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FIVE FAYETTE HERDS
A Band of Masked Robbers
Invades Quiet Country
TORTURES OLD AND YOUNG;
Terrible Deeds of Deviltry Com
mitted at McClellandtown.
A TEEEOE-STEICKEN COMMUNITY.
The Deeds of tbe Gang Investigated Plans
Thorouehly Laid Out Disguised nnd
Armed totbeTectb Attacking: tbe Homo
of a Widow Mrs. Keeper's Story Will
ing to Murder for Twelve Cents The
Andersons' AwfulExperience The Fiery
Torture Using Ueroseno to Extort
Money Roasting tbe Victims The
Authorities Petitioned to Incrense tho
Reward Offered for tbe Miscreants.
A staff correspondent of The Dispatch
has -visited the scenes of the recent outrages
in Fayette county. The stories as told by
the victims themselves are simply heart
rending. Old, infirm men and women -were
tortured in the most frightful manner to
make them reveal secret hoards of wealth.
Youth and innocence were not exempted
from the ordeal, but -were treated brutally
to the same end. The people of that county
are aroused, and demand that measures be
taken to rid the neighborhood of the gang
that terrorizes it
rrBOM A STATF COBBESrOXMXT.
Unioxtown, March 24. Since the days
when Dick Turpin and his bloody gang
terrorized the country places of England;
since the great robber chief Schinderhaunes
and his 100 men went plundering among
the peaceful inhabitants of theBheinish
provinces in Germany, and since the re
nowned Binaldini made his name as a pro
fessional highwayman a household word in
Italy there has perhaps never been a gang
of housebreakers and robbers in modern
history to equal the Cool Spring gang in
Fayette county. Their modus operandi on
their last excursion through German town
ihip in this county has stamped them as
the most cool-headed and systematic gang
of thieves which has ever been heard of, but
in their methods of executing their lawless
Tocation they will certainly never be sur
passed. Prompted by Fiendlsfaness.
All their acts in frightening poor people
and extorting from them the lard-earned
dollars in their possession prove the" gang to
belong to the lowest type of humanity.
Anything that could be suggested by fiend
ishness or inspired by a feeling of brutality
they did while they were among the people
To get a true version of their deeds and
thereat extent of their operations I went
over the whole ground yesterday which had
been covered by the gang a few days'ago. I
followed their exact route and the tales that
were told me by a poor feeble old man; by
an old widow, who had been attacked while
she was alone in the house with
her grandchild, were simply revolting
to decent minds. The stories that
have so far been told about the HcClelland
town robbers are only true in substance.
The details had been obtained by hearsay,
and were not at all exact.
From my own observations and those of
other people whose qpinion is reliable, the
men must have laid their plans several days
previous to their execution. They then
went to HcClellandtown, and in the even
ing they took horses and started on the
Brownsville road toward Uniontown. The
country is fertile and most of the farmers
are well-to-do. All have saved money. Be
ing bo far away from any town they stay in
their houses during the greater part of the
winter, going to market or for shopping
purposes perhaps twice or three times.
The First Enid.
The gang were five in number and they
departed from HcClellandtown between 10
and 11 o'clock. They had good horses and
over their faces had long paper, muslin
masks, whicn reached down on their chests.
The first house they went to was that of
Mrs. Sadie H. Keener, on the Crownsville
road. Nobody was with her but her grand
daughter, Birdie Keener, a 9-year-old.
Mrs. Keener's two sons, who usually stay
with her, had gone to a brother of theirs,
who lives about a half mile away from
here. In telling the story of the robbers'
visit to her place, she said:
It was between 11 and!2 o'clock when I sud
denly awoke in my bed. I beard a noise as if
somebody bad knocked at the door, and then I
distinguished the voices of several men, swear
ing and cursing at my door, loudly demanding
admission. I got up and asked who was there
It is yonr boy Johnny." they replied. Of
course I knew that was not so. and I told them
that. But while I commenced remonstrating
with them the casing of the door suddenly
gave way and f our men, all masked, burst into
tbe room. I, of coarse, was afraid and began
to hollow and shriek for help, when one of
them came up to me, and, dragging me to the
ground, pulled two revolvers out of his
pockets. He held one to my bead and another
against my temple.
Threatened Her Life for 12 Cents.
'Now, old woman." he cried, "tell ns where
you keep your money, -or, by God, we will shoot
your heart out" I almost fainted with fright,
bntjnst then my little granddauchter came
running down stairs in her night dress, and her
pitiful cries somewhat preserved my presence
ot mind. Then one of tbe men, a tall, hand
some fellow, came up, and pulling the other
away from me, he said: "Leave the woman
alone; you frighten her out of her wits." Then
they asked me again where my money was, and
I replied that I hadn't any In the honse except
12 cents. I banded them my pocketbook and
they took the 12 cents.
"But you have more. Isn't this the time you
ret your husband's pension T" one of them said.
"Yes." 1 replied, "but I have only got the
checks for the amount yet. You can have them
if you want them." But they refused to take
the checks. In the meantime they had lit the
lamp and now they forced little Birdie to go
with them all over the bouse and show them
where I kept the money.
Searching br Hidden Treasure
The poor thing had nothing on but her night
dress and she shivered with tbe cold, but they
did not mind that. When all was searched
they turned to me again and said! "Now, look
here, we won't do you anything if you can tell
ns who of your neighbors has any money in the
house. "What about Anderson, what about
John B. Btuckles or Minnie Kensbawt Now
speak, or we will blow out your brains as sure
as you are born." I told them that I did not
know anything about It at alL Then they
turned to Birdie again, and, roldlng a revolver
close to her temple, they asked her what she
knew. But; of course, tbe child only cried.
"When all their threats had failed they sud
denly changed their tactics, "All right, old
lady, we won't hurt you. Go upstairs andkeep
quiet while wo go and pay Anderson a visit,
and you, little girl here, buy yourself some
candy for these 12 cents, and give us all a kiss
before we say jrood-by." They then 11 kissed
her on both cheeks, went away and"I never saw
Attacking Anderson's House.
From Mrs. Keener's the gang went to
Joseph B. Anderson, who lives about 200
yards away. This old man and his wife are
both over 60 years of age. Anderson was
formerly a schoolmaster in"W"estmoreland
county, and he moved to this part of the
country 20 years ago. He is paralyzed on
the left side of his body and is a tall, thin,
sick-looking man. He said:
It is a sad thing when Ave "great big burly
fellows swoop down upon you in the dead of
night, wake yon from your sleep and threaten
to blow your brains out for tbe sake of a few
paltry dollars. I was willing to give them all,
but they seemed to have a fiendish delight in
seeing me cringe and squirm under their
threats and tortures. They got here a little
after 12 o'clock and knocked at the door. I
immediately jumped up and felt for my re
volver, but before I had both my feet on the
ground the door was broken open and four
men were standing before me.
Tbe Bobbers Make a Hani.
"Tell us where you have your money," one of
them snouted. Then, however, while I told
him he suddenly seemed to consider about
something and he called out, "or better, let us
have your keys." I told where they were and
this man went over into my pants pocket and
pulled them out. There are ten on tbe bunch.
But he. In spite of the darkness, went to this
little bureau here, which stands beside the bed,
and only after a few mistakes he found the
right key and pullod out tbe drawer.
Now, I want to show you, this bureau
has a secret drawer which no one could
find out it he did not know where it was. But
this fellow Immediately pulled the first drawer
out: then he put his hand into the hole and he
hauled out the secret drawer. He put his
hand in it and he took alL I had SS3 in gold
and $45 in greenbacks. He put the money in
his pocket and quickly and carelessly closed
the bureau again.
They got my money, but they were not satis
fied. They wanted more. They lit a lamp and
hauled my wife, who lay trembling and shiver
ing in bed, to tbe fire here. They threw her on
the ground and asked her to tell them where
there was more money. She implored them, for
God's sake, to let her go because we had no
Bonsting Their AgedYictlms.
Then they pulled her to the fire and held
her feet over the hot coal. "Now, tell us where
you have your other money, or we will burn
you by inches." The poor woman screamed
and I asked them to let her go and have pity
upon us poor old people, "lhave not another
penny in the world," I said. But they did not
believe me yet. "Come upstairs," they hal
loed to my wife, "and let us see." I was afraid
it they took her upstairs they might in
their brutality kill her and I volunteered to
go with them. They consented, and I was led
between tn o fellows, each holding a revolver
at my temple, upstairs. "When I came down
again my wife had fled from the bouse without
any clothes and stockings on. This apparently
made them worse. They took a kerosene lamp
and poured all tbe oil over me from bead to
foot. Then, one of the fellows said: "Now, if
-you hare any moipo money say so, of we win set
-you afire and put you on tbe roof for a torch-"
But I again affirmed that ,1 had no more, and
then they at last left here.
A Terrorized Household.
Their next place of operations was at the
farmhouse of Harvey Grove, an old Fayette
county granger, who has a large, beautiful
brick house. He is reputed to be well-to-do,
and he lives on the road from HcClel
landtown to Uniontown with his two nieces
and a grandson. The latter's name is Wm.
Grove, a young man about 23 years of age.
"When I got to the houso they had all the
doors barricaded, and when I knocked at
the front door young Grove appeared, but
he had a look of caution and circumspection
about him. He opened the door about two
inches and spoke to me through this aper
ture. After a while, when he seemed con
vinced that he was not dealing with a robber
this time, he grew more communicative. He
The gang arrived here about 1 o'clock. I
was sleeping up stairs and did not know of it
until grandfather called me and told me someone-was
trying to get in at the door. I got up
and got my revolver. I had only three shots in
it I went to the window and said, "What do
"Something to eat," they replied.
"Ain't this a late hour to come for something
to eat? Come to-morrow," I then said.
"No: wo want it now, and the sooner you
open the door the better it will bo for you."
Of course I knew then that they were thieves.
A Lively Exchange of Shots.
I had noticed one man standing below the
window, right in tbe front of the door, so I
stooped down on the ground, and holding my
revolver straight down, I fired. The report
was followed by a noise as if they had all scat
tered. I looked and saw a fellow standing be
hind a tree. Just after I looked, however, a
whole volley of pistol shots was fired at my
window, but without any" effect except smash
ing one pane. Then all was quiet, andl saw
the fellow at the tree come forward toward tho
door. I shot again, and I hit him. He threw
his arms on his breast and cried: "What
do you shoot at me forf Then some
more shots were fired at me. Altogether
I think between 20 and SO shots were
directed at me, but fortunately without effect.
Then they left. I saw tbe next morning that I
had hit the man at tbe door pretty badly, be
cause there was a pool of blood there,while un
der tbe tree was more.
This reception at Groves must have cooled
the ardor of the gang, because they did not
make another attack until they got to H. J.
Lilley's, on the Salem road, a distance of
three miles from Grove's. Lilley is 58
years of age, who lives in a one-story log
honse with his two daughters, Hattie Fran
ces, J8 years old, and Alice, 11 years old.
These people were treated worse than all
the rest put together, lilley, in telling his
Lilley's Terrible Story.
I was not feeling well that night and I went
to bed early. My girls who sleep upstairs went
to bed and forgot to close the doors. It was
after 2 o'clock when I was aroused by some
body opening the door. I shouted out and was
going to get up, but before I got so far four
men pounced in upon me. 1 noticed that all
except one bad a mask on. If I could see the
unmasked one again I would surely recognize
him. He was a handsome man with a long
nnistache, and his nose a .little to one side.
Theasked me whether Ibadany money. I
told them no. Then one of them put a revolver
to my head and shouted: "Did you ever have a
revolver so close to your brain before? Be
careful or it will go off. We are desperate and
we want your money. You draw a pension and
you have it bere, so you had better give it up
than lose your life." I did not think they were
in earnest, and I said I bad none.
Enveloped in Burning Kerosene.
They then got a lamp from the mantelpiece
and poured all tbe oil over me while I was
lyins in bed. One of tbem held a match to it,
and in a second I was enveloped in flames. I
kicked and stamped as best I could to free my
self from their grasp and put out the fire. I
succeeded for some time, but they would
always light it again, and threatened to burn me
alive if I did not tell them where my money was.
But I was not to be daunted. VII you want Jo
kill me, do it right away," I aid,."and do not
tortnre me to death," But they never heeded
me. "Try the -other dodge," one of them re
marked. I did not know what that meant, but
I soon found out. They now took a miner's
lamp, lit it, and while two of them held me to
tbe bed another would hold the burning lamp
under the sole of my naked feet. Well, tbe
pain was most excruciating. I never had such
a sensation in my life. 1 could not cry because
they held my mouth shut They then changed
their tactics once more by holding the lamp to
my ears. Do you see? You can see yet where
they scorched them. Still I said nothing.
Torturing tbe Little Girls.
Suddenly the handsome man, who looked
like the leader, came up to me and said: "Lilly,
where are your girls?" I told him upstairs,and
immediately afterward several of them went
up, and in a few minutes 1 beard the children
cry for help. They used them most brutally.
One of tbem scratched ber face; the other tore
her mouth open, all the time threatening her to
make her tell where my money was. The child
never said anything, until at last they threat
ened to do something more than fiendish and
diabolical to her. Then she gave up. She
came downstairs with them and showed them
where my pocketbook was. There were only
$33 in it: that was all, and for such a little
money Lwas being killed.
But they were not satisfied yet They wanted
more. They got little Alice to come down hei e
in her night clothes ted they held a revolver at
her head and threatened to kill her if she
wouldn't tell where there was more. But tbe
child did not know. They were bere till nearly
4 o'clock, almost two hours, all the time threat
ening, torturing and tormenting me and my
children. They behaved more like fiends than
human beings. When they at last saw that all
their efforts were fruitless they left cursing us.
"How many were here?" I asked.
"Five; four inside and one at the gate."
"Do you know any of them?"
Afraid to Identify tbe Robbers.
"I don't want to say anything about that.
There is one man among them whom I do
not want to mention, because I know he
would come and kill me."
"Do you know Lewis, Tasker, Bamsey
"No. It is another, but his name I will
not give away."
That was all I could get out of this man.
The fifth man has not been identified yet,
but most of the men whom I saw, Anderson
and Keener, for instance, said that they
recognized John "Weltner among the party.
This man has been twice arrested in Union
town, bnt he was twice discharged because
the police had no charge against him.
I interviewed County Commissioner Hat
field, who lives at New Salem, about six
miles from here, and he said that he was
sorry he conld not offer a higher reward,
but that his colleagues, Messrs. Kirk and
Morris,' refused to do it A petition signed
by over 100 people has been handed to the
authorities, begging them to increa'se the re
ward to make it an inducement to the police
to catch the fellows.
Late on Saturday night the two detectives
ot the Fenn agencv returned fromHarkleys
burg. I saw Chisholm, one of them, to-day.
and he said that he believed the gang had
escaped into West Virginia, where they had
lots of friends living. For the present he
thinks Fayette county will be quiet, but
how long the men will keep away he does
not pretend to say, Heinbichs.
A CABINET OP ALASKANS
Would Hare Soiled Harrison, if He Could
Have Found tbe Material.
New York, March 24. The Herald
this morning publishes a letter purporting
to have been written by General Harrison
to MrJEtlainewhile Jheformerwaj.sJJll at
Indianapolis. TheTdocument-is pronounced
"an important contribution to political his
tory." The Herald says the letter wp care
lessly left at a hotel while Mr. Blaine was
on his way to Washington. It is as follows:
Indianapolis, February 1. 18S9.
MT Deak Mb. Blaine Your letter of the
21st was received some days ago, and was both
in its tone and in its conclusion very gratifying
to me. I am sure you have read in the news
papers accounts of my life since a sufficient
excuse for the delay in acknowledging it.
Yours of the 29th has now been re
ceived, andl hasten to thank you for your ex
pressed willingness to relieve Mrs. H. and
myself in any way you can,
As to myself, I do not think nf any matter in
which I can now avail myself of yonr kindly
froffered help. The mail I now use sparingly
or several reasons, and as I will be in Wash
ington long enough before the Inauguration to
enable me to talk fully with yon. I will not
subject you totbo risk of a journey bere un
less it should be absolutely necessary. If any
thing should require it however, I will not
hesitate to avail myself of your very
friendly offer. I thought I had nearly
everything settled in my own mind
that required attention before I reached
Washington. If the newspaper reports
to day as to Mr. Allison's position are correct
it may unsettle some of my plans. I said to a
friend to-day that if all seven of the Cabinet
officers conld have been found in Alaska it
would havepromoted harmony in the party m
the States. Maine, I believe, is tbe only State
that has bad no protest to offer. My health is
good. I get out twice a day for a walk a hur
ried run, to be sure but it gives me air and
exercise. You must not forget, yourself, that
vou will need all your strength. With kind
regards to Mrs. Blaine, very sincerely yours,
JAILBIEDS' SBEEWD DEYICE.
With an Improvised Lamp They Seek to
Burn Their Way to Liberty.
ISFZCIAL TELEGBAM TO THE DISPATCH.I
Jamestown, N. Y., March 24 Details
of a very ingenious attempt at jailbreaking
at Mayville, which developed Friday, have
just reached here. Burt Tanbey, Charles
Walters and Charles Burks, who are in jail
awaiting trial on the charge of burglary at
Brockton last month, received a glass of
jelly with a tin cover from friends. After
emptying it they punched a hole through
the cover and inserted the tube of a pen
holder. This was filled with yarn used for
mending stockings, and,then, taking grease
from fat meats sent in with their food, they
were ready for operations.
The walls of the cells are double-planked,
but with the aid of a piece of copper wire
which they heated in the flame of this crude
lamp they managed to burn off of one of the
inner planks and had worked almost through
the second when discovered by Sheriff Case,
who immediately confiscated their imple
ments and changed their quarters. Had
they reached the corridor nothing bnt a thin
brick wall remained, and with the aid of
the implements outside the cell, to get
through this would have been but the work
of a few minutes. The other prisoners knew
nothing of the plot until it was discovered.
SAD SEQUEL TO AN ELOPEMENT.
The Incensed Father-In-Luw Fatally Stabs
His Daughter's Husband.
SPECIAL TELrGBAM TO TUB DIBPATCH.1
Columbia, S. C, March 24. A sensa
tional affair occurred in Clifton, Spartan
burg county, last night. Yesterday morn
ing Clara Hagins, the daughter of a farmer
in good circumstances, eloped with Edward
Mathis, a young man whose suit was bit
terly opposed by Hagins. The couple were
married during the forenoon, and last night
Hathis took his bride to his home. J. S.
Hagins, the father of-the girl, was infuriated
when informed of the elopement, and swore
he would be revenged. Last night he
armed himself with a shoemaker's knife,
and went to the house of his son-in-law.
Immediately upon entering the house he
made a desperate attack upon Hathis, stab
bing him in the neck just below the right
ear, inflicting a prdbably fatal wound. The
bride interfered, and is reported to have
been woundedin the arm. Hagins has been
arrested and. jailed, and. the community is
very much incensed against Mm.
HARRISON A WALKER.
The New President Tramps Two
Hours Every Day for His Health.
HE CAUSES NO LITTLE CHAGRIN
By the Manner in Which He Sizes Up the
Applicants for Sinecures.
THAT BIG 8UBPLU8 IN GEEAT DANGEE.
Corporal Tanner Wonld Knock it Clear Ont of lie
Ring In One Round,
President Harrispn is becoming a famous
tramp. He continues to take constitutional
walfc) and says ho'd as soon go without
sleep or his dinner. The President talks
plainly to office seekers who come to him
for sinecures to pay for past services. He
says the places to be filled are for those
capable of filling them. Cprporal Tanner
shows how easy It is to get rid of a surplus.
tSPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH.'
Washington-, March 24. The Presi
dent and Mr and Hrs. Bussell Harrison at
tended services at the Ohurch of the Covet
nant this morning. This afternoon the
President and Mr. Halford took a long walk
down the bank of the Potomac, around the
Washington monument and over through
the agricultural grounds, toward the oyster
market and fish wharves. These are the
places where the colored, people do mostly
congregate on Sundays, but few of them
recognized the chief magistrate of the na
tion, and he attracted no more attention
than any other well-dressed man would have
Harrison is becoming a famous tramp.
Not one pleasant day has passed since his
arrival in Washington in which he has not
given at least two hours to exercise, and he
will permit nothing to Interfere with this
method of taking rest and recreation. He
is generally accompanied by his Private
Secretary or one of the members of his
Cabinet, and he talks business as he walks,
but he gets the air and exercise all the
same. To some one who was speaking to
him on this subject the other day, the
President said: ""
HE MUST HATE FBESH AXE,
"I must have exercise and I must have
air. I would just as soon think of going
without my dinner or of sitting up all night
withont sleep as I would of Josing my daily,
The President is causing a good deal of
annoyance and chagrin among the poli
ticians here by his candor in describing tlfe
kind of men he wants nnd the kind of men
he doesn't want appointed to office. Hejis
listening attentively to what the offioe
seekers say, but is all the time looking over
their heads among the people. To a delega
tion who, presented the same ot candidate
for office and urged his appointment ou-ac-count
of his poverty, the President 'said
"You must not come here to ask me ,to
make an appointment for any such reason.
x cannot give an omce to vuis man biihd:
. -' . - y. il-! -! 1
KNOW WHAT IT IS TO BE POOE
myself, and while I have seen the time when
I wonld have liked any office that had a
good salary attached to it, I do not think it
is proper to use such arguments to secure
appointments in the public service."
Another delegation went to him to urge
the appointment of a broken-down politi
cian, who had been an excellent man in his
time and of great service to the party. After
listening to the recital of the biography of
the candidate, the President replied:
"I have known this man very well; I
have known of him since long before the
war, ever since I have been been reading
newspapers, and I recognize the value of
his services in tbe past but I cannot ap
point him to this office. The man I appoint
to this office will not be selected for what
he has done, but for what he can do. It is
a place which needs an active, energetic,
able young man, and we must find some
other asylum for our old friend."
THE SUEPLUS IN DANGEE.
Corporal TannerJWIll See tbe Old Soldiers
Get a Share of It.
SPECIAL TELEGBAM TO TITS DISPATCH. 1
Washington, March 24. The adminis
tration seems disposed to try to redeem the
promises its party made during the cam
paign, to divide the surplus among the old
soldiers. Corporal Tanner has been inter
viewed as to his policy in the pension office,
and he quotes the remark the President
made during the campaign, that in measur
ing the country's obligation to the old sol
diers, apothecary scales ought not to be
used. He added for himself that he did not
believe in the little pensions of $1, $2 and
53, and that every man who served in the
Federal army, or his widow or child, should
be taken care of in need, and when an ap
plicant cannot make out a good case, Mr.
Tanner believes the office ought to help him
secure the evidence, without any more gen
eral pension legislation.
Mr. Tanner can, in the way he has indi
cated, increase the annual pension pay
ments to more than $100,000,000 a
year, and every Congress, does pass
some general pension " laws increasing
rates or enlarging classes and adding a few
millions to the total. The Bepublican Con
gress is pledged to pass, and the President
to sign a service pension bill that would at
the lowest possible estimate cost $50,000,000,
and the Bepublican party is virtually com
mitted to the remoyal of the restrictions on
arrearages of pensions, and the more mod
erate guessers for estimntes put the cost of
this removal at $300,000,000.
A BIG CUT DEMANDED.
Western Coal Operators Will Attempt to
Reduce Miners' Wages' 13 Per Cent.
ISPECIAL TELEOBAlf TO THE DISFATCB.l
Brazil, Ind., March 24. The Indiana
coal operators, who bolted the Miners' Pro
gressive Union Convention for fixing a
yearly scale, to begin Hay 1, have effected a
State organization, and will demand a 12
per cent reduction Hay 1. This is 20 cents
per ton less than is now paid. It is not
likely the miners will submit, although
natural gas, fuel oils and tbe underbidding
of Ohio, Pennsylvania and Illinois opera
tors leaves no hope for anything else.
They are discussing the situation quietly,
but have so far held no puolio meeting.
The present rate in Ohio is 7Q cents; Penn
sylvania, 79; Indiana bituminous, 75; block,
00. The cut demanded is the biggest ever
made in the coal trade of the West
JOHN C. NEW IN TE0UBLE.
Ho Packs His Grip and Hastens to See Why
He Hasn't Been Confirmed.
SPECIAL TELEGBAM TO THE DISrATCH,.'
Indianapolis, Harch 24. Humors are
rife here to-night that John C. New, having
received information thai ho would not be
confirmed, hastily took the train for Wash
ington to look after the matter.-
MAHOH. 25, 1889.
A WHIM OF MTUBE.
The Arid Region of tbo West Fast Disap
pearingThe Stoked Plnins Already
Gone Important Meteor
Washington, Harch 24. In pursuance
"to a resolution introduced by Senator Hitch
ell, there has been printed a letter from
General Greely, of the Signal Service, upon
the rainfall of the Pacific slope and West
ern States and Territories. Xccompanying
General Greely's letter is a paper by Lieu
tenant Glassford, of' the Signal Service,
discussing the causes of the wet and dry
seasons, the abundance and deficiency in
different portions, the summer rainy season
in Arizona, etc., fortified with charts and
tables exhaustive of the subject General
One great result which must redound to
the benefit of the trans-Mississippi and
trans-Missouri country by the publication
of these official data, which will be the dis
pelling of erroneous and injurious impres
sions which have long prevailed regarding
this extensive region. In the early cen
tury this territory was viewed as
hardly suited for civilized man, its
enormous plains and "vast mountains being
represented as arid and desert regions, un
suited for cultivation, and in many places
even unfit for pasturage. Adventure, ex
ploration and circumstances have pushed
the frontier westward until the myths of the
Great American Desert to the north and of
the rainless , 'Staked Plains' to the
south have- practically disappeared. It
is none the. less true, however that the
latest and most reliable American text book
of meteorology of this country speaks of the
areas 'between the Sierra Nevadas and the
Bocky .Mountains, including portions of
Utah, New Mexico and California,' as 'a re
gion which is almost entirely destitute of
rain,' and that further on the east side of
the Bocky Mountains 'the country is a bar
ren desert, almost without rain.' "
Another great value of the charts is the
bringing to general attention and considera
tion very extensive areas of country in
what has been known as the arid region,
where late and careful observations have
shown the rainfall to be far greater than
has been usually attributed, and thus-transfer
these areas to the sub-humid districts.
The Chief Signal officer puts it forward
as his opinion that when Idaho, Nevada,
Utah, New Mexico and Arizona shall have
been covered with rain gauges as completely
as New York or New England, the final
outcome of observation will indicate that
actual average of rainfall for this arid
region is now understated by the
census charts from 20 to 40 and by these
from 10 to 15 per cent General Greely
notes that observations at 16 stations indi
cate an increase in the rainfall while eight
show a decrease. These stations are located
in Texas, Nevada, New Mexico, Indian
Territory, California, Arizona and Kansas.
FEOZEN DYNAMITE THAWED OUT.
The Usual Result Ensues, With a Woman
and Girl the Victims.
' (SPECIAL TZLEQEAM TO THE DISPATCH.
Pebu, Ind., March 24. Aaron York, a
prominent farmer living five miles east of
"this city, has been the accidental cause of
the death of his wife and daughter and the
severe injury of two other members of his
family. York had been engaged for some
time in blasting stumps, and used dyna
mite with which to raise tbem. Several
sticks of the explosive had been frozen dur
ing the cold weather. Preparatory for
'Monday's work, York this evening brought
inteha hOBseJrom-the barn several sticks
of dynamite and placed them under the
,kitohen stove to thaw out. Then the farmer
went to the stable to attend to his horses.
' The family had gathered in the kitchen,
and included Mrs. York, two daughters and
a son. They were not aware of the fact that
York had placed the dangerous stuff under
the stove. Suddenly a loud explosion oc
curred, and when York turned to learn
'whence the report came be saw his house
- shattered to atoms, pieces ot wood and stone
being hurled great distances away. The
horrified man ran at once to the scene. Get
ting such help as he could he rescued one
daughter and the son, who were severely
but not fatally injured.
It was some time before the mangled
bodies of the wife and eldest daughter were
found. The former was an unrecognizable
mass of flesh, and was frightfully lacerated.
The girl had evidently been killed by the
weight of the debris under which her corpse
A DBUNKAED'S DEADLY AIM.
A Dissipated Carpenter Shoots Himself in
the Presence of His Wife.
tSPECIAL TKLEGBAlt TO THE DISPATCH.I
New Yoke, March 24. To-night Fred
erick Oaten, a dissipated carpenter,, shot
and killed 'himself in the ' presence
of his wife and family at 305
Floyd street, Williamsburg. Oaten,
on account, of his drunkenness, was
unable to live happily with his family, and
the family secretly removed from the house
in which he and they lived in Humbold
street a month ago. Last week Oaten dis
covered their whereabouts and made several
calls on them, demanding money. To-day
one of the children saw him in the neigh
borhood and notified her mother.
While the mother and children were seat
ed at the supper table Oaten staggered into
the room, and, going toward his wife, drew
a revolver. Mrs. Oaten arose from the
chair. As she turned toward him he pointed
the pistol at his head and discharged it. He
fell to the floor, but he again shot himself.
When the ambulance arrived Oaten was
BOYS BEEAK FOE LIBEETY.
They Attempt to Escape From the Cincin
nati House of Refuge.
Cincinnati, March 24. This morning
about 11 o'clock 35 out of 160 boys at the
House of Befuge made a break for liberty.
They were from 10 to 15 years old, and were
under four leaders, the chief of whom was a
negro boy. These boys when it came time
to go from their rooms preparatory for din
ner instead of doing so marched in a body
armed with baseball bats to the front en
trance, where they found tout guards sta
tioned1. They demanded free passage, but
were driven back.
Then they used bats and rocks breaking
in windows and doing considerable dam
age. They were so noisy that their whoop
ing cad shouting excited and alarmed peo
ple on the streets outside tbe walls, and
caused wildly'exaggerated rumors to spread
which, reaching the ears of the police,
caused them to voluntarily send two patrol
wagons with, 15" officers to the scene. In
less than three-fourths of an hour from the
outbreak the four ringleaders were locked
up in their rooms and everything was quiet.
They Are Very Much Worried by tho
Behrings Sea Proclamation.
Ottawa, Ont., March 24. A sensation
has been created here by the issue of Presi
dent Harrison's proclamation declaring
Behrings sea closed., The action of the
American Government proved a complete
surprise to the members of tbe Government,
who decline to be interviewd.
It is stated here that the Cleveland ad
ministration and the British Government
had .been negotiating for two years past in,
regard to. their claim for compensation for
the three sealing vessels in Behrings Sea.
A REIGN OF TERROR.
The Dark and Bloody Ground Comes
' Once More to the Front With
A TERRIBLY REAL LIFE TRAGEDY.
Culmination of a Fend Between Two Fami
lies Which Has Cost
THE LIYES OF ABOUT F0BTY, PEOPLE.
One of the rrinelpals Under Arrest and Awfal
Southern Kentucky and Northern Ten
nessee furnish a prolific field for descriptive
stories of bloody feuds, "posses" sent out on
the trails ot desperadoes who have killed a
couple hundred men in their day, and fierce
fights between officers of the law and tbe
red-handed murderers. The latest stories
concern the long-standing feud of the Turner
and Sowders families. They areas thrilling
as those affairs usually are.
rSPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH.
Pineville, Ky., March 24. A thousand
men, armed with Winchesters and Colt's
revolvers, are in the mountains of Knox
and Harley counties, Kentucky, and Clair
borne county, Tennessee, and a reign of ter
Tor and bloodshed prevails. This city, just
now being boomed as the Iron Mountain
metropolis, has for years been pretty well
into the district that ias made the reading
world shiver once or twice a year by the
desperate deeds of some of its numerous
clans of desperadoes, is just now in the
midst of another season of excitement.
Everybody in the sections of the States
named is related to everybody else, and
when any two have trouble the relatives
side with whichever of the disputants they
like the better, and a feud that sometimes
results in a dozen killings .is started. It is
all the same to the majority of the people
whether the original dispute-was over a
yoke of oxen or a scrawny pig; the violence
is as dreadful.
A LULL FOB ABOUT TWO YEABS.
For two years, however, comparative
quiet has reigned, due no doubt to the in
flux of Northern people, who, being con
nected in no way with any of the factions,
made impartial jurors', and. who have con
victed a number of outlaws brought to trial.
The last killing that has any direct connec
tion with, factional disputes occurred a little
over a year ago, when General Sowders de
liberately shot Lee Turner, in the parlor of
the hotel in this city. Since then Sowders,
who has killed not fewer than eight men,
has been a fugitive from justice, hiding in
the woods, first in this State, then in Ten
nessee, a reward of $600 having been offered
The feud between the Sowders and the
Turners began several years ago, when
Marsh Turner, who was a member of a posse
sent to the mountains to arrest a near rela
tive of Sowders for some trifling offense, was
literally shot to pieces. General Sowders
was accused of the deed. Sowders himself1
married a Hiss Turner, but nevertheless he
has killed Marsh Turner, her cousin: Lee
Turner., her ncle,,and, Tom Turner, Jiis.
FOETY, LFTES SACBIFICED
As a result of this Sowders-Turner feud
it is said' that 40 people have been killed.
A little over two years ago seven men were
killed in a single fight at the Court House
here, over the capture of a man named
Hurley, a member of the Sowders gang.
About the same time, at a Baptist meeting
house on Yellow Creek, 12 miles from here,
five people, including a woman and a small
boy, were killed in the church.
These are but a hr of the more fatal
fights. Among the more quiet killings were
those of Tom Harcy, Jack Carroll and Tom
Turner, said id have somehow got in front
of General Sowders' never-failing Winches
ter or foot-long Colt's revolver. Sowders
always carried his Winchester and three or
four revolvers, and Andy Johnson, who is
said to have put out the lives of five men,
goes about loaded down with revolvers,
while a boy attendant follows him around
carrying his Winchester.
As a result of this feud there are said to
be 6,000 Winchester rifles in Bell county,and
the "Billicans" declare they could whip the
United States army.
SOWDERS QUIETLY CAPTUEED.
James Birch is one of the Sowders faction,
and Thursday night a -posse under Albert
Turner, a blonde boy not over 20, about 5
feet tall and weighing less than 130 pounds,
started for his home on Yellow Creek,
where they heard Sowders was. It was
night, and quietly approaching the dwell
ing the door was burst open and the deter
mined posse entered and covered both Birch
and Sowders with their guns. Sowders was
told that if he would surrender peaceably
he should not be harmed, and without a
word he handed over his pistol, which he
had ready for action, and suffered himself
to be taken. Birch was also wanted, bnt
the posser concluded they had better not
risk two prisoners, and so Birch was let go,
after being disarmed.
Sheriff J. C. Hargus and a posse guarded
the Pineville jail that night, not because
they feared Sowders' friends would endeavor
to release him, as they once did from the
Tazewell, Tenn., jail, but because it was
rumored that certain of the Turner faction
contemplated lynching. Friday, the
prisoner, under a strong guard, was taken
to Stanford, Ky., for safety.
WHY SOWDEBS' DIDN'T SHOW FIGHT.
Sowders, who was seen by The Dispatch
correspondent, said that he could have
fought his way out of Birch's, but that
Hrs Birch was ill, and there were two chil
dren in the house, and he surrendered rather
than to risk-their lives.
The arrest of Sowders has stirred the fac
tions to activity again. Sowders' friends,
hearing of his arrest, ambushed Jack
Turner, brother of Albert, and be
fore night on Friday had landed
him in the Tazewell jail, where a reward
of $400 was offered for him.- Another posse
has arrested, after a desperate fight, two
more of the Turner gang, Henry Turner and
a man named Henderson, and another posse
started out to-day for further revenge. It
is feared that much bloodshed will result
from this fresh opening.
The trouble at Barbourville is indirectly
connected with the hostilities between the
Sowders and Turner factions. Jhe Hesser
and Slusher families tided with the Sowders
nnd the Smiths with the Turners. A
dispute arose over a pig, and the old sore
between them wa opened. A fiht ensued,
and the iriends of the two families flocked
to their assistance. For several days early
in the week the mountains in the vicinity
of Stinking creek, 12 miles from Barbour
ALIVE WITH DETERMINED MEN,
armed to the teeth. -The inevitable came
and a pitched battle was fought, in which,
it is said, more than 500 shots were fired and
a number ot people were wounded.
A Sheriff's posse was sent to arrest the
rioters, but it was fired upon and driven
back to Barbourville. It was then that
Judge Cull himself headed a posse and
made for the mountains. Another pitched
battle resulted, butthe Judge's party, strong
and well armed, got the better ot it, and
succeeded in arresting five of the des
peradoes, among; them two of the Hessers
. I'X'S A.
and- Galloway Carnes. a brother of
Deputy Sheriff of the county.
Tho Sheriffs posse is still in the moun
tains after others of the outlaws, and before
the month ends it is likely a dozen lives
will be sacrificed in the effort now making
to enforce the laws. Not only are tbe peo
ple of this city and county alarmed, but
those pf Knox county as well, and nobody
ventures out unarmed, and few unaccom
panied by a friend.
To-night word was receiyed by courier,
that in a fight near Salt Trace last night,
foutj men were killed and half a dozen
wounded. Additional reinforcements' have
A fort is being erected on Stinking creek
by the Turners, and rumors of killings are
plenty. The Sheriffs of the three counties
are arranging to make a combined campaign
against the outlaws, who swear they will
never be taken. Governor Taylor, of
Tennessee, will be asked for a regiment of
THE BOAD ISBIGHT.
An- Important Decision by tbe Inter-State
Commerce Commission When Coal-
Carrying-at Different Rates is
Washington, Hareh 24. The Inter
State Commerce Commission, in an
opinion by Commissioner Schoonmaker,
has decided the case of the Imperial Coal
Company and others against the Pittsburg
and Lake Brie Bailroad Company and
others. The points are as follows:
The rate on transportatioh of coal to points
on Lake Erie have been grouped since April 1,
1837, for a considerable district in Western
Pennsylvania, of which Pittsburg is the center.
Tho district his a radios of 40 miles around
Pittsburg. The group rate on coal is 90 cent3 a
ton from all the mines, and by all the lines of
railroad that carry to the lake. Tbe coal from
the Pittsburg district is in competition at tbe
lake with coal from tbe Hocking Valley dis
trict in Ohio, where tbe coal rate is also
grouped at 85 cents a ton.
The complainants' mines are near the center
of the Pittsburg district, and some mines with
in the radius are nearer the lake and others
are more distant varying from a few miles to
43 miles. On complaint tor unjust discrimina
tion against the complainants, and undue pref
erence to the more distant mines, it is held that
a group rate to put producers of coal of the
same general character and of practically like
cost of production in a given territory on a
footing of equality in reaching a common mar
ket among themselves and with competitors
from another territory, is not unlawful unless
it results in actual undue prejudice to pro
ducers nearest the market
Tbe question of undue prejudice is one of
fact to De determined upon all tbe evidence,
including tbe character of tbe mines, the
quality of tbe coal, the expense of production,
the extent and nature of the competition, the
pnblio interests arising from the use of the
commodity, and not solely by tbe fact of dis
tance. That on the facts of this case, which
involves only the question of discrimination
between tbe comDlalnants'.mines and tbe more
distant mines in respect to lake shipments, it
does not appear that the complainants are
subjected to undue prejudice, or that the more
distant mines are given an unreasonable prefer
ence by the untf orm rate.
A BEAUTIFUL CEEE3I0NY.
Tbe Baptism of Two Fnilh Cure Converts of
ISFICIAL TELEOHAM TO THE DISPATCH.I
New Yobk, Harch 2t "Suffer little
children to come unto He and forbid them
not; for of such is the kingdom of heaven,"
said Elder William G. Baymond to his
little flock of faith cure believers, and the
groups of spectators who surrounded them
this afternoon as they stood at the foot of
Fish's Lane, on the Pamrapo shore of New
York bay. As the elder spoke he extended
his arms toward two fair-haired little tots,
who- stood jielur him attired in longjtrhite
garments.T With the sunshine ""fuss
ing and the soft breeze gently toy
ing their curls the little lassies clasped
hands and followed the elder along the
beach to the water edge. The elder, taking
7-year old Georgie Fish, the eldest of the
little girls, by the hand, advanced out into
the tide. The child waded resolutely along,
but she turned toward the shore a grave lit
tle countenance when the water reached her
waist She made no struggle when the el
der slowly dipped her beneath the surface,
and when she waded ashore she joined the
flock in singing "Wash Me and Hake He
Encouraged by her sister's fortitude, little
4-year old Pearl Fish unflinchingly entered
the water with the elder and went through
the dipping process without any indication
of fright. The parents of the children con
verts said they belonged in Newark, Wayne
county, N. Y., and said that the children
had been cured by faith and prayer of seri
ous throat troubles.
SAM SMALL IN POLITICS.
Peripatetic Preacher Launched on a
1 SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH.
Atlanta, Ga., Harch 24. A novel po
litical sensation has been sprung upon the
voters of the Fifth Congressional district of
this State. Bev. Sam Small will contest it
next year with Hon. John D. Stewart, the
present incumbent Stewart is the heaviest
and most unwicked piece of timber in
the Georgia delegation, and he owes his
Iiresence in Congress to the jealousy of out
ying counties against the city of Atlanta,
which had previously furnished the Con
gressman. He is thoroughly afraid of the
rural papers of his district, and whenever
one of them criticises his votes he writes
pleading letters to get back into favor.
Stewart is a resident ot Spalding county.
It so happens that Bev. Samuel Small, the
evangelist, was raised in that county. His
advocacy of prohibition has brought him
close to the people of the rural precincts,
while his long residence in Atlanta makes
him acceptable to the people of that city.
Beside this, it is said that he will get the
solid Bepublican support The scheme is
looked upon as one looking ultimately to
the placing of independent candidates in
every district of the State where a suitable
one with some local question to run upon
can be found. There can be no donbt that
Small would sweep the Fifth district, as he
has the nerve to make an aggressive cam
paign. MOEGAN'S MAD EIDE.
A Mafrnato Train Kills Two Men While
Trying- to Beat Schedule Time.
SPECIAL TELEOBAIt TO THE DISPATCH.
Boston, Harch 24. Bailroad men of
this city are indulging in a good deal of
unfavorable comment upon Pierpont Mor
gan's recent mad ride from New York for
Boston, by which hundreds of patrons of the
Boston and Albany Bailroad were delayed,
while the great railroad man tried to cover
the distance between the two cities in 5
hours. His special train killed two men,
but iailed 10 make the time by fully 30 min
utes. All the regular express and accom
modation trains were held back last Mon
day. Mr. Morgan's special having the
right of way.
One man was run over and killed in
Connecticut, and at Ashland, in this State,
a second victim was hurled into eternity.
Mr. Morgan's object in visiting Boston was
to attend a dinner given at the swell Som
erset Club. After the dinner he hurried
back to New York in his special car, but
made no effort to beat the schedule time.
Natural Gas nnd Oil In Minnesotn.
AiiKENi Minn., March 24. Natural
gas having been discovered in this vicinity,
a natural gas and oil company is about to
be formed, with a capital stock of 51,000,000.
A large amount of land has been secured,
and it is expected that work will be com
menced as soon as the necessary arrange
ments can be perfected.
ofVo can tes6
the cojjshe Da,
A DIVIDED YERDI6T;
The Committee Investigating tbe
. Charges Against W. T. Lewis r
FINDS HIM GUILTY ON ONE COUNT,
But tie More Serious Charges Are Net
A MYTHICAL EATLE0AD C0BP0EATI02T
Ei-Haster Workman Bezards the Eesnlt
The committee appointed to investigate!
the charges brought against W. T. Lewis,
ex-Master Workman of District 135,
Knights of Labor, has reported. One of
the charges is sustained, but the more
serious allegations is not considered as well
founded. The finding of the committee is
unanimous. Lewis thinks the verdict is a
SPECIAL TELEGEAH TO THE DISPATCH!
Columbus, March 24. The committee
which has been engaged for the past week
investigating the Charges made by Robert
Watcham', Secretary of the National Trades
Assembly 135, Knights of Labor, against
ex-Master Workman W. T. Lewis, now
Secretary of the National Progressive Union
of Miners and Mine Laborers, has con
cluded its work and made the following'
"We, the committee, find charges bearing on
the connection otW. T. Lewis with the organi
zation of the railroad company sustained.
"We find charges bearing on the payment of
money to W. T. Lewis by both said railroad
company and N. T. A. 155. for traveling ex
penses, involving misappropriation of funds of
said railroad company and N.T. A. 135, not sus
tained. Nelson a. Sims,
RlCHAKD J. FANNINO."
The committee decided not to give any of
the testimony taken in the investigation to
the public. Sufficient information has been
obtained, however, from various sources to
give something of the history of the alleged
railroad company, which has played so im
portant a part in this labor scandaL
THE ACCUSER OF LEWIS.
The man on whose statement Watcham
based his charges was F. L. Patrick, a, real
estate agent, who occupied for some time's
room in the Clinton building, Columbus,
in which the office of N. T. A. 135
is also situated. Patrick was in the
Trades Assembly office very frequently and
apparently took great interest in labor mat
ters, as he brought many newspaper clip
pings on labor into the office. One day Pat
rick repeated the assertion made by E. L.
Harper, the Fidelity Bank wrecker, to the
effect that if he was free, with but 510 to
start on, he would regain his riches, and
said he could do as much.
J. D. Davis, who was then Statistical
Secretary of No. 135, said if he could get
rich with ?10he would make a struggle to
furnish that amount Patrick said any
man with brains conld do it. and set about
"to invent a scheme for getting rich. Ho
-, j .. t. .. t:.... Ar 41...
Columbus.Lima and Northwestern Bailroad,"
project, and his new" scheme1 was
also in this line. The men in the office of
133 as well as W. H. Bailey, ex-member of
Powderly's cabinet, recognized the scheme,
it is said, as a joke, and encouraged Patrick.
Bailey had just returned from Indiana, and
marked out on a map in the office a line
north and south through that State, which
Patrick thought would be a good railroad
STABTED AS A JOKE.
W. T. Lewis, then Master Workman of
135, was afterward informed of the project,
but at first declined to have anything to do
with it. Patrick told him hewould furnish
the capital and that all he wanted was his
name in order to secure a charter. One
evening when the attaches of the office of
135 and the Master Workman were at tho
district headquarters. Patrick and several
friends came in. The railroad project was
discussed and the proposition made to or
ganize the company at once.
The road was named the Indianapolis,
Chattanooga and Southern. Ten dollars
was subscribed by each of those present,
making $90 in all, "to secure a charter. The
charter was secured but beyond that the
company did no further business. When
W. T. Lewis withdrew with other mem
bers from N. T. A. 135 and
joined the new organization of
miners known as the National Progressive
Union. Secretary Watcher, of 135, imme
diately set about obtaining evidence con
cerning Lewis' connection with the railroad
company, and prepared a circular charginz
Lewis with having received pay from both
the railroad company and N. T. A., 135,
for services rendered the former.
AN OFFICIAL CIBCUIiAB.
This circular was printed with the consent
of General Master Workman Powderly, of
the Knights of Labor, who had attached to
it over his official signature a bitter de
nunciation of W.. T. Lewis. The circular
bore the familiar insignia of the office,
"hear both sides, then judge," and imme
diately below Mr. Powderly says: "Does
it justify the taking of two fares
because one is a miner?" This re
ferred to the charges against Lewis, and
was uttered before both sides of the case had
"The decision of the committee," says a
member of the Progressive Union, who is
also a Knight, "places Hr. Powderly in an
unenviable position, as he will be accused
of preaching what, in this instance, he failed
W. T. Lewis considers the finding of the
committee a complete vindication of his
character. He does .not regard his con
nection with the railroad company as dis
honorable, although that is one of the
charges made against him.
USING A HAD-STONE.
Its Peculiar Properties Called Into Play la
Tebbe Haute, Harch 24. What is
known as the Terre Haute madstone was to
day applied to the leg of the 11-year-old
daughter of John Kirk, of Bush county,
Indiana, who was bitten two weeks ago by a
pup, which afterward died with all the
symptoms of hydrophobia. The stone, after
a lapse of 11 hours, still adhered. The
dog bit two sisters of the child and
either scratched or bit a 4-vear-old brothers-
The madstone was applied to the boy, but
would not ahere, and this connrms the im
pression that his injury is from a scratch.
The wounds of the three girls are not deep,
but blood was drawn.
Tbe madstone i thoroughly saturated,
and the cloth about it is soaked with the
poisonous matter. The longest time the
stone ever adhered before this application
was 14 hours, and that was many years ago.
The stone has an authentic record ot mora
than 80 years, and no death has occurred
where it was used.
General Boulanser Faints.
Pabis, Harch 24. While dininz in the
cafe Durand to-day, General BoulangirN,
was .suddenly seized with a fainting fit, .'an d
nau to oe cuuvcjrcu hj jus iiohib. jao I
otts results are reported.
.1" :"v , ... j .