Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, June 16, 1881, Image 1

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    BHUUERT & FORSTER* Editors.
VOL. 3.
©lit Crntw JPtraorrat.
Term* 01.50 per Annum, In Advanc*.
s. T. SHUGERT and R. H. FORSTER. Editor*.
Thursday Morning, June 16, 1881.
NEW YORK having failed in get
ting up a World's Fair for 1885, Bos
ton has taken it up and are already
in receipt of sufficient funds subscrib
ed to insure success to the enterprise.
WILLIAM BUEHLER, a prominent
and most esteemed citizen of Harris
burg, died very suddenly of heart dis
ease on Sunday morning last. Mr.
Buehler some years ago was the pro
prietor of the old "Buehler House" iu
that city, uow known as the Bolton
A SERIOUS personal difficulty is im
minent between Mr. Gibson, the de
tective employed in the Star route in
vestigation, and Mr. Buell, the editor
of the Washington Capital, one of the
organs of the Star route thieves. It
will probably make a vacancy either
in the detective force or the editorial
corps of the great scandal.
IT .is said that Grier, the original
Garfield man, whose feet were sup
posed to be too small to fit Brady's
old shoes in the Post office Depart
ment, is again coming to the front.
He is to have an office after all, pro
vided the President don't again change
his mind and find some other fellow
who wants one.
WE notice by an exchange that the
Hon. Kennedy L. Blood is danger
ously ill at his residence in Brook
ville, Jefferson couuty. It is said he
suffers intensely with a diseased leg,
and is too weak to survive amputation.
Mr. Blood was formerly a State Sen
ator, and is well known to the citi
zens of this county.
THE: constituents of the Philadel
phia roosters in the last legislature
credit them with one honest vote. It
was given for the Pilot bill, which of
course passed. The Philadelphians
have reason to be thankful for small
favors, hut the number one will
scarcely repay them for much dis
THE Republican State Convention
•f Ohio, have placed Gov. Foster in
nomination • for re-election. He is
an adroit politician possessing great
wealth, and will put the Democracy
up to their highest metal and industry
to keep in view the various methods
he assumes to obtain success. At pres
ent he has a herculean task on hand,
that of placating the temperance men,
who charge him with hypocrisy.
THE roosters who fought during the
winter so valiantly to create the neces
sity for au extra session of the legisla
ture, will be sadly disappointed if no
extra session is called for next winter.
This will probably be their experience.
With the Governor's election ap
proaching, it would be just like Gov.
Hoyt, adroit politician as he is, to fail
to see the necessity of burdening the
State with the expenses of again call
ing the roosters to Harrishurg during
their official lives.
THE negroes of North Carolina arc
demanding recognition and a fair di
vision of executive patronage. They
have recently held a convention and
adopted proceedings claiming that
they comprise seven-eighths of the vot
ing strength of the Republican party
of the State, and are loud in condem
nation of the proscription of their
race in the matter of offices. Claim
ing their right to equality and the
benefits of the party, they declare that
if this it not given them they will no
longer give their adherence to the pres
ent administration party. The South
ern negroes show more spirit than the
Pennsylvania darkies. Here they
compose the Republican majority 6f
the State, and seem to be content with
"cold lunch" and the privilege of fol
lowing party parades at a respectable
I'.KLLKKONTK, l'A., 'l'll UItSDAY, .H XK 1(1, 1881.
A VERY stringent law was passed
by the legislature at the heel of the
session, regulating delegate elections of
parties, which will be u heavy blow to
ringster leaders. llow it escaped the
vigilance of the drilled roosters in the
legislature is a mystery. It cooks the
goose for them when the time comes
to put its provisions in force. The
law, general iu its provisions, em
braces a number of sections, but the
first, which is all we have room for
at present, will give its general char-
acter and is here appended. Oth
er sections apply to the receiving of
bribes; to fraudulent voting; to the
action of delegates, committees, judg
es and clerks, of primary elections,
designed to secure honest discharge of
lie it enacted, etc.. That hereafter if a
candidate for any office within this Com
monwealth shall directly or indirectly
give, offer or promise to give, or procure
to give to any elector any gift or re
ward, in money, goods or other valuable
thing, or any office, emolument or em
ployment on condition expressed or im
plied that such elector shall cast, give,
retain or withhold his vote or use his
influence at a nominating election or
delegate election, or east, give or sub
stitute another to cast or give his vote
or use his influence at a nominating
convention lor or against the nomina
tion of any particular candidate for
nomination so as to procure such person
to he voted for at any election to take
place, the person so hiring, procuring,
influencing, at>etting, endeavoring or
offering either directly or indirectly
through others, their aiders or abettors
to procure the person to be voted lor
by such electors, shall be guilty of a
misdemeanor, and on conviction shall
be sentenced to pay a line not exceed
S3OO and bo imprisoned for a period
not exce.eding three months.
THE victory of Mr. Lorillard's
horse Iroquois in the Derby race was
duplicated by another American horse
yesterday, Mr. James R. Kecne's fine
three-year-old Foxlinll having crus.*-d
the channel and carried off the grand
prise of Paris, which, like the Derby
of Kngland, is the most valued prize
contested for on the French turf.
Home of the best English and French
stables were represented in the event,
whilst America had hut one represent
ative, which proved the winner. Ford
ham, au excellent jockey, had the
mount on Foxhall, whilst Archer, the
most successful jockey of the present
century, rode the French horse Tris
tau for all he was worth, aud came in
only a head In-hind the winner. For
American horses to have won the Der
by and the Prix de Paris the same
year is an extraordinary turf event
and a cause for congratulation for the
lovers of racing, whilst at the same
time the national pride must he tick
led at the result. That the breed of
American race horses has been much
improved during the past decade is
not only attested by many unexcelled
time records recently made in this
country, but by the successes of Par
ole, Iroquois, Foxhall, and others
across the water, who have won whilst
contesting against the best English and
French race-horses.
THE Stalwarts and half-breeds of
New York do not harmonize yet.
They seem as far from a satisfactory
result to either faction as they were a
week ago. As was to be expected
from the protracted character of the
conflict, a change of tactics is being in
troduced. They are now inaugurat
ing side shows in which the amusing
game of measuring parte* is the prom
inent feature of the play. Coukling
does not seem to be discouraged while
the half-breeds are somewhat discon
certed at the threatened founding of a
new party to he dubbed the "Nation
al Republican party" under the lead
of Conkling and Arthur, provided the
"vindication is not accorded the late
JAY GOULD still has great power in
legislation. The telegraph bill fram
ed to prevent telegraph corporation*,
association* and companies, forming
a monopoliea in thi* State, wo* defeat
ed in the House, in it* final pann
age, by a vote of 72 to 84. The ob
ject of thi* bill wa to protect the
Btate from Gould'* Western Union
monopoly. Of course a Republican
legislature could not pas* such a bill.
Our Oourta.
The judicial apportionment hill re
rent ly passed by the Legislature has
been largely commented upon, both by
the newspapers and the citizens of the
State. Some objections to the hill are
reasonable and well taken, while oth
ers have neither reason nor Reuse in
thorn. In order thut the hill may be
properly understood let it he examin
ed by the aid of our Constitution.
Section live of article five of our State
CousL'tution provides that "whenever
i county shall contain forty thousand
inhabitants it shall constitute a sepa
rate judicial district and shall elect
one judge learned in the law." There
cau he no misunderstanding in this
language. It is a severely simple and
plain provision of what shall he done.
Under it the first duty of the Legisla
ture was to simply set apart every
county having a population of forty
thousand inhabitants, for under the
mandatory language of the Constitu
tion they coiu|Ktsed separate judicial
districts. 1 "nder this provision thirty
seven counties are constituted separate
districts, including Allegheny and
Philadelphia. These thirty-seven coun
ties have seventy judges. Of these
seventy judges provided for in the late
act of Assembly, one in Erie, tine in
Crawford, one iu Dauphin aud oue in
Northampton are certainly unneces
sary ; but three of this number were
created by the present hill, the extra
judge in Northampton having been
created by a special net of the legis
lature passed some time ago. As the
business of the counties containing
40,iM)() inhabitants increases the gen
eral assembly -hull provide additional
law judge*. The lx*t evidence in t In*
world that an additional law judge iu
< 'rawford with a imputation of 6*.000,
or Dauphin with a population of 70,-
Mm> i unnecessary, and that one judge
can do the business of said counties, is
shown by the fact that Chester county
with a population of 83,000 ha< only
one judge. The only judges that are
not necessary under the bill arc these
four, and they are made to give per
manent places to a few faithful He
The next duty of the legislature
was to dispose of the counties con
taining less than 40,000 inhabitants
and erect them into as convenient ju
dicial districts as possible. That this
has been done can not well be doubt
ed. There are eighty-six judges un
der the present apportionment bill, as
against seventy-six under the bill of
1874. The thirty-seven counties al
ready dis|>oscd of, have assigned to
them seventy judges. This leaves
thirty counties and sixteen judge*
Four of these judges are assigned to
separate districts as follows: Heaver,
Green, Jefferson ami Lebanon counties.
Kacli of the*c counties contain le*s
than 40,000 inhabitants and are made
separate districts under constitutional
provisions, l>ecause they can not be
conveniently attneheei to any other
It has t>ee urged a an objection To
the bill that it don't increase the
judge* in Philadelphia and Allegheny
counties, where courts sit all the time.
Hy the last census upon which the ap
portionment hill is based, Philadel
phia contained 846,980 inhabitants.
•She ha fifteen law judges, or one judge
for every 57,40-7 inhabitants. Alle
gheny county (with all her cities) has
a population of 355,759 with eight
law judges, or one judge to every 44,-
457 inhabitants The judge* in Alle
gheny auel Philadelphia get from one
to two thousanel dollars more salary a
year than the country judges. Hut
it is not true that in these two dis
tricts the juelgcs do more work than
the country judges. The judges in
Philadelphia and Allegheny do not
on an average sit wore than three and
a half to fdtir hours a elay. There are
never more than two out of three al
lotted to each of the courts of com
mon |deas on the bench at the same
time. These courts have terms, and
the judges take turns iu holding these
I different terms. Again, it is much
easier to dispose of the business where
a district is close and compact like
I Philadelphia, than in u district ex
| tended over much territory. It iseasien
| Loo, because there are always one or
| two judges to consult with on all
questions that may arise. They have
1 resort to the largest and best libraries
I in the world.
Take our own district. It has 57,-
•)!t7 inhabitants and one law judge, a
i thousand more inhabitants than is al
lowed to a judge in Philadelphia, and
i 13, CM MI more than is allowed to a judge
in Allegheny county. Again, it is
objected against this hill that in many
of the country districts the courts may
not last more than ten or twelve
weeks. \\ hen such objections are
■ made the public should at least be in
! formed of what the judges have to do.
: fo simply hold court when jurors are
jiu attendance, and try ca at the
regular term is hut a small portion of
j their labors. For instance, lust week
■we had an argument court in this
place. It lasted two days and a half.
In this time there was testimony
• uough read and authorities cited and
i asc argued to fully occupy the time
| of a judge two weeks, laboring eight
■ to ten hours u day, to examine aud
| write opinions UJHI and dispose of.
| Again, in one week of court even, in
trying cases before a jury, questions
i enough may arise to keep a judge at
I hard work for a month to dispose of.
; Bills in equity, applications for rules,
] auditor's reports, in short, an almost
, endless variety of eases are continual
ly arising demanding the attention of
the law judge, that |>er*ons not con
nected with courts will know nothing
a!>out, especially if they are of the
kind that never learn. Take the ease
of K. R. Payne Sc Co. vs. Holt and
j others, in equity. The testimony when
I printed made a volume of about 450
i pages. When the case came up for
argument before Judge Morrow, it
' took three days for the argument, hut
! lcfore he could make a derision he
was hound to examine, and that close
ly, not only all the testimony, but the
briefs of the lawyers and every ease
referred to by them in the books. To
do this wa- an herculean ta-k. taking
perhaps two or three weeks of labor at
eight to ten hours a day. Our judges
are entitled to as fair a treatment at
the hands of the public as any vther
class of men.
The |s-ople cannot well hlatne the
legislature for doing a it did, except
in so far a we have shown it did
wrong ; for it only obeyed the holiest
of the constitution adopted by the
people by an overwhelming majority
in 1873, and made neeessarv bv the
corrupt legislatures of IBt>s, 1869,
187U, 171 and 1872.
THE Philadelphia Time* is just now
indulging in a good deal of Sophomo
ric gush anent the political situation in
Virginia. While every good citizen
will welcome n straight out Republi
can ticket and a straight out fight in
the Old Dominion without regard to
the Repudiationists of Iwth parties
who follow the soiled plume of Ma
hone, there is no need for the Time* to
lie enternallv harping almut Bourtxin
ism as applied to the regular Demo
cratic party of Virginia. Bourbon or
not, they have upheld the credit of
the State government and enforced
honesty in its' administration. Bour
bonism as Col. M'Clure calls it, has at
least been a boon to the whole people
of Virginia, and there is no doubt that
it will be overwhelmingly sustained at
the polls.
Tin: fight of faction* at Albany ("till
continue* with unabated bitterness and
'how no sign* of a let up on either aide.
The half-breed* are confident of suc
cess and Conkling, somewhat disgust
ed, is serene, knowing he hold* a win
ning card against the administration,
whether "vindicated" by a re-election
or not. The Republican party ia dis
integrated in any event, and no one
knows this better than the stalwart
TUB Pennsylvania legislature ad
journed on lust Thursday. The sea
sion was a long one, and was not in
| any sense of benefit or profit to the
; people of the State. A number of
j reform measure* were earnestly press
ed upon the attention of tin- members,
but not a single one of thein has be
come a law. There were many good
; men in the membership of both
branches, but the rooster and machine
elements wo re sufficiently powerful to
prevent the passage of any luws to
correct existing abuses, and hence so
far as the welfare the public is con
cerned the session has been a failure.
The responsibility for all failures to
jjorform what the people demanded
and expected at the hands of those
who represented them at the State
capital must rot with the strong party
majority that was in control of the or
ganization of both branches. I>_-t
them is.- lnc to it, and if public opin
ion is'rA a verdict of con
demnation will go forth in no uncer-
I tnin or doubtful tones. •
'lnr: Philadelphia /Vr*< i not at
all pleased with the roo-ter Represen
tatives from tlint city in the legisla
ture, and spcuks thusly of their work :
As to the great measures of reform
demanded by public sentiment the ses
"ion has beet) n disastrous failure. No
rejieal of the odious delinquent tax
law, no correction of the abuses of the
Recorder's otJjce, no remedy of the fla
grant evils of speculative insurance, no
just apportionment bill—this i a part
of the record which mrk the defeat
of reform legislation. The ap|M>al must
he from the Legislature to the j eople,
who will send to the Capitol men that
will not thus wantonly defy public sen
1 hat the way to do it. Send de
cent men, not roosters. There were
plenty of resjectable niemlxrit in the
Legislature who would have Iran
glad to aid the" passage of the reform
laws so ardently desired by the pub
lic sentiment of Philadelphia, but the
roosters accredited to that city, crowed
them down.
THE arrivals of emigrants at New
York 4!u ring the month of May num
bered 76,6"2, making an average of
nearly '2,.>00 a day for the month. A
large (sirtion of these emigrants are
from the fierman Kmpirc.
Hypocrisy was never more mani
fest than it was on the closing day of
the Legislature. Tle rixwters ruhd
the day as they had ruled the House
and the flat-heads responded with
their offering without a blush.
The burned portion of the Insane
Asylum st Danville is being rebuilt.
Clinton lfsys, of I.ock|>orl. Lrie coun
ty. is 7 years old and weighs lot pounds.
Rev. Daniel Steck, I). D., a prominent
minister of Lutheran church, died at
Gettysburg Friday evening.
Mrs. Harriet Lane .Johnson, niece of
President Buchansn. is now nt Wheat
lands, nursing the only child left to her
—a bright boy o( eleven, of whose re
turn to health there is little hope. Mrs.
Johnson's eldest son died last winter.
Mrs. Abraham Lincoln's physician
has given up all hopes of her recovery.
Her strength is gradually failing. In
the last two days her mind has failed.
■She doe* not recognize her most inti
mate friends.
Joseph L. t'aven. ex President of the
Common Council ot Philadelphia, sailed
for Kurope on Saturday altetnoon from
New York 011 one of the Red Star Line
steamers. Mr. t'aven was accompanied
by his wife and two daughters, and will
make a three months tour of Great
Britain and the Continent.
At the wedding of the Princess Steph
anie and the crown prince of Austria,
the king of the Belgiains. her father,
presented her with $450,009; while at
the wedding of Miss Miles and Mr.
Whitelaw Reid.it is said that the bride's
father made her a present of $900,000.
In this case republicanism outdid roy
alty in its magnificence.
Ten of the students who left tho Mil
lersville Normal School h*ve been re
fused admission to the Normal School
at Shippensbtirg. The farulty of tho
Lock Haven School will admit all who
apply. Dp. Brooks, principal of the
school at Milleraville, has revoked his !
order tu*|>ending those student* ae- j
companying the expelled scholars to
Patrick Iteilty, of Smoketown, a sub
urban portion of thatownof Olypbant,
Luzerne county, on the line of the
Delaware and Hudson Canal Company's
Railroad, created the wildest excite
ment at that place on Suuday morning
by aa attempt to aaaaasinate Ray, Father
I l-.K.MS: I."<I per Annum, in Advinre.
' t'Bourkc (luring the celebration of
Mum*. Rcilly returned bom Irom the
Danville Insane Aay 1 urn a few month*
ago ami ha* b<--n frantic at time* since
then. On Sunday morning lie marched
through tho principal streets to the
| '-(inrch, carrying a loaded repeating
rifle. I'pon reaching the church ho
! passed up the centre aide to the altar
and aimed hi* gun at the pried. Her
eral men caught him before he could
I lire and forced him from tho church.
The negotiation* between Adelina
I'atti and American capitaliata for an
American tour have been abandoned,
owing to the extravagant price demand
ed. Mr. Rulltnsnn, who baa been act
ing a* agent for tho undertaker* of the
enterprise, say that Nicolini waa the
"tumbling block. He demanded t2,(XjO,-
'*M) franc* for I'atti and himself. It is
believed that Nicolini will take Patti to
America on hi* own account.
Mr. John 0. Haxe, the poet, within
the pa-t year ha* lot hi* wife, mother,
two daughter* and a favorite daughter
in-law. He ha* never recovered from
injuries received in a railroad accident
ol six year* ago, and hi* persistent ill
health arid family !o*e have resulted
in a melancholy which seldom lighten*.
He ha* decided to break up hia Brook
lyn home and to pa** with a *on in Al
bany the remainder of hi* day*.
John Taylor, a negro who committed
an outrage on a respectable white lady
i in Buckingham, N. C., on Friday night
last. was taken out of the Greensboro
jail early on Sunday morning, during
j the eclipse of the moon, by a body of
j disguised men, who hanged him to a
; ire in the wood*. ,\ large number of
, per*ona vi*ited the scene of the lynch
ing after the man had been hung.' No
| <-]ue to the lyncher* ha* yet been ob
: tamed.
General <>rant say* of hi* Mexican
irip: "I accomplished the purpose for
which 1 went to Mexico. 1 went be
fore < ongrea# and in a abort *{>eech
j told them what I wanted and they gave
me my charter at once. No charter
was ever liefore issued in so short a
i time. The road will be in all about
seven hundred mile* long, running
| trom the Tty of Mexioo through I'ueblo
to the Pacific coast, while another
branch mut go down to the Gulf. It
will be a great benefit to Mexico in de
! veloping the resource* of that country
tnd to the 1 niu-d States. The charter
provides for the completion of the road
i n ten years, but in all probability it
will be finished inside of three year*.
Four surveying parties- are already at
work. I shall very likely return there
j next winter." •
The autograph testimonial album to
Mrs. Rutherford B. Hayes, by the wo
men of Illinois, haa been finished. The
work consist* of six large volume* of
j i.'.d page* each, elegantly bound in
| full Turkey morocco. All through the
j volume- are scattered India ink draw
ing". The inscription read*: "From
the ladip* of Illinois, who have admired
(the courage Mrs. Hayes has displayed
! in the administration of the hospitali
ties of the Executive Mansion. God
grunt that the influence of thi* signal
ind benign example may be felt more
and more a age follow* age in the life
lof thi* great republic," The first sig
nature i* that of Mr*. Jatues K. Polk,
i Nashville. Tenn. ; the second that of
!R. B. Hayes. Among the autographs
I in Volume I. are those of members of
the late Hayes Cabinet, Chief Justice
Waite and Justices of the Supreme
| Court, and the Governors of nearly all
the State* and Territories, under the
oflirial seal, followed by Congressmen
and prominent professional and busi
ness men.
Tuni*on Coryell, the oldest resident
of Wiiiiamsport, celebrated his nine
tieth anniversary lat Monday, aming
Ins immediate relative* and friend* at
the residence of John Gibson. He is in
the enjoyment of good health and bta
mind i clear and bright. Few men of
his age in the State today have a wider
acquaintance with politicians and men
of letter* than Mr. Coryell. During hia
liletime be has enjoyed the personal ac
quaintance of many distinguished men
and relate* many interesting incident*
in their history. He was born at Cory
elUford, on the Delaware, June 13,
1791, anl haa resided in Lycoming
county for three quarters of a century.
A* an incident of the anniversary
on Monday two great grandchildren
of the fourth generation were bap
tised in his presence by Rev. Sidney
I". Webster, p*tor of the First Baptist
Church. Dr. Pollock, the oldest phy
sician in thi* county, read an appropri
ate |-oem on the occasion. A dinner
was served and the afternoon wa* pleas
antly s| ent and no one seemed to en
joy the occasion more than the Teoer
-1 able but active nonagenarian.
t Malnarl Family.
Mr. H. D. Tower and wife, of Pittsfield,
Mass.. celebrated- their golden wedding
last Thursday. Five sons and five
daughter* were present on the happy
occasion. The Pittsfield £iwwy -'emisf
gives the height and weight of each
member of the lamdy. The oldeat aon
is 6 feet fi inches high and weighs 251
pound*. Two of his brother* sre each
6 feet 4 inches, and two are 6 feet 3
inches. The oldest daughter is S feet
II inches, the second ia A feet 4 inches,
the third is 5 feel 10 inches, and two
othsrs are each 5 feet 8 inches. Mr*.
Congdon, the oldest and tallest daugh
ter. weighs 2IX pounds ; Mrs. Newell,
the second and shortest, weighs 238
pound*. The average weight of the
five sons is SSOA pounds, and the average
weight of the five daughters is 198
pound*. The father weigh* ISA pounds, j
and.the mother 245 pound*,
NO. 21.