Pittsburg dispatch. (Pittsburg [Pa.]) 1880-1923, March 24, 1889, SECOND PART, Page 14, Image 14

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As Applied to the Interior Furnish
ings of the Finest Homes.
Thongh. the Earlier Gallic Styles Are Fast
.. JBeing Superseded.
NE might almost say
that the prevailing
, taste for light gay in
I teriors is a witness to
the emancipation of
the national tempera
ment "We are not a
I somber people, aL
though we are very
busy, and commercially disposed. The
American housewife was for ft .long time
the genius of oar decoration, and pre
scribed dark gilt and brown walls and
grained woods, because they did not show
dirt. But the new era of wealth has de
posed the American housewife, bought
more pails and 'brooms, and engaged men
From the style bourgeois it was not surpris
ing that we so rapidly swung into the style
bric-a-brac This was directly due to the
incursion of Queen Anne architecture, as
we fondly beliered it, and in which novelty
and unexpectedness were held to be the
most desirable qualities. The doors at last
seemed to swing open to something alto
gether independent and original, and the
most banguine received assurances that we
were on the eve of an American style or
school of decoration that would be indig
enous and as estimable as the potato.
This assurance has not been met The
extravagances and eccentricities that were
merely personal, not national, were soon
spent Restraint and repose have succeeded
to'restlessness and are well marked charac
teristics of the best that is now doing in dec
orative interiors. Architects and decorators
base their work on well-known and ac
cepted styles. In these they work more or
less freely and witb more or less apprecia
tion of how they can be adapted to our
Fashion has for the moment dictated the
direction in which they work. The pre
ference for the French styles of the eight
eenth centnry is too marked to require any
thing beyond the statement that Louis
Seize, Louis Quinze and First Empire are
household words. It is not the first time
vhat fashion has had an opportunity to
justify her commands as something more
rational than a caprice.
"There is in French styles a certain Gallic
piquancy to which we are related, for the
American of to-day is not the same man who
came over in the Mayflower or sailed up the
James. Moreover, in the most popular of
these styles Louis XVL there is some
thing direct and straightforward that com
mands our respect They suit our climate,
and measurably our later manner of build
ing. The only conspicuous example of Louis
XIV. styles of which I have any knowledge
is the drawing room of Mrs. Potter Palmer,
of Chicago. The room is wainscoted and
the walls divided by the pilasters, doors and
windows into appropriate panels. These
are filled with pinkish hned brocade, with
borders of embroidered green velvet The
pilasters, as all the wood ot the room, are
elaborately carved in the accentuated rich
forms peculiar to Louis XIV. decoration,
and these are enameled in white and gold.
The ceiling is divided into medallions,
which make in turn nart of the frame for
the -central panel. This is filled with a
mythological subject; painted for Mrs.
, Palmer in Paris, and the medallions also
contain paintings.
The lighting or the room makes a unique
feature otthe ceiling. It is accomplished by
electric lights concealed in colored cups
sunk in the wood and in flowers of colored
glass suspended by threads from the ceiling
and making part of its design. A beautiful
detail of the room is the mantel of onyx,
richly carved, and above it a mirror elab-
orately framed. The furniture is construct
ed after the models of the period, and is
covered with pink brocade and green em
broidered velvet A parquet floor and rich
rngs complete the room.
ane era wing room of Jin. W . &. Yaaaer-
bilt was the first of a long procession of
beautiful rooms inspired by it. The wood
work was imported fm an old dismantled
French chateau. It is of oak and has its
rich ornament cut in the solid panels. The
quality of the wood itself gives it dignity,
tor almost all our modern work in kind Is
in pine, the ornament being modeled in
composition and applied. The joinery of
the work has been admirably done, out
warps and cracks still testify to its long and
honorable descent. The ornament marks
the transition between Louis XIV. and
Louis XV. styles; the heavy, flowing, con
tinuous forms are interrupted by the
straight lines that form the panels. The
woodwork is disposed in the form of a dado,
and the windows, doors and pilasters divide
the wall space into eight panels. Seven of
these are filled with old gobelin tapestry,
after Boucher, in tints of pale rose, blue
and green, that chime in with the lively
cream and gold of the wood.
In the eighth panel is a full length por
trait of Mrs. Vanderbtlt by JIadrazo, which
keys in happily with the Test of the room,
although under more strict ruling the por
trait, as a piece of decoration in a Louis
XV. room, would have been outlawed.
Confronting this portrait is a marble man
tel overlaid with figures in gilt bronze,
modeled from the styles of the period, and
above it, framed in the same manner, is a
mirror. The ceiling- is divided in the
usual manner into circles and ellipses, con
nected with outer squares and forming deep
panels. These combine to form a frame
work lor the great Baudry painting, "The
Apotheosis of Fame," which fills an ellipti
cal frame almost the length of the room.
This panel is on canvas, and has been placed
on a stretcher with such ingenious mechani
cal contrivances that in case of fire it may
be quickly removed.
The doors are all double, the long,
straight panels beingwithout ornament ana
simply finished in cream and gold. The
handles have been specially designed, and
attached to them are bolts of steel that run
up and down and, when the door is shut,
catch in the frame and floor. The floor of
inlaid woods comes-trom Paris, and the fur
niture, made of pine in the forms of the
period, are finished in cream and cold and
covered with old tapestries and brocades.
The windows which complete the room, far
the furniture and decoration require no.
other accessories, swing in the French
fashion on steel frames and are filled in
with geometrical forms defined by the leads.
The drawing rooms of Mrs. Ogden Goelet
and Mrs. Cornelius Vanderbilt were
originally decorated in-the more personal
manner alluded to, but vielded to the
dignity and propriety of a declared style.
Mrs. Cornelius Vanderbilt's drawing
room is made from the spoils of an old
chateau. It is paneled in old oak, the
ground being painted a water green tint,
and the graceful ornament picked out in
white. The molding is in dead gold, and
makes a most effective frame for the panels.
Above each panel is a medallion with carv
ing in relief. The ceiling panel is a paint
ing, it is said, by Huet The subject is, of
course, allegorical a beautiful woman in a
triumphal car drawn by Cupids wreathed
in roses. The mantel is of marbfa overlaid
with metal and surmounted by 'a mirror.
The room is in fact brilliant with mirrors
reflecting its beauty at every turn. The
furniture is gilt covered with salmon tinted
brocade embroidered in wreaths and bor
dered with blue plush.
Mrs. Goelet's music room is in size a
novel apartment The walls are paneled in
wood, richly carved. The ground is over
laid in cream and the decoration brought
out in violet tints, the upper services being
gilded. In the cornice Loves holding gar
lands are molded in composition. The over
doors make a beautitul feature. There are
seven in all, beautiful types of women and
children, painted by Chaplin. In the ceil
ing is a painted allegorical panel. The
mantel of amethyst marble is supported by
female caryatides and the crosspiecels over
laid, according to the fashion of the period,,
in bronze figures and garlands. Above the
mantel is asuperb mirror elaborately framed.
The room is lighted by over 200 candles.
These are held by 12 candelabra supported
by caryatides attached to pilasters. The
floor is a glistening surface in mosaics of
white -wood. The furniture was made after
models at Versailles and is upholstered in
gray, brocaded with bouquets.
An example of how the usual city room
can be remodeled under the inspiration of
Louis XVI. styles is that of the drawing
loom of Mr. Henry Steers, of New York.
The walls are wainscoted wth the usual
squares and circles. The space above is
divided into panels that are filled with
Lyons silk, specially ordered by the archi
tect, Mr. Henry O. Avery, in which the
salmon ground is strewn with bunches of
roses and mignonette, held together by float
ing ribbons.
These panels are separated by pilasters,
with ornament in relief consisting of inter
lacing wreaths, starting from the frieze.
This is a continuous ornament of garlands
and ribbons. The ceiling and the cornice
are modeled and arranged with dentils and
medallions. The framework of the windows
and doors and the styles of the ceiling are
ornamented with a delicate tulip and ivy
pattern, and interlaced wreaths picked out
in gold leaf against a cream ground; the
moldings are twined with ribbons overlaid
with gold.
The windows demanded concession. No
ray of light can be spared lrom a New York
City interior. The heavy central ornament
of the frames were removed, leaving the
transverse jiece traced with the tulip and
ivy design. The flanking pilasters, similar
ly treated,support the large, shell-like orna
ment as an over window, so characteristic a
feature of this style. In this case the shell
is filled with opalescent glass, chosen to
harmonize with the general character of the
room. Balancing the transoms for which
they serve at the lower end of the room
above the double doors is an arch of open
bronze work, with spandrels filled in with-semi-transparent
glass, which repeats the
roses and mignonette design of the silk
panels. This is an instance of a featnre that
could not possibly be iound in any of the
Louis XVL rooms, which are" furnishing
models to this generation, but everyone
must admit that it is received kindly into a
style which has been well called inhospita
ble. A word should be said of the furniture
of this room, which, having tho required
forms, was enameled in flesh pink with
gold, and recovered with silk matching the
The elements of a Louis XVL room are so
simple that they may be carried out at com
pantively little expense. Elegant sim
plicity and that feeling of repose which is
not the least valuable quality in Louis
XVL and kindred styles may be arrived at
without carvings, brocades and painted
ceilings. Mabt Gat Huhphbies.
Me. A. F. King has established himself in
his new studio, in the Valmeyer building, on
Fourth Avenue, where he has greatly more
roomy quarters than the one he lately occu
pied in the Eisner building.
On Wednesday last Mr. John W. Beatty at
tached his signature to the first lot of proofs
of his etching after his picture, ''Return to
Labor." As this work is the first etching ever
executed by a Pituburj artist. Sir. Beatty ex-
Eenenced considerable satisfaction in placing
is name upon them, and he expressed him
self as being well pleased with their appear
ance, which indicates both care and skill on
the part of the printer.
The reverse of the generally accepted
picture of genius toiling in a garret and pro
ducing those immortal works of brush and
pencil which become the wonder of succeeding
generations is shown by the ubotographs of
ye of the most celebrated artists' studios, ex
hibited in Boyd's window. Bougereau,
Detaille, Duron, Munkacsy and Geroine are
seen at work, amid surroundings that indicate
their possession and appreciation of all the
luxuries which tend to make life enjoyable.
The exhibit of American works at the Paris
International Exposition this year will number
something over 500, including 160 palntln s in
oil. As compared with the exhibit at Paris In
1878, which only amounted to 156 works, the in
crease has been mainly in the matter of etch
ings, engravings and drawings in bUckand
white. There is no doubt that American art Is
more comprehensive in character at present
than it has ever been in former years, and we
are certain before long to take the lead in all
of the graphic processes.
"Early Morning, Near the Potomac," a
cleverly handled and well balanced painting by
E. A. Poole, may be seen at Boyd's. Mr. Poole
paints in a style both original and pleasing, and
which is effective without being startling. In
this work he has succeeded very well in indi
cating the effect of a softened and diff used
light upon the mists of. morning. The work, as
a .whole, forms a very pleasant little picture,
agreeable in composition and color, while at
the same time painted with truth and fidelity
to nature. It is also unique and characteristic
without being peculiar.
The extensive use now being made of
wrought iron for exterior decoration in archi
tectural designs Is an evidence of the develop
ment of good taste and judgment,and a proper
appreciation of the relative values of materials
both' from the standpoint of utility and art A
well execnted work in iron has such an appear
ance of strength and endurance that it." may
almost be taken as an indication of the pos
session of the same qualities by the people who
admire and make a free use of it, and in addi
tion to this it admits of, and in some measure
compels, the production of designs of a pecu
liar grace and beauty.
Evee since its Invention glasshasbeen found
to be available for numerous purposes as a
decorative material, but 1( was reserved for
modern ingenuity to conceive and. carry out
the idea of weaving It into cloth. Not long
since a Frenchman of an inventive turn of
mind discovered that it was possible to make a
kind of cloth from glass, or rather from glass
and silk, the latter forming the' warp and the
former the woof. Tho process of weaving is
very slow, and of course the product is expen
sive, but not more so than other fancies in dec
orative novelties in which wealthy people in
dulge themselves. As the pattern of the ma
terial is worked in the glass, which may be of
any color or variety of colors desired, its bril
liancy may readily be imagined.
The picture by Mr. Bryan Wall, shown in
Gillespie's window, is one of the largest and,
in some respects, the best marine view which
this artist has yet produced. Compared with
some of his work which he exhibited not more
than a year ago, this picture shows marked im
provement and indicates that be has not yet
attained that condition of perfect satisfaction
with himself which only too frequently, with
rising men, proves a bar to further progress.
The picture in question is a sceno on Block
Island, showing a sandy beach, with here and
there a few scattered boulders and quite a
stretch of ocean, with a glimpse of verdure
covered shore in the distance. In painting
this picture the artist has evidently taken a po
sition at but a slight elevation above the sea
level, so that he docs not show a great expanse
of water reaching far into the distance, but so
n uch of it as is seen Is very well handled and
of good color. The beach Is rather barren of in
terest. and looks somewhat too hard, but it is
probably true to nature, and characteristic of
the locality.
The uncertainty and indecision manifested
by the trustees of the Metropolitan Museum of
Art with regard to the question of opening that
institution on Sundays is complicated", if lato
accounts are correct by the desire to retain
for the museum the favor of many persons
both able and willing to become contributors
to its material welfare, but who are likely to
withhold their aid if there appeared any pros
pect of the exhibitions of art treasures being
held on Sundays. Some years ago Mr. W. T.
Waltcrs,of Baltimore, offered the institution a
girt of 310,000 on condition that it should open
its doors to the public on Sunday free of
charge for the space of two years' time, but
the matter was held under consideration for
some months' time and ultimately declined. It
is deeply to be regretted that a project which
has for its aim the mental and moral improve
ment of thousands of personsshould meet with
any opposition. There is no question as to the
elevating and ennobling influence of trt exhi
bitions upon the minds of tho masses, and the
people who are most seldom brought under
this influence, and who would derive from it
the greatest benefit are the very ones who can
not attend during the week.
The rejection of Mr. Albert Bierstadt's
painting, "The Last of the Buffalo,"' by the
committee appointed to make a selection of
American art works for the Paris Exposition,
has given rise to a great deal of comment and
.many of those who have seen the picture ad
mit their Inability to comprehend this action
on the part of the committee, as the work is
regarded as" being distinctively American in
character, and a masterly production as re
gards technique and execution. Whatever
may have led to the rejection of this
painting, and whatever may be the mer
its of the case, the picture will certain
ly be sent to Paris. . as the honors
which Mr. Bierstadt has taken give him the
privilege of entering bis work at the Exposi
tion independently of the consent of the Amer
ican Art Committee, and this privilege he in
tends to exercise. In striking contrast to .this
action on the part of the committee standi the
appirent determination to send one of the
works Dy the celebrated artist Innlss, whether
witb his consent or without it When Mr. In
nlss refused to send one of his pictures the
committee secured one or his earlier produc
tions which bad passed out of his possession,
and sent it on in spite of bis declaration that it
was anything but a fair sample or his work and
could not be held as representative of bis style.
There are usually two sides to a story, but pres
ent indications would seem to justify the con
clusion that the committee had been unneces
sarily arbitrary In both these cases.
National taste clearly defined; the sale
of Atkinson's extracts is constantly in
creasing, and must exceed a half-million
bottles annually.
Extbaobdctaby kid glove bargains
this week at Eosenbaum & Co.'.
Bessie Bramble Specifies the Evils
Which Overtake the
Some Peculiarities of Foreign Legislation
IKEN.S. C.March
20. An American
girl who marries a
foreigner does so
usually with her
eyes open. In these
days of widely
difinsed intelli
gence, there is lit
tle or no excuse for
any woman posses
sing average com
mon sense being
inveigled into a
marriage with a bogus baron or a peanut
count. The dazzle of a title, the glitter of a
coronet, or even the splendor of the straw
berry leaves of a duke should be discount
ed by the well-known fact that in most for
eign countries a woman occupies an inferior
position that she is held to be a creature
that will serve as an intellectual ornament
oran obedient serf to .a husband's whims,
caprices and demands.
A girl or a woman who aspires to enter
the foreign aristocracy should know that
under the laws of such countries she will
be accounted a nonentity; that, save by
special settlement, her property will go into
her husband's sole possession; that women
are so lightly esteemed that a learned Ger
man professor has announced that this
country is going straight to destruction be
cause the women are not subservient
enough, that they do not vacate the best
chair the minute their husbands appear,
and that they do not rush to find their slip
pers and sacrifice themselves in every way
to make life comfortable and velvety lor
the men.
"Women who marry foreigners should
know that the freedom, independence, and
individual rights of women so largely ac
corded bycustom and public opinion in this
country are in continental Europe denied,
and are deemed subversive of the peace of
marriage. With all this in view, and well
known to people who read and have any
claim to intelligence as to what is going on
in the world, a girl or a woman who is so
dazzled by a title as to marry a loreign
alleged nobleman has no more claim on
sympathy than a man who allows himself
to be taken in by a bunco game or any other
style of fraud that is constantly being shown
up in the daily papers.
Titled foreigners who come to this coun
try intent upon matrimony are usually in
the parlance of the street ''on the make,"
They are proposing to sell a share in their
title for cash if such title is genuine, and
if not, -they are swindlers of the meanest
sort who count upon the silly ambition and
empty-headed conceit of girls who have
more money than brains or. common sense.
The foreign count business has been so
often shown up by the papers as a spolia
tion game, or a speculation for revenue
onl v, that it seems strange that people in
society are so often successfully imposed
upon. Still foolish persons are always
plentv, and among them are many who long
for the distinction of a handle to their
It will be difficult to recall, or to prove,
that any such marriages have been a suc
cess as far as happiness is concerned.
American girls are not usually of the "tame
cat order." When the gloss and glamour
have worn off as they do in the first year of
such marriages, human nature shows up in
women as strongly as in men. Silly or
sensible, American'girls have been brought
up to declare independence when any for
eign power attempts to coerce them, or to
trample upon their just rights. They re
fuse to submit to the domination, the abso
lute rule of foreign masters, and the result
is trouble, misery, and the direst nnhappi
ness. Such marriages based as thev are,
are usually found to go wrong, whether
made in heaven or en earth.
The wife, when her fond illusions are dis
sipated, when she finds that the empty
honor of a name has no power to give the
sweet abiding pleasure and happiness that
only wait upon mutual love and respect
and that the vain pomp and glory of society
can satisfy the soul in its yearning for the
sweets of home and the joys of real friend
ship, finds the restraints and formalism and
abject submission ot foreign customs irk
some and unendurable to anyone accus
tomed to the freedom of a republic. For
eign women by education, training, man
ners and adaptation are used to tyranny, to
being obedient to husbands, to accepting the
hardships of a marriage where the husband
has everything his own way, to dwelling in
humiliation, and becoming, by virtue of
trials, either self-sacrificing saints or de
ceitful slaves; but American women even
those who are ever aping foreign modes of
life are possessed usually of too much in
dependence to meekly accept such subordi
nation, and rebellion is, ot course, the nat
ural result
Every American woman who marries an
aristocratic foreigner and goes abroad to live
should investigate the laws "of his country
as regards her status as his wife. If she
goes blindly into the matter and marries for
position and title, while he has an eye and a
hand for her money, they may as surely be
expected to come to grief as that the sun
should rise in the morning or the world go
round on ifs axis.
But, as things go now, a girl in society,
with beauty and money, seems to be ac
counted a failure if she marries a plain
mister in her own country, rather than a
titled spendthrift, an unscrupulous gamester
or mercenary adventurer, who has ancestors,
and perhaps a tumble-down castle or a blue
blooded pedigree.
Foreign education has had much to do
with this reverence for a title, and abject re
spect and ardent desire lor a place among
the aristocracy of Europe. "Women whose
husbands have struck oil or rich luck, and
made a pile, have an idea that their chil
dren must be "eddicated in Europe" to fit
them for high life. A French maid, a
smattering ot languages a little music and
Worth gowns fit their daughters for this
programme. Such marriage is duly pa
raded in the papers the people at home are
greatly impressed with the alleged splen
dor of the match. But the sequel is usually
The victim of a bogus baron or a counter
feit count finds little sympathy sometimes
not so much as might be given from a cen
sorious world, or the Grundies therin.
Served her right she should have known
better she should have been content with a
good American she should not have al
lowed her ambition to override her common
sense are the remarks thrown in liberally
when the crisis has been reached. Friends,
too, are nnkind. Having by force ot in
fluence and approval aided and abetted
such a-marriage society hesitates none the
less to denounce it when'failure follows.
Onr girls should remember that a real
Count is bad enough. Even if he has a
bona fide castle and real estate and a re
spectable rent roll, he has drawbacks in
education and training that make him an
undesirable match lor an Intelligent, inde
pendent American girl, who is accustomed
to be a law unto herself, nnless be has lived
in this country long enough to know that
obedienoe, submission and' subjection are
not the virtues in marriage that ensure the
highest happiness in this or any other
The word "obey" has not yet been strfoken
out of the marriage service, but, in eflect, it
is as good as gone in this country. Women
still repeat it in a perlnnctory manner, just
as men gabble over oaths of office without
much reference to their spirit or intention.
Judge Story says somewhere that "the
fossil footprints of feudalism are seenin the
laws which make every family a
barony, a monarchy or a despotism,
of which the husband is the
baron, king or despot, while the
wife is the dependent, sen' or slave.'" Such
laws still stand on the statute books of this
country, but the advance of civilization, the
growth of the higher law of humanity has
in large degree made them obsolete. The
family in the .United States partakes of
the character of its Republican institutions.
The law of might is changing to right The
man now, who would say in this country
with Petruchio of his wife:
"She is my goods, my chattels; she is my
house, my household stuff, my field, my
barn, my ox, my ass, my anything, and I
will be master of what is my own," would
find himself set down as a cowardly fellow,
and would speedily discover that his wife
had Something to say in the matter. The
day has gone by when men held by law
and custom that it was a wife's solemn duty
to "lie down on the floor and let yonr hus
band trample on you if he will."
-woiiEjr "will be -women;
But while such is true of onr republic to
a large degree, the condition of women un
der the monarchies and despotisms of conti
nental Europe is still a system under which
men are trained to become selfish tyrants
and women obedient servants.
Such being the case American girls have
only themselves to blame if by marriage
they become citizens of such countries and
are compelled to live under such restrictions
and unhappy conditions. The tinsel ot a
title will not suffice for happiness. It may
tickle the vanity of the society girl and
make her the envy of her set for a time, but
the sober realities of life coonshow that it is
better to put trust in a good, plain Ameri
can citizen. '
But though a fool be brayed in a mortar
yet will his foolishness not depart from
him,, says the Psalmist. Even with numer
ous examples before them, it is as likely as
not that our society girls will still be on the
lookout for a coun or a baron or a titled
foreigner to whom they can recommend
themselves by beauty or wealth. But let it
be understood that they go into such specu
lation with their eyes open and as a matter
of business. No sympathy is likely to be
given them when they come to grief. Suf
fering in spirit and a fall in pride may be
necessary to bring out the best in them, as
cutting is to display the brilliance of a dia
mond. The experience of Pittsburg society
in foreign connts has not been a happy one,
but whether the moral of the late lessons
will have any effect on the rage for titles
and castles that do ,not materialize remains
to be seen. Bessie Beamble.
Benjamin Hill, residing south of Clinton,
I1L, while boring for water yesterday struck a
powerful vein of natural gas. Btones were
thrown out and the wheels of an engine were
turned by the escaping gas. j
Advices are at hand from Panama. Sus
pension of work on the canal has left Colon
full of empty houses, stores and shops, of
which she already had plenty, owing to the
removal inland of workmen's camps as the
work progressed.
As an outcome of the differences between
Harris & Sons ana the Lasters' Protective
Union, the firm has begun packing its ma
chinery preparatory to moving their entire
business from Marblehead, Mass. The firm has
employed 150 bands.
A badly decomposed body, found in the
Charles river, at Waltbam, Mass., has been
identified by-Mr. Frank Handy, of the Boston
Transcript, as that of his sister, Lucy K.
Handy, who had been missing from her home
in Dorchester since early in January.
Assistant District Attorney Park says Ives
and Stayner will be tried for grand larceny
early in April. It is understood that Wood
ward, who is under indictment for connection
with the Cincinnati, Hamilton and Dayton con
spiracy, has made some important admissions
to the District Attorney, and he may be used
as a witness for the prosecution.
Among the passengers on the steamship
Australia, which arrived at Ban Francisco from
Honolulu yei-terday, was CUus Spreckels, who
has been paying an extended visftrto his sugar
plantations in Hawaii. He stated .that the
crop of the plantations will exceed the esti
mates by about 3,000 tons.-" -The crop or the
island', it is stated, will be about 125.000 tons, or
the largest in the history of-thelslands.
The report sent out early in the week from
Big Sandy, Mont, giving an account of the
gold excitement m Sweet Grass Hills, and
stating that such large numbers were flocking'
to the new field as to seriously threaten fam
ine, is untrue. The Sweet Grass placers have
been worked for a number Of years, and while
considerable gold has been and is being taken
out there has been no rush to the hills since
Herrvon Hortig Krnger, who a year ago
was the editor of the International Consoli
dated Press, of Berlin, is now living in New
Haven, Conn., and is the editor of t te Con
neclicut Republikaner, a small German sheet
Kruger was obliged to flee from Germany on
account of his connection with the publication
of the diary of Emperor Frederick. His prop
erly was connscaiea, ana nis partner, rroi.
Geffcken, was imprisoned for several months.
The bagging trust which caused 'a good
deal of excitement and excited much oppo
sition on the part of cotton planters and others
last year, and which expired by limitation last
December, it is announced, has practically
been reorganized and-will be run or managed
by the same parties as before. The plan of
operation will not exactly be the same as last
year, however, and prices are not expected to
be pushed np so high, but it is alleged that it
will not be long before they reach 10 cents per
The Wagner palace Car Company is building
at its shops, in Buffalo, an entire new equip
ment for the New York Central's Chicago lim
ited train. The most novel feature of the new
train will be a car containing ten enclosed com
partments or staterooms, which will afford to
the occupants theutmostprivacyand seclusion.
Folding doors between the rooms will permit
them to be arranged en snite for the accommo
dation of families or large parties. Each car
will have a buffet and a weil-fllled bookcase.
The new train is expected to be ready for ser
vice early next month,
The French line steamship La Champagne,
which sailed for Havre yesterday, took out a
valuable cargo of freight. Since Thursday vast
quantities, of boxed pictures and paintings
have been stowed in the vessel's hold. Tbey
were contributions of resident artists to the
American art exhibit at the coming Paris In
ternational Exposition. The value of the paint
ings shmped to-day foots up over $200,000. The
most costly work in the collection was Mnn
kaczy's masterpiece. "Christ Before Pilate,"
which Postmaster General Wanamaker has
loaned to the Exposition.
Kansas is about to develop a small Okla
homa excitement all her own. On the north
ern border of Shawnee county, in which To
peka is situated, lie the Pottawottamie and
Klckapoo Indian reservations, 11 miles sqnare,
containing 75,000 acres. The last Legislature
passed strong resolutions urging Congress to
make an appropriation looking to the opening
for homesieads of this tract Word has been
received from Congressman Morrill saying
that he secured the passage of a measure
which appropriates $5,000 for the purpose of
negotiating witb the Indian tribes interested.
This will open for settlement nearly 500 home
steads, and will be of inestimable value to the
surrounding counties:
There is a queer case on trial at Richmond,
Va. When William A. Thomas died he left a
$300,000 estate to Bettle Lewis, a mulatto, his
natural daughter. White cousins of the dead
man attempted to dispossess her, therefore the
entire estate is now locked up. Thomas leftno
will, and in the absence of such instrument it
was supposed that his legal kin would get his
fortune. When Thomas found he was about
to die be called Bettle to his side and gave her
his bank book and keys to a deposit box. He
died in the presence of a colored female wit
ness, and be told bis daughter that he wanted
her to have his fortune, and that she must un
der no circumstances surrender these keys,
wblch belonged to a box which contained all
bis seenrities. After a long legal light the
court decided to appoint a receiver to take
charge of the estate while the litigation is
There are sensational developments in con
nection with the bill passed by the recent In
diana General Assembly requiring uniformity
in the sci eening and weighing of coal, And such
inspection as would prevent cheating of
miners. There was a strong lobby Influence
against the hill from the mine operators, and
the miners were equally zealous in its advo
cacy. The House passed the bill, and it came
up for third reading In' the Senate on the
closing night of the session. Some amend
ments were maae by the Senate, and when it
was sent to the House for concurrence In the
changes, like some other bills in which the
lohby was greatly interested, it mysteriously
disappeared. No one has any idea who did the
work. The defeat of the bill will cause much
disappointment among the miners of the State,
as it was a measure which they were more in
terested In than any other that came before
the Legislature.
Evelyn Malcolm Discusses the Mystic
Subject of Cosmetics.
Danger to Health Lurks in All Forms of
Arsenical Compounds.
rwnriTKr Ton toe dispatch.
HE Hottentot belle
hangs a bangle in
her lip and paints
her nose sky-blue; the
Malay beauty files her
teeth close to 'the
gums and stainsthem
black; the Saltan's
favorite paints her
eyelids and colors her
finger nails with henna.
The enlightened woman does none of
these things, of-course. She understands
the law of beauty better than the be
nighted Hottentot, better than the indo
lent beauty of the harem. Nevertheless,
according toner light, she follows the same
instinct, and "for ways that are dark and
for tricks that are vain" to enhance her
beauty or hide her blemishes, civilized wo
man is not one whit different from her less
fortunate sister.
This sweeping statement admits without
doubt of many exceptions. It would be a
very sad state of affairs if there were no
girls whose cheeks boasted of the freshness
acqnired only from innocent applications of
cold water. Nevertheless in all the large
cities of this country and Europe cosmetics
form an important part of the average
woman'a.toilet. Every drug clerk will tell
yon of the large trade in pastes, powders
and hair washes. A certain rnanufactnrer
of Paris does an enormous business in his
face powder alone.
Arsenic is sold under different nameSj and
its effects may be noticed every day on the
faces of very young girls, who, it appears,
are the only ones silly enough to buy it
These arsenical preparations remove every
spot and freckle from the skin if taken in
sufficiently large doses, and leave it not
only smooth, but dazzlingly white the
whiteness of wax, not a natural flesh tint
Ii continued they shatter the constitution
and eventually destroy every vestige of
former beauty. If commenced and used
only for a short time health may be saved,
but the skin, still preserving its waxen ap
pearance, slowly turns yellow, deepening in
color till it reaches a genuine jaundice hue.
The moral is shun arsenic in any form as
you would a plague. Your physician will
tell yon that although it is sometimes given
as medicine, it is never given in quantities
sufficient to affect the skin. When it does
the result is ruinous.
Not more than three years ago there was
a small store on upper Sixth avenue, New
York, kept by an old and very interesting
Frenchwoman. She sold everything that
could possible be required on the most arti
ficial woman's toilet table.
One winter night, during the ball season,
I stopped in to buy some manicure articles,
and found her just commencing operations
on a "subject, " as she called customers of
this kind.
The subject's eyes were closed as she lay
back in a chair in a curtained niche. At a
sign from the Frenchwoman I took a chair
at a little distance, where I could not be
seen, and watched her process. It was cer
tainly as astounding as interesting.
She first dipped a silk sponge in warm
Have These Few Remarks to Make to the'
Readers of This Ad.:
If you are not aware of the popularity of the above firm or the esteem
in which they are held by their many friends and customers, look over their
immense storerooms, see the quantity and quality of the goods carried by
them in stock.
Remark what a nice selection of goods and at such low prices. Observe the
treatment accorded you, whether a buyer or a looker. We are here for a good,
share of everybody's trade and if we don't merit it, then we do not deserve it.
Now we are not bragging when we say that we have the largest selection of
In medium priced goods, held by any house in Pittsburg or Allegheny. Our
line of .
which is strictly our own make, is the pride of the city. We do say, without '
fear Of contradiction, that for the money you can get a better Parlor Suit hera,
than elsewhere, at the same time getting the goods fresh from the hands of the
upholsterer. Not shop worn, but covered clean and bright, in any goods you
may desire. -
are second to none in the city, either for PRICE or
everybody, made and laid on the shortest notice.
Remember that we will furnish your house complete,
just opened an elegant line
goods delivered free of charge. "
307 'WOOD STREET. 30J1
Sole Agents for the New High Ann Davis Sewing
Open Saturday Night Until 10 P. M.
water' and bathed the face and.neck, and
then dried vyg?ntly with a soft cloth.
This done, she covered every inch of skin
from forehead to boom with a grease that
resembled white glue; over that she rubbed
in a delicate, flesh-colored powder; then
penciled brows and lashes with a tiny
camel's-hair brush, shaping the former with
her practiced thumb and forefinger; touched
the, edges of the lids with a faint-blue
powder, drew a delicate network of veins on
temples and shoulders, colored the cheeks a
faint but enduring pink, the lips a deep
That was all.
The subject stood np at length, a veritable
work of art, and looked in the mirror with
complacent admiration. The work was cer
tainly done with an astonishing nicety, but
in the simulated, unchangeable blnsh there
was nothing of nature, and her smile, as she
hurried out to the cab waiting for her, was
as false as the shadows under her eyes. The
Frenchwoman gave her shoulders an elo
quentsbrug as she dropped the easily earned
ten-dollar bill into her cash box.
One so often hears the expression,"Surelr
no one can object to a little powder."
There are not many who do. A little
powder is innocent and harmless. But a
girl often commences with "a little powder
to take the shine off," but ends by carrying
a powder puff in her pocket, with which
she dusts herself at every opportunity, ap
parently blissfully unconscious that her
nose seems made of chalk. As for rouge '
one does not meet many women in a day's
walk who have not at least a soupcon of
color on the cheeks. The masculine eye
cannot detect it always, but a woman is
never imposed upon. A natural color shows
through the skin, and there is no rouge, no
artist can give this effect but nature.
Then should not a woman take further
interest in her appearance than to be clean,
to have her hair well brushed, her nails
trimmed? She certainly should. A woman
should do everything reasonable to improve
her face or form but cosmetics, besides
being vulgar, are injurious, and in
stead of improving tend to destroy good
looks. Cleanliness is tne nrst essential to
preserving beauty of skin and outline. The
entire body should be bathed every morn
ing. If a person is too delicate for this a
sponge bath will answer almost as well, and
can never injure if the body is well dried
after it Diet comes next Avoid greasy
food, rich gravies, pastrv, etc. Don't eat
much butter. Never drink beer.
Fresh air and exercise are the only cos
metics which will have a lasting effect
American girls do not walk half enough.
If they have a short distance to go, say a
mile, even halt a mile very often, they take
a car. -English and, Irish girls think
nothing of walking ten miles. According
to some this climate is too trying to permit
of such violent exercise, but at least tbree
miles a day in fine weather cannot be too
much if one feels "veil.
A very simple and excellent way to make
the skin clear and smooth is as follows: At
night use the prepared mixture of vaseline
and cold cream on the face and lips; rub it
in well with the fingers, then wipe thor
oughly, as sufficient is left in the pores
without leaving the face greasy. In the
morning wash with plain brown soap, rinse
carefully in warm water and tben in cold;
this softens the skin but keeps the muscles
firm, and if a little bay rum of the best
quality is used after the skin becomes as
smooth as a piece of velvet In drying the
face rub it upward. This is said to prevent
wrinkles, or at least to postpone them, but
its truth can only be tested us time goes on.
Powder can be used if desired. The least
injurious is the simplest plain drop chalk.
To improve the hair brush it for 20 minutes
every night and braid loosely on retiring.
Washing the hands in water diluted with
vinegar will make them white. Two good
recipes for removing freckles are: The
juice of watermelons or slices of fresh cu
cumber. Nothing, however, will be of much
benefit to the skin unless the first principles
of, health are observed and the stomach is
kept in good order. A woman with a cold
in her head can never be interesting either
therefore beware of getting your feet wet,
and don't go out infold weather with un
derclothing fit for a spring day and a little j
jacket weighing about three pounds.
Don't' expect to have bright eyes if you I
of PICTURES at away
- -i !!, . -r1V !l thU'Jf
teeth ofafl east wind TMont a-veil over?,
yonr face. To be graceful, don t wear gro
tesque bustles wd, tightly drawn skirts.
The most nngraceful animate thing in the
world are men and women. And yet God
meant them them to be graceful. Every
thing in nature is w. If 7 haT? fTer
watched a kitten's movements, the circles a
buzzard makes in flying, the repressed,
strength in the dignified step of a mastiff,
the dainty, arch movement of thorough
bred's nect, you must know this. But mm
and women have degenerated in their mo
tion; they are careless. They patter or
slouch or limp or shuffle, as a general thing,
from sheer thoughtlessness. According to
some- writers on the subject women should
be feline in movement taking tie cat and
the panther for models in the act of wauc-
"to avoid a jerky step practice a contimioM
mov. mei from the waist,not from the knee,
lifting the foot parallel to tho groandynet
bringing it down heel or toe. first t J.n
may not give onethe "pantheresque, T"
ding" step, so often ascribed to heroines la
novels, but it will enable the walker to
get over the ground with an easy, light sao
tion. ,y
A lively expression is a great attractioa,
and the homeliest face is never uninterest
ing with it Let the eyes portray wharthe
lips utter, and don't let a smile play aboat '
the mouth while the eyes remain unsympa
thetic and expressionless. Montaigne says:
"In a face which is none of the best there
may lie some air of probity and trust, as,
on the contrary, I have seen between two
beautiful eyes menaces of a dangerous and :
malignant nature." Evelyn MATCOtM.
Alvrays Keep the Upper Hand of Disease
Changes of temperature are apt to cause -dangerous
sickness; in the full-blooded apo
plexy is to be feared. When you have a pain ia
the head, feel dizzy, feverish, rheumatic or sick
at tne stomach, take at once three to ten of
Bbandeeth's Fills. Such slight affection.
are only the harbingers of disease or suddea
prostration, and the thing to do is to master
the trouble at once. Never let a little sickness .
get the better of you. Drive it out of dDors
immediately. Let there be no compromise, al- ,
ways have with you a box of Bbasdbxtr'S
Pills, and you are prepared to fight the worst
form of sickness in its lncipiency. aa
Beacon Lights.
Mr. Harris announces the first appear
ance of the beautilnl spectacular melodrama
in Pittsburg at his theater commencing
Monday, March 25. "Beacon Lights" has
met with great success upon the Western
circuit, and in the matter of scenery and
mechanical effects nothing will be found
lacking. "Beacon Lights" is mounted sec
ond to no other attraction now before the
public. The scenery deserves recognition
lrom an artistic standpoint, being perfect
representations of the places and localities
wherein the action is laid. Although the
preliminaries to the presentation of the play
have been so extensive and costly, we await
the reception of "Beacon Lights" with the
utmost confidence and without a single mis
giving. "We believe that the play will
meet the wants ot the public, and the field'
in which we are the pioneer is as vast as it
fertile. Every one should go and see "Bea
con Lights," the greatest play of its kind
on the road.
No Advance In Carpets
At Edward Groetzinger's. "We paid mora
for the spring stoik than the goods sold at
last season, but will sell all grades at old
S rices. Mammoth carpet and curtain
ouse, 627 and 629 Penn avenue
Nevr Spring- Goods.
Our new stock of choice spring goods-of
the latest and most fashionable patterns for
gentlemen's wear has just been received,
and is now ready for inspection. For a
good-fitting suit or overcoat go toPitcairn's,.
No. 434 "Wood street ihs -.
Misses' fine 4 B. embroidered kid gloves,
75c, worth $1 00, at Eosenbaum & Co.'s
Cash paid for old gold and silver at
Hauch's, No. 295 Fifth ave. Tresa
Business Chance.
"Walter Anderson has opened ont at his
new place, 70O Smithfield street, with a fine
stock of woolens for gentlemen's garments.',;
a. M7 - SO, j 'J
QUALITY, and'-plenty for
or any part of it. Havej
down prices. Any and aDj
' a