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LAD IKS' DEPARTMENT.
TUe Msthrraf I'urli-fiiur 4 hllilrrn.
If the great Napoleon's famous defi
nition of superlative female excellence
may he accepted as correct, Dr. Mary
Austin in unquestionably the moat ad
mirable woman in France. Thin lady
has just completed her thirty-third year
of wedded life, during which period she
ban presented her husband with no
fewer than forty-four pledges of
her wifely affection. In the
spring of 185.1, four years aftor her mar
riage, Mary Austin, nee Klind, passed
her final examination at the Medical
College of Orleans, and obtained diplo
mas authorizing her to practico in both
branches of her profession. As soon as
the Franco-Frussian war broke out she
joined the army of the Union with her
husband,and the prolific pair served with
extraordinary distinction throughout the
four years' struggle—she in her surgical
capacity and Colonol Austin as an active
militant. The former, whilo attending
to the hurts of her comrades under fire,
was thrice wounded in action—the lat
ter five times. At tho conclusion of the
war, tho valiant doctor, having lost her
left eve in the sorvice of her country,
but in other respects nono thejworse for
her injuries and fatigues, rotnrned to
her private practice covered with glory
and in the enjoyment of a staff officer's
pension. Since then she has lived in
peace and honor, the pride of her fellow
citizens, and indefatigable in her en.
deavors to render her warrior lord the
happiest of fathers.—Boston Transcript.
Professional beauties, says a London
correspondent, wero rapidly becoming
disturbing influences in tho best con
ducted London circles. To bo the rose,
or to boast the presence of the rose, in a
brilliant company was ono thing; tho
display of a multitude of buds vying in
their ambitions with tho mature and
perfect blossom was another. The
spirit of a burning, and in nearly every
instance most unbecoming coquetry
was instilled into a number of breasts.
Society was agitated by the discussion
of rival claims till it grew sick of hear
ing about them. There was not a
youthful or middle-aged beau who did
not think it incumbent upon himself
to start some lady who had been suf
ficiently unfortunate to attract his
favorable opinion in the professional
beauty line. This, it was felt, was
going a little too far. There was no
reason why individual cavaliers might
not haTe their preferences, but there
was every reason why they should not
ask society to indorse their choice. If
Paris had only been one of a multitude
of connoisseurs in feminine beauty the
apple which he gave to Venus would
not have been so bitterly grudged by
the brace of neglected goddesses. Tho
system of professional beantydom ww
in fact found to be incompatible with
the harmonious working of tho social
machine. I>rawing-rooms were split
up into different camps. The gentle
men who pleaded the claims topre-emi
nence of the particular lady they had
honored with their championship, were
growing as much nuisances as, accord
ing to the refra'n of Bon Gaulticr's
ballad, the man who, lost his heart a
short time ago. Moreover, the alsurd
ity of the whole thing was patent. The
professional beanty was oniy one star in
a galaxy, and not necessarily
the brightest. Her own vanity
might be gratified at the selection, bat
the boredom which this condition of
things resulted in provoked a whole
some retraction. Mothers and fathers,
husbands and lovers, began seriously to
reflect upou what would be the general
oonsequences of the system if it indefi
nitely developed. The names of a score
of professional beauties were so habit
ually on peoples' lips, their photo
graphs wero so aggressively conspicu
ous in shop windows, that society
wearied of hearing of them. It also
began to be a little apprehensive as to
oonsequences. It received some highly
practical admonitions—the revelations
of the law courts, and it came to tho
conclusion that on the whole, )>oth in
the way of enjoyment and of credit, it
had more to lose than to gain by per
petuating the regime.
Moire* continue in fsvor.
Trains are of mediom length.
The cost sleeve remains a favorite.
Short suits continue to grow shorter.
skirts are plaited in front and
ok, bnt not on the sides.
An old fabric revived is linen ging
New flannel saiU show brass ball
> Terra ootta velvet trims white woolen
Plain sleeves, with simple cuffs, are
Spotted and sprigged muslin is used
for white dresses.
New sash ribbons have raised chenille
flowers and leaves.
Terra ootte ribbon on black straw
bonnets is very stylish.
White dresses are embroidered all
over the waist and skirt.
Bayadere stripes appear on many
new parasol covers.
Dress parasols have the entire top
covered with artificial flowers.
Jntonso colors and icsthntic stylos are
avoided by fashionabio women.
Full apron skirts, looped very high
on tho hips, have been revived.
Balls of colorod wool aro mado use
of to edge flounces and basques.
Dark green contrasted with n
tlowor yollow is seen in bonnets.
Long gloves aro worn outside tho
sleeves half way up to the elbow.
Bpanisli lace trims tho handsomest
parasols and coaching umbrellas.
Carved teak-wood is a favorite mato
rial for sticks for elegant parasols.
Manila hats, with velvet crowns, aro
well fitted for tho first spring days.
Tho woven Marguerite laeo gloves
will be worn with Bummer drosses.
Black grenadine over rod, olive or
yellow satin is used lor new mantles.
Dark green, ecru and terra cotta aro
tho prevailing Bhades for bonnets and
Velvet tabliers and vests give a rich
effect when combined with tine wool
Few of tho fashions are new; most of
them aro rovivals of styles worn only a
few years ago.
There is quite a bewildering variety
in fancy ties and jabots, and every lady
may invent her own style. Variety is
all that is necessary.
Spring fans are in various designs,
tfome are of lace and flowers, others
aro hand-painted on satin, while others
aro made entirely of feathers.
For morning wear, linen or cambric
collars aro worn. Thoy aro immense,
and aro trimmed round with Irish lace.
They like children's collars.
Dress skirts are wider this season.
They measure two and one-half yards
around the bottom. Tho draperies aro
morojbouffant and elaborate than last
Irish lace trimmed with clusters of
shamrock leaves and forget-me-nots
was the garniture of the green velvet
dress worn by tho l'rince of Wales at
the queen's last.
Tho Haxony flannels, or dress flan
nels, as they aro called, are largely im
ported this season for early spring
suits, for ladies' wrappers, mountain
dresses, and for children's suits.
The quaintest designs are seen in the
embroideries of pocket handkerchiefs;
somo represent pet animals, such as
cats, dogs, parrots, and other birds, en
circled by wreaths of flowers.
Black and gray and black and white
check, plaid, and stripe in linen ging
hams will bo popularly worn the coming
season by ladies in mourning; and in
the heat of summer traveling costumes
and ulsters will bo made of this cool,
A Terrible Avalanrhr.
Tho avalanche that came down the
mountains at Genoa, Nov., was of great
extent. Occurring as it did in the morn
ing, when most of the people were in
bed, the wonder in that more of the
renidentn of the town did not lone their
liven. The first intimation bad bj the
people wan a rumbling nonnd like that
of an earthqnake. Bella were rung,
and cries for assintancc panned along the
ntreetn bjr those who happened to Ire up.
The slide,came down the gorge irnme
diatelr south of Genoa canon and
swept everything before it an far an
Main street. No obstacle checked thin
moving mountain until it spread ont
and lost its force on the nearly level
piece of land on which Genoa is built,
fully a quarter of a mile from the base
of the mountain.
Broken lumber, splinters of furniture,
pine and fruit trees, hay, clothing,
kitchen ware and bedding were dia
tribnted through a body of snow and ioe
from ten to fifte n feet in depth and
several acres in"extent The " Long''
building, which stood nearest the
mountain, was occupied by Indians
driven from their wigwams by tho
severity of the storm. Aa near as could
be ascertained but seven were in the
house at the time of the catastrophe.
No trace of the building could be reo
Next came the residence and barn of
Minerod Bowers, which was completely
crushed to pieces and carried into an
adjoinirg lot. Minerod and his wife
were found atill in bed and almost on
top of the snow and debris, both dead.
The residencies of D. W. Virgin, W. D.
Gray and that of H. Boerlin were on
the next street below Bowers'. lioer
lin's house was completely demolished.
Tbeooeupaats were Mr. Mad Mrs. Boer
lin, their two children and Mr. Chis
holm and wife. All were bnried in the
ruins.— (ianoa (N>.) CmtrUr,
Belgium has sixty dally papers, of
which fifty-two ate printed in French
and eight in Flemish. The number of
the weekly journals is 808, of whioh
237 are in the French and 101 in the
Over 2,600 men In Utah hare more
than one wife a piece,
PEARLS OF THOUGHT.
Distrust him who talks much of his
Measure your mind's height by the
shadow it caHts.
It is a good thing to learn caution by
the misfortunes of others.
Make not thy friends] too cheap to
thco nor thyself to thy friends.
Every to-morrow extends either a
hand of anxiety or a hand of faith.
Men's lives should be like tho days,
growing more beautiful toward the
Tho most diilicnlt thing in lifo is to
keep the heights which the soul has
What wo are merely taught seldom
nourishes tho mind like that which we
Opportunities are very sensitive
things. If you slight them on their
first visit they seldom come again.
Human experience, like the stern
lights of a ship at sea, illuminates only
tho path which wo have passed over.
Ilow Jesse James Was Killed.
The following are the particulars of
the shooting of Jesse James, the notor
ious outlaw, at Bt. Joseph, Mo: After
having eaten breakfast Jesse James
and Charles Ford went to the stable to
curry the horses, and on returning to
the room whero Robert Ford was, Jesse
said: "It's an awfully hot day." He
pulled off his coat and vest and tossed
them on tho bed. Thee he said: " I
guess I'll take off my pistols for fear
somobody will see them if I walk in the
yard." Lie unbuckled the belt in which
ho carried two fortv-flve-calibcr revol
vers—one a Smith A Wesson's, and the
other a Colt—and laid them on the bod
with his coat and vest. lie then picked up
a dusting brash, with the intention of
dusting some pictures which hung on
tho wall. In order to do this he got on
a chair, his back being now turned to the
brothers, who silently stopjied between
Jesse and his revolvora, and at a motion
from Charley both drew their guns.
Hobcrt was tho quicker of tho two. In
one motion he had tho long weapon on
a level with his eye, with tho muzzle
not more than four foot from the back
of tho outlaw's head. Even in that
motion, quick as thought, thoro was
something which did not escape the
acuto cars of tho uunted man. He
made a motion as if to turn bis
head to ascertain tho cause of that sus
picions sound, but too late. A nervous
pressure on tho trigger, a quick flash, a
sharp report, and the well-directed hall
crashed through the outlaw's skolL
There was no outciy—just aswating of
the body, and it fell heavily back upon
tho carpeted floor, the ball having en
tered the base of tho skull, and made
its way out through the forehead over
tho left eye. It had been fired out of a
Colt's "iy improved weapon, silver
mounted and pearl handled, which
had liecn presented by the dead man to
his slayer only a few days before.
Mrs. James was in the kitchen when the
shooting was done, separated from tho
room in which the bloody tragedy oc
curred by the dining-room. She heard
tho shot and dropping her household
duties ran into the front room. She
saw her husband lying on his back, and
his slayers each holding his revolver in
his hand, making for the fence in tho
rear of the house Hot>ert had reached
tho inclosurc and wai in the act of
scaling it, whensho stepped io *bc door
and called to him: " Hubert, you have
done this; come back." Robert an
swered: " I awear to Ood I did not.''
They then returned to where she stood.
Mrs. James ran to the side of her hus
band and lifted up his head. Life was
not yet extinct, and when she asked
him if he wero hurt, it seemed to her
that be wanted to say something but
could not. Hhe tried to wash away the
blood that was coursing over his face
from the hole in his forehead, but it
seemed to her that the blood came faster
than she could wash it away, and in her
arms Jesse James died.
Fooling Willi the XlnlMippl.
Will 8. Hay*, the Umooi aong writer,
baa been making a cruise of the re
cently flooded region* of the Miaais
aippi. He wa* aaked what he thought
of the plan of atraigbtening the rirer
a* a preventive of disastrous overflow*,
and be replied: It'a all nonaenae.
Right here at the bend (near Mam
phi*) the river run* at the rate of flvo
or aix milee an honr. Where the river
ia atraight it i* about eight milea an
hour. I (thia immense a weep of water,
sixty feet deep, and running at the
rate of eight milea an hour, had a
olean, atraight channel, it would aweep
Ead'a jettiea and everything out of ex
istence. The benda in the river aavo
it, by cheeking the current. If yon
were to take away 300 yard a here, It
would form a bar three milea long bo
low on the other aide. I believe in
letting nature take her oourae. It
won't do to tinker with the Miaaia
aippi. We have had flood* before, but
never anch a one aa thia, beeeuae
there'* bean too muoh footing with the
river thia year. Oongreaa may ran the
government, bnt abe cant run the
WELL-KNOWN I'll It ASKS.
How iln- Following nrr Hald lo lUvr Orltl
" Do, ro, mo, fa, sol, la."—Gaido, an
Italian of tbo eleventh century, baa
l>een called tho father of modern music.
It wan he who invented, or for tho first
time systematically uaed, tho lines of
tho ftaff and tho intervals or spaces,
and thus fixed tho principles of mod
ern notation and introduced tho names
of the first six notes of the scale, do,
ro, me, fa, sol, la. Guido was a monk
in tho monastery of Pumposo, and,
while chanting with tho choir a hymn,
ho was struck with tho regularly
ascending tones of tho opening sylla
bles, which lead to his invention of an
educational method by which, accord
ing to his own statement, a pupil might
learn within five months vhat formerly
it would have taken him ten years to
"The king is dead 1 Long live tho
king!"—Tho death of Louis XIV. was
announced by tbo captain of tbo body,
guard from tho window of the state de
partment. liaising his trancheon above
bis head, he broke it in tho center, and
throwing tho pieces among tho crowd,
exclaimed in a loud voice: "Lo roi est
mort!" Then taking another staff, he
flourished it in tho air, as he shouted :
" Vivo 1c roi P
" What shadows wo are and what
shadows wo pursue,"—This quotation is
often supposed to have been derived
from tbo Bible. It is from an elec
tioneering speech of Edmund Burke
in 1780, referring to the death of one of
his competitors for a teat in parlia
Agnostic.—A word of late coinage.
It is composed of two Greek words, sig
nifying " I don't know," or " I have
not sufficient evidence on tho subject to
enable me to decide." An agnostic is a
kind of know nothing in religion ; be
neither affirms or denies. One author
defines such a person thns: "An ag
nostic is a man who doesn't know
whether there is a God or not; doesn't
know whether he has a soul or not;
doesn't know whether there is a future
life or not; doesn't bolioro that any
one else knows more about tbeae mat
ters than ho does ; and thinks it impos
sible and a waste of time to try to find
"A Kowland for an Oliver."—These
wi re two of the most famous in the
list of Charlemagne's twelve peers, and
their exploits are rendered so ridicu
lously and equally extravagant by the
old romancers, that from tbenco arose
that saying, amongst our plain and
sensiblo ancestors, of giving one a
" Rowland for his Oliver," to aignifj
the matching one incredible lie with
another.— Thnmat H'arburtrm,
"Where the shoe pinches."—Plutarch
relates the story of a Roman being di
voroed from bis wife. "This person
being highly blamed by his friendai
who demandeil : Was she not chaste?
was she not fair?—holding out his shoe,
askrd them whether it was not new and
well made. Yet, added he, none of
you can tell whore it pinches me."
" Am I not a man an.l a brother T'—
From a medallion by Wedgwood (1768),
representing a negro in chains, with
one knee on the ground, and both band*
lifted up to heaven. This was adopted
as a characteristic seal by the Auti-
Hlavery society of London.
" Bravest of the brave."—A title con
ferred npon tho celebrated Marshal
Ney (1769, 1815) by the French troops
stFnedlsn l (1H07) on acconnt of bis
fearless brsTery. He was in command
of the right wing, which bore the brunt
of tbe battle and stormed the town.
Napoleon, as he watched him passing
nnterrifiod through a shower of lialls,
exclaimed, " That man is a lion and
henceforth the army styled him "lo
brave dea braves."
" Catching a Tartar."—Signifying tho
encountering of an opponent of un
expected strength. "ITJO story ol the
origin of the expression is as follows :
"Ins battle an Irishman called ont to
his offioer, 'I have caught a Tartar.'
' Bring him here, then,' was the reply
• He won't let me,' rejoined Pat, And as
the Turk carried off his captor tho say
ing passed into a proverb.
" Before you oau aav Jack Robinson."
—This current phraao is derived from a
humorous song by Hudson, a tobacco
nist, in Shoe lane, London. He was
a professional song writer and vocalist,
who used to bo engaged to sing at sup
per rooms and theatrical houses— St,
All She Could Afford.
She waa a real aweet-looking lady,
with a aealakin aaok and a big pluah
hat, and ahe stood on the etep of an up.
town reeidenoe, having Juat pulled the
" I called to eee," aaid ahe to the lady
of the honae, who waa very red in the
face firm frying doughnuta over the
kitchen fire, " if yon wiah to give any
thing to the heathen to-day."
" No, I don't mat to give anything
to the heathen to-day. I j net gave the
woman next door a pieoe of my mind
about her aoalawag of a boy that broke
down my plants. That's all I can afford
for the heathen just now."
TOPIC'S OK THE DAY.
A French physician has made the dis
covery that many children, apparently
born dead, can l>e brought to life if
they aro immediately immersed in a hot
Emigration from Uvitznrland bas be
come so great in late years that'predic
tions aro made that unless it ceases
certain districts will lose tho greater
part of their inhabitants, if they do not
become literally depopulated.
Tho aconitine with which Dr. Dam
son, the American, murdered his young
brother-in-law, Percy Malcolm John, in
England, is a most astrociously virulent
poison. The one-hundredth part of a
grain of it nearly killed a two-year-old
colt,and a two-hundredth part of a grain
killed a sheepdog, which weighed 211
pounds, in thirty-three minutes.
It is said that war between China and
Japan is not unliksly, but that the lat.
tor power has not yet began to make
preparations. Bach a war wonld be very
interesting here, in view of tbe asser
tion that China has become such a
formidable war power since her en
counters with Western nations that, if
she so willed it, she oould make it ex
ceedingly oncomlortablo to the] United
Though Italy possesses 57,000,000
acn s of cnlturable land, equal to the
whole of Great Britain, and has only
9,000,000 of inhabitants dependent on
agriculture alone, .'1,000,000 of these are
laborers who are wretchedly poor, earn
ing in many places less than a shilling
a dav, and nowhere receiving more than
Is. Bd. They have no cottages, but
herd in the small towns, and die rapidly
of diseases produced by bad living.
Preparations for tho national mining
and industrial exposition at Denver,
Col., have so far advanced that it is
considered safe to annonnce Its opening
for August 1. Forty acres of land in
the most attractive suburb of Denver
have bee n secured, a plan for tbe build
ings has been accepted, and abundant
funds to carry out the designs of the
association which has the enterprise in
charge are promised. A* a display of
all that pertains to the mining industry
this exposition will doubtless be exceed
ingly interesting and important.
The czar of Rusiia seems to bo hav
ing a particularly unpleasant time of it.
He has to keep as much in the dark as
if be were an impecunious creditor
keeping out of the way of the bailiff.
Instead of being an impecun ous cred
itor he is ruler of all the Russian, and
has more money than he knows what to
'do with. He is in constant dread of
his life, and with the fate of his father
l>eforo .him, it is easy to understand
what a state of mental unsettlement be
' must be in.
Tho following table ia interesting a*
showing, approximately, the consnmp
i tion of cotton last roar in acme of the
I leading manufacturing Htates :
Xr Hampshire 217.859
tthod* island 2>i3,9M
New York 88.217
AU other HUI (atiout) 2*8,592
Qrand total (abont) 2,000,000
There can be little doubt that prema
ture burial occasionally takea place in
France and Algeria, alao in Germany,
in consequence of the lawn ordaining
prompt interment. It ia no wonder,
therefore, that , the following discovery
aignaled in L'Electricile hat been re
ceived with great aatiafaction. Accord
ing to tliia journal it baa been aacer
tained that the applioation of an elec
tric current to the body ia a certain teat
of vitality. Such a teat being applied
five or six hour* after prcenmed death,
the non contraction of themuaclea will
prove beyond a doubt jthat] life ia
Oovernor Colquitt, of Georgia, baa
pardoned Kate Sothern, who killod
Narciaaa Co wart, her rival in the affec
tiona of her husband, in Pickins county
some years ago. She waa sentenced
to death for the killing, but the gover
nor, in response to petitions from every
State in the Union, and in view of the
extenuating circumstances of the oasa,
commuted the sentence to ten years'
imprisonment. The Atlanta Oonmitu
lion says : " Kate Sothern has been
living for some time as a domestic in
the house of Ookel Chess Howard. It
is anderstood that she and her husband
will not return to Pickens county, but
will make their home elsewhere. Thus
ends one of the most noted onset ever
in the oourta of Georgia; one that cre
ated perhaps more interest and excite
ment than any ever known in tho State."
An un precedent <d Mississippi flood,
involving unparalleled loss of life and
property and suffering; great files in
various places, burn ng op of millions
of worth of property; "btin
sards" of wind, snow and cold in the
Northwest, withtbair aocompsniiaanU
of dustb, disaster and delay; steamboat*
burned, sank or injured and lives of pas
sengers sac'ifleed; great storms of thun
der, lightning, wind, hail and rain, in
volving death and destruction over a
wide space; shipwrecks near home and
abroad; men blown to piecesbypowder,
mill and boiler explosions—these are
part of the extraordinary record of a
most remarkable spring. Last year was
ralamitons beyond precedent; this year
thus far has been far more so. The
scientists tell us sun spots, oomets and
other celestial objects are likely to have
disturbing influence upon the earth. Are
these occurrences to be traoed to such
A correspondent of the St. Lkhus
(ilobe-Democrat makes public an inter
view ho bad with Dr. I toy n ton in regard
to the physicians in attendance] upon
President Garfleld. Dr. Boynton says
Dr. Itliss' retention in the oase was
caused by a misunderstanding
between the President and Mrs
Garfield on the one side and
, Dr. Baxter and himself (Boyn
ton) on the other. Dr. Boynton saya:
"The misandentanding was brought
about purposely and solely by Dr. Bliss.
It was what he ha 1 said to Dr. Baxter
and myself that induced us to be Li era
that it was the wish of the President and
Mrs. Garfleld that he snonld continue
in charge of the case. He, on the other
hand, gave the President and Mrs. Gar
fleld reason to believe that it was the
desire of Dr. Bixter and myself that ha
| should be contiuuod in charge, and the
| contrary was not known for months
afterward. The manner in which Dr.
Bliss managed this part of the business
was questionable in the extreme. Binoe
that time, however, Dr. Baxter, Mrs.
Garfleld and myself have compared
notes, and now each of ns understand
the matter thoroughly, and under the
circumstances I conceived it to be no
more than my duty to make a plain
statement in writing, setting forth all
J the foregoing points then have Mr*.
Garfleld indorse them as knowing them
to be true as far as she was personally
concerned. It was intended that Dr.
Baxter should take this letter *cd show
it confidentially to a few members of
; Congress who were friends of the Gar
field family. We merely wished to
inform them of the deception that had
| boon practiced upon us and tho family
; by Dr. Bliss."
tlegulsr Army lice ru It*.
The number of foreigners in the
j United States regular army used to ex
ceed the native born Americans in tbe
proportion of at least fonr to one. Bat
since the late war a great change ha*
taken place and the Americans now out
number tho foreigners'by about two to
one. Out of 5,637 men enlisted last
year 3,*21 were natives and 1,816
foreigners. The Bute of New York
furnished 705; Pennsylvania, 683;
Ohio, 344 ; Mssachusetts, 316 ; Indiana,
217; Maryland, 180; Kentucky, 150,
and Illinois, 116. The Southern Bute*
supplied 277 recruits, of whom 97 were
I born in Virginia, 81 in Sonth Carolina
1 and 35 in North Carolina. The mining
Hutes and Territories gave 24 men to
the army, and even Alaska sent one
represenUtive. Sixty-five percent of
the foreigner* were British subject*,
064 hailing from Ireland, 220 from
England, 54 from Scotland, three from
Wales and 153 from various British
possession*. Among the remaining
foreigner* were 527 Germans, 38 Swede*
and Norwegians, 35 Swiss, 30 Danes,
23 Frenchmen, 22 Austrian*, and on*
white man from Africa.
The colored recraiU numbered 267,
of whom 223 were born in the late slave
SUtea, 44 in the free Bute* and one in
the West Indie*.
The percentage of aompted recruit*
was as follows: White, 22 7-10;
colored, 30 3 10—which is decidedly in
favor of the colored recruit*.
ra*viot-s oorcrsTto* or not.nins.
The class of men of which the reg
ular army is composed is very fairlj
indicated by tbe following statement
showing the ooenpation of the 5,637
men who joined last year :
Art'n* A mechVa, 1,431 Musician* ..... 181
Architect. I Physician I
Clerk* 276 NaiV>rs ll*
C00k5..., 61 Bn)<il<-r5........ 7M
Druggists 24 Nahwnea *9
Dcntif-t 1 School ksjkna 19
Fanner* 494 Tel graph oprs 14
Gardeners 21 Teamsters...... 3
I*wyer I Vrt, siirgsan,., 1
laborers... 1,664 Miscellaneous. . SIS
For many years past the average
ct st of obtaining reeruits and forward*
ing tbem to the depoU of iastroctioa
was #2O per capita. This has recently
been reduced to #l2 par capita, and
the adjutant-general makes that amoaat
tbe basis of hi* estimate of the ex
pen so* of recruiting for the fiscal year
ending June 30, 1888. He astirioate*
that 9,708. men wilt be required to
keep tbs armr at Ha aatharissA
strength of 25,000 rnlisted man, that
1,200 will probably r*-ealiat with Tat
expense to the United States, leaving
8.608 to be picked n by rsoruitiag
parties Theae recruit*, at #l* per
men, will oosi #102,096.
The aborigine* of America, fa 1492,
did aot know the ns* of iron.