Newspaper Page Text
Wilson, Me Car la or ,1 Co., I lonian re heaters.
WILSOIST, McFAHLAN K v& CO.
h> A LSO
' Paints, Oils, Glass and Varnishes,
AULEOUKN Y STRUCT, .... HUMUS'BLOCK, .... BKI.LKFONTK, PA.
TRAVELER S GUIDE._
BELLEFONTE & SNOW SHOE
K. H.—Time-Table hi •fftfcl on and After March
Leave# Snow Shoe 6.3 a. m. .arrive* In Rcllefontr
7.24 A m
Inutve# Ibdlefuute 9.1*2 a. M., arrive* at finow Shoe
11.25 A. M.
Leave* Snaw Shoe 2Jo P. M.,arrive* In Bellefonte
4 -it • u.
Leave* Bellefonte 4.45 v M . arrive* at Snow Shoe
7.25 p. M 8. S. HI.Mil, Until Superintendent.
BALI) EAGLE VALLEY RAIL
KOAD.—Tim<t-Tabl, April lv.t:
Kip. Mall. *itw*hd. turitiii. Kip. Mall,
a. m. r m. r a. A.M
A l' 7 03 Arrir., at Tyrone Leava.... 7 33 M 4H
a 3 AM ...... L,-avu Ka.t Ty runt* Lravr... 7 9V 8 .16
7 M Bit " Vail " ... 743 *la
766 47 " BaM Kal. " ... 747 •> iri
74a 838 " K.iwlar " ... 7A3 9"9
743 833 " Hannah " ... 766 913
73S 634 " Port Matilda " ... 4 <lO 919
737 817 " Martha '• ... K <)7 9 2.',
7|K 604 " Jnltall " ... 814 9 <3
7 9 447 " t'nlonrllla " ... 4il • .:•!
7 <4l 444 " Hnrnr Slum In " ... 433 944
848 4 4.1 " Mll.nl, or* " ... 434 94*
•48 435 " Hallrfonta " ... *43 947
38 534 '• Milcl ur* " ... 44410 08
831 614 11 Cnrtln 11 ... 9 <>B 10 19
614 410 " Mount Uaalr " ... 913 10 3'
a 9 401 •• Howard " ... 93010 37
555 4iO " Ualrillf> •' ... 9 :4 10 49
560 4 4.1 " M < rock " ... 94010 44
34 433 " Mill Hall " ... 9 .14 11 18
539 430 •< Flrml<ti,B " ... 94711 30
536 435 •• Lock Harm " ...10 01 11 36
I>KN NS YL V A NIA RAILROAD.
JL —(Philadelphia ami Erie I>i\ 1 • I.• ti ) On and
after December I a 1*77 :
ERIK MAIL leave* Philadelphia 11 55 p m
44 •* Hairiabturg— 4 Ia ■
44 41 Wl|liain|Birt... H IVI 1 m
44 44 Lok Haven 9 4 a r*
44 " Bmmvr M ' S:i
44 arrive# at Krie 7
If IAOARA EXPRESS leave- Philadelphia. 7 >a te
'* HarrUburg ... In 50 a in
'* W||||anu|Nirl. 2 2>> p m
44 arrive# at Itrnovo 4 40 p in
Passenger# by this train arr.ve in Belle
fonte .t 4 ||l|
FAST LINK leave* Philadelphia 11 4mhi
Rarrfal irg 9 |
44 44 44 1111ain*|*rt............... 790p di
44 arrive* at Inwk Haven H4op ui
FACIE!'' EXPRESS leave* I k Haven..... 40 a m
44 Williatip|M>rt... 755a in
44 arrive* at HarrUl urg 11 .V 5 a m
44 Philadelphia.... 345p at
DAY nlFMtfl II i ll: sei 14 101
44 4 * L- k Haven II yia in
44 44 Willlamsport 12 40 am
44 arrive* at llarri*i ir* 4 In p m
44 4 * Philadelphia 7 20 p m
ERIK MAIL leave* Roov . a V. p m
44 44 L-<k Haven v 45 p m
44 •* Willinmaport. 11 nfl j> m
44 ai rive* at Harrl*l urg 2 45 a m
44 44 Philadelphia 7no am
FAST LINK leave* M UlUm.port 1J 35 * m
44 srriv** at flanrtahitrg. 3 5* am
•• nthMpfia mil
Erie Rail Wilt ** >ri I i; '■ •• W*R, Loch Haver,
Accommodation Wn*t and l*v Kxpr* K*#t. mak
cloae connect! •# at Northumberland with L A B. H
R. train# for Wilkt** arte and S ranf.-n
Krie Mall W<*i. Niagara Ktprr** We*t. and Erie
Eipr*-## W-#t. and f ck Hav-n Accommodation M#t
make clnae connect!'m at V\ illiam*4rt witn 29. C. R
W. trair; - north
Erie Mail We*t, Niagara Expre** W**i. and Day
E1 pre* K #t. rn.ike clo** cuttß*rtkQ at Lock llaveo
With B. E V R It train#
Krie Mail Ra#t and Meat connect at Erie with train*
on I. S. 5 M. S R R.. at Carry with 0. C AAV R
R . at Emporium with B N Y A P R. R., an I at
Drtftwnd with A V R R
Parlor will run between Philadelphia and
Willlam#port on Niagara Kxpr*** Ht Erie Kxpre**
Weet. Philadelphia Kvpre** K*at an! Iay Kxpre##
Ea#t. ami Sunday Expre** Ea*t Sleeping •am on all
night train*. W* A Rvinvnv.
i 1 IRAKI) HOUSE,
■ J CORN UK CHK-TSIT AND NINTH hTRKKTR,
Thi* hen*e. prominent in a ity famed fr It* com
fortable hotel*. I# kept in every rmrpert m|q*| to any
ftrvt-clae* hotel* In th* rmintry. 'wing to the etrin
geneyof the time*, the price of board h* len rehired
te TH at I DOLLAR* per day. J M KIIIHIN,
CS-ILmore a co.,
" I I,AW AND COI.I.KCTinN IIOUBU.
620 F .STRIKT, WXAIIINOTON, I). C.
Make C. -Her ti- n#. Negotiate L*n and attend to ail
bnine conAdev! to thetn LAND St "RIP. Soldier'*
Additional H.rn. ttead Bight* an! LAND WARRANTS
Bought and sold. 4a-tf
■ A TRUE TONIC
A PERFECT STRENCTHENER.A SURE REVIVER.
IRON BITTERS n highly recommended for nil disease* re
quiring n certain ami efficient tonic ; especially Indigent ion, Ityrprpwi, Inlrr
millmt Ffrrr*, Want nf ApprtiU, Ixm of Strength, 1/vk j F.nrrrnj, tic. Knriehea
the blood, strengthens the muscles, and gives new life to the nerve*. They net
like a charm on the digestive organ*, removing all dy*peptic symptoms, audi
a* Tailing thr Font, ItHrhing, Ibnt tn the filrnmarh, Ilmrtlmrn, rtr. Tile only
Iron I'rcpnrntloii Hint will not blacken the teeth or (five
headache. Hold by All druggist*. Write for the All C Hook, 32 pp. of
useful and amusing reading—seal frtt.
BROWN CHEMICAL CO., Baltimore, Md.
IIAI.IIP.KT K. PAIRR,
Ist'* r.tminlasloner of Patents.
nnsj. r. ORAPTON. STORY B. DADD
♦ PAINE, GRAFTON A LAI>I>,
Attorney* at- Law and Solicitori if American
and Foreign Patent,
412 Firm Bmirr, W ASH i ROTOR, I). C.
Pmrtlce patent law In nil Its Itrnnehx In lbs Patent
OBre, ami the Supreme nnd ''lrritlt Courts of the
United RUtee. Pamphlet send free. dtf
If are a y..u ar- a V, w
W ofl.u weak man of l* t
ene4| ly tin* fttraiu of t r-t<iiuigoverno<l
your tlntn * avoid nlrbt work, to r •
KtlinuUnt# an d u** V torv> brain i>ern-nod
Hop Bitters. ■•#• Nod B.
If you are young and I suffering from any tn
discretion or iit-aipa ■ tin ir you are.ntar
rl*d or ningle. old or ■ young, suffering from
poor In nlth or ianguuh ■lng 011 a bod of #ic*
uro. rely ou Hoplßitteri.
Whoever you are Tb.uwiiid* die an
whenever you fi IB il BUallyfrum KMM
that your system iRJ ("rm of Kidney
to •d# <| aiißifig. t n waydi that imgl.t
lug or tiuiuiatliig, H 1 lav
wuhruitmfoxinilfng, W fby • timely ue of
take Hop ** 1 Hopßitters
Have you fy*.
*T frj*m i in* o. i. c.
TilfaeiZi a alobjt*
inrr or orrvvi i fl, ,liunki nn. - * ,
%:§! BIEB fff!
H t.iy •<tk an i 1 kirwrn |•<••# s iiiiv>r
I I •I. ir, 5 NEVER ll > ul.r
1 11 ® trnt| y( ri || 1 nor Brmu
1 iiiveyour fTA II i _ afrrKun
| life. It hm rAIL '
1 saved hurt* J !*#kea#v, g, f.
scire us. —Hi \ t ,ioc
. i IMMiM i I BhTJS.W—
Battle CreeX, Michigan,
MA Si I'ACT urk na or ttix oklt oekuiwr
Traction and Plain Englnoa
Mml(plrieTkrrslirr I'srUry Established
In the Wwrl<L 1 104 8
A A VCADC r.rts#oai itad raeceasTal
M ILlAwithout cliaiurr of nan>n,
sj A marwunwnent, or bNitke. in"hn*Jk (A*
■ ■ Lruod w arrua'y gtren ew all oar poods.
•Tt" AII . FOWKK HRPAHATORM >nl
C oifvph tr Hirnwi 0lfll* ' • I hiss,
f Trnrtinn KnNim *ami Plnln J.Mglrir*
ev- r •"•• n tL" Aiijer ■ aj. niirkd.
A e I' •>/ l ' /frlltm *"'f imf>rryf inusll
for MPtl.UarMhf r wtth **yH#r |S*llrt • in*sr—i
Ido •*' • ad'rrish n< drvstned of • ih r roakera.
<; IB home
cniwcjty,/--e n* 4 re r-w#r
"F* *ty>* of 44 kf'-tiDlrd'
7,500.000 " '
I ntviatan* v< n bav f. fr m which i# Iml t the is
| cooi | araMr <*#lwork uf our mar binerv
4w,V, < ,B'*' ..... >'.^3/
Fnrmrr, p.nd Ttirwlirnpi, r luiltwl !
In,.—tbl* w/.i. . TnmhiM UichlMty.
CifTuhuw W.l:t f'.• A'l.lr.M
KICHOLS, SHEPARD A CO.
H .♦<. Cf-k. Mlohl"
\f( IYVYTo Loiiii at GpcrCt.
BViiu i || T)U M , T , ~ U n mi u
j ANCK CO or NKW V<<HK. Br.l m, r<B.. .11
, Improve*! farm properly, in ram* not )**• than
I and f¥t etceeling one-third of Ihe pr-went value of
the property Any fOftkS of ttM SClSllpal can t-e
I pnH off at any time, and II ha* l-e* n the of the
j ompvny to permit th- pri t|*l to remain a* long a#
the Utrmwer wlah**. If th* Interest t promptly |mid
A|H ly n
('IIARI,US r BIIKRM (N. Atl-ru.y l lw.
ft/TConrt 1i.,/, tn.-. p.,
ortr. DAVID 7.. KLINU.C.. . A[ t r'-<.
j 3-11 P.
HT. XAVIBIt'S ACADKMY,
NKAR LATROBB, PA.,
"V EARLY half a (Vnturjr old, from
which tb* most prowlBt *n<t fulllfilr I WMHWR
In htvo ftwlnuM, nffati inmi ihonmfb
ftlda unit M|hMi •t*r4rH rf refining In
fltt<ncw. PnplU mlmltpHl ftt tutf tlm. Ynftrty i
AtMrmm, HIPTKHf* 01 MIHCY,
wO Ihfttly'i p. 0., Wftdptrclifiit cmintjr, Pa
V.J Opposite Oowri 11, .0.., DKI.I,KrONTK, FA.
TRRM* H as rut DAT.
* good lltßj studied. J.J
I'l'O/'CH/tloiHll I'ft fits.
WILLIAM A. WALLAf'I, If A Vll* I REIHM,
ItAftRT f. WALLACI, WILLIAM k WALLACE.
WALLACE A KRKBS,
LAW AND COI.LKCTI'iN iIPKICK.
.Ummrjr I, Issl. CI.KA KKIKLU. l-A.
HLLIS L. ORVIS,
1 -t ATTOKNKV AT t.\W.
orriCß 111.. Court II II,", "II II." J,I 11".,r i.f
A. O. Vurt' ' illl.llli 3-SII
I | A. McKKK,
■ • ATTOKNKV AT I.AW.
ci-tr onw "|,|,.,.it" c.mri ii.m.\ itoiii-r.mi., p.
I I.AW AND OOLI.CCTIOX OVFICK,
IMy I I.KAKKIKLIi, PA.
\YT A. MORRISON,
▼ ▼ • ATTOKNKV AT I.AW,
Oflifs in WimhlH tiu'a Blink, }*|:tli* 1 Ctn I I
Coiiaul tat ion in Kxitfllah r German. 'I l>
C. T. ALEXANDER. 0. M. BOWIE.
V LEXANDER k BOWER,
1\ ATTOKNKV* AT LAW,
ftollafont*. Pa., may \> r..rmilt<| in Knghah Oar
man. ofti. vin Oarmaii • llnilli ti*. 1-1 j
JAMKM A. BBAVEE. J WK4LKT UkfllAkT.
Heaver a oehhart,
ATTOKNKYS AT LAW,
OfHra on Allegheny street, north of High. IMlw>
fur, t... Pa My
• ATTOKNKT AT LAW,
Uit <1 r to tiie loft In tlx* Court 11 una*. 'i-ly
lOIIN BLAIR LINN,
ft ATTOKNKV AT LAW,
Offlr# Allegheny Mrwl,Ofrr P"*t Offl j| ly
I L. SI'ANGLEU,
ft • ATTOKNKV AT LAW,
HKU.KKONTK. CKNTKKCoI NTV. PA
B|**4'tal altontton to Pollfftiom; |imu tire* tn all (he
Courta; Consultation* In German -r K glish 1 ly
• ATTOKNKV AT I.AW,
Ulflis on Allegheny Plrnl tic.uth a..Jc of f.yun'a
St' rw Belief, into.
T M Ml'kkAT. CTRL! 00RJ>0*.
Murray a oordon,
H- ATTOKNKVS VT I.AW,
Will attend the Dellefonte Courta when aj* tally
employed. I ly
r P C. HIPI'LE,
Ji • ATTOKNKV AT LAW
lAM K IIAVKN. PA
All hoalneaa |irom|>tly attended to. l ly
\V r M. P. MITCHELL,
▼ ▼ PRACTICAL BCRVKVOR.
IIAVKN, PA .
Will attend to all w..rk In Clearfield, Centre and
OfD'-e oppoaite lerk Haven National Rank 20-1y
UJ C. HEINLE.
• ATTOKNKV AT LAW
OfD*e In Conrad II .• Alleghany street
Bpevlal attention gusu t.. tb* OOUk
All Lnainea* attended t* prv>mptly. -I I r
V V ATTORNKI au
All hnainMaa promptly attended L> 1 ly
\\' E desire I
V V Ksrm.r. t" IL- li I'm .full >u |
rumplete rtrnent f
tP RV r.RV W/U RIITI'N.
fr m I real makers fhxr pn.es are lerale u,| the
•luatit) f our Implements are I t . r . in the
market Parmer* an I r,.iiaamM will <|o well t.. . all
on n lef ,re pif haing e|*e*hev<
Ann an onr st<-k of Implement* ai l t-e f.nnd PAX
TON rORTAHLR KNUIM>, MILIURN WAOUN*
Adriance Reapers & Mowers,
ORAIN DRILLS, IIAV R*K KS, OHRN PLANTKRS.
BROAD CAST "RAIN DRILLS, TIIBMIIIN" VIA
CHINKS. MIARD CIIILI.KD PI/)U-< A. A.
W. al> f|,ui attanllon lo KKPAIKIN". n.|
wr.ul.| rm|,—-tfully anllett III* Mtrnn. of lh.— <D
•tOirn n thin. In 0 lln. of Impt.m.nU an,l M>
rhlnory of rm; <l*.f rtptlon
OUKIMI.V A LAN HIS.
IS-tf DKLI-KKoNTK, PA
HJ. BAKER A BRO .
• Msarry.wi kk* or
POTATO KS, CARBAOR, f'f iHN, OATS,
WHEAT, FKtriT TKKf-'*.
ANO KVF.RY PA KM CROP.
Thw Mannro* ar. ptrpared mrwiallr for mrh
parml crop, oonfalnln* In a mnr.nlratml form IM
lha ptamt f"o3, In Ihr amari proportlona, rr.jolro.l to
pmilaea a larfn rlnM.
Th.y ar CHIAPKS THAN STARLK MANI'RRS.
pmlnrlnm much hrflar anil nwo. rrrtain mull.
Vaar. at BM I rial ham prurnd thia to to. lha roriwl
apatam of fnrtlliMtloa.
Alao manufa. In ran, Imporlrr, and .Iml-ra In
Prime Agrlculfiirul < licmicals,
PURE GROUND BONE,
NITRATK Of SODA.
Mt'RIATK OK POTASH,
SL'LPIIATK or INffASR,
Clrrnlara *l.infull parllralaraan.l ">ntalnln farla
Inlrraatlnrn • fhrmaaa. mallr.l on applDallon.
is*i OfTlca : 818 PainM St.. Nnw York.
W m, 0U T KNIFE, and in most
" " raara •IthoMf Jatln Apply to
C. W. P. riAIIKR. Bnalahnrg,
lj-an Camtra Ouußtj.Pa.
■Jlif tfmtrr rraocr.it,
BEL L K FON TK, PA.
NI.WH, FA<TB ANI> HUOOKHTIONB.
Tit TREY #r TMfc NATIONAL WELFARE Id Till IRTELLI*
Krery farmer in Ait annual experience
tltHcorrr/i unmet hiny of value. Write it and
Html it to the *'Agricultural Kititor of the
Dksfm ka i, Jtellefunte, J'enn'n," that other
farmer a may have the benefit of 11. Let
cominiituciifiitTiM be timely, ami be sure that
they are brief amt welt pointed.
V tLLow th- ImrveNt fb|<U with gold'-ft grain,
Ami tle u|,iti l.ral'l'-.1, t>f|il|f)tf Lately *ata
Nm| 111 tin- •••ft Millli hr#'■!•/•■ , till* |m |iV bldN
f|i-i o sibd gl<ry from the lay mu,
Afithl their • lie 11•-!Iiig iti'iin ; th rlumr patch
Is ftnshe.J wiih r•*•;11- Kh-rie.- nn-l tl lurk,
Hi" spe. kl<l hr'u*t geimiKit wllli th# m illing |w,
Springe up with h ax, shrill not*, all jubilant,
Tow Aid tie ti id, Mm Imvti nt; !!>• qttlffflii ata
l(H"t|c then Having perimme i..J th* %flrh
ll*r purple p. tal* ahuw*
Horns or no Horns.
"One writer says 'silo' and every
farmer begins to figure up barrels of
cement and perches of masonry. An
other says 'polled cattle' and within
six mouths one would infer that the
millennium will date from the horn's
disappearance. Cattle without horns
may be an improvement in some re
spects, but the idea that there will
be no 'underlings among tliein is all
tudge. I knew a muley heifer who
fought her way to the mastery of the
wltqle herd lie fore she had fairly ar
rived at maturity, the largest pairs
of horns taking themselves out of
the way of her sharp bony pate,
whose blows were given with all the
more force and directness from lieing
concentrated in a single central point,
and when followed by her young
calves she was actually dangerous to
women and children. Talk of the
safety of a hornless bull! A bull
whose entire head had ken bred of!
would be still dangerous if bis dis
position prompted him to rush upon
his owner with hostile intent. How
ever, after the horns are gone these
pates can Is; fitted with hulfers of In
dia-rubber which would certainly k
useful and perhaps ornamcntul. This
will doubtless Is- the next wrinkle
amongst progiesscd farmers."
Willi the loss of horns there is, on
the whole, a lessened disposition to
Ire offensive with the head, but in in
dividual cases the klligcrvnt projien
sit s will remain, and above all in
those that are the near descendants
ot the honied cattle. Long absence
of the offensive weapons through a
series of generations tend to develop
an increasingly docile disposition.
At the same time we can never
entirely aboli-.li the natural propensi
ty to butt, and if this is fostered in
any way fhc polled cattle will con
tinue a fighting race.— Tribune.
Wl.at Breed of Pies to Raise ?
I'r >ll V Attwti *n Kit, In fiat
It is impossible to answer the ques
tion: "which is the most profitable
breed of pigs tor a farmer to raise?"
\ . ry much de|s-nds upon the system
of management, nearness to market,
individual taste or fancy, etc. Hut
there are some general facta which
should be understood in deciding
what kind of pig to grow in anv par
ticular case. I'ig farming may be
profitable or a source of loss. A
lew pigs of almost any breed, can lie
grown on a dairy farm with profit,
but when the number is increased,
the piggery may become an expense.
It is clearly determined by a long
experience that pig pork is the |mrk
'that pays. Young hogs marketed
when a year old arc much more
' profitable than older ones. This
being true—and it is especially so in
the older States—a breed should be
selected that matures early and fat
tens quickly. The kst pig has the
least amount of offal in dressing; is
compact in its parts, and its flesh is
of tiie very kst quality, Of such
are the Kaaex and Suffolk, and aome
other allied "small breeds." One
' can "go further and fare worse" than
to select the Essex for the piggery
that is to make profitable returns.
There is some prejudice against
black pigs, but it should lie remem
fiered that the color is less than skin
deep, nnd the blackest pig makes as
white dressed pork, as any other.
There is money in pigs if a good
breed is chosen and properly man
aged. The value of full-hlooded pigs
over the "grade" is strikingly shown
when a pair of the former is taken
into a neighborhood where only the
"common hog" was before, in a few
years the whole country round about
has had its swine improved, and its
|H>rk interests greatly enhanced.
Grow young pigs rapidly and market
them as pigs rather than keep them
until they arc old hogs. I'ig pork
SALT, it la said, will prevent club
root in cabbages. Throw a tablo
spoonful of fine salt round the roots
after planting; this will also destroy
the cni worm.
POTATO EM, or any other root crop*,
may lie grown in a young orchard.
It would not do nny injury to grow
corn, hut gmin crop* *lioold not be
attempted. They take from the aokl
the very elements which the trees re
Profit in Pigs.
f'.loiil P. I. C*urti.
I'iga rriUHt bo made to tnke care of
them wive*. A farmer cannot afford
to wuit on them only ho far an such
labor will turn to profitable account.
It pays a farmer to make the pens
warm, to give the pigs plenty of bed
ding and to shovel out manure. Ad
vantage must be taken also of the
•Mason to make the gain on them
while the weather lasts, as winter-fat
tening is nearly always done at a
discount, and always requires stimu
lating or hardy food, which is the
most expensive. A pig will gain as
fast again on the same amount of
food in warm weather. I have learn
ed this by experience, and it also ac
cords with the philosophy of the
ease. I last season slaughtered a
pen of pigs which did not gain any
thing for a month. They were fed
all of the cooked corn they would
eat, but they would not eat any more
than enough to hold their own. I
consider the month's feeding a total
loss, except the manure which they
made, and that would not more than
compensate for the labor connected
with them. The rise in price which
was hoped for did not come. It may
lie set down as a general rule that
pigs should be put into market be
fore cold weather. In old times
holding pigs till late in the season
was good economy, as the price in
variably went up. Hut nowadays
such instances are rare, as the sur
plus of the West fully supplies the
market. I question the economy in
this direction of wintering shoals.
There is no possible profit in them if
wi rite red on corn, as the growth will
not lie equal to the cost. It costs as
much to winter a pig of this class as
it would a breeding sow.
Breeding sows are the kind of por
cine stock upon which a farmer
should calculate profits. They should
k-ar young twice n year, and should
lie kept for a number of years. An
old mother is more profitable every
way than a young one, as she will
k-ar more young, of better size, and
take 1 letter care of them not only at
the time of birth but during the
period of suckling. When properly
trained or educated, an old dam is
not half the trouble to take earc of
as a young one. A pig designed for
this pur|iose should k- educated, nnd
if there has ken painstaking to fit
her for her maternal life, the care of
herself and young will k materially
lessened, and the risks or losses will
amount to little or nothing. She
should k made tame and used to
handling, as a wild and refractory
mother will k constantly doing dam
age to herself or her offspring. She
should It- taught t follow her own
er any when-. She should always If
kept orderly to avoid the risks of
jumping f< noes or other unruly acts.
Tim most important thing is not to
allow the breeding sow to get her
full growth ; that condition should
only be had when fitted for slaughter.
W hat I mean is, that a breeding sow
is not a porker to If made fat and
heavy, but rather to be kept lean and
simply in a thrifty or strong condi
tion. When fat and heavy she will
not take sufllcient exorcise to If
a healthy breeder, and moreover,
when she lias young she will If clum
sy and liable to tread on the little
pigs or lay 011 them.
A fat, overgrown sow will not get
up when she feels or hears a young
one on which she is lying; whereas
one in a lighter condition and not to
j so lazy or sluggish would jump up be
fore the little one was sotlocated or
i crushed. A fat sow is liable to be
more feverish at the time of yeaning
and hence an unnatural mother liable
to destroy her young; neither will
I sucdi a one have so go<wl a supply of
milk. 1 have a|ioken of double crops
in the economy of pig raising. This
idea I make practical by first raising
a crop of early sweet corn which is
led to the pigs, If ing cut up green
(stalks and all). On the same land
a crop of turnips is produced, the
seed If ing sown after the last culti
vating of the corn. After a crop of
clover has been taken off, the same
ground may be turned over, and hav
ing Ifen thoroughly cultivated and
put in good order a crop of turnips
may also If produced, if the clover
should be of an early variety, Swed
ish turni|is, more nutritious, may If
grown. A crop of turnips may If
made to follow Barley. A few acres
of turnips grown as supplementary
crop, to which the pig must be made
to help themselves, will make a Imsis
for a plentiful supply of feed which
will lessen materially the cost of pork-<
making. An acre of which may If
made to produce from twenty to thir
ty tons of mangels, will lay the foun
dation for cheap wintering. The
grain demand will then be cut down
to extra feeding to the mothers while
suckling, and to the young pigs dur
ing the summer and autumn. The
breeding sows should If made to live
exclusively, with the above exception,
on roots and grass or other cheap
succulent food, such as sweet corn
stalks, and sugar-cane, apples, etc.
Under this system there is a profit in
One of the reason* why we earth
up potatoes is to cover those tubers
which grow near the surface. Some
kinds throw out the tubers much
lower than others. Tidier* exposed
to the weather are spoiled for all pur
pose* of cooking, although as seed
they are not at all injured.
in finishing up the cultivation of
fields leave the lan<l an level no possi
ble, AH it will facilitate the gathering i
of the croriH, as well ah add to the
Strawberry plant* intended to Ixj
kept in stool* should have the run
ners cut frequently, or on their first
appearance; if allowed to make
some growth they exhaust the plants.
It does not require heavy pastures
for sheep. They are great foragers,
and weeds, leaves, and even stubble
enter into their bill of fare. They
equal the goat in that respect.
Watch for black knot on the bear
ing plum trees, and cut it out on the
first ap|s aranee. Trees may Is- thus
kept clear of this excrescence as easi
ly as the soil is cultivated. By ne
glect, it IJCCOIUCB Incurable.
"Never for an hour allow celery
plants to need moisture." It will not
revive a fish to put it back into the
water after the dry air has burnt out
its life. Neither can celery plants be
restored to free growth after once
having been parched.
In the curing of hay, or the dry
ing of the herbage of the pastures, a
large per cent, of the aroma that they
once held passes away, and this
amount is largely lessened if the bay
or clover becomes "dead ripe" be
fore harvesting. •
Bear in mind that the liest exter
minator of weeds is alight steel rake,
which enables the operator to pulver
ize the surface of the soil frequently
and rapidly, breaking and destroying
all incipient weeds Is-fore they can
reach the light, saving labor and pre
venting the formation of a hard
Powdered Hellebore, which is the
powder of the root or rhizome of
veratrum album, is a poisonous sub
stance, which, in most instances, de
stroys caterpillar life very promptly,
but there are some insects much less
sensitive to its effects than others,
ami for these London purple or Paris
green is required. Whenever helle
bore will accomplish the desired pur
pose it should IK- used in preference
to stronger poison*.
The best plan we ever adopted for
destroying what is generally termed
the Canada thistle wm to cut it down
just before the blossom opened. Our
method was to grind a hoe till it was
quite sharp, and then to cut the this
tle close Ui the ground. It is no
worse if cut IK-IOW it, but its jierma
nent destruction in any neighborhood
(b-jK-nds upon the hearty co-opera
tion of all the farmers in the vicinity.
I he seed of thistles i- as light almost
as that of the dandelion, and is car
rii d long distances by the wind
.1 WMTtI-'IM < Wfl'ivifor.
Ti?r.ar i quite as much necessity
for barn cleaning on the farm as for
house-cleaning, and if farmers were
as punctilious about the renovation
and purification of the out-buildings
j as farmerines arc aliout the dwellings,
1 Uierc would sftecdily be an improve
ment in the appearance of things ;
and of conveniences too. Lost, or
misplaced tools are brought to light,
barn, shed and shop furnishings put
in order, space gained and a rival of
j cheerfulness everywhere. Find time
for barn cleaning. Jlural Sew
N HF.KK j sit ato beetles alxiund, the
shoots of j iota toes arc attacked ami
devoured as soon as they appear
above the ground. The vines have
no chance. Poisons cannot lie ap
; plied since there is nothing to apply
i them to. In such caw-, we cut pota
toes in slices, sprinkling them with
Paris-green or London-purple, and
strew them over the ground. The
jxitato beetles will prefer slices of
' potatoes to the vines, and the new
sprouts are thus given a chance.
; Rural -Vcir Yorker.
TIIE sulphate of ammonia, it ia
i snid, ia an excellant manurial liquid
j to verbenas and other flowers, giving
the foliage a dark green, luxuriant
| and henlthy appearance. It ia eco
nomical clean and easily applied,
■fter preparing it the evening before,
by dissolving nn ounce of ammonia in
two gallons of water, and sprinkling
over the flowers and about the roots
• once a week.
I)o not rub linseed oil on your
fork, shovel nnd rake handles ; do
not paint your plows and mowers;
do not use any rust preventive on the
iron and steel parts ; and above all,
leave everything out doors. You
1 really have no idea how quickly you
will possess a new set of tools, pro
vided you have a balance at the
bank, if you abandon that roost olv
jectionable structure, the tool house.
A coi.oßßn preacher,in translating
to his hearers the sentence, "The
harvest is past, the summer ia over,
and we are not saved," put it: "Do
corn has been cribbed, dere aint any
more work, ami old Satan is still
foolin' wid dis community.''
THE outlook at the present time ia
a promising one for a most splendid
harvest in 1881.
w\ j * .*