Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, November 23, 1882, Image 1

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    Wat €mtft Hk Democrat.
VOL. 4.
•Jhc Centre ; u)rm curat.
Torms SI.AO par Annum, in Advance.
8. T. SHUGERT A J. B. VAN ORMtH, Editor,.
Thursday Moraine, November, 23, 1882
AT the late election in New York,
Gov. Cleveland, carried fifty-two of
the sixty counties of that state.
THE Louisville Courier • Journal
thinks that a party which depend* j
salelv upon tho blundering of its op
jtonents for existence is in a very bad
CARL SHURZ says the people le- j
niand a party with new aspirations and
aim* as well as with a new organ iza
1 ion." Of course, with the slippery
Hhurz at the head of it as genera! boss
GEN. SHERMAN it appear* is not
rufficiently flattered bv Bob Ingersoll*
nomination for the Presidency to lose
his head. He is satisfied with bis
present distinction, and does not pro
]6se to be a candidate for President in j
Ji'DUE KELLEY Chairman of the
Ways and Means Committee, lays his
hatchet at the root of the Internal
Revenue tax system, nnd says the
whole structure must fall. His little
humbug of the last session was too in
significant to attract attention.
IT is nnno iu • d that the h altli of
ex-Governor Seymour, which has been i
feeble, is much improver! lately. How
could it l>e otherwise. The result of
lute elections was enough to give
vigor to the grand old Democratic
Ftaiesmaa and patriot. '
THE result of the late congre-sional
election in the State of Illinois
gives the Republicans eleven members,
the Democrats eight and the Indepen
dents one. The Republicans have a
majority of twelve on joint ballot in
ihe Legislature, who will have the
• lection of a Senator to succeed Sena
tor David Davis, the present president
*if the Senate.
RHODE ISLAND has voted by a large
majority against the call of a conven
tion to revise the Constitution of that
Mate, so as to place naturalized citi
xens upon an equality with native
born citizens. At present citizens of
foreign nativity are required to be in '
possession of a free-bold estate to en
title them to vote, while the native
born are exempt from this require
IT seems to be generally predicted
that there will bo an unusually large
Dttmlier of contested seats in the next
< 'ongress, and that much lime will he
wasted in their investigation. No
doubt there will be many defeated can
didate*, who will want to draw the pay
usually allowed to contestant* what
ever the merit* of their claims, but it
is to be hoped that in a Democratic
* tongresw these case* will be disposed
of promptly and the seats awarded to
i hose fairly entitled to them. Th*
jwrnicious precedent* of carrying frivi-
Jous contested case* through an en
tire Congress is an expensive luxury,
that might with great propriety be sat
down upon in the early session.
THE brief letter of Mr. I'attison de
clining the escort of the military on
the occasion of his inauguration a*
Governor of Pennsylvania, is not only
well timed, but the determination of
the Governor-elect will appeal to the
common -sense and good judgment of
. sensible people of all parties, as jiecu
liarly fitting and proper now. An
effort to popularize the return of our
state government to the simplicity and
economy of former days, wa* no insig
nificant issue in the late election, and
it will be a* gratifying to the people,
as it is commendable to Gov. Pattison,
that he fully appreciates the fact that
parades and show on these occasions
at the expense of the Commonwealth,
is a part of the general profligacy that
i e*d* reform.
: , ;p - p '
Ex-Bhoiill Spaiißler'H Caso.
The case of the county against John
1 Spangler eame on for trial on Tuesday)
before Judge Watson, who is holding
court for our Judges.
D. F. Fortney, K-q., appeared for the
County and A. <. Furst, Ksq, for Sheriff j
Spangler. The only question in dispute i
was whether thq Sheriff was entitld to
receive fifty cents per <iay for bonrding !
prisoners. Mr. Fortney submitted the |
report of the auditors and agreement !
of counsel and then rested his case. Mr. j
Furst called, on the part of the Sheriff, j
the Commissioner's clerk and found by ,
the minutes, that on January 17, DM,
the commissioners made a contract with
the Sheriff to pay hint fifty cents a day j
for boarding
shown that the commissioners paid him j
the price agreed upon aud that the i
boarding was furnished on the strength I
of that contract.
After statement of legal positions by
counsel, it was concluded that there was
no fact for a jury to find, that the whole
ca-e turned upon the point as to the
authority and power of the commission
ers to make such a contract. In his;
able argument, Mr. Fortney contended
that the commissioner's had no power
to make such a contract, in support
of his position he relied upon the Act
of April 11 lb, 1856, which provide* that !
Sheriff's of the several counties shall;
receive such allowance for boarding
jwisoners in the comity jail as may be
fixed by the Courts of Quarter Sessions
not exceeding twenty fire rents per day.
The counsel contended that under this
Art the Sheriff' could not receive more
than twenty five, cents per day,
On the part of the Sheriff it was con i
tended that the CourU of this county
never fixed any allowance,that since the |
organization of the county the cotnmis- j
•doners contracted with the Sheriff to
pay hitu whatever was deemed right for
the boarding of prisoners in the county
jail. It was further argued, with great |
force, that whenever lAc court failed or Ct j
fused to fir the allowance, the commission
ers are bound to provide for the prion
ers. In the absence of any order of the '
court on the subject the Hoard act* un- }
der the provisions of tiie Act of Assem
bly, passed in 1790. This Act requirts
the commissioners to provide the cloth
ing and the food for the prisoners.
"'Suppose," said Mr. Furst, " the Court
does not fix a price for the Sheriff, shall ;
the prisoners go unfed ? Not at all. The j
commissioners must provide for them.
If they contract with the Sheriff at fifty
cents, the county is bound by such a
contract." lie also added "that the
Sheriff had acted in good faith on this
contract, had given the boarding ou the
basis of fifty cents per day, an I now sf
terthe boarding had been furnished for
a whole year, the county seeks to pay at
the rate of twenty fire cents per day. The
county ought to keep iu contract, as
well s* an individual."
Judge Watson rendered hi* opinion
in favor of the county, remarking that
the justice of the case was all with the
Sheriff, although he had not the power
to relieve him. He said, too, that the
county gained nothing in such a suit,
because, while the Sheriff could only |
charge twenty fire rents per day, for board- j
' tng, he was notified to a keeper of the
j ul which would t e an additional bur !
ben upon the county.
The Judge requested Mr. Kur*t to
move for a new trial, to give him better j
tune to examine his (mints. Judge
Watson will give an opinion soon. It
j is understood that if the opinion shall
lie against the Sheriff a wiit of error will
j be taken to the Supreme Court.
On the question of right and wrong
there can be no two opinions. , The
commissioners, at the beginning of the
year 1881, contracted with the Sheriff
at fifty centa per day for boarding
prisoners. The Sheriff" furnished the
boarding in good faith for a whole year,
on that basis, now the county aqditora
come in at the end of the year and pay
bun only twenty-five cents per day.
It is a matter of SBOO to Sheriff Spang
ler. Who will undertake, at present
prices of food, to give boarding at twenty
five cents per day, or 8j centa per meal 7
Centre county cannot reasonably ex
pect or demand'that from its officers.
' THE cost of the antuusi nation is still
marching on. Now, it is the glacier
who caught one of Guitenu's bullet* in
his putty bo*, tlmt want* compensa
tion from the Government. He is will
ing to tkc an office and give a receipt
in full.
Tho Result.
The official count of the vote cast
on the 7th instant in this State show*
I'attison, 1 > had 365,791 vott*
Heaver, R " 316,089 "
Stewart, I. It 43,743 "
Pettitt, P " 5,190 "
Armstrong, G L " 23,484 "
I'unison'* plurality, 40,202.
lilack, 1) had 353,612 votes
Davie*, it " 317,614 "
Duff, I. It " 43,577 "
Williams, P " 4,662 "
Howard, G. L... " ...... 19,475 "
Hlack's plurality, 35,028
Africa, I) had 353,752 vote*
Greer, K ' 317,408 "
Merrick, I. 1t... " 43,096 "
Dcwoody, P " 10,491 "
Cross man, G. L. " 5 497 "
Africa's plurality, 36,344.
Klliott, D had 351,043 votes
Ilrosius, K " 323,255 "
M'Michac), I. It. " 40,995 "
Tumlinson, G. L " 20,400 "
Pierce, P " 4,642 "
Elliott's plurality, 27,788.
Claris. I) had 355 935 vote*
Rawle.lt " 815,163 "
Junkin, I. It " 41.900 "
Cake, P " 19,385 "
Chase, G. L....1. " 4,457 "
Clark's plurality, 40,762.
THE Doylestown Democrat advises
the I)a moo rata of the Senate to unite
with the Indc|>cndri)t It- publican* of
that body in the election of Senator
John Stewart a* president pro tern, of
the senate, Of course a Democrat
cannot IK* elected A* such, and it would
IK* a graceful act on their part to pre
fer Mr. Stewart or some other honora
ble Independent Republican who
would not ho influenced to indulge in
machine bgislation at,the command
of bone*. It needs no bargain or di
vision of spoil* to make such a result
proper and desirable. We vote, aye,
on 'Jen. Davis" motion.
CitAI.MERH of Mississippi is again
in trouble. As a Democratic mem
ber in the last Congress, ho wa* con
tested by a negro ami thrown out by a
lb-publican Congress. He then be
came a Republican candiduto, under
the patronage of Hubble and (lie ad
ministration for re-election, and for
informality in the returns in the iatc
election, the certificate of election is
awarded, and certified l>v the Gover
uor, to Mr. Mauuing hi* Democratic
competitor. Chalmers will therefore
appear as a contestant, and his record
is such that he will draw little sympa
thy from either side.
THE President recently appointed
Gen. John Pope to the Major General
ship of the army, vacated by the re
tirement of Geo. M'Dowell. This was
the officer who to tide over his own
blunders and inefficiency had unfuund
ed charges prcfered against Gen. Fit?.
John Porter upoo which he wa* dis
missed from tho service, and ( it is uot
at all probable that this appointment
will lie approved by the Senate until
some very decided action i* taken to
do justice to this gallant ayd shame
fully wronged soldier. It is to he
hoped that there is virtue enough in
the Senate, to require that justice to
Porter shall precede reward to his
SENATOR CAMERON is not disponed
to consider the machine so hopelessly
wrecked as to be useless, and proposes
to re| air damage* for a vigorous cam
paign "next year." It is said he will
immediately commence by cuttingofl
all government officials who did not
respond to active machine work "this
year." He propose* to be boss, if any
thing, and will have no "rebels" in
the Cameron raoche.
J Who's Rcoponsiblo.
"The last Democratic Governor that
i Pennsylvania had was one of Lycoming's
own citizens, William F. Packer, in
1857, who defeated I'avid Wilrnot.
Since his retirement Pennsylvania lu
been under Republican rule."
The Townnda Journal, from which
the above is cut, should have added
that when the Democrat* went out of
I power ill 1857, the cost of the State
! government was 8960,000 a year,
. which has increased to $5,000,000 ;
j that in this time, public office lias
j been prostituted as u reward for parti
; -an service*, and is no longer coin-id
ilda public f ru-t; that a spoils system
ha* la-cm engrafted on our polities •
that corruption and extravugauee buve
I entered every branch of the punlic
service, and bosses have taken the
place of leaders, The Journal might
have said this much and more. As
Pennsylvania " lias been under lie
publican rule," since 1857, they alone
[are tespousiblefor all the evils which
linve la-fallen.-— Doyle 'nun Democrat.
"Snlcldal Tilings."
Ft- m Ihe WMlilfctft 'ii I'-ei.
The Ntw York Tribune, in the course
i of sn ill-tempered lecture to the demo
! erstic party. ee* fit to remark thst "l
most every experienced man in eithei
| party expect* the democrat- todi some
suicidal thing before they have beldeon
; trol o( one branch of congress for sin
gle balfye-vr." We do not know of any
[experienced rnzn in either party who
; expect* or has reason to expect sny surh
i thing. And it i* tn impeachment of
the honesty and patriotism of tie- j • <
|>le to as*ert that they have m*de sr.-
c npUatic declaration in favor of pr
tv thst is expected to "do some suicidal
, t ..ng" unon a* it g<-U a chance to
• how it* temper and capacity. The
democratic party "held control of one
| brm-h of ronpre#** 1 frmo l.*eember.
1575, to March, lßs|. During the Dt
i*o years snf thst period the other
branch WAS also democratic, as it woufci
have been i ing befoie but for the votes
of northern m-n, whose n tines had hem
fraudulently entered on the <-ri tie roils
a- those of senator* of various southern
*-te in which they had no ioc*l habi
tation, nor any right, save s l.en on the
p •nitentiary. We mav add, in this
| connection, that from D 77 to lh.nl the
i executive office was filled by usurpation,
| the duly elected president having heeti
j b rred out by revolutionary crimes,
j Wijut "suicidal thing" *.n done by the
| democrats in congre## during those six
I years? WAS if "suicidal" to cut down
j the annual expenditures and effect a
saving of more than I130.rth0.000? Was
| it "su-.cidsi" to so manage financial leg
idalion as to improve public credit?
! Was it "sucidsl" to bring the crimes
snd rascalities of reputdicsn office hold
! ers to light? Wst it "suicidal"' for
j democrat*, or wss the republican parly i
| on the "suicidal'* tack, when, after Ihe j
rasctls had been exposed. the repubil
; can minority rallied to their support
ami filibustered dsy after dsy and night
j after night, in order to slave olfaction
I on the cases of the grest-si thieves in
1 history so that the statue of limitation !
I might save them from the penitentiary ?
| The democratic party understands Ihe
j the import of the elections of 1882. ;
j The democratic house that is to cme I
I in next year will not fail to understand
j the bearing ita acts must have on the
I presidential canvass of 1884. The lec
lures of the Trdmne, able as they are,
are a waste of time and spar*.
ELECTIONS for Governors were held
j in fifteen stales at the lafe election.and
resulted in the election of thirteen
Democrat* and two Republicans as fol
C'dliforuift, Gov. Ftoaaman ; Colors"
; do, J. B. Grant ; Connecticut, Thomas
M. Walter; Delaware, Charles C.
Btokelejr; Kansas, G, W. Olick ; Mas
sachusetts, B. F. Butler ; Mi -higan, J.
W. Begole; Nevada, J. W. Adaim i
New York, Governor Cleveland ; j
Pennsylvania, Robert E. I'attison ;•
South Carolina, J. Hendrix M'Lanb;
; Tennessee, W. B. Bate ; Texas, Jahn
Ireland, all Democrat*. The Repub
' ft (fans elected, are Bam'l W. Hale of
New Hampshire, and James W.
|Da wen of Nebraska, Of the twenty
threw Ycfftsimng states ten have Demo
catic Governors, and thirteen Repub
A Domocrutic Victory.
lb-publican politician* and llepubli ;
ran organs having recovered from the
first shock of defeat are now engaged
in the interesting operation of endear- ;
oring to collect their scattered w its and
are making some attempt to account
for the result of the recent election.
The conclusion generally arrived at
seem" to be that this has not been a v.c :
tory for the Democrats but for the peo- !
(Je. Hut the comfort that csn be ex
tracted from this H very small in quart
tily, in the first place the Republican
I a ty lma suffered a crushing defeat
from which it is doubtful if there can ,
be u recovery. In the next place it is
not denied thst the people generally
have massed themselves against repub
lican methods. They have renounced
faith in the S-alwrart leader : they have
condemned extravagance and rebelled :
again-! unnecessary an 1 burdensome
taqation: they have shown determined
Opposition to the spoils system, to the
bestowal of office* for political purposes
to political assessments and the corrupt
use of money in election"*. AH of these
evils were inherent in the policy and
ni' tiio ls of the republican party and
t* arrogant and aristocratic leaders
The Democratic party promised reform
of a sweeping character, the abolition
of the abuse* complained of and better
government; government, in fact, that
would meet the requirements of the
times. The people took tiie Democrat
ic party at its word and so far as they
w.-re able this year ( laced the p ,wer in t
that parly's bands. It requ.red Repub
lican votes to eff'-ct this great change.
Hut bee ,use a voter had csst his ballot
for Grant and Hayes and Garfield, it did
not follow of liecess.ty that lie must be
a Republican always and was in duty i
bound to endorse as long as lite lasts all
of the s,us commtt< d in the name of ,
the ( arty. It mo tbe remembered that j
no victories ar-- ever gained by the mi
nority p:rtv without aid from the Mia.) j
or-ty. i'he peoj le have ctndidly and !
wiih ojwn eyes endorse i tiie Democrat
ic can i i.,tes and the pricip they j
represented. fhe victory could not
have b< en achieve 1 ithoul the Demo 1
critic | arty. It therefore belong* hon !
*! !y to that | r tv. no matter ta ho aided
in I.ringing about thst result. The d.* •
comfiud italw irt* will have to rake up
some other explanation of the deluge
with which to console themselves. They
cannot get liWjy from the fact thst tf
tlii* is a defeat for the Republicans it is
a v clory for the Democrats— lltrru
; 'wry Patriot.
Titr Nw York Ann -ay* ihe Supreme
j < utt of the United States has lost the
confi fence of the country, and add# :
It r# an open secret, lor instance, that
Justice Marian was s| pointed to the
l>encb * a reward for his services to
j Hayes in Louisiana. Stanley Matthew#
' wa# appointed by s bargain made be.
| tween Garfield and Jay Gould, by which
the latter contributed a large sum of
j money for the clrction of the former as
President. The name of Matthews does
I not appear in the written agreeme.it
which still exist#, if it ha* but recently
been destroyed, but Garfield agieed to
appoint a judge adverse to t tie 1 hurman
act, snd Matthews was intended, though
for obvious reasons be wa# not named,
lie bad Ieen the attorney for the Pncif
ie railroad corporation* in the Senate
' during the memorable contests which
endesi in the deleat of Gould, Hunting
ton and their associstes in 18*8. VVhcn
Justices of tho Supreme Court receive
and openly u*e free pa.se# on railroads,
including thoe subsidised by govern
m*nt bonds and land#, which are often
in litigation, with free stamps from teb
-graph corporations, free permits from
expre- c wpoi alionf, and othxr favors
of tkat s->rt, they exfiitnt a moral unfit
ncas for the high which thc-y bold.
.Some of theiu have costly libraries fit
ted np in their private houses at the
public's espense, color oi legal
authority. The bill* for furniture would
make a most discreditable exhibit.
When the judge* are capable of doing
such thing*, what is to lie ex |>ected from
their subordinate* ? The accession of
Judge Hlatchford and of Judge Gray to
the bench baa been a great gain in
many rrepeel#. It is not believed they
will tolerate practice* that have brought
' the court into discredit and have necce
sarily wewkenssd the faith of the country
in the integrity of iu judgements. (
Governor Colquitt, the new senator
from Georgia, ilk* Governor Pattison, is
a Sunday school teacher.
TiillMN : | < r Annum, in Advance.
IT i alleged that the expa-nee* of the
Tariff Commimon have overt-ached
the amount appropriated by ("on gross
for that purpoae, and that aome of the
l>i!l- will be profited at the Treanurv
I> partment, The item of S-VKK at
I/ng Ilranch; BHI for a two day'a
trip to New York —sll4 of which
were for lunch on the tug; four day '*
hotel hill at Washington of one mem
ber, at g'i<> jwr day, would reern to in
dicate thai the (otnmisnion were high
toned and up to the full dignity of a
('ougre-doual funeral excursion.
I HI: \\ a-hiugtou stalwart organ hat
been favored with an inspiration, ami
produced nu issue on which to gather
up tin* disorganixed forces of it* party
for 1 * w *" 1 - It is : "If it is admitted
that Democratic rule is undesirable
■*t ail unite on the basis of opjK>*jiiou
Pi that, No matter for principle or
the public good, hut save the plunder
and insure the rule of the boss machine
to control election*, i* the plain read
ing of the i—ue presented.
A I'IUIMIM.NT Treasury official
speaking of tho party necessity of
doing something in the approaching
se-sjon of congress to make up for the
sin.'- and omission* of the last two years,
says "the revenue must l>e reduced and
the tariff reviser! a- a preparation for
the I 'residential election in I**4. lie
a!o says we are getting more money
than we can use in the Treasury, here
and the large surplus is becoming
M it. Lixcxit.!*, the Secretary of War,
ap|K*ars to take in one at least of the
lessons of the late elections, and it is
-aid will recommend that no appropri
ations be made for rirers and harbors
by tii- coining aaaaios of Citlgret*
flie la-t ses-ions appropriation*, with
I the millions on hand from previous
appropriations, will be quite as much
a- the administration will he able to
handle, and will admit of as much
stealing a* modest tbeives ought to
desire in one term.
1 HE administration organ at Wash,
ington asserts that the late election*
have made it clear that there must he
a reduction of expense*. True, hut it
took a tornado to blow this truth into
t.ie understanding of the Republican
party and it will prohahlv inquire an
additional avalanch to induce the < <ls
rial plunderers, to realise the fact that
robbing the National treasury is sin
. ful and should lie abandoned.
t'ndismayed by dire disaster, "I'nrle'*
Solon (.'base is bravely picking up the
frated remnants of the Maine Green
back party and preparing lo lake the
I field for the lsS4 campaign. The old
man should pool with the head of ihe
anti-M*onir party.
Higgage smasher* will be likely to
pause in mid career when they learn
thai a priv.ile oilmen has gained a suit
against one ot their privileged order,
hacked by a bloated corporation. Joseph
Mitsche. of San Francisco, has been
awarde I the sum of *4.13 73 for the mu
tilation of hia trunks wbile in custody
| of Ihe I'nion Pacific railroad company
The world does move.
Ibll Nye, ot Ihe
announces that hi* engagement with
j Lydia K. Pink bam has been broken off
but be says he will accept the present
| just the same.
K.iaha W, lUvis, who served in the
Pennsylvania legislature a* a represcn
tative from \ cnango county, and as
senator front Philadelphia, baa been
elected to the Colorado legislature I row
Lake county.
The tt of Wiicoaiin paid duiing
the leal fiscal year H1,622 for the scalpa
of wild animal*, of which #1375 are
alleged lo have been paid to peraona
who rear wolvea for the tole purpose of
►ecuring the bounty on their scalps.
! Tts Mini oentesnial of the flrat loco
motive turned out of Baldwin'* works
|at Philadelphia, will be celebrated by
the workmen's •►•<>* ion of the eslab
iisbment, on the 23d instant. The 1000.
motive hi question was built by Mr. M.
W. Baldwin and on its trial trip ran at
the rale of a mile an hour. Alter every
stoppage It had to be started by push,
NO. H;.