Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, April 07, 1881, Image 6

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    ®Jw (Erulu JPrmacrat.
Utxcc t.TP nuwi-kiutv or tiik rutn.
Every farmer it i hi j annua! experience
tfuteooeri • tnethiny of value. ll'rite it nnd
send it to the "Agricultural Editor of the
Dsmockat, IleUri 'iitc, I'enn'u," that other
farmer* map hare the benefit of it. Let
common rafnm* he timely, and be sure that
thru are brief and veil pointed.
How to Grow the Coming Crop.—No. 11.
sowing tiik srnn nri> —open air hkis —
Sonic disagreement exists among
tobacco growers as to the proper
quantity of seed to grow on a given
surface of ground. We can only say,
the danger always is to sow too thick.
A heaped tablespoonful to every hun
dred square yards, and a tablespoon
ful to every hundred square feet of
suriace are about the usual propor
tions, but we regard the quantities as
too much. A far better plan would
be to increase the area of the seed
beds largely, and sow on the quanti
ties given aliove.
The seed, having been sufllciently j
sprouted, should be sown at once, i
Being so exceedingly minute, this
cannot be successfully done unless '
they are mixed with some line mate
rial, such as sifted wood ashes, plas
tcr or very fine sand. Advantage
must be taken of a calm day, so that
an even distribution may be secured.
To attain this more effectually, the
seed-beds should not be more than
four feet wide, and they might advan- |
tageously lie sown one way with half
the amount of seed, and then cross
wise with the other half. A more j
even stand of plants results in this '
way. The beds must not be raked
over after the seed has been sown.
The latter would find their way too
far under the surface to make a rapid j
growth, and perhaps be smothered
entirely. A smooth board laid over
the surface of the bed and pressed
upon the soil by the weight ola man
upon it is about the best plan we
know of. Some growers simply walk
over their beds, pressing down the
entire surface with the foot, and this
method when carefully practiced, may
give as good results as any other.
The former, however, is more rapid
and does not pack the surface <f the
soil so closely. A roller of the
proper weight could be used advan
tageously, and even a spade could be
made to answer the purpose. The
object of this pressure is to prevent
the light seeds from being blown
away by the wind, and also to bring
them in direct contact with the
ground, so that the tender rootlets
may at once penetrate it and thus
nourish the coming plant.
We have already said the-seed can
not lie made too rich. .In addition to
the well rotted barnyard manure that
should be plentifully spaded into the
ground, a top dressing of some good
compost, free ftom weed-seed, should
be pluced on top. The plants are
advanced much more rapidly in this
way. It is not necessary that the
' site of the seed !>cd should be chang
er! every year, but when old beds are
used a second or third time, it is
desirable that their fertility be re
newed by a coating of virgin soil
several inches thick. The black veg
etable mould from woods is excellent
for this purpose. It must lie care
fully worked into the surface soil. In
the South, seed beds arc nearly all
made in cleared places in the forests,
as the insect pests are found to be
less troublesome. Of course, the
seeds must lie sown on top of the
compost we have just spoken of, and
not worked into it—merely pressed
down hard.
Lastly, when all this lias been done,
a linal top covering of hog bristles
inust be added. Several other sub
atances arc used in the South, such
as brushwoods of various kinds, but
all yield the sujieriority to bristles.
They serve not only to attract and
retain the moisture, but furnish
warmth to the young plants, and ap
pear to act as a manure besides. Un
less used, frosts are likely to play
havoc with the seed-bed. They abso
lutely seem to require some protec
tion, and none equal to this has yet
b-en found. They are a most valua
ble adjunct to the seed-bed, and
should never be omitted. Care must
be taken to spread them over the !>ed
evenly, so ns not to choke the plants,
as well as to admit plenty of air and
sunlight. Common laths may lie laid
over them at proper distances to
prevent the bristles from being car
ried away by the wind. With some
growers the custom is to replace
them after the first weeding, while
others do not. Care roust, however,
be used so that the young plants
shall not be Injured during the opera
tion. A rake is the best implement
for this purpose. With care the same
bristles may be used a number of
It will be observed that all the
foregoing has reference to the grow
bag of plants In the open air, in beds
exposed to all kinds of weather. In
a few cases plants are grown in hot
beds. We have not deemed it neces
sary to go into the details required to
bring forward the plants in that way.
In our opinion the practice should lie
discouraged. The only advantage it
offers is that plants arc ready for
setting out earlier. With ordinary
care the open air bed will give you
plants early enough to mature before
the fall frosts. Besides, the latter
has many advantages. We do not
mean in regard to cost and trouble
only, but in the great superiority of
the plants themselves. The plants
are always stronger and hardier.
They can stand much more cold and
grow far more readily after being set
in the field. A weak, sickly plant is
always to be avoided, if possible.
The more capable it is of resisting its
enemies of whatever kind, the better
your chances for a good crop. Our
advice therefore is to Pennsylvania
growers to dispense with the hot-bed
for tobacco plants.
Young plants can liear a pretty
low temperature before freezing. They
are much more easily nipped by the
same temperature when about matur
ing, than when in the seed bed. A
grower of our acquaintance neglected j
to gather the seed from a plant that
was left standing in his garden. The
winds of autumn scattered it far and
wide, and much to his surprise these
self-sown seeds developed into hun
dreds of unusually line and hardy
plants in the early spring, all of
which were utilized.
So far as the proper time for sow
ing the seed is concerned, inueli of
course depends on the season. Most
farmers favor the earliest moment
possible. From the middle to the
end of March is the usual time in
this county, which gives the plants
ample time in ordinary seasons to
attain their perfect development be
fore the period of frosts arrives.
The labor of the tobacco grower
begins with the seed bed, and no
where during the entire season can he
less alford to neglect his work. If
the season happens to lc dry, the
warm sun would soon shrivel up such
of the sprouted seed as was not fairly
in contact with the soil. This must
lie watched, and when necessary the
Ihsls should be carefully watered
every evening with slightly tepid
water. This should not, however, be
applied in large quantities, but only
enough to keep up the required mois
ture. Careful observation will be
the Is'.st guide of the farmer in this
particular. When there are plentiful
showers, of course artificial watering
must be dispensed with.
Liquid ninnuie is a favorite prepa
ration with which to sprinkle the
seed bed, as the plants can much
more quickly utilize the fertilizing
properties of manures in this shape
than any ottier. lien manure is most
; commonly employed for this purpose.
Care must In; taken, however, not to
make the liquid extract too strong,
as it will in such cases not only cause
the plants to turn yellow and assume
a sickly np|>carance, lint it has Ixcn
known to kill tbem altogether. The
careful grower will, however, note
every stage of progress, and modify
or altogether abstain from these ap
plications if he sees unfavorable in
When Ix-ds have been burned over,
the likelihood of weeds is not so
great, but under any circumstances
more or less will make their appear
ance. These must bo carefully watch
cd and as carefully removed. No
implement except the fingers of the
human hand will answer, and care
must be taken to disturb the tobacco
plants as little as possible during the
When the plants make their ap
pearance, the beds should be exam
ined to see whether they are 100
crowded. If that is the case the
surplus ones ought to be removed at
once, to give the remaining ones a
lietter chance. A small iron rake
with teeth three inches long, curved
and set about half an inch apart, has
been found efficacious. The hand is
jM rhaps better for this purpose than
anything else.
After the plants begin to show
well above the surface a top dressing
of manure should be spread over the
bod to hasten the development. Al
most any kind can be used for this
pur|K>ae, and various kinds are em
ployed. Nothing better can be ap
plied than a compound consisting of
one part hen manure, one part un
leaebcd wood ashes and two parts
black woods—earth ; these thorough
ly mixed, the first and last well pul
verized, anil the whole sown broad
cast over the beds, will lie found to
give excellent results. I'erhnps well
rotted stable manure, if rubbed fine
enough to do no injury to the gt*w-1
ing plants, would be better than fty
tbing else.
While we discourage the nae of
hot-beds for the growing of tobacco
plants, we confess to a strong par
tiality for covering the ordinary open
air beds with canvas. The advan
tages are so many that we have no
room here to go Into all the details.
If burniug the seed bed were prac
ticed by our growers, and the beds
afterwards carefully covered with
canvas, we believe they would rarely
experience any trouble from beetles
or bogs. The fire would destroy all
Id the bed, while the canvas would
prevent the entrance of any from the
outside. The custom is liecoming
very general among the Kentucky
and Tennessee growers, and their
testimony is unanimously in favor of
its many advantages. 11 is not uu
expensive operation. Boards six in
ches high placed around the beds
ami closely fitted at the corners are
sufficient. Over these the canvas—
common brown domestic will answer
—must be drawn tightly to prevent
sagging in the centre, and then tack
ed closely to the board frame. The
keen blasts of spring are also kept
out and a more uniform temperature
is preserved within. On one side of
the frame the covering should lie so
lightly fastened as to admit of its
easy removal when the bed or plants
require attention or when it is desira
ble to expose them more fully to the
sun. Further on we will ailude to
w hat is said to he a sure protection
against fleas and bugs by the use of
a plant frame or fence around the
seed bed, but whure the canvas cov
ering is not necessary. Of course
where the precaution of burning the
seed bed is not adopted neither boards
nor canvas will afford protection
against bugs, as they are no doubt in
the soil and will make their way to
the surface in due time.
The greatest enemies of the tobacco
crop are the hordes of insects that
eome to ravage it. They make their I
ap|K'iirance in the seed ls-d ami cease
their depredations only when the to
bacco is hung iu the barn. How to '
overcome them and secure the crop 1
in good marketable condition, there
fore, become tlie all-important ques
tions. Last year no less than txn nty
different insect pests were found prey
ing upon the tobacco crop in Lancas
ter county. Some of them were such
as were never known to attack it lw
fore. Tliey succeeded in damaging
the crop to the amount of hundreds
of thousands of dollars. Their rav
ages extended into the adjoining
counties of Pauphin, Lebanon, York.
Berks and Chester, but nowhere were
they so had as within a radius of ten
miles around the city of Lancaster
itself. Some years they destroy the '
seed ln-ds almost entirely, but at
other times their ravages are not so
The first destroyers that came
along last year were the members of
what entomologists call the UnltirifUr
family, or "Flea Beetle." The prin
cipal ones were the "Cucumls r Flea
Beetle" lfulli ni ( Winner/*, "The
Powny I lea Beetle," If-i/lia /'/'**•
reri*, and the "Snow Fleas" or "Spring
Tails." It was the second brood ot
the "Downy Flea Beetle" that ravag
! Ed the crop so badly a few weeks
j In-fore maturity. The question that
| concerns our tobacco growers is how
the ravages of these insects shall Is
prevented. They did immense dam
age in some seed fn-ds destroying
thousands of plants. They seem to
1m; the first insects that attack vege
tation in tlu- spring. Several intelli
gent farmers have, in conversation
with us, expressed th,. |,nj K - that the
severe winter ma)* have killed off
these invaders and that we shall not
be troubled with them this spring. If
they do not come, it will not In- lie
cause of the low temperature. One
species is often to be observed in
large nuinlH-rs on the surface of the
snow, hence its common name "snow
flea." No amount of cold weather
will destroy them, ami other means
must be sought to attain that end. 1
Their size is so minute that they
cannot lie caught with the hand.
Besides, the largest of them arc not
more tban the sixteenth of an inch
long, while others are not larger than
coarse grains of |>owdcr. They are,;
liesides, able to take long lca|>s, and
when diaturlicd nt once find refuge
and safety under the surface of the
ground. The small clods especially
afford them hiding places.
now TO KM.', THEM.
As lioth they and their larva are to
lie found in the ground the firat thing
is to kill those already in the seed
lied. To do this it has lieen recom
mended to drench the seed lied copi
ously with hot water several days
liefore sowing. This should le done
on a warm sunshiny day, when they
no doubt arc near the surface. This
plan would no doubt kill all it could
be made to reach. To keep out the
rest, a lioard or plank 14 or 15 inches
high, placed close around the bods,
with the earth pressed tightly against
it on the outside, has been found
If neither of these precautions hat.
been taken nnd the Ilea beetle makes
its appearance in the beds, a different
course must be pursued. Drenching
the lieds with a aolulion of lime bus
been found effectual. Paris green in
water will also do the work. Persian
insect powder kills thein, if it teaches
tbem, which, however, it cannot al
ways be made to do. A gentleman
reports that an application of sulphur
and asafu-tida relieved him of the
annoyances. Carbolic acid and ker
osene hsve been recommended and
tried, but with unsatisfactory results.
One of the largest and most success
ful growers informs us that he has
always obtained relief by the follow
ing method : be extracts one gallon
of lye from half a bushel of hen
manure; to one part of this fluid,
four parts of rain water are added,
and with tills compound the beds are
i sprinkled every evening. This rem
-1 edj deserves to be tried by all grow
cm, nnl it in client) niul ciuiy of n|iiili
<-ntiui. The Huifl i Ix-nidcH highly
ln'iu ficial to the (ilautx, mid occaaional
applicatiorm of it arc highly dotiralile
cyt u though there are no ilea* to he
killed. A purtiul preventive in to
plant the outer borders of the plant
thickly into hluek inuntard. It eomcs
up quickly and the Ilea beetle iit very
]iartial to it, as it is to cabbages, tur
nips, radishes and many other plant*
and vegetables. Lastly, we give the
plan mostly in vogue iu Tennessee,
which is to set several hens with
broods of chicks from six to fourteen
days old near or in tin; bed, of course
securing the mothers. The chicks are
sttifl to make clean work with every
species of insect life to be found in the
beds, and, ul that age, can of course
do no harm to the plants. A species
of centipede or cpidrr, that frequently
girdles ami kills the plants, would of
course succumb to the various reme
dies given above. We tin not give
these remedies us infallible. They
have pro vet I successful with some
growers, and will no doubt do so
wherever they arc fairly tried. If one
is found Dot to answer, the fanner
should try another. The end in view
is worth all the trouble and expense
be may go to.
< I> not forget that v<u cannot will
sow the seed too thinly ; the danger
always i* vour plants will come up too
thick. When they stand close to
gether they grow up thin and spind
ling, neither the roots nor leaves hav
ing room tor development. When not
crowded they grow a stroiigf r and
more vigorous stalk, which will not
only have Utter roots, but bear trans
planting better ami stand a fairer
chance 1 the insect enemies
ami the season, to say nothing of ma
turing earlier. In "fact, too much
stress ean not be laid ujsjij the great
importance of having a stand of strong,
healthy plants. I hey will stand drouth
much better ami pass beyond danger
from the cut worm much sooner. Last
year the earlv tobacco escaped the
ravages of the tlca beetle; a |xriof| of
ten days' time may make or mar a
Another thing we especially con*
mend to the attention of tobacco
grower*.: Always sow twice a much
seed a* you are likely to require. It is
not enough to havejost as many plants
as you need, but it i* well to have a
gthml many more. In the first place,
you have a much larger field for selec
tion. By this plan you are enabled to
secure plants more alike in size ; this
will not only make your tobacco fit-id
present a much finer appearance, but
it will ri|x'ii more evenly, and as the
buyers uiHke their usual inspecting
j tours, they will make notes of what
tbev see, which may put a gmxi manv
I dollars in your pocket. No mutter if
' you have more plants than you need,
there are nearly always some who
have Iteen careless in this matter ami
must buy their plunts. If your first
planting is badly eaten, as it pcrhap*
will be, you have a second supply of
vigorous plants to replace them. Last
year the rut worms were so numerous
hereabouts that a third replanting was
required, ami the unlucky growers
were often com|M-lUsl to rifle wearv
mile* at much expense to obtain the
required plants. F.very consideration
of prudence therefore should induce
the tobacco grower to take the neces
sary stc|> to provide himself with an
ample supply of plant*.
Another Method of Raising Calves.
Mr. 0. S. Bliss, of Vermont, who
has tried all ways of raising calves,
prefers uncooked' food, and especially
a mixture of ground oats anil barley,
to any otber addition to the skim
milk ; be liegins with a small quanti
ty, fed dry, nnd gradually increases
it after a week or two ; when the calf
is four to six weeks old it is allowed
to have all it will eat of this meal,
given just after it has taken its milk,
with, afterward, all the pure water it
will drink.
Whereas sheep arc kept for the
double purpose of direct income in
wool, muiton, etc., ami the manure
they wake, it is important that the
extra food, or that outside of what
the pasture furnishes, should he
chosen with care. It would be wise
for the American farmer to become
bettor acquainted with cotton seed
cake, linseed oil cake, nnd like con
centrated foods. Jly feeding, ami
feeding liberally of such foods, the
sheep not only grow rapid!}-, but the
manure they make is rich in nitro
genoiis matters and valuable fertiliz
ing salts. The growth of animals is |
a means to an end, and when the
most money is made from the flock,
and tfie land enriched, the most rap
idly the end is gained. The profit of
sheep as fertilizers depends largely
upon the kind of food that is used.
Ma. Town I experimented by draw
ing half his manure for a cornfield in
the fall, and spreading it, and leaving
the other half of the field to lie man
ured in the spring Just liefore plant
ing. The result was decidedly in
favor of the fsll-manured portion.
Ma. LAW adopted the practice of
carting manure to the field and
spreading it as faat aa made, and has
better results tban formerly.
IT is hard to persuade the man
nearest the stove that the weather has
not moderated much.
Srw A drrrtlncmen fx.
With that COUGH when th-r<-
I'••' " "" 1 • 1 '•>- • I ■ CURTAIN,
-I " *' K. 11...1 111 I'.' ■•■• I >l* -MM ta tak- II
, without da|frr. liimUl**l
GREEN'S Comp. Syrup of
Tar, Honey & Bloodroot.
II nutlaln# #ll ll.' liiM'x f T'.r In a locrMHTii.
I '>.• I Hill) 11.. Ui I Xl'i.i T'llH STl* .i,.|
AMODYKtt, ii" *l. i" ,r. | ....I , lib ,) Dki h|.| ul
HEMEDV i. . ■ • mi i ,i
, ' •
1 7r> i.. ul. •, 11.. t,, . I'll.. ro -enti.
I par huttl* Mm.i.f. i.l ! .i,|j l„
liri.l.KKiNT lA
(A mr, not n sPrluL,)
uoro, iir rnr, .mandii \kr* 9
Ilk* IJ9 ALL O tulu Lu i nu.
'i n i:v < i; if i:
V• I l J f'-r nr ,w (ti*t w ; r • * •-
f"urU .a tL
U*ui Uforc j utj /ji. T*k to*
Ji T I 1- ftt
Drufikfibotiß, um *>l > wtr, Wuiwxso Mid
t>Af **>'.
Ail Vif f tu.
Il f I'p'.lrn \ ! ' .K- iAlt#*, *i. t A T^irt/.'IM,
Farm for Sale.
1 IAYINO determined to "Farm
II .. : i.rm .! i mum, ... • .
ff*ri I i ul. . i>. of ||>. i form* 1.. o ,h
Tkr* farm i. I'Talrd ( th. ricrlti .U. ..f lh* IUII
i.'Hflj J |..1. il. Ii .1 ..f llonM,
H ft t>u. .rf •. „j* on th- crr.k, iib bitb
lnk toht'lk we
ll r r.laitt- ; • IX flat.4 tnnr. r|.Hl. uIH
• f l.i bi . TUt.ti..i l.il. .i.^Ur.,l
Ii i. .;i HIM.) bHiit.; U>. >rt*k feet
.,•*II *i th# l> .ut • t|.tln| m Irittrtlti lb.
l.|. I.bi-Ui I.f lb. |.IM kit ! ..T.ml 'llnr* in fb#
11. 14., Hi |t-H.| la. ' f alt. It Hl' #. At., t.t ae<l a.
• lluhM a# 1., la ##.|l j ; -1 t. I |,!i„ r .
Tl.. MMli' ;• Htf haaaUfall, l .al.l uj- n a rill . f
'l l .l.t |.Bl-ik r.l
Uatlln. tt|- att'l dt.an 11.. ,r<k and althir. tan min
j Ufa* aalL f lb* |...l . fflt t|t.|t< ant] tltut. fcaa
I II aart l: ".iith.
I Tb few* |. fratnr. nd n.rlj n.a || I. ; n
.n mi- la , fail !,.■• 1t..!., . .tilalnluf aijhl late.
: r.t.mi, aril hall 1..1h u,. *Uir* a."I dian. 1.ai.1. a
• t.i.i.M t * Hat and all!'. I- th -4 aI, |.lt ... th. fall
. tit. t.f lh. tinnaa.
i .tn t nllj tt.at 11... i. a I'd lat.lt ham. alar
| n.atlj 1..a It I. I- I.f ,|, n.4.lali.ttie la n
.rtlmlly f>r>.al..-l tbtaal.lde ag, ..| t tat rt.
Itrat rata .lal.iirtf, atal baa alia- bl I - It a latg. ion
-til. and a aa, t tli.'l, l*til 1..1, aitlt a ma ..itr
! A pr.rt * of (he Uf><l wen * W|-t*4 V> fim thy.
!.<< < JfJetJ, f.tr it* fKift nt , ■* Uf't. A ) igh A* thre
tt flm-liM hy i-t him. A r K.TWlerirl
>|> Uiinc mrhiie. at#4 rAlrlwt.lt $ wwle* i ff vrtjth
itif the tttkw Are now in lb# ham, A4 will noid
with (for fatin, if Wltn).
Olb*r I*ni *f lh# Üb<l Are veil Awiled In
• tillure. and j I a nutnl- r on# U*t
I'atn wi(h mn'ij ••!urit*f A* (hi* are mrelt !
'ffered f., ale It will e-| JAt A fa!r jrire. and on I
r'-AAoliable trm*.
If nut pnM - n it will t*
For Rent to a Good Tenant
for lb* (vninf rear.
2* ll'.aaM. IN. |
xsec-i. isQo-i.
The Patriot, Daily & Weekly,!
For the Ensuing Year.
The lion prftrw of tbo WtIKLT PaTAIoT hw
lao Mt4 |.. Il.tai par wpj pr ar.nitm.
T.t rlala i.| firtl and Q|.ar<btbr Vtrin PttiiaT
atll In. fttrnlahad at tha atrat.nlinartlj cl..a, rata ul
74 rant a ,t copy per aci.utn
Yttt pktlt Ptrat-.T will 1., aant tr. any adtlran. i
darloc Iba acaafnna of i nro. and tba l.a<lalatara at
Ui# rat* of In ccnta pat tnontb.
t'ndar tha art of Coniraaa tha pnhliahar iwapaya
tha fttotaga and H Inert bar* aia nlirttd tixm that
Ktary atiha tiptloo mnat ha arcompanlad by tha
Now la tha tint* Jto anlarrtha Tha approaching
walon of OongraH and tba l*gUlaluia will | of
mora than ordmaiy |nt.r.l and thalr prooaedtnga
will ha fully raportnl for lha Iallr .and a complete
• rnr-patk af thaui will If Bit .11 In Iba ttckly.
<*-tf .Xl Matkal . treat, llarrtkbwrf.
L'Vir 1881 i. nu Klegaul Hook of 120
I I'area. On* f'-lond F1 **r Plat*, and ftrari Illoa
ItnUona. witk fWnptl.ma „f lh. 1...t yi .at.ra and
tacatatdaa, and Ihrerthma f.ir grvtartne Only l
aanta In knrli.h or U.rman If yoat aflataardt.
order aacta dado. I th* 1" caw la.
VICK'S SHE.OB ate llm heat In th* wotld TUB
ri.oß tl. Ul IfiK *lll tall ho* to gat and pea them.
Vick't Flowar and Vafatabt* Oardan. ITS Pa S *
II "h'tad riataa. ,'H*i Ittgtalitiyt. got Nleawtaia pr
par ertmn; |l in in alaganl rt.dk In Ot ttuan e*
Vidi'i lllvilriftd MnnfHly
• IVliretl l*h!e In Mitr number And wmn) fine
mrlntr* prkw 11 a >wf; fir# <br
npoeim.it Nuaibara rent for 10 !*ta, :i trial twplaa tor
U rant*
Add tat*. JaVK" TICK, Rark**t*r, N. V.
tht* Vacailn# haynn tba
. y**r I Ml with a raw and
TTZB alaganl fat. ay and .that
traam naaaaww Improaamawta It will
lUTTD vUu V "Wtiana to anrmwa all
n u adlu i . wuTxF^
—— SI BO a ytwr la adraar*
nmsNTBYm nu "
t-jw 38 Raonmn* r , boaro* Nut
Wnfltwnjr Mlmm*. SatnplH wwdb M
y 0 lO WMW W. k*>tam A. tllNou.N Bt,
Portland. Malwa. p-ty
An Extraordinary Inheritance.
TO HER <;l|lt.lt.
from lb* l/tulsviti# Ooarlsr-Jutirn.l.
A most extraordinary natural acci
l dent, and one for the discussion of
physicians, eamo to light a few dav-t
ago, in which a needle taken into tbo
loot o( a la'ly one year ago, worked
out of the thigh of her third child, a
baby of one year. The lady in (jucw
tioti i* the wile of Mr. Harry Isaac*,
J the cigar maker, who live* on Market
-ireet mar Weuzel. At the time of
the accident Mr*. Ixaa<•* Hat unmar
ried, ami was then Mi-- I'uuline < \,b
. leuii. ihe needle wa* encountered in
a carpet and penetrated her foot tin
lull h-ngth. A physician wax called
in immediately, hut" the needle could
not he found, although it wan known
,to be in the foot. She an He rod great
, |'iiin, ami for fnir months a- unable
to leave her lied. During thut r*eri(l
j three phytic tan* made freoueut at-
U.-mpt* to extract the needle, and the
korfe u uaed extatuively, however,
without Mice ... M.-t Cohh-n- watt
quite Jh-hy " lore the accident hut
Ml oil greatly Iron, her W)n f„ R ..
ment. At leugth the wax able to get
ah mt with the aid ofcrutcbc, h u! The
Cfjutinued to tulli.T from the needle
Ihe pan. decreased gradually from
the time the wax aide to go about, and
the regained her former fleehiiH-
Finally the felt the needle only at m
nod* when there wa* a change in the
weather. Ihe movenu-ut of the needle
seemed to be upward, and the point
wa* not stationary hut moved with the
needie. About liv.- year* ago the tva*
married to Mr. Harry Haact. Three
children are the fruit of that union
the youngest of which is a hoy named
Arthur, who it about a year old. The
pain which troubled the mother left
her even before the birth of her child,
and the total ditapjx-urauce of the
pain the wa* wont to (eel wa* a subject
ol remark and ph a-urc to her. On
Monday a week ago In r baby, who had
*i nee it* birth manifi tted a kindly dit
po*ition, wa- very roth— and cried
uucea-uigly all night. The cau* of
Ue child ailment wa* not dieoovemd
until the following morning, when in
giving it u bath the mother di-covcred
*o rue thing black protruding through
the tkin of thf child* thigh. She
• aught hold of it and wa* frightened
when the found the thing of a red-t
--ing -üb-taoee. She, however, uted a
little force, ami aoon extracted the
dath object, imagine her turprite
when the found it wa.- a needle, black
and corroded. The eye broke olf in
her band while examining it. The
recollection of the needle, which liail
canted her much (tain, came vividly
Iwlore the mother, and the felt keenly
for her child. The remembrance of
j!" r , from the pain aito forced
| it#elf on the mother, and the connec
tion of the two served a* a clew a- to
how the needle came Pi IK- in the
child. thigh. The mother tavt it
would IK- almost impo-ibie lor tin
, child t", have taken up the needle
] without her finding it out. a the child
would have made it known in piteous
cries a- it did when the needle wuiked
A Murderer** Effect*.
lllOT'd.Rtllls Of nig vU" 7 AM*
■ rniLAi.ri.rniA March —.lohn 1,.
f'ope, of Norrutown, t engaged in mak
ing a large miniU-r of photograph* of
, the article* left behind by the- Valley
Forge murderer in hia flight. There
are six different negative*, among them
a cony of the little girl'* picture found
!in the burglar'* coat pocket. The Ist
ter copy will be aenl to each of the
forty-two Baltimore photographer*, in
] the hope that by tbi* plan the little
j girl'* name may he discovered. A pho
tograph ha* been taken of the Congress
gaiter* the murderer left. < >ne of them
ha* five lita in the leather above the
heel and the other ha* a Urge piece cut
! off the end of the sole. The third neg
ative i* a picture of the cam containing
I the name of Edward A. Johnson, and
the fourth contains the name. "Ella
Shipp." A fac simile of the writing on
the paper in which the picture of the
girl wa* wrappe d is alo shown, tearing
the address, ' Mr*. Jones, West Lafay
ette -ireet, 29. A picture of the mur
derer's vest has also been taken.
Since Peter the Oreat died in 1725 no
lew than five of hia successor* have
been put out ol the way by violence.
In 1725 Peter 11. his grandson, was de
posed and afterward* killed. Ivan IV, a
| grand nephew of Peter, was proclaimed
emperor when an infant in 1740. hut he
was intmurred in a dungeon for eighteen
year* and Khiabeth, daughter of Peter,
reigned during his captivity. ll® was
murdered in 1764 leal he might prove a
I dangerous rival to the ambition of ('nth
arm® 11. In 1762. Peier HI, drunken
Peter, husband of Catharine, wa* de
posed and died mysteriously soon after,
hut hi* death i* believed to have been
no mystery to hi* amiable spouse. Craty
Paul, the *on ot Cstharine, wa* found
dead in hi* chamber in 1796. the victim *
of a conspiracy ol the palace. Last in
this list in a government of de*|<oti*tn
limited by R**a*in-tion i* Alexander
11. the grandson of Paul. It is truly a
dynasty of blood and crime.
Chicago ia soon to have another big
elevator, which will add greatlv to the
storage capacity in that city. The Chi
cago and Pacific Elevator Company has
juat purchased a lot 100x300 feet on the
Nortn Branch, which i* to be occupied
by an elevator of 1,000,000 bushel*
capacity. _
There ia a lady residing in Wallace''
ton, Clearfield oounty, who never bad
any teeth, and consequently never suf
fared with the toothache, liappy fry