Newspaper Page Text
HOW PAPER IS MADE.
Processes by Wlych Various Crude
Materials Are Converted Into
AN ARTICLE OP UNIVERSAL USE.
Glimpses of a Factory Where Wonder
Working Machinery Abounds,
PACTS ABOUT THE PAFEE BAG INDUSTET
fWElTTEX FOE TUE DISPATCn.3
HEEE is probably
no manufactured ar
ticle more nselul to
the world than paper,
nor any substance
that is capable of be
ing utilized in a
greater variety of
ways. Aside from its
common ucs in vrrit-
icg and printing, which alone render it in
dispensable to civilized man, it is
found to be of the highst utility
and value for hundreds of other prac
tical purposes. It is made into carwheels,
cars, boats and scores ot other serviceable
articles. The house builder finds it useful
in the walls, roofs and interiors of dwell
ings; boxes, barrels, bags and similar re
ceptacles are made from it in almost limit
less sizes, styles and rarities; in the form of
papier mache it is made serve as material
for molds and for architectural ornaments;
while as a substitute for heavy and ex
pensive metals, it enters into the construc
tion of many different kinds of machinery.
Tt is lighter than the lightest wood and as
durable as the hardest of metallic com
pounds in many of the forms in which it is
employed. A long essay might be written
on the serviceableness of this material alone,
but as the well-informed reader is doubtless
already familiar with this subject it is quite
seedless to pursue it further.
The materials from which paper are made
are almost as numerous and as various as
the articles manufactured from the paper
itself. The most common of these are rags,
waste paper and wood pulp. But straw,
a variety of African grass known as esparto,
cane, jute and manilla are also used ex
tensively. Paper has been made from the
barks ot several kinds of trees, from corn
stalks, potato vines, rice straw, hop vines,
reeds, bulrushes, cattails, palms and a great
number of other vegetable products. As an
industry, paper-making is over 1,000 ears
old. Yet it is still making rapid progress,
and perhaps no oiherjine of manufacture
affords a better example of constan and
The Beating Engine.
steady improvement in the machinery used,
which is now very intricate and very costly.
Making paper by hand is now wholly out
of date in this country.
It is a lact worthy of note that the first
paper mill in America was established in
Pennsylvania nearly 200 vcars ago. It was
managed by "William Bittenhouse and
located near Philadelphia. Paper making
was also amonsthe earliest manufacturing
enterprises of " etern Pennsylvania, where
it still continues to flourish. '
Having a curiosity to learn something
about the process by which the raw material
is transformed into the finished article, I
visited the paper mill of Godfrer & Clark",
at Tarentum, a few days ago. This estab
lishment is devoted to the manufacture of
express wrapping paper and the stock irom
which paper bags and flour sacks are made.
As the method of manufacturing paper s
tearly the same, in its principal features,
in every paper mill, a descri
tion ot this one may enable
those to whom the interior of such
a place is a mystery, to understand some
thing of the means and machinery cm
ployed in producing an article of such uni
versal utility and value. The materials
used in the manufacture of the kinds of
paper mentioned are hempen rope, jute
bagging and wood pulp. The rope and the
bagging, either old or so worn and broken
that they are no longer lit for their original
uses, are largely imported. Thev . are
brought to tlit"mill by the -carload, tied in
packages and bundles of convenient size for
handling. The wood pulp, of which the
quantity used is comparatively small, is
ground and prepared in a part of the mill
especially devoted to that kind of Work.
.a. visit to the half subterranean apart
ments whence motive power is furnished to
tlie mill gives an idea of the immense force
required to drive the machinery. Steam,
and a good supply of it, too, is an indispen
sable requisite in a paper mill. There are
16 huge boilers, heated by strong fires of
37e Tubing Machine.
natural gas; mammoth engines, working
noiselessly, swiftly, majestically; in fact,
every evidence of" tbe vast energy required
to move the cumbrous machinery of the
In another part of the establishment a
workman is engaged in feeding chunks of
wood and pieces of board and slabs to a bis;
machine, in which the wood is held
by springs against a largo re
volving grindstone. The action of
water flowing through the machine helps to
reduce the material to a fine pulp. It is
( then carried down into a tank where chem
icals are added and afterward brought up
up and carried through a macbine which
shapes the pulp into small soft rolls, when
it is ready to be mixed with other stock for
the manufacture of express paper. Bight
thousand pounds of pulp are thus prepared
in a day.
The rope and bagging arc each passed
through machines which cuts and teirs
them apart and separates the fibers. The
material is then ready for the process tech
nically Known as "cooking." After being
chemically tnated it is placed in a huge
rotary boiler, IS feet or more in length and
perhaps G feet in diameter, which Blowly re
volves, and there cooked from 12 to 20
hours, the time varying according to the
kind of paper to be made. On being taken
from the boiler or rotary it is removed by a
chain carrier to the floor above and sub
jected to the action of the beaters or engines
employed in reducinc it to pulp.
These beaters p'ay tUch an important
part in the manufacture f paper that a
description of one is necessary. Auoblonc
orator trunk inlo which a stream of fresh
water pours constantly, is divided into corn
apartments by a partition, on one side of
which is a solid cylinder armed with strips
llltF-HH 4 -Kill
of steel. The cylinder is turned by a shaft
resting upon journals at the side. Beneath
the cylinders is a block armed with blunt
knives similar to those of the cylinder, and
the action of the two is to tear and separate
the fibre. On the other side ot the vat is a
hollow drum, or many-sided prism, cov
ered with wire gauze at the end, for the
purpose of removing the water from the
machine. The prism slowly revolves, rais
ing the water into the hollow shaft, and dlsy
charging it This is the usual construction
of the machine, which is used in nearly the
samejbrm for three distinct purposes of
washing, bleaching and reducing the hemp
and jute to pulp.
The material is first subjected to the action
of the washing engine or neater, and after
ward to that of the second beater which
reduces it ctill finer. An engine has a
capacity of receiving 1,200 pounds of stock.
"When the material goes into the first set of
beaters it colon the water with its dirt,
but .when it has been washed, and bleatfhed
by the action of chemicals, it is of a delicate
creamy shade. The stock Irom which bag
paper 'is made is about 24 hours in passing
through the two sets of beaters. It is carried
by a system of pipes from one beater to
another, and finally from tbe engines to the
tanks or stuff chests below, whence it is
pumped up as required for making into
Pure water and a generous supply of it
being a necessity, an ingenious method has
been taken to secure it. Cisterns, located in
the middle of the Allegheny, below the bed
of the river, first receive the water alter it
has been filtered through the sand and
gravel. Thence it is pumped into the re
ceiving tanks at the mill and filtered again,
alter which it is supplied to the various de
partments. Standing at the side of the mill where the
washing and beating engines are located I
had an excellent view of the entire estab
lishment Flaring jets of natural gas, a.
dozen or more in number, light no
the interior, otherwise made dim by the
escaping steam. The rumble of the heavy
machineryis incessant it never stops nigh't
or diy. A peculiar but not unpleasant
odor pervades the entire place. Near me
arc the vats containing the raw and un
washed material; on the other side of the
room, emerging from a long train of ma
chines, the finished paper is being raceived
by the workmen and put in form for use
or shipment Bet us go ocr and see how
this wondrous transformation is wrought
for it is indeed a wonderful triumph of
man's ingenuity and mechanical skill.
The pulp, thinned by water until it af
fords no more evidence of the presence of
solid substance than simple soap suds, is re
ceived into a chest where it is set in motion
bjr the action of machinery which is too in
tricate to be minutely described. It is de
livered by means of stirrers upon a cylinder
covered with wire cloth. The water being
meantime drawn off by suction pumps, and
the fiber evenly distributed over the-surfacej
Thence the fiber is carried upon a broad
band of felt, which takes it over a series of
three cylinders, whence it passes through
we nrst press roil ana on to the
second felt From this it passes
to what is called the "drier felt" By this
time the paper is strong enough to hold to
gether unaided, but the felt is used to keep
the air Irom it and subject it more thor
oughly to the action of. the drying apparatus.
On goes the paper, leaving the last felt,
over roll after roll, passing' over steam
heated cylinders to dry it, and squeezed be
tween heavy chilled "rolls to press it and
give it gloss. Following the strip that
started, held to its place by the band of felt,
from one end of the long train of machinerv
to the other a distance of more than 100
feet we find that the weak has become
strong; that the delicate, pulpy substance
has become firm, hard, heavy paper.
The last of the series of machinery is an
apparatus for cutting up the paper. The
heaviest wrapping paper, CC inches in
width, is cut into sheets 72 inches long, and
a ream of it weighs 2,000 pounds. The daily
capacity of the mill is 12 tons of paper. The
consumption of material is 20 tons of rope
and SO tons of bagging, paper and pulp.
Nearby is the paper sack factory, where
all the bag and sack paper produced in the
mill is worked up into millers sacks and
sacks for holding cement and similar arti
cles of coiamer;e. Thousands of the sacks
manufactured and printed here go to the
great milling cities of the "West, and after
being filled with flour return to Pittsburg
to be sold to grocers and- their customers.
This factory is no less interesting than the
other. Its machinery is of a lizhter sort.
but it is equally ingeniously contrived and
admirable in its working. The paper comes
from the mill in rolls and is first subjected
to the action of the "tuber," or machine for
making tubes, as paper sacks are termed
before the bottoms are made. The tuber is
a wonderful contrivance.- It unwinds the
paper from the roll, applies the paste to the
edge, folds it down and presses the edges to
gether, fastening one securely over the
other, cuts the bottom ready to be folded,
creases the top and finally cuts the tube to
the desired size, deposits it in a small car
and counts it Could human hands do
more? And, most renrarkable of all is the
rapidity with which the work is performed
120 tubes for 'quarter barrelsacks being
made in a minute, or two every second!
From the tuberthe bags, after being ar
ranged ih bnndles, go to the printing de
partment Here are- eight presses and a
complete printing office, supplied with wood
and celluloid type, wood cuts, electro plates,
etc., for printing designs in colored ink.
The sacks are printed according to the buy
er's order, some on one side, some on both
and some on both sides and bottom. Where
several colors of ink are used the bags have
to be run Ihrough the press once for each
kind of ink used. The average number of
impressions made is 120,000 for a day of ten
hours, or about 40,100 completely printed
bags. Elsewhere are machines for finishing
the bottoms of the bags, which fold and
paste them with great rapidity, each bottom
ing 30,000 sacks a day. A hundred thou
sand finished sacks a day is the capacity of
the works. E. "W. Babtlett.
Beautiful Encravlns Free.
"Will They Consent?" is a magnifi
cent engraving, 19x2 inches. It is an
exact copy of an original painting by Kwall,
which was sold for 5,000.
This elegant engraving represents a young
lady standing in a beautiful room, sur
rounded by all that is luxurious, near a
half-open door, while the young man, her
lover, is seen in an adjoining room asking
the consent of her parents for their daughter
In marriage. It must be seen to be appre
ciated. This costly engraving will be civen awav
free, to every person pnrchasins a small
box of "Wax Starch.
This starch is something entirely new.and
is without a doubt the creatcst "starch in
vention of ihp nineteenth century (at least
everybody says so that has Ufed it). It
supersedes everything heretofore used or
known to science in the laundry art Un
like any other starch, as it is made with
pure white wax. It is the first and only
starch in the "world that makes ironing
easy and restores old summer dresses and
skirts to their natural whiteness, and im
parts to linen a beautiful and lasting finish
as when new.
Try it and be convinced of the whole
Ask for "Wax Starch and obtain this
The Wax Staisph Co.,
Fine watch repairing, lowest prices, at
Hauch's, No. 295 Fifth ave. "HTSu
THE NEW ELDORADO,
A Glance at the". Geography and Re
sources of Lower California,
THE SCENE OP THE EXCITEMENT.
A Territory Eich With Mineral and Agri
FUTOBE PKOSPHCTS OP THE REGION
map shows the loca
tion of the recent gold
placer discoveries in
Bower California, east
of Ensenada, in the
region which is row
know,n as the Santa
Clara district The
territory, or so much
of it as is not in private ownership and oc
cupation, of the peninsula of Bower Cali
fornia, extending from the boundary line
two-thirds the length of the peninsula, has
been granted, under certain conditions, by
the Bepublic of "Mexico to the International
Company of Mexico, a company incor
porated in Connecticut and with headquar
ters in New York.
The bay of San Diego is almost adjacent
to the boundary line, which is about 16
miles to the south of the city of San Diego,
situated at the Northern end of the bay,
San Diego, being the only port of conse
quence south of San Francisco, ha's served,
and must in the future serve, as the base of
supplies for Bower California. Ensenada
is the Bower California headquarters of the
International Company, and is situated on
a small open bay, in which a pier has been
constructed. This bay affords access for
vessels of light draught, Dut offers little pro
tection from stress of weather, and any con
siderable shipping for the district of Bower
California must find at San Diego its near
est harbor of safety and importance..
HOW TO GE THEEE.
"What is known as the mining district of
Santa Clara lies some 60 miles to the east of
Ensenada, and, beginning at the foot of the
great mountain range which forms the back
bone of the peninsula, runs back 60 or 60
miles to the east and north and about 100
miles to the south, comprising four or more.
canons in the lower levels of which placer
deposits havo been found. It is also re
ported that quartz leads have been located
at the upper end of the canors. Feed and
water are said to be ample at the present
time, although it is probable that the
LOCATION OF THE EECEKX
streams in the lower canons will cease run
ning about July 1, but water can be brought
by flumes from the perennial supplies iu the
upper canons, if the extent and permanence
ot the working shall be assured.
The approach to these mines is overland
from Ensenada, a distance of about GO miles,
or from San" Diego overland. From San
Diego the National City and Otay railway
runs a distance of about 20 miles to the
boundary line at Tia Juana, where is lo
cated a small town on each side of the line,
including both nationalities. From the
terminus of the National City and Otay at
Tia Juana the mining district can be
reached over roads which are said to afford
easier travel than the roads from the shore
at Ensenada. The Custom House facilities
at Tia Juana are also snch that this method
of approach seems to be preferred by the
parties going into the mines.
Ensenada is a place of a few hundred in
habitants, ana has no extensive supplies,
everything hitherto having been sent from
San Diego, which must, for some time at
least, be regarded as the base of operations.
THE PRESENCE OF COED
in this district has long been known, and it
has in times past been extensively worked.
Even previous to the present development,
Mexicans havo found steady employment in
pan washingi on a small scale, and it has
been regarded as a legitimate industry. An
other thing concerning the recent develop
ments worth noting is that all reports agree
in observing that, in addition to the gold,
there are considerable deposits of silver and
copper, which are not unlikely to prove
even more valuable and of greater import
ance than the most precious metal. Seduc
tion facilities for milling ore are already
provided at National City on the bay of San
Diego. The reduction works established
some little time ago have recently, be
fore this cold discovery of the Santa
Clara valley, more than doubled their
working capacity, making these extensions
upon the strength of other ores found both
in Bower California and in San Bernardino
Mountains in Southern California. It is ex
pected by those familiar with this territory
that the present gold fever will undoubtedly
"lead to a good deal of prospecting work, not
only soRth of the Mexican line, but also in
Southern California, the mountain districts
of which are similar to those of the penin
sula. Tho climate of Ensenada, on the coast, is
very similar to that of some portions of
Florida, being somewhat warmer than that
at San Diego. Back in the country, how
ever, where tbe mining operations are con
ducted, the land reaches so much greater
elevation that asomcwhatcolder temperature
obtains, the nights icing cold, and irost and
snow being the usual accompaniments of tbe
Bower California has been reputed a
desert on account of the character of the
southern half of the peninsula, and the
laiiure oi attempts to piant colonies in tint
sterile portion. 'The mountauous character I
! .- e . i . I - . . I
of the northern district concealed its agricultural-wealth
from mere speculators, and
it required the actual explorations and sur
veys made by the International Company
to reveal the extent and value of this sec
tion. Its character is totally different from
that farther south. It is more mountainous
than Upper California, apd therefore has a
less proportion of arable lands, but it has
numerous valleys as rich as' the best in.
Upper Califorui.1, with as large au average
rainfall as Sin Diego or San Bernardino
county, and 6s large n number, in propor
tion, ol streams available for irrigation.
Grain crops are grown as successfully
without irri cation in the vailev of Northern
'Bower California as in those counties. This
JIftB'SafrBreca N V -
.-4 - Traluna"""s IT TVT V.
sLs '"Vsnectto Table -.. s.
)f BCHO LAND8 -.w Ny
IJBmobf'- e W"fi7 --... Jsw
fc2h&?W&& ABUxaut 1 -Mi
Cf;'A N v-u--&rV p.
! -iit & a c W i
t" v( 9rt"v s t?. v-' .Sa , BuBC"1.
Mi. N. X S.Ctcir O VO
Tiia.i'rtr'jJ-Ji'W'oy GP"' w ml
is due mainly to the high mountain Granges,
which affect the climate favorably, and also
gather and store water for the streams.
There is a great mountain region about 100
miles south of Ensenada; a rasge 1C0 miles
long, rising from 11.000 to 13,600 feet above
the sea level, furnishing an abundance of
water, and with extensive forests of pine,
cedar and firs, said to be worth many mill
ions of dollars. The climate of the north
ern part of the peninsula varies, of course,
with the. altitude, but, altogether, it is de
scribed as one of tho most delightful,
salubrious and equable in the world, adapted
to most of the fruits and other products of
both the tropical and temperate regions,
The Mexican" laws, which formerly for
bade foreigners to own real estate within 60
miles' of the boundary, or three leagues of
the seashore, kept the country closed until
their modification a few year ago, since
which the region is rapidly opening up to
Eich deposits of mineral in various parts
of the peninsula have long been known, and
in the southern portion various mining en
terprises have been successfully worked for
many years. Among these are the Triunfo
silver mines, operated by an English com
pany, southwest ot Ba'P at, the Capital of
the territory of Bower California, and on
the gulf si do are also the Santa Rosalia and
Poleo copper mines, worked by a French
company, controlled by the Rothschilds, of
Pans, the mines being so ricn that several
million dollars have been expended on
them, including the building of a town and
As attention is called to the agricultural
resources of the country by the flocking of
large numbers of people there in search of
gold, it seems likely that Bower California
will in this respect have an experience sim
ilar to that oi Upper California, where min
ing has become a small interest in com
parison to that of agriculture.
Many statements have been made to the
effect thatthestories concerning therichfinds
were untrue, having been started by the In
ternatlonal Company for the safio ot getting
a large number of men into Bower Califor
nia, in order to save its concession from the
Mexican Government Another report was
jto the effect that the International Company
is endeavoring to gain control of the mines
for itself. Parties hero who are familiar
with Southern California, say that, while
very likely there may be much exaggera
tion concerning the fabulous amounts of
treasure to be found, as is usually the case
during snch excitements, they believe there
is undoubtedly a vast mineral wealth" in
that and adjoining regions, for the amounts
of gold actually brought In from there by
various parties prove this. They point to
the fact that the report of there being no
gold there comes from Bos Angeles, a city
which is a rival of Sau Diego, and very
jealous of the latter place, which, is profit
ing by the excitement. There may be much
truth in the reports about the extortions of
The Mexioan mining laws are very lib
eral, and enable the discoverer to take up 3
claim on private land on paying for the sur
face value of his claim, nud giving security
GOLD PLACES DISCOVERIES.
not to disturb growing crops or interfere
with tbe dttncr'fi rightful use of the surface,
and also not to imperil the surface by his
underground work, or interfere in any other
way with the peaceable enjoyment of all
his lands by the owner. If the mineral dis
covered should be coal, marble or valuable
stone, it belongs to the owner of tbe land,
the claim applying only to the metals.
THET ALL FAVOR IT.
Compulsory fdncntion Takes Well With
ritisbnrc rrlaelphts Grammar Fnpila
AVrlllne for n World's Prl2c.
The compulsory education Bill introduced
into the Begislaturex by Representative
Marland, of Pittsburg, is causing consider
able talk in educational circles. Yesterday
Principal Bane, of the St. Clair schools, re
ceived a letter from Mr. Marland, in which
he stated that the chances for bis bill were
favorable; that many of the members think It
Is a step In the right direction, and that he
would like the indorsement of the Pittsburg
principals, if the bill be found to meet Chelr
Principal Fisher, when asked for his views
on compulsory education, said: ''I am de
cidedly for It If the State has Hhe power to
levy taxes to educate children, this implies the
right to see that all children receive tho benefit
Principal Bane Is strongly in favor of the
bill. He does not think it -interferes with any
parental rights, believme; that a child should,
during Its minority, receive an education which
it cannot under ordinary circumstances receive
Principal Burgoyce thinks the compulsory
law IB legitimate. It has been tried in the New
England States with beneficial result. He
however, thinks the bill Is somewhat obscure'
He does not see bow a child can work one-half
a day and go to school the other half.
PnnclpalProadnt Is also in favor ot the bill.
Ho believes that parents who are derelict in
their duty of sending children to school should
be looked after by the law.
Seventeen Pittsburg schools will bo very
busy next week preparing manuscript work for
primary and jrramruar erades for the Paris Ex
position. The paper on which tbo handiwork
oFthe nnnils Is to be exhibited was rt!&t-tK...
J roster ".ay, and on account of this feature tbe
I Central Board rooms presented a busier an.
pearanco than they have had for a lone
time. It was only yesterday that Superin
tendent Luckcy decided to have tho grammar
jrraacs participate. The work I' to be all sent
in by next Siturday, when the work ot iach
step will be bound In books and sent to Troy
N. Y. The manuscript work of the pupils o
tbe Hteh School, elegantly bound, was received
William J. Diehl.tuo representative of the
Central Board of Education for tho Washinc
ton Inauguration Centennial Celebration in a
tape yesterday explained what part the Pitts
burg school children will play in the cere
monies. He said: "We have two programmes
in view. One is that a selected class of 800 or
1,000 will sig patriotic sones in the parks of
Allegheny, hut if the weather be unfavorable
for ontdoor singlnfr, a choral exercUeswlll
5iacq in tne uentrai rank nn Penn are
'he park authorities, when questioned a
l aco on this nnestion. eaii th
"u"'" , ,",'""' " " iwm ior
!lc.?,Ja," L'0I.H?1 ''SSft.jmwn
nr.kiltil psii-v ir"nf t-irrt rvitfA 1ia .--.- -
wnnld be in such a sadden condition that thov
might affect tho health of the children. How
ever, the beautiful weather of the past few
days gives riso to the hope that the grounds
will be in good condition. One feature ot this
celebration will be the disposal and dress of
the children that jhoy may represent the
American flag. They will be arranged in rows
of red. white and bine, according to their dress.
The proper number of States will be repre
sented by girls dressed In white."
Mt8S BnKTilA E. MOOSE, a graduate of the'
Htgh School Normal, was elected an additional
teacher in the Luekoy school at tho last meet
ing of the school board. '
Tftficotamltte appointed at the last meet
ing of tho' Teachers' Academy to revise the
constitution of that body will Beet again on
the secend Saturday in April.
tub night school of the Eleventh wartf. Al
legheny closed on Friday evening. M. Mozer
sky will present to tho pupils making a good
record fn attendance a number of silver
watches. The award Is to be made on Monday
The Thad Stevens school wilt Hold a "public
reception on the 28th, 27tn, 28th and 28th lusts.
There will be class drills, recitations, music
and an exhibit of School work. Booms 1 and 2
will be open to the public on the 28th, 3 and 4
on the 27th, 5 and Bon the 28th, and 7, 8 and 9
on the 29th Inst
Tun No. 3 school, St Clair aufilct, was
treated to a sensation last Saturday, when a
demented man entered the building In some
way, rang the boll and wrote on tho blackboard.
All his writings were directed to the glorifica
tion of Rosetta Davis, whoever she may be;
The patrol wagon finally took blm'away,
AT the Homewood school last week ainill
tary company of 100 boys was formed. Their
ages range from 10 to 18 years. Prof.W. B.
McKee, the principal, beingan old soldier him
self, will drill them In all the niceties of mili
tary tactics and precisian. The company will
meet once a week for drill. The professor
wants tbe boys to get a military as well as a
THE Thad Stevens School Board will meet
to-morrow night to elect an assistant principal
in place of Miss Anna Adams, who resigned on
account of ill health. It is Miss Adams' in
tention to discontinue teaching for this year
and next, when again she expects to resume
her profession, which she has filled with much
credit Yesterday there were not many appli
cations yet in for the position.
Next Frfday and Saturday evenings there
will be an entertainment at the Ninth ward
school, Allegheny, which marks the close of
the night school session. Tableaux and a
drama entitled "Physicians' Troubles," will
constitute mainly tbe programme. Six silver
watches, donated by a Preble avenue Jeweler,
will be given to the pupils whojrere best in at
tendance and conduct for the term. All the
Allegheny night schools will be closed by the
end of this week.
Investlffntinc tho Explosion.
Coroner MoDowell is having a test made
with several pieces of B. Monroe & Son's
boiler. The result will be stated at the in
See our immense assortment of fine
French sateens, Anderson's French and
American Zephyrs; many styles that are
not obtainable elsewhere.
stwrsu Hogus & Hacks.
Novelties In Silverware,
Barge stock to select irom; very low prices,
at Hauch's Jewelry Store, No, 295 Filth
COO pieces of fine French challis to select
from; the largest and handsomest line in tbe
city; small and large designs; light, me
dium and dark colorings.
Mwrsr; Hughs & Hack e.
Take the baby to Pearson's gallery for.a
fine cabinet photograph'of it. Galleries 96
Fifth avenue and 43 Federal st, Allegheny.
Fine parlor clocks very cheap at Stein
mann's, the jeweler, 107 federal st
"We are showing the handsomest lino of
combination pattern dresses ever brought to
this city; newest spring colorings, and all
prices Irom 7 50 to 100 each.
MWFSU HtTGTJS & HACKE.
Needs a good cleansing this spring, in order to
overcome tho impurities which have accumu
lated during the winter, orwhlch maybe hered
itary, and cause you much suffering. Wo con
fidently recammend Hood's Sarsaparilla as the
very best spring medicine. By Jts use the blood
1 purified, enriched and vitalized, that tired
feeling is entirety overcome and the whole body
given strength and vigor. The app'etite Is re
stored and sharpened, the digestive organs are
toned, and the kidneys and liver invigorated.
"I was feeling very much worn out ana found
nothing to Denefit me till I. took Hood's Sarsa
parilla. I have now taken several bottles and
It has made me feel perfectly well. I was also
troubled with sores breaking out in my mouth,
but since taking Hood's Sarsaparilla have had
no further trouble from them. I have recom
mended it to others, who have been very much
benefited by using It" Mrs. Maey Addeeiy,
627 North Water street, Decatur, III.
Sold by all druggists. SI: six for So. Prepared
only by C. L HOOD & CO., Bowell, Mass.
' 100 Doses One Dollar
Monday Evening, March 18,
Matinees: M&Biiirsilay & Sainriay.
Mr, James Irwin.
Miss Alice Raymond.
Richmond & Olenroy.
The American Macs.
The Wesley Bros.
Gordon & Lift.
Mr. George Nash.
Miss Ada B. Bnrnett
Edwards fi Gregory.
Miss Bottie Gllson.
Charles G. Seymour.
3 Bros. May 3.
And the Laughable Comedy called
March 25 Tho Big 4's New Departure.
6, A, I ENTERTAINMENTS,
Post 162, Old City Hall,
THREE NIGHTS. SATURDAY MATtNEE,
MARCH 21, 22 ASD 23.
TULLY'S BATTLE SCENES,
BEST MUSICAL TALENT,
For programme and particulars see G. A R.
Secure seats after Monday. 0 A. Jr., atMEB.
BOB & HOENE'S, 77 Fifth ave., and ABEX.
BOSS'. 137 Federal street, Allegheny.
Imperial Club Reception
Corner Seventh.avenue and new Grant street,
Monday Night, March IS.
Mozart Orchestra Col. Christy.
Dancing from 8 to 2. Admission, 60 cents.
Largest and best hall in the city.
MT. DE CHANTAL,
Near Wheeling, W. Va.t
(SISTERS OP THE VISITATION.)
A school of more than national reputation,
offers exceptional advantages for thorough ed
ucation of young ladles In all departments. Li
brary of 6,000 volumes. Fine philosophical,
chemical and astronomical apparatus.
Musical department specially noted. Oorps
of piano teachers trained byaleadlnsprofessor
from Conservatory of StntRart. Vocil culture
according to tho method of the old Italian mas
Location unsurpassed for beauty and health.
Ten acres ot pleasure grounds. Hoard excel
lent. ForcatalojrnesandTeferences to patrons la
all the principal cities, address
eee-g.78-su THE DHiECTEESS.
TJ.UUU,f, .jaM', -
qt .tm wi v .
NEW ADVZkTISEMEXTS. "iK
Under the Direction of...R. M. GUBICK & CO
Business Manager A. J.SHEDDEN
COMMENCING MARCH 18.
Matinees WEDNESDAY AND SATURDAY.
Engagement of the FAMOUS EMMA
GRAND ENGBB3H OPERA COMPANY.
Largest strongest and only successful English
Opera Company in America. With the follow
ing popular artists:
Abbott, Annandale, Bertlnl, Frlcke. Monte
gjltfo, Michelena, Pruette, Brodericfc, Allen,
GRAND CHORUS AND ORCHESTRA,
In this brilliant and varied repertoire:
MONDAY NIGHT and 8ATURDAY MATI
NEE. First Time In Pittsburg, Gilbert
and SjUi van's latest and great
THE "ZSOMEN OF THE GTJABD,
Or the Merryman and His Maid.
The sensation of two continents!
Humorous, unique, melodious.
Emr A Abbott and Entire Company.
TUESDAY, only time: nrst time In Pittsburg,
Balfes Sparkling Opera,
ROSE OF CASTILE,
Emma Abbott.. .....as Queen of Spain.
Entire company, enchanting music, gorgeous
costumes and scenic effects.
WEDNESDAY! Prices. 73c, EOc and 25c.
MATBMEE, Two PrimsB Donnse and
Revival of the Charming Opera,
CHIMES OF NORMAND,
WEDNESDAY Donizetti's most brilliant
LTJOIA, BREDE of TiATrTMERMOOR
Emma Abbott and Entire Company In cast;
THURSDAY-EMMA ABBOTT as "Leonora"
in Verdi's Grand Opera,
ILr TROVATORE. ,
FRIDAY Bellini's masterwork,
Emma Abbott and Entire Company,
SATTJRDAYMATINEE EMHA ABBOTT will
sing at the Matinee,
THE YEOMEN OF THE GUARD.
SATURDAY NIGHT Abbott as "Arllne,"
Balfe's melodious opera,
Emma Abbott and Entire Company in Cast.
Next-week A Magnificent Production, THE
WE REVOLUTIONIZE THE TRADE!
Our Popular Ways of Doing Business Paralyze Competition!
Outdistance Competitors! We Are Organized as the
Most Reliable Firm in the City.
A bewildering assortment of styles and woods is offered for the consideration
of a discriminating public We have the largest and best variety of Parlor, Dinino-
and Chamber Furniture to b found in the United States, and can safely say that
in no other establishment of the kind in this country can you find all grades of
. goods selling at such low prices as "here.
' We have the largest -and most varied assortment of floor covers to be found
in this city and are making prices that will astonish you when you take into con
sideration the quality and patterns. We carry the largest line of any retail house
in this county,and when you buy anything from us you can depend on its being the?
We will sell you anything in our entire store either for CASH or ON EASY
TERMS OF PAYMENT.
OTTJEl STOOEI OF
Baby Carriages, Refrigerators and Ice . Chests
Cannot be equaled by any nouse in the city. Call and see them. Oar prices defy competition.
1 1 5fi! ft Lilifii'iil iBJnlffi
. . T . T)MtM
name we rawest i"i " mc jjcsi. uuuus. jtivc you me prettiest assortment to choose
from. Guarantee you the Lowest Prices. Treat our Customers "E"airly. What more can we do.
What more can you desire. ?
HOPPER BROS. & COt
RC)7 WOOD STREET Qfl7
KJXJ I BETWEEN THIRD ANn FnTTRTTT AVPc V-V- I
"Sole Agents for the New Higli-Aim" Davis Sewing Machine. VSSSJS
vpu uu ooiuuiujo uuun j.u w -wuuuii jr. xu, .,,
f. "r NEW ASTSXnmximsi ? " T 7fi
WEEK COMMENCING MARCH 18.
EVERY AFTERNOON AND EVENING. ,
EETDBN OF LAST SEASON'S GEEAT SUCCESS.
headed by '
w. t. bryant,
SUPPORTED BY .
' JAMES BEVINS.
KEEP IT DARK. ,f
, J Matinee, ioc;
1 Night, joc;
March 25 BEACON LIGHTSvCOMPANY.
E.D.WIBT. Lessee and Manager.
FarewellJoint Appearance of
2kK, AJSX HUS. W. J.
Accompanied by a Strong Dramatic Company
in tho f ellowing popular plays:
Monday & Tlnrrsday Eve'gs,
The Most Successful Comedy ever written,
THE MIGHTY DOLLAR
Mr. Florence as Hon. Bardwell Slots
Mrs. Florence as Mrs. General Gdflory
Tuesday Eve. fc Sat. Mat.
First time here of their latest success,
.HEART OF HEARTS.
....in two characters
as Wilhelmina Fitzrapn
T5rednesday& Sat. Eve'gs.
Brougham's dramatization of Dickens'
DOlftBEY & SON.
Florence as Cap'n Cuttle
OR, HIS BITTBE HATCHET. '
Mr. Florence as Pinto Perkins
Mrs, Florence as .....MatlTda Starr
Week March 25 Rosina Vokes. mh!7-83
OCrAa'UM T. i""-.J. "? .- j.1
SOLS .A-IDIDIRIEiSS ZS
BETWEEN THIRD AND FOURTH AVES.
f A PLAY FULL- OF FUN.
Bubbling Over With
Reserved Seats, 15c and 20c "5
Reserved Seats, 15c and 25c
WEEK OF MARCH 18.
Great and Grand Double Show I
CAPT. PAUL BOYTON,
With his educatedSeals and Trained Monkeys.
.Wilson, th6 balloon man; Fiji Jim
and Annie; Rosa, the bearded lady;
'Smith and Carroll; George Cal
Next vreek, March 25Soa Ser
82 AND 61 SIXTH STRET7T.
Headquarters for Costumes of all descriptions,
for hire at reasonable prices.
mhl7-8C-sa F. G. BEKiEMAN.
1 JW f -vV4ar!