Newspaper Page Text
WILI. BE A
2D-PagG Triple NumbEr.
It will contain contributions from tho pens of
able -writers and all the news of tlio world,
FaCt, Fanct, Fiction.
scientific akd current gossip.
narratives of travel asp adventure,
"Will be found in the mammoth Twenty-Page
Dispatch to be issued to-morrow morning.
ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 8 1816.
VoL , No. 72. Entered t Pittsburg rostoEce,
November it, IbST, as second-class matter.
Business Office G7 and 99 Fifth Avenue.
News Booms and Publishing House75,
77 and 79 Diamond Street.
" Areraee circalallon of the daily edition of
The Dispntch for six months ending April
Copies per Issue.
. Average clrcnlntlon of the Sunday edition
of The Dispatch for March, 1SS0,
Copies per lunc.
TERMS OF THE DISPATCH.
TOSTAGE FREE IX THE EXITED STATES.
DjUIT DISPATCH. One Year J 8 00
Daily Dispatch, Tcr Quarter 2 00
Daily Dih? atcii, One Month TO
Daily Dispatch, including fenndsy, one
year 10 00
Daily Dispatch, including Sunday, per
quarter 2 50
Daily Dispatch, Including Sunday, one
EUXday Dispatch, oncycar SS0
Weekly Dispatch, one year 125
The Daily Dispatch Is delivered by carriers at
JS cents per -week, orlncludlngthc faunday edition,
at 20 cents per week.
POSTAGE All persons who mail the
Sunday issue of Tho DIspntch to friends
should bear in mind the fact thnt the post
age thereon Is Two (-) Cents. All double
and triple number copies ol The Dispatch
require n 2-cent stamp to insure prompt
PITTSBURG, SATURDAY. APR. SO. 1889.
YELLOW JACK AGAIN.
The winter in Florida and the Sonth pretty
generally has been unusually wet, and the
comparatively few Northerners who ven
tured there report that the return of yellow
fever in the spring seemed to be widely
dreaded. Yesterday it was reported from
Bichmond, "Va., that news had reached there
to the eflect that at least two deaths from
yellow fever had occurred at Jacksonville,
Fla., during the last two weeks, and that
Pernandina had also been visited by the
fearful plague. Naturally the people of
Florida are extremely averse to the report of
the return of Yellow fever becoming public,
and it is said that physicians are joining
with the business men to suppress all news
relating to this matter.
Butif yellow jack is about to reappear,
or has indeed already made his appearance
again, efforts to keep the fact quiet can
hardly ivaO fat any leDgth of time. Ill
news flies apace, and there are besides
many in the South whose duty it is to watch
for the return of the pest Dr. Posey is
now traveling through Florida examining
the sanitary condition of the country for
the Federal Government, and if yellow
fever exists anywhere he will certainly re
port the fact. And it is well he should.
No good purpose can be served by trying to
conceal the arrival of a ferocious enemy.
The unfortunate inhabitants of Florida
themselves cannot hope to battle with the
fever successfully unaided by their fellow
countrymen. This was proven in last year's
We observe that Dr. Hamilton, Super
vising Surgeon General of the Hospital
Marine Service, fears that the provision of
the State law making it a misdemeanor, the
punishment for which is a heavy fine or im
prisonment, to report a case of yellow fever
falsely or maliciously, will make the dis
covery of an outbreak of the fever difficult.
It will make doctors careful in diagnosis,
but it ought not to prevent any decent
man from reporting to the State health
officers according to law.
IRELAHD'S GOOD FOBTUKE.
As Harper's Weekly remarks, the cause of
Ireland never looked so bright as it does to
day. Partly owing to the indiscretions of a
few hot-headed leaders, but much more
largely because of the persistent misrepre
sentations and deliberate lying of so-called
respectable newspapers, the real aspirations
of the Irish nation have been hidden from
the sight of the English people until now.
The efforts of Messrs. Gladstone and Par
nell to bring the English voters to a sober
consideration of Ireland's claims have at
last been crowned with success.
The innate sense of fair play, the exist
ence of which some had begun to doubt,
has been allowed to emerge in the English
character. It was asserted vigorously at
therecent Rochester election, where theTory
phalanx of Kent was broken for the first
time in many years. There is every reason
to believe that until Salisbury is forced to
appeal to the country in a general election,
these forcible and adverse comments upon
his policy will continue to be evoked at the
It is really wonderful that the Tory
Ministry has not succumbed before this.
Salisbury's idea seems now to be to hang on
to the reins of government and trust to luck
to bring him some relief. This would not
be so bad a policy if the Irish party had not
so patient and astute a leader as Mr. Par
noJl. It would be easy now for a careless
leader of the Home Eulers to provoke the
race jealousy in the English heart which
has so long stood in the way of Ireland's hap
piness and freedom. But Mr. Parnell stand
ing side by side with Gladstone, with the
banner of a grand cause above them, can
not afford to wait the opportunity which
must come at latest in three years' time.
CANALS AND EALLWAYS.
The abandonment of the old Morris Cinal,
formerly one of the main routes of trans
portation for anthracite coal from the mines
to the seaboard, is generally made the sub
ject of editorial sermons, showing that the
canal system has lost its usefulness. The
circumstances attending the surrender,
however, when closely examined, are far
from warranting that conclusion.
The Morrie Canal has for years been
owned ty the Lehigh Valley Railroad Com
pany. The canal was a rival of the rail
road n the transportation of anthracite
coal," and it is a vital factor that if the
canal continued to transport that freight as
cheaply as it onco did, the railroad business
would be unprofitable. Itis one of the most
prominent examples of the bad faith which
sometimes governs these enterprises that
this canal, like many others, was permitted
to fall into the very control that was inter
ested in its extinction; and that thus the
destruction of all the Pennsylvania canals
has been secured.
That canals can still transport certain
classes of freight more cheaply than railways
do, is proved by the Erie Canal in New
York, which has been kept independent by
public opinion, and otuwhich the tolls tor
grain arc about half those of the railways.
It is alleged that the transportation of coal
is different, one statement being that "the
mere digging of the coal out of the boats
costs as much as the whole railway
charges." "With the river transportation of
coal in this section at a fraction of the rail
way charges, this allegation can be estimat
ed at its proper value.
If we ate not mistaken, the betrayal of
public interests by the extinction of the ca
nals, as routes for the transportation of slow
and heavy freights, is proved by one fact,
namely, that when anthracite coal was
mainly transported by canals, the charges
for carrying it were less than they are to
day. THE NEWS FEOM LIMA.
It would seem from the latest discoveries
of TnE Dispatch's correspondent in the
Lima field that there can be no longer any
doubt as to the feasibility of refining the
Lima oil. There may be yet some delay
before the Standard Oil Company consents
to admit that it has such a remarkably good
thing in the Lima field, but as to the oil
itself, unless appearances are altogether de
ceptive, its enhanced value is established.
The proceedings of the Standard Oil Com
pany yesterday in Lima can only tend to
confirm this conclusion. Late last night
the conference between the Standard people
and the Trenton Rock Oil Company as to
the sale of the latter to the Standard was
still in session, with a favorable conclusion
for the greater company in sight.
The Trenton Eock Oil Company owns
10,000 acres of oil territory, of which 7,000
acres have been developed. The Dis
patch has no interest whatever in the mat
ter beyond furnishing the news of this ex
tremely important increase of the refinable
oil field, but it is idle to imagine that the
Standard is making purchase after purchase
of land on a grand scale in the Lima region
without some very solid advantage in pros
pect The news that The DisrATCK has
given, probably anticipated by some days
or weeks the formal announcement of the
Standard's acquisitions of territory in the
Lima field, and its possession of a process to
refine the oil. This may not be agreeable
to the Standard, but the public as usual
will not be displeased to have been put in
possession of the facts at the earliest possi
It is with profound grief that we observe
a tendency among the lights of the baseball
world, to indulge in personal altercations
only second to the bitterness which seems to
pcvail among the great leaders ot fashion.
A discussion has arisen between Anson, of
the Chicago nine, and Kelly, the ten thousand-dollar
beauty of Boston. The inter
change of compliments between these great
men consists, first, of the allegation of Kelly
that Anson could not "catch a little bit, not
even a railroad train." To this fearful stab
Anson replies that when he saw Kelly last
it appeared that he "could not catch a horse
car." This arraignment of the baseball
abilities of the great professionals and the
darlings of the bleaching. board, indicates
the most strained relations. The enmity be
tween Anson and Kelly appears likely to
become as terrible and world-famed as the
warfare between Pish and McAllister.
"With the great men of baseball belittling
each other and the great men of fashion at
tacking each other's gentility, what hope is
there for harmony among the lights of the
country? It seems desirable that the distin
guished men ot the land, the glasses of fash
ion and the molds of baseball form, should
set the example of mutual courtesy and ap
preciation. But, from these animadversions, it
really looks as if the only, example of peace
fulness and mutual consideration among
the noted characters of the land must be
sought among the prize fighters.
LYNCHING AND THE COLOE LINE.
Governor Richardson, of South Carolina,
has recently taken an action which, though
rather unique in itself, goes far toward ab
solving his administration of the charge
ot unfairly treating the negro. Two negroes
having been convicted of lynching a white
man, were sentenced to be hanged. They
were the first colored men convicted ol
lynching, and the Governor granted them a
full pardon, declaring that he wonld not
allow them to be hanged so long as white
men are never punished for the same crime.
This certainly is justice to the negro, and
no less creditable from the fact ihat it is a
radical departure from the old Southern
idea that the same law cannot apply equally
to white men and negroes. If one class can
not be punished for lynching, perhaps it is
just that 'the other class shall not be. But
would it not be more likely to contribute to
public safety and respect for law in South
Carolina, if the authorities and people
wonld assert the determination that all
lynchers, whether white or colored, shall be
hanged for murder, without regard to color,
race or previous condition.
THE CATS MUST GO.
There is, unless we are much mistaken,
a much greater supply of cats than there is
a demand for them in this region. Probably
every individual residing within the city
limits of Pittsburg or Allegheny would
aver off-hand that the surplus of cats in his
vicinity is one of the factors in the question,
Is life worth living, as it presents itself to
"him? And yet when we are revelling or
reviling, as the case may be, in the
midst of a superabundance of cats, there
are many places in Dakota where the
song of the nocturnal vocalist is sighed
for, but never heard.
This unequal distribution of the feline
race has attracted the attention of a com
mercial genius in Dubuque. He is now en
gaged in buying cats, for which he pays
from 60 cents to $1 each, according to age
and size. He ships them to Dakota, where
he sells them for $3 each. They are in great
demand there, where they are wanted to de
stroy the mice which swarm by thousands
around the corn and wheat bins, doinggreat
damage. Thus far two carloads of cats have
been shipped from Dubuque, and another
load is being secured.
It is true that Pittsburg is not as near
Dikota as in this case it would be conve
nient for her to be, but she possesses such a
remarkable stock of cheap and yet comely
cats, well equipped for doing business with
mice or other vermin, that it seems a pity
that she should not 'enter into competition
with Iowa points at once. The railroads,
perhaps, considering all the circumstances,
wonld refrain from discrimination against
Pittsburg, and make a specially low rate
for the transportation ot cats in carloads.
There may be protests against this enter
prise from old' maids, the makers of boot
jacks and other interested persons, but we
feel sure that the majority will regard the
exportation of cats to Dakota as a timely,
profitable and philanthropic measure. The
cats must go.
Editor Lusk, of the Parsons, Kan.,
Sun, thinks that the lawyers and not the
boomers, nor even the Coroner, will reap
the harvest in Oklahoma. Briefs will be
more plentiful than bullets, and suits more
prolific than murders, Mr. Lusk thinks.
Thus civilization goes hand-in-hand with
the frontiersmen nowadays.
In the latest big commercial failure in
New York City, one for a million dollars by
the way, the only asset discoverable seems
to be a solitary British Secretary. The
creditors will have a hard time getting sat
isfaction out of him.
Beaver has succeeded in catching one
out of the many burglars who have been
grazing in her preserves of late. The cul
prit caught was one of five who were en
gaged in gutting a Beaver shoe store sys
tematically, when some inconsiderate citi
zen gave the alarm and interrupted them.
Some people are of the opinion that Pres
ident Harrison is not turning the wheel of
fortune with enough bias toward Pittsburg.
But Mr. Malone, the new Superintendent of
Public Buildings here, is not saying a
Whatever the exact truth about the
negotiations between street railway lines in
Allegheny City may be, it seems tolerably cer
tain that the old fanzral processions with
decrepit mules will hare to give way to
genuine rapid transit ovr the river in the
President Campbell, of the "Window
Glass "Workers Association, is not the sort
of man to resign withont making his reasons
for resigning very plain and possibly un
pleasant for his opponents.
The Legislature decided yesterday that
after all it was just as well for the State to
pay for the transportation of the militia to
New York City during the centennial. It
would have been more dignified to have
made this decision when first the question
Two snnstrokes and general complaints
about the heat are strange things to
chronicle in April. If we are having Au
gust now it is to be hoped we shall not have
April at midsummer.
If a man must use a revolver let him
have some idea of how to aim the weapon.
A South Pittsburg youth tried to quell a
disturbance between two cats by discharg
ing his revolver, and the bullet went into
his sister's brain.
PEOPLE OP PB0MINEKCE.
Secretary Tracy has returned to Wash
ington from Brooklyn.
MrNEJirrso- Mutsu, Japanese Minister to
the United States, speaks six languages flu
ently. The late George W. Utennehle was the
owner of more real estate in the District of
Columbia than any other man. He paid taxes
on more than 500 houses.
assistant Secretary Bachxllor has ac
cepted an invitation to attend the dinner to be
given by Mr. Elliott F. Shepbard in honor of
Whitclaw Reid in New York this evening.
John D. Jennings, the Chicago real estate
millionaire, who died a few days ago, was
called the father of the 99-year lease sys
tem. His estate amounts to more than $5,000,
000. Secretary Windosi's dally lunch is a very
frugal meal, consisting only of a bowl of bread
and milk, but as a consequence he has a good
digestion and a correspondingly equable tem
per. Mrs. Thomas A. Scott, of Philadelphia,
has a necklace of diamonds and pearls that is
valued at 150,000. Her collection of emeralds
is one of the finest in the country, and the total
value of her gems is at least $500,000.
Edward Bulwer Dickens, tho youngest
son of Charles Dickens, represents a Protec
tion district in the Parliament of New South
Wales. Twenty-eight years ago his illustrious
father said: 'Nothing under heaven could in
duce me to offer myself as a Parliamentary
candidate for any place under the sun."
Vice Admiral S. C. Rowan, of the navy,
who recently took his place on the retired list,
is85yearsof age. but in fine physical condi
tion. He was born in Ireland, but is accred
ited to Ohio on the Naval Register, He is a
man of splendid physique, much more than 6
feet in height, and broad and strong in propor
tion. Hishajr is whito, his cheeks red, his
eyes bright and as he strides along with the
springy step of a middle-aged man, men turn
and look at him in wonder.
By the Hamilton turnpike, in Hamilton
county, Ohio, and on the way from College
Hill, stands a large sycamore tree that was
planted there in 1832 by Alice and Phoebe
Cary. They were then 8 and 12 years old, and
coming home from school "one day they saw a
small tree a farmer had grubbed and thrown
away in the road. This they planted and cared
for as children will, and now the tree flour
ishes, and every one who passes by stops under
it for a moment's shade, and whenever the
Cary sisters went to that part of tho country
they paid a visit to their tree.
MED TO MAKE A CHOICE.
A Number of Proposed Sites for Publio
Buildings Under Consideration.
Washington, April 19. There are several
perplexing questions before the Treasury De
partment in regard to the selection of sites
lor public buildings. Among these most diffi
cult of solntion relate to the sites at Mil
waukee and Omaha.
Secretary Windom has decided to dispose of
them all as soon as possible, and to that end he
has requested Assistant Secretaries Batchelor
and Tlchener and Supervising Architect Yvra
drim to investigate each case thoroughly and
to report their conclusions to him for action,
nistory in Statistical Form.
A valuable work, containing Information
that will be of lasting Interest to the whole
American people, has just been published at
Albany. It Is entitled "Regimental Losses in
the Amercan Civil War," compiled by Lieuten
ant Colonel William F. fox. The book, which
is a handsome royal quarto of COO paces, is the
result of years of patient labor. It shows the
record of each of 300 lighting regiments, chron
ological list ot battles, tho loss of men from
each State, total number of enlistments and
drafted men. naval losses and a great variety
of other statistics of the greatest value.
A Fancy Dress Affair.
A pretty fancy dress party and children's en.
tertainment will be given Thursday evening,
April 25, in Forbes street Turner Hall by the
Saturday afternoon dancinc class of Thumas
Academy. The entertainment will consist of
a reception and evening's amusement of King
and Queen Pschorus' court, and a large num
ber ol young people will take part.
Ohio Swallowed Up.
From the Philadelphia Times, J
The Standard Oil Company has long owned
one of Ohio's United States Senators, and now
it has absorbed the rest of the State. The
Obioans who aspiro to greatness after this
Joseph Medill'a 'Family Remembered.
Washington, April 19. Robert S. McCor-
mlck, of Chicago, son-in-law of Joseph MedlU,
of the Chicago Tribune, has been appointed
Second Secretary of Legation at London, in
place of Charles Phelps, resigned.
THE TOPICAL TALKER.
The Fate of a Butterfly The Grent Mny
Festival Chorus A HoSvl and a Fishy
A leading photographer showed me yes
terday a portrait of the Englishman, Sydney
Walters, who committed suicide in-Chtcago on
Wednesday last. The face looked very familiar,
for Walters was fond of exhibiting himself in
prominent public places. He was a rather
handsome man, with a blonde mustache, and
what hair ho had was of the samo color. He
affected an air of terrific swellishness; wore
clothing just on the border Of loudness by day
and donned a clawhammer and a corrugated
dress shirt at the smallest provocation in the
evening. He was alio fond of button-hole bou
quets; and those who knew him when he was
here say that his appetite for champagne was
The character of tho man is clear enough in
the photograph of him that was shown to me
yesterday. The picture presents the man in
flamboyant, full dress; the immense expanse of
shirt bosom dotted over with small knobs, and
the low cut vest of some light material. The
bouquet and the swell swaggei;are also notice
able. In just such guise he was the cynosure
of a Bijou Theatre audience's eyes one nieht
last winter when he occupied a box with a re
markably pretty woman in a quaint flowered
It is a sad end to such a butterfly career, but
what else could be expected?
The weather may be oddly hot.
Bat we who stay at home are
Still free to thank our stars we're not
In torrid Oklahoma!
The chorus which is to sing in the May Fes
tival is making nico progress, so Mr. Carl Ret
ter, Mr. Locke and others competent to judge
declare. The rehearsals of this chorus, which
originally reached tbesomewhat unwieldy total
of 450, but is not likely to number more than
230 voices by the time the festival comes off,
have been taking place on Thursday evenings
at the Fifth Avenue Methodist Chnrcb. Hence
forth the rehearsals will be held bi-weekly, on
Monday andThursday nights.
A chorus as large as this at the com
mencement always needs pruning before it can
acquire its proper value. The singers who
drop off because they are not competent or find
the work of rehearsals more onerous than they
had bargained for, are usually many innumber.
It seems altogether likely that Mr. Carl Rettcr
will have a very fine chorus in shape before
May 21 comes around.
By the way, some people seem to have doubts
of the exposition building being ready tor the
May festival. There is no need for any fears
on this score 1 am informed by Secretary
Batchelor of the Exposition society.
The blossoms frost the orchard trees,
The streams contract their channels,
And husbands doubt their wives' decrees
To ksep on winter flannels.
Concerning' the chorus rehearsals in the
Fifth Avenue Methodist Church, a queer little
incident occured shortly after they had been
Ayoungmanwhohas to labor on certain nights
in the week in a building mightily close tho
"Old Home," as the First Methodist Protestant
Church is often called, happened to be talking
to a young woman who goes in a good aeal.for
singing and the young man said: "Choral sing
ing is all very well in its way.but I do wish some
energetic singers, several hundred of them I
judge, would not howl in my hearing every
Thursday night of the week. They bother all
"Where do they howl?" -asked the fair
"On, in the Methodist church just back of
us you oughtto hear them!"'
"I do hear them," replied the young woman,
with a grim smile, "I'm one of the howlers!"
When lovely woman no, not that!
'Tis not to folly that she stooped
But J ust to stroke a friendly cat.
Wo knew her dress was "hooped."
A WORTHY priest In a suburban neighbor
hood met one of his parishioners early yester
day morning walking toward the church.
"I'm glad to see you're going to church this
morning, Michael," said the good man.
'Sorra' a bit, yer rev'rence," replied Michael
honestly; "Pra goin' a fishin'."
"Don't you know what day it is, Michael?"
"That's it, yer rev'rence, and me ould woman
says we must have fish for dinner or we'll never
get to the good place!"
A JOURNALISTIC FLOP.
Tbo Oldest Democratic Newspaper In Tcn
, ncssee Is Now Republican.
Chattanooga, April 19. The Athens Post,
one of the oldest and probably the ablest
county paper in Tennessee, with its issue to
morrow leaves the Democratic party and joins
the Republicans. Its editor and proprietor, Jo
J. Ivins, also resigns his position as Chairman
of the Democratic Executive Committee of
McMinn county. In an open letter, which is
highly interesting reading, be says the dom
inant idea of the Democratic party as mani
fested by the recent action of Its Legislative
majority is party ascendancy at any cost, and
cites as a case in point the gerrymander of this
(Third) Congressional district, saving no more
hurtful thine could have been done for Ten
nessee and the South. He argues fromjtbe
record that the development of manufactures
in tho South depends lamely upon the success
of Republican principles, and that the' policy
ot President Harrison will bring unity and
The new departure will cause a prodigious
sensation, but shows how the leaven is work
lng. and Is only the beginning of the end. Mr.
Ivins will not lack for company. Other young
men in the South by scores and hundreds will
follow his example. '
THE GLAMOUR OP THE STAGE.
A Young Lady Lcnrns tbo Hnrdsblps of n
'Dancing Girl's Life.
New York Sun.l
We have just had the old story over again.
The young lady was fascinated by the glitter
of the stage and by the gay costumes of the
actresses who reveled amid the applause of
their admirers; she grew crazy to become one
of them, and fled from her homo to enjoy that
glorious privilege. She soon learned more
than she had known about the life of a dancing
She found that the work was very hard; that
the discipline was very severe; that the pay
was barely enough to support her; that she
had lost the balmy sleep of other times; that
she was feverish when behind the foot
lights and languid in other hours: that
she did not cet the glory she had looked for,
and that her Lexington avenue boarding
house was unlike her father's home. She has
gone back to her mother in tears and taken her
lesson along with her. Other stories of the
kind have been heard for centuries.
THE EIGHT TO KEEP BEES.
A Novel Qnestion Which is to be Decided by
tho New York Courts.
HOBART, N. Y., April 19. The "Hobart bee
case," which involves the right to keep bees
when tho industrious little insects annoy the
neighbors, will be retried in tho Delaware
County Circuit Court. This is the first case of
ftsklnd ever known, and the Bee Association
of the Stato will carry It to the Supreme Court
of the United States if necessary. Eleven
maps of the premises of Apiariast Rich, whose
bees were decided to be a nuisance in the first
trial of the case, have been made by surveyors
A Mansfield Man Gets n Job.
Washington, April 19. The Secretary of
the Treasury has appointed William A
Rogers, ot Mansfield, O., to be chief of a
division in the Third Auditor's office, vice
William S. Kaiser, resigned.
DEATHS OP A DAY.
Iter. B. K. Pcircc, D. D.
Special Telegram to The Dlspatcn.
Boston, April ls.-Hev. Bradford Kinney
Telrce, D. I)., the widely known preacher and
writer of the Methodist Church, died this after
noon at Newton, Mass., aged 70 years. Dr. l'eirce
graduated from Wesleyan University In the class
or Ml, and Joined the New England Conference
two years later. in 1855-56 he was a
member of the Massachusetts Senate. In
1863 he received the appointment or chaplain of
the Honse or Refuge at Randall's Island, N. Y.,
and removed to that place, continuing his duties
at that public Institution until 1872, when he was
made editor of Zlon't Herald. Returning to Bos
ton he held charge of the editorial columns of that
Eaper nntll about l o years ago, when he retired.
:ev. Charles II. i'arkliurst succeeding him. In the
Held of literature Dr. .Telrce has been very active
fdrbairacenturr. Mauutls, Sunday school notes,
magazine sketches, biographies, stories, essays
andother varied articles have come rapidly from
his pen. In personal life he was a most agreeable
companion, having a rich fund of anecdote, a
.quick wit, and beyond tbat a warm-hearted geni
ality that won the hearts of every acquaintance. '
SATURDAY, APBIL 20,
BRAIN POWER IN PLANTS.
Reason and Instinct In the Vegetable King
dom Ceso Similarity Between Certain
Fauna nud Flora Irritability of Orchids
Plants That Move and Think.
From the London Standard. 1
Science has of late years revealed so many
animal characteristics possessed by the vege
table kingdom, that when a writer in the cur
rent number of the National Review claims
for plants a certain amount of brain power, the
world will scarcely be surprised. In the higher
animals thero Is, as we all know, a central
brain, from which diverge nerves for the per
formance of special functions. Somo of these
subserve the purpose of sight, others enable
the muscles to move the limbs, and a third
series aid in the all-important process of diges
tion. In like manner, the brain itself is divided
into region, each of which Is now known to
have an exclusivo use. But when we descend
to the humbler creatures to the worms, snails
and so forth there is no regular brain, though
the "ganglia, or collocations of- nerve matter,
scattered throughout their Dodies seem to serve
much the same purpose as the brain In verte
brates. Finally, when we reach the lowest
of all the recognized members of the animal
kingdom, we fail to discover either brain or
Nerves in Jelly Fish.
The little fresh water polyp 13 so indifferent
to mutilation that it may be chopped into a
dozen pieces, and yet each fragment will grow
into an animal capable, in its turn, of being
almost indefinitely divided. The sea anemone
has some vestiges of nerves, or at least of scat
tered nerve cells. But though the same has
been claimed for tho jelly fish, it is only an .
acute physiologist, armed with the finest appli
ances of the instrument maker, who can affirm
his belief in the existence of these elementary
representatives of organs all too activointhe
higher creation. It seems vain to seek for even
these traces of nerves among the sponges and
hosts of minute forms which the unscientific
lump under the name of animalcules. Yet
these biological items are far from being insen
sible. A little extra light or heat, the slightest
touch, tho obscuration of the sun byapasslne
clond, and these morsels of animated jelly
shrink into a formless protest against the an
noyance. Plants With Brain Power.
It is the same with many plants. They are
amazingly irritable, as everyone knows who
has seen a sensitive plant fold up its pinnules
on being; disturbed; and a still more remarkable
instance can be observed at times in tropical
forests whero a carpet of these weeds will be
como recumbent before the tread of the ad
vancing pedestrian, the irritability being trans
mitted by sympathy from plant to plant. Yet
no one has ever yet affected to have seen in
these plants even the trace of anything which
could be called a nervous system, far less a
brain. But a brain, Mr. Arthur Smith, the
author of the paper to which we refer, will in
sist that they possess. For, though there is no
sign of tbat aggregation of matter which is
known as such, the curious phenomena the
almpst intelligence which many species f
plants display to an even greater extent than
the lower forms of life indicate a something
which is akin to brain power.
Chloroforming a Plant.
This brain power "can and does exist apart
from a visible brain," though the botanist may
refer all the movements of plants simply to
irritation in the slimy protoplasm in their cells.
But even in the highest animals, Mr. Smith,
with an audacity that deserves recognition, de
clares tbat the brain itself cannot be looked
upon as the source of all nerve power. It is not
in itself a battery, only "an intermediate
motor" which servesfor themoreperfect trans
mission of impulse. The motor is absent in
plants, but the motion is there all the same.
The spores or seed-like bodies of seaweeds and
other lowly plants move about in the water with
a certain freedom: and the filaments of many
liverworts and mosses exhibit a capacity tor
extraordinary movements. What is more re
markable, all these movements can be enfeebled
or arrested by the application of chloroform, or
a weak solution of opium or other soporific
It is unnecessary to remind anyone at all fa
miliar with botany that the microscopic dia
toms and desmids dart about in the water,
thoughas yet the cause of their looomotion i3
a mystery. Somo other plants have a peculiar
independent motion of their own.
Some orchids exhibit a curious irritability in
their lower petals, while others are prone to
display the same nerveless nerve action in
'other parts i of their Sower&J'The compass
plant of the American prairies presents the
edges of its leaves north and south, while their
races are turned east ana west. The sunnower,
in like manner, twists round on its stalk twice
a day, so that its movements have led to the
ancient myth of "Mad Clytie, whose head is
tnrned by the sun." Indeed, were all the
movements of plants, either automatic or due
to irritability, taken into account, it would be
found tbat many of them display an "animal,
ity," and even an instinct, so extraordinary
tbat it becomes difficult to acconnt for them
on any other hypothesis than that, in some
way not yet clear to us, they af e endowed with
nervous if not with brain power.
Instinct In Vegetable Life.
This "Instinct" begins to display itself with
the sprouting of the seed, when the root and
the stem take determinate directions, altogether
apart from the influence of light and darkness.
Plants open and close their flowers, and fold
and unfold their leaves, at such fixed hours
that floral cloaks have been formed. Climbing
plants revolve ceaselessly in search of the
object round which they are to cling, with a
pertinacity which reminds one of a blind man
feeline his way with his staff. The carnivorous
properties of Venus' flytrap, the sundew, and
other plants are not only remarkable owing to
the fact of vegetables being able to digest
animal matter, but from tho manner in which
flies and other nutritive objects are held by
the leaves, and never quitted until they are
More Light Needed.
Doubtless we have still'a great deal to learn,
though possibly the existence of "brainpower,"
either among tho lower animals or among
plants generally, depends simply on the man
ner in which wo define this power. It is like
"instinct" and "reason," though, in reality,
there is no hard and fast line between tho two
manifestations of brain so termed. The bound
aries between plants and animals aro so
shadowy that Haeckel has suggested an inter
mediate kingdom, to include the debatable
members of the other two.
A BOOMER WITH A HISTORY.
Ninety Years Old, Mnrrled 9 Times, and
he FnthEf of 27 Children.
Denison, Tex., April ID. Jeremiah Congh
lan, aged 90 years, arrived in tho city last
night from Arkansas. Coughlan in en routo to
the Oklahoma country. Ho is well preserved
and in the possession of all his faculties.
Coughlan has been married nlno tlmC3 and
has a progeny of 27 children, all of
whom he says are alive and in good
health. He is accompanied by four sons. John,
tho eldest, being. Gl years of age. Coughlan
carries with him a Kentucky squirrel rifle
which has been in his possession for over -10
years. He said: "My eyesight is as good as
ever, and lat spring I killed a wild turkey
gobbler In Beach river at a distance of 40
Coughlan was for a number ot years on the
waters of the Missouri river, in the service of
the Northwest Fur Company. He was a com
panion of Daniel Boone, the renowned patri
arch of Kentucky. He trapped in the Black
Hills and for a number of years followed the
fluctuations of savage life, being a member of
the Arickara tribe. He remembers very well
Jim Beckwith, who was chief of the Crow
nation and the hero of frontier romance.
Coughlan was. also a soldier under General
Kearney, and mado the trip with him across
tbe plains to California.
In 1830 he was captured by a war party of
Ogallalla Sioux near Fort Laramie, adopted
into the tribe and married the daughter ot tho
chief. He was present at North Platte, Neb.,
when General Sherman made his famous trip
with the Sioux. Coughlan left tbo frontier
and moved to Arkansas at the outbreak of
the great civil war. but did not participate in
it. He says that he feels that lie is good for
many years yet, and expects to cultivate a farm
in Oklahoma. Coughlan is of Scottish-Irish
A TEIiY YOUTHFUL HERO.
A 5-Ycnr-Old Boy Saves Ills Mule
Companion From Drowning.
CARBONDALE, Pa., April 19. Ralph Ball,
age 5, is the hero of tbo day in this city. Yes
terday afternoon several children were playing
around an unprotected well, when Eddie Wld
ner tried to drink from it, As tho water rises
to within a foot of the surface, ho thought he
could reach it by lying on his stomach. He
lost his balance and fell Into the v.ater, which
is over six feet deep.
Ralph Ball hastened to the well, and, seizing
the half drowned boy, he held his head above
the surface ot tbe water until the united voices
of the children drew a man who was working
near by to-thft rescue.. Eddie was restored to
TOPS THEM ALL OFF.
The Best Day's Record of Decapitation
SPECIAL TELEOBAil TO TUB DtSFATCII.t
Washington, April 19. Postmaster Gen
eral Wanamaker was on deck to-day, and he
and his first assistant, Mr. Clarkson, were both
in good spirits. They oiled the guillotine
afresh and went to work, and the net results
are that 192 fourth-class Democratic postmas
ters' heads fell into the basket. Senator Quay
had an extended private chat With the two of
ficials, and possibly this had something to do
with the fact that the best former day's record
for Pennsylvania was exceeded by one, the en
tire number for to-day for that State being 37.
ollowlnjr are those for Pennsylvania:
Edith M. Webb, Alba: M. Moody, Asylum;
N.H. Hastings, Austin; Mrs. Jane Coulter,
Bolivar; R. H. Hortou. Ulster; R. P. Hill, Bur
lington; R. J. Fuller, Camptown; Peter Camp
bell, Carroll ton; J. M. Robertson. Clairville;T.
P. Vincent, Dushore; Henrv Cooper, Fellows
field; P. P. Jfohr. Eacleville; G. E. Golls,
Gollston; Mrs. E. Brown, Golden Hill; B.E.
Loomis, Milan: S. Green, Kinzua; A. M.
Roberts, Little Marsh; Mrs. L. E. Cooper. Mill
edgevllle; D. C. Kimball, Mitchell's Creek;
S. S. Ormsley, New Albany: J. R. Wilson.
Penn station; W. U. Wimer, Pleasant
Hill; J. A. Truxel, Portase; J. H. Elkln,
Porter; O. D. Markham, Potter's Brook; R. E.
Park, Rnmmerfield Creek; Andrew Kerr,
Seward: P. L. Califf. bower's Lane; J. C. Luke,
South Fork; R. A. Patterson, Spring Creek; H.
B. Boyd, Stoners: J. D. Wentroth, Somers Hill:
A. M. Prondflt, Taylorstown; Mrs.M. E. Robin
son, Thorn Hill; John Kaufman, Wtconisco;
Wallace Sherline, Wilmore, and J. M. Berrhl,
Jesso Hays was appointed for Greenland, W.
SPITE IN BRICK.
A Feud Between Millionaire Armonr and
His Former Broker.
Chicago, III., April 19. Phil Armour, 50
times a millionaire, is in Europe on pleasure
bent, but his trip will not afford him the ex
pected joy because of happenings at home.
Mr. Armour lives on Prairie avenue, near
Twenty-second street, and to the south of him
lives Broker Roloson, who formerly did a part
of Mr. Armour's business on the Board of
Trade. There is a space 15 feet between Mr.
Armour's house and that of Mr. Roloson, and
by means of this space the light of day is ad
mitted to Mr. Armour's smoking room and li
brary. There has been a verbal understanding
between the two men that Mr. Roloson would
not bnild on his 15 feet, and also tbat when Mr.
Roloson felt like selling Mr. Armour would
give him 81,000 per foot for the ground.
Not long ago Mr. Armour withdrew his busi
ness from Broker Roloson and Mr. Roloson
withdrew bis friendship from Mr. Armour. The
other day Mr. Armour sailed for Europe, and
soon after Mr. Roloson began the erection of a
tbree-story addition to his house on the 15 feet
of ground referred to. Ogden Armour cabled
his father and the latter authorized his son to
offer $2,000 a foot. Mr. Roloson said "No," and
then Mr. Armour offered $5,000, whicn offer
was also rejected. This is tho highest price
ever offered for vacant land In Chlcatro.
Mr. Roloson says he won't sell to Mr.Armour
for any price, and when the great pork king
sits in his library or smoking ;oom hereafter,
even though it be at nigh noon, he mnst needs
light tbe gas. Mr. Roloson is happy in his re
venge, and Mr. Armour is not enjoying his va
cation so much as he thought io would. When
he returns Mr. Roloson's three-story addition
will be completed.
BOUND THE WORLD BY RAIL.
Senator Stanford Says tbe Earth "Will Have
nn Iron GIrdIo Within 25 Years.
San, Francisco, April 19. When Senator
Stanford was asked to-day about the rumored
extension of the Southern Pacific Railroad he
said that the line was growing all the time, and
it was possible that more branches would be
built, but at present his road had no desire to
reach Seattle. Tbe Senator said:
"As to railroad building, however, it will not
be long till a railroad will reach all the way up
to Alaska. When it gets there it will trend
across Behrlng Sea and down into Asia. All
this, I believe, will be done in 25 years, and
there will be literally an iron girdle round the
earth. It's no harder to build a road down the
Himalayas than to build across the Sierra Ne
vadas or other places whero roads have been
built. Snowsbeds can and will be built the
same as we have over the Sierra Nevadas for
40 miles. Behring Sea is the worst obstacle,
Dut way would bo found to conquer even
that. The reason why the road through is
feasible is because it would be a long line and
could be deflected according to the obstacles
to be overcome. "I have no doubt that in 23
years a man can go clear round the earth by
STUMP OP A FAMOUS TREE.
A Piece of the Forest Monarch Under Which
Penn Met the Indians.
Philadelphia, April" 19. Neafie k Lery,
ship and engine builders, on Beach street,
abovo Hanover, arc bnilding a one-story en
largement of their works, which is to be 50 feet
wide and 105 feet long. Tbe location of the Im
provement adjoins their present works on the
south, and, in digging for the foundation of
the southeast pier, the workmen came upon
the stump of a large tree, which, Mr. Neafie
states, "is undoubtedly that of the elm tree un
der which, tradition states, William Penn held
his treaty with the Indians."
The stump was found about CO feet northeast
of the location of tbe monument, erected in
1827, to commemorate the site. Mr. Neafio
said yesterday that "Mr. Tees, one of the oldest
residents of Kensington, ir formed him about
six months ago that tbe stump of the tree
would be found just where it was unearthed a
day or two ago.1' "The stump," Mr. Neafie
said, "appeared to bo about seven feet in
diameter, "and, after the workmen had chopped
out about a bushel of chips, the foundation, of
the southeast pier of the building waB built
over it. The chips are being eagerly gathered
up by the residents of the locality for preser
vation as relics."
RIPE IN YEARS.
An Old Veteran of Two Wars Dies attbo Age
of 110 Years.
Charleston, S. C, April 19. There are
very few persons to be found as old as tho na
tion's Constitution. An old man has just died
in Laurens county who was an actlvo lad of 10
when the Constitution was adopted. "Uncle
Johnnio Fielder." as hewa called, was born
near tho Natural Bridge of Vircinia on May 11,
1779. His parents'were well-to-do and respected
Scotch Presbyterians. He took part in the
war of 1812 and the Mexican war. He wanted
to re-enlist in the Confederate service during
the Rebellion, but his children would not allow
it. He was a Democrat and never missed
voting at aPresidental election. In 1S84 he
walked four miles to vote for Cleveland, and at
the last election he was carried to tho polls to
cast his vote. Hojeaves a numerous proeeny.
scattered from Vircinia to Texas, and lie had a
clear recollection up to within a fortnight of
The War It Strikes mm.
i'rotn the Bellefonte News.
We say to the National Guard stay at home,
don't go to New York City. New York invited
you and now condemns you for accepting the
invitation. If any one should invito us to co
to see them and then should,tell us to bring
our dinner along, we would not again visit that
Lost nnd Forgotten.
Krom the 1'hlladelphla Fress.
There is ft large and palnf nl lack of informa
tion concerning the political movements" of
William L. Scott and Calvin S. Brice nowa
days. .Can it be tbat thoso versatile and vola
tile statesmen have been lost by evaporation
Ho Wnsu't a New Yorker.
From tbe lio6toa Herald.l
Mem, for the warliko Centennial Committee
of New .York. George Washington was first
A Trial for Oar Patience.
From the Minneapolis Tribune.
It is suggested tbat Boulanger now try
America. If he comes here he will try America
On tbe lonely
The nlgnt is past
Sec, the morning
Hope and gladness
On the cross!
Harkl the white-robed
' ' Angels say:
"Christ, the Lord.
Is risen to-day!"
milHBoyaAlUn, in XoutW Companion.
GOSSIP OP GREAT GOTHAM,
Tbe Biters Badly Bit.
rNEW TORS BUREAU" SFECIALS.1
New York, ADril 19. Charles James, a
Chinese cook from Albany, came here to do
the town. He fell in with Lee Foo and Charles
Wing, in Mott street, and they Induced him to
buck the Chinose tiger. "Pie Kow." After
losing some S300. the Chinaman from Albany
cangbt his companions cheating. He grabbed
all the money on the table and ran. Mr. Foo
and Mr. Wing ran faster, however, captured
Mr. James, took him to the nearest police
station, and told what a bad man he was at
"Pie Kow." Both were locked up and their
"Pie Kow" outfit was confiscated In the
meantime Mr. James got away to Albany with
Fell Dead and Killed Her Baby.
Mrs. Kate O'Brien, of Brooklyn, dropped
dead in her kitchen while nursing her baby
this morning. She fell on her faco and tbe
child struck the floor first. Little Johnny
O'Brien heard the baby cry, and tried in vain
to pull his mother's body off from It. Before
help arrived the baby, too, was dead.
Inhumanity Seldom Diet With.
Elvira Rolla, a colored spinster, kept a board
ing bouse in the colored quarter. She owned
her furniture and had J800. She died last Wed
nesday, without making arrangements to pay
for her funeral. Two days passed and no rela
tives appeared. James Taylor.fr boarder in the
house, then determined to raise money enough
ty pay the undertaker, by selling Miss Rolla's
furniture. He did it. The body of the old ne
gress was shoved into the corner to make way
for a crowd of buyers, the rooms were stripped,
and everything was auctioned off within a few
feet of the corpse. Then the body was left
alone, on a bare floor and between four bare
walls. To-day a lot of Rolla's turned up and
had Mr. Taylor arrested for larceny, inhumani
ty, and several other things. He was dis
charged with a reproof by a police justice this
Not Allowed to Earn a Living.
All the coal trimmers in the Delaware, Lack
awanna and Western Railroad sheds in Jersey
City struck to-day. Their grievance is that the
company is holding: back coal to keep up prices
in tbe Eastern market. Consequently, tbe men
say, they do not have more than one or two
hours' work a day, and recently nave not aver
aged over J6 50 per week. The men met last
night and resolved to quit work this morning
unless the company would guarantee them
more hours of labor during the week. They
were getting 30 cents per hour.
Lost His Dentil Watch.
The counsel for James Nolan, who killed
Emma Boch, his sweetheart, soma time ago,
to-day filed a notice of appeal. Nolan was to
have been hanged next Friday. The death
watch was removed this afternoon.
A Very Young Old Sinn.
David Flocker, a 'longshoreman 73 years old,
became tbe father of bis twenty-second little
Flocker, to-day. Mr. Flocker is erect and
robust. His hair and whiskers are still black,
and he looks altogetheryonnser than his eldest
son. He receives weekly letters from his moth
er in Edinburgh, who is 103 year3 old.
A ROMANTIC DIY0RCE CASE.
A Husband Who Deserted His Bride After
Flvo Days of Wedded Life.
ST. LOUIS, April 19. Judge Klein disposed
of a divorce case yesterday which had in it
some of the elements of a romance with a vil
lain in the background. Tbe title of tbe case
was Mary Martin versus Edward Martin. It
appears from the testimony that in tho sum
mer of 1887 Gen, John B. Henderson
and bis wife visited the Adlron
dacks, accompanied by Miss Maria Mu
trieus. The latter became acquainted
with Martin and married him on September
17, 1887, at Racquet Lake, Hamilton county.
N. Y., he deserting her five days afterward and
never afterward putting in an appearance.
The deposition of General Henderson was
read, in which be stated that he had known the
'plaintiff for a number of years, she having been
in his employ, and tbat she was a woman of ir
reproachable character; that she married Mar
tin at his house, on Ragquet Lake, and that
Martin took her to a hotel on the opposite side
of tbe lake, where tbe couple remained about
three days and then returned to his home,
when Martin disappeared.
Mrs. Henderson took the witness stand and:
corroborated her husband's statements, adding,
however, some additional facts. She stated
that in 1883 she again visited Ragquet Lake and
was informed tbat shortly preceding her ar
rival Martin was on the eve of marrying
another woman, in fact tbe priest bad arrived
and was abont to perform the ceremony, when
someone called him aside and Informed him
that Martin had a wife in St. Louis. The
priest then refused to proceed, and Martin left.
Mrs. Martin, who was represented by Governor
Charles P. Johnson, was granted a divorce and
restored to her former name.
'MID PLEASURES AND PALACES.
William K. Vandcrbllt to Spend a Million on
a Southern Home, Sweet Home.
Raleioh, N.C., April 19. Information which
appears to be positive has been received to tbe
effect that William K. Vauderbllt will build
near Asbeville the most magnificent private
residence in the South, and that it will stand in
truly a royal domain. Some months ago be be
gan tbe purchase of property near Ashevllle on
the French-Broad and Swannano rivers. He
secured an eminence on which to build, which
overlooks the lovely valleys of the French
Broad and Swannano rivers, and from which
there Is a view in all directions for miles.
He has added to the original purchase until
he now owns 4.COU acres, which cost him from
830 to SIOO per acre, extending along the road
toward Hendersonville on one side and em
bracing the valley of French-Broad for quite a
distance on the other. His architect bag com-
Eleted a design for a grand mansion. It is to
e 300 feet m length, with gorgeous parlors and
reception rooms, conservatories, ball rooms
and fountains in short all comforts and ap
pointments to be had by the expenditure of
Sl.Ote'COO, the amount decided upon.
He is now negotiating for an additional 750
acre', for which he will be requircdTto pay
S100,OGO. Tho price of tbe property nas advanced
SCO per cent within the past 100 days.
This Is bound Sense.
From the Alta, California.!
We hope this contention over who shall lead
tbe dance at the Washington centennial will
soon cease to disturb the country. General
Washington made our foes dance regardless of
who led the cotillon. He furnisned the music
and was indifferent to the terpslchorean exer
tion which ho caused. To stop and jaw now
about who shall dance and who shall look on is
a poor way to celebrate the trlnniph of the In
stitutions he fonnded and the Government
which he aided in giving form.
Rlillcnlons and Improbable.
i'rom the Chlcaeo Iews.3
The story that President Harrison snubbed
Captain Anson of course is all nonsense. Hasn't
the captain hobnobbed with the Prince of
Wales, the Snuggaree of Hoola, and the Obmy
of Upper ThigliT Then how could a mere Presi
dent Snub this great man? The idea is absurd.
THE IGNOBLE FOUR HUNDRED.
Baltimore American: Mr. McAllister's
positfon on the Centennial Committee just now
is that of floored manager.
New York TTorW. There will be 400 ves
sels in the Centennial naval parade. Tbe
number suggests that tho vessels will be cod
Washington Post: Mr. Ward McAllister
has retired from the chieftainship of the "-100"
in tbe coming Centennial In New York, and
there U a hole in society big enough to throw a
load of hay through.
Chicago News: Ward McAllister refers to
Fish, who had Ward removed from his orna
mental position as manager of the Centennial
ball and banquet, as "that man." How wom
anly and how crashing!
Boston Herald: It is now announced that
there is going to b: plenty of accommodations
for strangers in New York on the 30tb; that is,
if you dont't object to a paving stone for a pil
low and the blue sky for a coverlid.
Providence Journal: The wordy war
$hlch Is being carried on in the New York pa
pers over tbe Centennial ball gives very strong
Indication that one peculiarly foolish man has
been pushed off of tho committee by others
who are equally silly.
When can their glory fade?
O, tbe Swell Ball they made!
All the swim wondered.
Honor tbe dance they made!
1 Honor the Hant ton Brigade,
t - - Creamy Four Hundred.
.A. pie factory is the latest Baltimore in
dustry. The projectors propose to bake 13,000
pies per day.
The United Kingdom fisheries employ
250,000 persons. The money value of fish landed
in a year is neaxiy m,vw,.
A citizen of Clackamas county, Ore., is
asking the Poor Board for help. His strongest
plea is that he has a family of 18 children to
Samuel Amstutz, a Wyne county,
Pennsylvania, pioneer. Is dying at tbe age of M,
and his hair, which has been silver gray for
years, is turning black.
A Buffalo bachelor has a memorandum
book In which he keeps the name of every girl
he has ever kissed. He had 923 names on the
list tbe last time be counted up.
Cvrenus Arier. of Yonngsville, Pa.,
went to Sugar Grove to attend the funeral of
a brother who had been accidentally killed.
was taken 111 there with griei ana aieu in, a iew
A man passed through Tort Gaines, Go.,
last Sunday in an ox cart He came from
Western Texas, has been 12 weeks on the road,
has traveled 1,800 miles, and spent only J2L He
was heading for Decatur county.
A negro in Dougherty county, Georgia,
has adopted a new and ingenious scheme of
counterfeiting money. Having; quite a lot of
old Confederate money, be dyed it green and
passed a bill on a young man named Gregory.
The Ytnrbide, in the City of Mexico, is
probably the grandest botel in tbe world. It
was built by the Governor for his palace and
cost $3,000,000. It contains a room used by Gov
ernor Yturbide for a chapel that is frescoed In
Farmer Dntton, of Ellisville, N. T.,
searched high and low for his father's will
after the old gentleman died, nearly ten
years ago. Last week he took up the family
Bible and tbe missing paper was found be
tween the leaves. It had been there all tho
Seventeen years ago John Morris left
home at Gobleville, Micb., and withont a word
of warning to his friends -lit out" for Califor
nia. A few days ago he came back, explained
the situation, and as Mrs. Morris was still
waiting for him, they will go to California to
gether this time.
The Sons of America of Beading pro
pose to purchase the old bell recently shipped
from Trinity Lutheran Church to a bell
foundry, and have it placed on a pedestal in
the City Park. The bell was cast in 1755, and
wasrungin Reading when the Declaration of
Independence was proclaimed.
Mrs. Eankin, of Harrison City, near
Greensburg, is the recipient of a clothes pin
from Mrs. President Harrison's clothes line,
which she has decked with blue ribbon. Mrs.
Rankin was sick abed when Harrison was
elected. She at once discharged the doctor,
got up and has been hearty ever since.
A gentleman living in Baxley, Ga., re
cently dreamed tbat in a certain hole under a
stump of a tree he would find a fur collar
which had been stolen from his house. Ha
visited the field, found the stump, and placing
bis band in the bole felt a furry substance,
polled It out and dropped the skunk on short
notice, and has since been lumigating the
clothes he wore on that occasion. He says that
dreams are a failure.
It. Young, of Greenbush, one of tho
most noted bear hunters in Eastern Maine,
heard bis dog furiously barking in the woods a.
short distance away from home a few days ago.
He started to investigate the cause of the
noise and saw the dog making faces at a large
bear which was looking out from under an old
log. Delighted with bis find, be disposed of
tbe bear at one shot and looking up tho tree he
saw two cubs not much larger than kittens,
which he took into his possession and carried
home. Tbe little animals are so small that
they can easily be tamed.
Tho real Shetland pony is only 30 or
at most 40 inches high. Those commonly seen
in this country are from tbe north of Ireland,
being bred with the horses there, and aro larger
than tbe real Shetland, for the genuine pony
is difficult to rear. The country of which be is
a native is bare, and the farmer is sharp, and
when the little creatures survive the rigors of
tbe climate and the effect of having but little
to eat, the farmer values him so highly he only
sells him at a high price. It costs a great deal
to ship them, and they die on tbe voyage, all of
which goes to account for their being so f ow of
them among us.
Australian travelers state that the inte
rior of Australia is by no mean3 the desert is
has long been supposod to be. Though now
unpopnlated, it is pronounced capable of sup
porting a large population. Gold has been
found there, and the travelers brought homo
stories of vast pasture lands, abundant water,
and filially of deep blue lakes, at least one of
which is of large and as yet unknown extent.
A great railroad Is to extepd across the conti
nent from nottb to south, through the eastern
part of the country onco supposed to be a des
ert. It is predicted that the "desert" will dis
appear, as tbat in America has gone.
Deer farming is a new venture, but it
has been tried and proven a success by Mayor
W.L. Thomas and J. C. Hnnt. of Vaidosta,
Ga. Each of these gentleman has a drove of
deer that run about- in a pasture like cattle.
Tbe only difference between 'the two pastures
is that it is necessary to Inclose the deer within
a wire fence about 12 feet high. Pastures of this
kind are planted in rye, upon which herds of
deer graze and keep rolling fat. In tbe winter
it is. of course, necessary to feed them upon
grain, but as a deer can be fed on the same
quantity, or very little more, than a turkey the
cost of raising tbem is very slight, while they
sell at a high rate.
There resides in South Addison, Me., a
singular character, whose strange conduct for
the past year is beginning to create a stir in the
outside world. He is a man about 30 years old,
of respectable connections. When young it is
said he became a victim of religious excite
ment. Later on be became a reader of tbe
Koran, and finally embraced the Mohammedan
religion. Within the past year be has taken to
a hermit life, and lives in a storehouse in a
neighboring wood. In the center of his domi
cile, resting upon four posts, is a wooden box
which serves as a bed. He Is strict in his de
votional exercises, praying three times each
day. When at prayer he assumes a prostrate
attitude, resting his head upon a stone. At
sunrise, after rising from his bed. he washes
his feet and hands, and bows to the East, which
custom Is repeated at noon and sunset. Ha
takes but two meals during the secnlar days,
and from Saturday night till the following;
Monday, he entirely abstains from food.
WHAT WILD WITS AI1E SAYING.
The piety of the upper crust is largely
One coat of tar and feathers will last a
man a lifetime. .Cue.
If we smart people never made any mis
takes, there wonld be pretty lean picking for the
The new Chicago postmaster, Mr. Sexton,
would bea good man to have at the Dead Letter
Offlce. Baltimore American.
"Uncle Jerry Busk wants to know what
breeds of horses grow the best kind of horse-radish, ..
and we have no hesitation in telling him the fiery
breeds. Richmond JHrpatch.
There is not a swamp in New Jersey that
isn't being advertised as amazingly exempt from
mosquitoes. This is excellent evidence of a one
opening of spring buzziness. Judge.
Difference of Opinion. New Yorker Is
there more than one family of Riddles.
Fhlladclphlan It is difficult to decide. The poor
Biddies say all Ulddles are related; but the rich
Diddles say It Isn't so. Puck.
Proof Positive. Tom I'm quite cer
tain Mr. Smythe la a foreign noblcmsn In dis
guise. Jack How do you know?
Tom-He has such a dignified way of asking yoa
to loan him V). Chicago Journal.
"The dearest and sweetest object in all
the world, "said the yonng husband fondly,"!
hold in these arms." - "Isn't he a little dsrllngl"
assented the young wife, with a gleam ol pride la
hsreyes. "And to think ?hey wsnted us to put
him In a kennel at Battery D for tbe mob to look
atl Flease don't embrace ns so hard, Alfred.
Fldo doesn't like to be treated roughly. Chicago
Curiosities of Law. Meek-looking Gent
What's the matter.my good man? Irate Stranger
I'm going to have that woman arrested. She In
veigled a dollar out of me on false pretenses.
-Can yon arrest awomanforthat!" ' Tes, slree !'
"My! my! Law is a curious thing. Why. a regu
lar fury or a woman Inveigled me Into marrying
her, by false pretences-pretended she was sa
anget; and the law not only won't let me arrest
her. but makes me support her. Xeto lor
The fishes are ripe in the creeklet,
The angle worms crawl from their nook.
The pin that was bent for a trlcklet
Now comes Into play for a hook.
O, was ever a man more happy
Than lounging with rod in the spring.
Then buying some trout In the market
And swearing he caught the whole string?