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K 4 ' !CHB PITTSBXJBG- -DISPATCH, THURSDAY, APPJB 4, 1889. ' 'X -. . . . ' " ' -
ET- 3 l i i 1 4 i - .
JESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 8. 1S46.
Vol. 44, Ko 88. Entered at PittsbtirR Postoelce,
Hoveinber 14, 1&S7, as second-class matter.
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PITTSBURG, THURSDAY, APR. 4. 1SS9.
PRESIDENT ROBERTS' GRATIFICATION.
President Roberts refused to say anything
for publication, yesterday, about the show
ing of discriminations against Pittsburg or
her freights: but instead contented himself
with expressing his surprise and gratifica
tion at the growth of Pittsburg's industrial
interests. The pleasure which the railway
ruler thus expresses may hare a sinister
significance for our city.
It is, of course, both surprising and grati
fying that Pittsburg's industrial strength is
so great that it can bear an excess of freight
charges, a dollar per ton of pig iroD greater
than is levied on competing cities. But
there may be in it an element of gratifica
tion for the Pennsylvania Railroad mag
nate that onr city cannot share, namely,
the capability for theimposition of further
Back in the '70s, when the Pennsylvania
Company was making Pittsburg carry the
stress of hard times, its managers employed
an expert to report on the exact advantage
that Pittsburg's iron industry had in the
economy of fuel on a ton of finished iron, in
order that they might know exactly how
much greater freight charges they could
levy on Pittsburg's iron than on other
points. The idea that Pittsburg had any
light to the full advantage of her cheapness
of fuel was as remote from their minds then
as now. The creation of new competing
lines by Pittsburg enterprise forced them to
give Pittsburg a share of her own advan
tages in subsequent years; but now that the
rule of combination between the trunk lines
is established, they are reverting to the
policy of piling on all the freight will bear.
Possibly President Roberts' pleasure is
not wholly unconnected with this policy.
He may not deem it necessary to employ an
expert; but can rely on his gratification at
perceiving that Pittsburg can keep on even
when deprived of its advantages to the tune
of a dollar per ton on pig iron, and his re
cognition of the possibility that he may per
haps make the discrimination two dollars
HARD PAN PRICES.
Reports as to a decline in the price of
coke to Si 10 and 1 15 per ton, with inti
mations that contracts are made as low as a
dollar, are in circulation. The habit,
"which seems to have risen to the dignity of
a custom, of making all reports about the
coke trade as strong as possible, warrants a
deduction of a certain percentage from this
reported decline. Probably a falling off in
demand with a continued production, has
depressed the market somewhat; but when
coke reaches the present level the demand
is sure to improve. It may be as well to
recognize the signs of the times that, for the
present at least, hard pan prices and narrow
margins of profit are likely to rule on the
bulk of Pittsburg products. The more
clearly this fact is recognized in practice,
the sooner will its influence revive the de
mand for coke, coal, iron, steel and glass.
The letter in which Stanley recounts his
march from the Arnwhimi to the Nyanza
and back to his starting point gives noth
ing new, as to what the explorer has done
since he left the Congo the second time to
rejoin Emin Pasha. It adds the interesting
details to the bare skeleton of the facts fur
nished before, that he had reached Emin,
and had returned to the Congo to get the
rest of the supplies that he had left with
B&rtalotte and Jamison. The full story
shows that the first march was a perilous one,
with difficulties enhanced by hostile tribes
and scarcity of food. But the patience and
energy of the explorer having once sur
mounted these troubles the second march
does not appear to have been particularly
severe, so that we can hope that Stanley re
joined Emin without difficulty. "What will
then be done is not apparent in the letter;
but there is reason to suspect that before
Stanley returns to England he will have
added another striking exploration to his
record of achievements.
FRANCE'S PET TIGER.
"When Louis XVI. was brought back to
the Tuileries from Versailles by the revolu
tionary Parisians on October 6, 1789, the
mob satirically hailed the royal party,
which included the Queen and the little
Dauphin, with the cry: "lie boulanger,
la boulangere, et le petit mitron," that 'is,
"the baker, his wife and the little baker's
boy. From the way events are shaping
themselves, the cry of "Boulanger" may
come from the throats of a Parisian mob
again when the hundred years are up on
October 6, next, under different circum
stances to those which surrounded the royal
The present Ministry of France seems to
have concluded that their only hope of
safety lies in striking vigorously at General
Boulanger. It is their last chance to level
a blow at the General, and by convicting
Mm of conspiracy against the Government,
end his reign as an uncrowned king in the
humiliating limits of a common prison celL
The Ministry of 31. Oonstans is certainly
not to be blamed ir it cairies out this plan.
The Patriotic League, whatever its founders
meant to be, had become an insurgent body
pledged to take its final instructions from
General Boulanger, when it was suppressed
by the Government, In Paris the League
was especially strong, numbering seventy
thousand men armed with revolvers and
drilled in military maneuvers. "With this
body of armed followers it is plain to see
what General Boulanger might have done,
and it is quite reasonable to believe that it
ra only the lack of an opportunity that
prevented the "man on horseback" from
precipitating a revolution.
Now General Boulanger appreciating
with unerring accuracy that his 'name, if
not his neck indeed, is no .longer safe from
the assaults of his foes in Paris, has fled to
Belgium. From his refuge he has is
sued a characteristic card announcing that
he prefers exile for a time to trial before a
Senate which is determined to get rid of
him, the idol of the French people. He
also denies emphatically that he is guilty of
treason to the Republic. "What his plans are
he does not say. The hasty character of his
change of base may account for the absence
of the programme. Masterly inactivity has
hitherto been Boulanger's policy ; and there
is no need for him to depart from it imme
diately. He can lose nothing by waiting,
and he may gain a great deal.
It looks as if M. Constans were bent upon
a return to Jacobin methods, and it is quite
possible that tho fate of the Jacobins a cen
tury ago may overtake him and the Minis
try he manipulates. The people of France
can recall Boulanger to a dictatorship, or
rest content with the Republic as it is. Tile
choice will be awaited with intense interest
by the world.
POWDERLY ON PRISON LABOR.
Mr. Powderly's reply to the letter of Mr.
Henry Warner on the subject of convict
labor is full of the incisive points with
which the labor leader's letters generally
abound. It is interesting as defining the
position of the Knights of Labor on this
qnestion, and as showing that their attitude
does not differ materially from that of the
great majority of thinking people.
In some of the minor points Mr. Powder
ly takes positions that are open to criticism.
Thus, when he says that "it was unfair com
petition on the part of the Standard Oil
Company and kindred concerns that drove
other corporations with less capital out of
the business;" he gives utterance to a per
sistent error that beclouds that subject. It
is not particulaaly vital to the question of
prison labor, but it is vital to the question
of monopolies and competitions that the
power of the Standard was established, not
by competition, but by unfair combination
with the railways to secure them rates so
much lower than those of their competitors
that they could do business at a profit while
the competitors could only do it at a loss.
But on the question of prison labor Mr.
Powderly's position will be generally re
garded as about right. It is that prisoners
should be given employment; but that the
contract system by which large bodies of
prisoners are farmed out at low wages is the
evil which depresses the wages of self-supporting
labor, and really does the prisoners
no good. Incidentally Mr. Powderly takes
the opportunity to make a point for the pro
hibitory amendment, which will be appre
ciated or not according to the views of the
This discussion is of course useful as
stimulating thought on the subject. It may
lend force to the idea heretofore advanced in
Tun Dispatch that a good way to employ
able-bodied prison labor is to use it in
making good highways throughout the
THE RAILROAD WHTPSAW.
The fresh example of the way in which
the railway officials are withdrawing rates
on Pittsburg products to far Western points,
in the cancelling Texas rates on the thread
bare pretense that they are afraid of tbelnter
State Commerce law, can only strengthen
the belief that they are resorting to the two-year-old
game of trying to make the law'
Perhaps they may have some reason for
the withdrawal of these rates, in the com
plications of Western pool maneuvers, of
which the public is not advised; but when
they say that they are afraid to make a
through rate from Pittsburg to Fort Worth
less than the sum of the two rates to and
'from St Louis, they simply resort to that
form of misstatement which was considered
objectionable in the case of Ananias. The
proof of the untrnth is very simple. It con
sists of the fact that the same railroads
whose managers make this pretense are
dally carrying thousands of tons past Pitts
burg on which the through rate is less than
the sum of the two locals.
The acrobatio feat of railway logic by
which the rates are made to work against
Pittsburg both ways is more instructive
than pleasant to our business interests.
t PRINCIPLES AND PERSONS.
The talk which is heard in Ohio of mak
ing Mr. Halstead's re-election an issue in
the State campaign that will determine the
election of a successor to Senator Payne,
does not propose to drag personality into
politics. There is an almost universal con
viction among Ohio Republicans and it is
shared by many Democrats that Payne's
seat in the Senate was purchased by the
most unblushing corruption. This opinion
is strengthened by frauds and forgeries
committed in the interest of the Payne-McLean
wing of the Democratic party in the
election of 18S5. To make the rebuke to
the men who had perpetrated that sort of
thing as pointed as possible, by electing
their most radical enemy, is not fighting for
personal interest but for the principle of
decency in government. But the project
to make Halstead the rival to Payne in the
election lacks one vital element. Mr. Payne
will never submit himself to the ordeal of a
popular election. His party does not do
things that way. It was much simpler in
1884 to let a Democratic Legislature be
elected on the understanding that Pendleton
was to be Senator, and then to buy the votes
away from Pendleton.
SOLDIERS IN EMBRYO.
Considering the very small standingaarmy
which the United States maintains and in
the absence of the European system of en
forced service, any system of popular mili
tary education which is effective plainly
ought to be maintained. Congress has re
cently marked its approval of the system of
detailing officers of the regular army and
navy to act as instructors of tactics and
military science at institutions of learning
throughout the country by increasing the
number of instructors to 60, CO of whom
come from the army and ten from the navy.
Besides these under the Revised Statutes
retired officers of both services may be em
ployed at colleges and universities in addi-.
tion to the 60 from the active list
Each institution to which an officer is
sent will be provided with a couple of
three-inch rifled guns, with carriages, lim
bers and appurtenances, and with ISO
Springfield cadet rifles. Ammunition
amounting to 100 blank cartridges and 300
primers for the cannon and CO ball cart
ridges for each cadet taking up rifle practice
is also' issued. The colleges are only re
quired to give an adequate bond for the re
turn of the ordnance and ordnance stores or
to satisfactorily account for them.
Although it is doubtless a fact that in the
past the services of these military Instructors
have not been all equally valuable, owing
often to the lack of sympathy and intelli
gence of the heads of the schools, yet it
manifestly must be of advantage to the
nation to have the rudiments of a military
education imparted to the scholars of sixty
of our principal schools. It would be
found, probably, on investigation, that a
very large percentage of efficient militia
officers and men have enjoyed the benefits
of a military training in their boyhood.
In a New York letter to an English pa
per we find the following singular state
ment: "Corrupt, uncomfortable, but fast
that is the Broadway tramcar. and it is, I
regret to say, in these respects characteristic
of the great country which permits it to ex
ist" We do not demur to the charge of
corruption and discomfort, but surely it is
a cruel thing to say that an American
horse car is fast. As to the United States,
it has a speedy gait, but it is comfortable
enough and not more corrupt than the
Bills against company stores and fixing
a penalty for violating the semi-monthly
pay law were passed by the Legislature
yesterday. Now the question is whether
these acts will be enforced or follow the ex
ample of so many of their predecessors in
remaining a dead letter.
The announcement that Mr. Gould is go
ing to retire from speculation and travel in
search of health is not entirely novel.
Reminiscences of the times when it has
been previously made justify the lambs in
taking a tight grip on the fleeces and the
stockholders of outlying railroads in put
ting their property under guard. When
Mr. Gould travels for his health some one else
is likely to get sick.
Nqw, that Chicago's city election is over,
it is to be hoped that its papers may permit
the impression to appear in their columns
that there is an occasional honest man
in the city of oleomargarine and cottonseed
It is interesting to observe that Teller's
declaration for open executive sessions was
judiciously timed. Peoplecan forget agood
many things between the present time and
the next session of Congress. Teller has had
opportunities to declare himself in favor of
open sessions before this; but heretofore
there has been danger that he might have to
vote for them.
One of the best cures for the trust rob
beries is to have them smash up and inflict
loss on all the plotters, as the copper com
bine did. Will not a few of our monopolies
in this land of the free kindly go to smash?
Lite's pictorial review of March repre
sents President Harrison as struggling with
the "pigs in clover" puzzle. Therepresenta
tion of the difficulty of the pnzxle is pointed
enough, but it fails to make it clear that
the difficulty in the President's task is not
to get the pigs into the pen, but to keep
them from crowding in too unanimously,
as it were.
The list of callers on the President yes
terday indicates that some of the insurrec
tionary Senators think that with the Senate
adjourned it is a good time to open negotia
tions for a treaty of peace.
Why should the Senators be more for
ward about questioning Mr. Carnegie's
citizenship than they were in regard, to Mr.
Patrick Ford's? Has the Irish vote, or the
fact that they were less pleased with the
administration at the. time of the later
nomination, the most to do with the ap
parently unjust discrimination?
The cold wave that is announced by the
Signal Service, as coming from the West,
appears to have struck Chicago in time to
make it frigid weather for the wheat cor
nerers. The attention which Mr. Andrew Car
negie's position is receiving .in regard to
the discrimination against the State of
Pennsylvania by its railroads is evinced by
the request of the Legislature that he
appear before it and deliver an address, and
next Monday evening has been appointed
for that purpose.
Perhaps, after all, the charitable way to
view the Senate's action is to.attribute it to
the Senatorial desire that Mr. Halstead
shall succeed Mr. Payne as one. of their
BOTTL-fKOEB's determination to decline
martyrdom and carry on the fight from the
safe harbor of Belgium, is vindicatory of
Boulanger's common sense and care of his
own skin, but destructive of Boulanger's
reputation as a patriot and his fame as a
subverter of administrations.
The suicide epidemic will, it is to be
hoped, warn the Pennsylvania Railroad not
to kill itself by killing off its Pittsburg
The Pennsylvania Railroad reports show
that in the first two months of this year it
made nearly $9,000,000 in gross earnings, or
82,500,000 in net earnings. This seems to
afford more corroboration to Mr. Carnegie's
position than to President Roberts' plea of
PERSONAL FACTS AND FANCIES.
Princess Christian Is being treated by an
Aston Rubinstein will celebrate the fifti
eth anniversary of his first publio performance
on July 23 next.
Senatob Gorman Is ha-ing his house en
larged and other important improvements
made on his place at Laurel, Md.
Wat. D. Howelxs, the novelist, ran up to
Boston a few days ago. Ho likes to camp out
now and then since he settled down in New
Tahberlxk did not look like an artist. He
was short broad-shouldered, burly, and might
have, been mistaken for an enriched Lascar
Thomas Ryan, United States Minister to
Mexico, has a smooth face, a bald head, a large
nose and a strong mouth. His eyes are small,
bright and humorous.
H. Rider Haggard Is at work on a novel
which he says will be his greatest effort He
will not finish it for two years, as ho is putting
a great deal of polish on it. If he had begun
this sort of thing earlier he might have won a
higher place in literature than he now holds.
Attorney General Miller has a little
room on the fifth floor of the RIggs House,
Washington. Secretary Tracy lives In pretty
apartments at the Arno. Secretary Proctor
has several rooms at the Arlington. Postmas
ter General Wanamaker is the only member of
the new administration who Is permanently lo
cated in his own house.
X Reduction In Freight Rates.
New York, April 3. The representatives of
the coal-carrying roads, after a long meeting
to-day, reduced tolls 10 cents per ton to Tide
water and 25 cents to Buffalo on Lehigh coal;
15 cents on Wyoming to Tidewater and 20 cents
on buckwheat to Tidewater. The sales agents
meet next week to consider the matter of
chancing their schedules.
An Unsolved Problem.
JTrom the New York Press.
Precisely how many fried oysters the aver
age girl can eat is a problem which no attend-
young man has ever yet been able to solve.
I ant young mannas ever yet been aoie.to solve. 1 toe city. t '.', ..!' - 1, 1 tneaa jrennsyivaau uas aws, , 1 two wuer ui any pcnuraiaaco nu.iv wee. 1 utsaut hhw'' - , -j. -AHTst Ayti ai.
An Unusual Caudldato for a Consulate Dick
Hlnton's Prize A Word to Bismarck.
There Is a gentleman In this city who has a
desire to serve his country at considerable ex
pense to himself. This In itself is a very re
markable fact The true patriot in these en
lightened days usually is willing to serve his
native land strictly at the latter expense.
But the man with the singular desireis a living,
breathing Pittsburger,'all the, same. Not a
myth at all.
He wants the Consulate at Nice. So badly
does he want it that bo is said to have in
formed, or his indorsers have informed, the
authorities of the State Department at Wash
ington that he is willing to spend his private
income of 810,000 a year in addition to the $4,000
of Consular salary to keep up the credit of the
United Btatea at Nice, Whether this offer,
which certainly cannot be beaten for liberality
on the part of the candidate, will be accepted
remains to be seen. On the fa6e af the matter,
considering also tbe personal character of the
petitioner and cogent reasons, the State De
partment ought to jump at the chance to get a
Consul who actually wants to spend his own
money In the State's service.
But would the grand society, the mild and
salubrious climate barring the mistral which
now and again unpleasantly reminds the good
people of Nice of their proximity to the Alps
the fashionable delights of the Promenade des
Anglais, the polyglot murmur of gossiping in
valids, seem to you a fair exchange for $10,000
a year in America?
But then if. we all wanted tho same thing,
very few of us would be happy. Each man to
his taste. And happy is the man who has no
worse taste than to sigh for the Consulate at
Prob ably the poems of the late Mr. Slack
Davis will be collected and published in book
form, so his son, Mr. Mackenzie Davis, informs
Among the newspaper men who have re
ceived a share in the spoils and without a
chance of the revengeful Senate's interference
between the cup and the lip is Colonel Rich
ard J., commonlj known as Dick, Hinton, He
is a veteran newspaper man as well as a veteran
soldier, and his newspaper friends sincerely
hone that his salary as engineer, or something
or other in the Department of Agriculture, is a
When I met Mr. Hinton at the Chicago Re
publican Convention last year, he was a sin
cere shouter for Harrison. It Is a compliment
also to the socialistic circles of the country
that Dick Hinton has been singled out for a
snug office, for Mr. Hinton is an outspoken ad
vocate of socialism, and a generous exponent
of its principles in his daily life.
Ever since Dick Hinton lent his aid and
risked his life with pld John Brown in 1859,-and
it was a mere whirl of fortune's wheel that
saved him from sharing Brown's martyrdom
he has been a consistent friend of .freedom and
the people in all the places, high and low,
which he has occupied in a life of singularly
So, there will be none who will not be glad to
hear that Dick Hinton has a comfortable place
instead of a precarious hold on a halt a dozen
papers in New York.
SO Blzzy thinks that Hurricane
Has cleared his way in Sam-o-a,
He'll try the tame old bluff again
That tailed to pan out yesterday.
But let him not imagine now,
That any wind or wave can smother
Old Uncle Sam one navy gone.
He'll swear a bit and build anotherl
And it may be casually remarked that Uncle
Sam showed the world a trick or two in build
ing a navy at short notice a quarter of a cen
TO CEUSH YELLOW JACK.
Secretary Lee to Assist the Florida State
Board of Health This Spring.
Special Telegram to The Dispatch.
Philadelphia, April 3. Dr. Benjamin Lee,
Secretary of the State Board of Health, is
abont leaving for Florida on a sanitary mission
of some importance. .The Legislature of that
State at its last session passed a resolution re
questing that a commission of sanitary officials
should visit Jacksonville and other points es
pecially exposed to yellow fever, and-confer
with the newly created State Board of Health
as to the proper means to adopt' to prevent a
recurrence of the serious epidemics of previous
years. Dr. Lee represents the interests of the
Middle Atlantic district on the commission.
Had a State Board of Health been in existence
in Florida two years ago, many lives and mil
lions of dollars might have been saved. It is
to bo hoped that the result of this conference
will be to strengthen the bands of the young
board that all the money needed to carry out
the measures proposed will be forthcoming,
and that its orders will be implicitly obeyed.
The party will leave Washington in a private
car at 430 A. M. Thursday, and will occupy
about a week in their tour of inspection.
ALI QUIET AT HAITI.
Nothing Exciting Has Occurred With the
Exception of an Earthquake.
New York, April 3. The steamer George
W. Clyde, which arrived to-day from Cape
Haytien, reports that she left the United States
steamer Galena in port on March 29. The
United States steamer Ossipee sailed on March
26 from Cape Haytien for Gonaives and St
Marc and was expected to return about April
L All was well on board the men-of-war.
Pnrser Scholtz. ot the steamer El Caliao,
which arrived to-day from Port de Paix, Hayti,
reports that at about 10:45 A. M., March 28, a
heavy shock of earthquake was felt in the town
and adjacent country, which lasted several sec
onds. At the time the steamer left no news
had been received of any loss of life or damage
A PLEASANT PILGRIMAGE.
The President's Wife and Danghtcr Will Go
gontli With Ex-Scnntor Davis' Family.
Baltimore, April 3. Ex-Senator Henry G.
Davis and family will start on a Southern trip
to-morrow morning in a special car tendered
by the Pennsylvania Railroad. At Washington
they expect to bo joined by Mrs. Harrison,
wire of the President, and her daughter, Mrs.
McKce. Mr. Flagler, proprietor of the Ponce
de Leon Hotel at St Augustine, expects to join
the party at Charleston. .
They will go by the Atlantic Coast line, first
to Charleston, thence to Jacksonville, and then
to St. Augustine, to be absent about ten days.
They will return by the Atlanta and Piedmont
OUR MARY IS BETTER,
Bliss Anderson, Accompnnled by
Friends, Sails for Englnnd.
New York, April 3. The passenger list of
the White Star line steamer Germanic, which
sailed hence this morning for Liverpool, con
tained the names of Miss Mary Anderson, Mr.
Joseph Anderson and his wife, and the latter's
sister. Mr. Anderson said that his sister's con
dition showed much improvement since her
arrival in this city from Philadelphia.
DEATHS OP A jDAY.
Atlanta, OA., April 3. At the country home
of Governor (lord on, near this city, there died
yesterday a negress with a history. She was
known as Aunt Mary, and nursed four generations
of Mrs. Gordon's family. She first belonged to
Judge Lewis, noted Georgian, going with Miss
Lewis when si. aecaroe the wife of General Haral
son, once Congressman from Georgia, and long
prominent in Georgian attain. .Aunt Mary went
with Miss Kannle Haralson when she became the
wife of John D. Gordon. When Mrs. Gordon was
with her husband daring the war. Aunt Mary was
with her. Her last appearance in public was upon
the occasion oftho wedding of MUs Fanny,, Gov
ernor Gordon's daughter, some months ago. (she
was 85 years of age. About her bed when she died
were four generations of the family of Mrs.
Gordon and three generations of Aunt Mary's
Mrs. Elizabeth K. Wlnans.
BALUMOBE. April 3. Mrs. Elizabeth K.
Winans, widow of Boss Wlnans, died at her resi
dence in this city yesterday. Mrs. Wlnans was the
second wife of Ross Wlnans, and stepmother of
the late Thomas Wlnans. Her maiden name was
Elizabeth K. West .Boss Winans lert her eon
tlderabie property, which goes to his two sons,
DeWitt Clinton and Walter Scott Winans, who
now live in Europe.
Iter, F. W, McNniyruter.
CUAMBERSBCBO, April 3. Hev. F. w. Mc
Naughter died at Webster's Mills yesterday, aged
89 years. He had been .for 60 years In the active
ministry, and for 30 years was pastor of the Asso
ciate Beform Chnrch at Mercersburg.
William E. Murdoch.
William E. Murdoch, 'aged 27 years, son of II. J,
Murd6ch,T publisher of the United Presbyterian,
died of pneumonia.- at his residence in Sewtckley,
Tuesday night. He was a clerk In the P ennsylva-
ma itauru&u'suuuiiujK ubivc, buu wbu Known in
tne city. i V. ' . it -
A Famous Hoax on the Peoplo of Pittsbarg,
and Another Played In London.
Colla Logan, in Belford's Magszlne.1
On a 1st of April some 40 years ago adver
tisements appeared in the morning news
papers of Flttsbnrg announcing that at 3
o'clock that afternoon the inventor of a new
flying machine would give a publio exhibition
of the practicability of his invention. He
would fly from one of the Allegheny river
bridges to another, over the middle of the
stream. Long beforo the hour set 'for the
fcovel exhibition, both tho bridges and the
banks of the river between them were densely
crowded by men, women and children, all ex
citedly eager to see the flying man. But the
only flying done was by a frightened goose that
somebody liberated from the middle of the
upper bridge a little after i o'clock, until which
time the crowd had, with tolerable patience,
waited. The bird, alarmed by the roat of the
multitude that greeted it, flew swiftly down
the river, under the lower bridge, and far be
yond the Point, where it was lost to sight
Then, all at once, tho knowledge seemed to
burst upon the throng that tho whole affair
was an "April Fool" joke, and the many thou
sands of spectators disappeared almost as if by
magic, so in haste were they to get away from
the spot. And that evening it was bard to find
a citizen who would admit that he had been
near the Allegheny river that day.
Even better than that as a joke upon pop
ular credulity, was a trick perpetrated in Lon
don no longer ago than 186a Thousands of
persons received official-looking invitations to
be present on Sunday torcnoon, April 1, "to
witness the annual ceremony of the washing of
tho White Lions in the Tower.', The favored
recipients .of these missives were instructed to
present themselves at the AVhlte Gate for ad
mission. All the forenoon the streets near the
Toner were thronged by hundreds of vehicles
bearing people in earnest quest of the White
Finally somebody a little less thick-witted
than tbo rest of the crowd remembered that
therewas no white gate to the Tower; that
there wore no white lions, and that ceremonies
under governmental auspices on Sunday were
at least wildly improbable. Like an electric
shock his reflections flashed through the throng
of ceremony seekers, and their recognition of
the fact that they all were "April Fools" sent
them scurrying away In angry haste.
INDIANA BONDS WON'T FLOAT.
A Defect In the. Law Authorizing the Issne
Which Troubles the Bankers.
New York, April 3. State Treasurer
Lemcke, of Indiana, who came to New York a
few days ago with Sl,400,000 worth of new bonds
of that State In his satchel, which had been
awarded to the German Savings Bank of this
city upon a bid that included a considerable
premium, is in a peck (Of trouble. The bank
hesitates about taking the bonds on account
of an alleged technical defect in the law passed
by the last Legislature authorizing the issue
Treasurer Lemcke has got the opinion of Attor
ney General Michenor that the bonds are all
right and that the bank would be perfectly
safe in taking them in spite of any technical
effect, so long as there was no fraud involved.
The bank officers, however, still hesitate.
There have been several conferences between
Treasurer Lemcke and the bank officers and
also between 'the Treasurer and Winslow,
Lanier & Co., who are the financial agents of
the State, and1 through whom the bonds were
floated. At the office of these bankers it was
said yesterday that the bonds were perfectly
good, and that there was no doubt that they
would be successfully negotiated, whether the
bank took them or not The trouble did not
arise from anv vital defect in the issue, but
from carelessness in the drawing of the bill
If the attempt to dispose of the bonds should
fall it would probably be necessary to call an
extra session of the Indiana Legislature, as the
money is absolutely necessary to meet current
expenses of the State and interest on other
bonds. The Legislature will not meet In regu
lar session again until 1891.
GO WEST, YOUNG MAN.
General Grcely Says Thar Oregon nnd
WnahlngtOu Territory are Garden Spots.
Washington, April a General Greely has
prepared a report on the climatio conditions of
Oregon and Washington Territory. He says
the rainfall on the Pacific coast is the heaviest
in the United States, ranging from TO to 107
inches annually: but this enormous fall covers
only 6 per cent of the area of Oregon and Wash
ington Territory. On the other hand, the area
where less than 10 inches fall is less than 5 per
cent ot the whole. Wheat can be grown in
nine-tenths of these two Btates without irriga
tion. Owing to the equable rainfall all agricul
tural operations are more fruitful with a small
rainfall than in some sections of other States
with considerably larger precipitation. Re
markably equable temperaturo conditions also
obtain. In 300 miles of latitude along the coast
the range of temperature in the summer time is
only 8. During the winter months the mean
temperature of more than half of these States
is above freezing point and on tbo coast ranges
between 40 and 45, General Grcely says:
To summarize: Oregon and Washington Terri
tory are favored with a climate of unusual mild
ness and equability, while the Immediate coast re
gions have very heavy rainfalls, yet such rain oc
curs during the winter months of December to
February, and in all cases the season gives place
gradually to the dry season, during July and Au
gust. "While the preponderating amount of rain
falls dnrlng the winter, yet the spring, early sum
mer and late fall are marked by moderate rains at
not infrequent intervals. Tnese climatic condi
tions favor to a marked extent the growth of most
cereals and other important staples.
A CHANGE ON THE B. St 0.
A Probability of tho Retirement of Vice
President Orland Smith.
Baltimore, April a It looks as though
Colonel Orland Smith, Vice President of the
Baltimore and Ohio, intended soon to retire
from the service, as late last evening President
Mayer issued the following circular, and di
rected that a copy be sent to each office on the
Baltimore and Ohio lines:
The Second Vice President Mr. Thomas M.
King, will have charge of all'questions pertaining
to the physical and operating branches of tbe
company's service, andsuch'other duties as may
from time to time be assigned him by the Presi
dent. Beports heretofore sent to the Vice Presi
dent, Colonel Orland Smith.on such subjects wllL
on and after April 1, 1889, be referred to the Sec
ond Vice President.
Mr. Klne to-day established his headquarters
in tbe offices heretofore occupied by Vice
President Smith, and tbe .secretaries and
clerks of the latter are occupying the same po
sitions with Mr. King. General Smith, accom
panied by Mrs. Smith, left Baltimore for Cin
A LIQUOR COMPROMISE.
Tho New York, Legislature Passes nfow
High License lUeasare.
Albany, April a The Legislature last year
appointed a commission to revise the excise
laws of the State and prepare a new bill which
should be general in its application, and thus
remove tbe grounds upon which Governor Hill
vetoed the high license bill passed last session.
The bill prepared by this commission may bo
described as a low high license measure, and is
a compromise between the extreme high license
and liquor interests.
This bill came before the Assembly this
nM.f riw . nA .Era a nqee.J 1, . n.n . cJ .a fa
The bill was passed by a party vote, except
that four Republicans voted with the Demo,
crats in the negative.
Bids Received at Washington for P. Fonr
Thonsand Ton Monitor.
Washington, April a Bids were opened
at the Navy Department to-day for the con
struction ot an armored coast defense vessel
of tbe Monitor type, and of about 4,000 tons
The bidders for constructing the hull ancT
machinery, according to the department's de
signs, were William Cramp & sons. Philadel
phia, SL614,000: N. F. Palmer. Jr & Co. (the
QuinUrd Iron Works.) of New York.Sl.690.000,
and the Union Iron Works, of San Francisco,
f 1,628,850. No award has yet been made.
A Disgusting Exhibition Stopped.
From the Hew York Tribune,
A sensational "dime museum", has had on
exhibition a representation of the murder of
tho drug clerk Wecbsung by the boy Krullscb.
That such things are available as an "attrac
tion" betokens the low tone ot public morals
and public taste In the city, but in this case
there was an obvious Injustice to the lad,
against whom the gravo charge ofmurder,has
not been proved. So everybody will rejoice to
learn that the Superintendent of Police has
caused this particular exhibition to be stopped
It is rarely that we hear of a more disgusting
affair. Really, there ought to be a law prevent
ing such demoralizing exhibitions.
One Hundred New Jtl. D's.
Philadelphia, April a The sixty-fourth
annual commencement ot the Jefferson Med
ical College was held in tbe Academy of Music
this afternoon. The degree of Doctor of Medi
cine was conierrea on ziz graduates. Among
mem jrennsyivania n&s iuk. ..
FROM THE 3TATE CAPITAL.
A Moral Victory If -an Actnal Defeat A
Granger Argument on tho Taxation
Qnestion Compulsory Education Vro'
vokes a Heated Discussion.
tFDOM A STAPjr COBBXRpoNDBNT.l
HARRianuBOj April aMr. Magee did not
arrive in Harrisburg to-day. His chief of staff,
George' von Boonhorst, did. To-night It l
stated thatMr.Mageowas In Washington to
day, and will arriye here to-morrow forenoon.
Mr. McManes, of Philadelphia, Is here. He
says he is opposed to Mr. Magee's Senate bill
No. 70, as well as to Mr. Fletcher's electric
light bill. Mr. Leeds and Tax Receiver Clay,
of Philadelphia, are also here, and are declared
to be not in favor of Senate bill No. 70. A
friend of Mr. Leeds says he merely came down
to look around. Mr. McManes was also inter
ested in the bill Increasing the salaries of the
This afternoon the House Jtfdlciary General
Committee considered the Senate nil! and
made the salaries of Philadelphia and Alle
gheny judges 9,000 Instead of $3,000, as the biU
prqyided. Mr. Magee's friends admit defeat
to-night, but, in view of the forces brought to
bear against them, claim a moral victory.
They complain, however, that the Speaker.who
has been niuob. out of his cbalr lately, has been
using his influence against them.
Dolaney Wants to Go to Utnh.
Captain Delaney, librarian of tne Senate, Is
being heartily supported here in his effort to
secure the appointment of Commissioner of
Registration of Utah Territory. His petition Is
signed generally by State officials, Senators
A Taxation Problem.
The Grangers' equalization tax bill was be
fore the Senate Finance Committee tbJs after
noon. Mr. Cooper objected that section i, 'pro
viding that tbe borrower should pay the tax
and deduct the same from his interest payment,
rendered the bill unconstitutional, and thereby
defeated its main object the taxation of per
sonal property, for tho purpose of relieving
real estate of some of its present burden.
Worthy Master Rhone and Secretary Thomas,
of the State Grange, spoke in favor of the bill,
as did Senator Brown, of York, who is a
Granger. They said real estate was valued at
81,800,000.000. and paid 531,000,000 taxes, while
1,600,000,000 of corporate and personal property
liaid but $4,000,000.
Arguments on the New County BUI.
The Senate Judiciary Local Committee heard
arguments for and against the new county bill
for three hours this afternoon. Arguments
against the bill will be continued to-mor?ow.
Those in favor of the bill will close the argu
ments. Tbe three Senators from the inter
ested counties oppose the measure. SamLosch
is here against it
A Hot Discussion an Compulsory Education.
Mr. Cochrane, of Armstrong, made a strong
sneech to-night in favor of his comnulsory edu
cation bill when it came up on second reading.
Mr, Wherry opposed the bill, which compels
tho attendance of children at school until they
reach the age of 14 years. The debate became
quite heated, and when Representative Rose,
of Cambria, offered an amendment confining
the provisions of the bill to first and second
class cities. Captain Billlngsley charged that
Mr. Rose was trying to nullify the measure by
making it unconstitutional. He also referred
in the same strain to the action of Mr. Rose on
one of tbe morning's labor measures.
Mr. Rose said Mr. Billlngsley stated' what be
knew to be an untruth, and Mr. Stewart, of
Philadelphia, who -was in the chair, nearly
broke his gavel at the instance of Speaker's
Clerk Hahn calling him to order. The House
adjourned at 10:30. in some confusion, without
taking definite action on the bill.
Beaver Will Preside.
General Master Workman Powderly was here
to-day to invite Governor Beaver to preside
over a Farnell demonstration at Scrantonon
the 11th. Unless something interferes, the
Governor will preside.
Afraid tho Bill Was Loaded.
Captain Dravo's Innocent bill relating to
patentrights and copyrights came over from
the Senate with an amendment to section 11 of
the corporation law giving corporations ten in
stead of five years to complete their work from
the time of beginning it.
r. w nerry argued that this wonld give the
Sonth Penn people Ave years longer to hold
their right of way. Mr. DraVo and Captain
Skinner thought so, too, and tho House, by a
vote of 131 to 23, refused to concur In the Sen
ate amendment ,hj,
A. Chance to Appeal.
The Senate Judiciary General Committee
this afternoon acted favorably on tbe Lytlea
bill permitting appeals on tax assessments
from boards of appeal or County Commission
ers to the Common Pleas Court The commit
tee amended it however, to give but SO instead
of GO days in which to make the appeal.
Important Bills Passed.
The House to-day passed bills fixing a pen
alty of from $300 to S1.000 for violating the act
requiring the semi-monthly payment of wage
workers. To prohibit mining and manufactur
ing corporations from carrying on company
stores. To provide for the support and main
tenance of associations formed for the control
of fires, and the protection and saving of hu
man life and property in case of fire in cities ol
the first and second class; providing for the
adoption of regulations to preserve order in
and about county buildings and for the preser
vation of the same. An Allegheny county bill.
An Investigation to be Made.
The Senate passed a bill to-day providing for
an Investigation of the management of the
charitable and correctional institutions of the
Matrons for Police Stations.
Among the bills introduced In the Senate to
day were the following: Providing matrons
at police stations in cities of first and second
class empowering County Commissioners to
relieve County Treasurers from loss through
tbe failure of trust companies wherein county
moneys have been deposited and providing for
the opening and maintenance of highways. In
the House a bill was introduced giving ceme
tery associations tbe right of eminent domain.
Remains as Heretofore.
Tho bill requiring fire insurance companies
to pay the face of a policy was defeated in the
House to-day by a large majority. Siiifson.
DR. M'COSH IMPROVING.
His Physicians Think He Has a Fair Chance
Princeton, N. J.. April a Dr. McCosh Is
very much improved to-day. He passed an un
usually quiet night, and was able to sit up this
morning. He has been a very sick man. and is
still exceedingly weak, but his physician con
siders nim now in a convalescent state, and
thinks that, owing to bis strong constitution,
he will recover.
The doctor's daughter, and friends from the
city who were summoned here, have returned
on account of his improved condition.
An Afternoon to Ourselves.
From the Philadelphia Ledger.
A conference ot prophets In London has set
12:40 F. M., March 6, 1896, as the exact time at
which the world will come to an end. They go
Greenwich time, of course, so that we will have
a whole afternoon to ourselves after the dis
turbance has begun over there.
Bamboo, Booze and Bamboozle
From tho New York Press.
Armed with rod and flask, the angler now
marches forth, to return laden with spoils of
tbe imagination. It is bamboo, Dooze and bam
boozle. THE PITTSBURG STAGE.
The Great Eastern Specialty Company comes
to the Casino April 8.
There's an excellent bill at the Academy
this week, and several other variety favorites
are coming next Monday.
That strong and always popular play,
'Hoodman Blind," In the bands of a capable
company, will be next week's attraction at
Miss Minnie Maddeen's visits to Pitts
burg are almost angel ic from their inf reqnency,
and this bright little comedienne is all tbe
more welcome because so seldom seen here.
Her engagement next week at the Grand
should prove brilliant She will present two
strong comedies, "Caprice" and "In Spite of
All." Tbe advance sale of seats opens to-day.
"Jim, the Penman," is a play which It is
hardly necessary to commend to Pitts Burgers.
It has been seen here before and pronounced
superb. Its production by a strong and well
balanced company at the Bijou, beginning
Monday next will be one 07 the most enjoyable
theatrical treats of the season. It is one of the
best attractions on the road. The advance
sale of seats begins this morning, and it Is safe
to say there will be little unoccupied space In
tbe theater at any performance next week.
Two Souls With But a Single Thought.
rHHW TOBX ntfBKAU SrXOIALS.l
New York, April a The witnesses in tbe
Stewart will case to-day told what Mrs. Stewart
was like. General James G. Wilson described
her thus: "She was very intelligent but was
hard of hearing and partially nearsighted.
She was not a great conversationalist and I
never knew her to engage in much reading.
She never discussed books."
To illustrate Mrs. Stewart's lack of practic
ality Mrs. Helen Brown told how she once or
dered from a corset peddler and paid tor in ad
vance six pairs of corsets, although she bad
just brought home from Paris ten brand new
pairs. Mrs. Brown also said that Mrs. Stewart
couldn't understand the difference between
principal and interest
Dr,Haight related how he urged Mrs. Stew
art to convert an idle building intoanofflco
building. "And what are office buildings,
prayr asked Mrs. Stewart. Dr. Haigbt ex
plained to her and she said "Oh." Another
witness detailed at length Mrs. Stewart's opin
ions of the late Alexander T.: "Mrs. Stewart
thought as her hnsband did on all subjects. If
Mr, Stewart thought any one an angel Mrs.
Stewart entertained the same opinion. If Mr.
Stewart regarded a person as having ability
Mrs. Stewart participated in the same opinion.
If Mr. Stewart disliked a person the aversion
extended to Mrs. Stewart And If any person
disagreed with Mr. Stewart she was offended.
She was influenced entirely by her husband in
Afraid to Waken His Wife.
Harvey K. Glidden, of San Franeiseo, 38
years old and flashily dressed, excused himself
in court this morning for stabbing a cabman.
by saying that be was a Kentuckian, a grand
son of John U, Breckinridge, and that no man
could insult him with impunity. He was sent
back to jail, nevertheless, because he could not
furnish J1,000 bail. Last night Gildden asked
the cabman, who had driven him home, to
come up stairs while he borrowed the amount
of the fare from Mrs. Glidden. " The cabman
went Then Glidden said he was afraid to
wake up Mrs. Glidden to get the money, and
told the cabman to caU again. The cabman
demurred and the Kentuckian stabbed him in
the side, A policeman who heard the cabman
yell stopped the row by arresting Glidden.
He Wonld JUake a Model Hnsband.
Castle Garden is becoming a famous matri
monial bureau. Almost dally some man sends
the superintendent an order for a wife. To
day three applications were received. Charles
T. Cooper sent all the way from Monticello,
I1L, for a brunette English girl. She. must be
under 36 years of age and good-looking. Mr.
Cooper prefers a girl with 1,000 cash; in fact
only such a girl need apply He says that he
Is good looking and has 700 in the- bank.
Added to this, he is slightly deaf, and will not
mind a talkative wife.
Steam Stops Business,
Several breaks occurred In the pipes of the
New York Steam Company In lower Broadway
this morning. Tremendous clouds of steam
were puffing up from the cellars under the
walks, and made the street quite impassable.
A small panic prevailed among tbe occupants
Of tbe surrounding' buildings, and they came
tumbling out into the street hatless and coat
less. After two hours or longer the steam was
turned off and business was resumed.
An Awful Invasion.
The Musical Union here has been grumbling
for a year or more about tbe constantly in
creasing importation 'of German bands. The
members of the union complain that every in
coming German steamship in the spring lands
a couple of dozen of these Itinerant musicians,
who return home in the fall with the money
they have made during the summer. The mat
ter was brought to a crisis to-day by the ar
rival of 400 German musicians with their horns,
harps and drums in the steerage ot the steam
ship Westerland. Representatives Of the
Musical Union swore hard before the Castle
Garden officials that the 400 come over under
contract with a manager who had agreed to
pay them fixed salaries, and would reap the
profit of letting tbem loose on the country.
The officials are Investigating the compltints.
He Chose a Grander Title.
The clerk of the Naturalization Bureau has
turned a real German Baron into a plain
American Mister, Baron von Shullka is just
21 years old to-day, and he celebrated the first
day of his majority by becoming an American
citizen. He can't call himself Baron any more,
because tbe naturalization clerk made him
promise not to do it The late Baron is. a man
of some wealth and fine education. Ha gives
his occupation as "gent of leisure."
OUR MAIL POUCH.
Distributing Tracts Time nnd Place In
To the Editor of The Dispatch:
The church organization which claims that dis
tributing tracts on the street constitutes dis
orderly conduct Should be careful to specify
that it does not refer to the tracts issued by its
Replying to the above clipping from to-day's
issue, it is proper to say that when tho church
organization of which I am a member has any
tracts "Issued by its own denomination" to
distribute, it is usually done within the church
building, and then only to those who take
them willingly. Also, we would expect to be
corrected for disorderly conduct If we went
upon tbe street in front of buildings owned or
occupied (as places ot worship) by other de
nominations and thrust tracts at thore who
did not want them as they were coming away
from the usual Sunday service.
Flrst Presbyterian Ohnrch, of Allegheny.
Pittsburg, April 8. 1889.
Doubly a Villain.
From the New York Snn.J
The reward for the capture of the man who
made Bank President Moffat of Denver, write
out Sign and draw the cash on a check for $21,
000 and hand him the money has been increased
from $2,500 to $5,000, This is probably due to
the fact that tbe bottle containing alleged
nitro-glycerlne used as one of the means of in
timidation was discovered to bold only common
oil. Tbe man added deception to robbery, and
hence is regarded as a double villain by the in
ODD ITEMS FROM FOREIGN SHORES.
Murders are decidedly on tne increase In
MB. Balfour, it is expected, will soon be
succeeded by Sir John Gorst as Chief Secretary
Bismarck has got a new dog to succeed the
lately defunct Tyras. He Is called Sedan, and
came from Warsaw.
The 100-ton gun is not yet regarded with
great favor. The majority of guns for new
Ironclads are between 60 and 70 tons.
Mrs. Maceay has returned to her house In
Buckingham Gate in excellent health, and has
renewed her entertainments in their original
The horse of Major Foster in the Essex bunt
slipped and fell with his rider into a ditch, and
the latter died from suffocation before tbe
horse could be pulled "off.
The fees for ascending the Eiffel Tower are
5 francs to the top, 3 francs to the second plat
form and 2 francs to the first Tho three plat
forms will hold 10,000 people.
A Waterloo veteran began bis lOlstyearon
January 1, in tbe Province of Farona, Brazil.
The Germans assembled to do him honor, and
put a crown of laurels on his head, which is not
A discussion as to the height of trees In the
forests of Victoria has elicited from Baron von
Muellor, the Government botanist, the state
ment that be saw one of the height of 525 feet
Tbe late Chief Inspector of Forests measured
one fallen and found that it was 483 feet long, " '
Moltke's request to resign from the Danish
navy, addressed to tbe King of Denmark, is
still to be seen at tbe Danish War Office at
Copenhagen.' Moltke gave as a reason for his
resignation that he hoped to get on better in
the German service, and also asked for three
months' pay in order to bo able to travel to
Berlin, which the Ring, however, refused.
Moltke had to go without
Ik reply to a correspondent complaining of
delay in telegrams because of overhead wires
breaking in a recent snow storm, the British
Postmaster General says: "The advantages of
laying wires under ground are fully appreciated
by the department, and a considerable mileage
of .underground wires already exists; but the
system Is so much mora costly than that of
carrying wires overhead as to preclude itt !-
The Indiana woman who only a short
time ago was married for tbe seventh time is
now seeking a divorce.
A flock of about 1,000 wild geese, bound
north, alighted on Long Island Sound, near
Bridgeport, the other afternoon.
Josephine Marie Bedard, a French
girl living in Tingwick, Mass., has eaten noth
ing for seven years, and Is still alive.
At New Haven recently Thomas J.
Oaborn wrote 103 words of memorized matter
on tbe typewriter in half a minute breaking
A man In Huntington, elnd., raises
skunks, which he sells to zoological gardens
for 810 a pair. He Is making a profitable living
out of his venture. '-
A Toledo man bought a shotguivSy
cents worth of poison, half a bushel of oordT
and spent three days' time trying to rid his
place of English sparrows. He killed two and
twenty others came to take their place.
A Cincinnati father bought his boy a
drum. The boy paraded and drummed on his
drum. Five of the neighbors went to law about
It and the drum was hung up and the boy sent
to the country. The Court held that it was a
A prominent club man of Philadelphia
frequently imbibes too freely, and on such occa
sions his friends tie a handkerchief to his St
Bernard's collar, and by the man holding on
the doe leads him safely home, and actually
successfully resists his owner's efforts to stop
in saloons on tbe way.
The highest price on record for a postage
stamp was realized last week, when an unused
4-cent British Guiana stampof 1856 was knocked
down at auction to Mr. Buhl, the dealer, for
(250. The same gentleman also bought a
similar stamp, which had, however, been
through the post for $190. I presume Mr.
Buhl was commissioned to buy these rarities by
some customer of exceptional wealth or per
haps exceptional idiocy.
A Boston drummer says: "One of ths
meanest men it was ever my misfortune to havs
any dealings with was a retail grocer, who at
the time was selling a poor woman three pounds
of common crackers for 23 cents, for which he
paid at tbe rate of Scents per pound, but to
make his scales exactly balance he found it
necessary to break a cracker in two. As this
man finally met death bv falling down stairs
and breaking bis neck, I thought he received
only his just dues."
A beautiful flower, called the rice lily,
grows thickly In parts of Southwestern
Georgia. It Is extremely sensitive to the light
Tbe blossoms fold np at night but open in the
morning. At night, while the lovely white
blossoms are closely enfolded in their purple
covering, and the flowers are asleep, if a lamp ,
is placed near them they will gradually open '
and turn toward It If a strong light is placed on
one side of a vase containing them, the half of
the bouquet that faces the lamp will be un
folded, while tbe other half that is In the
shadow will remain tightly closed.
Among the many good works of the
Queen of Saxony is her education of women
ot all ranks to be nurses. In 1867 she sum
moned the women of Dresden to meet her in
Council, and at the end of a year there wero
1,200 nurses ready for service. They were
called Albertinerinneu, from the name of the
then Crown Prince. Any one 111 In Dresden
sent a request for a nurse to any hospital man
aged by Albertinerinneu. Under their charge
is the Queen's Hospital and a convalescent's
home on the banks of the Elbe, which the
Queen purchased from her private means.
One of the most wonderful things that
have been discovered of late is the new glass
which has just been made In Sweden. Com
mon glas3 contains only six substances, while
the Swedish glass consists of 14, the most im
portant elements being phosphorous and boron,
which are not found in any other glass. The
revolution which this new refractor is destined
to make Is almost inconceivable, if It is true, as
positively alleged, that, while the highest
power of an old-fashioned microscopic lens re
veals, only the one four hundred-thousandth
part of an inch, thU new glass will enable us to
distinguish one two hundred-and-four-mlllion-seven-hundred-thousandth
part of an inch.
A new system of canal construction has
been designed and recently patented by an
Englishman. Tbe object Is to do away en
tirely with the necessity for steam or horse
power in canal traffic, and this end Is sought to
be attained by the creation of acurrentof water
strong enough to carry the boats along from
point to point Mr. Pickard has designed a
double canal, at one end of which is a screw,
resembling the propeller of a steamship. This
screw, which is worked by steam-power, forces
tbe current in one direction and causes it to re
turn in the parallel division of the canaL the
direction of the current being reversible at
will. By this arrangement all loss of water is
obviated, and the bed of the canal is kept
clean. The current is, of course, confined to
each separate level of canal, and wben locks
Intervene another current has to be created.
The Rev. James Rusk, aged 70,. of
Chicago, offers medical science a case probably
without a parallel. Mr. Rusk has an average
heart action of 17 pulsations to themlnnte.
with a frequent recurring minimum of 11 beats
to the minute, a recorded suspension of all ac
tion for 10 seconds, and several incidental
periods of cessations estimated at from 30
seconds to a full minute. A pulse nnder 68 is
unusual, 60 abnormal, and beneath that com
monly accepted as the precursor of dissolution.
Mr. Rusk's trouble dates back to May last
when." shortly after arising one morning, befell
insensible to tbe floor. He recovered in about
20 minutes, but was taken to bed faint and
weak. He lay ill for weeks, and then feebly
resumed his dally rounds. Three weeks later
be was seized with another attack, and since
that time he has been very feeble.
The gathering of coral and sponges is
an Important industry on the Florida reefs.
Both are frequently found in the same locality.
The sponges are found wherever the bottom is
rocky, gen erally from 10 to 30 feet beneath the
surface. Two or three dozen schooners are
now engaged In the work of gathering the
sponges, each schooner carrying two small
boats, manned by a crew of two. When the
reef is reached the small boats put off, and
while one sculls the other keeps an eye out for
sponger A simple contrivance enables the
watchmen to see sponges on the reef 20 feet or
more under the water. On tbe side of the small .
boat a long barrel sort of arrangement Is built
the lower end of which is under water -and
closed up by a glass head. By placing bis head
in this barrel the watchman can see through
the clear water to the bottom of the sea with
remarkable distinctness. When a good sponge
is detected it is broucht up with an Iron hook
on a long pole.
TAKEN FROM LIFE.
A Successful Scheme Brown (to Smith,
who Is standing very near an organ-grinder's
elbow) What Is the matter. Smith? Have you
gone Into partnership with Garibaldi?
Smith Mo; he's hitched his machine on to my
Waterbury, and is winding; it no. It's' a scheme
of my own, Brown, and works like a charm.
A Contented Mind Papa (that is to be)
What are your prospects. Mr. de Brazen?
31r. de Brazen Merely that of being your son
In-law, sir. I don't want anything better.
President Harrison has shaken 43,000
hands and 143 office seekers.
The Value of a Reputation ""Why do
you look so sad, Miss Ethel?"
Sister Helen is going to marry Tom Barry."
"The worthless young reprobate! So wonder
you are sad."
.'Ob, It is not that. I wanted to marry hhnmy
a "Sweete maide," ye Iovesieke youths re
marked, "Thou'rt fickle as my star;
By far ye worste I ever sparked
You are, yon really are.
'Albeit yt my brains are nil,
I'm gallante as can be;
Pile be toe yon what e'er you wlUo
If you'lle be more toe me. "
Fair youthe,'' ye maide replied, "Idoe
Sot barter as rule;
Bat l'lle be sistere untoe you
lie you my April roolel" .-
SrSrSO STTLE3. T
Divorce suits will berworn decollette, vS
Heavy overcoats will not be worn after June I. Jfc1'
Spring poetry comes in four line verses this),
Trousers are worn still, except the very loud
White duck trousers win bo the thing for TicnV
lag. Canvas-back duck ha3 gone out . "''
Large hats will be fashionable after a night with
When invited to dine with Chauncey M. Depew,
be sure to wear a swallow-tale coat
No change in their crowns will be made by. tbe
Iron kings this summer.
Fashionable dogs will wear muzzlln' in July and
The ear muff is no longer worn by really fash
ionable people. . T
Appointment) this season are cut a la Republi
Tbe largest diamonds will be found on the base
ball grounds. 'ljLr'Si'
Umpire will wear hand-palate4 black eyes.