight of 3,000 to
4,000 pounds, and strength to correspond, this
is not astonishing. Some months ago the
passengers of the steamship Fearless har
pooned one of these fish near San Carlos Bay,
and after towing the steamboat for some time,
the engine being reversed and pulling against
bim, they were compelled to cut the Una to pre
vent being carried on a bar.
FUNNY SEN'S FANCIES.
An empty train George i'rancis.who has
eaten nothing la 11 ia.js.-Cileago Herald.
Mrs. Winks I see by the paper that the
Government haa advertised for 1,000 pounds' of
porous plaster. "What is that for?
,Mr. Winks Going to patch up some more old
snips for Samoa, probably. PMlaatLpMa neeorCL.
Plenty of Warmth. Tom So yon'va
been married a year! Mow, say, Una, "honest
Injun, does your wife greet yon as warmly as she
did at first?
Gus-Warmly? She fires np every time I open
my mouth. New York Weekly.
Husband Wife, I wish you had been
born with as good Judgment as I, but I fear yon
Wife You are right Our choice of partners for
life convinces me tuat your Judgment is muchbet
ter than mine. Omaha World.
Mr. Retrospect This is tha age of
progress, my dear.
Mrs-Ketrospect Nonsense! I read of the death .
of some celebrated man nearly everyday, but I "
never hear of any celebrated men being born 'to
take the places of those who are passing away.
Town Topics. '
Young man (In fashionable restaurant
Ob, waiter, do you know the difference between a
genuine howling swell and one who tries to be a
swell but can't get there.
Walter Yes, sah. Do genoolne howlln' swell
alwaya fees dewaltaah one dollah; de odder one
only gives up a qurtab. He got a dollar.
Harper' i Bazar. r
That Wasn't It Wife Ob. Henry, I'm '.
ever so much obliged to yon, my new bonnet came ' i.;S
np this afternoon. J
.Husbsnd-DId tbe bill come with It? SgS
It was BUl or Tom or Joe. It was a little fellow,
with red hair.
Hiisband-Little, eh? Well it wasn't bllL
A-Good Work. "So this is where Con
gress sits?" said a traveling man who was going
through the United States Capitol for the first -time.
"Yes, ' was the reply: '70" want l0 uke
off your bat when yon come In here " 'Take oil
my hat what for?" '"Out of respect to our Con
gressmen and the great work they are doing."
"What great work did they do last session?"
"Why-er, Why, they adjoorned." "So they
did." said the traveler, uncovering his head, "so; .
they dld.'-jfcreaanf Traveler. ,i
TABEWZLIi TO OKXAHOJfA.
Nowtheracoaesapainlul rumor that thei
Oklahoma boomer in no meek and lenUejhS
humor Is upon the homeward track. .-ai$jS&
He i coming o'er the prairie, and with rlch'To-JSP
cabularr. blasphemous and angulnsy,,he
U blazing Bis way oaca.
. -.- ' u- SwlM ""
ffrom tbe Oklahoma region. Booster. Sucker,
loweglan. and the rest, a motley-Uglon,
soon you'll see get np and dust i tfi
Jfer the boom of Oklahoma hat a qneer.fdefunet
aroma. 'TIs beyond the stage of ceou-It to
aew about to "bust.' v - -$SHWsr ?
j - . Jj-siri; . !. A.n-A.