Newspaper Page Text
Oaa reach the best
class of Investors
throusrh THE DIS-
onntWU class of investors. vT . . j JA'TT Jml IA'wAviV Ul'ww' B.' HWk!.., 4
IPATCH. The best
I men in business can
J also be
Free Passes and Patriotism Come
to the Rescue of the .
GENERAL LEE'S SURRENDER,
Although a Matter of History,
is of More Importance,
THE EIGHTS OF SHIPPEES.
Mr. Carnegie Very Mnch Disgusted,
. But Hopeful of Being Able
to Beach Quay.
THE GLASS' MEN TALK RIGHT OUT.
They Bay That Glass Freights ire
a Yery Confused State and
HOW PAPER MEN ASE HANDICAPPED
Representative Wherry's anti-discrimi
nation Mil, which was to have been consid
ered last evening was knocked out of place
by an adjournment of the House for the
purpose of attending a celebration of the
surrender of Lee, held at Milton. The
members paid no railroad fare on the excur
sion. Their Pennsylvania Eailroad passes
were made good for the occasion. Mr. Car
negie is much disappointed, but when told
that Quay's friends did it, he said he thinks
he can fix it with Quay. Local interviews
show that the great glass industries are seri
ously affected, and other branches suffer
proportionately by the discrimination now
Habbisbpkg, April 9. The surrender
of General Lee at Appomattox in 1865 was
a very bad thing for Mr. Wherry's anti-discrimination
bill. If Lee hadn't surren
dered the bill would have been considered
in the House this evening, on a special or
der, and the members, forced to face the di
rect question, might have felt compelled to
pass it But, unfortunately, history has it
on record that Lee surrendered.
On Friday last JMr. Follmer, who repre
sents Northumberland in the Legislature,
notified the House that the good people ot
the town of Milton would celebrate the Xee
surrender this evening. He wanted the
House to adjourn and do the Grand Army
men of that place, who were running the
celebration, the honor of being their guests.
The BUI Placed an the Calendar.
The members contemplated the amount
of legislation before them and were almost
discourteous in their refusal to consider the
invitation. Last evening, however, Mr.
Wherry succeeded in obtaining 88 yeas
against 43 nays, when he proposed to put
his anti-discrimination bill on the calendar.
Mr. Pedrick, who represents a number of
railroad journals in the Legislature, is op
posed to the anti-discrimination bill, on
principal and interest There isn't a nicer
or more affable gentleman about the Legis
lature, and he is quite willing to freely ad
mit at any time that he doesn't run the
Pennsylvania Railroad, but he knows a
good thing when he sees it, and believes the
Pennsylvania Railroad to be such, conse
quently he felt grieved last evening, when
the Legislature so far forgot itself as to aid
and abet Mr. Wherry in his move against
Good and Beneficent Institution.
He slept over his grief. This morning he
arose, refreshed and full of the conviction
that Mr. Follmer hadn't been treated with
proper courtesy on Friday. The matter
must be attended to at once.
Mr. Pedrick circulated among the mem
bers during the morning. "Al" Crawford,
an ex-Democratic member from Philadel
phia, also did some circulating. Mr. Foll
mer was soon delighted by being informed
that if he would try again he would prob
ably be successful. He tried. Mr. Foll
mer's motion was that when the House ad
jpurn this morning it adjourn to meet to
morrow morning at the usual hour. He ex
plained that he wanted to give the old sol
diers a chance to attend the celebration at
Milton. The yeas and nays were called on
the motion and itwas carried by a vote of 91
yeas to 63 nays.
A Remedy Within Ren eh.
Just after the vote Captain Skinner arose
and announced that the action taken would
completely knock out the special order for
Mr. Wherry's anti-discrimination bill.
Captain Skinner, seconded by Mr. Zeigler,
therefore moved to reconsider the vote. This
brought the real purpose of the adjourn
ment before the House and placed a remedy
Mr. Patterson, of Philadelphia, seconded
by Mr. Capp, of Lebanon, further clinched
the situation by moving to lay Captain
Skinner's resolution on the table. The
eas and nays were Called, and the vot? was
99 yeas to 74nays. In detail it was as fol
Tup Test Vote In Detail.
Ir.AS-Mcssrs. Allen, Allison, Andrews, Bain,
Barnes, Bentley, Bllllngsley, Boyer, DaUdA.;
Brooks, Brower. Brown, .Hartford, 1; Capp,
Chalrint, Clay. Cochrane, CoUIns, Conn ell, Davis,
Hearten, Dickinson. Dlngee, Ennls, Ernst,
Faulkner; Fletcher, Folght, Follmer, Franklin,
Fruit, Gatchell, dentner, Graham. Ilajter, Hayes,
Alfred; Hickman. Holt, Johnson, Jones, Benja
min; Jones, C S. W.; Jones, Jr. Nathan L.;
Eauffman C C; Kauttman, Nathaniel 8.; Key
er, Kldd. Knight, Kreps, Lcnker, Lesh,
Lytle, Mackey, Marland, Marshall, Jlecbesncy,
Miller. Mltslmer, .Moore, Morrow, Mullanev, My-
j era, MacDonald, McOormlck, McCullough. Jeff,
esbit, Patterson, Potts, Pngh, Banck, KandaU,
Heed, BIchards, Blchmond, Blebel, Biter, Bob-
- erta, Eose, John si.; Bose, William B.; Bussell.
j Ecott, bhaffcr, ShUUto, Shlras, bhoemaker, Sml-
ley. Smith, John M.; fentlth, Wlnlleld S.; Spelr,
tjbqulrea, etevenson, Btewart,WUUamF.; Stewart,
KIIVIMI.VV' through THE DI5- -y-r T at " .J? L- MhJ t 4 Wm S:i,MlHM
EunnelE.: Stolen, Swartz, Thomas, C. Wesley;
Tltm&n, TVaddeU, Weaver, DTld E.; TVMUey,
JiATS-Bacbert, Baker. Blackburn, Blair, Boggs,
Printer, Brown, H. Wallace: Brown, John B.;
Brovrn, John J.; Bulger, Burdlcfc Caffrer. Cole,
Coray, Dodge, Donahue, John;lonahne.Eugene:
Donaldson, Dm. to. Elliott, Evans, Lewis H.;
Evans, athan a: EarrelU t'lad, Ellcklnger,
Gaffey, Gallagher, Haines, Hassett, Hays, F.W.;
Helfrlch,Hertrier.Uasklns, Jones. D. It; Keefer,
Kelly, Kratz, rrlckbanm, Kutr. Lee, Maxey, Mor
rison, Mnllln, McOonnell, McDonald, McKlnnon,
Neary, Nichols, l'autscu. Potter, Qulgley, Bhey,
Bitter, Bobbins, Koper. KowUnd, Sanio, Skin
ner. Stcgmalr, Stevens, Stocking, Taggart,
Thomas, Joseph, Jr.;Tnomas, Wm. H.; Wagner
Walter, weaver. Francis H.; Weber, Wherry,
White, Wlllctt, Williams, Zlegler, Boyer, Henry
K., fcpeaker 74
Again Brought to nn Issue.
Just after some one had moved to indefi
nitely postpone the bill to establish the
office of District School Superintendent
this matter was brought to an issue again.
Mr. Wherry stated he had been informed
some gentlemen had voted not knowing
what the effect of the adjournment would
be. He therefore moved that the House
take a recess until 3 P.M. The effect of
this motion, if carried, would have been to
continue what in parliamentary usage is the
morning session on into the afteraoon,and an
other motion before adjournment for supper
could have carried the same session on into
the night. This would have defeated Mr.
Follmer's resolution and the genial Mr.
Pedrick's intentions, and of course wasn't
to be thought of.
Mr. Capp moved to adjourn, and the
Speaker, after consulting parliamentary au
thorities, decided that a motion to adjourn
took precedence of a motion for a recess.
Undoubtedly the ruling was correct Mr.
"Wherry called for the"yeas and nays. The
motion was carried by a vote of 86 to 76.
On all these various motions the Demo-
crats divided, as did the Republicans, so
that neither party can point the finger of
scorn at the other for its action.
No Charge for the Excursion.
After the adjournment Mr. Pedrick an
nounced that Legislative parses on the
Pennsylvania Railroad would be good on
the Northern Central for this occasion.
This announcement was hailed with some
sign of pleasure. A special train of three
cars was provided for the members, but less
than two score went These were not all
members Of the House. A few Senators
and a number of employes of the Legisla
ture went Mr. Pedrick accompanied the
Several members who went to the depot
to journey to Milton, thought better of the
matter before the train started. Enthusiasm
has somewhat died out now, and many gen
tlemen who voted to adjourn, wish by this
time that Lee had held out some days
longer or hadn't got himself so surrounded
by Grant's army at Appomatoz that he
couldn't get away. Members who helped
to honor Mr. Follmer to-day, but who did
not carry their courtesy as far as the Milton
celebration, don't think to-night that they
would have enjoyed if much, anyhow.
Instead of Remaining In Hnrrlsbarg Over
Msht Ho Leaves Upon Hearing of the
rxcnrslan lie Thinks Hb Can
Fix it With Qnay - Whnt
Others Think About Tt.
Habrisbubg, April 9. Mr. Wherry had
a conference with Mr. Carnegie yesterday on
the subject of railway discriminations, and
saw him again thismorning. Mr. Carnegie
was just starting for Middletown, in a car
riage, to visit Colonel Young, of the Penn
sylvania Steel Works. He told Mr. Wherry
he would be back this afternoon and would
do everything in his power to help his bill
Mr. Carnegie also admitted that he was
somewhat surprised by the vote last night to
make the bill a special order. He returned
this afternoon, and was even more surprised
to learn what had occurred during his ab
sence. He had intended to remain here all
nicht, but the news of the manner in which
the Milton celebration of Lee's surrender
had completely carried a majority of the
House off its feet determined him to do
otherwise, and he left on the 3:40 train for
Pittsburg. Before he left a Democrat not
Mr. Wherry, however, told him that
Quay's friends had done it
Carnegie Thinks He Can Fix Quay.
"Quay's friends," said Mr. Carnegie,
"why I can fix Quay all right on that
We have known each other a long time."
The gentleman remarked later that Mr.
Carnegie had also known President Roberts,
of the Pennsylvania Railroad, a long time,
but their acquaintance didn't seem to make
their friendship any closer. Mr. Carnegie
also said to this centleman that before a
great while Mr. Roberts would be lost to
the Pennsylvania on the motion of the peo
ple who control that corporation.
Mr. Jones, of Allegheny, said to The
Dispatch correspondent this afternoon
that he had not read Mr. Wherry's bill yet,
but he was in favor ot the principle.
Captpin Xesbit said: "I am decidedly in
favor of legislation of that kind.".
Representative Shiras said: "I am in
favor of an anti-discrimination bill, and I
voted that way to-day. I fortunately dis
covered in time what the motion to adjourn
Thinks It Is Now Too Late.
Mr. Marshall said. "I am in favor of an
anti-discrimination bill, but I think it
should have been brought in earlier in the
session. It seems unjust at this late day, to
brine in a measure and then crowd other
legislation back by giving this particular
measure a special order."
Dr. McCulIouch said: "I represent adis-
trict that contains from 15,000,000 to $20,
000,000 of invested capital. There are the
plate glassworks at Creighton, fend a num
ber ot other glassworks with capital running
into the hundreds of thousands for each.
The Millvale Ironworks, the Spang-Chal-fant
Steelworks and the Natrona Saltworks,
with a capital of 54,000,000. are also in my
district These people would naturally be
for an anti-discrimination measure, and I
am here to represent my constituents. I
prefer to consult with them before answer
ing more in detail." .
Andrews fcbould Have Introduced It.
Representative Hobison said: "I am in
favor of au anti-discrimination bill, but I
do not think the fact that this bill comes
from a Democratic source will help it any.
If Mr. Andrews, or any other Republican
leader, should present a measure it would
undoubtedly go through. I believe Mr.
Carnegie is unselfish in his present effort,
and speaks for the manufacturers of this
Representative Dravo, of Beaver, who is
almost as much an Allegheny county man
as a Beaver man, said he considered the
adjournment of the House to-day "a dis
grace and a scandal." Mr. Dravo is
strongly in favor of an anti-discrimination
The adjournment of the House defeated
the special order for the anti-discrimination
bill, and. makes it take its regular place far
down the calendar. It is not probable it
can pas the present House, and the Senate
has already received from committee a
negative report on another anti-discrimination
bill, the one introduced by Senator
Brown, of York.
John K orris, who was here to see the anti
discrimination bill go through, thirks the
Legislature is carrying its zeal for the old
'ioldlers to au extreme.
Yf am - m mr ww jMVfW..t w -
tP iir iJiimii uvu jaiiiPjjavLii ..: cassis i
m r m i'r r Mr F' F V x ' r M v lflll l I A.aBpcBS(rin at th s
THE GLlSS FREIGHTS.
Classifications on a Wrong Basis Sonthslde
Manufacturers -Regard Them as Un
just Discriminations A Commit
teo to Make a Report To-day
of Its Conference With
Freight discrimination in a peculiar form
bothers the tint glass manufacturers. Their
association will hold a regular meeting to
day, at which time a committee will submit
a report on the matter. This committee con
sists of Messrs. Ripley, Anderson, Blair and
Eastly. They laid the matter before the
Pittsburg Committee of Railroad Freight
Agents, and a few days since Mr. McCague,
of the Lake Shore road, notified the com
mittee of glass men that the Pittsburg rail
roaders had no authority to handle the
question, but that they would lay it before
the Central Traffic Committee, which makes
The trouble is the confuted condition into
which glass freights have gotten owing to
the classifications that have gone into effect
since the enactment of the inter-State com
merce law. These classifications, unless
specifying certain kinds of glassware, place
all in the highest class. Thii has practical
ly led to an increase of freight rates on cer
tain lines of goods.
A member of thefirmof King, Son & Co.,
table ware manufacturers, 6aid yesterday
afternoon that one small shipment ot jars
which they made recently to a man in the
West illustrated this difficulty. The freight
charges, owing to improper classification on
the part of the railroads, amounted to so
much by the time the jars reached the con
signee that the freight cost him more than
the jars. Plainly something Is wrong when
such a thing as that occurs, and King, Son
& Co. think it shquld be fixed up.
Adams & Co., tableware manufacturers,
also suffer a great deal from this erroneous
classification. A member of the firm yes
terday took The Dispatch reporter to see
their shipping clerk. He cited several in
stances of unfairness on the part of the
railroads, although Mr. Adams said that he
believed it was more the result of the ig
norance of the men who formed the clas
sifications, in regard to the glass business,
than a wilful desire to compel them to pay
It appears that the classification reads
"druggists' ware and tableware." Now,
many firms making tableware also make
lamps, globes or lanterns, too. Yet these
articles, not being specially classified, go at
the highest freight rate. Fancy lamps are
classified, but not common lamps, which are
the greatest article of trade.
The result is that table glassware, in
small shipments, to Kansas City, costs
Adams & Co. 87 cents freight per hundred.
Common glass lamps, small shipments to
same place, cost Si 08 freight These
lamps are manufactured as cheap as from
50 cents to $2 00 per dozen, while the table
ware costs, in some eases, considerably
more. Fancy lamps, costing from $6 00 to
$8 00 per dozen to make, go at less freight
rate than the common lamps.
Not very long ago it was possible for a
Pittsburg glass manufacturer to fill an or
der from one man and send the goods to him
in one car, thus affording convenience to
shipper and receiver, and at the same time
securing the benefit of the cheaper rate of
freight for carload lots. Now he cannot do
that He may fill a car still, but unless it
is all ot one class of goods, he has to pay the
railroad company on the basis ot "less than
carload lots." That Is to say, the goods
must be all table- ware or druggists' ware
instead of part of either, part bottles, part
window'glass and part jars, -
It was also the custom formerly for a
jobber, or a large merchant from a Western
city, in ordering window glass, say from
McCully & Co., tableware irom Adams &
Co., lamp chimneys from Dithridge & Co.,
and bottles from Flaccns & Co., to instruct
them all to load the stufTin one car. Under
the new classifications that cannot be done
now. Each style has to be shipped as "less
than carload lots," and of course the rail
roads are the big gainers in the matter of
As to Heavy Glass.
Mr.H.P.Ford,one of the largest stockhold
ers of the Creighton Glass Company, and
one of the most extensive shippers in this
end of the State, expressed himself last
evening on the freight discrimination prac
ticed by the Pennsylvania railroad against
the manufacturers of this city. He said:
The company of which I am a member must
suffer with the remainder of the manufactur
ers of this part of the State, although we have
one advantage by which we are the gainer and
not the loser. We have often noticed the high
rates charged us for shipping freteht: but, as
v, e have no creat; reason to complain, we did
not propose to fight the railroad. Our compa
ny is charged Pittsburg rates for all goods
shipped to Eastern points. By this we are the
the losers,as we pay freight rates for hauling
stocked miles more than it is hauled. In order
to compromise mis ueucieucy
we are onli
charged Pittsburg rates for
d Pittsburg rates tor an i
I goods shippet
by us to "Western points. Thns, yon see, going
west we nave siock nauieu irom ireignton to
Pittsburg free of charge. As we ship more
goods west than we do east you can see that
we are the gainers by the compromise.
All Suffer Together.
Certainly, we are charged Pittsburg regular
rates for all shipments, and as they are high we
must suffer with the rest. If they were re
duced we would be the gainer by the change.
The company will not take any active part tn
the trouble. It has already complained of the
high rates; but that is all that has been done,
and, as far as I know, will be done by the com
pany. As to other shippers of glass, the follow
ing interviews speak for themselves:
William McCully & Co. We look forward
with great interest to Mr. Carnegie's next
move, but we have nothing to say now.
Schmertz fc Loeller We had rather not be
quoted in the matter.
Andrew Howard, President of the Phoenix
Glass Company Certainly we are interested in
this matter, and greatly Interested. I was for
20 years an employe of the Pennsylvania, and I
used to know all about their policy.
"What can you say as to these discrimination
"Well, years a?o, when Tom Scott and
Thompson moulded the policy ot the Pennsyl
vania Railroad, its every effort was bent to
ward fostering tbe trade and growth of Penn
sylvania. Since Roberts came in they have
been doing lust tbe reverse, and everything
they do seems leveled at the; center of State
prosperity. They have not treated Pittsburg
fairly for years."
It's tbe Future He Sees.
"Why has the kick come just nowT"
"Well, we have been so prosperous, we could
stand It; but Andrew Carnegie's long head has
seen what Is surely coming, unless the situa
tion is changed. He sees that, under
present conditions, it will not be
long before be must shut down his
mills and yield to Western iron men. Pitts
burg has held tbe palm for a long time, and
with fair treatment would continue to hold it.
Now, however, owing to undoubted discrimi
nation, her supremacy is questioned, and this
place, naturally th j center and facile princeps
of the iron trade, suffers because the road it
has petted and indulged has been giving them
a steady, merciless cold shoulder in order to
favor the West.
"Now I am not yelling 'discrimination'
blindly. I get sand for onr works from Howard
county, Wet Virginia, it being handled by two
roads. Yet the charges by these two roads are
only equal to those of the Pennsylvania to
other houses that secure their Band from tbe
Juniata valley. These things are true, not
only ot the Pennsylvania, but of every other
road that runs into tbe city. They discrimi
nateagainst us whenever they can, because
they know e most have certain goods or quit
business. I dare say there is not a man in this
Sta,te,except thoso interested. who feel friendly
toward tbe Pennsylvania. Their own patrons
hate the road, but must travel on it. I repeat,
however, all the roads are tarred with the
Continued on Sixth Page.
PITTSBURG, -WEDNESDAY, APRIL , 10, 1889.
Secretary Halford Tells What Be
comes of the President's Hail.
THE COBRESPONDENCE IS HEAYT,
And Yery Little of it Ever Gets Beyond the
Clerks and Typewriters.
AEMES HASN'T APOLOGIZED TO BEATEK.
More People TCuttof to Get Into Oklahoma Than There
Are Acres Theie.
Private Secretary Halford has come out
f his long concealment He talks of the
extent of the President's mail, which is
from 500 to 1,000 a day: Very few letters
ever reach the President's eye. Mr. Halford
dictates replies to most of the correspond
ents, which are taken down in shorthand
and afterward copied by typewriters. It
has become Presidental etiquette of late to
use the typewriter. Major Armes denies
that he apologized for pulling Governor
rsFSCIAI. TIXEOEAJt TO TH DISPATCH.l
Washington, April 9. Private Secre
tary Halford says: "The White House cor
respondence is decidedly heavy, a little
lighter than usual during the past few
days, but it is heavy enough. The number
of letters received now ranges from 500 to
700 a day. Three times did our daily mail
come dangerouBly near to 1.000. Each
of these times the total exceeded 990, so we
have not yet reached four figures. Our
lightest day was last Tuesday, when some
thing less than 500 letters arrived. I am
not referring now to the family mail; that is
entirely separate and distinct from the offi
"In addition to all these letters that come
by mail there are a great many delivered inl
person by interested , parties, nowmauyi
I don't know. There are cords of them.
That's the easiest way to make sure of them.
We send an immediate acknowledgement oi
each communication. Tne carrying out of
that plan has kept our little force busy as
bees, but we. have never yet allowed one
week's work to lap over into the next one.
The eight-hour, law has not been in force
Wb. We have worked until 10. 11 or 12
o'clock at night, every night, up to that of
last Saturday, and on that day we had
everything aone by 6 o'clock, the first night
off since the inauguration."
The reply is written in shorthand by Sir.
Tibbott, on a corner of the letter which is to
be answered, and it is sent into Colonel
OonV's nffiee. where Mr. R. V. Ladow and
an aggregation of keys and wires can be
found at almost any hour of the day or
night Mr. Ladow reads with great facility
the shorthand notes made by Mr. Tibbott,
and with the aid of his typewriter, in the
management of which he is an expert, he
writes hundreds of replies and addresses
hundreds of envelopes daily. It has not
been regarded as etiquette to use the type
writer in the President's correspondence,
but it is legible and rapid, and it is used at
the White House now even for social cor
respondence. A great many letters go to Secretary Hal
ford. and these he nuts on one side until the
afternoon rush is over, when he dictates
suitable, out not always satisiactory, replies
to Miss Sanger. Some few of the more Im
portant letters are laid before the President
by the Secretary, and replies are dictated at
the earliest possible moment Then while
the President is out taking his afternoon
"ride, Miss Sanger goes to work with her note
book and typewriter and taps off replies by
Secretary Halford said this evening that
the President had made no arrangements to
leave Washington before the 29th of this
month, when he goes to New York to at
tend the centennial celebration. The Presi
dent has declined a number of invitations
to visit various cities, including the invita
tion of the Manufacturers' Club, of Phila
delphia, to attend a reception to be given to
Postmaster General Wanamaker to-morrow
TROUBLE SURE TO COME.
Too Many Waiting to Get Into Oklahoma
for the Limited Tract.
rSrSCI.il. TELIGBAM TO Till DISPATCH.l
Washington, April 9. The General
Land Office is making every effort to get
the land offices at Kingfisher station and
Gustine ready for business by noon on
April 22, when Oklahoma will be opened,
but it is going to be pretty 'difficult No
postoffice is open at either place. At Gus
tine a postoffice has been ordered, but the
postmaster has not yet filed his bond, and
there may be some delay about getting the
office opened. The General Land Office has
sent a quantity of blanks and documents to
the Oklahoma offices by mail, and they are
stuck somewhere in Kansas. Unless they
get through pretty soon a duplicate
shipment will have to be made by express.
The office here is not informed whether
Kingfisher stage station possesses a single
building of any kind. It is 25 or 30 milest
from a railroad, and the facilities for build-'
ing houses are not the best, but if it is
learned in a day ortwp that there is not an
edifice in the future metropolis of Western
Oklahoma, the general land office will buy
a portable house in Caldwell and ship it in
sections and get it set up some time next
No end of trouble is anticipated from the
enormous rush into this very limited tract
There are only about 10,000 quarter sec
tions, and about 100,000 people have made
arrangements for invading the promised
land the moment the President of the
United States drops the bat.
ARMES HASN'T APOLOGIZED.
He Says He Knows Better Than to Think
That Would Do Him Any Good.
(SPECIAL TBLEOBAK TO Tint DISPATCH.l
Washington, April 9. Major Armes,
ot nose-pulling notoriety, denies a report
sent out from Harrisbnre last night, saying
he had written a tearful letter to Governor
Beaver, begging that gentleman to intercede
for him and prevent the disastrous results
anticipated from tbe action of the court
martial, because he was not responsible for
his act, and on account of his wife and chil
dren. Major Armes says he is too well ac
quainted with military usage to imagine
that such a letter would do him any good,
or to prejudice his case by writing it
MajorArmes has -received a summons to
appear before the court martial atll o'clock
Thursday. ' He has pot decided whether he
will plead his own case or- employ counsel,
He states that the only step he has taken as
a preventive of the proceedings is to write a
letter to the Secretary of War, giving a de-
Governor Beaver will appear as a witness
before the court in response to a summons.
HATE TO CLIMB THE LADDER AGAIN.
Reappointed Hallway HI nil Clerks Made to
Begin ibo Business Anew.
ISFXCIAX. TJXEOKUI TOTIII DISPATCH.l
Washington, April 9, Although the
application of the civil service rules to the
railway mail service was postponed until
May( Congressmen are not making rapid
, progress in getting men of their selection
appointed. Superintendent Bell is very
rigid in his requirements, especially as to
age, and while hcis glad to reappoint men
who were removed under the last adminis
tration, he will onlv reappoint them as pro
bationers, at (800 a year. The experience
of one member of Congress with this branch
of the service is typical. He raid:
1 1 "Four years ago there were 15 of my con
stituents in the railway mail service. The
Cleveland administration left three and
turned out 12. Of these, nine were dis
missed within the last two years and six
within the last eight months. Of the 12
who were removedf I have got four bacs
hnt thttv t,B1 m fcartlr aa Tirnhattonerfl at
800 a year, and work their way up: One
of my men was getting $1,600 a year when
lie was dismissed, and he can go back into
I,., ,..: .;u., tint Iia
won't do it"
THE SEWEST AIR SHIP.
Peter Campbell Thinks Ho Has Solved the
Problem of Aerial Navigation.
TSPECIAL TILiaEAJt TO THE DI8FATCI1.1
Nev Ypek, April (). Peter C. Campbell
is preparing for a new trial of his air ship.
He has associated with himself Edward D.
Hogan, an aeronaut of Jack3on, Mich.,
who in about a month will show the people
of New York and vicinity how to fly.
"I think the ship will do all that is
claimed for it," said Mr. Hogan this even
ing. "It can be made to go up or down,
forward or backward. I believe that long
trips of from 50 to 100 miles can be made at
railroad speed I have examined many so
called flving machines, and none of them is
so practical as this."
Mr. Campbell has invented a new ship,
which is simpler in construction than the
one tried on Coney Island last fall, and
better, he thinks, in every way. It wiil be
mnch lighter and. more easily managed.
The frame work will be of steel and the ca
pacity of the balloon part will be about the
same as the other.
SHE PAID THE BILLS.
Mrs. A, T. Stewart Provided Drygoods for
the Hilton Family.
New York, April 9. A bookkeeper
named Hopkins was to-day examined in the
Stewart will case concerning Mrs. Stew
art's accounts at the store. One entry
showed that a black silk waist for Miss
Hughes, one for Miss Hilton and one for
Mrs. Hilton, had been charged to the ac
count of Mrs. Stewart. The purchases were
made for mourning just after A. T. Stewart's
death. The witness said this disposition
was made under Judge Hilton's written
direction on the back of the bill, "Charge
to C. M. S., per Grand union Hotel ac
count" Hopkins said Mrs. Stewart's bills were
rendered about twice a year, and she was
allowed a disconnt if they were paid within
30 days, but they seldom were. A real
estate broker said the Stewart building, as
it now stood, was worth $3,000,000. This
estimate he based on the total rental, which
ALMOST A YICTiM OP TRAIN WRECKERS.
A Track Walker Assaulted and Left Uncon
scious Across the Rails.
fSPECIAL TELEGKAJI TO TUX DISPATCH. 1
Bloominqton, III, April 9. On last
Saturday night the engineer on a south
bound passenger train on tne Chicago,
Santa Fe and California road, while watch
ing for obstructions on the track between
the towns of Eureka andRoanoke, Woodford
county, 111., saw a dark object between the
rails and succeeded in stopping the train
.before reaching-it He found -that it was
the unconscious form of a track walker em
ployed recently to guard that section, which
for some weeks has had ties and other ob
structions placed upon it by train wreckers.
In several instances these obstructions
have been struck by trains, but fortunately
without damage resulting. The oe-npany
have issued a notice offering a reward of
$500 for the arrest of the person who as
saulted the track walker.
PICKED IIP AND PUT TOGETHER.
A Man nnd His Nose Who Had Involuntarily
r6PECIAL TILEQHAM TO THE DISFATCH.l
Chicago, April 9. Joseph C. Rhodes
was introduced to Edward Martin, in a sa
loon at VanBuren and Clark streets, early
last evening. They drank many glasses of
beer and then quarreled. A fight followed.
Martin, who is much the stronger, hurled
Rhodes through a plate-glass window. In
his flight, Rhodes lost his nose and received
a terrible cut on the right wrist, from which
the blood flowed in streams.
Officer Schoenfeldt heard the crash of the
window and ran to the gutter where Rhodes
was crying for his nose. The member was
Sicked up in the center of the street Then
Rhodes was taken to the hospital, where
two doctors sewed the nose upon his face
and put him on a cot He will not die.
Martin was held to the grand jury.
A CONSTABLE FALLS DEAD IN JAIL.
With a Fntnl Fit While In n Cell
Charged With Larceny.
IEFECIAI. TELEGRAM TO THS DISPATCH. 1
Chicago, April 9. Constable Albert
Reimer was arrested this morning on a com
plaint of Valentine Wlejenski, who charged
him with collecting $50 and then keeping it.
The case was continued, and as Reimer
could not find a bondsman he was taken to
the county jail. Two hours later a deputy
jailer who was passing iteimer s ecu saw
the prisoner lying motionless upon the floor.
The door was'unlocked by the deputy, who
found that the prisoner was dead.
Reimer had been in ill health for some
time, and it is thought he died in a fit
EVEN A BASK IS READY.
Things Will Go With n Rash In Oklahoma
jon April 23.
Winfield, Kan., April 9. Captain
Couch, tbe Oklahoma leader, was in the
city to-day, just from Oklahoma. He says
the soldiers have scouted the Oklahoma
country and about everybody without
authority to remain has been driven out
Nobody is allowed to alight from a train
longer than the train stops at a station.
The Bank of Guthrie, I. T., with a capi
tal stock of $50,000, was organized here to
day. It will open for business at Guthrie
on April 22, and expects to be the first bank
in Oklahoma territory.
BEARING DOWN ON A TRUST.
The State pf Michigan to Compete With
the Binding Twine Combine. '
rSFECIAt, TELEGRAM TO THE DISrATCUl
Lansing, Mich., April 9. A bill has
been Tntrodnced -into the Michigan Legis
lature bearing down on the Binding Twine
Trust It is proposed to establish twine
manufacturing plants in one or more prisons
of the State.
It is thought that the plants can be put in
operation within 60 days, and thus supply
farmers for the coming harvest
A POLITICAL REVOLUTION.
Naturalized Klexlcaa Voters Chnnge the
Scale In a Texas Town.
El Paso, April 9. A. Krakauer, Re
publican candidate for Mayor, was elected
here to-day by 37 majority. The Republi
cans also carried more than half of the
Corncil. Fully 200 .Mexicans from the
South side of the Rio Grande were natural
ized and voted, and this turned the tide.
Ef&HTING FOR FOOD.
Efforts' to Evict Starving Irish Ten
ants in Donegal Will
1IEET WITH STRONG BESISTAtfCE.
Sir .Charles Russell Eloquently Defends the
TIRARD'S MINISTRY NEARLY BEATEN.
The Vote of the Deputies in- the Eonlanzer Prosecu
tion Yery Close.
An attempt will v be made to resume evic
tions on the OliphanfS estate in Donegal.
The tenants are in nearly a starving condi
tion and will make a stubborn resistance.
Balfour is to become the mouthpiece of the
Salisbury government in Parliament A
test vote in the Boulanger prosecution in
the French Chamber of Deputies resulted
in favor of the ministry by a very narrow
margin. The General can remain in Bel
guim if he does not agitate.
Fbt cable to thx dispatch.!
London, April 9. Copyright Evic
tions upon a wholesale scale are threatened
on the Oliphant estates in Donegal, where
the tenants made such a gallant fight a few
months ncror. Scores of brave fellows are
now in jail for the crime of defending their
homes upon that occasion, but their fate
has not intimidated the others, and already
preparations aro being made which may re
sult in bloodshed, which was averted last
time only by the strenuous exertions of the
Rev. Father McFaddenandtheRev. Father
The evictions are to commence Thursday,
and the situation is clearly conveyed by the
following telegram which I have just re
ceived from Father Stephens at Falcarragh:
"The war of extermination is about being
resumed. Seventy families, comprising
about 350 individuals, are to be thrown on
the roadside. What intensifies the sad sit
uation immensely is that these poor people
have been brought face to face with famine
owing to the utter failure of the potato
crop. The families to be evicted have been
living on Indian meal since last Chrismas.
The priests of the district have been pro
viding seed from money supplied by private
charity. Father McFadden, the parish'
priest of many ot the people to be evicted, is
a prisoner in Derry jail, and I must leave
the district Thursday to attentfto my trial
under the coercion law at Letterkenny, Fri
day. We feel, therefore, that the time Is
specially chosen by the authorities when
they believed people would be left defense
less." Tha court at Limerick to-day announced
its decision in the case of Mr. John Finu
cane, M. P. for East Limerick, who had ap
pealed from his sentence of four months'
imprisonment for offenses under the crimes
act The court decided against Mr. Finu-
cane and confirmed his sentence. AdecisionH
was also rendered on the appeal of Mr.
David Sheehy, member of Parliament for
South Galway, who was convicted of of
fenses under the crimes act and sentenced to
ten months' imprisonment In this casa
the court reduces the sentence to five
TffiARD' SATED BI A.SCRATCH.
A Close Yote'ra. the Boulanger Prosecution
in the French Chamber.
Paeis, April 9. The Chamber of Depu
ties to-day discussed the bill prescribing the
mode of procedure to be followed by the
Senate when sitting as a court for the trial
of General Boulanger. M. Delafosse de
nounced the measure as a mockery of jus
tice, and an insult to the public conscience.
He declared that the Senate, being a politi
cal body, could not acfrimpartially in the
case. This assertion caused a great uproar.
Members exchanged abusive epithets, and
the scene was one of wild disorder. The
President of the Chamber repeatedly called
the house to order, and urged the members
to observe moderation in the discussion.
When M. Delafosse was allowed to con
tinue, he said that law and decency required
that General Boulanger be tried at the
Assizes. Otherwise the trial would be an
outrage on justice and a disgrace to the
Senate. These remarks caused a renewal ot
the uproar. The members of tbe Left made
no attempt to reply to M. Delafosse, bnt im
mediately moved to apply the closure rule.
The motion was earned by a vote of 253 to
242. A motion was then made to begin the
discussion of the bill by clauses. This was
Th'e indictment against Boulanger, be
sides charging him with, conspiring to de
stroy the republic, is specially directed
against Count Dillon, M. Laguerre, mem
ber of the Chamber of Deputies, M. M.
Rochefortand M. Dubarail, and two journ
alists of Paris.
I, RUSSELL TO THE RESCUE.
He Slakes an Eloquent Defense of the Irish
BY CABLE TO THE DISPATCH.
London, April 9. Copyright Sir
Charles Russell, with voice refreshed by
his brief rest, resumed his speech this morn
ing, and, having skillfully recounted tho"
arguments already advanced, claimed that
the Land League had counteracted crime by
striking at its causes. This was followed
by an exposition of the. Constitution and ob
jects of the National Leagne, and the rest of
the day was occupied by a masterly analy
sis of the evidence by 'which the Times had
sought to connect the league with crime.
The judges followed Mr. Russell's argu
ments with flattering attention, and Presi
dent Hannen seemed considerably im
pressed. BALFOUR TO BE PROMOTED,
Thd Government Lender Will Resign to
Make Boom for Him.
London, April 9. The St. James Ga
zette announces that the Right Hon. Will
iam Henry Smith, First Lord of the Tieas
ury, is about to be raised to the peerage,
and that ho will accordingly resign the
Government leadership in the House of
Commons and take his seat in the House of
The Gazette insists that of the possible
candidates for the leadership in succession
to Mr. Smith, namely, Lord Randolph
Churchill, Sir Michael Hicks-Beach, Mr.
Goscben and Mr. Balfour, the Inst named is
the best choice, and it declares that the
Conservatives will not tolerate any leader
other than Mr. Balfour.
No Agitation Allowed In Belgium.
Brussels, April 9. The Belgian Gov
ernment has informally warned General
Boulanger to abstain from political agita
tion, which the Government will not toler
ate. The General has been informed that
if he complies with the wishes of the Gov
ernment in this respect he will not be ex
pelled from Belgium.
A Long Itnco Against Time.
"London, April 9. Four Russian officers
have made a wager that .they can ride on
horseback from St Petersburg to Paris in
45 days. They will start in May.
-i ' ,fak r m
A MYSTERY UNSOLVED. DEYOY. mSm EtxAIN.' J
The Jury Acqolts Willie Krnllscb. of the
Murder of Drug' Clerk Wechirung
The Verdict Received With
NewYoek, April 9. To-night a jury's
verdict in the trial of the 16-year-old boy,
Willie Krulisch, for the murder of Drue
Clerk Guenther Wechsrung, ended one
chapter of a most remarkable and horrible
crime. The verdict of not guilty was
reached at 9.35 P. 31., after a session of the
jury which lasted from 4:15 p. ir. It was
received by applause from those present in
the court room,.which was promptly cut of
by the Judge. "The boy was apparently the
least moved of all the people who heard the
foreman's announcement It was the same
coolness which he had shown throughout
The prisoner was immediately discharged,
and almost carried bodily out of the court
room by his friends. Judge Gildersleeve
thanked the jury, and said that he agreed
with the verdict. Assistant District Attor
ney Jerome, who had charge of the prosecu
tion, was so overcome that he broke down
and shed tears. He said that he could not
come to believe that the boy was guilty of
the horrible butchery. The" murder of Drug
Clerk Wechsrung ocenrred a few minutes
after 7 A. si. of March 7, in an uptown drug
store on Third avenue. The boy Kru
lisch was the errand bov of the drugstore.
He called at the store that morning a few
moments before the murder.
Wechsrung was found lying on the floor
with hi? head terrribly hacked by a bloody,
new hatchet which lay by his side. He
died that night at the hospital, after saying
that he did not know who struck him, but
that it was done while he was leaning over
and tying his shoes. The boy told many
contradictory stories, some of which were
proven to be false. The hatchet, which was
of a peculiar make, was appafently proven
to have been purchased by Krulisch, a
hardware merchant, Freundllch, identifying
him as the purchaser. But this the boy de
nied to the last The only motive discov
ered for the crime was the robbing
of the money drawer", out of which
$11 had been taken. The drawer had a
combination lock which had been opened.
A former clerk testified that he had shown
the combination to the boy.
WILSON WAS NOT STRUCK.
Another and Different Story About That
Little Grocery Store Incident.
Charleston, W. Ya., April 9. The
recent affair between Governor Wilson and
Editor Reber, of this city, has been the
subject of wide and varying comment, and a
distorted account of the fact has been cir
culated. Careful inquiry elicited the fol
lowing story: The Governor, who had
been assailed by Reber in the latter's paper,
attacked the editor, who was standing in
the doorway of Nutter's store. Reber re
treated, and as the Governor followed, Nut
ter interfered and forbade any disturbance
in his establishment
Governor Wilson at once withdrew, but
Nutter did not offer violence or make any
movement in that direction. A crowd
gathered, in the presence of which Nutter
indulged in some threatening- language, to
which the Governor paid no attention. He
was not struck, he was not ejected from
the premises, and the first intimation to
that effect was in the published account
AFTER BOUCICAULT'S BOODLE.
His Former Wife's Successful Suit Before
on English Court.
Lonpon, April 9. Agnes Boucicault, the
divorced wifrof Dion Boucicault, made-ap-.
plication to the Divorce Court to-day for an
order to enforce payment of the alimony of
400 a year awarded to her in 1888. She
asked that payment be made from the pro
ceeds of her former husband's British copy
rights. Mr. Boucicault, in answer, averred
that all proceeds from those copyrights were
assigned in 1886 to a Mr. Cadogan, of New
York, for the benefit of Bouclcault's pres
The presiding Judge expressed doubt as
to Cadogan's existence, and said that in any
case the assignment was fraudulent anil,
void. He ordered that all such copyrights
monevs in possession of the Court be paid to
NIC0LLS WILL HAYE TO QUIT.
The Committee on Elections Will Report
Against His Being a Legislator.
ISPECIAI. TELEQBAM TO TnS DISrATCUl
Haeeisbubo, April 9 The Legislative
Committee on the Finlay-Nicolls contested
election case will report to-morrow. The
Republican members have ail signed the
report The Democrats will make a minority
report The majority report will unseat
Nicolls, but will give salary to both him
and Finlay for the session, with "a reason
able allowance for counsel fees."
The report throws out a precinct in which
fraud is alleged, and thereby gives Finlay
a majority oi 30.
A HOLE IN HOTT'S POCKET.
The Treasurer of His Theatrical Company
is a Minus' Quantity.
(SPECIAL TELEGRAU TO THE DISPATCH.1
Boston, April 9. George Krewalf, the
Treasurer of Charles Hoyt's Company,
which is performing "A Brass Monkey," at
the Park Theater, is missing. Mr. Hoyt is
anxious to find him, for it is said he has
possession of the proceeds of last week's
performances. Mr. Krewalf has been stay
ing at "Vieth's Hotel. He is about 29 years
old, short in stature and with no beard. He
has been employed by Mr. Hoyt for two
RESIGNED FOR CONVENIENCE.
The Trustees of tbe Ashland Miners'
pltal Step Dawn and Oat.
tSrXCIAT. TELEGRAM TO TBE DISPATCH. 1
Hakeisbuko, April 9. The trustees of
the Ashland Miners' Hospital, with the ex
ception of the recently appointed Secretary
of the board, have resigned, as a result of
the charges made against them in order not
to ieopardlze the interests ot the institu
Soon as the Governor appoints their suc
cessors the Appropriation Committee will
recommend their appropriation, which has
been held back because of the charges.
THEI MAI BLOW OUT THE GAS,
But n New Electrical Invention Will Pre
vent Any Fatal Besult.
Isi-ECIAL TELEdSXtt TO THE DISF ATCH.1
Ashland, Wis., April 9. Agent Harri
son, of the Northern Pacific Railway, has
perfected an electrical invention which
rings a bell in a hotel office and registers
the room number when some innocent per
son blows out the gas. It is very simple
and can be attached to a regular hotel an
nunciator at a small cost .Harrison has
applied for a patent
BEN CLARK GUILTI.
A Third Conviction Secured for the Mnrder
of Drover SlcCansIand. ,
(SPECIAL TELEOKAM TO THE PtSFATCS.1
Waynesbubo, April 9. The jury in
the Ben Clark inurder case brought in a
verdict at 11 F. M. of guilty of murder in
tbe first degree. He is the third of the ac
cused gang to be found guilty of the Mc
Causland murder. Tbe trial of James Neff,
the fourth member of the gang-, will be
taken up to-morrow morning. -The jury
was out five hours.
Parnell Called on to Investigate
Charges of Rank Treason.
DEVOY BACKED BY THE LEAGUE. m
Some Decidedly Spicy Telegrams PasaBe
tween Former Friends.
EGAS CALLED A LIAE. AND A CUR
By Deny, Who Chafes Under Imputations So Han
Patrick Egan and John Devoy are call
ing each other traitors, liars, curs and a few
other pet names. Each gives the other
privilege to publish the telegrams passing
back and forth, and they will be interesting
reading. Devoy has the backing of ths
Municipal Council of the Irish National
League, which calls on Parnell to investi
gate the charges of treason in the ranks.
(SPECIAL TELEOBAJI TO TBI SIS7ATCB.
New Yoek, April 9. Strained relations
between Patrick Egan, United States Min
ister to Chili, and Johri Devoy, have grown
out of a report from 'Washington to the
Telegram of April 3, that Egan had accused
Devoy of writing an article In the Herald
attacking Egan and Alexander Sullivan as
persons ambitious to be esteemed the owners
of the Irish vote. The Washington dispatch
"According to Mr. Egan, Devoy is a
tr-r-r-aitor to the cause ot the green sham
rock." Referring to these statements,Devqy
sent a dispatch to Egan at Washington,
April 4, saying: "Unless you promptly re
pudiate that statement I will hold you per
sonally responsible for it and take necessary
steps to vindicate my character."
Dispatches were also sent to President
Harrison and Secretary of State Blaine,
complaining ( Egan, and "regretting the
scandal to the public service that must come
from his unprovoked attack." '
Egan replied on April 5:
HE DIDN'T SAT IT. B0T HE TVII.Ii.
I did not give any interview about you io
the Evening Telegram or any other paper,
but I have no hesitation in expressing my
belief that you were the author of the un
truthful article referring to me and othere
which appeared in the New York Berald on
To which Devoy responded on the same
day: "Your telegram does not deny use of
language complained of. Your utterances,
not your opinions, concern me. Either you
called me a traitor or you did not I de
mand a public denial of the use oi that
word, or en apology therefor. Failing
either, I shall exact full satisfaction, not
for your sake, but to prevent scandal. I
warn yon that I am not the author of the
article you mention, nor of any other on
Mr. Egan replied on the 6th from the
Astor House, repeating what he had said in
his first reply, and adding: "I have now
to say that whatever my private opinions
may be, I have not applied to yon the term
you mention. If there is anything beyond
this which you think yon can exact I will
be happy to give the name of my attorney1.
Yon must excuse me if I decline further
correspondence with yon upon this subject"
You can of course publish this letter if you '
THIS OUGHT TO MEAN BLOOD.
To which Mr. Devoy retorted on Sunday:
"I solicited no correspondence with you.
Your declining it, therefore, is an imperti
nence. I demanded of yon the public con
tradiction of a fonl slander of me, attri
buted to you in the press. As you had, in
the sneaking and cowardly way that char
acterizes you, insinuated the same slander
at a safe distance before, I had good reason
to believe that you were correctly reported,
although yon probably did not desire it
Your first letter was a shuffling evasion.
Your second is a self-evident lie, and con
veys an insult in a form that no one but a
cur wonid select. You dare not publicly
contradict the report, because you wouldbe
proved-a liar. You can, of course, publish
this letter if you so desire."
Mr. Devoy introduced the subject at a
meeting of the Municipal Council of the
Irish National League to-night, and the 15
delegates present passed a resolution intro
duced by him. It set forth that reiterated
charges of treason among the National
ists in America demand such an in
vestigation as will either locate the
treason or disprove the charges. It there
fore asks that a cbmmittee of gentlemen,
whose character and standing will be a
guarantee of impartiality and good faith,
be appointed by Charles Stuart Parnell. to
make a thorough and searching investiga
tion into these charges, and the condition of
tbe National movement in America gene:
WELLS AT THE METROPOLIS.
The Bold Denver Bank Robber Believed to)
be In New York.
' rSPICIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATC71.1
New Yoek, April 9. The Wall street
detectives and hank officials were in a flut
ter yesterday over the reported presence of
R. C. Wells; the citizen who is said to have,
obtained on March 28, $21,000 from David
Moffat, President of the First National
Bank of Denver, bv working on Mr. Mof
fat's feelings with a pistol and a bottle of
make-believe nitro-glycerine. All the banks
and the brokers' offices and tbe sub-Treasury
were notified to look out for any individual
who presented a $10,000 United States
Treasury gold certificate numbered either
1,792 or 1,972.
The report spread that Wells, or a man
answering his description, had been seen in
the street, and that he was endeavoring to
change the big gold certificate. The bank
people in Denver offer a reward of $2,500 for
the capture of Wells, r -
WORSE AND MORE OF IT.
Extent of Pratt's Defalcations Only
Just Becoming Known.
Anoka, Minn., April 9. Pratt's vil
lainy still deepens as the days pass. The
directors are reticent, and the condition of
the bank cannot be ascertained. President
Ticknor discovered another note of Mrs.
Nells' at Minneapolis to-day for $5,000, mak
ing her loss $45,000. To a reporter Tick
nor said: "These are all time
notes, and we may not hear of
all for some time. Mrs. Nells has not lost
confidence in Pratt yet. It is impossible to ..
find how much money Pratt secured, as the - Hj
wheat operator and Mr. Speaks only tnow
how mnch was invested in speculation, and
neither will divulge the books ara falsi- nA
Mrs. Nells' attorney from St Paul visited),
her to-day and drew a will to supersede the
other one taken by Pratt
An Aid to Catch Criminals.
ISFECLU. TELEOBAJi TO THE DIJPATCn.1
Habrisbueo, April 9. The House
Judiciary General Committee this afternoon
affirmatively recommended the bill author
izing the police and detectives to make ar
rests on letters and telegrams, without await
ing warrants, and negatived the bill provid
ing that Sheriff sales be published in one