Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, March 13, 1884, Image 1

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    CTljc €mlrc jfiiL IBrmorrat.
S. T. SHUUERT & E. L. ORVIB, Editors.
VOL. 6.
fhe €tnixt gewactal.
■ i
Terms 51.50 per Anaemia Advance
Thursday Moraine, March 13, 1884.
TUB lIOU W. 8. Hunt, the United i
States Minister to -Russia, died after a
long illness at St. Petersburg on the
27th ult.
— m —-
THE Hon. Kenneth Rayner, solici
tor of the Treasury, died at Washing
ton on Thursday last, at the age of
76 years. He was a native-of North
THE Lieutenant Boas victorious.
Hen. Sickel, the pension agent at
. Philadelphia, had to go. Judge Kelley
his friend had no delegates to offer
Arthur, and Quay bad. Hence John !
M. Yacderslice chaperoned by Quay
get the office.
THE seuators of the United States
have voted themselves private secre
taries, to receive handsome salaries at
the expeoee of the public treasury.
It will he interesting to see how many
of them appoint their wives or sons or
daughters to these positions.
THE "National Greenback Labor
convention are to meet in the city of
Indianapolis, lud.,on the 28th of May
next,to nominate eaodidstes for Preai.
dent and Vice President of the United
. States. It ia said that Mr. Weaver, of
lowa, is again willing to lead a "for
lorn hope."
IT is said that there is a prospect of
a split in the Republican ranks of
< Georgia, and that a double delegation
may appear at Chicago claiming rec
ognition. The whites composed prin
cipally of Federal retainers, favor
Arthur, and the negroes are for .Lin
coln or Blaine.
Gol. DcirtJtT, the commissioner of
pensions, has consented to be the Re
publican candidate for Governor of
Indiana. He is an adroit politician
and organizer, and is believed to be
the strongest man of the state to lead
the Republican foroes in the great
t hattle. Senator Voorheee will proba
bly be the candidate on the Demo
cratic side, and between the two In
diana may expect a lively campaign.
THE Democratic members of the
Ways and Means committee of the
house are said to have voted unani
mously upon a reform tariff bill iden
tical with that of Mr. Morrison, ex
cept that the free list is confined to
salt, coal and lumber. To the other
articles added by Mr. Morrison to the
free list, the majority of the commit
tee have decided to apply his general
principal of 20 per cent, horizontal
reduction. This bill is to be presented
as a substitute to Mr. Morrison's bill.
— mmi -- -
IT is said that Boas Quay, the lieu
tenant in command of the ring, makes
no secret of his purpose to teach Judge j
Kelley a lesson in subordination. The
r~ i Judge, it appears, antagonize!] the
BOM in the Philadelphia appointments, I
and for this insubordination is to be
■ defeated for re-nomination for con
gress in his district, and to make the ;
defeat more marked and humiliating '
to be superceded hy the miserable ',
ringstsr. Ley-burn, who disgraced the '
senate o: Pennsylvania at its lost ses- ! ,
•ion. i j
A JOINT caucus of the Democratic '
members of the senate and house of 1
representatives met last week and <
appointed a Democratic campaign I
Committee, composed of one member '
from eTery state and territory having ! I
a Democratic representation in con- '
jjrrM, and authorizing fhe committee j'
to select one person as a member from '
crrery state ami territory having no
Democratic representation, and from t
the District of Columbia. The Hon. c
William Mucbier is the member of c
the committee from Pennsylvania, and i
Eis well chosen not only for bis ability, I
but as a prudent and sagacious I)e- t
mocral in whom the people Lave on- r
koitiuli l cocfi,lci.cc. I
THE Chatabersburg Valley Spirit ]
admitting that it might crowd things
a little, asks bow would William T.
Shermau for President, and J. Sher
man for Vice President, strike you ?
It seems a little thick at the first start,
hut after it run aw hile it would get
thin enough.
THK Cincinnati Enquirer sent out
B,(HMI circulars to Democrats in In
diana, inviting them to make known
to its Indianapolis bureau their first
and second choice for Presidency.
These letters of inquiry were answered
as follows :
J. E MrtfeittM MM, Morn** 11
11. B. Pjn>. 958 IL-II Sntlw I
| Til Sri, 4.U. IL.tui*!, 3'J
llsu.ltl.-k> at|Voo,s, IST
| Klßkrork 14 floaw. 2
I Thomas tH< boh -
lfe*dly 4!
THE New York Sun is responsible
; for the statement that .Samuel J. Til-
Jen was the largest contributor to the
Hancock campaign fund in 1880. The
figures are taken from the books of
the Treasurer of the Democratic na
tional committee, which shows Mr.
Tilden's contribution to be 501,500.
Other large contributor were W. 11.
Haruum $lO,OOO, W. L. Scott $43,000,
H. B. Payne s2o,ooo,Oliver 11. Payne
THK cyclone which passed over and
devastated parts of Georgia, South
Caroliua and Alabama on the 18th
ult., was one of terrible calamity,
more destructive of life and property
than the floods of the western rivers.
In the track of the cyclone whole
villages were swept way, and planta
tions and farms are denudes], and live
stock killed and maimed. The
losses in Georgia are estimated at two
millions, and in Alabama at three
millions. A bill has been introduced
in the senate to appropriate $lOO,OOO
for the relief of the sufferers.
PRESIDENT ARTHUR in his message
to congress in 1882, recommended as
follow*: "I recommend an enlarge
ment of the free list so as to include
within it the numerous articles which
yield inconsiderable revenue, a simpli
fication of the complex and inconsis
tent schedule of duties upon certain
manufactures, particularly those upon
cotton, iron and steel, and a substan
tial reduction of the duties upon those
articles and upon sugar, molasses, silk,
wool and woolen goods."
If Morrison's bill is free trade, what
is this? It will bear comparison.
STAR-ROUTE DORSET has said that
he was offered immunity from prose*
cution by the payment of $30,000, and
that one of the star-route contractors
did pay $200,000 for immunity. What
reliance is to be placed upon such a
statement by Mr. Dorsey may proba
bly be taken with some allowance,
hnt as congress is now investigating
the late star-route trials, it is entirety
proper that he should be placed upon
the stand and given an opportunity to
' say on oath what he does know about
i the extraordinary corruptions charged
| to the management of those trials.
W ILL prohibition prohibit? is a
conundrum the people of lowa propose
to solve hy a recent act of the legisla
ture of that state. Many predict that
the law cannot lie enforced, and there
is some foundation in this prediction
from the experience elsewhere. It is j
said that in Maine, where prohibitory
laws have existed for many years, that j
there are more groggeries than in any
other of the neighboring states. Tem
perance is a great moral question, to
be met as such by persuasion and ar
gument in the right spirit, and we
have but little faith in any party or
legislative action to enforce personal
morality against appetite, or what the
drinker may conceive to be his right
to judge and choose for himself, Co
ercion will alway beget resistance,
either open er secret, and rum drink
ing will continue, all the same, whether
Its supply is controlled and regulated
by judicious laws in the bands of
responsible agents, or obtained in vio
lsfipn of law.
THE Chicago Time* thinks that
Shermau ought to investigate the late
southern cyclone, as it was probably
designed to exterminate colored Re
publican votes.
A.M M lIEK of papers, and among
thern our excellent contemporary, the
Look Haven Democrat, have indulged
in calculations to show that if Wash
ington had lived to the 22d of Feb.
last, he would have been one hundred
and fifty two years old. Now, having
settled this question so satisfactorily,
we suggest that they extend the in
quiry and inform us what the com
bined agin of Washington, Jefferson,
Mudisou, Monroe and Jackson would
have been if they hud lived to the day
that Rutherford It. Hayes was elected
as their successor in the Presidential
THE atory, remarks the Pittaburgh
Pott, of the late tornadoes in the south
has not been fully told. While tbey
will not rank with the Ohio floods iu
the amount of damage done to pro
perty, the loss of life is far greater
than has accompanied any late freshet
or overflow. The latest and most ac
curate reports fix the damage of these
storms at $1,000,0000f property, 5,000
houses and 300 to 400 lives. If to
this we add the devastation of the
Ohio floods, where the amouot of
damage done is estimated at $10,(88),-
000, it will make a very heavy weather
bill to pay for one month.
THE Washington Pont condemns the
action of the House in refusing to
concur with the senate in asking an
additional appropriation of $lO,OOO
to its contingent fund, to eoable Sher
man and MaboDS to continue their
"bloody shirt'' campaigu. The Houso
was certainly discourteous, but a com
mittee of conference was appointed in
each House. The objection will DO
doubt be withdrawn and the cam
paign will continue unembarrassed for
waut of funds. Let the coffin pam
unobstructed, John and his repudia
tion chum need early sepulture.
THE Naliooal organization of (tree
ley's "narrow-minded blockheads"
calling themselves the "Union Ijeague
of America," held a convention in
Washington last week. The object of
the moeting of the preteatious organ
isation it appears is to make arrange
ments to regulate the south in the
interest of the Repuolican party. The
"•olid south'* worries these patriots,
now, more so perhaps because they
cannot but know that it was by their
own blundering tyranny, in sending
their robbers upon that people when
tbey were defenceless and in poverty,
that made them "solid." Times have
changed the aspect of utfair* some
what. The tyrants now beg where
they formerly coerced.
WHATEVER may be the intention*
!of Gov. Tihlen, or his desire* in re
i fere nee to the nomination for Presi
dent, he cannot hut be highly gratified
with theuuirersal confidence.and good
feeding entertained for him in every
section of the country, and the general
concurrence that he wonld be the pro
per person to lead the Democratic
forces, if his health and strength are
adequnle to the great undertaking.
On this point accounts differ. He is
represented by some as in the last
stago of life, by other* as vigorous and
competent as in his best days. But
all this, we have no doubt, will be
made clear by Mr. Tildco himself in
due time. He is not the man to make
mistakes, and if be is not in condition
to endure the strain upon him, he will
not embarrass the party hy accepting
the responsibilities that the position
would impooe. This is our faith in
the great statesman— the unselfish
patriot who suffered himself to be de
frauded of the Presidential office in
1876, rather than desolate his country
by eivil war at a time when the sol
diers were massed in the capitol under
the eotnmaod of the aoldier President
to enforce the designs of those with
whom he acted and prevent his duly
elected successor taking hi* *e*t.
was before the committee investigating
the star-route trials last week. In bis
extended testimony he stated that
President Garfield was anxious and
persistent In having the star-route
frauds probed to the bottom, no mat
ter who was hit, stating that ho had
taken an oath to execute the laws and
this ulcer must be removed. Mr.
James detailed at length the means
taken to deal with these immense
frauds upou the government, and re
ferred to the damaging character and
large amount of testimony obtained,
aud expressed bis belief that if the
President hail been willing to have
taken "a lower view of his obligations
as Chief Magistrate and o au honest
man, be would not have fallen a vic
tim to the assasxin's bullet.' Ho sub
sequently explained his meaning of
this senteuce hy saying thai "judging
from the clamor of the people aud the
clippings found iu the assassin's pocket,
Guilean's head was turned hy these
Kx-Attoruey General MacVeagh
was also before the committee as a
witness, aud testified to subxlaulially
thcxamc facts detailed by Gen. James,
aud after informing ihe- President that
by pursuing the prosecution they
"would explode a bomb in the Itepub
lican party," was directed to go ahead.
He also referred a*, some length to the
secret history that induced him to
withdraw from the prosecution and
the department, and explained hit
reasons for believing io the sympathy
of Arthur with the robbers to be that
tbev and their defenders were bis in
timate associate*.
THE civil service commissioner*
have made their first annual report.
It has been submitted to congress by
the President with his endorsement
and recommendation* of the further
legislation soggested by the com m'rs.
The report states that the several re
sults which appear to be more direct
objects of law aod the civil service
rule, as understood, are, "That official
authority and influence must no longer
be use*l to impair the freedom of elec
tions, or coerce political action of
citizens. That the extortion from
those in public service, whether under
the form of political assessment or
otherwise, for the purpose of paying
the expenses of parties or candidates,
must come to an end. That selections
for executive service on the basis of
official favor and partisan influence
must he suppressed by requiring ex
aminations and other adequate test* of
character and capacity as the eondi
{ tioo* of entering the service. That
the true responsibility and iudepen*
< deuce of legislative and executive
department* under the constitution
roust be restored.*' The report which
j is quite lengthy, making a volume of
sixty-seven closely printed page*, de
clares the civil service act a success,
and believes the most difficult point
ha* been attained, aud makes various
suggestions and among others thk of
party tests be no longer applied in the
selection of collectors and postmasters,
and that every corrupt exercise of
1 power, nomination, promotion, transfer
l or confirmation, even though a cor-
I rupt consideration may not be a thing
'of value, should be an offence under
the bribery laws.
Buaineiw Booming South
1 he manufacturing industries of thi*
j country which heretofore has l>oen
mainly confined to, aod formed largely
' the wealth of the New England pro
ductions, is rapidly drifting to the :
south. The reports from that section
state that the cotton mills in course of j
erection and put in operation in the
months of January and February,
will cost over #3,250,000, and add
more thau 100,000 spiudles to those
now in use. As showing their faith
in southern cotton manufacturing, the
Manufacturer's Record aays:
"A number of well established
southern mills propose to largely in
crease their capacity. The Eagle and
Phu-nix mill, Columbia, Ga., intends
to erect a new #1,000,000 mill; the
Rome fGa.) cotton factory will sjiend
$lOO,OOO on a new mill; the River
side Gotten Mill company. Danville,
Ya ; Matthews Mill Company,Mrltua,
Ala., and the Birmingham (Ala.,
Cotton Mill will each expend ahout
$100.1)00 or more on n*w mills, while
iu addition to those there are numer
ous other cotton factory [injects lieiug
worked up. An immense amount of
northern and western capital is going
into southern industries, and the south
ern people are investing heavily in
new enterprise*."
Other industries in mining and
manufacturing for the two months in
dicated, according to the Record, shows
extraordinary advancement ami pros
perity, in which it is estimated that
the vast aggregate of twenty-eight
million of dollars have fa-en invested-
This, too, in a < tioD of our country
our Republican friends ak u* to be
lieve is so badly governed by Demo
cratic bourbons, as to require the
warning voices of Sherman, Mahone,
and such, to inspire the country to
send missionary committee* to the re
lief of it* oppressed people.
I)ox CAMERON seema to have sur
prised everyb<xly by a sudden return
ito the Uuiu-d hla tea unannounced.
His return will doubtless create some
thing of a flutter among those mem*
bera of his party who were fixing up
; tbinga to auit themaelvea, regardless of
the interest of the Chief &*■.
Legal Tendor Notes Constitutional
Tbe aupreme court of the United
State* have decided in tbe long pending
legal tender case of vs.
(irenman, that the legal tender act of
May 31, 1878, is valid and constitu
tional, and that the treasury notes re
issued under it are good and legal
lender in payment of all debts. To
this opinion Justice Fiald dissented.
Tbe opinion ho!de"that congress has the
power to istte the obligations of the
United States in such form, and to
impress upon them such qualities as
currency, for tbe purchase of mer
chandise and the payments of debts as
accord with the usage of sovereign
governments. Tbe power, as incident
to tbe power of borrowing money and
issuing bills and notes of tbe govern
ment for money borrowed, of impress
ing upon those bill* or notes th" quali
ty of being a legal tender for the pay
ment of private debts was a power
universally understood to belong to
sovereignty in Europe and America."
In vie* of this decision, four dis
tinct propositions were presented in
congress on Monday last, looking to
constitutional restriction, limiting legal
tender currency to gold and silver.
■1 ■ —a
The Morrison Bill.
The bill provides that on sod after
the Ist of July, 1884, tbe rates of duty
: to be leried, collected and psid on the im
portation of goids, ware* and merchan
dise mentioned in the tariff set of March
j .1, 1883, shall be as follows: On all
article* mentioned in schedule I, which
includes all cotton goods . in schedule J
which includes all hemp, juta and flax
goods** in chedule K, which includes
i all wool and woolens; in schedule C,
• Inch includes ail metals; in schedule
M, which includes all liooke, papers
and articles of this character; in
-chedulo F, which covers tugu p , molas
sea and articles of like character ;in
seedule F, covering tobacco ; in schedule
11, which wood and wooden ware (ex
cept as otherwise provided): in sched
ulo O, which includes provisions; in
-chedula N. which includes sundries
■ other than precious slopes, salt coal
and linseed or flaxseed, and io sched
ule li, which includes all chemical pro
ducts, eighty five percentum of tbe
| duties and rates of duty now imposed
!on said articles scremly. It provides
however, that none of the articles in
eluded in scbcduld I, shall pay a higher
rate of duty than forty peroeotum ad
valorem) in schedule K higher than
aixiy per centum, and in schedule C
higher than fifty percentum. It pro
vides that the rale of duty on oast
polished plate glass, untiirerod, ex
i-ceding twenty-four by sixty inches
square, on green and colored gists,
TEItMN : $1.50 |>*r Annum,in Advance.
bottle*, vial* demijohn* aod car boy#
(covered or uncovered), pickie or pre
serve jars sud other plain, molded or
preased green and colored bottle gla*.
not cut engrav*! or painted and not
specially enumerated or provided for
in thia act and on all tbe article* nub
jrct to ad valorem duty in schedule B,
which include* earthware and glassware
i shall be eighty percentum of the several
I duliea and ratea of duty now imposed
on iwid articles severally. It provide*
h w. ver, and nothing in thia act ahall
.oj 11 ate to reduce tbe duty above im
posed on any article* below the rate at
which said article was dutiable, under
, "an act to provide for tbe payment of
outstanding treasury note* to author
, ize a loan to regulate and fix tbe duties
i ori import* and for other purpose*, ap
proved March 2, 1801, commonly cal
led the Morrill tariff,'' and that when
under the existing law any of aald arti
cle* are grouped logtberaod mvle du
tiable at one rate, then nothing in this
act rhall operate to reduce tUe duty ba
i lon' the higher, rale at which any arti
cle in such group was dutiable under
sold act of March 2, 1801. It provide*
that alter tbe Ist of July, 1884, the rate
of duty to he psid on all urij>oltbed
J cylinder, crown and common window
glass, on iron or at eel sheet plate*, or
tagger*' iron coated with tin or lead or
with a mixture of which these metals
! is a component part by the dripping or
any other prooesa, and oomcuonly
known a* tin plate*, terne plate* and
t sogers tin ; and on linseed or flaxseed,
shall be eighty per en turn of the several
dulie* and rate of duty now impoeed
on aaid articlM severally. It add* the
, following lixtof article* to the pre*eot
free list j Salt in bag* or sack*. barrel*
or other package* or in bulk; ooal alack
culm . ooal, bituminous or shale; tim
, ber bewojaod sawed, and limber uaedffnr
spar* and in building wharvee; timber
squared and aawed not especially en
itinerated or provided for in thia art; saw
ed board* planks.deela and other lumber
of hemlock white wood, sycamore and
baaawood, and all othar articles of
Mwed lumber: bub* for wheels, posts,
last block*, and wagon blocks, oar
> blocks, gun blocks, holding blocks and
all block* or sticks rough hewn or
I sawed only, slaves of wood of all kinds,
picket* and palings, laths, shinglear
pioe clapboards, spruce clapboards
wood manufactured not *|>ecieUy en
j um era led or provided for in this act. It
I provide# however, that in the case of
{ bituminous or shale ooal the exemption
from duty shall not apply to ooal im
ported from the I'omimonof Canada
until the government shall have "imp
| ted from tbe pevment of doty all ooal
imported into that country from tbe
United States.
■—i ♦ ■
Additional Loral.
—The followingi* from the Mileshurg
! correspondent of last Saturday 's Qrtf
It become* onr painful duty as a
citizen of thiqui>>l borough to mention
the facts of the doings of one whom wo
i are at to know where or how to
place, with the human race or brute
j creation. Now to the point, and you,
inrny readers of Grit, can fixer place
liim as you ee proper. This individual,
name with held for the present, a few
•lays ago becboked bis'wife because she
would not something to eat
from hi* mother in law's, and put her
out of the bouse, at the same time hav
ing nothing for the mainlainance of the
family. Remember he it of a lazy na
ture, and a worthless man, Now, young
' man, provide for your family, or elar the
| borough authorities will take you in
charge and trou how to look
i after your family, ll we have an
| occasion to speak of you again it w ill be
; your name and particular* of your
action* toward your wife.
Alfred S. Smith is now chief of police
and lamplighter, successor to W. T.
Hall, retiring from aaid ofhoe
Tbe niirgea* atid Councilman elect
have taken their imp clad oath* to
perform their duties a* officers of the
The railroad, a* reported, hi a settled
fact, and another powder magasina ha*
been built for blasting purposes, thia
being the second one built in sight of
Blacksmitbing shop* are now being
built in different localities along the
line for railroad smithing. This docs
not look like foiling through, as has
been reported.
NO. 11.