Pittsburg dispatch. (Pittsburg [Pa.]) 1880-1923, February 24, 1889, SECOND PART, Page 15, Image 15
THE PITTSBURG DISPATCH.. SUED AY,1 FEBRUARY 24. 1889. 15: GOACHINGTHE YOUNG i Shirley Daro Talks to Parents About Choice of Occupation and the EVILS OP THE PBESEKT SYSTEM. "Why the lives of Many Men ancl Women Hare Proven Failures. OUID00E PDBSDITS AND TBAIXIXG rwwTixjf ros trot mspiTcu. I "WANT to talk as a parent with pa rents to-day, the young folks gone off to their own good times and the elders drawing together into that uncon scious confession of mistakes and anxie ties which relieves the soul. If there is ever a time when fathers and mothers can drop care of children and sleep an hour without know ing where they are or what they are at, that time ends when they enter their teens. As the outward control slackens, the vigilance, the provision for them must redouble, for one must seek to do by influence what has hitherto been done by authority. AVe must not act so much as owners of our children, but as friends to them, from the beginning, and never so much as in choosing their lines for tbem. We have no right to bring them up to suit our own ambitions and views, without first consultinc their characters and fitness. "We have no right to condemn this girl who hates music to hours at the piano, shut away from fresh air, because we want her to be as fine performer as any in her circle; no right to insist on making a scholar of that boywhose bent runs to business and making bargains; uo right to tear that lad from his beloved books and send him off "West because a good opening presents for making monev, nor any right to decide off hand that a girl is wasting her time draw ing or singing, which she loves, because she does not soon show remarkable talent at eimer. J.ne cnuaren nave to live ineir lives for themselves, not we for them, and they may suffer lasting regret from some cramped taste which might have been the bliss of toil, or they may labor wearily life long in uncongenial callings which drag upon body and spirits alike. MISTAKES OP PABESTS. It seems so slight a thing to parents some times to make or mar the life that is in their hands I knew a bright, vivacious girl of 18, daughter of a farmer not over well-to-do, who told him if he would only buy books for her, she had far rather work her own way through an education than to marry the hard-faced elderly bachelor proposed as her bridegroom. One would have thought the 200-acre farm might yield her 10 worth of school books, but it was too much lor her toiling sire, so she married the Irish cat'le farmer and made the best of it I knew also a family where the mother with an exquisite voice and musical taste, had been forbidden the piano timply because the autocrat of the house disliked practice herselt and hated it in anvone else. The daughter inherited her mother's repressed tastes in double measure, and like a fate was forbidden to study music by the same maiden aunt and her own father, lie could afford $300 for a farm machine almost any time, but not $200 for a second-hand piano. Tears alter, when he could no more pay his own taxes, the hrst musicians ol the coun OUR BOYS IS SYDIEY. Scenes and Experiences In the Capi tal of New South Wales. METTT AUSTRALIAN BARMAIDS. A Passion for Gambling in Any Form at tee Antipodes. A BIG STRUGGLE FOE INDEPENDENCE rCORMSSFOITDEKCE OT THE DISPATCH. 1 Sydney, N. S. "W., January.21, 1889. II is not diffi cult for a traveler or a stranger to word and immediate fortunes, the boys who "hate to work in a small business," and had rather have starvation salaries in a monster house thzn clerk in a village store where they can save most of their earnings by boarding at home. One of this sort in a cozy home, in a college town where an edu cation would cost nothing, is fired with a craze, for art carpentry iiora reading Clar ence Cook and other decorative writers, comes to the city to study under a foreign carver, and in three evenings, an editorial friend or fiend, as you please to write it, talks him in the notion that newspapers are the only career. He throws down his chisel for office life, to find in six weeks that he lias to give it up on account ot dire neuralgia. DISASTROUS FADS. Fruit farming is the talk of the newspa pers, and there are fruit farms in reach of the city, but nothing will suit him short of a GOO-acre farm in Virginia, the family send him down to bunt a farm, but he comes back as soon as trains will bring him. A Florida orange grove invites jhim, or :a North Carolina mountain slde,unless"a Tennessee one proves higher. Belore he can start, however, he take tfie ranche fever badly, and is wild to make his fortune in five years on the Texas border, but whips round in favor of a course at thelnstitute of Technology with a 510.000 salary" as mining superintendent or bridge-builder at the end of the vista. It is a blessing when he falls in love violently and takes a collecting agency to pay for carriages and theater tickets for two. I beg to say that I do not depend on imagination for this picture, which can be duplicated in every town and nearly every family. A fealty good, kind father or mother will be able to stand between a boy and mistakes " like these. A few leading considerations will make the way clear, and the first of these is health and safety. Your blonde, sanguine boy or girl should never under take office life, as bookkeeper, typewriter, firinter or reporter. The open air, ncttve ife is the only one for the ruddy blonde, whose deep lnngs'need twice the air common people breathe. Such are the stuff for new i countries, when their vitality and thechcer- fulncss bted by it will teen them up in hardship and adventure. Your narrow flat-chested boy or girl should take to florists' work, then raising or gardening near towns, where moderate labor is sure ot pay, or else go to shopkeeping in the new countries where fresh air and sunshine abound. It is foolish for a broken-down, sallow book keeper and his thin children to go out on a farm in Dakota where hardships arc cruel, when the Tennessee or New Hampshire hill region offers lovely homes, with milder climate in the Southern State, and better provision for comfort in the Northern one. HOW TO STOP TIIE XOSSESSE. When art and industrial education take their places in .our school courses, there will be icwer mistakes in choosing voca tions. Art loses its flavor when a boy finds he must work as hard with his pencil as his brother does with hammer and saw. When the first lessons of art are common as writ ing, every child who can draw will not feel obliged to become an artist any more than i 9 square miles, the middle harbor has 8 all who write turn novelists. Any over- square miles and the coast line of the whole doing in eitherline is certain to correct it- js 54 miles. The average breadth of the self, as people feel the difference between the navigable waters is three-quarters of a mile, work of the copyist and the touch of genins. 1 though. at some points they widen to over And the very best way of leading young two. In the shallowest part the sound people 10 know their own quality and that ings show 23 feet at low tide, of art is to make it their familiar recreation, j The singing societv should be the first or- xs ATinACTITE CITY. ganized diversion of every town and village, 1 wnere each boy and girl should be dratted is made, to the' great hilarity of the natives and" the agony of "the ball players, whoso hair is becoming bleaohed through being forced to hear it over and over again and laugh. The women dress in light colored gar ments, suitable to a warm climate, and wear an ungainly stvle of straw hat that it is to be hoped will never reach or be adopted in America. The crown is about six or eight inches high and is trimmed with a broad ribbon, which reaches within an inch of the top. The brim is about an inch wide. THE A1TEBICAK TIOER. Australia may be cursed with rabbits, wants to observe after he arrives in port is "What a beautiful harbor you've got," and he straightway walks into the good graces of the natives, and is regarded as a man of fine judgment. It is a greater .weakness with the Australians than the "glorious climate" is to Califoruians, and though the same set fof m of praise is always taught to the stran ger irjjudvance. the natives appear to accept it in good faith as a newly-formed impression and as a proper tribute to the really beauti ful sea entrance to their city. From this it is not to be inferred that the people are gullible. They are so proud of its scenic beauties and its size that they consider It the most natural thing in the world that a well disposed visitor should mention it at once. But, best of all, it is worthy all the admiration they bestow upon it. A riCTUEESQUE HABBOB. As the steamer approaches the ohannel, Wooloomooloo, a precipitous rock, some 300 or 400 feet high, rises with striking abruptness in its course and seems to shut out Jurther progress. As the vessel nears it a gap is gradually opened and the vessel sails in between two iutting heads about a mile apart, and known us the North and South Heads. The distance from the city is about four miles, and the whole course is bordered by pretty wooded highlands and dotted with verdure-clothed little islands. Little inlets cut and carve the shores. And constantly varying picturesque and ro mantio scenes charm the eye. The waters of the port are deep enough for the largest ships atloat, and vessels drawing 27 feet can enter the Heads at low water with perfect securitv. The outer harbor has an area of but it seems to be fortunate to have escaped that remarkable American product, the tramp. That Sydney is a prosperous com munity impresses itself on strangers from the fact that this bedraggled specimen of humanity and beggars are rarely seen on the principal streets. Though they ore not likely tn make anv effort in introduce this .i i. ,-;n I feature of American Hie, it would not be gain the goodwill surprisi t find them sh'ortly lncorp0rat- oftheSydneyites. ' . th, Ampi-li-nn 'ttror" tnt their nation- mL- . 11.1 l. I .t . ----- S u.ne nrst uiiiig 11c , ai nurrati. TO THE NORTH POLE. Our Country Should lead in a'Sys tomatic Flan of Action for ARCTIC REGION" EXPLORATION. An International Weather Bureau Be coming Necessary. DISSIPATING FOGS BI ELE0TEICITI into the jsinglng class as soon as they can read. They should be taught both ballad and part sitting, without accompaniment or book, learning first the words by heart, after the method of the best singers, and then the music The singing class should be as democratic as the public school or the garden society. trv pronounced that his daughter had a roice of compass and expression, which, trained earlier, would have made her for tune, but then it was too late. I hare known of so many lives of sensi tive dutiful children blighted by parental disregard of their natural tastes, some sent insane for life, others who drooped and died in uncongenial careers, and yet others who were never half the men and women they might have been in callings of their choice, that it is plain parents cannot be too care ful of the souls in their charge. We must be their friends, unselfish enough to give up our dearest wishes for them, if it seems safe to give them their own way in life. ALL AFTEE THE DOLLAB. It is hard on parents.too, when the honor able ambition and care for children re ceives such a stroke as that which visited a Chief Justice of the United States, when the son he had fondly hoped would follow In his steps, graduated from college and took a partnership in a cracker bakery! The 6on of a college professor, descended from the Brahmin caste of Xew England culture, after every advantage of foreign education and travel, returned to his native town and set up a confectionery business, where he distinguished himself by making a superior kind of cough candy. But if public men will choose wives who, admirable house keepers and amiable women as they are, in "WOBK ALWAYS AMUSING. The drawing class may follow, being as much of a free-and-easy in good form as the , as much fiin in work ing at a by-table over a set of tile patterns, interspersing joke and criticism as at pro gressive euchre or "playing author." Or make it a work society where one brings his carving, and one her sewing, a third her drawing, and another his colors, crude though each may be, and learn to blend sociability with occupation. In these circles, a child learns his level sooner than we think, and they supply the great want of sociability in small communities. The young people grow tired of games, and even the dancing class losei its attraction, but the work society, where something is really done, never. A few good models and dcsignB will send the conceit out of their heads and they will And how much effort goes to making a truly beautiful thing, which they may just as well learn at home as by an expensive winter at the Conservatory of Music or the Normal Att School. The socitics for home study can do far more good by corresponding with such village clubs than by fostering the conceit of isolated pupils, and there is always the chance of finding help Sn unexpected quarters, from visiting artists or people whose gifts have never been susnected. Bred nnrkr such in. flucnecs on speaking terms with art and handi craft, boy or jrirl will bo likely to know what he or she is fit for without a series of disap pointing experiments. Shielet Dare. A PIRATE KIXG. Captain Kidd's Ghost Said to be ilauntics His Hidden Treasure. A ghost in the Bock Hill estate at Med ford is a subject for gossip in that vicinity. theif hearts count a good livinsr and monev- I M is Eaid to be the EPirit of Captain Kidd, making the chief tiling in life, they must andthis belief is fonnded on an old tradi expect the strain to appear in their chil-' tion connected with the estate. It is one of urep. ur n iney auow tnemseives to be the numerous places where the fabled .--.: I, ,. ...1 i.. 11.. ".. . ir, .treasure .luuiiihiuiuiMiGiuc luaica Vk meir uoys and girls to be formed by the first prettv woman they meet in society, they will find their own wishes and influence go for naught, when it comes to the questions of life. The covert smile of the smooth social critic is more to them than the heartache or heartbreak of the parent. Just as truly one must be able to guide j-oung things from running off after whims which are not tastes, and schemes of living put into their-heads by ill-judging advisers. There is a deal of artistic and.adventurous nonsense talked by story tellers and writers for the young, and nothing wants such rigid revision as literature of this sort It is not always a service to a lad to put it in liis head that his career is inpomplete with outa course of art study, even if he is clever with his lead pencil at grammar school. He may not have a spark of inventive taste, enough to combine old forms in a fresh de sign, or a particle of the dogged persever ence at his brush which is as necessary for the artist as lor the house painter. TOO MUCH ABT. The patterns exhibited at the first schools of design in this country are very plain proof that there are plenty of art scholars Jagging at their pencils who had better be hoeing corn or driving delivery wagons. Yet it seems to be the mission of every Sunday school teacher and pastor and edi tress to beat up recruits for this great and starveling army of art. 1 recall one boy ulio leu school and set up a fishcart, much to the convenience of the village, and who might have beenin a good business in three years, but some injudicious friend tried to raise a teste for 'something higher in life," and I missed our fish dealer to be told e was studying at the Free Art School. He kept at it" one term and found out that art was not his vocation, ap parently, for he was home at the end of three months, minus his easel and minus a fish trade. Would it not have been better to teach that boy respect for himself iq bis trade, so that he could look forward to buy ing knowing good pictures from the pro ceeds of his tin counter and ice chest? A man may have fine, true taste and keep a fish market, where his better feeling may lead him to eliminate the disagreeables of trade, to his own satisfaction and that of his customers. As lor the adventurers in business, thev are the material of the unsuccessful. The boys who must go for the glory and the fascination of rAnche life far West, in place of the tame profit of improving old farms at home, or lie awake several nights a week planning for "big booms" I hate that was bidden. Many have dug for it, and it is said that some have strnck the cover of the chest, bnt it had a trait of sinking lower whenever touched. Another theory is that the midnight visi tor is the spirit of a 2sew Hampshire farmer who was robbed and murdered there. The majority of the people, however, have no story at all, and will believe in none. The visitor has the usual characteristics of the famous pirate. The capital of New South Wales is a very handsome city, with many large and imposing structures. The bants and busi ness house's are mostly built of sandstone and arc very ornate and substantial archi tecturally. The retail stores are large and spacious, and devote exceeding attention and taste in the display of their wares. A notable feature of many buildings, different from anything in the United States, is the Arcades. They are large courts built in the center of large structures with passage ways extending irom street to street. The apartments on the ground floor are used as stores and ranged as they in a circle round the court, they have an estremly pretty and inviting effect. Though having a population of less than 200,000, the large number of hurrying, active people seen on the street gives one the impression of a much larger city. This is notably the case on a Saturday night So great is the throng on the main streets that a line of prome naders is formed in the middle of the thoroughfare, and it looks, far all the world, like some prominent street in New York on the occasion of a big parade during an election campaign. PKETTY SUBTJBBS. The city is exceedingly attractive in the numberof its art galleries, museums, Vbra ries, botanical gardens, and especially in its numerous pretty parks or public do mains. The streets are all macadamized or have Nicholson pavements, which makes the driving about in the cabs a not un pleasant experience. Next to their harbor, the citizens seem to take the greatest pride in their pretty suburbs. They literally en circle the city. All these suburban towns, or rather villages, have municipalities of their own. The houses are extremely hand some,and invariably have broad tcrracesbuilt on the upper stories( a feature .also charac teristic of the dwelling houses in thecilv. As a rule they are gable roofed, and much of the attractiveness is doubtless due to the When the ball nlftvprH nrrlTfld here they were greeted with a hurrah with longpausas between the words. It was something like this, the first three words being repeated very rapidly: "Hip, hip, hipyhurrrah; hip, hip, hip hurrah; hip, hip, hip hurrah." When the ball tossers' turn came they threw out their big chests, gave the old-fashioned three cheers and wound up with a long-drawn-out and lusty "tiger" that made the root shake and cora ple ely won the admiration of the natives. In return the ball players will probably take home the social form of the Austra lians when inviting guests to drink. It is "charge your glasses." EYEETBODY BETS. A strong and positive characteristic of Australia is their passion for betting. They are said to wager fabulous sums on big sporting events, especially horse racing, and bookmaking is said to be carried on at every corner and in every cigar stand at certain seasons. A man's word "goes" if he is known, and no money is put up until "settling" dav. Big "sweeps" are made up, in which the. winner stands a chance of Kuuiug u Hiuuii junune. xne purcuaac ui u ticket in these is usually a sovereign, but smaller ones are also organixed, and every. body, newsboy, washerwoman, servant, girl, laboring man and clerk have a chance to invest'according to their means. At the time of the running of the last race for the Melbourne Cup, the big event ot the season, 50,000 numbers were sold in the big "sweeps" in Sydney, making a total of 50,000 in the pool or "sweeps." The main prize was 25,000. The balance ef the pool was divided up proportionately between the second and third horses, starters and non-starters. There were 170 horses en tered, and this made the number of prizes. The number drawn with the name of a horse draws a certain prize whether the horse is scratched or not. SUKE WINNERS. The name of the winning horse was held by a combination, and alter the drawing they made books against him to the extent of 10",000 at long odds. Had he lost they would have won 5,000, but as he won they drew 15,000 clear. This appears to be the favorite system of betting here. It is, how ever, against the Jaw. and the drawing usu ally takes place on a boat that is taken out side the channel. " The question of Australian independence is a matter that one hears freely discussed. The successful struggles of the United States against England is an epoch in his tory that is highly extolled by Australians. They seem to think that to it is largely due the great measure of independence which they enjoy. On several occasions when the ball players wero being entertained the speakers came out flatlooted in their expres sion of admiration of the'United States in the course they had pursued, and referred to a future similar state for the Australian colonies. Such sentiments are always loud ly commended by enthusiastic cries of "hear, hear 1" Even the presence of the Governor, Lord Carrington, did not prevent such an expression on the occasion of his re ception to the visiting athletes. There is no doubt that such a feeling exists among the young, native-born Australians, but it is not likely that anything will happen dur ing the life of Queen Victoria, who is famil iarly referred to as "the Queen" and "Old Woman." ste A TIGHT FOE INDEPENDENCE. At the present time Queensland is mak ing a strong fight for her independent rights. About a year ago a poor shoemaker was convicted of a trifling offense and com mitted for an unnecessarily long term of imprisonment by a harsh judge. A petition was signed by the citizens and presented to the Ministers for the poor man's pardon. They endorsed it and submitted it to the Governor. He declined to grant it, and a struggle followed which ended in the Gov ernor's recall. The English Government appointed another whom the Ministers de clined to accept, and thev cabled to their General at London, to tnat effect. They demanded that one of their own citizens should be appointed. The matter at present rests in this state, and the Colonial Government is being car ried on without a Governor. There is one thinw-thar it seems wnnlr? militate a?ainut. absence of any considerable number of J the possible federation of the colonies, and squatty, flat-roofed houses. Every suburb boasts of its race track and wicketground. Sydney is extremely poor in the matter of adequate street conveyances. The steam , the colonies will make up their differences ",u i"" """."sj,. yi "c slu precis j ana oanK togetner in n unity of interest, and then branch off in different directions to But it may be years before this happens, as the suburbs, leaving the major part of the 1 most of the colonists appear-to be quite con city untraversed. This want is in a measure tented as they are. S. Goodfeiend. supplied by the numerous cabs and staces. I but the former are expensive, the "oabbics" ' naving as imie conscience as ineir proto- SCIENTIFIC SCRAPS. Prof. Ecata, of Pcrngia. is authority for the statement that there are annually in Italy nearly 300,000 cases of typhoid fever, of which number S7.003 wove fatal. One-third of tho persons in Italy who reach the age of 45 have the fever, and in some districts more than 3 per cent of the population die t ronr till one cause. now sponges bore into solid limestone or shells is as yec an unsolved problem, il. Xas sonoft has investigated a new species of cliono which tunnels oyster and mussel shells, and ho believes that tne borinc or the canals and gal leries is performed solely by the soft parts of the sponge. Tho penetration of the prolonga tion of tho body of the sponce jnto the shell appears to be accomplished by the secretion of a corruamg uquia, pronauiy an acid. Fkom time immemorial the practice of mas sage has been known to tho Fijians, from whom the Samoans first, and then tne Tonpang, learned the art. The process consists in rubbing and kneadipg the part, the operation being sometimes continued for hours; it stimu lates the circulation and relieves pain, and is commonly used in abdominal disease. The na tive doctors have great faith in massage, and It is always practiced by them. London Medical 1 .wecoruer. Application for a patent on an electric light method of instantaneous photography has been made by two gentlemen recently. The apparatus is designed espcciaUy for the detec tion of burglars. It can be so arranged that a burglar, in entering a bank, office or dwelling, will, in his operations touch something which will cause a flash, and result in his being photo graphed. A number of cameras may bo placed in a room, and a variety ol views taken simul taneously. The tell-tale wire can be fastened to the knob of a sare or door so that the in truder cannot avoid touching it, thus disclosing his identity. In the "Mittheilnngen neber prcussicho Sta tistik" No. 03, published in Berlin, 1SS3, we And that In all the hospitals and public institutions of the country during the years 1378-79, there died from the ranks of the drinkers IB percent, hlle from tho entire number or patients there was only a mortality of 10 per cent in the entire number of patients admitted. Of those afflict ed with pneumonia, 53 per cent of the drinkers died, whde only IS per cent of the other nnnn. monia patients died; In typhus cases the mor tality of drinkers was 3S per cent, while from the entire number of typhus cases only 10 per cent died. .London Lanoct. types in other parts of the world, and the stages are cumbersome, inconvenient affairs. The trams have not an invitinir appearance. while the "double deckers" are homely j enough to scare a locomotive from the track. ' that is their extreme jealousy of each other. It is extremely bitter, but it is thought by many tnat eiiouia the occasion ever arise, EDUCATED, IET BiUIKLESS. SYDNEY HOTELS. The hotels, judging by the one where the A Strange Paradox Furnished by the Head of nn Educated Pis. New York Tribune. The strange story whicn floats in from Freeb.old.iN. J., concerning the learned pie whose intelligence so whetted the curiosity 1 of the Freeholders that they killed him in PlilnnA frAftvn ctnnnArl hnm n itm.1 i!.1 J improvement ahead of them in learning I f1" to aD.aly" his ""inter," ! a chal how to make life pleasant for travelers. It leDSe to scientists and psychologists. The is not that the manager is not anxious to ! porcine brain cavity was empty. "Time please, but they lack accommodations. Im agine an American returning to his hotel at 11 ociock at nignt, nnding the entrance closed and having to ring a night bell to gain admittance! Inside it is lively enough, the reason for the front door being closed being to evade the law, which requires the barrooms tobe closed at 11. There are no real barrooms such as flourish all too numer ously in the United States. They are all hotels, no license being granted unless there are SO beds in the house for the use of guests. The barmaid flourishes here. In the ho tels they appear to be well-behaved girls, I and io most places they resent familiarities from strangers. They are chatty enough, , but as it exists the" world over, those whose personal appearance is inviting are too busily occupied with a liberal patronage to hare time to talk in business hours. They know nothing of mixed drinks, and are in no sense as desirable as the expert White aproned young men who make drinking so palatable and attractive in the States. THE COCKTAIL. Though it is .summer here the weather is extremely pleasant, very much like early September weather in America. There is no marked peculiarity in the attire of the men to indicate that the dog days have come. There is very little of the utterly English about the people one meets on the streets, and if a judgment formed in a five days' visit is entitled to any weight, thev are more like Americans than the "blarsted Britishers" and eye-glassed gentlemen so Irequently met in New York. This is not surprising when one considers that the Australians admire Americans inordinately and copy them in many things. Their par tiality in this respect may serve to bring the great American "cocktail" to their land before many days. They as yet know noth ing ol it beyond what is legendary and what has-been recently taught them by Frank Lincoln, the clever humorist travel ing with the Spalding Combination, who is called on upon every possible occasion to give bis imitation without liquors of how it was that when the brains were out. the man would die," observed the immortal William. But it now appears that is, if the Freehold story be a true one that when the brains are' out a pig may live, and not only live, but exhibit so many fine intellectual quali ties as to endear himself to a wide circle of distinguished and admiring humans. wuai uecomes 01 an me aiscnssions about the transformation of phosphorus into thought, about the increasing complexity of the brain convolutions with the progress of iutelligence, about the correspondence be tween cerebral organs and mental condi tions, if a learned pig can establish his rep utation npon an empty cranium? It is a rovolution and nothing less; for be it ob served that the mental eminence of the Freehold pig was conditional upon his en tire freedom from brains; and if a pig can distinguish himself under these circum stances, why not a man, or any number of men? A Non Committal Frontiersman. S A-1 ulVi UrtLKJ v J& til or ft .-A T. N. de Foote (to his friend, Fitzball Kattridge) That man over there either has been drinking, or else he's crazy. Kattridge-AYhat Has he done? De. Foote I just asked him what kind of weapon he used to shoot the bear, and he said he did it with a double-barreled sword loaded with water. Puck. rWBITTEH TOB TUB DISPATCH.! HERE are indica tions that the fever for circumpolar ex ploration is soon again to affect the maritime peoples of Europe.and probably those of the United States as well. There is now a move- in Norway for an expe dition to start in the summer of 1890 in the effort to reach the pole by the way of Franz Josefs land,a ronte to the north polewhich, more than any other of those essayed, com mends itself to those learned in Arotio ex ploration. To the students who, in the ages to come, are to look back on our own age, seeking to know its motives, the spirit which leads to Arctic and Antarctic voyages will appear as one of the most indicative chapters in the history of this century. In the centuries before, the Arctic ways were sought for pur poses of gain. Through them was suppqsed to lie a short way to the Indies, by which the perils ot the sea might bo reduced and the wealth of the far east be less taxed in the way of transportation to European mar kets. In the nineteenth century, the ex plorations have not been with any such in tent, but solely to obtain knowledge with out hope of profit commercially. The stu dents who from afar look back upon our time will doubtless recognize in the spirit of Arctic discovery a feature showing the magnitude and energy of the scientific motive in this age. WE ALWAY3 LEAD. Along with the rapid development of tha commercial instinct in the time since our grandfathers were born, has gone the equally intense though less widespread de votion to research. It is true that in every age individual men have devoted themselves to such inquiries and braved much danger in their pursuit; but only in modern times has this spirit of inquiry become so general that it has affected the masses of our people and led large companies of men on cam paigns against natural dangers more serious than any which the battlefield brings to tho soldier. The loss of life and expenditure of money as well as of devotion in the effort which has been made to attain the center of the frozen wildernesses about the poles has been greater than that of many a war which has louna a great place in history. There are those who decry such adyentures, who mourn the loss o'f life and property which they entail, regretting that the energy and means should not be expended in more im mediately profitable ways. Such persons forget that the best of all deeds for the men who do them, and for the race which ap plauds the doing, are those which bring no return of an economio sort, but which serve to affirm the valor and self-devotion of a people. Our own country has earned a great name in such works of self-devoted research. By onr possessions in Alaska e are one of the few States whose possessions border on the Arctic sea. Although we have given much of life and treasure to such explorations, it is to ba hoped that the Norwegian expedi tion may lie associated with one from the United 'States. In terrestrial physics, in meteorology, there is enough yet to be won in that country to mako such labor profita ble in the scientific sense. If our Government enters again on this path of exploration, it should be in pursu ance of some well defined plan, which shall be followed up lor a generation. In place of raids for information, we should have a well devised and determinedly ciecuted campaign. Better than any other country in the world.we can afford to expend money ior sucn conquests, xne scneme ot our Government docs not contemplate foreign possessions, but if we are debarred by the traditions of our ancestors from territorial domains beyond this continent, we are free to win the knowledge which the ends of the earth may afford. INTERNATIONAL INDICATIONS. We have evidently came to a point in onr system of meteorology in which the work of the weather bureaus can no longer efficiently be carried on without a larger measure of co-operation between different countries than now exists. The goal before our me teorologists is to hnd the grounds on which to attain to a larger, more wide-ranging pre diction as to the forthcoming seasons. Al though our present systems help the work of man in many ways, even with their fore casts of a few t ays, they should not rest un til thev have ascertained to. the utmost the grounds on which we can fonnd a larger measure of prediction. If it is knowable, we must know the conditions of our seasons some months in advance of their coming. Even a tolerable prophecy which would have enabled onr people to know the char acter of the winter which is just passing away would be worth much m life and money. Let us suppose that our weather prophets could safely assure us that the next ' summer was to be hot and dry, our farmers j could plant with reference to the foreseen conditions. Suppose further, that in the summer time we could know that the next winter was to be one of extreme severity. Our soil tillers could likewise make ready for its coming to their vaBt advantage. If the people of our cities could know the demands in the wny, of artificial heat which would be made on their household supplies, it would be much to their profit. Invalids could provide themselves with safe resorts against the im pending dangers. In fact, nearly all human activities would derive a vast advantage from knowing even three months in advance what the weather had in store for them. There is hardly any doubt that all the es sential conditions which determine the char acter of the next summer's weather are now In existence, either in the conditions of tho sun or in the reactions now going on In our atmosphere which determine the climate. To bring these conditions into the field of knowledge demands a systematic study oi terrestrial climate which cannot be secured by any learned institution, private or governmental, now in existence. The end can only be ef fected by a close accord between ail the ftates ol the civilized world. It seems fit hat the United States should take the lead in the endeavor to bring about the great co ordination in t meteorological inquiry. Surely the field is one which promises the most "beneficent effects from the point of view of predictive meteorology, and it mny have a value in the bringing about of that accord between nations which it should be the first object of all higher statesmanship to further. ffOQS AND EfcECTKIClmr. For some time it has been known that dust, as ell as fine particles of commingled water vapor and carbon, which make ud the London logs, can be removed from the at mosphere by means of a brush discbarge from an -electric engine. It is now seriously proposed to make use of this interesting principle in removing the flour dust from mill , in which experience snows the -explosions are likely to occur, to the clearing of tunnels from smoke, and even to the diminution, if not the removal, of those curious and destructive logs which affect cities where bituminous coal is used in large quantities. Although this method of condensing dnst and smoke is doubtless practicable on a small scale it does not seem likely that it can be used in an effective way to combat the evil out of doors. Nevertheless, it is in teresting as one of the many varied practi cal experiments and suggestions which have been brought before us by the marvelous progress 01 electrical invention. Prof. Kinnicutt of the Polytechnic Insti tute of Worcester, Mass., has recently mode some interesting inquiries into the origin and nature of several cases of poisoning brought about by the nse of milk in which the chemical compound tyrotoxicon has been eanerated. Tho milk came from a herd of well conditioned Jersey cows which supply some 40 families. The disease hap pened in but one of these households. In the household where the malady appeared a portion of the milk which had been placed in an earthen vessel was nsed with no poisonous eflect. The poison was evidently developed in a tin can whicli had not been kept clean. A portion of the fluid that adhered to tha interior of the ves sel had probably undergone a process of de composition which produced thopoisonous quality. So far Prof. Kinnicutt thinks that we Enow nothing of the chemistry in the process which engenders.' "the' poison in the milk. His researches, however, make it pretty clear that the 'danger comes only irom 01a nunc, and that all nsK or poison may be avoided by a perfect cleanliness of the vessels in which it is kept. THE CHEAT PLAIN OP CANADA. At a recent meeting of the National Geo graphical Society in Washington. Mr. C. E. Kennaston, a competent observer, gave an account of "the great plain of Canada," that vast territory extending from the eastern face ot the Cordilleras to the region about Hudson's bay, and northwardly from the borders of the United States to near the Arc tic circle. This large part of the contineut continues to the western plains of the Missis sippi valley northward to the Arctic Ocean. The question as to its babitabihty is one of very great importance to the interests of the industrial progress of this continent as well as to the people of the old world who seek homes in the western world or are fed by its grain products. The natural grain districts of the United States are now substantially occupied by soil tillers. It is not likely that the grain production of this country will hereafter increase in a, much more rapid measure than the population grows. It appears from the testimony of Mr. Kennason that this area contains over 20,000,000 acres, where the conditions of soil as well as the.character of the seasons are fit for the growing of smaller grains. Im probable as this latent fertility of that high northern country may seem, the evidence of all the observers who have attentively studied it, seems clearly to point to the conclusion that it is fit for the growth of grain and that it only awaits the ways of communication to become the seat of a very extended agri culture. It appears yet doubtful, however, whether the variety .of crops winable in that climate will be sufficiently great to permit a permanently profitable tillage. Experi ence with the lands or the United States is that after a score or two of years the product of small grains diminishes, and the farmer can make only a fair profit by resorting to other crops. Time alone will show whether cattle will do well in . this region, and whether there are other farm products than grain to afford a proper basis for the sup port of fanners. Pnor. N. S. Shalek. MILLIONS OP METEORITES. Aa Estimate That 400,000,000 Enter the Enrth'a Atmonphcre Dally. J. N. Locltyer In Harper's.3 Observations of falling-stars have been used to determine roughly the average num ber of meteorites which attempt to pierce the earth's atmosphere during each 2i hours. SUNDAY THOUGHTS BY A CLEBGYMAN. HE nineteenth century is commonly believed to be like those corpora tions of which Coke said "They have no soul." It is often asserted that we must go back into the past to find regnant sentiment and faith. We' are told that the Crusa ders, willing.even eager. to sacrifice wealth and ease and life itself for an idea, march down to us through "the corridors of time" only, in the stately verse or romantie stbry of centuries wholly un sympathetic with and drearily remote from our cotton and corn and roast-beef and greenback age. Certain thinkers never tire of character izing this as the epoch of facts; meaning by facts material things, investigations and results. Few speak of It as a religions era. "Nowadays," says Bulwer, "the staple business of earth's majority is where, when and bow to dine. We seem to be chiefly occupied in taming and harnessing the elements as draught horses to pull our load. By a sort of common consent, we are told, there is an ignoring ot that future career of the soul toward which this palpitating existence of to-day is lead ing us, as a pathwayacross the lawn leads up to a family mansion. Notwithstanding these confident protes tations, there has never been a time since time began when religion had as firm a hold as it now has npon the molding influences of tho world. The church nas never before so strong, numerically, Unanctally, inSuentially. The divino head of the church is more thought of and talked about than ever before. Theie are three great tests of the hold whioh any subject takes upon the community, vis.: Politics, lit erature and chit-chat of tho sidewalk and fire side. Apply these tests: Take politics. Questions of religion enter at this moment more laigely into the counsels of statesmanship than any other Issues. China. India, Japan. Turkey, are so many arenas of triumphant Christian propagandiam. Within two decades France 'went to war with Ger many in the Interest of ultra-montaneism. To day, iu Berlin, liismarck 13 largely occuDied with religious questions as these relate to the now Gorman Empire. Ho in Italy. The meet ings of her Cabinet aro frequent and earnest over issues between the Qufrinal and the Vati canbetween King and Pope. -What is it that keeps Ireland anchored beside England in chronic insurrection? Religious differences. Here in America the question ot tuoBibloin public schools is an angry and urgent question, iieiision. In one or another form, is convulsing governments, upheaving dynasties and sending its earthquake rumble "from Indus to the pole." Take literature. The daily press has become a teacher of theology. Our journals cannot give the news without talking about religion. Every Monday morning tho sermons of the previous Sunday are reported. And all the rest of the week their columns teem with reports from Mexico, Persia, Madagascar, the east coast of Africa (where not?) of amazing religious changes. Who ever expected to see tho day when the daily press should supersede Union and Andover Seminaries as schools of theology? 1- Siberian (or Serbian). SolvaWan (or Hungari an) and the Indian dialects. Within a period or ten years In lndla-tbo gain in the native community has been: la the Northwest Provinces, 65 per cent; in Bengal. OTnercent; In Madras, 6 per cent; in Central ' India, 82 per cent; in Oudh, IU per cent; In the Punjab, 135 percent, and la Bombay, ISO per cent. A See-nw Game. . Over there in Europe there is a good deal ' of see-saw play. Oa one end ot the tilting board sit the Emperors of Germany and Austria: and the King of Italy. On the other end sit the Russian Czar and the French President, England's substantial Qaeen stands by trying to find a place to sit upon, and unde cided which end to add her weight to! Something of the me kind is going on in America only here the wprld, the flesh and the devil sit on one end of the see-saw while the Christian sits on the other. The Christian is too often in the air. Get on and bring the right end down! All the magazines, ton. are disenssintr the same class or topics. Hardly a boott comes from the press which does not jotn more or less loudly in the current debate. The most popu lar and widely read novels of the day ("Ben Hur," "Robert Elsmere." "John Ward, Preacher."! deal exclusively with relirion. As Dr. Schmidt, of Athens, from ob- te&JZK I '?. M!5. BOrVfltinn, mnria rinvinn 17 ...n.. n.....l Al... . ., it ni.t. . .. uuu uunuji .1 jcao, luuim turn. UBienuuie .Dime. the mean hourly number of luminous meteors visible on a clear moonless night by one observer was 14, taking the time of ob servation from midnight to 1 A. 21. It has been further experimentally shown that a large group of observers who might include the whole horizon in their observa tions would see about six times as many as are visible to , one eye. 'Prof. H. A. Newton and others have cal culated that, making all proper cor rections, the number which might be visible over the whole earth would be a little greater than 10,600 times as many as could be seen at one place. Prom this we 'gather not less than 20,000,000 luminous meteors fall upon our planet daily, each of which in a dark clear night would present us with the well-known phenomenon of a shooting star. This number, however, by no means rep resents the total number of minute meteor ites that enter our atmosphere, because many entirely invisible to the naked eye are often seen in telescopes. It has been calcu lated that the number of. meteorites, if these were included, would be increased at least twenty-fold; this would give us 400,000,000 of meteorites falling in the earth's atmos phere daily. A PLEASANT FfiUIT. Different Varieties of Olives, tho Enjoyment of Which Denotes an Acquired Taste. The designation of "Queen" has no refer ence to size, only the variety, they being round the others oral iu shape. The olives put up for. table use by the Bordeaux bot tlers are of several different varieties. The large Spanish olives, known as the "Queen fl: if 1 . .1 vuvea, are tnown 10 me trade as "Padrones Sevillas." These, by the way.are quite a distinct variety from the other varieties grown in Spain, known as "JMan zanillas," which are used for making oil.the "Gordalles," having much more meat but less oil. The smaller olives put up in Bordeaux are principally of French growth and are known as "Amelleaux," "Verdalles" and "Lucques," the latter called here "Crescent Olives" on account of their shape, and are much preferred to any other for table use. The ''Verdalles" have a stronsr. full flavor, and are much used for sauces, to be served with meats, while the "Amelleaux" have a little more oil and less flavor. There is also a fourth variety, known as "Picholies," similar to the "Amelleaux" in char acter.bnt larger and longer. "Olive farcies" are Amelleaux olives stuffed with anchovies and capers. As a rule, the American trade prefers the "Queen Olives" on account of their size and fine appoarance, the smaller size being as large as the largest of other varieties; but in Europe the smaller olives are quite generally preferred on account of their navor and the finer quality of the Take our familiar fireside discussions. Since we are all hearing and reading constantly about these religious questions, we are all obliged to talk about and consider them. We ask one another how far Darwin's theories affect the origin of man, and whether the book of Genesis can be maintained against the teachings of geolojry, and what influence this that and the other religious mot'o will have upon the complicated chess board of the world. Now, all this Is hopeful and inspiring. Be causo It is with communities as with individ uals; a period of intellectual Investigation, of deep and prolonged thoughtfulness. always precedes and usher in the period of feeling, and or action under the Impulse of feeling. Christianity has gained this much at least, that it is now attracting the attention and challeng ing the thought ot the world. Don't Dawdle. Edmund Burke once said, referring to the American Colonies then in revolt against England, that he did not know how to in dict a nation. It wonld be even more diffi cult to impeach a century. Each age has its own individuality. Some are bad, somo are good; but most are neither wholly bad.nor wholly good,but,like Mohammed's cof- nn hung between heaven and earth. Even tho eighteenth centnry, of which Carlylo raid, 'It blewits own brains out In the French Devolu tion," did some noble things before it committed suicide. It gave birth to this Republic. The truth is that the charge of insanity can not be brought against anya;e. as-a whole. A writ de lunatico inquirendo will not apply. All the same the children of an age have it laid upon them as a sacred duty to discover and kill out of it the characteristic evils. The nineteenth century embodies infinite nohilitv: but it has its foibles, its self-indulgences ot feelings and conduct, and its gigantic iniqui ties. It is the business of those who are now living to right these wrongs. Each generation should weed Its own garden. Bequeath flowers iu tuu j mure, not wecus. From the Garden of Thousbt, Here is a nosegay plucked from the gar den of thought. Character has far more to do with determining history, than history has with determining character. GEORGE M-inXWAlD. Where Christ brings His Cross, He brings His presence; and where Ha is none are deso late, and there is nn room for despair. As Hs knows His own, sn He knows how to comfort them, using sometimes the very trrlel Itself and straining it to a sweetness of peace unattaina ble by those ignorant of sorrow. Elizabeth Barrell Browning. "Take rest, a field that has rested yield ft beautiful crop." And sometimes in my house of grief For moments. I have come to stand Where, in the sorrows on me laid. I felt the chastening of God's hand; Then learned I that the weakest ones Arc kept securest from Lite's barms; And that the tender lambs alone Are carried in the Shcnherd's arms. And sitting by the wayside blind. He is the nearest to the light Who crlctb out most earnestly, "Lord, that I might receive my sight." Phcebe Carjf. In Thy book. Oh, Lord, are written all who do what they can. though they cannot do what they would. St. Bernard. If you cannot frame jour circumstances in accordance with your wishes, frame vour win into harmony with your circumstances. "Use What talent you possess. The woods would De very silent if no birds sang bat those which sing best." To dare is great, to bear is greater. Bravery we share with the brutes, fortitude with the saints. Charles F. Deems. It is impossible for that man to despair who remembers that his Helper is omnipotent. vtrrcm AtiyioT. Patience iff the ballast of the sonl that will keep it from rolling and Tumbling In the great est storm, Bishop Hopkins. Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon yon. Jesus. Origin of a Phrase. That familiar phrase in the Episcopal burial service, "In the midst of life we are in death," is derived from a Latin antlphon, composed by JJotreu, a monk ot St. Gall in 911, while watching some workmen buUding a bridge at Martinsbrucke in peril of their lives. A Stupid DUcnsnlon. One of the most supid discussions imagin able is that of the question, "Is Marriage a Failure?" It would be just as profitable and just as sensible to gravely debate the question, "Is Birth a Failure?" or this. "Is Law a Failure?" or thi. "Is Society a Failure?" A good many people are unhappy in the mar riage relation. True. What does that prove? Why, simply that a good many people have made a bad choice of a matrimonial nartner. When men and women marry under the im pulse or fancy or from the whim of passion, what could bo expected? No marriage ever was or could be a failure which was based on mutual knowledo and respect and sanctioned by love. But tore .alone Is not enough es pecially that bastard love which is bom of a glancing eye, or a week's proximity, or a sexual desire. JIany marriages are brought about by this humbug love: "Ibis senior-junior, giant dwarf. Dan Cupid; Regent of lovo-rhyraes, lord of folded arms. The anointed sovereign of sighs and groans: Llcgo of all loiterers and malcontents." What, then, shall there be no more marriage? Because there aro abuse connected wlith it, shall wo discard matrimony? There are abuses connected with everything human. The law9 are broken shall we therefore abolish law? Within the borders of civilization robbery and murder are frequent, and whole classes live in insecurity and pauperism, shall we therefore conclude that civilization is a failure? Imperfection and abuse are pood reasons for dissatisfaction, and may well inspire efforts to ward amendment, bat not sufficient reasons for dissolving civil society. Only fools go from bad to worse, from civilization to anarchy. By common consent marriage is the strongest and most sacred tie that binds men and women together. Let no one assail it, Andasoftenas anyone does, "Put in every honest hand a whip To lash the rascal naked through the world." A Symposium of Opinions. TheLewiston (Mi.) ioHrnalhas issued a symposium of opinions of the income that may enable a prudent young man to marry. A millionaire said not less than $1,000, a cattle king thought 5100 was eaonu'Ii. and ex-Postmaster General Horatio King es timated from $100 to JU00 was the right sum. Itev. Dr. G. W. Field, of Bangor, one of the most prominent clergymen of the State, believed .1 young man should not -let prudence wait too closely ou his marry ing; he deemed love enough to begin on. UEL1GI0US SUMMARY. meat. The Klebt Tip. A minister once announced as his test: "The slothful man saith. There is a lion in the way." As he paused he heard a lad in the gallery whisper: "Shoot tho Hon." With ready wit ho turned to tho boy and said: "Yon have given In throe words the sum of my ser mon, and that aU may remember I will repeat your summary." Then turning to the congre ration, he said: "Tho slothful man saith. There Is a Hon In tho way." After a pause he went on: "ily youn-' triend in the gallery says: 'Shoot the lion.' This is the exact thine to do. Let us pray!" Realized Ills Mistake. "I fouud myself getting into a bad way," said a prominent clergyman at a recent gathering of ministers, "of pommelling the saints in the prayer meeting. I would scold them for the decline of religion, and for the low state of spirituality In the church and for tho coldness of the prayer meeting, in fact, my prai er meeting utterauces had a gen eral "Hark, from the tombs a doleful sound" flavor about tbem. At length. I realized my mistake, and have striven ot late to look at things from a more cheerful point of view. In fact, I have stopped pommelling the saint, creatly to their relief, 1 doubt not, and much to the advantage of the prayer meeting. Mr. Nyo la tho West. William (to himself) I reckon I've com mitted this lecture to memory, but It's awful warm work. Judge. An Old Truth. "Hitch your wagon to a star," says Emer son. The Sage of Concord mean by this quaint phrase that we should perform our common, every-day duties from a high motive. This will striko meaning and dignity Into trivial things. It will wheel all the natural and supernatural, forces on our side. It will quadruple our power and comfort. When only sailiug vessels crossed the Atlantic there uas no way to work the pumps. In case of a leak, save by hand: there was no force in steering but that which the sailors' arms supplied; there was no v. ay ot warming the cabin but Dy a stove, which was comfort less and dangerous. Kce the difference now. Under every table and in every stateroom are pipes from the great engine to -preserve an equal temperature. The pumps are worked In the same way, and the man at the wheel need not struggle and call for kelp In a high sea, but bus only .to open a valve, which a anild's hand might control, and the vessel is stpcred by the. same power which drives It forward tho giant. Steam, Thus tho one central furce does all these things, aud better results arc reached. "Hitch jour wajron to a star." Act under the impulsion of Divine Tower. What the New England philosopher was secklne after in this maxim, is but the old truth of Jesus and of Paul: "Seek those things which are above." Interesting Statistics. There are 320,000 Indians on this conti nent. About 200,000 are still pagans and savages; when In their vicinity, look ont for your scalp! Abont 100,000 hare been civ ilized, anil many of these are Christians. But haven't g tried (ana failed) long enouch to civilize ,the Indians with whisky and the rifle? Why not try the-Kiblo and the mis sionary? The Lutheran Church in the United States preaches the Gospel in the following languages: German, Enplish.Bwedlsb, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Flnnih, Bohemian. Polish. French, One hundred and twenty missionaries la China represent 21 Protestant societies. The Province of Quebec having granted" property to tho value of JIOO.COO to the Jesuits , on an old claim, vigorous protests are being made against it as a dangerous precedent. The Chinese Sunday school, numbering 100 men, which is counccted with Dr. A. J. Gor don's Clarendon street Baptist Church in Bos ton, Mass., has voted to support three native missionaries in China. THK net gain of new churches in the United States daring tha year 1SSS was 6.431: the in crease in tho number ot ministers was 4.505, whilo the increase in church members was 771, Sfil. The average gain for each day of the vear was 17 churches, 12 ministers, and 2,120 mem bers. The forces of Great Britain, Continental Europe and the United States have an annual income of $y,S9(j.r5(5, man and equip 9,550 sta tions, support 5,4.11 missionaries, have the as sistanco of 2,615 native helpers, and mission chnrehe3 that have 289,971 communicants and 1,87a. 655 adherents. Tnn statistical report, as given in the An nual Methodist Episcopal Year Book, shows: Annnal conferences, UO; itinerant preachers, lLir.3: local preachers, 14,132; lay members, 2.0SG.03S; number of Sunday school scholar 2,010.181. value or church property. $S0,812,792: value of parsonage, f-12.008,047. Total value of church proDMty, 523,720,830. Tnix.E is no object for which money fa mora willingly given and more freely spent than itis for the maintenance of tho Christian church., There Is room enough and to spare for all who dcslro to tako advantage of Its ministrations, -r The Church may adhere too rigidly to soma J wornout methods, and it may fall to meet tba wants of modern life in some of Its phases; hut mi a lack or hospitality and courtesv is not one or.fi the charge that can be brought against It. 15 J'hlladelphta Press. M WlfATXVin may be thought of the theology of the Salvation Army or of its peculiar raeth- -J eds, it will not be denied that, taken all in. all, j its Influence has been beneficial. Anything which tends tn raise the moral average of a creat citv to keep men and women cleanly. sober, decent and well behaved must havo something of zood In It; and this the Salvation, ' Army has most certainly done In many places. It is freely admitted that in the East end of. London its labors have caused a marked de 1 crcasom crime, and more especially in that h brutality whicli finds its usual expression among tne inwor oruers in ixmuon in wire beating; and if an organization can effect a re-1 form in this particular, where all otheraeen- cies have failed, e can well afford to nut uu with what to us are disagreeable features of lul methods 01 operauons. San iraneuco Chrml-A cie. Whek many are reading much and talkie j more auout namoa nnu its anairs. it may bo 7 well to say that the Christian Church has been there, and made it worth while for the nation j to contend about tuts beautiful group ot islands. John Williams the martyr of rro- 1n.1nza.went there nearly 60 years ago and es-j tabllhed misxions. He returned again to find, j bid missions flonrlahinz and making converts.! emce nis aay ino wars ni education and the J formation of chnrrbes ha gone on steadily and large numbers nt the Inhabitants are Christians bv profession nd are walking nuriuv in timir vu'-nuiin. v;nrisiianny Ba.1! preceded the consul and the ship of war, anill uiuuu tiiesu u:ic i9mwis ot tne iraciuc ntpi&cee? for the olantiuu of colonies nml th nnimiMiiu-1 of commerce. V 0 hope that jealousies amonel Christian natlont will not mar the work of thai men who rescued them from heathenism,--! . ii.uhtcim't iiMrrn;..