Newspaper Page Text
.Effect of the Great Glaciers Upon Pre
AK ICE SHEET 3,000 FEET THICK,
Which Destroyed the Forests of P"ennsyl
vania, in Which
TEE MASTODON AKD TAPIE EOAMED
umia roa thi dxsfxtck.1 i
Near the Tillage of Neivport,in the Bearer
Valley, the traveler on any one of the.four
railways that gird the stream may perceive
from the car windows a large collection of
huge bowlders which appear to be distributed
in a wide belt that sweeps across the river
and extends up the steep bluft on the west
To a casual observer who may, not have
time to stop and give these rocks a careful
examination, their smooth rounded surfaces
and general arrangement might suggest the
idea of some great flood which swept down
from the hills, and tearing up the strata in
its course, scattered the fragments over the
plain. To one who may happen to have a
little knowledge of geology, a close inspec
tion will remove the idea of a local flood,
and reveal faots that make these bowlders a
mystery and a wonder which science alone
It will be observed that they are com
' posed of granite, gneiss syenite and other
loreign materials, not found in their
natural position within 200 and in some in
stances 600 miles of the northern border of
Pennsylvania. Besides, it will be noticed
that they are rounded, smoothed and pol
ished as though the fabled giants of old had
amnsed themselves rolling such immense
fragments of the foundationof the Can
adas down across the. present site of Lake
Erie and Ontario into what is at present
Pennsylvania. Science, which has but lit
tle respect for the fabulous or miraculous,
gives us a betterexplanation of the presence
of these iwmen'se masses of traveled for
eign material in the Keystone State.
Noticing a striking similarity in the dis
tribution of these bowlders, with the
moraines, or deposits of debris left by the
existing glaciers in the Alps in Europe and
the mountains of Alaska in North America,
geologists assigned them to be toe result of
prehistoric glaciers of vast extent that
swept down from the hyperborean regions
tens of thousands of years ago, and carried
these vestiges of their mighty erosive power
from the mountains of the far north, and
scattered them along its course, leaving a
larger collection at the point, where, ac
cording to a well-known law of terrestrial
motion, clearly defined, and logically ex
plained by astronomy, the advance of the
devastating ice sheet was checked and
all at once its dissolution commenced in a
melting process, that continued throughout
a very large interval of time, resulting in
'floods of unimaginable volume, that poured
down through every valley level with the
summits of the hills, and mixed and silted
and redistributed the native materials of
the land, commingling them withl the
foreign materials transported by the great
glacier, leaving, as a result, a strange mix
ture of sand and pebbles, commonly called
gravel, which covers the States north of the
moraine, to a depth of from 4 to 20 feet, and
is in some places heaped up in hills and
ridges, called in glacial terminology hum
mocks or kames.
Select a half bushel measure full of these
pebbles and bowlders, that with a mixture
of sand and clay form the great gravel de
posit of the Northern States, and out of that
collection you can find a representative of
every geological formation lrom the
Devonian of Western New York to the
Syenitic ranges of Labrador.
A wondertully varied soil is that formed
from the decomposition of this mass. It is
a mixture of almost every known geological
formation, and is of great strength and fer
tility. All over the surface and frequently
imbedded in these gravel deposits, at a con
siderable depth immense boulders ot gran
ite and syenite are found, but the most re
markable collection of such immense frag
ments is at the line where the subsidence of
the glacier began, which line, or more scien
tifically speaking moraine, crosses tBe
Beaver river at the village of Newport, just
above the borough of Wampum, as already
GIAXTS' STEPPING STONES.
It was the experience ot the writer to fol
low on foot this belt of bowlders, and for
miles and miles they are so thick and close
together that an active man can leap or
Etep from one to the other.
Over high wooded hills and deep sequest
ered vales, where the ruffed grouse broods in
tolitude and the red fox makes his home,
this belt of bowlders leads with scarcely a
noticeable break across Lawrence and a part
of Butler and Mercer counties, and on np
through Venango and Crawford, and across
the State line into New York as far as Little
Valley in Cattaraugus county, where it makes
a sudden turn and comes back again into
the wilderness of central northern Pennsyl
vania. On the highest summits of the mountains
of Sullivan, Pike and Monroe counties, the
bowlders of Canadian granite are scattered
with huge fragments of the Pottsville con
glomerate, which have been .elevated from
2,500 to 3,000 feet If the ice sheet was of
sufficient depth to reach these summits,
there can be no doubt but it was of similar
thickness in Western Pennsylvania, so that
ire come to the conclusion based upon in
disputable facts that at least 2.000 feet of
iee once rested upon the sites of all the
towns in the northern part of the State
And not only to one State, or even one
continent, does "this moraine that marks the
extreme southern limit of the great glacier
extend, but all the way across the Northern
hemisphere it can be traced in an undulat
ing unbroken line.
After entering the United States on the
Pacific coast it climbs the fir-clad cascades
and the snow-capped Rocky Mountains"
sweeps across the great plains under the
inad Missouri, and the father of waters,
down through Illinois and Indiana, barely
touches Kentucky in Boone county, and
turning abruptly enters the Buckeye State,
which it crosses in a northeasterly course
and enters Pennsylvania, as already de
Fcribed. Leaving the American coast at
Belvidere, N. J.fit plunges into the wild
Atlantic, emerging in Europe and thence
sweeping across the Russian empire crosses
"Asia and enters the Pacific, making a line
ot traveled bowlders extending around the
GROUND Br A GLACIER.
In this State there are numerous interest
ing glacial "phenomena worth studying. In
many places where the bed rock is exposed.
stria or scratches, caused by fragments of
granite adhering to the bottom of the im
mense moving ice sheet, as it plowed along.
may be seen. In some places the rock is
also polished and worn into uneven ridges
resembling the seams or folds on a corru
gated sheet iron roof. Near the fair grounds
at New Castle such stria are very prominent
where the bed rock has been exposed in the
vicinity of an old quarry. Stria and
scratches on the bed rock are seen at places
all over the glaciated part of the United
States. They generally have a trend from
northeast to 'southwest, which was in the
direction in which the great ice sheet
moved. There are many places in PennJ
gyivania wnere on account oi me uneven--n'ess
of the surface the ice had a local lat
teral motion, and in such places the stria
have given a faithful record of such glacial
eccentricities that is Interesting to study.
Some of the bowlders scattered along the
course ot the moraine are of immense size.
One huge mass of red Canadian granite,
-which would weigh probably 50 tons, may
bc teen on the hill above Mahomngtown.
Along the fringe of the bowlder belt in
Crawtord county there are many rounded
masses of gneiss and granite that would
measure 2Sx3S feet
' -.Besides these numerous bowlders f arch-
aic rock there are fragments of the lower
Silurian limestone from north of Ontario,
and in Lawrence and Beaver counties there
are large masses ot conglomerate from the1,
strata Fn the country around Oil City and
Titusville, and pieces of fossiliferous sand
stone from the vicinity of Jamestown,N. Y.,
and Chautauqna Lake.
Previous to the advent of the great gla
cier, a tropical tdimate prevailed as far
north as the great lakes, and the fauna and
flora of the heated latitudes flourished in
Pennsylvania and all over what is now
known as the United States.
Palm trees and other allied spesies grew
thick on the hills and in the valleys, and
there were dense, impenetrable jungles, such
as Livingstone described in his' travels
through Central Africa. In these immense
forests gigantic mammals,long since extinct,
such as the mastodon, tapir and their allied
species, roamed at will, and huge, hideous
saurians, 60 feet in length, dragged their
bulky forms along the ground. The collared
peccary also existed hereat the time, and made
his nest in hollow logs in the dense tropical
forests that then stood on the present site of
the great city ot Pittsburg. Other animals
of a much fiercer disposition than the masto
don and tapir existed, and wild, hairy men,
clad in skins, or probably naked, hunted
their prey in the woods, and at night re
treated to caverns for shelter and rest
Strange and wonderful as this sketch of a
prehistoric world may appear, it is never
theless not overdrawn; the facts upon which
it is based are the deductions of science. No
better evidence of the existence of such a
wondrous fauna and flora could be asked
than theemains of tropical trees dug out of
the alluvial, deposits of Canada, and the
skeletons of mastodons found entire in the
swamps of Ohio and New York. The bones
of the peccary and tapir are found in In
diana, and strong evidences of pre-glacial
man in Europe suggest his existence here at
the same lime.
Astronomy tells us that there is a gradual
motion of the earth's axis, toward the plane
of its orbit, which produces in time wonder
ful changes in the temperature of the hem
ispheres, and that this same cause whicJ,
in a remote prehistoric time, produced a
thickening of the polar ice cap, till it
moved down across the greater part ot the
Northern Hemisphere and annihilated all
traces of life on its path is still in operation,
and must, in the far-distant future, produce
the same effects again.
It was the operation of this law which
caused the last great glacier which anni
hilated all tropical life in North America,
and carried the debris of Canadian rock
formation as far south as the hills of Ken
tucky. T. E. Maxoite.
Shortness of breath, with failing
strength, and wasting of flesh, accompanied
by a constant cough, all indicate lungs
more or less seriously affected, demanding
treatment at once. By using rationally Dr.
Jayne's Expectorant, the worst results may
be either avoided or palliated.
Men's Medium Welsh t Merino and All-Wool
All qualities in stock. Special nice qual
ities in natural wool and silk and wool, also
in pure silk. Men's furnishing department
open till 9 o'clock this evening.
Jos. Horne & Co.'s
Penn Avenue Stores.'
Excursion to Kerr York to Centennial Anni
versary of Inautnrntlon of Gen. Wash
ington. The B. & O. B. B. will 6ell excursion
tickets to New York on April 27 to 30,.
inclusive, at rate of 13 32, round trip.
Tickets good for return passage until May
Bead Sheriffs notice of sale of "Dispatch
property," fronting 30 ft on Fifth avenue
and running back 240 ft to Virgin alley, in
estate of J. Herron Poster, deceased, in to
day's Dispatch and Times.
M. Selbert fc Co.
For all kinds of furniture, the best and
cheapest! Call at the large furniture fac
tory, Lacock and Hope streets, near railroad
bridge, Allegheny. d
Tbe People's Store.
No such carpets and no such prices as we
are offering at the big sale now on.
ihs Campbell & Dick.
Go to Lies popular photo gallery for
your pictures. Best finish and lowest prices,
10 and 12 Sixth st miffs
Men's neckware; the largest and most
complete line in the city.
James H. Aiken & Co., 100 Fifth ave.
ExiEAOBDiKAEY bargains in beaded
wraps to-day at Rosenbaum & Co.'s-
T. A IsTE1 who cfsft t0 Icnow how to Jceev their
Xlti.lll.Lk3 complexions from growing harsh
and dry in spring winds should read Shirley
Dare's advice in to-morrow's Dispatch.. .
EVIDENCE OF CHEAPNESS
Can you call to mind any wide
awake town of 1,000 inhabitants,
where lots can he bought at Prices
we ask and on suoh easy terms?
SECURES A BUILDING LOT IN THE GREAT
the county-seat of Jay county,. In
diana, is half way between Fort
Wayne and Richmond, and 118
miles from Cincinnati by rail, or
about 90 miles in a direct line. It
is in the largest continuous district
of natural gas-bearing land in the
world a district which has been
developed and tested by hundreds
of gas wells, demonstrating beyond
all doubt that the gas supply is in
exhaustible, and its quality for fuel
and illumination unsurpassed. The
gas wells now in use at Portland
have an output of over 15,000,000
cubic feet daily, and this supply
may be increased ad infinitum.
The Grand Rapids and Indiana
Railroad and the Lake Erie and
Western Railroad give Portland a
"north, south, east and west outlet
The county is one of the richest
agricultural and stock-raising coun
ties in the State. Portland has fine
public schools, a Normal College,
two newspapers, viz.: "Commer
cial," "Sunj" a building and loan
association, seven churches, two
fine hotels, besides lesser ones,- an
opera house, and dogs a large
wholesale, retail and manufactur
A. H. EVANS,
.1 . . K.. - - ' . . -ii:rf r -3T C
THE GHASTLY CEIME
That Was Commuted by .Thomas
Halloway in January last
REVIEWED BI EVIDENCE IN COURT.
How a Throat Was Cut Just to Accommo
date a Troubled Friend.
COURT HEWS, IKCIiUDING AN EBCHEAT
Thomas Halloway was placed on trial be
fore Judge Magee in Criminal Court yes
terday for the murder of Adam Slater. The
murder is of recent occurrence, 'being com
mitted on January 19, and must be fresh in
the minds of the readers. The two men had
been drinking during the day and at night
they went to the house of James Gould, at
Cbartiers, and Slater remarked something
about wanting his throat cut, and Halloway
obligingly accommodated him, outting his
throat from ear to ear.
The case was the first called yesterday,
and it took all morning to secure the jury.
Halloway being without friends, Judge
Magee appointed George Elphinstone, Esq.,
and Kier Mitchell, Esq., to defend him.
District Attorney Porter conducts the pros
ecution. The prisoner is about 45 years old and has
gray hair, mustache and goatee. He js
very pale, and, as he sits behind his counsel,
he nervously toys with his hat or a news
paper. The first witness called was James Gould,
who testified ito having been with the pris
oner and Slater all day. They had been in
town and had drinks in a taloon on the
Diamond. About 11 o'clock they went to
his house and he heard the deceased say
something about wishing somebody would
cut his throat He went into the kitchen,
and when he came back Jater was sitting
in the chair with his throat cut from ear to
ear. He had heard the defendant say to
Slater, "I will cut it"
JUST AS A PBrENDLT PATOB.
He had been with them on Friday and
Saturday, and had never heard a cross word
between them. He asked Halloway why
he cut Slater, and he answered:
"Well, he asked me to do it"
Mrs. Mary Gould, wife of the first witness,
testified that the three men came home
together at 11 o'clock, and all sat down and
began talking. She went into the kitchen,
ana when she returned Slater was sitting in
the chair with his throat cut, and the floor
was covered with blood. She then ran out
and notified the neighbors. The knife with
which the cutting was done was shown and
identified by the witness. She stated that
it was on the mantel. The men were not
drunk, although they had been drinking
Grant Miller, Coroner McDowell's clerk,
also identified the knife. It was given to
him by Constable Clishum, of Stowe town
ship. Dr. T. B. Miller was called to the house
on the night of the murder, and found
Slater sitting on a chair. He was living at
the time, but died shortly afterward. Noth
ing could be done to save him. He made a
superficial examination and found evidence
ot two cuts, one about four inches in length
and the other
FROM EAE TO EAR.
Halloway was sitting in the corner on a
stool, and, in answer to a question about his
health, he said he' was feeling good. The
witness then asked him if he realized what
he had done, and he answered:
"He asked me to cut his throat, and I did
Dr. Beeb, John McCIatchey. Charles
Bobinson and Joseph Bobinson all testified
to being at the house after the murder and
seeing the prisoner sitting in a corner
smoking a pipe as unconcernedly as though
nothing had happened.
Constable John Clishum, of Stowe town
ship, testified to the prisoner's arrest; also
to his telling him that he cut Slater's throat
because he asked him. He was not drunk
at the time.
'Squire Miles Bryan, of Stowe township,
testified to being at the house shortly after
the man's throat was cat Hallowav was
was in the room at the time, and tbe witness
said to him: "Old man, what did you do
this for?" and the prisoner answered: "I
did it; I don't deny it; but it was that
woman's fault pointing to the kitchen
where Mrs. Gould was. That woman had
the knife, but was afraid to do it, and I took
the knife and said: 'Adam, do you want
your throat cut?' He said that he did and
I did it, and made a bloody good job of it!"
North Corporation Line of the
City of Portland,
And Lies Directly on the Principal
Street of the Town, Less Than One
Mile from the Court House.
Lots are offered in this subdivi
sion upon the following terms, viz.:
One per cent cash with order, then
one per cent each week thereafter
(or more if so desired by pur
chaser), until full amount is paid,
when warranty deed will be exe
cuted for the property. A rebate
of 10 per cent will be made for all
cash in advance. On receipt of
first payment a bond for a deed
will be forwarded to the purchaser
with the amount duly credited; also
a large plat of the property and a
colored township map showing the
exact location of the addition.
TRUSTEE, PORTLAND, IND.,
'wSt? -;vTi -
The witness stated that the prisoner was as
sober then as he was at the present moment
After hearing this witness the case was
continued until to-day. The prosecution
have little more to offer. Thedetense will
be that the prisoner is of unsound mind, and
did not know what he was doing.
DO LUCID INTERVALS COUNT t
A KIco Qnestlon as to tbo Sanity and the
W1IU oriilrs. Hazlett.
An argument was had in the Orphans'
Court yesterday in the proceedings insti
tuted by O. F. McKenna, Esq., to have the
estate of Mrs. Mary McD. Hazlett, of Eliz
abeth, escheated to the State. Mrs. Hazlett
was a lunatic, and died, leaving no heirs.
Her estate is worth about $60,000. Her
latest will, which gave her property to the
commissioner who had charge of her, was
presented, but the Begister would not ad
mit it to probate, on the ground that it was
made while Mrs. Hazlett was insane. The
case was taken to the Supreme Court, where
Begister Conner was sustained.
A second will, made prior to this one,
was then filed. It left the estate to the rel
atives of Mrs. Hazlett'a deceased husband.
It was admitted to probate, though itwas
also made after Mrs. Hazlett was declared
a lunatic. The reason for probating it was
that it was made during a lncid interval
and made a sane disposition of the property,
Mrs. Hazlett having obtained her wealth
from her husband and it was but proper
that it should go back to his relations.
At this juncture Attorney McKenna,
having received authorityfrom the Auditor
General of the State, commenced -the es
cheating proceedings, which, are contested
by the beneficiaries -under the will.
Mr. McKenna argued yesterday that Mrs,
Hazlett, being a lunatic, could not make a
will at all, and, having died, without legal
heirs, the property should go to the Govern
ment This was opposed by Messrs. Bobb and
Fitzsimmons, on behalf of the will, who
argued in support of its validity. No de
cision was' given.
To-Day' Trial Lists.
Criminal Conn Commonwealth vs. John
Boyle, Mrs. M. Boyle, Albert Fryer, Samuel
Myer, Thomas McCloy, Henry S. watklns,
Cornelius, and Thomas Allen (2), Win. Glln.
Sifting Prom Justice.
A verdict for the plaintiffs for $539 10 was
rendered, yesterday, in the suit of William J.
Park and others against J. W. Doubleday, an
action for rent.
A Veedict for tbe defendant was rendered
yesterday In the suit of -W. O. Brackenridge
against William Nelder, to recover damages
for false arrest on tho charge of stealing a
A verdict for the plaintiffs for $551 64 was
given yesterday in the suit of the W. Baird
Machine Company against the Specialty Glass
Company, to recover the price of a molding
Joseph P. Wimsoir and wife yesterday
entered suit against F. W. Hartung and Con
stable W. T. Carlisle, for $2,000 damages, for an
alleged illegal levy and sale of household goods
on a landlord's warrant '
Hesy Kupp and Gottlieb Qllgan, the agents
of tbe Crescent Brewing Company, of Aurora,
In3., wbo were tried for the embezzlement of
$7,000, were yesterday f ound guilty. Bupp was
recommended to the mercy of the Court
The jury is out in the case of Evan Davis
against Jacob Schumacher. The suit is for
damages for Id juries received in Schumacher's
saloon on Smlthfield street The floor of the
place was being repaired and Davis fell
through a hole into the cellar.
A hearing was had in the Orphans' Court
yesterday in the case of Agent O'Brien, of the
Humane Society, against Mrs. Barbara Divall,
to take her three children from her. The alle
gation was made that Mrs. Sival kept a disrep
utable house and was not fit to have charge of
them. Testimony was taken, but no decision
Tissuitof the xecutors 'of Samuel Rey
nolds against Matthew Cridge, an action on
bonds of the Evergreen Bailroad Company, is
still on trial before Judge Stowe. Judge Ma
gee, while trying the Halloway murder case,
was subpoenaed as a witness in tbe case, and
left the Criminal Court to testify. His testi
mony was desired for the identification of
some of tbe bonds which at one time had been
in his care.
The Allegheny Valley Bailroad Company
yesterday filed in the United States' Court an
answer to the petition of Hon. B. F. Jones and
other bondholders of the road, asking for the
appointment of a receiver in place of the late
John Scott The answer denies that Scott and
W. H. Barnes, the surviving receiver, bad been
running the road'in the interest of the Penn
sylvania Bailroad, and maintains that Mr.
Barnes is fully competent to conduct tbe busi
ness of tbe road, and an additional receiver is
not needed. Mr. Barnes also filed an answer
in which he denies that he is in interest with
the Pennsylvania Bailroad, nor has he ever
been controlled or influenced by them, but
that the road at all times has been conducted
in the interest of its creditors and stockholders.
The case will be heard April SO.
Flaknel dress shirts; all sizes.
James H. Aiken & Co., 100 Fifth ave.
One Per Cent Cash, Then One Per Cent
THE TITLE TO" THE LAND IS
ABSOLUTELY, FREE AND UNIN
CUMBERED. A complete abstract of title fur
nished free to all purchasers on re
ceipt of first payment.
THE LOTS ARE 25x149; AND
LARGER, fronting on 50-foot
street with 15-foot alley, and are
equal in value to lots selling in
other localities of the gas belt at
150. We advise taking two or
more lots to secure a good frontage.
There are 12 lots to the block.
WE OFFER LOTS AT PRICES AS
FOLLOWS: $40, $45, $50, $55,
$60, $65, $70J $75, $80 and $85
each; Meridian street lots &re $90
and $100. All without interest, and
free of taxes until deed is executed.
If any application is received
after all the lots are disposed of
the money inclosed for first pay
ment will be returned. No atten
tion paid to inquiries unless the one
per cent for lotis inclosed.
Remember the number of lots is
and "first come, first
LATE NEWS. IN BRIEF.
One million dollars in gold were ordered
yesterday for shipment to Europe.
Tbe resignation of Second Lieutenant
James C. Bourke. Fifth Artillery, has been ac
cepted, to take effect June IS next
Major General George Crook has been or
dered to report to General Schofield for spe
cial duty In New York in connection with the
The New York Legislature yesterday rushed
throngh, and the Governor signed, a bill mak
ing Monday and Wednesday of next week legal
holidays in the cities of New York, and Brook
lyn. Tuesday Jiad already been declared a
At Abilene, Kas., 26 head of fine steers have
bees killed because they had hydrophobia. A
mad -dog bit one of the; herd of 200, a ew
weeks ago. Babies spread rapidly. It became
necessary to shoot the maddened animals. The
disease is still spreading.
Csar Frazler, colored, was hanged at
Charleston, 8. C, yesterday for the murder of
HoldenbarfT. white, on February 0. The con
demned man professed the Catholic faith, and.
the execution was unattended by the usuar
scenes of shouting, praying and singing.
The treasure which was aboard the United
8tates war ship Trenton, when she was wrecked
at Apia during tbe recent hurricane there, has
been recovered. The Nipsic, which was dam
aged in the same hurrioane, will be bronght to
Auckland by the United States steamer Alert.
Captain Allen, of the United States ship
ship Bridgewater, had an Interview yesterday
with Sir John McDonald respectlne his claim
for damages for the alleged detention of his
vessel. He feels certain that his claim for
$23,000 will be paid. Captain Allen starts for
Europe next week.
Two mills of the White Manufacturing
Company, of KockvUle, Conn., shut down yes
terday. This action was caused by the strike of
150 weavers. Four hundred persons are-thrown
out of work. The company offered a slight ad
vance, but the weavers hold out for a cent a
yard, and a protracted strike is feared.
At a meeting of grey cotton manufacturers
at Montreal Thursday night it was decided. In
view of the great advance in the price of raw
cotton, to advance tbe price of cotton cloth
from 1 to 2 cents per pound. The shipments
to China are still going on. Nearly $500,000
worth was shipped thither during the past 13
The Connecticut House yesterday morning
passed a bill providing that no person shall
make, sell or have in his possession any prod
uct made wholly or in part of any fat, oil or
oleaginous substance, or compound thereof,
not produced from milk or cream, which shall
be In imitation of butter or cheese. The pen
alty is a fine or imprisonment, or both.
It is announced by the Southern Paciflo
and Union Pacific people that tbe Golden Gate
special between San Francisco and Omaha will
run its last trip Saturday, May 4. A new over
land passenger train will be put on tbe Ogden
line Sunday, May 5, and will be the fastest reg
ular daily train ever run between this city and
tbe East Leaving Ban Francisco at 6:30 P. at,
daily. It will arrive in Omaha In three days, in
Chicago in three days and 19 hours, and in New
York in tour days and 21 hours.
A Brooklyn police officer Thursday night
found a mau locked up in a freight car on the
Long Island road in East New York. The car
was one of tbe Cincinnati, Hamilton and Bay
ton cars, and tbe man said he got In there last
Saturday at Dayton, O., had been without food
or water over since, and was nearly starved to
death. The officer went for assistance, but in
the meantime some parties came along, broke
open the door of the car, and tbe stowaway
made bis escape and could not be found.
An explosion of dynamite and emmensite
occurred at the factory of the Emmensite Gun
Explosive and Ammunition Company, near
Harrison, N. Y., Thursday night. Charles
Anderson, fireman, employed at the works, was
probably fatally injured, and Newton Emraens,
son of the owner of tbe place, was badly cnt
and burned. The factory, valued at $10,000.
was entirely demolished, and two other build
ings were slightly damaged. Tho explosion
was caused by a fire which originated in tbe
Special freight train No. 856 on the Pennsyl
vania Railroad, in a heavy fog, abont 2 o'clock,
yesterday morning, ran into freight train No.
633 within 100 yards of the Delaware river
bridge at Trenton, N. J. Both trains were going
toward Philadelphia. The engineer and fire
man on No. 856 jumped in time to save their
lives. A man in the caboose of No. 638 was
killed outright. From cards fonnd on his per
son he appears to be Wm. F. Hef ton, of Phila
delphia. The engine ot the rear train was also
derailed and badly damaged.
Ex-President Cleveland has subscribed $50
to the fund in aid of tbe Confederate Home at
Austin, Tex., and has written as follows con
cerning it: "I am in full sympathy with this
enterprise, and want to contribute to its suc
cess. It appeals to the broad humanity which
oognt to characterize tbe American people, and
I see nothing in it which ought not to engage
the effort of every right-thinking citizen. Sure
ly neither prejudice nor passion shonld be al
lowed to interfere with the exercise of charity
toward the unfortunate, nor with the tender of
cheerful aid to the needy and suffering."
A new secret organization has been formed
and Is taking deep root among tbe colored
people of South Carolina. It is called "The
Colored Farmers' National Alliance and Co
operative Union." Its declared objects are:
To elevate the colored people of America by
teacblng them to love their country and their
homes; to care more for their helpless and des
titute; to labor more earnestly tor the educa
tion of themselves and their children, and es
pecially to improve themselves in agricultural
pursuits. The Urometers of the alliance de
clare It is strictly a non-political organization.
A Kind Passenger Agent.
General Passenger Agent Clark, of the
Lake Erie, will run a special train to
Ccrraopolis every day next week, leaving the
city at 12:13 P. M., to give the boys and
girls a chance to collect wild flowers in the
Full Amount is Paid,
NATURAL GAS AND OIL FIELD AT PORTLAND,. INDIANA
" - -
The gas well located on lot 116 in
the Evans addition supplies about
of th.e gas used in Portland.
Every lot holder can have a gas
well equal to that in capacity. THE
ONLY OIL FIELD IN THE STATE
Is just west of Portland.
OR ROOM 7t
AS ANTI-CaTHOLIO peotest,
Canadian Protectant Assert That They Are
Discriminated Against In Many Matter.
Moittbzai,, April 26. Queen's Hall was
packed to-night, the occasion being an anti
Jesuit mass meeting. Among the speakers
were John Charlton, M. P.; Colonel
O'Brien, M. P.; Ii. H. Davidson, J. "J. Mc
Laren, Q. C, and Bev. Principal Mac
Vicar. Itwas resolved that the meeting
express strong dlspleasvre atthe lawof com
pulsory tithing, at the law by which par
ishes, exist and can be erected for civil pur
poses; at the priority ot the church's clajms
over those of all other creditors, and at those
provisions of marriage laws which give
financial, civil and religious advantages to
the Boman Catholic church which are
denied to Protestants, and that the meeting
regard these and all other provisions law by
which connection between'.the State and the
Boman Catholic church exists, as creating
inequalities and imposing disadvantages on
the Protestant minority, which no subject of
Her Majesty in this Dominion should be
called upon to endure.
Continuing, the resolutions say: "We
further protest against any acceptance of
the supremacy of the Church over the
State.-and the practice of giving equality of
position on State occasions to the chief offi
cer of the Boman Catholio Church with Her
Majesty's representative in the province."
A PB0BLEM FOE BXPEETS.
The Solution of the Failure of a Fnenmntlc a
Washington, April 26. Mr. Cramp, the
builder of the "Vesuvius, says that the recent
accident to the pneumatic gun aboard that
vessel was caused by the collapse of a cast
iron shell inthe bore. The mishap could
not have occurred if the shell had been load
ed with sand, as is usual, or with gun cot
ton, as they will be used in action, and
again, the service shell is made ot sheet
steel. A representative of the ship building
company says, however, that the accident
was due to careless manipulation; that the
breech lock was not locked; that the cast iron
shell sagged and was easily destroyed by the
sThe damage can he easily repaired. Mean
while, navahofficers are discussing the oc
currence, and wondering whether it can be
regarded as evidencing a dangerous theo
retical weakness in the principle of construction.
THE LOST ATLABTIS.
For many centuries there has been a tradi
tion of a long lost island called Atlantis.
Tbe Greek geographers located it in the At
lantic Ocean, west of the northwest part of
Africa and the Pillars of Hercules. The sea
kings of Atlantis are said to have invaded En
rope and Africa, and to have been defeated by
All the legends agree that ltwasavastlsland,
of inexhaustible resources, and inhabited by a
race of superior people. For ages this island
has existed only in legendary lore. But now,
when the light of modern research is turned
full upon the investigation, behold the lost At
lantis at our very doors.
So the bigoted medical fraternity goes grop
ing about in the dark. If they would Investi
gate, they would behold the lost Atlantis at
their very door. They experiment and dose
with their injurious drugs, and with no person
or laws to hold them accountable, they con
tinue their bigoted, unjustified practlce,starlng
Into vacancy, Imagining that they see In them
selves an Esculapius.
Wrapped in ancient bigotry, they denounce
any new idea advanced by a layman or an oppo
sition school as a fraud.
Because humanity willot be benefited? Not
at all. but because their special ism did not
make the discovery.
Yet they concede that there is no remedy
known to their materia medlcathat will cure
an advanced kidney malady and the diseases
arising therefrom although many of them
know from crowning proof that Warner's Safe
Cure will bnt'unscrupulously treat symptoms
and call them a disease, when in reality hey
know they are but symptoms.
A few of the more honest physicians admit
that Warner's Safe Cure is a valuable remedy,
and a great blessing to mankind, but say, in so
many words, when asked why they do not pre
scribe it, that they cannot, according to their
The late eminent physician and writer. Dr. J.
G. Holland, published in"Scribner's Monthly,"
and showed his opinion of such bigotry'and no
doubt was satisfied that Atlantis might possi
bly be discovered in a proprietary medicine,
when be wrote editorially as follows:
"Nevertheless, it is a fact that many of ihe
best proprietary medicines of the day were
more successful than many of the physicians,
and most of them, it should be remembered,
were first discovered or nsed in actual medica
practice. When, however, any shrewd person,
knowing thoir virtue, and foreseeing their pop
ularity, secures and advertises them, then, in
tbe opinion of the bigoted, all virtue went out
Each Week Thereafter
PORTLAND, INDIANA, March i, 1888.
liave malde. the survey and plat of the land comprised
tn the Evans addition to the city of Portland, Jay county,
Indiana, and hereby certify that there is not a lot in said sub
division that is not suitable for building purposes and suscep
tible of good drainage. The subdivision adjoins the corpora
tion line of the city. Meridian street, which passes throiigh
the property, is the principal street of the city and the main
thoroughfare' of the county leading into the city. Sixteenth
street is also an important highway.
C. E. ROGERS,
Ex-County Surveyor and present City Civil Engineer.
We, the widersigned, are familiar with the, above de
scribed property and indorse the foregoing statement in refer
THEODORE BAILY, Mayor of the City.
P. Ml HEARN, Abstractor. . "
E.J. MARSH, Editor "Commercial." K '
SEE RING BROS., Grocers.
. C. LOWRIE, Postmaster. '
H. O. WELDON, Proprietor Merchants' Hotel
JOHNSTON BUILDING, CINCINNATI, 0HI
There are various ways of -washing dishes possibly tho
above is the worst. If you want your dishes, glassware
silver, &c, perfectly clean and bright, wash them with
Pearline. Being a powder it is especially convenient for
this work besides it keeps the dish-rag clean, pure, sweetC
Put Pearline in sinks and basins, turn on hot water ; it
will cleanse the waste pipes. Many women use Pearline
for these purposes only; they are only half wise. For,
the laundry, kitchen and house-cleaning, in fact wher
ever soap is used, try Pearline it's better, quicker, and
saves labor it has no equal,"no rival. It is as harmless
as the finest imported castile soap, Beware of f eddied
imitations Pearline is never peddled, but all grocers
Sell it M7 Manufactured only by JAMES PYLE, New York.
RESIDENTS 051 EITTLB WASHINGTON
We can show you More Style and More Variety at Cheaper Fricea in
Than ever before.
WM. H. ALLEN, 51srrta?fi
TVar. TBEVKIiE, arAJTA-GCEXEU
You can reach us by telephone ours is 949.
The many remarkable cures by Burdock
Blood Bitters of blood diseases that have been
ineffectually treated for years by other reme
dies, the wonderful influence of B.B.B. in
every form of blood disorders from quickly
removing annoying and Irritating pimples and
blotches to permanently curlngscrof ulous sores
and ulcers of longstanding Its unparalleled and
unbroken record in removing all effects of bad
blood, is explained by its being a medicine con
taining purifying and curative properties which
are unknown to and do not exist In any other
preparation in the world. A medicine purely
vegetable, carefully prepared.containlng within
itself a combination of vegetable remedial
agents that search out every particle of blood
ham v and correct bad digestion.
BURDOCK BLOOD BITTERS
Though so powerful as to act on and cure the
most stubborn blood and digestive diseases, no
ill effects ever follow tbe use of B. B. B., even
with those of weak constitutions. Truly, It Is
the monarch of all remedies for the blood, pov
erty and impurity of which cause that tired,
weary feeling, rashes and skin eruptions, ery
sipelas, scrofula and many other diseases.
ELIXIR OF OPIUM
Is a preparation of the Drug bywhlchits In
jurious effects are removed, while tbe valuable
medicinal properties areretained. I possesses
all the sedative, anodyne, and antispasmodic
powers of Opium, but produces no sickness of
thestomacb.no vomiting, no costive ness, no
headache. In acute nervous disorder s it is an
invaluable remedy, and Is recommehde' a. by the
E, FERRETT, Agent,
372 Pearl St, New York.
Y I l H I iMrTTs t 1 .
For about ten years I was troubled with dis
ordered stomach and liver; what I eat would
not digest After awhile I was reduced so low
that I could not get around to attend to" my
household duties. Of course, X doctored con
siderable and tried a great many things, some
times receiving a little relief, but never any
permanent benefit Finally a B. B. B. almanac
fell into my hands, and I sent to our druggist,
Hammer Bros., Weatboro, and procured two
bottles of B.B.B., and commenced taking It
right away, and In less than a week I felt a
great deal better, and by the time the last bot
tle was gone I could eat almost anything wlth
out discomfort I heartily recommend it to
any suffering as I did. $lrs. C. Conklin, West
boro, Clinton Co., O.
I have been suffering for ten years with ery.
sipelas, and have taken doctor's medicine and
patent medicine of most all kinds, but none
seemed to do me any good. I finally made upu
my mind to try Burdock Blood Bitters, and "
have used four bottles, and think myself en
tirely cured. I recommend B. B. B. .2fr
JTancy J. McCally, Service, Beaver Oa, -FaS ,39
BEST BRANDS OF WH1SKT
FBOM 12 TO $6 PER GALLON.
10 fe 42 OHIO STREET,
Almeria and Malaga Grapes,
Bananas, Florida Oranges and all kinds of
Foreign and Domestic Fruits,
aOJBTJS" DEBE : CO.,
608 TiTBKK'lX STREET. no8-TS,
.:. PORTLAND .:.
Has 6,000 population. The Evans
addition is less than a mile from
the Court House, on the main
street, with three-fourths of the
population lying between it and
the Court House.
PORTLAND' is develop
ing quite rapidly since the
discovery of Natural Gas o-wIjlK
Oil in that locality. Popula$
Hon is increasing and land
advancing. A number of new
factories, business blocks, and
'over ioo dwellings -have been
built within the past year.
There is every reason to
lieve that an investment made.
now will bring to
chaser large returns tit
sr -'.x i
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