Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, June 30, 1881, Image 1
SIIIGKKT \ KOKSTKIt, Editor*. VOL. I-ltt Centre $ cm octal. Turin SI.AO per Annum. In Advance. S. T. BHUCERT and H. H. FORSTER, Editors. Thursday Morning, June 30, 1881. THE wheat crop in of the State are reported a* very promis ing, and farmers are contracting with dealers at a dollar per bushel. In this eouuty the crop will probably be considerably below the usual average. HAMILTON DISSTON, of Philadel phia, it is said, has closed a contract for a four million tract of land in Florida. This undoubtedly makes him the largest land owner in the world, and is perhaps the largest body of land ever purchased by a private individual. POST MASTER GENERAL JAMEB and Attorney General MACVEAOII'S grip upon the Star-route thieves is still firmly held, and, unlike Windom of the Treasury Department, they show no signs of weakening. The thunder aud threats of Brady's Star route organs do not seem to terrify them. THE dead-lock of the New York Legislature in the election of Senators still continues without any sign of reaching a satisfactory result to any of the aspirants. It is altogether probable it will adjourn without mak ing a choice, leaving the election to the next legislature. THE tobacco producing States are classed by the census report, a* Ken tucky first, Virginia second, and Penn sylvania third. This is comparatively a new industry in Pennsylvania, in creasing annually, and if the increase continues, as in the last two years, will soon be the leading tobacco pro ducing State. Whether tbi* is au evideuce of advancing proa peri ty or a retrogade, will be disputed by many. JOHN WELCH, late Envoy Extra ordinary and Minister Plenipoten tiary to the court of St. James, has been elevated to the distinguished po sition of President of a Republican Division association in Philadelphia, composed principally of negroes. This distinction to Mr. Welch was doubt less to show appreciation of the val uable service he rendered by furnish ing funds to buy the State of Indiana in the interest of the Republican party la* ML \ LA ROE committee of Mahone R< adjusters arc at Washington await ing the return of the President fjom Long Branch, for a general talk over Virginia politics. They hope to con vince him that it would he sound po litical policy to sink the Republican organization in Virginia and make it a mere out-rider to Rom Mahone and his repudiation nondescripts. Per haps they may succeed. NQ telling what may happen as a sequel to Re publican stupidity in this Mahone business. IT would be interesting reading if State Treasurer Butler, or some one familiar with the facts, would state how mauy sjrurious names the rdoster Senators and Representatives of Phil adelphia placed upon the j>ay roll as employes of the State, and what amount was thus fraudulently paid. It is generally credited that such names were placed upon the rolls and pay drawn while there was no such persons on duty to represent the ser vice for which payments were made. That this kind of fraud upon the Commonwealth has been perpetrated for years, admit of little, if any doubt We have seen it over apd over again charged, and recently repeated in the Philadelphia Tine*, but why the guilty scoundrels are not exposed and prosecuted is the mystery that needs explasation. Have these thefts es caped the notice of the Stale officials, or are they conveniently oblivious "to way* that are dark" when manipulat ed by partisan associates ? ANI> XX ACT JIKTIi'K TO AM. *IXN, OX WIIATKYKK BTATK OK I'KRBUABIOK, KKMOIOUM OK I'OMTlOAl.. "—Jrftornou. THE School Journal makes a re markable statement when it declare* that the election of school superin tendents in various parts of the State was distinguished by bribery, and that the average price of the vote of a director was dob. If this be true, it is about time to abolish the office of su. perintendents, or at least to curtail the salaries which have been gradually growing up and attracting the cupid ity of the venal, who are ever on the alert to occupy paving offices. If our schools, like our polities, are to be come subjects of barter and intrigue, the outlook is indeed discouraging. Better leave the education of our children in the hands of the directors without pay, except in the conscious ness of a faithful discharge of duty, than in the hands of*a corrupt supcr iutendencv who cau pay dot) a vote for the office. In this county, we are happy to say, no such disgusting ap pliances are introduced in the choice of superintendent*. The directors are composed'of our best citizens who* act conscientiously in the choice of superintendent* of a high standard of excellence both for efficiency in the work assigned them, and for their su perior character aud moral standing in the community. Such were our late superintendent*, aud such is the present THE Phialadelphia I'ress is having a lively tilt with Congressman Beltz hoover, of Carlisle. The I'ress charg ed Mr. Beltzhoover with lobbying on the floor of the House on the night of the adjournment of the Legislature against the speculative Life Insurance bill. Mr. Beltzhoover denied it. But the I'res* returns* aud reiterate* the charge. Mr. Beltzhoover after giving the letters of a number of members in refutation, closes a communication to the I'rest thu*; When you charged mo in your paper with lobbying against the insurance bill, an<l re iterated the charge alter ray de nial, you lied willfully, maliciously and ileliberately, \ou lie<i like every com mon mountebank lira in plying hi* trade to make a personal, petty. elfi-*h point. To verily this i challenge you io *ue mo for liliel, and I hereby ex pressly waive all technicalities as to whether calling you a liar in this un ambiguous language tyould be libelous. If you convict me of libel in calling you a willful, malicious and vulgar liar I will resign my seat in Congress. If you do not sue, or, sueing, fail to con vict, you should step down and out of one of the most honorable and resj>on kihle callings among men. • Very truly, etc., F. K. litl.T/.IIOOYKR. DAVID MOI'AT, a fugitive from justice, one of Philadelphia's useful Republican ring roosters, prominent a* an of the Legislature, ex-councilman, delegate to the Chica go convention aud one of .John Welch's committee to fix Indiana last fall, returned the other day alter many months absence, ami renewed his bail. He was indicted for ballot-box stuffing and absconded to avoid trial and party exposure. It appears he had a rough experience as a fugitive, bis pais failing to furnish the means be bad a sight to expect of them, and so returned to -face the consequences of his wrong-doing. He has -learned the lesson "that the way of the trans gressor is hard." DA VEM PORT on the stand at Albany acknowledges that he offered a Dis trict Marshalship to a Senator for a vote in favor of the Administration candidate for Senator. Hut he claims that he was playiog a confidence game and had no authority from the Presi dent to trade the office for a vote. Perhaps not, but then who would be lieve Davenport. ■■ 1 JOHNSY DAVENPORT, too! It seems this unmitigated hypocrite, who for many years has defrauded scores of citizens in New York out right of suffrage by affecting the role of guardian over the polls of that State, under Federal appointment, has got into the Albany bribery case, to rep resent the Administration in the pur chase of Senators. - ISEIXEEONTE, PA., THURSDAY, JUNE :, IHKi. That Foolish Veto Again. The second objection the Governor makes to the judicial apportionment hill is that it provides that the Ad ditional Law Judge of the 12th dis trict shall become the President Judgc of the county of Lebanon, which is made a separate district. He says "grave legal difficulties surround that proposition." What these "grave legal difficulties" are ho ha* not seen fit to state. Does he mean to deny to the legislature the power >p£ assigning Judge to which ever of two or more district* may be made oat of the old district iu which he was elected? By the apportionment of 1*74 there were four double districts —that is, districts composed of more than one county and having each two law judge*, viz : the 4th, 12th, 17lh and 25th. The twelfth district consisted of Dauphin und Lebanon. If in dividing this dis trict one of the Judges cannot be as signed to Lebanon the same difficulty would arise in making single districts out of the other three double district*. But there are peculiar tacts existing in reference to the twelfth district that makes such an objection come with less reason or grace than the same ob jection would in reference to the other districts. The act providing an Ad ditional Law Judge for the 12th dis trict provided that he should reside iu Ijfhanon county. With this provision in the act Judge Henderson accepted the appointment from Governor Hart ranft and afterwards took the nomina tion from the Republican party of Dauphin and Lebanon counties and was elected. It i* true we believe that be has only nominally made his place of residence iu I/chapon ; his real residence being in Hurrisburg. He naturally would prefer to remain at the Capital of the State and become the President Judge of DauphlTrTotn ty upon the retirement of Judge Pear son, which in all human probability, owing to his advanced age will take place next January. As Judge Hen derson is a good Judge, the bar of Dauphin county no doubt prefer to retain him than to run the ri-k of a new man. Possibly it would have been wise for the legislature to have allowed him to remain, for the present, a* the Additional IJW Judge of Dauphin county, and provided for the clectiou of a President Judge of Ixh anonz But surely their failure to do this was not a valid constitutional ob jcetion to the hill. Judge Henderson himself had no right to complain, when he accepted the office under a law which required him to reside in that county. The individual prefer ence of a judge as to the district, which in a judicial apportionment, shall lie made for him, is surely not alisolutely binding upon the legisla ture, and if that august body should not always acquiesce in these judicial preferences, it is not a sufficient reason for the executive interposing a veto and thus thwarting a plain requirment of the constitution as to the time when the judicial apportionment shall be made. The Governor's third objection to the bill is that it is unnecessarily in creased the number of Judges, and especially iu allowing an Additional law Judge to each of the counties of Erie and Crawford. Of the increase in these two districts he saja : "as in* dependant propositions it is believed they would wither be demanded by the people in the district* nor receive legislative sanction." In a former part of his message the Governor says: "The present bill designates each county of the State over 40,000 in population, as a separate county dis trict, and so far, beyond all question, conforms to the constitution, and it* ad dition of law judges, in somo of these district*, • also an exercise of valid poiter." The only law judges added by this bill in these separate district* were those in Erie and Crawford. Although the Governor admits that i this was a valid exercise of power, and though the legislature is made the sole judge as to whether these separate districts require more than one law judge, he gives tlii* act a* one of his reasons for preventing the bill In coming a law. The insincerity of Governor Hoyt in this part of his me-sage i* manifest when we remem ber a few fact*. Crawford county has a population of 08,004 ; Erie, 74,881, while Northampton ha* 70,-' Jib, less than two thousand more than Craw- J'ord iuora than Jour thousand less than yet the legislature at its last session passed u special act giving Northampton county an Ad ditional Law Judge, which act Gover nor Hoyt approved aud promptly ap pointed General Iteedcr one of the jK-t* of the Republican parly to the new judgeship thus created. Now if it wo* so clear that Northampton county with a |>opulaiiou of but 70,- 310 needed an Additional Law Judge that it wa* necessary to rush through a special act for that purpose, it can* uot l>o mj clear tliat Crawford and Krie with their |*<pulution do not need more judicial help that the Gov ernor should make the increase a rea sou lor vetoing a general apportion ment hill required by the constitution. Whenever a county constituting a seje arate district increases in |>opulation and business to that extent that oue law judge cannot do all the business as rapidly as it should be done there is no remedy but to give such a county an Additional 1-uw .fudge—the dis -1 triet eunnut Ix- decreased in size as may be done with a district composed of several small counties. In every instance when; such increase is necew •arv, the work for two Judge* w ill be light at first. No county from having only work sufficient for one Judge, ever increased at ones' to haviug full t c*irk for two Judge*. By the consti tution i irt'T" TTte sole judge of the necessity for such in crease. Hut the Governor object* generally to the increase of judges provide! for by the bill. As an argument against it ho states tlint the numlx-r of judges in Pennsylvania exceed* the whale number of judges in all the Federal Courts of the I uilcd States, and that fhe salaries paid judges in Pennsylva nia exreed the salaries paid all the judges in the Federal Government by I more than SIOO,OOO per annum. It would have been equally true, equally tsensible and ]crtineut, if lie bad said | that the number of judges in the little I county of Philadelphia exceeded the number of judges in the great territo ry of F.thiopia, and that the salaries paid in Philadelphia far exceeded the amount of judicial salaries paid in Kthiopia. The Federal courts have jurisdiction over but a few questions, and a few kind of eases ; while the State courts have to deal with all questions, both criminal and civil. The number of causes tries! annually in the courts of Pennsylvania no doubt far exceed the whole number of cases tried in all the federal courts. The Governor says that when this legislature met there were seventy seven law judges in Pennsylvania and that this bill makes eighty-six, an in crease of nine. This is not honest or candid. There was an increase of two the additional law judge in Northampton and a second Orphans' Cxiurt judge in Allegheny, made by special acts which the Governor ap proved before the passage of this bill, so the actual increase made by this bill was only seven instead of nine. The new constitution having made a population of 40,000 inhabitants the basis of a judicial district, if the ap ]Kirtionraent does not give more judges than one to every 40,000 it cannot be said to violate even the s/nrif of the constitution. By the census of IHMO the population of I'ennsylvauia is 4,- 882,'7WJ, would give one hundred and seven judges allowing one for every 40,000 or Utvnty-one more than was provided for by the bill vetoed. By this hill a judge was given for every 18,71)!), while under the census of I*7o when our population was only 3,520,- 1101, the seventy-seven judges gave one for every 45,720. So that instead of their being an unreasonable increase in the number of judges there was no increase in proportion to the increase of population. I ndcr the provisions of this bill each judge on an average would have done the business for more than Jour thousand more people than a judge did under the census of 1870. fcy an express provision ot the constitution of 1873, Philadelphia was given twefve < ointnon Plea* judges besides her separate Orphans' Court judges, und Allegheny county ir ( ommon Pleas judge* ami a separate Orphans' Court judge. The legisla ture fixed the number of Orphans' Court judges in Philadelphia ut three, thus making fifteen law judges in a county, which by the census of I*7o contnincd only 0< 4,022 population or one judge for every 11,348 inhabit ant*. This was not the work of any roo>t'T in the legislature, but the work of the < (institutional convention, the ablest body of men ever convened in the State; and thi- work was ratified by the largest majority ever given at un election in Pennsylvania. The same authority fi xwl the; mini ber of judges the legislature could provide for Allegheny county at err en, when she had a imputation of only 202,204, or one judge for every 37,457 inhabitant*. Now Allegheny has right law judges with u population of 355,769, or one judge for every -44,- i 171 inhabitants, and Philadelphia has a judge for every 50,263 inhabitant*. No complaints have been made by the I Governor or the newspaper* that ei (ther Philadelphia or Allegheny have more judge* than are necessary to do the work ; while, on the other hand, j their judg<* have been for seven vcars 1 all drawing from one. Totwo tTiousand | dollars j* r year from the State Treas ury more than the country judges, and the excuse given is that they have such InAvy work to |erform. If .we consider l%'.convenience* for attend ing to the business of court* existing ill large cities, or thickly settled com munilies, the saving of time in the I parties, witnesses and jurors, having no great distances to travel, we will I see that both of these counties of j I'hiladclphia and Allegheny have a I much greater judicial force in proper- I linti to the population than the bill vetoed gave to the State at large. In most of the counties in the State .Monday forenoon nnd Saturday aftcr | noon of each week is totally lost, by it being necessary for parties, witnesses, juror*, and sometimes the judges, to occupy them in traveling to and frot.i ; the court. None of tins lorn of time need to occur in the large cities. The legal business of nearly every county in the State is now so far be hind as to be a bar to the sj>eedy ad ministration of justice. The whole number of Judges provided for in the bill would not have been sufficient to do all the judicial work there is for them to do in the next ten years, and to do it promptly as it ought to bo done. In many iustances no doubt, the Judges do not work a they should work, but it is not because there is no work to do, but because they are in disposed to doit If necessary let the legislature enact coercive measures to compel this work to be done speedily and promptly. The Philadelphia Time*, in the is sue containing the Governor's veto, makes two significant admissions, vis: that its own persistent statements of the provisions of the bill were false, and that the reasons for the veto were not those given by the Governor. Wby that and the other new*pa|ter* in and out of Philadelphia have so persistently misrepresented the pro visions of the bill, especially as to the increase of Judges, it is difficult to tell. The real objection of the Gov ernor undoubtedly was that it came too near carrying out the provisions of the new constitution to which all the TEH.MM: $1.50 per Annum, in Advance. machine politician* of the Republican purty urc opposed, and the further fact,'that the bill made jour new Ucmr ocraiir districts, viz: Cambria, Clar ion, Clearfield and Greea. It w al leged by many that the' Republican manager* intended from (be beginning to dim-gard the provisions of the con stitution requiring a judicial appor tionment V> be made this year —that as a part of this programme the bill wa- kept back until the end of the session, and then vetoed after the leg islature adjourned. If lloyt is sin cere in bis pretended respect for the constitution, let hirn at owe call the legislature together to make the ap portionment which the constitution commands to be made now. * Tin: LEGISLATE HE, at it* last M-K ---ion, provided for funding ten millions of the State debt, and authorized the Governor and Commissioners of the Sinking Fund to borrow money at a rate of interest not exceeding four per ceut. JJut bi<l- are to be received at three, three and a-half and four per cent. 'I he act al-o directs that "the bids which arc for the bent interest* of 1 j the Commonwealth */i nil l>e received." i The bonds are to ruu thirty-one years. With the present rivalry for invest- I merits, no difficulty should be exper ienced in funding at the lowest rate of ' interest named. It will certainly be ' to the "best interest of the Common wealth" to do so, and if the liberal discretion given to the Governor aDd Commissioners of the Sinking Fund ' i wisely exercised the burdens of the • Commonwealth may be materially n n lieved. Three per cent, investments are laying around lo<Me. l>et our Stale have the full advantage of the glutted market, by the prompt and ju • dicioua action <it' her public authori , ties. J HK IS NOT A CANDIDATE. —A few , mouths ago the most fulsome adula - tiou wa- lavished upon General Grant. I Tie not move from the door step of his hotel, unless surrounded bv crowds of flaterera. They made .01 idol of him though he was merely a j£\*wn of Republican expediency a i captured political nondescript whom they endowed with the semblance of -tatesmnnship. Isut how is it now ? p He was defeated for the third terra 1 nomination, and at once the enthusi -1 a-m and ardor of the rabble that sur fi rounded him began to cool. He now : returns from a junkctting trip to Mex • ico, and his return is scarcely noticed, | , The mob of cringing sycophants have dispersed, nml thus admonished of the hollow ties* of flattery, the Gener al resumes some of the common sense - | he was supposed to JKISSCSS in other t <lays, and now announce- that he will not be a candidate for I'rcsident in ' I**4. I * - - m - , THE indiscreet, if n<t cowardly, hark-down of. Secretary Windom, leaves the contingent fund of the r Treasury Department open to the pry . ing curiosity of a committee of Con . gress. The investigation ordered by the Secretary, uncovered too much, to stop stffldenly when interesting de ( velopmenls were about coming into view. The appalling appearance of the majestic Queeu of the Treasury I which so stunned Mr. Windom, will * ■ not be likely to affect a Congressional committee. 1 TIIK Collector of Internal Revenue at Sao Francisco, who has recently • been superceded, is unable to settle bis 1 account, owing to Urge defalcations of > his suhordinates. Theft in the Inter ' ual Revenue, theft in the Treasury, theft in the Postoffioe, theft in the De partment of Justice, theft everywhere , seems to have been the ruling order in the late Administration. And how , could it be otherwise, when the Presi dential office itself was a theft—when the whole Administration for four 1 years was a larceny ? THE Secretary of the Treasury seems to have suddenly abandoned the search after fraud* in his department, about which so much fuss was made by the administration newspapers. Why is this ? Is it because it was discovered that too many prominent Republican statesmen! were involved to warrant an exposure? Mr. Windom should au •wer. NO. 26.