Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, April 14, 1881, Image 1
SIIUUEKT & FORSTEII, Editors. VOL. 3. ®l\r tCrntvc 51mcKV.it, Torras 31.50 pnr Annum.ln Ailvancn s. T. SHUGERT *nd R. H. FORSTER, Editor*. Thursday Morning, April 14, 1881. Democratic Comity Committee Meeting. A meeting of the Democratic County Omtnitt-c will bo hold at tho llut-li House, Bellefonto, on TUESDAY, APRIL 20, at 2 o'clock, r. M., at which it i< earecstly hoped every member of the committee will bo present. The Rpportionmont of delegates to the different district* for the ensuing two years will be made, end other j matters of importance to the party will be ; Considered. I*. GUAV MhKK, w Chairman. THKUCUII lock still COD Lin ties in the United States Senate. The Republi can nieinbers of the body believe tliut it is far more important to carry out | the terms of a corrupt bargain with Mahoue than to transact the public j business for which they were convened by the President THE body of the late distinguished Senator Matt. Carpenter, of Wiscon sin, has at last been consigned to*the tomb. The burial took place at Mil" yraukee on last Suuday, with imposing ami appropriate ceremonies, a proces sion of civic and military organiza tions escorting the remains to their final resting place. IT is pertinently asked what has President Garfield gained by the pur chase of Mahoue? W bile the Demo crats were in the majority, all his up poiutmenls were promptly cotifiriued. Hut now wheu, by bis concurrence in the purchase, his party with the vote of the Vice President, who is not a member of the Senate, refuses to go into executive se-*ioti, his ap|iint- nients are laid over without action. What has he gained ? THE earthquake at the island of Chios appears to have been a much more appalling disaster than at first reported. It has left death and de struction in Its path, and nn earnest appeal is made for relief for the suf fering survivors. Thousands of |KM>- pie are buried out of sight; thousands more are mutilated and crippled ; for ty thousand survivors are destitute of the means of subsistence. It is a ca tastrophe that should enlist the sym pathles of the civilized world and America should be among the first to answer the call for relief. Bom CAMERON, in his wonderful in tellectual deliverance in the Senate, taking his cue from Conkling, justifies the bargaiu by which the Repudiation party is added to the Republican par ty, because of the necessity which he alleges exists of rescuing the people of Virginia from the hands of the "bour bon Democracy." The relief which Cameron and his party would bring to the people will partake of the char acter of that which the hyena would briug to the kid. Rut it is extremely doubtful whether the good people of Virginia will see this necessity in the light that the high contracting parties so fondly hope for, so far at least as to seek relief in such a quarter. Indeed it is not at all likely that even the rare oratory of the intellectual lions mana ger of the Republicans of Pennsylva nia, whose reputation for crookedness is wide spread, will prevail to n suffi cient extent to induce the staid De mocracy of the Old Dominion to for get the teachings of a century and lay their well matured principles at the feet of a corrupt combination, such as the Rosses and Repudiators represent. No! Hopes raised upon this basis arc doomed to disappointment. The De mocracy are not so easily captured that a single traitor can hand them over to the enemy, a fact of which the Repub lican bosses will have a realizing sense as soon as an opportunity is giveu to the people of Virginia to express their appreciation of the corrupt compact by which the Republican and Repudi ation parties became wedded by pur tlose ui'l sale* "KIJUAL AND EXACT JUSTICE TO ALL MKN, OF WHATEVER STATIC OR PKIMUAftION, RELIGIOUS OR 1-tiLIT lUAL.JrfftrKib Tho Mormons. When President Garfield comes to | deal with that unsavory relic of bar- ! : bari-m, the Mormon question, he will find it surrounded by the same diffi- j cutties that perplexed, and even but- j fled, many of his predecessors. It will tax the wisdom of the President to its fullest capacity to meet the question fairly and judiciously, that i*, if any , degree of consideration is to be given | to the condition in which the unfortu- j natu follower.- of Smith and Young ! are at present placed. The statute j j books of the nation already contain j | stringent laws against polygamy, | but thus far they have been dead let- | | n r.* —totally useless because not en- i forced -and we notice that one of the 1 Washington corrc*|mnd -lit* of tie Philadelphia Timet, in a recent letn-r . 1 to that j"iirnal, touches up -n some oi the troublc-onie points that will arise i the moment the question i- touched by theadniini. iraliou. itruthfully -ay- ; I the "question is a very big one. It : involves more than you thiul; of, un ! less you have given it a good deul ol I attention. What is to be doue with tie-so thou-ands of illegal wives and i their thousands of bastard children — ' j poor things, who had no voice in tie j termiuing whether ihev should exist ? i They were brought into the world without their consent, and it sectu* | pretty hard that they should be pun- j ished for the villainy or religious infat uation of their parents. If all the Mor | mon- are imprisoned, as the law di : rocts, tor bigamy, why the jailors in j Utah and elsewhere will have their hands lull, So how is Mr. Garfield to deal with the great subject. That the system hlackcus the fair page of our national history who can doubt, but it I is easier to moralize about it than to ! cure it. No one who haa visited the , fair city of Salt Lake nnd heard the ! story of the Mormons can doubt that some power greater than the sin of ■ physical lust must have inspired them. ' Nothing in human nature can lie tnorr | horrible, but still you must look the question straight in the fare. What are you going to do about it? It is a bigger subject than the funding of tho debt, the appointments to office, the ■ apportionment or even the < 'hinose question." If President (iarficld can j treat the subject with success and rid the country of the deep disgrace which j flows from it, he will he entitle*! to high meed of credit from his fellow countrymen. ♦ GARFIELD'S administration, *ny* the Doylestown licmoerat, i.< not exactly the "happy family" its friend* would j wish it. Things are not altogether j lovely within the borders of the new |Klitical Jerusalem. Garfield ha.* split upon the rock which has wrecked ma ny a stronger ruler with wiser advis ers. In the eflbrt to please everybody, the President ha* not sueccded in ; pleasing anybody. Imagining that he could 1M; a greater man than Moses, | Garfield thought he could pick out men from all the antagonistic camps of the Republican party, and appoint to office, without consulting the lead ers. He has found out his mistake. Hi* nomination of Robertson for Col lector of New York, had as bad nn ef fect on ('inkling, as shaking a blood red bandana has on a hull. He be came furious, and declared war upon the appointee, liec'RUse Robertson docs not parade in his train-band, The pet ty offices given the Senator's friends do not compensate for the fat place, and great patronage, given to his epemies; for whoever controls the New York Custom House, controls tho Republi can party of the Htate. Garfield has been asked to withdraw Robertson's name, hut he docs not seem inclined to do it. Postmaster General James is as wrothy as Conkling, over the ap pointment of Robertson. There is fur ther disturbance at the nomination of W. K. (.'handler, to lie Solicitor of the Treasury Department. He is the friend of Rlainc, but the enemy of At torney General MacVcagh. The latter P.ELLKKONTK, PA., THURSDAY, AIMttL It, IHHI. -ays lie will have noue of William 10. f 1 hut then Blaine will not let hi* tiatne i he withdrawn—and what i* poor Gar- ] field to do uhout it? The upshot of ' the matter is, hotli MacVcagh and the 1 Postmaster General threaten to leave the Cuhjuet, if these apjiointinents are j' conffrmed. At this time, it looks as ' if there would he a rupture. Garfield 1 has discovered, early in his Presiden- j tial career, that the head which wears j i a crown does not lie easy. f ! Who Shall bo Hold Responsible? The one hundred days commonly exacted t > be the limit of a regular -c—ion of the Pennsylvania legislature 1 ; expires to-day, and nothing io the way ; < d'important and needed !■ gi.-latiou has I yet been a .comjili-heii. Indeed we h.-iievo that iiot a single bill of uov eliarncter has yet been pas-ed through ill the stages necessary to made a law. rime has Ir-ea shamefully wasted. ( rroiii the opening day of the -> .-ion I until the pre.-.:ut moment there liu l been u hru/.e:i neglect of duty, u pre -utnpluous disregard of the public wel fare, that (nu only be charucteriz--d a subliinc in insoh nceaud venality. It | i- little wonder that the course of thi legi.-lutlire has aroused the ihdignu tioii of the jM-ople of ull section- of the Stale and caused hitter deiiiiuciati ni to he uttered by the pres. Put who -hull beheld re-iw>iisib!e for the deep disgrace of this condition of our State affairs? This is the <jues- . tion that should conic home to every reflecting mind that gives thought to the subject. In the Pennsylvania le gislature, with its two hundred and tiitv.one members, there i- n maj >rity party and a minority party. The ma jority party largely outnumbers the minority. That majority is composed . of Republican member* and it is stronger than the minority bv fifty seven votes on joint ballot—fourteen iu the .Senate and forty-three iu the House. It will thus be seen that the Republi can members are in supreme control of both branches. If the session ha- Ireesi frittered away in disgraceful wrangles that have prevented the en actment of necessary legislation, which I party is in fuult? Which party, with its din of contending faction*, wasted six weeks of precious time in the ef- - fort to elect a 1 nited Siates .Senator? Denunciation has been well deserved, 1 but it may strike intelligent observers ' that it has probably been too general j —-to indiscriminate—that a sense of justice seems to demand that the blame should be placeJ ujion the right shoul ders. The truth ii that the session lias been entirely controlled by the Rcpuh- j lican majority. That majority will not only be answerable for the dura tion of the session beyond the hundred days, but is to-dnv chargeable with the astounding fact that not a single ' important public act has received final consideration. Why is this? There are good men in the legislature on both sides who have always been rea dy and anxious to perforin the duties 1 for which they were elected, and it is not fair that they should suffer iu the estimation of their constituent* for the ' sins of others. It must be remembered . that the reputable class of our State law makers are |>owerlcas in the bands of the Republican machine bosses nnd the ring politicians—always solid for Mtilhooly —and these are the men who have shaped the course of the session to suit their own groveling aims and selfish interests., Ily delaying the pro ceedings on every frivolous or aluurd pretext that a cunning nnd well train ed ingeuuity could invent, the ring mcu have expected to force a prolonged ses sion and they are not likkly to be dis appointed in their desire. Should it come to this, the Democratic minority will be iu no way responsible. For our own immediate representa tives we speak upon this matter with authority. Wo know what has been their solicitude to have the public bus iness transacted with as little delay a* possible. They hnve favored uo waste of time by unnecessary adjourn ment* ; they have been honorable, prompt and efficient in the discharge of their public duties and in all things stand right upon the record. Mr. Alexander, of the Senate, and .Me—r*. | * Gepbart and Murray of the House! have nothing with which to reproach 1 j themselves, and that i- a pleasing fact i which we desire their constituent* to ( note and appreciate. When fault is ' found with the legislature hereafter let ' it be placed where it properly belongs; ' that is, with the party mujoriiy that ha contrul of the body. There the re sponsibility mint rit, and no where , el-c. In tiirh an atmosphere as the Pennsylvania legislature uudcr ring < rule, men wh > are faithful to the trust reposed in tlien* by tle-ir con-titucnt* deserve and should receive due credit. An Obodiont Lctfiolature. The obedient L gi- laturc of -vlvania have again Mgnali/.'-d th'-ir -ci vility to the Bo— Senator by pub lic approval of tie corrupt bargain i which he was largely iustrum -ntal in negotiating in the nam • of the great Republican party and that mi- ruble abortion of manhood repr -enting the Repudiati it party of Virginia. Ab ject subjection of tin- Republican leg islators to Cameron's la-b i* no new experc nr.-, lan the ord r t > approve by official sanction a corrupt and de grading fin tract with a parly organiz ed to discredit as >vci ign S ,ii<- aud repudiate it* -a -red obligati oi-, cv -:i a i-- with less regard for the lion • of the State he i* - ipjMi. d to represent might Imve li<--ifat< I to d-m.m l of j bi< servile followers. But the at, HI of the legislature !.i-t wc k prove- not only that the bo---Senator i* i°t <l< • . terred by any delicacy in such mat , tcrs, but tlott the IIHIIIIM-I* are still subordinate to bi. mandates, and no . matter wliat dirty job he may engage in they ore prompt to i ndorse it. A | creditah! • ii i lib ni :o m I d make so ne display of id -; iib-;no in t! e early part of • -i oi. but they I have dwindled dawn to half a I TIIK New iri M ii', a Republican paper, speaking of the Republican- i Muhone contract, says: "The bargain will IK- repudiated by ninety-nine out j of every hundred Republican* enst of ■ the All- glieni - an I by a large major j ity of the Republican* wet of that j line. And Republican S'liators who 1 expect to be re elected while "Mahone -1 ry" i* n remembered scandal will do well to get nut of an "alliance" which would degrade, disrupt and destroy the party of honest money and honest . debt paying, if persisted iu and rati- K* . SmttTARY WIRhOM proposes to refund a pari of the public debt with out the aid of an act of Congress, j IIold( r* of the government G per cent, bond* maturing on the first of July next are notified that interest will cease at thnt dale. They can either present their bonds for payment or j refund them with interest at the rale of 3J |wr cent. Windom deserve* to he called the groat rcadjusler of the *gc- FLI.KA of the Richmond Whig, the ! organ of Mahone, have been *ent to Washington to prove that duirng the late Presidential campaign the Whig repelled in violent terms all imputa tion* upon the fidelity of Mahone to tjie Democratic party. It i*said some of these extracts will make racy read ing Senate. JUDOR IIARI? in the Court of Com mon Pleas of Philadelphia, Saturday, rendered a decision affirming the valid ity of the recent selection of the anti- Gowen officers of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company. It is be lieved that President Gowen will ap peal the case to the Supreme Court. TIIK widow of John Brown, "whoso soul is marching on," called the other day on President Garfield. The Pres ident, from a press of business no doubt, declined to see the widow of the eaintel martyr of abolitionism. THE STATE CAPITAL. STIRRING Cl* TLIR. ANIMALS —LIVELY TIMES IN TLTR. HOUSE ANI) A OENTLE KII'PI.E IV TIIE SENATE—TIIE EXPIRING GASI' OK THE INDEPENDENTS. S|—-ill C.irl-.jHUi'Gljf ,„f ||„ CtITU ilKM"'Ait | i If Mutism HG, I'A., April 12, 18*1. The |>a-t week ha* been a notable one in legi*lativo circles. It opened out! mildly, but the storm gathered and in crease'l in intensity a* the days wore ! i <>n, until it broke in litful gusts on the last days of the session. The machine ivbioh was supposed to have been rout ed, horse and foot, hy the furious on slaught of the kick <-is, reasserted it -elf on Wednesday, and although a few of the old guard, who had rallied aiouii I the standard of 'iron in the early days of the conflict, endeavored to stem the adv tncing tide of t,o*-i-tn. ! thcie sal a very general surien-ler all along the line. Those who ha 1 dc noli DC d the rule of the reigning dyn asty in the bittere-t and most uncom I t-uiu-ing term* were the first to strike their colors and hearken to the pihro.h of Liiiieiiili, < >ur Senior •'••uator had been tan rile-1 onthefl -or of the United - Hes >eii:ite with the independence of l.i* leg.-lature and he determined that the list shadow of political freedom should be driven from the ball* of the 1 Capitol. He demanded in unequivocal i terms tint the representative- of the honest people of Pennsylvania should endorse hi* open and shameless pur- 1 chase of Muttons and the coalition of he J;p-jbli< in and Itepu L.'ition par tie* of the country. It would seem that men imbued trilh a -ingle attril- its j of iii inho > 1 would have spumed such dictation with scorn and loathing, 1 ut not so the super,*' r. c- able servants of power. The < :iuru w . called an 1 Sen at >T l eip- r, of Delaware, the Ilipat -upple an I pliant of all <'uiei >n'* iien< hui'-n. i-fl-rv-1 ■' re- dulion incident al'y endorsing the attitude of the lb-publican ■■nrilor* in Congre-*, but •iore directly tint of the iilon-lc -Sena tor and ln tool nnd echo .John Mitch •ill. Wolf immediately gave notice tint in- would present a substitute in the House an-l refused to b" hound by ! ih" action of the caucus. Itut where was all that Valiant bind that hut a moment ago were breathing impirecj. leiiis upon <'*meron and shouting from the housetop* that political deliverance from the domination of tho ring WAS at band, silent a* the grave. As voice !i** a* the dead. The scene was atii mated and inlereling when little Tom !'ooper, wearing hi* collar with gr-*at rnplaisance, arose and submitted hi* | caucus resolution to the Senate. Hi* j speech supporting it wa* dull and com monplace and WAS full of dismal plati tude* about the right* ot the majority. When he had concluded. Senator I'a vies, of Bradford, w th much fus* and flurry and a good deal of ludicrous attitudinizing, proceeded to favor the resolution, going the same thread-bare , reason n that a ivanccd by Cooper, that the majority roust rule. Senator Cordon here brought the Bradford Statesman up standing, by inquiring how he reconciled that view with liig recent support of Grow against the Wishes of the majority. That etl'ectu ally disposed "f tho northern tier. It wit not heard from again during the entire debate. Senator Stewart, of Franklin, the real leader of the late independent forces, was the next to champion Mahone, Cameron and repu diation. Hi* eyes, however, had a far away look, and seemed to be directed toward the capital of the Montezuma*. He began with a violent arraignment of the Democratic party, charging it with every crime within the knowledge ot , man from robbing a church to rr.urdet ing an orphan. Senator Alexander now began to take a little internal in things. lie quietly sat down upon Stewart by inquiring into his slopping around on the ragged edges of the liberal movement in 1872. The Frank flin Senator lamely replied and then Senator Heidelman, of Northampton, wa* teen standing in his place with blood in his eye. I tell you it waa re freshing to hear him anatomise Ma hone. Heidelman was a gallant Union soldier, and be vigoroualy denounced Mahone a* an assassin who ahot down Union soldiers in front of Petersburg after they bad thrown down their arms and surrendered. Ilia speech abounded in fiery invective, and made a good im pression. Hall and Gordon now appeal ed to the iodepeudenU to assert them •elvee, and shake off the shackles that had been prepared for them at Wash TKIOIS: $l."ll |n r A nnuiti, in A'himcf*. ington hut without Afbr a little more sparring, Cooper prttied a vote and the resolution w * adopted. The !>• in oc ruts had the best of the wordy warfare ail through and succeed e<l in making it very uncomfortable for the quondam independents. In the House Wolf out-did hiiuMrlf. 1 have never seen him appear to better advan tage. Hi speech in opposition to the endorsement of Mahorie nod Kiddle berger wan calm, logical and eloquent; but it was a wiiite of time and he knew it. No one followed Wolf, I.aw aimply contenting himself with remarking that it wa* not a "question of principle* with the Republican i'nitod Slates Sen ators, but a question of pasters and folders. ' W oil was frequently interrupt ed t \ Killing-lev. of Washington, and M-vers, of Venango, in the most pro voking manner, but fie kept his temper admirably which is something unusual for him. The attitude of Wolf, l.iw, Silverthorn and the f<-w- others who -tood by them was simply superb. They could ut lea-t say at the end with the English I'iiiue, ' all i> lost, save honor.'' Cameron ha at last t< h eme i his pledge to hi-- brother S.-naters that hi- legisla ture should endorse the action of i his party asr-oc lales, hut the end is not yet. Mahone in bis new chatac tcr of Sir (isle* Overreach, a* he teai in - bis Repubiii an allies, "a new way to pay oid debts has not com mended himself t > the country, a* 1 his | rt tiers vuil sliortly find to their ■ 'tost. The more 1 see of ihilinglcy, of Wa-hingloii. the uitiiii 1 am impressed with the cor.Va tion that he i not in tend. d for a legislator. I can readily intigine him winning distinction as the b-- canv -rnan of a circus, t<ut never ,n a 1..w maker. He has a deliriously irrcsi-tible habit of bellowing like a mad bull when anything i. going on in ihe House that doe-n't suit him. He is ' u.-tlly one of the most interesting ani • trial- in the whole collection. Myers, d Venango, i another gent.'-man who n.,s evidently mistaken his vocation. il<- i. a -nut as much at home ,u the Horse as an ox in a lark's nest. He ottered joint resolution the other ; das fixing the adjournment of the I. gi-lature u|ion the 'JJ tot ti,. month, iI•• remarked, oracularly, that he wiah r I it distinctly understood that he ii I not intend to remain in Ilanis t.urg and work without pay. If I do not greatly overrate the intelligence of the people ol Venango county they wouldn't have Myer* here again it be would agree to work for nothing snd ! board around among the neighbors. ' You can't drive a round stick into a square hole ami make a real neat fit. Reform legislation received quite an I imp*tna by the | a sage of the Record et's bills the latter part of last week. This favorit 1 !? result wa achieved after the most persistent effort on the pait of I Kneass, Law, Wolf and Faunee. tippoMlion was bitter and well directed. The success of the Mahone resolution cheered th<* despondent spirits of the "boys'' and made theur look more ho;e --lully to the future. These lulls have g ne to the Senate and it i confidently asserted now that they will never pane that body. 1 know not what reason those who predict this hare for the faith that is in them unless it be the ■ cringing attitude of the Senate to Cam eron and <Jusy. A hill regulating the salary of County Commissioners upon the basis of population, has been offered in the House. Its provisions arc aa follows: In counties having a popula tion of one hundred thousand and Icsa than one hundred and filly thousand, each commi-stoner is to have a fixed / salary o! fI.OK) per annum; in ooun™ ties having seventy-five and leas than one hundred thousand, f.'kKl, and in . counties h tving less (ban filly thousand sloft. There are a few counties in the State that have the pay of these offi cials fixed at a regular sum, but the large majority pay so much per diem for actual services, with mileage. 1 here I will be a strong pressure brought to secure its p-ge. Members here are daily in receipt of petitions asking the Legislatuie to take some action in ref erence to speculative life insurance. It is certainly growing to be s great evil. An old man died near Ibincannon a few .layssince, very poor, who had over flitO.OlKl on his life, held by outside parties. New companies are springing up with gourd like rapidity until this entire section of the Stale is boney* ' combed with them. I see Centre coun ty is petting into line, two charters I j having already bern granted tor that I county. I'eople are actually mortgag- | j nig their properties in order to rsisn | money to carry heavy insurance on— other people's lives. An old woman ■ Lebanon county was insured dav for one hundred and fifty dollars and died on the Monday > itig. Business of all kinds is g and insurance farming has bocmie § chief industry in all this belt of canfll 1 j ties. It is surely time that this , ■ traffic in human life* should case. recently met the very gentlemanly ! I'rothonotary of Snyder county, -'erry H K rouse, Esq., who certainly is a living " monument of the gratitude and esteem i of bis fellow c.ttisens. He is now eenr- I ing his twenty first year as prothonotary for that county, having been elected 1 seven sufoemivu times. Rotation in t office must be a sealed book in that , i sturdy Herman county. Carry the new* , to Harper. On Thursday evening the Committee of One Hundred, of Fhihs ' delphia, bsva possession of the House • for the purpossi of discussing the l>- linquent Tsi Bill. It remains to be seen what effect this eloquence will ' ham upon the average legislator. tatvidk NO. 15.