Newspaper Page Text
Should peruse the
third page of
All having1 Houses
to Beat can secure
tenants by adver
tising In THE DISPATCH.
be the Burden of a Ma
jority of the Ballots in
SHE WILL STICK TO BEER,
Keep a Weather Eye on Her
Golden Tobacco Fields,
TOE PEBSOKAL LIBEBTY.
The Mennonites, Amishites and
Dunkards Arrayed Against
MU.HENSEL REFERS TO OLD SCORES,
And Believes the June Contest Will be
an Opportunity for Settling
Some of Them.
LIQUOR HEX COMBINING FOE WOEK
Lancaster county will give from 3,000 to
4,000 majority against Constitutional
amendment. Our Special Commissioner
finds the Pennsylvania Dutch generally
arrayed against the measure. In a politi
cal way, ex-State Chairman Hensel tells
why Democrats will probably use the op
portunity to punish both the liquor ring
and Republican party. Thus far The Dis
patch's canvass of counties shows the fol
COCJfTIES. g, " o
S - g
Armstrong.... In favor of S.I1S6 I Adopted
Bedford. 'Infavorof K.W1 'Adopted
Cambria 'Acainst 11.703 'Defeated
Cameron Inf.-uorof 1,315 'Adopted
Clarion ,Fairlvf.uro 6.945 I Adopted
Elk ,AKamt 3,197 .Defeated
Fayette IVcrj d'btful 34,263 Adopted
Forest Inf.ivorof LdOl Defeated
Greene. Infavorof h.030 'Adopted
Indiana ..... Infavorof ".CM (Adopted
Jefferson Jin favor of 7.525 'Adopted
Lancaster. Asamst 32.BS7 Defeated
Totter. In favor of 4.4J4 Adopted
feomerset 'Infavorof 7.3X2 Adopted
Venango.. Ilnfavorot K.5S7 Adopted
"Warren... jlufatorot 7,045 Adopted
"Washington... In tavor of 14.22S Adopted
"Westmoreland. CIoe 19,95s Adopted
Aggregate of votes for Harrison. Cleveland
rrEOM OCR SPECIAL OOHMISSIO!JER.
Lancaster, February C. A chew of
tobacco or n. glass of beer, which? Both, if
you want them!
It is the bill of fare this county lays be
fore the world. The two stimulants are the
life of Lancaster. Without them she could
sot exist. They will immortalize her name
long after the fertility of her celebrated
farms has been lost in barreness. President
Jimmy Buchanan's quaint home will
crumble with the decay of age, and time's
ravages may some day efface the name of
Thad. Stevens from that great Commoner's
tombstone in Lancaster Cemetery; but if
Constitutional amendment does not wreck
her breweries, and impair the market for
her tobacco, Lancaster must always be
The proposed amendment will be slaught
ered in this county. It is not so much a
question with the people of the preservation
of their industries, as it is of principle.
There seems to be decidedly more opposi
tion to the measure on the point of personal
liberty than anything else. Back of all
that there is the inherent love for beverages
to coax out the votes of old Pennsylvania
Dutch and the newer German population in
the city of Lancaster against prohibition.
Tobncco for ibe World.
The yearly crop of tobacco in Lancaster
county is worth $3,000,000. Cultivation of
the weed has made land here more valuable
in price than wheat or corn. Some farms
are devoted entirely to it. In this city 00
firms are engaged in the leaf tobacco trade,
and from Lancaster's warehouse the leaf is
shipped to New York and Philadelphia.
There it is made into plugs, cigars and cut-and-dry,
and in that shape vast quantities
find its war back to Pennsylvania for retail
Even in the county here large quantities
of the leaf arc worked into cigars. It is the
largest cigar producing county in the
Ninth Internal Revenue district, and one
of the largest in the State. In a little town
near here, called Terric Hill, out of 500
families, fully 400 have cigar shops in their
parlors. The old Dutch farmers, particu
larly the Mennonites, are regarded as the
most successful cultivators of tobacco.
Foaming Laser Plentiful.
There are somewhere in the neighborhood
of 300 licensed saloons, hotels and liquor
manufactories in Lancaster county. In
administering the Brooks law the Court has
been liberal in its decisions, and less than
15 saloons were refused license since it went
into effect. In Lancaster city and suburbs
there arc 10 or 12 large breweries.
In 1873 the county defeated local option
by 3,103 majority. Then the population
was not much over 100,000. Now it is es
timated at 150,000, with a total vote of
about 30,000. The county's status in this
camnaign is therefore important. The Re
publicans control about two thirds of the
county's vote, and the Democrats the other
third. Prohibitionists polled about 400
votes, but this, in proportion to its popula
tion, is insignificant.
'- The Germans of foreign extraction live
largely in the city. They are thrifty and
jovial. Their Mancrchoir and Lieder
krantz here include in their membership a
great many of the most prominent Ameri
can citizens. Combined the two singing
societies have a membership of 1,000, and
the amount of beer consumed at their Sun
day and week day gatherings js simply
The Pennsylvania Dutch.
It is singular that for a county usually
classed in the Dntch agricultural region
there should be such an overwhelming Re
publican majority. And this being the
case, It may strike many as also singular
that the Constitutional amendment, being
of Republican origin, will meet -with so
overwhelming a defeat in Lancaster.
Here is the reason. The old-time Dutch
and their descendants here are divided into
three religious sects, the Mennonites, the
Amish, and the Dunkards, or Tunkers.
They are Republicans as distinguished
from the newer race of Germans, the Luther
ans, Reformed church and Catholics, who
are largely Democratic The Mennonites, or
the younger generation of them, are not
much addicted to the use of malt liquors,
but as a whole the sect are non-resisting
and peaceable in their policy. They are
supposed to be largely against Constitu
tional amendment on this account. They
claim it interferes too much with a free
man's rights, and would thus lead to
troubles and litigation.
A Slennonlle Interviewed.
This county has the honor of having for
one of its citizens the oldest living Menno
nite minister in this country Rev. Abraham
Martin, who will be 91 years of age if he
lives till May. He was ordained a preacher
of the Mennonite denomination early in the
thirties, and preached for over a half
century to the brethren at Gronsdnle,
"Weaverland and other places in this end of
the county. Several years ago he retired
from active service, but occasionally exhorts
the members to be faithfuL
In talking about the proposed amend
ment, Rev. Mr. Martin said he is decidedly
opposed to it, and gave for his reason that it
was taking from the people their personal
liberties, and would finally lead to worse
results, such as religous persecutions cen
turies ago. "When asked what the majority
of the Mennonites would do about it, or
how they would vote, he thought that
nearly all would vote against the amend
ment He admitted that his church had
within the last two years taken quite ad
vanced steps against the liquor traffic by not
allowing any member to sign a petition for
a hotel license.
Mr. Martin is marvelously well pre
served. He has been using tobacco and
liquor as a medicine for many years, which
no doubt accounts for his personal liberty
opinion of the amendment.
The Amish and Dunkards are also gener
ally opposed to the amendment.
Ex-State Cbalrmnu Hensel.
Perhaps the brieziest interview I have
yet had upon the attitude of the two great
political parties on this question fell to the
lot of my pencil this evening in the resi
dence of W. TJ. Hensel, Esq., formerly
Chairman of the State Democratic Commit
tee. This astute politician took the oppor
tunity of my visit to score both liquor in
terests and Republicans. Touching first
upon the county of Lancaster, he said:
In the ten lower townships of the county,
where the Scotch-Irish, clement is large, tem
perance sentiments have been on tho increase,
hotels have been decreased, and the amend
ment Is unquestionably in favor. Tne northern
part of the county is just the other way, for
Alennonites, Amish and Duukard farmers will
fight the issue. In tho city of Lancaster, where
the liquor stores ha c made the evils of whisky
more apparent, an intense feeling pervades
chnrch classes, particularly Methodists and
Scotch-Irish, in favor of prohibition. While
tbe "city will go against the amendment, I
should not he surprised to soe the majority
against it as small as 500. The majority against
local option in the city alone was 1,700. In the
county at large it will be a stand-oil between
the north and south, with a majority in about
the same proportion as Lancaster city.
A Political Scoring.
Understand that this is my estimate at this
time. No one can tell what the campaign may
bring forth. If it is made a party question,
things might be different. As a rule the active
politicians of tne Republican party, at least
around this part of tho State, will bo against
the amendment at June's election. The saloon
plays an important part in politics, and these
politicians arc in the swim. But in the rank
and file of the Republican party fully one-half
aro composed of the moral and upright classes,
such as clergy and parishioners, and if not
made a partisan matter they will vote for the
Among Democrats there is a very strong
feeling of resentment toward tho liqnor ring.
For years the Democrat party has served the
liquor interests by reason of its fundamental
and constitutional doctrines upon the question
of personal liberty and sumptuary laws. In
the Legislature and elsewhere it has stood be
tween the liquor men and popnlar agitation of
rcstrictlvo steps by Prohibitionists. But in
every contest for political supremacy the Re
publican leaders have songht and found allies
in the same liqnor interests. On this account
Democrats by the hundreds, all over the State,
will now vote against liquor men.
On the other band, many Democrats who feel
that the Republican party, being in the ma
jority, is responsible for whatever happens, will
feel free of all political blame in helping to
adopt the measure as individuals. There Is a
widespread belief that the Republican party, to
placate the temperance people within its fold,
submitted the matter to a popular vote, and
that in June they will try to placate tho liquor
power by voting against the amendment at the
Personally Opposed to It.
I myself do not expect to vote for the pro
hibitory amendment. My personal feelings are
opposed to that sort of legislation. But I do
not expect to see it made a test of Democratic
faith or fealty. I believe that tens of thousands
of Democrats as good as myself will vote for It
for reasons amply sufficient to satisfy their
conscience, and I will not quarrel with them 'on
account of their views. Within my own per
sonal acquaintance in Pennsylvania two-thirds
of the Democrats will rot vote for amendment,
but that proportion will not keep up in the
Republicans to whom I talked all pre
dicted a heavier majority in Lancaster
against the amendment than Mr. Hensel
did. H. M. Houser, Esq., said it would be
from 3,000 to 4,000. He dwelt upon the fact
that everyone of the 300 liquor producers
and sellers in the county had friends, and
even supposing each could control ten votes
it would be a power in itself, to say nothing
of the German vote against it on principle.
Personally, Mr. Houser is opposed to the
measure. He says countless Republicans
will vote against it in Lancaster.
Tinning Tobacco Markets.
Charles R. Landis, Esq., formerly Chair
man of the Republican County Committee,
I was a delegate to the State Convention in
1E88 which first recognized the prohibition
question. I voted against it then and I shall
cast my ballot against it in June. It would be a
great blow at our business interests here If
adopted. Brewery property is immensely val
uable, and upon it and other branches of the
liquor trade much of our commerce'depends.
If the farmers who raise tobacco in Lancaster
county, for instance, realize that In
every saloon cigars are now sold, and
that if all were closed up, the
trade would be unsettled, and possibly re
duced, the majority against the amendment
will be immense. As it is now, I believe the
majority acainst it in Lancaster county will be
between 3,000 and 4,000. It will surely be
greater than that against Local Option, for, to
show how population has increased, I may cite
the fact that then the Republican rj'?rltr
f Ijr PPM'
hero was only 6,000 or thereabouts, and now it
Charles R. Layng, the County Solicitor,
and several leading citizens in mercantile
business predicted yeoman service in Lan
caster against the amendment.
Lancaster City has 32,000 population, but
with all her power I find a very wholesome
fear within her precincts for the big ma
jorities that they hear the counties west of
the Alleghenies are going to roll up for the
amendment. L.JE. Stofiel.
LIQUOR MEN UNITING.
They Favor High License and Will Meet the
Issue In June.
SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO TBI DISPATCH.!
PnrLADELrniA, February 6. The
liquor men of this city are taking steps to
protect their rights and interests as citizens
and business men from the assaults of the
promoters of sumptuary laws.
Over 300 members of the Liquor Dealers,
Brewers and Bottlers' Association at their
monthly meeting to-day took the initiatory
step which has for its purpose a union of all
the liquor interests in the city. The subject
was discussed by a number of the members,
and the legal questions involved were set
fotth by the connsel for the association.
The debate closed by a determination to
take an active part in the coming campaign,
and. in order to map out the work for the
association the Chairman was instructed to
appoints committee to meet the repre
sentatives of the brewing an.d distilling in
terests to the end that perfect harmony may
prevail within their ranks.
There was one noticeable feature of the
discussion, and that was the general satis
faction expressed with the workings of the
high license bill. The speakers united in
saying that a rigid observance of the law
would redound to the credit of the saloon
men. Sunday liquor selling and the other
evils which the law prohibits were depre
cated by all, and the members were
cautioned that legal assistance would be
denied them should they run foul of the
authorities through any illegal act.
There was a hopeful feeling among the
members that after the prohibition campaign
shall have become advanced that the people
would recognize the invasion of private
rights as proposed by the third party peo
ple, and would vote against the amendment.
The lawyers who were most successlul in
obtaining licenses for their clients last year
are reaping a golden harvest now. They
have raised their fees, and as much as $500
has been charged by the more prominent
attorneys for taking charge of difficult cases.
Tho Jndgo May bo Senator Prom West
Virginia Gou Also a Possibility
Latest Phases of tho
IBTXCIAI. TELEOBAM TO THE DISPATCH.l
Charleston, W. Va., February 6.
The time of the joint Assembly this morn
ing was occupied in discussing a reso
lution that the returns of the various count
ties in this State for Governor that had
been attacked by A. B. Fleming in his no
tice of contest should not be read, but re
ferred, without debate or being read, to the
joint committee to be appointed on the
Gubernatorial investigation. The resolu
tion was finally withdrawn, but this after
noon another was offered that when the re
turns of a county should be reached that
were attacked by the notice of contest of
Judge Fleming or the counter notice of
General Goff, they should be referred to the
committee without being read or debated.
This discussion of the resolution occupied
all the afternoon session, but it was finally
adopted by a vote of 42 to 4L
Judge Ferguson, the acknowledged legal
light of the Senate and a lifelong Democrat,
says this action is plainly contrary to the
constitution, and many other prominent
Democrats have expressed themselves in
disapproval. There was little change in the
Senatorial situation to-day, and it is not
likely there will be any to-morrow. One
ballot was taken on which Goff received 42
votes; Kenna, 40; Frank Hereford, 4, and
O. D. Hill, Union Labor, 3. A break from
the Kenna ranks is predicted for Friday.
The opinion is expressed that Judge
Fleming is the only Democrat who can be
elected, and it is doubtful as to him, as some
of the Kenna men will probably stick to the
last The prediction that Goff will be the
fortunate man was again made to-day, and
that it will be verified seems within the range
of possibility. Kenna has brought a great
pressure to bear against Dorr, but he remains
inflexible. It is expected that he will make
a speech to-morrow defining his position.
In the Senate to-day a bill was introduced
to prohibit the establishment of trusts as
contrary to public policy.
TOOK A LITTLE JAUNT.
President and Kirs. Cleveland nml Colonel
Lamont Pay a Visit to New York.
rSrECIAI. TELEGRAM TO TOE DISPATCH.
New Yoke, February 6. President and
frs. Cleveland and Colonel Lamont1 made
a Hying visit to this city to-day. The party
left "Washington at midnight. They went
to the Victoria Hotel, where Mr. and Mrs.
Francis L. Stetson joined them and break
fasted with them in the private dining
room adjoining the President's apartments.
After breakfast Mrs. Stetson took Mrs.
Cleveland and the President and Colonel
Lamont home with her in her carriage and
Mr. Stetson went to his office.
At the law office of Bangs, Stetson, Tracy
& McVeagh, the firm which Mr. Cleveland
is to join, it was said his visit was quite un
expected. "Mr. Cleveland," said one of
the firm, "will join us as soon after the 5th
of March as he can. His intention of com
ing to-day was not known in this office to
night I do not know what he is here for,
but it seems to me but natural that, since
he is going to make his home here, that he
should be looking for a residence."
The President is reported to have denied
the published statement that he was nego
tiating for rooms in the Gerlach apartment
house. Mr. ttoy t, ot tne v ictoria ilotel,
said to-night that President Cleveland had
told him that he had read an advertisement
of the apartments, but had done nothing
toward engaging rooms on the premises.
A MISSI0NAEY MUEDEEED.
A New York Lady Killed by tho Chlncso
Heathen Sbo Was Trying to Convert.
SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCIt.1
Saratoga, February G. Two years ago
Miss Sophie Preston, daughter of the Rev.
CharlesPreston, formerly of Galway, in this
county, went ns a missionary to China.
News has just been received by her friends
here of her murder there in an uprising of
Miss Preston was 30 years old. She was
very much in earnest in her work and had
learned to -speak the Chinese language
fluently. Her father and mother devoted
much of their lives to the task of converting
the Chinese to Christianity.
THE PLEASUEES Of WINTER.
A Member of a Sleighing Party Freezes to
Death After Warming Up on Whisky.
rSFECIAI. TELEGRAM TO TOE DISPATCH.1
Buffalo, February G. A party of sports
went on a sleigh ride to Tonawanda last
night and took along several jugs of whisky
which they drank to keep warm. The ther
mometer was 4 below cro and several
members of the party were badly frozen.
James Ford, who figured in several pugil
istic events, after getting hilariously drunk,
fell unconscious on the bottom of the sleigh
and was frozen to death.'
HILL'S- LITTLE 'BOOM
For President in 1892 Being Cared
for by Secretary Whitney.
A TERY BRILLIANT; RECEPTION
Tendered to the Governor at Washington
City, at Which
HE EXPEESSES HIS OPINION ON VETOES.'
President CleTtland Goes to Kew Tork to AyoIu Meet
lag Bis Elial.
Governor Hill is already paving his way
to the Democratic nomination for the Presi
dency in 1892. He says he will not veto
the bills of his friends, and that while ho
does not drink intoxicants himself, he does
not wish to interfere with the rights of
others. He was tendered a reception at
Secretary Whitney's mansion, where he
made many friends. President Cleveland
did not desire to meet his old-time oppo
nent, and went to New York to ntay until
the Governor leaves Washington.
SPECIAL TELEORAM TO THE DISPATCH.
Washington, February 6. There was
a great blow-out at Secretary Whitney's to
day in honor of Governor Hill, of New
York. Nearly every one of the Democratic
members of Congress were there and many
of the prominent Democrats of the District.
Speaker Carlisle and Statesmen MiUs, Mc
Millen and the Breckenridges were there,
nothwithstanding the fact that Governor
Hill does not conceal his opinion that their
policy was what doomed the Democrats to
defeat at the late elections.
A Ions table was set in the great dining
room of the elegant mansion, and all the
most delectable delicacies that could be in
vented by a 55,000 cook in the way of cold
dishes were there, with the rarest wines id
unlimited quantity. It was the first oc
casion on which the Congressmen generally
had a chance to enjoy the hospitality of the
epicurean Secretary, and they showed their
appreciation of the salads and wines with
the utmost enthusiasm:
One of the little incidents of tho time
was tho introduction of Representative
Sowden, of Pennsylvania, to Governor Hill
by Representative Stahlnecker.
"Ah, yes, I remember Mr. Sowden very
well," said the Governor. "I met him at the
funeral of General Grant"
"And I suppose you have heard of him
since ax the champion of the Allentown
public building bill," said Mr. Stahl
necker. "Oh, 'yes, I know all about that, too,"
said the Governor.
IF HILL "WERE PRESIDENT.
"Well, now, Governor, if you were Presi
dent would you veto my bill?" asked Mr.
Sowden, with a keen eye to the future.
"No, indeed," said the Governor warmly.
"I am in favor of internal improvements
and would sign all such bills, especially if
they were bills of my friends."
Mr. Sowden is this evening engaged in
giving a mighty impetus to the boom of
Governor Hill to the Presidental nomina
There is a great deal of gossip in ;eenxd
to the apparent intention of the President
to avoid Governor Hill as much as possible.
The two gentlemen met at a dinner Inst
evening at Secretary Whitney's, but this
morning, to the surprise of everybody, tho
President and Mrs. Cleveland went to New
York, having discovered that they must
look after certain arrangements for their
prospective residence in the metropolis.
Their absence prevented a formal call at
the White House to-day by Governor Hill,
and the President will not return until Hill
An incident occurred at the close of the
reception which presents the Governor in a
somewhat curious light. There was a great
deal of wine drinking and many of the
Congressmen, especially those from the
South, were in a very merry mood. It was
not until the affair was nearly at an end,
however, that it was noticed Governor Hill
was not testing the wine at all. Only a
dozen or so of the Congressmen and two or
three correspondents remained, when Secre
tary Whitney proposed the health of Gov
ernor Hill. As all were drinking it was ob
served that the Governor put an empty
glass to his lips. Being rallied on the sub
ject he said:
TAVOBS PERSONAL LIBERTY.
'I do not drink at all That is my privi
lege. But I do not believe in dictating to
others. I think that American citizens
have intelligence and sense enough to decide
what is best lor tnem ana mat such matters
ought to be left to their individual judg
ment." The Governor impressed those who met
him as being a very bright, keen man,
3uick to sec a point and not to be taken at a
isadvantage. That this reception is a part
of the training of the Governor for 1892 is
well known. He is Whitney's candidate.
The'plnn is to capture the Legislature,
which will elect a successor to Evarts, put
Cleveland in the Senate as a means of get
ting rid of him in a genteel way, and then
nominate Hill for the Presidency. In case
of his election Whitney wonld have any
place within his gift, and would probably
choose the portfolio of State. In the inter
ests of success the protective tariff faction
of the Democracy will be kept to the front,
and the Southern Brigadiers thrust to the
Mr. Randall, whom Hill calls the
"greatest Democrat in America," will be
recognized ns the party leader rather than
Carlisle, Mills & Co., and every means will
be taken to impress the country that'tno
Democratic party, with Hill as its official
chief, will be as solicitous for the prosperity
of the great manufacturing interests as the
Republican party is.
Governor Hill made only two calls this
morning. One was on Mr. Randall and the
other on Mrs. Hancock, widow of the late
THE HOUSE IS HAUNTED.
Blaino Lenses a. Honso in Washington
Which Has a Ghostly Tenant.
tSPECIAL TELEGRAM TO TUB DISPATCH. 3
Washington, February G. It is given
out to-day on the authority of Mr. Thomas
J. Fisher, one of the wealthiest real estate
brokers of the District, that Mr. James G.
Blaine has leased the old Seward house, on
the eastern side of Lafayette square, and
will have it remodeled and renovated for
his residence during his terra in the Cabi
net of President Harrison.
The house is on the adjoining lot to the
residence of Senator Cameron, and, like
Cameron's, Is one of the old-fashioned, sub
stantial mansions of the early days of
Washington. It was there that Secretary
Seward was almost killed on the night of the
assassination of President Lincoln. Since
that tragic occurrence it has been difficult for
the owners to rent the house, owing to a
superstition that the place is haunted. It
has at times been temporarily occupied for
offices by the Government, but no private
lessee has remained there for longer than a
few weeks. It is a very convenient place
for the residence of a Secretary of State, as
IFEBEITARY 7, 1889.
it is only two blocks from the War Depart
ment and within a stone's throw of the Ex
Superstitious people are disposed to shake
their heads and say that something dire is
certain to happen because of the coincidence
that the last real occupant of the house was
Secretary of State to the first Republican
President, and Mr. Blaine will be Secretary
of Btate to the first Republican President
following the interregnum of the Democrats.
A GREAT YICTORI.
The' Kicaragunn Canal Bill Ably Attacked
nnd Warmly Defended.
tBPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE D1SFATCIM
Washington, February 6. The great
victory for the conference report on the bill
to Incorporate the Nicaragua Canal Com
pany this afternoon, in the House of Repre
sentatives surprised even the friends of the
bill, as much of the time during the debate
of yesterday and to-day the appearances
were that the report would not be adopted,
and that no report of any conference com
mittee would be satisfactory to the House
except one which embodied the amendments
which were struck out by the Senate, and
which were very objectionable to the friends
of the measure.
Very strong speeches were made against
the report, notably by Judge Wilson, of
Minnesota, who is admitted to possess as
fine legal attainments as any lawyer in the
House. But these were more than bal
anced by the brilliant and earnest speeches
of the friends of the bill, both from a legal
and business standpoint. The speech made
by Raynor, of Baltimore, yesterday excited
the deepest interest among all of the law
yers of the House, and was read by many of
them to-day as it appeared in the Record.
The best speech from the standpoint of
the man of business was admittedly made
to-day by the Hon. Wm. L. Scott, who is a
great capitalist and organizer of great
projects, and was listened to probably with
deeper interest than any other of the speak
ers. Hon, Charles O'Neill, of Philadel
phia, also made an eloquent plea for the
bill, and altogether it may be said that
these Pennsylvanians made the most valiant
and effective fight for the measure.
Mr. Scott is said to be personally largely
interested in promoting tne project to the
extent, it is alleged, of anywhere from a
quarter to a half a million of money, besides
his influence. Agents of the Panama Canal,
of the Paclfin railroads and of other
schemes have done their best to defeat this
bill, but the merit of the thing and the in
fluential capitalists, such as Wm. Windom
and Wm. L. Scott, who are interested in
tho project, carried the day.
A LARGE CLAIM.
Iron Men Wnnt SGOO.OOO of Overpaid Duty
on Steel Refunded.
tBPECIAL TELEOBAM TO THE DISPATCH.
Washington, February G. The Senate
Committee on Claims to-day heard a dele
gation of iron mill men in support of a bill
now pending in both Houses of Congress.
The bill proposes to repay the importers of
steels, chiefly in the Allegheny and Ma
honing Volley districts, the difference be
tween a duty of 45 per cent, which was col
lected, and one of 35 per cent, which they
claim a decision of the Supreme Court holds
to be the correct duty. The amount in
volved is about $600,000.
W. S. Groome, of the firm of J. F. Bailey
& Co.. New York; R. T. Downing and H.
E, Collins, of Pittsburg, addressed the com
mittee. They were unable, however, not
being lawyers, to cite the Supreme
Court decision upon which they rest their
claim, and a postponement was had in order
-to enable them to. present it to the com
in(itee. SUICIDE IN A DEESS SUIT.
Mysterious Death of ibo Son of an Ohio
Jndgo: in New York.
New York, February 6. In a full dress
suit Gcorgo E. Frazicr, a medical student
at the College of Physicians and Surgeons,
was found dead sitting in a chair in his
room at 5:30 this afternoon. To the police
the case was reported to be a case of heart
disease, but investigation makes it loot
like a suicide. The place where Frazier
died was the boarding houso of Mrs.
Emeline Packer, No. 349 West Fiftieth
street, where the young man lived, i rnzier
is 27 years old, and the son of Hon.William
F. Frazier, of Caldwell, O., a prominent
William B. Hardman, a student at the
same college, was Frazier's room mate. He
left Frazier in his room at 2 o'clock in the
afternoon alive and well. Hardman went
to the college to attend a lecture on chem
istry by Dr. Jacoby. Frazier, who was to
have attended the same lecture, did not ap
pear. When Hardman returned at 5:30 he
found the room locked. The door was
burst in and there he found his chum,
in full dress, sitting dead in his chair.
In his right hand he held a hypodermic
syringe and on the table by his side was a
bottle, which had no label, but was supposed
to hold the poison which caused his death.
On the dead man's left arm were four
punctures made by the syringe, and on the
right three such marks. In the room was a
letter addressed to the supposed suicide's
father, which was sealed and stamped. This
could not be examined.
THE OMON IS NO 1I0EE.
Street Car Strikers Not Only Beaten, but
Will be Disorganized.
New York, February 6. The great
tie-up is over. Some cars are running on
all the surface roads, and on nearly all of
tbem the full number are running. The
reserve police are still kept on duty and
the patrol wagons arc in readiness, but the
officers have been withdrawn from most of
the cars. The strikers are pouring back
to the depots in search of work. Generally
speaking, the roads are glad to have their
old hands if they come as individuals.
The roads are unanimous in refusing to em
ploy any man who comes as the representa
tive of a union organization.
On all the lines the men who are given
work have to sign a paper to the effect that
they are not, and will not, be subject to the
order of any labor organization. The re
sult will be that there will not be a union
car line in New York. This course was
adopted by the Third avenue line on the
preceding strike, and they were able to run
all cars during the strike just ended. The
Knights of Labor appear to be fully con
scious of the disastrous defeat they have
THE EAILE0AD3 GITE IN.
AH of Them Will Adopt tbo Iowa Schedule,
but Under Protest.
Chicago, February 6. All the railroads
interested in Iowa traffic .have followed the
lead of the Burlington, and either put the
Commissioners' schedule of rates into effect
or given notice that they will do so as soon
as they can issue their tariffs. The Rock
Island, like the Burlington, gave notice to
day that it would adopt the rates under pro
test, pending a decision of the case by the
Federal Supreme Court
The low rates do not apply to grain, coal,
live stock and salt, for the reason that those
commodities are not included in the second
schedule of the Commissioners, and the in
junction against the first schedule is still in
force. This materially lessens the amount
which the railroads claimed their revenues
would suffer. President Hughitt said 40
day that the Chicago and Northwestern will
conform to the Commissioners' schedule of
"qgysre'iyyw ?" v&wfSfmrnT t"ws
BENNY AND THE BOYS.
They Have Any Amount of Fun
Practicing at Cabinet Making.
A COLORADO BOOM FOR THURSTON
Wilts Away Under the Influence of a
Later Opposition Effort.
COAL KINGS OFFER AN ENTIEE SLATE.
Blaine, Wisdom, Wanamaker and Busk Hare the Call
Just at Present
Mr. Smith, of Colorado, called on the
President-elect yesterday with a big docu
mentary boom for Thurston. This was
knocked out by a telegram stating that the
Colorado Legislature had declared for an
other man. Coal operators called and pre
sented a Cabinet with all the positions
filled by themselves. Harrison promised
to give it careful consideration. There is
some mystery concerning Blaine, but it is
believed that he will be found to be there in
SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCn.1
Indianapolis, February G. Edmund
Morton Smith, of Colorada, who has for a
number of years been one of the Sergeants-at-Arms
of the National Committee, came
to Indianapolis last night loaded down with
a bundle of documents that he believed
made up a most formidable Cabinet boom.
They were all for John B. Thurston, of
Nebraska, and included letters recommend
ing him for the Interior Department, signed
by Governor Cooper, Lieutenant Governor
Smith, Secretary of State Rice, Treasurer
Brisbane, Attorney General Jones, Superin
tendent of Instruction Dick and nearly all
the other State officers of Colorado, and
petitions to the Bame effect signed by all but
two of the Senators and all bnt nine of the
Representatives of that State.
Mr. Smith thought that he had a pretty
big thing in charge, and calculated upon
making a great impression when he deliv
ered his bundle of documents to General
Harrison. He wandered out North Dela
ware street this morning, and, with all the
dignity of which he was capable, laid the
case of Mr. Thurston before the President
elect, backing it up by all documents. He
noticed that General Harrison did not seem
to take much interest in the proceedings,
but he attributed it merely to a natural
weariness of the whole Cabinet making
smith is sad.
When Mr. Smith got back to the hotel
some one called his attention to a dispatch
stating that both Houses of the Colorado
Legislature had last night passed a series of
resolutions setting forth the ardent desire of
that State for a representative of its own in
the Cabinet, and the pre-eminent virtues of
ex-Governor John L. Routt, and earnestly
begging the President-elect to appoint that
gentleman to a place in the Cabinet. And
ever since then Mr. Smith has been wonder
ing if General Harrison had read those
Colorado resolutions in the paper before he
received the Colorado Thurston boom with
such apparent laek of interest
There is a mystery somewhere about the
Blaine matter.- Nobody doubts 'that in some
way or other the"portfolio of the State De
partment has been tendered to him, yet there
is not the slightest-evidence that he has ac
cepted it. Letters received here within a
day or two from leading Blaine men, ex
press the same certainty that the place has
been tendered and that it is nearly certain
that he will accept it, thus making it plain
by inference that he has not yet accepted.
There is a hitch about it somewhere.
One theory is that the tender of the place
was made conditionally, and depended
upon the acceptance of Senator Allison, or
upon some other event connected with the
make-up of the rest of the Cabinet. Others
believe that the tender was straightforward
and unconditional, but that Blaine is un
willing to acept till he knows who will be
His associates in me vauiuei.
THE FOUR LEADERS.
Cabinet speculation seems to have reached
a temporary halting point. About all the
available Cabinet timber in the Republican
party has been brought to public notice,
and the result is somewhat confusing to
General Harrison's numeious auxiliaries,
Bcarcely any two of whom can now agree
upon a slate.
The Windom boom came as a surprise to
many, but is being treated with a great
deal of respect. Blaine, Windom, Rusk
and Wanamaker stand at the head of the
list to-night, and there are those who believe
that to each name is affixed a star. Close
lollowing these four favorites come the names
of Evarts, Warner Miller, Charley Foster
and Judge Estee.
The biggest delegation that has called
upon General Harrison in a long time was
one this morning which was headed by
Colonel Yeoman, a well-known Ohio min
ing superintendent and owner. Nearly 200
coal operators accompanied him. They are
holding a convention in this city and want
up in a body to see General Harrison.
While there they submitted a Cabinec
proposition to the President-elect that was
the most complete thing' of the sort yet tend
eied. They gave him a Cabinet already
made up and guaranteed that if he would
adopt it as his own, the coal interests of the
country would be entirely satisfied with his
A COAL KING CABINET.
Colonel W. P. Wren, a well-known coal
man of Chicago, was on it for Secretary of
State and the other six names were also
those of coal mine operators or owners.
General Harrison tookthe list and assured
the delegation that their proposition would
receive full and careful consideration. Just
as much consideration, it was intimated, as
is accorded to nine-tenths of the Cabinet
propositions submitted to him by delega
tions and by personal applications.
Many of "the Western millers, who are
also holding a convention here, called upon
General Harrison to-day, but they did not
go up in a body. The biggest gun among
them was John Bain, of St Louis, ex
President of the Merchants' Exchange of
that city. The Southern man of the day
was the" immortal Scruggs, formerly Minis
ter from this country to Bogota, but now
plain W. S. Scruggs, of Atlanta. Advice
as to the Southern question was mingled
with some suggestions as to South American
diplomacy in his brief conference with the
The life of General Harrison is to be
written once again, although the campaign
is long over. The Bey. Dr. Bayliss, once
pastor of a Methodist church here, but now
located at Cincinnati as editor of the West
ern Christian Advocate, called upon the
President-elect to-day for the purpose of
getting points for a life that Dr. Bayliss is
to write for the Quarterly Review, the
Methodist Church organ.
Governor Forakcr's Appointments.
(SPECIAL TELEOBAM TO TBI DISPATCU.1
Columbus, February 6. The Governor
sent the following appointments to the Sen
ate to-day for confirmation: W. S. Cappel
ler, Railroad Commissioner; T. J. Godfrey,
Trustee Ohio State University; L. Hirsch,
Supervisor of State Printing; John M.
Doane, State Librarian; Frank Thornhill,
Trustee Girls' Reformatory School.
' ,' v;-
BELLE STAEE'S DEATH.,
Ambnshed on tbo IUver Book, Near Her
Home, nnd Shot Twice Her Last
Effort Warn to Reach Her
rSFECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH.
Eupaula, Ind. T.,February 6. Details
of the killing of Belle Starr, the noted
woman desperado, which occurred near her
home, 20 miles south of this place, on Sun
day evening, are difficult to obtain, but it is
learned from persons coming from that sec
tion that she was cowardly assassinated
from ambush by unknown parties who have
not been apprehended.
The woman lived in a desolate spot on the
Canadian river, and she was murdered while
returning from a visit to some neighbors a
few miles in the Choctaw Nation. She was
mounted on the horse which she had used
for many years, and was within a few hun
dred yards of her home. Just as she was
about to ford the river, on the Choctaw side,
a man, or possibly two, fired on her from
ambush, being concealed in the dense
growth of chapparal lining the river banks.
The assassin or assassins were only a few
yards from her, and the big bird shot nsed
struck her full in the face, killing her in
stantly. Before falling from the saddle it
is supposed that her horse wheeled around,
as she was shot on the other side of the face
and head with bird shot. When the last
shot was fired she was about bending down
to the right flank of her horse, where her
Winchester was slung, but before she conld
reach it death overcame her, and she
plunged headlong from the saddle to the
ground. The horse, excited by the shooting,
sprang into the river,and as he was relieved
of his burden and swam to the opposite
Friends of hers who were in the town of
Brooken, some 15 miles east of here, to-day,
to buy burial clothing, claim that they do
not know who did the killing, but later ad
vices say that suspicion rests on one or two
parties, and that search is being made for
them. If caught there is likely to be seri
ous trouble, as Belle had many friends. The
cause of the assassination is not known. As
far as known she was not wanted for any
crime, nor was there a reward offered for
THE MEANEST ON EEC0ED.
Sullivan, tho Indiana Defaulter, Eclipses
All Previous Attempts.
Indtanatolis, February 6. The record
of John E. Sullivan, the absconding clerk
of Marion county, grows blacker with each
day's investigation. A transaction was
brought to light to-day that stamps him an
ingrate of the worst description. He was
indicted two years ago in the celebrated
tally-sheet forgeries. His boon companion,
Councilman Simeon Coy, was found guilty
and sent to Michigan penitentiary. Coy
has yet six months to serve. When Coy was
convicted he deeded hi3 home to Sullivan,
with the understanding that on the expira
tion of his time it was to be deeded back to
A few weeks ago Sullivan sold the prop
erty. He explained that he did not
want Mrs. Coy disturbed until her hus
band was liberated, and in order to insure
this that he himself would pay the rent for
her until that time without her knowledge.
When Mrs. Coy was informed that her
home had been sold by Sullivan she was
Sullivan's ingratitude does not end here.
When Coy was taken to the penitentiary
his friends set to work to raise a fund to
support his wile. It was decided to give a
ball for her benefit Sullivan was the prime
mover in the affair, and some $1,200 was
realized from the sale of the tickets and
placed in Sullivan's hands. Neither Mrs.
Coy nor her husband received a cent of this
FROZEN ON A EAFT.
Two Sailors Desert Prom a Ship In Long
New York, February G. When the
steamboat Old Colony, of the Fall river
line, reached her dock this afternoon,
among the passengers was a corpse and a
sailor badly frozen, and whose life was
despaired of by Captain Hammond and his
crew. As soon ns the steamboat had tied up
to the dock a Chambers Street Hospital
ambulance was summoned, and the half
perished sailor was taken away for treat
ment. As soon as he was able to talk he
told a remarkable tale of cruelty, hardship
and exposure. He said his name was Lean
dcr Kaldoon, that he was a Swede 21 years
old, and had lived in Boston for over three
He shipped on the three-masted schooner
o. x. .ivearns, wmen sauea irom mis city
on February 4, bound for South Africa. He
claimed that before the vessel sailed he and
other sailors were cruelly treated by Captain
McDonald, who repeatedly threatened to
brain them with a belaying pin if they did
not obey orders more promptly.
Other cruel treatment was resorted to, and
he and his comrade deserted, leaving the
ship on an improvised raft. At 8:30 o'clock
this morning the steamboat Old Colony
came plowing through the sound on her way
to this city. When about four miles off New
Haven Captain Hammond discovered the
raft and had it picked up.
ELEYATED TO A BISHOPRIC.
Rev. H. Y. Sntterlee, of New York City,
Elected Bishop of Michigan.
I SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH.
Detroit, February 6. Rev. R. W.
Clark; rector of St. Paul's Church, this
city, was Chairman of the convention which
assembled to-day to choose a successor to
the late Bishop Harris, of this diocese.
Fifty-eight clerical delegates were present,
and about the same number of lay. All
who were not delegates were excluded,
when, without wasting any time, an in
formal ballot for bishop was taken with the
following result: Dr. Henry Y. Satterlee,
of Calvary Church, New York City,
104; Rev. Dr. Earp, Ann Arbor, Mich.,
25; Rev. Dr. Blanchard St. John's Church,
Detroit, 7; Rev. R. W. Clark, St Paul's, De
troit, 3; Rev. G. Mott Williams, Detroit, 8;
Rev. Frisbie, Detroit, 3. A formal ballot
resulted: Satterlee, 48; Earp, 2; Williams,
41; Brown, 1. The lay delegates then casta
formal ballot, as follows: Yeas, 103; no, 13.
The election of Satterlee was made unani
mous. A telegram was sent to him, and a com
mittee, consisting of Rev. Dr. Earp, of Ann
Arbor; Rev. Joseph J. Johnson, of Detroit;
Mr. Thomas Cranage, of Bay City, and ex
Governor H. P. Baldwin, of Detroit, were
appointed to go to New York and wait upon
Dr. Satterlee, after which the convention
EEIE TEMPEEANCE WOMEN.
They Meet to Prepare for tbo Prohibition
SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH.
Corhy, February 6. At the Erie County
District Convention of the Women's Chris
tian Temperance Union to-day, delegates
from various parts of the county were pres
ent. The chief bnsiness before the conven
tion, and the burden of the work done, was
to make arrangements for an active fight for
The Prohibitionists are ready to join forces
with them. Speakers are to be put in every
school district The drift outside the cities
seems to be in favor of the amendment.
Can reach the bes3
class of Investors
through THE DIS
PATCH. The test,
men In business can
also be reached
through THE DISPATCH.
OIE DOLLAR A HEAD
Is Said by Senator Cooper to be
Too Much to Pay for Votes,
and It Has Become
A BURDEN ON POLITICIANS,'
Gallant Senator Harlan Makes a Plea
for Woman Snffrase.
ALLEGHENY. CUT IN THE THIRD CLASS
The Sennio on the Poll Tax Passes ibe
Constitutional Amendment for Its Aboil,
tion Politicians Hare to Pay the Tax
Allegheny's Troubles Nearly Over
Henry George Indorses the Australian
System of Voting Kicking Against tbe
Corporation Stock Tax Tbe Junction
Railway Wants a Chance to Do Busi
ness A Rogue's Gallery for the State.
The State Senate has adopted a resolution
for the submission of a Constitutional
amendment abolishing the poll tax. The
vote was nearly unanimous. The strongest
argument for the resolution was that at
present interested politicians have to pay
the tax to get the voters to the polls. Alle
gheny City seems to have got out of her
troubles and into the third clas3. This will
be satisfactory if she is not compelled to ac
cept all the provisions ot the pending inter
municipal bill. The greatest danger is that
the Supreme Court has not yet got through
deciding the meaning of the act of 1887.
yEOM A STAIT CORBISPOSDEST.l ,
Harrisburg, February 6. Senator
Cooper's Constitutional amendment was the
disturbing element in the Senate to-day,
and though the votes against it were not
numerous, the speeches against it were vig
orous and the responses equally strong.
Senator Newmyer, of Pittsburg, started
the ball rolling by restating objections
made by him when the resolution was up
for second reading. He knew of no popular
demand for the amendment, had seen no
petitions for. it, and said the provisions it
sought to amend had been thoroughly con
sidered by the Constitutional Convention
when they were adopted by it. He consid
ered the language of the amendment ob
scure, and no Constitution should be open
to that charge. In parts it was a'singular
piece of mosaic work. He objected to the
reduction of the district residence qualifica
tion for a voter from GO to 30 days.
A TOLITICAL BURDEN.
He also opposed the removal of the tax
qualification, and considered the argument
that it had become simply sl. political
burden not a good one. The provision that
a person to vote must have resided in the
State one year and in the district 30 days to
vote, except in the cose of municipal
elections, was liable to serious miscon
struction, and would require a Suprema
Court decision to make plain.
Senator Penrose described the poll tax as
an unmitigated evil from a political stand
point, and said 5 per cent of the Eighth
ward of Philadelphia, many being wealthy
young men, didn't bother about the matter,
considering it too much trouble, and the
City Committee had to pay it.
Senator Cooper, in explaining away tho
objections raised by Senator Newmyer, saidr
the matter had been agitated in tbe Legis
lature for six years, and that 840,000 was
annually paid by each of the great political
organizations of Philadelphia to retain the
right of 1G0.000 out of 200,000 voters to exer
cise the franchise. The Senator, therefore,
considered it time for a fundamental change.
CHEAPER THAN COLONIZATION.
Prior to 1874 the residence time was ten
days, and there used to be so much coloni
zation of voters that the Constitutional
Convention made the residence time 60
days. That is not necessary now, because
there are now cheaper methods than coloni
zation. A laugh went round at this, and Senator
Cooper observed that the practical politi
cians smiled. They smiled again and Mr.
Cooper then made a strong plea for Penn
sylvania to move to the foreground for equal
and free suffrage.
At the conclusion of Senator Cooper's
speech, Senator McCreary explained that
the passage of the amendment would, under
its provision that inmates of Soldiers'
Homes should vote where the homes are lo
cated, give Erie city and county a large
number of voters who had no interest what
ever in local affairs, and who might be
made, in the devious ways of politics, to
control local elections. Thus evil might be
done, and a hostile feeling be developed
acainst the veterans. But as the amend
ment would be delayed five years by any
change in it now, he would propose none.
As for himself, he believed that the men
who had fought the country's battles should
vote at its elections.
A GALLANT SENATOR.
Senator Harlan,, of Chester, wanted to
strike outjl the word male wherever it oc
curred, in the interest of universal suffrage,
but unanimous consent was refused. The
Senator did this just to remind the Senate
that he had carried a universal suffrage
resolution through that branch two years
MacFarlane, of Philadelphia, said a good
word for woman suffrage in a speech in
which he referred to the fiction of taxation
which didn't take into account the fact that
a tenant really paid taxes in paying rent
There were numerous other remarks and
numerous declarations of the way politi
cal organizations paid taxes for voters, and
thereby controlled them, and there were
numerous pleas growing out of this for a
free ballot and a pure one. This led Sen
ator Newmver to remark that speakers
onght to make things easy for their indo- '
lent friends by having the ballot box passed
around at election time. He referred sar
castically to the speeches of many of tho
gentlemen, but they nevertheless passed
the resolution by a vote of 37 to 8. Rutan
and Upperman voted aye. and Steele and
Newmyer no. Not the poorest point mads
by Senator Newmyer was that if the poll
tax was not paid it would have to be made
up by an additional tax on property.
rSPXCIAL TELEOBAM TO TBI DISPATCH.
Habrisbubo, Februaiy 6. A message
Continued on Sixth Fage.