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ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 8, 1S46.
Vol. 4Z, So. 254. Entered at Pittsburg Post
office, November M, is7, as seeona-ciass muter.
Business Office 97 and99 Fifth Avenue.
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PITTSBURG, SATURDAY. JAN. 26. 18S9.
BETTER GO SLOW.
"Would it not be wise to go a little slow
about that Panama canal resolution, just at
the present juncture?
"We are confronted with a very serious dis
pute with Germany, in which the ill-concealed
dislike of Bismarck for the United
States appears to have borne fruit in an ac
tual breach of international rights. Ger
many is our superior in the possession of a
fleet, and France is the superior of both of
us. It may relive our feelings, when we
find out that we have been slapped in the
face by Germany, to turn around and pass
the blow on to France; but we doubt its dis
cretion. It might be too large a contract for
us to undertake to destroy the German fleet
at Samoa, and the French fleet at Panama
to say nothing of such wandering vessels
of either country as might stray up and
down our sea-coasts.
Beyond this there is the most urgent rea
son for keeping the friendship of France in
the presence of a dispute like the Samoan
one. France would be likely in case the
worst should come with Germany, to join
our quarrel, and the German fleets could be
shut up in port by Trance and the United
States acting together; but it is not a good
way to obtain such an end, to submit the
power whose friendship we wish, to need
A moderate sense of diplomatic caution
should assure us that it is better to be quite
sure we are through with one quarrel before
tie take up another.
WHY IT B TOST.
Mr. Hainsworth's statement of the cause
of the explosion of the cast steel gun, is a
frank and commendable assumption of all
the responsibility on his own shoulders. He
says that he made the breech too hard, and
the brittle quality of the steel resulted in
the disaster on the second discharge. This
ready acknowledgement of a mistake is a
much wiser and better view to take of the
subject than the hints which some people
were heard to make to the effect that no one
knew what the charge contained. No really
great achievement was ever performed ex
cept by the knowledge afforded from pre
vious failures; and Mr. Hainsworth's per
ception of the error which was made in the
first casting may aid him to a final suc
cess. "We cannot tell how soon he will be
enabled to reach that success; but Pittsburg
enterprise and Pittsburg capital ought to
be sufficiently awake to the importance of
this matter to give him an early opportunity
to try it again.
GETTING BACK TO STAETING POINT.
After ever so much confering and de
bating Allegheny City's prospects for get
ting out of the third class of cities simmer
down to the original alternative of going
into the second class, and incidentally ac
cepting all the special legislation that has
been made for Pittsburg. At least that was
the news from Harrisburg which agitated
the officials and politicians of the North
It will be easy to estimate not merely the
difficulty and expense of Allegheny's ad
justment of municipal machinery to suit
Pittsburg's laws, but the conflicts that are
likely to arise from differing necessities in
the matter of future laws.
Of course any sort of consideration of the
advisabilitv of uniting in name with Pitts
burg, under an arrangement by which each
district might manage as suited itself those
affairs of improvement and local taxation pe
culiar to it, has been as carefully avoided
by the Allegheny official folk as though it
were a species of treason to think of it; but
the signs are that the more a way is sought
out of the present dilemma, the more per
sistenly that tabooed idea will suggest itself.
The resources and population of Pittsburg
and Allegheny should figure under the same
heading in the next census reports. If the
two cities are to live under the same laws, it
will bring them very close together indeed.
A CONTAGIOUS TB0UBLE.
The President of the Illinois Central
Bailroad does not, probably, lay any claim
to be beingoneof the "literary tellers'asold
Zach Chandler used to call them. Yet when
he speaks in his report to the stockholders
of "contagious territory," it leaves the pub
lic rather at a loss to understand whether
the term is an original literary expression
of the newest thought in railroad matters or
an unintentional slip of the pen.
For contagiousness is, according to the
latest railroad theoiies, a prime factor in
the transportation problem. Bate-cutting,
we have been assured, is a contagious
trouble. If one railroad man begins to cut
rates, those who come in contact with him
the thing spreads like the itch, withvthe ex
ception that itdevelops insanity,Ioss of moral
qualities, ability to keep promises.and other
utterable woes, unless the railway specific
is applied of putting the whole business and
letting the separately insane people neutral
ize each other by holding their contagion in
common. Perhaps Mr. Jeffreys, of the IHi-
nois Central, meant the district where this
disease has been epidemic when he spoke of
"contagious territory." It is beyond dis
pute that there has been a good deal of that
sort of contagion in the vicinity of the
"We observe that an esteemed cotemporary
says that Mr. Jeffreys means "contiguous;"
but we submit that "contagious," in the
light of recent disclosures about railway
methods contains volumes of meaning, and
shades of significance, of which the other
word it wholly barren.
GOOD SENSE BEQUIBED.
The question of "Western larm mortgages
as an investment, is agitating both ends of
the business to a considerable extent just at
present. It is reported from the East that
investors in these mortgages are alarmed
over the lack of security caused by short
crops, depreciation in the lands and defi
ciency of the security. On the other hand
the "West is complaining that the land is
burdened with mortgages, so that the farm
ers are really little more than the tenants of
the mortgage holders.
Both complaints are probably exagger
ated, and, so far as they exist, are due to the
neglect or carelessness of the parties them
selves. If lenders invest money without
knowledge of the character of the property
or entrnst their investments to landsharks,
without character or responsibility, they
will probably loose by it But if they adopt
proper precautions there is no reason why
' farm property, which is th basis of all our
wealth, should not rank among the best
On the other hand, if "Western farmers
borrow money recklessly and pay high
rates of interest, without reference to the
uses they can make of it, the debt will be
likely to impoverish them, and as long as
they remain in possession of their farms
they will be little better than the tenants of
their creditors. If they only borrow money
when they can make improvements that
will increase their production the mortgage
will aid them on the road to independence
Good business sense and cantion are re
quired in the negotiation of mortgages as
much as in anything else. If those quali
ties are not employed it can hardly be re
garded as unnatural that the legitimate
penalty is inflicted.
THE GIST OF IT.
The announcement that if the bill pro
hibiting the importation of dressed beef be
comes a law two Chicago firms will establish
abattoirs in this city, will not please the
butchers very much. It might be consid
ered a gain by the public, but it is to be
noticed that the announcement also states
the fact that in that case the price of beef
will be raised two cents per pound.
That, of course, would be the inevitable
result of prohibiting the importation of
dressed beef. By that method the cost of
transporting the useless parts of the animal
is saved, and the saving is clearly stated at
two cents a ponnd. The contention of the
interests that are urging this bill is that for
the sake of their selfish interests this step
in the direction of legitimate commerce
must be turned back. Inventions which
cheapen the cost of life must be abandoned,
and food must be made dearer to the people,
simply in order that the profits of the
butchers and the returns on the cattle of the
farmers may be kept up!
"We do not think that there is any possi
bility of such a remarkable provision be
coming law, even under its gauzy disguise
of inspection. The dispatches from Harris
burg, which state that the bill is recognized
in committee as intended to serve nothing
bnt purely selfish purposes, put it correctly.
There have been other attempts to attain
similar ends under more carefully cloaked
disguises. But there has hardly been, in
modern times, so undisguised a proposition
to violate the Constitution of the United
States and prevent the citizens of one State
from purchasing the products of another.
Legislation to secure absolute guarantees
of the health of dressed beef, and regulation
to prevent the business from being monopo
lized by discriminations or trusts, will com
mand public support. But legislation which
is obviously framed for the purpose of mak
ing food dearer and enhancing the profits of
certain classes is an offense against the
A TRIBUTE OF TURTLE.
Minister Phelps must be feeling in good
spirits after the extraordinary banquet given
by London's Lord Mayor in his honor,
unless he partook, not wisely, but too much
of the turtle soup, rich in green fat, or the
sparkling vintages of Burgundy and Cham
pagne. Given an nndemoralized digestion,
Mr. Phelps must share the sensations of the
gentleman who, after hanging for half an
hour with his feet in a deep pool and an
angry bull on the bank above him, is res
cued with eclat and a small boat
There are signs of a disposition among
our good friends in Britain to slop over, as
it were, in their ecstatic farewells to Mr.
Phelps. They are mourning his departure
with such excessive demonstrations of grief
that Americans may reasonably be excused
for suspecting that perhaps it is jnst as well
that they are to be deprived of Mr.
Phelps' services at the Court of St James.
An American embassador who calls forth a
higher testimonial of regard than has ever
been shown before, to quote the poet Brown
ing's verdict of this banquet, in Europe, it
may be suggested has not won the honor by
serving the interests of the United States
It is as well to remember this in esti
mating the significance of the pro-American
speeches at the London banquet Also a
certain allowance should be made for the
effects of rivers of wine and other producers
of amiability to be found at Guildhall
dinners. There may be shortly a chance to
test the sincerity of England's friendly pro
testations,and we hope it may pro ve to have a
firmer foundation than turtlesoup,andamore
abiding strength than champagne. At the
same time it is right to say that even if Mr.
Phelps has won English friends by showing
an accommodating spirit in his diplomacy,
he has served his country far better than he
would have done had he played the incen
diary to the destruction of the bonds that
hold the two nations together.
A BOURBON WAIL.
It is no more than justice to recognize the
outspoken and manly condemnation which
many of the leading Southern journals have
pronounced on the negro-killing outrages of
the Southern States. Such expressions re
lieve the subject of its sectional character
istics. But there is one sheet which is faith
ful to the Bourbon policy cf charging every
thing that goes wrong in the Sonth against
the North. Here is the last wail of the
In going over the record it will be found that
no less than 12 deaths have resulted from race
conflicts since a Republican President was
elected. Had Cleveland been re-elected not a
drop of blood would have been shed in either
of the States referred to.
And these piteous regrets being inter
preted it will be seen that the State thinks
that Mr. Cleveland should have been re
elected so as to have saved the lives of 12
men, nearly all of whom were colored,
whom the Democrats in the South have
found it necessary to kill.
In other words a ballot for Harrison was
clearly a bullet for a Southern colored man.
The policy of Northern Republicans read
justed to save the lives of colored voters by
electing their opponents at the polls would
be a curiosity which we shall none of ns
live to see.
THE SEBIOTJS SIDE OF IT.
The counter-criticisms which were evoked
by Miss Mary Anderson's article on the
stage were, as The Dispatch has already
pointed out, irresistibly provoked by the
fact that she was the first and most illustri
ous example of the actresses who have made
their debuts as stars from the first But
there still remains, as was also previously
said, the same Immeasurable distance be
tween Miss Anderson and the Langtry
Potter class thatjthere is between the devo
tion of genius to art, and the spirit that
imagines ait to be supplied by public
notoriety and the display of fine form.
Bnt the discussion, while not directly
such as Miss Anderson need care for, has
involved her in an assertion that looks
rather serious. It is said that Miss Ander
son has stated that she did not write the
article referred to, but only put her name to
what someone had written for her. This is
denied on the other hand, so that the public
is left in doubt as to which view of the case
is the authoritative one from that young
lady's 'standpoint. It is certainly worth
while to find out, for, while there is little
that can be said against the right of one
artist to indulge in general reflections on
art that may pinch another's toes, it is a
very serious matter to find anyone so devoid
of the sense of honesty as to publicly as
sume the authorship of something written
by someone else.
The'matter receives additional importance
from the fact that the aiticle was not such
as would be expected from the pen of an un
practiced writer. On the whole, it is a sub
ject on which the public has a right to call
for some definite statements. Has that
great actress been unwittingly, or other
wise, guilty of the literary offense of false
The petroleum market braces up and pre
pares for a boom on the welcome intelli
gence that some one has made five cents
profit on a big bundle of oil.
The ejection of settlers from land which
they have taken up and improved in good
faith, under the belief that it was open to
settlement, is a great public wrong that has
been inflicted in some cases for the benefit
of speculators and corporations. But when
people have gone on land and squatted in
defiance of the law as was the case with
those reported to be ejected from the Okla
homa district, they are incurring a very
mild penalty. Laws are not to be nullified
and treaty obligations ignored, simply for
the benefit of the squatters.
Street car and switchmen's strikes give
the warning that labor may determine
this year that it is time to do something for
The article discussing the railway Presi
dents' agreement and the enforcement, or
rather non-enforcement, of the inter-State
commerce law, which appears elsewhere in
this issue, speaks for itself. In addition,
however, to the intnnslo force of Us argu
ments itderives additional strength from the
fact that it comes from a gentleman of prac
tical knowledge concerning the inside work
ings of freight matters. It is a statement of
plain truths by one who knows what he is
saying; and as such is worthy of careful at
tention. Allegheny's charter bids fair to de
velop its most characteristic quality by
turning ont to be no charter at all.
The declaration of Senator Blair that the
Cabinet will be satisfactory, bnt that no one
except himself and the President know its
composition, is evidence that the previous
reputation of the New Hampshire Senator
as a crank was not undeserved.
PERSONAL FACTS AND FANCIES.
Senator Morrill, of Vermont has been
in public life longer than any American now
living. He entered the House of Representa
tives 31 years ago.
The Cyprus Exploration Fund has given to
the British Museum a bronze pin for the toga
thickly coated with gold and ornamented with
a group of doves about to drink dew from
flowers. It has a dedication to Aphrodite, and
comes from the site of the temple to that
goddess at Papbos.
A circular tomb has been found in a hill
side near Epidaurus, Greece, containing skele
tons with vessels like those of the prehistoric
tombs of Mycenae, and a bronze spearhead and
fibula. It is cno of seven, and leads archseolog
glsts to believe that It represents an epoch not
for a few isolated places only, but for all
Pellegrini, the famous caricaturist, whose
death was reported yesterday by cable, was an
Italian by birth, and took up his residence in
England when a very young man. His colored
caricatures in Vanity Fair made his reputation
at once, and his general cleverness made him
a great favorite In London society. His sketches
signed "Ape" were familiar to all Londoners.
People who know Inspector Byrnes by sight
and their number is very small are contin
ually being surprised by running across that
personage in New York in tho most unheard of
places. Very likely a large share of the
efficiency of his officers is due to this habit of
tho Inspector. One may tell pretty well where
he is going to meet most of the prominent men
of the police department but the rule does
not hold good with the head of the detective
Ohe of the promoters of the Hindoo Con
gress recently held at the East Indian city of
Allahabad, for the purpose of promoting the
cause of popular liberty, was Amrita Lai Roy,
a young Hindoo who was well known in New
York a few years ago, and who is a scholar of
rare attainments. Lai Roy is a man of high
caste, but he worked as a printer in New York,
and while there became thoroughly imbued
with the democratic-republican spirit of the
American people. He is a graduate of an East
Indian college, and reads and speaks the En
glish language as perfectly as he does his
native tongue. He studied Christianity, as
well as politics, while here, but never surren
dered his original faith of Buddhism. He is
in every way fitted to be a leader of his ancient
race in its struggle against the wrongs which
it suffers under British domination.
ME. FORAN SET ElGllT.
He is Glad that American Freemen Can
Tote ns They Flense.
Washington, January 25. In speaking to
a verbal amendment in the House, to-day, Mr.
Foran, of Ohio, sent to the Clerk's desk and
had read from the Record the report of a col
loquy between himself and his colleague (Mr.
Butterwortb) on Tuesday last This record,
he said, reported him as saying that he was
glad that the country had nearly reached a
condition "when no individual had the right to
employ an American freeman without per
mission of some society."
Mr. J. D. Taylor, ol Ohio, called attention to
the fact that Mr. Butterwortb. was not present,
but Mr. Foran stated that he would say noth
ing derogatory of his colleague, and proceeded
with his statement Mr. Butterwortb, he
said, had remarked: " We have nearly reached
a condition of things in this country when
nobody has a right to discharge," and he (Mr.
Foran) had replied: "I am glad of it" He
had reference to the notorious fact that em
ployers did discbarge their men "because they
were American freemen, because tbey be
longed to societies, and because they exercised
the right to vote as they pleased."
STUDENTS SUCCESSFUL STRIKE.
They Hnvo the Pilnelpal Bounced and a
Lady Teacher Installed.
Special Telegram to the Dispatch.
FlTCHBURO, MASS., January 25. Prof. Hay
ward's boys at Lawrence Academy, Groton,
have had a strike because of their dislike for
the Professor. The trouble began more than a
week ago and was not quelled until last Wednes
day. They liked Miss Farnswortb, the assistant,
and wanted ber to run the school instead of
Prof. Hayward, and went so far as to hand in
a petition for Mr. Hayward's resignation.
When the present term had been In session a
week the 25 students rose one morning at the
close of the devotional exercises and departed.
Miss Farnswortb. at once resigned, and al
though Mr. Hayward regularly rang the bell,
the students did not return till they had won
their point They claim that Mr. Hayward was
Incompetent He was. however, warmly rec
ommended, and has a reputation for high
moral character. The trustees held a meeting
Tuesday and asked Mr. Hayward to resign,
which he did promptly. Miss "Farnswortb has
been reinstated, and the regular exercises of
the school were resumed Wednesday,
THE TOPICAL TALKER.
Building! nod the Benutlfpl In Chicago A
Pointer In the Iron Business.
The immense building at Chicago In whlchJ
the Republican convention was held last June,
and which has been clumsily dubbed the Audi
torium Building, is nearing completion. When
General Harrison received the nomination the
interior shell or the gigantic structure was not
entirely finished, and the temporary galleries
erected for the convention materially set back
the progress of the builders, The entire build
ing, however, when I saw it a week or so ago,
was practically out of the builders' hands. The
gray granite of which it Is built and the pon
derous harmony of its proportions, have the
effect of dwarfing the building when observed
close at hand. From a distance, however, it
appears very imposing, and stands out with
massive magnificence, although its architec
tural lines are not beautiful.
Probably no building; on the continent pos
sesses the qualities of the Auditorium, which
fit it so conspicuously for its dual role of con
cert hall and hotel. In its construction nearly
every factor is fire-proof not in pame, but
reality. Qranlte, brick, concrete, tile and terra
cotta, iron and steel, composa its walls and
floors, and the quantity of wood used for doors
and windows is insignificant
I heard in Chicago that the Auditorium
company intends to lease the hotel portion of
the edifice very soon, with a view to having it
ready for the public about September or early
in October. Nearly all the principal hotel
Keepers in the country are after the lease, but
the impression among the owners of the
Auditorium is that it would be unfair to Ignore
the claims of Chicago hotelmen, and it is
certainly most likely that one of the latter will
take the prize. The position of the hotel is a
fine one, though it is further south than any of
the other great hotels.
Bur if the architecture of the great Audito
rium cannot be said to possess much intrinsic
beauty, anyone who has recently observed the
residental quarters of Chicago must have been
impressed and delighted by tbe good taste and
real artistic spirit displayed in the architecture
there. Of course good taste is not universal,
and I remember a house on Dearborn avenue
which is calculated to make a man bilious to
look at it for two minutes. This deplorable
creation of a diseased imagination is a lofty
structure of brick witb a root like a Tnrkish
mosque. It is painted blue and yellow with red
tile points about the windows which also show
any amount of turquoise glass.
On the Sontbside, in Chicago, especially, I
noticed hundreds of small houses, evidently
erected for men of moderate means houses of
two stories and a basement of the kind that
only Chicago favors that presented really
rich picturesque effects in stone doorways
highly ornamented with chased pillars and
carving, gables and turrets of stone, and win
dows modern in breadth of pane, but abound
ing In antiqne forms of the arch. The variety
In the architecture is the pleasantest feature of
this naissance of art in Chicago. In Eastern
cities I have seen nothing to compare with the
architectural excellence of whole blocks and
even entire streets of moderate-priced houses
in Chicago. In Now York and Philadelphia,
as in Pittsburg, very few houses with any pre
tentions to a determinate architectural form
are built for less than 20,000, and generally
anything like a beautiful house costs double
that sum and upward. In Chicago I was shown
hundreds of houses on the South and North
sides costing from $8,000 to 512,000 to build,
which were really gems in architecture.
The variety in design is happily assisted in
Chicago by the variety of building materials at
hand. The green and brown stones, in every
shade, which Chicago obtains from Wisconsin,
I believe, are used very freely, and the result is
that a warmth and charm by contrast extremely
rare in city vistas, is obtained.
"I never took much stock in the gossip
about Andrew Carnegie'spoliticalaspirations,"
said a gentleman who is himself an Ironmaster
to me yesterday, "but I'm pretty confident that
whatever Mr. Carnegie may have desired in the
way of political honors a year or two ago, he
isn't turning his eyes that way rjow. In fact,
unless he thinks of retiring from tho busi
ness of making iron and steel, it Is simply
impossible for him to take a Cabinet
position even if it were offered to him. He is
wanted at the helm In his business in Pitts
burg, and wanted right away. Thomas Carne
gie died, then Messrs. Phipps and Walker re
signed, and last of all Dave Stewart died, and
the time has come when Andrew Carnegie has
got to put on the harness again or reconcile
himself to a considerable decrease in his reve
nue in the future. It is only an old hand and a
master mind that can manage interests of the
magnitude of Andrew Carnegie's. Those in
terests are now mainly hi the hands of young
"I myself shall be surprised if Andrew Car
negie does not appear in his old character of
actual boss of his business in the course of a
"Is there any truth in the report that Messrs.
Phipps and Walker will form a new iron firm?"
"I only know in a general way that the two
men have recently been brought into closer alli
ance than they ever knew when partners In
business. But both of them are Investing very
heavily in real estate, and every day I hear of
one of them negotiating for some big property
in the city. When men sink their capital in land
I do not expect to hear of them launching out
into new business enterprises."
FARMERS AFTER PROTECTION.
They Show tho Senate Wherein the Free
Jjlst Wrongs Them.
Washington. January 25. A petition pre
sented in the Senate to-day by Senator Morrill,
from Vermont farmers, urges Congress to in
crease the duties on various farm products.
The farmers of the United States, the petition
says, are undersold in many of our cities and
towns by the products of ill-paid or unpaid for
eign labor,. Onions from Spain and Egypt ap
pear in markets as far West as Chicago. To
bacco raised by coolies in Sumatra and im
ported, the petition says, by tricks and frauds,
lessens the reward of American growers.
Wool clipped by slaves, by convicts, or crea
tures scarcely less degraded, stops wool grow
ing by an army of American farmers and sends
6.0UO.OOO of sheep annually to the slaughter.
Potatoes and cabbages by the cargo from places
where women work daily in the fields, come
here as ballast with eggs by the shipload from
Holland, cattle from Mexico and barley from
Wolves Attacking Cattle.
Fort Benton, Mont.. January 25. Agent
Leman, who, has just returned to this city
from Fort Conrad in the northern part of the
county, gives an alarming account of the rav
ages of wolves among the stock. They no
longer confine their depredations to calves,
colts, and yearlings, but now attack and
destroy full grown, fat and healthy steers.
They go about in packs of a dozen or more,
and ranchmen are afraid to travel alone for
fear of being attacked by them.
DEATHS OP A BAY.
Samuel H. Felton.
Philadelphia, January 29,-Saninel H. Fel
ton, President of the Pennsylvania Steel Company
and cx-i'resldent ot the Philadelphia, Wilming
ton and Baltimore Kallroad Company, died last
night at his residence in this city, aged 79 years.
He was elected President of the Philadelphia,
Wilmington and Baltimore Kallroad In 1831. To
Mr. Felton the credit Is given of enabling Presi
dent Lincoln to pasa tnrough Baltimore, on his
way to his Inauguration, unrecognized. It was
due to his foresight and zeal, also, that the route
to Washington by way of Annapolis was opened
when Baltimore was closed by the riot of April,
1861. The mental and physical strain endured by
him throughout the Civil War proved too much,
and In 1S65 he suflered a stroke ot paralysis, which
compelled him to resign his oulce or President.
After a few months' rest he recovered and became
President of the Pennsylvania Steelworks, 4lr.
ITolton was SDDOinted bv Governor Andrew as a
member of the Hoosac Tunnel Commission, and'
Dy i resiaensuraut to inspect uie .rocino rail
roads. He was for many years a director of the
Pennsylvania Kallroad, a member of the Centen
nial Hoard or Finance and President of the How
ard Club of this city. Mr. Felton was twice mar
ried. By bis first wife he had three daughters, by
present wife one daughter and three sons.
Mrs. Fayette C. Sncad.
WASniNGTON, January 2J. Mrs. Fayette C.
Snead, who has been widely known as a popular
writer on social topics under the pseudonym of
"Fay," died last evening at her apartments on H
street after an Illness of several weeks. Mrs.
Snead was the mother of Miss Austlne Snead.
from the mock of whoso death, less than a year
ago, she never recovered.
Charles A. B. Shepard.
BOSTON, January Z5.-Charles A. B. Shepard,
of the firm or Lee & Shepard, the well-known
book publishers of this city, died this morning
alter an Illness of several months1 duration, aged
AT THE' SOCIAL SHEINE.
A Grand Ball Given at the Pittsburg Club
House Last Night.
The final assembly ball of the season was given
last evening at the Pittsburg Club. In beauty
and magniflcenco It rivaled all its predecessors.
About 600 people were present and enjoyed the
festivities. The floral display was beautiful,
and some of the prettiest of bouquets were car
ried by the ladies. As Is the custom, flowers
and palms were placed on the mantels, in the
corners, on the stairways and in every place
The vestibule of the club house was occupied
bya-string band, and Toerge's Orchestra was
hidden by a screen of palms and ferns. The co
tillon was commenced at midnight
The patronesses of the ball were Mrs. B. F.
Jones, Mrs. James A. Chambers, Mrs. John S.
Dickson, Mrs. H. W. Oliver, Jr., Mrs. John W.
Chalfant, Mrs. John H. Hampton. Mrs. Henry
Darlington, Mrs. A. E. W. Painter, Mrs. M. W.
Watson, Mrs. W. J. Moorhead. Mrs. W. H.
Forsyth, Mrs. William Singer, Mrs. A. H.
Childs and Mrs. John H. DalzeU.
The Managing Committee were as follows:
Messrs. W. R. SewelL William W. Willock.
Henry G. Brown, Stewart Brown, Marshall
Childs, William J. Patton. John Moorhead, Jr.,
Frederic G. Kay, James Wood, Nathaniel
Holmes, George W. Quthrie, Frank P. Sproul
and Joseph A. McCord.
RECITATIONS AND MUSIC.
A Celebrated Elocutionist and tho Toergo
Orchestra a Entertainers.
The regular monthly entertainment under
the auspices of the Y. M. C. A. was given
in the Second Presbyterian Church last
evening, and was characterized by diversified
features of merit Mrs. Margaret Custer Cal
houn, a sister of the late General Custer, and
widow of Lieutenant James Calhoun, read, in
her most impressive and entertaining manner,
Dorr's "Vashtl." Hall's "Away Down East,"
Gassoway's "Tim, tho Wharf Rat" Holley's
"For a' That," a scene from Shakespeare's
"Measure for Measure," Carlin's "Missionary
Man's Eyes," Phelps' "Jack the Fisherman"
and Porter's "Mrs. Judy O'Shea Sees 'Ham
The Toerge Orchestra rendered, in its most
fascinating manner, selections from its most
catching" repertoire, including a composition
or two by Mr. George Toerge himselL Taken
altogether, the entertainment was as pleasing
as any in the series preceding it.
FOR TUE ORGAN FOND.
A Well-Attended Concert Given at the
Bntler Street Church.
The Boston Stars gave a pleasant entertain
mnnt In thn Tlntler Street M. E. Church last
evening for the benefit of the grand organ
fund. A large audience was present and thor
oughly enjoyed the entertainment
Mr. Rudolph King played several of his fine
piano solos. Mr. Walter Emerson, the cornet
ist, won much applause. Medora Henson
Kmerson, in ber soprano solos, and the duet
'Chalet Horn," with cornet obligato, was
highly praised. Miss Nella F. Brown read
several selections, and closed the entertainment
with the reading "Robert of Sicily."
A SWELL SUrPER
To be Given by tho Ladles' kid Society of
St. Stephen's Church.
Extensive preparations are being made by
the Ladies' Aid Society of St. Stephen's Epis
copal Church, Sewickley, for the entertainment
of their guests at the supper to be given in
Choral Hall, Tuesday evening next The pro
ceeds are for the purpose of paying off the re
nsilnlng debt on the new rectory of the church.
After the supper a promenade concert will be
given. The event will be made one of the
pleasantest held in the Sewickley valley this
A Lincoln Avenue Reception.
Mrs. J. J. Lawrence, of Lincoln avenue, Alle
gheny, yesterday afternoon entertained 125 of
her lady friends, at her residence, at a very
A Children's Party in Allegheny.
A large party of children were entertained
Jesterday afternoon at the residence of Mrs.
oseph Brown, on Stockton avenue, Allegheny.
SORCERY FOR THE SICE.
Arrest of on Alleged Dealer In Charms
Nineteenth Century Superstition.
Reading, January 25. A stranger describ
ing himself as Dr. John H. Grate was com
mitted to jail here charged with operating
among the poorer classes on the back streets,
selling them all sorts of curious charms to cure
a variety of complaints. District Attorney
Grant has gathered a lot of evidence in
the shape of charms alleged to have been
sold with a written guarantee that possession
of them would bring about wonderful results.
One cbarm worn by a sufferer would turn an
offending witch into a fish and that fish would
be eaten by the woman who possessed thespell;
another was to drive out an evil spirit that
caused St Anthony's dance. All the charms
had odd characters written upon them. At
some places pieces of ordinary white paper
covered with hieroglyphics In ink were sold for
GO cents each.
The man appears to be jn earnest in his work,
and says it is not swindling. It is claimed that
reputable witnesses will appear in court from
other counties, who will swear that the charms
they bought operated as represented. One
woman will swear that the charm she wore
killed a witch in her stomach, and enred her of
dyspepsia that had reduced her to a living
skeleton. Dr. Grate hails from Lehigh county.
BONDS THAT HATE BEEN BOUGHT.
Secretary Fajrchlld's Statement of Some of
Washington, January 25. The Secretary
of the Treasurer to-day sent to the Senate a
response to the Plumb resolution calling for a
detailed statement of all bond purchases made
by the Government since March 4, 1885, and
also all offers to sell bonds which were rejected
since that date. The following Is a recapitula
tion: Grand total of bond purchases, 4 per cents,
amount S58.724.100; accrued interest, $321,012;
total cost $72,651,827; average net price, 8127,508;
i per cents, amount, $68,561,650; accrued inter
est, $351,928; total cost, $74,102,!61; average net
Rejected: 4s, coupons, $5,487,050: 4Xs, regis
tered, $107,871,400: 4s, coupons, $y,700,100; 4s, reg
Prohibition In Pennsylvania,
From the Chicago Inter-Ocean. 1
Pennsylvania is agitated over the question of
"wet or dry." Temperance men are trying to
remove the question from partisanship as far
as possible, and call out the temperance senti
ment in both parties.
I. MY LADDIE,
Oh, my laddie, my laddie,
I lo'e your very plaldle,
I lo'e your very bonnet
Wi, the silver buckle on It
I lo'e your collie Harry,
I lo'e the kent ye carry;
But ohl It's past my power to tell
How much, how much I lo'e yoursel !
Oh, my dearie, my dearie,
I could lulk an' never weary
At your een sae blue an' laughln,
That a heart o stane wad saften,
While your mouth sae proud an' curly
Gars my heart gang tlrlle-wlrlle:
But ohl yoursel, your very set,
I lo'e ten thousand times as welll
Oh, my darlln'. my darlln',
Let's gang anang the carlln.
Let's loll upo' the heather
A' this bonny, bonny weather;
Ye shall fauld me ln'your plaldle,
Myluve, myluve, my laddie:
An' close, an' close Into your ear
I'll tell ye how I lo'e ye, dar.
n. -love's anosr.
The wan moon 1 tilts fu' patiently
From oota scarf o' rainbow llcht
Like a woman pale wi' mony a grief
Drest oot In colors brlcht.
The stars are eyes, sad, sadwl' tears.
The clouds are faery winding-sheets,
Tho trees grim ban's reached up In prayer,
An the wind a gbalst that greets.
Anlther ghalst gangs at my side,
WI' eyes like stars, sad, sad wl' tears,
His wastlt ban's reach up In prayer,
His sobs tonnentmy ears.
Pale ghalst o luve, gang on, gang on;
Why will ye ever haunt me sae?
Ye arc a part o' hours fled,
A piece o' yesterday.
I know ye not. Flit fl" w' S
Your eyes like fires burn In my heart
Wraith o lame luve, taunt not the leal;
In true lure's name, depart
Amelia Mixes, intiarperU Magazinf.
LIFE IN THE METROPOLIS.
Tammany Heelers Given the Blues.
I NEW TORK BUnXAtT SPECIALS.!
New York, January 25. Mayor Grant flatly
refuses to be controlled or bulldozed by Tam
many Hall. Recorder Smyth told bim to-dav
he must give up his plan of locating the new
Criminal Court building near the Tombs. The
Mayor replied that o bill now before the Legis
lature would locate the new courts just where
Mr. Smyth did not want them to be. Mr. Smyth
then threatenedMr. Grant in a high and mighty
fashion, with political annihilation. Mr. Grant
simply turned his back upon Mr. Smyth, and
proceeded with his routine business. Mr. Smyth
had hardly gone off in a huff when 8tate Sena
tor Tom Grady and a committee began to tell
the Mayor now much the boys wished to have
Pat Dlvver, Alderman and saloon keeper, made
an Excise Commissioner. Mr. Grady bad just
begun a neat little speech, eulogtzine Mr. Dlv
ver, when the Mayor shut him up abruptly by
saying he was not receiving nominations at
present These two unexpected manifestations
of independence, together with the Mayor's
prompt action against Billy McGlory, have
given the Tammany heelers a bad fit of the
Funeral of Srllna Dclaro.
Madame Selina Delaro, the actress, was
bnried to-day. The services were strictly pri
vate. Only the children of the dead woman
attended the funeraL There were no pall
bearers. The body was interred In the Hebrew
cemetery at Cypress Hills.
Hard to Get a Jury.
No jury has yet been found to help try
Boodle-Alderman Cleary. In the Iastf our days
838 talesmen have been examined and dis
missed. All who had not decided opinions on
the subject of boodle aldermen were too stupid
Wouldn't Live Without Sadie.
The mystery surrounding young Eugene Bar
rett's attempt to kill himself on a train near
Boston, recently, was dispelled this afternoon.
He loved a pretty cashier in a downtown drug
store, and she would not let him walk home
with ber. The word "Sadie," written on the
papers in his pockets, referred to her. Her
name Is Sadie Sullivan, and she is just 17 years
old. Young Barrett began to love her last falL
He passed half his time drinking soda water
and smoking cigarettes in "the store where sho
was employed. Two or three times he made
such a Sensation by trying to hold her hand
that tho proprietor ordered him out He
walked home with Sadie every night, and was
altogether such a nuisance that Sadie was
eventually told that he or she must go. Sadie
immediately dismissed young Barrett He
moped about before the store all last Monday
and Tuesday. On Wednesday he went to Boston
and shot himself in the head. Sadie went to
Boston to-day, to sec him.
nis Club Will Save Him.
The Amateur Associated Press Club has re
solved to help Palmer A. Wells out of his scrape
with Minnie Irving O'Dell, the poetess of
Sleepy Hollow. Five members of the club
have love-letters, forget-me-nots and rosebuds,
which the poetess sent them. They say the
letters are naughty enough to pull Mr. Wells
right out of the big hole into which Miss Irnng
O'Dell and her jury have forced him. The club
appointed a committee last night to tell the
Judge in Wells' case that the poetess had been
a reckleso love-maker, that they could show
compromising letters from her to some 16 men
in New York and Brooklyn, and, if necessary,
to give him a big bundle of her love tokens and
love notes which were collected from members
of the club.
EDUCATION IN UTAH.
Interesting Report of the Commissioner of
Schools In Mormonland.
Washington, January 25. The report of P.
L. Williams, Commissioner of Schools of Utah,
for the year 1888, was transmitted to the Senate
to-day. The report says that the taxation in
the Territory for school purposes is insufficient,
and that tnition fees to eke out the teachers'
salaries have to be charged in the district
schools. This charge for tuition prevents many
poor children from attending the schools. Dur
ing the pat year the Legislature passed an
act Increasing school taxation, but as it pro
vided that private schools not under Govern
ment control should receive a part of the
money raised, the bill was vetoed Dy the Gov
ernor. The leaders of the Mormon Church,
the report says, are actively pushing a scheme
to establish Mormon denominational schools
in each "stake" in the Territory.
The report quotes a circular letter of Mr.
Woodruff, Chairman of the Mormon Educa
tional Board, saving that religious training Is
practically excluded from the district schools,
and that the perusal of books which the Mor
mon people regard as divine is forbidden. The
letter urges all Mormons to assist the church
authorities in establishing private schools.
Continuing, the report says that it Is mani
fest that no additional provisions forthesup
ort of public schools will be made by the Leg
stature as long as the Mormons remain able to
control Territorial legislation, unless private
schools (in which the Mormons may control
affairs and teach their tenets) are allowed to
share with the public schools in the money
raised, a. census oi ennaren oi scnooi age
(between 6 and 18 years) shows that there are
in the Territory 3,941 boys and 3,641 girls of non
Mormon parents, and 34,082 boys andZ3,2S9
girls of Mormon parentage.
Let nim Beware.
From the Chicago News.
General Harrison's new dress suit is to be
made out of cloth manufactured in Connecti
cut While it is a good idea to patronize
American manufacturers, and while cloth
made in Connecticut is doubtless excellent we
hope that the President-elect is not silly
enough to order his nutmegs from the same
Pennsylvania and the Tarifl.
From thetUhlcazo News.
When the Senate bill was passed last Tues
day a party of distinguished Pennsylvanians
sat in the gallery and saw It go through. They
were naturally Interested in the event Scratch
the tariff anywhere and you will find a Penn
sylvanian under it
Even the Dead Cannot Escape,
From the New York World.
Leading undertakers of Milwaukee, Wis.,
have formed a trust Even dead men cannot
escape tho grasp of the monopolist
FACTS AND FIGURES.
The production of lead in the United States
for 1888 was 189,000 tons, against 160,700 tons in
The consumption of sugar in the United
States last year was 1,562,000 tons of refined,
and 106,600 tons of raw.
Architkctubal construction In Chicago
last year resulted In the building of 4,985 edi
fices, costing $20,360,800, and having a frontage
of 116,419 feet or more than 22 miles.
The entire potato product of the country in
1S88 was 230,000,000 bushels, an increase of 0,
000,000 bushels over the crop of 1887. The
principal great potato producing States are
New York, Michigan, Illinois, Minnesota and
The window glass consumption for the last
six months of 1888 was the largest ever known,
and there were 200,000 more boxes produced
than tbe year previous. The imports were also
heavy. The number of pots were Increased
during the year from 700 to 1,200.
The United States possesses the largest
vault and the largest deposit of money in it of
any Government in the world. It can hold
$100,000,000, but the prospects are favorable for
a call for increased storage of silver. There
aro about $20,000,000 in half dollars that do not
The total imports at New York, exclusive of
specie, were $455,674,020 for the past year,
against $481,531,695 for the previous year. The
returns show a falling off In the imports of pro
duce and merchandise of only $5,660,575, which
is much less than was anticipated considering
tho general depression of trade.
It is seml-ofliclally stated that the price of
sliver during 18S3 averaged 93c per ounce, as
against $1 OIK in 18S7. The decline In the price,
it is claimed, caused a direct loss to Colorado
mines of $1,453,733, or tho return was that sum
less than they would have received for the
same ounces of silver during tbe previous year.
The dairy interests of the United States rep
resent more than $3,000,000,000. The number ot
milk cows is estimated at 21.000,000, which give
an aggregate milk prodnctlon of 7,350,000,000
gallons. Four billion gallons are used for but
ter, 700,000,000 for cheese and tho balance for
general purposes. The annual production of
butter is 1.850,000.000 pounds and 6,500,000
pounds of cheese. This immense dairy herd
requires 100,000,000 acres of pasture land to sup
St Louis has got hold of a man who
hes stolen 28 horses in six months, and he is
not only 82 years of age, but lame, near-sighted
and suffering with asthma.
At "Willows, Cal., a flock of wild geese
settled down on a 40-acre field of grain and
picked it clean In two hours. Tbe number of
birds was estimated at 75,000.
Captain Frink, of South "Windham,
Me., who has been almost totally deaf for
nearly two years, during a violent sneezing
attack a few days ago regained his hearing.
The length of the Mississippi river has
always been placed at 4,100 miles, but civil
engineers familiar with the stream say that it
has shortened Itself over 400 miles in 20 years,
and will do as well in the 20 to come.
A letter was received at the Executive
office in Atlanta which ought to be framed or
placed among the archives. In the letter oc
curs this sentence: "I was mortally wounded
twice In active battle at GrlswoldvlUe."
The most remarkable collection of pho
tographs in the world is that now on exhibition
at St Petersburg. One KrassowskL for 22
years, has had himself photographed once a
month, in order to note the ravages of age.
A person convicted of any crime, in
China, except that of murdering one of the
royal family, can hire a substitute to take the
punishment, even if it is death. The rate of
pay of those substitutes has lately advanced
abont 20 per cent and the cause Is laid to the
An English paper says: Confectioners
are surely at their wits' end for new devices
when they make knives of sugar and call them
"Jack the Rippers." The Indecency and coarse
obliquity of this method of pushing trade
among children can hardly be too strongly
A Spanish magistrate, shocked and ex
asperated by repeated food adulteration, has
issued a proclamation, aflame with righteous
wrath, that "all wines, groceries and provisions
which, npon analysis, are proved to ne Injurious
to health, will be confiscated forthwith and dis
tributed to the different charitable institutions.
Not long ago a Boston publishing house
received the following telegraphic dispatch:
"Send books A. Walkin' Hell as anthor D. J.
Snider, West Rlan Bookstore." The members
of the firm were very much puzzled until thev
received a corrected dispatch which read: "Send
book, A Walk In Hellas, author D. J. Snider,
A big leopard on exhibitiin in Boston
acted queerly for several days, and, as it
seemed to be in great pain, an examination was
made, which revealed a good-sized piece of
wood wedged between two of the animal'
teeth. The "silver" penetrated the gums, and
Boston's dog executioner was called into ser
vice to remove it He lassoed the beast and
after quite an effort succeeded, by the aid of a
pair of forceps, in removing the wood. The
leopard soon Improved, and at last accounts
was as well as ever.
A London paper says: The promoters of
the movement in favor of smoke abatement
will rejoice to hear of the comparative failure
of the experiment tried in tbe House Of Com
mons of sifting the air through layers of cotton
wool as it is pumped through the ventilating
chambers Into the House. Although the at
mosphere of the House of Commons compared
favorably tilth that of the House of Lords, the
constant opening and shutting of doors per
mitted the fog to enter. The members, there
fore, will be driven to the conclusion that if
they determine to legislate ii a clear atmos
phere, they must provide for tbe prevention of
fog in the whole of London, as well as in the
legislative chamber itself.
A well dressed man rushed into the
office of the Brooklyn Bridge Trustees a day or
two ago, and charged Policeman 42 with having
jerked him fropi the platform of a car. The
"offender" was brought forward, and, after
acknowledging that he was guilty of tbe
charge, said "be handled the complalnantas he
did to save his life and mine." "The car," tbe
officer went on to say, "was In motion when
this man, running In from the street caught
hold of a gate and attempted to climb over it
on to the platform. He was evidently out of
breath, and failed. In another moment a post
that stands close to the track would have
crushed him to death against the side of tbe
car. Seeing his danger, 1 shouted to him to get
off. He refused to move. I then caught him
by the collar and pulled him from the gate."
The complainant turned pale. After much
sharp questioning by tbe superintendent he re
luctantly admitted that No. 42 told the truth.
Turning to tbe latter he asked if tbe post were
still beside the track: "It Is. sir, and if lever
have the pleasure of saving your life again, I
shall walk you straight to the station."
A short time ago a young man made his
appearance in Walker county, Ga., looking for
work. He picked cotton for different farmers
for several days, and being unable to secure a
regular job, he proposed to a farmer to board
with him until Christmas. Just after the ar
rangement was made, his landlord sold some
cotton and left the money received for it in
the drawer of a bureau, that was in the room
occupied by his guest That night the land
lady heard a noise In the room and waked her
husband. As soon as he realized the situation,
in order not to scare the bird, he said: "That
old horse of mice has broken out again." Going
into the room he found his guest in bed, but
the bureau drawer was open and the money
gone. Taking out his knife he went to the bed
and told the young man that he could take his
choice between giving up tbe money or having
his throat cut. The money was surrendered.
He then went put to call up some of his tenants
Intending to turn over his prisoner to the baliff.
As be came back into the house, the youngman
was just coming out, and taking the alarm,
broke out of the hack door and escaped.
It is not often that a man is married
twice in the same week, but it may occur as
the following case which happened very re
cently in Lewiston, Me., is a witness. A young
couple long-betrothed had deferred the wed
ding, as the bride's mother was on her death
bed. The sick lady In this instance, came to a
sudden conclusion that she wished the pair to
be united and she wished it immediately as she
felt her days drawing to a close. The groom-to-be
sought a certificate of marriage and was
astounded to learn that they must wait five
days. Soon after, tbe clergyman also waited
npon the city clerk and said that lady was fret
ting and suffering and that something mnst be
done to ease her dying hours and relieve ber of
tbe peculiar worry that was npon her. The law
cnuld not be amended and nobody Is more at
tentive to its tenets than the clergy and tbe
public official. A compromise was fixed upon
and at the bedside of the dying lady, a partial
ceremony of marriage was performed, the knot
being not legally tied bnt only so far that the
fancy of the mother was satisfied and her last
hours made peaceful and contented. This
week the certificate of marriage was issued aniii
the pair made legally man and wife.
MEANT TO BE FUNNY.
Bjones Do you think yon love Jennie?
Chollle Caw't think, by deah bboy. The doc
tah says I mustn't exert my mind. -A'. I. Sun.
Gaggs (to friend just rising from a sudden
fall) What yon got against that lamp post?
Waggs (feelingly) I have a strong lmpreuloa
that It was my bead.
Bric-a-Brac Mrs. Postlewait Did yon.
notice whether the Hastingses had much brlc-a
brae in their new house?
Mrs. Alleys They haven't very much-but wait
a minute yes, I did see a snow shovel hi their ctl
Correspondent (by wire) I can schedule
you some Interesting Cabinet gossip and fresh
Managing Editor Don't want It; try and work
up a three-thousand-word story about Sullivan's
last drunk. Pioneer Prea.
"It is Better to Eeceive Than to Give."
Judge (to defendant) You take In washing for a
Irate and Injured plaintiff. (Interrupting) Yer
right Mars Jedgel Dat'sde vay thing. Shetek
hit fur fact; but she doan nev' gle It out no mo'.
The Truth at Last Mrs. B. was famous
for her execrable dinners.
Meeting Slmpklns one day she said to him:
"How naughty of you not tocome tomeon
"But I excused myself by wire." '
"Oh, yes: I know all about that; but why didn't
"Because I I I-was hungry." Judge.
Kidding the Public Jings What on
earth did you buy that rocky old hill ror?
Jangs For a flower garden.
Jings Why, you'll have to hire) or SO men to
dig the rocks out before you can plant It.
jangs Indeed I won't. I'm going to find a few
old Spanish coins there and claim that Captain
Kldd bunied them, and I'll have every man In
town digging up the hill for me free of expense.
A Dream on Ice. New Yorker of 1989
Phll-a-delphla Phila-dclphla?- Seems to me I've
read of that somewhere. But what the deuce
CEdlpas-That was an ancient town, recently ex
humed. Everything was roundfrozenlnlttrscks.
As each house has a pillar of Ice on Its front porch.
It Is supposed that a cold wave struck the place at
A. M., just as the hired girls were pouring the
water for the morning ablutions of the front stepu
and no one had enough "go" In him to turn off,
io crant rresi a irnttw Bartw.wwfi.
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