Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, December 02, 1880, Image 7
f— I. ... II -| .AM' -M' Wilson, Mrl'nrltine © Co., Hardware Dealer*. WILSOIST, DKALKKS IN STOVES,RANGES iHEATERS. ALSO faints, Oils, Glass and Varnishes, AND BXJIILIDIEIR/S' HABDWABE. UK.NY STREET, .... IILMKS' BLOCK, .... RKLLKKONTK, I'A. Easiness Cards. TTAKNKSS MANUFACTORY | | in Oarman't Now Block, BILLKFONTF, PA. 1-1) F P. BLAIR, £ JKWKI.KR, ijM WATCH IN, CK'CIN, JXWILHt, AC. AtlSeork neatly executed. On Allegheny street, ttadnrlir-ikerlmff llmi**. to DEALKUS IN PUKE DRUGS ONLY. ■ ■ZELLEK <fc SON, i 2 #1 # I.KI UUISIS, No 6. Urix'keiliofT How. £ 2 AH |i,(i flun-Url patent Mmllclnea Pr- *• RKj., < nnd Family HIHI|I.# accurmUly I *. , B aXmr. l. Trunavd. JShoaMer Uracea, Ac., kc. 1 •P g LTIIS DOLL, W UH.K lhviT h SHOEMAKER. Bi. h-->ii-.rr it..*. .Mi.-ci'-uy S,CievniN, I'reVt. J- r SAKIIN.' **h r. THIRST NATIONAL RANK OF JP KLI.KK<>NTK. Sllw*" ' Street, Rellefonte, Pa. 4-tl /"IBNTRK COUNTY RANKING V/ COMPANY. ss*l*sWp"ii And All"* Inter-'.t, f Discount Note.; Buy Kiel Sell I Guv. Securlllev, Uld and Coupon*. Jin** A. Blivtl, President. J. ft. av ttT.Caahier. -- TJEELEFONTEA SNOW SHOE I R. a.—Tlme-T ihle In effect on ami after May j !r*r*f laow Shoe 7.20 A. arrive# in Bellfonte *'ihanvas Belle route 10.2' * * arrive* at Snow Shoe ?hoe 2.'"> p *.,arrlTe In Bellatonte #4fl*.. I Leave* Bell'fi<nte I'. r arrive* at Snow Shoe AATpM. DANIEL RIIOADB, I>ALD F.AG LB VALLEY RAIL- X) Han.- rinie-Tahle, April 1>: Jtar, Mall. WTW**. laatwxan. Exp. Mall. A.M. *.*. y • 1 •" SMI ivs Arrive at Tyrone I.ere ; ..2 "IS * ;l 8 &?§•.....Leave K*t Tyrone Leave .. 7 .Ti * -5 1 ?S 'Sr.: "• S3**. •• = ?I Sir: " &£& " Z'iX an' ?SS 328 " I'ort Matilda " ... *> 91" 7r, n " Martha " ... 7 V J.'. IH S ST.. " Julian " ... *1 ' J t • I tn I<D & 41*..... " Snow Shoe In " ... *32 i 41* " Milaaliur* " ... - ** * b XH... " Rellefonte " ..."4-1 II 67 #B* *t ..... '• Mileehnrg " ... *MIO < - 0 2'* Z4B ..... " Cnrtin ... V"eI" 1 1* 8 1-1...... " Mount K*gle " ... 12 !<• 8 0}.... " llower.i " ... -JO1" 37 6*4 4*9 ..... " Kaglvvlll# •• ... .IS In 4. 860 IU.. " lleerht reek " ... 9MlIn 6 *M •' Mill Hell " ...9&4 11 1 6 4 •' Fleming!'u " ... 98711 9> bU 4 PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD. IT A-lfWlad. Iphla n<l Erie Dlvlilon.)—On and >- w KftTWAKD. CUB MAIL I#ave Phila'telphia 11 pm j f u H®rrUlirg. X 25 am ft " WllUamaport B A' t m I M lev k Haven. tt XOatn I •• KmoTOie 10 i's a m ferri*ew at Erie 735j. m ftiAOARA IXrlt V.ys leaves Philadelphia.. 7 2>> ar < 44 " llarrtshurf.... H V a m * • Wllllftfttaport. 8 80 p m arrives at Krnovo.. 4 4"pm tij this train arnve in ltel)w f ABT L2KE Veavee Phiiadei'phia 11 a m h* 44 Willlanjeport 7 .30 p m ftrrif* at Irk llaren H 4o p m EAUTWAHD. leaves Lnrk Haven B 40 a m t 4 44 Willlaai#p4rt... 7.V3 aw arrive# at Harrishnrg 11 55 a m 144I 44 Philadelphia... .3 45 pn vn Renovo in |0 a m 4 Lock llaven 11 2* a tn 4 Wllllamaporl 12 40 am i at llarrißhtirf 4 1" p rn * Philadelphia. 720 p m Renovo B 35 p m I/rk llaven 9 45 p nt WilliamsprirL 11 Oft p m t llarrishorK 2 45 a m Philadelphia 7 00$ m WUllamsfM.rt 12 .36 a m llarriahiirc 3 M a m Philadelphia 7 33 a m iisgara Riprea# We#t, lrk llaven *t and Day Kxpreat >jsßt, make Northomlerland with L. 4 H. R larre and Hrraaton. Niagara Ex pre## We#t, and Erie Lock llaven Arrommndatinn 31 e#t, on at WlllismNport witn N. C. R Niagara Ex pre## W e#t, and Day elnaa ronn tlou at Lock Havan train*. d Weet connect at Krln with train# It., at Carry with O.C. A A. V R • ith H N. Y. k P R R., an I at i. R. R run between Philadelphia and agara Expre# Went. Erie Exprene Ex pre-# lad and Day liprw* xpre## Kant. 81##ping * ar# on all W*. A Rsunwin, Oen'l Brperlntendent. RPTNirT AND NINTH KTRKKTS, pmUMLPltlt. Inent in a city famed for It# com ept in every re-|H*t ejnal L any the roiintry. ttslng to the #trin lie tirlre of l>oard h leen reduced r day. J M'KIHRIN. Manager LLErONTE. PA., I OPEN. I> P. PETER*. Proprietor ed Soldiers snd heirs of Hern who died from cnownoweni rmy, ara entitled to PRNBIONB. OWM| after J FLY 1, IBBfl. Send tructionn in all klndn of HDMIWI' ID A CO., Pension Atty'e et. WASIIINOTON. D. 0 i the Rallrnud Station.) WBIFIUI, CENTRE COUXTT, PA. [LBKCKKK, Proprietor. VKLER* on the rallmml will And dl.nl place tn Inarh, or procure a IN* et|i ahont 24 mlnntea. 47 Sen' Ad rert l sement*. FARMERS WIIO WANT GROCERIES ANI> OTIIKK SUPPLIES FOR I I A. R \' EST I ISTO SIIOFI.II CAM, ON SECHLER & Co. FOR ANVTIIIMI IN TIIK I.INK <U" SUGARS, COFFEES, TEAS, SLICES, NEW CHEESE, S. C. IIAMS, S. C. DRIED BEEF, BREAKFAST BACON, DRIED REACHES, NEW PRUNES, HOMINY and RICE,. SYRUPS and N. O. MOLASSES NEW MACKEREL, ST<>NEWA RE, QUEENSWARE, Ac., Ac., Ac. ALSO ANYTHING IN TIIK LINK OK FRESH MEATS. Wo nro killing stnl I - f.-.l ftoor. of from 1200 to 14(Slh., nrni havn poeitivt-ly th BKST MEATS that am offered for !<• in Coritre county. SECHLER <V CO. GP.OCEES, Hush House lilock, Be/lefonte, Pa. NEW ENTERPRISE, i I.EXANDER A CO., AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENT —ANI> — SEED S r rOKE, BKLLKFONTK, I'A. They mean by this all the name itn|<ort*. that l. t <lr*l In *nd t<> ftirni.h l farmer, at th loareat |..11,1. prlr. everything In the >h*| <.f an ago. liltnr.l lin|>lrnieut that f.rno-ra inilii'llng *KKI s f *ll kind.. At (<r..<-nt w. have on hnd nnd *r. the authnrtrad •g.ot. fr the <wl. ~f the *YK.\< I'SK CIIII.I.KD PldlW, m.|. el Pyracuee. N. Y' It I. th low! rhllled plow now mad.; m\m th K.j.'on. and iron beaai plow. mail. t Centre Hall. No t-rtt.r plow, then th.a. ran l<e had |..r th. *m. amount of money Ale.) th.c.ntr. 11*11 Complanler M . to-ed .ay tioth ing about the merit* of thia planter, a. the jivun-.w In II". 11l Centre roiintr demon.lratea them to he the l.ec HARROW * and CTI.TIYAToK.* of th. latent im proved pattern.. MoWKRS. KEAPr.lt* and GRAIN BINDERS-Of the.- we aell the Oat..rne either na separate M-'Wer. Comhlned It-.i—r* and Mow-ra. single llarveatere, or ae Combined Keai<era and Hinder* TIIK. W IIKKI.KK, No 0. as * < ..ni'.ined maehlne, la the I-eat machine of the kind in the market. TIIK GREATEST IMPROVEMENT oK THE AGE fa the Norrlatonn Gleaner and Hinder. Call and a-e It. it Is wonderfully perfect. Any l.y twelve yearv old. with one hnrve, wj|| f„|. low and hind ell the grain that any Keeper with aide delivery will rut It not only hinds hut gleana, end will sere the prlre of the machine In nne yeer. I.y taking up frotn theatuhhle thet which la now 1...1 TIIK M .aIIKIIKY GRAIN DRILL, either with or without broadcast hoe*, with or without fertlliv.r ami aee.l Sowing alts-hmenla It |a the heat grain drill for all nnr|.iaea In the market. TIIK OKIBER THRKytllK.lt AND SEPARATOR- The reputation of this marlline I. o e.ll e.tehn.he.l that we ran say nothing almat It that the paa.ple d* n<t know Any parson wanting one, or In nevd of repair* for the now In th# eonnty. rd-aae rail. HEKIINKR S PATENT LEVEL TREAD IIORSE POWER, for one sod two horaea, with I'ateut Spee.l Regulator. Little Giant Thresher and Cleaner. VICTOR CLOY KR II 1.1,1. K K Sole agent* for Cen tre rountv. WAGON*, CARRIAGES. BIOOIE* and PII.KTON*. —We are agents for the aale of the relehrated CONK LIN WAOON, the reputation of whlrh la so well e.tale ll.hed: alaoof the CORTLAND PLATFORM SPRING WAGON*. Carriages, Phartona and Haggles. All ar* warranted Call and nee specimens and examine rata lognea as to at t lea and pe|< ea Iwfora huylug elsewhere. Catalogue* furnished on application PLASTER AND KKRTILI7.KK*—Cavnga piaster ftnely ground, aa g0..,| as the heat Nov# Scotia, at the low prlre of 17 <t per ton. Peruvian Guano a>,ld order* only. Ph-wphate* always on hand. Special manure* for different nop* nold up<in onlera a" manit farturera' prlcea. POWDKII —We are Dnpont'a agents Blasting, sporting ami Rill* powder on liand and aold at whole a lie prlrea; also fuse. fIRAIN.—After th* growing rmp I. harvested w* will lie prepared to pay the highest market price lor all kind* of grain. OOAI. —Our yard la aleaya storked with the heat Anthracite Coal which we sell at lowest prlre. I.IMK —We make th* beet whit# lint* In the Btate. Its properties for mechanical and agricultural pur pnae* excel all others. PAIRHANKS' STALKS -We are their agents In Centre rounty nnd will aupply all parties wishing (isal and Irn* scale* at their lowest price*. Wa extend an Invitation to everylaaly In want of anything In our line lo rail nt our store mnmi, op posite the Ruah House, and ae* what we have, and learn from th-ia* In attendance more partlrnlarly th# aro|a> of onr toielnes*. ALEXANDER A CO. Rellefonte, Pa , May 8,1 **>. 19-tf WOODWARD SEMINARY. Boarding and Day School for Young Lsdlei tnd Little Chlldrtn. SECOND AND LOCUST STREETS, HARRISBURO, PA. Regular term will lu.gi B RRITKMRKR 10, 1*79. Course of study—Classic and Srlenllllr, with Music and Art. H<nl and tnlMon from |2fio In >3BO a yaar and no extrM. For I irrnUr# ami #ll <t##lr*t>l Inform#!lon KMrs Mi PRINCTPAL. T>BOCKERIIOFF HOUSE, X A HKLI.KKONTK, PA. W. R. TELLER, Proprietor. Oood Sample Room on Second Floor, tf"Pra# Sua* to and from nil Train*, special rata* to wltneeaea and Juror* l-lj Site €rntrt Jltwcmit. SO ♦ ■ . ' ■- IIKI.LKKONTK, PA. iIGRICXrijT'U'BAL. NKWH, FACTS AND HUCMIKHTIONM. THK TUT (IT TUIt I<<TI<IIIAI WRLFANX IN Tll IXTKLLI oinc* AMO raois>RiTT or THB IAXMCR. Every fnrmtr in /tin annua! experience discovers somethiny of value. IVrite it ami ir.ml it to the "Ayrieultural Editor of the DEMOCRAT, Relief ante, I'mn'u," that other farmers may hare the benefit of it. Let communications be timely, mot be sure that they are, brief anil irell pointed. WK devote a considerable portion of our space in tliis department of our paper this week to a detailed account, copied from the American Dairyman, of the season's test—just closed—of Mr. Darling's wonderlul cow, Kurotas , now the greatest butter producer in the world. It cannot fail to be of great interest to all who either make or use butter. We par ticularly call the attention of all who own or feed cows to the statements of what and how she was fed, and the reasons given therefor. Do not expect the cows, on frosted grass, and exposed to the cold and storms incident to the season, to give profitable returns. Stable them at night, and gi<e them a generous feed of some sort in the morning before turning them out. At our last thrashing we put away a large bin full of nice clean wheat chair, and now our cows get a full feed of this every morning, made into a "cut mess," with about four quarts of "chop." Our "chop" is made at home, on one of J. A. Field, Son A Co's Big (iiant mills, by grinding together equal quantities of corn (cob and all) and oats, and then mixing with the meal thus made an equal quantity, by measure, of bran. Four quarts of this, thoroughly wetted and mixed with as much clean wheat chaff as a cow w ill eat clean, is not very expensive, nor is it very "high feeding," but it pays day by day in the increased quantity and quality of milk and butter, and the improved condition of the cow, stored aw ay as so much capital upon which she can drnw during the severity of the com ing winter, is so much clean gain. Saving is Making- Some one, calling himself "Farm Hand," recently wrote to the Praeiieal Farmer complaining of his hard lot in life. In reply WAI.DO, who, by the way, is one of the most prarfical farmers within our knowledge, gives some excellent advice quite suitable for all young readers on the farm. We copy a portion of it below, and regret that we have not room for the entire letter: Now a word ft to the young manV expends. I said he i* spending too much. Not that SIOO n yenr un large <um, tint it is certainly more than is necessary, nnd as the money he is tnnk ing now is like "precious seed." he can not he too careful of it. I don't think a young man will respect himself any more or he respected by society, because he spendi SIOO a year when s."io woubl answer; hut society does respect the voting man who is successful inaccumu lating property. The young man who must depend on his own resources for success snd expects to earn by labor every dollar he ever owns, cannot afford to patronize livery stable*, or to spend time and mnnei in attending places ot amusement. He can attend an ocean sional good lecture, and he can take two or three good papers, and if he has access to it, can patronize a circulating library, he can dress well on less than S4O a year if he buys the right kind of clothing, and this would leave him $lO for spending money, and if he makes hut slfio ho hsd tietter limit himselt to this. Me can not afford to smoke cigars, or chew tobacco, hut he is all the better otr without them. As his profits increase ho ran allow himself some luxuries, hut he will find that he can be happy without them. It is by habit of economy and by spending their evenings in improvement of their minds rather than society, that young men are fitted for future success. The young man who starts out in life with the idea that the end is pleasure, and who says, "I am going to enjoy myself as I go long; the world owes ine a living and 1 am going to have it." is not likely to ever be a man of influence, and I think it was of such Christ spoke when he said. "He that loveth his life shall lose it." Let me advise "Farm Hand" to read Tilcomh's Letter*, by J. 0. Hol land, and as he reads, let him remember that the road to success in any calling is a road of self-denial. A Seasonable Hint We would suggest that now is a good time to patch up the hen house. Mend the broken hinges, roosts and nests, for there arc probably plenty of them needing a slight repair. Clean out the old straw from the nests and burn it. (lather*togetber all the chicken coops and nail on strips wherever they arc missing. Nothing gives greater delight to the owner than order and system about tin- chicken premises, while in the end it greatly pay a to keep things in repair and in their places. The younger members of the family should be encouraged to do tins, get ting a fair share in the profits of the enterprise, while by regular care the Winter through the yield of eggs will bo treble what it otherwise would be if every thing about the hen house is left filthy ami at sixes and sevens. A Wonderful Jersey Cow. The season's test of the remarkable butter cow Eurotas, No. 2,-4" I, which has been in progress for neatly a year at the farm of her owner, Mr. A. 15. Darling, near Ramsey, N. J., ter minated with her milk of October 15, tit which time she became practically dry, and' on November 4 she dropped a calf. It lias been foreseen for some time by fanciers of the Jersey, and of butter stock in general, that her test for the year was likely to surpass any previous one, the highest instance heretofore known being that of the cow Jersey Bell, of BcitUAte, No. 7,82*, owned by Mr. C. O. Ellms, of Scituate, Mass., that made 705 pounds of butter in a year. The accompany ing table, compiled from the records kept at Darlington Farm, shows the | footings for each month, anil a total j result for Eurotus of 778 pounds 1 i ounce of butter for the year. No account was kept of the milk and butter made during the first lb days of her milking period, and, as her last calf was dropped a few days within a year from the date of the commence ment of the test, she would be entit led to the additional time had the trial commenced five days earlier. The weights of milk and butter were taken at each milking anil churning, the butter being weighed before add ing the salt, but not until the butter milk was thoroughly rinsed and worked out. The texture and flavor of the butter is very fine, its color good in summer, but lighter than that of many Jersey cows during the winter months. Enormous as this | yield seems whin compared with that ! of an ordinary cow, those who have lier in charge express the belief that during the previous year she far ex i cccded it This view is sustained by I the occasional tests for short periods that were made at intervals through ! out the season, which prompted her j owner to have her separately tested , for a year. Her last calf is a heifer, I being the only one she lias, the furin ler ones being bulls. It is by Duke Jof Scituate (No. 3,623), a son of j Jersey Belle, a son of Scituate, above mentioned. This bull and a son of Eu rotas, called Duke of Dar lington (No. 2.41ib), are kept as stock sources at Darlington Farm. A not able feature of the following state ment is the richness of the milk in cream, the ratio lieing hut 9 67-100 ! pounds (less than live ipiarts) of milk to the pound of butter. The cow is of striking appearance, the i development of udder, tnilk veins, I and all the essential apparatus for the assimilation of food ami its con i version into milk being so unusual as j to draw the attention of the most or j dinary observer. Kl ROTAS, 2,454. Dropped calf Oetolicr 31, I*7o, and calved again November 4, I*Bo. The intervening test for butter com menced with Novemlier 10, I*7o, and ended with October 15, I**o : (period, 11 months 6 days), at whicli I time she became dry : Sn WYtgM Wrt*bt of ttav*. of Milk. —llutw I FTP. Il. or X0t*r*i1*r......... .'1 4.M 4<i 1 rmbr:;l #.V\ 74 0 IMM January :tl 74* 7t 2 fckfltfj 1 MTU 77 1 Mar'h II 7A ft A|<rlt 11 M n\ II 77"' It 11 Jan*.- 30 *2? M fl July .1 7"' s A direct............ 31 ?D4 1 I S'l'l'inUr 3m 4 % 4 1 32 6 October..... 1A 1/3*, * lo Total 341 7.A2A 7r* 01 The cow was of course liberally kept, yet the secret of the great yield is clearly in the blood, for no ordinary cow, however fed, can lie made to accomplish nnything like the some results. In winter she had all the hay she wanted, and in Addi tion a pail of gruel of bran and oat meal, thin enough to drink, three times a day. The amount of feed contained iu this slop is said to have been slight, and was given rather to induce her to drink freely than to nourish, as grain was found to in crease her rapidly in flesh. When grass came, however, to stimulate the lnctcal organs, the grAin ceased to tend to (at to the same extent, and she was fed three quarts of corn meal daily in two feeds. In hot weather she was stabled from the midday sun ami fed green corn fod der while up, with the choicest of the pasture while turned out. Though hers is said to lie the moat remarka ble test, other cowa closely allied to her in blood have made surprising yields of butter. In Canada apples arc rarely stored for keeping in house cellars. A spe cial ccllnr is made, deep, with thick stone walls laid in mortar. These walls rise above the surface only about ten inches, to allow of small windows for ventilation and light. There Is a double floor above filled in with moss or sawdust. This floor is covered by a roof-like attic and the apples are there kept until the ap proach of severe frosts, when they arc sorted, barreled and lowered into the cellar through a trap-door which is then closed and packed in the same way as the floor. At times during the winter when the weather is not freezing the cellar is opened and the fruit removed for sale. When prop erly made and managed there is little or no loss in the. way of storing win ter apples. Profits of Underdrawing. We (ind in the I'ractiraf f'urwr a portion of a paper upon the subject of Drainage, recently read by Mr. J. M. Harrison, from which we clip some of the most pointed paragraphs: Drainage deepens the soil. We can work drained lands sooner after rains. Drainage improves uc texture of the soil because it renders it mellow and friable. Drainage will prevent our best grasses from running out. It will prevent clover or wheat from freezing out. It requires all the lengths of sea sons we can get to produce some of our crops. We can always plow and plant earlier in the spring on drained land. Drainage prevents the damage from standing water, which kills out the best grasses and brings in the worst, and often drowns out an entire crop of grain. Spring water absorbs carljonie acid, and carbon is tlie great element •n plant life. Hence, water oozing out of the ground robs the plant of nearly nil its food. Manure applied to wetland is near ly all lost by being carried oir with the surface water. On drained land it filters into the soil and remains there until used up as plant food. A corn crop is often lost by the ground being to wet to work it at the pro| r time. Wheat crops have also been lost by the ground benig so wet in harvest that a reaper could not be used. Alter drainage there was no trouble iu this res|teet. It will prevent hilly land from washing because the water will pass oir through tlie drains ami the drop pings of stock will rnuain and make a good sod. It will prevent spouty land from slipping because the sur plus water is carried away and the soil remains firm. An inch of soil on an ncre weighs a hundred tons. An undrained field, where roots ran not go down more than four inches, will have four hun dred tons of available soil. Drain it three feet deep and you have three thousand tons of soil on an acre. Think of the difference 1 It the soil is full of water the roots of plants will all lie found with in a few inches of the surface. But if we drain, the action of the air and frost will deepen the soil and the roots of wheat and corn will pene trate to a depth of five or six feet in land drained to that depth. John Johnson, of Genera, N". V., began draining wilii tile in 1*35 and ended in 1854. He put over fifty miles of tile in atiout 320 acres of land. He says that it will pay to borrow money at ten per cent, to drain and that he usually realized all the expenses from the first crop. Drainage makes soil damper in dry weather because it makes it soft and more capable of retaining moisture. It warms the soil because it gets the cold water outot it in the spring, and the warm rains soak down through it, carrying the heat from the surface downward. If the water was to lie there and evaporate it would cool the soil, because evaporation is a cooling process. About Greer Manuring. From F.<i , in Country Hsntlsmm. I was pleased to sec the article of W. H. White, pa?e 675, on green manuring, as it agrees exactly with my experience. There can, I think, be no mistake in the decided advan tage derived from the practice. It is giving to the ground what was there before, with the added material furnished by the atmosphere, and that liberated by chemical action through the deconi|K)sition of the plant, the plant being in its best con dition for this purpose, tender and readily decomposed, which is import ant in saving time, especially when the land is intended for wheat, as where stubble la turned down with a green crop, this grain requiring rip ened manure united with the soil. Practicslly, when plowed under, it serves almost the purpose of decom posed manure, so soon is it decayed, and so rapid ia its action on the soil. It should never be turned down deep, only sufficiently to get well covered. This keeps the strengh near the surface, where the heat and light rnlns favor decomposition. It now only needs the use of the cultivator mixing the decayed vege table material and surface soil, to get a superior seed bed, the whole ot the operation (growing the vegetable ma terial and rotting and mixing it with flic noil ready for Rowing) taking no longer than the time required for rotting ordinary liarn manure. What an advantage ia here presented for enriching land after the grain crop i* 1 removed, the need (of aorne fast-grow ing plant) and harrowing being the | only expense! Fattening Poultry. : From lit* Poultry World Two weeks is sufficient time in which to fatten fowls for the market. Hut this demands c onformity to ccr [ tain conditions. The fowls should not have full liberty. At this time it is not economy to give them opporlu j nity for exercise. It is desirable that I all the food taken should lie used to [ make fat, not foc Vtrength or muscles. | From eight to twel *• may IK* shut in | a small room together, where they cannot see other fowls and where there will lc nothing to disturb them. If the rooms should be partially dark ened, all the better. Let the birds have complete repose; let their flow ers work toward digestion. The quickly fatted fowl is tenderest and most juicy. If no suitable room is available, a large coop may be con ! strutted with feeding troughs outside. It is important that the feed should !be clean, sweet and abundant. For j this reason it should not be placed where they will run over it. The object is to have birds cram them selves, sit clown quietly and di gest, then cram again, and so on to | the end of the chapter. Now, if j they are confined in a coop having a I tight bottom the place will soon lie ; come intolerably filthy. There should ; lie openings or w ide spaces of the i floor that it may le cleared often, j then covered with saw-dust or some , other suitable litter. Kept in this [condition the fowls will take four square meals in a day. If there should be a quarrelsome one in the ' lot, it should tie parted from the rest. .Such a fowl will prevent the others from eating to the full, and disturb the quiet which is necessary to the rapid digestion of the food. Fighting tends to leanness. Kven scolding w ill use up food, and prevent an oily, rotund condition. There is no better food for fattening purposes, the world over, than sweet, finely-ground corn rneal wet up with ski turned milk. The mixture need not be so dry as when rneal is mixed with water. There is no danger that fowls will get water-logged on milk. Some jKiulter ers feed buckwheat meal, thinking that it renders tire poultry better in flavor. There is no objection to mixing one third buckwheat meal with the corn rneal as a change. The mixture should IK* seasoned with a spoonful of salt each day. Fowls that have dough for their rations will not re quire much water, yet fresh, pure water should IK* supplied, that they may drink when they thirst. Fattening an Old Cow on Milk. To a correspondent who wants to know how he shall fatten an olcl jeow that is hard to dry up, the Na tional Lite Stork Journal replies: The only profitable way to fatten such a cow IK to fee<! her as if you were in earnest in fattening her, and take all the milk she is willing to give you. If you propose to dry her off before commencing the faiw-n'ng process, we should advise you to take the shorter and more profitable course, and that ia to take her hide off—for her hide ia worth more than she will be worth after she is fattened, provided TOU first de duct thecost of fattening her. In oth er words, an old cow will eat, while fat tenning more than she will be worth. Hut an old cow, that has been a good milker and is hard to dry up, will give milk enough whilst she is fattening to pay the whole cost of her food, and thus she will fatten herself free of ex pense. In this case, the feeder will be pleas ed to see the faithful old cow eat, and will be in no great hurry to get her ready for the butcher. It takes time to feed up an old animal, and will take a little longer to fatten her when giving milk, but time is now of no particular consequence, for she pays for all she eats. We have tried this experiment many times upon cows that had been so good that we were loth to part with them at 12 years old—an age which few cows are profitable to pass—and we never failed to make them good beef in four to eight months, and those that were fed eight months were quite as profita ble as those fed four. Their milk al ways a little more than paid for their food, and sometimes a good deal more. We have fattened cows at 16 to 19 vears old, and made them weigh 100 to 250 pounds more than ordinary weight at aeven years old. Stirring the Soil. It is more than 200 years ago since there lived Jethro Tull, the famous agriculturist, who was auch an en thusiast for stirring the soil that he formed the opinion that crops could be produced without the aid of man ure. It is a matter of considerable importance, remarks the GarHmtr*' (*roWr,that the atmosphere should enrich and aweeten the soil, and un less its surface ia in a fit condition to allow the air to permeate it, its valu able properties are lost- Travelers inform ua that the Greeks in their vineyards throw up Ure earth between the vines in ridges, the object being to enrich and sweeten the soil by exposure, adding and mixing manure with the ridge of earth before return ing it to the roots, which it would appear they are in the habit of prun* ing annually.