Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, July 21, 1881, Image 1

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VOL. 3.
She Centre
Term* tI.AO per Annum, in Advnnoe.
S. T. BHUGERT and R H. FORSTER, Editor*.
Thursday Morning, July 21, 1881.
Democratic County Committee Meeting.
A meeting of the Democratic County
Committee will bo held at the Committee
Koorns, over the Watchman office, Bello
fonte, on
Thursday, July 28, 1881,
at 2 o'clock i\ M. Every member of tho
Committee is requested to be present.
P. GRAY MEEK, Chairman.
11. A. MCKKE, Secretary.
JUDGE JERE. S. BLACK, is giving
Colonel Bob lugereoll a taste of what
an enlightened laymau can say iu
favor of the Christian religion in
opposition to his trashy utterances
against it. The discussion is publish
ed in the North American Review, and
the great jurist maintains the same
mastery over the notorious infidel
which has so distinguished him in oth
er fields if controversy.
THE anti-monoply party in New-
York is announced to be growing rap
idly and is now composed of twenty
two branches in the city, and that
much quiet energy is infused into its
workings. It is also said that its
membership is largely made up of the
most sterling and influential citizens.
This is the very |>arty now needed in
New York to take special charge of
the new monopoly .Senator.
EX-SEN. CONK LINO visited Wash
ington the other day and immediately
rumors became rife that his visit had
special reference to the Star-route
thieves and his employment as one of
their defenders. The thieves can afford
to pay large fees, and as the late Sen
ator is not now drawing |>ay to pro
tect and defend the Government from
marauders, no one ean object if he
goes for some of the plunder to lie dis
tributed in their defence.
THE beginning of the end has come
to the dead-lock at Albany. Warner
Miller, the wood-pulp monopolist, has
been elected the successor of Piatt in
the Senate of the United States. The
vacancy of Conkling is still open to
the highest bidder. Miller at present
is a member of Congress and has only
been known for his effrontery in
making his public position subservient
to his personal interest in the wood
pulp swindle. He was one of the half
breed candidates, and of course will
expect to be taken into full commun
ion with the Administration at Wash-
ington. The exchange of Piatt for
Miller does not admit of any inspiring
hope that the country or the Adminis
tration have gained any thing by the
six week's struggle to elect a Henator.
THE astute boss of the Republican
party of Pennsylvania, our Don, has
already commenced tho work of clear
ing away the party rubbish which ac
cumulated upon his hands during the
third-term struggle. Not satisfied with
his success in this direction in the
fight last winter, he now
proposes to relieve one of his most
valued lieutenants of a formidable
competitor for gubernatorial honor by
proposing our friend, General Beaver,
for Hergeant-at-Arms of the National
House of Representatives. Don is
fruitful of expedients and a man with
a conscience of his own, would be un
desirable and out place in the man
agement of his political ranch. He
will therefore, not hesitate lo drop
Riddleberger if he can thereby pro
mote the chances of the accomplished
and pliant statesman of Delaware.
The election of Gen. Beaver as Her
geant-at-Arpis, would certainly cause
much rejoicing in Delaware county,
in which Henator Cooper would take
a very active part. The Senators
► resolution in favor of Itiddleberger
won't count now.
THE pulp mill is now the progree
the New York Re-
STOIIMH or cyclones in the West
have been unusually frequent and din
astrious, both to life and property,
this summer. One occurred in Min
nesota on Friday last, an account of
which is given in another column, by
which one hundred houses iu the
small town of New Ulm were entirely
demolished, aud over thirty lives lost.
The terrible suffering which these dis
astrous western storms entail, we in
our pleasant mountain retreats can but
faintly realize. Whilo our mountains
and hills have their disadvantages and
perhaps annoyances, we cannot over
estimate, or be too grateful for the pro
tection they afford. The exhilarating
and healthful atmosphere distilled in
their gorges and the barriers they pre
sent to the storms aud cyclones of the
prairie levels, as well upon land as
upon water, may well inspire us with
satisfaction in our surroundings.
THE Democratic Htate Convention
of Ohio, met at Columbus on the 13th
instant, and placed in nomination for
Governor, John W. Bookwalter; for
Lieutenant Governor, Edgar M. John
son ; for Supreme Judge, E. F. Bing
haru ; for State Treasurer, A. F. Win
slow; for Attorney General, Frank
('. Dougherty ; and for Commissioner
of Public Works, .John Crowe. These
nominations are said to lie highly
satisfactory, living taken from the
younger and more progressive element
of the party. Mr. Book waiter is a
successful business man of fine abili
ty, popular and possessing the vim to
meet his oponent in uu aggressive con
test. The principal features of the
platform is to promote the happiness
of the whole people; the equality of
all before the law; equal taxation ;
opposition to jiolitical legislation and
favors a free ami pure ballot as the
corner-stone of free institutions; op
position to monopolies and subsidies of
all kinds ; favors the strictest economy
in National State and local adminis
tration that labor may be lightly bur
dened, and the maintenance and ad
vancement of the common school sys
tem ; favors a judicious tariff system
and a commission to arrange its details
The Democracy of Ohio start well.
The out-come is in November, which
we trust and hope may be well also.
THE Republicans are predicting for
President Garfield after his recovery
a "position of remarkable, if not un
precedented authority anil influence."
That will depend much upon how he
exercises that "influence and author
ity." If he runs the government in
the same corrupt and extravagant
channels which distinguished that of
his two immediate predecessors, the
"influence" at least will be short-lived.
If he runs it as they did, as a person
al government to sell his "authority"
and receive the most it will bring to
his private gain, the horror produced
by the attack upon his life and the
general sympathy following it, will
not rescue him from a degree of con
tempt which will be "remarkabl? and
unprecedented" for its iotenaity. If
he shows himself incapable of rising
above party rancor in the administra
tion of a government intended for the
general good of all alike, or if he fails
to read the lessons of the past So as to
avoid the corruptions, the tyranny,
and the selfish greed which rendered
his immediate predecessors a reproach,
we shall not expect to witness any en
during marks of confidence or respect
But there is good hope for better
things from President Garfield. With
much ability and large endowments
we may expect him to aspire to great
ness as a statesman in the discharge of
the duties of his high office, in the
spirit and for the purposes provided
for by the constitution and laws. His
last predecessors had no such incen
tive. They were content apparently,
to draw pay, receive presents, make
appointments, veto or sign bills ac
cording to ring or corporate influ
ences, and to protect thieves, as the
limit of Executive capability.
A Ridiculous Result.
The friends of the administration,
that able Democratic journal, the
Laucaster Intelligencer, pertinently re
marks, show a commendable disposi
tion not to iudulge in super-exultation
at the election of Warren Miller and
the pros|>ect of choosing Lapharn
United States Senators from New
York. Never before has that great
State hud such a pitifully meagre in
tellectual representation in the United
States Senate as it now sends in behalf
of*Garfield and Blaine's friends. Out
of a contest in which bribery and
bluckmuil played such a conspicuous
part, the scandalous issue of the elec
tion of two obscure Congressmen, is
not one to be very proud of, even if it
were not embittered with the further
reflection that their election may rob
the Republicans of a majority of the
I/jwer House of Congress.
Mr. Miller is a very ordinary man.
He ha* been in Congress, and the
only thing which has distinguished
him there is the one thing which
marks him a* conspicuously unfit for
a popular representative. He and
another Congressman have a monopo
ly of the patent upon the process of
making wood pulp, a lending ingredi
ent in paper making, the high price of
which keeps up the price of paper.
Tlusc two monopolists, it i* alleged,
"are able to say how much wood pulp
shall be sold for, and thus regulate
the price of paper. They have grown
wealthy bv forcing tip thi* price and
by preventing the importation of wood
pulp under heavy duties —thus levy
ing a direct tax upon the education
and intelligence of the country." The
only relief is to reduce the tariff on
wood pulp importation. These two
Congressmen in their places, by com
binations, have protected their mo
nopoly and prevented relief for the
public. For this the New York Timet
placed Miller "in the lowest category
of public men" and the Evening I'<M
said that when in Congress he en
deavored "by specious arguments and
false statements, to further his own
pecuniary interests," and that he "did
not allow political matters to stand
for a moment in the way of his pri
vate profits." This is the new Sena
tor from New York.
THE I'age (Jourier ami A<lrertitrr,
of Luray, Ya., speak* as follows of
the proposed excursion of Carlisle
post, G. A. R., to Luray caverns on
July 21. The nrticlc is headed
"Grand Army of the Republic."
As will be seen elsewhere in our col
umns the Carlisle post of this organiza
tion propose to meet in I.ursy, on the
twenty-first inst., surviving members of
the confederate army, to have a general
hand shaking and expression of good
will. We heartily approve the move
ment, and trust that every ex-confeder
ate soldier in the country will t>e pres
ent on the occasion. It has l>een six
teen years since the war closed and we
think that sixteen yesrs of peace and
national prosperity has been fully long
enough to cure all the heart burns and
bitterness engendered by tho unholy
and unnatural strife.
THE Governor of Texas in respond
ing to a communication from Gov.
Foster, of Ohio, suggesting co-opera
tion in a day of thanksgiving and
jubilee, for the recovery of the Presi
dent, says : "I do not deem it consist
ent with my position as Governor to
issue a proclamation directing religi
ous services, where church and Htate
are and ought to lie kept separate in
their fuctions." He adds, however,
that the people of Texas will pray as
devoutly for the recovery of the Pres
ident as any people in tho United
FORMAL notification of fifteen con
tests for Congressional scats iu the
House of Representatives, are now on
file with the clerk. Thirteen of these
contented cases are from the South,
one from Maine and ono from lowa.
THE Democrats of Warren county
have instructed their delegates to the
Htate Convention to support the Hon.
Orange Noble, of Erie, for Htate Treas
Tho Conkling CollapHC.
Tlio downfall of tho lordly Itoacoc
"till cullh fourth ninny newspaper
comments, und uniting these wc find
the following in tho Altooita Daily
Sun. It is a fair picture of the rela
tions that now exist between the late
loader and the Republican party and
press: " Few sympathize with the
under dog in the fight, and this is em
inently true in the case of Koseoe
Conkling in his fight against the ad
ministration he was largely instru
mental in putting in jkiwct, and in his
struggle for re-election to the Senate
from which he j>etulantly resigned.
1 He has had his tussel with the ad
ministration in Washington and with
its adherents at Albany and has been
dethroned. His overthrow is the sig
nal for rejoicing among those who
were wont to uphold his bosship and
implicitly submit to his dictation. Hut
no sooner does he cease to be a factor
in the dispensation of the sj>oil, and
consequently without the means to
| keep up and run his jiolitieal machine,
| than his former friends pounce ujsm
i him and begin to tear him in pieces,
i There was a time when Koseoe Conk
ling could have made himself a name
and a fame that no administration or
its friends could have destroyed, but
he lacked the courage to carry his
honest purpose into effect. Therefore,
when a righteous retribution overtakes
hi* political career, there are few to
j sympathize with him in his misfortune
while there are many to dispise and
reject his leadership, heap all manner
of obloquy upon his name, and curse
his 'coloma! vanity.' That is about tho
way the New \ ork Timts sits down
I on the man it has been accustomed to
laud as the true exponent of Repub
licanism and the machine. It holds
' nlo that "Mr. Conkling and his ad
herents have so completely alicnatesl
the whoic Ikklv of Republican voters
from themselves that they will no
longer amount to a faction or have
| the jMiwer to do harm even if they re
tain the disposition."
Another big dog in the Republican
manger is Field Marshal Halsted of
the Cincinnati (Jommrrrial, ami while
j he does not exactly rejoice over the
downfall of the New York Senator is
j nevertheless gratified at the knowl
edge "that with it comes an end of the
offensive attempt of Senators to Ixwm
National Conventions and administra
■ lions. Defeated by the delegates of
the people at Chicago, baffled by the
President at Washington, it disap
pear!* with a bad smell at Albany."
This is refreshing reading this hot
j weather, and as the Conkling dog
i rushes madly over the political course
with the tin kettle of defeat at
tached to his tail all the admin
istration canines joins in the hue and
cry and seek to get a snarl or a snap
at the discomfitted animal. It may
be that Roscoe Conkling is irretriev
ably defeated, but it may also come to
pass that his services and brilliant tal
ents may yet be needed in the State
of New York to save the Republican
party from utter destruction. It may
be perfectly safe to offer jibes and re
proaches to the ex-Senator now ; but
there may arise an extremity when
that party may call for Itoscoe Conk
ling and he will not answer, when it
will stretch out its hands and, he
will not regard. As the administra
tion is gathering up all the good things
said while its head hovered between
life and death, so ought Mr. Conkling
gather together all the bitter things
the administration organs are now say
ing of him. He may find use for them
at no distant day as historical memen
toes, and in tbcm chough of material
to torment his preachy prosecutors.
The whole quarrel of Rc)tublican fac
tions is a pretty one as it stands, and
evinces the anomalous and unnatural
proceedings of 'dog eat dog.'" N
It appears that the very best think
the New York Republican legislature
could do after a six week's contest, was
to endorse the wood-pulp monopoly 1
A (linnce lr a Free Scholarship | n
the State College.
Statu COM. 808, CBNTKK CO., Pa., >
j July 11, 1881. /
I To Hon. Crura T. Ai.kxaxmck,
Bellefonte, Pa.
l)rnr Sir The Executive Committee of j
tho Hoard of Trustee* of tho Pennsylvania j
I State College have determined to establish
I fitly (fid i free scholarships in the Institu
! lion—one for each senatorial district in the
| State. All tuition in the College is al
ready free. These scholarships, in addi
| lion to the tuition, will entitle the holders j
thereof to exemption from the payment of
other college charges, for incidentals, room
rent, fuel, and use of furniture.
Ill* believed that this can be done with
| out adding materially to the expenses of
tbo Institution, whilst its benefits will be
enlarged to the extent of these scholar
The conditions are, that tho acholar,
after a coriqictitive examination of the
etude-* required for admission, receive the
' appointment from the Senator of his dis
trict, and that said scholar l>e at least fif
teen ( 1.1) years of age, of good character,
; and lully prepared for admission to the
T reshnian class. Ihe student so appointed
-hall Imj entitled to the benefits of his
scholarship for the four years of his college
j course, provided that his conduct and class
j -landing be satisfactory to the Faculty.
So soon as a vacancy occurs, from any
i cause, the Senator of the district shall
have authority to fill the scholarship by a
new appointment, under aimilarconditions.
In view of these facts, you will arrange
for an examination to be held at some
! suitable jK.int in your district, by scum
mitlc-e approved by yourself. The subjects
for for tbo year 1881-82 are,
lor all applicants, the Common Knglish
branches, I'hviirai Geography, Higher
; Algebra to ljuadratics , Geometry (4
isook- . and I . S. History. The s|>ecial
requirement* of applicants for admission
to the Scientific course will be the element*
jof Natural Philosophy; the *|>ecial re
; |utr>'iieTit* made of Classical students are
i■ t i book- 1, (ii ero's Oration* <3l, and
\<c.opbon* Anabasis. A student whose
J jualifh ation* fall, in some respect*, below
the standard, but are in others so much
aU>ve that standard a- to give a reasonable
; ho|c- thai he will make up his deficiencies,
may be a ImilU-d < n j.r<.bntion. Should no
■•■ne pres. Nt himself who is entitled to en
\> t a- u Freshman, a well qualified appli
j cant for k>nkrr i iass standing may be ad
: mitled.
As soon a. the appointment shall have
. Wn nih i- in y.-ur district, you will please
notify the roljege authorities of the fact,
giving the name and address of the ap
Although our standard of admission to
| the college classes will be higher after the
coming se-.|. n, and sjw< ial course* in Civil
Engineering, Chemistry and Physic, and
Natural 8- lence have been added to the
I courses recognized in the present catalogue,
I I forward a copy of that catalogue as giv-
I ing, on pages 18 prel .16, a correct idea of
] the preparation of th>*e who
; would now enter as Freshmen. tVe shall
be glad to furnish any further information
concerning this or other matters relating
i to the College.
Ilequ**tin{f your early and hearty co
operation in securing, for your "scholar
| snip," the best student available,
1 remain, your* respectfully,
J AS. A. M< Ku, Arting /Vr t.
In compliance with the request contain
ed in above letter 1 give notice that I have
selected an impartial committee of exam
iners, which committee will meet in the
Court House at llellefi.nte, on Friday, li'tb
of August next, to examine all such *p
i plicant* as may appear before them. The
1 person whom the committee recommends
' will receive the appointment. Applicants
I will please notify me of their intention to
be present before tbe day of examination.
C. T. Ar.tv AjtiiKH.
A tpiarler of a Million German Emi
IiOKDOX, July 18.—Statistic* published
' by the Hamburg |>olice authorities show
that tbe numt>er of German emigrant*
(Massing through Hamburg alone to
1 America, from January 1, to June 150,
I8>1. amount* to 74,633, being twice the
j number for the same period in the year
following the late war between France
■ and Germany. The figure* for such
emigration in the corresponding period
, of last year were 32,489, and the total
' foi the year 106,190; so that if the etni
, gration proceeds in tho same propor
j lion for the second half of 1881 the
government will find that, reckoning
the fugitives by other channels, it has
i lost in 1881 about a quarter of a million
of ila most efficient subjects.
| Civh. Srhvice Reman.—Postmaster-
General James, referring to the reports
that member* of the cabinet bad been
considering various plans of civil eer
vice reform, said that prior to the
shooting of the President the matter
hail been a good deal considered, and
that it had been the ptirpoee of tbe
President to present to Congrea* some
definite suggestions upon that subject.
Meanwhile the different cabinet officers
were considering the matter in their
own way. He (Mr. James) had thought
of two plans. One was to make all ap
pointments after a strict com|>etUive
examination ; the other waa to adopt
the plan of appointment* now in force
with respect to tbe Naval Academy and
We*t Point—to give the selection of
candidate* to Congressmen, and some
to the President, but to admit none
until after they could pass a suitable
, After two year* of labor the fire in
tta Stanton shaft, at Wilkeabarre, haa
beta subdued. The work of repairing
the immense destruction caused by the
_ r
TKKMN: $1.50 pur Annum, in Advance.
vigorously forward. The coal produced
in thin mine in the beat in the Wyom
ing region, and within the next three
month* oxer .Vio people will find em
ployment at thin place.
Still Favorable.
The Wounded President -lowly, hut
surely, Iteeoverlng.
WASHINGTON, July 19, 3 At 2
r. u. the I'reaident'a pulse wan 90 and
temperature an<l respiration normal,
and up to this hour no signs of increas
ing fever hare appeared. JE- dial to
day has been lighter and simpler. Doc
tors Wins and Iteyburn are now tempo
rarily absent, but before leaving expresa
ed themselves entirely satisfied as to the
patient s condition and progress.
Kxn I rivr. MANSION, 8.30 A. M.— The
President has passed a very good night,
and this morning he is free from lever
and expresses himself as feeling quite
comfortable. Pulse 90, temjerature 98-
b, respiration 18.
Exf inv i MANSION, 2 r. u.—The Pres
ident is passing a comfortable day. He
had for breakfast this morning toast
milk and meat juice, and ate them with
apparent relish. His pulse is now 92
and his temperature and respiration
are normal.
ident has passed an excellent day and
afternoon. The fever has been less
than on any day since he was wounded.
At 1 p. m. his pulse was 92, temperature
9*.'), respiration 19. At present his
pulse is 96, temperature 99 respira
tion 19.
THE 1 1 o'l IAS k at I,LETIV.
hxf' I'TIVE MANSION, Washington, July
19.—The afternoon tever noticed at the
date of the last official bulletin has sub
sided. and at 11 r. N. the I'resid.-nt is
sleeping quietly without any febrile
WASHINGTON, July 19.—The following
telegram was sent by attending sur
geons to consulting surgeons tonight:
Ktn t Tl\ r M ANMON, 7 v. v.—Last even
ing the President received a hypoder
nne injection of one-eighth grain of sul
phate morphia and slept well during
the night. He continues to take sul
phate of quinia in three grain doses
thrice daily and has enamava when re
quired. A* anticipated the increased
fever of yesterday proved only tempor
ary and be bit* had a (setter day today
than any rtnoe he was injures!. The
wound looks well and is discharging
healthy pus freely. This morning at
8.3H his pulse was Ist, temperature 98,
respiration I*. At Ip. *. pulse 92. tem
perature 9*. respiration 19. At 7P. *.
pulse 96, temperature 99.8, rcspira
tion 19.
Location of the Hrillet.
W ASHINGTON, July 19. —The attending
surgeons are more convinced this morn
ing than they ever have been, that the
original diagnosis was correct, that the
ball passed through the liver into the
abdominal cavity and is lodged in the
anterior wall of the abdomen, and they
referred to the fact that last night tb
flexible drainage tube, without effort,
when the wound was dressed, dropped
naturally five and one half inches into
the wound. They state that it is an
anatomical irajKtssibility that so long a
track of the wound should be developed
if the ball remained in the neighbor
hood of the lower part of the spine, or
ia imbedded in any of the muscles in
the vicinity of the spinal column. To
have performed such a feat as that it
would have been necessary, they say,
, for the ball to have retraced a part at
| least of the course of five and one-half
| inches which it ia now definitely known
lit took. The surgeons seem to be of
| the opinion that the ball passed direct
; ly through the ventral cavity, and did
| not fellow the ribs or akin around to
| the anterior wall of the abdomen, oth
erwise the drainage pipe could not have
reached to so great a distance in the
direction in which it has taken. The
fact, too, that the pu* can be removed
from the wound by pressure on the
front of the abdomen is regarded aa
another reason confirmatory of the
surgeons* diagnosis. It ap|*ar* that
yesterday there was a temnorary stop
page of the dischatge which caused the
surgeons some concern, and it was for
that reason that the pressure was ap.
plied to the abdomen, resulting in the
discharge of a considerable amount of
pus. The lesa favorable indications of
yesterday afternoon gave rise to much
uneasiness and to eotnc criticism of the
indulgent treatment bv the physicians
in the matlerof food. Both the doctors
and patient him'clf seem to have been
tempted by the evident and steady iro-
Emvement to tax the enfeebled orgsns
eyond their strength. AW changes in
diet and nursing must, in the circum
stance, be experimental, and of yester
day's treatment it can only be said that
the doctors were alert to discern and
quick to remedy any evil consequences.
To day the patient is doing well, and
the apprehensions raised by yesterday's
symptoms are already allayed. If no
repetition of the unfavorable signs oc
cur to-day, it nur be assumed that the
fluctuations of yesterday were due to
local and temporary causes. Mean
while, little episodes like that of yester
day show bow delicate ia still the Presi
dent's condition, and serve to postpone
the silly talk about salt water voyages
and railroad journeys which follow two
or three daya of apparently utiintet-,
rnpted Improvement,