Newspaper Page Text
1). LAN DUETH ,V SONS, Harden Seeds, Philadelphia.
°^ ,or " 'elrlii(c to I'archanf Swil*
jr J / • Isculll to th# FAiT that th# Tnbliagu and l|tr i##d.
'Z** \ offered by n. LANhKKTII A fttlNH to th#ir cimtoui^m
tv grown and aav*l entirely by thltcf\e|, upm tliotr
\ \ \ l M *" l*™ ll ** •"* °f '"•'•y ywura rwreful mid
\V\ nr\ lIH M^Sr.P fly and lnt k lli>c**it . mim! are not tlio result of clianc#
\ and earelc*# ptifcliMt* from puttie* who know nothing
f the I'll*! neon of rutathg #eed. Seed i (lining reijliim
year* of rluaa olta#rvatioti f careful attention to the oil"
subject, mill einhot be irqulml In a iboft tiro# by tlioau thoit attention lim teen ciigronm-d with other
l "" xl!" K**d Growing I*tldi.bln*nt of I>. I.ANDRKTII * SONS mow inmprUlng 1/.71 .rrra), Hrt found*.!
In 17#4. mnl IMMIIIK to Uirve generations, ha* teen conducted with the view i producing uwdi of thu eery Iteat
ntnl purest ouelttv. We ere, therefore, Justified, In aaaurtng our customer# that TIIK sKKDh oKKKHKD BY
|'K IIAVK NO Si'PERIOK IN THIS iIK \NV OTHKK 1~01 XTKY. Tli* |iuh|i. gi-n.rally mi- Invitml l
• oil mil riamlit* nnr >i.>k of KKKPR, IMI'I.KMKNTS AND TOOI.H, nil d th. Ilr.t .|iillty. Nn WHOIUI
.|ii*lity (fiMnl, for mill' otnU>gtt fr**. Prlc low.
D. LANDRETH & SONS,
21 and 23 South Sixth Street, and No. 4 Arch St., Philadelphia, j
A NEW OFFER.
Almost Given Away, an Eight-Page Paper for Less than
Cost of Paper, Ink and Postage.
FIRST, LAST AND ALL THE TIME,
AND WILL BE SENT,
Postage paid, from now until January 1, 1881,
Weekly - for 25 Cents
Semi-Weekly - - for 50 Cents
Daily, including Sunday, for $2.50
Or until aftor tho Inauguration Tor doublo tho nbovo pricoa.
Democrats, send for it anil rea<l what is beinc done all over the ronntrv by j
Democrats to insure a glorious victory thi* fall. Send it to your Republican j
neighbors, and convert them to Democracy,
HELP ON THE GOOD CAUSE!
Address THE WORLD, 35 Park Row, New York.
Wilson, MeFarlane ,C Co., Hardware Healers.
WILSON, SIcFARLAN 15 fc CO.
STOVES, RANGES HEATERS.
Paints, Oils, Glass and Varnishes,
AI.LKOIir.XY STRKKT, .... WUMRS' BjOCI, .... WUIWW, "A.
in CUrmn' New Block,
BKI.LKFONTK, PA. 1-1 jr
F • JEWELER,
WATCMS, riorn, JIWII-HT, Ac.
All work nrttly rrwnW. On Allcghaoy atraat,
nmlar Brnckcrhnff llaow. ktl
DBALKKS IN PURE DRUGS ONLY.
2 I ZELLER k SON, 3
I . uruooirts.
1 IV 6. Brtrkerbiff Row, 5 |
J . All the BUf'Ur*l Mliiin
Z aciiplion* aih! family K*rif.w nrcntmtoly m
pn-ptrtil. Tl ■<, Blwl4tf Brwc—, Ac., 4c. 3
< 4-tf o !
• f IP
I oris DOLti
1 J rAIIIIONABLK HOOT * BIIOf.MAKKR,
Br<-k#*itioflf Kow, Allegheny •treat,
l-1y Bellefotite. P.
*.e. ton, Praa't. i. ■ MUk. Cnah'r.
IJMRST NATIONAL BANK OF
Alleghany titraat, Bnllafontn. Pa.
/CENTRE COUNTY BANKING
j RiHrii. Dapoalta
And Allow Intaraat,
Bnjr and Rail
Gold ami OonpoM,
Jawxa A. Batata, Prealdant.
J. D. Smom.CwMnr. *•"
POHITI VI'.I.V (IIRKD.
ALL Riiflcrers from this disease
thai or. MIIOH to ha rnrad ahnolil try Dm.
KIMRKK i* CILRBBATKP OONKI'WPTHE IDW
litKR Thaaa Pnwdar# ara lha only pnyMWlo* known
that will ran Coaacwrrton and all illanaara of thn
Tnnoat AS* HI atmng la oar faith la
Ibtn, and alao to roarlnc# yon that lhay ara no hnni
bog, w. art 11 forward to ar, aoffarar l.y mall, pool
paid, a ntaa Taut. Box.
Wa don't want yonr aaonar nnlil yon ara parfartly
aatlaflad of thalr mrnttra powara. If yoot llfa la worth
aarlag. don't dalay In giring thaaa Pnwnraa a trial, aa
thay will aaraly car# yon.
Prlra. for larga box, B.W, aant to any part of tha
L'nlla.l Rtataa or Canada, by mail, on recaipt of prlra.
ASH TC ROB BINS,
44-ly MO Pnllon Rtraat, Brooklyn, S. T.
PERMANENTLY CURED— No
I Hnmbng—By ena month' a uaaga of Or. Oao
lard't Calabraind lafalhbla Fit Powdara To coo
riara anlfarara that thaaa puadara will do all wa olalm
tor lb am wa will aand tbam by mall, roar rain, a mil
rata no*. Aa Dr. Goulard la tha only phyahdan that
baa aaar mada thla dlaaaaa a aprdal atndy, and aa to
oor ktHiwladga th-maanda htrrVon rxantkxnrty enr
ad by tha naa of tbaaa PoWMM, nx wiU. nitatarxi t
rxantnanr rnra In aaary wa, or axrran TOO tu
noan* lirtltu Alt aotfarara ahonld glta thaw
Powdara an aarly thai, and ba eonrlnrod of thalr com
Prlra, Air larga box, 13.00, or 4 boxao for |Wl#. aant
by mall to any port of tha Cnltad Hlataa or Canada on
ractapt of prlra, or by txprana. C. O, D. Addraaa
ASH A KObBINS,
Bkly. SSI Knit— —rant. Brooklyn. R. T.
W. R. TELLER, Proprlstor.
Good Sample Room on Second Floor.
tffrM Bnaa to and from nil Traloa. Rpnctal rataa
to wltniwii and juror*. I-Iy
BKLLEFONTE K KNOW SHOE
R. R.—ln effect on ami affpr Msy
I,Nntiw ftho# 7.20 *. v., arrive* in IL llpf<-ui- ]
ill 4. M
LeTpfl IMUfontc 10.2-"' a. M , arrives at Know .tine
11/7 % w.
laenTra Nnuw ghoe 2."0 r *., arrive* In HelUfont# ]
3 4' r. M.
I,'sifd liellefonte '.!' r. a., arrive* *t Bnow nine
f, ;.T p. M . DAM 111. RIIOADO,
BALD EAGLE VALLEY RAIL.
ROAD.—Tlma-Tabla, April , lmo:
tip. Mail wuTwtan. xtjTWtan. Ktp. Mall.
A. tt. r. n. r n. an
In 6 32 Arrlrr at Trmne Uatt.... 7 * * an
* :t 1 2.ft Lnarr Eaat Tyrona Laara... 7 1.1 * '27
7Vi 6 111 •• Vail " ... 710 *3l
7 IIS 17 " Bald Eagla " ... 723 :(7
74< f. '• " Foalar " .„ 7 tl • r.
742 1 3 " Hannah " ... 736 B 7
7 f> A ftft •' Port Matilda " ... 741 01
727 A47 " Martha " ... 762 92
7lk A M " Anllan " ™ I *><
7 &27 M I'monallla •• _. AII 43
7 rat ft |k •• Know Khoo In " ... 21 # ftl
# ft lft " Mllaabnrg •• ... *24 ftft
646 ft ft ...„ " Brllrfonta " ... P32 'J ftl
6 3ft 4 ft.'. '• Milrat.org " ... 4.'. 10 3
6 i'. 4Vt " t'nrtin " ... R ftft In 14
4lk 44n " Mount Kagla " ... Onln |
6 431 " llowar.l " ... # • 111 2
5 Aft 420 .... •• Kaglrailla " ._ (I |k |0 42
ft 30 4 lft '• lkw. li I rack " ... #22 lit 47
ft 3* 4 3 " Mill llall " ... 3411 i
ft 20 4on •• Flamlngtoa " #37 II 4
ft 2ft 3 ftft " Ua-k llaaan " ... 42 II
| >ENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD.
1 —tPhlladalphla and Krla IHrlalon.)—<)n and
aftrr linrmtar 12, 1*77 :
KRIR MAlLlaarao Phlladalphla 11 Aft p m
" " II iiTid or,. .... 4 2ft a at
" " W illlamaiairl * Aft n m
" " l<ork llarrn A 40 a m
" " RamiTo— 10 ftft a m
" arrlraa at Krla 7 36 p m
NIAGARA KXPKKKK laaaaa Phlladalphla.. 7 • a m
" " llarrlabtirg. .. InftOam
" " Wllllamaport. 2 V> p m
" arrlraa at Rannao.. „.,., 4 4uj>m
Paaaangrra by thla train nrr.ra In Balla
font at 4 3ft p m
PART I.INK laaaaa Phlladalphla 11 4S a m
" " Harriaburg 3 3ft p m
" " Wllllamaport..- 730 p m
" arrlraa at Idick llaran S4op at
PACIFIC EXPRKBK laaaaa lr k 11aaan..... A 40 a m
" Wllllamaport... 7 ftft a m
- arrlatw at llarrlalmrg....„ II Adam
" " Phlladalphla.... 3 4ft pn>
PAT RXPRRAA laaaaa Rannan 10 10 a m
" " ld>ck llaaan II Wa a
" " W 1111amap0rt......... 12 40 ani
" arrlraa at Harrtaborg....- 4 10 p m
" H Phlladalphla. 720 p m
ERIK MAIL laaaaa Rannao - - * 3ft p m
•• " Uork llaaan w 4ft p m
' <• Wllllamaport 11 Oft p m
" arrlraa nl llarriabnrg 2 4ft a m
" Phlladalphla 7no am
PART LINR laaaaa Wllllamaport 12 3ft a m
" arrlraa at llarrlatmrx 3 M a ■
" " Phlladalphla. 7 Mam
Krla Mall Waal, Niagara Kxpraaa Waat, Inrt llaran
Arnnmmndatlnn Waat. and Dny Rxpraaa Knat. ntaka
aliwa connactlona nt Northnmlmrland with L A B. K
I N. train# for Wllkathnrra and Ramnton.
Erla Mail Want, Niagara Kxpraaa Waat, and Krla
Kxpraaa Waat. and Lock llaaan An-ommndatlan Want,
! malt# rlaaa rnnnacUon at Wllllamaport with N. 0. R
. W. train# north.
, Krla Mail Waat, Niagara Kxpraaa Want, and Day
Kxpraaa Kant, maka rloaa rot! a art ton at Loch llaran
. With R. K. V. R R. tralna.
RHa Mall Raat and Waat onnnart nt Krla with tralna
t no L. R. AM.R. R R.. at Carry with 0. C. AA.V. R.
R., nt Kmporlntn wllh R. N. T. A P. R. R., an I al
. Prtftwnod with A. V. R. R.
_Parlor can will rnn Iwtwaan Phlladalphla and
I Wllllamaport on Niagara Kxpraaa Waat, Krla Kxpraaa
, *aat, Phlladalphla Kxpraaa Raat and Day Kxpraaa
Kaat,and Rnnday Kxpraaa Raat. Rlaaplng ranaa all
night traloa. Wg, A. Rxtnat*.
CORNER CHKRTNLT AND NINTH RTBKKTB,
Thla hattao. protnlnatit In n dtp Hamad tor lla en
fortabla hntK la iapt In aaary raapart ariaal to any
ftrat rlaaa hold aln Ihr country. Owing to tha atrtn
ganry of tha timaa, tha prlra of board baa hawn radacad
I to raxaa DOUAX4 par day. J. M'KIRBIN.
r t-S-tf Maoagar.
II A.R VEST I "N O
MKOULD CALL ON
SECHLER & Co.
KOIt AN VTIIINti IN TIIK LINK OK
SI *(IA US,
s. C. HAMS,
S. C. DRIED BEEF,
! BREAK EAST BACON,
HOMINY and RICE,
SYRUPS and N. O. MOLASSES,
V:c„ Ac., Ac.
ALSO ANYTHING IN TIIK LINK OK
\\ < arc killing ptftll-fc<l fleers of from '
| 1200 to 140011)0., and have positively the
BEST M BATS
that are offered for calu in Centre county. I
| SECHLER & CO.
i Ihuh House, lllock, Jiellejonle , Pa.
j Y LEX AN DEE A CO.,
They mean l,y thin all the name import*,
thai l. In ,t**l In m><l In f.iriil.l. In farm#,, at th*
|ow**t fajaall'l. prt** rr*r) thing in tli* thafw „f
I agrl. nllural Impl-mrnt thai (armrra nar, Inrludlnr
RKKDH ~f all kind,
! AI pr**nt w* ht. ~n hand md r* Ih* *nthrtr*d
g*t.t. for the ml* uf Ih* RVRAfTRK I'IIILLKD
' I'I.OW. mad* l a.rra, u, N. V. It la Ih* lal, lilll*d
ploar now tuad*; aim lh K.j.loo* .„d tr.-n I* am
I pi..*■ mad* at l>ntr* llall. No lll*r p|..w. lhan
J ih*.* ran I*- had for Ih* aam* amoQUI m..n*v
Alan Ih* Ontr* llall ( orliplanlrr M.nM aj n<>llt
1 ins a'-'Ut Ih. m'rita i.f ihl. pl.nlrr aa ih* .'an n, w i n
lu~ in < Vnir* OMIIII) il*ii*>n.iral** 11,, m t„ p. ii,. |^.|
i IIAURoW a and CI I.TIAAToIid of th. hlwt im
I pru*d pall.rna.
j MoWKKI*. HKAfKRa and HRAIV niNIiKRK Of
j lh,w ***-ll Ik* ikl.ifa. Hthtr h. *'Mrat, Moa.n,
ComhlnM ami Mn*ra, alnil* llara*at*f.. .*
a. Com Id II *d ll*ii. r. and Rlinl.ra.
TIIK W IIKKI.KK. N" a* a .mldn.d ma. hin*. la
Ih* I*-.! n... hin* of Ih* kind In Ih* mark*!
TIIK OKEATKKT IMI'ROX KMKNT OK TIIK AGK.
la Hi* N.-trial, .n ill*an*r .n.l llmdrr. Call mid a*.
It. II la at..tid*rfull) p*rf*. t.
\n) l>j twal*. jrara old. arlth on# hora*. alll f..|.
low and I in.l all Ih* (rain thai any R**p*r wllh aid*
iWi,j will cut. Il I*l only Had, tail iWm. wm
• 111 aar* Ih" pll.a ol lb* marliin* in on* y*ar, hp
lakln* up from ih*aliitdd* lhai ahlih i* now hot.
TIIK M* -HKRIIY GRAIN DRILL. *llh*r wllh nr
Without l-rowl aal l*ww, with <w will, .nl f*rtiln*r and
a**d a. wing allaihni'nla. il I. tl, Inwi grain drill
k.r all niirj-ac-a In Ih* mark*t.
j TIIKCKIfKU TIIRKAIIKII ANII NKKARATOR.—
Th* r.pulatlon of Ihl* marbin* i ao a all *.ialdMiod
that ■ ran aay i*.thing ala.al II that Ih* p*. pl. .1*
m.l know An, paf n wanilng on*, or In i.**l "t
r*|*alrt f.r lh*a* now in th. mmtp, pl*aa* *.II
IIKKMN K.R A I'ATKNT I.KVKI, TRKAD HORRK
| IhiVt KR. for hp* and two I, or.*., wllh Kal*nl hmd
i H*gnlalor. Idlll* Glai.l Thr**hr and Obvn.r
j VICToR CldlV KR lll~LLK.it iw.ia ag*ula |..r Cm
i Ir* rownty.
\\ AGoSd. t'ARHI AOKN. HI OGIKS and I'll KTONr.
j —W' ar ag*nfa for lb* >al of ih* i*l*Lrml*d ru.NK
. LIN WAGON. Ih* r*pula!l..|i of ahbh la a,. w*|| *ala|*
, IU!—1 ; Hv( o|iTI.AND I*I.ATIMHM APRINU
WAtiONH, I'hirtofM vn-I \il r
wifwnlfl rll aiDl "• ait'l mU
U*gn* H atxl jffli f Wof" Ru>iug !*••*here
OlaK>n" furtii-L.-l nn ati| ticafino.
PI.ASTKR AND D RTI 1.1/r.ll'-Catnrv plvalrr
finely Kfirtitel. M ID* .| • lb# l*##l .>• Srv tlv. At !h
lo* frlr# .f f: !■ 1-r ton. fVnnbin (*UIKI #OI4 on
only. IIMJ# on Itovnl.
manur## fr >HlTrriil >to|ia aoltl u|>a.n ortlrra at nmnu
POWM'.K—Wa ir" flupnrit'a ag#nta. Rlimlnr.
0| rtiritf and Kifl# |mw)rr on hand and dd at
id" jifb ft; a!#* fuv.
ORAtA—AAft th# gmwinf crop U harrwte<| no
• 111 Iw pf#|Mr# I to |hij th# high***! mark#! prtco for
all kind# of grain.
OOAL —Our yard la a!ay* Uk#d with th# !•#(
Anthratit# Coal which w# #rll at loar#nf prl #
LIMK- We mak# th# b##t whit# llm# in th# Atat#
If- pro|>#rti# tt+ mechanical and agrh ultural pur
i pai# #■< #1 all othm.
PAIHfIANKA ACAI.EA —W# ar# th#lr afr#nta In
Onlr# county •ml •ill auptdy all pnrtl- •lahing
good and tro# aralc# at their low pat prlc#a
Wa #tt#nd an invitation to#v#ryUafy In want of
anything In our lln# to rail at our vtort rtn. o|-
pfalta th# Bnah llou##, ami a what •# ha*#, and
icarn feun tho## In att#t>danc# n#.r# partknlarly th#
wop# Of .Mir L.i.in### Al,i:\AMMl A 00
M#ll#funta, Pa . May 0, IfN). |v.|f
FOR TIIE CAMPAIGN.
TIIK " PATRIOT " III'RING TIIK I'RKWI HP.N
TN ortlcr that cvcrybwly, no matter
• how poor In pnnr, majr mnl Ih* nw. daring Ih*
gr**t pnlltlml tlrnggl* of tMO, lb* Dtif P.Tltor
(Rnndax *.lll*.n InrlmM) will I- **nt by noli to **y
mhlrmt. |*ol*g* ft**, from Hi* pm*nt ilm* nnlll Ih*
ftft**nth of Norlnl*-r n**, for Ann; torlntw of *
or mor*. (anil on* ropy fr* lo th* **nd*r of Ih* rlnh.)
tlJ*I per ndT- Wllhoat Rnmhi) million, Ih* Daiit
P ATA Ior will h* mnl hy malt h any nddrnw, portaga
fr**, for mm* pnrlod *>r 12 An • to rlnlw of flr* or mom
(wllh on* copy fro* to orndor of rlnh) |2 ( p*r ropy.
TIIK WKKRLT PATRIOT
from Ih* pr***nt Ilm* nnlll Ih* w**k *ftr Ih* Prmb
drullal *l*, Hon will I*, mnl lo any •ddrrm, pualag*
ftw* lor POUTT C*T ; lo rlnh* of or npward.
for Tninn -ri vi fwii p*r ropy, with on* fro* 10
mnd*r of rlnh. In *ry in*. Ih* mnnry mu*l ***„.„■
Kny Ik* ..rd*r. Now I* Ih* tlnl* to g*i up *| n lw
nine rati* local orgaaiullon. .an not rirrul.l* . li**i*
er and nn.r* *ff!llt* runpalgn llt*r*lm* lhan n*w-
CP*ra furni*h*d ol th*** *ilr*or.lln*rlly low rat**.
d In yonr ~rd*r* *.htr*m*d to Ptraior I'l .Li.in'q
CO., II ikwim oa, P> m
-#R l. P. PKTKRA, ProprlMor
A LL dißablefl Soldiers and beim o(
1 V dei Mi.l Roldlrra who dl*d from inmaaio*t
of mrtlr* In Ih* Army, or* *ntitl*d lo PRNRIGN*.
NO AII It KARA Ollowrd ft*r JOLY 1, HWW. Bond
•tamp, for frill InalracUowo In oil kind* of Soldi.™ 1
J. H. BYIMIF.Itt) • CO., Pension A(ty>i.
M r Rtrml. WARHINIITON. !. 0
V > (Oppo.ii* ih* Rollrvwd Rlnlhin.)
MILRRHI'RfI, CBrrai OOCNTT, PA.
A. A. KOIILBKCKSR, Proprietor.
TIIROt'GII TRA YKLBRR on lb* railroad will Sod
tkt* HoM *h ic*ll*nl pi*** to Innrh, or procur* •
mmJ.M ALL TRAINS rtopbool 2R rnlßnlm. 47
* - >•
tTlu (frntrc ; Tlrmocval
B KLLKFONTE, PA.
NKWH, FACTS AND HUOOEBTIONfI.
TH TUT or TUB NATIONAL M'lLrtKK In Tit* INTKLLI*
Kci AND rKimrrxiTr or TII* rAmim.
Every farmer in hit annual experience
tit leavert lomethiny of value. Write it ami
ttend it to the " Ayriruliural Editor of the
UlilocUT, Beliefonte, J'enn'a," thai other
farmer* may hare the benefit of it. Let
communications be timely, arid br nurc that
they are brief and well painted.
COI.ONKI. F. 1). CuilTlH CXpCCtS to
slaughter 125 pigs this full, raised
mainly on clover and roots at a cost
of three cents the pound. That's as
cheap as western corn-fed pork, and
we'll guarantee it is better.
The Degree of Doctor of Philoso
phy was conferred, the other day, by
the University of Michigan, on Prof.
\V. J. Real,of Michigan Agricultural
College. The university has never
| conferred this honor but once before.
The degree was conferred for his
work in the direction of agricultural
Mil. It. 11. Thomas, chairman of
Committee of Arrangements, sends us
a programme of the tri-state pic-nic
and exhibition of the Patrons of
Husbandry now in progress at Wil
liams' Grove, in Cumberland county,
and to continue until Friday of this
week. The programme is full and
interesting, and we have no doubt
that those who can attend will have !
an enjoyable time. These days or
weeks of recreation for farmers are
multiplying in number, and it is in all
respects desirable that they should be
The Twenty-seventh Exhibition of
the Pennsylvania State Agricultural
.Society will be held in the Main Cen
tennial Building, Fairinount Park, in I
September, opening on the f>th and
closing on the 18th. Following the 1
State fair, and under the auspices of
the same Society, an International
Exhibition of Sheep, Wool and Wool
Products will begin at the same place
on the 20th and continue to the 251h.
In all something like 940,000 will be
ode red in premiums, and tho inann- ■
gcrs confidently expect an aggregate j
attendance of fully .'IOO,OOO people, i
Premium lists are now ready, and '
may be had by addressing D. W.
Sciler, Secretary, loth and Chestnut
Sis., Philadelphia, Pa.
Management of Calves.
Frcti* IJ< Hrli Journal.
We have felt it a duty often to re
mind cattle raisers of tho need of fur
nishing abundant nutriment to calves
through the first year. It is food
only that produces animal growth,
and the more rapidly that growth is
produced the greater the profit. The
old-time Western cattle-raiser provid
ed most completely for calves by hav
ing them run with the dams anil take
the whole product of milk. This !
was a liberal provision, but is con
sidered quite too expensive in a re
gion where the milk can lie utilized
for dairy products, as it will yield in
butter or cheese as much as the whole
value of the calf at the end of the
season. This has caused, in all the j
well-settled States, an abandonment
of 'he system of letting the calf run \
with the cow, except in the case of a
few breeders of thoroughbreds who
still adhere to the practice. There is
other food much chea|tcr for a calf
than new milk, after it is a few weeks
old. The skimmed milk is well util
ized for feeding to calves, and when
given with other fowl containing con
siderable oil, will make a growth
quite as rapid as whole milk. One
pound of boiled flax seed, mixed with
the skimmed milk for each calf, will
cause a growth entirely satisfactory.
This flax seed will cost, in most local
ities, altoiit 2J cents, white the cream
thus saved for butter will bring from
10 to 20 cents—a saving of from
three to seven times the cost of the
flax seed. But as most farmers arc
loth to take the trouble of boiling
flax seed, they may use, with the
skimmed milk, linseed-oil meal, or
the new process linseed meal instead.
The latter docs not supply much oil,
but it is so rich in muscle-forming
food, and phosphate of lime for grow
ing the bones, that very strong and
finely-formed calves may be grown.
The linseed meal may be purchased
for one cent per pound, in ton lots;
and two pounds of this added to
skim-milk will produce a most vigor
This refuse of our oil mills should
all be used in this country to grow
young animals, which would make
our exports from this source at least
$20,000,000, instead of $4,000,000 to
$5,000,000 now received from oil
cakes. It la a prodigious folly to
export this raw material to make
meat, instead of the meat it would
grow. This highly nitrogeneoos food
is precisely adapted to growing calves
and young stock, and then our great
corn crop is exactly adapted to fat
tening these cattle after their frames
are grown. Com is now the fatten- J
ing food of the world, but it has too
large a proportion of starch for
growing young animals.
We are pleased to see that our
cattle feeders are becoming better
acquainted with the use of oil cake,
and are making more home use of it
in feeding young cattle. If they
could IKS induced to feed it all at home
it would have a great influence in
raising the quality of our beef and
mutton for export.
Calves, while fed upon new milk,
get into a very thrifty condition, and
this thrift is easily continued by the
use of other food when that is dis
continued. In the first place, the !
calf lot should be well provided with
water, and then, near the watering
place, if this is convenient, there
should be a trough or troughs for
extra feed. This extra feed may be
of various kinds, according to the
productions of the farm. If the farm
raises oats, one or two quarts of oats
to each calf, given in two feeds, per
day, will do much towards keeping
the calves growing finely; or 2 quarts
of bran and 1 J lbs. of linseed meal,
given in two feeds, or 2 lbs. of corn
meal with the oil-meal. This extra
feed, after the calves cease to get
milk, will continue their rapid growth.
We have often attempted to im
press upon our readers the fact that
it is only from the extra food that
any growth can be made. For if the
calf only gets food enough to support
its present condition, it must remain
without growth, and the food it eats
is wholly lost; and perhaps worse
than lost, for the calf cannot remain j
stationary without becoming un
thrifty, and this unthrifty condition j
will greatly interfere with its future j
growth. Every consideration there- j
fore requires that calves should not I
be permitted to remain stationary, i
but should keep up a steady, thrifty
growth throughout the season. This
is what some skillful, practical feed
ers mean when they say that calves
should never be |>crmittcd to lose
j their calf flesh; and if this can be
| prevented they will continue to make j
a profitable growth till fitted for |
market. There is no feed given to a I
| calf during its whole life that will !
| pay a better profit than this extra j
food we have advised to lie given
during the first season. The feeder
cannot atlord to le illilteral in feeding
his calves—bis only profit depends
upon his liberality.
! „ -
Farms and Farmers.
| From the floral Jlew T<*rler,
Farmers, like poets, are born, not
j made. There are thousands who
; occasionally make rhymes' but never
a line of true poetry, and there arc
; thousands who labor on farms all there
lives and still arc never farmers in the
true meaning of the word. It takes
j but little skill to hoe a row of corn or j
| to dig a hill of potatoes; but when we j
come to the real, serious, practical
business of farming, we shall find it
! is. from first to last, an avocation
that requires as much soundness of
judgment ami clearness of foresight
to insure success as any other trade j
or profession. It is true that Nature ;
is bountiful in her gifts, and in almost[
every instance he who expresses his
desires by both faith ami works re
; ccives something ; but it is only those
I who work with the spirit and the
! umlertanding also who receive the
| fullness of her liounty.
There are but few who have not j
sufficient ability to plow and to sow
and to reap; but to know when and
| how to do these tilings in order to
secure the greatest return is given to
| but a very few of the many thousands
who engage, either from choice or
; necessity, in agricultural pursuits.
| We say from necessity, for it often
happens lliat we find on the same farm
that has given employment and liveli
hood to his father, a man in no way
fitted for the business, whose choice
amP success would have been in some
other pursuit, but who as a boy was
compelled to stick to tbc plow only
for tbc reason that somebody must
do it, and one son, at least, must
remain to take care of the homestead
and of father and mother in their old
Farming is not the only occupation
in which those least fitted for it arc
employed. The fact that 90 out of
every 100 who engage in mercantile
affairs sooner or later go tA finan
cial ruin, and that the great majority
of those who choose law, the ministry
or medicine are never able to attain
even moderate success, shows how lit
tle attention it given to the putting
of a boy or a young man in the place
for which be is by nature best fitted.
This poor lawyer might have made
an excellent farmer, while that poor
farmer has In him latent power that,
if cultivated, would have enabled him
to take a high rank at the bar. But
we did not set out to write an essay
on the right man in the right place.
A successful farmer is one who is
naturally a chemist. A farm is a lab
oratory where chemical changes are
constantly going on either with or
without the observation and aid of
the farmer, and he only is the suc
cessful one who can make the forces
of nature work for his profit.
There are certain tilings connected
with farming that one not a fool can
not help learning, end a general rou
tine may he followed that, taking one
year with another, will result in pro
ducing average crop*. Hut the true
fanner is he who underatandingiy—
wo would say scientifically if the
word was not BO distasteful to many
—departs from this routine and holds
converse with nature, making a bar
gain with the soil, perhaps, that for a
| certain amount of particular care and
fertilization a certain and large crop
. shall lie returned.
it is said that a good chess player
is able to give a reason for every
move he makes, and a move that is
made without an object in view is
i worse than useless. A commander in
a battle field who has not clear and
definite ideas of what he wants to do
and why, sends his men to inexcusa
80 the farmer, who docs not wisely
plan and carefully execute his work,
while his labors may not 1* entirely
useless, only attains a partial success.
There is hardly one item of a
farmer's business that may be done
strictly by rule. Kverything must
be changed or varied to meet circum
stances. That which would be advis
able to do with an early spring is
hazardous in a late one. If the field
is wet and the soil does not crumble
when the furrow turns, let it alone
and plow the other more sandy or
higher one. This heap of manure,
that in a dry time would be just the
thing for a certain crop, must go
elsewhere. Shall this field be plowed
this fall, or left till spring! And so
on through the thousand questions
that are constantly arising. He who
is competent, first, to sec the necessi
ty of asking them and afterward to
decide them, is worthy of the name
|of farmer ; others are laborers. Of
the first there are few; of the latter,
A farmer should bo a student of
1 books as well as of nature, in order
; that lie may profit by the experience
| of those who have gone before him.
Every year people are repeating the
; failures of those who lived a thousand
years ago. The necessity of an edu
cation for a farmer is not sufficiently
appreciated. Thomas, who is to Vie
a minister, and Kichard, who expects
! to gather fame and riches as a lawyer,
must lie sent to college, while Harry,
who is to work the farm, must lie
content, as he too often is, with such
teaching as the district school affords.
This is ail wrong, and not until there
is a change will farmers take the
position in society to which they are
entitled. As we sometimes see an
eloquent minister or a talented law
yer who has attained his position by
* virtue of his own unaided intellect,
so we sometimes find a thorough,
| scientifically practical farmer who
I lias sought out in nature's own books,
the fields, the knowledge necessary
I for making his labors successful and
J his life of use not only to himself
hut to all around him.
It should not lie forgotten by those
in other paths of life, that on the
laliors of the farmer de|iends their
welfare. This is true to a greater
extent than is often remembered.
Suppose that every agriculturist in
the country could, by some means,
I lie changed instantly into a first-class
farmer. It would be itnjtossible to
I compute the wealth thai would be
added to this country during the
next year. And every bod)* knows
that a good year for farmers means
j prosperity to every branch of trade
| and commerce.
WHEN one ton or ten tons of do
; corticated cotton-seed meal, linseed
meal, malt sprouts, wheat bran, corn
meal, or other food, is fed to sheep
upon the land, you may determine,
quite accurately, the amount of each
of these important food elements
added to the soil; but when you
apply a ton of commercial fertilizer,
purchased at the full value of a
projier standard, the ordinary farmer
knows very little of what be really
adds to the soil. Under a proper
system of feeding, the sheep farmer
can scarcely err in applying fertiliz
ers to the Roil which are obtained by
passing rich foods through the di
gestive system of his sheep. Thia
will be a chemical analysis and deter
mination which he may rely upon for
A FARMER of experience says that
the feet of a horse require more care
than the body. They need ten times
as much, for in one respect tbey arc
almost the entire horse. All the
grooming that can be done wont
avail anything if the horse is forced
to stand where his feet will be filthy.
In this case the feet will become dis
ordered, and then the legs will get
badly out of fix; and with bad feet
and bad legs there is not much else
for the horse fit for anything.
AN "incubator tournament" lately
took place at Hernel Hempstead,
Cape of Good Hope. Kacli of four
competitors sent two machines; they
were all manipulated in a locked
apartment by "the manager of the
gas and water works," according to
printed instructions furnished by the
inventors, and in the course of
twenty-one days one hatched out 75
per cent, of the eggs and received a
prize of SIOO.
THE annual destruction of sheep by
dogs in this country amounts to
$1,600,000. And yet in the face of
this fact, farmers, when they have a
chance to vote lor s law to tax dogs
and protect sheep, vote the other way.