Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, November 10, 1881, Image 2

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    She Centre jfewocrat.
Tfca Largest. Ckeepeat and Beat Paper
From ths Nsw Turk Olesrrrr.
Fourth Quarter.
av aav. SISSY M. asot-r, . a.
Novkmhbh 18.
Lesson 7.—Feast of Tabernacles.
Lsrmcus S3: st—l 4.
HOLDS* Tur—"Bl*S th U>rd. O my soul. nd for
gft out all bta —hilo t
Central Truth:— The mercies of God
should make us grateful aa well as glad.
It is a great mistake to think of the
Old Testament religion as stern and
sombre. It did have its side of restraint
and self-denial, and it is very well that
it did, for thence spruog much that was
best in the character ol the people. But
it also had its side of cheer and glad
ne*s. Kach season, save winter, bail its
own great festival. In the spring came
the Passover, in the summer Pentecost,
and in the autumn the Fenst of Taber
nacle*. Kach wa* a joyful least, but the
last wa* the most joy lul of all.
The first thing w Inch strikes us in the
account of the Feat of Tabernacles is
that it began and ended with a "holy
convocation." A holy convocation was
a religious meeting. The weekly Sab
bath was a day for such convocation,
the primitive place of nmembly being
under the open sky or a wide-spreading
tree. As "holy convocations" the Jew
ish feasts were related to their Sabbath
assemblies much as our church assem
blies, conventions and festivals are to
our own. And it is worth observing
how large a place in this particular
feast was given to strictly religious wor
ship. From other Scripture accounts
we learn that its burnt offerings, which
were expressive of praise and self con
secration, were very numerous. Thus,
not only did the feast have its religious
side, but in it religion was primary and
all-pervading. There is in this fact
something most interesting and instruc
tive. In our own festivals and national
holidays it is (he religious element that
gives them their chief value—which,
indeed, prevents them from becomings
curse. We shall do well to keep this in
mind. That there is so little of spiritual
feeling and purpose in our thanksgiving
and fast days and 4th of July, and even
in some of our just now so popular
camp meetings, is no good sign. Any
thing is good which helps to spiritualise
the people; anything is bad which
tends to secularixe religion.
Another thing to be noticed with re
lation to this feast is that it was a kind
of annual thanksgiving for the year's
bounty. Hence its other name, the
"Feast of Ingatherings." It came at the
end Of the year, when the fruits had all
been gathered in. The grain, the fruit,
the olive and the grape lu J all been
•tored. It was a good time to give
thanks and sing. Some of the most joy
ful of all the psalms were written to be
sung at this festival. No doubt the
keeping of such a festival tended to
perpetuate the sense of dependence on
God's bounty. As the people poured
forth their praises in such words as
those of the sixty-fifth Psalm, "Thou
visitest the earth and wsteresl it; * *
Thou crownest the year with thy good
nese and thy |tbs drop fatness," they
could not but remember that their
daily bread was all from him. Kept in
such a spirit of humble and grateful de
pendence our own thanksgivings cannot
fail to be among the most valuable as
well aa most joyful of all the days in the
By no means the least remarkable
feature of the Feast of Tabernacles is
described in the last half of our lesson.
Certainly it was the most picturesque.
During seven whole days "all that were
Israelites born" dwelt in booths or
tents of leafy boughs and of branches
of fruit trees laden with fruit. In these
the people, deserting their homes, took
up their abode. The purpose ol all this
was to keep in memory a remarkable
period of their paat history. When (rod
brought them up out of Kgypt lie made
them to dwell in boolhs. And now,
once a year, tbey were to live over those
days of commingled hardships and mar
cies. No doubt the different materials
of which the booths were made were in
tended to be reminders of the different
stages of the Wilderness journey : the
"branches of the palm trees" of the
▼alleys aod plains, the "boughs of thick
trees" of the bushy mountain heights,
and the "willows" of the refreshing
water brooks.
Doubtless the feaat as a whole was in
tended to keep alive the joyful side of
religion. It is indeed called a "solemn
assembly." But to be solemn is not of
necessity to be grim. It is to be esrnesi,
and ibis is consistent with high joy. Of
this same festival it is said (Deut. 16; 14:
15),"Thou sbalt rejoice in thy feast;"
"Thou sbalt surely rejoice." At a later
period certain other than the origiual
observances were added. There was a
far reaching illumination, and an even
ing proceesion in holiday attire, and a
going for water, which was poured out
at the foot of the altar,while the chant
arose, "Therefore with joy shall ye draw
water out of the wells of salvation"—
this last ceremony being supposed to be
a type of Him who, on the last great
day of this very feast, stood and cried ;
"If any man thirst, let him come unto
roc and drink."
]. God is not displeased with a joyful
religion. He lays upon us obligations
and restraint*, but this is for our good.
He does not require us to be lugubrious
and sour, but bids ns "be of good
2. It should be specially noted that
this feast came just five days after the
great Day of Atonement, on which the
sin of Israel bar! been removed and
covenant relation* with God restored.
The joy of the time had its root in that
inward peace which mimes of pardon
for sin. Is not this true of all unmixed
joy f
3. The true Christian will take his re
ligion with him to the most festive
■canes. He has learned that it can both
purify and enhance his joy.
4. Thanksgiving days are not only for
rest and recreation and to content fsm-
My ties, but, rightly kept, tend to bind
us closer to God.
5. Days of commemoration may help
to fire a nation's patriotism. Bo private
anniversaries tuay have their us®* ; as
that of one's birth or marriage, or of
conversion or welcome to the church.
Many Christian* sacredly keep these
6. This feast we have now been study
ing was a type of that greater feast now
being prepared for God's people in hea
ven. The final "harvest is the end of
the world." Karth's work will then all
be done. Its Iruils will all be gathered.
Its trials will be over. It* mercies can
all be passed in review. It will be a
glad festival and it will have no end.
To it tee are invited ? .Shall we all be
From ths Am-rl.sn Rrglrtrr.
In thie great country and under our
free uud beneficent institutions why
cannot wc have a harmonious and
happy people, accustomed to speak in
terms of respect uud confidence of
each other in all sections of the coun
try? Why should such sectional and
partisan bitterness and malignity exist
a* that manifested in our political dis
cussions and newspaper publications?
Why should representative men lie
tolerated in saying that any thing, how
ever immoral or criminal, would be
justifiable if necessary to keep political
opponents out of office? After the
war and the aboliliou of slavery, and
that, too, ut the ex|icnsc of the South
ern people, every dictate of propriety,
policy uud wisdom required that obli
vion should be thrown over the un
happy events of the war.
I'he lapse of time has been sufficient
to abate the passions and animosities
of the war, yet the radical clamor and
abuse of the Southern people, the ar
gument of the "bloody shirt," is as
rife and as vociferously proclaimed ]
now as it was the first year alter the
war. If we eannot have a harmonious
Union ; if the Southern States cannot
lie trusted as equals with the other
States iu the Union according to the
Constitution, then the war was a fail
ure, a terrific failure, in which the loss
of life and treasure, the desolation and
destruction, the mourning, sorrow and
suffering caused by it were all in vain.
Politicians and newspapers in the
Northern States have undertaken to
show that there wa* not and could not
be homogeneity between the people of
the Northern and the Southern States;
that the people of these several sec
tions were so different in civilization
and habits that (to use the expression
of one of their radical organs) "they
were as wide apart as heaven is from
hell." Hence, according to the radical
doctrine, a harmonious Union of
Northern and Southern States would
lie impracticable. The land of Wash
ington, and of Jefferson, and of Jack
son, and of Clay not homogeneous
with the people of the Northern
States! AV hence and how came this?
The people of the Northern aud South
ern States fought the battles of liliertv
and independence side by side in the
war of the Revolution. The Southern
and Northern soldiers fought *"|e by
aide for the rights and honor
United States in every war nWlil die
cord wa* produced by the radical Re
publicans. Want of homogeneity, in
deed ! The Northern anl Southern
people speak the same language, are
educated in the same literature and are
of the same religious belief, and have
been extensively connected in business
and kindred by blood and marriage
for more than a century and a half.
They formed the Union of the States
together, and lived happily and pros
perously under it until the evil genius
of radical Republicanism entered this
Paradise of their liberties. When Sa
tan entered the Garden of Kdcn hi*
policy was to divide and conquer; and
such appears to be the policy and
spirit of radical Republicanism. Now,
what is radicalism ? As applied to
religion and politics it mean* the doc
trine of the extremists, who carry out
or seek to carry out their dogmas to
their ultimate consequences, without
deviation or modification, regardless of
the wrongs and human sufferings con
sequent upon their dire result. Iu both
religion and politics all abstract doc
trines have to be modified in their
practical operations for adaption to
man's frail condition. In religion they
are qualified and tempered by charily
and a benevolent regard for the weak
ness and frailty of human nature. In
politics all civil government in its best
form* is but a compromise, in which
man surrenders a part of his rights
for the protection of the balance, and
in its wisest administration conserva
tive measures and conservative views
are essential to accomplish the highest
aims of true statesmanship, which has
always in view the happiness and wel
fare of the governed. Hut radicalism,
regardless of the exisiing condition of
things and all charitable and humane
considerations, tramples down with
atrocity and violence existing institu
tions and attempt* to gain its ends
even through bloodshed and suffering.
In the name of religion radicalism has
stretched mau upon the rack of tor
ture and drenched the eartb with the
blood of humanity. In the name of
liberty radicalism has, at different pe
riods of the world, torn down the es
sential safeguard* of human happiness
and made countless millions mourn in
struggles to establish impracticable
dogmas; and now, here in these
United States, radicalism, rather than
be (I placed from power,would pervert
the truth, deceive aud mislead the
public mind, defeaLibe popular voice
iiy chicanery and iraud, and subvert
popular government and establish an
imperial monarchy upon its ruins.
A distinguished author on national
ethics said : "The greatest dangers ure
not ulways the most apparent; but
few observers can doubt that the grav
est danger now threatening us as a na
tion is the supplanting of our cherished
theory of government of, by and for
tho people by a uew system, namely,
government of, by and ior a party. In
fact, party has already usurped the
throne, and the dictates of a spurious
purty morality are loudly proclaimed
as the doctrines of national ethics."
This is strictly applicable to the He
publican party under the rule of its oli
garchy of radicals. They have been in
power so long thut they begin to think
that the government belongs to them
as a matter of exclusive right. The
theory that the government originated
from the people, was made by them
and for them, has been perverted, ami
according to the ethics of this party
the government is from and by and for
this (tolitical party. When "the ques
tion of any public measure arises with
the highest officials of this party it is
not "Is it required by the welfare ami
safety of the country and authorized
by the Constitution?" but tho chief
inquiry made is "Will it advance the
interest of the Republican party or
tend to secure its success?" If it will
do this then it is all right.
Washington in bis farewell address,
warning the country in the most sol
emn manner against the dangers ot
sectional parties ami the baleful effects
of party spirit, said : "The alternate
domination of one faction over anoth
er, sharpened by the spirit of revenge
natural to party dissensions, which, in
different ages nod countries, has |cr
nctra'.cd the most horrid enormities,
is itself n frightful despotism. Hut
this leads at length to a more formal
ami permanent despotism. The disor
ders ami miseries which result gradu
ally incline the mimls of men to seek
security ami repose in the absolute
iHiwer of an individual, and sooner or
later the chief of some prevailing fac
tion, more able or more fortunate than
his competitors, turns this disposition
to the purposes of his own elevation
on the ruins of public liberty."
The |eople of this country have the
highest earthly motives to profit by
these warnings of the "Father of His
Country" and preserve the institutions
under which the couutry has grown
and prospered and advanced, not only
in greatness and power, hut in the arts
ami improvements and in all that ele
vates, refines ami ennobles civilised
man. Iu this vast country, Irotn the
Atlantic to the I'acificocean ami from
the lakes of the North to the Gulf of
Mexico, is the grand seat ami abode
for the freedom ami civilization of a
homogeneous population progressing
in their onward course of development
and improvement under the free insti
tutions of our Federal Union of re
publican Stales. Hut if this progres
sive development is to lie stayed and
defeated by the bickerings and wran
gling* of sectional parties ami factions
for the offices, honors and emoluments
of the government, this vast scope of
country will become the seat of dis
severed and discordant States, of jar
ring, rival and hostile dynasties and
factions —a vast theatre of constantly
recurring strife and contention and
warfare, disheartening to the patriot
and philanthropist, and ultimately
overthrowing the last great experi
ment of man for free government.
An Immense Farm.
Ffiyhve Thousand Arret Enclosed by One
Hundred and Fifty Milet of Fence—The
Yield of Wheat.
The great wheat field of California
lies in Colusa county, which also con
tains one of the largest farms in the
world. The county comprises a large
[>art of the extensive Sacramento val
cy, and is sixty miles in length and
oil the average forty-five miles wide.
It has an area of about 1,800,000
acres, of wiiich a million of ncres grew
wheat. Of this vast tract 477,000
acres are owned by 120 men. One
owns 55,000 acres, one 24,000, one
20,000, three 19,000, one 15,000, three
14,000, six 10,000, one 8,000, two
7,000, six 0,000, three 6,000, eight 4,-
000, five JJ.OoO, eighteen 2,000, three
1,500, thirty-six 1,000, and twenty
nine 500. The result has been to de
bar emigration and choke out trades
men aud merchants.
The largest land owner in Colusa
county is Dr. Hugh J. Glenn. His
farm contains 55,000 acres and has a
river frontage of sixteen and a half
miles, and is enclosed by one hundred
and fifty miles of fence. Wheat is
grown on 46,000 acres. The labor
force em ployed is composed of 715
men— 22s in seeding and 490 in har
vesting. Eight hundred horses are re
quired. The yield of wheat from this
farm will average 1,000,000 bushels a
Dr. Glenn was born in Virginia in
1824 and graduated at the Medical
University of Missouri in 1846.
Shortly afterward be married and
commenced life with a capital of f 110.
With that he purchased an ox team
and crossed the plains to California.
He engaged in mining and was suc
cessful. In 1860 be returned to Mis
souri with $5,000 and bought and
drove horses to California and Mexi
co. He made his first purchase of
land in 1867, buying seven thousand
acres at f 1.60 per acre, and in a short
time afterward purchased seven thou
sand acres more at about the same
price. Since then he has been al>sorl>-
uig the land on either side at varyiug
prices. Three years ago he was a can
didate for Governor of California,
consorting in the meantime with Den
nis Kearney.
Ocorgla's tilery.
Sucer* of the International Exposition at At
lanta—Meeting of the Governors and their
The international exhibition at At
lanta lins proved a great success, both
iu the elegance ami variety of the
goods exhibit ami the nuinli r of peo
ple in attendance. The Governors
there on Thursday were Iloyt, of
Pennsylvania ; Jarvis, of North Car
olina; Higelow, of Connecticut;
Hlackhurn, of Kentucky, mid Col
quitt, of Georgia. Governors Cullom,
of Illinois; Foster, of Ohio; Hagood,
ef.South Carolina, and others were ex
pected, hut defaulted at the lust mo
ment. Illinois, however, was repre
sented by ex-Governor Hross and a
large delegation of business men, ami
nearly every State in the Union was
represented by some official or unoffi
cial personage. Governor Hoyt was
accompanied by Adjutant General
Lutta. lie had u hard time to get
there. He left Harrisburg while a re
ception at the executive mansion at
which six hundred guests were in at
tendance was going on. At Wa-hing
tou and Danville his train was delayed
and somewhere iu North Carolina it
broke down entirely, necessitating a
deluy of eight hours, hut, on arriving,
his welcome made up for the delay.
Thursday the visiting Governors were
shown through the exhibition. One
noticeable incident of this tour was
the manufacture of two suits of cloth
ing, one given to Governor Colquitt
and the other to Governor Higelow.
The cotton used in these clothe* was
plucked, ginned, spun and woven
while tho Governors were on the
ground—a wonderful and no doubt un
precedented illustration of expertness
in textile manufacture. Another in
teresting incident was the weighing of
the Governors, an entertainment in
which Pennsylvania's Governor Its! all
the rest. Following is the official re
port of the result: Colquitt, of Geor
gia, "Cotton," one hundred ami seven
ty-six pounds; Higelow, of Connecti
cut, "Nutmegs," one hundred ami
eighty six and a half; North Carolina,
"Tar," two hundred and three; Ken
tucky, "Blue Grass,"two hundred and
twenty-three nml a half; Pennsylva
nia, "Iron," two hundred and forty
eight. The Iriumphaiit avoirdupoi* of
Governor Hoyt was the subject of
general ami admiring comments. Iu
the afternoon the distinguished visit
ors were formally received in the hall
of the judges by Governor Colquitt,
president of the exposition, and Direc
tor General Kimball. The Governors
were severally introduced ami made
eloquent and patriotic speeches. There
was a large ami enthusia*lic audience,
which was impartial in the distribu
tion of applause. Then the Governors
were escorted to the Exposition Hotel,
where they were royally entertaiued
and were warmed to emotions by a
ringing sih-ccli from Mr. Crane, of the
Atlanta Board of Trade. The pas
sages most enthusiastically applauded
were those in which, as a Southern
soldier, he declared that he was glad
the war was fought, because it ended
in the overthrew of slavery, never to
t>c resurrected, and challenged any
Stale hereafter to rival Georgia in de
votion to the uationnl government ami
Gerhardt was a German shepherd
Ikiv, and a noble fellow he was, al
! though he was very poor.
One day he was watching his flock,
which was feeding in a valley on the
| borders of the forest, when a hunter
came out of the woods aud asked :
"How far is it to the nearest vil-
Im ?"
"Bix miles, sir," answered the boy,
"but the read is only a sheep track,
aud very easily missed."
The hunter looked at the crooked
track, and said:
"My lad, I am very hungry and
thirsty; I have lost my companions
and missed my way, leave vour sheep
and show me the road; 1 will jmy
you well."
"I cannot leave my sheep, sir," re
joined Gerhardt. "They will stray
into the woods and may be eaten by
the wolves or stolen by robbers."
"Well, what of that f queried the
hunter. "They are not your sheep.
The low of one or more wouldn't he
much to your master, and 1 will
you more than you have earned in a
whole year."
"I cannot go, sir," rejoined Ger
hardt, very firmly. "Mv master pays
me for my time, and "he trusts me
with his sheep; if I were to sell my
time, which does not belong to roe, and
the sheep should get lost, it would be
the same as if I had stolen them."
"Well," said the hunter, "you will
trust your sheep with roe while you go
to the village and get *° me
drink, and a guide? I will take care
of them for yon."
The boy shook hit head. "The
sheep," Mid he, "do not know your
voice, and—" he stopped speaking.
"And what? Can't you trust me?
Do I look like a dishonest man?"
asked the hunter angrily.
"Sir," said the boy, "you tried to
make me false to my trust, and tried
to make me break my word to my
masters; how do I know that you
would keep your word with me."
I lie hunter laughed, for he felt that
the lad had fairly cornered hiin. He
said :
"I see, my lad, that you are a good,
faithful bov, I will not forget you.
Show me the road, mid I will try to
make it out myself."
Gerhardt then offerd the contents of
his script to the hungry man, who,
coarse as it was, ate it gladly. Pres
ently his attendants came up, and
thcu Gerhardt, to his surprise, found
that the hunter was the grand duke,
who owned all the country around.
The duke was so pleased with the
boy's honestly that he sent for him
shortly after that ami had him edu
cated. In after years Gerhardt be
came a very great and powerful man,
hut remained honest and true to his
dying day.
Fr rn lb* C.-lumtma (S. C.) Ugitr.
One of the most remarkable eases
in criminal annals was tried at the
Court of General Sessions of Sumter
county last Wednesday. It was the
case of the Stale against Henry John
stem for the murder of John Davis i n
the slh day of last February. Both
the prisoner and his victim were ne
groes, and the trial developed the sys
tem of voudouisra or fetichism to
which tln-ir race is still addicted in
the Southern States. The prisoner
before his trial made the following
confession, which was put in evidence:
He stated that he was in love with the
wife of the deceased, a woman near
twenty-five years of age, the prisoner
being about forty; that she repelled
his advances, and he sought the aid of
a conjurer, one Orange Isaacs, an
aged negro. The so-called conjurer
gave him u charm, known in the lan
guage of negro witchcraft as a "band,"
composed of various articles, viz: bees
wax, foxes' hair, a little sand from
the shoe of the |**r*on intended to lie
acted on, ami a drake's foot, all sewed
up in a small cotton hag. He was
told to wear it next to his skin, over
his heart, for one week, and the wo
man would love him. lie did so, and
at the end of a week reported to the
conjurer that the woman had confess
ed her love for him, but had refused
to accept him a* her paramour unless
her husband separated from h<-r.
The conjurer then gave Johnston
another charm, designed to alienate
the husband from the wife. It was
worn the prescribed time, but lie re
ported that the woman ami her hus
band continued to live happily to
gether, am! that the charm would not
work. The conjurer replied that Da
vis must be po>sesed by a devil, and
thai he would give Johusion a charm
ed bullet which he must put in his
gun ami fire al Davis' head as he
passed from the wohls in which he
was working toward his home at sun
down the next evening. Johnston ob
jected that if he killed the man the
law would hnog him if he were found
out. His fears on this head were al
layed by the conjurer giving him an
other charm, which he said would be
proof against the law, and that no
judge or jury could convict him while
he wore it upon his person.
Thus fortified, Johnston shot Davis
through the head on the following
evening, killing him instantly, and
revering his body with leaves in the
woods near the spot w here he fell. He
then proceeded to the house of the de
ceased and was received and welcomed
l.y the widow, and domiciled himself
in the place of the dead man. The
brother of the deceased, suspecting
from his absence that he had been the
victim of foul play, aud finding John
ston in possession of his house, had
him arrested on suspicion of murder.
The body was found covered up as de
scribed on the day after the killing.
The prisoner confessed the deed as
stated, and was placed on trial before
Judge Mackcy, at Sumpter, on Wed
nesday last.
The trial drew an immense throng
of negroes to the court house, whose
faith in the power of the conjurer sat
isfied them that the prisoner could not
be convicted. His faith wa* strength
ened by the fact that two of the ju
rors ini panel led in the case, one a ne
gro and the other a white man, were
taken suddenly ill, and two others had
to be substituted in their places. The
jury, as finally organized, consisted of
nine whiles and three blacks.'The
E'soner was abiy defended by Messrs.
ran and Hoard, and the trial oc
cupied the entire day. The jury were
out but ten minute*, ami returned with
a verdict of guilty. The verdict was
received with exclamations of surprise
from manv of the negroes present.
Judge Maekey, who is not sensitive
to the charms of the clam described,
at once proceeded to sentence the pris
oner. In response to the question
from the judge whether he had any
thing to say why the sentence of death
should not be passed upon him, the
prisoner replied that he bad had a (air
and impartial trial, but that there
were powers at work which the jury
could not understand and intimated
that these powers would yet interfere
in his behalf. He requested the judge
to give him as long a lime to live as
the law would permit, saying, with a
very pertinent use of the aryummtum
ad ' hominrm, "How would you like
your honor, if you were in my place,
to be bung in a hurry F' Judge
Mackey, appreciating the foroe of
this argument, sentenced him to be
hauged m Friday, tho twenty-fifth
day of November uext.
The negro faith in their system of
fetichistn, or the power of charms, has
lx,*cu strengthened by the fact that the
sheriff of the county, a robust man in
the prime of life, dropped dead within
three hour* after the prisoner was sen
tenced, and n few minutes after he
htyi expressed hi* abhorrence of per
forming the painful duty imposed upon
him by law of executing the sentence.
It should be Mated to the credit of the
prisoner that when informed of this
death he wept bitterly.
Scandium lan Hospitality.
John llsl/MtU/fi If* f/r KotMnUr
The iiHn-t striking quality of Hean
dinavian character seems to be hospi
tality. Throughout Norway, Kweden
and the far north the author was
heartily received by every one, from
the King in bis palace to the Lap
lander in bis tent. During five years
of almost incessant travel, in the
course of which almost every part of
the peninsula was visited, M. Du
C'haillu was coolly treated only once.
The Swedes and Norwegians have the
reputation of being reserved and cold,
but this is true of them only when
they meet strangers of the class best
suggested by the word "tourist." To
any one whose interest in them cannot
he measured by a stare or two and a
few impertinent questions they arc
unsuspicious and communicative, as
well as cordial to the verge of affec
tion. M. Du Cbaillu went among them
freely, conversed with them in their
language, wore garment* like their
own and took part in their labors,
sports and ceremonies. The treatment
he received in return causes bim to
s|M-nk most enthusiastically in praise
of their sociability and kindness.
A* in all other countries that retain
primitive habits hospitality in Scandi
navia always implies eating and drink
ing. The poorest farmer or fisherman
always ha# something to offer the vi-i
-tor. and lack of appetite is generally
construed as a slight. The author
mentions one occasion on which, to
avoid hurting any oue's feelings, he ate
thirty times in two days and drank
thirty cups of coffee. Often strong
cheese is offered jut before a rn*al to
provoke appetite, and in the cities a
formal dinner is preceded by a smor
ga*. or luucb, at a table crowded with
alleged appetizers. On a single smor
ga* table the author noted smoked
reindeer meat, smoked salmon with
| oicbed eggs, raw salmon freshly salt
ed,hard-boiled eggs, caviare, fried sau
■ tge, anchovy, smoked goose breast,
cucumbers, raw salt herring, several
kind# of cheese and as many of bread,
and a salad made of pickled bet ring,
boiled meat, polaUtes, eggs, beets and
onions. There were ai*o three kind*
of spirits on the table, and from these
and the varion* dishes the guests
helped themselves bountifully ami
thcu did justice to an excellent din
A Well-filled Pastel Card.
A month ago a gentleman received
a postal card from his brother in lowa
containing over five thousand words.
It was written to him as a letter, and
the writing upon it was so fine that it
required a magnifying glass to read a
portion of it. He made up his mind
that he would not be outdoue, and
weeks ago he made preparation to re
ply in the same style. He wrote dur
ing his leisure moments an answer,
which he finally brought to a close,
the s|ace on his card having beeu en
tirely consumed. When his task was
completed he counted the number of
words and found that he had six thou
sand four hundred and seventy, ex
ceeding the number on the one he had
received by over one thousand words.
It was written with a steel pen and
can he read without the aid of a
will accomplish very little in the world
without effort. And the effort must
be made in such away as will he wise
according to our opportunities and ca
pacities. It has been said of some one
that after he discovered be was not a
great man he began to do tome good.
Tie found his level and his place and
hi# strength was exertee in away that
was practical and fruitful. They are
the wisest who properly estimate their
gifts and then, whether they be few or
many, go to work to make the most of
TUB won! "colored," so often ap
plied to a negro, seems to be a misno
mer, a black man having so decided.
A Saratoga (N. Y.) judge questioned
a negro in court thus: "You Ire a col
ored man, are you?" "No, sir," he
replied. "But you are not white —
what are you f' asked the judge. "I
am a Madfc man, sir; I have never
been colored," was the quick reply
amidst general and hearty laughter.
HAIL stones the sixe of hen's egvs
fell at Dead wood, the other day. It
is strongly suspected that the only
thing that prevented the hail from
being as large as elephant's eggs is
the fact that elephants don't lay 'em.
"You are now one," said the minis
ter to the happy pair be had just tied
together with a knot that they could
never undo. "Whichone?" asked the
bride. "You will have to settle that
yourselves," said the clergyman.
PLIHY tells us that Diedalua invent
ed the taw. The earliest saw mill of
which we have mention was built at
Madcrmin 1420.