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■) k- Lsrri watch betwecm me an A ttteejwhen
-*• we ebewit one from another."
A toroad gold band engraven
With word of holy writ—
A rim, the bond and token
Wkieh love and_pryer hath lit,
When absent trom each other
Oar mountain, vale and ana,
The Lord who guarded Israel,
Sat p watch 'twren me aud thee.
nooagh days oi light and gladness,
Through days of love and.liie,
Through smiles, and joy and sunshine,
Through days with beauty rife;
When absent trom each other,
O'er mountain, vale and sea,
Ihe IxDrd oi love and gladness
Keep watch 'tween ine and thoe.
fh rough dnys ot doubt and darknesa,
In lear and trembling breath;
Through miats oi sin and sorrow
In tears, and grief and death—
The Lord ot life aud'glory,
The King oi earth and sea,
The Lord, who guarded Israel,
Keep watch 'tween me and thee.
THE GR ANGER'S STORY;
Three Elopements in One Night.
Sbe was young, gentlemen, an' she
was sassy, an' jest tut full of solid sense
.•she was of fun—an' she was full of fun
within prescribed limits, as an egg is
lull of meat.
She Knew her mind, too, an' could love
ase a woman when she was sot to it, as
ihe Btory shows. There was no better
nor likelier gal In this country, which
she's proved since, an' the way she did
up them two city lawyer stugents was
tan, gentlemen, fun.
Yes, she's the gal that eloped with
three fellers in one night, an' as respect
able a gal as you'll find in the State to
Was she well behaved? Well, you
est bet your life sbe was. Lively an'
•right when she was woke up, she was
a most thunderin' smart girl when it
same to takin' business charge of her
She was as pretty as a pictur' that's
tart ready to walk out of its frame. Her
bar seemed to float all around her head,
an' when the wind blowed through it
an' the sun lightened it up,it looked like
a gold mine—such as you read about.
Sbe was a fresh, wholesome-lookin' g&l
as ever was, with a bright eye that went
through a man like a buzz saw through
a pine log, an' she had a tigger as round
a> a buck leberry, an' sweet, as a butter-
Why, I knowed her when she was
•anly so high; she was born and raised
5r this very town, an' her money, a mat
ter of about SIO,OOO, was left by her
grandmother in trust with old Judge
Willes, an' he looked out for it, too.
The pal lived with her grandmother
till she was eighteen, an', when the old
died, she went over to her Aunt
Uilton's for three years till she got mar
ried, an' they say she made it lively for
them two women; in her own demurc-
Xke an' innocent sort o' style, of course.
Thankee; yes, I smokeevenin's some
The way it commenced was something
Ike this: You see, gentlemen, I got a
partickler here and a partickler there
till I got the whole thing.
Jennie—her name was Jennie Thomas
then—hed bed a kind o' sneakin' regard
tar Jed Billings, a smart young farmer,
fairish off, but not over well-to-do at
They'd went to school together, an'
Jed, one day, hed hauled her outer the
mill-pond. She'd fell into it in one of
bar wild scrapes a tryin' to walk across
At dam on a four-inch edge, an', from
what I heerd at the time, I guess that
mm the way the affair begun between
Hat somehow, she was kind r' offish
Is Jed, yet that young farmer bed a
• mod eddicashun—first-rate, and was
fcmewn to be square—that is, square as
sgsare goes nowadays, when the golden
vsfr appears to be to do unto others as
atom would do uuto you, if tbey got the
Btt whether it was that Jennie
mated to hev her little foolin' afoie she
3M up, or whether she wanted to see if
Jsd really loved her, or whether she
waited to fool him an' sow her female
wild oats or what not, land only knows.
tail said afore, howsumever she was
ilsfi, an' wouldn't make no regular en
figiunt, and right in the nick of the
wan j them two lawyqr stugents from
taertty arrived among our midst.
You see old Judge Parker bad his son
Irt an' his nevvy Charley Gifford to
wMktate, an' be fixed em both up for
tawym.jest as if we warn't over-stocked
wttk them chaps, same as we be with
mj worms; an' yit, gentlemen, we're
im on good haymakers an' farmin'
arty frurally, as you know.
She nevvy, Charley Giffnrd, was a
**taw good feller, as everybody's -.ware
rt to-day. But Ham Parker was a par-
Tkhkrly curious cuss, an' bid fair to turn
art lest such a mean, cross-cut lightnin'
wrtmktor as his father was—which most
sd jou know'd well enough, partickly
rtn yon had any affidavys to be done
wdthe old roan wanted his twenty-five
•rti in advance.
Woll, as soon as them young sharps
rwdiwated an' come home they both sot
Owdroyes on Miss Jennie.
Iwd bless you, in the mornin' you'd
■■lsm a-drivin' her out to the pond in
Iwkcr's old gig, in the afternoon
Charley 'd be a-takin' her up Garden
drive in the same shaky but respectable
winnicle. It looked a Rood deal like a
dead race lor Jennie's SIO,OOO.
Now Jennie's aunt was dead down on
Jed Billings, because he was only a
farmer, though even then, gentlemen,
he looked a blame sight more likely to
make a big farmer than either o' them
other fellers did to make a big lawyer.
Anyhow, Jennie's aunt didn't care
much which of the lawyers g*jt her as
long as Jed was kep' out. But the
cunnin' old lady rather preferred Sam
l'arker, because he was sure to hcv his
father's practice, while Charley might
hcv to whistle a good while for a client.
Then, too, Sam had away of flattcrin'
her up in city style, an' Charley was too
open and off-handed with het.
It's most generally the rascals that
gets ail the advantage-; but not in the
lo.ig run, boys, not in the long run.
Well, Sam an' the old lady got a
talkin' one day an' fixed things up be
' Jennie don't know her own mind,"
said her aunty, " an' it's my opinion
that whichever gits away witli her first
will get the prize, an', Sam, you'd better
do it. She's a giddy young thing, an' 'll
slick by the one as gots for her the
heaviest. She's morantic, an' won't
marry in church noway; them kind
never koes till arter they gets married
in a wagon by moonlight."
You see, gentlemen, she didn't size
Jennie up jest right.
Things begun to thicken up pretty
good, an' one day Sam Parker, the law
yer's son, thought it was about time to
put up his little job on Charley and Jed
arter his own style, as agreed on with
the aunt. The strickiy honorable didn't
run much in Sam's family anyhow.
Sam's plot was like this: He got
Charley aside one mornin' an' told t. n
everythin' was fixed, an' he was goin'ij
marry the gal that night.
" Now I know what you love me for,"
said Sam, in his c-00l style; "but I know
that for old friendship's sake you'll give
in to me, so the gal can be happy with
the man she loves."
" How do you know she loves you?"
asks Charley, as gloomy as a dyin' mud
" This day," says Honest Sam—which
they usd to call him so because he was
so tricky—" this day she giv me her
promise," an' be perjuced a lock of hair
an'a ring with her name on. "Now,
Charley," he continued, " I tell you
this, first, on account of our old, sweet
friendship, an', second, because I want
you to help me by takin' care o' Jed
Billings while I git away with the gal.
He watches us like a weasel, an' might
kick up a fuss. It he tries to foller ah
you've got to do is to pick a muss with
him so's to give us a chrnc
" I don't see how that's a-gom' to pay
me," said Charley.
" If I marry her to-night," saia Sam,
solemnly, " I shall take her to Boston to
ive, an' ycu step inter my practice
So Charley said agreed, and s" forth,
but he knew Sam was deep, an' kep'
askin' himself why should Sam be afraid
to Jed if he was really engaged to Jen
nie, as he said; an' why should he run
away anyhow. So he kep' on a puz
ziin', but couldn't git it out.
Well, as soon as it got dark, Sam
hitched up an' took Charley down near
Jed's farm to keep a watch on him, an'
then turned round an' took the back
road up to Jennie's.
The girl was considerably surprised
for Sam to ask her out ridin' on a dark
night, an' no party or dancin' to go to;
but she warn't afraid o' nothin', an' was
alius full o' lively curiosity about fun.
So she made up her mind to sec it out,
most pertickly as her cunnin' old aunt
made believe r'ic didn't want her to
Then the way Sam Parker put that
old plug o' his through to Eatonville
was a caution. What was said on the
way ain't known, but it's tolrnble cer
tain that marryin' warn't spoken of till
the two got to work eatin' supper. Then
Sam said how he loved her, an' how
this was an enlopement, an' the parson
was ready an' all that. Then he goes
down on his knees an' pulls out the
ring. But, in pullin' out the ring, out
come along lock of hair, the same that
Bam had been playin' off on Charley for
"Ob, you dreadful, dread ul flirt!"
hollers Jennie, makin' b'leevc mad, and
then she busts out into just the tallest
laflln' that's been heard in the Adams
house for forty years.
Then Sam pitches in an' gits wild as
to what he'll do to her or say about her
if she don't marry him, an' then Ihc
door opens sudden, an' who should
bounce in but Charley.
You see, Charley had got tired
a-watchin' Jed; so he concluded to hire a
liom and jest foller Sam an' Jennie up,
to see for himself how things was. He'd
been a iistenin' at the door till Sam got
ugly on Jennie, and then he see his
chance an' bounced in.
"My preserver! my preserver!"
screeched out Jennie, an' she goes over
to Charley an' he gits out with the gal
before Sam—who is a kind of a sneak,
any way—recovered from his surprise.
Well, tbey took the road to btarboro'
a fiytn'; but it wasn't ten minutes be
fore they hears wheels behind 'em, an'
Charley cries: " That's that rascal, Sam
Parker!" So be puts on the gad an' goes
tearin' over the road wuss than ever till
he brings up at the minister's house In
Starboro', with his horse all a-foamin
and nigh dead.
Then they both got out of the wagon,
an' Jennie all of a sadden begins to cry.
You see, she had enjoyed the fun a.l
along like everything; but at laet it be
gan to look serious even to a gal with
her nerve. It was mighty late at night
an'there she was astandin' afore the
minister's house in Starboro', fifteen
miles from home, nn' with no more idea
of inarryin' Charley Gifford than you or
I hev this minit of marryin' Queen
But Charley put on steam an' talked
away to her at a tremendous rate on ac
count of Sam's bcin' behind 'em. Then
got all broken up again in the
narves, an' while she was a-cryin' and
wringin' her hands, the other wagon
But the man that jumped out wasn't
Sam Parker. It was Jed Billings—Jed
Billings, gentlemen, as good a feller as I
ever met an' the best man with a pitch
fork in the two counties.
Then the gal straightened up an' went
right into Jed's arms, as straight as a
chipmunk slips into a holler tree.
Of course this was war, an', arter a
lovin' embrace, Jed lets her down on
the minister's steps an' prepares to go
"I'll teach you, you young [pettifog
ger," said he," to play tricks like these,"
an' he was a-haulin' off in that dynamite
style of his, when Jennie jest stepped up
Now, gentlemen, I like the female cle
ment myself, as I suppose the hull on ye
does, an' I appreciate 'em as angels and
peace-makers an'all that; but it must
be allowed tlAt Jennie did spile what
would hev been the goljnmbdest fight
that ever took place in Squigg county.
Mind yer, the stakes were SIO,OOO, an
Charley had a good deal of stand-by in
him, if he was a fortune-hunter; an' as
for Jed, everybody knows he's got a
hogsheadful o' p.uck alius on hand. It's
a shame, gentlemen, the mill didn't
come off; to this day, whenever a man
gets a liVtic hard cider in him about
here he wrasties his tongue with some
body as to which would hev licked.
But Jed an' Charley only lafls about it
now, an' wouldn't muss for anything.
Where was I? Oh, yes. Well, Jen
nie stepped atwixt 'em, an' says:
"It was all my fault, Jed—it was all
my fault, an' 1 only did it to see if you'd
be jealous. I'm a cruel, hateful, wicked
giri, an' if you won't fight, dear Jed, I'll
go into the minister's with you now,
provided you'll git me home afore my
aunt's up in the mornin', an' then I'll
marry you in church as soon as I can git
ready proper. I love you, Jed, an' if
you love me you won't want to do any
thin' to hev this business talked about
You can see, gentlemen, she was a
level-headed gal arter all.
Then she turns, as cool as a cowcum
ber, to Charley, an' she>ays:
" I know why you an' your fritnd
wanted to git mc. As it stands now, you
tried to fool me an' I had to return the
" An' now Jed's fooled you pretty
good," said Charley, iaflin.
Then they all ot a-laffln, an'Jed caved
an' Charley caved, an' all went into the
minister's, Charley actin' as witness.
Jest as they came out, Sam drew up,
with his boss lame in three legs. He
looked pretty sour when Jed introduced
Jennie as Mrs. Billings
Jennie was taken to her aunt's a-flyin'
an Charley followed at a two-mile-an
hour gait, with Sam's horse hitched on
Charley's buggy to keep him up, an' Sam
walkin' aside of him to jest stimmerlate
him up, now and then.
The perticlers didn't leak out till long
arter the church weddin', and then there
was some big fun over it.
Everybody knows now that Jed's
made that new stock-farm o' his pay like
blazes, an' Jennie's as quiet and stiddy
as the Mulbrytown guide-post, an' a
good deal more charitable.
When old Judge Barker died, Sam
took his practice, an' then sold out to
Charley an' went West. Charley has
married a likely gnl on the creek, for
love, an' is a-doin' well.
" But how was it," asked one of the
listeners, "that Jedjmanag>'d to be on
band in tiraeP"
It was this way, gentlemen, said the
old granger. Jed was a-fixin' a leak in
the roof of his barn, when Sam Parker
drove up to the crossroads that nigbt,
an'he recognized the old gig. When it
stopped an' let Charley down an' then
went flyin' up the back road, Jed
thought somcthin' was up. So lie crep'
alongside the stone wall, an' before long
he was a-watchin' Charley instead o'
Charley a-watchin' him. Then, when
Charley got sick of his job an' then
went down to the direction of the livery
stable, Jed jest chucked bis boss in bis
buggy—an' there ain't no belter piece o'
boss-flesh between here an'Greenfield—
an' foilcred bim up.
But Charley bed a good start; so Jed
got to EatonviUe about ten minutes ar
ter the couple had left for Btarhoro\
He got all the perticklers at Eatonvilie
from the hostlers, and didn't see Sam,
who was upstairs a-ponderin' what to
do. Then he set his boss to steamin'
an 1 be arriv'.
Well, that hoss is old now. and no
use; but they say he winka at Jed, now
and then, as much as to say: " I pulled
you through on that • 10,000 business;
eh, old manF" Then Jed winks, an'the
boss is satisfied. Jed wouldn't take no
money for him to-day.
"Are Jed an' Jennie happy in their
present connubial relationsP" furtively
inquired the schoolmaster.
" Carn't say," replied the old granger.
" You're married, an' you oughter know
how it is yourself." a
A balloon ascension was;made by Pro
fessor Grim ley, at Montreal, in the pret
ence of 30,000 spectators. At an eleva
tion of a mile and a half the barking of
doge and oheering of men were distinctly
Till ELY TUPICM.
The missionaries in China find the
opium traffic their chief hindrance. It
is estimated that 3,600,000 people a year
perish, owing to their inveterate habit
of consuming this drug. The city of
Ningpo lias 2,700 opium shops.
According to recent statistics, taking
1,000 well-to-do persons and 1,000 poor
per4ons, afterfi vc years there remained
alive of the prosperous 943, of the poor
only 665. After fifty years there re
mained of the prosperous 557, of the
poor, 233; at seventy years of age there
remained 225 of the prosperous and of
the poor sixty-five.
The Russian czar's recent trip to Li
viulia was guarded by 40,000 men sta
tioned along the line. He is more afraid
of assassination than ever. The pro
gramme of his proceedings is made pub
lic and then altered. He does not sleep
twice in succession in the same chamber
and takes his meals at different places
and hours from those expectc d.
Marshal Bazaine writes to the Paris
Caulois from Madrid to inform his
friends, if he still has any in his mis
fortunes, tlmt during the Bix years of
his residence in Spain he has never suf
fered from the slightest indisposition.
He does not know why people are mak
ing him die by anticipation. "But," adds
the marshal, "I have so often risked
my life during my longTand very ardu
ous career that obituary notices have
little effect upon me."
There is danger that young couples in
Rochester, N. Y., on matrimonial
thoughts intent will have to content
themselves with the services of civil
magistrates hereafter, as the Express
announces that a sort of ministerial
union has been formed there, the mem
bers of which pledge themselves not to
perform the marriage ceremony under
any circumstances without a fee of at
least $5 on each occasion. The Troy
l\mts is of the opinion that if they
would also pledge themselves not to
marry people about whom they know
nothing, they would be doing Christi
anity a service.
Seth Green publishes a card in the
Albany (N. Y.) Argus protesting against
the action of unthinking farmers who
kill salmon trout,£lack bass and other
fish during the spawning season, when
they frequent shoal water and are read
ily taken by spearing. This course is as
ruinous to the fish interest as a slaugh
ter of setting hens would be to the
poultry yard. The salmon trout spawn
during Ocfober and November, the
black hass from June 1 until July 10,
the Oswego bass from March 10 until
June 1, and the wall-eyed or yellow pike
from April 10 until May 20.1
The swelling figures of the annual re
port of the United States land office al
ways gives at least vague notions of the
vastness of the public domain, from the
magnitude of the statistics employed in
dealing with it. In one way or another
by homestead entries or timber entries
or cash entries, by college scrip, mili
tary warrants, State swamp patents, or
railroad grabs, fourteen millions of acres
have been during the pmt year subtract
ed from the public domain. The survey
ing operations do not much more than
keep pace, in amount, with the current
disposals of lands. However, thus far,
about three-quarters ola billion of acres
have been surveyed since operations be
gan, while more than a thousand mil
lions remain still unsurveyed.
The ltilian m ; nister of the interior,
Sigr.or Depretis, lately issued a circular
to all the prefects of the kingdom, call
ing their nttention to the extraordinary
nnmbcr of arrests made by the police
which are not followed by a conviction.
The minister says that this fact cannot
but injure the prestige of justice and the
dignity of the authoriths. The criminal
statistics show that, on an average, a
thousand persons are arrested daily,
which means 365,000 criminals in the
year. But the judicial authorities deny
that these criminals really exist, as of
the 365,000 persons arrested 240,000, or
two-thirds,are released at the first inter
rogatory. Thus every day 660 innocent
persons are imprisoned through caprice,
abuse, or on an empty pret ß xt.
The smoke-consuming engine invented
by Mr. David Binton. the Cincinnati
millionaire, is said to be a complete suc
cess. The peculiarity of the invention
consists in a series of four arches of
varying heights, built of fire-bricks and
rising from the sides of the furnace to
the bottom of the boiler. Between the
third and fourth arches is a (large open
beat-chamber. The coal is retained in
the fire-bed, in front of the three arches,
Until the oxygen and coal gases com
bine and pass under the arches all
aflame into the hcat-cbamber, where
they produce an intense heat devoid of
any smoke. Mr. Sinton will give
Cincinnati the free right to use his in
vention in its municipal buildings, and
he has no id*a of devoting to his own
use any money arising from the 'ale of
rights to others.
The new Warner observatory which
is being erected at Rochester, N. Y., so
attracting much attention in social and
literary as well as scientific circles
The new telcsoope will be twenty-two
feet in length, and its lens sixteen inches
in diameter, thus making it third in
size of any instrument heretofore manu
factured, while the dome of the observ
atory Is to have some new appliances
for specially observing certain portions
of the heavens. It is to be the fineat
private observatory in the world, and
has been heavily endowed by Mr. War
Strange that in a country so densely
populated as China, vast tracks of good
an d should remain uncultivated. Yet
the governor of the province of Che-
Kiang lately proclaimed that, though
seventeen years have elapsed since the
Taiping civil war ravaged the country,
large areas have since remained untilled.
In throe-named departments 1,600,000
acres are idle, and in three others 6,000,-
000 acres. Some of the land is poor,
but at least 6,500,000 uncultivated acres
are rich and fertile. Surely there are
big opening at home for every Mongo
lian in this country.
The capital employed in feeding
and clothing the civilized world is
amazing. It is estimated that there are
from 484,000,000 to 600,000,000 sheep in
the world, or, at the lowest estimate,
320,880 miles of sheep, if strung along,
one closely following the other—or
nearly enough to encircle the earth thir
teen times. Of these, the United States
have 36,000,000 —that is, marly enough
to make a solid column of sheep, eight
in a row, from New York Fran
cisco. Great Britain has about the same
number of sheep as the United States,
and the wool clip increased from 94,000,-
000 pounds in 1801 to 325,000,000 in 1875.
France and Austria produce as much,
but the United States product is only
about 200,000,000 pounds—not two
thirds of that of Great Britain. The
great sheep-breeding countries of
Australia, New Zealand, South Airica
and the River Platte brought the total
wool clip of the world last year up to
1,497,500,000, worth, at a low estimate,
Shooting the Walrus.
Speaking of the return of the schooner
an Diego, after a five months' cruise in
the pursuit of walrus among the islands
of Behring's sea, the San Francisco
Chronicle says: The ivory and oil of
these huge hyperboreans are utilized
for various manufacturing purposes, but
the market heretofore has been supplied
by whalers, who, when whales were
scarce, eked out a cargo with the product
of the walrus. To the usual articles of
ivory and oil the San Diego has added
the hides of these immense animals.
Walrus abound in immense numbers
among the islands of Behring's sea.
Like the seal they clamber up the rocks
| and beaches, and, huddling closelv.
sleep lor days without movement.
1 this condition they can be readily ap
pi oar lied, and by skiilfui marksmen
shot at will. The crew of the San Diego
shot 700 in one shoal on the beach
nt Hall island before the myriads
composing it took to the water for safe
ty. Many of them weighed over 3.000
pounds. Owing to a violent storm but
,wo hundred of this number were se
cured. Near Cape Upright and the
southeastern end of St. Matthew's is
land eighty-one were shot, and another
storm occurring, during which both an
chors were lost, obliged the return of
the vessel before the cruise was half
I completed. Heretofore the method of
capturing wairus has been with the har
poon. The alarm which this method
created soon rendered it impracticable.
The plan adopted by the crew of the
San Diego was for each man armed
with a Winchester or Sharp's rifle, to
approach the sleeping animals cautious
ly and shoot at the particular portion of
the skull covering the brain. Any fail
ure to prnetrate the brain does not
kill. The front of the head is im
pervious to a bullet, and the
neck is so well protected by the
blubb-sr that a ball produces no other
effu t than to alarm and excite the ani
mal, and thus cause the entire shoal to
take to the water. Every shot must
kill instantly without producing any
commotion or the game disappears.
The walrus is very stupid unless dis
turbed, when it fights with great power.
Throwing its immense head back so as
to elevate the tusks to a horizontal posi
tion, it springs forward, and by a rapid
move of the head is enabled to strike
with unerring aim any object within
three or four feet. Woe to the man or
animal within that limit. He is trans
fixed in a moment. Fights among the
males are frequent and terrific, often
terminating in the death of one
or both. Few females are found
in Behring's sea during the summer
months, the theory among hunters be
ing that they pass this season with their
young in the Arctic and appear \>elow
the straits late in the fall and winter.
Unlike the seal, they have s habit of
sleeping in the water with the head
partially exposed. The ivory of the
walrus sells read ly tor forty-five or fifty
cents per pound. Billiard balls, cane
heads and all ivory articles of similar
siav are made of it here, but the larger
part of it is sent to China and used ex
tensively in the manufacture of Chinese
ornaments. The oil is equal in quality
to whale oil, commands the ame price,
and is used for the same purposes. The
hides are from one and a lis to two
inches in thickness. When tanned they
furnish n superior article of belting for
heavy machinery, and are unsurpassed
for polishing silver plate.
General Francis A. Walker, the super
intendent of the census, had a sword
captured from bim at Beam's Station,
Va.. during the war. Ex-Confederate
General Anderson has recently returned
It, and has received a cordial letter front
It is proposed to sell that portion of
the crown jewels of France which is not
considered of artisllo value, and devote
the proceeds to the purchase of works of
art- The estimated value of these jewels
! is •1,600,000.
fAKM, 81BDKN AMD HOIHEHOLD.
*'• Tmur ClOMll VtaUlatcd!
There is nothing BO handy in a house
an an abundance of large, roomy closet*;
but because they are handy and ex
tremely useful they are apt to be abused.
There are tn&ny things which, as a mat
ter of course, are always put into a
closet, of which the articles of outward
wearing apparel make a large part.
There are also things which ought not
to go into a closet, i. e., a closet adjoin
ing, or closely connected with, a living
or sleeping room. Of such aie ail soiled
undergarments, the wash clothes,
which should be put into a large bar
for the purpose, or a roomy basket, and
then placed in the washroom or some
other well-aired room at some distune
frornthc family. Having thus exploded
one of the fertile sources of bad odors in
closets, the next point is to see that the
closets are properly ventilated. It mat
ters not how clean the clothing in the
closet may be, if there is no ventilation
that ciothing will not be what it should
be. Any garments after being worn for
a while will absorb more or less of the
i exhalations which arise from the body,
and thus contain an amount of foreign—
| it may be hurtlul—matter which freecir
! eulation of pure air can soon remove;
, hut if this is excluded, as in many close
1 closets, the effluvia increases, and a.,
the clothes, closets and adjoining rooms
I in time possess an odor that any acute
sense of smell will readily detect. Every
j closet in daily use in which the night
j clothes are hung by day and the day
! clothing by night, should have an airing
■s well as the bed. If the closet can be
large enough to admit ola window—and
it is in some cases—an ample provision
I for sunlight and a circulation of pure
| air is provided in the window, which
should be left open for a short time each
day. In the case of small closets a ven
; tilator could be put over the door or
I even in it. In many cases such pre
i cautions for pure clothing are not prac
ticable, and the next best thing is to see
that the door of the closet is left open
for a half hour or so each day, at that
I time when the windows are thrown
up and the large room is purified with
fresh air from out of doors. In this
way, first, by keeping out clothes in
tended for the wash, and seoond, daily
changing the air, the closets may be
comparatively pu re.—American Agri
for Fattening Cattle.
In the last number of the "Journal of
the Koyal Agricultural Society," I)r.
Voelcker gives the results ola compari
son of linseed cake witli decorticated
eotton-seed cake and Indian meal in
fattening bullocks: Four animals were
kept on wliito turnips, swedes and rhafi,
to which w added a mixture of equal
parts of the cotton-seed cake and Indian
meal. Of this mixture ttiey consumed
from November 9 to the following Janu
ary 17, 38 cwt. Another lot of four bul
locks, which up to the time when the
experiment was begun had been fed in
the same manner as the first lot, re
ceived in addition to the same quantity
of root and chaff as abive 34 cwt. of
linseed cake. Both sets of animals made
about the same gain in weight, but the
pound of increase cost in the former
case but 5 1-8 pence, against 6 1-1 pence
in the second—making a difference of a
little over sl2 on the cost of the fodder
in favor of the cotton-seed cake and
meal. — American Cultivator.
RnUdlBK Poultry llouit*.
The Poultry World remarks that in
very many cases the poultry house is
built with sole reference to keeping the
fowls warm. No provision is made
against t be heats of summer, and conse
quently in warm weather Hie hens pant
and swelter upon the roosts and fall
away in health and stop laving. A mer
ciful man is merciful to bis beasts. Fresh
air is necessary at all seasons and im
peratively demanded in summer. A
building with roof and no sides is the
best thing for fowls during half the year.
If summer quarters of this sort cannot
be afforded, separate from the winter
house, the next best thing is to build the
latter, so that the sides and ends shall
consist entirely ol doors. Keep these
open; then have wirework to keep the
Mpod Point* m CSMM Banking.
One who is posted in cheese dairying,
being asked what was the great point in
cheese making, answered: " Knowing
whentodip." By that be meant to say:
" Knowing when to salt." There is an
other point equally essential, and that is
to get the whey out of the curds and also
out of the cheese. The first can be done
by fine cutting and a few other close
points, the second by proper hooping
and Dressing, both of which are much
I>mt Krep Too Mark Stock.
There is such a thing as keeping more
than a profitable number of cows or
sheep upon a farm. A halt dosen half
starved cows will not yield as much
milk as three that have all the food that
they want. If there is no more stock
than can be well kept the returns will
be the greatest in money, anc also in the
tatis<acUon of seeing tue an i noun in -i
good, healthy condition—no small par
of the income to one who loves u have
good stock well kept upon I is Linn.
The practice of picking the fruit and
putting it in heaps for a few days until
the skin hardens, before barreling, is a
good one. Put the fruit into the b aire I
with care, shaking down when ha'.ffol)
and again when tall, so that the applon
will fit closely when the head is pressed
in by means of the barreling preen. The
opposite bead should be marked as the
one to be opened. This season of
abundant apples it will not pay
to market any except the beet fruit, and
that in flue shape.