Newspaper Page Text
aillttX A. WALLACX, DATIO t. KB***,
itAAar r. WALLA ex, WILUAM B. WALLAOX.
WALLACE A KREBB,
77 LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICI,
January 1, 1881. CLhARPIKLD. PA.
I?LLIS L. ORVI9,
llj ATTORNEY AT tAW,
OFFICE oppoaltn the Court llouna, on tha Id Boor of
A. O. Furnt'n building. S-™
-T LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICE,
It-lp CLEARFIELD, PA.
• ATTORN BY-ATLAW.
Ofllro In Wnodrlng'a Block, opponlto thn Court lloum.
Couniiltation In Engllnh or Onrtuan. 9-lp
0. T. ALIXtXBIX. c. M. OOWIB.
\ L&XANDER & BOWER,
iV ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Bellofonle, Pa., map bo conaulted In Engllnh or Oar
man. Ofllra In Oarman'a Building. 1-lp
JAWIX a. iti'it i. nnttt oaraAßT.
BEAVER & GEPIIART,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW
0(Bc on AUgh*njr itrwt, norih of High. Ilollo
fonts*. Pn 1-iy
a ATTORN ET- ATLAW,
Loot door to lha left ID the Court lloum. S-lp
JOHN BLAIR LINN,
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Office Allegheny Street, oror Pout Office. 11-tp
a ATTORN EY-ATL AW,
BELLETONTE. CENTBB COUNTY. PA.
Special attontlon to Collecllona; practlcrw in all lha
Conrto; Onncnltatlonn ID Herman or K gllah. 1-lp
o ATTORNEY AT LAW
Offico on Allegheny Street Sooth alda of Lyoo'n
a torn, Rellefbuu, Pa. 1-ly
t a. urn* AT crava ooasoa.
VfURRAY A GORDON,
ITI ATTORN* YS-ATLAW,
Will atund tha BallafonU CowrU wbaa apeclallp
T C. HIPPLE,
JL a ATTORNEY-AT-LAW.
LOCR HAVEN. PA.
All bunt nam promptly attended to. 1-lp
WM. P. MITCHELL,
LOCK HAVEN, PA-
Will attend to all work In aedrSald, Centra and
Office oppoalto Lack Hacan National Bank. 20-lj
a ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office In Ooarad Boom, Allegheny ntreat.
Special attention gtren to tha collactloa of ctalom.
All honlnnm attended to promptly. 21-lp
7 Y ATTORNEY AT LAW,
All bnnlnam promptly atundad to. 1-lp
With COSTIVE NEB#. Rich Headache, OVSPEP
•lA. Lent Sptr.U. SLEEPLESS NIGHTS,
Lam of Appetite, Pain in tha Sido,
And all lha anmeeowe allmenU eonoe.|nonl Upon a dto
ordamd atate of the Liner, when yon hano a CFftdlß
remedy within pour rnweh. That remedy to
GREEN'S Liver Pills.
Them Pilla am of TWO uiana. and whoa need la
connection with each other according to dlrecttoaa.
am INVARIABLY SUCCESSFUL. Thop ar. angar
rutted, and are SENT BY M AIL on receipt of prion.
In order to prenent coonUrMttag Ibep are pot np la
tutu hoxaa, with the algnalum of F. P. 61IKX
around each box.
Price, No 1, SO eta.; No. 2, BO eta. Maaatorlnrad
F. POTTS GREEN
IQ3I THE CULTIVATOR IQQI
THE BEST OF THE
TOE COUNTRY GENTLEMAN 1B UNBUR
ptmtn. If oat toe the amount and rarie
fp of fincTKtt lxroaanrtow II eoulalaa. and tor the
ability and extant of Ha Coaaxarxatara— la Three
Chief Directbma of
FARM (mors AND PROCESSES,
HOETICULTURK ARD FEUrr-OBOWfNO.
LIVE rroCK AND DAIEYINO—
whiIe It olao inclndm all minor deporimowte of rwrwl
Intereot, atich aa the Poultry Yard. Eatoamiogp, Boe-
Keeplng. Oreenbowm aad (liapen.lrterimrp Rrpllm,
Farm tlnmllonr and A new em, Fintode Rending, Do.
wreetlc Economy, and a anmmarp of the Newt of the
Week. Ila Mtager R.eoara are ttnoenailp complete,
and more lafnrmetloa can he gathered frun Ita col
umn. than irom aap other ooorra with regard to the
Prnrpecu of the Cmpe, m throwing light opon owe of
the m-et important of all qomtloao Waaa To Bet
aan Wan TO Stu. It la ilberallp Illne'rated, and
conatltntee to a greater degree then aap of lu cow
tomporartm A LIVE
Of aerer.tailing Internet both to Prodecen aad Cea
tmmvn af every clem.
Tax Corerxr Oxatuiatß to pobllahed WtxXLT oa
the tolhrwlag let toe, when neld •trirtlp In adeaace i
Ox* Corp. one year V2AO; Fova COPIB.SIO, aad aa
wdditloaa; -jpy tor the pear free to the eewder of Ctnb;
Txa Conn, Mi, aad an additional copy for the pear
Dee to the aender of the Ctah.
BFBtwdnet flbptm of the Paper Duo. Add rem
LUTHER TUCKER tie SON, PtMuher*
ALBANY. N.Jf. 3H
The Patriot, Daily & Weekly,
For the Ensuing Tear.
The anhorrlpttoa price of th. WtXXtT PtnUOT had
hen reduced to SI.OU per copy mr annum
To clahe of Firrt end upward* the Wean IT P.TBMT
will he furatohed at tha extraordinarily cheap rata of
71 cento per coop per aaaaaa
TNI PAUT y.ratot will ha rent la tup I dram,
dartag the umlirm of Cowgremand tha
the rate of 60 cent* per month.
Under the act of Oongrem the pwllkAi i prepay*
be poatog* ami anbacrtberx am ratteawd from Uut
'Ttotj mbeiriptioa mart ha acmmpaatod by Urn
Now to Ik* time to tmhecribe. The approach log
mmtona of Ceagrmc ami the Legtototare will ha of
more that: ordinary laurart and their proceedlnga
will be fatly reported for Ike Dally and a mmpleU
aynopel* af them will he glrea la the Wrtkly.
A.1.1 rem PATEinT PUBLIBHINO 00.,
47-1/ 329 Market IMmet, ilarrtebarg.
):o K.-isr. srrtirnc
Wii*on, McFarUiHf it Co., Uarthvttre Dealer*.
WILSON, McPARLANE & CO.
STOVES, RANGES f HEATERS.
Paints, Oils, Glass and Varnishes,
ALLEfIIIKNV BTRKKT, .... HUMES'BLOCK, .... BEI.LBFONTE, PA.
TRAVELER S GUIDE.
BELLEFONTE A SNOW BHO>
K R.—ID effect OD and attar March
Leare* Snow Shoe 6.30 A. arrive* ID Bellefoato
7.24 A.a. .
IMIM Bellefeat* 9.12 a. errlrm at lio Shoe
11.28 A.M. , .
Leave* Boa* Shu. 2JO p. N., arrive* la BelUfonto
Leave* BallafoDla 4.4A r. ■ .arrlraa at Bow Sho.
7.26 r. M. 8. H- BLAIR, Oeu'l BaparloUadant.
OALD EAGLE VALLEY RAIL-
D ROAD —Tlma-Tabl., April 29, IBKU:
E*p Mall, WTWI*. uimat. Exp. Mall.
k.u. r.u. '• 4 "
8 10 1 irj Anira at Tyrone Laara.... 7 S3 841
B S 866 Lear* Eaat Tytvue Lear*— T 89 S 66
7SO 661 " Vail -7 42 ssg
766 C 47 ...... " Bald Ea|la " ... 747 02
748 6SB - Fo.lw " -7 62 9"9
742 6SS ...... " Hannah —7 6> 918
Tas 826 M Fort Matilda " -B 00 919
727 917 ...... " Martha " —B 07 928
7IS 608 " Julian " —8 IS 982
7 9 667 .... " t'aionrllla " ... 828 9 .79
7 (JO 84* " Soow Bboa In " ... 882 948
aSB6 48 *• Milmbarg " —854 948
4B 638 ... " HellefoaU " .. 843 987
63d6 28 ...... Mtlmburg " —86410 OB
a2B 616 ...... " Curlln " —9oBto 19
BIS 610 . " Moaal Eala " —9121" 96
B 9 601 " Howard " -92010 S7
668 460 " Maglrxtlln " ... 93* 10 4V>
6604 48 . •• Beech Crank " —94010 64
694 453 ...._ " Mill Hall " -96411 IB
829 4SO ...._ - FUmlngtoa " —98711 l
626 426 ....„ " Lock llarrn " —lO 01 11 24
I —(Philadelphia and Erla DUto4oa>—On and
attar Dacambar 12, 1877 :
ERIE MAIL lannas Philadelphia —— II 66 p m
- " Haniehnrg.—...—... 426 a m
" Wllllanwport— 9 38am
" Lock Haras..— I Wan
M M Raaora 10 86 aID
•< arrlraa at Erla.-——.— 788 p m
RIAOARA EXPRESS laarru Phlladalphla- 720 a m
•• •• Ilarrlaharg. .. In 60am
" Wllllameport. 2 30 pm
•• arrlraa at Ranoro. 4 40 p m
Paamngerx bp tkla train arr.rc ID Balla
fonU at - 4 38 p
PAST LIRE laarm Phlladalphla... 11 44 am
Harrlebnrg-. - 3B4pm
" willlainnport7 >0 p m
•> arrlraa at Loch lfar.n - 940 p m
PACIFIC EXPRESS I farm lawk Harm.— 9 40 a m
•• WllHamopart... 764 a m
arrlroa at llarriahnrx 11 66 am
•• Phlladalphla.... 3 41pm
DAT EXPRESS laarna Ranoro 10 10 a m
•• Lark llaran. II mam
a a Wllllamapon—. 19 40 am
a arrlrmal Hnrrinbarg.—.— 4 In p m
a a Phlladalphla 720 p m
ERIE MAIL Inarm Beaorn * 88 p m
a " Larh llaran 948 p m
a - WilUamaport— II 06 p m
a at firm at Harrtobwrg.- —. 146 a m
a a phlladalphla —. 700 am
FART LIRE Inarm WlllUmnpurl 12 96 a m
a arrlrm at llarrtnhorx. 866 a m
a a Phlladalphla —. 786 a m
Erla Mall Wat, Niagara Bxpmm Wmt, Lock Haraa
Accommodation Wmt. and Dap Exproaa Rant, mak*
claaa connection# at Northnmharlaod with L 6 B R
R. Irnlaa tor Wllhmharrn and Bern a ton
Erla Mall Wmt. Niagara Exprmo Wmt, and Erin
Ex prom Wmt. nod Loch lloran Arcummudatlon Wmt,
make clom ronnoetion at Williamapart with S C. E
W. (rain, north.
Erin Mall Wmt. Nlaara Exproaa Want, aad Dap
Exprrm Eaat. mak* clam connection at Lock Haraa
With B. E V. R H. tmlna.
Erin Mall Eaat and Wmt connect at Erla with traiat
on L • 1M.8.R R. at Corrp with 0. C. 6 A V R
R , at Rmporinm with R. K. Y. 6 P R. R- anl at
Driftwood with A. Y. R R.
Parlor rara will ran bntwonn Phlladalphla aad
Williamaport on Niagara Exprem Wmt, Erin Exprem
Wmt, Phlladalphla Exprem Eaal and Dap Eipram
Bant, aad Snndap Exprrm Rant Slaaplng ram oa all
Bight tralnn. Wg. A. Blltmix,
VJ 00ESERCHESTNUT AND NINTH STREETS,
Thin hnnm, promlaanl In a dtp bmad tor Ha com
torul.la bolala. la krpt In ararp mnp-rt to aap
Brat-clam hotoln la tha rowatrp. Owing U th atrin
geacy of the time*, the price of board hanhaaa radarod
to roam muea* per day. J. M'KIRBIS,
V I LAW ASD COLLECTION HOUSE.
629 F STREET, WABHINOTON. D. C.
Malta Collect loan, Negotiate Inana and attend la all
hnelamn confided to them LARD SCRIP, Soldier .
Additional 11-mmtead RlghU and LARD WARRANTS
booght aad nold. 6-tf
A PERFECT BTRENCTHENER.A SURE REVIVER.
IRON BITTERS tra highly recommended for >ll dhwoea tm
quiring * certain and efficient tonic ; especially Indiyretvm, Dyepeprin, folrr
miUeiU Faert, ff'tmi of Appftilt. Lem of Strmytk, Lark of Emrryy, tie. En richca
the blond, strengthens the muscle*, end giree new life to the nerrsa. They act
like a charm on the digestive organs, removing alt dyapeptic symptoms, such
aa Ituh'sj the Food, BtMmg, Heal im 0* Homatk Heartburn, dr. The onljr
Iron Preparation that will not blacken the teeth or (five
headache. Bold by all druggists. Write for the AB C Book, 82 pp. of
uaeful and amusing reading— ertd fret.
BROWN CHEMICAL CO., Baltimore, Md.
IIALBRET E. PAINE,
101. r. OUAFTO*. OTO*Y B LADD
PAINE, GRAFTON A LADD,
Attonuy* at-Law and Snheiter* of dsrwa*
and Fvrdgn Patent*.
412 FIFTH STREET, WASHINGTON, D. (X
Praetlee patent law la alt H* hraoehm Hi the Patent
Office, aad th* aapiiimt . -•* Clmwlt Ooar* *f the
United Statm. Pamphlet mod free, 48-tf
srs A j UII AJ
rr iiu NS.wsak- (11X11 ft N't
■ onwd by tho strain i.f U r.toiling orerrnbL
■ your duttM avoid mm Right work, t re#.
■ MlmuUnlaaMd uit V lor brain i*" trand
I HOP liltDfl. ■VM* OM HOD ■.
■ If ,oi in Fining M ■Nlfrtm frwii put Is
■ tflorrrtluu or dMcAgUon if iwiitvnir
■ Had or okl or ■ TOO nr. -un-rOttf from
■ poorbmllbof MudullbHiDf OU • bod of AMfe
■ itm. rrlf on Hopl Bitf <-r •.
*Vhnr„ r foatrr. afA Tt.onwlldr IIM AN
whooo'tr lON fro! ■■ BU.IIJ J > uMi OOOM
!h*A jo Mr lyWrin IBJ form of K Idntf
■eedi rksnelnir t am ILAI mim.i
IDS or rtimuio'MML |HI h*o lMi|.i--oir.l
vltboalloforf-ufiop, HI bj A tllnslj UM of
i>ko Hop JKA HopSittors
pop*.., ' -—f7 r ' j— O. I. O.
of ibo'rfotlorA. ■! |TfIT)
Door 1,, bl and. A HI I K I"* ' • '<*
UHrvfumrd I: 1 dmokooiM.i,
sSiiss I BITTERS
Ifvotixrws'tn Vj Wdhjrdrrif.
I IfD. If h.lt J TAIL I WTb W-,
I lA<i hun- 3 :*w<b,AL
I dradl. kjl A t.—a .... OOA
Battle Crook, Michigan,
wivxnrjbCivuxMM ow run utt or* tin
Traction and Plain Cnginea
aStliNlili Tkooobor Poolorj J CstabtlsSod
lafbrWoHd. I 1040
AA VriDfi /immHnnm mA bmtA
ml I tAno A—,. mUo iit <tr * <4 MOM,
JZ IDATiAA ' LJ- nt. or locals m. M-Dor* -J - Uo
If J MTOD, ffooo OA /! oar fnfc
STEAW-POWKII NftPARATOBM Aod
( roiflrjr Mran OnlSla-/ M 'i'pAliiA
Ji.ro Trnrilon fntlrr. AIK! IMuia U|lhn
for mi Ifi Ifv Amort-An mrtit
A moUOmA* ,/ rjorfof fmurm • I
fro UM Morttor ottt ro—fMlina im - AjOiO
Mm a—l A-Hli IV t .-roan,—l .rf bj '<lo r .Ak-ra
Puor MA of Sopanlnf*. In* 0 b> IS kataa
CBMRTIF, /ER DASEI mt FCUFA MAFSV,
Two rtfUo of " Mminlr-I H IVo'l
7 ann nnn RM OF M-RIR4 I AOWT
,OUU,VA/U /. • lArrr o -,. r-< A" JrlaQ
mnataoUj no band, Irfn mtitrb >• hulll lb* ttv
naiAnMr muinrt of oor pdil:n
FtPnrf r.rd Tlirrs|i* rw n • in I*l H
•l'i# w a -A'j" >u< >,. i ery.
Ouudar* MN * M/v..
NlCHolfl,9HtlA.lo A CO.
\f( )\VX To Loan at O |>crC't.
ju.vrj.l ui ~ TIIK mi TCAI. Lirx lasca-
ANCI OU. OF NKW VIIHK. oo Srrt
Imro tH Urm mjmflj. IN nM M lOM llua
■•a Not nrrolloi imr-lWnl of iko prior of r Aln. of
tbo prnporfj. An j poftbro of Iko prlvl|ol ran ho
poM off of on j Unr. Alrd II Mi troo* IM fmlmi of tko
rmofor; to prrmll Ik- prlorfpol lo r-or.ln or brrrf oo
tho liorrovot rrliUro, If tbo Intonol to jmnpllf I*l4
r. suKnNAN.Anonv.joi io,
DfT Coo ft. otrool, K-AHIOJ. Po.,
otto DAVID X KLIN K, Oo.'o Apt-mloor,
S-tf Uollofonto. Po.
ST. XAVIER'S ACADEMY,
NEAR LATROBK, PA.,
NEARLY half a Century old, from
JL v wbb-b tk NMAt pHNMII-ONt Mot rIUTl.l VUMIX
ta Possojlrasto tan crodiiA-it. lbn moot tkamndi
ohnlbMl *Mi sad hith-ot atukuf of roSuln, fit.
Swsm*. IMMM odailtMi SI MJ lino TMTIJ „.
Mtfrm. sisTxas or Mianv.
DO Basltj** P. 0., Vatomlinl nmrntj. PA
U OppoolioOwirt HOMI, OSLLtrONTS, PA.
txRMs us rsn DAT.
4 |4 Uf| (lM9lir I*l
-A. OR IC XT Xa TTJ 23, Üb. XJ .
WEWB, FACTS ANI) SUGGESTIONS.
| : - " 1
W TUT •' in itnont nirui ■■ >m ismu
•isoi AND RNMMNIRR or TMN RIIOU
Every farmer in hie annual experience
Uucover* lomething of value. Write it anil
tend it to the "Agricultural Editor of the
DEMOCRAT, liellefonte, I'enn'a," that other
farmer* may have the benefit of it. Let
communication* be timely, and be sure thai
they are brief and well pointed.
Caro for tho Horse Stock.
From National Lira Slock Journal
In this month begin the cold winds
and storms that uslier in the winter,
and the prudent farmer and merciful
man, who is merciful to bis beast,
wilt see to it that his horses, young
and old, are not only having an in
creased ration, but protecting sbelter.
Jn proper bands, the spring colts
have been thoroughly weaned from
their dams, trained to lead (not bro
ben") taught to eat oats, corn, bay,
and, if it can be spared, sweet or
sour milk. They have bad provided
for their use a warm but well-venti
lated shed or stable, opening into a
good-sized lot, or, what is better,
a pasture, having in it water and
green grass or rye. Keeping them
tied at nigbt is not even necessary or
desirable, and, with generous supplies
of bright, early-cut hay, as free as
possible from dust, a reasonable ra
tion of bright, plump oats—that will
be better for having half their weight
of crushed shelled corn mixed with
them during the extremely cold
weather—with n lump of rock salt i
accessible in their feed boxes, good
water convenient, and lilierty to romp
and play at will, they will grow
in size, benuty of form, and greater
value each hour, and also give that
satisfaction to their owner which is
more precious than money. The
mothers of these colts are, in all
likelihood, poor in flesh and spirit, or,
to use a phrase understood by every
farmer, "suckled down," especially if
they have made half a team at the
reaper, mower, plow, harrow, and
drill, as is probably the case, and
they need to be built tip with some
thing more invigorating than, being
tied in a stall, to pull hay down from
a coop above their heads, and gnaw
flinty corn from cobs lliat will not
yield it up except to violence. They,
too, like the colts, need liberty, good
feed in variety, and, if possible, some
thing green, at least occasionally.
All kinds of horse stock are very
fond of bright, sweet corn-fodder ; it
is somewhat laxative, serves as an
excellent change from hay, and is of
great value when, from any cause, the
hay has been poorly cured, or dam- i
aged by ra'ns or frost. Kvery farm-!
er knows how lioises of all ages en
joy running in n reecnUv-liu*k<;U J
cornfield, and how well lliey t'ofive
there daring tbc early part of winter.
The animals that are worked are not
nearly so liable to tieWKglected ; hut
even these are treaUsf on too tuany
larma in away that, at the least, can
not lie called h-s than cruel. One
phase of the barbarity they are sub
jected to is the diet of dry, hard corn
two or three times per day, day in
and day out, month in and month
| out, until their fevered, disordered
bodies mskn their lives a burden ;
another is, keeping them standing in
a stall not cleaned out until the ma
nure is so banked up under their
hind feet that their fore quarters
stand from twelve to eighteen inches
the lowest, throwing their entire di
gestive ami assiroilativeorganizations
into such an unnatyral position that
the proper performance of their func
tions is impossible ; still another is
in keeping them tied in gloomy, hay
or straw-covered stables, that not
only leak in time of a storm, but for
days afterwards, when, out of doors,
the westher msy lie dry and pleasant
It Is small wonder that, under this
treatment, with its combinations and
variations, well known in the West
ern States, the horses cough, have
rheumatism, the scratches, grease
heel; and are hide-liound, long-hair
ed, wormy, and weak nbout the time
for beginning spring work ; or that
at nine or ten years they are appro
priately denominated "old plugs."
Against all this abuse, so cruel, and
so unprofitable, the Journal enters
its protest, and pleads for more ra
tional, decent treatment of man's
most noble servants. (live them a
chance for their lives; give them a
chance to be sturdy, vigorous, nnd
useful at twenty-five years, instead of
being broken down, or "stove up,"
at ten ; give them a chance at a va
riety of wholesome food; at the
grass, the dry, clean shelter, the sun
shine, and the brook ; in fact, any
thing that may make them less mis
erable and more comfortable j if for
no other reason, or higher motive, do
it became it pay*. In the long run, it
la always |ure to do that.
If farmer* would understand that
It is only the extra food that pro
duces growth, or that pays anything,
tbey would never raise a $5 calf, nor
would tbey ever starve cattle or bogs.
MANI BXH containing ammonia must
not be mixed with alkaline ashes,
else some of tho ammonia will be
Farming xa an Oooupation.
Il'ili Owrgt tiiaMal, In Aniof kAO AjrlmlUjrl.t
Boys raised in elties and surfeited
with schools, often imagine that they
would like to be farmers. Let them
follow the example I have given, only
extending it through a whole year,
taking the same relative positions
that they would be forced to take in
learning any other busiaesa. Begin
at the bottom, stepping on the lowest
rounds of the ladder, and touching
every one, until the top is reached.
This is the way to qualify a man for
managing a farm. Young men who
have taken this way of learning farm
ing, though their early years have
been passed along paved streets, and
in schools, have mode some of our
most successful farmers.
There is another road that is often
taken, but not often with lasting sat
isfaction. Buy. or otherwise acquire
u farm, subscribe for several agricul
tural papers, purchase books on
farming, hire a farmer, purchase a
full set of tools and machinery.
Learn by ex|>erimcnt, and if your
money and zeal last long enough,
and you work hard, you will finally
make a good farmer, but your educa
tion w ill be a costly one. I knew a
case quite like this : A farmer's son
was "educated" as people say. He
bad bis four years of classical study
allowed liirn by a rule of the Court,
and spent nearly bis three year's in
a lawyer's office, when circumstances
made it necessary for bim to go to
bis father's house, and assume the
management of nearly one thousand
acres of land—perhaps one-third of
it called "improvedthat is, It bad
been partly cultivated. Log heaps,
piles of stones, clumps of bushes,
and swampy places adorned the fields.
The owner was just twenty-one years
old—without other knowledge of
practical farming than such as be
had acquired in observing the rude
processes of that long ago time, dar
ing vacation, and one summer with
the hired men when a lad of sixteen
years. He found bis lands in the
occupancy of tenants, who must re
main for one season. He went into
the fields with these tenants and
worked without other compensation,
than instiuclion in the nse of tools,
and devoted the season to try ing to
learn enough to justify his attempt
ing the management of the farm.
The next year he assumed direction.
Foremen were not yet invented to
help incompetent farmers. He had a
team, plow, etc., for bis own use, and
and fur a while worked with bis men,
but soon learned that seventy-five
cents a day would pay n better man
than be was for holding a plow, and
that bis eyes to overlook the whole
work, were worth more than bis
bands driving a team.
The Cellar for Plants.
Fr-•• Aiu*ri r -sB Aptvollri#t.
Many who have no greenhouse,
and cannot afford the room in the
'dwelling for them, would gladly keep
certain lender or half hardy plants
through tho winter. For such pur
j pone a cellar answers aduiiinblv.
! Indeed, we know of florists who have
j constructed cellars expressly for keep-
J ing plants through the winter. It is
| not exiteclcd, nor is it desirable, that
| planta in the cellar should grow.
They are merely to I* kept—put fo
| sleep, as it were, until the return of
. spring makes it save lo place thorn
| out again. I'lants in the cellar, while
they should never be wet, ought not
j to get dust-dry, hence they must lie
| looked to occasionally during the
Vol K correspondent who asks how
to manage a tliff clay coil ought to have
heard that subject discussed at our
Farmers 1 Club. It was shown in the
first place that this kind of soil was
all right when new and first brought
into use by man, and il man has let
it so deteriorate under his band it
should now be his ambition by all
means to restore it to as good a state
of fertility and friability as that in
which bu found it. One farmer said
he did not think It necessary to ever
have such soil become ao atiflT, and
that he thought he could control its
mechanical condition almost wbolly
by tillage -given at the proper lime,
that always between the very wet and
very dry is an interval when it can
lie worked as easily and to as fine,
mellow condition as sandy soils, and
that when so worked and the after
tillage done also at the pro|*r time,
such soil will never work hard and
lumpy. lie has a field with seven
clay knolls in it that usually by
midsummer, when breaking for wheat,
are so hard as to be almost impossi
ble to plough, and then they break
into hard, lumpy condition, but last
year at the proper lime be scarified
these knolls with a laud-tooth wheel
drag, then when he ploughed in mid
summer the knolls were as mellow as
other parts of the field. [Henry
Ives, (icneccc county, X. V.
W UK* fattening an animal for beef
let the proceaa be aa quick aa potel
ble. Any stint in feeding will uiak#
the meat tough and dry, Stall-fed
animals will fatten mors readily than
others, and young animals require
richer food than older ones.
"A TASTS" for beee, or poultry, or
country lite, Is a very different thing
from the pluck, or the skill, and the
care which go to make a man's 'taste'
Feeding YoUbg Colta.
OimtfoaiUmt of Halkxjoi UreSlock Jmntal.
Young colta require grain the first
year of their lives at least. They
need the most nutritious food when
weaned from their mother's milk.
The use of cereals will prevent check
ing the growth of young animals
arising from the audden change of
food. If the)- are stinted in food at
this juncture, they may never recover
from its elfccls. Extra food and care
in growing young stock will lie more
than paid for in early maturity, and
in their future growth and develop
ment. Well-fed stock look robust
and healthy. They put on an even
development of carcass, and there
fore become more perfect in form
than iil-fed strck. Beautiful form is
a measure of value. The starveling
looks sickly and emaciated, worn
out with hunger before he is matured.
They glow one end one year and the
other the next year, and are therefore
out of all proportion. They have not
had sufficient food to supply the nat
ural waste of the body, aud to re
plenish the blood with living matter,
to be deposited in the remotest parts
of the body to nourish and invigor
ate its growth into full-matured form.
Colts half-starved when young, grow
up with lank bodies, long legs, nar
row chests, and deformed quarters.
It is one sign of a good farmer if
be prizes manure. It does not re
quire a good farmer to raise bounti
ful crops on a farm already rich, but
the art lies in so managing the farm
that it will produce good crops every
year without losing its fertility. A
man may make money from his farm
while be is waßtfui of fertilizers, but
he is not a good farmer, for he is con
stantly running his farm into debt.
Good farming consists of such man
agement as will make the farm pro
duce the best possible r. suits with
out deteriorating the soil. This can
only be accomplished by a rigid econ
omy in the making and use of ma
nure, and a systematic rotation of
crops that will be the least exhaus
tive to the soii.
The Correct Thing.
Many a batch oi cream has been
churned upon for hours with no ap
parent effect, because it was not
properly tempered, although the
thermometer recorded CO 3 . Half the
world cannot understand, and the
other half will not, that the thermom
eter may indicate 60° in a batch of
cream, and not a single globule of
the butter fat be heated above 45 or
50®. Most butter makers, when they '
are about to churn, heat up their
cream to the traditional standard and
put it into the churn, supposing that
they have done Just right, whereaa
the correct thing is to beat the cream
to Co° and hold it there several hour*
of Farm*-?'* Rrrk.
I give my method of sowing Alsike
clover. I sow with bailey (that is, *
after the barley is harrowed) si*
[K>unds to the acre ; then run a plank
over it to level it oft It will save
all the seed. I think barley is pref
erable to wheat; don't like oats, as it
stays too long on the ground. Sow
atout the first of May ; it comes out
well in Fall and stands the Winter.
As an early crop, would recommend
it for hogs and horses; do not like
it as well as ml clover. I pastured
eight hogs and two calves all Sum
mer upon one acre.
How to Smoke llama.
A smoke house should be well ven
tilated, and the hams be bung at
least eight or ten feet above the fire,
and the smoke given out in moderate
quantities, ami come from eorn-cols
or hickory wood. It ia important
that the bams to kept cool and dry
through the whole operation. Proper
ventilation of the smoke bouse se
cures this. If they become moist by
improper ventilation, or are plaoed \
so near tlic fire as to to heated, their
flavor is greatly injured.
Ira farmer has ten acres of land |
it ia so ranch invested capital, ami if
hy judicious culture he obtains from
it three hundred bushels of wheat
each year, instead of only one hun
dred and fifty bushels it I* so much
increased income from the oapital in
Tiikiir is less oil ami sugar in
Southern than in Northern corn.
Each ia adapted to the wants of the
people where it is grown. Heat- (
producing elements are not required
in Southern dimes, but nitrogen is.
In Northern climes heat-producing
elements are required as well as theme j
which produce flesh.
Closr looking after little thing*,
must go with country thrift. There
is no such thing as driving in a coach
and four after chickens draggled in j
H*wr thought—that nothing is
ever so bad as it might be. For in
stance, suppose "putties'* was peren
nial perpetuating itself at both
ends. . _
Nix* Te*Tii of the fixed capital of
all the civilised people In the world
is embarked in agriculture, which
employ* 200,000,000 of men.