Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, October 11, 1883, Image 7
SCIENTIFIC SCIUrS. Tho complete destruction of tho carcasses of animals that have died of contagious diseases is recommended by M. Girard. He would dissolve the bodies In cold, concentrated sulphuric acid. Tho Russian geographical society has received a list of the localities along the coast of north-eastern Siberia where human beings may bo found at different seasons of the year. It is hopixl that tho uso of this list by future explorers may enable them to escape the s:ul fate of Lieut DoLong and his companions. Mr. J. E. Mitchell, in the Journal of tho Frnnklin Institute, says about tho grindstone: "All nations uso it, and It is perhaps with all, the cno piece of mechanism that hears tho same form and is the same in principle. Moro or less directly it takes part in tho great est modern material enterprises; it has no doubt assisted to fashion the imple ments of many of the lost arts, and is, still needed in many of tho require ments of the arts of the present day." Professor Huxley maintains that in fishing districts an acre of sea was more profuse in food production than an acre of land. Salmon river re quired protection. But in tho case of the great sea the circumstances were entirely different. He believed thnt the cod, herring, pilchard, mackerel and similar fisheries were inexhausti ble, and were entirely beyond the con trul of man either to diminish tho number of fish or to increase them by cultivation. Dr. John C. Thompson writes to the London papers to point out what ought to have been a well-known fact to Captain Webb. or any other ex perienced swimmer, that human strength or skill is of absolutely no use in foaming water, where the num ber of air bubbles is necessarily so great as to reduce the gravity of the water sufficiently to make it impossi ble for the strongest swimmer to sup port himself. Had this consideration received due weight Captain Webb's attempt might never have been made. A curious facr about water is that it is the metal known as hydrogenium. When oxygen combines with iron it forms a reddish rust, and the metal becomes in time disintegrated. In this condition it is said to be oxydized. Now water is simply oxydized hydrogenium. This metal is present in the sun and all the planets in enormous quantities. Indeed it is said that the hmnan lody Is composed of five and a half pails of water, mingled with some lime, iron, and certain salts. Chemistry has re* vealed to us many marvels, but none greater than the composition of com mon water.— Dt more.it. Naming a Lake. Tears ago, it was discovered that a certain lake which had long lieen con sidered the heal of the Mississippi, had no claim to that honor. The explorers found a new and smaller lake from which the great river took its rise. A discussion arose as to what name would be appropriate for it. The story is that it was decided in this way: "Let's make a new name by coining a word," said an old voyager. "Some of you larned ones tell me what is the Latin for true." "Veritas," answered a scholar. "Weil, now, what is Latin for head ?" "Caput" "Now write the two words together by syllables." The scholar wrote on a strip of birch-hark, "Veritas caput" "Read it" The five syllables were read. "Now drop the first and last sylla bles and you'll have a good name for this lake." And "Itasca" it waa American Landed Principalities. It is astonishing, says the Troy Time*, what large farms in tho United States are owned by titled Englishmen. Of individual owners there aro Sir George Iteed, 2,000,000 acres ; Earl of Dnnmore, 100,000 acres ; Earl of Dun raven, 60,000 acres; Duke of Suther land, 100,(X); the next largest farms are owned by Phillips, Marshall & Co., 1,800,000 acrps ; heirs of CoL Murphy, 4,100,000 acres ; H. Dlstou, 12,000,000 acres ; Standard Oil Company, 1,000,- 000 acres ; and scores of others. Nine men own a territory eqnal to that of New Hampshire, Massachusetts and Rhode Island combined. Then there are great railroad corporations, whose free gifts of land from profligate con gresses amount to upward of 200,000,- 000 acres. Eleven of these corpora tions have been given 120,000,000 acres. The northern Pacific road lias received the biggest slice, 47,000,000, and the grants have ranged all the way from 1,000,000 acres and upwards. DRUNKARDS IN RUSSIA. How Intoxicated I'rrionmrc llexlt U Uh In the Cxar'i lluinlnloua. A gentleman who lias lived for sev eral years in St. Petersburg, Russia, said to a St. Louis Ulobe Denuxrrat attache In reference to the liquor traffic in that country: "There is no attempt at regulation, except that the government police, polizei, keep a sharp eyo on all the vendors of vodkl, and other intoxicat ing drinks. Tho dealer in Russian whisky is protected by tho law and is answerable to the law. He dare not make uso of his license to deal in vod ki as a blind for robbery. Such things as you Americans call 'dives' aro utterly unknown there. No man can be tempted to drunkenness and rol>- bery while in a drunken state without punishing the dealer, which means de privation of his license and a period of incarceration in jail with hard labor, followed, in extreme cases with a touch of the knout on his bare skin. The terror of this punishment makes each keeper of a vodki shop really a conservator of the peace; for, its soon as the liquor dealer sees that one of his customers is likely to get violently drunk, he turns him out on the street. And a man already drunk can get no more vodki." "Hut supjHJse the drunken man kicks up a row, what then?" "lie is taken in charge by the police and taken to the station-house. His punishment then follows as a matter of certainty. No matter whether he be rich or poor, whether he belong to the noble or to the working class, ho must serve eight hours in the street sweeping gang. At six o'clock in the morning succeeding his orgie, lie has offered to him a lump of bread and a glass of whisky. He may or may not accept of the proffered uiuncipal hospitality, but when 7 o'clock strikes he has to go out on the street gang, and with broom and spade make the Nevskoi IVwspekt, or any other street he may work on, as clean as a new pin." "Hut do they make no difference 1k tween gentlemen and workmen?" "None whatever; yet there is a dif ference generally. The gentlemen who are found drunk on the streets at night, usually have black clothes. They aro marked on the back with a great white (Ireek cross, across big enough to be seen half a square away. The inoujik, or workmen class, who, at least in summer, are found with their dirty white shirts covering their shoulders, are marked with an equally conspicuous black cross. This is the only difference, and, if a gentleman l>o with white or light-colons] clothing on him, he gets, also, the black cross They arc all classed as drunkards, and treated without reference to their rank." "Hut you said these men have to do eighth hours' work on the street I)o you mean that they are kept eight hours without any rest?" "No; the street-sweeping gangs arc accompanied by wagons, which carry the tools, something like your hood lum wagons, and they also carry pro visions. At 12 o'clock, noon, each gang is halt id, and from the wagon is offered to each individual, a second lump of bread, accompanied by a Dant zig herring. This luxurious fare can be eaten or left, just as it suits the principal parties concerned. Tho tnou jiks all grasp at the offered food; occa sionally you will see a gentleman in dignantly spurn it. Hut all have got to go to work again as soon as the gong sounds, and they must work three hours longer. At the end of the eight hour the w agon comes along and picks up the tools and material that belong to the government, and the order is given to the drunkards to scatter. They go off; they have been thoroughly punished for the indiscretion of a night, and the streets of St. I'cters. burg W-neflt by the indiscretion." Blowing Ills Trumpet, The following, which is a verbal translation of a Chinese ink maker's shop-bill equals anything in puffing— an art now brought to astonishing perfection. "At the shop Tae-shlng (prosperous in the extreme) —very good ink ; fine! fine! Ancient shop, great grandfather, grandfather, father and self, make this ink ; fine and hard, very hard ; picked with care, aelccU-d with attention. I sell very good ink, prime cost is very. This ink is heavy ; so is gold. The eyo of the dragon glitters and dazzles, so does this ink. No one makes like lb Others who make ink, make it for the sake of ac cumulating hnse coin and c I teat, while I make it only for a name. Plenty of A-kwan-tsaes (gentlemen) know my ink—my family never cheated—they have always Itorne a good name. I make it for the 'Son of Heaven,' and all the mandarins in the empire. As the roar of tho tiger extends to every place, so does the fame of the 'dragon's jewel' (meaning his Ink). Come, all A-kwan-tsaes, come to my shop, and ace the sign Tae-shlng at tho sldo of the door. It 1m Seuou-shwuy street (Small Water street), outside the south gate." FIGHT WITH A CUTTLE FISH. An Old 4arftii<l Iftniiks I UhrrinKii'i Toukli Yarn. "Yo seo, I shipped for a crulHo on tho codder Laughin' Dolly, for no pay and a share o* tho proceeds. We sail ed from Gloucester and had tolerable luck; then gettin' aout o' halt, we put intew Hare Hay—that's on tho coast o Newfoundland —and 1 reckon wo jest got in In time, for it let on tew blow from the east'ard and banged and ham mered for a like o' three days. At the end o' that time we got the water butt intew the dory and me and my mate, Long Tom Slgstree, pulled in for a lit tie cove to lu'ard, where it was smooth water and good landin*. In we went a hoop in', when Jest as we were goin' through the gut o'the cove it kinder shoaliMl like and we come to with rush, ami we were broadside outer the worst lookin' creetur yer ever see or heard on. "First I thought it was a spider; its arms was a-iiyin' in the air over us and some a-hangin' on tew the boat, and the cretnr secmeil to Is- actually a-try in' tew come aboard. Ye see, it had grounded on the shoal and we'd plump ed right intew it, and I'm a master hand at sight seein', but I was took all a-back, and the first I knew one of its arms was around the oar. Whish! came another, takin' Long Tom around the the boot andyankin' him clean off his feet. He whipped aout his knife and rut it off, and it fell in the lmat, o twist in' jest like a snake. Another came a-llyin' along, and took me in the neck, cuttin' jest like a knife, and ai," this time we wur a-whackin' and jam- ! min* at the creetur t<i keep him aout of the boat. Hut its legs was kivered with suckers and it kinder came on. Itight l>etween the legs we saw a pair o' bills a-workin' up and daown jest liks tliese are, while the creetur was a purnpin' ink and water from a sort o* spout jest like a steam engine, so't we was black from head to foot and the water all araound. I got my oar up like a harjtoon, and was jest goin' to jam it In the head, when a wave took the dory, gave her a lift, and over she went, rhurkin' me right intew the cro tur, and I'll swan to life I never was So tear meetin' Davy Jones before or sence. I tried to jump clear, but the D.at knocked me damn, and theiirst I knew I felt n grip on my Iwot and I ■ see the animal had me by the leg; bit ■ lean through leather, leg and all, and for a minute 1 was all wound np, and I reckon if it warn't for Tom I'd liecn cleaned aout sure. The water wasn't over two feet, and he jumped clear o' the cretur, and then shovin the Ixiat clear he jammed the squid in the he.ul with an <ar four or five times and hauled me aout, and yaou can let yer port money 1 was a physical wreck so far as looks goes- all scratched up. "Wall, we righted the boat, and then ( I was bound tew see the creetur; so we dragged it in shore and spread j her aout, and how long do you reck- , on it was? Forty-eight feet tew an inch, and the worst lookin' thing 1 ever clapped my eyes on. The t Iy was jest like a big bag, aliout twelve foot long and soft like jelly. The tail looked like the tluke of an anchor, but the head was what took me. The eyei on it were black and a* big as saucers, and from around 'cm branched off ten i legs, kivered on one side with suckers, j with edges of 'ein jest like razors and j saws, and every time one struck ye a kind of air-pump pisten arrangement , sucked the air aout and pressed the sucker right Intew ye. Two of th arms was the longest—l reckon ahaout thirty foot nnd it was them the creo tur wns hangin' by when we ran afoul o' him—kinder swingin' by "em like hawsers. Wall, tew make a long story short, I was laid up for a couple o' weeks with the bite on my leg, and 1 reckon 1 can show some o' the scratch in' yet We cut the animal up for bait and it filled abaout ten good cod tulw, and must have weighed 1,800 pounds." —l'hiUultlphia Timrt. Hot the Mall float "Please, sir, is this the mail lioat?" inquired a lady holding a letter in her hand, of a gentleman who was stand ing on the deck of a Mississippi steam er. "I guess not madame," replied the gen tleman. somewhat embarrassed; "I just heard the captain say she would leave in half an hour, so I guess it must bo a female lx>at."— Statesman. ' • "*■" The immense crematory in Home la in almost daily use. Cremation la daily becoming more popular, and bids fair soon to dispose of more corpse* in tho Italian capital than old fashioned burial. LADIES' DEPARTMENT. Wood (or Ihbr. /fere Is something for tho young mother who must tend baby and sew; Make a large square pillow, and for this, hen's feathers will answer if the feathers of tho goose are too expen sive; cover It with bright colored cali co or bits of cretonne; when completed lay It on the floor and put baby on It on his stomach. He will amuse him self in many ways, and often learn his first lessons in creeping here. He will lie and pull or kick at tho flowers on the carpet, and will kick and roll and gain strength in his limbs; and an occasional accident caused by bis get ting too near the edge will not affright a baby who has proper spirit aud de termination. .rnti<t|,nrriit*. Nobody who has been active and useful enjoys the feeling of being laid on the shelf. Grandfather's step Is uncertain, his arm less vigorous than of old, but be possesses a rich treasure of experience, and lie likes to lie con sulted. It is bis privilege to give ad vice, his privilege too at times to go Into the field and work with the young est, renewing his youth as be keeps bravely up with hearty men not half his age. Grandmother does not want to be left out of the household work. When the days come for pickling and preserving, and the domestic force is pressed into the service, who so eager as she? It is cruel to overrule her de cisions, to j .lit her aside lieeause "she will be tired." Df course Hbe Will Is; tired, but she will enjoy the fatigue, and rest the sooner for the thought that she is still of use in the world Almkaii Women. The matrons of high fashion and the swell damsels of the Thlinket trils* never make a canoe voyage without smearing themselves well with the black dye that they get from a certain wild root of the woods, or with a paste uf soot and seal oil. On sunny and windy days on shore they protect them selves from tan and sunburn by this lame inky coating, (in feast days and the great oecashins, when they wash off the black, their complexions come out as fair and creamy white as the palest of their Japanese cousins across the water, and the women are then wen to la* some six shades light er than the tan-colored and coffee-col ored lords of their tribe. The sitwi tnen woman at Juneau wore a thin calico dress and a thick, blue blanket. IL r feet were bare, but she was cotn pensated for that loss of gear by the turkey red parasol that she poised over head with all the complacency of a Mount Des< rt belle. She hail blacked her fare to the edge of her eyebrows and the roots of her hair; she wore the full parure of silver nose ring, lip ring, and car-rings, with five silver bracelets on < aeh wrist, and fifteen rings orna menting her bronze lingers, and a more thoroughly proud and self-satisfied creature never arrayed herself accord ing to the !>ehosts of high fashion. Tin >♦ Homin IjTr-Wtorl> ll.port.r. Miss Middle Morgan, the much written-alxiut liw-st<k reporter of the Timet and /frrohl, says a New York letter, has bought a lot of prop erty at Maten Island and is going to build a cottage there. The cellar Is already dug and the foundation stones are laid, but the work has got no fur ther ali-ng for several months. Miss Morgan is a specialist, so she is well paid for her work. If she should tlrike, she would, no doubt, get what ho demandid at onre, for It would he hard to find even a man to take her place. 1 have not the pleasure of Miss Morgan's acquaintance, but I have seen hei hundreds of times and heard her talk. She has a rlrh Irish hrogue and talks very well She is quite a lady, and tramping alout the stork-yards of Communipaw has not roldied her of any refinement So far as appearance goes she looks rough, not so murh her face as her dress and figure; but she is as gentle, 1 am told by those who know her, as tho most delicately-nurtured lielle, and, I have no doubt, a great deal more tender hearted; but you wouldn't think so to see her lunging about in her short skirts and big shoes, utterly oblivious to the gaping crowd. I ft.Moii Mnte*. Fashes remain in favor. The foulards are very handsome and stylish. Children now wear Mack stockings on all occasions. A passing fancy is to have a bed spread of cretonne. Plain white flannel remains In favor for boating purposes. A novelty In liedsprcwla are covers of Turkish toweling. Lambrequins are as diverse In style <nd material as are draperies. A "velvet season" is predicted for the fall and winter season of 1888-4. Yellow ranges in all shades from pale canary to amber and gold brown. F'rench grays, drabs, browns and garnet are colors most talked about now. Straight portieres of crash, worked In outline embroidery, are used for bed rooms. For travelling and ueful wear, fine cloths with narrow lines and checks are proper. One form of engagement ring con alHt of a circle of Hmall diamonds and sapphires alternating. It is claimed that all dances will soon go out of fashion, with the ex ception of the waltz and plain qua drille. Tho small capote and crescent shaped bonnets will be much worn in the fall. Each dress will have its par ticular hat Some pretty auburn 1 sin nets have appeared In plaited dull-gold Cord, edged with gathered velvet ar-1 trimm ed with rings. Some of the women at the hotels at Long ('.ranch this year are trying to introduce the fashion of using naint and powder again. Tin- bird craze has come again. All varieties of the feathered tribe are in demand, from pigeons, sea gulls and paroquets to birds of paradise. New laces are offering in white, cream and Ma' k-and-tan shades. There are, also, lace* that show emljossed silk figures on net backgrounds. French women are exhibiting some striking costumes at the .•■ea shore— such as gowns, < mbroidcrcd and i*,nt ed over with coeks and partridges in the size and natural colors. The fashion for buckles as orna ments on dresses and bonnets, Is in creasing. Steel apj-ears to be the fa vorite material for those, though bead ed and chenile effects are also shown. Jerseys continue G fl|ow in popular favor. Good silk ones can now l>e bought for a song, and they are most convenient and economical, as they can !< worn with almost any under skirt The lace and embroidered yokes worn this summer by women and girls on the majority of their morning dress es are decidedly vulgar, as they do not cover as much of the bust as is neces sary for decency. Rough-and-ready straw hats in white, crimson and blue, trimmed with white mull, dotted Swiss, gauze, veil ing, and sometimes rosettes of narrow satin ribl-on. are still much worn at all seaside and mountain resorts. Hats or 1 sin nets ar>- not worn at all at any of the fashionable seaside re s' rts after 6 o'clock in the evening. The women cover their brainless heads with fancy lace hoods and pretty "fas cinators'' crocheted eiut of Iceland wooL Sunlit Rooms. No article of furniture should IK- put in a room that will not stand sunlight for every room in a dwelling should have the windows so arranged that sometime during tho day a Hood of sunlight w-ill force its. If into the apart ment. The importance of admitting the light freely to all parts of our dwelling canned lo too highly estimat ed. Indeed, perfect health is nearly as dependent on pure sunlight as it is on pure air. Funlight should never be uncomfortable to the eyes, and walks should ix> in bright sunlight, so that the eyes are protected by veil or jiara sol when Inconveniently Intense. A sun-bath Is of more importance in pro serving a healthful condition of the liodv than is generally understood. It costs nothing, and that is a misfortune, for people are deluded with the idea that those things ran only !>e good and useful which cost money. But remein -Ier that pure water, fresh air and sun lit homes, kept free from dampness, will secure you from many heavy bills of the doctors, and give you health and vigor, which no money could procure. It is an established fact that |>eople who live much in the sun are usually stronger and more healthy than th.e whose occupations deprive them of sunlight And certainly there is noth ing strange in the result, since the same law applies with equal force to nearly every animate thing in nature. It is quite easy to arrange an isolated dwelling so that every room In it may be flooded with sunlight some time in the day, and It Is possible that many town houses could he so built as to ad mit more light than they now receive. A Regular Rather. "You must bathe regularly," said a physician, gravely, as he looked at the patient's tongue and felt his pulse. "Hut, doctor, I do," returned the sick man, "I go in swimming regularly every Fourth of July." THE PAHILT DOCTOR. SIM-LA ELTXIU.—A very pleasant vehicle for the administration of medi* clnes which are to be given in solution 1h prepared by mixing together two llnid ounces each of orange-flower water and simple syrup, adding half • fluid ounce of alcohol to preserve, and coloring with two drachma of com' pound tincture of cardamona. Thli will be found of service to tlie ooon> try physician who is obliged to dJ pense ids own medicine. A NATIONAL LACK.— Dr. Seldeo If. Talcott, superintendent of the New York state horuo-opathic asylum tot tiie insane, says that our national lack is that of recuperating sleep. Against the use of the so-called hypnotics is massive doses he protests, because the temporary benefits are heavily dis counted by the evil effects which al most always follow. Two conditions oppose the requirements of sleep* These are hyperemia of the brain— stimulating it to undue activity, and playing the part of a whip and spot to a tired horse—and the opposite <A hypern mia, excessive cerebral an* mi*. To relieve the former by rational methods, the blood forces muat l>e en ticed away from "their j>ersistent aa aaults ujsin the cranial fortress." Thli can best Irf. accomplished by filling ths stomach with solid food, thus"furnish ing t* rnporazy engagement for the pugilistic globules on other fields." The food Bhould le of the coarseal and plainest, else tin* remedy mighl produce an aggravation. Bhould ex oeasive arm-rnia exist, and a stab? ol nerve irritability and trepidation b€ thus produced, take liquid food, such as hot milk, beef tea, and hr ths, about an hour lx-f< re sleep is intended. Thil is of peculiar \alue to persona of ind entary habits, to those who take too little exercise, and to those who suffel from imperfect circulation. Bleep may usually be obtained, after a hard and irritating day's work, by a warm bath, a cold douche, and a brisk rut> bing following that, just previous to retiring for the night. Fresh ail should lu- freely supplied in every sleeping room; x< t the sleeper should l>e protected from even moderate draughts; for these, though apparently slight at first, w ill produce chillinma of on?- portion of the i-ody, while an other may le overheated, and thus a disturbing inequality of circulation ensues. Ibda should be firm in tex lure, level, and well elevated from the floor, for tiius complete circulation around the 1-ed is secured. A I/ocnst Intadon. Wonderful is the account of a locust invasion of Syria, as related by Dr William Thomson. He tells how, in the early spring, a living squadron— the pi ne<rs of the vast army—passed over the land, leaving it thickly sown with their ggs, lying in little maase% cemmted together, scattered all ovef fields, plain, and desert ground. Thil done, these harbingers of woe van ished; but within a couple of months the very dust seemed to awaken to life and to creep. Soon these infini tesimal moving atoms developed into minute grasshoppers, who began tlieif destructive existence, all moving for ward in one general direction, a creep ing. jumping mass of living particles- I>r. Thomson describes his first view of this phenomenon. He was riding near Fuliyeh, when it struck him thai the side of the hill had a peculiar ap pearance. Riding up to it, to his amazement, the whole surface became agitated, and began to roll downward. His horse was so frightened that be had to dismount. Then he perceived that this animated dust was composed of myriads of minute locusts, so young that they could not. even jump; but in their infantile alarm they rolled over and over, producing an effect like the movement of fluid mortar. . tin another occasion he rode through a district where the work of extirpa tion was going on. It was near the plain of Acre, and a swarm of locuste had overrun the whole region. The governor of Kabul hail summoned every man. woman, and child in the neighborhood to lend their aid in the conirtion cause. The foe had not yet grown tlieir wings, and. bciug unable to fly, were compelled to run in what ever direction they were driven. So the ]eople formed a vast circle, locat ing the bushes and shouting, in order to frighten the insect host and drive them toward an isolated hill covered with dry grasa Soon the hill luraine black with the countless myriads which thronged it. Then the grass was set on fire in different places, and tfie (lames, fanned by a strong breeze, soon spread over the whole hill, filling the air with an overpowering smell of roast locust The same ("juration was performed at many different points in the neighborhood, with very excellent results. —Stntteenth Century.