Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, October 11, 1883, Image 7

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Tho complete destruction of tho
carcasses of animals that have died of
contagious diseases is recommended
by M. Girard. He would dissolve the
bodies In cold, concentrated sulphuric
Tho Russian geographical society
has received a list of the localities
along the coast of north-eastern
Siberia where human beings may bo
found at different seasons of the year.
It is hopixl that tho uso of this list by
future explorers may enable them to
escape the s:ul fate of Lieut DoLong
and his companions.
Mr. J. E. Mitchell, in the Journal of
tho Frnnklin Institute, says about tho
grindstone: "All nations uso it, and It
is perhaps with all, the cno piece of
mechanism that hears tho same form
and is the same in principle. Moro or
less directly it takes part in tho great
est modern material enterprises; it has
no doubt assisted to fashion the imple
ments of many of the lost arts, and is,
still needed in many of tho require
ments of the arts of the present day."
Professor Huxley maintains that in
fishing districts an acre of sea was
more profuse in food production than
an acre of land. Salmon river re
quired protection. But in tho case of
the great sea the circumstances were
entirely different. He believed thnt
the cod, herring, pilchard, mackerel
and similar fisheries were inexhausti
ble, and were entirely beyond the con
trul of man either to diminish tho
number of fish or to increase them by
Dr. John C. Thompson writes to the
London papers to point out what
ought to have been a well-known
fact to Captain Webb. or any other ex
perienced swimmer, that human
strength or skill is of absolutely no
use in foaming water, where the num
ber of air bubbles is necessarily so
great as to reduce the gravity of the
water sufficiently to make it impossi
ble for the strongest swimmer to sup
port himself. Had this consideration
received due weight Captain Webb's
attempt might never have been made.
A curious facr about water is that it
is the metal known as hydrogenium.
When oxygen combines with iron it
forms a reddish rust, and the metal
becomes in time disintegrated. In this
condition it is said to be oxydized. Now
water is simply oxydized hydrogenium.
This metal is present in the sun and
all the planets in enormous quantities.
Indeed it is said that the hmnan lody
Is composed of five and a half pails of
water, mingled with some lime, iron,
and certain salts. Chemistry has re*
vealed to us many marvels, but none
greater than the composition of com
mon water.— Dt more.it.
Naming a Lake.
Tears ago, it was discovered that a
certain lake which had long lieen con
sidered the heal of the Mississippi, had
no claim to that honor. The explorers
found a new and smaller lake from
which the great river took its rise. A
discussion arose as to what name would
be appropriate for it. The story is
that it was decided in this way:
"Let's make a new name by coining
a word," said an old voyager. "Some
of you larned ones tell me what is the
Latin for true."
"Veritas," answered a scholar.
"Weil, now, what is Latin for
head ?"
"Now write the two words together
by syllables."
The scholar wrote on a strip of
birch-hark, "Veritas caput"
"Read it"
The five syllables were read.
"Now drop the first and last sylla
bles and you'll have a good name for
this lake." And "Itasca" it waa
American Landed Principalities.
It is astonishing, says the Troy
Time*, what large farms in tho United
States are owned by titled Englishmen.
Of individual owners there aro Sir
George Iteed, 2,000,000 acres ; Earl of
Dnnmore, 100,000 acres ; Earl of Dun
raven, 60,000 acres; Duke of Suther
land, 100,(X); the next largest farms
are owned by Phillips, Marshall & Co.,
1,800,000 acrps ; heirs of CoL Murphy,
4,100,000 acres ; H. Dlstou, 12,000,000
acres ; Standard Oil Company, 1,000,-
000 acres ; and scores of others. Nine
men own a territory eqnal to that of
New Hampshire, Massachusetts and
Rhode Island combined. Then there
are great railroad corporations, whose
free gifts of land from profligate con
gresses amount to upward of 200,000,-
000 acres. Eleven of these corpora
tions have been given 120,000,000 acres.
The northern Pacific road lias received
the biggest slice, 47,000,000, and the
grants have ranged all the way from
1,000,000 acres and upwards.
How Intoxicated I'rrionmrc llexlt U Uh
In the Cxar'i lluinlnloua.
A gentleman who lias lived for sev
eral years in St. Petersburg, Russia,
said to a St. Louis Ulobe Denuxrrat
attache In reference to the liquor traffic
in that country:
"There is no attempt at regulation,
except that the government police,
polizei, keep a sharp eyo on all the
vendors of vodkl, and other intoxicat
ing drinks. Tho dealer in Russian
whisky is protected by tho law and is
answerable to the law. He dare not
make uso of his license to deal in vod
ki as a blind for robbery. Such
things as you Americans call 'dives'
aro utterly unknown there. No man
can be tempted to drunkenness and rol>-
bery while in a drunken state without
punishing the dealer, which means de
privation of his license and a period of
incarceration in jail with hard labor,
followed, in extreme cases with a
touch of the knout on his bare skin.
The terror of this punishment makes
each keeper of a vodki shop really a
conservator of the peace; for, its soon
as the liquor dealer sees that one of his
customers is likely to get violently
drunk, he turns him out on the street.
And a man already drunk can get no
more vodki."
"Hut supjHJse the drunken man kicks
up a row, what then?"
"lie is taken in charge by the police
and taken to the station-house. His
punishment then follows as a matter
of certainty. No matter whether he
be rich or poor, whether he belong to
the noble or to the working class, ho
must serve eight hours in the street
sweeping gang. At six o'clock in the
morning succeeding his orgie, lie has
offered to him a lump of bread and a
glass of whisky. He may or may
not accept of the proffered uiuncipal
hospitality, but when 7 o'clock strikes
he has to go out on the street gang,
and with broom and spade make the
Nevskoi IVwspekt, or any other street
he may work on, as clean as a new
"Hut do they make no difference 1k
tween gentlemen and workmen?"
"None whatever; yet there is a dif
ference generally. The gentlemen
who are found drunk on the streets at
night, usually have black clothes.
They aro marked on the back with a
great white (Ireek cross, across big
enough to be seen half a square away.
The inoujik, or workmen class, who,
at least in summer, are found with
their dirty white shirts covering their
shoulders, are marked with an equally
conspicuous black cross. This is the
only difference, and, if a gentleman l>o
with white or light-colons] clothing on
him, he gets, also, the black cross
They arc all classed as drunkards, and
treated without reference to their
"Hut you said these men have to do
eighth hours' work on the street I)o
you mean that they are kept eight
hours without any rest?"
"No; the street-sweeping gangs arc
accompanied by wagons, which carry
the tools, something like your hood
lum wagons, and they also carry pro
visions. At 12 o'clock, noon, each
gang is halt id, and from the wagon is
offered to each individual, a second
lump of bread, accompanied by a Dant
zig herring. This luxurious fare can
be eaten or left, just as it suits the
principal parties concerned. Tho tnou
jiks all grasp at the offered food; occa
sionally you will see a gentleman in
dignantly spurn it. Hut all have got
to go to work again as soon as the
gong sounds, and they must work
three hours longer. At the end of the
eight hour the w agon comes along and
picks up the tools and material that
belong to the government, and the order
is given to the drunkards to scatter.
They go off; they have been thoroughly
punished for the indiscretion of a
night, and the streets of St. I'cters.
burg W-neflt by the indiscretion."
Blowing Ills Trumpet,
The following, which is a verbal
translation of a Chinese ink maker's
shop-bill equals anything in puffing—
an art now brought to astonishing
perfection. "At the shop Tae-shlng
(prosperous in the extreme) —very
good ink ; fine! fine! Ancient shop,
great grandfather, grandfather, father
and self, make this ink ; fine and hard,
very hard ; picked with care, aelccU-d
with attention. I sell very good ink,
prime cost is very. This ink is heavy ;
so is gold. The eyo of the dragon
glitters and dazzles, so does this ink.
No one makes like lb Others who
make ink, make it for the sake of ac
cumulating hnse coin and c I teat, while
I make it only for a name. Plenty of
A-kwan-tsaes (gentlemen) know my
ink—my family never cheated—they
have always Itorne a good name. I
make it for the 'Son of Heaven,' and
all the mandarins in the empire. As
the roar of tho tiger extends to every
place, so does the fame of the 'dragon's
jewel' (meaning his Ink). Come, all
A-kwan-tsaes, come to my shop, and ace
the sign Tae-shlng at tho sldo of the
door. It 1m Seuou-shwuy street (Small
Water street), outside the south gate."
An Old 4arftii<l Iftniiks I UhrrinKii'i
Toukli Yarn.
"Yo seo, I shipped for a crulHo on
tho codder Laughin' Dolly, for no pay
and a share o* tho proceeds. We sail
ed from Gloucester and had tolerable
luck; then gettin' aout o' halt, we put
intew Hare Hay—that's on tho coast o
Newfoundland —and 1 reckon wo jest
got in In time, for it let on tew blow
from the east'ard and banged and ham
mered for a like o' three days. At the
end o' that time we got the water butt
intew the dory and me and my mate,
Long Tom Slgstree, pulled in for a lit
tie cove to lu'ard, where it was smooth
water and good landin*. In we went
a hoop in', when Jest as we were goin'
through the gut o'the cove it kinder
shoaliMl like and we come to with
rush, ami we were broadside outer the
worst lookin' creetur yer ever see or
heard on.
"First I thought it was a spider; its
arms was a-iiyin' in the air over us and
some a-hangin' on tew the boat, and
the cretnr secmeil to Is- actually a-try
in' tew come aboard. Ye see, it had
grounded on the shoal and we'd plump
ed right intew it, and I'm a master
hand at sight seein', but I was took all
a-back, and the first I knew one of its
arms was around the oar. Whish! came
another, takin' Long Tom around the
the boot andyankin' him clean off his
feet. He whipped aout his knife and
rut it off, and it fell in the lmat, o
twist in' jest like a snake. Another
came a-llyin' along, and took me in the
neck, cuttin' jest like a knife, and ai,"
this time we wur a-whackin' and jam- !
min* at the creetur t<i keep him aout of
the boat. Hut its legs was kivered
with suckers and it kinder came on.
Itight l>etween the legs we saw a pair
o' bills a-workin' up and daown jest
liks tliese are, while the creetur was a
purnpin' ink and water from a sort o*
spout jest like a steam engine, so't we
was black from head to foot and the
water all araound. I got my oar up
like a harjtoon, and was jest goin' to
jam it In the head, when a wave took
the dory, gave her a lift, and over she
went, rhurkin' me right intew the cro
tur, and I'll swan to life I never was
So tear meetin' Davy Jones before or
sence. I tried to jump clear, but the
D.at knocked me damn, and theiirst I
knew I felt n grip on my Iwot and I ■
see the animal had me by the leg; bit
■ lean through leather, leg and all, and
for a minute 1 was all wound np,
and I reckon if it warn't for Tom
I'd liecn cleaned aout sure. The
water wasn't over two feet, and he
jumped clear o' the cretur, and then
shovin the Ixiat clear he jammed the
squid in the he.ul with an <ar four
or five times and hauled me aout,
and yaou can let yer port money 1
was a physical wreck so far as looks
goes- all scratched up.
"Wall, we righted the boat, and then (
I was bound tew see the creetur; so
we dragged it in shore and spread j
her aout, and how long do you reck- ,
on it was? Forty-eight feet tew an
inch, and the worst lookin' thing 1
ever clapped my eyes on. The t Iy
was jest like a big bag, aliout twelve
foot long and soft like jelly. The tail
looked like the tluke of an anchor, but
the head was what took me. The eyei
on it were black and a* big as saucers,
and from around 'cm branched off ten i
legs, kivered on one side with suckers, j
with edges of 'ein jest like razors and j
saws, and every time one struck ye a
kind of air-pump pisten arrangement ,
sucked the air aout and pressed the
sucker right Intew ye. Two of th
arms was the longest—l reckon ahaout
thirty foot nnd it was them the creo
tur wns hangin' by when we ran afoul
o' him—kinder swingin' by "em like
hawsers. Wall, tew make a long story
short, I was laid up for a couple o'
weeks with the bite on my leg, and 1
reckon 1 can show some o' the scratch
in' yet We cut the animal up for bait
and it filled abaout ten good cod tulw,
and must have weighed 1,800 pounds."
—l'hiUultlphia Timrt.
Hot the Mall float
"Please, sir, is this the mail lioat?"
inquired a lady holding a letter in her
hand, of a gentleman who was stand
ing on the deck of a Mississippi steam
"I guess not madame," replied the gen
tleman. somewhat embarrassed; "I
just heard the captain say she would
leave in half an hour, so I guess it
must bo a female lx>at."— Statesman.
' • "*■"
The immense crematory in Home la
in almost daily use. Cremation la
daily becoming more popular, and
bids fair soon to dispose of more
corpse* in tho Italian capital than old
fashioned burial.
Wood (or Ihbr.
/fere Is something for tho young
mother who must tend baby and sew;
Make a large square pillow, and for
this, hen's feathers will answer if the
feathers of tho goose are too expen
sive; cover It with bright colored cali
co or bits of cretonne; when completed
lay It on the floor and put baby on It
on his stomach. He will amuse him
self in many ways, and often learn
his first lessons in creeping here. He
will lie and pull or kick at tho flowers
on the carpet, and will kick and roll
and gain strength in his limbs; and an
occasional accident caused by bis get
ting too near the edge will not affright
a baby who has proper spirit aud de
Nobody who has been active and
useful enjoys the feeling of being laid
on the shelf. Grandfather's step Is
uncertain, his arm less vigorous than
of old, but be possesses a rich treasure
of experience, and lie likes to lie con
sulted. It is bis privilege to give ad
vice, his privilege too at times to go
Into the field and work with the young
est, renewing his youth as be keeps
bravely up with hearty men not half
his age. Grandmother does not want
to be left out of the household work.
When the days come for pickling and
preserving, and the domestic force is
pressed into the service, who so eager
as she? It is cruel to overrule her de
cisions, to j .lit her aside lieeause "she
will be tired." Df course Hbe Will Is;
tired, but she will enjoy the fatigue,
and rest the sooner for the thought
that she is still of use in the world
Almkaii Women.
The matrons of high fashion and the
swell damsels of the Thlinket trils*
never make a canoe voyage without
smearing themselves well with the
black dye that they get from a certain
wild root of the woods, or with a paste
uf soot and seal oil. On sunny and
windy days on shore they protect them
selves from tan and sunburn by this
lame inky coating, (in feast days
and the great oecashins, when they
wash off the black, their complexions
come out as fair and creamy white as
the palest of their Japanese cousins
across the water, and the women are
then wen to la* some six shades light
er than the tan-colored and coffee-col
ored lords of their tribe. The sitwi
tnen woman at Juneau wore a thin
calico dress and a thick, blue blanket.
IL r feet were bare, but she was cotn
pensated for that loss of gear by the
turkey red parasol that she poised over
head with all the complacency of a
Mount Des< rt belle. She hail blacked
her fare to the edge of her eyebrows
and the roots of her hair; she wore the
full parure of silver nose ring, lip ring,
and car-rings, with five silver bracelets
on < aeh wrist, and fifteen rings orna
menting her bronze lingers, and a more
thoroughly proud and self-satisfied
creature never arrayed herself accord
ing to the !>ehosts of high fashion.
Tin >♦ Homin IjTr-Wtorl> ll.port.r.
Miss Middle Morgan, the much
written-alxiut liw-st<k reporter of
the Timet and /frrohl, says a New
York letter, has bought a lot of prop
erty at Maten Island and is going to
build a cottage there. The cellar Is
already dug and the foundation stones
are laid, but the work has got no fur
ther ali-ng for several months. Miss
Morgan is a specialist, so she is well
paid for her work. If she should
tlrike, she would, no doubt, get what
ho demandid at onre, for It would he
hard to find even a man to take her
place. 1 have not the pleasure of
Miss Morgan's acquaintance, but I
have seen hei hundreds of times and
heard her talk. She has a rlrh Irish
hrogue and talks very well She is
quite a lady, and tramping alout the
stork-yards of Communipaw has not
roldied her of any refinement So far
as appearance goes she looks rough,
not so murh her face as her dress and
figure; but she is as gentle, 1 am told
by those who know her, as tho most
delicately-nurtured lielle, and, I have
no doubt, a great deal more tender
hearted; but you wouldn't think so to
see her lunging about in her short
skirts and big shoes, utterly oblivious
to the gaping crowd.
I ft.Moii Mnte*.
Fashes remain in favor.
The foulards are very handsome and
Children now wear Mack stockings
on all occasions.
A passing fancy is to have a bed
spread of cretonne.
Plain white flannel remains In favor
for boating purposes.
A novelty In liedsprcwla are covers
of Turkish toweling.
Lambrequins are as diverse In style
<nd material as are draperies.
A "velvet season" is predicted for
the fall and winter season of 1888-4.
Yellow ranges in all shades from
pale canary to amber and gold brown.
F'rench grays, drabs, browns and
garnet are colors most talked about
Straight portieres of crash, worked In
outline embroidery, are used for bed
For travelling and ueful wear, fine
cloths with narrow lines and checks
are proper.
One form of engagement ring con
alHt of a circle of Hmall diamonds and
sapphires alternating.
It is claimed that all dances will
soon go out of fashion, with the ex
ception of the waltz and plain qua
Tho small capote and crescent
shaped bonnets will be much worn in
the fall. Each dress will have its par
ticular hat
Some pretty auburn 1 sin nets have
appeared In plaited dull-gold Cord,
edged with gathered velvet ar-1 trimm
ed with rings.
Some of the women at the hotels at
Long ('.ranch this year are trying to
introduce the fashion of using naint
and powder again.
Tin- bird craze has come again. All
varieties of the feathered tribe are in
demand, from pigeons, sea gulls and
paroquets to birds of paradise.
New laces are offering in white,
cream and Ma' k-and-tan shades. There
are, also, lace* that show emljossed silk
figures on net backgrounds.
French women are exhibiting some
striking costumes at the .•■ea shore—
such as gowns, < mbroidcrcd and i*,nt
ed over with coeks and partridges in
the size and natural colors.
The fashion for buckles as orna
ments on dresses and bonnets, Is in
creasing. Steel apj-ears to be the fa
vorite material for those, though bead
ed and chenile effects are also shown.
Jerseys continue G fl|ow in popular
favor. Good silk ones can now l>e
bought for a song, and they are most
convenient and economical, as they
can !< worn with almost any under
The lace and embroidered yokes
worn this summer by women and girls
on the majority of their morning dress
es are decidedly vulgar, as they do not
cover as much of the bust as is neces
sary for decency.
Rough-and-ready straw hats in
white, crimson and blue, trimmed with
white mull, dotted Swiss, gauze, veil
ing, and sometimes rosettes of narrow
satin ribl-on. are still much worn at
all seaside and mountain resorts.
Hats or 1 sin nets ar>- not worn at all
at any of the fashionable seaside re
s' rts after 6 o'clock in the evening.
The women cover their brainless heads
with fancy lace hoods and pretty "fas
cinators'' crocheted eiut of Iceland
Sunlit Rooms.
No article of furniture should IK- put
in a room that will not stand sunlight
for every room in a dwelling should
have the windows so arranged that
sometime during tho day a Hood of
sunlight w-ill force its. If into the apart
ment. The importance of admitting
the light freely to all parts of our
dwelling canned lo too highly estimat
ed. Indeed, perfect health is nearly as
dependent on pure sunlight as it is on
pure air. Funlight should never be
uncomfortable to the eyes, and walks
should ix> in bright sunlight, so that
the eyes are protected by veil or jiara
sol when Inconveniently Intense. A
sun-bath Is of more importance in pro
serving a healthful condition of the
liodv than is generally understood. It
costs nothing, and that is a misfortune,
for people are deluded with the idea
that those things ran only !>e good and
useful which cost money. But remein
-Ier that pure water, fresh air and sun
lit homes, kept free from dampness,
will secure you from many heavy bills
of the doctors, and give you health and
vigor, which no money could procure.
It is an established fact that |>eople
who live much in the sun are usually
stronger and more healthy than th.e
whose occupations deprive them of
sunlight And certainly there is noth
ing strange in the result, since the
same law applies with equal force to
nearly every animate thing in nature.
It is quite easy to arrange an isolated
dwelling so that every room In it may
be flooded with sunlight some time in
the day, and It Is possible that many
town houses could he so built as to ad
mit more light than they now receive.
A Regular Rather.
"You must bathe regularly," said
a physician, gravely, as he looked at
the patient's tongue and felt his pulse.
"Hut, doctor, I do," returned the sick
man, "I go in swimming regularly
every Fourth of July."
SIM-LA ELTXIU.—A very pleasant
vehicle for the administration of medi*
clnes which are to be given in solution
1h prepared by mixing together two
llnid ounces each of orange-flower
water and simple syrup, adding half •
fluid ounce of alcohol to preserve, and
coloring with two drachma of com'
pound tincture of cardamona. Thli
will be found of service to tlie ooon>
try physician who is obliged to dJ
pense ids own medicine.
If. Talcott, superintendent of the New
York state horuo-opathic asylum tot
tiie insane, says that our national lack
is that of recuperating sleep. Against
the use of the so-called hypnotics is
massive doses he protests, because the
temporary benefits are heavily dis
counted by the evil effects which al
most always follow. Two conditions
oppose the requirements of sleep*
These are hyperemia of the brain—
stimulating it to undue activity, and
playing the part of a whip and spot
to a tired horse—and the opposite <A
hypern mia, excessive cerebral an* mi*.
To relieve the former by rational
methods, the blood forces muat l>e en
ticed away from "their j>ersistent aa
aaults ujsin the cranial fortress." Thli
can best Irf. accomplished by filling ths
stomach with solid food, thus"furnish
ing t* rnporazy engagement for the
pugilistic globules on other fields."
The food Bhould le of the coarseal
and plainest, else tin* remedy mighl
produce an aggravation. Bhould ex
oeasive arm-rnia exist, and a stab? ol
nerve irritability and trepidation b€
thus produced, take liquid food, such
as hot milk, beef tea, and hr ths, about
an hour lx-f< re sleep is intended. Thil
is of peculiar \alue to persona of ind
entary habits, to those who take too
little exercise, and to those who suffel
from imperfect circulation. Bleep
may usually be obtained, after a hard
and irritating day's work, by a warm
bath, a cold douche, and a brisk rut>
bing following that, just previous to
retiring for the night. Fresh ail
should lu- freely supplied in every
sleeping room; x< t the sleeper should
l>e protected from even moderate
draughts; for these, though apparently
slight at first, w ill produce chillinma
of on?- portion of the i-ody, while an
other may le overheated, and thus a
disturbing inequality of circulation
ensues. Ibda should be firm in tex
lure, level, and well elevated from the
floor, for tiius complete circulation
around the 1-ed is secured.
A I/ocnst Intadon.
Wonderful is the account of a locust
invasion of Syria, as related by Dr
William Thomson. He tells how, in
the early spring, a living squadron—
the pi ne<rs of the vast army—passed
over the land, leaving it thickly sown
with their ggs, lying in little maase%
cemmted together, scattered all ovef
fields, plain, and desert ground. Thil
done, these harbingers of woe van
ished; but within a couple of months
the very dust seemed to awaken to
life and to creep. Soon these infini
tesimal moving atoms developed into
minute grasshoppers, who began tlieif
destructive existence, all moving for
ward in one general direction, a creep
ing. jumping mass of living particles-
I>r. Thomson describes his first view
of this phenomenon. He was riding
near Fuliyeh, when it struck him thai
the side of the hill had a peculiar ap
pearance. Riding up to it, to his
amazement, the whole surface became
agitated, and began to roll downward.
His horse was so frightened that be
had to dismount. Then he perceived
that this animated dust was composed
of myriads of minute locusts, so young
that they could not. even jump; but in
their infantile alarm they rolled over
and over, producing an effect like the
movement of fluid mortar.
. tin another occasion he rode through
a district where the work of extirpa
tion was going on. It was near the
plain of Acre, and a swarm of locuste
had overrun the whole region. The
governor of Kabul hail summoned
every man. woman, and child in the
neighborhood to lend their aid in the
conirtion cause. The foe had not yet
grown tlieir wings, and. bciug unable
to fly, were compelled to run in what
ever direction they were driven. So
the ]eople formed a vast circle, locat
ing the bushes and shouting, in order
to frighten the insect host and drive
them toward an isolated hill covered
with dry grasa Soon the hill luraine
black with the countless myriads which
thronged it. Then the grass was set
on fire in different places, and tfie
(lames, fanned by a strong breeze, soon
spread over the whole hill, filling the
air with an overpowering smell of
roast locust The same ("juration was
performed at many different points in
the neighborhood, with very excellent
results. —Stntteenth Century.