Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, May 08, 1884, Image 1

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    S. T. NHUGKRT Ac K. L ORYIN, Editors.
VOL. (5.
, jlltr Centre §1 eurocrat.
Tarmi II.&0 par Aiiia Is Advamoa
Hirhar-l Van*. B. J Mrdrmnim
11. B. Pltimm.r.
• Mrraic-r
1. John SlaTia, !*• Oaorga S. Par.ly,
■i. Juki) P. J SanaaaOorf. IS. P. K. Arkl.j,
X John W Laa. 11. John P. Laran.
. Uarhart J Horn, la. txra D Paik.r,
4. Richard L Wd*bt, IS X. D Mubm,
6. John H. Brlnti.n, 3U. A. H. Dill,
T. W'm Utahlor. SI. franklin R Jamaa.
5. CUartM P. Raotacklar, W. J. K P. DuS.
#. H. M. Nortk, SO. Joan Saan,
. 10. BnrrrO Slllaa, A B Wlntaroltt,
ill. A.J Bro*<lha.l, Jr. i'.. Ji.kn H Hill,
"li I V. Kockafallow, :S. Wm A. Parqunr,
13. Jiockolca,* ."7. A J. OraanS-U.
14. II- Tfa n Irw.o,
delegate to the Republican National
Convention, will go into the great
body of bis party, pleading the "baby
act" on crimes pertr|>eated in defraud,
ing the government.
TUP; Tammany committee uf New-
York, have engaged quarters nt Chic
ago, OD the meeting of the Democratic
National Convention for quite a for
midable delegation. They have secur
ed four hundred rooms, but how many
they will pack in a room, is not stat
IT is immaterial to the Democracy
whether Blaine or Edmunds be the
t nominee for President, the Republi
cans will furnish the campaign litera
ls ture that will show to the people not
only the propriety, but the uecessity
of the defeat of the candidate. In
either event the public will be favored
with interesting reading.
THE silk culture industry is to receive
the fostering care of cougress. 6en-
George, chairman of the committee
on agriculture 'and forestry, reports
an amendment to the Agriculture ap
preciation bill giving the sum of 830,.
000 to be expended under directions of
the Commissioners of Agriculture to
encourage and develope the culture
and raising of raw silk.
MR. CHRIS MAOEE, who holds Sen
ator Cameron's proxy as a memlwr of
(he Republican National Committee,
announces that the boss may be ex'
pected home from Europe on the 18th
of May. Magee is a •Sherman man,
and in the event of the Pennsylvania
delegation failing to nominate Rlaine
has strong hope* that Senator Camer
on will influence them in favor of the
nomination of .Sherman.
KKLLOOU escapes the law by plead
ing the statute of limitation. This
ends the star route investigation farce
in the courts. It is said now that the
case of Kellogg will he taken up by
the Springer committee to determine
his fitness for a seat among the Rep
resentatives of the people in Congress.
' No peison doubts the guilt of all
these robbers, but the protection of
in high positions, who profit
'W kj these political villanies and enor
' mous thefts, are patent and irrcsista
* ble under the present state of affairs.
TnE Virginia Stalwarts, or Repub
licans, held their State Convention on
the 30th uIL, for the appointment of
delegates to the National convention.
They instructed for Blaine and Lin.
coin. The Readjuster party had pre
viously held a convention, at which
they appointed delegates to represent
the Republicon party, resolving at the
same time that hereafter they would
be the Republican party, although
heretofore they had belonged to other
affiliations, and few of tnem had ever
voted a Republican ticket. This was
a little too large a dose for the original
| — Republicans to swallow, so the old
"tagcrs came to the front in conven
tion, and repudiated the action />f the
pretenders who favored the nomination
of Arthur, and will contest the right
#of Mahone and his tUn to repri><-ut
the Republican party uf Virginia at
TM will doubtless be an
interesting episode iu die deliberations
of the harmonious body to meet on
that occasion.
BOTH being alike guilty is com
forting to the Philadelrbia l'rtm,
which says : "Nobody doubts the
honesty of Seuator Edmund*, lie
musu't imagine even for a second that
anybody does. But the point we like
to see stand out like au obelisk in a
desert is simply this, that if he and
Mr. Blaiue got their hooks caught
iuto the same fish he couldn't say that
he had captured a codti-h and Mr.
Blaine a shark. Thev *v>th got el
fish or they both got - 1 .... Mr. E3-
inuuda is fisherman euuiigb to k now
The plain Edglish of this is, if
Blaine prostituted his official position
for personal gain in jobs, as charged
by his Republican brethren, so did
Edmunds, 'and therefore honors are
easy. Hence Blaine not being the
ouly tattooed candidate in the Repub
lican ring the I'm* can still he hap*
FOREST fires last week, throughout
the couutry, were about as disastrous
and distructive of property andllifte t
as the floods were a few weeks ago.
The coal ami lumber districts of the
state have suffered severely, and
thousands of people have b>st their
all. At Houtzdnle, Clearfield county,
so great is the destruction as to de
mand the most active iflorts of the
people in more favored districts, to
prevent the suffering of thousands who
are rendered destitute by the calami
tous fires which prevailed there. It
is gratifying that the people were
prompt in supplying the immediate
demands of the destitutes with food ;
hut much more will he required, as
few of the unfortunates of that dis
trict, saved anything but the clothiLg
iu which they escaped from the flames.
Our own citi/ous deserve credit for
promptness, as they hnd a car load of
supplies on the road in a few hours
after learning of the nr o -ity for
IT is announced that at an early day
Representative Converse of Ohio,
will introduce another tariff bill as an
amendment or substitute for the Mor
rison bill. This bill, says a Washing
ton correspondent, proposes t„ restore
the duties on wool, except m to carpet
wool, which are to be placed upon the
free lilt with -on e twenty other ar
tides. The metal schedule i to be
equalized by reducing the duty on
some articles and increasing it ou a
few others. The tobacco internal tax
is to be abolished, and a provision i
to be made for giving alcohol to man
ufacturers free of tax. The manu
facturers who manufacture for export
arc to receive a rebate on their raw
materials equal to the duty less t< u
percent. A reduction of 10 per cent,
is to be made in favor of goods im
ported in American bottoms. This is
said to lie similar to an old law passed
in Jefferson's administration, except
that Jefferson's differential duty was
an increase of 10 per cent, on the then
existing tariff list, while Converse pro
poses 10 per rent, reduction, (kin
verse thiuks that this bill will reduce
the revenue 140,000,000.
May Ist made his report, and handed
over the public treasury to his success
or, Mr. Liveey. He makes the follow
ing exhibit of the finances of the
state, and where the funds arc deposit
ed, exclusive of money appropriated
to the sinking fund :
AlWfhaii; National Bank. INIM nr*h f19|,20? ,V.
Ki tiaef. Hank, BraSSard In mnin
F.<a>-n Hank, Harrtafeurgti Ki A'O f
Karrii-r.' and W• h.n ic' National (tank,
t'hl!S-l|)hla ...... V'lMI S"
Klftk National Sank, Plltal.nrgh V.IJ) fin
Klra* NaUoaal Bank, HarrtaiHirgh IM.KI HI
rift Nati-nal Bank, Cakmtowo ISS.SOD ml
Kf.h"W Sank, PltObwrgh Mi,mm mi
Dlrant National Bank, PkliaSnlKbla .*>
Maar>nl Bank, fnt.l<ir*h Sn.OnD m
Mnrrhanta' A Manatarlurara Salt. r,al
Bank, I'lttabrirth to, Ann on
Mwkaalra* Baak. Ilatrtdrngk ...
Nat).inal Hank , Mbttl-tnaa.. M/am <#
National Itank. "f fajttl# . otial} in I**l (]
National Sank f t'ontman-a, Pltiturh Hi,M mi
C-nn Hank, ..I Sllitktirfli It..a*. >ai
P>l la a Bank, <4 I'kiia l-i|.l,la ISi,ia) m
S ItantM. Ohark. aah llama an.l pro
lW limit la laatt of AW-taay
-taaaaal...... ...M Ml
T-Sal laran |a Attn! Pin la fI.UC.-H IS
A Disgraceful Controversy.
The acrimony which characterizes
the contest for the Republican presi
dential uominatiou is inexpressibly
painful, remarks the Harrisburg l'a
triut. It forces the conviction thulall
the honored leaders of the grand old
party are alike tainted with corrup
tion. Such a knowledge can afford
pleasure to no one. It must be humil
iating to all.
The frieutU of Rlaine charge Mr
Edmunds with having dabbled iu
stocks and bonds of a railroad which
obtained value by legislation promoted
by him. Mr. Edmunds by irnplica
cation admits the soft impeachment.
The friends of Edmund* charge Blaine
with the same crime. The friends of
Blaiue plead guilty, but assert that
what Blaiue did Edmunds did also.
There is no doubt that the charges
in both cases are strictly true. But
what good can he accomplished by
parading them before the public? If
the party was lietter than the culprits
in this case the public would be spared
ami both men quietly dropped into
the disgraceful retirement they de.
serve. It is the rule of logic that
when rogues fall out honest men will
come by their own, however, and this
controversy will probably end in turn
ing all the rascals out.
Pennsylvania Coal Productior for
There is a jmpular uha says the
Philadelphia Timet that the bitumiu
..us coal industry of Pennsylvania,
being scattered over a much gnater
extent of territory, is of more value to
the state than the anthracite field.
Such, however, is not the < a*e at pres
ent. The anthracite field is confined
to portions of nine counties and com
prises 310 colleries, which employed
last year 87,30* persons, to whom s..'{,•
597, 252 was paid in wages. The
mines were worked an average of 21 i
days during the year and the output
was 3<>,l ."i t,bib tons of coal. The lib
luminous field in operation f,, r the
-ame time comprised portions of
twenty-five counties. The number of
active collieries was 381, employing
to, l-Vt men aud boys, to whom U17,-
014,024 were paid in wage. The av
erage number of days the collieries
wire iii operation was 207, and the
output of coal amounted to 18,723,-
s l7 tons. This includes the arnout t
of coal used by 10,017 Coke ovens in
the manufacture of 3,3*0,872 tons of
A comparison <>f tli< ui figur. ■ di--
closes the fact that while bituminous
coal is produced in nearly three tine -
as many counties a* comprise the
whole known anthracite field, and
while there are seventy one more bi
tuminous coal collieries in active opcr*
stion than in the anthracite district,
hut little more than half the number
of in-1) are employed producing coal
and receiving wages in about the same
proportion. There is a iarge field for
future development in the bituminous
districts, but at present much of it re
mains untouched.
PROF. VIRITIOW, who has probably
given closer scientific attention to the
subject than any other man in the
Germrn empire, testifies that no tri
chinous epidemic has been produced
in that country by the American meat
product and that no cases of disease
have been observed which can be at
tributed to its consumption, excepting
in n solitary instance at Bremen,
where living trichina' were noted and
ionic sickness of the nature of trichi
nosis discovered, but without fatal re
sults. With such n showing as this
it is not easily to be understood why
the importation of American jiork, al
most invariably well cured as it is
known to lie, should have been pro
hibited on sanitary grounds. It is
true that many Herman* are in the
habit of eating their own swine pro
duct without much, if any, cooking,
aud disastrous results quite naturally
follow such egregious violations of tho
laws of heal.h and common senw. It
in a little unjuul, however, tlmt a pro
duel which iu thi* couutry in cousid
i?red healthful and nutrition*, forming
a general article of food, should he
debarred from the j>ort# of Germany,
for the reason that the people of the
country are made nick by eating their
own hog* raw. Rut it in becoming
more and more evideut, an the facta
are better known, that sanitary con*
' sith rations have never had much to do
with the questions, excepting as a pre
text for unfriendly legislation, and the
I opinion of Prof. Virchow will doubt"
' lota go unheard. AH the Jkrliner
'TagtiUtt says : "The importations is
and remains prohibited, for whenever
eertain interests are at stake neither
morality nor science stands a chauce
of being heard."
Tut: United State# rounds off its
list of metals by the discovery of im
tut use t n deposits near Huriug's je-ak
Dakota. Prof. G. K. llailey, analyti
cal chemist, who has exumined the
country, sa_v that the region contains
large quantities of ore which can be
profitably worked. "I can safely say,"
said he, "that a great .Jeal of the tin
hearing rook tan he easily obtained.
It can lie quarried from the surface
instead of being ring for and followed
underground. How abundant thi*
rook is you may imagine when I tell
you thnt I have seen veins of it meae
uriug more than fifty feet in width.
This rock can easily lw crushed, the
ore <-incentrated, and the metal Work
ed int > bars of pure tin. To extract
the stream tin the proccw would re
semble placer mining for gold, ai
, though, of course, much rougher, the
metal being iu larger fragment* and
larger-quantify. The ore is much
bettor than that of Cornwall, where
the rock averages about two j* r cent,
of tin. The stream tin—that which
must be obtained by sluicing, or plar.
er work—will yieid about 7" per cent.
Tin acquittal in Philadelphia, on
th< ground* of insanity, Kruma
liickel, who had deliberately killed a
former lover by shooting him from a
window, where she had fr some time
waited knowing be woifld pass the
hcuse, shows how hard it is to convict
a woman of a capital offense and to
what extent public opinion allow her
l-i ii- a pistol with impunity. A* n
matter <-f form she will be detail ed in
a lunitic asylum for n short time, hut,
in a few months at farth-*t In- again
free to seek another 1 ver, and, if she
feels like it, kill him should he desert
her. Not an unnotlcehle feature of
the trial wire the murmur* <f "Cin
cinnati" from the audience after the
rendition ,of the vudict. There is
probably no other country having a
system of criminal law ami procedure
where the enforcement i* so lax and so
general arquicscd in. Whenever a
elear case of murder g<>< unpunished,
it may 1M- taken for granti.l that the
train is laid for another murder,
though there lc not the slightest ap
parent connection between them or
the at tors. —Washington I'o*l.
Ah the tariff discussion pmgrcwH*,
says an exchange, it becomes apparent
that there i* only one really vital uue
| before the country, and that is the
necessity for a reform of the system of
taxation which places the principal
burden of supporting the Government
upon consumers of the ncccwiarie* of
life. With sueh an extraordinary sur
plus revenue there is no excuse for
delay iu lopping off the unnecessary
taxes. As the Republican* have per
sistently refused to do this, they hare
given the people the best of all reasons
for turning (hem out. While it mav
he unfortunate that a minority of the
Democrats should want to stand on
the Republican platform on this ques
tion, the average voter and tax payer
will hardly be foolish enough to think
that the much desired reduction ran
be attained as lurclr by keeping the 1
Republicans in as it can by turning j
them out. We thtyefore expect to sec 1
them turned out. neck and crop, next i
A Navy.
Ib Republican paper* express a
great ile.l of indignation at the course
of l)eni',crui iti < "ongress who object to
gr> ng to C.isn-ilttr ufii i<- it in iney to
buil I a navy before he p.issiw from pub
lie life. They have no confidence in
hi* integrity, and believe he would di
vole it with the Johnny itoachs snd
i heir political p%itn*r*. 'l'he country
can staud it without a fighting navy un
til Democrats take charge of the Gov
ernment, when the money necessary
will be forthcoming with i-omc assur
ance that it will be economiralh and
I honestly expended. The I.un-aster
fnlft!igtiv<:r, discussing th : s subject,
We have visibly utl'er<-il because of
our deficiency. We never needed one
much until in the civil war and then
we picked one up which we* good
enough for the occasion. 1; is true
I that this was because our Opponents
had no navy, and we e.*krd where we
would be if a great naval power should
liounce down uj-on u*. Doubtlc** *<
would be nowhere. Rut then the great
I naval j-<>wcr h* i |>ouhccd,and there
■re |. 11l jcdi.te (glut tlist it Mi 1 .
J htre is mi old -a) ing fr<m a very wi
source, which declare* that "suffici(?nt
unto the day u the evil thereof. It
i- true that another i-juallv wie man
-ays "ill time of pca . prepare for war."
Hut we n-f Jn't i-■ in a hurrv a!> jut it
when tin- war i- not discernible. We
can go ,i ,iit the hu*.n<dehl-erately
aii-l intelligently At present it i not
easy to bumf a navy inn-lligrn ly. be
cause -•*■■ do not kti .w what manner of
ship* we want. A little while ago we
thought we wanted impervious iron
lad*, but now we are getting gun* and
torpedo boats and dynamite arrow*
winch thi *e • nnot resi*t. And e.
inayl-e, we don't want iron clad* at all.
And electricity i* coming so much int->
fashion that m<\ be **<• will net long
want *u#ml--t(. At anv rate we will
lo*e nothing by waiting for the honest
intcli gence of a Democrat:' s lain *
trstion to d< termine what win-ed in
the shaj- of a navy and a naval aims
A Republican Convention Calling
for Reduction
The Republican Convention of the
Second Congressional District of Maa
-achuM-lis yesterday elected Henry P.
Kidder ami Edward I*. Iha roe dele
gates to Chicago, and, with but few
dissenting voices, adopted the follow
ing resolution "Resolve*! that the
leading n< w i.*.ue confronting the
statesmanship of the present day is
the question of reducing the surpln*
revenue of the Government; that the
Republican party should recognize and
put itclf in accord with the best sen
timents of the time on this question,
and advocate in it* national platform
an immcdiab reduction of the pre sout
tariff ami an increase of the free lit,
with a view t•. reducing th- revenue.''
On J. of the tr<e trade Republican
organs in N- vv Y< rk city,—the Timm,,
assert* "that it is the proteetionist*
who have wen in the fight in the
House of Represent stives. The Mi"
r on Carlisle wing .f the party is in
reality beaten, and badly beaten-
They have barely managed fo get
their measure before the l|nu*c, but
thi- wa* done by the vote of Repubii*
cans, msn->f whom would vole
against th- bill if it were put upon
its passage to-rn >rrow."
It i-> -m l that Air. Morriek withdrew
from the Kellogg case because h® doubt
ed the faith of th® government in the
prosecution. Mr Merrick understands
Kellogg s relation- to the <liicagooon
Titr republican papers have never
forgiven Mr. Hewitt for idrntifyingGar
field signature to the Mor®y letter.
The malevolent abuse of him whenever
occasion otters i* because Davenport
thought the investigation of that affair
ought to le discontinued and all energies
turned to breaking dov* n Hewitt.
Ha iif. Reich, the young woman
who pleaded guilty to having shot and
killed Patrick Kingsley, waiter, at the
Ilriggs House. Chicago, for defaming
her character, was, on Monday, sen'
ten ecu to a year and a half imprison
ment in the penitentiary.
I>F.t.aware, New Jersey and Ore*
gnn have joined tho Mulligan Blaine
procession and New York is still mov
ing in that direction.
- Bss halt bell*, Osrmsa'i.
IKItMS: *1..V0 |>r Aninini.Jn Adtaiire
Itein of Interest
'ioveriior Jfoadly ha* IMul . d hi „ procUr
malum, designating Friday, May 18th,
"" " t ' t * l' : ntng day throughout Ohio.
''aowng, r trair,. .re expected to be
running on the JWcl. Creek, O'learfieid
A Southwestern railroad by the middla
Judge IhslforcJ, member of Congre*#
from Colorado, will deliver an oration on
the evening 0 f Decoration Day at the
Court house in Lock Haven. Ue la
•aid to l, an eloquent speaker.
It i. a rather curiou. fact, in the eati
mation of the Dam aiter InUUiytnur,
thai Pennsylvania <hool board. boy
New Kr,gland text books in which the
history of the Keystone State it practi
rally ignored.
The Sabbath loving people of Allot ua.
justly complain of the:r much defeated
base hall Jul, playing on Sunday at St.
I.'iui*. I tie Tribune contain* several
communi< itioni cen-uring the club for
it* action.
A resolution of the Liquor Dclers'
! m teetive A * social ion ol \Vi!k--i'arre,
in which liiey agree to give the temper
anre people f Kioto be paid by them as
a reward for the conviction of any
licensed de ler. b g or little, druggist
or grocer, ol violation of the liquor laws
lis* I oeti made public. The association
agree* to In ]j> in all honorable vi ays to
secure audi conviction.
I'he Supreim Court of lowa ha* r-tuv
ed to grar.l a divorce to a woman with a
drunken husband, because *1 e married
him knowing that h<- dinsk, and that
she knew, .i* .11 the world kcow*. that
a promi*e of reformation made by men
who drank i* elwsy* broken. In short,
she w.s told that a* she had knowingly
marr ed a drunkard she must jut uj,
with the trial* of life with him and b'-
content to be a drunkard's wife.
On the iflth ult., it was announced
that th• >j ini*h contract for Kentucky
tobacco, involving dO.is'M hogsheads,
had been awarded, at about eight cents
a pound, to the Marquis De Campos, fo f
whom a tobacco firm in this city act,
a* agents. The value sf the tobacco U
fully f r OCKi Of*', and lie price is much
higher than th- Span a government,
paid two year* ago.
Kk i >unty has just ! • ! nni of it*
oldest residenter*. in the j erson o
David Thayer, who served one term a"
Sheriff and kejit a hotel in Kidgway for
over thiitj years. He w- a nativeof
Saratoga county. New Yotk, in 1812,
and was there fore 72 year* of age. lie
was wi d an 1 favorably known by cit,
/-n* in the surround nr countc.
1 taeMcKean Mv.er • *** Newspapers
though everyb iiy does not seeem to
think so, .ire bwjj pod for in advance.
It li,e thoughtful sutsrr.bar dm n't do
it the jr -prietor la* to do so. The
psjier and ir.k manufacturer and prin
ter will not wait till a year r r perhaps
half a do/en years, exjures before they
g. t their j'y. The subscriber in arrears
should think of thi*
\o exchange says: The supreme
curt of In! a in a rec tif deti ion
declare* that tlie legal i u* of a p< i-oti
. tnlsfl . 1 <ins <")ir; *t:n: MM and a
surname. Any one may have as many
middle names or initials a* are given to
him or is he clioosea to take They do
m t affect hi* legal name, and may be
in ett. il or not in a deed or contract
withiut affecting itj validity. Nor
does a m-lako in the middle initial of
a name in a deer! io any way affect its
validity, according to this decision.
The first new school hou*e erected in
I,ock Hayen was the present Second
ward school building. It was finished
in June 1855, and a month later school
was opened therein. They were A. K.
Hrown, inn T. Noble and John ll
<rvis. Shortly afterwards an increase
of teachers was found necessary and
Miss l'hiebe Hitchcock arid M.* Sadie
M< K rath were added to the force.
Although twenty nine years have pass
ed since these jicion taught every one
of them is yet alive. Mr. ltrown is a
resident of Wasington and Mr. <Jrvis of
Hellefonte. The balance are still with
n*. We need not tell our readark who
'Sjuire Noble is. Miss Hitchc*x-k, we be
lieve, resiles on Fairvirw street and
Mis MeKlratb has become the e*lims
ble wife of Mr, J. N, Welliver. There
have been no alteration* in the achool
buildingjsince that lime. Many of onr
prevent ptonuuent busiiiiai and pro
fessiensl men wera at one lime student*
within it* walls.— !*. If. Dc*dca*r.
Sva-ckit* for th* aavaa Diioviat.