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jS - 3. ., ;"- ' ,.THE PITTSBURG DISPATCH. " WTESDAYfe: MAgGH 'B.-1889. ;. . '.,'.- ' , .
m - . ... . r. --.
Thoughts Suggested to Benjamin
Harrison Upon Assuming the
HIGHEST OFFICE IN AMERICA.
His Tiews on All Topics of Interest to the
People and Politicians.
GREAT STRESS LAID ON A FEEE TOTE
"Washington, March 4. The following
Is the full text of President Harrison's in
There is no constitutional or legal require
ments that the President shall take the oath
of office in the presence of the people. But
there is so manifest an appropriateness in
the public induction to office of the Chief
Executive officer of the nation that from the
beginning of the Government, the people, to
whose service the official oath consecrates
the officer, hare been called to witness the
The oath taken in the presence of the
people becomes a mutual covenant the
officer covenants to serve the whole body of
the people by a laithful execution of the
laws, so that they may be the unfailing de
fense and security of those who respect and
observe them, and that neither wealth, sta
tion nor the power of combinations shall be
able to evade their just penalties, or to wrest
them from a beneficent public purpose to
serve the ends of cruelty or selfishness. My
promise is spoken; yours unspofcea but not
the less real and solemn.
The people of every State have here their
representatives. Surely I do not misinterpret
the spirit of the occasion when I assume
that the whole body of the people covenant
with me and with each other to-day to sup
port and defend the Constitution and the
Union of the States, to yield willing obe
dience to all the laws and each to every
other citizen his equal civil and political
rights. Entering" thus solemnly into
covenant with each other, we may reverent
ly invoke and confidently expect the favor
and help of Almighty God that He will
give to me wisdom, strength and fidelity,
and to onr people a spirit of fraternity and
a love of righteousness and peace.
A PECTJLIAB CfTEEEST.
This occasion derives peculiar interest
from the fact that the Presidental term,
which begins this day, is the 26th under our
Constitution. The "first inauguration of
President "Washington took place in Hew
Xork, where Congress was then sitting, on
the 30th day of April, 17S9, having been
deferred by reason of delays attending the
organization of the Congress and the can
vass of the electoral vote. Onr people have
already worthily observed the centennials
of the Declaration of Independence, of the
battle of Yorktown, and of the adoption of
the Constitution, and will shortly celebrate,
in New York, the institution of the second
great department of our constitutional
fccheme of government. "When the centen
nial of the institution of the j udicial depart
ment br the organization of the Supreme
Court shall have been suitably observed,
as I trust it will be, our nation will have
lully entered its second century.
I will not attempt to note tne marvellous
and, in great part, happy contrasts between
our country as it steps over the threshold
into its second century of organized exist
ence under the Constitution, and that weak
but wisely-ordered young nation that looked
undauntedly down the first century, when
all its years stretched out before it. Our
people will not fail at this time to recall the
incidents which accompanied the institu
tion of government under the Constitution,
or to find inspiration and guidance in the
teachings and example of Washington and
his great associates, and hope and courage
in the contrast which 58 populous and pros--perous
States offer to the 13 States, weak in
everything except courage and the love of
liberty, that then fringed our Atlantic sea
board. A SYMBOL OF GKOWTH.
The Territory of Dakota nas now a popu
lation greater than any of the original
States (except Virginia), and greater than
the aggregate of five of the smaller States
in ITaO. The center of population, when
our national capital was located, was east of
Baltimore, and it was argued by many well
informed persons that it would move east
ward than westward. Yet in 1880 it was
found to be near Cincinnati, and the new
census, about to be taken, will show another
stride to the westward. That which was the
body has come to be only the rich fringe of
the nation's robe.
Bat our growth has not been limited to
territorv, population and atreresate wealth.
marvelous as it has been in each of tnose di
rections. The masses of our people are bet
ter fed, clothed and housed than their fa
thers were. The facilities for popular edu
cation have been vastly enlarged and more
generally diffused. The virtues of courage
and patriotism have given recent proof of
their continued presence and increasing
power in the hearts and over the lives of our
people. The influences of religion have
been multiplied and strengthened. The
tweet offices of charity have greatly in
creased. The virtue of temperance is held
in higher estimation. "We have not at
tained an ideal condition; not all of our peo
ple are happy and prosperous; not all of
them 'are virtuous and law-abidinsr. But,
on the whole, the opportunities offered to
the individual to secure the comforts of life
ere better than are lound elsewhere, and
largely better than they were here 100 years
ONXT GAINED BY NECESSITY.
The surrender of a large measure of sov
ereienty to the General Government, effected
by the adoption of the Constitution, was not
accomplished until the suggestions of rea
son were strongly reinforced by the more
imperative voice of experience. The di
vergent interest of peace speedily demanded
a "more perfect union.'' The merchant,
the shipmaster and the manufacturer dis
covered and disclosed to our statesmen and
to the people that commercial emancipation
must be added to the political freedom which
had been so bravely won. The commercial
policy of the mother country had not relaxed
any of its hard and oppressive features.
To hold in check the development of our
commercial marine, to prevent or retard the
establishment and growth of manufactures
in the States, and so to secure the American
market for their shops and their carryine
trade for their ships, was the policy of
European statesmen, and was pursued with
the most selfish vigor. Petitions poured in
upon Congress urging the imposition of dis
criminating duties that should encourage
the production of needed things at home.
The patriotism of the people, which no
longer found a field of exerrise in war, was
energetically directed to the duty of equip
ping the young republic for the defense of
its independence by making its people self,
dependent. Societies lor the promotion of
home manufactures and for encouraging the
use of domestics in the dress of the people
were organized in many of the States.
AX rKlEBESTCJG INCIDENT.
The revival at the end of the century of
the same patriotic interest in the preserva
tion and development of domestic industries,
and the defense of onr working people
against injurious foreign competition, i an
incident worthy of attention. It is not a
departure, but a return, that we have wit
nessed. The protective policy had then its
I opponents. The argument was made, as
now. that its benefits inured to particular
classes or sections. If the question became
inany sense or at any time sectional, it was
cniT- because slavery existed in some of the
States. But lor this, there was no reason
why the cotton producing States should not
have led or walked abreast with the- New
(England States in the production of cotton
fabrics. There was this reason only why
the States that divide with Pennsylvania
the mineral treasures of the great south
eastern and central mountain ranges should
pre been so tarly ia bringing to the smelt-:
ing furnace and to the mill the coal and
iron from -their near opposing hillsides.
Mill fires were lighted at the funeral pile of
slavery. The emancipation proclamation
was heard in the depths of the earth, as well
as in the sky men were made free and ma
terial things became our better servants.
The sectional element has happily been
eliminated from the tariff discussion. "We
have no longer States that are necessarily
only planting States. None -are excluded
from achieving that diversification of pur
suit among the people which brings wealth
and contentment The cotton plantation
will not be less valuable when the product
is spun in the country town by operatives
whose necessities call for diversified crops,
Shd create a home demand for garden and
agricultural products. Every new mine,
furnace and factory is an extension of the
productive capacity of the State more real
and valuable than added territory.
PROGRESS SOW HANDICAPPED.
Shall the prejudices and paralysis of
slavery continue to hanir upon the skirtsof
progress? How long will those who rejoice
that slavery no longer exists cherish and
tolerate the incapacities it put t upon their
communities? 1 look hopefully to the con
tinuance of our protective system, and to the
consequent development of manufacturing
and mining enterprises in the States, hither
to whollv given to agriculture, as a potent
influence in the perfect unification of our
people. The men who have invested their
capital in these enterprises, the farmers who
have felt the benefit of their neighborhood,
and the men who work in shop or field, will
not fail to find and to defend a community
Is it not quite possible that the farmers
and the promoters of the great mining and
manufacturing enterprises, which have re
cently been established in the South, may
yet find that the free ballot of the working
man, without distinction of race, is needed
for their defense as well as for his own? I
do not doubt that if those men in the South
who now accept the tariff views of Clay,
and the constitutional expositions of "Web
ster, would courageously avow and defend
their real convictions, tfiey wouldnot find it
difficult, by friendly instruction and co
operation, to make the black man their effi
cient and safe ally not only in establishing
correct principles in onr national adminis
tration, but in preserving, for their local
communities, the benefits of social order
and economical and honest government. At
least until the good offices of kindness have
been fairly tried, the contrary conclusion
cannot be. plausibly urged.
NO KOBTH, NO SOUTH.
I have altogether rejected the suggestion
of a special executive policy for any section
of our country. It is the duty of the exec
utive to administer and enforce, in the
methods and by the instrumentalities'
pointed out and provided by the Constitu
tion, all the laws enacted by Congress.
These, laws are general and their adminis
tration should be uniform and equal. As a
citizen may not elect what laws he will
obey, neither may the executive elect which
he will enforce. The duty to obey and to
execute embraces the Constitution in its
entirety and the whole code of laws enacted
The evil example of permitting individ
uals, corporations, or communities to nullify
the laws, because they cross some selfish or
local interests or prejudices, is full of dan
ger, not only to the nation at large, but
much more to those whose use this perni
cious expedient to escape their just obliga
tions or to obtain an unjust advantage over
others. They will presently themselves be
compelled to appeal to the law for protec
tion, and those who would use the law as a
defense must not deny that use of it to
others. If our great corporations would
more scrupulously observe their legal limi
tations and duties, they would have Jess
cause to complain of the unlawful limita
tions of their rights or of violent interfer
ence with their operations.
The community that by concert, open or
secret, among its citizens, denies to a por
tion of its members their plain rights under
the law has severed the only safe bond of
social order and prosperity. The evil works,
from a bad center, both ways. It de
moralizes those, who practice it, and destroys
the faith of those who suffer by it in the
efficiency of the law as a safe ptotector. The
man in whose breast that faith has been
darkened, is naturally the subject of dan
gerous and uncanny suggestions. Thqse
who use unlawful methods, if moved by no
higher motive than the selfishness that
prompted them, may well stop and inquire
what is to be the end of this. An unlawful
expedient cannot become a permanent con
dition of government.
CLASSES VERSUS MASSES.
If the educated and influential classes in
a community either practice or connive at
the systematic violation of laws that seem
to them to cross their convenience, what
can they expect when the lesson, that con
venience or a supposed class interest is a
sufficient cause lor lawlessness, has been
well learned by the ignorant classes? A
community where law is the rule of con
duct, and where courts, not mobs, execute
its penalties, is the only attractive field for
business investments and honest labor.
Our naturalization laws should be so
amended as to make the inauirv into the
character and good disposition of persons
applying for citizenship more carefully and
searching. Our existing laws have been in
their administration an unimpressive and
often an unintelligible form. "We accept
the man as a citizen without any knowledge
of his fitness, and he assumes the duties of
citizenship without any knowledge as to
what they are. The privileges of American
citizenship are so great, and its duties so
grave, that we may well insist upon a good
knowledge of every person applying for
citizenship and a good knowledge by him
of our institutions. We should not cease to
be hospitable to immigration, but we should
cease to be careless as to the character ot it.
There are men of all races, even the best,
whose coming is necessarily a burden upon
our public revenues or a threat to social
order. These should be identified and ex
cluded. "We have happily maintained a policy of
avoiding all interference with Europeon af
fairs. "We have been only interested spec
tators of their contentions in diplomacy and
in war, ready to use our friendly offices to
promote peace, but never obtruding our ad
vice and never attempting unfairly
to coin the distresses ot other powers
into commercial advantage, to ourselves.
"We have a just right to expect that our
European policy will be the American pol
icy of European courts. It is manifestly in
compatible with these precautions of our
peace and safety, which all great powers
namtuauy oDserve ana enlorce in matters
affecting them, that a shorter way between
our eastern and western seaboards should
be dominated by any European government,
that we may. confidentially expect that such
a purpose will not be entertained by any
rOLICY EOB THE FUTURE.
"We shall, in the future, as in the past,
use every endeavor to maintain and enlarge
our friendly relations with all the great
powers, but they will not expect us to look
kindly upon any project that would leave
us subject to thedangers of a hostile observ
ation or environment. "We have not sought
to dominate or to absorb any of our neigh
bors, but rather to aid and encourage them
to establish free and stable governments,
resting upon the consent of their own peo
ple. "We have a clear right to expect, there
fore, that no European government will
seek to establish colonial dependencies upon
the territory of these independent Ameri
can States. That which a sense of justice
restrains us from seeking they may be reas
onablyexpected willingly tq'forego.
It must not be assumed, however, that
our interests are so exclusively American
that our entire inattention to any events
that may transpire elsewhere can be taken
for granted. Onr citizens, domiciled for
purposes of trade in all countries and in
many of the islands of the sea, demand and
will have our adequate care in their per
sonal and commercial rights. The necessi
ties of our navy require convenient coaling
stations, and dock and harbor' privileges.
These and other trading privileges we will
feel free to obtain only by means that do
not in any degree partake of coercion, how
ever feeble the Government from which we
ask such concessions. But, having fairly
obtained them, by 'methods and for par-
' , .THE
poses entirely consistent with the most
friendly disposition toward all other powers,
our consent will be necessary to .any. modi
fication or impairment of the concession.
JUSTICE ALONE DEMANDED.
"We shall neither fail to respect the flag of
any friendly nation nor the just rights of its
citizens, nor to exact the like treatment for
onr own. Calmness, justice and considera
tion characterize our diplomacy. The offi
ces of an intelligent diplomacy or of friendly
arbitration in proper cases should be ade
quate to the peaceful adjustment of all in
ternational difficulties. By such methods
we will make our contribution to theworld's
peace, which no nation values more highly,
and avoid the opprobrium which must fall
upon the nation that ruthlessly breaks it
The duty devolved by law upon the
President to nominate and, by and with the
advice and consent of the Senate, to appoint
all public officers whose appointment is not
otherwise provided for in the Constitution
or by act of Congress, has become very
burdensome, and its wise and efficient dis
charge full of difficulty. The civil list is so
large that a personal knowledge of any
large number of the applicants is impossi
ble. The President must rely upon the
representations of others, and these are
often made inconsiderately and without any
just sense of responsibility.
X have a right, I think, to insist that
those who volunteer or are invited to give
advice as to appointments shall exercise
consideration ana fidelity. A high senseof
duty and an ambition to approve the service
should characterize all public officers.
There are many ways in which the conven
ience and comfort of those who have busi
ness with our public offices may be promoted
by a thonghtiul and obliging officer, and I
shall expect those whom I may appoint to
justify their selection by a conspicuous
efficiency in tne aiscnarge oi tneir auties.
THE REWARD OP PAETISANISM.
Honorable party service will certainly
not be esteemed by me a disqualification for
public office, but it will in no case be al
lowed to serve as a shield of official negli
gence, incompetency or delinquency. It is
entirely creditable to seek public office by
proper methods and with proper motives,
and all applicants will be treated with con
sideration, but I shall need, and the heads
of departments will need, time for inquiry
and deliberation. Persistent importunity
will not therefore, be the best support of an
application for office. Heads of depart
ments, bureans and all other public officers,
having any duty connected, therewith, will
be expected to enforce the civil service law
fully and without evasion.
Beyond this obvious duty I hope to do
something more to advance the reform of
the civil service. The ideal, or even my
own ideal, I shall probably not attain.
Retrospect will be a safer basis of judgment
than promises. "We shall not, however, I
am sure, be able to. put our civil service
upon a non-partisan basis until we have
secured an incumbency that fair minded
men of the opposition will approve for im
partiality and integrity. As the number of
such in the civil list i's increased, removals
from office will diminish.
"While a Treasury surplus is not the
createst evil, it is a serious eviL Our reve
nue should be ample to meet the ordinary
annual demands upon our Treasury with a
sufficient margin for those extraordinary
but scarcely less imperative demands which
arise now and then. Expenditure should
always be made with economy and only
upon public necessity. "Wastefulness,
profligacy and favoritism in public expen
ditures is criminal.
NO EXCUBE FOR DELAY.
But there is nothing in the condition of
our country or our people to suggest that
anything presently necessary to the public
prosperity, security or honor should be un
duly postponed. It will be the d uty of Con
gress wisely to forecast and estimate these
extraordinary demands, and, having added
them to our ordinary expenditures, to so ad
just our revenue laws that no considerable
annual surplus will remain. "We will, for
tunately, be able to apply to Hie redemp
tion of the public debt anv small or unfore
seen excess of revenue. This is better than
to reduce our income below our necessary
expenaitures wun me resulting choice be
tween another change of our revenue laws
and an increase of the public debt. It is
quite possible, I am sure, to effect the neces
sary reduction in oar revenues without
breaking down our protective tariff or seri
ously injuring any domestic industry.
, The construction of a sufficient number
of modern war ships, and of their necessary
armament, should progress as rapidly as
is consistent with care ana perfection in
plans and workmanship. The spirit,
courage and skill of onr naval officers and
seamen have many times in our history
eiven ft weak ships and inefficient guns
a ratine greatly beyond that of the naval
list. Tbat they will again do so upon occa
sion I do not donbt, but they ought not, by
premeditation or neglect, to be left to the
risks and exigencies of an unequal combat.
"We should encourage the establishment of
American steamship lines. The exchanges
of commerce demand stated, reliable and
rapidmeans of communication, and urrfil
these are provided the development of our
trade with the States lying south of us is
THE REWARD OF VALOR.
Onr pension laws should 'give more ade
quate and discriminating relief to the "Union
soldiers and sailors, and to their widows
and orphans. Such occasions as this should
remind us that we owe everything .to .their
valor and sacrifice.
It is a subject of congratulation that
there is a near prospect of the admission
into the Union of the Dakotas and Montana
and Washington Territories. This act of
justice has been unreasonably delayed m
the case of some of them. The people who
have settled these Territories are. intelli
gent, enterprising and patriotic, and the ac
cession of these new States will add strength
to the nation. It is dne to the settlers in
the Territories, rhp have availed them
selves of the invitations of onr land laws to
make homes upon the public domain, that
their titles should be speedily adjusted and J
weir nonest entries couurmea oy patent.
It is very gratifying toobserve the gen
eral interest now being Btnifested in the
reform of our election laws. 'Those who
hare been for years calling attention to the
i- ' ' 'JWrW5
P1TTSBTJKG - " DISPATCH. "
THE REVIEWING STAND AT THE WHITE
Eressing necessity of throwing about the
allot box and about the elector further
safeguards, in order that our elections might
not only be free and pure, but might clearly
appear to be so, will welcome the accession
of any who did not so soon discover the
need of reform. The National Congress has
not as yet taken control of elections in that
case over which the Constitution gives it
jurisdiction, bnt has accepted and adopted
the election laws ot the several States, pro
vided penalties for their violation and a
method of supervision. Only the ipeffi--cfency
of the State laws, or an unfair or
partisan administration of them, could sug
gest a departure from this policy. It was
clearly, however, in the contemplation of
the framers of the Constitution, that such
an exigency might arise, and provision was
wisely made for it.
BALLOT PURITY NECESSARY.
The freedom of the ballot is a condition of
our national life, and no power vested in
Congress or in the Executive, to secure or
perpetuate it, should remain unused upon
occasion. The people of all the- Congress
ional districts have an equal interest that
the election in each shall truly express the
views and wishes of a majority of the quali
fied electors residing within it. The results
of such elections are not local, and the in
sistence of electors residing in other dis
tricts, that they shall be pnre and free, does
not savor at all of impertinence. If, in any
of the States, the public security is thought
to be threatened by ignorance among the
electors, the obvious remedy is education.
The sympathy and help of our people will
not be withheld from any community strug
gling with special embarrassments of diffi
culties connected with the suffrage, if the
remedies proposed proceed upon lawful
lines and are promoted by just and honor
able methods. How shall those who prac
tice election frauds recover that respect for
the sanctity of the ballot which is the first
condition and obligation of good citizen
ship Xhe man who nas come to regard the
ballot box as a juggler's hat has renounced
Let us exalt patriotism and moderate' our
party contentions. Let those who would
die for the flag on the field of battle give a
better proof of their patriotism, and a
higher glory to their country by promoting
fraternity and justice. A party success
that is achieved by unfair methods, or by
practices that partake of revolution, is hurt
lul and evanescent, even from a party stand
point We should hold our differing opinions
in mutual respect and, havingsubmitted them
to the arbitrament of the ballot, should ac
cept an adverse judgment with the same re
spect that we should have demanded of our
opponents, if the decision had been in our
BEST GOVERNMENT ON EARTH.
No other people .have a government more
worthy of their respect and love, or a land
so magnificent in extent, so pleasant to
look upon, and so full of generous sugges
tion to enterprise and labor. God has
placed on pur head a diadem, and has laid
at our feet power and wealth beyond defini
tion or calculation. But we must not for
get that we take these gifts upon the con
dition tbat justice and mercy shall hold the
reins oi power, and that the upward ave
nues of hope shall be free to all the people.
I do not mistrust the future. Dangers
have been in frequent ambush along our
path, but we have uncovered and van
quished them all. Passion has swept some
of our communities, but only to give us a
new demonstration that the great body of
our people are stable, patriotic and law
abiding. No political party can long pur
sue advantage at the expense of public
honor, or by rude and indecent methods
without protest and fatal disaffection in its
The peaceful agencies of commerce are
more fully revealing the necessary unity of
all our communities and the increasing in
tercourse of our people is promoting mutual
respect. We shall end unalloyed pleasure
in the revelation, which our next census
will make, of the swift development of the
great resources of some of the States. Each
State will bring its generous contribution
to the great aggregate of the nation's in
crease. And, when the harvests from the
fields, the cattle from the hills, and the ores
from the earth, shall have been weighed,
counted and valued, we will, turn from
them all to crown with the highest honor
the State that has most promoted education,
virtue, justice and patriotism among its peo
ple. KOT 1ET ENDED.
The Course Alderman Schafer Will Purine
Abont Those Fines.
Alderman Schafer, of the South Side, ex
plains that after fining John Martin ?25
and costs in the milk-shake cases, he re
mitted the fine, only enforcing the payment
of the costs. He declares tbat if Aldermen
Bell and Carlisle have a right to remit law
and order fines, he has, too.
If he is compelled by the court to pay the
fine to the Law and Order Society, he says
he will sue Martin to recover the money
from him. Alderman Schafer also denies
that he owes the State anything.
BAIIEOAD OFFICIALS AT IT.
A Little Inspection Tour Being Made on
' the Panhandle System.
General Manager James McCrea and
General Superintendent of Transportation
Joseph Wood, of the Pennsylvania Com
pany, left last night for a trip on the Pan
handle system. The officials are cut on a
little inspection tour, making notes of the
condition of the roads and what may be
needed in the way of improvements this
30 Shaves for 2 Cents.
Hall 2 cents to Colgate & Co., 65 John St, N.
Y., for a sample of Demulcent Shaving Soap.
Spring wraps full. Beau passamenterie
shoulder at $6 SO, finer ?8, 510 and up to
$25. Come over and see the great line of
Boaas & BOhl, Allegheny.
- r ' llsSSJMf9&-iKCf J
v, - njv'v , .TliSBtKJSr ,-
!PUjpDr&7 MAJtGH-; 5,
March Through the Mod of the Capital
Pittsburg Troops Received Entuusiai
tlcnliy Home Clubs Bear the
Bad Weather Gracefully.
tSPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH.!
Washington, March 4. Pennsylvania
was to the fore in the inaugural parade, and
Pittsburg's contingent was the feature of
the occasion. The Eighteenth and Four
teenth Begiments and Battery B bore them
selves in a soldierly manner, despite the in
clemency of the weather, and the Bepubli
can marching clubs from Allegheny county
were as graceful as coula be expected.
There were no accidents of importance, and
the parade passed off successfully. The
formation of the line was as follows:
The Great Procession.
The inangural procession organized and
moved in the following order:
General James A. Beaver, Chief Marshal.
Brigadier General Daniel II. Hastings, Chief of
Special Aides-Col. H. C. Corbin, V. S. A.; Major
Frank W. Bess, U.S. A.: Lieutenant
Colonel Alex. Krumbhaar,
A. A. tr Pennsyl
Presidental party In carriages, preceded and fol
lowed by escorts of survivors of 70th In-
dlana Volunteers, Col. bamuel
WBST BBIOADE -UNITED STATES AJUIT.
Brigadier General G. H. Gibson, commanding.
Uhlrd Regiment Artillery, U. S. A.
first Battalion, Batteries A, t, 1 G, B, K, I
Battalion U. 8. Artillery, Captain J. l. Storey,
i'onrtU Artillery, commanding.
Battery 1? becond Artillery.
Battery II, Fourth Artillery.
;Battery G, Hith Artillery.
Light Battery C, Third Artillery.
Battalion U. S. cavalry, Col. L. H. Carpenter,
Fifth cavalry, commanding.
'iroop 1), Sixth cavalry.
Troop C, Fourth cavalry.
SECOND BBIOADEUXITED STATES NAVY.
Captain R. 'W. Meade, U. S. Navy, commanding
Battalion Marines, Lleuteuant Colonel Charles
Hey wood, U. S. A. C, commanding,
lrsl Lieutenant Georges. Benson,
U. S. M. C, Adjutant.
Apprentice Battalion teamen. Lieutenant Com
mander Ldwln Tonqnecker, U, S. Navy,
Light Battery Seamen, Lleuteuant Wra. Eilbura,
U. S. Navy, commaudlng.
THIED BEIQADE. x
District of Columbia National Gnard.
Brigadier General Albert Ordway, commanding,
Light Battery A.
Cavalry Troop A.
National Guard of the State of Pennsylvania,
Major General John . Bartranft Commanding.
Brigadier General George R. Snowden Command
In?, aud Staff.
Brig, Gen. John P. S. Gobin, Commanding, and
Brig. Gen. John A. Wiley commanding, and
Governor Koraker. commanding. ,
Major General B, A. Axllns, Chief of Staff, and
Brevet Llent. Col. George Bliss Sanlord,U. S. A.,
Llent. L. "W. V. Kennen, U. S. A.. Chief of Staff.
Co. 0, Third Regiment, N. G., New Jersey.
Co. A. Fourth Regiment, N. G., New Jersey.
Bibb County Blues, Georgia N. G.
Georgia Cadets, Georgia N.G.
Governor's Volunteers. Georgia N. G.'
Third Regiment, Connecticut N. G. '
Fourth Regiment, Massachusetts V. M.
Co. 1, Sixth Regiment, Massachusetts V. M.
First Battalion Virginia V. M.
becond Battalion Virginia V. M.
Bute Guard, Virginia V. M. so.
Garfield Light Infantry, Virginia V. M.
Battery C, Virginia T. M.
Brig, Gen. Stewart Brown, commanding, and
Fifth Regiment Maryland N. G."
Baltimore Light Infantry, Maryland N. G.
First Regiment Maryland N. G.
Co. C Third Regiment Maryland N. "3.
Baltimore Rifles, Maryland N. G.
Monumental City Guards, Maryland N. G.
Alleghany County GHard. Maryland N. G.
Brig. Gen. Louis Fitzgerald. N. G, S, N. r
commanding, and staff.
Seventh Regiment, H.G. 8 , N. Y.
Fourth Separate Co., "!.. G. S., N. T.
Thirty-seventh separate Co.. M. Q. b., N. Y.
Tenth Separate Co., N. G. S N. Y.
Co. D, Second Regiment Kentucky N. G,
Co. G. Fifth Regiment Ohio N. G.
Co, B, Eighth Regiment Ohio N. G.
Co. C Fourth Regiment Ohio N. G.
Co. B, Sixteenth Regiment Ohio N. G.
Toledo Cadets, Ohio N.G.
Co. L Fifth Regiment, Illinois N. G.
Orleans Light Infantry, Louisiana 8. M.
Vlcksburg True Bines, Mississippi a, a,
Co. G. Second Regiment, Alabama S. L.
Co. A., Third Keg lment, MlssourlN. O.
Battalion of First lieghaeot, lovraM. G.
General Beaver, Marshal.
Co. A, Fifth Regiment, California N. G.
!n. O. Vtrat Ite.lin.nt llttkntuN. U.
Co. B, becond Regiment, Dakota N. G.
Major Green Clay Goodloe, U. B. Marine Corps,
commanrifntr. tnd staff.
Cleveland Grays, Cleveland, O.
Hale Zouaves. Kansas City, Mo.
Washington "Continentals,. District of Columbia.
Silver Springs Hi flea, Philadelphia, Pa.
Cadet Corps, bt. John's Academy,
High School Cadets, Washington, I). O.
Cleveland Cadet Corps, "Washington, D. O.
Grant Memorial Guards, Baltimore, Md.
Butler infantry Corps, "Washington. D. C.
veteran uuara, new xor c".
Excelsior Light Infantry. Washington, D. C.
gut imauiry, wasui
W ormley Zouaves.
General William Warner, Marshal.
Colonel Charles P. Lincoln, chief of staff and
Department Commander TV. 8, Odell, command
Charles H. Ingram, Assistant Adjutant General
and aides. ,
V. 8. Grant Post No. 93 (Veteran Zouaves). N. J.
165th New York Regiment (Dnryea Zonavss), G.
Old Guard, veteran Corps.
John A. Rawlins Post No. 1.
Kit Carson Post Drum Corps.
Kit Carson Post No. 2.
Lincoln Post No. 3.
O. P. Morton Post No. 4.
Meade Post No. 5.
John F. Reynolds Post No. 6.
James A, Garfield Post No. 7.
Burnslde Post No. 8.
Charles Sumner Post No. 9.
Farragut Post No. 10.
Charles S. btonePostNo. 11.
Veteran Zouaves of New York City.
Department of Maryland.
Department Commander, George F. "Wheeler,
Hugh A. Maugblln, Assistant Adjutant General,
Union Veterans Union, Department of the Po
tomac. Col. John C. Welch, commanding.
Captain John Albert, Asst. Adjt. General.
"W. S. Hancock Command No. L CoL A. Brlsbee,
John A, Logan Command No. 2, CoL Wm. Irv
Department of New Jersey.
Camden Loyal Legion. , commander.
Sons of Veterans.
Geo. A. Custer Camp No. L District of Columbia.
John A. Logan Camp No. 2, District
Colllneux Camp No. 3, District of Columbia,
Garfield Camp No. 1.
.Ellsworth Camp I o. 2, of Baltimore.
Antletam Camp No, S, Frederick, Md.
Robert Bruce Camp No. 11, Cumberland, lid.
Col. Myron SI. Parker, Marshal.
Louis D. Wine, Chief of Staff.
Capt. S. B. Morrill, Adjutant General and aides.
Escort, Lincoln Club, Cincinnati, Ohio,
A. C. Horton, Marshal.
Or. a: W. Stewart, Marshal.
Mr. Geo. F. Vlckers. chief of staff and aides.
Escort Aincricus Republican club. Pittsburg,
1 MaJ. L. T. Brown, commanding.
Marshall club and the following clubs from Phil
adelphia: Harmony Legion, Cameron club,
lifteenth Ward union Republican club,
Vtest Philadelphia Republican club,
Young Republicans, Continental
club, Antl-Cobden club, Fero
nla club. Senate club, Har
rison club, Tippecanoe
club of Veterans,
Clay club. A. C.
First "Ward Republican club. Union Republican
club. Union Republican clnb of Eighteeenth
ward. West End Republican club of Eight
eenth ward, M. s. Quay club. Henry
K. Boyer club. Young Men's Re
publican clnb, Twenty-sixth
ward. United Republican
club. Alpha Association
Sixth Ward Republi
can club. Geo. T.
Lincoln clnb, Block Association.
Jay Cooke, Jr., Pioneer club, Montgomery county.
"Republican League of Reading.
Harrison and Morton Pioneer club of Wilkes
barre. Business Men's club of Williamsport.
Franklin Fire Co. 1, Chester, Pa.
Edwin S. Cramp club, Philadelphia.
The '87cluu, Philadelphia.
Geo. E. Baker club, Philadelphia.
Gen. John Ramsey, assistant marshal.
Col. W. E. Rogers, chief of staff, andaldes.
Escort Young Men's Republican Association.
Trenton. N. J followed by various military and
civil associations from Newark, Camden, Pater
son and Jersey City.
Mr. W. W. Johnson, assistant marshal.
Capt. Geo. B. Creamer, chief of staff, and aides.
Escort Young Men's 'Republican club, Balti
more, Logan lnvlnclbles and the following from
Baltimore: Active Republican club. Loyal Re
publican club. Seventh Ward Republican club,
Middle Section Assembly, Young Men's Republi
can club, Sixth Ward Permanent club, lien Dan -eker
club. Fifth and Eighth Ward Republican
League, Henry Winter Davis club, Maryland He-
?nbllcan club. Tenth "Ward Republican club,
welftb "Ward Eutaw Republican clnb, Thir
teenth Ward Eutaw Republican club. Sixteenth
Ward Republican club. Eighteenth Ward Repub
lican club, Nineteenth Ward Republican clnb.
Log Cabin Republican club, seventeenth Ward
Republican club, MetrODolitan club, John Sher
man League, Tippecanoe Republican club, Wa
veriy Republican club. Union League No. 5, and
the Veteran Volunteer Firemen.
Gen. H. A. Barnum. Assistant Marshal.
Capt. Wlnfield M. Clarke, chief of staff.
Capt. Moses G. Byers. quartermaster.
Capt. Charles A. Hess, chief aide, and aides.
John J. O'Brien Association, New York city.
Kings County Republican Committee, Brooklyn.
Union Republican club. Albany, N. Y'
Ninth Ward Pioneer corps. New York city.
Oneida Battery, Oneida, N. Y.
Lincoln club. New York city.
Republican Association. Eleventh Assembly dis
trict. New York city.
Fifteenth Assembly Republican Association, New
Enrolled Republican Twenty-second Assembly
district. New York.
John Simpson Legion, Sixth Assembly district.
New Vork city.
"Wholesale Republican Glee club, NeV York city.
M. J. Dady Legion, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Joseph Benjamin Battery, Brooklyn.
feaerni .Kepuuucau ciud, xirooKiyn.
The Union League club, Brooklyn.
F. P. "Williams, Eighteenth Ward Republican
Brooklyn Young Republican clubs, Brooklyn.
Harrison and Morton clubs. Twenty-first Assem
bly District, New York city.
Suburban Republican club, New York city.
Charles K. Bruder Lancers, New York city.
Levi P. Morton club. New York city.
Harley Republican club, Hevr York city.
Lower Wall Street Merchants II. M. club, New
Grant club, Albany.
Col. J. Y. McKane club. Coney Island.
Veteran Boys In Blue, Troy.
The Harrison and Morton West Chester Colored
Charles Snmner Engineer Corps, New York city.
Custom Brokers' Harrison and Morton dub, New
Gen. F. G. Butterfield. Assistant Marshal.
Col. N. C. Sawyer, Chier of Staff.
Major Frank Whitman. Assistant Adjutant Gen
eral and Aid.
Escort Harrison Mounted Guards, Lewlnsvllle,
Va. ; Republican lnvlnclbles. Washington, D. C;
national KAjmianiKc ui notiucauon.
Phcenlx Steam Fire Company No. 1, Wilming
Republican League, New Haven, Conn.
Wichita, Kan., Harrison Club.
Republican Flambeau Club, Salem, Mass.
Vanderbllt Association, Charleston, S. C
Harrison, Morton and Bowden Club, Norfolk. Va.
Young Men's Republican Club, Providence, R. I.
Grand Lodge Plumed Knights, Providence. H. L
Young Men's Blaine Club, Cincinnati, O.
Stanton Club, Steubenvllle, O.
Uncle Sam Club, Cleveland. O.
Republican Flambeau Club, Sfdalla, N. J.
St. Joejh Flambeau Clnb, St. Joseph, Mo.
The Missouri Club, Kansas City, Mo.
Harrison Flambeau Guard Battalion, Detroit,
Alger Flambeau club, Detroit.
Old Soldiers' Harrison and Morton club, Minne
Republican Flambeau club, Minneapolis, Minn.
Flambeau club, Atchison, Kan.
Topeka Flambeau club. Topeka, Kan.
Cyclone club, Lawrence, Kan.
Harrison and Morton marching club (Cowboys),
New Jersey Republican Association.
New York Republican Association, Washington,
Pennsylvania Republican Association, Washing
ton, D, C.
Seminary Hill Republican club, Seminary Hill,
Spring Hill Republican Harrison and Morton and
Bowden club, Norfolk, Va.
Eagle Republican club, Washington, D. C.
John Sherman Republican League, Washington,
Harrison and Morton club, Washington, D. C.
Blaine lnvlnclbles, Washington, D. C.
The lino of march was as follows: Along east
front of the Capitol to B street north; B street
to First street; First street to Pennsylvania
avenue; Pennsylvania avenue to "Washington
circle; around Washington circle to K street
northwest; K street to Monnt Vernon square.
The column was reviewed by President Harri
son and ex-President Cleveland from a stand
on the side of Pennsylvania avenue in front of
the Executive Mansion.
Seventeen More Oleo Sellers.
The representatives of the "Wholesale
Grocers, and Commission Agents' Associa
tion have sued 17 more retail men for sell
ing oleomargarine. The hearings will be
held before Alderman Carlisle next
Thursday. Attorney Yost stated yesterday
that most of tbeni occupied stands in the
Pittsburg Market House.
Cloak Booms. All the late spring styles.
Kewmarkets. $5 to $25; in stripes, plaids,
corkscrew, diagonal and plain cloths; black
and colors. Booos & Buhl, Allegheny.
Invalids call at 1102 Carson st and be
cured free of charge.
AT THE BUGLE'S CALL
The Old Keystone State Was the First
to Respond, and Onr
GALLANTBOTS WENT TO THE FEOKT
And Gallantly Offered Their Lives to Pre
serve the Union.
A C0HTEMPT1BLE KICK EEPELLED
rSFXCIAL TXLXQBAtt TO TILE DISPATCH.!
Washington, March .4. Amid the din
and bustle of preparation for the inaugura
tion which exended to every house in the
'city perhaps the most frequent observation
one heard in any crowd had reference to the
Pennsylvania troops. The interest of all
classes, from the humblest, contraband to
the grand military mogul, seemed to center
on the appearance of Pennsylvania's old
guard, with their knapsacks, haversacks,
canteens, blankets, etc,on the last two occa
sions and the anticipation in the coming
event was enhanced by the fact that the
Governor would command this time.
"While the comments on Pennsylvania are
of the most flattering character, it is some
what tempered by the severe criticisms of
the old rebel element at "Washington.who so
gladly avail themselves of the opportunity
to gratify their hatred and revenge by ex
aggeration to the press of this city of the
shameful conduct of a few of the many who
visited the city, to assist by their presence
in attracting a great crowd, from which the
aforesaid residents may reap their harvest of
extortion and robbery.
It goes without saying, that the majority
of the residents of "Washington do not hesi
tate to charge the visitor most exorbitant
rates for their meager hospitality yet, when
a few Pennsylvania troops from Pittsburg,
last inauguration, upset the wagon of a
Virginia Yankee, who charged 25 cents
apiece for' apples, and raided a couple 'of
saloons, whose gentlemanly proprietors
charged 25 cents for watered whisky and
then refused to return any change, a great
outcry was made in the New York and New
England papers by the officials of the city
government to whom exaggerated com
plaints had been made.
A CONTEMPTIBLE KICK.
The officers of the Pennsylvania troops
were not notified, until their attention had
been called to the vituperative dispatches in
the press of these cities who were envious of
the Pennsylvanians., It is a matter of offi
cial record that a careful investigation into
the damage done by the troops showed it did
not amount to $200. "When it is recalled that
nearly 6,000 troops of the State were in the
city, the average cash left with the residents
by the force probably exceeded f 80,000, the
indignation turns to contempt for this exhi
bition of Washington hospitality and cour
tesy. The colored population are quite solicit
ous about "Dem Pennsyltucky Sogers."
The pickaninnies of fonr years ago have re
tained a lively recollection of their blanket
tossing, and numerous old uncles and
aunties dread their reappearance as much
as that of the "night doctors."
The visitors from all States, the dele
gation ot G. A. B. comrades, the foreign
observers all want to see on Pennsylvania
avenue, from the Capitol to the Treasury,
the grand column of Pennsylvania's troops
marching company front. It brings to
the hearts of the old veterans of both armies
the days of 1861 to '65. In this connection
it may be appropriate to bring to the atten
tion of the boys and girls of 1889 some Penn
sylvania history that is not told in the
school books and histories that we have in
A HISTORIC LIE.
The statement so generally believed, per
haps because so persistently kept from the
public that the Massachusetts were the
first to reach "Washington City as the call
on President Lincoln, is in plain words a
"We are told in "Bobert Elsmere" that
"history is testimony." -I submit herewith
the testimony of General Hastings, the Ad
jutant General ot Pennsylvania, sub
stantiated by the records of the "War De
partment at "Washington, and the records of
Congress to prove that Pennsylvania was
the first to respond to the President's call.
There were five Companies of Pennsylvania
troops who were the first to reach the citr
of "Washington, viz., the Logan Guards, of
Aiewistown; tne v asnmgton Artillery ana
the National Light Infantry, of Pottsville;
the Allen Rifles, of Allentown, and the
Binggold Light Artillery, of Beading.
These organizations arrived in "Washington,
April 18, 1861, and for their promptness,
and for being the first troops in Washing
ton they received the thanks of Congress,
dated July 22, 18G1. On the 19th of April,
the day following the arrival of the Penn
sylvania troop3 in Washington, the Massa
chusetts troops were attacked in Baltimore.
The old Keystone did not stop sending
her troops to Washington, however, after
the first year ot the war, nor did she send
her recruiting azents in place of troops to
buy colored substitutes to fill up their
quotas as some of the other States did who
are now prominent in newspaper war his
tory. It Is a matter of record, not generally
known in onr own State, that Pennsylvania
sent one out of every seven of her entire
population to the war. The attention of the
''overpowered Confederacy", is also called to
some remarkable figures first printed in
The Pittsbueg Dispatch.
1861-Under call of President, April
15, 1861 20,975
Pennsylvania .Reserves, call of
July Si 1801 15,858
Organized, act of Congress, July
, josi av'oa
1862-Call of President, Jnly7, 1S63....40.3S3
jrgauizeu uuuer uraiu Au
gust 4 15,100
Three-year Independent com
Kecrulu, 1S62..... a.ssg
Pennsylvania In regular army
and other States 5,000
1863 Special authority from War De
Call of President, June, 1863.. ...11,546
Kecrults. 1863 4.453
Enlistments in regular army.... 934
.Militia fdr 90 days, June, 1863....2S,042
1861 Ke-enlistments in old organiza
tions. 3 years 17,876
Special authority, War Depart
ment. 1864 9,876
Call, July 27. 1864 16,094
Call, Julys, 1864 7,675
Ilecrults forwarded, ISM .26,517
Drafted men and substitutes,
Kecrults. regular army, 1864..,.. 2,974
1S6S Under call of President. Decem
ber IB, 1864 9,5 .
Kecrults forwarded. 1885 9,133
Drafted men and substitutes,
Kecrults for regular army, 1865.. 337
Militia in service In September, 1862, not In
cluded in above statement 23,000
Grand total Pennsylvania troops In
These grand figures need no comment,
and are accountable to all. It will be seen
that the drafted and substitutes were but 17,
000, and it is safe to estimate that not 10 per
cent of them were substitutes.
ONLY OLD MEN STAYED AT HOHE.
The population of the State in 1860,
by the census returns, was 2,900,
215. The school boys and girls of
Pennsylvania will have no trouble in find
ing out what proportion of the entire popu
lation of men, women and children went to
the war. There were as many boys in our
army as in the Confederate, and that those
who stayed at home were mostly old men is
established by the figures that the vote
lor President in 1860 was 476,2. There
fore, in addition to the women and children
left home, there were but 88,842 old men re
maining to vote.
Very mnch more may be said about Penn
sylvania in the war. Her sons fought In
every battle in the East or the West. Her
dead are buried on every field. Of the en
tire Union killed, one-fifth were from Penn
sylvania, which fact alone attests her gal
lantry mora forolbly than official reports or
magazine and newspaper history. The
greatesCof the leaders were from the ola
Keystone State, the most famous of whom
are: Meade, Hancock, McClellan and his
twin lieutenants, Franklin and Fitz John
Porter; Beynolds, whose blood was ab
sorbed by his native soil at Gettysburg;
Gregg, Meiggs, Btcketts, Crawford, Hoff
man, Frank E. Patterson, McMurtrie,
Geary, Thomas H. Neill, Hartranft,
Hays, Meredith, Knipe, Coulter, Gregory,
Sickel, (not Sickles), Madill, Pearson,
McCall, Beaver, Allabaugh and many
The most gallant charges of all the war
were those led by Pennsylvania troops.
When Meade penetrated and broke Stone
wall Jackson's line on the left at Fredricks
bnrg, and where the gallant Allabaugh, tha
veteran of two wars, at the head of a Penn
sylvania brigade made the last desperate
onslaught on the Stonewall at Mayor
In this, as in Meade's charge, Pittsburg
troops participated, and the story that
Major Montooth, C. F. 3IcKenna, Captala
Jones and Colonel Allen might recite of
their never to be forgotten half hour ex
perience there would make interesting read
ing for The Dispatch. Colonel M. 8.
Quay was in that line of battle as a civilian
he having previously resigned, but refused
to leave pending the fight.
It was on the soil of Pennsylvania that
the snake Secession had its backbone broken.
The battle of Gettysburg, the most sanguin
ary of the war, is considered to be the turn
ing of the tide, so that the final charge of
Pickett, preceded and attended as it was by
peculiarly dramatic circumstances, has fur
nished a subject for more speeches, histor
ical essays, paintings and poems than any
other event which ever occurred in Amer
ica; yet, in point of fact, the Pennsylva
nians in the Virginia burg attempted a
greater task with fewer numbers against
greater odd3 and accomplished greater re
sults, thongh it is never heard of.
BLOOD AJD MONET SPENT.
The charge of the Eighth Pennsylvania
Calvary at Chancellorsville, a mere
squadron led by Major Kennan, on the very
bayonets of Jackson's entrenched infantry
and into the jaws of death, may well bet
compared to the blunder of the light brigade
In the matter of dollars and cents, it is
impossible to tell what the war cost the
State of Pennsylvania. The damage by the
raids into our border counties is roughly es
timated at 5,000,000.
I will tell the G. A. It. readers of Th
Dispatch a story of the death of C. J1.
Jackson, as related to me by a Confederate
who was in bis front and an eye witness to
the scene also a statement of an aid-decamp
on Stonewall Jackson's staff estab
lishing the fact, from Confederate sources,'
that Meade had succeeded in breaking the
line, and the massacre at Mayer Heights
.might have been avoided if the Pennsyl
vania General Franklin had been as loyal
to the whole army as he was to McClellan,
and had he supported Meade.
J. O. Keebet.
ALL THE PRESIDENTS.
Brief Biographical and Historical Data of
Onr Chief JUnglstrates From Ceorgo
Washington to Benjamin Harrison.
The following list gives the names of the
Presidents, and following in the order here
given, the dates of their birth, popular
election, election by completion of electoral
count or House of Bepresentatives, inaugu
ration, retirement and death. In the case
of the four Vice Presidents who succeeded
their deceased chiefs, the date of their as
suming the office is given, as that of their
formal inauguration was the same as that of
George Washington February 22, 1732.
No common date in States for popular elec
tion. April 6, 1789; April 30, 1789; March
4, 1797; December 14, 1799.
John Adams October 19, 1735; Novem
ber's, 1796; February 8, 1797; March 4, 1797;
March 4, 1801; July 4, 1826.
Thomas Jefferson April 2, 1743. Ko
election by popular vote in 1800; elected by
House February 17, 1801; March 4, 1801;
March 4, 1809; July 4, 1826.
James Madison March 16, 1751; Novem
ber 8, 1808; February 8, 1809; March 4, 1809;
March 4, 1817; June 28, 1836.
James Monroe April 28, 1758; Novem
ber 5, 1816; February 12, 1817; March 4,
1817; March 4, 1821; July 4, 1831.
John Quincy Adams -Juiy 11, 1677. No
popular election in 1824; elected by House
February 19, 1825; March 4, 1825; March 4,
1829; February 23, 1848.
Andrew Jackson March 15. 1767; No
vember 4, 1828, February 11, 1829; March 4,
1829; March 4, 1837; June 8, 1845.
Martin Van Buren December 5, 1782;
November 8. 1836. February 8. 1837; March
4, 1837; March 4, 1841; July 24, 1862.
William "Henry Harrison February 9,
1773; November 3, 1840; February 10, 1841;
March '4, 1841; April 4, 1841. (Death
terminated official life.)
John Tyler March, 1790. Elected. etc
with Harrison; took oath as President April
6, 1841. March 4, 1845; January 17, 1832.
James Knox Polk November 2, 1795;
November " ISM: February 12. 1845;
March 4. 1845; March 5, 1849; June 15, 1849.
Zachary Taylor September 54, 1784; No
vember 7, 1848; February 14, 1849; March
5, 1849; died July 9, 1850.
Millard Fillmore January 7, 1800,
elected, etc., with Taylor; succeeded July 9,
1850; March 4, 1853; March 8, 1874.
Franklin Pierce November 23, 1804; No
vember 2, 1853; February 9, 1853; March 4,
1853; March 4, 1857; October 8, 1869.
James Buchanan April 13, 1791; No
vember 4, 1856; February 11, 1857; March
4, 1857; March 4, 1861; June 1, 1868.
Abraham Lincoln February 12, 1809;
November 6, I860; February 13,1861; March
4. 1861; November 8. 1864; February 8,
1865; March 4. 1865; died April 15, 1865.
Andrew Johnson December 29, 1808;
elected Vice President; tookoafh as Presi
dent April 15, 1865; March 4, 1869; July 31,
Ulysses Simpson Grant April 27, 1822;
November 3,1868; February 10, 1869; March
4, 1869; JIarch 4, 1877; July 23, 1885.
Kutherford Birchard Hayes October 14.
1822: November 7, 1876; March 2.1877;
March 5, 1877; March 4, 1881; the only liv
James Abram Garfield November 19,
1831; November 2, 1880; February 9, 1881:
March 4, 1881. Died September 19, 1881.
Chester Allan Arthur October 5,1830.
Elected with preceding; took oathas Presi
dent September 20, 1881; March 4, 1885;
November 18, 1880.
Grover Cleveland March 18, 1837; No
vember 4, 1884; February 11, 1885; March 4,
1885; March 4, 1889.
Benjamin Harrison, born August "20,
1833; elected November 6,1888; inaugurated
March 4, 1889.
A NEW TARIFF BOOK.
The Pennsylvania Company Issues One That
Will ho a Convenience.
Division Freight Agent James P. Orr, of
thePennsylvania Company, yesterday issued
a new freight tariff book that is a great im
provement over the old one. Heretofore the
rates have been printed in the order of the
stations on all the road3 west of Pitts
burg. In the new book they are arranged in al
phabetical order, and shippers can readily
find a rate without first having to know
what road the point he was shipping to was
on. The 'new book makes all the rates from
stations on the Fort Wayne between Pitts
burg and Beaver Falls.
A Poor Widow's Pension Stolen.
Mrs. Mary J. Stephenson, of Bowaa
street, East End, was robbed of a pocket
book containing $36 yesterday afternooa
just as she was leaving the Tradesmen's
Bank on Wood street. She had drawn tbat
amount as a pension for the death of her
son, who was killed at the battle of the
Wilderness, and this monthly allowaaee is
her only income.
Scboftjla cured free of charge at 11M
Carson St., Southside.
HEtt. asii srfliTi'siBtsTiisTMiiiTT'-t''5'3'fe1Misstrfc