Pittsburg dispatch. (Pittsburg [Pa.]) 1880-1923, April 28, 1889, SECOND PART, Page 15, Image 15

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UPflnl TlArnnipdfi Gives an interesting
jp History of the Organization,
'The Past, Present and Future of Boulanger
and Boulangism.
Pabis, April 19. The Iieagne of Patriots
was founded for the purpose of vindicating
the national honor of France. There are
hours in the life of a people when apathy
and snpmeness may justly be regarded as
criminal. On all sides France is menaced
by the subservient tools of Bismarck, while
at home high functionaries cringe before
the "Man of Blood and Iron." A citizen
who can gaze with indifference on such
sycophants, or view with unconcern the
dismemberment of his country, is little bet-
ter than a traitor.
The 1eague may be said to be the out
come of a patriotic movement on a pnblic
j.1 occasion. The story of its foundation is
both curious and instructive. During one
' of those gymnastic fetes that take place at
, St. Germain-enLaye, near Paris, where the
"LiberatoroftheTerritory" died and hashis
statnc, Mme. Thiers offered a large flag to
the 1G Associated Gymnastic Societies at
that time belonging to the Department oi
the Seine. This offer was made on Septem
ber 25, 18S0. Twenty months later, when
the Government had had full time for re
flection, the societies met at the Keiser
Gymnasium, in Paris, for the purpose of
receiving the ensign so graciously offered by
the widow of Prance's First President
The proceedings on that occasion were ex
tremely interesting, not so much on account
of the large crowd that pathered to witness
the ceremony, as from the rank and charac
ter or those who prominently figured in it
The Senate and the Chamber were ofEciallv
represented. M. Felix Faure, Deputy.took
the Chair. By his side sat M. Henri Mar
tin, Senator and member of the French
Academy; M. Edouard Turquet, Deputy,
and other gentlemen of distinction. The
flag presented by Mme. Thiers was the
national tricolor, quartered in the center
by a square badge of green silk as a sign
of hope.
It came my turn to address the meeting. I
did so with all the warmth that a sense of
duty imposes on one who has suffered in his
country's cause. To show that I have never
swerved from the ground I then took up, I
shall give a short extract from my speech,
which took a half hour in delivery. I said:
For the last 12 years the country has been
livlnc-in a state of dependency bordering on
servitude. I know what excuse those have to
five who consent to such Indignity. France,
they allege, is not ready. Ready for what pray?
For war? And who. except those who forge a
political weapon ont of the very surrender of
our hearts, speaks of war? But that France is
ripe for an independent attitude, who doubts?
I say that those Mho assert the contrary mis
represent and travesty the feelings of the coun
try. If bravery has its intemperance, which is
called rashness, excessive prudence also has
another epithet which I shall avdid qualifying
before such true Frenchmen as you. In the
(sixteenth century a patriot, who was as impa
tient of a foreign yoke as we are, said 1he
one thing necessary is that all Frenchmen
throughout France should rouse, rally and act
in concert" -Let us take him for a guide.
And you, gentlemen, with your numerous
societies so closely united, be you the first link
of a like French league, a J,earue of Patriots
lean find no better name for the thing. Let
all existing societies whose object is the devel
opment of the moral, intellectual ana physical
forces of the nation group themselves around
you and your adherents. Let each give his
mite and so help to organize and number those
who are of one mind with us. Let us open j
.grand rcristcr wherein those volunteers of pa-
xnousm isnaii enruu lueir names, xtei us, in
' short, establish a federation of national good
will, a federation which shall be outside and
above politics. In the prosecution of this new
design, I would have you ever to bear in mind
three things. I would have you to propagate
that patnotic spirit which fosters an ardent
love for our mother country; that military
spirit which condnces to patience and braverv
In her defense; and that national spirit which,
while it generates a right appreciation of
France's best interests, prevents the waste of
our energies in pettv squabbles at home and
the squandering of them for humanitarian
purposes abroad. Let us be what we are, true
Frenchmen, and nothing else. As for the
'brotherhood of nations, we shall talk about
that some future day, when Cam restores to us
"what he has taken.
Now mark the sequel. Mr. Edmond
Turquet, one of the deputies on the plat
form, took up this abstract idea of mine,
,and gave to it a real, practical shape. He
was well known to the crowd as one who
had been seriously wounded during the
war, and who had France's welfare upper
most in his heart He stated that the Gym
nastic Societies of the Seine were about to
start for Rheims, and that something less
vngue than the expression of a wish, some
thing more tangible and substantial in form
should be given them to lay before their
comrades on reaching that city. His pro
posal, therefore, was to the effect that such
a league as I had hinted should there and
then be founded, called "The League of
Patriots." He further proposed, amid en
thusiastic cheers, that out great national
historian, M. Henri Martin, should be
called to the chair as president of the new
federation; andt that, instead of voting,
everybody present should be invited to enter
his name on a register by way of spontane
ously confirming M. Martin's election.
This was done. The aged historian -consented
to place himself at the head oi the
national movement Before the meeting
separated the League was an accomplished
fact Tables and registers were brought in.
As I noticed jnst at that moment some hes
itation the part of the ladies to come for
ward, I rose and said:
Yes, we entreat every one to sign m favor of
the League. And more especially do we appeal
Vo the w omen of France. For it Is the mothers
who make the sons. Ladies, upon you now de
volves even a more effectual mission than to
tend the wounded. Yon must give heart to our
future soldiers. .Nor need you dread to have
them too brave. Once under fire, the cour
ageous are in no greater peril than the timor
ous. There was no more hesitancy. At the
top of the first blank page I wrote the chal
lenge: "Who goes there?" and the pass
word: "France!" After which the registers
were covered with sir-natures.
In this way the League of Patriots was
tf' first started on Mav 18.1882. Since that
X . day we have lived and worked in the hope
' that the Treaty of Frankfort would be re
vised and Alsace-Lorraine restored to
France. At that early period of our career
Gambetta was the living incarnation of the
"country's desires. He, too, had his eye
axed in the direction of Strasburg.
I remember a story which, while it adds
fresh luster to Gambetta's name, aptly illus
trates our own attitude from the beginning.
The great orator, after his mother's death,
fell into what seemed likely to become an
incurable melancholy. It so happened that
a friend one day, while Gambetta was deep
er tharfusnal in his dark mood, pointed to
a picture of a young female figure that hung
on the wall of the statesman's modest apart
ment in the Kue Saint-Didier, and said to
him, "You must now live and act for herl"
"I will," cried Gambetta, with tears in his
eyes; and from that day forward he appeared
to have recovered his pristine energy. The
picture symbolized "Alsace."
But soon, too isoon. alas! Gambetta. in
Tfrhom centered our best hopes, fell ill and
died. He died, as he bad lived, with his
gaze fixed on the frontier, a frontier mutil
ated ftnrl ilicmimilieMil fnr- iiict n man
t "Vho suffers the amputation of a limb at the
wiu ui iuc surgeon continues to eei sensa-
,;muu m me void or the missing memoer, so
Alsace-Lorraine, though torn from France,
?iras doubly missed. -not merelvlecause the
feother country felt the same blood in her
us, out oecause the severed member re-
sponded to thehrill which passed through
the body itself. "
The League, while cherishing the memory
of one too early removed from the scene of
his earthly glory, topk up the flag which
Gambetta let fall, and held it aloft as he
had done. Its first concern was to encourage
by every means in its power the physical
improvement of the youth of the country.
Actiye, out-of-door exercise helps young
men in every way. It makes them strong
and lealthy, it enables them to throw off
mental depression, and it brings them
together in social brotherly union. The
effects of town life, enervated habits, and
over-civilization generally, have a tendency
to weaken the vouths of great cities. After
the war of 187&-1871, an effort was made to
reform all this.
A systematic movement iry set on foot,
which has since'taken deep root in France.
Gymnastic societies sprang np in all parts
of the country, and, at the moment of the
foundation ot the League of Patriots, had
already done great good. They were de
veloping the rising generation, and fitting
them to become soldiers in defence of their
country. Many of the boys in the lycees
where cramming still remains supreme
were longing for the time when their studies
should be at an end, in order to take part in
the uhvsical contests of these societies.
Every year their numbers increased. There
were only 16 gymnastic associations in the
department ot the Seine when the League
began its propaganda in 1882; there are now
66. Recreation grounds have been opened
everywhere. Muscular culture has, in fact,
become quite the rage; not that physical
culture which breeds animalism, but a phy
sical culture subordinate to the essentials of
perfect manhood. Even the girls at school
now have their female professor of gymnas
tics. If this movement continues and the
League does all it can to promote it
France, in a few years, will be able to point
with pride to a race of active and manly
youths second to none among the other na
tion! of Furope.
The League was also instrumental in
bringing about those annual prize shooting
contests which now take place all over
France and even in Algeria. It led the
way, and the French National Rifle Asso
ciation, with its now innumerable and ex
pert marksmen, may be considered as owing
its existence to the money and enterprise of
the League. As early as February, 1884,
the Presidents of the different French-shoot-ing
societies meet in the hall of the League,
on which occasion they voted unanimously
in favor of a shooting contest open to all
The League carried on also by other means
its good work of promoting patriotic and
military education. It had recourse to the
book, the sons, and the newspaper. Its sole
official organ, the Drapeau, was brimful of
essays, pictures and poems that breathed
the purest civism. I traveled all over
France, visiting every town and village.
After months of toil and hundreds of lect
ures, I contrived to bring about the first fete
of the Associated Gymnasts of the Seine in
1883. It took the League two years to con
solidate this work.
The League, it -will be seen, had all along
carefully abstained from mixing up its name
in party politics. French politics have al
ways been subject to the effect of periodical
currents, and the duty of every patriot who
tries to keep aloof from parties is to recog
nize these and turn them to the best advant
age for the cood of his conntry. The last of
these popular movements died out with
Gambetta, and calmness prevailed until the
advent ot General Boulanger. In a very"
few months, however, his star mounted the
zenith of the political horizon. His name
was on every tongue. "Wherever one went
-the cry of "Vive Boulangerl" predominated.
Mobs at political meetings, boys and girls
escaping from school, working men in wine
shops, laborers in the fields, all expressed
their feelings in acclamation ot the popular
And what was the meaning of this univer
sal cry? It was the protest of the multi
tude against the "no progress" party of the
Chambers, a yell of indignation at official
corruption, the death knell of dealers in
decorations, the shibboleth of reform arid
political honesty. Those in power had dis
gusted the country with Parliamentary
government, xne uovernment had shown
its impotence at home, its effacement
abroad. It had ruined and disorganized
tho conntry. Its sole preoccupation had
been religious persecution. General Bou
langer was only popular because the Parlia
ment was unpopular. The popularity he
had gained ought to have been its own. A
reform policy could alone put an end to the
disturbed state of the country. The Gov
ernment precipitated a crisis and hastened
its own downfall. In order to set aside his
influence, which was paramount, the powers
that were sent the General to Clermont
Ferrand, as though such a course would
"have any ultimate effect on his plans. The
fact is the Government had all along under
estimated his influence. It then sought to
crush him on the puerile pretext of his in
fringing a disciplinary regulation which, as
everybody knows, is more honored in the
breach than in the observance.
The General had won his spurs at the head
of the War Department by no vain show.
He set himself to the task of contenting the
soldier, and great generalship is closely
allied to a carefnl consideration of such de
tails. 2Jo other Minister oi War had raised
the morale of the troops in so short a time.
He had fairly electrified the army. Xo
sooner had he made np his mind to a re
form than he carried it out, without a mo
ment's delav. And that is what a soldier
likes. And that is what the country likes,
too. While he was at the head of the army,
the arsenals turned out 1,000 Lebel rifles a
day, whereas the average since then has not
exceeded 300. He was simply following up
a defensive policy. As he said in the Cham
ber: "The. Frenchman who declared war
would be a madman; but the Frenchmen
who did not strain every nerve to be able to
meet it would be a miscreant!" His one
ruling object was to be prepared in case of
attack, not to provoke conflict Beyond this
he was a peaceful man, as all who knowhim
personally are convinced. His advent to
power would not necessarily mean personal
rnle. He is a tried Republican.
When, therefore, in June, 1887, a few
black sheep in our midst spread the rumor
that the League was plotting with General
Boulanger the overthrow of the Republic to
clear the way for him to a dictatorship, I
called a general meeting and did all I could
to avert a schism. I reminded them that
the League had all along espoused the cause
of General Boulanger because it was that of
the nation, and that it was a mistake to
abandon him because the tainted partisans
of Ferry and Floquethad turned their backs
upon him. Any attempt on their part, I
added, to restrict the right of universal
suffrage was chimerical and Tain; and, far
from wishing to restrict that right myself, I
was only too willing to extend it to all the
members of the League. And I concluded
by saying: "How many among, you here
are with me, and how many against?"
Twenty-one members of the Board there
upon arose, while 18 kept their seats. As
at this juncture a split was inevitable, I
said: "The 18 who are for meshall still
constitute the League of Patriots, let them
remain. The 21 who have risen against me
belong to Ferry's party, let them go outj"
And they went
A great outcry was raised in all the Op
portunist prints, but the truth is that few of
our rank and file deserted ns at this critical
moment A third of the officers belonging
to the sub-committee went over with arms
and baggage to the enemy, with our bag
gage especially, for many of the dissidents
when they parted with us, did not on that
account consider themselves bound to part
also with our pecuniary receipts. Some
even went the length to issue fresh circulars
with our old heading!
Among the most venimous of the news
papers belonging to the Parliamentary rab
ble that assailed us at the time was Gam
betta's fiepublique Francaise, the great
patriot's former organ, now fallen into such
hands as those of Joseph Reimch, a despic
able fellow who has done his best to disgust
me with Israelites forever. But the League
held tip , under showers of insult and
calumny; its numbers increased daily, keep
ing pacewith thoaily increasing "number
of General "Boulanger's" electors und ad
herents. Qnite recently afresh outcry was raised
against us a propos of the Atchinoff inci
dent We were denounced as traitors. The
cry came, not from, the street, not from the
people, but from Parliament We were to
be called to account not they. Here was
France and the Republic a prey to disorder
and shame; a Parliament without principle,
Ministers without authority, a State with
out direction, the mother country forgotten,
and the national will despised.
It is easy to see that all this noise against
the League by those in power is not the fruit
of the Sagallo affair alone. The real cause
is General Boulanger. Perhaps the new
Ministry, which rather piques itself on its
energy, thought that by ransacking the
drawers and cupboards of the League's of
fice, it might come into possession of some
secret documents that would damage Gen
eral Boulanger's cause in the eyes of the
people. But it was egregiously mistaken.
boulakgee's rfffrEfi.
And here again is a proof of the General's
power. It is shown by the fact that he is
the cause of all the effervescence. Every
thing done in France to-day is done for him.
But anything the Government may now try
to do to save itself is in vain. The country
is downright sick of parliamentary
bungling. It is anxious for a change of
some sort All parties are thoroughly con
vinced of this. In the opinion of the coun
try elector things can hardly be worse than
they now are, and they might be a great
deal better. The whole current of popular
feeling has set in the direction of a revision.
It is useless to blink the fact It is useless
to try and breast the stream. The present
Parliament, which is rotten to the core, will
be hnrled to its doom, irresistibly. From the
force of attraction exerted over the masses
by General Boulanger, from the hatred of
what exists, from a felt need of reform, and
from many other motives, the country is
manifesting its will to emerge from the
present muddle; and the League of Fatnots,
unless it belied its name and proved
recreant to its trust, was bound to throw in
its fate with that of thepopular leader. Sup
pressed, as it now is, it will be resuscitated
under a new name.
From what we have said it will be seen
that we were the forerunners and promoters
of the movement, and that we have re
mained faithful to onr cause in thus reso
lutely guiding the currents of public opin
ion, and adopting, for the welfare of the
country and the salvation of the Bepublic,
the programme set down by General Bou
langer, who now heads the National
party. The man who looms greatest in the
public mind shall always be our leader, be
cause he Has the masses oy nis siae. an a
conntry where universal suffrage is recog
nized as the supreme arbiter, the real
traiters are those who act in opposition to
the national will. General Boulanger stands
calm bnt menacing, with one hand on his
sword, like a true soldier, and the other
pointing, like a true patriot, to the un
known futtfre, while his adherents shout:
"Bevisionl BevisionI" Jnst as the League
issued spontaneously from the patriotic
breasts of a vastxrowd-assembled to receive
a flag seven years agD, so the National par
ty, with General Boulanger at its head,
sprang into being from the hearts of an en
tire people. It is a party free from conflict
ing groups and corrupt malpractices: a par
ty opposed to cringing and truckling; a
partv whose whole care will be to secure
honest labor with dignified peace. We want
a Republic to which the people will rally,
a Bepnblic without Parliamentism. No
party has a rightto modify the form of gov
ernment That right belongs to the people
alone, and the people will not be slow to
use it Paul Debouxede,
President of the League of Patriots.
Bomo'of the Fnrniy Incidents at nn Auction
Sale of Unclaimed Express Packnitesr
Much for Little In Cases.
Last year 600 articles were not claimed at
the Pittsburg office of the Adams Express
Company. These were sold at auction by
D. F. Henry & Co., yesterday between the
hours of 11 A. M. and 2 P. M. Most of the
goods were open and could be seen, only a
few packages being entirely closed. There
fore, there was not so much fun as usual
among the purchasers who generally must
bpy without any idea of the contents of the
t Still there were a few of these "pigs in
the poke." Lively bidding on a threatening-looking
package sent its price up to
125. A curious crowd surrounded the
purchaser as he tore off the paper. There
was a cigar box, and upon lifting the lid,
two bottles of medicine were found.
Then there was the insignificant-looking
package. A boy was allowed to have it for
20 cents. It proved to be a cornet worth
One man adopted the policy of bidding on
all packages which were heavy. He was
laughed at and nobody bid against him, for
it was generally seen that the packages were
iron. He got them at 5 cents each. At the
close of the sale he had about 525 worth of
brasses, copper, iron and steel.
A lady paid 60 cents for a box whichheld
a toy table, child's wagon and baby car
riage. They could not have been bought at
retail for 53.
Another woman handed over 30 cents for
a little box which she found to contain a
silver-plated fishing reel and tackle. Her
husband will have to pay her $5 for it, she
A handsome trunk brought 4. It held a
complete gentlemen's outfit, including a full
dress suit of broadcloth, a flute, a meer
schaum pipe, a Bible, and chess. Only one
part of the trunk was missing. That wa3
the bachelor owner.
A silver-plated castor went for $1 25, and
a bran new Singer sewing machine for (3.
They Want a Fnblic Library on Their Side
of tho River.
A public library scheme is now on foot on
the Southside. Several prominent citizens
are talking of calling a public meeting at
winch a committee could be appointed to
act in the matter.
The plan is to have a committee learn'by
letter or personal communication whether
there is any truth in the statement that An
drew Carnegie's public library for Pitts
burg will be built on the branch system.
If so, the Southside wants one of the
branches. If not, then they propose to get
a library of their own by public agitation.
The Horrors of.lt
The Happy Bride Why, mamma, what
are you crying for? Everything is so lovely,
and everybody's been so good to me! Come
and look at my presents, dearl
The Wise Mamma It's the presents I'm
thinking of! Every family with a regiment
of unmarried girls has sent you the most.
horribly expensive things and now theyUf
all be getting married, and you and Charles
will have to scrape and starve to give ach
of them something handsomer still! Q?res-
r ents! O, Angelina! why didn't you 36pe?
ml r-
Yiews of Bonner, C. J. Hamlin and
Col, Bruce on tho Trotter.
Seasons Why Thoroughbred Blood Improves
the Trotter.
Mr. David Bonner is one of the bestlpost
ed men on trotting horses in the country.
He has made a study of them for more than
20 years. He can tell the record and pedi
gree of any prominent trotter without a mo
ment's hesitation, and can, to use his own
words, "talk horeaTTglf long- He is the
ex-President of the Gentlemen's Driving
Club of New York, is a frequent judge at
home shows of trotting stock, and owns a
few very good trotters. He chatted pleas-
antly about the future olyhe trotting horse
recently and drew glowing pictures, -He
'rhefutrgib.of the trotting horse is bound
to be great"3iThe interest taken is increas
ing more and more, especially in the West
and Southwest There, was a time when
New York State was'the center for the trot-ting-horse.
, But for the reason that our
roads are so poor and hard the interest
has decreased considerably. It has re
vived somewhat of late years, and if we
could succeed in obtaining a drive
way in Central Park it would en
hance the value of the trotter here
considerably. We hope to get that drive
soon. The aim of .all breeders is to pro
duce the world beater, Breeders in this
State have given a great deal of attention to
this for some time, and now Kentucky and
California have fallen into line. Kentucky
is now one of the greatest trotting horse
States. The reason of breeders wanting to
produce the world beater is because the
horse making the best time is worth so much
more, and if they can produce one or. two
fast horses the value of all their stock is in
creased a great deal. It is only for the past
20 years that attention has been given to
this subject, and only perhaps for ten years
that any success has been shown. Dexter
was not the result of any thought as to what
strain would mingle and produce speed, but
the majority of other fast ones have been.
"Years ago the horses were just as fast as
they are now for a short distance, but they
could not stay any distance and could not
repeat I am a great admirer of the
Hambletonian and American Starr cross,
and think they have produced the best
trotters of to-day. Some time ago I was
talking to a breeder about finely bred
norses. He laughed at the idea of making
such a study, and said that he wanted the
horse that would make the best showing in
three heats. I replied -that the horse I
would pick as being finely bred would come
very near being his fastest I have always
been an admirer an Hambletonian, and
knew Mr. Bysdyk very well. He accepted
advice I gave him about the horse and
made him a great success. I was first
attracted to Hambletonian because he was
by Abdullah. George Wilkes was the first
horse to give Hambletonian a reputation
outside his county."
"What strains do you like best to produce
the fastest trotters?"
"Hambletonian, American Star, Mam
brino Chief and Pilot, Jr. A combination
of these strains is sure to produce speed.
For. instance, Maud S is by a Hambletonian
horse, and her dam is by Pilot, Jr. She is
the greatest mare yet produced. Jay-Eye-See
has a record second to that of Maud S.
He is by a son of Hambletonian and his
dam was a Star mare. Phallas, the greatest
stallion seen on a track, was by Dictator, by
Pilot, Jr., and his dam was a Mambrinq
Chief mare. Some claim that a little Clav
blood mixed with these strains is valuable.
This is proved by Electioneer, one of the
greatest sires of young stock."
"About thoroughbred blood in the trotter,
Mr. Bonner?"
"A great deal of discussion has been go
ing on among trotting horse owners and
breeders as to the value of thoroughbred
blood in the trotter. By the watch, the two
greatest performers up to date, Maud S and
Jay-Eye-See Maud S 2K)85 and Jay-Eye-See
2:10 are nearly related to tho thorough
bred. The grandams of each were thorough
bred mares. The animal to beat the present
record must in my opinion, have as much
throughbred blood as Maud S. Horses
must have the thoroughbred blood to ena
ble them to continue" the speed for a mile.
The horses of 25 years ago were unable to
continue their speed for lack of thorough
bred blood. Those who are opposed to the
thoroughbred blood in the trotter forget
that Rysdyk's Hambletonian was the
grandson of the thoroughbred horse Mam
brino. "Do you believe in working and training
yearlings and 2-year-old horses as some
"I do not There is an old saying that
'Early maturity means early decay.' I
aon i ininn nara worn snoula be given to a.
horse until it is four or five years old. No
yearling record beater has ever developed
into a great horse. The great campaigners
among trotters came slowly and developed
speed when near maturity. Dexter did very
little until he was 6 years old. Goldsmith
Maid trotted first at the age oi 8 years.
She made her fastest time when she was 17
years old and repeated at the age of 19.
Maud S trotted in 2:17 when & years old
and has gradually cut down her time since
then. Now and then we find an exceptional
case of a youngster that was trained before
the bones, sinews and muscles have de
veloped, doing fair work afterward, but not
"What prospect is there of Maud S's time
being beaten?
"I don't see anything that approaches
her time near enough to cause any alarm for
the Queen being deposed. Guy trotted the
fastest mile last year 2:12. After getting
down to that time it is very hard to knock
off a quarter ot a second. When Maud S
was owned by Mr. Vanderbilt she trotted at
Cleveland in 2:09. The next vear she
trotted in 2.-09J for Mr. Bobert Bonner, and
the following year- in 2.-08X- She was
foaled in 1874 and this year is 15 years old.
She is very good just now, and may do
some very good work in tho coming sea
Mr. C. J. Hamlin, of Buffalo, owns one of
the largest farms for trotting horses in the
country. It is called, the Village Farm, and
on it are about 600 horses, among them be
ing Miambrino Chief, said to be the hand
somest horse in the world, Almont, Jr.,
Hereward and several other good ones. Mr.
Hamlin says his ambition is to produce the
handsomest horse in the world. He said:
"I believe that breeders should take into
consideration beauty as well as speed and
stamina when they are studying the breed
ing problem. They would produce horses
that would bring much better prices than
they now receive. Supposing a man has a
horse that can move in 2:15, it does not mat
ter how homely or ungainly he is, he will
always bring a good price, because he can
move so fast Now, if a, gentleman drives
this horse on the road all the pleas
ure he can get is for about four minutes
a horse cannot go at a fast rate for a
longer time than that then for the remain-
der of the drive he- has to sit behind an
awkward, nngainly looking animal. A
breeder will get a horse that has any good
speed in him vervrarelv. Prrliimhs r?ll
have20 animals that cannot go well before
KtiA tvilt fret nna errrA ...... rrl Z .T
uv....6-. -- kuvuvuc. J.UCJT HITS vCOm-
paratively valueless because they are ,not
good looking. I claim that if the horses are
not fast they will fetch good prices, because
thev are eood lookintr. and n man tnV
rgreatdeal of pleasure in driving ahand-
sosae nurse, j. want to produce the perfect
horse, abd nothing Jiut a ,horse that js per
fect from the tip ofthirnoseVtothe'eridof
his tail will satisfy me. Mambrino Chief
is, I think, tho handsomest vet produced.
He has taken prizes in all the shows in
which he has been entered, but I have soma
youngsters that I think will beat Mambrino
Chief for good looks when they have thor
oughly matured and filled out'well."
' "I am in favor of the thoroughbred blood
in the trotter," said Col. S. D.Bruce, editor
of the Turf, Field and Far?n. "I believe
that if the thoroughbred was handled prop
erly he would trot as well as the trotting
horse. Maud S is one of the great argu
ments brought forward to prove the benefits
of the thoroughbred blood in the trotter.
Hergranddam was a thoroughbred mare.
Sallie Bussell was by Boston. Boston was
the sire of Lexington and The Count, two
most celebrated thoroughbreds. Look at
Jay-Eye-See, with a record of 2:10. His
granddam was a thoroughbred. He is by
Dictator, he by Hambletonian, dam Clara
by American " Starr. Hambletonian and
American Starr were both by thoroughbred
'sires American Starr pras a sonpf Duroc,
lie uj isoponeu uiuuieu, uuiu- uy -u.cu,
that raced witHtEclipse on Long Island in
1823. The dam of Jay?Eye-See was Twi
light, and his granddam by Lexington
Daylight, so you see how much of 'the thor
oughbred bloodlie has. The thoroughbred
blood gives thehorse staying qualities. I
maintain that if you get too far from tho
thoroughbred the horseloses his staying qual
ities. He may have speed for a short dis
tance, but is unable to maintain it long, and
loses all his ambition to race. It is perfectly
natural for tho. thoroughbred to race. This
you can see by watching him during nis l
races, ana by watcnmgtne yearlings Deioru
they have eveFbeen put on a race course.
Why, often in the paddocks three young
sters will have scrub races by themselves.
By breeding these horses with the trotters,
this liking for racing, great speed, staying
powers and high spirits are developed, that
makes them trot in 2:10 and repeat almost
Bysdyk's Hambletonian, one of the great
est, it not the greatest, sires the country has
had, is nearly related to the thoroughbred.
He was by Abdallah, by Mambrino. Mam
brino was a thoroughbred, being by im
ported Messenger, dam imported Sonrcrout
Hambletonian was the sire of Dexter, 2:17;
Nettie, 2:18; Orange Girl, 220, and 38 more
from 2:20 to 2:30.
"He is also the sire of Electioneer, one of
the most successful sires in Governor Stan
ford's Palo Alto farm in California. Gover
nor Stanford is a believer in the thorough
bred, and his successes show that his con
fidence was not misplaced. Ansel, a bay
horse with a record of 2.20, is by Elec
tioneer, dam Annette, a thoroughbred by
Lexington. Lexington is the sire of the
dams of Nora Temple, 2:27; Temple, 230;
Lady Prewett, 2.30, and ByBdyk, sire of
Clingstone, 2:14. Whips, a bay horse,
record 2:17, is by Electioneer, first dam
Lizzie Whipps, by Enquirer, a thorough
bred, second dam by Vandal. Enquirer
was by imported Lexington. Lizzie Whipps
was one of the gamest mares on the running
turf. Piedmont, a chestnut horse, with a
record of 2:17, traces back to the thorough
breds Mambrino, imported Paymaster, im
ported Messenger, imported Diomed and
others. He is credited with 15 contested
raifes and 41 heats better than 230. He
was one of the fastest, gamest and most re
liable horses of his day. Dame Winnie, the
dam of Palo Alto, 220, and Gertrude
Bussell, 2.23, was sired by Planet Her
first dam was Liz Mardis, a thoroughbred,
by imported Glencoe. Planet was by im
ported Trustee, dam Nina, by Boston.
"Simol, the wonder of California in the
trotting world, was by Electioneer, dam
Wax, and she by General Benton, dam
Waxy, by Lexington, the thoroughbred.
General Benton traces back to imported
Messenger and other thoroughbreds. Colum
bine, the dam of Antelo, 2:1GJ, and Ante
volo, 2:19J, was by A. W. Bichmond, first
dam Columbia, a thoroughbred, by imported
Bonnie Scotland, and she traces back to
Fashion, that beat Boston in 1842.
"A. W. Bichmond, the sire of Columbine,
is by Blackbird, a thoroughbred by Camden,
a son of Sharp, by American Eclipse. Ex
chequer, a full brother to Planet, is the sire
of several good trotters, among them being
Bigoletto, 2:29i; Lucile, 221. These are
only a few of the instances where by using
the thoroughbred judiciously some very
speedy animals have been produced. Gov
ernor Stanford has several thoroughbred
mares from which he hopes to get some good
trotters. Among them are Piney Lewis, by
Longfellow, by imported Leamington (she
is the dam of Piney by Electioneer, a trot
ter); Planetia, by Planet; Bivulet, by Bi
voll (she is the dam of Bachel, by Elec
tioneer), and others.
"There are several other breeders in this
country who have studied this question for
a number of years and who are now reaping
the benefit of these studies by producing fast
horses. More fast trotters are produced now
than ever there were before, and the trotting
turi is in a very healthy condition. There
are more fast norses now than there ever
were before, and to all appearances next
season will see many very fast miles trotted
off. American trotting horses are now get
ting to be in good demand in Europe.
Every year several are sent to Italy and
France, and now the Englishmen are begin
ning to appreciate the pleasure ot driving
behind a fast horse. Trotting is truly a
gentleman's sport, and more gentlemen are
keening good horses every year. Yon see, a
great many like horses, but all cannot afford
to keep the' thoroughbred and to see him
race. It costs a small fortune to run a
racing stable, but many can keep one or two
trotters, and enjoy very much jogging along
behind them on the road. I think the trot
ter has a great future before it, and will
grow more popular each year. I should not
lie surprised to see several trot very close to
Maud S's time next season, and very soon
the Queen will have to look to herself if she
still wishes to hold her title."
Uo Honford's Acid Phosphate.
Dr. H. T. TtmnEB, Kasson, Minn., says: "I
have found it very beneficial in nervous de
bility, from any cause, and for indigestion."
At Prices Ranging from S3 to 87 SO Each
Best Qualities Made,
We will offer 20,000 Smyrna rugs, in four
sizes, at above prices, commencing to-mor,-row
These goods are selling at from 50 to 100
per cent higher every day in this city.
The above is a large stock, but 'it will
soon dwindle away at our prices.
You will purchase whether you need
them for present use or not, if the goods are
Edwaed Gboetzingeb,
627 and 629 Penn avenue.
Though pure and simple, and so mild.
It might be used by any child,
Yet Bozodont's so swift and sure
That mouth and teeth with wondrous speed
From tartar and from taint are freed
Till they become sweet, white and pure.
Foe a finely cut, neat-fitting suit leave
your order with Walter Anderson. 700
Smithfield street, whose stock of English,
suitings and bcotch tweeds is the finest in
the market; imported exclusively for his
trade. su
Never Too Late to Mend.
Mend what? you will say. Why, your
old clothes, to be sure, and Dickson, the
tailor, of 65 Fifth ave., cor. Wood st, sec
ond floor, is the man who make's old clothes
look like new for a trifle. Telephone 1558.
La Peela DEL Fumae are a high grade
Key We cigar, manufactured for those
smokers ,wno can appreciate Havana tobacco
in its natural condition.
G. W. Schmidt, 95 and 97 Fifth Ave.
Go to Pearson's galleries, where you will
always find customers, which is a good sign
that his photos are the best to get Try him
and see. 96 Fifth, ave.
Cash paid for old gold and silver at
Hauch's, No. 295 Fifth ave. 'WFSU
- - '- ,
How tho, VaJnlr of Old Master Is Deter
jnined Scarcity Not Jtterit tho Criterion
A Local Artist! Composition Local
Art Notes. -Th.
.VsliVof "oia masters" and other
rMepaintingsis.4etermlned almost solely
by their Comparative abundance orscarclty,
and seldom or never is it due altogether to
the merits of the works. Like diamonds,
the number of pictures of a certain school
or by a particular artist, is limited, and
their price is fixed by the competition of
those persons who desire to possess some
thing which their neighbors have not got
and cannot get. In the minds of many
collectors pretty much the same value attaches
to an old picture as to an old coin, and it arises
from the same circumstance, viz: that they are
perhaps tho only ones of the kind in existence.
This valuing of a picture simply as a curiosity
has nothing whatever to do with a love of art,
and a person may possess quite a rare collec
tion, gathered in such a spirit and still he Is
as Ignorant of art as a ward politician of the
higher mathematics. That many owners of
fine art works are far from appreciating their
value from the standpoint of intrinsic merit is
beyond Question: of thft Tnarlrnt vnlrtn thpv arfl
no doubt perfeotly well informed, as they have
most liKelV Dald thn Til-tan in nnnn rnmnfltitlan.
but wherein the superiority as works of art
lays is often beyond their comprehension. Ex
cept that they may pride themselves upon their
possessions, and indulge in the vulgar pleasure
of sayingjhis Is mine, these people derive abso
lutely noTienent from their ownership of the
most valued products of genius and talent, but
they placo themselves as an insurmountable
barrier between these gems of art and the more
numerous and intelligent class of persons who
could more fully appreciate them, but who are
not wealthy enough to compete for their pos
session. In all tbi3 there is no wish to deplore the fact
that great works brins; high prices. The higher
the better, provided the money goes to the men
who produce themwhich is by no means inva
riably the case. Pictures generally acquire
their greatest value long after they have passed
out of the possession of the man who created
them, and not infrequently after he has died in
want, perhaps of starvation, and then they are
locked up in private collections and hidden
from the eyes of the world. There are many
pictures, mostly the productions of modern
painters, which would sell for good round sums
on their merits alone without their having tho
names of well known artists attached to them,
and these are the works which sensible people
of wealth should buy, as their value is their
own and is not due to any chance or circum
stance in connection with their his
tory or production and, moreover, they
exhibit more art and more truth and
they will generally do more to- educate and
renne the taste than those which are valued
mainly as curiosities or rarities. In selecting
pictures for a private collection some intelli
gence should be exercised, and only those pur
chased the merits of which are thoroughly ap
preciated, while a nice disenmination is made
between those which are valuable on-account
of their general excellence and thoso which are
chiefly recommended by some technical quality
which fewpersons understand, or through some
historical association which has been all but for
gotten. The best and highest use which can be
made of "old masters" and other paintings doi
sassing special characteristics Is in Illustrating
the history and progress of art, and in o'der
thattheir usefulness in thl3 direction inuy bo
availed of to the fullest extent they should be
gathered into public museums and galleries
where they will at all times be accessible to
those who wish to study them and make notes
mental or otherwise, of their distinguishing
characteristics. To those who appreciate art
works and who take pleasure in tuefifcontem
plation, not the smallest part of the Incentive
to form a valuable collection shonld be the de
sire to encourage artist3 and further the Inter
ests of the art which yields them so much en
joyment and the most effective method of do
ing this is by patronizing living artists, partic
ularly those around home, whenever their
work is of such merit as to deserve recognl
tion. A Clever rotating.
For beauty of composition and arrangement
of lines, combined with a clever painting of
detail, particularly In foliage, in a, style which
makes truth and fidelity to nature a prlmo ob
ject, the works of Mr. George Hetzel are not
excelled by any artist In this part of the world,
and the one at present on view at Gillespie's
is a very fair specimen of his style of execu
tion. Mr. Hetzel often paints a more striking
picture than this one, but for quiet merit
truthfulness to nature and pleasantness of
character this picture will hold its own with
most works of the same class and not lose anvi
thing by comparison. To paint water, and. do
it well, requires a great deal of skill. Thede
pictlng of a stream rnnning toward the specta
tor necessitates the solving of some difficult
problems in prospective, but when the water Is
running the other way still greater knowledge
I-""" "- J ..... . mj .UlUUQ WHO Will
take the trouble to consider the extreme Arltr
of landscape pictures Jn which the viowiJ
taken looking down Btream, ad then
reflect that It Is only because of
the difficulty of so palntins; them that
they are not more common. Freauentlv thn
very best and most desirable effects are found
looking down a ravine, but artists often hesi
tate before attempting to paint water running
away from them. If after what has been said
there are those who do not yet realize the mag
nitude of the task let them take paper anil
pencil, and standing at the head or a flght of
stairs, endeavor to draw the steps leading
downward from them, and when repeated aS
tempts have only resulted la complete failure
they will have some faint conception of th2
". SL Painting the running stream, bese
which that of depicting the stairway wopJdhfi
comparatively easy. Such Is the task whir
Mr. Hetzel set himself in this pictr-'re and if
ho has failed of complete success trlere is littla
cause for wonder. The slight f?.ult observab o
Art Notes.
A vert clever work of a decorative stvie of
composition is that by Wm. McGrath, entitled
"A Bacchic Dance," a fine etching of which, exl
Boyd't. 7 S S- KlDa ? eS "
The art of stenciling b by no means a mod
ern invention, and it tas been related of the
?uSarJaUt5Ma, that beInS nnal write
his name, a thba plate with the letters cut into
n'n?.IS?IWM f or nl3 convenience in attaS"
ing his shr-jature to public documents.
Amonq the objects of historical Interest at
the Centennial Art Exhibition In New York
there are no less than eight portraits of Wash
ington, in addition to numerous busts and a
portrait of General and Mrs. Washington taken
together There are also a large number o
WashingTon'scotemporaries,as well as other
relics of the time not possessed ot artistic valne.
The picture entitled "Late Afternoon, Near
Washington," by E. A. Poole, which has been
exhibited in Boyd's window, is of much the
same character as those heretofore shown by
that artist and it indicates very clearly that he
is possessed of a thorough understandine of
what a picture ought to be. Mr. Poole's works
are artistic in a high degree, andyet they are
pf such subjects as many painters would pass
by without ever recognizing their valuablo
picturesque qualities.
It there are any persons who admire a picture
constructed according to some sort of mathe
matical rule, which hnilrit It nn ..,. .u.
, , M9 M, uufcji BIUC3
alike, they will surely appreciate this quality
in the etching entitled Tho Kinc's Hirrhwa .1
most impartial in the distribution of his favors
and evidently thinks that n drawing trees
there should bo as many marks on one side as
on the other, and that a picture is well bal
anced when there are an equal number of
trees on each side of the center.
A 'Weli. painted picture of a bit of Holland
farm scenery, easily recognizable as the work
ofMr-D.B. Walkley, has occupied a place In
Mayer's window during the past week. Tall
Lombardy poplars raise their lofty crests'
above a clump of trees of lower and more
spreading growth, which partially hide a clus
ter of picturesque buildings. The foreground
is barren of interest and the eye naturally
turns toward the trees and buildings, near
nhlrli mm. raetU Ami... . j . V .
,,, "-"" -..," uro joiroaucea, lend
ing lite .and animation to the scene. This is a
small but a complete picture, of a simple
though-pleasing style of composition, quiet
and subdued in color, while at the same time
showing the cheerfulness and brightness of
daylight In the handling of the sky and dis
tance the attisthis been very successful in in
dicating character without showing too much
evidence of labor, which is a desirable quality in
works of this nature, as their greatest charm
lies in simplicity of form and freedom of exe
cution. Horrid Tortnre.
This is often felt In every joint and muscle of
the body by tnms, by people who, experiencing
the earliest twinges of rheumatism, neglect to
arrest the malady, as they may easily do, with
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters, a professionally
authenticated remedy for the agonizing com
plaint. Recollect that rheumatism unchecked
often lasts a lifetime, or abruptly terminates it
when the malady attacks tho heart The Bit
ters also remedies chills and fever, dyspepsia
and Uver complaint
You will find at G. W. Schmidt's the
oldest and thefinest Pennsylvania Pnre Eyi
Whiskies and Kentucky Sour and Swtet
Mash Whiskies. 95 and 97 Fifth ATe,
r -- D. TAYLOR & C0.'S STOCK
211 Wood Street, 102 and 104 Third Avenue, Between Second and Third Avev
When about making purchases will naturally say to him
self, Where can I get the best goods for the least money?
Such a person needs the advice of a house having the reputa
tion for fair dealing and good goods at moderate prices. Such
a business house as we -claim oursito be. A person in making
constant purchases, such as is usually the case in our business,
must have a house to deal with that thev can place full ancT
implicit confidence in, relying wholly on the proprietors for
fair dealing, good goods and moderate prices. Now, having
fully set forth the foundation upon which the superstructure
of this business house is built, we will enumerate in brief a
few of our many attractions for replenishing and beautifying
your homes'.
Q .&-IR, IP IE T
All grades and prices. Straw Mattings as low as $4 00 -per
roll. "There are some special bargains in this department, $
such as odd pairs of Lace Curtains, remnants of Carpets, etc,
that are worth the money to see. .
See our bargains in $50 Walnut "Suits! See our styles;
of $20 Antique Suits! See our $170 Quarter Sawed Oak
Suits! See all our goods before purchasing elsewhere, and
if you don't rate us as we say above, we do not ask a repeti
tion of your favors. :
We have a line of DESK and WARDROBE FOLD- -ING
BEDS that have neither weights nor springs. Special t
attention should be given to the purchase of a Folding Bed,
Oar Parlor Furniture Department
We have tried very hard to keep up to the demand in
this department, but are a little back. Hope to catch up in
about another week. The unprecedented large demand, for
our own make of goods, covered in any material, at the
pleasure of the buyer, they not being: compelled to buy
shop-worn, or poor quality
expectations. We have yet an elegant selection of goods 'in
the muslin ready for the outer covering, which can be made
up at about a week's notice; also a large variety of odd
pieces too numerous to mention.
Are exceptionally fine for the
rsicycie wneeis.
Commencing now, are something every family should have. ,
We make the assertion that enough is saved during the sum
mer to keep up the payments on any of our goods, to say
nothing of the many comforts derived therefrom.
Still doing a large business
ing Machine, which is sold for
307 WOOD
Open Saturday until 10 o'clock P. M.
Telephone 2fo. 534.
FINE saddlery:
Thla cut represents one of those beautif ul
Via. Anyone contemplating the purchase ot a
v vmw nj .ud uMutjg id Bwiuj uouuuiauv, ui uc9 Ig-fttflgT trad QBA nTlfih
nerer been sold for less than $35 to J40. Do not miss this chance. Remember at ""'
(Ache's Harness and Trunk HMse,0000!0
of coverings, has exceeded our
money, No extra charge fori
in our Famous Davis Sewv
a price that sells on sight,
- (
2To. 426 Wo&& StredX
single harnesses which, we win sell this week tot i
new harness will do-well to s,Ta themselree 31
,.-.- 4 a
i i ! jl. I f m mi JWH jjh I I mf w in . ,, . . - . , .. , 1- -. -.-