Newspaper Page Text
D. LAXDiIETIi SOXS, Harden Seal*, Philadelphia.
The Attention of Market Gardeners
iud olhtri dnlrlnic to Pirrhuc Nm<lk
1 vC.&z'' S y s/ / 1 rellaillo tbo FACT ttiHt Ilia CM*u mid olhnr Brada
I *• f y / / 7 s nfforrd lip l> LAN OKKTII A "ON" to llioir ciiatomrra
| \ YY| 1 E \ "TV T r grown awl "'"I i>M*lrily lp ttirmarlroa, upon tlirlr
H'.'rDri nu.OrTrvVyi— L own farina. lb" rnlt of manp raara ontul awl
V,\ At\| y r nTi lr. r|j V* Htll | Intel a'rlrrtloii.awl ara not tlm rrault of rlianro
• v V T* nn<l • 'irt'titM |>il,!wo', front paitiaa who know nothing
. of th Inialnaoa of nllng Hard lataiiig rtN|Uir<w
—— v*'m of clttx' olmortntlon. rarrful attrntlun to tha ona
HKtnl'tr. t, and cannot Ik* a. .pnrrd In a thoil tint hp lltoH wboaa attri.tloii haa boon attgriHiioMl with other
K "ti." Soel tlrowing Gatalilialiait'itt of 1> LANDHKTII A SONS (now romprlaliix Vol a, rra). Aral folindad
P in IT*:, ami pa.ain K to three H eneraliotia. hat hern . ondm 1.-.l lth the vi.w „l pr.-lnrliii .natla of lit. im Ul
purMt tiiwlltv. Me are, Iherelore, iu>lißrf, in ManriiiK ,,,r cuetomurn Miut Tllh Hr.KH.s OrrKKhu ItV
KHs II AVK Ml M I'RKIOH IN Tills OK ANY OTIIKK CiH'NTK Y The puldh generally are lnrlla.l to
®all ani examine our hk of SKKHS. IMPLEMENTS AND TOOIJI, all ot the llr.t i|iiallty. No aavond
p .t|Uuliiv #•*!•• f° r Cntwlogue free. Prke* low.
D. LANDRETH <fc SONS,
21 and 23 South Sixth Slreel, and No. 4 Arch SI., Philadelphia.
I A NEW OFFER.
mlmost Given Away, an Eight-Page Paper for Less than
Cost of Paper, Ink and Postage.
I" THE "WORLD
HANCOCK ane ENGLISH
FIRST, LAST AND ALL THE TIME,
AND "WILL BK SENT,
Postage paid, from now until January 1, 1881,
sfWeekly - f° r 25 Cents
r Semi-Weekly - - for 50 Cents
I Daily, including Sunday, for $2.50
Or until aftor the Inauguration for doublo tho above prices.
I Democrat", send for it and read what in being done all over the country by
|gb Democrat" to insure a jilorious victory this fall. Send it to your Republican
|t iieijrbbors,' and convert them to Democracy.
HELP ON THE GOOD CAUSE!
Address THE WORLD, 35 Park Row, New York.
H'il*on, Mri'arlane C Co., Itardu-are Dealer*.
WILSOIST, MoFARLANE & CO.
E DEALERS IN
'aints, Oils, Glass and Varnishes,
LFJiUKN Y BTRRKT, • • • • 111 MKB' RIX)CK, • • • • BBLLBFGMTK, PA.
I It it sines# Cards.
LT AIINESS M A NUFACTOIIY
LB in German'* New Blork,
HKI.I.KFOMK, FA. I->f
T P. BLAIR.
7 . JEWELER,
wATcnM, clock a, jgwtLir, Ac.
All work neatly eteruted. On Allegheny atreat,
■for Hrockerhoff' llonaa. * "
iF.ALEKS IN PURE DRUGS ONLY.
[II ZELLEII k SON, *
el . DRROOI.HTR.
No fi. BrorkerholT Row. J
f All the Rtandar*! Patent Medlrlnea Pre-'
nterlptlona nd Pamlly Recipe" accurately e
11 iireieml, Truaeea, Shoulder lirarea, Ac.. Ac. j
I 4-lf g
" GUIS DOLL,
PA.SIIIILNABI.K BOOT A RIIOKMAKER,
Brorkeihoff Row. Allegheny atreat,
8. e. HVHKa, Pree't. 1- T. BAkkta. ("aali'r.
FIRST NATIONAL HANK OF
Allegheny 9treat. Meilefonte. Pa. foil
CENTRE COUNTY RANKING
And Allow Internet,
Buy tnd Bell
Gold and Conpon*.
|*u A BKAVBR, President,
9. D iBHWi OmM*T.
R I'ONITI VKL.V CURED.
A LL sufferers from this (lineae
pL that ara antlooa to be cured ahonld try Dk
nfXKRM CELEBRATED OONhI'MPTIVB WIW-
But. Tlieae Powder" are tha only preparation known
u will cure Couavurno* and all dlaeaaaa of tha
Kkott AID LCl'ia—lndeed, ao atrong la our fallh In
■ha. anil alao to roarlnr* yon that thay ara no hum-
B we will forward to atery ealfarer by mall, pat
H, a rati Taut RAx.
We don't want yoar money until yon are parfartly
Bbfted of their rnratlte powera. If your Ufa la worth
Mag, don't delay In firing thaaa Powataa a trial, aa
Mr will aurely cura yon.
Pill .- for large hot, J3 (, rent to any part of lha
fated "lute* or Canada, by mail, on receipt of price.
I ASH & ROBBINS,
LJy 380 Fnlton Btraat, Brooklyn, N. T.
\ llainlmg- by an# month'a utaga of Dr. Qaa
jrd'a Calabratad Infollibla Fit Powdara. To eon
face .offerer" that theae powdara will do all wa claim
lr lham W. will aend tliem by mail, roar rin, a ntkk
Rial MI. Aa Dr. (ioulard la Ilia only phyalelan that
pa eter made thla dlaeaee a apedal .tody, and aa to
■r knowledge thouaanda lurehe-*n raintiirrtr cr-
I by the nee of thaaa Powain*. wi wnx atUHITII A
Rlttltf care In eaary caaa, or iirtm rotr ill.
four lirvMii. All anfferera ahonld glra thaaa
mwdera an aarl]|frlal, and be conrlnced of thalr com-
EprPe, for larga b0x,53.00, or 4 boxea for 11400. aant
b mall In any part of tha Hatted Ptatee or Canada 00
iclept of price, or by axpraaa, C. 0. D. Addreaa
[ AHH & ROBBINS,
L|y, 380 Fnlton Street. Brooklyn N. T.^
DROC K EIIII OF F HOUHK,
I > RBLLBFOKTI, PA.
W. R. TELLER, Proprietor.
I Good Sample Room on Second Floor.
MV-Fraa Buae to and from all Train*. Special rataa
■ wltneaeea and Jnruri. 1-1/
BKLLKFONTE A SNOW SIIOK
K R.—Tiiu*-Tl>l lii on *nl flr May
Mnov Bho* 7.20 A. M.,arrive* in BrlUfont*
9.10 A. M
1W.7 A W.
I."ave Buw gboe 2JO r. H.,arrive* In B+lUfoat#
3 4* p. m.
I.INITN H*llefont* ">.16 r w . arrive* at Snow Bho*
8.67 P. M. DAMKI. VtIIOAM,
BALD KAOLEVALLKY KAIL
III >AP.—Time-Table, April 29, I**":
Kip Mall. Mtwaat>. Kip. Mail
a. m. y ■ r. in
• I" 832 Arrire at Tyrone Leate 7 I I Jl)
* .'I 8 23 Leate K*"t Tyrone Leate... T IS a 27
739 6VI ...... " Vail " ... 7 l *3l
735 817 " Mai,l Eagle • ... 7*l A .17
74* t, <) •• Fowler " ... 753 a4B
742 8 3 " Hannah " ... 738 9 J
73S S3 " P-Tl Matilda " ... 741 918
727 347 " Martha " ... 7Si 92*
71" S3* " Julian " ... 1 to
7 * 537 " ('mantilla *' ... *II 9 4.1
7 tai Sl* " Hnnw "hoe In " ... *SI 9SI
658 iIS " Mlleebarg " ... 24 858
848 S S " Itellefonte M ... 832 SI
838 4AS " Mlleaburg " ... *45 In 3
823 443 44 Cortln " ... 85Slo 14
41* " Mount Eagle •' ... BOnlo 18
8 9 431 " Howard •• ... 9 10 29
683 42U ..„ " Kaglerllle " ... 9lalo 42
SSO 4IS •• Beech Creek " ... 922 111 47
534 4 3 44 Mill Hall 44 ... 93411 00
529 400 Flemlngtoa 44 ... 937 11 4
425 333 •• Lock llaten 44 ... 942 II *
| JEN NSYLV AN IA K AILROA D.
I —(Philadelphia and Erie Dttlalon.)—o and
aftar December 12. 1877 :
ERIK MAIL leatra Phlladalphla 11 S3 p m
" " Harriabnrg 4 2ft a m
44 44 Wtlltamaport...... 9 33am
" 44 Lock llatan.... 9 40am
44 44 Ranoto. 10 3S a m
44 art! tea at Kria 7 33 p m
NIAOARA KXPRRBO laataa Phlladalphla- 7 21. a m
4 4 44 Harrtahnrc.... 10 SO am
44 44 Wllllamaport. 2Jn p m
44 arritat at Renoro. 4 40 p m
Paaaangera by thla train artita In Belle*
fonte at..... 4 33 p m
PAST MM K learea Philadelphia II 43 a m
44 44 Harrteborg 333 p m
44 44 W1111aiinixirt............... 730 p m
44 arritea at lark llatan 8 40 p m
PACIFIC KXPREBB leatea Lock II at en.™ 840 a m
44 44 Wllllamaport... 753 a m
44 arritea at llarrtehnrg 11 33 a m
44 44 Phlladalphla..,. 84S p m
DAT EXPRESS laataa Renoto 10 10 a m
44 11 Lork llatan II 20 a m
44 Wllllamaport.... 12 40 am
44 arritea al Harriabnrg 4 10pm
44 44 Phlladalphla. 720 p m
ERIK MAIL laataa Ranoto 9 33 p m
44 44 lawk llatan 943 p m
44 44 Wllllamaport 11 03 p m
44 arritea al llarriahurg 2 4S a m
44 44 Philadelphia 700 a m
PAST 1.1 RE laataa Wllllamaport .... 12 34 a m
44 arrltaa at Harriet mrg.. 3 Ham
H ■< phlladalphla. 7Mm
Kria Mall Waal, Rlagmra Ktpreaa Weat, Lork llatan
Ariomm.elation Waat. and Day Ripraaa Kaat. maka
e|oae ronaecttnne at Northumberland with L. 1 I, R.
R. traina for Wllkaalatrra and Scranton.
Kria Mail Weat. Niagara P.ipreaa Waat, aad Rrla
Ktpreaa Waat. and Lock llatan Arcomawdatlan Waat
maka cloaa ronaertlon al Wllllamaport with N.C. R
W. traina north.
Kria Mall Weat, Niagara Ktpreaa Waat, and Day
Ktpreaa Kaat, maka cloaa eoaaartlon at Lock llatan
With H. R V. R. R. traina.
Rrla Mall Raat and Waat conaact at Rrla with train#
on I. 8. 4 M. R. R R.. at Corry with O. C. A A. V. R.
R , at Emporium with I. K. 1. A P. R. R., an J at
Driftwood with A. V R. R.
•Parlor rara will rnn batwaaa Phlladalphla aad
Wllllamaport on Niagara Eapreaa Waat, Kria Ripraaa
Waat, Phlladalphla Ripraaa Raat and Day Ktpraaa
Raat, and ttanday Ripraaa Raat. Sleeping rara on all
aight traina. Wn. A. Ratmin,
CORKER CHKPTNI'T AND NINTH 9TEKETS,
Thla hauaa. prontlnanl In a city famed for lla com
fortabla hotala, la kept In atery reaper! e<|iial In any
Srat rlaaa botali In tha country. Owing to tba atrtn
gency of tha tlmaa, tba prlca of board haa been reduced
to ntu MU4M par day. J. M'KIBBIN,
New Advertisement 9,
HAR V EST I'N O
SHOULD CAM. ON
FOR ANVTIIINO IN TIIK LINK OK
s. C. HAMS,
s. C. DPI EI) REEF,
IJHEAK FAST HACON,
HOMINY and RICE,
SYRUPS and N. O. MOLASSES,
•ST< )N EWA RE, QIJ EE NSW A ItE,
Ac., Ac., Ac.
ALBO ANYTIIIMJ IN TIIK LINK OK
We are killing "tall-fed Atoerx of from
120(11<> ltikilb"., and have positively the
that are ortVretl for "ale in Centre county.
SEC! I LEE & CO.
an o a r: n s,
llukh House llluck, Reliefonte, Pa.
1 LEXANDER A CO.,
They mean by thin all the name import",
that i, to deal in nd to fnrnJali t*i farmn at Mm
luweat |MBibl price everything in the ah*|a f at.
gri< ultund implement that farmers use, inr Imlit.k-
HKKLm <>r ll kit,.l..
At profit # bavonn h*ul n<l nr* th#
agfnta for lha al of th# SVK\CI'MK < 'III 1.1.K1>
I'l.oMT, iB<lr t Byracnaa. N V. ltieth-l.fat.iiHl.fi
plow n, m*d. . nlao th* Kcji t| and iron
l|..wa iiiaile at CVtitre llall. N'o rkf>tt*r |*lrwe than
tlicw ran I— had fr the *nm* amount of ftt'>T
\|m thoOwtrw llall t'ornjibntn VI #> need *r noth
itig al-'tit th- lie-rite ••( the planter, ae th In
ua*" In t Vntr* county them t I*. tie l^et.
HAKRoHH and CU.TIVAToKS „f tha lat.-et inn
MuWER> RKAPKIIS and GRAIN 111NDF.RS.—f)f
lher waaall the Dalairn* atthar aa j*rat Vfoware.
t'omhired i;-|H-re aii-l Mnwara, aitigla Ilartaatara, or
we Cotnhitiad and Itindar*.
TIIK WIIKKI.Lh, No •, ae a ...tnhlnaft marhitia.ie
tha nu< hitia of tie kind in tha markat
TIIKGBKATBM IMPROV K.V|K.\T >K TIIK AK
ie tha Vorrtetoan Glaanar ami Bltidar, I'wll and
it. It ie wondarfullj |.arfv t
Atty l>V taalaa vaare old. with one h'.ra*. will fob
|..w and Idnd all tha grain that any K**pr with elda
dahvar.v will rut It not only bind* hut gtaana, and
will aata tha of tha invhina in on<> y**r, by
taking up from thaefuldda that wlilrh ie now |..t.
TIIK M "ItKRH Y OH AI ,N HK11.1.. alt bar with or
without browdraet hoae, with without fartllirar and
wrd ef.wing atta hnerite It j tie haat grain drill
br all puri-*e-e in ti.* markat.
TIIKoKIM.It Til It Mil KR AM J*KPARATR
Tie rap,,fat..n of thie machtna ie -o Wall aetaldleliad
that we ran aay tufthing aU.ut It that tha pa. p|e da
not koow Any parm.n wanting ona, or m nard of
ratwire f<>r thae# nw in tha ry.untv, plewaa rail.
IIKKItNKVt ft PATKNT KKVKL TRRAD HMK
POW KR, for ona and two h -reaa, with I'atant Sjea,l
Ragulatnr. I.itth- Jiat,r Thrahar and Oa-maf
V ICTtiR III'LI.I It S.|# agenta for Tan
VV AMINS.C aRKI A'.M IH OOICB and Pll fTONJi
m are agente f,,r tha rain of Mt t -l-hratad OiNK
LIN H'AllON.tha reputation of which iee, Wall aeute
llehad alaoof that oKTLAND PLATXrItVf HI KING
WAOONM. ('arriagaa, and |ttiggia Ail ara
warmnt-<l. Call and we epartmane and -tarnine rata
loguae at to atylaa and fwb ae Iwfora buying alaawhara
Cwtaloguaa furtiiehad on epj Ural ion
I'LA AT KB ANI PKRTILI7.RRS —Catnga ptaeter
ftnaly ground, m gwd ae tha I>at Nota Sr,dia, at tha
low prlca of |T ■> |ar ton. Pamttan Munno wM 'n
nrd-ra only. Ph.wphalaw alwaya on hand.
mannrwa for different crops auld u|N>n nrd-ra at rnanu
piiWDKR—Via ar- Ihiimtit'a agante. Riaetjng.
Nporting and Rifle |e,wdar on hand and aold at w|ola
aela prtf-i ; fwaa
tilt Alß—Aftar tha growing cmp | harraatad we
Will lw prepared to pay tha hlg!et markat prira for
all kinde of grum
CMAL—-Onr yard ie alwaya efnrkad with the lewt
Anthra. ita Coal which we a-ll at lowaef prlra
1.1 M K —We make the h-et white It rue in the Plate.
Ite propertiew for mwrhunirul td aghrultural pur
|oaaa eiral all ntlera,
FAIRBANKS' J*CAI.EH —We ore their agent* In
Centre roofty and will aupply all pwrtiea wielung
goo,| and trge eralae at their lowaat price*.
We extend an invitation to everybody In want of
anything In bir line to mil at r.nr ntora riH.me, op
tewlte the Kueh llouea. and a*a what wa ha*a. and
learn from thoaetn attandanre mora partknlarly tha
•co|>e of our hueineee AI.KXANDF.R k CO
Hellefufita. Pa , May fl, |w*. p.Mf
FOR THE OAMPAieiT.
TIIK " PATRIOT " DURIXO TIIK PRKAIUKK.
TI AL CANVAMt.
TN order that everyliody, no matter
How poor In par"., map rl Iha nawa .Influx lh*
Xf"at pnlltlral atrnxx'" of 1"*0, Iba OtltT P.Taio,
(Mnn.lar "dltlofi will lw a.nl hp mall to aap
addraaa, pmtaga fra. from th* preatnt llm. nnlll th"
ARaanth of Noraml.r nax>, for $-1.(10; lorlnlw of Ara
or mora, (an.l ona ropp fraa lo Iha aaodarof Iharlah.)
U.MI par mpp. W i 11,.,1,1 "on.la) arilllon, Iha I)*flT
Patxiot will ba aant lip mail In anp addran, poatax*
fraa, for aama parlod for I?..'"); lo clolwof Ara or mora
(with ona ropp ffar lo aandar of rlah) t3.no par ropp.
TUB WKKKI.T PATRIOT
from Iha preaenl lima nnlll the waak attar the Prail
d-ntlnl election will lie arm to any add rem,
Itw, lot Ponyr Clara; •• elnlia of Ate or upwanla
for TnmfT-Ptfl Catrra per ropy, with on# copy free to
•cndcr of rltth. In evert CM* the inonet muat accom
pany Ike order. Now lo Iho lime to et np rlaha.
Pernor ratlr local oraantraticrt* cannot circulate rlieap
or and more aflrctlte r*ni|ttn lltorotnra than new*.
papera fttmlonod at throe eitraordlnartly low ratra
Pond In your ordort addroaord to ParatOT Prauamna
Co , Ifiiamat an. Pi jn.
HUH II HOUSE,
IS O JEJST.
!-dm D, P. PKTKRA, Proprietor
ALL dinabletl Soldiers and lieiro of
Irruad Soldlara who died from mnorqnracea
of •artier in lha Army, ara entitled to PKNRIONA.
NO ARRCARA allowed after JOLT I. lAM. Rend
•tampa for full InitntcUona In all klnda of Soldlara'
J. H. BYPHKRD A CO., Mm AHy't
tint f street. WARIIINOTON. I> r
(Oppoalta tha Railroad Station,)
MII.WtBI'Rn, ORNTRR COUNTY, PA.
A. A. KOHLBKCKKR, Proprietor.
THROUGH TRA VRI.RRR on the railroad will Rad
thla Hotel an rtrellent ptare to laaeh, or prtxorr a
meal, a* ALL TRAINS atop about 2i mlnataa. IT
NKWH, KACTFL AND HUOOKSTIONB.
tUK TUT (IF TILL I ATIOMAL VIUKI la THI IKTEU.I
(HICK am moariHiTT or TIII raiMii.
Every farmer in hit annual experience
U nearer* eomethiny of value. Write it ami
eemt it 1,, the "Ayrinilturat Editor of the
DKMOCKAT, lle.Ue'fonte, I'enn'u," that other
farmern may hare the benefit of it. Let
communication* be timely, anil be sure that
(hey are brief and melt painted.
KKPAIR fences and gates, put away
the tools in good shape, and do the
many odd johs that will help so much
when the busy days of spring come.
Til KMC is no better time than the
present in the entire year to trans
plant grape vines. As we have often
done before, we urge it upon those of
our readers who have not all they
need to furnish grapes for the family,
to purchase one or more vines. Those
who cannot afford to do so, may
obtain cuttings from friends. Let
them be about eight inches long, in
eluding two joints—one near either I
end. Plant these in mellow Boil so j
that the upper joint shall be at the
surface of the ground. Cover with
litter of some kind when sharp frosts
may be expected and so leave them
How to do It.
1' IHST, thoromjh prrpurittion of the !
hmd by plowing, harrowing and roll- !
ing. Second, drilling in the end from j
one to two feet apart, according to
the size of the stalks of the variety
planted and its suckering habit.
Third, KI.AT cultivation. Fourth,
mijficient cultivation to keep the sur
face mellow and free of weeds. The
above we l>elieve to be the treatment
to which we owe our immense yields
of Indian corn.
So says Mr. E. S. Cannan, the
very practical editor and manager of
the Rural New Yorker, and the Kural
Experimental Farm. Compare this
with your own experience of the past
season, and see how they agree.
Exhaustion of the Soil-
It is certainly monotonous to grow
the same crop on the same field for
twenty or thirty years, but it is only
in such monotony that satisfactory
answers can be obtained Ur some of
the most important questions in
agricultural practice. It is in the
fact that Dr. Lawcs has conducted
ex|>eriments with several different
cro|m upon the same plots for such a
long series of years, and with great
care, that the deductions coming from
his work are of such value. The
recent statement in regard to his
turnip cx|>eriments are in |oint, and
we quote them Wlow, not because
they relate to turnips—which are
with us a very unimportant crop as
compared with their relation to Eng
lish farming—but as an illustration
of the disastrous effects upon Amer
ican agriculture which must, sooner
or later, follow the great wheat farm
ing enterprises of the West, as con
ducted by speculating capitalists ol
the large cities. He says :
In 1845 the land taken into turnip
experiments nt Kolhamsled, and
manured with superphosphate of
lime, gave 14 tons per acre of bulbs
and 4 tons of leaves. It has been
under cx|>crimcntA ever since, but no
succeeding crop has been so large,
and at the present time a full supply
of |K>tash, superphosphate, and other
mineral manures, will not produce
more than 4 or 5 tons of roots to the
acre. It is therefore evident that at
Hothamsted the stores of fertility
accumulated in the land before the
experiments were commenced have
Advice to College Boys.
Under this title the Practical Farm
er of recent dale reads the farmer
boys a short lesson on the utter non
sense of wasting time and labor in
the study of the classics, while at
school, which we take great pleasure
in transferring to our own columns,
and giving our most hearty endorse
ment. These are "good words," and
very "fitly spoken
Hundreds of farmer boys have
gone from home this fall, for the first
time, to attend college. We want to
say a few words to them byway of
advice, and it will do, also, for those
who have not yet gone, but intend to
go to college at some future time.
The advice is this—if you intend to
be farmers or business men, don't
let the owl-eyed professors persuade
you to fool away time on Greek and
Latin. They will talk to you about
the discipline it will afford, and how
necessary a knowledge of these l#n-
gunges is to a proper understanding
of his own tongue, but don't you pay
any attention to it. You can get ail
the mental discipline you need in
pursuing other studies that will be of
some practical use to you on the
farm or in the office or workshop.
Of course, if you have plenty of
money and time at your disposal, and
you are not preparing yourself for an
early struggle in life on your own
"hook," you can study these languges
and anything else you please, and if
you intend to be a doctor, lawyer,
teacher or minister, they will be use
ful to you. Otherwise, let them alone
and occupy your time with science,
mathematics, history, economy, etc.
Take book-keeping instead of Latin,
and English grammar instead of
Greek. Lay a good foundation and
le thorough as far as you go, and
then apply yourself to the study of
your life work, if you intend to be
a farmer, take an agricultural course
of study. It is a liberal one, as pur
sued in our best industrial institu
tions, and will, in our opinion, devel
op the mind quite as rapidly and to
better purpose than the old c lassical
course that has been so rigidly ad
hered to for centuries. We know
that fossil professors of Greek and
Latin will pronounce this advice dan
gerous, ami the man who makes it a
1001, but we reiterate it, nevertheless
—don't study Greek and Latin unless
you intend to tnake some use of
them in after life.
There are doubtless many bee fan
ciers among our readers, w ho w ill be
interested in the experience of Mr.
I). A. Kern, with a hive of Italian
bees, as related in the Ohio Farmer:
The first swarm came out May 5,
and was put in a hive filled with
comb. On the 19th of May the sec
ond swarm came out, and was hived
with a weak swarm, tin the 20th the
third swarm came out, and was hived
with the second and the weak swarm.
On the 21st the fourth swarm came
out. Mr. Kern caught the queen and
killed it, nnd put the swarm back to
the old colony. On the 2.'5 d the fifth
swarm came out. He caught two
queens and killed them, and put the
swarm back again. On the 25th, at
nine o'clock A. V., the sixth swarm
came out. He caught two queens
again and killed them, and put the
swarm back again, The same day,
at three o'clock i. M., the seventh
swarm came out again. This time
lie hi veil them in an old straw hive,
nnd set them on top of the old hive.
In the evening of the 25th he shook
them down in front of the old hive
again, and that settled for the time
the swarming fever of the old hive.
Hut on the 86th of Jane, the first
young swarm throw out a very large
swarm, and on July 3d threw out a
second swarm, and alout five minutes
later a swarm came out of the old
hive again. He hived both swarms
together and sold them for S2OO cash.
All these swarms made 235 pounds
of comb honey.
Cor f Oh Hide I fill* R~rard
To make manure of any and every
thing on the farm for which there is
no better use, should lie the aim of
every true farmer. It is, in fact, as
the slip-shod, shiftless farmer is un
worthy the name of a "true" farmer.
The first and chief source of manure
on the farm is the excrementitious
matter coming from live stock.
Chemistry shows that the liquid por
tions are worth even more than the
solid ; hence it should lie the farm
er's study to save both. How can he
do it* Easily,enough, if so deter
mined. First, let him put the cost
of his absurd fences into barns (with
basements under,) nnd all planned
with a view to housing both the
stock nnd their excrements, the lat
ter at least until it can lie safely ap
plied to the land. Everything that
can lie used as an alisorbent—straw,
chall, cornstalks, potato tops, leaves,
dry muck, road dust or even sand,
salt hay, sea weed, etc., etc., should
lie plnced "where it will do the most
good"—under the animal, behind him,
or under the floor in the basement if
dry drippings go in that direction.
The straw, stalks, weeds, bog hay or
muck ol the ordinary farm furnishes
the material for vast quantities of
manure—vast, at least, as compared
with present results. The hen house,
the privy, the wash tub, the kitchen
sink, can all be drawn upon (or large
supplies, though ordinarily most of
it goes to waste. Receptacles for
dry muck or dry sawdust, into which
slops could be conducted, could be
easily made and with leas ex|>ensc
than fences—fences, the most silly
investment ever thought of for tilla
ble land and money needing men.
The cost of fences put into barns,
and stables and drainage and manure
cisterns—in a word, into improved
farming—would add hundreds of
millions to the wealth of the agricul
tural classes. If adopted at once and
universally it would create a greater
revolution In the country than did
the discovery of gold in California.
Btahle manure excels all other fer
tilisers in this—that it is more nearly
a complete manure, furnishing for all
crops what they roost commonly
need. The farmer, then, who skilfully
supervises this branch of his work is
on the road to success. Ho will see
a hundred chances for adding to his
manure pile where his slovenly neigh
bor only sees one. Even if his ab
sorbent inalerialH possess little or no
value in themselves tliat does not
discourage him —it is a convenience
for conveying what is useful to the
land. His manure cart is in the same
category ; so is his shovel and bis
fork. Borne farmers find, or tirink
they find, that swamp muck has not
muck fertilizing value; but when
well dried and made friable by a
winter's frosts it will certainly absorb
great quantities of urinal matters or
household slops, and by that means
they can la: inoffensively conveyed
where wanted. It is safe also to
believe that, generally, swamp muck
has virtues of its own. It lightens a
stiff'soil; it holds the moisture that
comes to a dry soil; it makes a sandy,
porous soil heavier and darker; it
warms a cold, backward soil by let
ting the sun's rays through it as black
clotli does on snow or ice. It needs
intelligent treatment—as horses, lioys
and women do—that is all. Even
sand lias merits, also, though gener
ally there is no desperate need of it
within a rod or two of the sea shore.
Weeds manipulated so that their
seeds will not germinate are just as
good as straw for the compost heap.
Fermentation gives the quietus to
seeds. Slops are exactly what is
needed in a compost heap which has
too much fermentation in it, because
they check the heat and possess some
fertilizing ingredients. Muck in a
pile of animal manure and strawy
matter is also useful, because it
checks and tempers lire-fanging, and
its own possible sourness or extra
moisture is driven out by the heat.
When the farmer devotes his atten
tion as thoroughly to making man
ure as the average farmer does now
to fences and pasturage financial in
dependence is close at hand.
Think on these Things.
A man can not be a successful
farmer and something else at the
The loss of barnyard manure may
l>e prevented by the use of eave
1 don't approve of cows licking
themselves clean. I do that with the
I card and brush.
Heavy fowls sometimes receive
severe injuries in trying to fly dowu
from high perches.
If hens have a warm house and
enough to eat, and of the right kind,
they will lay in winter as well as
Niggardliness in the treatment of
the soil is the worst economy; while
liberality is returned many fold. This
is especially true with regard to grass
As food if to animal life, so is
manure to vegetable life. Therefore
he that would succeed as a tiller of
the soil must use every available
means to save and apply the same to
| his crops.
Young stock at pasture should be
taken to the barn before the nights
Iwcome very cold or the feed very
scant. There is no profit whatever
in keeping any animals that are not
constantly gaining, and it is not un
usual to find cattle at pasture growing
poor in October.
Ciilcr made very late in the season
and stored in a cold place will keep
sweet, lecause active fermentation is
prevented. If it is rich and sweet
when it comes from the press, and
care is exercised in making it from
good, sound apples, it will not be
come sour if kept in a moderately
cool cellar in a tight cask or in bot
Ahoy* th# rot of corn
Th* autumn com**, In of fold aod hr*u.
The shtlarh jrrwtt her in ihr **rly morn.
And nods from for al*or# his mellow IroMt
hb# hang* hrr banner* out
A lon* thr wood* in t rimaon garnishment.
And thivsra the frrel |ea*ae in gti*t about.
With thr brown stubble and Ihv 4rj rr blent.
A Principle in Feeding.
From thr American AfrtmlUrirt,
All food beyond such amount that
is properly digested and assimilated
by the animal is a source of loss to
the owner, and that in two ways:
First, the food is lost; and second,
the animal is not kept in the best
condition for getting the most out of
its feed—its stomach is overloaded
and its digestive apparatus more or
leas disarranged. Just inside the
limits of assimilation is the poitit to
have in view in feeding ; in this way
the animal will have a good appetite,
and other things being equal, is sure
to give the best returns for food
consumed. There is a golden mean
in feeding farm stock, which the
farmer should find.
The essentials for good vinegar
are: good cider; a temperature of at
least 70', and as ooraplete exposure
to the atmosphere as possible. The
process may be hastened by adding
yeast to the cider, or "mother" from
old vinegar barrels, which amounts
to the same thing. Vinegar making
is, therefore, a sort of fermentation,
facilitated by a low microscopio
plant of the fungus groap.