Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, March 29, 1883, Image 1

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    NIII'UKKT Ac VAN ORMKR, Editor*.
VOL. 5.
Cht tTrnfrc §rmoat.
Terms St.ftO per Annum.ln Advance
8. T. SHUOERT A J. R. VAN ORMER, Editors.
Thursday Moraine, March 29, 1883.
Centro County Democratic Com
mittee for 1883.
tiwllrfont* N. W. J. M. KHrlilin* lWII*fnU.
S. W. Ch**. Hmltli ..
W. W. M. A
1 1 * ■ w-t r*l In\ l*tli*r ..llnwuM
Milsmbiiri " I' Jonrt Mllfiol'UriC.
s!llhrim " fl' ' MUlb-lm
lMiillplirx IW. U.U. Ilorhnssr IM>lllp>l-arfc.
• ■ W S.'l SrhmMl
•* .1 W. A. V. rrpciitrr... "
fnl.tinllle !"u. I'. J M<-l>n*M ..Kloming
Heeaei ivt. Wai ISilw tMlt-f.-ut--.
||. Frank T. A'lamn Mil—l ing.
Burn-Ms t| Ilnirjr Mix-ki-r I'lno Ulsnti
Coll-gr Iwp. John R>p la-nnirii
I nrlln iwi.. John Mi-Otwkrjr KoiiioU.
E.-r*ii>ii <> I- J T MrConutck -Uf, .|lrK
.. > |> I, \V Walkrr Uock Sprtl'it
ii, -^r .- Julio Coldrun S|irir>K M'U-.
X |> Win l.u~- ... Frm<-r Mill-
Mw li' l> a. Ww —''•••
W.l*. Geo. Bovrr Asiusabirg.
ruif Uonii IW|>. J 11 Ortmo Storm.l.mii.
Ilarri- twp. I' W M-y-r tV-olal'iim.
Honor,l twp John Glrnu Iloword.
tfliiotou t|> John 0 Mil'-- lullon.
l.ti'ott, top Join-* P l.imi BUnrhord.
Marine I J Uoj .Watkar ■
Miloo ip- Kllto K Shof-r Moilloonl.ur.-
I'ottou tup. Agn-w Rollrro Jr Slim- -'
p..an twp. I'. 11. S tor or Ooburii.
p ,„ rr sp l> J M. vi-r ... Crntrr Moll.
o S.l*. Sntnilt'l Slorh Til—ryrlll'*.
H,uh Nl' Wllltom I'lillrn IMiillpst-iir.:
S |> J.T KTIJ Sanity Rhlgo.
.-now shoo tot, Wm R Hoyor. Sm.w Snoo.
sprm* twp. K C. W...nl MMmW.
T-ivlor twp. Hrpl'UYn lllnw-ni lowlor.
In in a twp S K Km-rlrk Firming.
Wolkrr top J.n.ph Kmrrli k llutlrrotmrg
W rth twp M S -potto Cutt Moulds
W. MILS* W'/u.***.
Bn-rwisry •
IT is said that Tennessee pays a
pension ot SID a month on all her
citizens who lost one or both eyes in
the war, whether he fought in the
Federal or Confederate armies.
A SPECIES of wild potatoes has been
discovered on the table land- of Ara
zoua, and is represented as very rich
in flavor. It is to be made the subject
of experiment bv the State Agricul
tural society of California.
THE Stalwart Cameron party scores
a victory in Chester county. In the
nomination of n successor to Senator
Kverhart who has Ix'en elected to( 'in
gress, Harlan the Cameron candidate
carried off the prize by a decisive
THE Washington (D. C.) Gai'ttc
savs that the bravest man thai ever
lives! was one who blew a puff of to
bacco smoke in the face of eternity as
bin letter of introduction jut the in
-taut before he " shuffled off this mor
tal coil. "
THE snow-fall in North Carolina on
•Minday and Monday last was unpre
cedented. At (Jreensborough the
snow i- two feet deep on the level, and
at Heudcrson it is three feet. The
telegraph lines are down and many
hwuses have fallen under the we.gbt ol
the sot>w.
Gov. HCTI.EH, of Ma—achusetts,
means business. He expresses his
determination to go before a commit
tee raisetl by the legislature to investi
gate Ins charges against the manage
ment ot the charitable institutions of
that State in order to cross-examine
the witnesses.
THE Baltimore American finds in
the announcement that the Depart
ment of Justice is aliout to uniform
the marshals and deputies, aud that
the messengers and chasseurs of the
Treasury are to appear in livery, con
vincing evidence that Oscar Wilde
slid not come and lecture to us in vain.
KETIIBKPORO B. llAVfx.it appears,
is ambitious again to be governor of
Ohio. It is said he was in Cincinnati
a few days ago looking over the poli
tical situation, and while there was
guilty of an unusual extravagance hy
the venture of a whole five dollar note
to a politician to set up the pins and
treat the hoys.
THE wheat speculators are moving
early to raise price*. They report a
great shortness in the wheat crop for
the present year as compared with
that of last
previous to forecast the yield for 1883,
hut there is a large surplus on hand
in the west from last year's crop to be
worked off, honce the doleful predic
tions of failtirf for the present year.
Tin; cxcontric non-descripl who
head* the department of justice lit
Washington, in his second raid upon
the Democratic voters of South Caro
lina, is meeting with übout the same
success that mnrked his efforts last
year. The recent outrage perpetrated
on a number of peaceful citizens of
Clarendon county, and the result
ought to shame the Attorney General
into the propriety of employing de
cent agents to perform the dirty work,
or at least restrain those in his employ.
They were seized at their homes and
hurried awav without being permitted
to take a change of clothing or any
thing else necessary to health or com
fort. Hail was refused, aud they were
huddled into a jam like so many sheep.
A Charleston telegram of the 'J4III
instant gives the sequel to this most
disgraceful story. It says : "The pre
liminary examination of McFaddin,
Wheeler and other citizens of Claren
don county, charged with conspiracy
to intimidate Voters at the last elec
tion, was resumed here to-day before
I'nited States Commissioner t layer.
There being no evidence to sustain
the charge the commissioner dismissed
the case, and the prisoners were re
leased. These were the parties, the
circumstances of whose arrest created
some excitement in Clarendon county
a few days ago." It may be a good
thing for deputy marshals to make
fees, hut they must not lie permitted
to make them a- was done in this case
—by seizing unoffending citizen" and
carrying them away from their homes
to he arraigned and discharged be
cause there is "no evidence" agninst
them. This business can never be
stopped at a better time than just now.
THE remains of John Howard
Payne, the author of "Home, Sweet
Home," which arrival at New York
la-t week, has reached it- final rating
plaee iii Washington City. This has
been accomplished through the liln-r
--ality of .Mr. Corcoran, the emi
nent philanthropist of that city, who
intend- to have the remains interred
with appropriate ceremony u the
beautiful "Oak Hdl cemetery." At
present they are deposited 111 the
Chapel vault, but the eiT-monv which
will signalize the interment will not
take phi • • until the Mth of done.
Ir is |Mis-ihle, av- the Washington
ocea-ionallv to get a hint that i*
ttsehil to the Uemoern'ie party even
from MI unfair a paper a- the New-
York Trili'iif . Referring to lie-tariff
and the talk of further tarilf legisla
tion when the next Congress comes in,
the Tribune savs "Were it any other
party than the Democracy we should
feel no doubt in predicting that ordi
nary political sagacity would prevail
and they would leave the subject
severely alone till after 1884; but
judging the capacity for blundering
hy pat achievements we are inclined
to think they will take the question
up promptly upon the reassembling of
Congress." The "capacity for blunder
ing" was on the other side, to a pheno
menal extent, during the Forty seventh
Congress. The Democratic record on
the tariff during both sessions is all
that the most sagacious Democratic
politician could desire. The deep-land
scheme of Kclley At ( o. to do nothing,
and to make the Democrats appear to
have defeated legislation, was foiled
by superb management. The Repub
licans were compelled to pass a bill,
and the obligations of Republican
Senators and members to various
monopolies required them to make the
hill just what it is—a load that the
party cannot carry. The sagacity
that prevailed in Democratic councils
during the last Congress is not likely
to lie wanting next wiuter, and the
desire of the Itepuhiiran managers to
have the Democratic House rush into
a tariff struggle will not, we confident
ly believe, be gratified. The Demo
crats will wait till they can do some
thing before making au attempt to do
anything on the great question of tarifT
IN the House of Representatives on
Friday last, the ('ongrcssionul ap
portionment hill came up on second
reading. Tho Republicans offered ft
substitute which was rejected by a vote
of !•!• to li~. The bill then passed
second reading. It gives the Repub
licans fifteen districts and the Demo
crats thirteen. The legislative appor
tionment bill also passed second read
ing by a decisive majority, after a
spirited debate indicating very clearly
that it i- not the purp<>o of the Re
publicans to permit the passage of any
apportionment hill during the present
session of the legislature, if they can
prevent it. They have u majority in
the Senate—the present apportion
ment, which i- a discreditable gerry
mander of the state, they are perfectly
satisfied with —and will doubtless re
sist to the last any change that would
give to the Democratic party that just
equality of representation to which
they are entitled in all decency by
right under tho constitution of the
State. The Democrats are equally
determined to maintain the right, and
this will doubtless prolong the session
to its constitutional limit, if it end
there. The pas-age of tho apportion
ment bills is mandatory by the con
stitution, and if the legislators under
the oath they haye taken to support it
fail to pass a hill within the limited
time, the flovernor may have a disa
greeable duty to perform from which
it is not likely be wdl shrink.
TIIEKE scemt to le no let-up of the
excitement against Duke- at I nion
town. < >ti his arrival in that place
from bis step-fatln r'- on Monday IH-1,
a committee of citizens wailed ii[eiu
him and presented him niih a copy of
the resolutions adopted at the indigna
tion meeting recently held. They also
served notice that lie would la- given
twenty-fbui hours in which to transact
hi- busbies- and leave town, alter
which hi-residence there would not
la" sale. It is said that Mr. Dukes
has fnrwardci) hi- resignation a- a
ineiniM-r <•;' the llou**- of R<-(ir< •'ufa
THE. nomination of cx Governor
W illiain Sprngue as the Independent
candidate Jor Governor of Rhode
I-lami ha- been tudor-cd bv the I h.*mo
crntic convention of that -tut.. and
will receive the support of tin Demo
eiftlic pnrtx s the fti in!- of equal
riglits at the ballot-hox. The <jues
tions involved tx-twe.-n the sujqirters
of Sprague, and that of Anthony and
his stalwart Republican party i- one
that appals with great force to Dem
ocratic sympathy. Anthony aud his
party arc fighting for the preservation
of a power held by them ami main
tniin-d by denying the ballot to large
number* of their fellow citizens, Mr.
Bpraguc ha- declared war tqioij this
mean proscription and i supp rlcl |v
a large number of Republicans, who
dare to |e independent. <>n this
i-.-uc the Demiicrals have accepted
hint a- their candidate, and we trust,
by their aid will be instrumental in
relea-iug the large number of foreign
born citizens who arc not posscsed of,
a free hold estate, from the prescrip
tion under which by llic laws of the
state they are denied the right of suf
Tilt. Republicans seem to have as
sumed the right to furnish a Presiden
tial candidate for the Democratic
party, and concur very generally that
Gen. 11. F. Butler, of Massachusetts,
must he the man. Butler is not a bad
sort of fellow. He makes the fur fly
when he gets after the Republicans, |
but the Democrats propose to select
their own candidate when the proper
time arrives, aud it will not he made
with n view to gratify the Republicans
or invite defeat, but to aecure the
victory needed to restore the govern- '
nient to its original standard of excel- '
lence, from which it fell when it paused
in the hands of out laws and robber*.
THE North Carolina legislature haa
passed a law imposing severe penalty
for carryiug razors. This i a tragic
hlow to negro duels.
A Statesman's Faith.
IIIF. I|l Itr rlllioviniv Ol AIKXIXItFK 11.
'fhe lale Alexander If. Stephens, of
I Georgia, thus declared lbs faitii in n
i'utnre life and nn Overseeing I'rovi
deuce : "I have for years made ii my
husines* to devote a portion of each
day to prayer in communing with this
unseen, all pervading power with God.
; I WHS in early lift, deeply irnpr. sued
with what is called religion* feeling,
| hut after I grew up axd entered the
world these feeling- great y subsided,
jlt at one time became skeptical cal
! lous.
"The world w* a mystery. I could
| ee nothing good in it. I was mi sera
hie, and that continually, lint, coming
to the conclusion, after a close self ex
lamination, that the error might he in
| myself, 1 determined to adopt a new
i line of policy for my conduct. The
first resolution was to cease finding
fault with, or thinking about, w|,*t I
could not understand. The second wa
in nurture and cultivate ss-iduously
the kindlier affections of the heart, and
with this every day at SOHIC hour to put
myself in communion with God, to the
1 best of rny ability, Rkiug htm to aid,
assist, direct and protect me in doing
" 1 he effect of thi< upon my mind and
I feelings and general view of thing- was
soon fell by me. 'l'he exercises, which
had at first seemed meaningless and
aensrleas, ooii seemed to hring acer
! tain inexplicable satisfaction to the
j spirit. The earlier impression* of life
soon revived. I felt a better, a nmrh
1 more contented and hnppii r man. The
feeling grew with its culture It soften
ed the temper, awakened deeper emo
tions of reverence, gratitude and love
It gsie consolation in grief, strength in
resisting temptation.
"It impressed the mmd with man's
weakness and frailties, and ins depend
1 ence on God. It seemed In elevate the
I aoul and put it in communion wj.h it*
! MsVer. This is what sustains me Such
is the character of my religion. I make
no boss! of it, ami perhaps very few
people who know nie have stir ides of
it* exi.t.-nre, even to this extent. I
have alwsis had such nn aTerion to
what is contideied the rant of religion
that I have been rather inclined to
suppress than to exhibit to others what
I really think and feel in auch mat ter*."
A si' rxt ili-patch from Geneva,
-wilierland, indicate- that emigration
from that country to Amer ca lixs at
-umed unprecedented prporiint The
newsagent may have exaggerated tl.a
fact* in declining llist a number of dis
tricts are already becoming depopulated,
ami that "< .uitsnen is without an lll
habitant," but It 1- e* || 111 tl,at the
exodus is timet hi II g altogether out of
the u-unl order. "Had h*rv.-ts and
American competition art the i. nsnns
assigned tor the wholesale movement
o tin* cmnlri It is not m .-wit/ef.
land alone, but in all parts of I urope.
that Amencnnroinpetition iruining the
farnir- Itread anil tm-.xt raised four
to six thousand mile* sw*i tan I e sold
to the consumer* of llurnpe at prhes
which dely home competition. It is
not unlikely that emigration Irom the
agricultural section of Europe will go
on increasing for >e r
Apportioning the State.
The making of Congressional and
I Legislative apportionment* j* a duly de
volved upon the l.ogislatufs t.y I lie
federal and >t*te Constitution* The
member- of the legislature aie sworn
to support and be bound by the federal
and Mate Constitutions, winch are tli
paramount law So it a|q>ear* that the
apportionment of the State i* a matter
of legal obligation which does not ad
mil of postponement. A failure on the
part of the legislature to perform it*
duly in this behalf would justify the
Governor in calling an extra session for
the specific purpose of msking appro j
Pennsylvania is a Republican State*
and the faireat basis of a|q>ortionment
is the vote for the Presidency in 1880,
when the full strength of parties, aa
near as may be, was brought lothe|>olls.
In that year the majority of Garfield
over Hancock *" over .17,000. The
rote stood ;
Garflald 444,704
Hancock 407,428
In settling the matter of apportion
ment between the two great parties the
scattering vote need not be counted.
But a* there are twenty eight Congrea*. '
men to be elected, if it is possible to do
i so the Mate should be divided into
1 lilteen Republican and thirteen fterno
cratic district*. Any school-boy can
take his slate and pencil and demon
strate the tairness of such a division on
Ihe basi- of tlie Presidential vote It is
1 more than fair to the Republican party
on any average struck upon the voting
done since 1880. The same ratio of
livision should govern the apportion
; iiieiil of the Senatorial and Representa
tive district*. This is a matter that
could be settled by business men who
desired to treat each other honestly in
a single dav. There i no difficulty
' about it except the difficulty that is
fomented by partisans who wish to con
struct the tVrngrcaaional and Legislative
districts so as to defeat the honest ex
preaaion of the Mill of the people of
IVrinay iTßiua. We are sorry to see a
dispoMtion to delay action uj>ori this
necessary legislation and to insist u|.on
a division of <ii*trict- dial i* neither
equitable a.s a miller of politics, impu
tation nor urea With the two Houses
of the Legislature divided politically
and u Reform Governor there would
'-em to be no |iOssj|,j| jty of a successful
gerrymander. Are there not enough
fair men in the Legislature to take the
apportionment in hand and do justice.
LM,I.M> virtually ss-,s to th<- hob
people, and has been ssiing it for years
by a< ta far more potential than words
ever were." emigrate, or starve This
policy hss practically transferred the
major part of lieland, minus the soil, to
the I nited '-late*, t here is moie of
Ireland in Ametica than in Lurope, for
that jmrtion whirh has come here has a
belter development, mentally and pbysi
cally, than the part left on the " old
wel. Forced from the home they loved
and which, hut for cruel oppreaaion,
they would not hae left, the Irish in
the Foiled .-latca naturally hate the
British government, and it it not un
natural that their hatred exteds to Ihoae
l*>rtiin*of the people of Great Britain
who have sustained the oppressive poli
cy of that government. England should
understand that the Ireland in Ameri
ca can no more he prevented from crying
out against h-r than the Ireland <>n the
other side I his is a free country and
we give great latitude to tongue and
len and type. So doe* Great Britain
on the I ngll-h side of the channel. It
is only in Ireland that she set* aside
the habeas corpus, abolishes trial by
jury, seize# and imprisons without even
so much formality a- the preferring of
chsrire* and tramples th,. inalienable
right- of Ireemsn under the mailed heel
of brute power We can not and do ;
not wnt to prevent freedom of speech
and of the press in i| llt country. We
rnnst insist that our part of Ireland
-hall Ee free as the English. Welsh and
Scotch. We must do all that a friend
!y nation ought todo in preventing a
few of the wilder spirits from commit
tmg improper act* Rut England must
hear in nund that she is re-|>onsible for
the fact that *o mnv million of our
uenple hate her. They would not now
Ee our people, nor would they he haters
of fnglsnd if they and their ancestor*
could have had a chance in life on the ,
sod of Iri'lsti'i.— ir.iiAii'gss /V*r,
IHE Atlanta ta.. Conetilution
-uggesfs that the South is willing to
compromise with the east, if that sec
tion will accept the inevitable, and
move its mills down to the cotton
fields. At the present rate of improve
ment and prosperity in the south, this
removal or retirement from hurinesa,
will be a necessity in the near future
to the cotton mill* of the north.
Successful and Satisfactory.
Izet carping critic* say what they
will, remark* the I'alrioi, no state ad
ministration sinee that of Fraucis R.
Shttnk was ntore thoroughly devoted
to the public interest than is that of
Robert K. l'attison. And what is
more the people understand and ap
preciate the fact
Thu* far the administration has not
only satisfied popular expectation, but
it has Iteen successful beyond tba most
sanguine hopes of its friends in im
pressing its policy upon the legislature.
The administration won the battle to
make Reformer Rage controller of
Philadelphia. If was equally succeatk
fill in making Reformer ,Garreft a i
TKKMH: per Annum,in Advance.
> member of the board of public cbari
' tie*. It* advice that the uncles* and
expensive office of scaler of weight*
and measure* l>e abolished a | W)
j accepted by the legislature.
, Other measure* relating to honest
, government recommended by the gov
; er nor have received favorable at ten.
f tion from the law-maker*. This i a
record to la-gin with of which the
Democrat* of Pennsylvania may feel
1 justly proud and which ought not to
afford an excuse for arty honest inde
pendent to oppose reform legislation
( recommended by Governor I'attison,
even if it -liould IK; in the shape of
. fair apportionment bill*.
R A I'A IEM ha* recently Ix-eu granted
, fur a new telephonic transmitter which
, the inventor claim* will j>ermit the
voice to he beard audible in a whisper
at the distance of 750 miles. The
experiment* made are -aid to IK* en
tirely satisfactory, and it i* believed
that it will revolutionize all other
methods of electrical communication.
It will certainly IK- A great achieve
ment of thi* age of science and inven
tion, when a gentleman seated in Pari*
and another in New York can hold a
conversation in audible language.
This i* what the success of such an in
vention would mean.
Itemise Of Postmaster t.eneral Howe
from Pneumonia.
KENOSIIA, WIS., March 25.— Hon. T.
i How., Postmaster Heoeral, died at
j 2.2U o'clock tbia afternoon at the re*i
• lence of his nephew. Colonel lames 11.
Howe. He contracted a severe cold a
week ago at <>reen Knjr, and returned to
Kenosha. He was very ill Saturday,
! when he seemed to improve. His pby
actcians pronounced his ailment pneu
moni.t. He sii taken worse on Satur
day night and s*nk rapidlr. passing
away peacefully thi* afternoon.
*' -• eEw*r**Kt>— ACTION IN orriciAL
The first new* of the death of Post
master i eneral Howe wa received in
this city cmultaneously by the Preai
dent, first Assistant PostmasterGeoer
a! Hniton and < lonel Knorh Totten.
I lie telegrams were mere announce
ments ol the (act of the death, and
were sent by i „)nns) -tames H. Howe,
j Hie President w.-m visibly after ted at
the receipt of the sad intelligence, but
had been led by the tenor of dispatches
through the day to fear the worst. Mr.
iUtton last night had on interview with
the President, at which it was decided
• to issue an executive order to-day rlo*
tog all the departments on the day of
the funeral and draping the Postnflie
1 department in mourning for the usual
petiod of thirty dve. Secretary Fr
i linghuysen telegraphed last night to
Kenosha asking to be informed of the
date of the funeral. It is probable that
' several of the cabinet officer* will at
tend the <>bec<|Uie*.— I'o t.
lb tha President and Secretary of
the Treasury will heed the adviee of
the Huston HrraJd, they will do a good
stiukc of work by reducing the mmi-
Ucr of internal revenue ml lectors with
a- li tie delay as possible. If they do
not squeeze out from thirty to sixty of
them, the DeiiuK'ralic House will leg
islate them out ami claim the credit
of the act. .lust so! Hut. evert then,
the stimulating fear of w hat the IVin
ocratic House might do, will not ex
cuse the administration for failing to
perform the duty at a much earlier
A bfjtii of |7,OtN was raised for
the wife and children of Sergeant
Mason, when that individual was im
prisoned for shooting at Guitcau. A
modest lawyer who was employed, un
successfully, to get the husband out of
prison, now set* up a claim for one
half of the fund for his valuable ser
vices. and has served a process to
enforce collection.
the youth of the present day are
schooled, hut not educated.
NO. 13.