Newspaper Page Text
The Chancellor Makes an Elo
quent Plea fo Action on
the East Africa Bill,
BUT MEETS WITH DEFEAT.
All His Arguments Are Answered by
Members of the Reichstag.
THE MEASURE SENT TO A COMMITTEE.
Id Ills Speech, Bismarck Says That England
nnd Gcrmnny Are Working in Perfect
Harmony in Colonial Matters One Mem
ber Intimates That tbo Government Mnr
Get Into Trouble With Qlher Countries
Angry fMndents Tfarenten to Make a
Hostile Demonstration on tbe Emperor's
Birthday Boulnugcr Feared nt Vienna.
The East Africa measure came up in the
Reichstag yesterday. Prince Bismarck
made a lengthy speech in favor of immedi
ate action and against reference to a com
mittee. Notwithstanding this the latter
course -was adopted by the bodr. The Chan
sellor outlined his policy, and declared that
England -had consented to all his colonial
plans. Great preparations have been made
for the celebration of the Emperor's birth
day. "Vienna officials believe if Boulanger
is elected war will result.
tCOFTMCHTED, ISS9, BT THE NEW TOKK ASSOCI
BERLIN, January 26. After discussion
in the Eeichstag to-day the East Africa bill
was referred to a committee of 21 of the
members, under urgency. The measure will
be reported and read a second time on Tues
day. The interest in to-day's debate cen
tered in the speech of Prince Bismarck,
which was delivered with unusual anima
tion, an easy flow of words, free of pauses,
and unmistakable earnestness.
The Chancellor opened with a reference
to the allusions of Herr Banibergerjand Dr.
"Windthorst, making him responsible for
everything happening in East Africa. He
said he could not undertake to be responsi
ble for everything, and that something must
be left to the officials sent there to settle
affairs. He thpn continued.
I will tell the Reichstas: honestly how far I
intend to po. and I will not go a hair's breadth
further. What I propose apDlies only to the
immediate and most "pressing requirements.
The first speaker touched on the question of
the position we take up toward foreign powers.
On that point I can nnl say that wo have pro
ceeded, and shall ever proceed, solely in agree
ment with England, the greatest colonial power
of the world. I deny, therefore, emphatically,
the suggestion that -we have any intention to
proceed against the Sultan of Zanzibar in op
position to the wishes of England in Zanzibar.
The only unpleasantness that has arisen has
been with subordinate officials for whom tbe
Government neither cares nor will be respon
sible. We cannot discuss the question
whether Englishmen do exactly the same in
their divisions of Africa as we do in ours. It
has never occurred to us that wc should ask
England for assistance in our own sphere of
power. Such a thing is beyond the range of
possibility. I cannot lecognlze the necessity
for the discussion of this bill in committee. I
could just as well say to the full House what I
might have to say to such a committee. Time
gamed on this question is not only money, but
Besides, we have no information that could
be given to the committee about the details of
outpUns the force to be enrolled and their
arms and ammunitions for tear of making our
foes acquainted with tbem. The measures
taken hitherto have so thoroughly stood test
as to justify in future in building on them.
The blockade has less of military tun of politi
cal significance. The chief thing was to prove
to the natives the unity existing between Ger
many and Eneland, and also to show the Eu
ropean powers that the concert was complete.
If rivalry exists neither ot the two powers
will have a SDecial halo of prestige. W e have
concluded no treaties with England, but can
repaid her as an old historic ally, with whom
we have been in touch for lot) jears, even on
The Chancellor next adverted to the crit
icisms of Herr Bamberger, taunting him
with hi change of colonial policy. He
read passages from speeches made in 1885,
and admitted that he had departed lrom the
opinions therein expressed, but his present
action was dictated solely by immediate
A CHAKfiE OF TOLICT.
For the sake of 2,000,000 marks, he continued,
I cannot throw myself against the great im
pulse of the nation, or offer opposition to the
will of the whole country. To this day lam
not a colonial man. I entertain the gravest ap
prenensions on the subject, but have been
compelled to yield to the general demand of
the nation. I w ould venture to advise Herr
Bamberger to follow my example. I ask the
assent of the assembly of the Empire
to my action. If the assembly repudiates that
action, I can only admit that I have been mis
taken. I shall then give up altogether my
plans. At all events, the coast territory ac
quired by the German company is very im
portant, and must be retained.
I cannot burden mvself with the reproach of
posterity that I failed to protect Germans and
German possessions. We cannot look for re
mits in three months no, nor in three years.
Perhaps 30 years hence, the people may bitterly
rne to-da's neglect of duty. If the locomotivo
of empire has struck out a track for itself I
will not be the one to throw stones in its way."
Jteferring next to Herr Bamberger's re
marks concerning Southwest Atrica, he
said he could inform that Deputy who had
by a recent speech already done considerable
financial hurt to the "West Africa colonies,
and who valued the titles ot his compatriots
in those regions at so low a rate that for
those same "worthless" claims several mil
lions of marks had been offered by English
men to the German holder. To-day, after
Herr Bamberger's depreciatory remarks,
thev might be willing to give only a million
THE SLAVE TRADE.
Beturning to the bill, he held that it was
not a question of the East Africa Company,
but of civilization. They must keep their
eyes fixed on the suppression of the slave
trade, and must obtain mastery of the traffic.
A further subject beiore them was tbe
utilization of the fertile strip on tbe East
African coast If Germany, which yearly
spends 500,000,000 marks on coffee, wool,
tobacco, etc, could save a tenth or even a
twentieth pirt of that sum by using the
produce of her own colonies there was
already interest on the capital invested.
The "business was to be regarded as a lot
tery, but as a well-laid plan, the carrying
out of which required time. If the calm
capacity to wait were wanting such an en
terprise should not be undertaken. Yet in
this instance it was impossible to avoid the
enterprise. The coast was leased by a com
panyrepreseuting Germany in those parts.
She must, therefore, protect the company if
the Germans wished to retain their pos
sessions. "After Dr Windtborst's speech," con
tinued Prince Bismarck, "I considei the as
sent of the Reichstag certain, but should
like the proceedings expedited, because we
might have reason to regret delay within
even imir or five days."
He rerumed his seat amid loud cheers.
Captain Wissman, continuing the discus
sion, described tbe ptincipal seat of the
slave tiade as exactly that portion of the
coast possessed by the East Africa Company,
and said that it was thereiote just in that
part that energetic measures were required.
German authority must be established,all tbe
more so because other authority exists. Slavery
must be suppressed as speedily as possible..
ims can only be done by strictly prohibiting
the importation ot arms and ammunition.
There is scarcely any trade in spirits. The con
ditions prevailing in the west coast are different
from those on the east coast.
He detailed at length the differences between
tbe African and American plantation systems,
and stated that the results obtained by tbe
Catholic missions in tbe cultivation of cotton,
coffee, vanilla and cocoa, particularly at Baga-moj-o,
were very encouraging. England had
spent much money in experiments in cultiva
tion. The prospects of the German districts
are very hopef uL He deprecated the attempts
tint had hepn mart to comnare the expecta
tions of Germany from East African territory-
to r.ngiana s expectations iroia weut lauieo.
He hoped the condition of the country would
improve yearly. Large sums of money had
been guaranteed the Sultan of Zanzibar, but
nevertheless the proposed measure is abso
lutely necessary owing to the increasing
number of attacks by the Arabs. The main
point now was to send effectual help promptly.
Herr Bamberger said that the question of
the desirability of Colonial possessions re
quired to be thoroughly examined from a
non-partisan point of view. He argued
that the German colonial policy had failed
and condemned the ill-advised proceedings
of the East Africa Company. He alluded
to the ill treatment of tie natives by the
Prince Bismarck interrupted Herr Bam
berger and asked: "How can I help that?"
Herr Bamberger continued and said that
the reasons given by the Government forthe
introduction of tbe bill were inadequate.
He referred to the French complications in
Tonqnin and the Italian complications at
Massowah, and declared that he moreover
feared that other nations would be involved
in complications as the result of their colon
Captain "Wissman said that Herr Bamber
ger's allusions were not pertinent. He
(Wissman) was far from sharing in the in
decision of the Progressionists. He did not
predict a great victory, but merely success.
Dr. "Windthorst addressed the Chamber
in favor of the bill, mainly because of the
clause.it contained for the repression of
Herr von Bennigsen favored referring the
bill to a committee in order that the details
might be settled. Taking up the remarks
of Herr Bamberger, who he said seemed to
expect large immediate returns from colo
nics, the speaker reminded the House that
the English and Dutch had made much
greater sacrifices and much greater mistakes
than Herr Bamberger ascribed to the East
Herr Bebel attacked the bill. Herr Kar
doff supported it. Bismarck left the Eeich
stag after the reference of the bill to the
The celebration of the Emperor's birthday
to-morrow will be opened by the trumpeters
of the guards. A salute of 101 guns will be
fired at noon. The imperial family will
attend services in the palace chapel in the
morning and in the Com in the
afternoon. Some of the students of the uni
versity proposed to arrange a torchlight
Erocession, but the Emperor intimated that
e did not desire any public manifestation.
A section of the students, irritated by re
marks which the Emperor recently addressed
to Rector Gebhardt, propose to hold a hos
tile demonstration in front of the palace.
Prof. Gebhart says that the Emperor se
verely commented upon the immoral life of
the students lnd their tendency toward
irreiigion. His Majesty said that a ma
jority of the students professed progressist
doctrines and were encouraged in them by
democratic professors. He further com
plained that the growth of the Hebrew ele
ment in the university was among the
principal agents of the progressist propa
ganda. IMPERIAL DOCTRINE.
He finished by denouncing the practice
of duelling, saying: "Your students should
frequent churches rather than beer shops
and fencing saloons." This admonition
staggered Prof. Gebhart, who does not ap
pear to have been capable of making a re
ply. The police have been warned of the
discontent among tbe students and are tak
ing precautions to prevent their assembling
near the palace. In anticipation of the
Emperor's birthday thousands of children
were feted to-day in the various school
rooms, and 1,300'pupils, by the Emperor's
orders, went to the Opera House to see a
patriotic play by Wilat-nbruch.
Prince Bismarck had an interview to-day
with the Emperor before going to the
Reichstag. It is understood that they con
sulted on the Luxembourg question, con
cerning which the Prince ot Wied arrived
here to day. According to the Rational
Zeitung, full arrangements have been made
in anticipation of the death of the King of
the Netherlands. Immediately upon the
King's death, the Premier of Luxembourg
will announce the Parliamedtary law regu
lating the succession, and will proclaim
that the Duke of Nassau will take possession
The sensational trial of Merchant Moeller,
who was charged with abducting a minor.
Miss Elias, a New York heiress, was con
cluded in the Cassel Court to-day. The
trial which lasted three days, resulted in
the conviction of Moeller, who was sentenced
to nine months imprisonment,
A surprising change has taken place in
the condition of King Otto, of Bavaria.
His stupor and melancholia are ameliorat
ing and he has rational intervals. He has
no paroxysms, and is allowed to take daily
drives through the environs of his retreat.
A salient feature of business on the Bourse
during the week has been the sustained ad
vance in mining shares and bank stocks.
The leading bankers, finding a public
tendency to deal in African gold mines,
have sent agents and engineers to the Cape
of Good Hope to prospect in new fields. It
is hoped to divert the dealings of German
investors from the English market
Speculation in bank shares has been
quickened by the reported increase of the
capital of the Darmsdat Bank to 20,000,000
marks, and of the Disconto-Gesselschaft to
60,000,000 marks. Tbe latter joins the
Deutsche Bank -and the Handels-Gesell-schaft
in placing on the market the shares
of the German Chinese Bank.
Shares of industrial concerns, especially
iron and steel works, have also experienced
a boom on the strength of a report that the
English and German steel rail makers have
renewed their convention. The price of
steel rails has risen to 132 marks per ton,
the producing cost in Germany being only
90 marks. The fact that the convention is
not signed, and that the negotiations are in
suspense, has not affected tbe speculators.
Large orders are expected from the railway
department, and this assists to sustain the
buying. France continues to take large
amountsof Russian securities, while Germany
is unloading and constantly selling to Paris,
Lvons and Marseilles.
Making Hia Allies Uncomfortable.
rBV CABLE TO THE BISrATCH.''
London, January 26. Mr. Chamberlain
has been holding forth to selected audiences
at Birmingham this week, abusing his old
friends with his customary zest, but withal
hinting at radical programmes, tbe thought
of which makes his present Tory allies very
Gladstone Has the Toothache.
I BY CABLE TO THE DISPATCH. 1
London, January 26. Mr. Gladstone
has had occasional twinges of toothache, bnt
otherwise he continues thoroughly to enjoy
himself at Naples, and talks of remaining
there until the very eve of the reassembling
Trebclli Una a Severe Cold.
1BT CABLE TO TnE DISPATCH. I
London, January 26. Madame Trebelli
failed to appear at Albert Hall Tuesday
last, as it was hoped she would, but the
cause of her absence was fortunately merely
a severe cold, and not, as was stated, a re
turn of the paralytica! affection which has
kept her so long in retirement.
No Assistance for Panama.
Paris, January 2C A meeting of hold
ers of Panama Canal shares was held to
day. M. De Lesseps was present and met
with a hearty reception, but no offers of
financial assistance to the canal company
All Well nt Madia.
London, January 26. The officers of the
Universities' Mission to Central Africa have
received a cable dispatch stating that
Bishop Smythies has arrived atWanza.
The Bishop reports all well at Magila.
BOULANGER'S ELECTION MEANS WAE.
Vienna Officials Will Preserve the Peace
With Loaded Rifles.
"VIENNA, January 26. Emperor Francis
Joseph gave a dinner to the police to-night
on the occasion of the eve of Emperor "Will
iam's birthday. The Prince of Reuss, Ger
man Ambassador, -Count Kalnoky, Count
"Von Taefel and other diplomats were pres
ent. To-morrow's election in Paris absorbs at
tention here. Official circles expect that if
General Boulanger be returned orders will
immediately be given for the acceleration of
war preparations. No one believes in the
General's declaration of his desire for peace.
The .Fremd'enofaM discredits the sincerity
of the French apostles of peace and savs:
This is not a time for crying peace, although
never before have tbe leading statesmen of
Europe labored with equal earnestness to
maintain tranquility. The oest way to preserve
peace for a long time to come will bo with a
loaded rifle. The success of Boulanger will
assist Prime Minister Von Tiza to overcome
the opposition in the Pesth Diet to tbe army
The poet and novelist Jockai has strongly
urged the passage of the measure in a
speech, in which he declared that it was
Hungary's duty to arm and defend her
liberty. The people's cause, be said, has
always been menaced bv Russia, and the
agitation is certain to end in a conflict. He
advocated the teaching of the German lan
guage as a military necessity.
A TEET DAKGERODS MISSION.
Onlr One Poor Konte Open Through From
Tndjnrnh to Sbon.
St. Petersburg, January 26. M.
Yelissejeff, the explorer, in an article in the
Xovoe Vremya, describes the dangers of the
Atcbinoff expedition to Abyssinia. M.
Yelissejeff says the only route open to the
expedition is from Tadjurah to Shoa. The
attitude of the King is doubtful.
Italian emisaries have gone in advance of
the Russians. Should the King of Shoa
not send an escort from Ankobar, or the
Negus not send one frrm Goudahar, the
Russian mission will come to a sad end.
AMERICAN SDICIDE AT LONDON.
A Man Supposed to be George S. Driver Cuts
His Own Throat.
London, January 26. An American
who is supposed to be George S. Driver, cut
his throat with a razor in the Hotel at Is
lington to-day. Upon his trunks are Mm
labels of several American railways, prin
cipally Chicago roads. Among his effects
were found a photograph of himself and a
beautiful woman. He is not expected to re
cover. MOB LAW IN OHIO.
An Attempt Made to Lynch Acquitted Mur
derers and Their Friends Hoases
Leveled to the Ground The
SfaerllTon the Scene.
Mansfield, O., January 25. Ashland
county is experiencing the troubles that
followed the immunity of murderers from
punishment. A year ago last October W.
H. Reynolds, the editor of the Ashland
Times, was shot and killed by James
Mason. He and his brother Cal
vin were indicted for the murder,
but were acquitted. February 25, 1888, the
Chesrown brothers, well-to-do farmers, in a
struggle for the custody of their father, re
sisted the execution of a writ of habeas
corpus and shot and killed Constable "Will
iam H. Kclley and Special Deputy Jacob
Four of the brothers. Elias, "Wesley,
Adam and John, and Mervin, the son of
"Wesley, were jointly and separately in
dicted for the murder of each. Elias, who
confessed to firing the shots that killed the
men, was first tried forthejnurder of Kelley
and acquitted of the charge. The indict
ments against two of tbe others were nolled
and the rest were admitted to small bail on
the remaining indictments.
Between 11 and 12 o'clock Friday night
the village of Jeromeville, where the mur
dered officers lived, was occupied by a body
of mounted men and footmen, who took
complete possession and began firing guns
and revolvers and ordering everybody off of
the streets. The regulators were disguised
in various manners, many wear
ing white coverings over their faces.
In the village live "William McColm and
Nathan Eddy, two well-known and out
spoken sympathizers of the Chesrowns.
Their houses on the main street of the vill
age, which were old structures, were soon
torn to the ground, the mob meanwhile
keeping up a continuous firing of guns and
yelling like so many demons.
The mob was intent upon wreaking ven
geance upon McColm and his wife, whom
the raiders threatened to hang, but they
succeeded in making their escape. Another
citizen, whose sympathies were with the
Chesrowns, was chased out of the village.
The identity of none of the members of the
mob was discovered, but they are supposed
to be of the villagers, nine-tenths of whom
were friends of the 'murdered men.
Foiled in capturing those most obnoxious
to them, the regulators started post haste
for the homes of John and Adam Chesrown,
several miles away, but they had been ap
prised in some manner of the approach of
the mob, and when the latter reached the
Chesrown farms their intended victims had
made good their escape.
This morning a written notice, printed in
red ink, was found on the guide post at the
public square in Jeromeville, reading as
follows: "If any of the Chesrowns or Ches
rown sympathizers are caught they will be
lynched." The Sheriff at the county seat
was notified of the outbreak and is expected
to be present to-night to quell any further
A NEW TORPEDO BOAT.
Dr. Catling Thinks He Has Solved the
Harbor Defense Problem.
fSPECIAL TELEGBAM TO THE DISPATCH.l
Nett York, January 26. Dr. Richard
J. Gatling, of Hartford, the inventor of the
famous gun, has recently invented a torpedo
boat for harbor defense. Patents in this
country and foreign countries are about to
issue. Dr. Gatling was in town to-night,
"I think I have solved the problem of har
bor defense by torpedo boats," he said. "I
have invented a boat which is certain in its
action, and which is controlled wholly by
the intelligence of operators in it. It has
extremely high speed. It is so constructed
that its crew are almost wholly protected
from the enemy's fire. The boat cannot be
destroyed or sunk without grea difficulty.
"The old automatic torpedoes have never
been successful. They are erratic in their
course after they leave the hands of the
operators,are deflected by currents, seaweed,
etc, and hardly; ever reach the points at
which they are aimed. But, on the other
hand, the present form of torpedo boats are
dangerous to the crew. I think I have got
over these difficulties. My boat, too, is in
expensive. Four of them can be built for
Until the patents are out, Dr. Gatling
does not care to describe the boat further.
BADLT BEATEN BI STRIKERS.
Applicants for Work on the Brooklyn Street
Car Lino Assnnllcd.
New Yore, January 26. There were no
developments in the Brooklyn car strike
to-night, John Rascow, of Hoboken, and
Max Rosenberg, of New York, applicants for
work, were beaten by strikers, Rosenberg so
badly that he was taken to an hospital. No
arrests were made, although Rosenberg was
under escort of policemen. No attempt
will be made to ran cars before Monday.
STATE OF FBASKLffl.
ABomantic and Almost Unknown
Chapter of History.
THE FIRST-BORN OP THE REPUBLIC
Although It Wag Never Permitted to As
THE CAREER OP NOLLICHUCKY JACK.
A Celebrated Indian Fighter and Statesman of the
r CORRESPONDENCE OF THE SISrATCH.l
"Washington, D. C, January 26. In
noting the fact that a number of the Terri
tories are knocking for admission to the
Union, the mind naturally reverts to oc
casions of like nature in the past. It calls
attention to a State, whose Legislature con
vened in a log cabin without doors or
windows; which made statutory provision
Tor educational institutions, although there
was not a sawmill, a pound of nails or a
pane of glass within its borders or a dollar
in its treasury; which had a full compler
meat of officers, from Governor and supreme
judges down to constables; whose salaries
were payable in a raccoon skins,
towcloth, bacon, whisky, brandy,
tobacco and beeswax; which had an army
disciplined, officered, armed and equipped,
but serving without pay; which leVied war;
which made treaties; which acquired terri
tory, and in fact, exercised all tbe privileges
of a sovereign independent power, for a
period of more than two years, and yet
never became a member of the sisterhood
composing the Union.
The State of Franklin comprised the ter
ritory now embraced in the State of Tennes
see, and was organized in the year 1785, and
went out of existence in the year 1788. This
territory was included in that famous grant
made by Charles II in 1663, to certain of
his favorites, the boundaries of which be
gan at a stake on the Atlantic coast, in lat
itude 36 degrees and 20 minutes north, and
running thence due west "to the South
Seas!" Out of that generous, if somewhat
indefinite grant, had, to the time of the
Revolution, crystallized the two colonies of
North and South Carolina, which at the
close of that struggle, became two of the
original 13 states.
During the two decades immediately pre
ceding the breaking out of the war, a little
handful of hard jr spirits had drifted across
the blue mountains bounding their "Western
horizon, and in the rich vale of the
"Watauga, the "Beautiful River," had
planted a settlement.
Others from Virginia, following the
streams and valleys that trend away to the
southwest, had likewise become members of
the little colony. Among these early
pioneers were Evan Shelby, John Sevier
and James Robertson, who were destined in
the very darkest hour of the struggle for
liberty to lead their hardy followers to
King's Mountain, and there strike the
enemy a mighty blow from the rear, which
should mark the final turning point oi the
During the first few years of its existence
the colony west of the mountains received
little or no attention from the parent State.
With that innate capacity for Belf-govern-ment,
which has ever " distinguished the
American pioneer, the settlers had organ
ized a body politic under the title of "The
Watauga Association," being the first civil
government west ot the Alleghenies, and
under which they lived "until the year 1777,
when, upon petition, they were annexed to
:At the close of the Revolution the in
choate Federal Government, represented in
the person of the Confederation, found itself
bankrupt. It was encumbered by an im
mense debt; it was without money and al
most without power. In this state of affairs,
it was suggested that those States having
claims to Western territory should sur
render the same to the General Government
for the benefit of the common treasury. Vir
ginia surrendered her claim upon nearly all
the vast empire now forming the States oi
Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana and Illinois.
Others of the original States ceded their
claims to portionsof the same vast territory.
THE STATE CREATED.
Following the same idea, the Legislature
of North Carolina passed an act making
over her "Western territory to the General
Government, provid ng, however, that if
the same was not accepted within two
years, the act of cession should become
void. That act planted the germ of the new
State. The men who had followed Robert
son, Sevier and the Shelbys to the bloody
battle of Point Pleasant; whose rifles had
turned back the tide of British invasion at
King's Mountain; who had under the lead
ership of Sevier, their beloved "Nollichucky
Jack," met and vanquished those fiercest
warriors of the Southwest, the Cherokees,
in more than a dozen swift and bloody
forays, were not the ones to sit idly down,
with allegiance halting between a parent
State which cast them off and a
General Government, which was itself in
little better than a state of anarchy.
They resorted to that universal panacea for
political ills a convention. That body met
at Jonesborough, in what is now the State of
Tennessee, August 23, 1784, and adopted
resolutions declaring their independence of
North Carolina, and appointing commis
sioners to take charge of affairs until a Con
stitution could be submitted to the people.
A second convention met in November of
the same year, hut broke up in confusion,
having accomplished nothing. A third con
vention came together at Jonesborongh,
which submitted a form of Constitution to
the people, and directed the election of a
Legislature. That body was duly "elected;
assembled in Jonesborough, and concluded
the labors of its first session March 31, 1785.
AN ORIGINAL TARIFF.
As indicative of the primitive state of
society, and economic affairs in the new
State, a single selection is herewith made
from the enactments of the first Legislature.
It was in relation to that all-important sub
ject to States, young or old the revenue.
Be it enacted: That it shall and may be law
ful for the aforesaid land and poll tax, and all
free polls to be paid in the following manner:
Good flax linen, ten hundred, at three shillings
and sixpence per yard; nine hnndred at three
sbilllnes; eight hundred at two shillings and
nine pence; seven hundred at two shillings and
sixpence: six hundred, two shillings; towlmen,
one shilling and nine pence; linev, three shill
incsrand woolen and cotton linsey, three shill
ings and six pence per yard; good clear beaver
skins, six shillings; cased otter skins, six shill
ings; uncased ditto, five shillings; raccoon
and fox skins, ten shillings and three
pence each; woolen cloth.ten shillings per yard;
bacon well cured, six pence per pound; good
clean tallow, six pence pel pound; good clean
beeswax, one shilling per pound: good distilled
rye whisky, at two shillings and six pence per
gallon; good peach or apple brandy at threo
shillings per gallon; good country made sugar
at one shilling per pound; deer skins, the pat
tern, six shillings; good neat, well-managed to
bacco, lit to be prized, that may pais inspection,
tbe hundred, fifteen shillings, and so on in pro
portion, for greater or less quantity.
This first session of the Legislature also
elected a Governor, Judge of the Superior
Court, Secretary of Stale, Treasurer, Sur
veyor General, two Brigadier Generals of
militia and a Delegate to Congress.
The Court House at Jonesborough, where
these first conventions and the first Legisla
ture assembled, is thus quaintly described
in the specifications of its architect: "Twen-ty-foor
feet square, diamond corners and
hewn down after it is built; nine feet high
between the floors; body of the house four
feet above the upper floor; floors neatly laid
with plank; rhingles of roof to be "hung
with pegs; a justice's bench, a lawyer's and
a clerk's bar, also a sheriff's box to sit in."
Afterward, howaver, the permanent cap
ital of the new State was located at the
newly laid-off town of Greenville, and here
the Legislature occupied the Conrt House
which was .built of unhewn logs and covered
SUNDAY, JAECOAEY .
with clapboards: it had neither door-shut-
Iters, windows, floor nor loft Here also a
i final convention met to pass upon the Con
stitution, which had been discussed beiore
the people. A single section from that in
strument is herewith given:
No person shall bold a seat in the House of
Representatives, unless he actually resides in,
and owns land in this county, to the quantity
of 100 acres, or to the value of 50. And no
person shall serve In this or any other offlce of
this State, who is of immoral character, or
guilty of such-flagrant enormities as drnnken
ness, gaming, profane swearing, lewdness. Sabbath-breaking,
and such like; or who will,
either in word or writing, deny any of the fol
lowing propositions: .
First That there is one living and true God,
the Creator and Governor of the universe.
Second That there is a future state of re
wards and punishments.
Third That the Scriptures of the Old and
New Testaments are given by divine inspira
tion. Fourth That there are three divine persons
in the Godhead, co-equal and co-essential.
There was not a printing press anywhere
in the new commonwealth, and the acts and
ordinances were promulgated by reading
aloud at the county courts, and at the
muster of the militia. But breakers were
just ahead for the little ship of State.
As soon as news of these high-handed pro
ceedings, was carried across the mountains
to the North Carolina authorities, the latter
at once took measures to suppress a move
ment whieh they considered as treasonable
and rebellious against the parent State.
In her act of cession to the Federal Gov
ernment North Carolina had expressly re
served jurisdiction over the territory, until
Congress should accept the same.
The Governor by proclamation and by
letter, warned the officers of the new State
against the attempted exercise of power;
entreated the people west of the mountains
to return to their allegiance, and forbade
their paying taxes to the new authorities.
They promptly accepted the latter part of
his manifesto, and refused to pay to either
TIIEY COULD STAND IT.
This did not so much affect the Franklin
Government, because its officers from the
Governor down, drew their subsistence from
the soil, and were in nowise dependent upon
their salaries, but the reassertion of the
parental authority, had tbe effect of
raising disagreeable questions as to
the validity of marriages; of land
He had given of bis own means, and with his
own credit had borrowed money to fit out the
expedition. But even his personal popularity
could no longer sustain the moribund Common
wealth. The final act was a tragedy.
Sevier's negroes bad been levied upon by
Process issued by one of tbe opposition Courts,
and were carried off for Safe keeping, to the
house of Colonel John Tipton, who was the lead
er of the North Carolina party. Deeming the
Erocess unlawful, ho at once raised a body of one
undred and fifty personal followers, and
marched upon Tipton's house, determined to
rescue his property.
Planting a small piece of ordnance in front
of the dwelling, he demanded tbe immediate
surrender of its occupants. Tipton, apprised
of his coming, had hastily called a few of his
friends to his aSMStance, and in answer to the
summons, told the Governor to ''fire and be
d d." A, regular siege was instituted, and in
tbe course of tbe next day a woman, approach
ing the house, was accidentally wounded.
A BORDER BATTLE.
On the morning of the third day, reinforce
ments for the Tipton party arrived and a battle
ensued, in which one man was killed outright,
and the High Sheriff of "Washington county
was mortally wounded. The besiegers were
ro a ted in the greatest confusion, and fled,
leaving their cannon and the two sons of
Sevier in the possession of the enemy. Tipton
declared his intention to hang the two young
men forthwith, and was, with tbe greatest dl fa
culty, dissuaded from his insane purpose, and
tbe prisoners were finally released.
Sevier thus relieved wholly from the cares of
state, again addressed himself to fighting the
Cherokees. But his enemies were not yet done
with him. A bench warrant was issued against
him for high treason; he was arrested, carried
across the mountains and put upon trial for his
life. While the trial was in progress a small
party of his friends, including two of his sons,
rode into the town. One of them led Sevier's
fleet-footed mare up near to the open door of
the Court House, and then lounging into the
room, managed to catch his old leader's eye.
One look into his face one glance at the fleet
charger and the friends beyond, and "Nolli
chucky Jack," took in the situation.
Tbe rescuer stepped in front of the Judge
and said: "Ain't yon done with that man?"
and in the confusion that ensued both he and
the prisoner were out at one bound: were
mounted and away like the wind, attended by
those who bad waited outside. There was con
fusion and wild mounting in baste, but all per
suit was in vain. No other effort was ever
made to bring him to trial for bis alleged trea
son. He returned home, and wa3 sgon after
elected by his people to represent them in the
Senate of the North Carolina Legislature,
titles, and of various other matters affecting
the daily life ot the people. These considera
tions soon created a current of opinion, un
favorable to the new Government, so popular
The parent Government, instead of resorting
to force, chose the more peacefnl and diplo
matic method of appointing a full corps of
countv and militia officers in tbe new State, in
some of the counties these places being ac
cepted by men previously holding the same
places under the Franklin Government. The
result was that in everv county there were soon
two sets of officers transacting the
public business and contending for the
possession of the records. Many fierce en
counters between opposingfactions were the re
sult. It was a strange state of affairs, the like
of which was probably never before seen in the
whole course of civilized government. Both
parties held courts and issued process: both as
sumed to command the militia; to grant lands.
By the close of the year 1787 it was apparent
that the new Commonwealth was near its de
mise. One by one its officers had ceased their
functions, andinmanycases bad accepted place
from the mother State. At last only the Gov
ernor remained. Nothing but his personal
popularity could ever have kept up the organi
zation for tbe length of time it did exist.
John Sevier, the "Nollichucky Jack" of the
Southwest, who thus found himself in this
unique situation, was a remarkable character.
He was a descendant of tbe celebrated French
family of Xavler, and was a combination of the
politician, the statesman and the warricR In
this last character bis name was a terror to the
savage tribes from, tbe blue peaks of the
"Smokies" to the great bend of the Tennessee.
For more than a dozen years his prow
ess bad girt the little colony as with
a circle of fire. Did at any time danger
threaten from the ever restless Cherokees'
his swift heralds would summon tho Watanga
militia, and armed with their trusty Deckhard
rifles, and their commissary supplied with dried
venisou and parched corn, they would be off
and away. And woe unto the enemy. Not only
did he hover upon the border, but he struck
tbe savages in the very heart of their country.
In an expedition into the very heart of the
border mountains he swept the Over Hill
Cherokees almost from tbe face of the earth.
In another campaign he fell upon and chas
tised the community ot warriors, cut-throats
and thieves who had infested the region of
Lookout Mountain. And then there was King's
Mountain! Ah! What hardy son of Watauga
could ever forget "Nollichucky Jack" and
King's Mountain? His home had been their
rallying point. Under his roof thev had drawn
lots, not to see who should go but who should
stav. That body passed an act of amnesty for
hls'beneflt and be was admitted to his seat.
Afterward, when tbe late State of Franklin
was erected into a Congressional District, he
was chosen its first Representative, thus be
coming the first member of Congress from
West of tbe Alleghenies. And, when, a few
years later, the State of Tennessee was organ
ized, and admitted to membership In the union,
he was elected her first Governor, without op
position, and this high office he filled for 12 con
secutive years. - if . F, A.
A COURT MARTIAL FOR K00NTZ.
Tbe G. A. H. Somewhat Dtatnrbed by the
Democratic Kicker, After All.
rSPECIAL TELEGBAM TO THE PIRPATCII.l
Indianapolis, January 26. Ex-Adjutant
General Koontz, the man who started
the Democratic soldiers' organization re
cently, is likely to make a fuss in the G. A.
R. after all. He claims to have an honor
able discharge from Anderson Post, G. A.
R., of which-he was a member, but at the
last meeting of the Post a resolution to court
martial him was introduced, and seemed
likely to pass. There was a great deal of
excitement, and finally the post commander,
who is a Democrat, left the chair, and the
meeting broke up without action upon the
It was supposed that the matter would end
with that, but an order was received here
to-day lrom headquarters of the G. A. R.,
asking for a copy of the resolution and for
other information, which indicates a pur
pose on the part of the national authorities
of the order to take up Mr. Koontz's case.
Theatrical Knllrond Business.
In addition to having the Fanny Daven
port company to "Washington,the Baltimore
and Ohio road last night carried the Rentz
Santley troupe to the same place, the Rom
any Rye Company to Cincinnati and the
Two Johns from 'Washington.
The News Confirmed by the Captain
ofa Blockade Runner.
LEGITIME THREE TIMES BEATEN.
Sixteen Prisoners Cnptured in the Engage
ment at Montrouis.
GEN. PIQUANT'8 INGLORIOUS ESCAPE.
A Nary for Hlppoljte Almost at His Hand, Abont as
Good as New.
SPECIAL TELEGBAM TO TUB DISPATCH. 1
New York, January 26. The steamer
Wensleydale, Captain Coull, arrived here
from Port-de-Paix this evening. She took
provisions shipped by Hugo Kainor&Co.
to that "blockaded" Hatian port and sold
out at a big profit. She brought logwood
back for the Greetf Point Dye Works.
Captain (Coull says he entered Part-de-Paix
on the evening of the 8th, with all the
lights burning and tbe Legitimist gunboat
Belize in sight. When she whistled the
Belize made off and disappeared. The town
was hungry. The garrison was small and
half clothed. The soldiers were armed
chiefly with old-fashioned horse-pistols, and
the artillery consisted of old cannon four or
five feet long.
There were two passengers on the Wen
sleydale B. DePendry. a French-Canadian
schoolmaster, who is on this way home after
teaching two years in Port-de-Paix, and
Frederick Elie, who described himself as a
merchant on business, but is believed to
have come straight from Hippolyte, at Cape
LATE NEWS CONFIRMED.
Mr. DePendry confirmed the late news
that Hippolyte had beaten Lcgitime's forces
in three successive engagements. They
were at Las Cahobas, Mirobolais, and
Achaies. In the Montrouis engagement,
which was reported herefrom Port-au-Prince
as a victory for the Legitimists, he says the
Northern forces badly whipped General
Piquant, and took as many as 16 prisoners.
General Piquant fled, closely pursued, and
made for the coast, where the Tous
sant l'Overture was lying. In such
close quarters did he find him
self that he didn't dare to wait for the
Toussant's boat to get to him, but jumped
into the ocean and swam to meet the boat,
while his pursuers popped their pistols at
him from the shore.
Two weeks ago the Toussant L' Overture
tacked Cape Haytien again, and fired shells
for a whole day. Fort Piccolet replied.
Only one shell reached the town.
Mr. DePendry said that Hippolyte
was putting o'ff an aggressive campaign
until nis new navy was ready for action.
The plan then was to march the entire
Northern army straight for Port-au-Prince,
while the gunboats worked around to the
A NAVY ON THE SPOT.
Hippolyte will not have to wait for the
arrival of the Madrid. He has a navy on
the spot Mr. DePendry says that a courier
arrived at Cape Haytien recently, 'over
land from Hippolyte's agent in San
Domingo, with the news that President
Hereaux has sold his new gunboat,
El Presidente, to Hippolyte. The gunboat
was the Red Rose, and was purchased re
cently in France by Hereaux. The news
also came that the Mercedes had reached
Samana and had been promptly sold to
Hippolyte. This is the boat recentlv pur
chased on speculation by the Dominican
Consul in this city.
Mr. DePendry said that the armament had
been brought by the Ozamafrom New York,
and was being put aboard the boats in Do
minican waters. One of them was fitting up
in Monte Cristi. The guns will be handled
by American gunners. Ten of them, he"
said, arrived by the Ozama, with the guns.
It will be remembered that the Ozama took
nine Gatling guns and a long heavy box
that was supposed to be a piece of heavier
Minister Preston said a cable message had
informed him that there had been a fire in
Port-au-Prince. Two or three private
houses were bnrned, the result of an .oil ex
plosion. If the fire was so small, it seems
rather peculiar that Legitime should cable
the news at $1 35 a word.
AGAIN IN THE TOILS.
Ives nnd Stnjnor Once More Arrested for
Attempted Railroad Wrecking-.
SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THJC DISPATCH. 3
New York, January 26. Frank R.
Lawrence, as counsel for the Cincinnati,
Hamilton and Davton Railroad Company,
presented to JudgeMorgan J.O'Brien, in the
Supreme Court Chambers, on Thursday
last, one of the most startling chapters in
the history of railroad litigation. It was
the story of the manner in which that
powerful corporation was bronght to
the brink of ruin. The immediate result
was the arrest of the yonng Napoleon II.
and his partner, and they must find 5260,000
bail each to get free.
The papers were the complaint and affi
davits of Julius Dexter, now President of
the road; Christopher C. Waite, its "Vice
President; Frederick H. Short, its Treas
urer and Secretary, and John Tnlly, of this
city. Secretary of the Mineral Range Rail
The suit nowbrought is to recover $2,553,
328 97, and the single charge against Ives
nnd Staynor is that thev acquired control
of the Cincinnati, Hamilton and Dayton
Railroad Company for the express purposeof
taking its revenues as securities and using
them for their own purposes, and with
the preconceived intent to cheat and de
fraud the company. Judge O'Brien
held tbe papers under advisement until
Friday morning, when he granted an order
of arrest, requiring each defendant to give
bail in the sum of 5250,000. The
papers were issued to the Sheriff on
Friday, but by the time he reached the
office of Ives & Staynor they had gone to
Brooklyn, so the arrest was not made until
to-day, when Deputy Sheriffs Martin and
McGonigle greeted them shortly after their
arrival at their place of business.
When Mr. Martin announced his errand,
Ives moved not a muscle. "Very well, he
said, "this is the fourth time I've been ar
rested, and I'm not altogether surprised."
"In only one case during my experience,"
said Clerk Martin, encouragingly, "has a
greater bail been demanded. That was for
Franklyns, whose bail was fixed at?500,000."
After a time Ives gave over trying to find
bondsmen, and devoted himself to preparing
to make his answer. He arranged with Martin
that he should meet his counsel in a hotel
instead of the jail. Martin selected the
Sinclair House, and appointments were
made accordingly. The costlv prisoners
will remain w the Sinclair House until
they are taken in to conrt, Monday morn
ing. Those Cbnrgcs Against Bosi.
The suit of T. R. Lavine of L. A. 6330,
K. of L., against Master Workman Ross, of
D. A. 3, will be tried before Alderman
Doughty to-morrow morning. Mr. Lavine
claims that the District owes him $61, hut
Mr. Ross denies the claim, saying that he
was paid in full for all the work he did for
the Black Diamond strikers. Mr. B. F.
Stewart, who is charged with owing the
District $118, says there is a balance due
him from the District amounting to $81 01.
A Trial of Onr Incipient Navy.
San Fbancico, January 26. Secretary
Whitney has issued full instructions for
the trial trip of the steel cruiser Charleston,
which U to take place in Santa Barbara
channel. The instructions provide for a
continuoui run ot four hours.
HATE WE A POLICY?
Continued from First Page.
vent Mataafa's retreat. .Engagement followed.
Germans lost 20 killed, 30 wounded. Germans
swear vengeance; shelling and burning native
villages; neutral property not respected.
Protests disregarded. American property in
danger. Consul reports Americans in boat fly
ing American flag seized in Apia harbor by
an armed German boat, L ut released after in
vestigation. A German captain says no flag
was shown. . The state of affairs is so serious
that I- request additional force. Remain
at Auckland three weeks."
Inquiry at tbe Navy Department this
afternoon developed the tact that Secretarv
Bayard has made no direct response to Sec
retary Whitney's letter inquiring as to the
policy of this Government. It is under
stood, however, that the President's action
in referring the matter to Congress was based
toa considerable degree upon the points made
in Secretary Whitney's letter. In answer
to an inquiry on this subject. Secretary
Whitney this afternoon said: "There is no
antagonism between tbe State Department
in this matter- For the protection of the
naval officers who are at Samoa, or who may
be sent there, I asked- lor a definite state
ment of policy for their guidance, and on
the loth inst. the President referred the
whole matter to Congress, and there it
Assisiant Secretary Rives said this after
noon that the dispatches received to-day
from Samoa will be transmitted to Congress
early nest week.
WE HAVE SOME EIGHTS.
Chairman Herbert, of 'the House Naval
Committee, received S"cretary Whitney's
letter touching" Samoa this evening. He
says that the suggestions made by tbe Sec
retary were undoubtedly considered care
fully by the State Department and probably
by the Cabinet, as was shown by tbe
transmission of the papers to the Senate by
President Cleveland. The Secretary was
undoubtedly right, and represented the
position of the administration when he said
that in this matter the policyof the Govern
ment should be shaped by Congress, and
that the department was not aware that we
had any national policy upon this subject,
neither the Monroe doctrine nor any other
expression of national policy applying to
the islands of the Pacific.
Mr. Herbert said that he had not yet had
an opportunity to acquaint himself with the
correspondence on the subject, but he un
derstood that while there wa3 really no
treaty in existence between Germany, Great
Britain and the United States, binding the
treaty, powers to preserve the autonomy of
the Samoan Government, there was
an understanding to that effect which had
not taken the form of a treaty. He also
understood that we had a naval station at
Samoa which seemed desirable and perhaps
was more essential to the United States
than to. Germany. Certainly we had as
much right to acquire and maintain a foot
hold there as had Germany.
ENGLAND AND GEEMANT.
A dispatch from Berlin states that Prince
Bismarck, in a speech in the Reichstag to
day, said: "In Samoa we are in the fullest
accord with England, and advance hand in
hand with her. We are absolutely resolved
to be one with tbe English Government and
to uphold the unity ye have shared with the
English in Africa."
A special cablegram from London says:
"The row in Samoa excites only a languid
interest here. The newspapers are already
beginning to demonstrate how small a
stake England has in that part of the
world, and this is probably a prelude to the
announcement that Mr. Bayard and Prince
Bismarck must settle the matter .between
them. The British lion loves roasted chest
nuts, but prefers to curb his appetite Tather
than run the risk of singing his paws."
In speaking of the Samoan qnestion, the
Pesther Lloyd, of Vienna, says America
cannot allow German supremacy in a place
which is acquiring enormons commercial
ana stragetic importance. After the Isth
mus of Panama shall have been pierced the
military prestige of Germany will not im
pose upon the Americans, who have no oc
casion to accede to German claims.
WE'VE GOT THE SHIFS.
A dispatch from San Francisco, reports
that John D. Spreckles, speaking of the
rumor that the Government would en
deavor to charter the fast steamers now run
ning between here and Australia in case of
an emergency growing out of tbe Samoan
The steamship Alameda is under contract
with the Australian Government. I have no
power to alter existing arrangements. The
steamer Mariposa is similarly situated and
neither of these boats will be available for nse
of tbe Government. Tbe Australians and New
Zealand Governments subsidize oar vessels to
the extent of $137,000 a year for carrying their
mail, while we do not get anything from the
Ex-Governor Perkins, of the firm of Per
kins & Co., said:
My firm could furnish the Navy Depart
ment with all steamers it requires. We have
at least six steamers on tbe Pacific Coast
Steamship Company's line that will meet all
requirements. as troop ships. These are tbe
Queen of the Pacific, City of Pueblo, Santa
Rosa, Umatilla, the Mexican and the AValla
Walla. Two of them are in port now, and the
others are constantly going to and fro. Either
one or two, if required, of these steamers can
be made ready to sail at four hours' notice
with a full supply of coal on board. The Gov
ernment need not trouble itself about any dif
ficulty in chartering vessels while our steamers
These vessels are capable of 13 to 14 knots,
while the Australian steamships bavemade
164 knots nt sea.
The North German Gazette says:
Advices from San Francisco show that tho
Chamber of Commerce there is the most active
element in the opposition to Germany's policy
in Samoa. The anti-German feeling is height
ened by the action of Mr. Sewall, the American
Consnl in Samoa. There is no conflict between
Germany and America. It is only with Sewall
and the American officials in Samoa, who are
anxious to cause complications.
NO AGREEMENT A8 IET.
The Railroad Presidents Disagree on a Very
Chicago, January 26. The' railroad
Presidents did not succeed in completing
their agreement to-day. The question of
territory was the first serions snag struck
by the meeting. An understanding on the
subject had not been reached at the hour of
adjournment this evening.
There were additional amendments to-day
to the agreement. The Committee on'Terri
tory was continued, with instructions to
submit another report at 10 o'clock Monday
morning. The officials sar they are de
termined to stick to the work until they are
agreed on all points, if it takes a month.
THEIR SEASON IS CLOSED.
Clara Louise Kellagg's Opera Company Has
Cleveland, January 26. The tour of
the Clara-Louise Kellogg Opera Company
closed to-night. They sang "Faust" to
night, with Camille Muori as prima donna,
but Chevalier Labott, the tenor, left to-day
for New York,and Louise Meishnger.whose
name was on the bill, failed to .appear.
Manager Strakosch says it is useless for the
company to go any further.
A Bankrupt Hardware Company.
Reading, January 26. The Sheriff to
day lefied on the buildings of the Man
hattan Hardware Company, one of the
largest manufacturing concerns in this city.
The company is insolvent. The claims, ag
gregating over $50,000, will swallow up all
The Mammoth Ionanaral Parade.
SPECIAL TZLXQKAM TO THE DISPATCIT.l
Haekisbueg, January 26. The latest
advices received by General Hastings indi
cate the presence "of 40,000 people in the
inauguration procession in "Washington on
the 4th of March.
Choice selected Alaska full-furred seal
sacques, wraps and jackets can only be had
at J. G. Bennett & Co.'s, cor. Wood st. and
P. S. Furs redyed and garments in seal
made over in short notice; best work and
perfect fit guaranteed.
A CITY'S SUGGESTION
Made by Alleghenians at a Citizens'
Meeting Last Evening.
THE SECOND CLASS PREFERRED,
But a Ifew Charter Is Desired for Pittslraru
DIFFERENT OPINIONS EXPRESSED
A citizens' meeting was called and was
held last evening in the Allegheny Common
Council, chamber to discuss the municipal
bill now before the Legislature. Mr. John
H. Stevenson presided and John Francies,
Jr., was the Secretary. "When the meeting
was called to order there were 38 persons
present, but over three times aa
many occupied the lobby. A number
of prominent attorneys, including City
Solicitor Elphinstone and ex-City Solicitor
Rodgers were on the outside. James S.
.Young and George D. Riddle, Esqs., occu
pied seats in the Council Chamber. Several
prominent citizens attended the meeting and
took an active part in the proceedings.
Among them were Commodore Kounfz, R.
H. King, Joseph Craig, Wm. Price, W. J.
McDonald, R. D. McGonnigle, B. B.
Scandrett, C. W. Gerwig and others.
SCKTJTINY THE OBJECT.
Chairman Stevenson called the meeting to
order at 8:30 o'clock, and stated that ths
ohjectwas to talk over the bills affecting
Allegheny, which are now pending in the)
Legislature. He asked for remarks on the
"subject, and the citizens present were not
slow in availing themselves of the opportu
nity to express their opinion.
Mr. William Price was (he first speaker,
and stated that the bill as proposed was un-
constitutional, and that if Allegheny wis
made a city of the second class it wonld
have to accept the Pittsburg charter. This'
he objected to, and he voiced the sentiment
of many of the citizens present.
Mr. E. B. Scandrett, who has just re
turned from Harrishurg, was called upon
for a speech. He said that the general
classification bill, dividing cities of the'
State into three classes, was all right and
would likely be passed. The bill amending
the Pittsburg charter to suit the wants of
Allegheny is defective, and if it is passed
will be declared unconstitutional and
"WILL BE IN BAD SHAPE.
He favored the movement to go into the
second class, and stated that the only way
out of the difficulty wa3 to prepare a new
charter for cities of the second class that
will suit both Pittsburg and Allegheny.
If no action is taken by the Legislature)
before next month Conncilmen wilLbe,
elected as heretofore, and another election
may have to he held in November.
Commodore Kountz spoke in favor of
drawing up a new charter to govern both,
Pittsburg and Allegheny.
James S. Young, Esq., was called upon
for a speech. He said that Allegheny was.
a chartered corporation, the same as cities
in other countries and could make laws to
Mr. Scrandett then offered the followingt
Resolved. That it is the sense of this meeting
that all existing Jaws relating to cities of the
second class be repealed, and that a new coda
of laws adanted to the needs of all cities of tho
second class be submitted by our councils to
tbe Legislature for its action thereon.
Commodore Kountz asked that a votebe
taken to decide what class Allegheny enter.
In order to bring the matter before the
meeting Mr. Lebada moved that the city be
placed in the third class. Mr. Scandrett
amended the motion making it second class.
After a long discussion the amendment was
carried by a vote of 38 to 11, several citizens
in the lobby being permitted to vote.
Mr. Scandrett's resolution was then dis
cussed, and George D. Riddle, Esq., said:.
"Some of the Citizens' Committee were not
in favor of a second-class charter, and did
not sign the report to the Finance Commit
tee. I was one of them. The city of Alle
gheny is not in any legislative muddle, as
has been asserted, 'and the charter of 1870 is
as; good as wheat. There is a large live
snake in this bill. We can go on as we
are now. There is no imperative
necessity to pass the bill, the hurry is
caused by the anxiety of some few men.'
There are certain gentlemen who decided to
be the heads of the different departments
and they are urging the bill through. They
want as soon as nosible to elect an Assessor,
a Collector of delinquent taxes and the
heads of departments and they are afraid
that a new council won't elect them. There
is where the snake is. The decision of the
Supreme Court does not affect this city, and
there is no reason why four classes of cities
cannot be made."
There was some applause at the conclu
sion of his remarks. Tbe resolution was
amended and finally passed, providing that
a committee of five, instead of Councils,
prepare a new code of laws, the committee
to be appointed by the Chair. R. B. Scan
drett, Commodore Kountz, James S. Young,
Esq., Henrv Gerwig and William Price
were named and accepted. It was then
agreed that this body confer with the
Finance Committee on the matter.
ANOTHER HOTEL CLERK RETIRES.
He Will Become a Drummer, Though Not
Entirely for Spite.
Van Huntington, the well-known young"
hotel clerk of this city, who has stood be
hind the register and called "front" at the
Hotel Anderson since the house opened,,
nearly four years ago, severed his connec
tion with that house last night, and will re
tire from the business. He will leave for
Cleveland to-day to accept a position of
trust with the Murphy Varnish Company.
His many friends in this city regret to see
"Van" will become a drummer for his
new employers, and will have a chance to
boss the hotel clerks to get even for the
abuse he has stood from commercial men.
A BRAEEMa'N KILLED.
An Allegheny Trainman Who Was Som.
moned by tbe Coupler.
James Settlemeyer, a brakeman on ths
Pittsburg and Western Railroad, was in
stantly killed at Wildwood yesterday after
noon. He was coupling cars, and was
caught between the bumpers and crashed
to death. Tbe deceased lived in Alle
gheny. Their Papa WnnH Tbem.
Two boys, Thomas O'Neil and R. Taylor,
came into town from Bellaire via Wash-'
ington, Pa. They are quite young, and the
father of the former asks the police to aid in
LOCAL ITEMS, LIMITED.
Incidents or a Day In Two Cities Condensed
for Ready Readlne.
The Bessemer department at Shoenberger's
Sixteenth street mill will go on doable turn to
morrow. James HincHrxs, employed in the A.
French Spring Works, on Liberty avenue, had
both feet crushed yesterday by the fall of an
ingot upon tbem.
The Montroso Club of the West End wera
entertained last evening at their rooms on
Steuben street by tbe Major Sellers Quartet
and a mandolin club. A very pleasant evening
was spent by all.
The Sons of Temperance meeting will be
held tbis evening at the ball, 63 Ohio street, Al
legheny, and will be conducted by Mr. Somes,
of Allegheny. Mr. S. Burton will speak on the
free-and-easles ot England.
John G. Leishjia-t, Vice-Chairman of Car
negie. Phlpps dc Co.. accompanied by bis wife
and sister-in-law. Miss Campbell, of New -York.
left last night for that city, to escort Miss
Campbell borne. Tbe latter has bean vUUlnz
them for several weeks.