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NEW MAI TO SAMOA
Bismarck Orders One of His
Most Trusted Agents to,
the Scene of Action, to
The Government Expects to Get Along
All Ristfit With Harrison.
BAIARD CAUSED ALL TEE DIFFICULTY
According to llie Editor of tbe Cologne
Gazette A Number of Chance Are Im
pending In the Government The subject
of Religion in, the Schools Discussed at
Length Prospects of a General Strike
Among Worklngmcn Socialists Continue
Agitating as flinch as Possible Moro
Money Wanted for New Artillery.
Herr Stcnbel, a man who stands high in
the German Consular service, has left for
Samoa, to take Jthe place of Knappe, re
called. His mission is a special one for the
purpose of restoring harmony with the
American interests. The general tone of
the German press is decidedly pacific Dis
satisfied workingmen threaten a general
'strike. Memorial services in honor of Em
peror William -will be held next Sunday.
COPTEIGn-rED, 16S BY THIS KWTOSK ASSOCI
Beklin, March 2. The recall from Sa
moa of Herr Knappe, the German Consul,
has been promptly followed by the dispatch
of Herr Steubel, formerly Consul General of
Copenhagen, to replace him. Herr Steubel,
alter an interview with Bismarck, left for
Hamburg, under instructions to reach Sa
moa bv the quickest route.
Steubel's mission is a special one. His
position in the consular service entitles him
to a better post than Samoa, but if his pres
' ence there is followed by harmonized rela
tions -with America he will obtain higher
rank. It is expected in official circles that
complete concord will be established as
soon as President Harrison's Cabinet gets
in thorough touch with the incidents causing
The Borsen Courier adversely criticises
the increase in the German squadron in
Samoan waters, asserting that the order for
the dispatch of the warships was not given
through Bismarck, but to the Admiralty by
BLAME IT ON BATABD.
The Cologne Gazette lavs the blame for
the misunderstanding on Secretary Bayard.
Jt says it is hopeful that his successor will
accept the friendly approaches of Germany
in the cordial spirit in which they are
tendered. The whole tone of thq semi
official press, when any reference is made to
the affairs, is marked by an advanced re
gard for American feeling.
The Emperor dined to-night with Gen
eral Von Schellendorf, Minister of "War.
The imperial presence is taken as a contra
diction of the reports of the retirement of
"Von Schellendorf, owing to continued con
flicts with Count Waldersee It is certain
that'as recent as the last plenarv sitting of
the Reichstag, Von Schellendorf, before
taking a short holliday, frankly told his
friends that they might expect his resigna
tion before the middle of March.
His dissensions with Waldersee were
making his post unbearable. The Em
peror's 'determination to restore peace
-within the administration appears to imply
the temporary retention of Von Schellen
dorf. GOVEBNJIENT CHANGES.
The report that Waldersee was about to
retire arose from the overtures of Bismarck
toward his acceptance of a high diplomatic
post, stated to be Vienna, in succession to
Prince Henry of Eeuss, upon whose dis
cretion the Chancellor cannot rely. Count
Von Waldersee declined placing himself
within the grip of Prince Bismarck and los
ing whatever hold his daily contact with
the Emperor gives him.
Dr. Von Stoercker's speech during Thurs
day's debate in the Landtag on Dr. Wind
thorst's motion regarding religious teach
ing in the primary schools was applauded
by the members of all the Government
groups. His main contention was that
surveillance over the schools was already
largely vested in the clergy, and is operated
in supervision without infringing upon the
control of the State. He ridiculed the idea
that a layman could not be entrusted with
religious teaching, and denounced Dr.
Windthorst's proposals as a negation of the
principles of healthy education and hostile
to religious peace.
The speech is assisting in his restoration
to favor. In some qaarters thecenter party
is disappointed over the reception of the
proposals, which it was hoped would secure
Progressist su.pport.on the ground that they
tended to a separation of the church and
BELIGION AND EDUCATION.
Herr Virchow practically spoke to the
same effect, declaring that religioue teach
ing ought to be the exclusive function of
the clergy, but he rejected the clerical
scheme as placing the schools under the ex
clusive influence of the church. Dr.
Windthorst, recognizing the violation of
the Center, predicted future acceptance of
Funeral services in memory of Emperor
"William, which will be held'March 9, will
be attended by the whole Imperial family.
The Grand Duchess of Baden has already
arrived. Empress Frederick, with her
three daughters, are expected from Kiel on
Thursday. Empress Augusta has expressed
the desire that every one of the late Emper
or's entourage, including his domestics, be
present The function will be unusually
Atchinoff s filibustering fiasco has helped
to quicken the Government's perception of
the danger involved in such expeditions.
The Peters expedition has, therefore, been
forbidden. The expedition may start, but
not from any point in the German territory.
AN ANGBT CZAB.
Advices from St. Petersburg represent the
Czar as incensed against Atchinoff. and as
ordering his trial immediatelv on his arri
val at Odessa. The Russian corvette Zab
riaka awaits Atchinofl at Suez. Tbe Czar's
anger extends to General Ignatieff, through
whom the Slavonic Society supplied funds
General Ignatieff asked an interview with
the Czar in order to explain the objects of
the expedition, but the Czai refused to re
ceive him, and he was advised that he might
have to answer charges involving a trial.
General Balanoff, Governor of Novgorod,
another noted Slav, is also involved and is
threatened with suspension from office.
The crisis in the relations between work
men and employers threatens to produce a
general -strike here. The severe breather,
slack work and want of cohesion among the
workmen have assisted the employers in re
ducing'wages. SOCIALISTS AT "W0EK.
The Yolliblatt, a Socialist organ, Jn a
proclamation to German workers, an
nounces a general strike in the course of
this month. It assertsthat wages areinsnf
cient to pay for daily bread, and that a
inajorityof the men would be content with
S marks. 10 pfennigs -per dav of nine nonrs.
The police do not permit these meetings I
of workmen, buteveiy night small meet
ings ate held throughout Berlin, at which
views on the labor question are excitedlv
exchanged. The North German Gazette
says the Government willaot interfere in
the strueele between lahnr and capital as
long as the Socialists do not attempt to.
assume the direction of tbe labor move
ment. "The supplementary estimates about to be
submitted to the Reichstag provide for an
outla of 21,882,570 marks, alarge portion
of which goes to strengthen the artillery.
Of this total 9,390,2GC marks will be raised
bymatricular assessments and 12,298,054
marks by an imperial loan. Each corps of
field artillery will henceforth consist in
time of peace of seven detachments, each
with six fullv horsed guns, and a portion
also equipped with ammunition wagons
MONEY ASKED FOE.
A central board to be, created for the
navy is to have control of the vessels aud
men, while the administration of the naval
will be under the imperial chancellor. The
other estimates include 24,000 marks for the
Emperor's palace at Strasburg, 1,200,000
marks for the carrying out of measures
against the slave trade, and 100,000 marks
for the erection of a monument to the late
The Government has resolved not to alter
the system under which banks issue private
notes, the banks throughout Germany re
taining the right to issue such notes. Sev
eral banks have united to increase -their
capital in order to establish a better propor
tion between their capital and note circula
tion. The report that Prince Buprecht of Ba
varia is mentally ill is untrue.
FRANCE IN NEED OF A CROMWELL.
A Sinn in Dcmnnd Who Will Stop Boulan
BY CABLE TO THE PISrATCH.
IiONDON, March 2. The big event on
the continent is the attack of the Govern
ment in Paris, on Deroulede and his so
called Patriotic League. It'is a pleasing
thing for those who admire France and are
glad when she shows commonsensc Derou
lede is a ridiculously vain man, gifted with
an imagination and a writer's ability,
which he has devoted to the production of
stirring war songs which have been learned
by every French boy in school. Trading on
the patriotic feelings with which 'his name
is associated, he has been able to enroll the
quarter of a million guileless French in a
league. This league he calls patriotic,
while he has been using it to hurt the Gov
ernment and help on the dangerous adven
turer, Boulanger. The Government, seeing
an opportunity, have started in to suppress
Deroulede and his Boulangist league, and
President Carnot and M. Freyclnet are to
It -will be a great pity if Deroulede and
his unpatriotic followers are not sentenced
to a term of reflection and confinement,
though it is hardly to be hoped for. It is
also permissible to hope that in his little
game of turning over the Republican min
istries, Boulanger may cause some man to
rise to the top who will develop the ability
to end his career. The man who ends Bou
langer's nonsense, if necessary by means of
shortening him by a head, will make a
great hit. Frenchmen like that kind of
thing. It impresses them, and thev would
not make very much fuss for fear of hurting
tbe exhibition. There is a fine opening for
a small French edition of Cromwell.
BE0KE UP THE CONTENTION.
A Little Mouse Utterly Ruins a Woman's
nights Mass Meeting.
TBY CABLE TO TBE PISPATCU.
London, March 2. Woman's rights in
England have received, according to a tale
from Southport, a blow from an unexpected
quarter. A meeting held early this week
at the residence of a lady in Southport was
going on very well when a mouse came ont
and sat down in the middle of the floor,
That produced complete silence, during
which the women were cautiously getting
upon the chairs. Nobody had enough
presence of mind to turn out the disturber.
In the course of a whispered consultation
about mice, one woman who had come there
to enforce her rights observed that she had
heard those animals bit dreadfully, when
another woman who wanted to vote screamed
out that a mouse much bigger than the first
had run up a curtain. A demand for the
reform of man's injustice was temporarily
abandoned, and the meeting broke up in a
rush for the door.
TO ABOLISH LAWYERS.
A Novel Organization for the Settlement of
Difficulties Without Litigation.
fSPKCIAI. TELEGRAM TO THE PISFATCH.1
Ne-w Yobk, .March 2. "Under the name
of Schllchtungverein, a society has been
organized for the purpose of friendly set
tlements of litigations or differences with
out legal proceedings if possible.
If it be true that the task of modern medi
cine is to prevent sickness, it ought like
wise be the purpose of the legal
remedies to prevent the use of
law suits. This can be done by
interposition of a person who is able to esti
mate the circumstances. To the poor, all
assistance and advice is to be given free.
Under the superintendency of Mrs. Emily
Kempin, L.L. D., an office has been
opened at 207 East Fourteenth street,
and anyone can become a member by pav
ing a yearly u subscription of 5.
Applications for membership may
be addressed to Mrs. Leonard Weber,
President, 25 West Forty-sixth street;
Mrs. Adolph Rusch, Vice President, 7
West Fifty-third street; Mr. T. Bertsch
mann, Swiss Consul, Treasurer, 18 Ex
change Place; Miss M. Volkmann, Secre
tary, 140 Nassau street, or Mrs. Emily
Kempin, L.L. D., Superintendent, 207
East Fourteenth street.
Mr. John Townsend, 93 Nassau street, ap
proving the objects of the society, has con
sented to act as advisory counsel without
A "550,000 WRECK.
Loss of Property in a Collision on the Bal
timore and Ohio.
rSFECIAL TELEGRAM TO THI PISPATCH.1
Wheeling, March 2. Last nights col
lision xm the Baltimore and Ohio, at the
Moundsville Narrows, was one of the most
disastrous wrecks occurring near this city.
The loss to the company will not fall short
of $50,000, and will likely considerably ex
ceed that figure. The passenger train, No.
4, eastbonnd from this city, fortunately had
few passengers, else the loss of life would
have been, heavy. The half dozen people
in, tbe cars were tossed violently from their
seats, and three passenger coaches were
splintered and broken.
The westbound freight, seems, however,
to have suffered much more severely. A
dozen cars were totally wrecked, and two of
them hurled oyer the steep bluff, almost per
pendicular in its nature, down upon the
track of the Ohio Elver road, 50 feet below.
Both engines were totally wrecked, being
reared up on end and firmly interlocked.
The engineers and firemen only saved their
lives by jumping. It is a miracle that the
passenger coaches did not go over the bluff
to the Ohio Eiver track. The road was riot
clear until late to-day.
FATALLY SHOT BY A PLATMATE.
A Little Doy of 12 Kills a Companion Only
n- Tear Older.
rSrECIAL TELEGRAM TO THB DISPATCH. !
New Yokk, March 2. Michael Quinlin,
12 years old, of Jersey City, shot and mor
tally wounded Frederick Conklin, 13 years
old, to-day. They were plaving in Quin
lin's housej 148 First street. Quinlin found
a revolver in,a bureau drawer, and pointing
it at Conklin, said in fun: "See how I can
He pulled the trigger and a bullet entered
Conklin's face, near his nose, passed through
his head, and out the right ear. Quinlin
dropped tbe revolver and ran away hare
headed. He has not been seen since.
t vf ? tj' t- v
. -1.V f.
u sember's -Basra;
Peculiar .Details ot the Stranger Case
of Mrs. Emma Althouse ,
THE FAMOUS ATTIOA "SLEEPER.
Fighting Off Drowsiness for Fear That She
Might Never Wake,
ONE LONG UNBE0KM NAP OF 10 DAIS.
Symptoms or Foisonln; Follow the Visit of Two Mys
The full details of the strange caseof Mrs.
Emma Althouse, of Attica, N. "T., whose
protracted slumbers for the last 18 months
have been referred to from time to time in
the columns of The 'Dispatch, are given
below. The information is furnished by one
who has had every opportunity for the full
est investigation, and will be of interest to
the medical profession, as well as to the
ISPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE PISPATCIM
Attica, N. Y., March 2. One of the
strangest cases of illness on record is that of
a .young, woman residing in this city, whose
naps have extended to an unprecedented
length of time, ranging ftom 3 to 34 days.
Incredulous persons have said that it was a
hoax, physicians who have not seen her have
disbelieved it, while many people have
ventured to see for themselves, and have
gone away convinced that the half was never
The story is as follows, every statement of
which is correct and readily proven: Mr.
and Mrs. John Toms are Germans, and have
resided in Attica ever since they came from
the old country, over 30 years ago, They
are in humble circumstances, having but
little education. Mr. Toms is a mason.
The family consists of the parents and six
children. Mrs. Emma Althouse is the third
child of these parents and is about 25 years
of age. She was married in March, 1886,
but for some reason does not live with her
In August, 1887, Mrs. Althouse became
very ill. A dysentery of an obstinate and
unyielding character attacked her, which
took a very serious turn. A physician was
sent for, a German who is pastor of the Ger
man Lutheran Church and at the same time
doctors among his people to a large extent.
This Rev. Mr. Huber is a gentleman of the
best repute. He is well educated and has a
physician's diploma. Upon responding to
the call, he was quite at a loss to account for
the severity and character of the illness, but
finally succeeded in subduing the disease.
the disease- changes.
Afterward it was ascertained that she was
suffering .from abscesses in the colon, or
large intestine. The physician did all that
could be done to relieve her, but the ab
scesses broke and discharged only to be fol
lowed by others. During the formation of
these abscesses Emma suffered greatly, but
after they had discharged she would fall
into a heavy sleep which usually lasted
about three days, from which she would
waken and remain awake for several days.
She has remained'awake as long as ten days.
These periods of sleep were not marked
by quiet, for she showed even in that sleep,
distress of body, and consequently distress
of mind. She would wring her hands,
interlocking her fingers with vise
like strength, making it almost im
possible to separate them, and until
the ends of the fingers would be fairly
purple. Her attendants were obliged to re
sort to fastening towels .around -each1 one to
prevent the distressing wringing and twist
ing of those members. Sometimes in her
sufferings she would twist and writhe in ail
indescribable manner her whole body, so
that she had to be "held upon her bed.
Once she fell from the bed during the mo
mentary inattention of her sister, injuring
her arm and side, and causing a rupture of
a blood vessel in the arm.
FBAYING AND SINGING.
Sometimes her delirium would be more
quiet She would in a half whisper utter
snatches of hymns, hastening from one to
another as if it was a task which she must
quickly finish. These hymns she would
repeat often, with acceleration. Again her
delirium would take the form of short,
ejaculatory prayer, "O, my Lord, do not
leave me," "I adore Thee," "Save
me, save me," etc. Sometimes
Emma would be perfectly qniet, with arms
thrown above her head upon the pillow,
without a motion for days, except a slight,
regular motion of the hand, which was
kept up without ceasing, during the spell.
During one of her waking spells she ex
claimed: "Oh, I am so tired. I must go
back to sleep.
She would predict the length of her sleep,
never, in a single case, awaking until the
time had passed which she had foretold.
Upon one occasion, when she said she was
going to sleep, her physician inquired
when he should call her. "I don't know,"
was her answer. "Ten days?" "O,
longer!" -'Fourteen?" "O, yes." "Perhaps
twenty, Emma." '"It will be a long time,
doctor." At this time, February, 1888, Bhe
slept 17 days, awaking with a slight bleed
ing of the nose. After active treatment she
was restored partly to consciousness, but
fainted, or swooned away several times.
Before fully conscious she exclaimed: "O
must I wake again; must I wake again?"
She remained awake several days, pre
dicting that she should sleep again for
about three days. When asked if she was
then going into another long trance she
nodded and said that she would "sleep per
haps 30 days." At this time when asked if
cfto folf nflltl rTio rpnliorl that .Tn AtA SK 4L.
u.... . v J...-. h..w ..ji.ibu .uu DUG uiu, u but?
seat of the abscesses and also spoke of
headache. The family say that she has
borne her sufferings uucomplaininglv.
March 1, 1888, she fell asleep, awaking
Saturday evening, March 3. The following
Sunday evening, March 11, she began a
long sleep, which ended Friday evening,
April 13, mating 33 days of sleep. The
condition of the sleeper during tnese 33
days was trance-like, all of the functions of
the body being dormant. Her lips were
closed naturally, her teeth firmly sei, her
face at first a little flushed, her right hand
moving softly, her lips uttering low, soft,
delirious whisperings, less and less fre-
ntiAnt As thf rtfiTrn tiooom) r1n' ).,...
perfectly stUli. her limbs .andv arms
.itWrniitllf nrVll f Ji H(1 a-1 J 1 1. .
ww; mn ouu tuiu, uer puise very
feeble. Skeptical people tried to waken her
witi. no success. She awoke Eriday even-
inr. Anril ID. And did nnf fotnt n- ..-..1
but immediately inquired for her sister
ji.ai.ie, anu uegjjeu mat tney wonldnot let
her go to sleep again, lest she never wake.
She was very weak, unable to help herself.
She remained awake for one week, when
she fell asleep again and slept -three days.
She then remained without sleep night or
day for ten -days, when, on May 7, she sank
into sleep strain, sleenintr tTioo r j
The village newspaper of June 22, 1888,
The physician was sent for In great haste on
Friday evenine, June 15. and found Emma In
severe cramps, with an almost death-like ap
pearance and vomiting a green mass, with every
appearance of havinc taken poison. He ad-
uiuiiausiGu cuiewta auu reiievea ner to some
ertentwhen he ascertained the following story:
About an hour previous two menappeared at
the house and asked to see Mrs. Althouse.
claiming that her physician had sent them.
Upon this statement they were admitted, and
alhved to see the sick woman. One of-them
engaged her in conversation while the other sat
near a small stand upon which stood several
vials of medicine and a cup nearlv full
of coffee and milk, from which" the
patient had been drinking from tune
to time. The sister remaining in the roomsaw
the man handling the vials and can In an inno
cent sort of way. Soon alter the men left, and J
XiBiHia oeinR inirsty asiteo. tor a arms, .ner
Bister gave ber some ot the coffee and milk, of
which she drank considerable. She Immedi
ately complained of a burning sensation in her
tbrpat, her eyes rolling in a wild manner, her
face turned deadly white and she was seized
with violent cramps.
The physician examined the remainder of the
milk and coffee and found a sediment showing
clearly that it haa been tampered with. The
doctor had suspected poison from the begin
ning of her illness, but she had emphatically
denied having taken any, as did allot the fam
ily, but repeatedly begged the physician to let
her know when she would die, as she had some
thing to tell him of importance, but would not
do so until she was about to die.
A CASE OF POISONING.
The physician was satisfied that he had a
clear case of poisoning, as he had suspected
all along, and he threatened to enter a com
plaint before the proper officials, telling her
she was liable to die at any time, or lose the
power of speech, so that she would be unable
to communicate with him or anyone else.
She finally said she knew who the parties
were; that they were only in the employ of
someone else; that poison was admlnlsteied'to
her on another occasion; and that the parties'
came from near Syracuse, and that.thetr 00
3 ect was to.desf roy her, lp order,to get posses
sion of a sum of money which shq had received
as hush money some time before, fcjbe has a
little son, which .she continually warned the
hysiclantoloofcout for; lest they get rid,pf
lim as they had her, in order to g&lirposses
sion of her money. On inquiry bv physician
became satisfied that the poison conldnot
haye been administered by herself or anyone
, of the family,
The milk jiad coffee and vial of medicine -I
were tasen possession oi by tne pnysiQian.
Both have a'bright green appearance. On
the Sunday 'following black spots appeared
over the bodyof Mrs. Althouse, giving evi
dence of blood poison. These spots gradrH.
allv turned crreen. . prowins? lighter and
lighter and finally, as .time passed, they dis-..
appearcu, mwgeiuer. t
The summer and fall of 1888 pas'sed.bring
ing no change, the sleeps continuing, and
bnt little was heard of the case, as it had
become an old story. In the meantime Dr.
Huber gave up the case. Mrs. Althouse
fell into one of her sleeps on December 23,
and slept nine days. She awoke and re
mained conscious three days, when at 5 A.
M., January 3, 1889, she again fell asleep.
The 28th'day of;her nap a galvanic battery
was applied to the patient and other methods
used to waken her with no result except to
cause the eyes to slightly open. A 9.55 A.
at, February 5, Mrs. Althouse awoke,
having slept 34 days. For quite a while
before awaking, her breathing became la
bored and difficult, and when she finally re
covered consciousness it was only to swpon
away again and again, at the same time
bleeding freely at the nose. Her respira
tion was 54, but her temperature was but
98 and her pulse 84, but unsteady.
A WAKING SPELL.
She continued awake until Thursday
morning, February 7, when she again fell
asleep. This time she slept four day?, and
awoke Sunday morning in a weak condi
tion. Taking a spoonful of water would
cause her to taint, and she would remain in
her swoon even 15 minutes. Her only
method of communicating now was by her
eyes, as tbe friends asked her questions. In
this way and at this time she made her at
tendant to understand that she wished to see
her pastor and have, the sacrament ad
ministered. Wednesday night, February 13,
she fell into a sleep, from which she
wakened Monday morning, February 25,
having slept 11 days. This last sleep,
comatose, or trance condition, was more
alarming than previous ones, as her teeth
were tightly clinched, and it has been im
possible to force any nourishment between
" The patient lies in a chamber, upon a
tidy looking bed. When sleeping she rests
always upon her back, and usually has her
face turned slightly to the left. Her injured
left arm lies by her side, while her right
hand lies across her breast. Her face and
forehead feel slightly warm, but her hands
are cold and colorless. She does not look
thin, bnt is quite fair looking. Her hand
as I lilted it seemed lifeless, limp, pliable
and could be bent or laid in any position as
you would lift a fold of cloth. During all
this long sickness her only nourishment has
been milk and weak coffee. When sleeping
they have succeeded in, forcing a little bom
time to time through her closed teeth,
A GOOD-LOOKING INVALID.
She is not an unpleasant looking subject.
On the contrary, as she lies there she is fine
looking, and her breathing is soft and
peaceful and sometimes scarcely perceptible.
When she wakes it is distressing to behold her
extreme weakness. Her breathing is then
very rapid, her eyes unnatural, her face as
sumes a purple tint and she is the picture of
suffering. Thus the abscesses still continue
to form and discharge inwardly and pass
away from which weakness she soon sinks
back into the profound slumber described.
Every day, when asleep, she is tenderly
lifted from her bed and it is aired and newly
made. She is perfectly limp and helpless
and when lifted back she is placed in what
ever position is desired. She is tenderly
watched night and day by some member of
the household. Strangers are not admitted
to the-sick chamber, bnt someof the citizens j
who are Known are permitted to look at the
A strange feature of the case is the fact of
her having a fair pulse when asleep, and tbe
good condition of her flesh, having no sores
as the result of long illness. The difficulty
being'entirely with the stomach, digestive
organs and alimentary canal. The sleeper
is at present under the care of Dr. Betel, of
Buffalo, who has sent remedies when she
was able to take them. Eighteen months
have passed since Mrs. Althouse was taken
ill and never has a day or night "passed
without constant watching by members of
the household, who are weary and dis
couraged. MORE ROTTENNESS IN INDIANA.
Ail of tbe Institutions There Seem to Be
Managed Very Loosely.
rSFECIAL TELEGRAM TO TUB DtSPATCH.l
Indianapolis, March 2. -The Legisla
tive Committee 'engaged in investigating
the management of the Indiana Insane Hos
pital to-day discovered three checks
bearing the date of March 8, 1888,
and all numbered 129, which show
how 55,900 of the State's money
was stolen. They are each made payable
to W. G. Wasson, one for the sum of
$2,500 and another for $3,400, mak
ing $5,900, and another for $5,900.
The checks bore the cancellation stamp ot
the Merchants National Bank; The
cashier of the bank, A. F. Kopp, declared
the cancellation of the check for $5,900 was
It was also shown by the books of the
State Auditor and the bank that P. M.
Gapen, the Treasurer of the Hospital
Board, had drawn from tha State during
the same month $10,000 more than he had
deposited in bank. The discoveries were
reported to the- Attorney General, and he
was directed to at once prepare papers for
the arrest of Gapen on the chargeof lorgery,
but it is reported that a warrant will not be
served on him before Monday.
A few days ago Gapen admitted on the
witness stand- that John E. Sullivan, the
absconding County Clerk, had been loaned
$15,000 of the hospital funds, and did not
pay the money back. Gapen was employed
by Sullivan as a confidential clerk.
An Oyster Pirate Castaway.
William Baymond, an Indian' had lodg
ings at the Central station last night. He
is on his way home to Indiana, after having,
as he says, been cast ashore by an oyster pi
rate in Chesapeake Bay, so that the captain
could avoid paying him the stipulated $25
a month in wages due for work and priva
tions on the dredge since last fall.
Hose Gets' Some Provender.
rBPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH. 1
Uniontown, March 2. In the suit of
George' A. Hogg, of Brownsville, for dam
ages sustained from the SouthwesfRailroad
running its line through his farm at New
Haven, in 1872, the jury this morning
awarded him a judgment of $6,974 CO.
Honied by a Pigoit.
From the New Vork World.!
The Thnnderer" as e London Tunis was
somewhat pompously dubbed, has been thrown
irom its high place by'a squealer. '
A NEAT LITTTjE YETO
Is Applied by President Cleveland to
the Direct Tax Bill
TO EE1MBDKSE THE LOYAL STATES
For the Financial Assistance Bendered the
THE SENATE OVERRIDES THE VETO
notwithstanding tbe Measure is Declared Unconstitu
tional ana Unjust;
President Cleveland has .vetoed the direct
tax bill to reimburse ihe States for the
,money paid to the Government to assist in
putting dawn the Rebellion. The President
says the meftsure.ia.uncons.tilutional; that it
disoriminrttes' unjustly, and that it is not
necessary for the general Welfare of the
..country. He further intimates that the
actual taxpayers did not complain at pay
ing; the taxes and are cqnient 'with matters
as they now stand. Tbe Senate passed it
over thereto, but the-measure lias yet to go
before the House.
'WASHiNQTON.'March 2. The President
in his-message vetoing the direct tax bill,
after describing the bill in detail and giving
a full history ot the matter, says:
The conceded effect of this bill Is to take
from tbe money now In the treasury the snm
of more than $17,000,000,or if the percentage
allowed is not included, more than 515,000,000,
and pay back to the respectivo States and Ter
ritories the sums they or their citizens paid
more than 23 years ago upon a direct tax levied
by the Government of tbe United States for
Its defense and safety.
It is my belief that this appropriation of the
public funds is not within the constitutional
power of Congress. Under the, limited and
delegated authority conferred by the Constitu
tion upon the General Government, the state
ment of the purposes for which money may be
lawfully raised by taxation in any form de
clares also the limit of tho object for which It
may -be expended.
A LAWFUL TAX.
All must agree that the direct tax was law
fully and constitutionally laid, and that it was
rightfully and correctly collected. It cannot
be cHlmed, therefore, nor is it pretended, that
any debt aroe against the Government and in
favor of any State or individual by the exaction
of this tax. Barely, then, the appropriation
directed by this bill cannot be justified as a
payment of a debt of tne United States.
The disbursement fof this money clearly has
no relation to tbe common defense. On the
contrary, it is the payment of money raised
and long ago expended by the Government to
provide for the common defense.
The expenditure cannot properly be advo
cated on the ground that the general welfare
of the United States is thereby provided for
"or promoted. The "general welfare of the
United States," as used in the Constitution,
can only justify appropriations for national
objects and for purposes which have to do
with the prosperity, the growth, tha honor or
the peace and dignity of the nation.
A sheer, bald gratuity bestowed either upon
States or individuals, based upon no better
reason than supports the gift proposed In this
bill, has never been claimed to be a provision
for the general welfare. But if tbe constitu
tional question Involved in the consideration
of this bill should be determined in Its favor,
there are other objections remaining which
prevent my assent to Its provisions.
A DEFECTIVE BILL.
The President here enumerates a number
of defects in the bill, among them the fol
lowing: The fact that the entire tax was not paid
furnishes no reason that would not apply to
nearly every case whero taxes are laid. There
are always delinquents, and while the more
thorough and comnlete collection of taxes is a
.troublesome problem of government, the fail
ure to solve tne problem has never been held
t call for the return of taxes actually col
lected. The deficiency in tbe collection of this tax is
found almost entirely in the insurrectionary
States, while the quotas apportioned to the
other States were, as a general rule, fully paid;
and three-fourths or four-fifths of the money
which it is proposed in this bill to return would
be paid into the treasury of the local States,
lint no valid reason for spch payment is found
in tbe fact taht the Government at first could
not, and afterward, for reasons probably per
fectly valid, did not enforce collection in tho
There were many Federal taxes which were
not paid by the people in the rebellious States;
and if the non-payment by them of this direct
tax entitles the other States to a donation ot
the share of said taxes paid by their citizens,
why should not the income tax and many other
internal taxes paid entirely by tbe citizens of
loyal States be also paid into the treasuries of
Considerations which recognize sectional
divisions.or the loyalty of the different States at
the time this tar was laid, should not enter into
the discussion of the merits of this measure.
The loyal States should not be paid the large
snmsof money promised them by this bill be
cause they were loyal and other States were
not, nor should the States which rebelled
against the Government be paid the smaller
-sum promised them because they werelnre
bellion and thus prevented the collection of
their entire quotas, nor. because this concession
to them is necessary to justify the proposed
larger gifts to the other States. The people of
the loyal States paid this direct tax as they
bore other burdens in support of the Govern
ment, and I believe the taxpayers themselves
In the light ot these considerations, I am op
posed to the payment of money from the Fed
eral Treasury to enrich the treasuries of the
The baneful effect of a surplus in the Treas
ury of tbe General Government is seen and
felt I do not think, however, that this surplus
should be reduced, or its contagion spread
throughout the States by methods such as are
provided in this bill.
- UNJUST ANP UNFAIR,
Another objection to the bill, says the
President, is its unfairness and unjust dis
crimination in 'the operation of the plan of
reimbursement, He continues:
The existence of a surplus in the Treasury is
no answer to these objections. It is still the
People's money, and better use can be found
or it than the distribution o t It upori the pi ea of
the reimbursement of ancient taxation. A mote
desirable plan to reduce and prevent the recur
rence of a large surplus can easily be adopted
one that, instead of creating injustice and
inequality, promotes justice and equality by
leaving in the hands of the people and for their
use the money not needed by the Government
"to pay the debts and provide for the common
defense and general welfare of the United
States." ThpTdlfflcultles in the way of making
a just reimbursement of this direct tax, instead
of excusing the imperfections of the bill under
consideration, furnish reasons why the scheme
it proposes should not be entered upon.
I am constrained upon the considerations
herein presented to withhold my consent from
the bill herewith returned, because I believe it
to be without constitutional warrant, because
I am of the opinion that tbere exists no ade
quate reasons either in right or equity for the
return of the tax in said bill mentioned and be
cause I believe its execution would cause actual
injustice and unfairness.
The President's veto was presented 'to the
Senate and read, and after a short debate
the bill was passed over the President's
veto. Yeas 45, nays 9. The negative votes
were given Dy Senators Blair, Call,' Coke,
Edmunds, Jones, of Arkansas, Pascoe,
Beagan, Saulsbury and Vest.
The Police Offlccrs Raided Two Poker
Rooms Iast Night.
Shortly before midnight last night, In
spector MoAleese and Detectives Coulson
and McKTelvy. raided the poker room of
Jack Braguan, on JFJfth"avenue, and ar
rested the proprietor. Two tables were in
full blast when th,e officers entered. None
of the players were arrested, but the tables
and entire -outfit were gathered ,up and
taken to Central station.
In the same building another party was
disturbed at a game, and one man was ar
rested. There was no. play ersL outfit in this
Eriends of both men came around, pnt up
forfeits of $100 each for their" appearance at
thft tnnrnlniy TiAarfttora li IK j
The House Refuses to Grant Money tp the
Widow of' Chief Justice Walte
Utah's Chances for Statehood
Quay for .Protection."
Washington, Maick2. In the House
to-day the Senate amendment appropriat
ing a year's salary to the widow of the late
Chief Justice Waite coming up, ilr. Gros
venor, of Onio, moved that the House re
cede from its disagreement He referred
to the fact that the late Chief
Justice had abandoned a practice worth
twice his salary to accept his office and
had left only a small house to his widow
and daughter. Mr. Eandall and Mr. Can
non opposed tho Senate amendment be
cause it established a dangerous precedent,
and would lead to like payments of un
earned money to the widows of all of the
justices and the judges.
Mr. White, of New York, said that the
American people was the most niggardly on
the face of the globe. If Mr. Waite had
presided in England he would have had a
salary of 10,000. By refusing to retire
when he could he had saved the nation
$21,000. The committee mistook the
good sense and good heart of the people.
Mr. Butterworth also thought that the late
Chief Justice, who died in harness, had
been under paid. The precedent was not
dangerous, because like circumstances
might not arise for a century.
Mr. Grosvenor pointed to the pitiful spec
tacle of a widow of a Chief Justice being
turned out of his home within a year after
his death in order that she might use its
rent to buy bread.
Mr. Ryan, of Kansas, opposed the amend
ment, saying that this class of legislation
was alarming, and should be checked.
The motion to recede and accept the
amendment was lost, and the bill was sent
CLEARING DP BUSINESS.
Both Branches of Congress Are at Work
on Sunday. '
Washington, March 3. At midnight
the differences existing between the Senate
and House on (he appropriation bills had
been all accommodated in conference com
mittee, except those- arising out of conflict
ing opinions an the- Indian sundry
civil and deficiency appropriation bills.
There are but two obstacles to the agree
ment on the sundry civil bilk-the Waite
and the steam press amendments and
though there is a strong conflicting feeling
in both Houses upon these subjects, it will
not be permitted to endanger the passage of
It was soon after 1 .o'clock Sunday morn
ing when the conference"report on the effi
ciency bill was presented and agreed to,
leaving three items (one of them being the
appropriation for the .French spoliation
awards) on which there had been no agree
ment, and on these further conference was
asked. At 1:16 the Senate proceeded to the
consideration of executive business
THE COMMISSION ATTACKED.
Grosvenor, of Ohio, Relieves His Dlind on
Washington, March 2. In the House
to-day Mr. Grosvenor, of Ohio, said that the
country had received no benefit from the
inter-State commerce law. He made the
broad charge that no step had been taken
under the law which had resulted in break
ing down of discrimination by the railroad
corporations, and that there existed to-day
a system of discrimination more flagrant,
more glaring, more outrageous than any
discrimination which had been made, or at
tempted to be made by any corporation prior
to the enactment of the law.
He characterized the Commission as a ful
minating machine, and'fe&id that its assump
tion of authority had 'operated to exclude
the jurisdiction of Stat"? Legislatures, and
left the shippers absolutely at the mercy pf
the common carriers, t He denounced as an
outrageous betrayal .of the confidence of the
people the rejection of the amendment regu
lating the transportation of oil in barrels
and in tank cars.
QUAY TOTES FOR PROHIBITION.
A Significant Straw on a Motion In the
.Washington, March 2. In the" Senate
to-day Mr. Blair asked unanimous
consent to take up the joint reso
lution proposing a liquor prohibi
tion amendment to the Constitution of
the United States. Mr. Harris objected.
Mr. Blair, said that the matter had been
pending for 14 years and all that he asked
now was to have a vote upon it without de
bate. He moved to proceed to its considera
tion. The motion was defeated yeas 13,
The affirmative votes were given by Sena
tors Blair, Bowen, Dawes, Dolph, Prye,
Hawley, Jones, of Nevada; Mitchell,
Palmer, Piatt, Quay, Sawyer and Stock
bridge. NO HOPE FOR UTAH.
A Report In Favor of It Admission Is Not
Washington, March 2. To-day the re
ports ot the majority and minority of the
Committee on Territories upon the proposi
tion to admit "Utah into the Union
as a State, were presented to the
House and ordered printed without
reading. The majority of their report pre
sented arguments favorable to the admis
sion of the Territories, but do not in terms
recommend it, remitting the question to the
House for its action. '
The committee is divided upon political
lines in making the reports, Democrats.af
firming the right of admission.
THE JAIL CALENDAR. '
The most Important Court Cases to be Tried
In the March Term,
The jail calendar for the March term of
the Criminal Court was completed lost
night. The list shows a greater number of
cases than there has been for many years
past. The total number of cases to be tried
is 146. The murder cases number only two.
The latter is a decrease.
The most important cases besides murder
are for felonious assault and battery, 2;
aggravated assault and battery, 8; assault
with intent to kill, 1; burglary, 9; robbery,
1; highway robbery, 2; horse stealing, 1;
forgery, 1; perjury, 2.
LOCAL ITEMS, LIMITED.
Incidents of a Dnyin Two" Cities Condensed
for Ready Reading.
THE West End had its first call for the
patrol wagon yesterday, and Jake Wildree, old,
poor and drunk, was hauled In.
Jacob Akmstkonq was held for court by
Magistrate Hyndman yesterday, to answer the
chargeof stealing two watches from Homer
Geaffker & Bros., installment people, sue
Marcus Wahl, alleging that he paid only a part
of the price of a watch" and refuses to return
There were 314,063 letters, 69,389 postal cards
and 133,650 newspapers delivered in Allegheny
last month. The money handled during the
month was $16,055 40.
Thieves entered Charles Fisher's hardware
store. No. 88 Twelfth street, Southslde, on
Friday evening, and stole about S30U worth of
cutlery and silver plate and $3 in money.
A meeting will be held to-morrow between
the carpenters and joiners and the officers of
the Exposition Society, in order to adjust tho
subject of non-union sashes used at tbe works.
The new transfer on the Pittsburg and Lake
Erie road at Homestead was opened yesterday.
This is the connection that was put down be
tween tbe Pittsburg, Virginia and Charleston
and the Pemickey.
In the cases of Robert Matthews and Alex
ander1 Scott, election officers of the Eleventh
ward, charged With assault and battery by G.
H. Relimeyer, Matthews was held in 1803 ball
anu ocoit was uiscflargea. a
IN FOE ADEETHtK
Continued from First -Page.
ney is to be consulted and a case to be made
under the civil rights law, dn which, it is
'confidently expected, the Court will sustain
their position should tha committee see fit
to refuse them admission.
Colonel Perry Carson, the leader of the
Blaine wing of colpred Republicans, says
that he doesn't intend to go to the ball, and
thinks it will be no place for colored peo
ple. But if they want to go acd have the
requisite $5 there is no reason why they
shouldn't. And probably there is no reason
why they will not.
NONE TO BE BAEEED OUT.
There are assurances, though, that no at
tempt will "be made to exclude any one from
the big ball because of his or her color.
Colored people will have ihe same. rights
and conveniences at the ball that white
ones do. Anyone properly dressed and
sober, presenting a proper tickets will be
admitted to the ballroom. Really, the com
mittee has no right to discriminate. As
there is but one supper room and one cloak
room for men and another for women, the
white and blacks will have to eat together
and leave their hats and wraps in the same
The city will be ablaze with illumina
tions and fireworks on Monday night' All
Pennsylvania avenue will be illuminated
with electric suns, and there will be a com
petitive drill for the flambeau clubs.
CBOTVDING TO THE CAPITOL.
The Capitol was the center of interest;
both Houses of Congress were in session,
ihe galleries were packed, the corridors
jammed, and there was a tremendous living
corkscrew of humanity reaching from the
entrance to the dome.far up the winding
way to the landing almost at the feet of the
Goddess of Liberty. The vast audiences of
the galleries were keenly disappointed that
some forensic duel was not on hand be
tween the giants of the House and the Sen
ate, and seemed to ieel hurt that some
special entertainment was not arranged for
Both branches were at work on conference
reports and most of the proceedings were
made up of parliamentary motions, rulings
and roll calls, and therefore were anything
but exciting. Not being interested the
spectators made a deal of confusion, whis
pering and coming and sojng, and at fre-
quent intervals the presiding officers were
compelled to request in plain terms that the
galleries keep better order. In the House
the confusion at times made it impossible to
A CONGRESS OF EX-MEMBEES.
Most of the noise was caused by a re
markable incursion of ex-members, which
crowded the space back of the screens all
the afternoon, especially on the Republican
Side, where theywould stand and buzz and
laugh and smoke as though they owned tbe
place. Repeatedly the Sergeant-at-Arms,
at the command of the Speaker, made a raid
on the disturbers and drove them to the
cloakroom; but In a few minutes they would
all be out again and the uproar as bad as
ever. The Congress of ex-members seemed to
think it was their day. Among the crowd
of this genius were ex-Governor Robeson, of
New Jersey; ex-Governor Foster," of Ohio;
"Richelieu" Robinson, of Brooklyn, the
former tail-twister of the British lion in the
House; Amos Townsend, of Cleveland, and
no less distinguished a statesman than Mor
gan R. Wise, formerly of Greene county,
and now somewhat universal.
Though a raw and penetrating rain is
falling to-night, iust such a rain as usually,
lasts lor several uays in osmngion at mis,
season of the year, nothing seems to dampen,
the ardor of the Republican crowd. They
don't care for '"Cleveland weather." They
are so glad their party is again in power.
Pennsylrnnlans Are Honored Guests
Washington A Presentation Our
Governor Make" a Speech
- and Leads the Cam
fTEOM A STAFF COBKESPOXMjrT.I
Washington, March 2. A large num
ber of Philadelphia and Eastern manu
facturers are here and are making their
headquarters at the Manufacturers' Club,
on Thirteenth street, where an informal re
ception is going on this evening. The
Young Republican Club, of Philadelphia,
is represented here by a large delegation.
To-night they all gathered in parlor 10 of
the Willard Hotel. Among the other
Pennsylvanians present were Governor
Beaver, Adjutant General Hastings, At
torney General Kirkpatrick, Secretary
Stone, General Hartranft, Auditor General
McCamant, who arrived this evening,
Cashier Livesy, Senate Librarian Delany
and Senator Cooper. '
When the club and its guests had settled
themselves in comfortable positions, some
on cnairs ana some on their feet, a delega
tion brought in the President of the club,
who had been kept unadvised of this par
ticular meeting. The gentleman is Edwin
Stewart, and he is Marshal of the Pennsyl
vania brigade in the civic division of the
inaugural procession. In honor of this ap
pointment the club presented hinf with an
elegant gold-mounted baton.
Lewis E. Beittler made the presentation
speech in a particularly .happy vein, ex-
pusiag biie uupuuirity u tne Diusning
Stewart by telling the assemblage that that
gentiemarrnaa ine unexampled honor in
Philadelphia of unanimous nomination to
Councils and is mentioned for the Mayor
alty of the city. Mr. Stewart, who was
taken by a surprise, made ajiappy reply,
and when he pointed with pride to Quay,
Beaver and Wanamaker. whom he greatly
extolled, his remarks were heartily ap
plauded. Calls for General Beaver produced a
speech from the gallant Governor of tbe
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania that set
his hearers to putting in punctuation marks
of applause at the proper places, and when
he had finished paving compliments to the
club and its President, he led in the club's
campaign cry which is the "name ot the or
ganization spelled letter by letter, winding
up with a hearty "Fizz! Boom! Rah!"
'The Americus Club will be here in the
State Senator Cooper Would Not Decline
the Governorship. ""
fTJiOH A STAFF COEKISPOUDZNT.l
Washington, March 2. Governor
Beaver, Adjutant General Hastings, Pri
vate Secretary Pearson, Attorney General
Kirkpatrick: and Secretary of the Common
wealth Stone, Cashier Livesy of the Treas
ury liepartment, and Chief Clerk Gearhart,
of the State Department, are at tbe Riggs
House, with their families. Senator and
Mrs. Delamater are xthe guests of
Colonel Quay at his home. Senator
and Mrs. Rutan was also invited to
spend the inauguration holiday with Sena
tor Quay, but Mr. Rutan's health did not
permit him to come. Various members of
the Pennsylvania Legislature are scattered
about Washington and are met in many
unexpected places. Some of them will at
tend church to-morrow.
State Senator Cooper is here and admits
that the Collectorship of the Port of Phila
delphia is not to be sneezed at. He also de
clined to say that he would refuse anoffier
of the Republican nomination for Governor
Chief Marshal Beaver and 'Chief of Staff
Hasting Busy Aft Day. '
rrnOHA STAFF COBBX8FOXPIXT.J
Washington, March 2. Chief Marshal
Beaver and Chief of Staff Hastings were
busy all day long, at their headquarters on
F street, receiving callers and dispatching (
business. They received the Chief Marshal's
staff atli A. U. and had a long conference
with them concerning the duties of Monday. I
, To-morrow there will be a military serv
ice at the First Presbyterian Church on
New York avenue, which Governor Beaver,
tfto Af9infn.it HahamI m itna rlfaf.lnH
guished military people will attead Ih eo-:
vnuy wiia many 01 tne ranit ami ate
Chaplain MeCook, of the Second Brigade?
tiua acuu auu CU14UUC6 me service-
THE SOLDIER BOYS
Already Arriving at the Capital The Key
stone Stats Nobly RenmeiitiI.Zj -il
cations of the Regiments
Battery B in an Ice House.
max X staff coBExsrosnxxr.3 $ 3
Washington-, .March, z, -The western
end of the Keystone State is arriving here jj
sjowiy, A.is uaruiy uiisseu, inougn in taes
crowd that is deluging the National Capf
ital. There are soma .Pittsburgers here,"
and these are.looking for more on tha trains-
that arrive late to-night ana to-morrow.
Where they will secure accommodations if
thev have not already got them In advance) -is
a question, for already people are paying
the fanciest kind of high prices for the!
privilege of sleeping with total
strangers. When windows ou Pennsyl
vania avenue rent for as much as $5 Jor,
inauguration day, beds are luxuries that
come somewhat lower, but the prices make"
the foundations of the average " visitorv
finances quake. - 5 i
The people went about to-day under?!
leaden skies, and this afternoon a drizzling
rain wet down the 'bunting and dampened,
tne entnusiasm of the populace ana tne
regiments and clubs arriving. .Rasters
regiments were coming in all day.
The Fourteenth Regiment is expected at T '
A. Jl. to-morrow and the Eighteenth is ex-
pectea at noon. J.he latter win be jocatea
at 612 and 614 Seventh street. The Four
teenth will be quartered at the PostofSce
department, as win tne xentn ana Jtrn
teenth Regiments. The latter will be hers
at 7 A. ii. to-morrow, but the time of
arrival 91 tne Tenth is net accurately
known. The Fifth Regiment wiil be quar
tered at the Interior Department. Battery
B is expected at 9 A. m. to-morrow, ana
will rendezvous at the quarters of the Inde
pendent Ice Company at the Ninth street
wharf. The Sixteenth Regiment from the
oil country will be located at Grant's old
headquarters on Seventeenth street.
Dispose af Their Tickets to tha Inaagura
tloa Ceremonies at 825 Apiece.
Washington, March 2. The demand
for seats in the Senate chamber, and on the
platform during the inauguration cert
monies Monday,' has been, so great
that Colonel Canaaay, the Sergeant-at-Arms
of the Senate, has been driven
almost to distraction by the incessant im
portunities for these desired pasteboards.
There are but 1,507 issued, 'including the
tickets for the press, and so great is the de
mand that certain members of the House,'
inclined to thrift, are disposing ot their
tickets at tne rate of 523 each. One gentle
man bought six at this figure from a House
official to-night. , ,
GEO. WASHINGTON'S CHAIR
One of the Relics That Will Be Pressed lata
Service on Monday. '
Washington, March 2. In tha
office of Sergeant-at-Arms Canaday to-day
sioou an oiu-iasuionea leawer cusnionea jsj
revolving arm-chair, which attracted no 9
attention until the visitor was told that it m
was the chair in.which George Washington'
hm itiauuKtcu iu Aig, auu tuatib wuiuij
be used by General Harrison during the .
E. B. Southwickj of New York, is its
owner. In 1873 this chair was used at the
inaugural ceremonies of General Grant, and
in 1881 at tne inaugnral.ceremonies of Uen
erai uarneid. v,
0RGAHS AND ELEGTEICITT.'
Two lectures Out of the Anatomical Une-
Vibrations of Tuning Forks, Cylinders.
Ateeds tie Electricity and Cocaine.
At the regular Saturday's lectures, giveai
under the auspices of ihe College off
Anatomy yesterday, Professor A. E. Frost, 3
df this city, delivered an interesting talk "Oa
theOrgan," and Dr. Samuel Ayers spoked
about electricity, and its uses to the medical
profession. The audience was made up of
students and others interested in the college, i
and they listened attentively to the remarks
of the lecturers. During the course of hiss
lecture Professor Frost said:
Before beginning on the subject proper I
will try and get. at the foundation of whailg
really makes an organ. I have here In my
hand a glass cylinder about 18 Inches longjj
and 2 inches In diameter. Here Isr
an ordinary tuning fork the same 4
that is used by a music teacher. It has a a
capacity of 256 full swinging vibrations per see-i
ond. I will hold the fork over thej
top ot the cylinder and see If wes
can hear the sound caused by the vibra
tions. Now take another tuning fork 3
which vibrates 2S8 times per second and pour
some water in the cylinder- You can readily 4
see that the sound produced by one fori wits 2
tbe water is different from that produced, with-,
out it. The sound made bv the fork over tho ,
cylinder is totally different from that made by
holding the 6nd of tbe fork on a tin board or 4
bnx. There is a great difference between usine
air for carrying sound and using- a portion of '
air alone with the carrying body. As tbe fork ,
vibrates over the cylinder the fork J
and the air go up and down together.
The organ 13 made up of vibrating Columns of
air. These columns are pipes running from -the
keyboard of the organ. If you get on the '
inideofthe case ot a large pipe organ, you ,
will find a perfect network and forest of pipes 1
of all kinds. They can be classified as fine 1
pipes and reed pipes. All of them are pipes ;
through which the air is made to speak as It :
passes from the bellows. !
When a column of air Issues through the,
Eipe, ana seess an outlet tnrougn tne reea, 1. '
1 thrown, out. and there is no definite
variation of sound. The sounds are but;
a mixture and a condition of things
likened unto- the action of a dozen tunine forks.
Take a dozen tuning forks and set them vibrat- i
ing; Tbe air about them becomes confused. M
torn, pushed and jostled about. Bnt out of M
these most complex sounds could be involved, ;
the sweetest elements of harmony.
The reed pipe is a tube closed at the bottom Mf
but open at the side. . Covering this opening at jJ
elastic and vibrates backward and forward in J
proportion to the pressure of air against it. IVf
acablnetoreanthis read Is a piece of brasaW
wmen vi orates oautwara ana iorwara tnrongai
a piece 01 wooo.
In his lecture Dr. Ayres, after referrisj?
to tne many uses ot electricity tor ugnung,-!
motive power, teiegrapns, etc., saia:
.There are four principal varieties of else?
trlcity- They are static, galvanic paranio and
magnetic There can be no galvanic current
without chemical action. ia then. ;P'
a piece of zinc in the acid and cos.'
tiected. a wire to tbe zinc: Carbon wu
put in, to be the conductor of the current; and
the zinc was connected with the carbon, tha
forming one galvanic element Tho chemical
action passes tnrougn tne carnon over ma wire,!
Avirf n nnmnlato) rcfr-rilf la mvfA M
Electricity; the speaker said, stimulates bothj
muscles ana nerves-ana 11 is cauea tne "elec
tro centrality." He then placed the bat
tery on his assistant's arm and face,'
to show its action bv the contractioa
of the muscles and nrves. When a muscle, or
nerve aoea not snow any enactor tne oattery we
know that it Is diseased or inflamed. The uses
of electricity are many: but it does not accom
plish an that is claimed for it. By its aid
cocaine can be injected into the body. Sosae
physicians claim it will remove tumors; -bae
mis 19 a matter. 01 discussion.
Two Hundred Men Oat of Work.
Heading, March 2. This afteracoa a
committee of puddlers visited therfiaaas
oftheBlandon Rolling Mill, at Blandoa,'-
and informed them thev would not accent '-&'
reduction in wages from S3 CO to 13 23 peri
ton. Commencing' Monday next the firmt-i
naye aeciaea to close the mm indefinitely;!
Anus aw people are tnrown out ot work.
An Old Steatnboatmu.
Captain John Darrah. nnn at th nTifaai
river captains In this city, is lying daniejl-
ouilyllLat his home on HeswsiwS?, ,
j.mnawira. vapsain uarrac wCMt .,
in 1811, aBdhaafbeea engaged, ia itherrivtr
M.d.uw. iaw W,