Newspaper Page Text
' V ?1
THE PITTSBURG IDISPATCH, THURSDAY MAT 2,
ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 8. 1848.
Vol. 44, o. 84. Entered at Pittsbnrg rostofflce,
"November 14, ISS7, as second-class matter.
Business Office 97 and 99 Fifth Avenue.
News Booms and Publishing House 75,
77 and 79 Diamond Street
Ave rate circulation ef the daily edition of
The Dispatch for six mootha ending April
Coplei per Isiuc.
Average rlrcolatlon of the Sunday edition
tTho DUpatch for March, 1SS9,
Copies per Issne.
TERMS OF THE DISPATCH.
POSTAGE rEEE IJT THE UJTITED STATES.
DAJXTDlsrATCH One Year 8 00
Daily Dispatch, Per Quarter SCO
Daily Dispatch, One Month 70
Daily dispatch, including Sunday, one
year 10 00
Daily DiSPATcn, including Sunday, per
quarter - 50
Daily Dispatch, including Sunday, one i
BO day Dispatch, oneyear ISO
Weekly Dispatch, oneyear. 1 SS
The Daily Dispatch Is delivered by carrier at
5 cents per week, orlncludlngtheSundayeditlon,
at 20 cents per wees:.
PITTSBURG, THURSDAY, MAY 2, 1SS9.
THE MILK COMBINES.
The milk shippers' combination, which
started out with such a flourish of trumpets
as to the way in which it was going to con
trol the trade, has gone to pieces. The
dealers who were to be disciplined by that
organization are correspondingly exalted.
This was the inevitable result of the at
tempt at copying the trust methods of ar
bitrary restriction of supply, and started
out to make the business a losing one. In a
trade on which no restriction can be put,
such methods always react most severely on
those who resort to them.
It remains to be seen whether the dealers
will be able to perceive the lesson, that the
policy of monopoly cannot be applied to a
trade that is open to every farmer owning a
herd of cows. Or will they pursue the
vision of combination and high prices to
ward which they have already shown such
a decided leaning? The former is the course
of common sense and honest business. The
Litter is the one most in vogue at present
If the milk leaders adopt the latter plan
they will only hasten the time when a union
of producers, by adopting the legitimate
method of distributing milk at a reduction
from the middlemen's present excessive
charges, will make a success of it
WHICH IS SHE!
The question whether a young woman is
Julia Mary Sheehan, or whether Julia Mary
Sheehan, whom she claims to be, is dead,
furnishes the puzzle that occupies the
Orphans' Court in this city at present
Under ordinary circumstances the yonng
lady herself would be considered authorita
tive evidence, and when she backs up her tes
timony by corroborating facts, her allegation
that she is the missing heiress to sixty
thousand dollars seems to be pretty strong.
But then comes an uncle, who would be her
uncle if she is she, but who testifies that he
saw the real Julia Mary Sheehan buried
out in Illinois. This reduces us to
the certainty th tt someone is doing some
hard swearing, commensurate to the amount
ot raDneVat stake. It is a romance in real
life Charles Beade's -'"Wandering Heir,"
with a variation in sex.
THE BUILDING STRIKE.
The striking epidemic has set in this
year with a promptness which permits the
hope that the trade disputes will be settled
and gotten out of the way in time to let
enterprises go on smoothly. Nevertheless
the tendency toward permitting the wage
question to drift into actual deadlocks con
tains a possibility of contest, when it comes
to the scale question in the iron trade, that
is not entirely comfortable.
The last addition to the list of strikes was
that in the building trades yesterday. The
possibility that this will check the building
operations will not prejudice the public in
its favor. As to the points at issue, while
they may be considerably involved, it is
probably clear enough that the prices which
Pittsburg is paying for building -ought to
permit the payment of good wages. It is
generally understood that employers in
most of the building trades have, by means
of combination, forced up prices for ordi
nary building thirty to fifty per cent above
the average in localities no more favorably
situated. In that case it is not unfair that
the workman should get at least a share of
the high prices.
On the other hand, the resolution of the
workmen to restrict apprentices and place a
ban upon all except union made material,
which prevents intending builders from
buying material in open market, are, when
considered as to their effects, rather exac
ing. The workmen in this interest have not
yet sufficiently recognized the benefit to
themselves of encouraging building and
thus stimulating the demand for their
-work. Their present course tends rather to
the restriction of building by high prices,
the main advantage of which is sore to go
to the combinations rather than to the work
men. It certainly is to be hoped that the strike
will be settled before it hampers building
operations, when building is active, as at
present, the masters and men should be able
to share their prosperity without quarreling.
PTOISH THE BAlLxHAHAGEES.
Ko American can hare read the account
of the drunken orgies at the Centennial
ball in New York on Monday night without
experiencing disgust and righteous anger.
If it had been a mere public ball in honor
of the day, but not expressly representative
of the Empire City's celebration, its termi
nation in tipsy disorder would not have
been so disgraceful to the city of New
York. Unhappily it is not alone the great
city on the Hndson that has been dishon
ored, but the nation which joined her in
the making the Centennial glorious, must
suffer likewise in the eyes of the world.'
Borne of the managers of the ball should
be made to suffer for allowing such a scan
dalous disposal of the oceans of champagne.
It ought not to be difficult to fix the respon
sibility for the beastly scenes enacted in the
supper room. The idea of serving the wine
in magnums to anyone and everyone would
hardly have been countenanced at a French
ball. It is not surprising that under these
conditions men and women became so disor
derly under the influence of the champagne
bath that the police were forced to literally
raid the supper room at last to obtain order.
The whole business is a blot on the good
name of New York.
Of course at such a seasc M this the eyes
of the world are on America. Cannot the
critics of Europe ask with reasonfif these
' te the manners and morals of .Republicans,
how can Americans talk of the rotten so
ciety of the kingdoms of the Old World?
INTERFERING ELECTRIC WIRES.
The possibility that the construction of an
electric railway on the Pleasant Valley
route will interfere with the telephones
along the route, has just been mooted, and
attracts some attention. An example of the
readiness of managers of electric corpora
tions to perceive tbe""suitability ot under
ground conduits, for other companies than
their own, is afforded by the reported re
mark of the general manager of our tele
phone system that 'an underground or con
duit system for an electric railway would
suit us, because it woulji not interfere with
our wires at alL"
There is little reason for doubt that an
overhead electric railway does interfere ma
terially with telephones. This has been ex
perienced in Cleveland, where the electric
road, on Enclid avenue, has rendered the
telephones along its line almost useless; and
the same result, to a lesser degree, has been
experienced elsewhere. But why should
electric railway wires go underground any
more than telephone, telegraph or1 electric
light wires ? The question which has here
tofore been solely between the public and
the corporations may become lively, if each
class of electric corporations gets to telling
the others that they should bury their wires.
The correct settlement of the question is
obvious if looked for without the prejudice
of interest All the wires should be buried;
those- of high power, like light and motor
wires, in a conduit by themselves and those
of lower power separate therefrom. One of
these conduits should be provided by the
construction of the electric roads, under the
regulation of the city, and the other by any
properly organized corporation or by the city.
Each should be open to the use of all elec
tric corporations of the class for which it is
designed, and when underground provision
is thus made all overhead wires should be
This is the course that will be taken when
the municipal regulation of corporations
rises above the level of a scramble for exclu
sive privileges. As affairs are run now it
is probable that the corporations must fight
out between themselves which shall be
forced to do what they all ought to do.
NOT EVEN ORIGINAL SILLINESS.
It is said that President Harrison was
struck with astonishment add admiration
at the sight of the Pennsylvania legislators
in the New York parade, shouting out to
the beat of Statesman Pow's hatchet the
syllables of our State's name, and then giv
ing in unison its shout, "Who was George
Washington? He was the father of his
country; first in war, first in peace, and
first in the hearts of his countrymen," end
ing with the usual breakdown.
The spectacle of a body of law makers
exhibiting their lung power in this way
would certainly be very instructive to a
thoughtful President, though admiration is
not the sentiment which it would naturally
evoke. Xike the idea of carrying elections',
involving the economic policy of & nation,
by similar parrot-like vociferations, it can
only be taken as the measure of the insensi
bility of the shouters to brains as a balance
for bellowing. Considering the spread of
this resort to wind as a political method, its
adoption by the Pennsylvania legislators is
not surprising; but what is remarkable is
the apparent fact that President Harrison
and some of the commentators on this stroke
of legislative genius, regard this outcry as a
novel invention of Statesman Pow and his
If M'. Pow had indeed originated, and
his fellow-member practiced a new method
for the display of the strength of their 1 nngs
it might be a compensation for the utter ab
sence of legislative ability to do anything
but obey orders from their proprietors. But
not even that solace is denied the State.
Their shout is an old reminiscence of college
nonsense, sillier than the average under
graduate silliness, and moldy by its descent
from the antediluvian era prior to 1876.
THE AMBITION OF SHAH.
The suicide of a young man named Xewis
in New York last week, like those which
have taken place recently here, is calculated
to create doubt as to whether mankind is im
proving in the qualities of sturdiness and
virility. When it appears from the state
ment which the young man left for the
world to read alter he had deposited himself
in the Central Park reservoir, that he
shn filed off this mortal coil becausehe found
the income of $1,200 a year insufficient to let
him appear as a leader of fashion and one of
the gilded youth, the only satisfactory indi
cation as to the improvement of humanity
which it affords lies in its indirect evidence
as to the survival of the fittest
Having determined to. leave the world be
cause an income double that of the average
worker would not satisfy the noble ambition
of posing as a swell, or win him fame as an
exemplification of the sartorial creation of
man, it must be admitted that the young
man planned an exit entirely in harmony
with his character. He dressed himself in
his most elegant clothes, wrote on mourning
paper his reasons for taking his plunge into
and directed that the stricken, admiring
world should celebrate his obsequies by two
funerals one in Dr. Hall's Pifth Avenue
Church, and another in a church at Pough
keepsie, where his father lived. ' Having
provided for these solaces in death for the
failure of that noble ambition for fame,
of which the fates robbed him in life, he
dropped himself into the reservoir and in
spired the community the next day with
equal disgust at his foolishness and at the
water in which he obtained dissolution.
The trouble with young Xewis was very
very much like that of Mr. Floppy Ply in
the nonsense verses, whose life was blasted
by the fact that "he could not go to court;
because his legs were all too short," and
the suicide seems to have approximated
very closely to the intelligence and vital
value of that insect. Tt is a revelation to
find that a man can be so utterly devoid of
intelligence or spirit; but, being such a fool,
perhaps he did the best thing he could with
himself. At all events it is to be hoped
that the parade which he ordered for his
funeral was obeyed. lithe pomposity and
show of obsequies are furnished to order in
such cases, the idiocy of it may lead sensible
people to forswear funeral parade and dis
tinguish themselves from the fools by
ordering the plainest and quietest disposi
tion of their mortal remains that is possible.
While recognizing that this young man
did the world a possible service by taking
himself out of it, it should he impressed
upon all who feel inspired by his example
that tbey must not spoil so much valuable
drinking water as he did.
The practice of starting cable cars before
women and old men have fully alighted is
one that should be stopped. Otherwise it
will, sooner or later, result in a serious acci
dent and a big bill of damages. Time is of
great value on the cable roads, but life and
limb are still more precious.
The latest case of voluntary exile from
the scenes of a' hero's ereatness is fur
nished by Mrs. Ward McAllister's absence
in Washington while trie Centennial exer
cises were going on in New York. Perhaps
the fact that Mr. McAllister was in
Washington, while the President and Cabi
net were in New York, preserved the bal
ance of things, and prevented the country,
from tipping up. Bnt the event seems to
show that Mr. 'McAllister should have re
mained in the metropolis and preserved a
more equitable and reasonable distribution
of the champagne. "
Afteb we have had George Washington
served up to us in various styles of news
paper article and portraiture, the country
will accept the idea that "variety is the
spice of life," and give Christopher Colum
bus his show in the celebration which is to
come three years hence.
The Chief of the Signal Service Bureau
promises that he will soon reach the time
when he can send out weather predictions
tor three days in advance. Predictions of
that sort will be likely to afford as much
amusement in noting the verification, or
the contrary, as information for the guid
ance of the people. The bureau .had better
make certain that it can conquer the
weather for two days in advance before en
larging its contract
Apteb all, the popular acts .which de
clared that no alien in this country should
declare his allegiance to the flag of Anarchy
in Chicago, or the flag of a foreign empire
in New York, seems to have been rather
pertinent. This country is ruled by the
Stars and Stripes.
With reference to the reported feat of
the Pittsburg soldiers in hauling down the
British flag, the New York Herald says:
"The fool-killer evidently was not on duty
yesterday." That the fool-killer has been
shamefully neglecting his work in New
York of late, is apparent from the absence
of any reported increase in the rate of
mortality in the metropolis.
A labge number of Governors of the va
rious States met at the celebration at New
York this week. Current report is to the
effect that the traditional remark of the
Governor of South Carolina to the Gov
ernor of North Carolina was received as a
The practical politicians are now making
the worst indictment that they can imagine
against the present administration by the
the assertion that it is "as bad as Hayes'."
The public may, however, accept this as
sertion as involuntary testimony to the fact
that the administration is run for the bene
fit of somebody beside the machine.
The returning hordes from the two ob
jective points of recent popular pilgrimages
can now meet and swap information as to
whether the roughest entertainment for
boomers en masse is to be found in Okla
homa or in New York.
When Senator Ingalls says that Murat
Halstead is a common scold, it is likely to
impress the public as a ratber striking case
of the pot and kettle. But the Senator
doubtless intends to impress upon the pub
lic the difference between Murat Halstead
and himself. Senator John James Ingalls
is an uncommon scold.-
The action of the Missouri Legislature
in passing a bill prohibiting the sale of
dressed beef in cities ot over 5,000 inhabi
tants, contains an inference that towns of
less size can eat dressed beef till it kills
The Canadian politicians are responding
to the play of our statesmen with regard to
the cod fisheries by leading a strong cock in
the shape of an attack upon the United
Stales' monopoly of the seal fisheries. This
leaves a possibility that Canada may yet
take the odd trick in the international
The falling sidewalk is the latest varia
tion on the falling building. No lives being
lost, it is probable that the lesson as to the
necessity of care in destroying structures as
well as building them, will go unheeded.
The fact that the light-fingered gentry
have been appropriating personal property
around Municipal Hall, and in one case at
least laying hands on the goods of the
guardians of the public safety, should cause'
the plundered police officials to bestir them
selves. Who shall guard the guardians ?
Well, if this county cannot sell the old
county buildings under. the act of 1874, it
would be hard to find auy property-holder
in the community, better able to keep them.
Cubbent report from New York seems
to make it necessary to interject the remark
that the celebration of the Government of
Equal Bights is carried to an extreme when
it consists in giving everybody the glorious
results of equality of filling with more
champagne than can he carried.
PUBLIC PEOPLE PAEAGEAPHED.
M. Chevkkul was a devout Christian all his
' The Prince of Wales ljas taken up a new
prestidlgitateur in London named Sidney Prid
more. Bin Eobeet Peel's son, when tossing for
sovereigns the other day, lost 1,000. He then
tossed double or'quits, and won.
Woed comes of the death, at Fressburg, of
Bishop Hyacinth Bouay, one of Kossuth's
closest friends and most faithful followers. He
was the Austrian Empress' teacher of Hun
garian. The Duke of Edinburgh is suffering severely
from dyspepsia. This is unfortunate tor him
as it compels him to run up doctors' bills.
Edinburgh Is the most economical man in
Sekatoe Casieeojt will make a visit to his
Arizona ranch In May. Later he will go to
Europe with his wife and daughter. Senator
and Mrs. Sherman sail for England this week,
Senator Spooner and his family will also spend
the summer in .Europe.
THE Maharajah Dhuleep Singh's claim to
the possession of the far-farmed Koh-1-Noor
serves to remind us of a fact not perhaps gen
erally known in connection with the ill-advised
cutting of the gem many years ago. Placed in
the hands of Messrs. Gerrard for the purpose,
the diamond was being slowly polished, when,
owing doubtless to the fricrion, becoming over
heated. It suddenly burst from its temporary
setting of wax, and with the impetus imparted
to it by the flying-wheel against whicn it was
pressed, shot through a neighboring window
and disappeared from sight The excitement
of the occurrence can bo more readily con
ceived than described; a search was instantly
organized, when finally, much to the delight of
all. the treasure was discovered lodged In the
gutter of a neighboring house.
Such an Important Equipment, Too.
from the Philadelphia Ledger.)
Chicago policemen are not at all pleased with
thsjnew badges furnished them two weeks ago
at a cost of 1,400, and are clamoring for a re
turn to tbe old ones.
Somebody, Anybody and Everybody,
.From the Hew York Tribune.
One great truth is borne In upon us theso
days. That Is, that there Is somebody who Is
greater than anybody, and that is everyoody.
THE TOPICAL TALKER.
A Letter From G. W. Himself Blowltz the
Blower A Model An Odd Remit of
Undoubtedly there Is an interest attach
ing to everything that George Washington
wrote,' which is hardly equaled: in the case of
any other man, living or dead, that is among
Yesterday a letter of Washington's which
has never been in print before, came Into my
hands. It is the property of Mr. Brady Wil
kins,ofthis city, but The Dispatch is in-
uowkcu luaupenuiuauiiufa s uiiauauee, OI xne
Chamber of Commerce, for the use of it on
this occasion. The Utter itself was addressed
by Washington to Senator James Ross, of
whose Importance in this region at the close of
the last century Plttsburgers need hardly be
A singular thing is that the letter throughout
Is well spelled. Washington's strong points
did not include orthography. The letter is
written on three sheets of the common note
paper in use In Continental days. The paper is
yellow and the ink brown throush age. But
he letter can bo read easily.
Hebe Is the letter;
SIT. VlRNOS; 6th Nov., 1797.
DEjLR Sir Your favour or the Id alt., with Its
enclosure, came duly to hand, add I feel myself
very much obliged by the favorable footing on
wnlch you have Disced matters with Col. bbrcve.
These are perfectly satisfactory to me, and of
wnicn j. Bnoma nave inrormea yon sooner.
Had I not supposed that the most certain, though
perhaps sot the quickest way of making It known
to yon, would be to lodge my letter In Philadelphia'
against yonr arrival there.
This 1 am about to do In the hands of Col. Pick
ering. Whatever under the derangements occa
sioned by the1 sore calamity which has afflicted
that city, yon shall find most convenient to your
self will be agreeable to me, for depositing the
sum in the Bank of Pennsylvania which has been
paid you by Col. Shreve on my account.
nut it may not be amiss to add that if (oOObas
been paid into that bank for my nee, no advice of
It has been given to m e. I am perfectly convinced
tnat yonr observations and opinion with respect
to the most advantageous mode, to wit, laying off
my land on the Ohio Into lots of about 200 acres.
Is correct, and Is the best way to make the in?st
of them. The reasons which have weighed
against It hitherto, with me, are first. It Is trouble
some; second, may be tedious In jits operation,
and third, my object being to convert the land ag
gregately Into money or some kind of stock that I
might derive a convenience and benefit from the
interest daring the short stay which, from the
natural conrse of things, I have to remain here.
The end would not be answered In a retail -way
wunoui, in a manner, sinking tne capital.
But as you have been so good'as to mention this
mode, will you permit me to ask what you think
the lands would sell for by the acre divided In the
manner yon suggest, and whether there is within
your view any person In whom confidence could
be placed as an agent to manage this business who
has leisure and Inclination to undertake it for an
adequate compensation and what? I wish yon
an agreeable session and perfect unanimity in all
great questions which Involve the dignity, honor,
and Interest of our country.
With very sincere esteem and regard,
lam, dear sir,
Your obedient and
Wery H'ble servant,
The Ron'ble James Boss.
Eecclvlug the money in driblets Is tantamount.
It you want to see a fine piece of condensed
egotism read "A Chapter From My Memoirs,"
by Mr. De Blowitz, in the May Harper's.
The exhibition of conceit is all the more
amusing because the inflated Be Blowitz is
particular to disavow the slightest admiration
for himself at the outset of his article. The
reader Is assisted to realize what sort ot man
De Blowitz is by his portrait, which the edi
tion of Harper's has thoughtfully furnished.
There you see that De Blowltz is a man with
an excessively large head. The head looks as
if it were swelled. Fluffy, fnrzy whiskers
frame a face that is unmistakably intellectual
and full of will, strong, assertive will.
De Blowitz is the correspondent of the Lon
don Times at Paris. He has a reputation of a
certain sort; among other things, for invari
ably blundering in his prophecies, to making
which he is much addicted. In the article
which he contribntes he affects to tell how ho
scooped for the Times all the other corre
spondents at Berlin when the treaty between
the European powers was signed there In 1877.
In realitv, the secret of how' Mr. Blowltz got
the copy of the treaty is still unrevealed.
THE CLOSED SALOOX-A EONDEL.
The clink of the glass is no more sounding
The merry clink that we knew so well
There's nothing left but the simple smell
Of the rich, red juice that was once abounding.
Shades are drawn, and a gloom astounding
Hangs o'er the place like an evil speU.
The clink of thegless Is no more sounding,
The merry clink that we knew soweIl.
Dry Is the bar that the bock is abounding
Flecked with its foam, as It lately fell.
When mine host had a licence to sell.
The door is clc-ed-it's no use pounding.
The clink of the glass Is no more sounding.
The refusal of so many licenses, and the con
sequent closing of so many saloons, has had an
effect that has been little talked of, upon the
theatrical interests of the city.
In the saloon windows you must have noticed
the gaudy lithographs of the dramatic com
panies, changing every week. The privilege of
exhibiting these advertisements has been re
garded as a valuable one, and there has been a
pretty hot competition between the local thea
ter managers for the bestlocated saloons.. The
saloonkeeper received in return for allowing
the lithographs to bohnng in his window one
or more passes for the theater in Question.
The number of passes depended upon the loca
tion ot the saloon.
Now, the saloons that are closed will proba
bly prove rather better for advertising pur
poses until they are converted into stores of
one sort and another; after that happens, of
conrse they will be no longer available. There
will be considerable redaction in the litho
graph free list at all the theaters after a wlillj.
This will not be a great misfortune, for in the
opinion of very many theatrical people litho
graphs In saloon windows do not pay for them
selves. It is certain that a small advertisement
In a daily paper is worth to the theater manager
ten times as much as the same money would
avail in lithographs.
A MOTHER FIGHTING PATE.
She Refuses to Believe That Her Daughter
Is Really Dead.
Chicago, May 1. One week ago to-dav Miss
Wilhelmina Stohl, aged 21 years, residing a the
suburb ot Jefferson Park, died of rheumatism
of the heart. She had once gone into a trance
In Germany, This time when the time for the
funeral had arrived the body showed no signs
of decomposition, and theburialwa3tiostnnnprl.
The lips remained red, the cheeks were flushed
and there was no pallor of the body. The
mother believed that it was another trance.
The body was put into bed and artificial heat
applied, in the hope of restoring her to life.
Finally, physicians were called in and made
scientific tests. The looking glass was tried;
artificial respiration and artificial abdominal
pressure were applied, without result. Finally,
the tibial artery was opened and then com
pletely severed, bnt not a drop of blood flowed
showing conclusively that the girl was dead.
Still the mother was not convinced, and the
body remains unburied and the efforts at re
THE PITT8BDEG STAGE.
Habby. Keewell's company Is proving a
big attraction at the Academy. The perform
ance is well worth seeing.
"Oveb the Garden Wall," very funny
and very good every way, according to the
popular verdict, will be the bill at Harris' next
At tho Bijou next week the popular favorite'
Frank Mayo, will appear in his own artistic
creation, "Davy Crockett." Miss Marie Bnr
ress, a Pittsburg girl,.is the leading lady of tbe
company, which Includes many well-known
Tickets are now on sale at the Grand Opera
House for the engagement of the Boston Ideals
next week. An exceUent repertoire. Including
the new opera, "Tbe Lion of Peni," by a Pitts
burg composer, will be given. The Ideals
should draw crowded houses.
The musical event of the week will bo Gil
more's jubilee festival at Battery B Armory
this afternoon and evening;. In addition to the
wonderful band, accompanied by artilleryand
a strong anvil chorus, ei At renowned vocalists
will take part, tbeprbgramme will be entirely
different for each performance. No music
loref should raiss this entertainment. The hall
has been thoroughly cleaned and will be lighted
EXCESS1YB BATES Off ORANGES.
The Inter-State Commerce Commission Dis
misses the Case.
JVASHisoTOif, MayL Tbelnter-State Com
merce Commission to-day heard the cases of
G. H. Bishop versus Mr. Duval, Receiver of
the Florida Railway and Navigation Company,
and J. A. Harris versus Mr. Duval, Receiver of
the Florida Railway and Navigation Company
and the Florida Southern, Railroad Company.
The complaints in both cases were similar and
on motion ofvcounsel they were heard together.
Complainants are engaged in growing oranges
in Citra, Fla., and charge here that the rates
exacted by these companies for the haul from
Citra to Gainesville andfrom Citra to Callahan.
all points in Florida, are unreasonable and un
just, and contrary to the rates established by
the Florida State RailwaV Commission. Durine
the progress of the testimony it was developed
that the unjnst charges complained of were
terminated by the companies early In January
of the present year.
Mr. John A. Henderson, representing, the
Florida Railway and Navigation Company,
then announced that the sale of the company
he represented bad to-day been consummated
and that the new company would be known by
the name ot the Florida Central and Peninsula
Company. It was also developed that-the com
plainants had made petition to the court for
relief and a refund of the exorbitant charges
With this information the commission re
tired for consultation. After consuming about
15 minutes discussing the matter the commit
sion returned and Chairman Cooley announced"
that in consideration of the fact that the rem
edy sought for as regards the rates had already
been obtained by the cessation of the exaction
of unjust rates by the railroad companies, and
that the question remaining that of refunding
the duties illegally collected had been taken
to the courts, the commission did not desire to
hear the matter further. The complaints were
LEAENING AND LITEEAT0EE.
Both Are to Bo Encouraged by a Now Na
tional Catholic Organization.
Special Telegram to The Dispatch.
YounGSTowit, May L Leading Catholic
divines and educators have been agitating a
plan for a long time that wonld tend toward a
wider diffusion of knowledge among the Cath
olio masses. The idea was taken up by the re
ligions magazines and newspapers and fully
discussed, each giving valuable suggestions and
urging the necessity of establishing an organi
zation which would promote and stimulate a
greater fove of education on a popular plan.
Youngstown has taken the Initiative in the
matter and an organization has been formed to
be known as the Catholic Educational Union.
Rev. Edward Hears was elected President, Rev.
Joseph Klute. Vice President; Charles H.
Wayne, Secretary, and Warren E. Mooher,
Treasurer. An Advisory Board composed of
prominent Catholics was also chosen. This or
ganization, however, i9 only temporary, add it
is proposed to place the control of it in the
bands of the foremost Catholic educators of
The special aim of the union will be to give
those who find it difficult to pursue their
studies after leaving school an opportunity to
follow a prescribed conrse of reading which
combines secnlar and religions literature, and
in general to encourage muiviuuai study in an
improved and systematic course. To carry out
the idea the plan proposes local branches and
reading societies m every city and town, the
members of which will follow the course pre
scribed by the main organization. The found
ers claim that it will meet a requirement long
felt among Catholics, and will tend In addition
to its other benefits, toward doing away with
desultory and injurious reading by fostering
and encouraging a love for good literature to
be read in systematic order. An.effortwillbe
made to obtain the co-operation and aid of
leading Catholics throughout the country, and
if is expected so great will be the encourage
ment that the new union will soon become an
CHEAPEE COZE WANTED.
Iron 'Men In Eastern Pennsylvania Ask for
Philadelphia, May L The Lehigh Valley
Railroad Company has as yet taken np step
similar to the Philadelphia and Reading Rail
road's policy of reducing the price of coal and
the tolls on it to its f urnacemen. The price of
furnace coal delivered is now a little higher in
the Lehigh Valley than in the Schuylkill re
gion. It was stated yesterday by a prominent
manufacturer that concessions were being con
sidered by the Lehigh Valley Railroad! and that
it was not unlikely that the price of coal would
be reduced from 52 10 to $2, and a Small conces
sion made in freights.
The Iron fnrnacemen of Eastern Pennsyl
vania, although. benefited by a reduction in the
price of anthracite coal, hold that what they
need still more is lower toll on coke from West
ern Pennsylvania. Many furnaces which years
ago used only anthracite coal have now dis
carded it altogether or use it in conjunction
with bituminous coal or coke. Coke is largely
used, especially in the Schuylkill Valley. To
meet the known want? ot the iron men the
Pennsylvania Rai'road made a reduction of 9
cents a net ton on coke tolls at the same time
that the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad
made its concession on anthracite. The rate of
freight is still, however. 32 39 per net ton, or
82 63 per gross ton of 2,240 pounds. It is claimed
that this charge on fuel vjorth only $1 per ton
is most exorbitant, and a very heavy reduction
is needed before justice is done.
There is a strong hope, says the Heard, that
the condition will be relieved by the extension
of the Wilkesbarre and Western Railroad into
the new coke fields of Clearfield county. This
is a district the development of which is only
beginning, but with direct communication to
the iron furnaces of Eastern Pennsylvania its
coke will enter into sharp competition with
that from Connellsville.
TO MUZZLE 0EAT0ES.
The Pennsylvania Railroad Pats It Man In
tbe Franklin Institute.
From the Philadelphia Becord.l
General Agent W. J. Latta, of the Pennsyl
vania Railroad, has just been elected a member
of the Franklin Institute, and, as the story
goes, this little event is the outcome of An
drew Carnegie's recent attack upon tbe Penn
sylvania Railroad before the Institute. It is
understood that the address was not very
favorably regarded -in the Fourth street office
of the railroad company. Mr. Latta, it is pre
sumed, will now add to bis duties as general
agent a general oversight of the affairs of the
Franklin institute, keeping an eye on the selec
tion of lecturers to addres the institute and
seeing that no more Andrew Carnegies shall
set bees buzzing arouna the Pennsylvania Rail
Hcreatter tbe molders of public opinion mnst
mold with some little regard for the Pennsyl
vania Railroad. There is just one pitfall that
MrLatta will have to look out for. President
Roberts, according to his own showing, seems
not to have lenown Andrew Carnegie until qnite
recently. Unless care shall be taken some
other "unknown" millionaire manufacturer
like "that man Carnegie" may reach the ros
trum and make tbe railroad magnates wince
A CRANK SECRETARY OP tfAR
Amuses Himself by Firing Clerks Until
Stopped br the Police.
WAshikotok, May L A crank walked
Into the office of the Secretary of War to-day,
and taking the Secretary's chair, opposite to
General Bennett, who is acting as Secretary,
declared that he was Secrerary of War, having
been appointed by Mr. Cleveland.
The officers humored the man, who busied
himself in giving orders and discharging the
appointment clerk, until police officers arrived
and took charge of him. s He was identified as
a man named Baker, who bad taken charge of
the police headquarters & few days ago In a
similar informal way.
Ho Knows a Good Thing,
Grecnsbnrg Tribune-Herald. 1
The latest story about Mr. Jay Gould is that
he will resign his railroad connections and ap
ply for a liquor license in Pittsburg. He fully
appreciates the fact that the railroad business
is overdone and his mnnef-getting eye is quick
to perceive the advantages the ex-smoky city
Tbey Don't Take,
From the New York Herald, 1
A correspondent writes to ask why we can't
erect a magnificent arch in memory of this
Centennial celebration. Well, the popular
passion doesn't seem to run to monuments
nowadays. Such little matters are like poor
vaccine; they don't "take."
Giving; Oat Fnt Jabs.
WASHiNGTOtf, May L The Secretary of the
Treasury to-day appoipted Herbert Vail, of
New York, to be Chief of the Construction
Division of tbe Supervising Architect's office,
vice J. A. Sutherland, reduced, and William A.
Rogers, "of Ohio, to be chief of a division in the
Third Auditor's office.
Xlectric Roads for Boston.
Special Telegram to The pijnatch.
. Boston, May j.-Tiie West End Street Rail
way Company to-day received the unanimous
consent of the Board of Aldermen to place the
overhead electric system In every street, lane
and alley fn the city. ... 4 -
THE MAY HEAVENS.
The Day Grow Longer Facts About Mer
cury Jupiter uninteresting- Object In
teresting Information for Star Gazers.
tWJU'riJOf TOE THE DI3FATCII.1
The sun continues traveling northward, and
tbe day grows In length by 63 minutes during
the month of May.Ontho5tb.tbe sun'sapparenc
diameter is 31' 46". and his distance from the
earth 93,660,000 miles; on tbe 25th his diameter'
is at' sa" and his distance (W,uoo.oeo miles.
B. A. Declination. Rises- Sets
May S...2h,62ra. 16 27' north. 5:15 A. M. 7:18P. 3f.
May IS...3U.s:m. 19 or north. 5.05 a. Ji. 7:Z8r.M.
May25...4h.llm. 21" W north. 4:57A.M. 7:38P. M.
Mercury is evening star throughout the
month, and gets into very good position for ob
servation toward the latter part. He attains
his greatest elongation east 22 iV, on the 24th;
L e., on that 'day he is farthest east from the
sun. and sets the longest time after him. This
will therefore be the bpst time for the amateur
to try to catch sight of his little disk. The
planet can only be seen with the unaided eye
under certain favorable conditions, which do
not always occur; moreover, the observer mnst
have ,an unobstructed horizon and a
verr clear skr. In England Mercury is
a rare sight on account of the unfavorable
climate. Tho best time to see Mercury is
of course when he is brightest and sets
the longest time after the sun, that it may
be as dark as possible and tbe planet maybe
high above tbe horizon. Unfortunately, these
conditions cannot be filled At the same time.
Tbe planet Is brightest when nearly full, bnt
when farthest from the sun the phase is about
The length of time that the nlanet sets after
the sun depends on its "distance- east or west of
the sun and its northern declination. How it
happens that at some elongations" Mercury
reaches a greater distance from the sun than
at others, the maximum distance Deing about
23 and the minimum 18, but when he reaches
his greatest distance he is always south, while
at some elongations when the eastern or west
ern distance is not so great, be is much
farther north, and this large variation In de
clination has a greater effect on the time the
planet is aDove tbe horizon than a few degrees
more or less in tbe distance east or west. This
month at elongation Mercury will be 22 4.V east
of the sun and about 6 north of him,
the conditions, therefore, being quite favor
able, since he will set about two hours
after the sun. As the planet reaches
his greatest brilliancy on the first of
the month, tin mv T well rpah a
few days before the elongation. It
is somewhat difficult to catch the little
twinkler, especially if his position is not known
precisely, but when once sighted it is easy to
keep him in view. An opera or field-glass will
greatly assist in the search. The following
positions should aid in finding the planer. On
tbe 20tb, at 7:45 p. at. Mercury will be 30 40
above the horizon and 22 01' north of due
west; on the 24th. at the same hour, he will be
18 07' above the horizon and 18 W north of
due west. His apparent diameter is 5".3 on
the 5th and.8".2 bn the 25th.
K. A. Declination. Transits. Sets.
May 5...3h 39m. 20 JO' north. 1:04 P. M. 8:24 P.M.
May 15...4h 65m. 24 68' north. 1:40 p. M. 9:22 P.M.
May 23... 5a 43m. 2a 18' north, 1:54 F. II. 9:33p.m.
Venus has left the evening skies, bnt will soon
reappear as morning star on, the otber side of
tho sun with all her former beauty. Her "in
ferior conjunction" as the passaee of the planet
.between tbe sun and earth is called, took place
on the 30th of April. The swiftly moving
planet will soon get beyond the beams of Old
Sol, and may be seen in the early morning. She
grows brighter and brighter during the month,
as the crescent phase gets broader and broader,
though the apparent diameter ot the planet de
creases somewhat. On tbe Sth tbe diameter of
the disk is 68".8, and on the 25th 47".4.
R. A. Declination. Rises. Transits.
May 5...2h. 15m. 17 30" north. 4.17 a.m. 11:43 a.m.
Slay I5..2h. 03m. 13 5y north. 3:57 a.m. 10:49 a.m.
May 25.Jh.04m. 11 63' north. 3iKa.ii. 10:10A.M.
Mars Is still evening star, bnt far away, and
sets too soon after the sun to be seen. He Is in
conjunction with Mercury on tne 5th. being
1 09' south of Mercury. His apparent diameter
Jupiter is now a very Interesting object He
is still morning star, as he will not reach oppo
sition until the latter part of Jnne, but he rises
before midnight, and is high enough to be well
seen two or three hoars after rising, He Is In
the constellation Sagittarius, and will remain
in about the same position throughout the
month. A line from the Pole star through
Veea and extending as much farther will about
find him. There should be no difficulty in
identlfyine the planet, as be is much brighter
than any of the surrounding stars.
Tbe chief interest attaching to Jupiter for
observers with small telescopes is his retinue
of satellites. These four bodies are visible
with very small optical power; indeed, they
have been seen with the unaided eye by some
people possessed of extraordinary good eye
sight In small Instruments tbey appear like
stars, but in larger ones, and with high magni
fying powers, they are seemto have disks the
same as the planets and, in fact they may be
considered planets themselves, of a second or
der, bearing the same relation to Jnpiter as
Jupiter does to tbe sun. These moons re
volve around Jupiter In mnch less time
than it takes our moon to get around the earth;
tbe innermost called by astronomers No. 1 for
convenience, performs his revolution in 1 day,
18 honrs; No. 2 takes 3 days, 13 hours;
No. 3, 7 days, i hours, and No. .4, 18
days, 18 hours. Each of tbe tbree inner
satellites every revolution passes Into the
shadow Jnpiter casts behmd him (making an
eclipse) pa'sses behind the disk of tbe planet
(occultation), and passes in front of the planet
(transit) so that they famish a great deal to
Interest an observer. The fonrth satellite (and
at some seasons the third) on account of his
large orbit passes above or below tbe disk in
stead of making an eclipse or transit Of
conrse, only a few of ail the phenomena are
visible at any one place, but by careful watch
ing the observer may catch a great many of
these interesting events. It is 'only necessary
to note the position of any satellite which is
near tbe planet notice if it is going In the right
airection, ana aow last, ana wait.
The apparent diameter of Jupiter on the 5th
E the month lsjl; on the 25th, 43 2'.
R.A. Declination. Transits. Rises.
May 5..18b.35m. 22 57' sooth. 4:02 A.M. ll:23p.M.
May-15..1Sb.33m. 23 CC south. 3:20 A.M. 10:42 p.m.
May25..18b.3m. 23" Oy south. 2:33A.M. 9.33 P.M.
Saturn is in quadrature with the sun, i. e.,
90 east of him, on the 3d of the month, and can
only bo well seen in the evening for about two
months more. The plane of the rings Is In
clined about 16 to the line of sight, and they
can still be well seen, but at succeeding opposi
tion the inclination will be less and less. The
apparent diameter of Saturn is 17".2 ou the Sth
and lb". 4 ou the 25tb.
R. A. Declination. Bets. Rises.
May 5.. 911.07m. 17 47' north. 1:41A.M. 6:31 p.m.
May 15,.9h.C8m. 17 39' north. 0:53A.M. 5:53P.M.
May 25..9h.llm. 17 2? north. 0.22 a.m. 5:16 p.m.
Uranus Is evening star, having passed opposi
tion to tbe sun last month. He may be seen
with a small telescope If mounted with circles
in order to point It to the proper place. His
apparent diameter Is 3".8.
It. A. Declination. Transits.
Mays 131i. 11m. e 43' south. 10:14 p. jr.
Mayl5 13h.09m. 6 40' south. 9.5JP.M.
May 23 13h.08m. 6 34' sou tb. 9:13p.m.
Neptune is in conjunction with the sun on
the 22d, and therefore invisible throughout the
The moon presents the following phases this
1'irst quarter Mays, 12:00 m."
Pull moon , May 15, 12:00 jr.
Last quarter May 22, 3.00 A.M.
New moon..... May 29, 10.00 r. m.
The moon is farthest from the earth on the
4th, at 2 A. If,, when her apparent diameter is
2!y 81"; nearest on the 16tn, at noon, when her
apparent diameter is S3' 22"; farthest again on
the 31st, at 10 P. M., her apparent diameter
then being 29J2S".
The mooa Is in conjunction with Neptune on
the 1st, at 2:40 p. it.. Neptune being 1 54' north;
with Saturn on the 7th, at 5 P. M., Saturn being
1 2S7 south; with Uranus on tho 12tb, at 0:15
P.M., Uranus being!0 61' south; with Jnpiter
on the 17th, at 10 p. M.. Jupiter being W south;
with Venns on the 28th, at 10i33 A. M.. Venns
being 4 20' north; with Mars on the 29tb, at 11
p. M.. Mars being 3 03' north: with Mercury on
the 31st, at Jldf A.M., Mercury being P53'
north. B. E. Ltjtt.
Helping American Sblp Dnlldors.
Washington; May L The Treasury De
partment has decided that so-called shlp-plank-ing,
imported for use in tbe construction or
American vessels is entitled to free entry,
notwithstanding the fact tbat tbe importer Is
not a sblp builder, but merely Imports the mer
chandise for sale.
SWEET LITTLE SOMEBODY.
Somebody crawls into mamma's bed
Just at the break of day,
Snuggles up fcnd Whispers load,
"Somebody's come to stay."
Somebody rashes through the house,
Never once shuts a door.
Scatters her playthings all aronnd
Over tbe nursery floor.
Climbs on the fence and tears her clothes
Never a bit cares she
Swings on the gate and makes mud pies
Who cansomebady be t
Somebody looks with roguish eyes
Up through her tangled hair
"Somebody's me, " she says. ' "but then
Soaebody doesn't care. "
-Xort .Pa.) Daily i
ONE DAI 15 NET? I0EI.
Afraid or Boomer.
' riTSW TOBS BtTBXAO SrZCIAXS.
NbwTohk. May L The offices of theDe
partment of Public Works are in a state of
siege. The skylights are battened down, the
window shutters are up and the windows and
doors are doubly barrea, and bolted. In the
offices 25 well-armed County Democrats are
known to be eating and sleeping, though they
keep themselvesso close that anxious Tammany
ltescan learn little more about them. The
whole situation is the result of a conflict of
opinion between Commissioner D. Lowber
Smith and Mayor Grant. Smith Is a County
Democrat, and thinks his term of office does
not expire till Mayi.1891. Mayor Grant is a
Tamiqanyite, ana thinks that Mr. Smith's term
expired at 12 o'clock last night. Morever,
Mayor Grant wishes Thomas E. GUroy, a
brother in Tammany, to succeed Mr. Smith and
to begin distributing the fat plums which are
perquisites of the Commlssionership riehtoff.
Mr. Smith intends to keep possession of his
office, however, If he has. to fight for it Sev
eral days ago he bad the offices of bis depart
ment partly fortified. To-day he got the idea
that Tammany might try to "jump his claim"
during the confusion of the Centennial, and
garrisoned the whole building.
On tbe Ocean.
Senator John Sherman and John C. New,
Consul General at London, sailed to-day for
England on the steamship City of New York.
The staterooms of both were full of flowers
from their New York friends.
A Wealthy Drank.
Edward Smith, of St. Louis, was found drunk
on the Bowery last night with 2,000 in his
pocket. He was too full to tell his name to the
officer who arrested him. This morning he was
discharged with a temperance lecture by a
Tbe contracts with caterers for feeding the
visiting militia expired before breakfast this
morning. All the regiments which had re
mained to see the Industrial parade to-day
found themselves in a state of semi-starvation.
The Washington troops were unprovided for
and they were also penniless. Several other
regiments were in the same condition. Tbey
claimed that tho understanding was that tbey
were to be fed to-day, but the members of the
Army Committee say that except in special
cases the visiting troops were informed that
their entertainment would last only two days.
As soon as the difficulty was brought to Colonel
Cruger's attention he gave instructions to tbe
caterers to feed the troops to-day. After a de
lay of four or five hours the men got then
Ah Foo's Little Done.
Ah Foo, a drunkard and an opium eater.tried
to kill himself by swallowing a big dose of
opium in molasses. Ah Lee, his employer,
called a policeman. The policeman and Ah
Lee marched Ah Foo around tbe City Hall 15
or 20 times and then locked him up on the
Tombs. The trio was followed by alarge gather
ing of flippant newsboys. k
The New Postmaster.
Postmaster Cornelius C. VanCott was for
mally installed In bis new office to-day. He ar
rived about 10 o'clock and was greeted by ex-Postmaster-General
Thomas L. James, who
has been acting Postmaster since Mr. Pearson's
death. Mr. James then introduced the heads
of the departments and formally turned over
the property to the new Postmaster. The
members of the Auditor's Department had
found everything correct to a penny. Post
master VanCott gave Mr. James a receipt for
postage stamps, postal cards and stamped
envelopes amounting to 674,559. Mr. VanCott
was introduced to the employes of the office at
a meeting called shortly after noon. He made
a little speech, full of compliments to the late
Mr. Pearson. and thenretired to his office to
take nts first lesson in conducting-postofflces.
BEC0BDS OP THE EE1I0TE PAST.
Scientific ltlen Are Finding Plenty talnterest
Thrm Aroand tbe Manchester Canal.
From the New York San.2
Scientific men are hovering around the exca
vations for the Manchester Ship Canal, like
birds in a newly plowed furrow, seeking for
records of the remote past Of course the
geologists find plenty to interest them In the
sand beds and rock formations, and the archae
ologists have been made happy by the unearth
ing of a prehistoric canoe which is doubtless a
relic of very ancient fisheries. The botanists,
too, find plenty of material for Inquiry in a
thick layer of leaves, which in some mysterious
way have been preserved almost Intact under a
bed of sand. They are identifying some of the
ancient species as nearly related to vegetation
of the present day. We have to thank Mother
Earth for preserving a good deal of historical
material for ns. The history of one great peo
ple, tbe Hittites. wholly unknown to the world
for many hundreds of years save for a few
references in tbe Bible, is now being dug out of
the mounds of Western Asia.
DOES PROHIBITION PROHIBIT?
Massachusetts Drngglsts Answer the Ques
tion la tbe Negative.
Special Telejrram'to The Dispatch.
Mamen, Mass., May L This city is one of
the banner prohibition cities of the State, but
the cold-water cranks opened their eyes to-day
at the revelations made by Chief of Police
Richards as to the apothecaries.
In eigbtplaces 12,574 sales ot liquor were reg
istered. Each sale was to represent one pint
ofjlquor. Thus at least 37K barrels of liquor
have been used, according to the druggists, for
medicinal purposes only, daring the last 11
months. It is probable that only one drug
store will be licensed for the ensuing 12 months.
Tbe Undertakers Have Organized.
From the Wilkesbarre Record.
Solo selections from Richard Wagner's Tann
hauser will be sung for the first time in Wilkes
barre at tbe Concordia concert and social to
day a week.
The Star of the Umpire.
From tne New Tork World.i
In California they have adopted this season
the double-umpire plan for baseball games.
Westward the star of umpire takes its wayl
A itECEUT shower completely covered the
front of a Bethlehem dwelling with an army of
"red rain worms."
Mart Dewet, of Utica, Venango county,
sick abed for three years, was suddenly faith
cured last Sunday, and is able to see to the
Is Titusyille the other night burglars took
$75, tbe total savings of John Griffiths, a poor
workingman, and then ransacked the children's
toy safes for their few pennies. .
Atotoo alligator. In a McKeesport show
window tried to swallow a teacup. Tbe ex
citeu owner barely saved its life by inverting It
and vigorously thumping its system.
John Hopkins, of Gaskill township, Indi
ana county, has his sawmill protected from
firebugs by a burglar alarm connected witi. his
Dedroom and also by a dynamite boom.
John, son of John P. Charlton, of Washing
ton, caught a white rat with a black head the
other day. The little animal died shortly
afterward, and will be stuffed as a curiosity.
Two dressy MUlerstown youths went buggy
riding, and feeling facetious drove over a way
side pic, which instantly resented tbe act by
humping its back and dumping the two youths
into the gutter.
Hzskt Sxisheb, of Coatesville, found an
Intoxicated man, and thinking he needed
emetic treatment, put bis finger down the
man's throat, when the man closed on it and
nearly chewed it oft
Emven- Scranton jurors, who were kept out
over night by the obstinate twelfth man, Levi
Robinson, tried-to tease him Into their views.
Htv got angry, flunga gum shoe and broke a
glass, and the next morning he yielded to the
AS a donkey was browsing In New London
one day lately, Frank Wharmly's bulldog
seized it by the shank-bone of the off hind leg.
- After a terrific battle the donkey closed its
jaws on the dog's back, and then deliberately
slammed it against a wire fence until the dog
Mrsa CHBistTANA ScnrxxxKB, of Toby
banna Mills, seeing a funeral puts her door a
lew ,weeks ago, expressed a belief that She
would shortlydle, though quite vjell then, and
told her mother whom she wished as pall-bearers.
Her words came .true, and a few days
since sue was uuneu.
Tbe Pennsylvania-BaHroad ComDaav
has 86,389 persons in itswaploy, ,
One-third of all the jdno made la Eh-,-
rope is manufactured in jseigiain. v j
a wo jcrenca tmu. uuo hicikm elevator '
will be used In the Eiffel Tower attheParlsi'
The city of Borne consumes an average
of 300 tons of coal a day In crossing the ocean
at top speed.
Fifty-two chicks from B0 eggs is a rec
ord that a Lenawee county, Michigan, man .
Srondly presents in behalf of one of his hatch- s
ig hens, 7
Three times as much coal. as over before
was imported into St Petersburg last year.and '
a Russian Government commission is investi
gating the Russian mines to find, oat what ails
them- r s.
A New Englander, after returning
home from attending a horse suff erlng,wlth va
riola, kissed his children, and in aXshorttlme
everyone of the-youngsters was down with the
There are more paper mills -.running
more machines in the United Statesjhanin
any other country in the world. Germany has
nearly as many, but no other country has half
as many. &&
It is estimated thai 66 rjer centof jthe
anthracite coal is wasted before It gett to margt
ket Fifty-five per cent has to be left infthei
mines for pillars, and H per cent Is lost after ir
gets above ground. !t
In Great Bay, N. H., one afternoon re-?
cently, A. W. Horne. of Greenland, killed at
one shot 9 of a flock of 18 ducks and wounded
4. The three remaining flew off, but a second
shot brought down two of them.
The bill requiring street railway com
panies in towns of 25.000 Inhabitants or over to
furnish 25 rides for 1 has been passed to a
third reading in the Illinois Legislature... Is
applies almost exclusively to Chicago.
George-Clements, of Borne, Ga., is"6ie
talk of the State papers. He is a 9-year-old
newsboy, has a bank account, and has just
profitably invested a round sum la real estate.
irofltably invested a round sum in real estate,
le Is very small for his age. His money Is all
.tie is very si
made selling newspapers.
One volume of liquid benzine will
render 13,000 volumes of "air inflammable and
5,000 volumes of air highly explosive, but
nothing bnt contact with flame or a white-hot
body wilt touch off the most explosive mixture
of petroleum vapor and air.
England gets most of its ice now from
Norway, Scandinavian, competition having
almost entirely destroyed the business of ship
ping ice from Boston to England, which was
once very profitable. Ice is sold InJLondon for
from 58 to 81 cents per hundred weight
Miss Jane Crawley suicided by jump
ing In a weD, at her home, near Social Circle,
Ga., the other morning. She was 60 years of
age. No cause for tbe act is stated. Herfather
suicided at the same place.a year ago. by shoot
ing himself. A man was killed while digging
Ou Second street, Portland, Ore., is a
hitching post with a ring at the top. The post
is neatly but not gaudily painted a sickly yel
low, and on two-sides Is painted In plain black
letters, "hitch no horses." Just what the post
is for Is a conundrum, but probably It is to
hitch mules to.
A team of four cows appeared in Belle
me, Idaho, not long ago, having been driven
from Nebraska, a distance of 1,000" miles. They -had
acted as motive power for a prairie
schooner, and had also furnished milk and
butter for tbe family en route. They were in -
good condition, with tbe exception of their
feet, which needed shoes badly.
Lewis Bentley, of Maple Bapids, Mich,,
reports a ben of his that Is trying to mother a '
litter of pigs. The hen began sitting in the
pig pen, and when the pigs were born they de
stroyed her nest and she then began hovering
the pigs and has continned that comical scene.
She will scratch and pick for the pigs'as though
they were chicks, and evidently feels as proud
of them as their mother does.
Denmark has a new and unique society. l
It Is called the "Celibacy Assurance Society." ,
its object being to provide for women who can't
or won't marry. Premiums begin at the age of -
13 and end at 40. At the latter age an unraar- ,
ried woman receives an annuity for life. It she t
marries at any time after taking out a pollcli . f
she forfeits all claims on the society. The pro
its of the society are expected to be enough I
provide well for members who never marry.
A pontoon bridge for ordinary traffic b
been laid across the Missouri river at Nebrasl
City. It is L074 feet long, 24 feet wICV JW
consists of flooring laid on anchored' boats. ,
rne scneme was aeciarea to oe impracticable
on account of tbe swiftness of the current and.S
the amount or. amtwood, but it is round thatl
the driftwood passes under the boats without!
mjnrinc mem. xne oriqge is Dnut v-sbapeds
at tbe channel, and a draws allows shipping to 1
The largest moccasin snake on record ,
has been found near Lake Okeechobee, Fla. 1
when found it had just completed the task of !
swallowing a 10-foot alligator, and was ther-t
that he measured IS f eetin leneth and 5 feet in.-'
circumference. He was captured with great l
Hlfflrnltv ami milv "ram nn th cftnat" oftai. .
receiving 27 shots from a Winchester rifle. It
should be added that the above story Is from a
A St Louis policeman reports watch-
ing the maneuvers of a gray old rat in an alley f1
in that city. Emerging from a bole she moved ,
cautiously to a pan of water standing near.
Presently five young ones rushsd out and raced -
to see which would reach the water first The
old rodent seemed very much alarmed, and,
with a bound, leaped to the edge of the pan,
raised herself on her haunches, and bit and
scratched at her offspring whenever they at
tempted to drink. After she had succeeded in
chasing the young ones back Into their bole,
she wet her whiskers In the water, looked
rather suspiciously about and sipped the water
very cautiously, as if to learn whether or not
it contained poisonous matter- Then, after a
satisfied glance round, she gave a squeak, and
the five young rats came running out and all
drank their fill.
FUNNY MEN'S FANCIES.
He I fear yon do not love me.
She Fearnot; I don't Th EpocX.
Agent for Jewelry House. I've got a fino
line ot diamonds I'd like to show youl
Man Addressed Yon've made a-mlitake. th. I
am the proprietor or this hotel, not -the clerk.
Sonoma Valley WhUtlt. '-
Merchant What is your line? .
Youth Clerk, sir.
Merchant-Clerk? Why clerks are a drug In the
labor market Just now.
Youth They are? Well, I had better look fora
Job as a drag clerk then, Sotton Courier
Umbarrassinirfor Dumpsey. On Sunday
morning. Miss Travis Ah, Johnny! I have
canjrht you with a flsh-pole over your shoulder I I
shall go right and tell your father. Where Is be?
John Dumpsey Down at the foot of , the garden
dlggln' the bait Burlington Frte Frits,
In Strict Confidence. Mr. A- May 1
confide In yon? I have to tell you a secret " -
Mr.B.-WhatIslt '' t '
Mr. A. (looking silently around to jesrlf any
body Is listenlng)-I need 500. ' 3L 't '
Mr. B. Don't fear. I will be as silent as then
grave.-TA Epoch. . " -, if
"I he rich?" asked the danghter.thought
fully, as her mother told her of a'sultor's pro
posal. ; '.. :
"Edith," answered the mother reproachfully,
"yon keep so badly Informed on flnanclitmatlers
that yoa really cannot expect to unxry well.
Why, he owned the onlr well at Guthrie. Okla
homa." So the beautiful girl scribbled "ac
cepted" across the corner of her lover's letter
and went back to a thrilling love story by the lat
est passion novelist Sta Xork Herald.
Left The ardent lover had just asked
heato be his bride, for she had given him canstf to
nope, ana she had answered simply. "les,
George; If yoa can eet nana's consent"
"I will,1' he answered, passionately. "Where Is,
he? Re shall give his consent I woald seek tne
utmost belgbts of heaven or the darkest depths ot
hades to get it!" he cried. m
"I guess you'll have to, George, " the answered'
quietly; "papa's dead."
And with an swmi rliHnn that all was over?
George went home, and, putting on his llttjaj
Brother's copper-toed boots, xicaea nunseu.
we nlaved woirresslve eucnror' ,s -.
-Mrnif tAM infttrthronrh. .4i
She was a tklllrai pUfer,
And I was lucky too. t
Our luck gave rise to envy, fi
Whereat-ilnce tne was ensrming-
So. when the playing ended fo.
Each nliht sne loox my arm, ,
And actio c as her escort
I yielded to lore's charm.
A year nowwe're been married
Somehowwe both keep thlnUBg
We won the booby prize." iaii
i t -v. . i. - .
i i lii i ---- I
!vl' . . V '.t . i'Mjif,
-" ...(. . j" .... J ,i"'V