Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, February 28, 1884, Image 2

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Hon. A. G-. CURTIN,
Friday, February lf, 1884.
The House having under onnsidera
lion the bill (11. K. 1015) for the relief
nf Fitz .Tohn I'-rler-
Mr. UURTIN anid:
Mr. Set tKKR•* I una i|iiile sure tht I
• cm ray nothing that is new on this
very important question, which in
volves the citisenship and the honor ol
• n American soldier. et Irom my
knowledge of the man, and my connee
lion with him, it is proper, with the
honor afforded mo of closing this debute,
that 1 should be heard.
Mr. lIISOOt'K. Is it proper to inquire
how long a time is now to bo given to
■a vdvbite?
Mr. uURTIN. An hour.
Tlo> SPK.VKKH. Under the rule* of
jbo House there w one hour lor le-
in>f'iB K. And it is then the
Int. niton of gentlemen on theothersde
to pr*a a vote to-n'glit I
The SPKAKKH. Ihe Unair i* not
advi-cd liti the intention on "the
Mr I'UKTIN. I do not know the
,u!. s'<d this House, but I understand
ili t tl.e get tbman who has charge of
this hill, and who hot conferred upon
me the lienor of closing this debate, ha*
the r -'lit to no hour and has given it to
me. Now what do y>u mean? Do you
mem tot-keit front me?
Mr. WHITK, of Kentucky. 1 mean
tin d srr-pecl to the gentleman from
Penn\ vunia Mr. iYRTIX), but the
eentl man from New York gave away
hi* rig it to that hour in the agreement
which wa made about the debt to.
ThoSlM'. AKKK. The gentleman from
l'ennavlvanii will proceed.
Mr. i'TRTIN. I know Fit* John Por
ter well, have known him all bis ma
ture life. He was apjtointed from
Pennsylvania a cadet at Meat Point,
•where he was instructed as a soldier.
In his birth and his lineage from the
Revolution which give this country
its liberal and matchless Constitution,
the Porters have defended it upon the
• water and ujion the land. When the
la*e unhappy war commenced and dark
clouds cover, d all this great country,
and the people of the North werearoui
,-d from their peaeelul pursuits to face
the fact that war. cruel, savage war,
existed. Fit/ John Porter was the first
military officer sent to Pennsylvania to
assist in the organization of troops fir
the defense of the Government and to
meet the necessities of the war forced
upon us. Washington, the capitol of
the country, was shut out from com
munication with the North and West;
there were no means of cimmunication
between the capital and the country at
large. Being at that time the executive
of Pennsylvania, from necessity I
depended much upon the military
judgment sent to asi-t me. Fitz .Fohn
Porter was the most enlightened, most
-leeplessl / vigilant and ardent advocate
of immediate military discipline, of the
levying of troop" and the enforcement
of obedience to the l*w that came to me
through that long struggle.
Now, Mr. Speaker and gentlemen on
th ; other side oflhn Chamber, it you
will turn to the records you will find
,n- M.-nificmt fact not so much for tin
living a* in justice to the dead. The
iir-t citizens of this < ountrv that ever
i-ked a rehearing for this soldier, with
. view torflre suing any wrong lie might
have suffered, were Horace Greeley ol
Y. rk. Henry W ->n of Massachu
setts, and myself. (Applause.] Surely
t1,.. ti 1.-li'y of the tw-< ] or-on* I h.ve
ii.,uu-d will not fe doubted, and the
I r .-sen tat ion or apHcation thus made to
th* Government for the re-lrei-* ~f the
\, rot g* .1 rie to tin- ni >n w i made aft r
lull consideration of all the fact* and in
I ,- |re ence of all the. lights which sub
.spi-nt history had shed ii|>on tlie
ev. n:'ul p'-r,od thro :gh wi.ich we hsd
jjst pas*ecL
Gnenl Fit*-John Porter never
approached or importuned rn- to Iw
bis advocate. Since the pendency of
i, i bill, or since the meeting off "on
; r, I have not seen him here. As fo
Hi- merits of this bill it is a question on
wliiehsnien may have opinions on the
..ne side and on the other, depending
v ry much upon how you approach the
tic s, but 1 was surprised to hear a
distinguished member of this House
Mr. Kkiierl say over and over again
in his sp-ecii thai General Fit* John
P. rt-r was a coward. Before God I say
1 never knew a Porter who was fool or
a ossrd. | Applause. |
That was the opening speech of this
i.ct,ate in opposition to the hill, and,
mm its character, must fa- regarded a
the presentation of the view* of those
who are inspired by |olitiral bias in
their action on the measure. There
mi" much of the dust and moke and
-ii phurof bittle in it; there was the
Ia! lie of rifle and of muaketry; the
detonation of heavy guns, and amidst
a 1 the strife which the gentleman drew
irom his imagination, above the noise
iiud confusion snd roar, the cuimina
iion of his rhetoric was the cry that
Fez-John Porter was a coward. lf is
the first man who bss ever put that
statement in print; indeed, he is the
Hist who ever had the temerity to say
it, and I trust he will never say it again
I . ornament his rhetoric or logic.
Now, Mr. Speaker. 1 propose for a
1,-w in nut- to turn tin-attention of this
I (imo to a portion of t lie history ol t hst
it cadfdl war which I would In-glad to
torget, with all iU horrors, and do most
sinoereiy regret that in this instance
we must fight it over snd revive its pain
fill recollections, when justice is naked
-heer justice loan Am-i lean citizen, and
o ,e who his been winged, grievously
wronged. I then in nn officiil
imsition where 1 wna forces! to watch
with painful anxitv the advance o
armies, the terrible baltlrz; and the gen
tlernen on the other side eve not the
only personswho mourn ovrrMbe graves
of the slain. I had occasionally the
rt'isfclion to rejoice over the success ol
. ur armies, but in tie beginning ol the
w*r that satisfaction d 4 n h often
Wucu the war commenced, and the
Government called for troops for a hun
dred days' the great State of Pennsyl
vania, not believing that the struggle
was to end in so short a period, organized
an army of 15,800 men; thirteen regi
, ntetits of inf.m ry, one regiment of ar
tillery, and one of cavalry. The troops
, were fully armed and ( quipped, and
were one imped in different parts of the
State; they were mustered in for "three
years or during the war," and their
muster provide,! that they should be
■ transferred to the Government of the
' United States when that Government
should demand their presence in her
armies. Not once, Mr. Speaker, but
constantly they were offered to. the
service of flsc.Governmentof the United
States and refused. They would have
been at Bull Bun but the Government
officially declined to receive them. You
understand what occurred there. I
suppose every nun on this floor realizes
all tint occurred in that disastrous but
tle, and who knows but that the
presence of such a body of splendid
troops would have turned the tide of
battle ? Afout I o'clock on Monday
morning I receive 1 a telegram from
General Scott saying:
W l( nt ton in tiiU, * n i
lbrn forw*r<f J hti'too tiM Juittfl
Not long after a similar telegram J
came from the President. These regi I
ments were poured into Washington j
in forty-eight hours, and WHS the only |
army then available for the defense of
the Capital. might have been
the reult of Bull Hun if that army bad ,
been ncceptcd and added to the army
of McDowell in the fi„ld 1 Yet who '
charges anv disloyalty upon the men 1
who refused to tnko then) earlier * After j
Bull Hun nnd its disaster" a general
bad to be misplaced. General Met lellan
is spoken of to day, on this floor, in not j
very complimentary term*, yet I think
that sufficient knowledge or consider*
tion of the facts connected with that
gentleman would havo prevented such
remarks, lie graduated with dislin
guished honors at West point; had
served through the Mexican war;
had observed the Crimean war under
a commission from hi- Government,
and had made one of the most admira
ble reports ever made upon a war in
this or anv other country : bad com
raanded troops in West Virginia, had
there shown enterprise, energy, and ac
tivity, and had close,i the campaign
with suece„". The Government made
him the General o! the Army. He
promptly obeyed the order of the
President; left the Army of West Vtr
ginia, where he had won honor and
fume, and not a laurel that he there
won ever faded when placed ,>n the
brow of our colleague. General Rose
crans, who succeeded him in command.
i General McClellati gave to the Army
a perfect organization, dl the appli
ance necessary to make it efficient or to
give as large a hare of comfort to the
men a* is possible to give to troops in
j the field. He made his plan for the
campagn of the coining scasno. I hat
1 j plan has received the approbation of
' the military minds of this and foreign
countries. He proposed ,to transjmrt
| the larger part ot bts army by water
1 and to approach by the long liner-f the
1 ; triangle to Richmond byway of the
p-ninsula. McDowell, with an army
' numbering morettban forty-live thou
■ | sand men, under this plan of the can
psign was to spproich Richmond from
j Washington or its delensf by the short
■ line of the triangle.
Wtien General Mc<'lell*n had Iran
ported h i army to the Peninsula and
nail commenced his approach, v tone
wall .1 irkxon, perhaj • the ni"t ent--r
-prising and energetic general of the
confederal# army, da-,ed into the
Shenandoah Valley, attacked in detail
three armies e mtu-tilcd l> improvised
generals put there by the Government,
defeated them, and after those triumph -
' he returned by rapid marcher, plscetf
• his forces again in the army rot.im >n
ded by General bee and took part in
the bittle ,f Gaines's Mill, where
General Fit*-, John Porter was in su
preme c>mm*nd, the verv gentleinin
who is to lie the benefinstv of the
legislation now proposed. Unfortu
nately for thi* country, unfortunately
for the Government at V\ asbington,
still more unfortunately for those who
■ ntended against the Government.
McDowell's forces were withdrawn into
the defenses at Washington, though
that officer declared at the time that he
-hould proceed toward Richmond, nsall
the army down in the Shenandoah
Valley and Gerca! Jackson had re
turned to the army of General I.ee.
It is quite unnecessary for me to say
that Richmond did not fall, and it is
an historical fact that up to the time
they received the newspapers of the
North announcing that McDowell s
force was not to march in the direction
of Richmond, the confederate govern
ment scarcely expected to hold the
city and were prepared to leave. When
they received the usual notice through
the paperaof the North of this unfnrtu
nate action of the authorities at Wash
ington they felt they were safe. To
say the least of it, that wu a grave mis
take on the pert of the Government
here, to intrust a general with the
command of armies, and then, after
full knowledge of the plans by which
he intended to conduct bi* campaign
to witbold his right arm when heirtn
ded to strike a blow at the enemy
which might be fatal; and yet, sir, no
one then charged and no one now
charges the living or the dead with in
fidelity or disloyalty.
Mr .Speaker, domestic war in this
country was unexpected ; it was sud
den in its opening: it was new to our
people and our Government; and I
sin not here to charge disloyality upon
those who in their ignorance mde
gros mistake*. When the Armv re
turned from Virgina it was necessary
1 that public reotinient should be settled
1 in some way, so as, If possible, to re
v lieve the Government of any charge '
'• incompetency to conduct its affairs to
h success, especially as the chief duty of
>' those !ntruted to Its administration
i- was to conduct a great war; so McCellan
e was said to be tardy by some, to be
* incompetent, and it wa even said at
" the time, and not in whispers, that he
'f was disloyal, and h wo* removed from
*' his command of the Army. The gen
n erous public accepted the action as
proper, and the people of this country
r once more ren-wed their fide'ity to the
Government and their disposition to
•upport the eiti/.er* intrusted with it*
i administration.
General I'otHi wns then placed in
coiiiiuand of the Army: he came from
the Weal) hie proclamation* glittered
with generalities and rattled with bril
liant rhetoric, j Laughter und nj>
pUu>c ] I remeinher to lIHVO read them
itll at the lime, and have no recollec
tion of any other uch production*
in tiie hi*tory of peace or war
[ Laughter | If not a* logical, they were
even more brilliant and beautiful than
the rhetoric of the gentlemen whoatand
here on thi* floor to defend him and
to ncctiro General Porter. (Renewed
laughter.) General Pope scorned the
comfort* of hotel* or boarding-homes
or cabin* or tent', and proclaimed hi*
headquarter* fo he in the Middle.
(Renewed applause ]
At the time all this occured the
American people glowed with the ex
pectation of seeing a brilliant military
| meteor come fj int the West who would
j lea I the Army to quick and rapid sue
| ccs* and thu* make a contrast to the
' man they railed "Tardy McClellen."
| Now. Mr. Speaker, I will not fight the
battle of Bull Run over again: that ha*
! been done often enough on this floor,
! and it i* enough for me to say that the
I Army Slithered defeat andthatlhe Preni
! dent of the United State in person a*k
' ed McClellen to resume the command
| again. I repeat, Mr. Speaker, that j
will not fight the battle over Again
! winch terminated so disastrously and
| led the President once more to place
Generil McClellan in command, and
really 1 n:u*t doubt whether the history
I of that battlo has been much improved
I by gentlemen on the other side, and 1
, am forced to say, without intending any
1 disrespect to my colleague* or gentle
I men on thi* floor, that some of the
newspaper correspondent* gave at the
time quite a* good an account of that
battle us ha* been given in thi* discus
ion with *o much deliberation and
which seems to tie inspired bv distrust
anil hatred growing out of polities.
Mr. Speaker, human pit**ions arc th
, principal agendo" in all political affair*.
Chat i the teaching of history in all the
pn*t; von caii not < pa rate j>re
jjudice, ambition and the hojic of power
front the jsnlitics of to-day ; and if that
philosophy Is* correct ii i* demonstrated
! in the unseemly and unjust opjewiiirm
I to the gentleman who i- to be restored
'to i'iti*eii"liip by tin* bill. I could not
' iniprov on what ha* ben *o well *aid
' in tlic history of thi* battle in niar*hnl
ing the fad* by my colleague (Mr.
BONK], who was a soldier in the wai
' and urcl> has ft right to b<- li<- i I in tin :
defense of II soldier's honor.
And who upon thi* floor who listened j
impartially to the pres. iit.ition of thi* ,
• a.c by the gentleman fmm New York (
Mr. HAY . who also va- a *oldi<T in the :
late Yvar, or by tin- enthusiastic gentle
tii-iri from Nel ra-ka 'Mr, biiiiii . wlkw J
opinion should not lawn token Iseoau** ;
lie was only thirteen year* old according j
to the rci re*, illation* of one gentleman
when he cili!cd in the service and i
sen ed a* a private soldier but whose '
*eri ii i were welcoin<' even at that ten I
' iler age. I take th>-ir history of tin- '
battle and the r solution of the ordi-r
-given to General Porter, and m < • pt the I
• j.-. i h of the gentl' inan from New ,
•B i• Y Mr. PHI 11- , -<> I ni.ukald-- in ;
the ci- arm - of it- logic nud tin- t ant , ,
, of it* dietion, that when the dilitigni*li j
e*| gentleman clo-ed General Fit/ John
Porter would have la-en % indicated lit
m lunation b| ail tin- MOph of lie
j • itintn if present. \pplnu-e.|
It i- said Fit/ John Porter wa* -low t,
nbeY order*. Gem-nil Thoina*tu dot*.
( and the gentleman from Michigan, if 1.
| -lid not know it at the time, mu-t • I
; know ICYV that thwi araa a clatnoi !
agnin*t General Thomas heeause or hi
tardy movements in Teiine**.-. Sid
wart, sturdy, brave Thomas drew hi*
enemy to the pi e , win r< in the plan of
1 hi* campaign he intended to idler him
battle. The newst a)r ■ datn wwd that'
i Tbonia* wo not tit to emnmand tin
army. He wa* *uj r*< rled end the com
mi*;on wa* on it* wav to the band* of !
another general to take command in hi ;
sfeiwl. General Grant liim*. If wasaliou* '
to I IV and take -untnand in |r*oii
'vlien the in w* wa* proclaimed to tin- i
country tlint General Thotnaa bad met j
hi* enemy and dc-iroyi-d the army in a 1
single terrible battle,and General Thorn ,
iv went to hi* grave and left a SYVCC!
' memory behind liim a* one of the j
bravest and grandest men that ever
j serve I in that or any other Ytar. [Ap
If 'ieneml Thomas lind lieen super
I *ede>|, or if he had taken the direction
' of the Government and had for *d
battle la-forr- lie wa* prepared, he too
i would have been condemned. Why,
' gentlemen must not forget that in the
very beginning of the war it wa* aid,
semi-offieially if not officially, when an
other great general demanded two hun
dred and fifty thousand men for service
ill the West that he wn* era*)', absolute
ly crory. The flrt time I ever lu-nrd of
General Sherman a* distinguished, the
announcement w* aceoni(Ninie<l bv the
assertion that be was a eraay man, and
it was said that bewns demanding more
troop* than it was expected the Govern
ment could possibly need to suppress
insurrection and compel oliedienoo to
the law. They said no ne man onuld
ak so large an army a* two hundred
and fifty thousand men: but In-fore the
war closed the Government had nearly
1 one million one hundred thousand men
in the field. And hefi>r- the war wa*
over mam true and Hood men wished
that that eriuo of Sherman had extend
> ed to some other general* wlm com
inandcd Imoju.
' Gentlemen on the other side now *ay
I Sherman wa* a grand obi man. Well,
' that i* true. He crvod with tuueb di*.
tinction nl Vlekshurg, and in long
march-•• throngh Mississippi, nnd in hi*
' approach to Atlanta against one of the
• most cx|icrieneed and skillej military
• mull of thi* or any other country, (Jo*.
' K. Johnson] and with what courage lie
Y then swung off and made hi* romantic
f march to the sea and then oonooered
> the roast by tin- reverse. After all, Mr.
• Speaker, if the Government was correct
s in saying that General Hliernwn was
t cnuy in the beginning of the war. there
i Is a consolation in feeling hopeful that
> we nmy be supplied hereafter with more
• generals afflicted with the .me disease.
• j Laughter and applause.)
i When Grant assailed Cold Harbor, a
• fort ill ed tine ) and hi* itimy loit ten
thousand men, and tlic enemy not more
than five hundred, and when the army
positively declined to make another a*
sault, no one accused him of being a
traitor. Nooho ever mentioned-such an
insinuation or made such a suggestion.
It was more ivood to tin- lire, more im-ii
to the front, more vigor and more pow r
at the North to compel obedience to the
IaYV. General Porter could not expect
to avo d his share of trouble, mid victims
were required there, just hccuuse the
failure ot Met '|eHan', campaign, broken
up by the c ouncil at Washington, liud
to be explained. That YVH* all.
< Now, Mr. Speaker, if General Porter
violated oi-d. r„, if did what was id
leged or charged ugainst him, if he
treated yv itli cli*i*e*jeet or contempt
General Pope, who was in supreme com
lltitnd, h-t tin* say that General Pope
ought to bat e known un<l did knot*.and
it i* alleged on this floor that he knew,
that General Port r had di*nhcvd or
dor* on lie- 27th of August, lMi2, and
then and tie-i- General Pope -hould
have arr—t. 1 him. lb-hud the power
and that YVH* hi* ,/ u /v. II *hould iia e
tak-n from General Porter's shoulder
the itiMgnia of hi rank and the ivord
from hi* side. He should liuyc done
I'i "t what VI laliiiigton did tiilh J.. . at
Monmouth on the field, .r what Slieri
dan did with Warren at the Five Fork*.
I In- history of YY.o- is full of events of
thi* character, where military men have
been degraded on the field by their su
perior*. and no one on thi- floor will
Itlcnipt to deny ill hi* Opposition to thi*
bill that Pope kn.w. a- the-;, allege, that
Porter di-olieyed orders on the 27th.
and that he w a* in hi* command on the
2 s th and 2'.'th, mid fought in Pope's
presence on the .tilth un ler hi* com
mand. And yet, m the exercise of lw*
p.aver n- eoinmiinder of tin- Army, he
could lIUY e place*! hi* subordinateofficer
under immediate arre-t, and in irons if
in- • -*ary. Adopting, therefore, a
-'•ttled by the adliiUsious oil Isoth kid. *
tfiat General POJH knew at the time
tii it Porter h.el disobeyed hi- orders
and can ed a disaster to bis army, it i*
not unjust to say that With all that
knowledge if |,c then believi-d it and
did not put him under arrest ho wa*
unfit command the Army, and if
Pope Is li> Y. d that Porter Y*a a traitor
to hiui or hi* country, or had discla-ycd
nrders.it i* m<*t remarkable that he
. II t: II no to command him and witn -
his active struggle* a few din s afterward
to arrest the progn -n of the enemy to
wud the capital of hi* country.
The \rtny that had fallen to piece*
under the command of Genera! Pope.
( and the di*. rgmi/at. -n ..1 wh.- ii ternu
nate.| hi* military career in the li.i*t.
! yy-v" taken '>> Mcf'|eUn. at tin- r. jue-t
of the I'rcsident of tie I'nitcd Stat,
and n-->rgani/ed. The \rruy was march
'• d uinb-r M> l--ll.su - i-omtn >nd t >-iiit!i
Mountain, fought a battle there, and a
little later fought the battle of Antic
' lani. an-l siir- ly the gentlemen on the
other *id know the historical f.„i tj la t
the battle of Vntietam pr*k.Jui-e<i your
freedom proclamation. President bin
coin wrote the freedom proclamation at
' the Soldi.-r*' Home during the summer.
He produced it to hi* < 'abinet -ar!Y m
the month of S--ptmbcr .-r late in \u
gut. and at the time "a*d he wa* re
sponsible for the act. a* it gives the
p-ili- > t-i tin- war.' and di lare I that he
did not hold atiV meini/erof the Cabinet
r' -|xiiiil.le lie did not ask their opin
ion* of the |>liey of the pi* .-'amain n
but * d that he would r- eeiv -ugg.-
lioi,- ... to the i hangs of word* or >n
ten. . an-l Y.-ry f- aif an> niiid.*.
• 'no or two suggestion* were made by
> - re ir v i ha*'-, who was then S--< rotary
of the Ir . tirv. but Mr. Seward >ai I
■•While we . ■ --| t the eoDclu*ion of tlio
Ple-ident. 1 would suggest that lie } t . |
betW r wait for A military MOMW ." and
tbateausedthe.il it P -widenl tu pan e
not hesitate, an i afi- r Vntietam, re
parding that tattle *- .unlit y-uc<.-,
the pr.-clatnalion was i ued. The bat
-1 lb- oc -irre-1 on the 17th • f Sspti m-*r,
and tin- proclamation w., i**u don thn
| 83d. General Porter remained in rom
martd w :th G- ti< t*l M> 1 .• Run. and *..
in the • t gage uents to which 1 have ju t
referri d. .\fter the battle of Vntietam
' 'Scner.il M ''leilan w. rem ved from
the command of the Army, ami In re
moval wa* disapproved la the ina.-i* of
1 ih American people. N • man during
' all tl.<- w. r, i mmm. ling trooj - in the
'•.ii ice of the Federal '> .vemroent, had
the comfldence of the i tliccr* and mil
-I er* that General McClellan had in
spired. All who lived at the time or
have read honestly know that truth.
And so great was the disappointment at
hi* removal that there w* even danger
of innuliordinntiori
The removal of General McClellan
disturfied the country seriously, and
General P- p> having failc*l to put Gen
eral Porter under arrest immediately,
the public aen'iment w well known
and demonstrative that something had
occurred that was improper, and public
sentiment had to be relieved once more
by tome positive action on the part of
the Government, and so General Porter
wa* accused. The career of the man
who hod failed to put him under arrest,
and who was heralded from the West as
• gentleman who had large military ex
ticrience, who had earned success in
battles on the Western fiver*, and from
whoe future military service the ooun
try oX|>ecled so much, coded in di*ap
t-ointment. I have heard much sold
her.- of the wonderful military genius of
General Pope. Gentlemen who say they
krn-w him intimately speak of h'* early
promise, of his services in the war with
Mexico, and hi* successes in his various
commands in the armies during the war
of the rebellion } and then the rhetoric
of his proclamation w* quite in har
mony w:th the declaration ol hi# friends
in their opposition to this bill.
Forced into the war, Mr. Speaker,
and holding an official po*ition where it
became my duty to offer nil the moral
and physical power* of a great .Stat# to
the defense of the Government, surely
I desired it to terminate, and with a
view to that it is not improper for me to
say here at this time that afier the dis
asters of Hull Hun and until a few days
after the close of Antietam the great
State of Pennsylvania contributed to
i the service of the Government more
than tiilriy thousand men. There was
no (iiaaatcr to our armies during the war
wh-ch caused greater distress than that
at Manaasa* and Hull Hun. Indeed, for
a time, strong, faithful, and loyal men
hesitated aa to the future, and U rw
quired the recall of McClellan and hi*
rcktoration to an army ho had so long
commanded, organ /.- <!, nnd disciplined
—an army that gave him their oonfi.
deuce and as un earnest to thepeopleof
the country tvho had not lost their ron
fidence in liim to cluck their groYving
So fur as the State of Pennsylvania
was concerned, her people ri . willing
to give ail the m*t riai force and power
<>( t tie t* tale to sustain thn Government,
but the removal of McCb-Hiin caused
great disappointment ut the time, as all
know who either lived during that war
or ever re.d it* history v\ith attention
find with n disposition to judge fairly of
men and events. fJeneral Burtiside was
placed in command when Mcflellan
wa# removed. He is dead; but be wa*
as kind and good hearted a nun usover
lived, und I will say nothing in reproach
" ' ITLIF-r tli#* man or I)JI IIP
rendi-ri-d to his country during his life.
''illier acting on liis own judg
"lent or, niucli more likely, under in
"'ructioim from Washington, oat down
with hi- army at Falmouth and waited
un'il the enemy erected bvtterieson the
- other *id<- of the rtver to receive hilil,
and then threw his army soroas, not to
ju I'.-ittle, but to a slaughter, nnd it is
■ remarkable and may be regarded un one
"1 the fortunate events of the war thst
lone single man of that army mr n
j turner 1. Twenty- three thousand re-
I fDHtniHi on Uh* other ►i * I or vfer*- <:r
| rie*l bark wounded. General Burn-ide
j lu eepterl t lie su nation and 'leclared his
unfitrie** to l ouunand ao large un army,
' und I utter no il:-re*p"r t to hi* memory
tor he wo* sn excellent soldier anl a
loyal, true m.m when I *uy that the
country accepte i , juration a# true.
<'f course General P-urni'le retired
from the command of tha gi- at army,
; and General Halleck, YYIIO wa* In rt at
' tin- eupital, Rj-itirned, in. '.nni-etion wi'h
the Secretary War mi-1 the eoun*r-ls
surrounding him, to direct the move
ment* o( u,e army from the capital.
H hnt effect can it have u{>on this ca*e
to fejieat *o often the klory of the bat
tie of Marengo, as it i* <{on- in very
florid language by the gentleman oje
posed to this bill? Marengo lias la-en
rehashed and served up to this House
! three time*. I pro|MK to turn tin- at
tention of this llou*e to the condition
I I of atlliir* some tiin<- before the battle of
Marengo, and my find better illustra
tion ot the r-a*on* of failure here.
Frederick the Great had changed the
military system of the world once tuore.
Armies operated in straight lines or an
I gle* and lines of fortifications, snd id a
system of warfare thu* to ie conducted
on s.-ientifi • principle tle re w.-oi always
the presence of the quartermaster and
commissary supplies in übun iance : op
•-rating, s* ;t w .s term. I, tioin a ba-e.
In Austria the Aulic *" .urn .! wa* <-
tabluheJ, and that body had charge of
the military utlair* of tb<-• mptre and
directed nnd controlled the movement*
'of troojis in t!. field. They directed
the tiumlx-r of men, and on their mnj
(cnfnyfon ne. r t fag*-
A Difattf't - COL xraarsiT—There
are dsng'-r j# count- rfeiU in circulat-. n
j ir; -rlirig t-> I*- "Walnut lysf H:r lb •
kt r■ r." The tr- rig-t evidence of its
1 i,-r<-st value is lbs fsct thst parti'-* know
ing it* great effi acy try to if.
K i h totlle of th<- ce.utiif bs a tnr *imi/e
of a wslnvil 1- sf—blown in tti* glsit and
a Green on the outside wrap;>er. The
"Restorer" t* a harmles* as water, while
It j- new-i all the properties n.-t < *ry to
rest* re life, growth and color to the
hair. Purcha-e .>nly Irotn res/ ;ar.
fie*. Ak your druggist f<-s it Bach bot
tle is warranted. Jobtist. n, II !1* way A
Oo.,'Philadelphia, ar l Ha'.l A Kackii,
•Jew York, Wholesale Agent*. fly
(juirk Ktilnay Time.
IWkOrJ, 111, Jan. 18S0.
Tha Li fo rm,t y v. it -* kavr mppomud
r- ,nk I'. BUir, *oU a)tnt f r tkt / if. of m,r
QIUrA TVjia Walrh t in f'.e
i; luU'joou.
lb* Kroau W *T n Cnsrisr.
BY II'iSMEK P. ill I.I.ANH, Sec.
li-*iiiig most thoroughly testi-i the
I! ckford Quick Tisin Watches for tin
.s*t three yosrs, 2 otb-r to- ui with tiie
lulls**! confidence ;• the best made and
nio*t reliable time keeper for the tn-iney
| that can be obtained.
I fully gunranlff r. cev ll'a.vA for two vtart.
' Fit AXK /'. M. AIR, '
So. 2 HTOCL.I hoif Rtnr.
AII othrr ,la/Tikn Watckf * at rrdufti
Dioarox, Jan. 27, I&S2.
The Rock ford watch pnrcha*e<i Feb.
1579, has performed better than any
Watch 1 ever bad. Have carried it
every day and at no time has it been
irregular, or in the least unreliable. 1
cheerfully recommend the Kockford
at Dightnn Furnace Co.
Tsrxrox. Sept, 18, 1881.
The Rockford Watch run* very ac
curately ; letter than any watch 1 ever
owned, and I have had one that cost
$l5O. Can recommend the Rockford
Watch to everybody who wishes a fine
8. P. HUBBARD, M. D.
Thi* i to certify thai the Rockford
' Watch bought Feb. 22, 1879, has run
very well the past year. Having set it
only twice duiing that time, it* only
1 satiation being three minutes. It ha*
' run very touch better than I ever an
' ticipated. It was no* adjusted and only
! cost $2O. R P. BRYANT.
Theoldset and beat appointed Institution
tor obtaining a Biwinoa* Education.
For circulan address
To tfßpart s Prsrttast Bsslsse M*' fcs*. <t*
m*nj sssts sail sit* pssl mrrrm *ss lt slss st
tsr.lt'sOsnsw*. No * rrttfc *■••# Ths futhtal
•tud-ol bss hsr* fscllUie* too oath s Itusms #* IH
susltry tits* tor * Issasssltst" -alrss. • opes *■*> *1
■tnllss la **r *pb#r* MUS V-r nnslas s*NS e
lln* a hss. raistoirgh. Fa INtl's H--,##■-*,**,
i-uMlsfcsd by ll*iw* # Sr., Rmsd Is nWu*. *o'
ps*n TO* lutsrt w-rltaa lb* setears r*MwW. A
a.irs for taut*mm!ln**#*. twiMß taa *4 fw"-
Gar your Job Work <ioa at the ui-
TIK I>BHor*4T.
J thws Ya*api iCo | u% um kfa turn*
f.-.hnrt, P, | , t f/Ut j a *
Largest w fewest #
Stock. m Goods.
Kvry thing DRV
Youw nt. jPj Notion*.
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THE <SBK aT**T ANl>Tttlt J
, KELtmocs .K(>rn~iLAn
182.1 )
No r|*t to 111. ' Mtolrj Uttaw itruiiMlnl
I Itu (Mr* or Emtom D ItTaro. t'nm- .t.otti .i
t> th. oiftoriot frol.mlty tt. I l,|. t. tt.r. .ml
nltiot iota .till ornfc tk. (trnTii Olb(•. <.( tt
1 liwt k hd tk. talilij (< to( t (IM|
f..r tbotr trort
To* Oo*rro*rai*T. of tb- OooMm on tmfa oil
I.n t. ood tb. •. rorWattt ; i i|Mri.J fr.ni Mtrn
ot4 •!•*( im. foroiofctof a ftto of It. not.
dit ton of tb* oort oorfc
Tbo Nfortooiit of Anotrrt onto. Itrorrtt *rvo.i
fcim tuom ood Ecuoior* oao* on ■ ..ixlortod hj
oojw.t. obn .Tito rtnrl* ood to lb. |(ot Tbo Oo
rnrrt dooo oot Nil It. ralomi trflb k| Mart ood
obi orwoi, t<ol alia* to bo
citric* OiO'T "rob * E*U-t d* NaMt foil of iootrar -
tt o noart(aMt ood trotb. ood o fbtui tnrt
nrotolnioc oil IVmo. tifomm ' o>iout opoo nr.
mbiOHitt.tnf tftrol itndf <f (Mnriofot
Tb frtoo htni>too tuot ta on* net
I aroioMt or otrr neo doltor momfaobio' or * m*o U>r
1 too**T t Lrrr***," oo tlogaoU? boood otdotooof dfbt
1 rC**. <oolololo* a poti.tt of tbo oofbor. Pooi|4r
■oo nf the Oorn-oo 011 l hooool to on* ofdltM ftoo.
Now York Oborrror.
31 * .** fnrk *ow, 3T. T, t
—!/>w. rfpricM. Evonrthing new and
frc*h, at Gaman'i.