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Q I). HAY,
k% ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Special ntt<*iti >ti given to the (i||mtioti >f claim*.
llr •. k* r!i. fl HuM> t 4-lft
r piIOMAS J. McCULLOUGH,
1 ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Ofßcf In AlWrt Owen'a hnlMiinc, in (be n*u fnu
rrlv occupied by the l*lilllt k Banking CottpftDy.
P. K. ItAftTlKG*. w. r. HEEPKA.
H ASTINGS & REKDKR,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Offlr# on AllKln<uy duora bm! of Ihtol*
Bet 90mpM by lito Aim of Yocatn A tastings. 40-If
H. A. I'BiLI. M. A. M E IK
| >EALE & McKEE,
1 ATTORN BY 8 AT LAW.
34-tf Offlca oppolto Court lionet- , Bellefuste, P*.
. It. Toct'M It. ItAßallßMnlß.
VOCUM AIIA RSH BE KG KB,
1 A ITORNES BAT LAW.
OAce on N. K. coruvr ot Pimnon I sod Allegheny nil.,
In the n-om Ut#ly occupied by Y uin A UwUnpi.
WILLUM A. WALLACE, PtVID L. AAC EE,
II AAAV f. WALLACE, WILLIAM E. VALUO.
WALLACE ti KRKRB,
* Y LAW AND COLLECTION OFFI'R,
January 1, ltfll. CLKARFIKLD. PA.
T?LLIB L. ORYIB,
J J ATTORNEY AT LAW.
OfPICX opposite the Court llotum, on the 24 floor of
A. O. Pant'* lalliling. 3-6tf
I LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICE.
11-ly cLKARFIKLD, PA.
C. T. *l.ll**o2*. C. U BOWl*.
1 LEXANDEK k BOW EH,
J\. ATTOKNF.VB AT LAW,
Rcllefonte, P*., may bo cnneultnd In Kmtli.h or flu
tiiou. Oilko in o*rm*u'i Ilnildiiiic. I-Ij
JAMt* A llim, J. w tot.AT lIOHiKT.
I>EAVEH A GKPHAHT,
I > attorneys at law,
Offl*-* on Allejtliroiy Ureal, north of Hish. Rello
furtte, P. I-ly
I \ F. FORTNEY,
1 /• ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Laat tar t' the left in the Court IfotM. *-ly
lOIIN BLAIR LINN,
ft ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Offlra Allegheny Street, over P M nfllw iil-ly
T L. BP ANGLER,
ft • ATTORNEY AT LAW,
RELLKFON TK CENTRK COUNTY, PA.
SpecUl attention to Collection*; prarti* m *ll the
Courts; Conn!utl'*n in Oerman or K gll*h 1-1)
• ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Oflk-e on Allegheny Htreet .South side of Lyon**
glum, MMflit*, PA, i-i)
JL • ATTORNEY AT LAW.
LUC* IIAVEN. PA.
All bnln* i rnmj tlr (MM t. 1-1 y
WM. I'. MITCHELL,
Lot. E IIAYEN, PA.,
Will ithoil to all work In Clearfield, Centre and
Dfßrn oppait* Lock Haven National Rank. 20-ly
• ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Offlre In Conrad Honae, Allegheny *treet.
Bpwitl attention given to the collection of claim*.
AH bqilnsta a?t-nd-| to promptly. il-1/
V V ATToRNKY IT LAW.
All badness promptly attended to 1-ly
I I K. HI v. M. I).,
11a Office In Conrad II n*e. *bov* Fortney'a
UwiHffe. 1:1.1.1.KF A Tr. I* N
Bpeei%| attention given to Operative Hurgrry and
Chr flc Bit——g, l**-ly
IAR. JAB. 11. DOBBINS, M. D.,
1/ PHYSICIAN AND BCROF.ON.
Offce Allegheny Ht„ over ZrigUr • liruc Store,
*df Din PORTR. I'A.
DR. J. W. RHONE, Dcntint, can
be foand at hi* off re and renPlenca on Nerlh
•Lie of High atreef three #l ra Kail of Allegheny.
lU!Ufonte. Pa 16>ly
It a-nine* * Card*.
-1 JL In Uarman'a New Block,
17 P. BLAIR,
1 • JEWELER,
wATntg*. rvocga, jgwitay. kn.
All work tieaily eaecntad. On Allegheny ttraet,
finder BrK-kerh.ff BpUt, A it
IIKALKKS IN PUKI DBUOOOVLY.
2 I f ZELLER St, SON, 4
r ft • DRtooirrs,
Nn IS, Brork.rhoff Row. [ 5
w , All lh Bt*n<Urd P.1.nl Mlb-in' Fi*-! *
B;crtptlr>iM arid F.mil, lUnpm *mir*l4y! .
pr.|iarMl. Tnua., HSi .aU.r Br* , A< ,kt 3
•wj A-tr j I
0. inu, Frao't. a. r. nuui. < • b'r.
I7IRST NATIONAL BANK OF
Allegheny Street. B*l|efonte. Pa. 4 -tf
M i*cella ncou*.
eras CENTRE DEMOCRAT
BOOK and JOB OFFICE
IB MOW offrrimo
TO THOSE WISItIKO FIRST-CLAM
Plain or Fancy Printing.
Wa bRY* una*ul fEciliUe* for printing
CARTES DE VISITE,
CARDS ON ENVELOPES,
AND ALL KINDS OF BLANKB.
MTOrdrri by mail will rciYa prompt
Mr* Printing done in the beetetyle, on
•hort aotice and at the loweet rate*.
VA OppoYlta Goert Hmm, IIRI.LRFONTB, FA.
TERMS n.BS FIR DAY,
A good Urory attachod. |_l
WilHoti, McFarlanr <€ Co., Hardtrarr Dealer*.
WILSON, MoFA RLA N I : So ( X>.
Paints, Oils, Glass and Varnishes,
ALLF.ISIIBNY STREET, .... HUMES' BLOCK, .... BKLI.KFONTF., PA.
BELLKFONTK & SNOW SHOK
R. R.—Tiiu.-T.bl.tn .ff.rl on and afu r Man h
I, l11 ;
I.imiv.i Nuuw Hlioc 6,:W1 *. M. arrirr* in U.Hafont.
f.'.'l . >l.
I.i-a< Ibdl.funt. 0.12 *. .,arrl.a at Know 8)10.
II.U a. *
!.• Bnaw Blina 2.30 r.M.,arrirra In Billafoula
4.20 r a. ,
7.24 r h 8. 8. III.A IK, Uo'l Bup.rlnt.ndnt,
HALI) EAGLE VALLKY RAIL
ROAD Tltn.-Tatil*. April -H. 1**0:
Kip. Mall, entaaa: . lllTWi.ti. Kip. Mall.
1 *. r. *. ' " * .
*ln 7 n2 Arrlr. atTn>n. Lrara..... 7 *4*
H 1 b't Laa... 73 * !>h
7 All (, M " Vail " ... 742 *A*
7AJ 47 " IUM Eagla " ... 747 *O2
74* 114 " Fowler " ... 7A2 V W
742 A 3.1 11 llalinah " ... 7 A*. *l3
7 .14 1, 4 " Port Matilda " ... tin VIV
727 •17 " Martha " ..a n7 925
7l* (| 11* " Julian " ... *ls J 12
7 j A47 " l iiioneille " ... * 2-t 19
701 f, 2* " buow Bhu In •' ... *32 945
5 A4A ...... " Alllratinr* " ... *34 4*
4*l 63A " R-llefnhta " ... *44 9 '*7
(I 3*l A 2.5 '• Alllfwburg " ... *54 t<Mi*
2.5 A U " Cortln " ... 9 oi l'< 19
Al* A 1 " Mount FUgla " ... 91210 2A
A 9 AOl 11 Howard " - 4 2** In 37
AAS 4AO " lla fc 'le*ille " - 9 .1* 10 49
ASO 445 " Be**- h Creek " ... 940 Hi 54
A .14 443 ...... " Mill Ilall " ... Mll IA
A29 430 " Flemlnglo* " ... 9 .57 II ■><
52A 42A " L>tk llaien " .10 "I '1 2A
PEN N SYLVAN IA RAILROAD.
1 —< Philadelphia and Kna Dtilalun.)—On and
alter De* rmh*-r 12. 1*77 :
KRIK MAlLl**'*# l'bila-1* Ipbla...- II 55 pm
HarrUbqrg 4 25 am
• •• WilllamepofT *36 a m
" U~k liarea 9 40an.
" •• Ranoro. 10 Mini
" arrliea at Brie 735p ni
NIAOAI'.A KXPRBSS l*ae Plillad'lpbia 72"a la
•• •• llarrial urg ... In M)a m
" •• WlUianip<*rt. 22n p m
•• arrlre* at Rennro 4 4** p m
I'uenpri by tbla train arr.ia In Helle
fciDt* at —— * F m
FABT LINE leaiea Philadelphia. 11 U a m
•• llarrubuig. - 335p in
* " Wi11iaiiiipnrt.............. 7SO p m
" urtin at Lnrk llatelt - *4o p m
BAATW A Rl>.
PAaFl'' KXPRKBB lew*e* l-'k 11aeen..... 40 a m
•* " Wllllameport... 7 A.5 a m
•• arrl**at Harriet nrg. II 56 • m
•• Philadelplilw— 3 45 pm
DAY F.XPRKBB laaxea R>no*i 10 |o*m
• "• 1.. . I ||a*e&. II 211 • m
.* •< Wllllameport 12 40 am
o arriree at llarrlabor*...—4 10pm
•• •• Philadelphia. 7 p m
ER7F MAIL lea'ee Ra eo * *5 p m
** *• ledw It lUvn •4Ap ID
M •* WiltUmepnrt II p m
M iirfvNiil lUrri*hQrg. MN . 144 • m
m ' Ph Gedelphi*.. 700 •
PAITT I.IN P. legree
" arrivHi At Htarrtiitrg I
•• •• Philtadelphlta 7 .14 tarn
Krie Mail W**t. f \\r*— V> et. I.rwk lUve ft
AroronjY-ltafb o Whl. taDd I*y V i|"e Ue. make
chwe oniitacti- n* at >' •rtharakd*rlaD l with I. A B. K
R trainv fr Wilkeekarre and VraoD n
Krle Mail Wdntt. Niagara P.ijreaa W#at. and Prle
Etpreea Wdl, and leork Haven
rnaka rhiae ronnecUon at Willlamepwrt with 5.C.R
W. train* nrrth.
Krle Mail Meet, Niagara Ptiree* Wagt, and Pay
Ktpreee Kaat. make c\<m* connection at Lock Haven
With H V. \ R K train*
P.rie Mail Kt and M at Pf'* with traint
nn V. H A M. K R K .at Torry with 0 C A A V R !
R. at Kriijorinrn with R N T A P. R R.. an I at
Diift**d with A V R R
Parlrtf nam HI rnn between Philadelphia and j
Mi|liam*p'rt on Niagara Papr* Wet. Rri# Pipreaa
Wwt, l*Yiilade||.hia ppre Pat and Hay Kipre
)>t.and J*nnday Papree* Ke' Sleeping ran n all
night trains \ta. A
Oenl f<fi pert n tend en t |
7-* m RF.LI.RFONTE, PA.
MONEY To ~onn ato perCt.
4ll\Ji.Y Ail BT T||B Mrnul( Lins INH K
AIfCR CO. or 14RW YORK, on And etortgwge. on
Improved frm pnipertj. la eume not lee* lb** njMi.
end not *ireedlH| on. third af Ufa preeint enlwe of
the property. Any portion of lb. prtortp.l mm he
paid of at any time, end It ha* been the matron of the
aoapwny to permit lb* prtnetpsl to remain in km* ae
tb* borrower erlabea, If the Internet I* promptly pwld.
CHARLES t. SnßßMAß,Atlnrney at taw.
Ml Oenrt, etreet, Reading, Pa.,
or to DAVID f. KLINB.Oo.'e Apprnlaar,
A FARM conUining Fifty Acres,
and ha*ln, tberaon eraoted a TWO-STORY
FSAMR BPILDINfJ and oat hulldlnp. Title pd.
laawire of A. J. AT. i ORinf,
M Caloatll.,C#*u* eewaty, Fw.
lirtj. LYDIA E. PiNKHAM, CF LYKH, KASS.,
' .y* > * A'-*—
LYDIA 7 E. PINKHAM'S
1" k I'os.f ■ I.**
/•RIKTL (hsas Painful 4 •mplalnta aa4 WSSVBIMH
ixrvuava lemtrhaal f wale |rfu 1 at
Uwi.'lnire entirely tbo wore* furwuf Fetnalnrnm*
f falttU. all ntarlan tronhle". Inflkmmtlk ti arwl rirtri
i. n. falling orl lt*|dar#iMna, ai-<1 tlw tvitweqtimi
M-lnal tVewknes*, aul le |rt* ularly o-Jajfel to (!.
i !.ai if* c f Ufa.
It wilt tflewnfrw iM etH t'lttK.re frein ibs>milri
an early eta/s of drrrloteiwnl Tin lewVwjU rah-
r.-ia hun.'.-rwtLe-rwlarKreke.l rwry efwdti? I y Untie#.
It rrmatf faintn#em, flatulrtK-y. deatfytall craving
f r at'.mulanle. n l FelUria weak new of tle rt<>ma* h.
It i*%rwa Itlowtlrig, Vlradwlwa, ,\rrw Frvadfllb r-.
I'wrtl MAUI?, Blot|*a—(nx. x© nxwl I tell
Thai frelfftf cf bearing down. rau!rg |Wt!n. w*!gVt
ah'l larliwhs. le always jemawtA? o.rwl ty It# uw\.
It will at all time# and tirwlar all drrunHUrrea act In
honw-ry with tlwlaws that t, fernaka •<<
I t th# # kktwy ( <>u))4aii4A i>( eiUnr antUi
Coflnremad ta u rawer*—' 1.
LYDIA R. PI Ma II AM** VFCTT HIT r OM-
I til Mt# preparel at Q) an<l ;.'i v. • n A* en
! rnn. Maw. PrW fl. Kit tw-Übwf f •WnflyiaJ
In tUfurm of pillt, alai Intb# f- rtn of b rrrgre, n
rrel|4 of price, || r#r hoi f-r eitVr. V. i.rkh*.-i
rrwlyiriwen alt Mien of Inquiry Vo l for pair, I,
let. Addreai aa ihota. Jfewf -m t\H
KofamUy MkooM towttbowtl.YT'l AK 1 TVAY
UVCR I':J.A Th"f tore rutntlai % I - 'tthea,
six} Icrriflltf e-f IM lifer. EV*ta rer
fiaT Held by nil *UJ
BLISS 8 AMLRICrVN WONDER PEA
I ttr.t I trlr, A err Dwarf H t |fl InrVtr* , I>.
|ttiir# MO Doml|>X, I xq'iDilr f
|!rt IbrffU,.! Ik. 't 'eff 1.
4** * e '- * 'lt
i \[ THIN, tt I '• T t awa-.n
• A wev #• re
"BLIMI AMXIiILAN WOKbflA."
i ! ; ' . Ifn. w> tewta. ,4w. • ' ..
Marr.lt/ae. by w*J.
MD l*T TTffT. tT I ! -T Ft \ TIMN - ,
With • reMf Wl (daft if Crump nf Naktaal • 'lew •f*
•"* s| V rrtMl
. •' # - •
•** tn.|afW* v4.le I qflc.'rln |.ay
BX. E1.1K3 S 5053,34 EsreUvlt. Bew-Tork.
• 81000 ■
Win N piH if lmrnritl or mln#ntl
| fubwancr. nrr In I t ki -i A. or toe Ml J ■
r* It will i.-.1. .in>w 1,-lf. ■BSttMHOSfe
I'KH I l r-)r-lT ft T<ipp-*rc> <
■ II I* not I T vi; or allMlwr mnll. ■
'lip, f j , ' m
' U lld ww wil'tniri-ty |*r- '
•filM tiy lmt.s gijflrluii Uiu ur slwr
e IuII4OMI m, <!ln k., *la Ui. f bmwlw. B
plum* |m*|i(lrriirl if pt'on wn<l
. *ll nth— hinnl 1
For IntwrmliSPOt r.rrr, rhlll, itnd hra. ■
• Kn msttxr what r<mr dlwa*. In, bmtb>- t
hs fi4> }<* ma or (-WI. rnftlf 0* fr-mnjw
| H w, lur Cut i ' ■ ■ . in *■
T*ll fmr lM>lshbnrtl *<t jrr*,r frlptHUi*i '
Prni * I* lbs on If rwnnff, n>l will cu
| >•*! Ml I tlx TO. b.'lxl f. .f * ISUOt'iil.'t. |
S. n. IIARTMAJi ato.. (Hlmrn.miln.
• so 4 pelTl- i.rsao* n*u- j
KZW - (Ixioit. w..pjtli nana nf It
il .wl h. tS. atnun f.) W l- Ht. ii r
J .lull', . .i.l Blebl w.xk. Ix
pOmlant**4 n*. ■ W,bminix-r*#una
Noo aittwrs. In*, am Hoe a.
If jm sr. from* ft H mCenim tram mny In
eiifiion or •iiwfi.Buon . If J'X. mr
ft—! or xM "* mTomtHt. mwrrioa tram
nonrb-Otb or KwaMhßkf n * bwl at mok
hem, rrtr on Hop!Blttr.
Hhoanf M Tlm.i**W<H rtl Mk
.t.Twi.f won trot ■ ■ MMltr If." mmm
that font •■ tMji rorm at K l(lnr
W"f.fl .11 .If. tOW- th.t ft.i*l. I
ngtf 0.1. O.
'.'".r, BW It. *n MawnoM
MtrrorNvnwiHl AAvA jdinnhwitieia,
I ssra "-? I s FA 11 TrTT™* I
I lit*, fthm I TAIL avw I
H ss.etl ht-n-lgl| ■ itiiiii, . t, ■
A WKRK. tit • dr ham* rmttty me**.
MuSJ' ° aU>< "**' Aiirm TRL B 6 00 -'
Che Ctnlrt JPmocut.
NKWH, FACTS AND HUOCiIISTIONH.
til* T*.T r m* KATIUNAL w*ir*k* in TM* IKTTLU
hvery farmer in hie annual ew/ierienee
ilitcorere something of value. Write it and
send it to the "Ayneultural Editor of the
lIEMontAT, Jtettrfonfe, J'rnrt , a t n that other
farmere may hair t/,r benefit of it. Lei
commumeatione be timely,and be eure that
they are brief antl well /minted.
So many of our gardeners and
orchardists think lightly of treading
the soil firmly around their trees
during the process of planting, or
pressing the soil firmly when potting
their plants, that it is a marvel to
ine there are any successes in an or
dinary rural neighborhood. Take
any fruit tree for instance, and mere
ly shovel in the soil with an occa
sional slinking of the hotly to induce
the finer particles to settle among
the small rootlets, and my word for
it, that tree will not be so sure to
live, nor will it grow with anything
like the vigor as a similar tree that
has had the soil pounded firm, con
tinually as it was placed among the
roots. Why, %*ys the literal fellow
of Downing, "We must not plair.
tree as some men plant a post."'
True, and so say I ; hut you must
"lam" the dirt around it us you
would around a post, and partly for
the same reason to make it firm, and
the roots w ill then go to work sooner,
will increase much more rapidly and
| prove more healthy. Almost every
gardener well knows that tbecarncliu
and azalea require firm soil, or they
will not succeed, an I it is a fact that
those who generally win the first
prizes arc those who press the soil
firmly around all plants, with |x r
liaps a very few* exceptions. The ad
vocates of tliis system are becoming
more convinced of its usefulness as
they test its availability in orchard
and lawn planting, and so fur, ex
cepting when the soil is very wet,
they have not discovered an error in
C rr..|. r.'l. Nt , f prsru-al turon
1 notice, in Trailing your valuable
pajs-r, that other sections (resides
Virmont are impure i upon in pur
chasing patent fertilizers. While
some States are protected by law in
purchasing and using them, Vermont
has no such protection. I,n<*t year, it
i* said, over two hundred urns of
New Hampshire quartz nwk was sold
to Vermont farmers in the fertilizers
they bought. At a recent meeting of
the Vermont Board of Agriculture,
held in our town, the subject was dis
cussed. I)r. Cutting, our State Geol
ogist, Wing Secretary of the Board,
gave as a formula for making phos
phates at much cheaper rates than
we pay for those we buy. He said:
"Get one barrel (210 pounds) of bone
meal, ground fine, then provide a
large tub, say one half of a molasses
hogshead ; now put into this tub one
half of your barrel of bone meal;
then put in sufficient water to moisten
up the meal; then pour in three gal
lons, or forty-two pounds, sulphuric
acid ; stir the mass well with a hoe
until every particle of bone lias come
in contact with the acid; then let it
remain over night in the tub; in the
morning put in the other half barrel
of bone meal, and stir it thoroughly.
This will dry it fit for use." lie
says, "this amount is all that we get
in one ton of the l>cst fertilizer we
buy. Wc can add the sand or plast
er, or dried muck, or rich loam, to
make the weight one ton better, or
cheaper, rather, than to pay for
transportation two hundred miles or
more, whatever has been put in to
bring the weight Up to two thousand
Every one who tries to grow cab
bagc plants, and probably nine-tenth
of the readers of the Agricultural
KpUomiet do this, will be interested in
the following reply given by the
Country Gentleman to a Washington
correspondent who asks for a remedy
against the hoppers that infest the
beds and sap the life from the leaves
of the young plants: "A 'perfect
remedy' cannot be given, because
different species of insects infest
plants, ami a remedy which may an
swer well in one locality and under
certain circumstances or in one
season, may not succeed in others.
Among the remedies which bavc
proved effectual in most cases arc,
dusting with powdered lime, syring
ing with a strong infusion of toltacco
stems, dusting with powdered tobacco
(obtained from the sweepings of to
bacco houses), and, perhaps the best
of all, syringing with water strongly
impregnated with coal tur, made by
repeatedly stirring the tar in ton
times as much water. Kerosene in
water has also been nsed with good
suoccss in some Instances. Several
other remedies might be named, but
none better than the above. Dusting
the ground with lime while the plants
are very small, is a good preventive,
and stirring the ground by cultivat
ing frequently, and producing vig
orous growth, lessens the damage
Tho Ono Thing Lacking.
From Uit Mont/(HiI Journal.
A superabundance, even, of all tho
other constituents of your crop are
utterly useless, if one of them be
absent, or from its condition, hard to
come at. They must all be there,
and they must all lie in a (it state for
to feed on. There may be 20 pounds
of phosphoric acid available in the
soil for the food of your wheat crop,
but if the ..'}( of a pound to the acre
of common salt be wanting, good-bye
to your hopes of a harvest. As the
strength of a chain is measured by
the strength of the weakest link in
the chain, so the fertility of the soil
is determined by the quantity of that
essential food which is at present in
the least proportion, and not by that
which is in greatest abundance. A
carpenter may have pie vof boards
to construct a shed, but if he has no
nails, the shed stands a poor chance
of being built. Give him ever so
many more boards, and you help him
not a bit. It is the nails lie wants,
and until he gets them he can make
no progress in his work.
C I. ('una In !ltir*l N. Ir.iUt.
Some people dare not attempt to
handle their sows. This is their own
fault. They get into the pen, when
they inus', armed with a club or a
shovel. Such pens are seldom clean
ed, and the pigs which are forced to
i lie in thern must needs be filthy.
This is not the way to bring up pigs.
A pig is a very easy animal to edu
: cate. Like people, whom they more
i closely resemble than any other ani
mal in sums respects. 4hcir educa
tion must Ix'gin when they are very
| young. If they arc brought up in
I the way they should go, the training
should Ix-gin when they are sucklings,
by picking them up and stroking
! them gently. If the owner's entliu
| siasm and interest in them should be
HO great as to rause him to carry
them to the house to show to the
! children and to let thern play with
them, all Uie Ix'tter. The pigs should
i in- handle. 1 and taught not to Is*
afraid. When this is done the moth
ers will le docile and much tnorc
A Couple of Hints to Gardeners.
An Oregon correspondent of The
Fruit Recorder sows lettuce with cal>-
bage seed, nnd says lie never had
young plants of the latter attacked
by the black fly so long as they re
mained with the lettuce.
In planting early js-as and corn
the quality of the future crop may be
partly known by observing the de
gree of contraction in them. All
I peas and corn that seem shrivelled
up, with large indentations, will lie
! tenderer in flesh and contain more
sweetness and juice than the plumper
1 kinds If good table varieties are
desired, it is advisable then to select
the wrinkled kinds.
Kill tho Weeds Before Planting
Ff*m the pr*' tD#l Farmer
While there arc weed seeds loiter
ing in the soil, harrow over the sur
face lightly to cause them to germi
nate. Do this once a week for two
or three weeks while your manure is
composting. Better spend sn hour
a week, for three weeks, to kill weeds,
than to depend on killing them after
the plants come up and the weeds
with them. One liout spent before
the seeds are in and the ground
warm, will save one day when the
weeds and plants come up together.
Weeds are the main discouragements
to gardening among fanners. Kill
the weeds before you put in the seeds
Cut the Potato Beed Early and let
The chief advantage of this over
planting the potatoes immediately
nfier being cut is that of early ripen
ing. A correspondent of the Rural
.WIT Yorker has this to say upon the
subject: "The seed were all cut five
weeks before planted, dusted with
plaster and lime and spread on the
lioards in the cellar and stirrer) fre
quently to keep them from heating,
especially when in large piles. By
this method with rac potatoes ripen
ten to fourteen days earlier than if
cut and planted green.
Sheep and Codling Worms.
One of the most successful orch
ardists who destroys the codling
worm by turning sheep into his
orchards, is J. 8. Woodward, of
Lockport. His rule is to put in
twice as many sheep as the grass of
his bearing orchard will feed, and to
make up the deficiency with grain.
To prevent ail danger of the sheep
attacking the bark of the trees, he
makes a mixture of carbolic soap and
the droppings of the sheep, and coata
the bark of the tree* with the mixture
by means of a coarse brush, as high
as the sheep will reach.
SKKDS buried too deeply In the soil
may not germinate for lack of oxy
gen ; or, if germination takes (dace,
the plumule may fail to reach the
surface, the store of food in the seed
being exhausted before the layer of
soil is penetrated and daylight reach
ed. Hence, the smaller the seed, the
leas, aa a rule, should be the depth of
earth with which it is covered. \ n
The Boat Vegetable* p oa # and
Ivi-r 11. MKI ID aural NY. Vork.
The [K-a we must have, no matter
how small the garden, even if we
have to confine ourselves to the
dwarfs, among which illiss's Amen
can Wonder is the liest, I think. It
is very dwarf, may be grown in rows
about eighteen inches apart, and
needs no bush. It is very productive
for its size, very early, and of the
best quality. To follow this I would
select the Alpha, which is scarcely
surpascd in excellence by any js-a,
early or late. It grows two or three
feet high, according to richness of
soil, and should lie bushel. Add to
these the fine and standard variety,
Champion of England, and for the
small garden we need nothing more,
j These three kinds if sown at the same
time, will follow each other in regular
succession. I.atcr a row or two of
the Wonder or Alpha may be sown
to succeed the Champion; but the
pea seldom amounts to much in hot
weather. The Wonder I drop in the
drill three or four inches apart (some
times more), and the Alpha and the
Champion two or three inches apart;
and make the drills not less than four
inches deep. I am convinced that
j the pea is usually sown much too
thick and too shallow. The Wonder
should be grown in single rows, while
the Alpha and the Champion may
with advantage be grown in double
i rows six inches apart, with about
j three feet between the double rows,
j Here, again, keep the ground flat,
mellow, and free from weds. Crush
is an unsightly thing at best, and
might well be replaced by woven wire,
| such as is generally used for enclos
ing chicken yards.*
Of pole beans one is enough, and
that the Lima. Set the poles first,
make the soil rich with old manure,
and wait for warm weather to put in
the beans. Nothing is gained here
I by haste, but often much is lost-
Increasing fertility and productive
ness, resulting in advanced prices for
land, must lead to the subdivision of
farms. To no small extent is the per
i faction of our tillage due to the orig-
I ilia) Pennsylvania policy of small
' land grants, and as the years roll it
will lie found that fifty acres will be
more productive than a hundred, and
j twenty-five more productive than
fifty. lam not sure that the time is
far distant when we will realize "ten
i acres enough" as more than the dream
|of a book tanner. Mississippi, with
i double as many plantations as lieforc
I the war, hut averaging one-half the
size, produces twice as much cotton
now a then. France, with far less
area than Texas, owes her production
of wheat, nearly as large as ours, her
horses and cattle, almost as many,
and her sheep more, to the system of
small landholdings. It is to the thrift
of the people, their accurate and
economical cultivation of small par
cels of ground, that she owes the
recuperative jiower which made her a
I marvel among nations and the ad
miration of the entire world.
Fertilizers for House Plants.
From the Ac rim! to rid.
When plants are in a growing state
| they may be stimulated by the use of
j Huano water. A small tcacupful of
Peruvian guano dissolved in a pail
ful of rain water is strong enough ;
water the soil with this once, or at
most twice a week. The Water of
. Ammonia (Hartshorn) of the shops
|is about as good, and can be had
J everywhere. If of ordinary strength
! add a fourth of an ounce (two tea
spoonfuls), to a gallon of water, and
use as above stated.
Is the hurry of the opening of the
spring work, many larm horses are
injured by being required to change
at oucc from idleness to hard labor.
Sometimes, in such cases, additional
harm comes from too suddenly in
creasing the food supply. Colts arc
I certainly often severe sufferers from
over-exertion in the process now in
aptly called "breaking," or when first
set to hard work. Injury from ill
fitting harness is more common than
many suppose, (railed necks and
backs cannot always be prevented,
but they ought not to come from
bad-fitting collars or bands.
W UK?* a field or a garden plot re
ceives suitable cultivation and yet
fails to lie reasonably productive it is
evident that some important element
of plant food is lacking. If manure
has been applied io liberal quautilies
and yet the crops arc not satisfactory
It will pay to make a trial of other
fertilizers. In different sections of
the field several different fertilizers
should be employed in order to de
termine as quickly as possible what
particular elements are needed to in
sure the production of paying crops.
A PARWZR who grows both wool
and wheat largely and successfully
says that It is his opinion that the
reason why the yield of wheat per
acre io the Lolled States is only half
as much MM that of Kngland, is be
cause in England the sheep are util
ized in connection with grain grow
ing, whilst here they are thought of
only as wool and mutton-makers.
EVKRY one who cultivates a farm
should give some attention to the se
lection of seeds.