Newspaper Page Text
Over One Hundred Bogus But
ter Sellers Caught Up
AND WILL BEPBOSECUTED.
The Commission Merchants' Associ
ation Gets in Its Work.
PEOMLNEXT DEALERS AKEESTED.
Complete Expose of Trade Secrets
EUSE OP A LAWYER ASD DETECTITES
A sensation of the liveliest sort -was un
earthed yesterday, and all by the simplest
and mildest question in the world: "Is there
anything new to-day?"
The unexpected answer to this question
addressed to "William Tost, Esq .the well
known Diamond street lawyer was that
most certainly there was something new to
day, and that the news related to a decided
sensation in an oleomargarine way, and
that this news affected many prominent bus
iness houses and the people at large, as it
concerns two of the most vital issues in this
life a man's pocketbook and his stomach.
"res," said Jlr. Yost, "there is some
thing new to-day, and, as a starter, I would
remark that t e have now nearly 100 cases
of oleomargarine selling on hand, and ready
I try at any moment.
"You remember," continued the gentle
man, "about November 26, all the papers
published a sort of proclamation, signed by
all the leading merchants of the two cities,
taying that the selling of bntterine or oleo.
must stop. As a matter of course, no atten
tion was paid to this pronunciamento, as
they shortly afterward ascertained, and,
about December 1, they put affairs into my
hands, with full freedom of action in order
to detect these sellers, as they had reason to
belie e the law was utterly disregarded. A
committee was also appointed to take charge
of the matter and to raise a fund for the
purpose of prosecuting the cases and in a
short while five times the amount of money
necessary was subscribed."
THE TTAT IT WAS DOSE.
"Would you care to tell how vou man
aged to ferret out so many cases in such a
'Well, it's scarcely proper to give away
one's methods, but the evidence is all in,
and no harm will now result from any pub
lication, but, on the contrary, I think a
great deal of good will result in showing
these people and their business up to our
people, who have suffered and been victim
ized for so long owing to this fraudulent
"I went to work at once and employed
six men as detectives to look ur these deal
ers and secure samples of their goods. We
did intend to bring suits before the last
grand jury, but it met such a sudden and
pathetic death through an overdose of court
opinion that we held our cases back for this
joay; and I am glad we did, for these jurors
are mostly honest farmers, and they are cer
tainly calculated to know butter when they
see' it. Inasmuch as we couldn't do any
thing until the next grand jury, we turned
our attention to gathering in more cases,
with flattering success.
"We have secured nearly 100 cases, gath
ered from all over Pittsburg and Allegheny,
and in many of the surrounding towns; but
many of the cases, of course, come from the
Pittsburg and Allegheny market places.
We-have already entered suits in 20 cases,
some of them to-day. In regard to the other
cases, we have not yet decided exactly
whom or how many we will sue."
IT IS VERY SEVERE.
"What is the penalty for this illegal sell
ing?" "The law has been printed often enough.
The act of 188" provides two remedies. In
one, the arresting party can have an of
fender indicted and fined; and, in aggra
vated cases the Court has been imposing
fines of 5200 with 20 days in jail. For in
stance, C. A. Watson has just come out ot
jail after sering20 days and paying 5200
fine, besides SoG costs." Attorney Yost
then continued, as follon s:
Tho other remedy is not nearly so severe or
harsh. "It is simply a-civil suit for a penalty of
S100, and the party is not snnject to arrest or to
the disgrace of serving a sentence in jail, as the
payment of $100, with probably small costs be-
.. . . 1 t. .1. 1 I.. ... . V
ujcfc oquire, is we limit 01 mis penalty in
the cases I have on hands, the milder remedy
win prouauiy De sumcient; Dut, 11 not, criminal
prosecutions will most certainly be instituted
in order to brine those people to terms The
association, let me say, is not actuated by
malice or anything of that sort, and the mild
remedy will be used if possible; but, as the
eevere penality is just as easily applied, it will
be used, for there is no alternative; this illegal
buttenne selling must stop. We have begun 15
civil suitB in order to see what effect it will
nave, and they are nearly all against small of
fenders, while the others for which we have
evidence may be brought at any time.
There are some cases, however, where the
offense has been so notorious and unblushing
that we thought we might as well begin at once
with something severe, and push these cases
without any delay or quibbling, and to-day we
instituted criminal suits against these parties.
One of the most prominent arrested to-day
was J. W. Scott, of thel Western Dairy Com
pany, who has probably been doing nearly
three fourths of the wholesale oleomargarine
business. We also arrested one of his em
ployes, and we have a number of cases against
tbem of the clearest kind, bcott keeps at No.
35 Diamond square, and he has been getting his
goods from Chicago, and has been
Frank Y. Over has also been arrested, and
Joseph McKee, of Allegheny, with his em
ployes, for we expect to bold the clerks of
wholesale dealers just as responsible as their
principals. They must understand someway
or other that the law does not protect a man
Jn wrong doing, no matter for whonuhe may
Another one of the leading, largest and
boldest dealers, Frank McCann, of the Pitts
burg. matkct,.wilh his employe, John Devlin,
was arrested to-day. and as McCann plead
guilty to the same charge in 18S7, j ou can see
he is no spring chicken in the business.
Among other things, w e have been quietly dis-
Sising of old cases, for instance Caskey and
elly. and Henry B. Rea. the latter pleadms
cuilty and promising to quit the selling.-
"W hen I started in on this work the commit
tee gave me positive information that in case
anvof our local dealers were prosecuted, the
Cliicago manufacturers had atrreed to nav their
fines and costs; but they fell a little short in this
respect: they haven't agreed to suffer impris
onment lor their customers, and in all proba
bility tbe'eourt will look un these little agree
ments, when the proper time comes.
A few sporadic cases were prosecuted by
constables, and when the small storekeepers
were fined they net unnaturally called on their
wuokrsale houses to whack np the fines and
costs lor them as Der agreement. I have inves
tigated these cases; and have invariably found
that instead of doing so they have evaded the
point on some pretext or other, and have not
held up to their agreement.
The people we now have on band have been
expecting suits for some time, and the only de
vice or point they have argued that the v think
will aid them in evading the law, is to have the
goods shipped direct to the consumer from the ;
outside, as men are now doing m the liquor
business. The oleomargarine laws,, however,
Are very peculiar, and are vastlySeret from
the liquor laws, and we have adequate measures
to meet this mot o and check it at once.,"
THE REASONS ABE THERE.
"Will you give these reasons?" was asked of
"Well, hardly. It is enough that I am giving
you what has already transpired, and I hope
you don't want me to tell 3 on before hand just
what oar crounds are. It is enough to say that
we have the law with us, and will speedily
make an example of any dealer who proposes
to evade the law by shipping directly to the
"The selling of bntterine has been almost
general, and as to the evils of ir, I can demon
strate to you plainly that the sale of butterine
tends to keep the price of pure butter up to the
present exorbitant rate. It not only tends
this way, but wc claim it is the only and sole
"The price of oleomargarine depends upon
the price of butter, and when butter sells at 40
cents oieo is nanging somewnere aoout tne
lower thirties. This.you would sav.disprovesmy
statement that butter is high because 'mar
garine is 6oldj but it goes to piove it. because
'margarine hangs just near enough ami just far
enough away in price to ruin the sale of pure
butter. To explain this more fully I must go
back a little to the time when the laws allowed
a free and open sellinp of the bogus butter, and
its deadly competition with pure butter. As
the bntterine cost only from 10 to 13 cents here,
there could De but one result, the sale of pnre
butter was ruined, and if the sale is ruined, so
is the manufacture, and the result was that
farmers stopped making butter to be sold at
ruinous rates, and turned their attention to
cream or pure milk, or perhaps sold off the
'There are peoDle who knowgood butter and
will have nothinsr else on their tables, and lust
so long as 'margarine is sold at rates low
enough to keep the bulk of legitimate butter
makers out of the business, that long will the
high price of pure butter be maintained by
people who will have it, nomatterwhatit costs.
This demand, however, is limited.
"You must understand there are different
grades and different prices of oleomargarine,
and the hisher cradeE can scarcely be detected
by one who is not well versed, while the lower
grades are veiy bad. in fact the very meanest
stuff imaginable. The system of the manu
facturers is this: they first send in a very high
crade of 'margarine, so mixed with a large
proportion of pure butter that it
CAN HARDLY BE DETECTED,
'Then, as their sales increase and their busi
ness is established, they begin to send in grades
with less and less proDortion of pure butter,
until, after the butter trade has been almost
entirely killed, they ship in pure bntterine, and
I actually believe the final consumer is not
aware of it, so gradual is the change and so
thoroughly blunted have become his percep
tions ot what really good butter is. lie may
mis sometimes the delicate flavor of the rich
Alderney, but is too indifferent, or perhaps too
obtuse, to know the reason.
"In every case in our hands we have the
oleomargarine carefully stowed away in boxes,
and we have an expert to "naljieit, andto
show the vile character of the stuff in com
parison to pure butter. Our chemical tests
will be given, and the people will be simply
amazed at the filth of the stuff they have been
buying for SO to 25 cents a pouud, under the
impression it was pure butter. Some people
say they prefer it to pure butter, but that is
probably because tbey have been using a high
trade ot 'margarmo or a low grade of Dutter.
The bogus butter has its greatest sale from the
market men direct to the poorer population,
who probably haven't the faintest idea they are
bujing 'margarine at exorbitant rates, and
serving to keep up the price of the very article
thev want cheapened.
"This association I represent claims to be made
up entirely of honorable business men. and
they say a man who deals in 'margarine is a law
breaker, and should be given the penalty, 10 to
SO days in jail for the first offense, and not less
than one ear for the second offense. There
fore, if the law is a good public policy or not,
their claim is just, that one of the most impor
tant branches of the grocery trade is being
turned over to a lot of irresponsible persons
who are utterly regaidless of the law, and
whose selling of margarine persistently keeps
up the price of good butter by limiting its safe.
and therefore limiting its manufacture. If the
public wants the law repealed, the Legislature
is now in session and willing to take up a popu
lar measure. The association has no objection
whatever, as its members can make more
money on bntterine than they can on butter, but
they demand that the law be kept by all, if
keptbyoue. As to the virtue of the law, let
the public decide.
A MIGHTT INTERESTING WORK.
"I have run across some of the most interest
ing things in this affair, not the least of which
is the coloring material used in buttenne in or
der to imitate the color of butter. The color
ing matter is taken from a seed grown in
Europe, and is nsea almost exclusively for that
purpose. It is made by Wells, Richards fc Co.,
of Vermont, who advertise their 'butter color'
as extensively as they do their famous Tough
on rats.' This coloring material is too dear lor
inc lower erases 01 uogus outter, ana as a con
sequence they use other and highly deleterious
substances for their coloring. It is a fact that
the poor farmer, finding his own honest, deli
cat el j flavored butter eclipsed in color by
'margarine, has taken to coloring his farm
product, in order to compete in looks with the
manufactured stuff; for nine people out ot ten
judge entirely by the appearance and color of
the butter. The popular idea that oleo is as
good as butter arises entirely from the fact
that the public has been using the latter for so
long they don't know the difference. Wo will
give them some chemical tests, however, that
will open their eyes."
"Where does the most 01 the stuff come
"Jlostly from the West: and by the way, hero
is a sample letter received by onr detectives in
answer to a decoy letter. You see the letter is
haaded Hammond i. Co .wholesalers of dressed
beef, bogs, etc, and gives a beautiful cut of
EXTENSIVE SLAUGRIEB HOUSES
in Indiana and Nebraska, with not one word,
howe er, in the letter head of bogus butter.
The letter is addressed to Messrs. Blank & Co.,
two of our detectives, and reads:
GrjfTLEKEX Your favor has been forwarded
from our Detroit othce,and in reply we-nould say,
while our factory is in Indiana, our general offices
are located in Chicago. V c are at present making
two grades of oleomargarine, the Calumet and
the Hecla branas. The former is worth 11 cents
per pound for solid packed in tubs f. o. b. at
Hammond, and for smaller rolls we cet one-half
cent per pound additional. The Hecla grade
C061S lOf cents.
These are net cash prices, and in case we should
make shipments to yon, w onld feel obliged to ask
j ou for relerences, as j ou are entire strangers to
us, and we understand there is some risk lu ship
ping these goods into Pennsylvania wlillo such
the be.t low-nriced coods in the market, etc.. ctc.
BiriQKcm laws arc m lurcr. e claim 10 make
(Signed) J. D. bTADISH, secretary.
This." continued Mr. Yost, in a disgusted
tone, "is what we are pam; 2b to 35 cents a
pound for, and just to give jou an idea of the
enormous profit some houses are making out of
the poor people in the cities, I will teU you of
what 1 know myself.
A STARTLING STATEMENT.
"Members ot two different houses came to
me, and said plainly: 'Yost, if you let usalone
until May 1, at our present rate of business we
will have cleared a cool 10,000 to 50.000 each in
the first four months of this year.' It was just
a few days ago one of onr detectives found two
cars packed solid with buttennefora single firm
in this city. They have some of the best attor
neys in the city employed, and it is rather sig
nificant that they have all employed the same
lawyers, pointing to a combination on their side
"Some of them have also said to me person
ally that they did not fear prbsecution, apd
they could buy any grand jury ever drawn, and
that they could purchase our detectives. Most
all of tlieni have Government license for the
sale of oleomargarine, so itwould be ridiculous
for them to plead not guilt. Their usual
tactics are to delay and draz the suit aslomr as
possible, but they have a hard jury now to
either buy or browbeat."
THE AEEESTS SO FAB.
Fonnced Upon at the Diamond Market and
Immediately Giro Bail.
Armed with several warrants, Detectives
Gibson and Best, of Braddock, went to the
Diamond Market yesterday afternoon and
they arrested four men on the charge of
selling oleomargine. The names of the
parties were: Prank McCann, John Smith,
J. W. Scott and John Devlin.
The detectives immediately took the men
around to Alderman Cassidy's office, where
they paid $500 bail for their appearance on
next Saturday at Alderman Carlisle's office.
These four men are connected with the
Western Dairy Company.
Alderman Douglas, of Boston, Pa., com
mitted Herman Brinker to jail yesterday
for selling oleomargine and felonious as
sault with intent to kill. The first charge
was made by Constable Peckman, and the
last by Brinker's wife.
M'DOWELL TALKS BACH.
The Balldtrs Sboald Have Come Forward at
, the Proper Time.
Coroner McDowell said yesterday, in
reference the denouncement of the Build
ers' Exchange, that his investigation was a
fair one; and if the builders knew anything
about tqe material used, they should have
said so, at the proper time. The jury, he
says, wre Intelligent and responsible men.
A LEABMD ACADEMY.
Pittsburg May Soon Hare a Grand
School of Arts and Sciences.
PEEPAEATORY STEPS BEING MADE.
Interesting. Session of the
THE WOXCEES OP THE UKSEEN WORLD
In all probability within a year's time
this city will have an Academy of Sciences
similar to such institutions as have been iu
existence in Philadelphia, New York, Bos
ton and other large cities for many years.
It has every opportunity for forming one
which will equal in size, wealth and learn
ing the greatest in the country, and all that
is necessary is to form the union. The En
gineers' Society has already appointed a
committee to confer with such other com
mittees that may be appointed with such an
end in view.
At the meeting of the Iron City Micro
scopical Society in their rooms in Library
Hall last evening, Messrs. Mellor, Clapp
and Melnor were appointed as a committee
to represent the society. Should the academy
be formed it will include such societies as
the two above mentioned, the Botanical So
ciety, the Photographers' Association and
BIG AND COMPREHENSIVE.
A large hall will be secured and a room
assigned to each society, which will be
known as a section of the Academy of
Mr. C. S. Melnor had on exhibition last
evening a slide on which were a few bacil
lus tuberculosis, the germs of the disease of
consumption. In his remarks upon the ex
hibit he said the slide was obtained from
Dr. W. H. "Webb, of the University of
Pennsylvania, of Philadelphia, who ob
tained them from a patient in that city,
who was the daughter of wealthy parents.
She had been spending the summer at the
various resorts along the Atlantic sea coast.
When she returned to the city in the au
tumn she complained of feeling ill. The
cause of her sickness could not be learned
from any outward symptoms. The family
physician called in Dr. Webb, who was also
at a loss to assign the cause of her illness.
One day he noticed her cough and deposit a
substance in her handkerchief. He secured
the handkerchief later and
DISCOVERED A HAKD SUBSTANCE
the size of a pin head. On examination
he discovered the bacillus tuberculosis,
and informed the physician that the girl
would be dead within three weeks. The un
fortunate young lady died before the time
had expired. I
Dr. Webb sent one of the slides to his
friend Mr. Melnor. He also 'sent a let
ter, but the gentleman bad forgotten it. It
was the most rapid case of consumption on
record, and proves the germ theory of the
disease, and that consumption is not heredi
tary. Dr. W. J. Holland gave an interesting
account of bis trip to Japan, and exhibited
a number of photographs which he had col
lected during his sojourn in that country.
Among the other exhibits was a fine
stentor, a tiumpet-shaped animal which is
found in the water which we drink, by
Prof. W. S. Jackman, of the P. C. H. S.
Mr. W. J. Prentice exhibited some Alle
gheny river water, containing several varie
ties of forticellte, diatoms and worms.
Dr. Logan exhibited some diatoms ob
tained from an artesian well at Cambridge,
At the business meeting of the society the
Entertainment Conrmittee reported that a
soiree would be held in Old City Hall on
the evening of April 12.
THEIR TM) C0J.YENTI0N.
An Impoitnnt Session of Itoynl Templars
Being Held at ItlcKeeaport.
The tenth annual convention of the Grand
Council, Royal TemplarsofTemperance, of
Pennsylvania, was held at McKeesport yes
terday. Almost 100 delegates were present
representing the different councils in the
State. The delegates were quartered at the
different hotels, and were the gnests of
Lincoln Council, of McKeesport. The en
tire board of grand officers of the State ar
rived at noon, and are as follows :
Grand Councilor, W. H. Cover, of Sharon; P.
G. Councilor, Hon. John M. Emery, of New
Castle; G. V. Councilor, "Mrs. Caroline A.
Jones, of Erie; Chaplain. Rev. R. Fearse, of
Edinboro; Grand Secretary, James A Dnshane,
of New Castle; Grand Treasurer, E. P. Hall, of
Corry; Grand Medical Examiner, Dr. E. N.
Leake, of Butler; Grand Herald, Mrs. C.J.
Irons, of Mcadville; Grand Deputy Herald, J.
M. Irons, of Meadulle: Grand Trusteees, J. E.
Howard, of Franklin: D. T. Seely. of Bradford;
J. R. Barnes, of Springboro: Grand Guard,
Adam Aliott, of Corry, and Grand Sentinel,
David Jenkins, of Pittsburg.
The opening session lasted until 6 P. II.
and was devoted to roll call of delegates
and examination of credentials.
At the evening session the degree was
conferred on several delegates and Rev. Dr.
T. N. Boyle, of Braddock, delivered an ad
dress of welcome.
The convention will not get down to busi
ness until to-day and the session may con
tinue for three days. The most important
business to come up this afternoon will be
the election of grand officers for the ensuing
THE IKON TKADE IS DULL.
The Yonncstown Rollins Mill Closed
I.nck of Orders.
The iron trade in the Mahoning and She
nango valleys is exceedingly dull at pres
ent, and one concern, the Youngstown Boil
ing Mill Company, has closed its works.
They claim it was done owing to a lack of
orders, and other mills arc expected to
The fnrnacemen are on a strike at some of
the furnaces and a general strike is ex
pected. This will greatly injure the coke trade;
but none ot the operators seem to care
whether they are compelled to close dotfn
their works or not.
C0L0ELD T0TEES WILL BOLT
In the Twelfth Ward and Vote on an Inde
The colored residents of the Twelfth ward
have expressed their determination to run
an independent ticket, and will hojd a
meeting next Thursday to name their candi
dates. The dissatisfaction is said to have arisen
from the Republicans' failure to indorse a
man named Allen for Constable, and the
move is taken to show the strength of the
colored vote in the ward. Tt is also hinted
that it is a move of the Democrats to
alienate the colored vote from its usual
A GREAT FL0DR MILLER.
Charles A. Pillsbury, ot the Northwest,
Passes Through the City.
Charles A. Pillsbury, the great flour
miller of the Northwest, passed through the
city last night on his way home from the
East He said the wheat crop was very
short and flour would advance in price to a
very high figure.
He received a message at the station to
the effect that good flour had advanced 25
cents per barrel in Minneapolis during the
day. In regard to the Flour Trust be said
it was "busted" before it was formed.
He Had Too Dlnny Watches.
Charles Schreiner was taken to jail yes
terday on a charge of having stolen three
gold watches, valued at $100, from Henry
McCain, of Tarentum.
THE PITTSBURG , DISPATCH, - - WEDNESDAY, "FEBRUARY
SOME ALLEGHENY SUGGESTIONS.
The Residents of Two Wards Hold Meetings
and Name Candidates.
The citizens of the First ward, Allegheny,
met in the school house last night to sug
gest candidates for the various offices. Mr.
J. T. Mulvey, the retiring Select Council
man, presided, and Major W. P. Hunker
acted as Secretary. When it was an
nounced that there would be two
Select Councilmcn to elect, Dr. Charles
W. Neeb and Arthur Kennedy, both
members of the Common branch, were can
didates for the two seals. The recent de
cision of the Supreme Court to the effect
that only one seat was to be filled, caused
quite a stir in politics all-over the city.
Dr. Neeb withdrew from the fight, leaving
a .clear field, as he thought, to Mr. Ken
nedy, but at the meeting last night a new
candidate sprang up.
The suggestions last night were as fol
lows: Select Council, one to elect, Arthur Kennedy
and Austin L. Clark: Common Council, four to
elect, Dr. Chas. W. N eeb, Tohn P. Milby. John
T. McAulcy, Albert Koenig. Joseph McClurg,
W. J. Patton, John H. Stern, Thomas C. Pit
ciirn, Lee S. Smith, James Ferry and H. G.
Watson; School Directors, Major, W.-P. Hun
ker and D. H. Barker.
It was decided not to hold any primary
and these candidates will be balloted for at
general election on the 19th inst.
The Fourth ward Republicans had a
lively suggestion meeting in the lower
school house. It-was an unusually large
meeting, and when a .friend of P. Walter,
Jr., announced that Mr. Walter would not
be a candidate for Select Council a great
deal of dissatisfaction was expressed. The
following nominations were made:
Select Council, one to elect, W. K. Fried and
Wm. M. Kennedy; Common Councilmen,seven
to elect, Wm. Badcr. P. Walter, Jr., Jacob
Ehmann, H. C. Robinson, John Vogler, David
Martin. John H. Short, TJ. H. Stauffer, John
Stacy, Hiram Landis, Andrew Lysle and James
The Tenth ward citizens held a suggestion
meeting and named the following ticket:
Select Council, one to elect, Frederick
Emerick; Common Council, two to elecP,
Arthur Hunter, G. C. Kimberlain, W. Nes
bitt and George Betzel.
TO THE INAUGURATION.
Passenger A cent Smith Making the Final
E. D. Smith, Division Passenger Agent
of the Baltimore and Ohio Eailroad, re
turned home yesterday morning from Wash
ington where he went to make the final ar
rangements for the accommodation of the
people who will go to attendithejinaugura
'tion. The sleeping cars will be put under sheds
near Seventh street. Up to date the com
pany has made arrangements for the accom
modation of 85 sleepers. These will house
over 3,000 people. While the sleepers are
in Washington the electric railway will run
care every 15 minutes and all night to con
vey the people to the heart of the city, bout
one mile distant.
In speaking of his trip Mr. Smith said :
To say that the people of Washington are
getting ready for the inauguration would be
sayingsomething sarcastic. They are ready.
It is three weeks before the inauguration cere
monies, and the people in Washington hare
nearly everythine in shape for the event.
Stands to seat 10.000 persons have been erected,
and are being erected at all points alone the
line of march of the parade. Between 750 and
800 people, in organizations, and about 1,000
miscellaneous passengers will go from this city
oyer our road.
A MYSTERIOUS MEETING
That Was Held by the Y. III. C. A. at Law
rencevllle Lost Night.
Over 100 young men gathered in the Y.
M. C. A. rooms at Lawrenceville last even
ing in attendance at the "mysterious meet
ing," which has been the topic of conversa
tion for some time. An excellent literary
and musical entertainment constituted part
of the mystery, during nhich Prof. Joseph
Smith and pupils rendered selections on the
violin, guitar and mandolin. Elocutionist
Winton also gave some good selections:
Another mystery was found in the rear
parlor, where ice cream and other refresh
ments were served; but the prime mystery
was the discussion of bathrooms for the
members. After some discussion it was de
cided to put them in as a membership privi
lege, providing 100 new 55 members could
be obtained, each one being allotted his
qtiota of names to get. The association is
wide awake and will probably have no dif
ficulty. A LARGE AFFAIR.
The Masqaernde Party of the Mark Twain
Club a Success.
The Mark Twain Bod and Gun Club
gave their annual masquerade party at the
Grand Central Rink on Penn avenue last
evening. The affair was the largest of the
kind that has been held in this city for
many years. The costumes were varied,
some pretty, some ordinary, and some
humorous. There were the usual nnmber
of Topsvs, school girls, Indians, etc.
An impersonator of "Jack the Kipper,"
was there in his glory, and vied with a "La
Tosca" in attracting attention. About 200
couples were in the grand march, which was
led by members of the club. The Mozart
Orchestra furnished the music for dancing,
which was continned until an early hour
this morning. Masks were removed at mid
night. LOWER IRON ORE RATES.
A BIcetlus to be Held in New York tor This
C. S. Wight, General Freight Agent of
the Baltimore and Ohio road, J. N. McCul
lough, Second Vice President of the Penn
sylvania, and William Stewart, General
Freight Agent of the same company, went
to New York last night to attend a joint
meeting of the Central Traffic Association
and Trunk Line Association committees at
that place to-day.
The meeting is called for the purpose of
making lower rates on iron ore from the
West to the East.
ANDREW CARNEGIE TERI BUST.
A Multiplicity of Interests Requiring One
Good General Guide.
Mr. Andrew Carnegie, the iron and steel
magnate, put in one of the bnsiest days of
bis life yesterday. He held consultations
with the heads of the various departments
in the iron,steel and coke concerns in which
he is interested, and gave directions as to
how to conduct business.
When the representatives of the press
asked for a few moments' conversation, he
sent out the message that it was impossible,
as he had no time to spare.
MORE TRACTION DELAYS.
The Citizens Cars Slack Twice at the Forks
At 7 o'clock yesterday morning a Butler
street car was stopped at the Forks of the
road by a bent pin in the slot Traffic was
obstructed for over two hours. Passengers
had to walk to town.
A few minutes alter 11 o'clock last night
the cable again stopped, aud all cars were
delayed for nearly an hour from another car
being caught in the slot at the Forks of the
Road, considerable difficulty being had in
Sootlislde Democrats Suggest.
A suggestion and primary meeting of the
Democrats of tha Twenty-fifth ward last
night nominated August Blockinger for Se
lect Council, and August Flach for Alder
The Derrick Did It.
A derrick fell on William Barstow, a
stonemason, yesterday, at Derry station,
and injured him so seriously that he had to
be removed to the West Penn Hospital,
Allegheny County Men of Hops on
Their Pilgrimage to Discover
THE DEADLY DOSE FOE PE0HIB
A Great Yolume of Literatnre. Appealing
to Every Toting Citizen,
SO AS TO COUNTERACT COLD WATER
About a dozen brewers of this city left
yesterday for Philadelphia to attend the an
nual meeting of the State Brewers Associa
tion to be held at that place beginning to
day. Among the party were Edward J.
Frauenheim, L. Vilsact, Samuel Wain
wright, John Walters, Joseph Bruening,
Herrman Stranb, J. W. Nusser, Chris
Bauerlein and Frank Ober.
The convention will be the most impor
tant that has been held since the formation
of the Brewers' Association. After the
transaction of routine business and the elec
tion of officers the question of what part the
brewers shall take in the coming special
election will come up for consideration. It
is expected thata programmeof work will be
outlined in the different sections of the
State and a strong 'effort will be made to
stem the tide of pnblic opinion in favor of
the Constitutional amendment. Several of
the brewers here will agitate the question of
sending out speakers to stump the State
close upon the heels of the prohibition
speakers. Others are in favor of putting
DOLLARS IN LITERATURE
to be sent to every voter in the State.
There is no qnestion but that something
will be done, and thousands of dollars will
be spent to defeat the proposed amendment!
Mr. Edward Frauenheim, of the firm of
Frauenheim & Vilsack, the Iron City
brewery, said yesterday:
"In answer to the question of what part
the brewers will take in the coming election
on the Constitutional amendment, I cannot
say definitely, bnt you can rest assured we
will fight it from every quarter. If the
election would be held next week there is a
strong probability that we would be de
feated. As it will not be held for months
yet the voters will have time to think the
matter over and carefully consider what they
intend doing. All the popular sentiment that
is now sweeping over the country will die
out long before the time for voting comes.
There is a great difference between abso
lute prohibition and local option. The
Prohibitionists think that because a certain
town or county voted for local option they
will vote for prohibition. This has been
found not to be the case. Thousands of
people will vote for local option who would
not vote for prohibition. The reason for
this is because a man does not wish to have
a saloon right near him where his sons will
be tempted into it. These people will vote
for 'no liquor' right in their immediate
vicinity, but when it comes to driving the
business out of the State entirely they will
look at the matter in a serious light, and
VOTE THE OTHER VVAT.
"Take for instance a man living at a
Elace like Sewickley. He will vote against
aving liqnor in town, but does not object
to having it in Allegheny or Pittsburg.
"It is to be expected that we will fight
this matter, and the public may rest assured
that we will protect our business. The vote
in the country districts will not be as large
as people are now expecting. One particu
lar county I will mention. It has been said
that Westmoreland would give a big prohi
hibition majority. Now I have been all
over the county and from very close esti
mates I think the liquor interests will have
a majority of between 4,000 and 0,000.
"Since the agitation has beenrstarted the
prohibition people have been claiming
everything, and one wonld suppose that
they intend to wipe the liquor men off the
face of the earth. The brewers and distillers
have been 'egwing a lot of wood' in the
meantime, and saying nothing. When the
time comes we will be on hand. We cer
tainly don't intend to see hundreds of mil
lions of dollars of capital killed and the
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania rained by
prohibition laws. The Brookt law made a
wonderful change in this State, and the
temperance folks may find out that they
did not know when they had enough."
THE! WANT LICENSE.
Just 1,361 Men Defy Prohibition Interest
ing Tables by 'Wards.
The total applications for liquor licenses
have run up to 1,361, with a probability of
four applications received Monday, being
thrown out on account of not having been
filed in time. As compared with last year
the applications make the following show
Pittsburg, retail 717
Allegheny, retail 225
Boroughs, retail 193
Townships, retail 189
Pittsburg has been arranged by wards as
First ward MINIneteenth ward.
second ward as'Twentiethward.
Third ward 4o,Twenty-flrst ward.
Fourth ward 13
Twentj -second ward,
Twenty-third ward .
Twenty-fifth ward ..
blxth ward U
Seventh ward 12
.Mntn Tvara ?
Tenth ward 14
Twenty-seventh ward 10
Twenty-eighth ward.. It
Twenty-ninth ward.. 21
Thirtieth ward 14
hleventh ward 9
Twelfth ward 36
Thlrtcenih ward 7rThlrtY-flrst ward
fourteenth ward 31'Thlrty-seeond ward
Filtcenth ward 33,Thlrt-third ward
Mxteenth wara 21'Tlilrty-fonrth ward... 9
Seventeenth ward.... 2Si Thirty-fifth ward 1
Lighteenth ward ...... l5Thlrty-sixth ward.... 7
The total of these figures makes G62, a
difference of 3 n the table. Which of
these figures is correct cannot be ascertained
until the list is checked. In the Twenty
second ward, where there was no applicant
last year, one has come this year, and in the
Thirty-fifth ward, where everybody was re
fused a year ago, one man has come forward
to try his luck.
THE BOOK CONCERN.
Dr. Charles S. Smith Goes to Nevr York to
Attend the Meeting.
Dr. Charles S. Smith, editor of the Chris
tian Advocate, went to New York last night
to attend the annual meeting -of the Metho
dist Book Concern Committee. A new su
perintendent will be elected to fill the va
cancy caused by the death of John M. Phil
lips. Dr. Smith had no idea who would be
elected to the place.
CONGRESSMAN JEHU BAKER,
Conntrymnn Whom John Jnrrclt
Elected In Morrison's Place.
Congressman Jehu Baker, of Illinois, the
nan who defeated "Horizontal Bill" Mor
rison for re-election, passed through the
city last night on his way to Washington.
He said he had not been to see President
elect Harrison, aud did not know who the
latter intended to put in his Cabinet.
Don't Know Their Mother Is Dead.
The coroner yesterday held a partial in
quest on the remains of Mary Jones, the
chambermaid of the towboat Beaver, who
was drowned early yesterday morning. It
was learned that Mrs. Jones was a widow,
ahd had a large family of grownup sons
and daughters, some of whom are supposed
ti be located in-this vicinity, but are not
aware 01 their mother's death. The deceased
at one time lived on Craig street, Allege-
at one time
nay be foai
r)ams are si
order that some of her children
found before she is buried, the re
re still kept at the morcne and the
quest adjourned until Monday.
IT MAY NOT BE MURDER.
St. Clair Still Alive, One ArresrDIade and
The residents of Wilkinsburg are very
much excited over the double burglary and
possible murder in connection with that oc
currence, which took place at 2 o'clock yes
terday morning. Mr. St. Clair is"still in a
critical condition, bat the physicians now
express hopes of his ultimate recovery.
A fellow named Malone was arrested last
night in Braddock on suspicion of being
one of the murderous burglars who escaped
after shooting St. Clair. He had three
bloody handkerchiefs in his possession and
could not account for them. His wounded
"pal" is almost certain to be captured also.
To this end the Wilkinsburg borough Coun
cil has offered a reward of 5500, and it is
said 5200 more will be raised by citizens.
It waj ascertained yesterday that one of
the burglars really had been wounded by
one of the shots from Mr. St. Clair's re
volver. This is the fourth time Mr. St. Clair's
store has been broken into. The last time
two boys who are now in jail broke into the
In this connection it may be mentioned
that Miss Bowand, a danghter of A. T.
Rowand, of Edgewood, was attacked last
Saturday night. The father of the young
lady was only a few yards behind her, and
he scared the men off. It is thought that
the man wanted to rob Miss Bpwand.
A MULATTO CONGRESSMAN.
The Trouble He Will Hots In Getting Bis
Seat ia the Next House.
Hon. John M. Langs ton, Representative
from the Fourth Congressional district of
Virginia, was at the Union station last
night on his wav to Columbus, to attend the
banquet of the Lincoln club. Congressman
Langston is a very light mulatto and would
readily pass for a white man. He is a Re
publican and one of the newly elected mem
bers to Congress.
The Congressman will have some trouble
about getting his seat in Congress. In his
candidacy for the.office he had two oppo
nents. One of these was E. E. Venable, the
regular Democratic candidate, and a man
named Arnold, who was Mahone's candi
date. Langston was elected, but Governor
Lee made out the certificate and sent it to
Venable. The latter refused to hand itover
to Langston, and the Governor would not
make a correction of his apparent mistake.
Langston says he does not expect trouble in
naflinn t.. hhh 1...A W.i.i1.!a ,..11 Ln ....
hand with his credentials.
The only way Langston hopes to get his
seat is on acconnt of a Republican Congress.
He said, ia speaking of the Democratic
party, that when the people begin to vote
intelligently in the South there will be no
FOR THE WOMEN AND CHILDREN.
Stringent Rules and Regulations of tbo Pro
posed Factory Law.
The factory inspection law, to regulate
the employment of women and childrea.is of
great interest at present as having passed
second reading before the House.
Its provisions are that no minor under 18
nor any woman under 21 shall be employed
for any longer period than 60 hours in any
one week, and that no child under 13 shall
be employed in any factory, mercantile es
tablishment or manufactory in the State.
Also, that a perfect registry be kept of
birth, residence, etc., of all women under
21 and children and minors.
A factory inspector, with one assistant, is
to be appointed immediately if the act
passes, and the bill goes on to lay down
stringent rules that traps, elevators, etc..
shall be hedged in with safeguards; that
fire escapes shall be supplied; that no
minors be permitted to clean machinery in
motion; that not less than 45 minutes be
allowed for a noonday meali that experts on
light, heat and ventilation be employed, and
the provisions of the act are very complete
as to details and fines in case its provisions
CARNEGIE LIBRARY FLOORS.
The Contract for 10,000 Feet of Tiles I.et
to a Western Finn.
The United States Encaustic Tile Com
pany, of Indianapolis, the concern that is
now elaborately tiling the floors of the great
new Westinghouse building, yesterday se
cured the contract to lay with their best and
most artistic tiles the 10,000 feet of flooring
in the Carnegie Library building in Alle
gheny. They decline to make public the
contract price, but sav the work is to be
highly ornamental. They will begin it in
Helping the Indian.
A pretty musical and literary eatertain
ment was given last night at the Eighth
Street B. P. Church by the young people's
branch of the Women's National Indian
Association. The Adelphic Orchestra, of
Beaver Falls, rendered some enjoyable se
lections, and the proceeds of the affair will
be sent West to Indian missions.
Held on Tbreo Charges.
Henry Wheeler and William Eussas, the
colored men arrested for fighting on a Penn
sylvania Railroad train, have been placed
in jail, in default of $1,500 bail each, for
trial at court. The charges against them
are aggravated assault and battery, malici
ous mischief and casting missiles on rail
His Great-Grandfather's Watch.
Bridget McNamara and Mary Kelly will
have a hearing before Alderman Foley at
Wood's Bun to-day for larceny. They are
charged by Bartley Conghhn with having
stolen from him a watch, which descended
to him from his great-great-grandfather.
The watch is valued at 5150.
There are now 16 men from Bntler county
under arrest as suspected members of the
gang of counterfeiters. The hearing has
been postponed, until Thursday, when it is
expected an army of witnesses will be
See the New Spring Dress Goods To-Day,
Including the 60-inch cloth suitings at 40
cents and the French serges at 50 cents.
' JOS. HORSE & CO.'S
Penn Avenue Stores.
20, 25 and 40 cents, Scotch zephyr ging
hams located in dress goods room, where
vou have perfect light to see these choice
goods. boggs & Buhl.
Cloak Room Bargains Selling
Lively these February days just as good
bargains here as last month perhaps bet
ter. JOS. HORNE & CO.'S
Penn Avenue Stores. -
New hemstitched embroideries,
inches wide, extra choice patterns.
2 to 45
here less than general.
Boggs & Buhl.
Make your selections now while the
stock is complete in Anderson and domestic
zephyrs, Toil du Nord's, sateens, etc.
MWTSU HUGCS & HACKE.
Gold head canes and fine silk umbrellas;
lowest prices; no charge for engraving, at
Hauch's, No. 295 Fifth avenue. WKSu
Sprijto styles of all wool French challis,
light and dark coloring", 50c per yd.
arwTsu' Hughs & Hacke.
Will remove April 1 to 706 Smithfield
street. -J. H. Johnston,
-, . ii vw .. ,, v- ij &cpj&nv . 4 s -1
AN OFFER OF 30 VOTES FOR $100.
Some Sixth Word Citizens Who Want the
Coart to Appoint a Supervisor of the
Polls A Meeting Last Night.
The citizens of the Sixth ward met last
night in Ruch's Hall, on Fifth avenue, to
discuss the prospects of next Tuesday's
election. All the interest centers there in
the Councilnlanic election. There are two
candidates in the ward, both Bepublicans
Thomas McMichaels and James Williams.
Of these two the former is the candidate on
the Citizens' ticket, and it is a well-understood
fact that Mayor McCallin is using all
his influence to elect McMichaels.
The meeting last night was composed of
a very enthusiastic assembly numbering
about 150 neoiile. Mr. C. W. Helmold was
unanimously elected Chairman, and Jacob
Eueh Secretary. A report from committees
of the seven precincts in the ward was made
giving a statement as to the possible out
look. It was a noticeable fact that all re
ports harmonized in stating that the citi
zens' ticket would carry every precinct by a
very handsome majority.
Then Mr. John Enrich addressed the
Gentlemen While we may be confident of
success, ana nave tne soiia conviction inat tne
ward is ours. let me tell you that there can be
a great deal of manipulation ere the votes are
counted out. To prevent this I would like to
make a motion that a committee be appointed
to ask the courts for the appointment of a su
pervisor over the polls who will watch that ev
erything is carried out legally and honestly.
This motion was unanimously adopted,
and Mr. Helmold appointed Messrs. B.
Nicholson and W. J. Flinn as the compo
nents of that committee.
It was also suggested that a man for each
precinct be appointed to watch the polls,
independently of the supervisor, and at
the same time these gentlemen were en
joined to stay there all day long, and until
the polls were closed.
"It has been said," one gentleman stated,
''that the opposition has raised over 8800 to
carry this ward. Now let us prove that we
are honest men and cannot be bought. But
as regards the men who work at the polls
on election day, they shall be paid for their
work. We have got money, too."
An amusing incident occurred near the
close of the meeting, when a young fellow
came into the hall, and, walking up to the
Chairman's table, cried:
"Say, I have 30 votes in my pocket now; if
you've got anv money I will sell them to
you for 5100 right here!"
For a moment or so everybody was quiet,
but silence very soon gave way "to an out
burst of hot indignation.
"Turn the fellow out! Throw hin out of
the window!" and similar cries re-echoed
through the hall, and the vote-seller re
treated in the tumult down the stairway
his votes still "in his pocket."
Pratt's Closing Oat Sale of Books
Is now taking place at 428 Wood st. A
rare chance to buygood books cheap; also al
bums, Bibles, etc. Kemember Pratt comes
but once a year.
Wanted, Men and Boys.
We want men and boys to come and take
away bargains in suits, overcoats, pants and
underwear at the Hub. Bemember, every
dollar's worth of goods must be sold by the
1st of April, and such bargains can t be
found in clothing for men and boys as we
are offering at the Boston Clothing House,
439 Smithfield st.
New Plaid and Stripe Dress Goods.
Stylish colorings, 5 0 cents and upward.
Also the new spring shades French cash
meres at 50c, 60c and SI 00, all under price.
Jos. Horhx & Co.'s
Penn Avenue Stores.
Embroideries great bargains just when
you want them. Nice fine goods and new
patterns. Boggs & Buhl.
New Printed India Silks French 45 Cents,
Also at 60c, 65c, $1, SI 25 and up to S3 50
per yard; hundreds ot new designs now here.
Jos. Horse & Co.'s
Penn Avenue Stores.
Large additional arrivals new
zephyrs, 20, 25 and 40 cents.
Boggs & Buhl.
Novelties in new dress goods, suitable
for early spring wear.
jtwtsu Htjgtjs & Hacke.
In great variety to suit all tastes.
Jos. Eichbaum & Co., 48 Fifth ave.
FINE watch repairing; lowest prices, at
Hauch's, No. 295 Fifth avenue. vsrsu
fT WDLL CURE
IT WILL HEAL
IT WILL SAVE
IT IS SAFE
KIDD'S COUGH SYRUP,
KIDD'S COUGH SYRUP,
KIDD'S COUGH SYRUP,
Price, 25 cents, at all druggists.
FLE5HNG BROS PITTSBURG, PA
Lovely Fitting French Corsets
Were $1 and $i 25,
Now for 50c A PAIR.
NOW IS THE TIME TO GET
Bargains in Kid Gloves,
25c, 3SC, Soc 75c an(i $ o a pair.
T. T. T.
109 Federal Street,
li -o ii . I 1
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. r", ,.
JOB. HORNE I CD.'S
PENN AVENUE STORES.
Our February Display
Now ready in every department. Law
est productions in Spring NoTieltles,
from foreign and domestic manufactur
ers, in good to best qualities and at
very close prices. Large advance im
WOOLEN DRESS FABRICS
Arriving every day. Fancy Plaids,
Single and Cluster Stripes, Check Suit
tags and exquisite colorings in Paris
Dress Robes in the popular Empire and
New spring colorings in All-wool
American Dress Goods, in Plaids,
Stripes. Plain and Mixed Color Suit
ings, 33 to 60 inches wide, at 50c a yard;
not only a very large assortment, but
very good value and eveTy yard new.
Several cases newly imported
PRINTED INDIA SILKS,
Finest French Printings, in exquisite
colorings and designs exclusive to this
department, from $1 25 to $3 50 a yard;
many of these beautifulfabricsinsingla
dress pattern lengths. Our stock also
Includes special values at lower prices,
in new styles and colorings.
New Fancy Striped and Plaid Surah
Silks in latest and ultra shades, for
making np with the new French Cash
meres and plain weave woolen fabrics.
A bewildering array of patterns and
In addition to our already enormous
stock, from 25c to 50c a yard, and thi
best American Ginghams also are here,
together with the new French and
American Satines of best makes, alls
New arrivals in choice styles in Em
broideries, narrow edges, medium
widths, skirtings and flouncings. Prices
conceded to be lower than ever before.
White Goods, Yokings, Revering
Nainsooks, Check Molls; also, special
bargains In Linen Laces and in Trim
ming Laces, Drapery Nets and Fino
Lace Flouncings. Increased business in
Muslin Underwear Department
Is due to the especial good values and
Entire stock of Ladies' Long Cloth
Garments, Ulsters, Raglans, Newmar
kets, and also Short Cloth Wraps at
greatly reduced prices. Another ship
ment of the celebrated
. DUMFERMLINE DAMASK LlNENS,
Cloths and Napkins to match, now on,
sale the best goods for the money to
Now is the time to make frequent -
visits to the store; the new goods wi'i
' interest yon on every hand.
JOB. HDRNE I Eire1
PENN AVENUE STORES.. -i
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