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THE YELLOW DRAGOS.
China's Roy Emperor and His Ap
HOW THE FAIR BRIDE WAS CHOSEN
Hundreds of Sanchn Maidens at the Palace
THE WIDKIXG TO COST $10,000,000
rcOBEESFOXDENCK OP THE DISPATCH.!
EKING, November 30,
1888. All Peking is ex
cited to-day over the boy
Emperor's marriage. The
bride was selected a few
t days ago, and the first
appeared in the Peking
Gazette o f yesterday.
To-day somewhere near
a million Chinese
tongues are wagging inside of orange-colored
cheeks about the new Empress, and the
highly rouged daughters ot the Manchu
nobility are wondering what bind of a look
ing girl she is, and are envying both her and
ihe two sisters who haTe been chosen to
rank as the highest of the imperial concu
bines. The announcement of the Peking Gazette
is official. It comes from the innermost re
cesses of the forbidden city, 3nd it was dic
tated by the Empress dowager herself. I
quote it in the translation which the Chinese
writer of our American Minister has pre
pared for the State Department at "Washing
ton. It requires only one page of the Peking
Gazette to print it, and this means a space
not longer nor wider than the back of a long
official envelope. It reads:
"Special edict of the Empress dowager."
"The Emperor having reverently suc
ceeded to his exalted inheritance and in
creasing day by day in maturity, it is be
coming that he should select a virtuous
consort to assist in the administration of the
1alace, to control the members of his house
lold and to encourage the Emperor himself
in upright conduct. Let, therefore, Tet-Ho-Na-La,
a daughter of Deputy Lieutenant
General Kuei Hsiang, whom we have se
lected for her dignified and virtuous char
acter become Empress."
"Let Ta-Ta-La, aged 15 rears, a daughter
of Chang Hsii, formerly vice president of a
board, become the secondary consort of the
first rank, and let Ta-Ta-La, aged 13, also
daughter ot Chane Hsii, formerly vice pres
ident of a board, become imperial concubine
of the second rank."
stepped from her sedan chair on, to a golden
saddle and from tfcat into her home. It will
be Ihe same with the marriage of this Em
peror, and the Empress will rule the ladies
of the imperial household. The number of
females in the royal harem is not accurately
known. The Emperor has the right to seven
legal concubines and to an unlimited
number of ilftgal ones. Every third year
after March ntat he will review the daugh
ters ot the high rank Manchu officers over
12 vears of age, and will choose such as he
pleases for the palace. Such of his
secondary wives as bear children to him
will continue to remain in the palace. The
others mav be restored to liberty when they
reach the" age of 25 years. Manchu girls
consider it a great favor to be taken into
the palace, and their families regard it an
honor. They have no trouble in finding
husbands if they are permitted to come out
again, but while in the palace Uiey associate
with none but the King and his eunuchs.
Pretty Little Maidens.
Thus is settled a question which has been
I agitating the Chinese court for the past
'year, and which has cost the families of the
Manchu nobles months of trouble, hundreds
of thousands of cash and an incalculable
amount of bitter disappointment. China
las been ruled for more than two centuries
by Mancburians. Peking has its Chinese
city and its tarter city and the Emperor is a
full-blooded Manchu. It is prescribed by
the laws of the court that he shall wed no
cme but a Manchu maiden, and during the
past year the distinguished Manchu papas,
having daughters between the ages of 12 and
18, have been required to send them to
Peking in order that they might be in
spected by the Empress dowager with a
view to the selection of such as seemed good
for the Imperial harem. The first inspec
tion was held last spring. The maidens
came by hundreds lrom Peking and from
other northern parts of the empire. They
were conveyed in carts from their homes to
the palace and their delicate frames were
jolted like jelly through the ruts of the
Peking streets on these springless, heavy,
Each girl was dressed in all the extrav
agance of Chinese costume. Her hair, rich,
black and lustrous, was combed out over a
Imr-a foot long at the back of her head, so
that it stood out for six inches on each side.
Her face, originally ot a delicate cream,
Terging upon the bloom of the large yellow
peach, was overlaid with rouge and paste,
and her eyes, coal black, were heightened in
color by artificial means. The Manchu
girls are the most beautiful in China, and
an unadorned maiden with her soulful eyes
looking out of their narrow, almond-shape
slits is enough to stir the blood of the coldest
Caucasian. She is plum and luscious, and
she has not the disgusting compression of
foot which is always associated with her
Chinese sister. There are no pipestem legs
and, mutilated feet about the palace of the
Emperor or China, and the Empress will
probably wear a number two shoe.
The eunuchs of the palace are the most in
fluential men of the court. They have been
the servants of the Chinese Emperor as far
back as the time of Christ, and they arc
mentioned in Chinese history as existing
1000 B. C. There are 3,000 eunuchs in the
imperial palace at Peking according to alate
report on the subject to the State Depart
ment, and this report states that no person
not of royal blood has the right to possess or
employ eunuchs. It states that princes and
princesses of royal blood, sons and daughters
of the Emperor, may use 30 enuchs, but that
nephews and younger sons-are restricted to
20. Every fifth year each of certain princes
of China is required to furnish for the use of
the palace eight young eunuchs, and these
princes are paid about $300 apiece for them.
The 18 lama priests, who supply the spirit
ual wants of the ladies of the imperial
household, are eunuchs, and two or three
thousand men of this class in the palace are
divided into 48 departments. They have
each their duties, and those' of ordinary
rank receive from 2 to $12 a month. They
make more, of course, by their percentage
on the sales made to the palace, and some of
them, through official favor, grow quite
This is especially so as to the favorites of
the Empress dowager and the leading la
dies. One of the eunnchs of the court grew
angary a week or so ago because a wealthy
Chinaman, who lived not far from the
palace walls, had sent up a skyrocket, the
shaft of which happened to fall in his yard.
He concluded to be revenged, and taking
the empress to the top of her palace, he
showed her this man's residence and told
her that she onght to have it tor a certain
purpose. He persuaded her that he was
right; and as the Emperor and Empress are
supposed to own all China, a notice was
sent to this Chinaman that he must raise
immediately an enormous snm of money or
his palace would be confiscated by the Em
press. He could not raise the money. He
did not want to give up his palace and in
his despair he hung himself. This was
about three weeks ago.
Candidate! for Matrimony.
These hundreds of mandarin's daughters
were Manchus and they were the prettiest
Manchus in China. Their carts were led
through wall after wall through the great
city of Peking and they arrived at the pal
ace at 2 o'clock in the morning. Much of
the work of the Chinese court is done in the
night, and it was dark when they were car
ried across the little lake inside the palace
grounds and they ate their breakfast at 3
.A. m., when the "rest of Peking was still
sleeping. After this they were given a lit
tle time for primping and powdering, and
they were then ushered into the presence of
the Empress Dowager in groups of four and
five. Each girl carried a tablet bearing her
name and age and these were handed to the
Empress, who put questions to the young
ladies and passed upon their beautr.
The only men present were the coilrt
eunuchs, of whom I shall speak further on,
and the unsuccessful candidates were passed
over to these with orders that each should
be given a piece of silver in the shape of a
ehoe, which weighed exactly one ounce, and
be sent away. The great majority of the
maidens were discarded at the first inspec
tion. The remainder were asked to come
again. At the second inspection a closer
examination was made, and there was a
further weeding out of the least beautiful of
the maidens. At this time the unsuccess
ful candidates were each given a roll of
Bilk, and at the third inspection, which took
place in the latter part of last month, the
hundreds had been reduced to 15, and it was
from these 15 that the above 3 were finally
Jl Remarkable Woman.
The Empress Dowager who.notwithstand
ing the boy Emperor has ascended the
throne, strill remains Empress Regent, is
one of the most remarkable women in Chi
nese history. She has ruled China for 25
years, and she became Empress Regent in
connection with the Eastern Empress in
1861, when the Emperor Hien Feng died,
leaving two wives. The Eastern Empress
died six years ago, and there was at this
time a great excitement in Peking because
it was thought that the Western Empress.or
this noted lady, who was the real ruler of
China, was sick. The most noted doctors of
China were called to court. Their medi
cines availed nothing, and they visited
Doctor Dudgeon, an eminent Scottish prac
titioner of Peking, and asked him for some
medicine and advice. Doctor Dudgeon re
plied that if the Empress wanted his ser
vices she could call him in, but that he
did not intend to risk advice and medicine
at second-hand. The result was that the
Eastern Empress died, and the present
Empress dowager ruled. During the last
sickness of the Empress she could for a long
time take only milk.
The present Empress regent is now over
50, and she is said to be well formed and
dignified. She combs her hair, I am told,
in this butterfly fashion common to the
Manchus, having horns six inches long at
the back of her head, and she lastens it with
a gold hairpin. She is rather independent
in thought and does as she pleases, regard
less of Chinese etiquette. She is said to
practice archery inside the walls of the
palace, and she is reported as having taken
lessons in boxing from an old eunuch.
Minister Denby tells me that she studies
and understands all subjects committed to
her, and that she is very industrious. He
thinks she will go down to history as one of
the great rulers of the world, and says that
through her, China has attained its present
high position among the nations.
A RoTtil Wedding.
The marriage is to take place on the same
day tnat President Harrison is to be inaug
urated, .and the preparations for it have been
going on for months. The Board of Bites
and Ceremonies have decided that it shall
be as economical as possible, but they agree
that it must cost at least 8,000,000 taels,
which is considerably oyer 510,000,000. The
royal factories are already at work making
silks, satins and Other things lor it, and col
lections are being made in the various
provinces. This wedding is, with one ex
ception, the only marriage of an Emperor in
this way since 1674. The last Emperor,
Tung Chi, was married in 1872. He was
like the present Emperor, a boy when he
ascended the throne, and his Empress was
chosen in the same way. Three days before
the wedding he sent the bride her phcEnix
robes, and ordered the priests to burn in
cense at the altar of heaven as he "was
abont to marry Aleuteh, the good, wise and
virtuous daughter of Cheng." Presents
poured in lrom every part of the capital,
and on the day before the marriage a tablet
of gold was sent to the bride, upon which
was engraved the edict elevating her to the
throne. The bride is here known as the
phoenix and the Emperor is known as the
dragon, and the union is that of the phoenix
and the dragon.
A grand procession escorted the bride to the
palace. A Manchu Prince n as at its head
and 30 white horses followed behind. The
Dowager Empress received the bride. She
From this, however, it must not be
thought that Minister Denby has ever seen
the Empress Begent. Rot even the Chinese
see her, and she receives the most noble of
the court behind a gauze screen. Every
Chinaman who appears before this screen
has to get down on his knees and bump his
head against the floor, no matter if he be
LiHung Chang or one of the princes, and
it is impossible for an American to conceive
the sacredncss and the awful divinity which
hedges the body of the Emperor and this
Empress. The palaces themselves are sur
rounded by a yellow tiled wall, more than
two miles in extent and many feet high,
and around this there is a wide moat. The
interior is called the carnation prohibited
city. At the gates of the wall are officers
in uniform, and no foreigner ever steps with
in it. 'Xhe ordinary Chinaman never gets
inside, and the masses of the Empire sup
pose that the palaces within are upheld by
gold and silver pillars. They think they
are walled by precious jewels and that their
majesties walk on pavements of gold. Out
side of this city is the imperial city, which
has a wall 50 feet high, and which is so wide
at the top that four good sized carriages
could be driven abreast upon it It is from
this wall that the stranger can get his only
view ot the palaces of the Chinese Empire.
They are a wilderness of high broad'build
ings covered with curved roofs of bright
yellow tiles, which glisten like "gold under
tne Drignt sun ot .Northern Ubina. They
look more like temples than palaces, and
they are many of them centuries old.
Yellow is the imperial color of China,and
his Majesty's foot is too holy to step upon
earth ot any other hue. "When he goes out
side of the palace walls the streets through
which his procession is to pass are covered
with yellow clay, and I saw a hundred half
naked Chinese coolies pushing this in from
the country in wheelbarrows through the
frosty wintry air as I started for the Chinese
wall. The Empress Dowager was to have an
outing on the following day, and these miles
of dirty streets were beinsr prepared for her.
Here and there shops which had been erected
were being torn down, and the wide streets
of the tartar city, which ore usually filled
with booths like those of a great fair, were
being cleaned for the royal procession.
Matting was being hung up before the
houses, and navy blue cotton was stretched
across the side streets. No human eye out
side the court must ever rest upon the Em
peror or Empress, and when they go forth
all are warned to remain in doors, and the
foreigners receive notice through their Min
isters that they must not appear on certain
streets at such times, nor can they go out
while the imperial procession Is passing.
The procession has archers with it, and
there are few shots so good as these Chinese
bowmen. A peeping Tom is liable to get
an arrow in his eye, and the Chinese get
down upon their knees and kotow behind
he looks upward toward his sacred master
and prostrate begs 6 say."
The Emperor of China is the god of the
people: He offers sacrifices for the nation,
and he is more to them than the Pope ever
was to Borne. Prom the Peking Gazette I
take notice of a number of sacrifices which
he has lately made, and I see that he usually
starts out to the temple of heaven at 4:30 in
the morning, and I am told that he is hauled
there by one of the sacred elephants. I
visited the elephant stables yesterday, and
by liberal bribing of the dirty, long-cued
official in charge, succeeded in seeing these
royal animals. They are as big as was
Jumbo, and they have been taught to bend
their knees and bow when in presence of
the Emperor. I noted that they appreciated
that I was an American prince, for they
crooked their legs in response to the motion
of the groom when I came into their pres
ence and bowed to me even as to the sallow
faced, almond-eyed mortal, who poses as
the god and ruler of 400,000,000 of people.
The Emperor prays for snow and he sends
up sacrifices for rain. On the 0th of March
I see that he trotted out at 4:15 A. jr. and
visited the temple of the god of war, and on
the 15th of last April he started the plow
ing for the Empire by going to the temple
of agriculture and holding a gold-bandied
plow with his long finger-nailed hand. He
looks oyer the prayers that are to be offered
upon great occasions and he is considered
and called by the Chinese "the son of
heaven." The royal slaughterhouse is con
nected with the temple of heaven, and His
Majesty sacrifices during the wee small
hours of the morning, both here and at
other places, every day or so.
A Little Autocrat.
This boy Emperor of China is now 17 years
old. He is a slender, yellow-faced, almond
eyed, black-cued, young tartar who, I am
told,has all the instincts of the ordinary boy
and who likes fun as well as any boy among
his subjects. A few days ago he went out to
visit some small steam launches, and to the
horror of his eunuchs, rushed past them
and down into the engine-room. He here
found a cooley with a dirty handkerchief
tied around his head oiling the machinery.
He asked him his nationality and the cooley
replied that he was a Chinaman. A reply
which was very pleasing to the Emperor. It
is said that his majesty is not a very good
student and that he has a rather petuient
disposition. He is variable in his tastes,and
it may be on this account that the Empress
regent still holds the position of Boyal ad
visor. He will have, however, unlimited
pbwer in a short time, and it depends upon
him whether China shall follow Japan iu
the march of Asiatic civilization or not.
The Empress regent has been one of the
most progressive thinkers among the Chi
nese, and considering the isolation of China
it seems strange to record that in a snort
time these palaces will be lighted with
6,000 electric lights, and that the Emperor
will cat his breakfast with ivory chopsticks
tipped with gold under the rays of electric
ity. His Majesty rises about 2 o'clock in the
morning, as I am told through his tutor.
He takes a light breakfast at about 2:30,
and by 3 is ready for work. He receives his
Ministers at 4, 5 or C o'clock, and it is at
this time that he usually starts out to per
form his holy duties. He has his second
breakfast at 11, and he dines later in the
day, going to bed very early. His favorite
dishes are unknown to his subiects. but the
Chinese books state that there shall be daily
E laced before him 30 pounds of meat in a
asin, and seven pounds boiled into a soup.
He has the daily allowance of more than a 1
pound ot nog s lat and butter, and be has
also two sheep, two fowls and two ducks,
the milk of 80 cows and 75 parcels of tea.
Tbe Empress receives the milk of 25 cows,
10 parcels of tea, 20 pounds of meat in plat
ters and 13 poundsjboiled with vegetables.
She has one fowl and one duck, and it
would seem that the royal family ought to
have enough out of this and to spare. The
Emperor now takes his meals alone, and his
eunuchs watch him closely and restrain him
if he eats too much of one thing.
THE D.MCE POPULAR
"With All Classes of the Human
Family, Civilized or Uncivilized.
HOW THE FEET CAN AMUSE.
The Fascinating Cloff and Pleasing Jig
Discussed by a Professor.
HOW SOCIETY PATRONIZES STAGE STEPS
fWBITTlilf FOB THE DISPATCH.
MAN was born to dance.
There is some indescriba
ble Impulse in his nature
that sets his toes and heels
, a going on all kinds of oc
casions. The savage
dances when he prepares
for war and when he
buries his dead: the half
civilized people of all
colors dance at festivals
and for love of it when
they have nothing else to
do; civilized man has cul
tivated the frisky form of
entertainment and made
an art of it.
There is something strangely fascinating
in the skipping of a man's toes. What
feature of a variety entertainment is watched
with keener interest and more absorbed at
tention than the performance of a clog or a
shuffle. People may converse while the
best of musio is being played. Their eyes
may wander during a scene in the play, and
the climax of a tragedy rarely passes with
out the accompaniment of rustling skirts or
fans or the restless movements of people in
their seats; but when a dancer appears the
theater is invariably silent as the grave, ex
cepting when the enthusiasm of the audi
ence can be no longer restrained and bursts
forth in a volley of applause.
IHE DANCE FASCINATING.
This is the case not only when gaily
costumed women are back of the footlights,
tablishment is on the Bowery, The Pro
fessor is a tne'dium sized ' man with a
tremendously heavy mustache. He is as
much of an enthusiast in his art as the
greatest painter or the greatestf composer of
uiuaic. xie ueiieres iu Jt, juvcb it uuu up
votes his time to it with all the care and as
siduity of a savant. He said;
"The clog originated In. England and Scot
land among the forking people. They wear
heavy shoes, and the dance naturally came to
have a character fitted for heavy shoes. So to
day if a clog is to be danced it should be done
with footwear entirely different from that
which is suitable for tbe society ballroom. The
shuffle, on the other hand, originated among
the darkles whowear long, thin, ill-fitting
shoes, and the difference between the clog and
the shuttle is largely a difference in shoes and
entirely due to that fact.
"There are 21 different steps in the complete
clog, and it is danced to f out-quarter time. To
dance the clog one must hae a thorough ap
preciation of time, a good carriage of tlie body
and tho ability to execute quickly. The first
requisite will 'naturally be lound in all people
who annlv to learn, because one who naturally
has no sense of time will naturally have no
fondness for the dance. The carriage of tho
body, however, has generally to be learned with
great patience, and it fs really the hardest part
of the teaching;
"Almost every beginner wants to bend over
until he Is nearly double in order that ho may
see his own foet. The correct carriage of
WINING MD DINING.
Mrs. Admiral Dahlgren Talks of the
Modes of Entertaining.
A FALSE STANDARD ESTABLISHED.
Money Taking the Place of Refinement
HOW GUESTS SHOULD BE SELECTED
l it "
Practicing for High Kicks.
Dancing for Anti-Fat.
Somewhat Gorgeous. -
It costs a great amount to keep up his
palace, and the supplies which are sent to
it are noted down in the Peking Gazette.
One item before me announces the sending
of 1,000 pencils and 200 sheets of red scrolls.
Another is an order of dress materials for
the Emperor, and in it are the items of ten
pieces each of bright yellow, brown, saphire
blue, rice colored, tea colored, shrimp black
and silver gray gauze. There are 90 pieces
of gauze in all, and the silks cost thousands
of dollars. During one year 3,400 rolls of
silk gauze, 600 handkerchiefs, 375 rolls of
satin, 500 rolls of brocaded satin and 3,000
pieces of fine calico were furnished to him
lrom one ot his factories, and it is an open
secret at Peking that some of these fine silks
and embroideries find their way out of the
palace into the hands of such common people
as are able to pay well for them.
The Emperor is not averse to receiving
presents from his own subjects, and during
uiy Biay in xicuuiu eiut gorgeous rauroau
cars arrived from Prance. They were up
holstered in rich satins of the gaudiest col
ors, and the one lor the especial use of the
Emperor had a downy divin of imperial yel
low. The rest of its finish was red, satin
and plush, but the curtains, strange to say,
were of white silk, an unpardonable mis
take on the part of the donors, for white is,
in China, the badge of death and of mourn
ing. These cars are the present of a French
syndicate doing business in China, who
hope through them to get the Emperor's fa
vor, and if railroads are adopted, to have
the first chance at the contract. The cars
are to ran on a little track in the imperial
palace grounds, and they will be one of the
toys of His Majesty. The Emperor, how
ever, refused to receive them for nothing,
and he takes them only on condition that
the French syndicate will accept $10,000 for
them. The cars cost well up toward 100,
000, and the syndicate promises to have its
work for its pains.
Fbank G. Caepenteb.
THE MONKEY GAVE THE ALARM.
Seeing the Elephant.
There are certain gates of the city which
are never used except for the "EmrJeror and
in addressing the throne even the highest
officials and nobles act as though'tbey were
addressing a god. I have before me a
memorial of Li Hnug Chang, in which he
states that "upon bended knees as a slave
Narrow Escape ofMndeen Persons From a
Bnrnlnz Ship In the Tropics.
New York San.:
A pet monkey belonging to Mrs, James
Lewis, wife of Captain Lewis of the clipper
ship Stephen D. Horton, possibly saved the
lives of 19 persons on December 17. Sail
ing along on a smooth sea in the tropics,
420 miles east of Pernambuco, and bound
from Calcutta to New York, the, ship
seemed perfectly sec ure at 11:45 a. Ml'.when
the attention of Mrs. Lewis was called to
the monkey. With his keen little nose
stack into the pump well, he sniffed and
jumped about in great excitement till the
Captain went there and found an odor of
sm oke. The bales of jute in the hold were
on fire. All hands were called, the after
hatch broken.ocen and water played on the
burning cargo. For two hours they
fought the smoldering fire, and then, as
no flames had appeared, battened down the
hatches, and crowded on sail for Pernam
At 350 P. JL, there was an explosion,
caused, the Captain thought, by the fire
having reached a part of the 100 tons of
saltpeter stowed among the 5X)0 tons of jute.
In a few minutes the vessel was enveloped
in names, juts, iiewis was aragged lrom
the cabin by her husband and both suc
ceeded in climbing into one of the two boats
that were hastily lowered. Eight men
jumped overboard and one of these, John
Davis, was drowned. Another man, Henry
Younger, went back for some clothes and
was suffocated. For three days and nights,
after the ship burnt up, the Captain, his
wife, and nine men in one boat, and ten
men in the other, lived on hard tack and a
gill of water apiece under the fierce rays of
a tropical sun.
They were picked up on December 30 by
the bark Twilight, bound from Cardiff to
Valparaiso. The Captain took them to
within 12 miles of Pernambuco, and then
sent them ashore in their own boats. The
sailors went to England by steamer, and
Captain Lewis and his wife, who told this
story, arrived here yesterday in the steamerl
Advance. J.ue moncey saved himself by
jumping into the boat, and he is with them
but even more so when the performer is
nothing more attractive than an undersized
man with a snub nose and a very ordinary
suit of clothes. The fact is, it is not the
dancer, the clothes, nor the situation that
interests the people, their attention is riv
eted upon the rythmical moving feet. How
often it happens that a crowd of excursion
ists, weary with looking across the water,
and weary with a half day of unaccustomed
idleness, go upon the lower deck where the
only scenery to be enjoyed is that of a few
rough chairs and the walls of the boat, and
induce.one of their number to execute a
clog. Perhaps somebody in the party has
an harmonica or a jewsharp or an accordion,
or sometimes they are in such great luck as
to have a strolling musician with a violin or
a harp on board. The jewsharp will do, if
a man can play it so as to bring out the
rythm of a single dance movement. The
music passes unheeded, but the crowd of
men surround the dancer and press him
close, giving him just room enough to tap
the floor with his feet, and watch him with
intense interest until he stops from exhaus
tion, whereupon he is compelled to begin his
To those rare individuals who care noth
ing abont 'dancing, this form of entertain
ment appears to' be marveiously strange and
unreasonable, and yet perhaps the most in
nocent of all. For there are some men who
cannot execute a single step of the simplest
kind, and would not take a free lesson if
they had the opportunity to do so. But it
is safe to say that there is not a single man
in the world who, when a moment of hope
fulness or exhilaration come to him does
not kick np his heels in some awkward
fashion to give vent to his joy. He may
not know it, but that is the dance. In that
crude aztinn he betrays his possession of the
universal love for the dance, and if his
movements were brought down to con
formity with each other and wjlh musical
rythm, he would be a dancer instead of a
A STJEPBISING PACT.
The facility with which men who are not
educated observers pick up the steps of a
course is an eiect position of the body with the
eyes directed slightly upward, at any rate not
down. Another involuntary movement of tbe
beginner which has to be trained out of him is
tbe holding of arms far from the sides. The
beginner seems to feel that he is In danger of
losing his balance, and therefore crooks his
arms and extends his hand outward as if he
were about to try to fly. As you will know
from thinking of how the best dancers look
when at their work, their'arms are close to the
side and moving only with the natural vibra
tions of the body. The general aim is to have
all the action performed by the legs with the
rest of the body as still as possible.
"The clog with 21 different steps is performed
upon the stage. 'There is, however, a simpler
cljg which Involves only 14 steps, and that is
learned frequently by persons who do not go
mm proiessionai me.
"What kind of people apply for instruction
outside of actors and actresses ?"
"Oh, they are frequently people in high so
ciety. Three or four years ago it was quite a
fad to dance the clog and the jig and the
shuffle, and I had many pupils who came to
jearn soieiy mac tneymignt ao tneirpartm
private entertainments. That fad has some
what died out, bat it is sure to revive some day
again. There are many people outside of pro
fessional life who learn to dance a clog because
of its fascination for them as they see it per
formed upon tho stage. 1 have also several
pupils who take lessons and praotice assidu
ously for the sole purpose of reducing their
flesh, and many a heavy man of SO years has
taken hta flr.it lessons in dancing from me in or
der to grow lighter,"
"What relation has a jig to a clog ?"
"The jig Is daneed in six-eighths time and is
generally used by professional people as an en
core. The jig is a species of shuffle, and in or
der to dance it the floor most he sanded. There
are two kinds of jigs, the Irish and the negro.
The Irish jig is in six-eighths and the negro in
two-quarter time. Tho former is danced to the
hornpipe and the latter to music on the banjo.
The striking feature, to speak literally, of the
clog is the tapping of the floor, and the
performer's ambition consists In a de
sire to make as many taps as possi
ble within each 'bar of music. There
should never be less than four, and there mav
be as many as 22. The taps are made by the
ball of the foot, the toe and the heel, in that
The Jfegro Jig.
dance is really Aa very surorising thing.
The truck driver, whose schooling has bare
ly enabled him to read his newspaper with
some degree of ease and pleasure, and whose
thought is limited to his hard environment,
and who seldomsees anything beyond the
rough world in which he worksj becomes
the acutest observer when a dance is in
progress and, without taking any lessons,
he will learn to execute a complicated clog
perfectly. With respect to the motions of
the feet the most rndely developed man is
competent to take accurate observations.
"When one has reflected upon this universal
love for the dance he no longer marvels at
the frequency of clogs and shuffles and
other forms of foot movements that appear
u(juu me programmes oi tneatrical enter
tainments. It is a, form of amusement that pays well
those who. furnish it in best style. Men
especially talented with respect to their feet
and their sense of rythm have made a study
of the individual forms of dancing, that is,
those in which partners are not essential
and in which' the entertainment comes
solely from the movement ot the feet, and
not in any degree from the association of
men and women. They have learned not
only the science-of 'dancing, but how to
teach it, and they find many pupils not
only in professional life but in society gen
erally. ABOUT CLOG DANCING.
The( write made inquiries of several
theatrical people as to whom he could apply
to for authoritative information with respect
to dances, and everyone of them referred
him to a New York "professor" whose'es-
order. Another difference between the jig and
the clog is in the development of the music re
quired for each. The straight jig has simply
the eight-bar period, which is repeated over
and over again, while the clog has a double
period of lobars."
MUST HAVE SUPPLE LIMBS.
"How do you classify, such grotesque dances
as are performed by Francis Wilson and other
actors like himr"
"Francis Wilson, who is hel I never heard
"But do you not teach more professional
people than otherst"
"Oh. yes; some of the most noted actors and
actresses now before tbe public, not only in
variety shows but in the highest class of
dramas, have learned stage dances from me. I
have been teaching for more than 30 years, but
I never go to the theater." I have no notion of
who Mr. Wilson is or what ho dances or any
thing about him. If you refer to dances where
men throw their heels up above their heads
and exercise their arms in giving taps to the
soles of their shoes and all that sort of thing, I
can only say that those dances, while they are
very interesting, are not susceptible of teach
ing. A man must have unusually sunplo
limbs to perform them and a great deal of
"When 1 was in the habit of; golns to the
theater. I remember having seen- such dances
and 1 know that thoy are invariably tho in
vention of tho performer. He must begin with
the clog, jig and shuffle in order to gain the
control ot his limbs. That is the ground work.
After that he may invent according to his
capacity and pleasure. I never attempt to
teach anything of that kind, not even the fre
quently seen cobbler's dance, which is tho
movement wherein a man almost sits upon tbe
floor, one leg being crooked under him and the
other straight out in front or on one side and
in which the legs exchange this relative po
sition rapidly while the performer's body re
mains in its initial oosition. It Is a very com
ical dance and difficult to perform but noc
difficult to learn, and it would be, undignified
for a teacher to attempt to instruct anybody in
rWRITTEX FOB THE DISPATCH.
"Washington, February 2, 1889.
O T "W I T H -STANDING
tyranny of little
things is really as
dominates us all
more than we are
aware. As to the
regulation of our
modes of enter
wonld seem to be,
as in other fash
ions, a sort of unwritten law by which the
most worthy people, who are independent
and in a measure untrammelled in their
manner of action, seem to be guided.
Social supremacy, by the venr nature of
its claims, will always be the privilege ac
corded to the few. And so long as this
prestige and the power that goes with it is
gained by those who prove themselves pre
eminent by talent, by culture, by true re
finement, by moral worth, or by large
means used in public benefactions or un
ceasing private charities, the models thus
created are a benefit to the republic, because
they direct the social life of the nation into
broad and beneficent channels. Thus, every
young man and.woman may find in these
examplnrs models worthy of their emula
tion. But if money and the use of money
as such are to be allowed to direct, then
we shall sink into a hopeless social degra
dation. To get rich, for the sake of being rich, is
a degrading ambition, and if this canker
worm eats into the heart ot the next genera
tion, we bloom but to decay. "We have
happily escaped the paralyzing influences
of an inherited aristocracy, but if we reach
after this ignoble goal we shall fall into the
mire of sordid aims and low motives.
Already there is a false standard being set
up as regards the manner ot entertainments,
and there is not the vigorous protest that
there should be against the invasion. I
have, for instance, heard of a cultivated and
excellent woman who actually went abroad
because she either could not or would not
indulge in the costly modes of entertaining
adopted by some other social leaders ot the
same city. Now this is, to say the least, a
very narrow and perverted view to take of
tne true province ot entertainments.
A BEILLIANT ENTEETAINMENT.
In what does the brilliancy of an enter
tainment consist? Assuredly not in the
flash of electric or gas light, mingling with
the softer rays of waxen candies and modu
lated illumination, in terrapin and cham
pagne, in immense suits of elaborately deco
rated appointments, or in the sheen of satin
and sparkle of diamonds. Does our intel
lectual civilization call this brilliancy?
God forbid. These things are mere accessor
ies, effects produced by a respectable army of
working men and women who have united
their labor to produce this effect, and are
thankful that bv so doincr they have cuined
an honest livelihood.
If the effect is not glaring and is devoid
of a seeming display, then it is to the credit
and the good taste of 'the person who has
made the outlay. Bat for all this, the en
tertainer and the entertained may be IdotJ
not say they are, out 1 do say that they may
very readily be, very commonplace, if not
absolutely unrefined people.
The making of money is not one of the
fine arts, and the people who have the
knack of making it most rapidly are apt to
come out of the trying ordeal, supposing
them to be nature's diamonds very rude,
jagged and uncut. They need a deal of
polishing before they know how to shine as
brilliants of the first water. While on the
other hand, the vast body of our respectable
families, who have been satisfied with mod
erate means, have lived in an atmosphere of
true refinement. "We have only to collect
our senses and turn aside from mere glitter
as meretricious, and disassociate the idea of
money-spending from our social life, to re
gain the old standard.
Now, the first cardinal rule as to the real
elegance of an entertainment must be that it
is the selection of tbe guests, the character
of the peopk who assemble, that will go to
make it brilliant or the reverse. One may
waste a fortune in giving a dinner, as the
pagans have done before us, and it will be
but a vulcar affair at best, if the guests are
not the chief attraction. Happily, it is con
versation, and not simply what one eats or
drink's, or has to offer or display, that makes
a dinner a banquet fit for the gods.
vastly more amused than they could hare
been by any set course.
' A good rule as regards the success of a
dinner is to restrict it to ten courses. Nine
or ten courses and six wines, and not more
than 12 guests, so that one can have the
magnetism of general conversation, is sim
ply delightful only the guests, the courses
and the wines must one and all be carefully
chosen. It is a question of 'quality and not
of quantity in each case. As to wines, one
must definitely decide to do one
fitt two things. If we banish
wines- we must also banish the
forced meats and the confitures that make
digestion impossible without their aid. It
would require the stomach of mule or an
ostrich to digest the conglomeration of
lobster, pete de foie gras, mushrooms, terra
pins, conserves, ices and so on that go to
make a menu, without their specific accom
panying stimulant. It is a positive risk to
life to eat the conventional dinner without
these gastronomic aids. Gastronomy is, I
believe, a science.
Of course, if we are ready to change all
this, and serve-good nourishing food, sim
ply prepared by "good, plain cooks," we
may escape both neadache and nightmare
with a concluding cud of coffee. Certainly,
there is no objection to making the experi
ment with the nest generation, but we
Would advise'them to begin yonng.
As a general thing, the lavish expendi
ture with which some rich people entertain
is more apt to detract from than to increase
the pleasure of the occasion. In the exer
cise of a generous hospitality we assemble a
certain selected number of congenial
people for a common enjoyment. "It is
pleasant to be credited with good taste, and
to succeed in what we undertake, but it is
not to be supposed that we invite society in
order that they may become painfully
aware that our manner of living is grander
than theirs. Best assured that if people go
away from your honse with an uncomfort
able feeling that it is impossible for them to
exercise the same kind of hospitality, some
mistake has been made.
The finest possible tact is to make every
one feel at home, and both host and hostess
should spare no effort in that direction. The
hostess should be quietly attired, so that
she shall not ontshine her gnests. For the
time being those whom you invite to your
house bejonz to it. You are bound to look
after their comfort in every way, and to pro
tect them, if need be, from any slight.
Simply to invite people to come to yonr
house and then permit them to take care of
themselves is not American hospitality.
"With.us it should be the privilege of both
host and hostess to nse their discretion as to
introducing people, and to assert with
dignity the equality of their guest. In a
republic, when we meet socially, we should
meetas equals andmake no inviaiousdistinc
tion. "We are, of course, at liberty to choose
our associates. One can readily decline to
visit at certain houses and retrain from in
viting certain people, but the moment we
do invite a company we must claim for
each person so invited the same respect that
we claim for ourselves.
Those who expect special recognition
must prove their right by the exhibition of
exceptional social talent.
Madeline Vinton DahlGjBen.
A BIG GAME SLAUGHTER.
A Collection of EnipiaM Its -far
Address communications for this department
loE.JL CHAVBOVBS.Lewuton, Maine.
463 A HELPFUL FEIEND.
On pleasant days I have a friend,
W ho comes to see me at my house;
The things be does are without end,
Though he is a3 quiet as a mouse.
When lam sick he makes me well;
If I am dull he makes me bright;
When he is there, there is no spell
Of darkness, for 'tis ever nightt
He makes ma warm, If cold am I;
If I labor, then he assists;
If it is damp he makes it dry
He drives away the sullen mists.
In my garden he does his best.
For there it is his work is grand!
For this alone I cannot rest
Until I praise his gen'rons hand.
He grows the flowers and the fruit,
He paints the colors of the rose
But alas! my friend 13 mute;
tie siienc comes anu suent goesi
, JS -
Why a Boiled Lobster i Sed.
New Tork Graphic
In all crustaceans, as. indeed, in almost
everything in natUre,-there is a certain per
cent of iron. Upon boiling the lobster the
iron is oxidized.1 This effect is largely due
also to the percentage of muriatic acid
which exists naturally in the shell. The
chemical change, which takes place here is
almost similar to .that which occurs in the
burning of a brick; In boiling a lobster its
coat ceases toWa living substance and to a
certain extent it takes a new character. It
is as a brick would be after burning. This
effect can also be produced by the sun, but
necessarily not so rapidly, as the heat of
that luminiary, although more ' intense, is
not concentrated sufficiently to produce the
result. The eun also, exercises a' bleaching
influence, which Consumes the oxide almost
as fast as it is formed, .leaving the shell
white, or nearly pure lime.
The Right Mail Loit,
New Tork Suh.j
"How much did you lose at the race yes
terday?" asked Bjones.
"Nothing, "replied De Jinks.
"Didn't you play" your friend's horse that
came in last?"- i , , v
"Yes, butLborrowedthe money from my
friend." r. - ,'
If the people who have brain and cnlture
will only be steadfast and "fight it out on
this line" and combine their forces, and let
it be understood that the canons oi good
taste will not tolerate mere display, then the
owners of millions who assume to dictate
modes and manners as social leaders, be
cause tney are millionaires, will soon be
made to understand that after all they have
nothing to offer that is specially desirable to
engraft npou our social customs.
There is no point involving finer dis
tinctions than the permitted use of money
when we entertain onr friends. For instance,
occasionally at luncheons or dinners some
selected gift is placed at each cover. Is not
the taste, however pleasing its expression,
somewhat doubttul, of presenting anything
purcnasea, except nowers, v) an invited
I have been told of an enormously
wealthy man in a "Western city who sur
prised a large number of invited dinner
convives by placing at each cover a 520
gold piece. It is said that the effect pro
duced upon the puzzled guests was quite
sensational and something new. Now, ab
surd as this naive mistake was, the reason
ing that led to this peculiar display was
logical. This Croesus had un
doubtedly hobnobbed with some other
Croesus who had bestowed upon him
some fanciful knick-knack out of his For-
tunatus purse which was of no manner of
use to a practical, money-making mind;
while he, in his turn, true to the habit of
business, gave his gold outright for what it
was worth. Such customs are decidedly
Oriental. Happily? the cnltured man or
woman who entertains has gifts of a rarer,
an unpnrchasable kind to offer.
It has been truly said that "the dinner is
the climax of civilization." This is so true
that it is impossible for any untrained per
son, regardless of monei spent, to give a
really elegant dinner. The chef cannot do
it, the lackeys in attendance cannot do it;
silver, gold, china, crystal, slitter, eiare.
noise, fail. If one is to pray oyer a dinner
let us thank God for this that only those
who know how to infuse into a dinner the
gracious charm of culture know how to dine.
Ye goodly company who have brains, take
the first rank! Give me your dinners with
the nine muses. There are mishaps that tax
even a trained host or hostess. Things will
get mixed and go wrong at times. Not
every one has the genius ot Hme. Scarron
to make ''another anecdote" take the place
of the missing roast, or fill up vivaciously
the dull pauses of awkward waiters.
THE NECESSITY OP WTINE.
I have heard of a "nouveau-riche," with
more money than patience, who when a
certain dish vas a failure sent then and
there for a culprit cook and attempted a
reprimand, upon which a never-to-be-for
gotten scene occurred', in which the cook
came off with flying colors. It is said that
some of the guests declared themselves
A Farmer Cover II In Fence With Conl Tar
and Gets Plenty of Animals.
St. Lonls Globe-Democrat.
A Summerville ("W. "Va.) dispatch says:
Henry Murray.a farmer living in the moun
tains of Pocahontas county, has been an
noyed and damaged by the squirrels, chip
munks, and other four-legged pests which
nightly swarmed from the woods and ate his
corn. They literally destroyed everything
before them until he accidentally struck upon
a plan by which he has destroyed almost all
of the pests. He one day noticed a chicken
which had stepped into ajittle pool of coal
tar. The fowl wandered about a few min
utes, until its feet became so covered with
the leaves and sticks upon which it stepped
that it could go no further and fell helpless
ly to the ground. Murray, struck with the
idea suggested by the plight of the chicken,
immediately set to work and filled a large
kettle with coal tar,and other glntnious sub
stances, which he heated.
This conglomeration he spread thickly
upon the top rails of the fence which
stretched around his corn field and into
the woods. Before daybreak the next morn
ing- .Murray, accompanied by his boys an
half a dozen dogs, went into' the corn field
"UP HEBE'S THE SOFT CHIMES?' y9 Wij
Do not my grammar criticise.
For this rude rendering conveys
The thought hid in the parent phrase
a pretty tnongnt. ana yet, lorsoou.
Not in accordance with the truth.
Poets tell of all, and Holy Writ
Is their authority for it;
And yet I say, in contradiction,
'Tis only a poetic fiction;
For it would be a thing absurd.
To say such tones were ever heard
To Issue from the world afar;
Indeed, there is no vocal star.
Save of the kind, not quite divine.
That sing upon the stage and shine.
464 THE CAEPENTEB'S PEEDICAMENT.
"What's the matter, fatherr" asked th
brizht young daughter of a carpenter, as sha
saw her father with a puzzled look on his face.
"Matter enough," answered the carpenter.
"I have lost my foot-rule, and need to measure
"Haven't you any measure of any klndP
"2fo. at least I have only these two sticks.
answered tbe father; "one is just a yard long
and the other is exactly 23 Inches long. But of
conrse they won't help me any."
The daughter thought a moment, and then
said slyly: "Will you let me have a new bonnet
if I measure the four inches with those two
"I tell you it can't be done," answered tha
"Well, but if I can do it may I have the bon
net?" "It's safe enough to promise that."
"Then you do promise it?"
In a few minutes the girl had accurately
measured off the required length of four
inches. How did she do it?
J. H. FezAxdtb.
and, raising a yell, started the affrighted
animals by the dozen from their work of
destrnction. In an instant a lonp-line nftrav
brown, and striped animals were jumping
and scurrying along the top of the fence to
ward the woods. Before they reached the
woods many of them had so covered their
feet and sides with the gummy stuff that
they either stuck fast or lell to the ground,
when they were quickly dispatched. In
the open woods at the end of the fence the
scene was an animated one of rolling, tumb
ling Squirrels, coons, and opossums, with
feet, sides, and back covered with the ad
hering leaves, sticks, etc., with which the
ground was covered. Sixty-seven gray
squirrels, 34 chipmunks, 3 opossnms, and 7
unlucky coons fell victims of Murray's
A few others succeeded in getting into
the trees, but they could notget out of sight
of the hunters, their feet either sticking to
the branches or failing to hold at all on ac
count of the bunches of leaves adhering to
mem. j.n a very snort time iuurray liter
ally depopulated the side of the mountain
of the pests. It was but a short time before
the story got out, and now that entire coun
try is using Murray's recipefor the destruc
tion of the pests which destroyed thousands
of dollars' worth of corn and other cereals
What it Cost an Old Colonial Citizen of Con
necticut to Die.
New York Tribune.
At the two hundred and fiftieth anniver
sary of the Connecticut Constitution the
other evening, at Hartford, one of the
speakers read the items of the funeral ex
penses of an old colonial citizen who died
by drowning. Here they are:
June 8, 1078. An account of what was ex
pended on Mr. David Porter for his.taking up
By a pint of lyqr. to those that dived
By a qrt. of lyqr. to those that brought
him home 00.02.00
By 2 qrts. of wine and galL of sydr.to ye
jury .of inquest 00.0aM
By 8 galls, and 3 qrts. wine for the fune
ral, cost.... .... OLUOO
By a barrel of sydr, for do., cost 00.1600
By a coffin, cost 00.12.00
By a winding sheete, cost 00113.00
By to pay for the grave, etc O0.0o.00
"I f ert so one to-day," said Sue, ,c
"I really do not wkh to two; ; '
So my one twos I'll put away. '
My tioo-lnEl'llnotdotc-day." .i
One-twos are made of two, indeed.
And oft they move about with speed: ,
The name of whole wonld seem to show
That two is one but 'tis not so;
Sue might be one, and so misht we,
But two, we know, could never be.
466 HOW TO BE EAMOTJS.
To those who are discontent,
"With their present place in society.
I beg to here present.
A receipt for notoriety:
Get you in the midst of a tree
As straight aa the village steeple.
And take my word you'll be.
Admired by all the people.
L A letter. 2. Kast Indies (abbs). 3. At
tached to no visible projecting support. 4. A
titanic iron ore. 5. Ansry. 6. A kind of
thrush. 7. Having energy. 8. Within, re
versed. 9. A letter. A.B. OT.
468 THE POET'S DBEA3X.
A poet slumbering on a grassy knoll.
Across his busv brain what fancies stolel
He thought, as on the mossy mound he slept.
That on his privacy celestials crept.
Who each in turn took off his sleepy head,
And, smiling, put another on instead
Queer scenes creating, silly or sublime,
Like transformations in a pantomime.
First Queen Titania of the golden rod
Produced a nymph obedient to her nod;
Then gorgeous Phoebus illumines all the
And conjures from the bard a beam of light
Next UeDtune. dripping from the watery maia
Displayed a portion of his deep domain;
And Ceres, Ruth like, 'mid the yellow grain.
.iiiK irasrauipruuuce oi mo grassy plain;
Then Flora came her girdle roses spanned
To show a season sacred to her band.
As Father Time was frisky as an elf
Abont to show a portion of himself, j
In tottered Age, apparently incensed.
Replaced the rightful head and thus com
"Behold what I was once in boyhood blythe,
Kre this grim Autocrat with glass and scythe
iiy visage wrinkled with his fingers deft.
My body palsied with bis touch, and left
My brown locks whitened with his Icy breath
Ripe for the sickle of the reaper Death."
None seemed Inclined the wordy war to wage
(Do cods like maidens dread the touch of agaf)
The troupe dissolved in mist across the plain,
And, waking, "Richard is himself again."
Can you add a trifling sum,
Say a thousand, ten and one?
You will get conf nsed, I fear,
And will have a tantfe here.
Wow from nine subtract the half,
Leave a unit never langhl
Or from nine take one and And
mat a ten is left behind.
Charitable Visitor (about to leave the
hospital) I never saw such a cold-hearted
person as that patient near the window. I
read one of Heber Newton's sermons to him
fully ten minutes, and he didn't show tha
Attendant I'm sure he didn't intend to
hurt your feelings, mum; he's deaf as a
An Interesting Compliment.
Nebraska State Journal.l
Barber (anxions toy plexie) I like to
shave you, sir. Your skin reminds me of
that of Sir John Ehlquist, tie English bar
Flattered patron Did you ever shave
"Yes, after death."
Ready for Them.
Bural Dame Mercy on us! There come
some' tramps. Bring me my husband's gun,
Servant (glancing ont of the window)
Those" are not tramps; they are "White
"Ohl Then bring me a broomstick."
A splendid prize awaits the boy or girl whosa
list of answers for February Is best. Tha priza
is a Bracket Saw Outfit, with a fine assort,
ment of saws, instruction book, patterns, eta
The solutions must be forwarded weekly, and
dhe credit will be given each competitor at tha
close o f the month.
459-One trail Relation H In hed Behind.
One heart Another. Ten spiders President.
VE la squash Vanquishes. Tuber in S
Tribunes. Trees In U Retinues.
454 A bolster.
C A B E C A
A I) C A D B
457 Pavi-lion, verml-llon, cotil-lon.
458 Carac. .
T A R, T A R
N Y L Q A TJ .
460 Pate, pat. :
A young woman whole name was LEE (Ells)
Had contracted a curious D D E E (disease),
There was naught could herhunger A P P (ap
The Doctor looked Y Y (wise J,
And, blinking his 1 1 (eyes),
Said 'twould be no U U (use)
Till she changed her V U V (views)
To prescribe anything but green P P (peas).
. Method In Her Indeclilon.
New York Sun.l
"Do you think you could ever care any
thing forme. Miss Macer?" he asked.
"I can't tell you, my dear Mr. Noodle,"
she murmured with a labored blush. "It
is so sudden I must have time to consider.
But I think I will know my own mind bet
ter after we have been to the theater a few
A Singular Farm of Monomania.
There is a class of people, rational enough la
other respects, who are certainly monomaniacs
in dosing themselves. They are constantly try
ing experiments upon! their stomachs, their
bowels, their livers arjd their kidneys with,
trashy nostrums. When these organs ara
really out of order, if they would only usa
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters, they would, if not
uuysiereijr nuane, perceive its superiority,