Newspaper Page Text
WANTS, TO LETS, FOR SALES. ETC., FOR
Should be handed in at the main advertising
office of The Dispatch, Fifth avenue, up to
midnight. ' r
10 ROOM FOR DOUBT
Lima "Oil Not Only Refinable,
But Large Quantities
OHIO PEOPLE KNOW IT,
And the Standard Oil Company is
Engaged in It
SO ONE ALLOWED TO SEE THE WOBK.
The Product is plainly Labeled, Though,
and Not Sold a Pennsylvania OH Ohio
Oil Men Admit That Pennsylvania Crude
is Far Superior to the Lima bmfl" foine
Advantages Possessed by Each No Per
ceptible Odor la a Lima Reflnery The
Standard' Imraraie Plant at LimaTo
Have An Addition Containing 4,
000,000 Bricks Another Big Gobble of
Ohio Oil Territory on the Tapis.
The largest refinery in the State of Ohio
is daily at work on Lima oil, despite the
claim of the Standard that the product can
not be refined, Not only that, the Stan
dard's big refinery at Lima is to be enlarged
20 stills, and 4,000,000 bricks for the addi
tion have been ordered. Another large deal
in Ohio territory is under way. Men who
make it a business to refine Lima oil talk
entertainingly with The Dispatch cor
respondent. rsrxciAL telegham to the dispatch.i
Lima, O., April 19. After seeing what I
have seen here within the past 21 hours, no
cane man living could have so much as a
shadow of doubt as to whether Lima oil is
refinable. Pursuant to an arrangement
made with S. S. Drake, President of the
Eagle Consolidated Refining Company,
whose interview was wired last night, The
Dispatch correspondent drove out to that
company's refinery this morning, and was
given every opportunity to investigate.
This privilege, however, was not accorded
until Mr. Drake was fully satisfied that the
writer was not a spy seeking after the key
to the process and secrets of its success.
Speaking of this matter, Mr. Drake -said:
"Hardly a week passes without some at
tempt of this kind being made, and in one
or two instances it would have been success
ful except for the good fortune of having
employes who spotted intruders in time to
head them off. This being the case, we at
times shut up pretty tight and let no one In,
no matter en what pretext. But I have no
objection to allowing you an opportunity to
satisfy yourself that
It Is Possible to Refine Ohio OIL
There Uno secret about that fact, and no
doubt about it, in so far as people in this
part of the country are concerned, and if
the outside world is being misled, I am
not prepared to deny your claim that it is
the duty and entirely within the province
of a great newspaper to ascertain the facts
as they exist.
"Does the process of refining Lima oil
differ materially from that of refining the
"Well, yes. It is not so easy a task, and
there are some secrets on which success is
founded which an expert would be likely to
catch onto pretty easily, hence the necessity
The refinery is located about half a mile
from the city limits, on the Pittsburg, Fort
Wayne and Chicago Bailway, and with its
agitators, still, crude tanks, pumping sta
tion, refined oil tanks, storehouses, cooper
sh'bps and other accompaniments and build
ings covers about 20 acres, and it is said to
be the largest independent refinery in the
State, being larger than any of the inde
pendent refineries in Cleveland. It is in
charge of Frank Marble, formerly superin
tendent of the Brooks Oil Company's re
finery at Cleveland. Everyone acquainted
with him knows him to be not only an ex
pert, but a man of unusual candor, who,
while usually saying nothing, means every
word he says, and makes no statements not
known to be absolutely reliable.
AYhcncc the Supply Is Drawn.
"Where do you get your supply?" was
asked of Mr. Drake, as he led the way
through the pumping station.
"From the surrounding oil fields, through
our pipe line. We have about So miles of
Samples of crude oil were exhibited. "Is
this as good as Pennsylvania oil?" was
asked of Superintendent Marble.
"Oh, no. It is not as good as Pennsyl
vania oil. There's no doubt about that."
"In what does it differ?"
"It's heavier oil, and "does not contain
anywhere near as much lubricant"
"What percentage do you get of a high
"Only about 25 per cent. That is, we
expect to always get 25 per cent, and often
get more, but when we get 30 we consider
that we have had a good run."
"What per cent of Pennsylvania oil is
"It yields readily 40 to CO per cent,"
"What grades of illuminating oil do you
"All grades, mostly Standard 110, and
prime and water white, 150 oil, but we
make as high as 300 headlight oil, such as
is used in locomotive headlights. Here is
some of it," said he, leading the way up
steps, and looking over the edge of a 600
barrel open tank, to which the only cover I
the roof of the building which incloses it
and several others.
No Bad Odor to Bo Detected.
"Do you detect any bad odor arising from
that?" askedJMr. Drake, leaning ovrr the
edge of the tank. "We have become so ac
customed to the odor from the crude in vari
ous stages of'refining, that we fancy this
The writer was compelled to admit that if
any unusual odor arose he was unable to de
"It does smell a little different from Penn
sylvania oil," said he; "it has none of that
gassy smell which characterizes Pennsyl
vania oil, and smells of Fulphur, but we do
not think it has any worse oder than Penn
sylvania oil, or any more ofit"
Adjoining this tank of headlight, 300 de
grees oil, was one water white, 150 degrees,
and two of standard, 110 degrees oil, ready
to be drawn out for shipment. Near this
building were two agitators, one of three
stories high, and eight stills were in opera
tions. I saw Lima crnde going in and re
fined illuminating oil coming out, and both
tank cars and freight cars loading. Fur
thermore, the barrels were labeled "Lima
oil," leaving no room for doubt that it is
selling on its merit There was
An Air or Prosperity and Activity
about the place suggestive of good profits.
If any one says Lima oil cannot be refined,
you can set him down as one of three things
a fool, an ignoramus, or a Standard Oil
"Do you consider your product perfect,
".No, we are not easily satisfied appar
ently not so easily satisfied as our patrons.
We have improved it greatly, but are not
yet qnite satisfied."
"What is the matter with it?"
"Well, I don't know ai we ought to com
plain, when consumers don't, but it hazes
the chimney a little, and we want to prevent
"Is it a serious objection?"
"No; if you are using oil you probably
would not notice it"
''What is the relative candle power of the
Ohio and Pennsylyania product?"
"1 cannot give you exact figures, but
strange as it may seem, the candle power of
Lima oil is at least donble that of Pennsyl
vania oil. It burns with a dense, white
light which is very different from that of
Pennsylvania oil. A sample was sent to
Antwerp, and was tested by the highest
authority and found to be fully double the
candle power of Pennsylvania oil. The re
sult of the tests was forwarded by the Ex
change in Antwerp to the 'Change in New
York, and it is a matter of record, but I
cannot give the exact figures."
Other Peculiarities of Ohio Oil.
"Has Lima oil any other peculiarities?"
"Yes. There is more Lima oil being
burned than any one would suppose, and
there is one way in which any user can dis
tinguish it from the Pennsylvania product.
It will give a full, bright light as long as
there is a drop in the lamp. If you are ac
quainted with petroleum, you know it will
not do that When the oil in the lamp be
comes low, the flame becomes dim. In this
respect Lima oil is far more satisfactory to
consumers than the product of the Pennsyl
"What is the relative market value of the
two oils, for refining purposes?"
"In the present state of the art of refining
Lima oil, I should say it is not worth over
30 cents as compared with $1 for the best
Pennsylvania crude. It costs only a half
to five-eighths cent to refine Pennsylvania
oil, and it costs 1 cent to i cents to refine
"How about the lubricating properties of
Lima oil, as compared with that of Penn
sylvania?" "It is unquestionably far more pro
ductive, and in every way superior. It con
tains more paraffine than Pennsylvania oil,
and the finest sample of paraffine oil that I
ever saw was made from Lima oil."
"Who made it?"
Not Exnctly Prepared to Say.
"I am not sure about that I think 'twas
made by Hiram E. Lutz & Co., at Thurlow,
Pa. It may have been made by a firm at
Chester, Pa., whose name I can't recall.
We shipped them the tar from whicb they
"Why don't you make Jubricating oil?"
"We make the highest grade of summer
black oil on the market, but it would re
quire an immense outlay to make high
grade lubricating oil. A paraffine works,
in fact, costs about as much as this whole
refinery, and our company haven't seen fit
to take that under their wings as yet."
"Do you contemplate any turther enlarge
ment ot your works?"
"We have talked of that, but are not go
ing to at present. "We are waiting develop
"Did you start in with such a refinery as
"No. It was not more than one-fourth as
large when we commenced, but we met with
such encouraging results that we have been
continually extending it"
"How will the move of the Standard in
buying up all the available production
"We are well fixed, but I do not see how
it can have any other effect ultimately
than to advance the price of Lima oil. But
that part of the subject is out of my line.
I can take care of it so long as they get it"
Extravagant Prices Predicted.
Excitement among producers runs high
here, and they are talking extravagant
prices for Lima oil, even predicting any
where from 50 to 80 cents for oil within a
year. Viewing it from an entirely disin
terested standpoint, I have no hesitancy in
expressing the belief that those who have
gotten their expectations up to more than
say 30 or 40 cents are doomed to disappoint
ment. Chemistry, however, is overcoming
many obstacles, and if the cost of refining
and treating can be reduced, that operation
will increase the value of Lima oil.
The Standard's unearned profits on this
deal are enormous. If its 15,000,000 barrels
oi on, wnicn costs 10 cents, are worth 30
cents,it makes two and a quarter millions on
oil alone, or probably enough to.pay for all
the depressed leases and land it'has bought
here, and on which its profits must be at
least double that amount, and it is currently
estimated as high as $15,000,000. Some
comprehension of the success of the great
corporation in workinsr the scheme'may be
had by considering the fact that the matter
Iot ooiaining control oi tne unio production
was of itself a move in which they could
nave wen anoiaea to
Go Into Their Trensnry for millions
if necessary, and that they not only did not
find it necessary to do so, but will come out
of the deal with their original object fully
attained, and several millions more in the
treasury than when they started into it It
has all been accomplished within two yeais,
and is probably the most successful and
greatest transaction ever carried through on
the face of the globe.
The stockholders and directors of the
Trenton Bock Oil Company are holding a
meeting to-night for the purpose of consid
ering a proposition made them by the
Standard to purchase their land leases.
The Trenton company owns leases on 10,000
acres of territory, of which 7,000 acres have
been developed. The majority of the stock
is held by David Kirk, the F. A. Dilworth
estate, A. H. Tack, Frank Tack, George
Waldorf and J. B. Townsend. They were
pioneers in this field.
The Standard's Faith in Ohio Oils.
Bumors -enough to fill a page are current
It is difficult under such circumstances to
cull out the facts. Among other things
that do not look improbable is the report
that the Standard has secured the right of
way for a pipe line to Detroit from Cygnet,
but I am not able to verify the report
I understand that the Standard has begun
a foundation for the addition of 20 stills to
its refinery here, and has contracted for
4,000,000 bricks to be used in connection
with this addition to its refinery. Of
course the public will not be allowed to in
fer from this that they can successfully re
fine Ohio oil.
II U Jli Ail J) ilAlli symposium contrib
uted to-morrow's DISPATCH, in which a num
ber cf experts tell hoto to make the hair beautu
Jul and prevent baldness.
A MAff MISSING,
Just When He Should be Most Seen of Men,
Sir. Daniel Downs Blysterlonsly Dis-
appears HI Wife One of
His Largest Creditors.
ISPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH.1
New Yoek, April 19. Bumors were
current in the shirt trade to-day that Daniel
H. Downs, the senior partner in the failed
firm of Downs & Finch, the head of the
fancy shirt business of the country, had dis
appeared. Creditors of the firnsaid they
had not seen him since the failure, which
occurred on April 5, and did not know his
Mr. Downs has been absent from the city
at least ten days, and the last heard of him
was that he had gone to Ocean Grove, N.
J., where his father resides. Mr. Francis
H. Wilson, former counsel for Downs &
Finch, has not seen Mr. Downs since about
ten days ago. He has been told, however,
by Mrs. Downs, who was at his office on
business, about the middle of last w eek, that
Mr. Downs had gone to Ocean Grove to
visit his father.
In regard to the charges that large sums
of money had been paid over to Mrs.
Downs, Mr. Wilson said that when the
matter was fully investigated, in his opin
ion, Mrs. Downs will appear to be one of
the largest creditors of the concern. Be
yond this he did not feel called upon to
make any statement in regard to the matter,
as he had not seen the books,
The last time Assignee Theodore F. Miller
saw Mr. Downs was on April 6. when they
weit to the factory at Jamesburg, N. J.
Mr. Downs was to come to Mr, Miller's
office on the following Monday, but he did
not come. The books of the firm of Downs
& Finch are being examined by an expert
It is said that the firm sold $243,000 worth
of accommodation paper after September 1
It is also said that Mr. Downs, who had
oharge of the finances of the firm, drew out
nearly $175,000 from October 1, 1888, to
April 5, 1889, the greater part of which he
paid to his wife. It is said be made depos
its in various banks in the name of D. H.
Downs, individually, and made checks
against it payable to his wife, who drew out
the money. The transfer of the factory at
Jamesburg, N. J., it is said, was to secure
her as an indorser of the firm's paper. The
deed was filed April 5, the day ot the as
signment bnt it is dated February 15, he
consideration being placed at 510,000.
Mrs. Downs has always been regarded as
a wealthy woman, and she had lent the firm
money at various times since it started. Mr.
Downs was a schoolteacher before he went
into the shirt business.
ENTIRELY TOO MUCH TRUST.
Importers and Steamship People Protest
Against a Proposed Combine.
rsrECXAi. teleqbam to the disfatcb.i
New Yoke, April 19. The announce
ment to-day that the principal storage men
in'New York City were talking of organiz
ing a warehouse trust was regarded with
concern by merchants and importers. The
storage people were also very much inter
ested about it, too, and some of them feared
that the printing of the news might perhaps
retard the scheme. They were in doubt as
to how the new administration would view
such an enterprise, and there were remarks
indicative of a belief that if the merchants
and importers came out strong against the
proposed trust, Secretary Windom might re
voke the licenses for bonded stores of those
who join the trust These licenses can be
revoked by the Secretary at his discretion.
It was said to-day that the Bremen and
the Hamburg- Am ericas steamship com
panies have already taken steps to avoid
coming under the domination of the pro
posed trust, and that in case it is organized
they are prepared to send their goods to
stores already leased for their special use.
The importers of drvpoods, James Mc
Creery & Co., H. B. Claflin & Co., W. &
J. Sloane, Sylvester Hilton & Co., and
many others; the importers of wine and
liquors, among them P. W. Engs & Co.,
and Yan Yleck & Co.; the tobacco import
ers and the importers of drugs, coffee, straw
goods and all other importers who are com
pelled to avail themselves of storage facili
ties will, it was announced, oppose the pro
posed trust with every legitimate means
within their power.
DIDN'T KNOW HE WAS LOADED.
A Lively Encounter Between Two Missouri
rSPECIAL TELEGKAK TO THE DISPATCH.1
Jefi-ebson City, Mo., April 19. A
sensational encounter took place in the ro
tunda of the Madison House to-day, and
only the interference of bystanders averted
a tuneral. Frederick Swayne, a Bepre
sentative from St Louis, is a member of the
committee investigating the Capitol saloon
scandal that was exposed two weeks ago. It
was charged that the liquor men, in order
to defeat the high license bill, had opened
a well-stocked sideboard in the Capitol.
Mr. Swayne was very active in the investi
gation, and asked many questions about
Senator C. Magginis, of St Louis, the
champion of the liquor men.
Senator Magginis heard of the cross-examination,
and, meeting Swayne in the
hotel, denounced him severely. Swayne
replied in kind, and Magginis raise'd his
cane as if to strike. Swayne drew a re
volver and attempted to shoot, but the
weapon was taken from him. Magginis
was badly frightened and said he did not
raise his cane to strike, and did not think
Swayne was "loaded."
SPEUNG THE TRAP.
A Sensational Denouement in a Mississippi
SPECIAL TELEOEAM TO THE DISPATCn.l
Jackson, Miss., April 19. Some inter
esting testimony was adduced to-day in the
Kernaghan-Hooker Congressional contest.
E. J. Tutt, of Bankin county, made oath
that H. H. Mulhollan, K. C. Kerr and
Kernaghan offered to pay him $1,000 and
secure him a good Federal office to swear
that 25 Bepublican votes were stolen
from the Fannin box. Tutt informed
Hooker's attorneys of the proposition and
they have just sprung the trap on Mr.
Kernaghan, catching him trying to bribe a
The denouement created quite a sensation
here to-day in political circles and the
friends of Hooker are delighted at the ex
posure. ATE POISON MEANT FOE A DOG.
Sad Besnlt of a. Qnnrrel Between Two
SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO TOE DISFATCH1
Taunton, Mass., April 19. Poison in
tended for a neighbor's dog killed a little
girl at Weir Village Wednesday. Arsenic
was placed on some bread, and the latter
was left where the dog was in the habit of
prowling lor food. A little daughter of
Francis Corrigan, 3 years old, found the
poisoned bread and ate a portion of it. She
died in a few hours.
Corrigan's dog had been shot by the
neighbor a jew days ago, and in retaliation
an attempt was made to poison the other's
dog. His daughter was the victim instead
of the dog.
Slaking the Rounds.
ISPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH.l
Washington, April 19. James Brad
ley, who is said to be booked for Inspector
of Fostofnffices fortthe Allegheny district, is
in the city making the rounds with Colonel I
PITTSBURG, 'SATURDAY, APRIL
ONE PLASH OF FIKE
In an Immense Lard Eefinery and
Almost in an Instant the
WHOLE BUILDING WAS ABLAZE.
The Inmates Leap Through Windows in
Efforts to Escape,
MANX MAT BE BDKIED IN IflE EUINS.
Tho Bfeffest Conflagration That Sew Tort Has Been
for a Generation.
New York was visited, by a very de
structive fire yesterday. Many squares of
buildings were reduced to ashes. It is
rumored that a number of persons perished
in the flames. One man is known to have
been killed and others were injured. The
financial loss is away up in the millions.
The fire originated In the large Fairbanks
New Yoek, April 19. The biggest and
fiercest fire New Yorkers have witnessed in
this generation swept the east bank of the
North river clear to-day, from Fifty-ninth
street to what would be Sixty-fifth Btreet if
that street ran to the river. It destroyed
more than 81,500,000 of property belonging
to the New York Central Eailroad and at
least 5500,000 worth of lard, flour and the
like belonging to other persons, notably N.
K. Fairbank, the great Chicago iard mer
chant The flames destroyed the two big elevators
"A" and "P" of the Vanderbllt system, a
big brick building stretching from Fifty
ninth street to Sixtieth street, and occupied
jointly by the Fairbank Lard Eefinery and
the Bossiter stores, and wiped out the dock
property of the New York Central Bailroad
system from Fifty-ninth to past Sixty-fifth
THE KILLED AND INJURED.
At least one man was killed in his head
long flight from the fire at the outbreak. A
number were injured jumping from windows
of the burning buildings, but in the wild
terror of the conflagration no account was
kept of them. The police have a record of
the following casualties:
Henry Rennlng, single, 694 Tenth avenue, a
workman in Fairbank's rennery,killed by jump
ing from a third-story window.
John Johnson, 517 West Forty-second street,
likewise a workman in Fairbank's, severely in
jured on the back by jumping from a window.
Charles Brown, West Forty-second street,
severe injuries about the bead from the same
William J. Noble, fireman of engine No. 2,
prostrated by the heat while at work at the
foot of Fifty-ninth street
Bumors were rife all the evening that a
number of workmen had been caught and
burned in the Fairbanks refinery, but it haq
been thus far impossible to ascertain the
truth of them. At least a quarter of a mil
lion people turned out to watch the brilliant
sight from beyond the police lines on
BIG CEOWDS AROUND.
All the Westside streets were blocked,
and the elevated trains carried swarms up
and down town to swell the crowds. The
police reserves -were called out to preserve
order. Every fire engine above Fourteenth
street was called out lathe work of extin
guishing, but the' firemen fought against
tremendous odds, first, owing to the resist
less rush of the flames, and second, because
of the conformation of the gronnd in the lo
cality, which is upon a rugged slope from
higher ground-to the Hudson river.
The fire broke out in the southeast corner
of the Fairbanks refinery, where workmen
were busy at the time setting up a new lard
cooling apparatus, when the fire started
how no one knows, and probably no one
ever will know. Soaked in grease as the
old building was, it was aflame in an in;
stant From the ground floor the fire swept
up to the roof, almost with the speed of
thought The men at work in every Btory
dropped on the outside and ran to save their
lives. The staircase formed a glowing
chimney, throwing out fire through every
ONLT MEANS OP ESCAPE.
The windows presented the only means of
escape. Pursued close by flames, men
flung themselves out by the scores head
Ion ir. and behind them burst out the flames.
How many were there no one could tell.
Those who came out were picked up and
carried away by their friends.shuddering to
think that some might have been left.
Crying wives and mothers crowded the
police lines, shouting for their husbands
and sons, or begging for news of them.
They ere turned back and bidden to look
in the throngs for those they sought. They
would, the policemen hopeiully said, proba
bly find them there.
The fire swept on. The Fairbanks re
finery, the old establishment of the W. J.
Wilcox Company, stands upon the water
front between Fifty-ninth and Sixtieth
streets, occupying half of a building 200x
200 feet, that filled out the block. The re
finery was on the south half, the Bossiter
stores for general merchandise on the north
side. A strong brick wall divided the
buildine in the middle. Upon this brick
wall tho firemen during a half hour of
desperate effort based their hopes of suc
The flames beat against it, had it red hot,
the brick walls fell in upon it, but it stood
like a rock. Anything save such a fire it
would have resisted; but flames fed by
melted and flowing lard burn fiercely and
leap high. They leaped above and around
the sturdy barrier and reached across Six
tieth street and the dock slip.
Over there stood the first and the biggest
of the enormous grain elevators of the New
York Central Bailroad. It was elevator
"A," the construction of which cost $500,
000. It stood presenting its gable end to
the flames that were blowing toward it.
Once that caught fire there would be no
saving elevator "B," 500 feet further up the
river, and no telling where the fire would
stop, for beyond were freight sheds innum
erable. The Bossiter stores still stood dark and
with closed iron shutters. But the water
thrown by the firemen sizzled and boiled
when it touched them, betraying the burn
ing heat within. The northwest corner of
the wall swayed a moment, then it fell with
a thundering crash. The falling wall re
leased hundreds of tons of store's that rolled
out in a blazing heap, and filled Sixtieth
street, effectively blocking it.
THE BURNED DISTRICT.
It was 7 o'clock when the second elevator
caught fire, and as the twilight fell and the
night came on the leaping flames reached
up and upward into thesky until they broke
and fell and burst high in the air again.
The scene had grand been in the growing
darkness; the lurid effects made a spectacle
ot awful grandeur. The thousands of spec
tators were awed to silence. There was
solemnity about it
The second elevator was entirely con
sumed, and at 11 o'clock, when the nre was
controlled, a half mile of ruin sent ont fur
nace heat The total loss will reach $3,500,
000, a good part of which is covered by in
surance. LILLIAN SPESCER $ :
clnattng article on Cuba to the columns of to
morrow's Dispatch. She describes the homes
of the rich and poor, and the social custom of
20, 1889. TWELVE
BBIBERY INA STABLE.
Voters Find Money la a Feedbox State
Senator Carpenter'sPecoIIar Methods
( Acquitted on a Technicality.
rSPECIAL TELEQRAM TO TBI DISPATCH.
Indianapolis, April 19, The Bepubli
can Senator, Carpenter, who was expelled
from the State Senate last winter for election
bribery, was tried in the Federal court to
day for the same offense. The defendant
explained his various momentary transac
tions with Democratic voters by saying that
he simply paid them for work done in his
behalf. His methods of paymentwere pecu
liar. Instead of handing the money to the
person it was meant for Carpenter would
remark that if the person would look in a
feedbox in a livery stable where the conver
sation occurred he would find something
that he might take without hurting any
body's feelings. Under these vague in
structions Thaddeus Major looked in a feed
box and found $35, and later on the same
day Charles A. House found $10 in a leed
box. From the census of the inrv. five "Remib-
iicans, five Democrats, one Prohibitionist.
ana one weeubacker, interesting develop
ments were expected,, but the Judge dissi
pated all such expectations. He informed
them that the Government had failed in its
case because it had not shown that anybody
was bribed to vote for a Congressman. The
fuilt or innocence of Carpenter could not
e decided by the jury, because if he had
used bribery it was clear he had purchased
votes for himself alone. That is a matter
which the State courts must settle. When
ever it is shown that the election of a Con
gressman had not been interfered with, the
Federal Court had no jurisdiction. Judge
Woods therefore instructed the jury to find
the defendant not guilty, which it did.
NO MONEY IN IT,
The Industrial Insurance Company of
America Winds Up Its Business.
rSPECIAL TELEOHAM TO THE DISPATCII.I
New York, April 19. The Industrial
Insurance Company of America, an instal
ment cpneern with headquarters in Jersey
City, notified all its policyholders to-day
that after May 13 their policies would be
invalid. Tho notice created a good deal of
excitement. The offices of the company, in
the Weldon building, were closed all day,
and the halls of the building were crowded
with policyholders, who feared they had
been swindled. Some of them went before
Justices of the Peace and swore out war
rants. Ex-Sheriff Cornelius J. Cronan, who
signed all the policies issued by the com
pany, was seen by a Dispatch reporter at
his office. He said the notice meant only
that the company intended winding up its
business because it could not make any
money. "There are 1,200 persons holding
our policies," he said, "and they pay from
5 to 20 cents a week each. We hold the
promissory note of each for the full amount
he is to pay in the two years his polioy
runs. The amount he pays each week in
sures him for that week and no longer.
That leaves us in a situation to close out the
business at any time we see fit and we won't
owe anyone anything, for the holders of
our policies have been insured for as long
as they have paid and no longer. All that
remains lor us to do now is to return the
promissory notes we hold. This will be
done as rapidly as possible. The company
hasn't made a cent since it started, but no
policy holder will lose a cent."
CAPTAIN AEMES A CRANK.
A WitneM Swears the Officer on Trial Is"nn
Washington, April 19. Before the
Armes court martial to-day, after a Lieu
tenant of Police had told how the warrant
had been served upon Captain Bourke, and
Captain Armes had expressed a wish to
have the case called up in c ourt the next
morning, the clerk of the Police Court, H.
C. Claggett, testified that he had issued the
warrant, as the statement indicated a prima
facie case of assault Colonel John S.
Mason and O. H. Burgess testified to the
good character of the accused.
Major Carson, a correspondent, testified
that before the inauguration. General Hast
ings had asked him what kind of a man
Armes was, and he had replied that he was
a crank an erratic kind of man. General
Hastings said that Armes had been invited
to serve as an aid, and that some of the
other army officers had objected to him as a
disreputable character. Witness had re
plied that as a blunder had been made in
Armes' appointment, he would make an
other by putting him off. He told General
Hastings that the army officers had an in
tense prejudice against Captain Armes, and
he had told his history to General Hastings.
THE ATTACK ON BODLANGEE.
Franco Has Belglam Send Him Another
Wnrning to be Quiet.
Paris, April 19. The Senate Commis
sioner conducting the Boulangist trial to
day examined M. Cambon, the French
Ambassador at Madrid, with reference
to his relations with General Bou
langer while in Tunis. To-morrow Ferron,
the successor of General Boulanger in the
War Ministry will be examined in regard
to the disposal of secret servioe money. M.
Bouree, the French Minister at Brussels,
has informed the Belgian Foreign Minister
that the doings of the Boulancists in Brus
sels displease the French Government, but
no direct demand for their expulsion has
The Belgian Government has then de
cided to send a second notice to General
Boulanger, to the effect that he will not be
allowed to conspire against France, a na
tion friendly to Belgium. M. Quesnel de
Beaurepaire, the Procurer General, will
prosecute the .iuionifte Cocanfe, Gazette de
France, Presse, Intransigeant, Gaulois, and
other papers for insults to the Chief Magis
trate. MYSTERY UPON MYSTEET.
Hns tho Missouri Been Delayed by Rescuing
the Denmark's Passengers?
(SPECIAL TELEQBAM TO THE DI8PATCH.1
Philadelphia, April 19. The Atlan
tic transport line steamer Missouri, Captain
Merrill, from London to this city, is eight
days overdue. She is a new vessel and has
never been in this port Her non-arrivaj is
attributed in shipping circles to tile
belief that she has picked up the 700
passengers and crew of the abandoned
steamer Denmark and has taken them to
the nearest port, the Azore Islands. In no
other way can the absence of the Missouri
be satisfactorily explained.
She has only been a few months afloat,
and is one of the strongest and most sea
worthy vessels afloat. She does not carry
passengers, and if she picked up the Den
mark's passengers would make for the
nearest port, as her stock of provisions
would soon become exhausted.
A PLOT TO KILL THE CZAR.
The Nihilists Were at Work With Dynamite
St. Petersburg, April 19. The Pre
fect of Police has discovered the existence
of a Nihilist plot to assassinate the Czar
while he was attending the funeral of Gen
eral Paucker, Minister of Boads. The
Czar was immediately warned not to attend
A number of persons charged with being
Implicated in the plot have been arrested.
The Nihilists Intended to use dynamite in
their attack on the Czar,
NOT TEET CHEEKING.
An Investigation Into the Affairs of a
Firm That Has Failed
DEVELOPS SOME PECULIAR FACTS.
Instead of a Deficiency of Auout $400,000,
it is Discovered That
A MILLION WOULDN'T PAY THE DEBTS.
How the Bulness of the Callendar InsnUtlnz Com
pany Wa3 Conducted.
A glance into .the books of the Callendar
Insulating and Waterproofing Company, of
New York, which went by the boards yes
terday, does not afford the creditors much
consolation. The first announcement of the
failure had it that the liabilities would be
about $400,000, but It now appears they will
be over $1,000,000, The company, it is
said, was obliged to pay too heavy interest
on its borrowed capital.
ISPECIAL TELEOEAM TO THE DISPATCH.!
New York, April 19. The investigation
of the affairs of the Callendar Insulating
and Waterproofing Company, of No. 18
Cortland street and Harrison, N. Y., does
not seem to be a cheering process for the
creditors. The deeptr they go in the less
they find. William W. Callendar, the Pres
ident and Treasurerof the company, is in
England, and likelyyto stay there, and his
father, "William O. Callendar, Is going there
to-morrow, if his plans are not interfered
Secretary George H. Callendar was in this
city to-day. He is another son of William
O. Callendar. The father and sons seem to
be about all there ever was of the company,
and one of them will be about all of its
tangible assets for the general creditors to
morrow. The company's books are in the
bands of Morgan & Worthington, the law
yers who have been counsel for the Callen
dars for two years, and who are now acting
for John B. Burdict, the receiver.
A EOCKT PAILUEE.
"It is a nasty failure," said Mr. Morgan
to-day, "but we have not yet discovered
anything worse than bad management"
The original owners, according to Mr. Mor
gan's story, never put any money into the
concern. "It was started," he said, "before
I became counsel for it, but its history, I
believe, is as follows:
"It is an offshoot of the Callendar Bitu
men Company, of London. It was organ
ized about four years ago. The new com
pany issued $800,000 worth of common stock
and $400,000 worth of 6 per cent debenture
bonds. All of these were paid to the parent
company, or to some of its owners, for the
patents under which it was to operate. Its
business was the making of insulated cables
for electrical uses. The men to whom the
debenture bonds were issued gave back
200,000 worth of them, to be sold for work
ing capital of the new company. They also
gave back a lot of common stock with them.
This was used for chromos to place the
sinkings in experiments.
"Fifty thousand dollars of the working
capital was sunk the first year In experi
ments. It is charged to profit and loss.
The balance of $150,000 seems to have gone
mostly into the plant. The construction
account is charged with $127,000 for land,
building and machinery. There was a dead
loss of $15 000 on $50,000 worth of de
bentures which Charles G. Franklyn
bought, and $8,000 went into the general
fund. The books have been kept loosely
and on a bad system."
At a meeting of the creditors which was
held in the Astor House before the receiver
was appointed, it was discovered that the
debts of the company amounted to about
$400,000, Dr. Pierce, the patent medicine
man, is the largest creditor. He sold them
$8,000 worth of copper in September of last
year. A mortgage for $100,000 was exe
cuted to the Fidelity Trust Company, of
Newark, to secure the like amonnt of first
mortgage bonds which were issued on Octo
ber 1. What the creditors want to know is:
What has become ot the proceeds of these
bonds and also of large loans which it is
said have been effected, both here and in
where the bonds went.
"Twenty-five thousand dollars worth of
the bonds were sold for cash in England,"
said Mr. Morgan, "and $75,000 worth is
held as collateral for loans and obligations
amounting to about $55,000. I am not at
liberty to tell who holds these bonds, or
whose loans they secure. Part of it, how
ever, was $15,000 which remained unpaid
on the land where the factory stands. The
company owes $60,000 to $73,000 for loan in
England." The sum in round figures which
is unaccounted for is $173,000, made up as
Merchandise debts $10,000
Loans secured by bonds 4U,U00
Loans abroad 60,000
Cash from sale of bonds 25,000
Balance from construction account 8,000
The assets, according to Mr. Monran. are
slim. "There is the factory." he said, "and
the working stock What the latter
amounts to I cannot tell, but the books put
it at $40,000 worth on January 1. There
are a few open accounts, but not many.
Most of the business was done on paper,
and as soon as any was received it was dis
counted for working capital. I have not
discovered any of it on hand."
ONE LOT PELL FOR INTEREST.
It looks very much as if the $25,000 cash
which was raised last September went in
part to pay the interest on the $400,000
debentures which fell due then. A general
balance sheet, made up from Mr. Morgan's
statement to-day, would be as follows:
Common stock ; 800,000
Debentures, 8 per cent 400.000
Mortgage bonds ; 100,000
Loans unsecured 00,000
Total .......,.... 91,400, 000
Factory, patents, accounts and
equity in bonds $ 147,000
"The only way in which I can account
for the disappearance of the money," said
Mr. Morgan, "is that it went to pay the
interest charges. Assuming that the busi
ness paid its own running expenses, four
years' Interest on $400,000 would be $96,000.
Besides that, they must have paid many
The company obtained its rights, ac
cording to Bradstreet's reports, either from
the Callendar Bitumen and Telegraph
Waterproofing Company, of William O.
Callendar, probably ot the latter, as the
$800,000 nominal capital stock and $400,000
debenture bonds were issued to him, he
agreeing, it is said, to concede the territory
rights ot the United States under this pro
case, and to pay into the company $200,000
in cash. To enable him to pay this cash
William Guion and Charles G. Franklyn
undertook to exploit the sale of the bonds,
with a itock bonus for Mr. Callendar- It
is said $125,000 was raised in this way, but
before they had floated all the bonds Messrs.
Guion and Franklyn became financially
HER FEABFUL FALL.
A Little Child Tumbles From the Dome of
,' the Ohio Capltol-A Mother's Shriek
'- of Terror The Girl Will Die.
ISPECIAL TELEQBAM TO TIIE DISPATCII.1
Columbus, April 19. A distressing ac
cident occurred this morning in the State
House. At that hour Mrs. William A.
Saltzman.ofSalineville, Columbiana county,
with her little daughter, Mary Estella, were
ascending the dome of the capitol, and had
got pretty well to the top of the structure.
The child was left to go by herself, and
laughed and romped all the way up in child
ish glee at all the strange sights which
greeted her eyes. At a point more than
half way up she was looking ont of a win
dow from which a pane of glass was want
ing. The height seemed to dazzle her, and
in a moment, and before any warning was
given, her distracted mother saw the tender
form of the child plunging through the win
dow and falling swiftly to the stone abut
ment above the roof on the western side.
A shriek of horror escaped her, and her
face turned a deadly pallor at the sickening
sight Her bleeding form was carried into
the Clerk's offico of the Senate. As she lay
mute, helpless and bleeding on the sofa, she
presented a sight that impressed almost to
tears the men who moved about her. The
bright eyes were closed with horrible
bruises, and on top of her head of golden
curls was a wound deep and ghastlv, pene
trating the skull and laying it open.'
The shock was so great that it caused a
concussion of the brain. The child was
taken to a hotel, and the physicians express
the belief that she will die before morning.
WORKED TO DEATH,
Henry George Pearson, Postmaster of New
York, Dying From Overwork.
ISriCTAL TELEOBAK TO THE DISPATCH.l
Ne-w York, April 19. Postmaster Henry
George Pearson is dying at his residence at
Highwood, N. J. His wife, his father-in-law,
Postmaster General James and Mrs.
James, his aunt, Mrs. Heiser, and
other, members of the family are with
him. His disease is tumor of the
stomach. Early last evening he was greatly
exhausted, and about 9 o'clock it was im
possible to detect any movement of the
pulse. He is constantly kept under the in
fluence of opiates, so he suffers
very little. Mr. Pearsou has been
under the care of Dr. Abram Jacob
since last November. The .doctors say that
his illness is entirely due to overwork and
worry. The strain of the last Presidental
campaign did much to aid the progress of
Dr. Curry, who is in charge of the case.
said: "Mr. Pearson is dying from internal
hemorrhage superinduced tram long-continued
mental and physical strain.
He is worn out by overwork
and overworry. The fact that he
was at his office as late as Tuesday of last
week is one of the most surprising instances
of will power and determination I have ever
known. He must have -suffered untold ago
nies in dragging himself to his office to per
form his duties."
Mr. Pearson's illness took a fatal turn
last Thursday when he had a very severe
hemorrhage. At midnight Mr. Pearson
was still alive, but his breathing was al
INJURED BY HIS ILLNESS.
Senator Bntan's Chances for Federal Office
. mTCTAI. TELEGRAM TO CHE DISPATCH.1
Washington, April 19, It now looks
as though the continued illness of Hon J.
S. Butan would prevent his appointment to
the office of Commissioner of Customs,
which he could certainly have were he in
good health. The chances are that this very
comfortable position, with its salary of
$4,000 a year, will be given to ex-Congressman
Gilfillan,of Franklin, Venango county,
a townsman, therefore, of Judge McCal
mont, the present Commissioner. Mr. Gil
fillan has been here in a very quiet way for
two or three days. He was closeted yester
day for some time with Secretary Windom
and Senator Quay, who introduced him to
the Secretary. Senator Quay then called
on the President, and afterward held an
other conference with Mr Gilfillan.
Meantime, Mr. Gilfillan called upon
Commissioner McCalmont and had a long
conversation with him in regard to the
machinery of the office, which incident led
all the clerks to infer that Mr. Gilfillan was
to be their next chief. He is undoubtedly
DacKea Dy senator yuay, out it is whis
pered that Senator Cameron favors the ap
pointment of Hon. Henry C. Johnson,
former Bepublican incumbent, and if that
be the case, it may lead the Secretary to ask
an agreement between the two Senators
before he makes an appointment
WHISKY WAP. WAGING.
Tho Antl-Trnst Men Propose to Form a
Combination of Their Own.
rSPECIAL TELEGHAJt TO THE DISPATCH.l
Chicago, April 18. George W. Kidd,
the big New York wholesale liquor dealer,
who is making war on the Whisky Trust,
has been in this part of the country for the
past five weeks. He left for home to-day.
To-day it was announced that Kidd was
going to build a mammoth distillery at La
Salle, that would give employment to 1,500
men. He bought the ground last week, and
let contracts for the building of a 5,000
bushel distillery, for a starter. It is said
that within a year Kidd will be at the head
of a combination of distilleries, the power
of which will be keenly felt by the defiant
Some dealers think that the end of the
warfare will probably be that Kidd and the
other anti-whisky trust people will com
bine, and that a war of prices will be the
result The trust to-day made a cut of 1
cent a gallon all around. This is due to the
opposition headed by Kidd.
HE TOTED FOR CLETELAND.
A Serious Charge That Slay Knock Onl Sir.
Washington, April 19. Charges have
been filed with the President against ex
Representative Smalls, colored, of South
Carolina, which, if proved true, are likely
to prevent his appointment as Collector of
Customs at Beauiort, S. C, said to have
been previously determined upon.
One of the charges made against him is
that he bolted the party ticket at the last
Presidental election, and: that he has com
mitted acts of treachery to the party which
make him unfit for the least recognition at
the hands oi the present administration.
NO YELLOW PETER THERE.
Jacksonville Denies That There Has Been
a Return of the Epidemic.
Jacksonville, April 19. Inquiries
were received here to-day from Eastern pa
pers in regard to yellow fever, and stating
that reports are current that yellow fever
has reappeared in Jacksonville, and that
deaths have occurred. The report is totally
Another Shaking Up Imminent.
Washington, April 19. Attorney Gen
eral Miller had a conference with the Presi
dent this afternoon, at which it is under
stood a number of appointments under the
Department of Justice were (determined
A.t tlio Branch Offices of Tlio
For to-morrow's issue up to 9 o'clock p. jr.
For list of branch offices in the various dis
tricts see THIttD PACK
The, J 'ns of Miles Standish, of
lg.o th Koct-Fame, and
Discovered b .nts and Professor of
THE CAPTAIN AND HIS DAUGHTEE8
Lie Side By Side In a Qaant Old Burial Gronnd Await
In; Gabriel's Colt
Harvard professors claim to have made a
discovery which will be of interest to every
American. They say they have found the
burial place of Captain Miles Standish, the
champion and defender of the Pilgrim fath
ers. If this claim proves correct it -will set
tle a historical controversy, and give Amer
ican lovelorn maidens a shrine to worship
at which will discount the tomb of Abelard
and Heloise, if Longfellow is to be believed.
rSPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DtSPATCH.1
Boston, April 19. Harvard historians
think they have found the grave of Captain
Miles Standish, of Plymouth Bock fame,
and if, as seems probable, the crumbling
remains of the doughty warrior have been
found, an interesting historical controversy -will
be settled. It was known that the body
had been secretly buried somewhere in the old
town, but the exact location has not been,
shown to the satisfaction of historians. A
memorandum from a centenarian named
Benjamin Pryor, which had been given
him by his father, who, in turn, had been
told by his father, who attended the
funeral, was to the effect that the grave was
marked by two three-cornered stones.
Harvard College historians interested
themselves in the matter, found the grave
so marked after a prolonged search,
secured permission to open the
grave, and last Monday they broke
into the ancient burial place. The
searching party was headed by Mr.
Fred Knapp, of Harvard. The one
marked by the triangular stones
was opened first, and a number of bones
were found, those of the lower portions of
the body being much decayed, while the
skull was quite perfect, and from the pres- ,
ence of long hair coiled into a knot at the .
back, it was undoubtedly that of a woman,
who might have been from 35 to 40 years of
age, judging from the extent to which the :
teeth were wnrn.
CLAD IN nOMESPUN.
A cloth of some kind had been pinned '
over the hair and was secured around the
face by pins similar to those now in use,
which crumbled upon exposure to the air.
Around the body, which had been enclosed
in a coffin, as crumbling wood showed, waa
wrapped a cloth, apparently of wool
and of honle manufacture. It wa3
woven' in stripes of alternate colors,
which were probably white and blue or
green, although age had changed them
much. The position of the stones cor
responded exactly with the head ind feet of
! the skeleton. By sounding it was found
that another ancient grave existed five feet
away from the first, and this too was opened.
In it were found the bones of a man who was
plainly much older than the woman, and
whose tooth only one being found was
so much worn as to indicate a person of ad
vanced age. Near the skull was a small
quantity of light hair, nearly white in color.
A rough measurement showed that the-in-dividual
was about 5 feet 7 inches high, or
a trifle below the ordinary stature. The
bones were photographed, and then put
back in the spot where they laid so long,
and the earth replaced-
it mat be standish.
Standish is spoken of as a short man by
various writers, but what their authority is
for the assertion is not known, for no refer
ence to his height is mentioned in any book
or pilgrim history to which access has been
had. Standish directed in his will that he
be laid "as near as conveniently may be to
my two dear daughters, Gora Standish, my
daughter, and Mary Standish, my daughter
in law." And this may account for the fe
male skeleton near the grave opened on
Monday last. If further investigation
should show that another woman's skeleton
was buried beyond the graves already ex
amined, it would be strong evidence in fa
vor of the presumption that the last resting
place of Captain Miles Standish had at last
been found. Professor Hart, of Harvard
College, was present at the disinterment on
Monday-, and took great interest
It is intended to make a precise statement
of all data bearinz upon the snbject and
communicate the same to some historical
society for investigation, with a view to
finding, if possible, the burial place of Miles
Standish. Especial interest attaches to the
matter from the fact that the monument to '
his memory, the second largest in the coun
try erected to any individual, is almost
completed and will be dedicated this sum
mer. BBOUGHT TO JUSTICE.
The Crimes Against tho Ballot in Arkansas
Are Being Punished No Cine to
the Clayton Mnrdcrers is
Little Bock, April 19. The Federal
Court for the Eastern district of Arkansas
has been in session here for almost two
weeks,, investigating charges of frauds and
intimidation in the election held Novem
ber 6, 1888. Judge D. I. Brewer has pre
sided, though District Judge Henry C.
Caldwell charged the grand jury. So far
there have been two convictions and one ac
quittal. To-day Beuben W. Barber, a
gray-haired man of Union county, was
sentenced to two years in the penitentiary
for driving a negro away from the polls and
refusing to allow him to cast his ballot
Thomas W. Dansby, of Cleveland county,
was fined $500 for interfering with election
supervising in Cleveland county. The trial
of the three Judges of Election at Plum
merville, where the box was stolen, has been
on for two days, and will not be concluded
until to-morrow. Their names are Thomas
C. Harvey, William Palmer and William
Hobbs. None of them were dnly appoint
ed judges, but weTe elected by voters on the
day of the election, it is charged, when the
regularlr appointed judges were on hand "to
serve. It was hoped that in this trial
evidence might be brought out which would
lead to the discovery of the men who stole
the ballot boxes and thus to the murderer of
John M. Clayton, late Bepublican candi
date for Congress in the Secqnd district,
who was assassinated in Plummerville Jan
uary 29. But so far nothing has been learned
which will assist in clearing up these two
crimes. The grand jury has indicted alto
gether 15 people for interfering with elec
tion officers on November 6. All of them
are in the Second Congressional district
Thb trials will all occur at this term of
tribute to to-morrovft Dispatch an. interest'
fir InttfTvAttn frith fW fnit fJt.. . .
famous Unitarian divine, in which the latter
Vfl VffW , V4W
rts Afflw 1im mill 1rrtmm