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PITTSBURG-" DISPATCH ' ERTDT;
ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 8. 1S4S.
Vol. 4t, No. 19. Entered su. Pittsburg Post
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PITTSBURG, FRIDAY, MAR. S, 1SS9.
AHBANGIHG THE LOTTEET BAG.
A season of tribulation has now fairly
opened for the Cabinet officers, for Senators
and Eepre-sentatives, for the President tor
every one in short who is to have a hand in
serving out the patronage. Petitions which
were carried for months in the pocket, un
til the right names could be -written in the
address, arc now pouring into "Washington
from all quarters. As no new miracle of
loaves and fishes can be looked for, it is
easy to estimate not only the intense disap
pointment that is sure to befall many appli
cants, but the unpleasant sensation which
the secretaries must experience in sending
the majority away unsatisfied.
President Harrison announced in his in
augural what was, doubtless, the best ar
rangement possible under the circumstances.
Laying down the two general rules that, on
the one hand, past partisan service would
not be permitted to disqualify a man for
office, and, on the other, that no partisan
consideration would be allowed to upset the
Civil Service laws, he remanded the whole
business of making selections to his Secre
taries, acting with the advice of Senators
and "Representatives. Virtually it is the
programme, as to mere local offices, to let
the Congressmen name their men. Only in
case of non-agreement among the Congress
men, or of manifestly improper recom
mendations, will the heads of departments
be likely to interfere.
There-have been occasions when Senators
and Eepresentatives stood out ostentatiously
and stubbornly for this function of handing
around the patronage of their several dis
tricts, as though it were a matter of right.
That it ever could have been a pleasure is
incomprehensible, when the list of prizes is
remembered as being so brief and meager
compared with the showing of outstretched
hands. Kow that the President formally
extends the privilege and at the same time
enjoins on the conscience of Congressmen
their duty ot fidelity and intelligence in
making their choice, it is to.be doubted if
most of them do not consider the task as an
irksome one of which they would only too
gladly be rid.
For those who draw blanks from the
"Washington lottery bag there yet remains
the consolation that the country is growing;
that all sorts of useful industry are in de
mand; and, finally, that one-halt the
earnestness, determination and activity that
are generally essential to get or to keep a
Government ofiice are almost sure to win
success and prosperity, if applied to any
legitimate private business.
THE SLAUGHTER OF BBAKEMEN.
The columns of The Dispatch are con
stantly furnishing proof of the perils that
surround the railroad brakeman in his labor.
At yesterday's session of the conference of
the Railroad Commissioners of the several
States with the members of the Inter-State
Commerce Commissioner, ex-Railroad Com
missioner Coffin, of Iowa, presented some
statistics on this subject which .possess ter
rible significance. According' to Mr. Coffin
no less than 2,424 men have been killed or
maimed by the pin and link couplers and
the handbrake in the single State of Iowa
during the last ten years. Last year there
were killed and wounded by these two
causes alone in Iowa 349 men. During the
same 12 months over 6,000 men were either
killed or maimed for life in the United
States in the operation of coupling cars or
working hand brakes.
Other statistics were produced by Mr.
Coffin to show that in the last SO years more
men were killed or injured seriously by the
causes we have spoken of than in all the
great railroad accidents during the same
period. 2o wonder Mr. Coffin, as the
representative of the Brotherhood of Brake
men, begged the Inter-State Commerce
Commissioners to use their influence in ob
taining the passageof an act by Congress com
pelling the railroads to adopt safety appli
ances for the coupling and governing of
cars. The matter deserves the attention
and action of Congress at the earliest pos
The principal obstacle to the adoption of
the improvements which would remove the
gravest dangers the freight brakeman is ex
posed to, would seem to be the expense in
volved. It is Generally understood that
several practicable substitutes for this
deadly "pin and link coupler have been in
vented, and if we are correctly informed,
one or more of these is now in partial use.
The airbrake has also, to some extent, taken
the place of the handbrake on freight
trains, as it has for a long time done in the
passenger service. Doubtless the outlay for
these improvements would be large at first,
but since it is a question of whetherliie and
limb or dollars and cents shall be sacrificed,
there can be no doubt about what should be
done. Common humanity demands that
the slaughter of human beings should be
A GEAND OLD PENTfSYIVANIAN.
The Pennsylvania Legislature did a
graceful act yesterday by its unanimous
adoption of a resolution providing that all
members of the Assembly proceed to-day in
a body to the residence of Hon. Simon Cam
eron to congratulate that distinguished
gentleman upon having begun the 91st year
of his life. The people of Pennsylvania,
without regard to party, will join the legis
lators in hearty erecting! to ihc aged states-
man, and wishes tliat good health and hap
piness may continue to be his for many a
year yet to come.
- In the whole country there are to-day few
more-striking figures than that ot Simon
Cameron, who entered upon public life
more than GO years ago. Though"he volun
tarily stepped out of politics in 1877, when
he resigned his seat in the United States
Senate, to be succeeded iu that ofiice by his
son, he has not dropped out of public view
nor lost his influence as many men have
done on reaching old age. He has kept
abreast of the times, and though he is con
tent to leave younger men to manage the
affairs of state and of his party, even the
most expert politicians still seek his coun
sel, which they find sensible and sound.
Excepting Hannibal Hamlin, who began
his political career later than Cameron, ho
remains to-day almost the sole survivor of
that generation of statesmen to which Web
ster, Calhoun and Clay belonged, as well as
others whose names were known throughout
the union half a century ago. Simon Cam
eron began making history when a young
man. In 1816 he was a poor boy, and a
printer's apprentice. From this humble
beginning he advanced by successive steps
to the positions of editor, public printer,
bank cashier, railroad projector, United
States Senator, Lincoln's 'War Secretary,
Minister to Russia and again United States
Senator. Such are a few points in the his
tory of this remarkable man.who has helped
to make and unmake Presidents, Cabinets,
Governors and Senators, and whose influ
ence is still potent when he chooses to ex
EXISTIjra PEKAITTESWILLAHS'WEB. .
The New Tork Sun is letting its light
shine on abuses of corporation management.
Beginning with an elaborate history of the
achievements of Ives, who stole the Cincin
nati, Hamilton and Dayton railroad and
its belongings, and who now, at the age of
little more than 25, occupies a felon's cell,
our cotemporary seems disposed to proceed
with menacing scrutiny into the operations
of other Wall street directors, who stand
much higher than ever Ives or Stayner
In a fit of indignation over the unblush
ing self-aggrandizement of Ives and Stay
ner at the expense of their stockholders,
the Sun makes the radical suggestion that
the old punishment of breaking on the
wheel should be revived for such offense.
The public well know that sharp
practices are but too often in
dulged In in the handling of corporate
property, which if attempted as to the prop
erty of individuals would be quickly and
effectively resented, but they will hardly go
the length of indorsing the Sun's heroic
suggestion. They will rather think that the
ordinary processes of law, if fearlessly in
voked, are quite sufficient to deal with every
case; and that a few examples like those
which are sure to be made in the cases of
Ives anoj Stayner, coupled with discreet in
quiry by investors as to where to put their
money, would quickly put a check to that
particular species of dishonesty. '
One of the troubles about "Wall street in
vestment is that it has been largely in the
nature of a gamble. The honest manage
ment of the properties listed is, in that
quarter, a secondary consideration, if indeed
the average buyer or seller of stocks gives
that phase of the subject any thought at all.
Generally he bnys for a "rise" and sells for
a "drop;" and his interest in the future of
the stock is just for a day, or a week, or at
the most only till the first important change
WHEBE TO PUT FAITH.
A good deal has been said ot curing the
sick by simple faith lately, and a number
of excellent men and women have shown
a preference for prayer in place of the ser
vices of a physician or surgeon in struggling
with disease or physical mishaps. It will
be painful to the advocates of the faith cure
and similar systems to learn of the fate of
Mrs. Mary C. Edwards, a believer in the
Christian Science doctrine and who herself
professed to effect cures through the agency
of faith. She died two days ago at Syra
cuse from the results of an accident sus
tained some weeks ago by which her hip
bone was fractured.
"When the accident happened Mrs. Ed
wards called in two physicians, and
the fracture was reduced successfully.
Then it appears her belief in the faith cure
doctrine mastered her, and she put herself
in the hands of her friends the Christian
Scientists. She grew worse, and regular
doctors were again summoned. They could
not save her life, and ascribe the fatal end
ing to the interference of the faith cure
professors. It is only fair to state that (he
latter lay the blame upon the regular sur
geons. The conclusion to be drawn from this will
seem to most sensible people to be that
broken bones are best mended by men who
have given their lives, energies and atten
tion to the science of bone-mending. That
faith is best placed in surgeons, in short,
when surgical skill is needed. In the case of
nervous diseases,mentaldisturbances,and the
minor ills mankind is heir to, perhaps faith
and the so-called Christian Science may be
of some assistance to the sufferer, subordi
nated to the judgment of a doctor of expe
rience and learning;. Faith in the doctor,
as well as faith in- the all-wise decrees of
Providence, is no new prescription to the
sick man. But when Christian Scientists
desire men to pnt faith in the curative pro
cesses they have invented they ask more
than the wise are ready to give, in the
light of events such as the death of Mrs.
A MTT.T.TOHATRE'S GEHEK0SITY.
Isaiah "Williamson, who died yesterday
in Philadelphia, was a man of a type once
exceedingly rare in this country. He was
both a millionaire and a philanthropist. A
few years ago the number of- persons in the
United States to whom both these terms
were applicable was exceedingly limited;
to-day the combination is by no means un
usual. "We hear a good deal about the selfishness
and the greed for gain exhibited by men
whose natural aptitude for business and
close application to their chosen work have
made them extraordinarily successful in a
pecuniary way. No doubt the censure is
frequently deserved ; no doubt, either, that
it is often wrongfully bestowed. Social
ists berate the rich, and some even
aver that any man possessing a million dol
lars in bis'own right ought to be set down
as a criminal. But every now and then the
world is reminded by the examples of such
men as "Williamson that a millionaire is not
necessarily an evil; tbatTie may be a public
benefactor,aud,prompted by motives of gener
osity andhumane sympathy, make such a ju
dicious use of his property that the public,
instead of finding fault with him, will regret
that he had not even greater opportunities
for doing good. The number of such in
stances thatmightbe adduced without going
back many years is sufficient evidence that
the world is not altogether selfish and
Mr. Williamson made his own fortune,
and after it amounted to several millions
instead of spending money upon luxuries
for.his own gratification, he devoted it to
unostentatious charity. How many institu
tions end individuals hare been the re-
cipients.of his" bounty will perhaps never
be known, for he shunned publicity instead
of courting it. The closing act of his life,
thegiftofS5;000,Q00 to found a free school
of mechanical trades, in which poor boys
are to be preferred as pupils, was a deed
which will cause this modest man to rank
among the greatest philanthropists of the
age. Pennsylvania will have good reason
to hold the name of Isaiah Williamson in
Mb. Soames, the London Times solicitor,
testified before the Parnell Commission yes
terday that a man named Walsh had told
him that Messrs. Parnell and O'Kelly
helped to import arms into Ireland. Every
body laughed when Mr. Soames said he did
not know Walsh's whereabouts. But if
Walsh is with the lamented Pigott it is no
laughing matter for Walsh.
A Baltimore justice has decided that
umbrellas are private property. Now, If
he can give directions to the holders of such
property which will enable them to keep
possession of it he will receive the thanks
of a generous public.
Devil's Lake wants to be the capital of
one of the new States. We don't believe
the people of Dakota will consent to having
their laws made in such a place. The aver
age legislature will give any town a bad
name, but that is no reason why the sugges
tion of an inferno at the State capital should
be affixed to every official paper.
No wonder the police are looking fox the
manager of Austin Nichols & Co. 'a grocery
house in New York. He has disappeared,
but his accounts are all right. Barnum
ought to find him at all costs.
The abundance of thieves in Washington
about inauguration time was notorious, and
now that it is proven that the Pennsylvania
militia did not misbehave during the inau
guration festivities, it is clear that Ananias
and Sapphira would have felt quite at home
at the Capital.
Colonel Lioe Haltord does not like
his military title. He says plain Mr. Hal
iord is good enough for him. Have the
Kentuckians been calling the President's
Colonel to the bar too often?
A veey sensible movement was inaugu
rated last night by the Society of Engineers
of Western Pennsylvania. The society is
admirably qualified to assist the Legislature
in carrying out Governor Beaver's recom
mendations, as to improving the roads in
The impression is rapidly gaining ground
that it any Pennsylvania troops acted In a
disorderly manner while in Washington
those from the Western part of the State
were not among the number.
The New York 'Centennial Entertain
ment Committee is in a peck of trouble over
the question, what ladies shall take part in
the opening quadrille? Why not allow
those who have completed a century or so to
lead off? Give Susan B. Anthony first
place and let her select her companions.
Citizen Gkovee Cleveland, who
lunched with one ot his law partners yes
terday at a New York club, doubtless ob
served that the citizen has privileges that
the President has not.
An East End goat was charged with de
vouring some vines before Alderman
Means yesterday. The goat was acquitted,
probably because the magistrate thought
the gentle beast showed self-denial in not
eating the posts on which ihe vines were
It is said Milan gave up his crown be
cause he was afraid he would be shot if he
didn't. He had rather be alive than King.
Most men would rather be dead than be
The English papers don't like Harrison's
inaugural address, but they affirm that Presi
dent Cleveland's civil service reform policy
was something beautiful to contemplate.
This shows how extensive is their informa
tion regarding American political history.
PERSONAL FACTS AND FANCIES.
Mr. Wanamakeb will, it is said, continue
as superintendent of his great Sunday school
Kansas City has a score of well-to-do col
ored men among its inhabitants. The wealthiest
of them is Samuel Jordan, a barber, who has
amassed a fortune of $150,000 from his trade
during the past 15 years,
Horatio J. SraAOUE, of Massachusetts, is
the oldest officeholder in the United States
service. He has been stationed since ISIS at
his post on the historic rock which controls the
entrance to the Mediterranean Sea.
Dr. Alvin Talcott, of Connecticut, a Yale
man of the class of '2S,says that he reads a
hundred lines of Homer every night to go to
sleep on. Thus is established the advantage: of
a classical education to a man troubled with
Rev. Norman La Marsh, an eloquent
preacrrer in charge of the Methodist Church
at Searsport, Me., is totally blind. A touch
ing featuro of the services at this church is
the sweet singing of the pastor as he folds his
hands and turns his sightless eyes toward
Whatever may bo the ostensible reason
for the Couutdl Montercole appearing in this
country just now, ho has evidently set out to
start a new style of wearing neckties. His
collar is a broad turned down affair,and the tie
is worn so as to display a large opening above it
at the juncturo at tho ends. The stylo is
unique, at least.
A unique chair made of the horns of Texas
cattle is on its way fromSan Antonio to tho Wntte
House. It is the gift of a San Antonio banker
to President Harrison, and it cost its donor
51,500. Tho horns are riveted with gold, and
there are a number of gold plates used in its
construction. From one of them glistens a
very handsome diamond.
The following is told of Mr. Labouchere:
When quite a young man he was for a time
Secretary to the British Legation, Vienna.
While there, it happened that Lord C , the
Ambassador, had to go suddenly on. a mission
to St Petersburg, leaving "Labby" in charge.
The next day a frequent visitor of high
rank. Count B , walked into the office, and
in his usual haughty manner. Inquired of tho
Secretary if Lord C was in. Whereupon,
Count B , without .ceremony or further
question, said: "Oh, very well, then, I'll wait,"
and suiting tho action to the word, sat down.
Having sat for a considerable time, he asked:
"Have you any Idea how long it will be before
His Lordship will return?" Whereupon,
"Labby," with his usual sang froid, promptly
replied: "In about six weeks, I think, sir. He
started only yesterday for St. Petersburg."
A COMPOSITE SWEETHEART.
No, I do not, I'll confess,
I do not lore charming licss.
Bnt if I the girl could find
Who has all the charms combined
Of Bess and Belie,
And Maud and Nell,
Of Fannie, Winnie,
Of Flossie, Josle,
Urace and Kosie,
And Cassandra, - -.
And a lot of others, too,
(Awful hard to suit, say you?).
If, I say. that I could find
One with all the charms combined
Of those I've named above, ,
- Then with her I'd happy live,
Jly whole heart to her IM give
Aly composite lotc. - Yankee Blade.
THE. TOPICAL TALKER.
Baby Talk nnd Stuttering A Doctor Call
ins Dieting on n New Plnn And Re
mnrks of a Frivolous Order.
Babt talk, the pretty pigeon English of the
nursery, the language of verbal distortions
which is supposed to convey intelligence to the
infant mind, Is declared by a famous English
physician to be one of the principal causes of
stuttering and other impediments of speech.
The parent who says to a confiding baby:'
JJlddy-lddy-lddy-iddy's toosey-oosey hurt oose
icklo-ickle gum-gums," deliberately sows the
seed of stuttering, perhaps, but it is very doubt
ful if any parent, and especially any mother,
will eschew baby talk on that account,
The custom of treating a baby to these lin
guistic Idiocies ls'too old to be battered down
by a single surely he is unmarried physician
in a day. I have heard of men and of one
woman protesting against tho use of baby talk
on the most sensible grounds before they had
babies of their own to practice upon. I have
even heard a father reprove hlawif of or deliv
ering addresses to the 2-year-old in a language
which might have been Choctaw, and ten min
utes later himself spout a yard or two of still
worse farrago to the young hopeful.
You might as well start out to convince a
mother that her baby was not very superior to
any previous example of the genus as to at
tempt to abolish baby talk.
People who stutter may blame their arTeci'
tlonate parents, however, if it affords them any
A sharp ring at the doorbell. It is 2 o'clock
in the morning. One of the physician's proud
est privileges Is that his working day never
ends. So Dr. B - slips from the warm bed to
the cold floor, gathers enough clothing to make
himself barely presentable, and goes down
stairs. The door is opened, letting in a fine
sample of a March wind in its nigbtc!othes,and
a rather confused young man on tho doorstep
says: "Can you tell me where Dr. G 's of
fice isf" .
Dr. G isa practitioner of the homenpathie
school, while Dr. B is an allopath. Yet Dr.
B gives the desired information, and shuts
the door one might say with a slam, Ashe
goes upstairs a few words ot a profane tenden
cy escape him.
Was Dr. B justified in swearing?
Some menaro fond of dieting themselves as
.a core or preventive of some evil physical hu
mor or disposition.
I encountered one a day or two ago. He was
fearful lest be should grow too stout. Prox
imity to the 200-pound mark perturbed him.
Said he: "I shall eat no lunch in future."
For one consecutive day he tied fast to the
resolve. The results of abstinence were not
happy. Tho next day saw him at the usual
place eating a light lunch ot ham, a quaint lit
tle variety of the cabbage plant called Brussel's
sprouts, scallops, bread and butter and coffee.
And when somebody reproached him for the,
inconsistency, and rehearsed tho bill of fare!
above mentioned, adding to itpota'toes, ha ex.
claimed with superb indignation: "That's just
like you, to exaggerate I ate no potatoes, girl
Now will the cheery poet man
Espy the signs of spring;
Note ev'ry robin in the van,
And catch in everything
The promise of a briehter sky,
And things a trifle chestnutty!
Bincs Peterson Waggs is pretty sure of
.getting a consulate in Scotland.
Springs Is that so? I didn't know Waggs
had any influence.
Bfngs He hasn't any, but he has written
three Scotch dialect poems and be is at work
on a novel called "The Pibroch Gangs Awa',"
and the Scots declare they'll have Waggs or
An enthusiastic Republican has written The
Dispatch a long letter, in which he conclu
sively proves that none of the members of the
new Cabinet are for sale.
But he will not deny that the very day after
the Cabinet was confirmed as a whole by the
Senate it was Lent,
DEATHS OP A DAY.
Philadelphia, March 7.-Isalah V. William-1
son, the venerable millionaire philanthropist,
died at 4 o'clock this, morning. Air. Williamson
was born at Falmouth, Bucks county. Pa., in 1802,
He came to Philadelphia, shortly before reaching
his majority, and started a small drygoods on
Second street, above Market. With the assist
ancd of H. N. Burroughs, now President of the
Commercial National Bank, he soon built up a
large business, too large, in face, for the size or
the storeroom, and lie moved to market street, or
ganizing the wholesale house of Williamson, Bur
roughs & Clark. The fortune Mr. Williamson had
at the time he retired from the drygoods business
grew rapidly under Judicious investments until
he was regarded as the richest man in Philadel
phia. He was very reticent regarding his affairs,
but lis, 000, 000 has been regarded as a low estimate
of his wealth. Ho was a charitable man all his
life, and gave liberally to all worthv objects, gen
erally t-njoyiue secrecy as to the giver, however.
The House or KcTuge received 100,000 from him,
and the University of Pennsylvania Hospital and
the Jefferson College Hospital too, 000 each, lie
gave ?100,000 to the Board of Trade fund for the as
sistance of merchants who have sustained re
verses and arc without means for making a liveli
hood. The croifntng act of Mr. Williamson's lire
was the giving or 3,00u,rj00 for the founding of tho
Williamson Free School of Mechanical Trades,
which is to be built as soon as a location is decided
upon. The school is to be located in the suburbs
of Philadelphia, or in Bucks, Delaware or Mont
Boston, March 7, -Sidney Bartlett, the nestor
of the Suffolk County Bar, dledlast night, aged 90
years. He was graduated at Harvard In 1818. Mr.
Bartlett was one of the counsel employed in the
solution of tho vexed l'rcsidental question which
was submitted to the Electoral Commission in
1877. He leaves considerable property, his in.
vestment In the Chicago. Burlington and Qnlncy
Kallroad alone being estimated at over a million.
Ho was interested in what are known as thn Mpr
rlam roads. He was counsel for the Chicago.
Burlington and ijulccy Hallway, and within the
past ten davs was In consultation with the direc
tors concerning the affairs of the cdmpauy. He
was the oldest surviving graduate of Harvard in
point of class. Froip Harvard he received thedc
grce of LL.D. ,
Br. Tliomai G. Hcrron.
It is with deep regret that the many friends of
that young and promising physician. Dr. Thomas
(J. Hcrron, of Allegheny, lcarncU or his death,
which sad event occurred yesterday. Dr. Herron,
besides enjoying an extensive practice in Alle
gheny, was fall physician for the county. He was
a young man whose gentle manners and sterling
fersonal qualities endeared him to all who knew
i!m. The cause of death was heart disease, tho
svmptoms of which made themselves manifest a
considerable time back, though thclrdcvclopment
toa fatal termination so soon wus not expected.
Dr. Herron was son-in-law to Major A. M.
Brown. To his bereaved family the sincere sym
pathy of a wide circle orfriends and acquaintances
Mrs. E. M. "lHeCai!.
The funeral of Mrs. K. M. McCali took place
yesterday afternoon from the M, E. Church in
Tarentum. The deceased was formerly a resi
dent of that town, only having re
moved from there to Washington City last
(September. She died there on Tuesday after a
brief illness, and her body was brought home for
burial. Mrs. McCall was a lady of endearing
qualities, nnd had many friends. She leaves a
largo family of grown daughters and one son.
She was a slstcr-ln-law cf K. 8. P. McCall, the
County's Special Agent.
Rev. R. K. Nnsli, D. D.
Zanesville, March 7. Be v. R. K. Nash, D. D
died hero this morning of paralysis, brought on
by a fall which ho received Sunday morning, Feb
ruary 3. jutt as he was ascending from the vestry
room to the pulpit of St. James Episcopal Church
to begin services. He will be taken to nit home in
Newark for burial. The deceased was 77 years of
age and one of the most prominent pastors of the
Episcopal Church in this State.
J. P. McGarrnhnn.
New York, March 7. J. P. McGarrahan, a
well-known Journalist of this city, dropped dead
this morning of heart disease in a restaurant
whero he nad gono for breakrast. He was 43
years old. and was noted as a writer both on this
and the otberilde of the Atlantic.
Rev. O. D, Mcl.nlr.
Itev. o. D. Mclialr, a student,at the United
Presbyterian Theological Seminary in Allegbcn v
died or typhoid lever 'at his homo in New Wil
mington. Pa., yesterday. He was a popular and
promising student and hU death will be deeply
WrLKXSBAnBK, March 7. George Biley, a
molder. aged about 50, died suddenly in a shoe
store at Pittston to-day. It is said he has relatives
in Pittsburg, lrom whence he came several yedrs
ago. Heart disease is the supposed cause,
Robert A. Cojrblll.
lrxcilBUEa, Va., March 7. Robert A. Coghill,
one or the best-known lawyers nnd public men in
tho State, died at his homo in New Glasgow this
morning, aged 68. He was a member of the Legis
lature over SO years,
George. Ilnwkins Williams.
: Baltimore, March 7,-Oeorge Hawkins Will
iams, aged 70. one of tho leading members of the
Baltimore bar and tox-Presldent of the Maryland
Senate, died here to-day.
A LITELI Old) HUSKRAT.
He Flghta for Half' nn Honr With Two
Policemen nnd a Terrier.
Philadelphia, March 7. A.most remark
able sight occurred at Fourth and Kalghn ave
nue, shortly before midnight on Tuesday night,
The actors in the scene were Police Ufflcers
"Streeper and Hart A. Snyder, of 833 Kaighn
avenue, a terrier and ahugemuskrat. It is
supposed that the muskrat bad, wandered up
from the meadows several squares away and
got lost. Mr. Snyder's oyster saloon was open
at the time and his attention was attracted by
the loud barking of his rat-terrier. Looking
out on the street he saw his dog in conflict with
what he thought was a cat, and tho latter, get
ting the best of his dog. Rushing out he gave
the supposed cat a kick, but it bad his dog by
the foot, and held fast to it like grim death.
A light was procured When Mr. Snyder made
the discovery that the largest muskrat he had
ejr seen was getting the .best of his terrior.
He kicked and shouted, and the officers came
to his resoue and endeavored to strike tho rat,
with tbeir blackjacks. They were afraid to
shoot for fear of killing tho dog. Finally, the
dog got loose and ran away, when the'rat made
a desperate jump at Mr. Snyder and actuaUy
caiight hold of his watch-chain and held fast
until it was beaten down by one of the officers.
In the animal's desperation it went for the
officers and tried to spring to their throats.
The brute was finally beaten off with black
jacks, and then, being exhausted with its half-an-houfs
strtiggie, it finally became conquered
by a well-directed kick and a shot from one of
Scores of persons residing in the vicinity of
the avenue visited Snyders place yesterday,
and after looking at the rat declared it was the
largest that they had ever seen. It was an old
buck, and its teeth were half an lneh in length,
while its claws were about as lone. The hair
covering its body was nearly inches long.
HELP FOE EUMSELLEES.
The Mnlne House Pnsiea a Bill Which
olakei Them Jubilant.
AUGUSTA, March 7. The action of the Maine
House of Representatives to-day in passing
the pharmacy bill as amended creates surprise
and consternation. It is practically a free rum
blil. Two years ago a Constitutional amend
ment was accepted by the people forever pro
hibiting the sale of liquor in the State, except
ing for mechanical and medicinal purposes.
But here to-day Is theHousepasslng a free rum
bill. The bill was originally presented' to the
Legislature by men who called themselves
temperance men. As reported it allowed
druggists in large towns and cities to sell
liquor for medicinal purposes on a physician's
prescription. As amended to-day it allows
municipal officers to license any number of
drugstores in any town or city to sell in
amounts not exceeding a quart on a physician's
prescription, and any druggist who isa doctor
can sell on his own prescription. This opened
wide the door for free rum. The bill was
passed by the overwhelming vote of 84 to 48.
AU tho men who are known to favor high
license or free liquor voted for the bill, and
with them many of the pronounced temperance
men. Thus did the Prohibitionists assist in
carrying the free rum bill and giving a shock
to the Maine liquor law, which was supposed
to be established as firmly as the granite bills.
AU the leading Republicans voteiffor tho bill,
which but emphasizes the statement often
made that the Republican managers are in
league with the liquor traffic. The bill now
goes to the Senate, where It is said it is likely
PEEYESTION OF EAILE0AD ACCIDENTS.
A Vital Subject. Discussed at the Stato
Commissioners' Last Session.
Washington, March 7. The third and last
day's session of the conference of the State
Railroad Commissioners with the Inter-State
Commerce Commission was Iield in the office
of the commission to-day. Tho report of the
Committee on Statistics, recommending, for
the use of railroads, uniform blanks for mak
ing annual reports to the State Boards, was
adopted, Several changes from the original
book of forms were made. A resolution was
also passed looking to the final adoption of a
uniform and improved coupler. The question
of railroad legislation went over until tho next
meotiag, when a report will be submitted bv
Mr. Crocker, of Massachusets, chairman o'f
the committee appointed for the purpose at
The subject of railroad accidents was dis
cussed, and a resolution was adopted recom
mending the Inter-State Commission to con
sider the matter of automatic signals in aiding
in the protection of life, and requesting that
the commission advise the railroads in regard
to the adoption of the best appliances in this
line. The conference then adjourned.
BEAUTIFUL GIFTS, FOE liES. HARRISON.
A IIond-Fulnteil Dress, Slippers and a Bible
From Ht, Louis Ladles.
Washington, March 7. A very pretty
scene was enacted in Mrs. Harrison's private
apartments this afternoon, the occasion being
the presentation to her of an elegant robe by
the General Lyons Woman's Relief Corps of
St Louis. The presentation was made, at the
request of the association, by Mrs, Chauncey
I. Filley, President of the Woman's Executive
Committee of the Mississippi Valley Sanitary
Fair In 1864. There were present with Mrs.
Harrison, Mrs. Stone, Mrs, McKee and Mrs.
Russell Harrison. The robe, whlchis Intended
for evening reception use, is a cream-colored
gros grained silk, with square train, half
sleeves and V front, tastefully decorated on
the reverse and panels with relief paintings of
lilacs in white and different shades of lav
ender. In addition to -the dress there was also pre
sented to Mrs, Harrison from the Relief Corps
a pair of white slippers, decorated with small
sprays of whito lilacs, hand-painted; and Mrs.
Christine L. Brokaway, the artist who painted
the dress and slippers, presented to Mrs. Harri.
son, on her own behalf, a richly-bound copy of
the Bible, with a handsomely-adorned cush
ion. INGA1L8 SUCCEEDS HIMSELF.
Again Selected by tho Senate as Its Presl
dent Pro Tempore.
Washington, March 7. The Vice Presi
dent was not present at the opening of this
morning's session of the Senate, and the. Secre
tary, Mr. McCook, read, after prayer, a noto
from Mr. Morton, stating that he would bo ab
sent from to-day's session. Thereupon Mr.
Sherman offered a resolution that during the
absence of tho Vice President Mr. Ingalls
should be President of the Senate pro tem
pore. An amendment to that resolution was
offered by Mr. Harris, substituting the name of
Senator Voorhees for that of Mr. Ingalls. The
amendment was rejected yeas 27, nays 29 and
the resolution was agreed to.
Mr. Ingalls thereupon entered upon the du
ties of presiding offlocr pro teny tho oath of
office having first been administered to him by
Mr. Sherman, and it was ordered that the
President of the United .States be notified of
Mr. Ingalls' election. -The Senate then, at
120, adjourned till Monday,
It Wnxcth Warmer. ,
From the Boston Herald. 1
Colonel Shcpard's effusive Christianity, as il
lustrated in the Mail and Exprets, is expand
ing rather than losing its earnestness from un
godly association. It has now extended even
into the advertising columns. It is not to be
supposed that the Colonel can pause in his in
tense and most assldlous editing to write ad
vertisements; but those who do write them
have completely caught his spirit. Here, as an
example, is an achievement in this way that re
cently appeared In the paper. It was printed
among the "Wants," and It announces the ad
vertiser as, "an Intelligent, well-bred, accom
plished woman, above ail a meek and lowly fol
lower of her Master, and willing to dine with
From the Youth's Companion. J
Trust not to each accusing tongue,
As most weak persons do;
But still believe that story false
-Which ought not to be true.
THE LOCAL STAGE.
J. H. Wallick and bis famous "Cattle
King" Is the red letter attraction at Harris'
Theater next week.
Harry Williams' own remarkable com
pany, with a host of strong features, will be
seen at the Academy next week,
A ballet of first-class attractions Is one ot
the' novelties promised among "The Twelve
Temptations" at the Bijou next week.
The "Twelve Temptations" Is just the sort
of attraction the people will flock to sea after
the heavier productions which have been at
tho theaters recently. The advance sale is al
As might have been expected tho saIo of
soats for Robson and Crane's engagement lq
"The Henrietta" at the Grand Opera House
commenced yesterday with a big boom. It
ought to be remembered that Robson and
Crane will not be seen together In this comedy
again." ' tl
History of the Discovery of the Chemical
Composition of This Element A Journey
From the Surface of the' Allegheny to the
tWIUTTEN TOIl THE DISPATCH. 3
'Men may come and men may go,
ButI go on forever."
wimnthB risinir snncastlts 'flrstrays upon
the earth ages upon ages ago, It saw water all
around. Ages passed, tho face of the earth be
came peopled, water was used in various ways
and for various purposes, but it was not
until 600 years before Christ that the ques
tion was asked, "What is water?" At that
dateThales, a Greek philosopher, taught that
all material things had their source In water.
He maintained that water was the font?l ele
ment from which everything in nature was
evolved. This bold view was maintained for a
long time, then it was modified to some extent,
and three co-ordinate elements were added to
water. These were air, earth and Are. Centuries
passed, alchemists came and went; the philoso
pher's stone and the thousand and one other
problems worked upon by the alchemists re
ceived the" benefits of their mystic researches,
and it was not until the year 1600 that One of
them thought water important enough to turn
his attention to It
At that date von Helm on t one of the most
learned men of that time, claimed that water
was not an element, but that it could be con
verted into other matter. In proof of his doc
trine he took small trees out of the earth and
placed them In large receptacles containing
water. Days and weeks passed, but still the
trees were full of Bfe and growing, conse
quently the conclusion was drawn that the
liquid, water, was converted into the solid
wood.. Helmont also showed that if a quantity
of pure, clear water was evaporated to dryness
an earth of some kind was obtained as residue.
In view of these facts the conclusion was
drawn that the water was a substance of a gen
erative character, and that if it could produce
wood and earth It could of course produce all
the elements necessary for vegctabVj ex
istence. " - )t
uet us pass oyer another long period of years
to 1TS3. At this time thp blind, irrational
work of the alchemist was gradually giving
way to the rational research of the chemist
Lavolaier.tho celebrated Swedish cbemist,began
to doubt von Helmont's theory, and not only
that, but he called in practical chemistry to
provo it false. He took an earthen retort and
provided it with a neck of such length that
when he boiled water in tho retort the steam
was condensed in the retort neck and passed
back into the retort again in the form of
This retort he weighed with great exactness;
then he placed a' given weight of water into
the retort and sealed it hermetically. The re
tort was then heated, and kept hot enough to
cause the water to boil for a period of three
months. At the expiration of this time he ex
tinguished his fire and weighed the retort and
Its contents. There was ho change In weicht
When, however, he weighed the retort and the
water separately, be saw that the retort had
lost in weight while the water had increased
and was no longer clear, as when first put into
the retort, but turbid.
Upon evaporating this water to dryness he
obtained a residue weighing; 20 grains. Row
the retort had lost 17 grains in weight, so these
17 were accounted for, and as no air or any
other element had come into contact with the
water while boiling, the shrewd conclusion was
drawn that the excess of three grains had been
in the water before it was placed in the retort
This, led to the next experiment; and it was
soon shown that von Helmont's doctrine was
wrong; that water did not generate earth, but
that it could dissolve certain parts of the earth
and keep them in solution.
A few years after Lavoisier carried out thi3
series of experiments, Priestly discovered
oxygen and Cavendish first gave a correct de
scription of hydrogen. Having proceeded so
far, it was not long until Lavoisier, Watt and
Cavendish almost simultaneously discovered
the composition of water, showing that it was
composed of the two gases mentioned, two vol
umes of hydrogen being combined with one vol
ume of oxygen.
From this time on chemistry advanced with
giant strides, and soon the youngest scholar of
chemical lore could prove the composition of
water either by decomposing it into its com
ponent parts, or by producing water by the
combination of hydrogen and oxygen.
When tho clouds open their sluices and send
their excess of moistnre upon the earth in the
form of rain, we have the purest water found
in nature. Rain water is rendered impure only
through slight traces of dust taken up out of
the atmosphere. It also always contains some
air in solution taken up in the same way, but the
moment the rain water comes into contact with
mother earth it loses its pnrity, and when it
emerces from the earth in form of spring
water it can hare taken up so largo a quantity
of impurities that it is no longer lit for con
If the quantity of foreign substances dis
solved by the water in its travels under the
euriace of the earth is so great that the water
aeqnires a pronounced taste we have a mineral
spring, so-called because the water has ex
tracted part of the soluble constituents of the
minerals with which it came into contact If
the water, for instance, came into contact with
an iron ore It would dissolve some of the iron
and acquire a decided "inky" taste, and in this
case we would have a chalybeate water. Then
again, the water may take np sulphuretted
hydrogen, or it may be saturated with carbonic
acid gas and present a bubbling, sparkling ap
pearance, caused by bubbles of escaping gas.
Samples of this kind of mineral waters ardthe
well-known seltzer and Saratoga waters.
In general the temperature of the spring wa
ters is somewhat lower than the temperature
of the atmosphere, but in many cases it is
higher, some springs even discharging boiling
water. Springs of this kind have been known
from time immemorial. History gives an ac
count ot De Soto and his party being In camp
at some "hot lakes" a few months before his
death. As be is known to have died in the
northern part of Louisiana there Is no doubt
that the hot lakes referred to were the hot
springs of Arkansas.
It has been ascertained by geologists from
the physical evidence to be seen in the vicinity
ot the Arkansas hot springs that they have
been flowing for over 2,20) years.
Let us now turn our attention to the ocean,
and as we can travel with ease in the columns
of The Dispatch, we will go to the ocean by
way of the Allegheny river. Up in Potter
county, New York, a little ' stream of water
flows over rocks and fallen trees, meets a
friend here, an acquaintance there, after tak
ing a cousin or two along with it in the course
of its travels), it becomes quite a brook and will
"Chatter, chatter as It flows
t To Join the brimming river."
After a short journey and after several brooks
have united we have the Allegheny river. Now
the small brooks forming the source of the
river contained traces of lime, iron, salt, mag
nesia, etc., in solution, perhaps fttir or Are
grains to the gallon. Once upon its travels the
river water takes up more and more of the
above impurities so that by the time the river
passes Freeport, 30 miles from Pittsburg, it
contains nine grains of solid residue to the
gallon. From here on to Pittsburg the river
water has many opportunities to enrich itself,
and it improves its opportunities for if we
evaporate one gallon of river water taken un.
der the Sixth street bridge to dryness, we win.
get a residue of 12 grains.
In due course of time the river water roaches
the gulf and still later the ocean. Now im
mense quantities of water leave tho ocean daily
by evaporation, tho grains of salt magnesia,
lime, etc., that the river collected ail tho way
from New York to the gulf (and of course all
streams entering the ocean directly or In
directly carry nut thesame process) remain in
solution, in due course of time the grains
amounted to pounds and tho pounds to tons, so
that at present 100 pounds of ocean water carry
three to four pounds nf salts In solution. This
process is continually repeating itself, tho
iresh water flows into the ocean, there it
ovapprarcs and is carried inland; hundreds of
miles from the ocean it may be condensed, fall
upon the earth and again start upon its travels
to the ocean.
Tha saltness of the inland seas is, of course,
caused by the same process. The saltness of
these seas is. however, far greater than that of
the ocean. Thus, while (n one gallon of ocean
water we have 3,000 grains soluble salts, one
gallon of Dead Sea water contains 11,000 and
one gallon of the water of tho Great Salt Lake
in Utah contains 22,000 grains soluble salts.
As Is well known water covers three-fourths
of the earth's surface, and npon the remaining
one-fourth water is to be found in almost
everything and anything, as the following
table will show:
Per Cent or
Wheat and cereals contain 13 toll
Bones contain,...,,, ,,,... 7 to 20
Brandy contains M
Bread contains ;, ,...,..., 40 to SO
Beef. TCal, mutton contains...: 70 to 73
Potatoes contain -. ,i 75
Apples contain SO
Blood contains -..,., ,,.85 to 85
Pure milk contains 8.5 to 87
Turnips contain , ". .-.8a to 90
Beer contains. M
Cabbage leaves eon tain -SO to OS
Cucumbers, contain............... 05 to 93
A full grown healthy man consists of almost 10
per cent of water. - ; CagoNxtT,
' SHATTERS METROPOLITAN
Couldn't Stand Snch a Pressure.
rSTW TOBK BUBIAr SPECIALS.
New York, March7.-The American Maaa
tine has suspended publication. The paper
during its two years of existence has had a
very rocky career and has nominally changed
hands several times. Its head for the fast
eight or ten months was Alvah E. Davis, form
erly publisher of the Chicago Current. The
magazine gained some notoriety a few months
ago, by securing an article from James G.
Blaine, entitled "The President's Error." Mr.
Davis' efforts to have this article wirieiv ad.
y vertised resulted in lis publication In several
leading papers tbronghout the country, imme
diately after Its appearance In the magazine.
There were' threats of damage suits for in
fringement of copyright, but when the facts
were fully made known Davis was glad to drop
tho case. There are judgments against the
concern for about $8,000. The December num
ber was the last one issned, but the magazine
had such a limited circulation that It was never
missed. Efforta'are being made to resuscitate.
it, but there is little probability that they will
naming Up tbe Climax.
The balcony scene In "Romeo and Juliet"
seemed unduly prolonged last night, at the
Park Theater in Brooklyn. Miss Margaret
Mather, arrayed in spotless white, leaned
fondly down to whisper sweet nothings to
Romeo. Tbe silence and suspense were almost
painful, when suddenly arose a voice from the
gods: "Kiss her, you f 6oL" Then the
curtain came down in a hurry,
A Romance of Three Doctors.
Dr. H. W. Duszowski is a medical practi
tioner, a lecturer in an eclectic college of medi
clne( an eloquent preacher, and a writer of ser
mons for clergymen who are too lazy to write
their own. One of the doctor's pupils in tha
eclectic college, along time ago, married a Dr.
Baker. Later on Mrs. Baker acquired a large
medical practice. Both tbe Drs. Baker are
clever physicians. Later on. Dr. Duszowski
and the Drs. Baker formed a partnership and
established' a private hospital for women.
Business thrived, but for reasons unknown.
Dr. Baker, the- husband, retired and left tbe
city. Soon thereafter he and bis wife were
divorced. Then Dr. Duszowski, who Is now 63
years old, formally adopted Mrs. Dr. Baker as
his daughter. A few days ago Dr. Duszowski
had his namo changed by act of the Legisla
ture to H. W. Baker. Until March 1 the sign
on the front window of 211 East Fifty-seventh
street, was: "Jane AT. Baker, M. D.; H. W.
Duszowski, M. D." Now the sign reads: "Jane
M. Baker, M. D.J Henry W. Baker, M. D."
To-day it came oat that the coupled were
Foil Dead In a Cbophonse.
William C. McGarrahan, a well-known writer
who has been for some years on the Herald
staff, went into Rogers' chophouse this morn
ing, and ordered breakfast He remarked to
the proprietor that he had taken a long walk
to give him an appetite, and felt in fine form.
Suddenly his head fell forward, and he tum
bled off tbe chair, dead. The cause was heart
disease. McGarrahan was a graduate of Trini
ty College, xJublin, and 'was formerly a con
tributor to leading magazines.
Gould nnd Party Going West.
Mr. Jay Gould and a party of friends will leave
the city on Saturday for a trip through the
Southwest Tbe first objective point is St.
Louis, where the annual meeting of the stock
holders of the Missouri Pacific railroad will be
held next Tuesday. The party will consist of
Jlr. Gould, President Sam Sloan, of the Dela
ware, Lackawanna and Western road. Director
Henry Marquand, of the Missouri Pacific,
George J. Gould, Dr. Munn and Miss Helen
Were the Young; Men of the Presbyterian
Church Last Night.
The members of tbe WUkinsburg Presbyter
ian Church gave a grand supper and instru
mental concert last evening for the benefit of
tho church. A large number of guests were
The musical programme was executed by tbe
Broadbury and Scbmertz orchestra, under the.
personal direction of Mr. Broadbury.
A novelty in the arrangement for the supper
consisted in the fact thai the young men of the
church waited upon the guests at supper,
while the ladies acted only as attendants at the
candy and ice-cream stands.
The'Flttsburar Central Circle, C. L.S. C,
Hold a Plensnnt Meeting.
The Pittsburg Central Circle, C. L. S. a,
held their monthly meeting in the Y. M. C, A,
chapel last evening. A large number of
students were present The programme
of the vesper service consisted of
musio by Miss Annie E. Carter.
Lizzie McElwain and Mr. E. D. Fuller: recita
tions by Miss Frankis Graham and Miss Edith
Moyie. Miss Carrie Whitney played a piano
solo. Miss Sara Mundorff read an interesting
Saper on "Joseph Priestley."' The singing of
lisses Carter and McElwain and Mr. Fuller
For n Baptist Church;
A vocal and instrumental concert was held
in tbe Sewickley Opera House last night for
tbe benefit of tbe Sewicitley Baptist Church,
Some of the most popular musicians and vocal
ists took part in the entertainment, and its suc
cess was complete.
An interesting, as well as entertaining, pro
gramme bad been arranged by the committee:.
-in wnicn tne roiiowing nameu- artists were
represented: Mrs. Sharp McDonald, Mrs. C.
M.Hinklev.Mrs. W. H. Hunter. Dr. W. T.
English, Messrs. S. S. Amberson, Alonzo
Brockett, W, W. Whitesell and Prof. T. A.
A Rnzaar nnd Sapper.
Miss Belle A. Adams entertained a number
of guests yesterday at her residence on McKcan
street at a bazaar and supper, tbe proceeds of
which are to be devoted to the East End Re
formed Presbyterian Church.
TOO MANY C0JI1I1TTEES.
Democratic Senators Canclnde There Are
Two Chnlrmnnihlps to Let.
Washington, March 7. After the adjourn
ment of the Seuato to-day the Democratic
members held a caucus at which the subject
of representation npon the committees was
under consideration. Messrs. Gorman, Cock
rell. Voorhees, Harri?, Ransom, Walthall, and
Blackburn were appointed a committee to con
fer with the Republican Caucus Committee on
arrangement of committees, and they will meet
to-morrow for that purpose. In tho canons
there was a sentiment expressed favorable to
tbe abolishing of certain committees that have
practically no duties to perform. It was tho
opinion that since every Sonator Is provided a
clerk, chairmanships are unneccessary, if not
useless, unless there are rooms for the accom
modation ot tbe committees, which is not now
Senator Aldrich, chairman of the Committee
on Rules, and Architect Clark will get together
as soon as possible for tbo purpose of devising
some rearrangement of space by which every
committee wdl have a room, if possible. The
Republican caucus will meet Saturday after
noon or Monday morning to adopt tbe report
of the Committee to Arrange Committees, so
that they may be selected at the session Mon
ANTIDOTES FOR TOISONS.
For carbolic acid, give flour and water or
Fob carbonate of soda, copperas and cobalt,
give a prompt emetic soap or mucilaginous
Fob strychnine and nux vomica, give an
emetic of mustard or sulphate of zinc-aided by
Fob canstic soda, cadstlc potash and volatile
alkali, give freely of water with lemon juice or
vinegar In It
Fob chloroform and chloral hydrate, pour
cold water over tho head and face, with artifi
cial respiration, galvanic battery.
Fob. blue vitriol, corrosive sublimate, salt
peter, sugar ot lead and bedbug poison, giro
milk or white of eggs in Iaige quantities.
'For oil ot vitriol, hartshorn, or ammonia,
muriatic and oxalic acids; pre magnesia Or
soap, dissolved in water, every two minutes.
Fob Fowler's solution and arsenic, give
emetic of mustard and salt a tablespoonfnl of
eaoh, and follow with sweet oil, butter or milk.
Fob antlmonial wino or tartar emotic, give
warm water to encourage vomiting. If vomit
ing docs not stop give a grain of. opium In
Koa laudanum, morphine, and opium, give
strong coffee, followed by ground .mustard' or
grease, in warm water 'to produce vomiting.
Keep, patient in constant motion.
. CDKIOUS CONDESSATIQNS
According to a California paper one of
the tramps ot tho Santa Crnz chain gang wears
kid gloves when sweeping the streets.
An English gentleman who has' been
making a tour of New Zealand, says: I once
saw a Maori that I inew walking up and down
the veranda of an hotel, and looking very much
distrusted about something. On my asking
him what was tbe matter, he told me that he
had had 13 glasses of whlrky, and couldn't got
An Ohio poultry raiser has made a
curious discovery. He says that if you go out
to feed a flock of chickens and wUl cause tham
to wait, they will Invariably, as they crowd
about you. begin a circnit around yon from
right to left, in front, and continue this revolu
tion as long as you stand there. No amount of
interruption or maneuvering can confuse them
or compel them to take the contrary direction
at any time.
A good story is told about a xnan.wbo
has 12 acres of land In Portland, Ore., to sell.
Ha asked SS50 per acre, and- Anally found a
purchaser at that fleure; His wife, however,
refused to sign the deed, and the sale was off.
Then he offered the land for $1,000 per acre,
and again a purchaser was found, and again
the goou wife exercised her royal prerogative
and refused to sign the deed. The property is
now for sale at ,000 for the 12 acres. For
tunate is the man who possesses a wife who
knows how to refuse to sign deeds judiciously.
31. Mosso, of Turin, having carried out
a series of experiments with the blood of eels,
finds that it possesses marked poisonous prop
erties. Even to. the tongue itbasan insupport
able acridity, and a verv small quantity or tha
serum is sufficient to kill a doc. Half a cnblo
centimeter Injected beneath tbe skin of a dog
weighing 33 pounds killed it in four minutes.
At this rate an eel weighing five pounds would
contain enongh poison to dispatch ten men.
The blood of animals thus poisoned cannot be
made to coagulate, just as after tbe bite of ser
pents. Fortunately the blood is inert when in
troduced via the stomach, and it loses its toxic
properties when heated.
General Thomas Ewlng, in his address
before tbe Typothetae Association, of New
York, told of a trip he made with companions,
when a boy in Ohio, to the Hocking hills to get
some famous clingstone peaches for his mother:
"We passed a paper; mill at the foot of a very
steep and rocky hill, and our wagon made such
a racket that alt the windows in the mill were
thrown np and SO or SO girls stuck out their
heads and stared at us. I asked the driver what
all thoe girls were doing in tbe mill.- 'Well,
Tommy,' said he, you see, they make paper of
rags and they keep them girls to chaw the ragsr '
I confess that tbe state of the art of paper
making was not quite that bad 45 years ago out
pretty near It"
A terrific explosion occurred recently at
the residence of K. G.Broyles, of Chattanooga,
Tenn., which resulted hi tearing down the walls
of bis kitchen, and tbe blowing out of two win
daws and serious injuries to a servant girl
named Lydla Hunt A rat had appeared in tho
kitchen, which Miss Hunt tried to kill. It es
caped into a box, which proved to have a lot of
gunpowder in it nut the girl was not awara of
that fact In order to get the rat out of the box
she lighted a taper and put it Into the box,
which caused tbe powder to explode with ter
rific force. The girl was blown a distance of at
least 20 feet, and ber clothing set on fire, but
tha flames were extinguished before she was
fatally burned. Several members of the family
made narrow escapes. Tbe rat got away.
A strange man, a few days ago, on
leaving a north-bound train ot the Hudson
River Railroad, at Tarrytown, N. Y inquired
of tbe station agent where he could find a Miss
Helen Van Duzen, and on being informed that
she was a pupil in Miss Buckley's school, at
once went there. In response to his ring Miss
Buckley opened the door, when the officer, as
he proved to be, said that he wished to see Miss
Van Dozen for the purpose of serving some
papers upon her personally. Miss Buckley ex
pressed objections to complying with his re
quest unless be showed his authority in the
matter, when he nroduced papers, signed by
the Governor of New Jersey, requesting; tha
young woman's presence in Trenton, on March
23, for the purpose of identification, in order
that she might obtain a legacv of 3.000. The
anxiety caused by the officer's visit was soon
dispelled, and was -succeeded by cougratula.
tions to Miss Van Duzen on her good fortune.
In London, recently, a well-known
artist of the camera was called In to photo
graph the body of a young lady who bad just
died under peculiar and distressing circum
stances. The body -was laid on a sofa in tho
drawing room, and presented a singularly beau
tiful spectacle. The photographer was left
alone in the roam with the body and took a
negative. After inspecting it he was not satis
fled that tha exposure bad been sufficient and
he took another. And then,- to his amazement
ho discovered' that the two negatives were not
alike. The body must have moved. Not hav
ing lost quite all his nerve by this extraordinary
occurrence, he took a third negative, which
was exactly like the second. He Instantly sum
moned the nurse who had been in attendance
on the deceased girl, and after some difficulty
and delay had tbe doctor fetched. To cut a
long story short the young lady was not dead
at all, but is at this moment convalescent This
is a true story.
At a recent meeting of the Agricultural
Society of France. M. Guerin of Grandvilles,
read a paper on a new method of preserving
milk. He showed that when it was frozen milk
could be transported with the greatest ease,
and that after being kept for days and weeks,
and then simply thawed out, it retained all the
characteristics of fresh milk. The paper
dealt first with the method of freezing, which
could be carried out in tbe ordinary ica ma
chines if done on a sufficiently large scale, and .
then described the experiments made to ascer
tain tha precise temperature at which the best
results might be expected. Tbe appearance
and taste of the milk after undergoing the pro
cess, when thawed, were so exactly those of
new milk that In an assemblage ot 20 persons
not one could perceive the slightest difference.
In cooking, yield of cream, and every other re
spect the frozen corresponded with quite new
milk, and on the fourth day tbe cream was still
excellent which was not the case with that of
the latter. Butter and cheese can be pre
pared from it quite as well as from new milk.
A Ferry Good Answer. "I believe the
Albany boat leaves this pier, does It notf"
'Leaves it every trip, ma'am. Never knew it to
take tbe dock up the river yet,"
THE MILD WINTXK.
Though now we say, when off our guard,
Did Boreas Is a nice man:
Next summer wo will find It hard
Enough to pay tbo iceman.
Trouble at the Military School, In
structor what's wrong in the front rank?
Private Vlilpps Please, sir. Private Simmons
's went an' put a peanut In his breech-loader
in placo of a blank cartridge, an; he can't get
A "Woman's Revenge. "How could you
helptbat Mrs. Proudly dress for tlfe opera when
you bate her so?" asked Maude.
Because," replied Bessie, "I wanted to get a
chance to put a pin in her dress so that it would
be sticking her In the back all evening."
Quite Good Enough. "Excuse me, Mr.
Brown," said the haberdasher, "but this Is a
quarter necktie you have selected. You always
wear a dollar one."
That'rall right old boy," he returned with a
wink. "My wife has Just started making a crary
Put His Own Construction on It Jones
last Saturday received tbe following noto from a
Come and dinewlth me to-morrow, atDelmon
lco's, with two or three friends."
Jones, who Is a very literal person, turned up
promptly at the appointed honr with-three of his
From One Mystery to Another. Jones
Matilda, where Is that latch-key I handed you this .
Mrs. Jones In the pocket of my dress hanging
up over there.
Jones (S minutes later, desperately) And now,
Matilda, will you please tell me where to and the
pocket of your dress?
The Fatality of Jumping at Cohelur
slons, Miss Oldham (who is not so young as she
used to be)-Speaking or fine, lace, Mr. Jackson,
here Is a lace handercblcf made expresslypfor,
me on my lGth birthday. " 5
Mr, Jackson (gallantly)-SImply beautiful!- Ah; .
Miss Oldham, one ttes notnlng so fine as.ths.6
nowadays. Things were made much betterila
those good old times, weren't they? $&
A Matter of Business. Farmer I djdnt
have any money for the paper, so' 1 lhbaghtlCi
would bring you la a load of turnips.' "fjJSS?
Editor Yes: that's as good to me as money. '
Er-before'you go, Mr. Hayseed, there's stllttla
matter I'd like to speak to you about. -Mt&i:
Farmer-Well, what is It? -
Editor You don't want to buy a load of turnips,
do you? -J
Not "What She Expected. 'Mijs
Sqoawkcr," said he. gently, as the last notes; of
her song died npon the air, ''Ihope you will not
bo offended at what I am about to say. 'It has
been on my mind for some time, and-" '
"tlooa, Mr. Spooner," said' the girl encourag
ingly. ; ,
"Well h'mt , The last horse car win be down
In' three minutes, and I'll havetowalkihomelfl
1nn'trntrh It." ..laKi.i;
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