Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, September 28, 1882, Image 1
OIIR Centre A omocrat SHUOERT A VAN ORMER, Editors. VOL. 4. (The (Cfntrt Terms tI.SO per Annum, In Advance. S. T. SMUGEHT 6 J. R VAN ORMER. Editors. Thursday Morning, September, 28.1882. Democratic State Ticket. FOR 00 . ERROR, ROBERT K. PATTISON, of Phila. FOR 1.1 EI'TKNANT UOVKRNOK, CHAUNCY P. BLACK, of York. FOR Jt'DGK of I lie SUPREME COURT, SILAS M. CLARK, of Indiana. FOB SECRETARY of INTERNAL AFFAIR.*. J. SIMPSON AFRICA, of lluntin'g. FOR (XINUREsaMAN'AT-LAROE, M< )RTIM KR F. ELLIOTT, of Tioga. Democratic County Ticket. FOR CONGRESS. llou. A. G. CURTIN, of Centre. F<K STATE SENATE 1 lon. C. T. ALEXANDER, of Centre, . Sul'j* t in th* tlwlilon **t Ihf District Confer woe*.] FOB AHBKMBI.Y. HENRY MEYER, of Miles, B. F. HUNTER, of Bcnner. FOR JURY COMMISSIONER. J. 11. TOLBERT, of Walker. FoR CORONER. 11'. K. HOY, M. I)., of Ik'llefoute. The Democrat'c Platform. Th# DvtnorrmHr party f )Vnn*ylv*ttUk, holding f**t to the fblth that a I pouer nv>t del. K*te<l by th Con* ■ titntioti U rmMtrrwl t> thw Mat*-* and lh* people! Op holding the aonrtity of jwreonal liberty. h* *warity f private property, and the right of hral wlf goftm ni-nt , demanding honety and erooomy in the ad mi mat rat l*>n of government and the enforcement of ail the iiriivtaionu of MU. ustituli.n I y the IggWl* tit re and the Con rt a of the Commonwealth . declaring • KWiaat muDof* in ami in nynt|*athv with labor <Kek Ing ita protection, and In favor of the imlnatrial Inter •at* of Penuly Ivania at all tioaea. d *>|rmnly pfi.tewi • gainat evila which the pollt v of the Repuldn an | ar ty and the Inaolence of ita long pxaeeion >f offlce bate thus brought upon the country . therefore, Ftmt— We do pr<>t*-t Acatnat what ta railed the Iwete ayiteoa, and alao the plundering of officeholder* by n*e-mnu of money for political putp<Mr* Public ofllrew are tha property of no party, but are .ten t. wv-ry cltixen who ta honaH. rajulil". ami faithful to the Fooilitatlua, qtalilkilioui which Jefferwun tie rlareil Were rejnlaitM for offfs SkoHld—We protect aganat the a pot I a ipiaat. It | a pfwtltntioo U# the cfflrW of the peoplf* HI that I tney become the mere p npiieite* of the (Mdlttciana. Third—We denounce all repudiation, State and Ent eral. lieraaae it la dlaboneet and deatructive >f thaf public morality upon which are founded aod perpetuity of our free inatitutiona. It ahoitld l*a made odiooa, and the political party that atd# It and abeta it with office deeerve* putdic condemnation. Fourth—We denounce epoitatton of the State Treae nry and tmmmnity by pard>o f tlvme ronvU tcl of Crimea, whuee acta were flagrant anbveraiona of ofTi' al trneta and wrong! done the }>pla. Fifth—We believe the Hepnb.lkan f<arty. aa now or gi iD*l and nontmlled, i bnand on fraud, fore* aod orruptlon, and theva can he no hope of true reform except by the force of the ballot tail egcluding It Ir tn place and power. . Sivtb—The I>en* - ratic party demand* of the Leg ft laUtnre an hnnat jnat. and true apportionment. reveoth—l/'pnu th-ee de< Uration* we invite tha co op*ration of all homwt ritiaena who with n* deeire he reeeta)>li*bnuent of h>ne*t government •• W HOC ftlfc*o ITTCF.H. • THE Buffalo ALzy/roxs, a Blaine or gan, announces its determination to support Cleveland the Democratic candidate for governor of New York. LIKF.RAL subscriptions are being made at Lock Haven for a line of Railway from the Clearfield coal re gion to connect with the Jersey Hhore and Pine Creek road. Our spirited neighbors know their interests and have the enterprise to adopt the prop er means to advance them. MOST of the candidates nominated by the Republicans for the legislature in Philadelphia arc new men. They are said to be some improvement upon the old ring selections but the Refor mers do not speak very highly of them as a body or seem to bo much elated as to the amount of credit to be achiev ed by their choice. THF. investigation of the Almshouse thieving in Philadelphia, is also de veloping a considerable amount of election frauds connected with the management of that institution. Bev erai of the election officials, who doubt leaa profited by the general plunder have been arrested and the detectives, under the direction of the committee of One hundred, are on the track of others who will come to grief in due ' time. THF, Administration has been suc cessful in New York, and .Secretary Folgeristhe Stalwart candidate for Governor, beating Go.v Cornell by a vote of 257 to 222. Ever since the adjournment of Congress the President has been in New York giving personal attention to the canvass, and the re sult shows that the master intriguer has not been dwarfed by the higbpoei tion to which he rose by the Amassin's ballot. Tho Tariff Issue. . The Republican of thia place in its issue of last week contained an ar ticle under the imposing caption " The Real Question for Voters." Au examination of the article will dem onstrate in u moment that it is intend ed to mislead and is in reality a bun dle of false statements. The taritF seems to be the particular point on which the Democratic party is ar raigned, and the readers of the /'- publican arc assured that the whole system of tariff will be overthrown unless General Heaver is elected Gov ernor of this Commonwealth. What the election of a Governor has to do with the tariff or how it can effect that quealiou in the least is more than the Infinite being can comprehend. " Congress," say a the Constitution of the United States, " shall have power to lay and collect taxes, duties, im posts and excist s." "No State," says the same instrument, " .-hall lay any imposts or duties* on imports or ex- ( port ß ." If the Republican desires to raise the tariff question on our candi date for Congress and undertakes to prove that by word or deed he has not always been with the laborer and for every means that would advauce our industrial interests, they can do so, but they might ILS well undertake to lift Xittany mountain from its base as to assail him on that or any other question. The Democratic party in the article in question, is charged with the violation of the taritr of 1828. It is now a historical fact so plain that every boy should bo familiar with it, that tho tariff of I*2B was so pernicious in its effect upon the Southern portion of the country that the Whigs of the South actually re belled against its provisions. Their great leader, Henry Clay, originated and pa*ed the Tariff Act of 1832. The leading features were : Ist. That there should lie a fixed rate of ad-val orem duty, ami discrimination below it. 2d. That the exceas of duty be yond 20 jer cent, should, by a gradu al process, commencing on the 31st day of December, 1832, be reduced, so that by June 30th, 1842, it should be brought down to 20 jwr cent. f lay has always been regarded by all par ties as the father of the protective sys tem. The Republicans of this day if they are to be judges! by what they say, simply know nothing of the views of Air. Clay <n that great question. In 1843, in reply to a letter asking his views on the protective policy of 1832 Mr. Clay said : " The oum and substance of what I con ceive to bi the true jo Uy of tha ITnitcd .State* in respect to a tariff may be briefly stated. In conformity with the principle* announced in the Compromise Act, I think thsl whatever revenue is necoseary to an economical and honest administration of the general Government, ought to be de rived from dutie* imposed on foreign im ports And I believe that, in establishing a tariff of those duties such a discrimina tion ought to be made a* will incidentally afford reasonable protection to our nation al interest*. " I think there i* no danger of a high tariff ever being <t abiWhed ; that of 1828 was eminently deserving that denomina tion. I was not in Congress when it pass ed and did not vote for It; but with its history and with tha circumstance* which gave birth to it I am well acquainted. They were highly dis'-rediiahle to Ameri can legislation, and I hope, lor its honor, will never again be related. " After mv return to Congress in 1831, my efforts were directed to the modifica tion and reduction of the rate* of duty contained in the Act of 1828. Tha Act of 1832 greatly reduced and modiflnd them. I had resigned my seat when the Act of 1842 passed Generally the dutiea which it imposes era lower than those of the Act af 1832. My opinion that there is no danger hereafter of a high tariff, is founded on tha gratifying fart that our manufactures nave taken a deep root. In their Infancy they need a greater measure of protection; but •* tbey grow and advance they acquire strength and nubility and consequently will require less protection. Even now, some branchee of them are able to main- Uin in disUnt markeU successful competi tion with rival foreign manufacture*. If then there was a business collapse in 1837, as the Rejmbliean says, it came when there was in full force a tariff devised by the Whigs, and a tariff recognized by the Republicans of thia day as protective. It is further charged that the Democrats returned to power in 1845 under a distinct pledge to maintain the tariff of 1842. A mistake in what is now a matter of "EQUAL AND EXACT JUSTICE TO ALL MEN, OF WIIATEVER STATE OH FKRBUABION, RELIGIOUS c.K POLlTlCAL."—Jsffsrson BELLKFONTK, I'A., THURSDAY, SKITKMBKR 28, 1882. history. The Democrats in 18-14 "de clared that no more revenue ought to be raised than is required to defray the necessary ex|ienses of the Govern ment." Tho Whigs, with Mr. ('lay as their candidate, in the saui" year declared lor a " tariff for revenue to defray the necessary- expenses of the Government." There does not seem to bo a wide difference in these declar ations. Both parties declare that only revenue enough to hour the necessary expenses of the government should be raised. Neither party, like the Re publicans of to-Jay. desired a surplus of millions in the Treasury to steal. : It is true the tariff of 1842 was modi fied by the tariff of 184' i. Tho prin cipal difference wus the substitution of ad-valorem for specific duties. The tariff of l s lii, says Dr. Wm. Elder, in his essay on " Protection and Free Trade," " was discriminative in its schedules and protective in rates." j And we believe a prominent and in | tclligent iron manufacturer of this , county said a few days ago the tariff jofl s h> was Ilie best tariff we ever i hu i. Tin- whole otFnvl of tho Republicans as well a- the i ifuri of the Stalwart candidate i to make the |*eople be lieve, tir.-t, that the present turilf is in danger it Puttisou -bouhi lie elected (iovernor. uud seeoud.that the present i tnrifr ir ju*t and equitable. That the present tariff i- an engine of mon strous fraud upon and oppression to the people is easily demonstrated bv ' quoting tho declarations of eminent j Republicans all over the country. John A. Kaason, the bc-t Republican in lowa, in the House in lMttft said : " What you call protection amounts therefore to a system of equal robbing; 1 taking from ouc home intercut to pay another." On the 29t1 of March last, the same member said in the House : of Representatives: " I know of very f-w px>pl in the United "Bute* *bo edmit tb-y hsve n<> complaint to tuaki-against somn part of the detail* of the present tariff Whether you ar<* free tradr* or prohibitory tariff men, protective tariff man <ir advocates of a tar iff for revenue only, I take it lor granted mat )nu ail agree mat in some manner the ' present tarifl hould be renowed and mora : or |e*s modified. a • a • a I may aume then, sir, 1 think without dispute, that there i a cominon cqpsvnl on both side* of the house that there should ' tw a revision of the tariff. It la-ing admil i ted that a revision is fiscw-sry, the next question i- • to the manner of the revis ion. " The distinguished author of the Morrill bill, who i* regarded a.* one of the must extreme protectionists, lias said: "Our normal condition, modified by national growth, musx ty resumed. We are to consider how much, if any of inter nal revenue can be relinquished, and next where and how tbn tariff can be safely and wisely revised, so as to leave it prop erly productive and In harmony with all interests, preserving the proper equilibri um among the different branches of trade and just to every section of the country. The amount of revenue required must iw determined, and the requirement for ordi nary expenses, for interest on the public debt, and for pensions, as well ** for the enlargement of our lilllputian Navy, and the decent equipment of uur military fort ideations, is still so great that extreme pro tection k* not so much the question at that of revenue ; and with barely moderate discrimination in favor of American fie'ds and workshop*, not leaving them In dan ger of unfair foreign competition, little more, it is believed, will be found neces sary." If tho preneot tariff in what it should he, if it is juat and proper, if it gives to labor its just reward and is as be neficent as the Stalwart candidate and his organs claim it is, why did a Re publican Congress just pass a bill cre ating a Tariff Commission for the pur pose of revising it T If high protect ive tariffs are what they are claimed to be, what caused the great financial breakup of 1873 that prostrated busi ness for five years and turned more than three millions of laboring men out of employment ? The same sys tem that was in force liefore that pe riod and that is in force now, existed then. That the present tariff is made iu the interest of the wealthy and against the laboring man is clearly seen by examinaliou of the list of ar ticles taxed. Take for instance, blank ets. They are tariffed as follows: Blanket* valued at 40 eD. per pound (3v 108.14 per cent. I HUnkoU valued at 40 ets. and not over 00 ets. per pound, (••■ 85.8,1 p.'r cent, j ftliinkpls valued over 80 cU. |ier pound fift 00 j.r cent. Thus it will lie seen that the cheap blankets which are necessarily needed by the laboring man is taxed much heavier than the fine blankets which are used by the rich alone This is one item, the whole present tariff sys tem is arranged and madeon the basis of discrimination in favor of the rich. The rave about tho tariff in the present campaign is for the sole pur pose of causing the honest laboring 1 tuan to again give bis support and vote to the Republican party, when his : convictions, his sense of justice and right would compel him to cast las vote for the candidate of tiie Demo cratic party. This course wa pursued I iu 1880. Tho threat, promises and results are fully set forth iu the follow ing. And workingmen don't forget it: *' If Hancock i* p|it ted tins Nlablith >ni-nl wiil i-lwo. ' "if you want your j iron mills cl.>.' l Bnd all Industrie* depend -1 ent upon tin-in brought to n slnd-lill vols; f..r Hancock. ' I T1... nbovo i-xpr.oslons were common in Republican t.sfMT* in 188'), and working men were frightened and ileoeivisl into Voting tho Republican ticket „i thm time. Hani.<K-k was not i-iected but (iartield wa, and what has t>een the result 1 Have "le-t --tr wage*'' followed the e!e.-tion * No; the miner*of this country are only getting 90 OMts f-er dav n>w. Ha- "tUstay work been "assured" U> the men in the iron mills and el*wbre? No: there hive h-en one hundre<j an t filty thousand men in "general idleness," and they did n<>t reach this pitiable condition by the election of Oenerai Hancock The roseate time* promised to follow the election ol (Jeneral (iarCebl did not corns, but instead strike* for higher wages and " general idlene-s came. The Republicans cannot get rid of the logical effect of their own projstsition. Two years have passed ine" the !at | res idential election and although Hancock was nil elected,the iron mill- a> said, have been < loaed, and over one hundred lh<-uf and workingmen out of work. Had that of I HSSII been the first attampl made by Republicans to deceive the laboring man there might have bern some excuse, hut it was not. Time and again has this same old story been rehashed and the working men hit at tho lying hail too often. It it about time they are getting their eyes open to their own intere*ts. The kind of a tariff that the iK-ni ocrntic party want* i sticli that will do nh injustice Pi any one, that will re lieve lalsor and not take from it by any system of taxation more than is necessary to honestly, faithfully and economically administer the govern ment. When more than ibis is done it U-conies a "system of robbery." Wi: cannot too earnestly impress upon the Democrats of Centre county the importance of early and prompt organization of the party in every township ami district. They should meet and consult among themselves, and make such arrangement as will secure the attendance of every Demo crat at the polls in November—to see that all Democrnts are entitled to vote by the payment of taxes within the time stipulated by law, which is the 7th of October. I/?t all these ar rangements lie made among yourselves in your districts aud urge every man not only to finality himself but accept 1 of no employment, or no reward from from any quarter to ab*cnt himself on j the day of election. We have every reason to lielicve that the corruption fund of the opposition will be large ly used by hire, or otherwise, to induce Democrats to remain away from the polls. It is for such purposes as this that the chair* i man of the state committee has provided a large corruption fund. To go into the market and buy vote* from those who may be mean or thoughtless enough to sell them, has become a dangerous operation ami a resort to stratagem will doubtless lie i substituted so adroitly as to throw the | voter off his guard. This may lie frus- j trated by thorough organization aud vigilauce in the towushipsantf districts iu which the whole party should unite and consult together at convenient points. We have a good ticket, state and local, composed of good trusty men, pledged to economy and the re form of all public abuses. Tbey rep resent the principles and the hope of the Democracy and should not fail of a unauimous Democratic vote by neg ligence or Inattention to duty. Guard Your Linen Carefully, Domocrata. The Democratic people are hopeful. I he Democratic organization over the entire FtaP; wa never in belter condi tion. The enemy is despondent,divid ed but desperate. They will attack us in every way, and what they can not do openly will be attempted in other ,ways. If crooked work is to lie done, if design* upon our line are contemplated, if inroads are sought to be made by stealth or corruption it will be done near the election, and now is the time to have the line care fully guarded, to have every man aroused to a sense of bis individual responsibility aud to a sense of dan ger. The great mass of the Demo cratic party is aliove temptation. They can neither be corrupted or pan ic striken if they touch elbows on the line of battle. If every sub-district is put under the charge of the loyal um:elli-b Democrats who can lie found in every sub-district iu the Stat", it will IK- found that no corrupt contrac tion with the enemy can deliver bis goods. The Democracy of Pennsyl vania to-day presents a solid front. They arc sanguine and yet not off their guard. The one thiny they urxl to </o I* /■< poll every Dootoeniic ooto. There are at least 415,0181 of them- The stakes should le* set for that fig ure. Every di-trict con poll a large a vote as it gave for Hancock. It will do so unless the local organization fail* of its duty. The State is made up of counties and the counties of districts. If every man sweeps before bis own <loor the work will IK- done. Organi zation in general ran only le accom plished by organization iu detail. It is altogether too much the habit of the average voter in one county ti IK- overanxious about what the Democrat* of other counties are <!<•- ing. while he forget* to I<. .k into the situation a! home, and vice versa. We aie all too apt to take a long range view of the fight and to forget to keep the linns closed iu our immediati lo cality. I. t n- reform this matter al together ami right now. Instead of stiaitiing our eye* to the di-taut polit ical horizon, let us *ec to it that at h Democratic, platoon, company aud battalion i in full fighting trim, le t every man get info the tank*, git hi name on the roll and tnnke it his s]Kf ial business to lie present at every drill. I>et him know what his neigh bors on either side of him and aero s the street arc going to do, and uot trouble himself aliout what is going on two huudrcd miles distant. This i the kind of organization that wins. It is the kind that lias won in other States and in other contests, and if faithfully adhered to in the present great fight for reform will rentier the Democratic hosts in the Keystone State invincible. THE Democrats of New York have this year held a harmonious conven tion, and made their nominations with out discord —all factions being repre sented ami concurring in the nomina tion aud the importance of united ac tion in the election. Mayor Cleveland of Buffalo is the uomineeforGovrrnor- Liko our Pennsylvania candidate, Mr. Pattison, Mr. Cleveland has made his reputation, and entitled himself to the confidence of the people by intelligent work as a reformer of municipal gov ernment. The methods, and honesty, ami ability of these able reformers it I is desirable should be utilized both at I Ilarrisburg aud Albany, The people i demand reform in the two leading and neighboring Ktates of the Union. They mean to have it, and with Cleveland in New York, and Pattison in Penn sylvania, they will not be disappointed- AFTER great scandal and years of time and labor, Ex-Minister Christ* ency has obtained a divorce from his wife. In the long contest to get rid of a young wife it is said he has also got rid of his fortune as well as his politi* cal prestige, jj TKKMS: |ipr Annum, in A'l \ uini\ Tho Rcpublicun Ticket. Tin. Republicans held their County convention in this place on Tuesday last. It wan well and respectably rep resented, rvnducted in good order and harmonious in its selections. The tick et produced is composed of unexcep tionable rriou against whom no word of reproach can be written, except that they are Republican*of the most I pronounced Stalwart order, w th the ex ception perhaps, of one of the candi j dates for the legislature who be* been regarded as possessing somewhat inde pendent views. With this exception the ticket could not have been letter nt-up if Don bad lieen present in per son instead of bis lieutenants and the candidate for governor. Rut however this may be the tieket is creditable and respectable. It is true iu forming it, the Imaged regard which (den era I Reaver and his friends claim to have ! for the " brave soldier boy" was con spicuously absent. There were two soldiers before the convention of high : characterand undisputed qualifications —one for Legislature and one for Jury Commissioner, and both wo be lieve served in (Jen. Reaver's regi ment. Out of a vote of HU, one who left an arm where Gen. Reaver left a leg, received 1* votes, the other 11. Tin- Stalwarts so tn to IK* alwn\s rspial t > the oceasi m if advantage i* to be gaiued by a dirty mean act. In the New York Republican Convert* tion last week the factions were pretty | evenly divided between the stalwarts and half-brecd. The stalwarts how ever, discovered tie v lacked one vote to enalrle them to control the State : Committee ami e meMjuiutly the or j gacization of tire Convention. Accord ' irigly they forged a telegram from < <oI : lector Robertson who was one of the Committee, jit einKDi, substituting Mr. i' reuch to a tin his place. The fraud ftuccecd<-d and the forgery was not exposed until the stal warts had the organization, and the control. Thus, I'olger was nominated t<r Governor, and the Republican party, is consider ably demorahr.-d and in temper to take each other bv the throat. Tin: advices from the Virginia campaign are that Mahnue and his Re pudiation erowd are Jo-ingground and stand a fair chauceof Is ing wiped out ; elfectua ly at the election in Novem ber. The recent utterances of Mr. Rlainc against the coalition of the ad ministration with the readjuster frauds, and the establishment of a disc reditu, nle b iss over the Republican party of Virginia has had an iuspiring and en couraging effect on the iudependeni Republicans of tiiat state, and they ! are making it hot for the office ped dler*. Mahoue'* contract to deliver to Arthnr the Con} res-imial delegation 'ii reward for the Federal patronage i not likely to le a paying operation. THK authorities of Philadelphia, it is believed will have an extended le gal struggle with the Canadian autho rilies before they are permitted to re- I store I'hipp* the Almshouse thief, to hi country and dtalwart friend*. ' Pbippa, absent on account of hi* health, i not anxious to return, and hi* nu i merou interested fricod*and associate* of the Quaker city preferring that he J shall have the advantage* of foreign I climate, will ti*e all the legal wit they j pome** to diecourage a return, which ! they believe to be entirely nnnooessary. It ia *aid that dohn C. New, a*-i->- tant (Secretary of the Trea#ury, ia to he appointed .Secretary, Perhaps Sec retary Folger may think a "bird in band ia worth two in the buah," and retain the office. Stalwarts do not surrender an office until they are cer tain of being better suited. Oonkliug is the the only exception, but be is an exceptional man. FOR the fourth time Gen.Buttler ia a candidate for Gotmtor of Massachu setts. He id now the unanimous nomi nee of the Democrat*, a* well a* of the Greenback party. NO. .'ls.