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THE PirTSBTTEG DISPATCH, SUNDAY, FEBEtTABT It, 1889.
HOW CARS ARE BUILT.
interesting Facts About the Construc
tion of Coaches and Engines
PICKED UP AT FT. WAYNE SHOPS.
What the Hospital Department of a Great
Railroad is Like and
EOHLTHIXG OP THE WORK IT DOES
WBRTEX TOR TOE DISrOCU.1
HE hospital depart
ment, otherwise known
as the repair shops, of
a great railroad, ib a
place fall of interesting
sights. There, perhaps,
better than anywhere
else one can obtain an
adequate idea ot the
immense expenditure of
time, labor and money;
the innumerable me
chanical appliances re
quired in railroad work
and the thousands of
details, all of them important, which are
necessary to Keep tne rowing noes m a
A. few days ago, armed with a pass from
6uperii.tendent A. B. Starr, of the Pitts
burg, Fort Wayne and Chicago Railway,
which was an open sesame to scores of doors
on which the words "Positively No Ad
mittance" jfere.stenciled in bold capitals,
ftccompanirfK Mr. "William Lowe, of the
Master Jluic't office, who acted as guide
and interpreteV, I made a tour of the ex
tensive railroad shops in Allegheny.
Several hours were pleasantly spent, and it
is scarcely necessary to add that I come
sway more than ever impressed with the
magnitude of one branch of the railroad
At the Alleehenr shops, which are the
principal shops ol the Port "Wavne road,
ere made all repair: required in the rolling
stock on the eastern division; locomotives,
freight and passenger cars are also built
and equipped tor use here. The buildings
alone cover several acres of ground and the
yard tracks and lumber yards several more,
the whole forming one mammoth industrial
establishment, which gives employment to
about 800 men. It is equipped with vast
quantities ol machinery, ranging Irom the
simplest to the most complex, oy ir the
greater portion of which is very costly.
The wear and tear of railroad material is
something enormous. Provided it escapes
pentry, blacksnuthtng, tinsmithing and fit
ting. It costs ?440 to frame a car and com
plete the body of it. This being done, the
platforms are still to be added, the top to
be roofed, the interior furnished, and so on
until the coach is sent out upon the track
resplendent with paint, varnish, gilt letters,
in complete order for railroading. The en
tire cost tor labor and material of the
coaches built at the Allegheny shops is
But we have not yet visited the tinstairs
department of the planing mill. Let us
enter the noisv place again and ascend the
ttsirs. Here the panels for the interior of
passenger cars are planed, and the blinds,
seats and window frames constructed.
Several expert wood carvers are at
work in one part of the room,
carving rosettes and ornaments in
oak lot ornamental purposes. A small
figure, perhaps four inches square, is carved
ONE TKUST DOOMED,
Prof. Shaler Tells Why the Copper
Combine Cannot Long Survive.
ORIGIN OF THE GREAT LAKES.
A Great Area of Land That Can ha Be
deemed From Sterility.
A SERIES OP SIGNIFICANT SURVEYS
HcpaiHng a Boiler.
being smashed or burned in a wreck a
freight car lasts on an average perhaps ten
years, a passenper car 16 vears and a loco
motive 16 to 18. Each must be repaired
frequently the locomotive oftenest of all.
To estimate the length of time that a car or
an engine could be run without returning
to the shop for repairs would be impossible,
as it frequently happens that new material
oreacs sooner than tnat which is old
and accustomed to hard usage. A
locomotive usually has many of its
parts replaced, some of them several times,
so that by the time it is condemned as use
less comparatively little of the original
machine remains. The importance of keep
ing both locomotives and cars in thorough
repair must be apparent even to a person
not versed in the technicalities of the rail
road business; but the knowledge that such
quantities of material and such a large foice
of workmen should be required for this very
necessary work, even ou such a road as the
Port "Wayne, was a surprising revelation to
me, as perhaps it will be to manv readers of
In making the rounds of the shops we
first visited the lumber yards, where im
mense quantities of lumber, chiefly oak and
yellow pine, are stored ready for use. As
13,000 feet of lumber are used up daily it
will readily be seen that treat quantities
must be kept in stock. The oak used comes
principally from Pennsylvania forests.and
the yellow pine from the South and West.
The former is used for many purposes, and
the better grades of It especially for finish
ing the interior of passenger oarhes.
It is bought sawed in the form
known as "quartered oak," which, -when
worked, makes a most beautiful wood for
ornamental work. The lumber all comes to
the yards in the rough, and is cut, shaped,
planed and made ready for use in the
planing mill, which stands near the yard.
All wood used in the construction oi passen
ger coaches must be thoroughly seasoned,
and to do this work there is a drj'house, pro
Tided with a complete system of heating
apparatus and fans, which render it possible
to dry large quantities of lumber perlectlv
in a verv short time.
The planing mill is an extensive one, and
contains a great many machines of various
kinds to perform the many different opera
tions required to bring the sticks of timber
into shape for use. The lower floor contains
Oxt machinery for the heavy work, and up
stairs is a department devoted principally to
at a cost of Si 75. Another workman gets
S10 for carving a narrow piece of wood to
go above the door of a car. Some exquisite
work is done in this line, and enough of it
is required to keep several carvers at work
ail the time.
An adjoining room contains the uphol
stering department, where the car seats are
put together. 1 hadn't the remotest idea of
what constituted the interior of a car seat
until I saw the material being arranged.
There is a wooden frame, on which are tacked
strips of burlap; spiral springs are placed
beneath; theu comes the cushion: the whole
is covered with muslin. and the muslin with
plush. The cushions, for seats and backs,
are stuffed with hair. A very ingenious
machine, by the way; is used tor the pur
pose of picking and cleaning the hair. The
material is run quickly through and comes
out ready for use.
A visit to the paint shop next. Nothing
here is of particular interest save the process
by which old paint is removed from cars
that are to be coated anew. A workman
melts it off with a burning gas let. which he
holds against the woodword until the paint
and oil begins to .run. This done the sur
face is scraped clean, and is then ready for
The shops contain room for 26 to 28
passenger cars, which may be undergoing
repairs at one time. As for freight cars,
the repairs on which are made out of doors,
hundreds oi them receive the attention of"
the workmen each week. The transfer
table, by means of which the passenger cars
are taken irom the yard tracks into
the car shop is a" very ingenious
arrangement lor transferring a car from the
track on which it comes in to another at
right angles, running into the building.
It consists of a movable track running on
rails which have a space between them
exual to the length of the car. By running
the car on the table and then running the
table down this track, the car can readilr
be placed in any part of the building de
sired. Next we go to the blacksmithing depart
ment of the car shops. Here, as in the case
with the wood in the planing mill, all the,
iron used in bunding cars is cut, forged and
worked into shape lor immediate use. Hun
dreds of pieces of different shape and sizes
are rapidly wrought. The place is full of
glowing lorges, powerful machines and
noise. The same is true of the engine black
smithing shop, onlv there the machines ara
more numerous and intricate, and a higher
degree of skill is required on the part of the
Then there is the boiler shop, a place
where din reigns so constantly that the
voice of a man shouting in your ear is
scarcely audible, and next the machine
shop proper, where locomotives are built
and repaired. When an engine comes in
lor repairs it is "stripped" that is, taken
apart and each part thoroughly cleaned be-
Taking Off a Tire.
fore the repairing is begun. The pieces
are lettered and numbered so that it will be
known to what engine and to what place
The work of removing the tire of a loco
motive's driving wheel, the subject of an
accompanying illustration, is interesting
and peculiar. The tire when netv is 3
inches thick; when worn down to inches
it must be replaced'by a new one. To get
it off it is surrounded by a natural gas pipe
in which holes are cut at frequent intervals;
the gas is turned on and ignited, and in
about 30 minutes the heat expands the tire
until it drops off. The method ot putting
on a new tire is similar; it is expanded until
it slips into place upon the wheel. All
parts of locomotives and cars, fcave only the
castings used, are fashioned entirely in the
Allegheny shops. E. "W. Baetxett.
In the Machine Shop.
the preparation of the finer woodwork for
passenger coaches. Each piece'of timber, as
it leaves the mill, is finished, bdred and cut
in shape so that it will fit perfectly in the
place for which it is designated. The pro
cesses are too numerous to describe in detail
es each of the pieces requires a different
Adjoining the planing mill on the ground
floor is the car-building shop, where passen
ger coaches, baggage cars and gondolas can
be seen in all stages of building, irom the
car just begun to that just finished. Here
also are great piles of timber from the mill
all ready for the builders' use. The bnild
ing is all done by "piece work," and a
gondola car is built Irom its loundation, all
complete, except the trucks, i.tSIS for labor.
Additional to this is the painting, letter
ing, eta Building passenger coaches is
work which requires much greater skill and
entails a larger expense. The workmen are
bIto paid by the piece. Pour different
trades are combined in carbnilding car-
Half Fnre to TVatblngtou.
Por the benefit of all who desire to visit
"Washington at the time of the inauguration
of President-elect Harrison, the B. & O. It.
B. Co. will sell excursion tickets to Wash
ington and Baltimore at rate of one fare for
the round trip from all points on its lines.
The tickets will be on sjle Feb. 25 to Mon
day, March 4 inclusive, and will be valid
for return passage until March 7 Inclusive.
Please note that excursion tickets via B. &
O. will be good to Baltimore as well as to
"Washington, stop-over privileges being
granted at the latter point in either or both
directions, withiu the time limit of the
ticket. They will also be accepted for pass
age on all trains, including the "Vestibuled
Limited Express," without extra fare. Ex
cursion tickets Irom Washington to Balti
more, at rate of $1 20 for the ronnd trip,
will be on sale at all B. & O. ticket offices
in Washington, Peb. 26 to March 4, good
until March 7.
The Finest Train In the World!
Via Union and Central Pacific roads. Sixty
four hours from Council Bluffs or Omaha to
San Francisco. A Pullman vestibuled
train; steam heat, electric light, bath rooms,
barber shop, library and dining car a pal
ace hotel on wheels is The Golden Gate
Special, every Wednesday. su
If Too Want to Bnj Diamonds, Watches,
You can save 20 to 23 per cent; all goods
warranted. Will remove from 13 Fifth ave.
to 20 Bmithfield st April 1.
Jas. McKee, Jeweler.
Grand Holldny Slatlnce nt Harris
When every child, big and little, will be
presented with a large box of fine French
American challis in handsome designs
from 6c to 20c per yd.
ithtsu Huotjs & Hacke.
Go to cither of Pearson's galleries, 96
Filth avenue, or 43 Federal street, Alle
gheny. You are sure of success.
Choice patterns in English percales suit
able for boys' waists just opened.
wyfsu Hugos & Hacke.
rwBiTTEX roa tm disfatch.i
any thought to the
tions Of society are
much interested in
the novel industrial
devices known as
tive subjects for
study, there is one
commends itself to those interested id -such
matters, for the reason that it promises to
afford a test belter than any other as to the
effect of such organizations on the economic
future of civilized people. This may be
designated as the Copper Trust In 1887
the extensive development of the copper
mines in the Lake Superior district, in the
Rocky Mountains and elsewhere had low
ered the price of copper to about 11 cents
per pound, or about one-half the average
value of the metal in the preceding decade.
Although this low price vastly stimulated
the consumption of copper, few of the mines
were operated to any profit and ruin was
before the most of them. It was clear that
the low price must soon lead to the stop
page of the pioduction and that a rise In
the value of the metal was a commercial ne
cessity. Some French capitalists, with the
characteristic commercial imagination of
that people, were the first to make a good
account of this condition of the copper mar
ket. They bought up a large part of the 40,000
tons ot copper then in the market, and they
quickly secured the control of the product
from most of the leading mines in the world,
and placed the price of the" metal at about
15 cents a pound. At present this associa
tion, commonly known as the Societe des
Metaux, controls between 80 and 90 per
cent of the copper produced, and they are
able to maintain the price at such a figure
that almost all the mines in the world are
leaping a great harvest of profit. For a
time it seemed possible that the strength of
this organization might endure for many
years; but it is evident to those who take
account of the statistical condition of the
market that the control of this syndicate
cannot endure for any considerable term of
ONE TEUST D003iED.
Its failure is foredoomed by the following
circumstances: In the first place, the price
01 copper leacts to the search lor new mines;
each month some new source of supply is
opened which adds to the total store of 'cop
per in the world. At tne same time the in
crease of the price deters manufacturers
Irom the use of the substance in many arts
or leads them to be more economical in
making avail of copper as a resource.
Under the influence of this stimulus, the
copper production of the United States has
doubled in the course of six years. The
supply ot copper is accumulating in the
markets and it promises in the course of a
few years to exceed the carrying power of
the great Societe des Metaux.
In other words, it seems likely that the
copper trust will present us in a quick way
with an illustration of the fate which is
mostly likely u overtake all trnsts whatso
ever, which endeavor to control the pro
duction and sale of standard articles of hu
man need. In order to efiect the control of
the world smarkets, they must build a dam
across the rivers of trade; for a time they
may be able to control the tide and sell the
particular article at their own prices, but
the earth is fertile and men are ingenious,
so, in the course of time varying with the
different articles, the dam will be over
whelmed in such a manner as to prove de
structive to those who have trusted over
much. Although we may hope something from
legislation in the control of these foretellers
of the world's products, it seems to most
students of economics that we may more
safely put our trust in the operation of natu
ral law. It has always gone ill with those
who seek to block the wheels of commerce;
the students of society perceive that the
greatest advances have not come from legal
control, but from the operation of those
natural laws, of which the statutes are only
the temporary modes of expression. What
wo need most at the present time is a start
ling example as to the fate of trusts. It
seems likely that we shall owe something
of this teaching to the Societe des Metaux
within the term of five years.
OEIGIN OF THE GKEAT LAKES.
Mr. A. T. Drummond. a Canadian geolo
gist, has recently published an interesting
Saper on the origin of the great lakes of
Forth America. It has been the opinion of
most geologists that these lakes were formed
by glacial action, a view which seemed to
find corroboration in the fact that a very
large amount of debris apparently worn
from the basins occupied by these sheets of
water lies on the country to the south of
their borders in positions where it could
only have been brought by ice action. Mr.
Drummond holds that glaciers had not
much effect in eroding the lake basins
proper, or in shaping their present outline.
He furthermore holds to the conclusions
that .Lake Superior is the most ancient basin
of this chain, and that it was formed in the
Cambrian and Huronian times, i. e., in the
earlier stages of the earth's history. He re
gards it in part dne to a downfolding of the
rocks,as in the trough of a mountain valley,
but that much of the detail of its shape was
due to long continued volcanic action,
which has clearly occurred about its
Michigan, Huron and Ontario he con
siders to have been low areas on the path of
an ancient river, which existed before the
glacial period, the basin-like character of
the country having been given by the rela
tively recent warpings in the surface of the
country. Erie and St. Clair he regards as
the last formed of the lakes, these basins
also being due to warpings in the rocks
about them, which created barriers across
the original outlets of the vallevs.
There is no question that Mr. Drumniond's
explanation ot the lakes shows that the cir
cumstances of their formation were more
complicated than is commonly supposed by
geologists. It does not appear, however,
thnthe has given quite sufficient weight to
glacial action or to the processes of solution
by which the waters ot such great lakes ex
tend their shore lines. A large part of the
rocks about these basins other than Lake
Superior are of a limy nature, and .in parts
mnrfl ftr lpfcc fttinwrfiH nritti Colin materials
nil of which readily pass into solution and
go away to the sea. This dissolving process
is of more importance in tresh water basins
than in the seas. The sea water is already
so far charged with mineral matter held in
solution that it cannot readily dissolve the
rocks with which it comes in contact.
Where, however, fresh water basins have
their shores in contact with rocks contain
ing n considerable quantity of lime they
readily and rapidly extend their margins by
tbis process 01 decay.
FACTS ABOUT HAT FEVER.
Dr. Morell McKenzie, in a recent treatise
on hay fever, notes certain important pecu
liarities in the distribution of this singular
complaint with reference to the races of
Europeans, as well ns to the grades of so
ciety among those peoples. It appears from
the 'facts he sets lorth that the complaint is
rare on the continent of Europe, rather fre
quent in England, and very prevalent in
North America. He states, however, that
about 99 per cent of those who suffer from it
belong to what we may term the upper
classes of society.the agricultural and other
laborers being rarely afflicted with the
disease. Men are more liable to it than
women, in the proportion of' three to one.
Dr. McKenzie, like most of the other recent
writers on the subject, holds to the doctrine
that the disease is Induced by particles of
pollen or other bits of vegetable matter
which irritate the air passages. This makes
the distribution of the disease still more
singular, as such irritants are, of course, as
common in continental Europe as in En
gland and probably as common as in the
I-United States Those in immediate con
tact with the fields should apparently suffer
more from the malady than those who by
their habits of life are less exposed to the in
fluence of the country.
The occurrence of this peculiar malady
in the upper classes seems to point to the
conclusion that the conditions of life com
mon to such people are calculated to breed
a peculiar habit of body. More than any
other fact this appears to show that our
oivilisation is separating the diverse
classes of men from each other, not only
in qualities of mental culture, but in
physical characteristics as well.
TO REDEEM STERILE LAUDS.
The first session of the present federal
Congress appropriated the sum of $100,000
to begin a series of surreys with reierence
to the irrigation of the arid land in the
district oi the Rocky mountains. In the
second session of the same Congress, the
amonnt provided for in the appropriation
bill to continue this work is s.'ou.uro.
Th"ee appropriations mark the beginning
of the largest combat with the physical
difficulties which beset the agriculture
ot this continent which has ever been
entered upon. Our continent appears
very large on a map or the world and
in our patriotio imaginations. The fact is,
however, that nearly one-half of its surlace
is niade unfit foragriculture, save in isolated
patches, by the evils attendant on a scanty
or irregular supply of water, and about one
fifth of the area is'desert by extreme cold.
Tfle rapid advance of our population in the
fertile districts ol the Mississippi Valley
gave the nation for a time a sense of un
bounded domain. Already our people begin
to feel the limits of the lands, which by their
natural conditions are suited to tillage. Be
fore the next 11 years of the century are
over there will be no virgin fields of good
land awaitlntr the settler. All the area
where the soil is fit for tillage by its natural
conditions will have been taken up, and the
newcomers born in America or emigrants,
from other countries will have to betake
themselves to lands obtained from private
holders rather than from a generous Govern
A FOOD BASIS FOB 30,000,000.
A number of years ago Major J. W. Pow
ell, now director Of the United States Geo
logical Survey, with admirable foresight,
called the attention of the Federal authori
ties to the importance of arranging our pub
lic land laws in such a manner that it would
hereafter be possible to provide a system of
irrigation in that part of the continent be
tween the one hundredth meridian and the
Pacific coast, in which irrigation alone can
afford the basis of agriculture. His treatise
on the arid lands of the far West showed
clearly that the area to be measured by the
hundreds of thousands of square miles could
be redeemed from sterility by a proper sys
tem for storing the rain water in the high
lands and distributing it over the fields in
the manner lonz practiced in India and
other countries of the Old World. Good as
this advice was. it has only received due at
tention with the past two vears. Although
much has been lost by the delay, it is al
ready time to secure 'the essential advan
tages proposed by this scheme.
The preliminary computations made by
Major Powell indicate approximately that
there may be wou to agriculture in the arid
region of the West by this method of im
proving the conditions of the lands an area
of somewhere near 300,000 square miles.
When so adapted to the uses of man, this
area will probably have a lood-producing
power at least six times as great as that now
afforded by the tilled lands in the State of
Illinois. It is not too much to say that this
system will, in the centuries to come, win
from what is now desert land the food basis
for a population which may amonnt to more
than 30,-000,000 of souls.
N. S. Shales.
WEEK COMMENCING FEBRUARY 18.
EVERY -AFTERNOON AND EVENING.
Grand Holiday Performances, Friday, Feb. 22.
When every child, big or little, attending the matinee will be presented with a
Large Box of Fine French Candy.
Headed by Kurope's Greatest Feature
7 NELSON FAMILY. 7
The Premier Aero bats of the World, with no
rivals on earth.
The Queen of the Air.
JTLLE ADREBNNE ANCION.
The Eminent Character Comedians,
CLARK AND WILLIAMS.
The Premier Ventriloquist of the World,
Celebrated Duetists and Sketch Artists,
England's Greatest Character Artists,
THE TWIN BROTHERS, WEMS.
The Character Song and Dance Artist,
The Flying Tailors,
GRIFFIN AND LANGAN.
Eccentric Comedian and Wonderful Gro
JOHN A. COLEMAN.
With ber flock of Trained Birds and troupe of
The Blazing Meteor ot Mimicry,
French Musical Grotesques,
LES FRERES O'BEINR
Clark fc Williams' Laughable Comedy In two
IS MARRIAGE A FAILURE
Under the Direction of
Business Manager - -
R. M. GULIOK. & CO.
- - A. J. SHEDDEN.
WEEK COMMENCING MONDAY, FEBRUARY 18,
Rudolph Aronson's Hew York Casino Comic Opera Co,
Presenting on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Wednesday Matinee,
COMIC OPERA IS THREE ACT&
MuslO by FrtncolJ Chassalgne, Compose of "Falka." Libretto by Alfred Murray,
CAST OF CHARACTERS:
Etelia, ward of the Emperor of Austria Pauline HaU
Angelis, wife of Faragas. -, v Jennie Weathersby
Faragas, professor of etiquette and dancing Francis Wilson
The Margrave Of BobrnmUorff ...Cbarle Plunkett
Count ds Rosen, nephew of the Margrave......... Harry MacDonoogh
Rakooiy, a Hunsarian patriot. George Olml
Count Esterhazv, an Australian nobleman Anna O'Keefe
Konrad, an Australian officer..... Kate Uart
irma- George Denin
Peterrnan H r .in.in.
The Mayor A. W. Madia
Ladislas. pace to the Margrave Fred Hall
Hilderurand J. a Pn.
The Alderman Richard Haramelhere
flmn.a f tt i- r.
l. V. '"".""H'" . . j. J ................... ............................... venule rimes
Nadjy, Premiere Dansease of Grand Opera Hoae, Vienna ..Marie Jansea
Thursday, Friday, Saturday and Saturday Matinee, the Famous Casino Success,
Every Actor and Aotress in the City Invited to the Thnrsday Matinee.
J Matinee, 10c; Reserved Seats, 15c and 20c.
I Night, joc; Reserved Seats, 15c and 25c
Scale of Prices Reserved Seats, II 50, SI 00, 75e and 50c.
February iS-MPRRAY AND MTJRPHY.
VVocslc ofFeb. 35 TirCDB IRISH ECEAJtTS.
PITTSBURG HAS A CANDIDATE.
TO RECOVER OVER $30,000.
Anna F. Mnrshnll Aakk the Conrt to Restore
Funds Said to be Hypothecated Conrt
Rales to Show Why Not.
Petitions in the Orphans' Court have been
filed by Anna Frances Marshall relative to
her father's estate, of which T. M. Marshall,
M. W. Watson, Matilda Watson and James
Marshall, Jr., were trustees.
James Marshall, Jr., -was removed from his
trust in 1857 by the Orphans' Court, where it
waslshown be had assigned some of the assets
of the estate as collateral for his own notes.
The other trustees were ignorant of
this until the firm or James Marshall
& Co. failed in 1SS3, and since then
It is claimed that they have refused to enter
suit to recover the property disposed of by
Marshall, consisting of BSSH shares ol Allpghe
nyGasCo. stock at $25 per Eh ire: 73 at the
Farmers Deposit at $100 per share; 20 shares of
the Second National of Allegheny at $100 per
share, all of which are held by the last named
bank: also fiOBhares of stock of the Farmers'
Deposit at $100 per share, held by the receiver
of the American Bank.
The suit is to recover from the banks, as It is
claimed they knew at the time these shares
were not Marshall's, but belonged to the estate.
Citations were awarded on the Second National
and the receiver of the American Bank to
show why the petition should not be granted.
March 2 was fixed for the hearing.
Slondny's Trial Lists.
Common Pleas Nos. 1 and 2 Argument list
Criminal Court Commonwealth vs John K.
Scott, John M. Haiges, D. C. Tracey. Fred
Young. E. W.Jackson. Henry Schmidt, Hyman
Grundinsky, Calvin Stevens. J. E. Gatchcll,
Emma Crisler. Milton Ha vs. Hueli O'Donnell
Andrew Harrison (3), John Graff, Andrew
Qulgley et al, Kehill Amerine. Charles Finger,
Ernest Fisher, John Kleppner. Charles Ford
Gcoruo J. Lackey a Fnvorlte Among Those
Mentioned for the National Commission
ershlp of Education Other News About
Pittsburg, it has just been announced, has
a strong candidate tor the position of Com
missioner of Education in the person of
George J. Luckey, the well-known Super
intendent of the Pittsburg schools. At the
earnest solicitation of his many friends, he
has consented to be a candidate to succeed
In this State Mr. Luckey has all the
backing he wants, Governor Beaver and
all officials, educational and otherwise, being
with him with all their hearts, while besides,
he has the recommendations of Ex-President
Hayes, John Sherman, and others from other
States. The Educational Newt, of Phila
delphia, has come out urging his ability to fill
the position, which his Mends believe he can
so acceptably fill, and his chances look very
rosy; so much so that all interested parties
admit that the fight between the 20 or 25 can
didates has narrowed down to a contest
between Mr. Luckey and Mr. tslckner. editor
of the New England Journal.
The arguments in Mr. Luckey's favor are
that the Commissioner should be a man who
has had full experience In the conducting of
public schools, a man of ability and a man fully
acquainted with all the requirements and
workings ot the public school system of the
United States. The schools ot Pennsylvania
have so long been looked upon as a model that
the people of tho Keystone State believe that
it Is entitled to some recognition, which would
be granted In the appointment of Mr. Lackey.
Mr. Luckey, when Interviewed yesterday.sala
that since several educational papers had ad
vocated his appointment, and at tho solicita
tion of numerous friends, he had agreed to say
that he would likely be a candidate. His
friends say that his success as Superintendent
here and his reputation in this and adjoining
States, as well as over the whole country, will
be a big factor In determining who shall be at
tnemeaaoi tne .national ijoaraoi ,au cation.
The DiviBion Institute held yesterday morn
ing at the Grant school for the teachers of step
eight, was a successful sequence to the brilliant
meeting held Friday night. The class drill was
in charge of Miss Mary T. Lindsay, of the
Grant school. Music, arithmetic, reading,
language, and newspaper reading, were con
ducted in such a thorough and practical man
ner that the visitors showered the warmest en
comiums on the admirable work done. Super
intendent Luckey spoke of the value of news
papers as the greatest medium for enlarging a
pupil's vocabulary, because of the great num.
ber of new words not to be found in any
supplementary reading, and advised the teach
ers all to try the change.' Prof. Lbgan also
Indorsed newspaper reaaingas the great pro
cess for the enlargement of words, as the
means for teaching geography.and to be posted
In the world's news. The singing ot the
children, for Its sweetness and softness,
received much praise. The success of tbis
division institute is unparalleled.
OPERA "THE WIFE."
HOUSE "THE WIFE."
Wilt Lessee and Manager;
: This week Lyceum Theater
The famous Society Comedy in four acts by
David Belasco and H. C DeMllle authors.
Lord Chumley, etc
Under the direction of
WH TtA WTPT. tftJOTTlLr AW
Mansger Lyceum Theater, New York.
THE DAY WE CELEBRATE
Our friends will take particular notice that on Friday next, February 23,
the anniversary of
Our stores will be closed. We have always been ol the opinion that this day above all
davsof the year should be celebrated in a manner becoming American citizens. Hence
will close our stores, for that day, so that people Intending to make purchases the Utter
part of the week will either do so on Thursday or put the same off until Saturday.
OUR 20 PER CENT REDUCTION SALE
Has had the good effect of placing some very valuable orders with ns for future delivery.
The goods of course are stored aad held by us without extra cost.
OTJE CAEPET EEMNANTS will be offered this week at prices that will be a regu
lar picnic to buvers. We must have the room they occupy. So you oaa depend on it
that no reasona6le offer for the remnants will be refused.
Bemember when we make the assertion that we have the largest line of Bedroom
Suits in the city we mean every word that we say, and dan prove the same if yon take the
trouble to look us op.
OTJE PAELOE STITS are away above the average of goods generally shown in this
city. They are our own make ol goods and we are just proud enough ot them to keep up
the good credit they have established. Call and see our line of Parlor Sniu if yon con
template buying. You will save money. There is nothing that pertains to the proper
furnishing of a house but we keep in stock.
CASH OR EASY TERMS OP PURCHASE.
: Mrs. Berla: -I
; Miss Stanhope,
: Miss Thornton,
: Miss Hawkins,
HOPPER BROS. & CO,
307 WOOD STREET, BET. THIRD AND FOURTH AYES.
DAVIS SEWING MACHINE A SPECIALTY. -
Open. Saturday Until lO o'clock.
DANZIGEE & SHOENBEEG,
ACT I. Mrs. Ives' Villa, Newport, July The
Amateur Theatricals The Old Alfalr The
ACT IL Reception Room Senator Dexter,
Washington, Februarv Mrs. Doner's Ball
--The Quarrel "The Hnsband."
AOTUL Library In Rutherford's House.
Washington, Same Evening The Investl-
anon xne confession "The Marriaee
fMIdnlftht View of the Capitol J
pril The Eclipse
ACT IV. Hame Scene. A;
The Mission to St.
et al, John Brady.
On Bchnlf of Dimmer.
Marshall H. Reno was yesterday appointed
commissioner to take testimony on the motion
for a new trial for Joseph Dlmmey, who was
convicted of mnrder ft tho first degree for
killing Officer Miller. Misconduct on the part
of a juror is one of the allegations. The
charges were so numerous that the Court
couldn't take time to hear them.
The Grave Charge. Qnmhcd.
Judge Collier filed an opinion In the motion
to quash the indictment against Superintend
ent A. B. Starr, He quashed the first count
alleging involuntary manslaughter, and tho
fourth because It alleged two" offenses. This
leaves Mr. Starr indicted for misdemeanor and
negligence, for which he will have to be tried.
Pleased the Little One.
Judce Slajrle listened to the arguments in the
case of a little sister of Dora Hern against
P. and Anna O'Hern, said to have been spirited
away. The charges were not proven, and the
child was mightily pleased on being handed
over to tbs O'Hems.
Lines From LeVnl Quarters.
Daniel M. Risheb yesterday filed bis claim
against the Grand Lake Coal Company for
$eos 67. '
The amount distributed in admiralty aris
ing from the sale of the steamboat Ben Wood
Esther Makes wants her hnsband, Harris
Marks, committed to Dlzmont as being vio
lently Insane. A hearing was fixed for Febru
The charter of the Iroquois Rifle' Club, of
Pittsburg, was filed yesterday in the Recorder's
office. The directors are Julius Zoller, John P
Conrad, L. li. Uranc, Fred Laucr and A. G
Deiserotu, of the South Side.
Twenty-five suits were entered yesterday
Dy various eastern nrms against a, u. Mc
Knight fc Bros, the Wood street stationers,
wuv uj.ug mu .esiuiueut ah euurb limo ago.
The amounts claimed aggregate J7.9S2 77.
James Rees and James Rees & Sons filed
libels against the steamers J. S. Mercer and J.
A BUckraore, aggregating $673 72. They were
tho property of the Grand Lake Coal Com
pany, seised by the Sheriff ou executions ob
tained by Isaac Van Vornis.
J.J. Miller, Esq. of the Allegheny County
Bar, was admitted to prectlee In the United
States courts yesterday, on motion of T. B. Al
corn. Mr. Miller immediately filed a libel in
admiralty aesinst the steamboat John a. EMh-'
..-.. . ... -
er, on nenau oi J. a. eei & wo.
The public schools will close next Friday, it
being Washington's Birthday.
Prof. Slack will lecture to the Ninth ward
night school pupils next Wednesday evening.
Principal Dueling, of the Indiana Nor
mal School, was a visitor at the Central Board
Prof. Fisher visits Cleveland next Friday
to examine the method of teaching language
In vogue in its schools.
Superintendent Luckey yesterday re
ceived a copy of Senato. Bobbins' bill advo
cating uniformity of textbooks.
Fkoh the remarks dropped in educational
circles yesterday, women do not appear to be
in high favor for school directors.
Room 14 of the 8oho school captured the Jr.
O. U. A. M. flag last week for punctuality, at
tendance, snelling and arithmetic
Superintendent Luckey, Prof. Jackman
and Prof. S, A. Andrews will attend the Na
tional Teachers' Association which meets the
week of the. inauguration In Washington, D.
C. Mr. Andrews has been granted a full week's
Miss Lucia B. Fulton has been elected In
the Ninth Ward School, Allegheny, to fill the
position occupied by Mrs.Carse. It Is said that
this is a school trouMe caused by prolonged
leavo of absence, and further developments
Mrs. Barclay, of tho Peebles school, who
was married last Thursday, was presented on
Tuesday afternoon with a handsome silver cake
basket by tbo pupils of ber room. The teach
ers also presented her with many handsome In
Miss May Wiohtman has been elected
Assistant Principal in the Wickershain school,
Twenty-fourth ward, in place of Miss Pooley,
who resigned on account of ill health. Miss
Wig htman has previously taught in the Peebles
and Lawrence schools.
The Teachers' Acadomy will meet next Sat
urday at the Grant school, when an effort will
be made to change the constitution of this
body. Tire following cbangeshall be submitted:
That there be a new method of admitting mem
bers, and all members who attend irre-mlarlv
shall be dropped from the roster.
The examination for permanent certificates
will terminate two Saturdays hence. The fol
lowing list comprises the names of the appli
cants: Miss Rebecca Torrence, Lilian F. Hoag,
Grace B. McMasters, Clara E. Riddle, Grant
school; Kato B Bauersmitb, Hllaud; Bertha
M. Werner. Morse: Marv A. Rosser. Anna M.
Dickson, Soho; Kate A. Barry, Hancock; Mary
A. stein, iiwy ju. nnimai), .Dioouiueiu; o. A,
snowuen. Annie r. jaostwiric Homewood
Sara C. Nelson. Colfax; Lon G. Taylor, Agnes
u. xnompson, j-.ugcey: oaaie r. juiunn, Bloom
field; Elizabeth McCabe, Normal High Schools
Mayme L. Taylor, Birmingham.
Produced with all the scenery
and accessories from the
original models of Mr.
W. H. Day, art
Lyceum Theater, New York.
MORRIS H. DANZIGER.
MONDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 18.
Matinees: TrasMnreiliiy & Saturday.
The Austin Sisters,
Rose and Airaee,
The Garnella Bros.,
Miss Minnie Lee,
Weber and Fields,
Fred W. MillsT
Chas. E. Schilling,
W. D. Anent,
J. H. Cullin.
Has met with unqualified approval. Our stores the busiest in town. If you want to be
waited on promptly come in the morning.
Still better bargains for this week.
All the best makes of Muslin almost given away this week.
Lots more of Allen's best Prints at 5 cents per yard.
, There is no let up on those choice Lace Curtain bargains.
Early spring novelties shown in every department of our immense establishment.
This the last and deepest cut in Ladies' Wraps, Jackets, Jerseys, Misses' and Chil.
Remarkable bargains in Uuslin Underwear and Aprons.
SPECIAL AND IMPORTANT I
Will soon be ready for your inspection and approval, our Big Dry
Goods and House Furnishing Departments.
February 25. Gus Hill's
World ot Novel-fel7-12
WA I.I, ACKER Press Agent
WEEK OF FEBRUARY 18.
THE WELCHES GIGANTIC SPECIALTY
. Welches Chas, and Jennie.
Baby Venus, Gieeson Children,
VlllettaTlBell, Julian Ti Bell,
Alex. Wilson, Joe Morton,
Madame Naomle, Gen. C. R. Decker,
ADMISSION 10 CENT&
Open from 10 a. m. until 10 p. jl f el7-8
DANZICER & SHOENBERG
42-44-M-M M St-H-540-542 P8E Aye.
ON THE FLOOR.
HOW ARE THESE PRICES?
MT. DE CHANTAL,
Near Wheeling, W. Va
(SISTERS OF THE VISITATION.)
A school of more than national reputation,
offers exceptional advantages for thorough ed
ucation of young ladles in all departments. Li
brary of 8,000 volumes. Fine philosophical,
chemical and astronomical apparatus.
Musical department specially noted. Corps
of piano teachers trained by a leading professor
from Conservatory of Stutgart. Vocal culture
according to the method of the oldltallan mas
ters. Location unsurpassed for beauty and health.
Ten acres of pleasure grounds. Board excel
lent. For catalogues and references to patrons In
all tho principal cities, addre
se9-o,.tt-su THE DHtECTRESS.
PHOTOGRAPHER, 16 SIXTH STREET.
A fine, large crayon portrait $3 80: see them
before ordering elsewhere. Cabinets, $3 and
K 60 per dozen. PROMPT DELIVERY.
O. D. LEVIH. Solicitor of Patsnts.
181 Fifth arcnne.above Mmithflold, next Leader
office. (No delay.) Established 20 years. .
6 feet 2 in. high. 4 feet 9 in. wide.
PRICE, - - $4 85.
This'll make the would-be cheap
advertisers wail. They're selling'
It for 86 50 spot oash.
A Hair-top Mattress,
A Bed Spring,
CASH, OR TIME PAYMENTS.
We sell Chamber Suits, three pieces,
for $12 50.
We sell Parlor Suits, $30.
We sell Carpets, per yard, 20c.
We sell Ladies' Newmarkets
We, sell Dry Goods, Silverware.
We sell China Ware and Stoves.
We sell everything to furnish your
All for Cash or Time Payments.
635 Smitlifield Street. 635.
80 Fifth ave, and 63 Diamond st.
HARRY DAVIS Proprietor and Manager
Commencing FEB. ZL closing FEB. 23.
12 M. to 12 P.M. DAILY.
Grand 38-Hour Female Walking Match
for Championship Allegheny County.
$250 in Cash Prizes. List of Entries:
Aggie Harvey, Lulla Zellette, Alice Robinson,
Lizzla Anderson. Clara Belle. Jennie Ramon.
LniiaHart,MamleWood. General admlsston,10o i
NATIONAL SWEDISH LADIES' CON.
CERT at Old City HalLTnesday. February
19. Elsfat Beantifnl Young Ladies from tho
Royal Opera of Stockholm. 8weden. Reserved
seats 75 and 60 cents, at KT.KBER'S MURK)
STORE. felM ,
P. G. REINEMAN,
E2 AND 5 SIXTH STREET.
Headquarters for Costumes of all descriptions,
for hire at reasonable prices.
delS-so. F. G. EEINEMAM.