Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, August 26, 1880, Image 3

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POTATO PUDDINO.— BoiI lour large
potatoes and pass them through n
sieve; stir into them powdered loaf
sugar to taste, and the yolks of two or
throe eggs; add a few drops ol essence
of lemon, then the whites of the eggs
whisked to a froth; mix quickly and
well; pour into a plain mold buttered
and breadcrumbed, and bake for twenty
minutes in a quie oven.
LIVER HASH.— This hash is delicate
and appetizing, and nice as a change
from the liver and bacon known to all
cooks. Boil the liver until thoroughly
tender—there must not be even a sus
picion of hardness about it. Then
mince it iinely with a ehopping-knife.
Heat the mince very hot in a sauce or
TOUT of butter and browned flour. The
seasoning is pepper, salt, a dash of
lemon, or a little piquant sauce, such as
mushroom catsup.
CALIFORNIA CAKE.— Onepintof flour
one pint of Indian meal, one pint of
milk, two eggs, one tcaapoonful of soda
two spoonfuls of cream of tartar, four
tablespoon fu Is of sugar, small pioce of
butter. Mix the eggs and milk to
gether, add sugar t and butter, well
beaten, then flour and Indian meal, a
little at a time, alternately; mix the
cream of tartar in the flour, and the soda
in a little of the milk. Bake in pans,
and serve hot for breakfast or tea.
ROSE BAl'CE. —This is an excellent
sauce for puddings, and one that looks
very pretty. Peel and slice a fine large
beet ; ;boil it gently for twenty minutes
in a pint and a halfof water. Then add
two pounds and a half of loaf sugar, the
thin rind and strained juice of a lemon,
and half a stick of vanilla. Boil
quickly and skim constantly until the
liquid becomes a rich, thick syrup, of a
deep red color, then strain. When
nearly cold stir in a gill of brandy, and
when quife cold bottle and cork it
closely. It will keep any length of time,
if properly made.
Farm and Uartleit {Voles.
set your hens in the evening if you
have to move them from the laying
nests, they will be more sure to stick to
their new nests afterward.
A Canada fanner rids cattle of lice by
applying with a cloth along the back
bone, water in which onions have been
thoroughly boiled.
Cayenne pepper, ginger or mustard for
fowls is quite beneficial. When added
to their food it will stimulate egg pro
duction, increase their vigor and make
them feel well generally.
An old gardener says in the Detroit
Tribune, with regard to cultivating
onions, that if care is taken to draw
away the earth gradually from the
bulbs until they are quite uncovered
and only the fibrous roots are in the
earth, you will never have scullions,
but very large, sound onions.
A series of experiments has demon
strated that bran posseses valuable
qualities as a fertilizer, it being claimed
to he superior to guano, bonedust, land
plaster, etc., by a con temporary. About
half a ton to the acre, applied once in
three or four years, is sufficient, while
the yield is prodigiously increased.
This would make it a cheap dressing.
Potash dissolved in water, or lye from
wood ashes, is the best wash for the
trunks and large limbs of fruit trees.
Whitewash should not be used, as it
closes the pores of the bark, which
should be kept ot>en in order to insure a
healthy tree. Potash or lye answers
every purpose which whitewash would,
with none of its objections.
Cornstalks are good fodder for cattle,
| but there is a great difference in their
; value as saved by different farmers,
j I .eft out to become weather-beaten, they
are poor feed for any kind of stock; bat
when saved without being injured
! either by sun or weather, well cured
and sheltered early, retaining the sweet
juices unimpaired, thoyiare one of the
i best fodder crops. It pays to cut and
<secure them early, while there arc some
of the juices remaining in them.
Professor Bodd, of lowa, says that
training beans on poles is no only un
necessary, but a decided disadvantage.
When the tendrils begin to suirt on the
plants he nips them off. By goiDg over
the plants two or three times after
ward. and clipping off the climbing
tendrils, the plants become low and
bushy and are loaded with early-m tar
ing pods.
A farmer writes to an exchange: If
B>u desire to get a large yield of rich mi Ik
|ive yonr cow every day water slightly
irann and slightly salted, in which bran
las been stirred at the rate of one quart
o two gallons of water. Yon will find,
If you have not tried this daily practice,
that your cow will give twenty-five per
tent, more milk immediately nnder the
{fleets of it, and she will become so at
tached lo the diet as to refuse to drink
tlear water unless very thirsty. But
bis mess she will drink almost any time,
tnd ask for more. The amount of this
Irink necessary is an ordinary water
tail at a time--morning, noon and
light ' M
An Hungarian exhibited in a phreno
logical museum two skulls of different
proportions. " Whose is the large
fkulir asked a spectator. "It belonged
io the celebrated Attiila, king ot the
Huns." "And the small oneP" "Also
to Attiila, but when he was a child."
There is verdure all along one track
f the Pennsylvania railroad, between
Pittsburg and Philadelphia, and none
kioug the other. This lsoauaed by drop
tings of grain from the eastward-bound
"reigh tears, while those going the other
iray deposit no seed.
, One Way of Making Ten Dollars Oat
of Nine.
u Charles A. Hill, a St. lools lawyer
u who was arrested for clipping one and
. two-dollar greenbacks in such away
r that out of each nine he made ten, pro
-0 ceoded about his nefarious work in an
s ingenious manner. The process is rather
1 a complicated ono, and needs diagrams
1 for thorough comprehension.
: __ R
f i
i r
; i
[ Outof one dollar bill "A" he clips a
i piece through the head of Washington
> three-eighths of an inch wide, and cut
i with artistic irregularity. The two ends
, of the bill are brought a little closer to
gether than they were before the piece
, was taken out, and a rough continuation
J of the lines of the head is made with ink
, | upon the white surface of the gummed
,! paper beneath. The bill is then ar-
I tistically dirtied, and is ready for shov
, ing. Bill "B" is then taken up, and a
section three-quarters of an inch, or
I twice as large as that taken out of "A,"
, is then removed; the piece taken out of
t "A" is then inserted between the two
ends of " B," the pasting, inking and
I dirtying repeated, and this bill is also
ready for the market. A section an inch
and a half wide is then removed from
*'C," and the three-quarters cut from
"B" let in, and so the process is con
tinued, each bill, instead of its true
J length of seven and three-quarter inches,
being only seven inches. The first one
is the most dangerous, because it is hard
to doctor up the head of the father of his
' country in away that the children of
• the same will not recognize the old gen
-1 tleman. and hence this bill is left the
longest of the lot.
It is easy to see that out of every nine
bills there is an extra bill left over,
' making ten dollars for nine. Working
as hard as he could, Mr. Iltll could not
have mode more than from three to five
i dollars per day—rather a small sum for
! the risk he ran, as it was necessary to
shove fifty of the mutilated dollars to
| make five.
i A Head Man's Shadow.
Shadows are substantial things in
Gold Hill, Nev. The local editor, whose
. reputation for veracity is not questioned
> by his own journal, relates that in the
earlier days of July John Abbott was
taken from the steaming depths of the
"Union" with his head crushed by a
falling wall-plate. He was laid on the
! floor of the office, and medical aid was
summoned to minister to his wants, al
though it was plain that be must die.
The next morning Superintendent
Rooney noticed that where the dying
man had been placed his outline lay
like a shadow on the floor. He ordered
the janitor to clean the boards. Before
Rooney went to dinner the shadow re
-1 appeared. He ordered the floor to be
thoroughly scrubbed and went to bis
family. Tbe next morning the floor
showed that a vigorous application of
soap and brush had been made, for it
was white and clean. But during the
day that shadow returned, and at night
there it lay as though the man was stitl
waiting for death on that floor. The
next day Rooney ordered tbe floor to be
painted. With the coming of the paint
pot the shadow vanished, but after a
day or two returned, and once more
limned itself on that office floor.
Rooney again sent for the painter and
bad a second coat of paint put on, not
only where the shadow lay, but over
the entire floor. In a few days there it
was again, and each day it grew more
and more distinct. Kven strangers at
length began to notice it and comment
1 on its resemblance to a tinman form.
. Its presence at length became intolera
ble, and Rooney had all the boards of
f the floor on which this heavy and
terrible shadow rested taken out and
replaced with new. The paint brush
then followed, and now that outlined
figure from tbe floor has disappeared.
Tbe Way to Preserve lee.
During illness ice is generally needed
in the sick room. The following method
ot preserving it is highly recommended,
and it Is certainly worth trying: Cut a
piece of flannel about nine inches
square and secure it by a ligature round
the mouth of an ordinary tumbler, so as
to leave a cup-shaped depression of
1 flannel within tbe tumbler to about
half its depth. In the flannel cup so
constructed pieces of foe may be pro
t served many hours; all the longer If a
t piece of flannel four to five inches square
I b® •* a loose oover to the Ice cup.
Cheap flannel with comparatively open
meahes Is preferable, as water easily
drains through it, and ths Ice is thus
kept quite dry. When good flannel
t with close texture is employed, a small
i bole must be made in the bottom of the
i flannel cup, otherwise it holds the water
and facilitates the melting of the foe.
I Placed in a cup of this kind, two ounces
■ of ios has been known to last nine or leu
•low tha Scalp Which WM Torn IVami
*#* IVoui.a'a llaad NK Years Asa
Ha. Bean Iteitorcd by the Proceaa ol
Among the patients in St. Luke's hos
pital, New York, is a young woman
who carries on her head an artificial
scalp, and it is not entirely complete
yet, but for all practical purposes the
experiment on the young woman may
be said to be at an end. The material
for building the scalp lias been furnished
by hundreds of volunteers, and over 14,-
000 different pieces have entered into its
construction. The woman's name is
Lucy Osborn, and she is in her twenty
fifth year. She is of medium height and
build, of good form, and her disfigured
face gives ample evidence of the fact
that she was once a very pretty girl.
There is a sweetness about her smile
now which is very attractive, and her
low, rich voice is very pleasant to listen
to. The only disfigurement apparent to
the eye of a repoiter.who met her in the
hospital, was found about the eyes. Her
right eyebrow is gone entirely, and the
left one is twisted upward and outward.
The eyes themselves are elongated side
ways, much like those of a Chinaman
but they are Boft and plensant to look
upon. The scalp, which the surgeons
have decoyed nature into furnishing in
place of the original, was covered by a
cloth, wound around her head much
like a Turkish turban. She talks pleas
antly, and with rare intelligence, lor an
invalid, and appeared weli satisfied
with the result of the surgeons'opera
tions upon her head.
Lucy Osborn belongs to New M
ford. Conn., and on September S3, 1874,
being at that time nineteen years of age,
was attending to her work in a button
factory. Her hair was arranged in long
luxuriant curls, which covered the
entire head. In the prosecution of her
work she leaned forwnrd toward a re
volving shaft, and her curls were caught
in the rapidly-revolving cylinder. It is
wonderful that her head was not com
pletely crushed, but, fortunately, her
position was such that her life was not
sacrificed. Her face was wrenched
down close to the shaft, the hair refused
to giro way, and the entire scalp was
taken clean off. The skin was peeled off
from the bone, taking with it a piece of
the integument of the right ear, and
leaving but a slight fringe of hair on
the lower part of the back of the head.
Miss Osborn says that the accident was
so sudden and the work was done so
quickly that she was not conscious of
feeling the slightest pain, and she ex
perienced no faintnesa or prostration.
The terrible wound bled but slightly
and this is accounted for by tbe fact that
the months of the blood vessels were so
badly lacerated that the blood coagu
lated, and thus hemorrhage was pre
vented. Tbe safety of Lucy Osborn's
life is probably dne to this fact- It wns
three-quarters of an hour before the
village physician reached tbe factory.
He replaced the scalp instantly, and
secured it to the girl's head with forty
seven stitches, in the hope that it would
agaiu unite with the tissue.
Then followed a reaction, and Lucy
suffered for two nights with a high
fever and delirium. At the end of that
time she regained her reason, but she
suffered greatly from pain. The scalp
was kept in position tor eleven days,
but matter was constantly collecting
iieniatb it, and tbe idea that it could be
induced to unite with the hone again
was abandoned. It was removed again,
and for nearly threo months the wound
was dressed with simple ointments. On
December I, 1874, Lucy was brought to
New ;York and placed in St. Luke's
hospital, where it was at once deter
mined to endeavor to provide her with
a new scalp by means of grafting. Lit
tle pieces of thin skin, not larger than
a millet-seed, were carefully taken from
tbe arm of a healthy man. and twenty
five of these were grafted on the head of
Lacy a short distance from the border
of the skin of her forehead. The wound
was first carefully washed in a weak
solution of carbolio acid; then the most
healthy looking spots on the granulated
surface were chosen to locate the grafts,
and they were carefully applied with a
camel's hair brush. The head was
lound in lint to keep the grafts in po
sition, and nature was left to do her
work. Of the twenty-five grafts first
applied an examination showed that
but four had taken, all tbe others hav
ing liquefied and disappeared. These
four had united themselves firmly to
the tissue, and gave promise of a healthy
growth. By March 10, 1875, they had
increased to the sise of a silver three*
cent piece, and were pushing rapidly
forward to join the skin of the forehead.
More grafts were carefully planted, and
while hundreds proved worthless,
enough grew properly to give ample as
snrance of the ultimate success of tbe
experiment. It would be a matter o
years, the surgeons well|kncw, but they
felt certain that in the end Lucy Osborn
would have a new scalp, unless she died
before the experiment could be com
Lucy did not die. On the contrary,
■he grew strong daily, and in a very lew
months after ber admission to the hos
pital she was doing tbe ordinary work
of convalescents about the wards. The
tendency of healing soars is to contract,
nd the new skin. In growing over her
forehead and prssing forward to unite
with the little islands which the grafts
were forming on the top of her bead,
had drawn np her left eyelid so that
she was unable to cloee that eye. An
incision was made above tbe eye, and
tbis gave facility for the lid to drop.
The incision gradually healed like the
other wouada, and with the exception
of the diaflguring scar Lucy's eye is now
as good as ever it was. Meaatima the
grafting continued without ceasing, the
healthy akin being taken from the anna
of the surgeons and doctors of the hospi
tal, and a great quantity ftom the pa
tient herself. Several prominent clergy
men of the city contributed grafts, and
portions of the akin of many fnahionable
ladies furnished a nucleus for the scalp
which Lucy Osbotn now wears. The
new scalp which has been built up for
her is hard, white and glossy. There
arc no pores in the tissue, and it can
never bear hair. Lucy is in the best of
health and spirits, and expects to have
a completely reconstructed scalp soon.
Hew Trees are Mtrnck by Lightning.
M.Collation says: The lightning al
ways, or most nlways, strikes the upper
brandies, especially those that are most
elevated and most exposed to the rain
storm. From thence it descends through
almost the the entire mass of branches
to the main branches, and from these to
the trunk. These large branches, and
especially the trunk, being in general
much poorer conductors than the young
branches, the passage of the electricity
produces therein heat and repellent
effects which lacerate the sap wood or
the bark, and sometimes scatter the
debris to some distance (150 feet and
beyond.) This is a Jaw that I have as
certained by very numerous observa
tions. The tree recently struck in Hue
des Glacis de Rive presents an interest
ing case, in that it confirms this law.
It is not a veryun common tiling in
France to see trees struck by lightning
in May, when their as yet young leaves
•'"ve little consistency. The tree under
consideration was struck essentially on
its chief branch, the highest one by some
inches, and situated on the southwest
side. The young leaves of this summit
and those of the branches immediately
bmeath were neither dried nor withered,
but they were gashed in part and
broken into small fragments and strewn
over the surrounding earth. In fact,
they had suffered from the effect of a
violent concussion of the air, like the
window panes which had been broken
in two neighboring houses, and were
reduced to fragments just as tliey would
have been had a dynamite cartridge
been exploded near them. Even licfore
seeing the tree I had made up my mind
that there must have been a well or
stream of water near there in contact
with the roots of the poplar; (or the
vicinity of a spring or subterranean
stratum of water is very often the de
termining caus3 to attract the lightning
to the summit of a tree standing near
it. Here, again, this influence is ren
dered evident by two interesting facts.
At about eighteen feet from the tree, on
the north side, there is a lead conduit
which leads water to a laundry, and a
drain which carries the waste water off
under the street. At the base of
the trunk tbe wounds swerved to
ward the north, and, midway between
tbe tree and tbe lead conduit, a board
placed as a border on the earth was
pierced with a round hole about four
inches In diameter, showing ;that the
electric fluid, concentrated in a power
ful jet (if that expression is allowable),
shot directly from the foot of the tree
toward the lead conduit by the shortest
The Thin Partition between Life and
When we walk near the powerful
machinery we know that one single
misstep and those mighty engines would
tear us to pieces with their flying
wheels, or grind us to powder in their
ponderous jaws. So when we are thun
dering across the land in a rail car, and
there is nothing but ball an inch flange
to hold us upon the track. So, when
we are in a ship at sea, and there
is nothing but tbe thickness of a plank
between us and eternity. We imagine
then that we see bow close we are to
the edge of the precipice. But we do
not see it. Whether bn sea or land tbe
partition that divides us from eternity
is something thinner than an oak plank
or half an inch of iron flange. The
machinery of life and death are within
us. The tissues that hold these heating
powers in their place arc often not
thicker than 'a piece ol paper, and, if
that thin partition were ruptured, it
would he just the same to us as if a can
non ball had struck us. Death is in
separably hound up with life in the
very structure of our bodies. Struggle
as we will to widen this space, no man
can at any time go farther from death
than the thickness of a sheet of paper.
A Beef-Parking Establishment.
An exchange tells of a beef packing
establishment at Rock port, Texas,
owned and managed by a Northern max,
which kills an average of 31,500 beeves
every year. Every part of the beef is
utilised, even to tbe tufla of the tail,
which are used to make ladies' friesea!
Tbe blood flows into tanks and is
dressed and sold for two cents a pound
for the manufacture of fertilisers. Tbe
|ean beef is boiled and canned in two
pound tint. The bidea are salted and
•old gran. The iatty matter is ex
tracted and goes into tallow. The bones
are boiled to a palp to extract the fatty
matter which goes to tallow, and the
dry bones, mainly pboapbate of lime,
are sold for fertilising at one cent per
pound. The feet are cut off at the knee,
and from the feet neat's-foot oil is ex
tracted. Tbe horny part of the foot,
the shin bone and knuckle bones are
extracted and sold for the manufacture
of domestic ivory. The horns are piled
up until the pith becomes loose, and
this is added to the fertilisers and the
hemes sold for the manufacture o 1 um
brella handles, etc. Every stoat of the
animal is profitably and.
The Bejel Family of China.
The present royal family of China
embraces tbe trifling number of some
forty thousand souls. Of ocursc this is
easily accounted for. if it be recollected
that most Chinese emperors have wives
by the score,and consequently the num
her of aunts, uncles, cousins, and
cousins ever so many times removed,
owned by each emperor, make up a
rather startling figure. But of course
nobody could be expected to love forty
thousand cousins; so by Chinese law
(or custom) ail ciaim on the emperor's
attention closes somewhere about the
existing generation of first cousins.
Still, as the odd thirty-nine thousand
seven hundred and sxty are undoubt
edly of royal blood, a large proportion
oi them receive about a dollar a month
from the public treasury, andi f within
a certain gree of relationship, are
entitled to wear a yellow girdle. This,
however, does not in the least interfere
with their honestly earning their bread,
and the mess oooly in the British lega
tion at I'ekin in 1803 was a yellow
girdled "cousin," entitled, moreover, to
wear I don't know what button on the
top of his very dilapidated old hat. All
members of this imperial clan, however
if they get very little in the way of pen,
sion, have one great advantage—they
cannot be tried before an ordinary court.
A special tribunal exists to try them,
and it was stated in a recent Pekin
QaztlU that its memi>crs got a terrible
wigging for letting off some of tbe em
peror's relations lor so Lsetbey
had committed. So much for royal
cousins in China. But the ladies of the
alace afford the most curious paradox
to foreigners, who forget that tlie Chi
nese are not the only people who make
a great distinction between profession
and practice. An ordinary Chinaman,
in China proper, will tell you that
women are decidedly inferior beings;
nnd as to tbeir having souls, pooh
poohs the idea outright. But if you re
mark that the whole government of the
country lias for the last eighteen years
(with a short interval) been carried on
by two ladies—tbe emperor's mother
and the empress dowager, two oi the
cleverest women now alive in China or
any other country—be calmly remarks
that perhaps they are different from
other folk, and he will not at all admit
that the average Chinawoman can possi
bly possres brains or sense. It is of no
use pointing out to Lim that Chinese
history abounds with heroines, and that
cases of female pluck, ability and virtue
are constantly recorded in imperial
documents even at tbe present day. He
incontinently changes the subject.
Fainting Fit* and their Causes.
A fainting fit arises from sudden
failure of the heart's action. It is met
with most frequently in young aduite,
especially in young females. Its occur
rence is favored by general debility or
ill health, and more particularly by
anrmia, or poorness of tbe blood. It
is very common in young ladies who
take very little outrdoor exercise and
spend most of their time on the sofa
reading novels. Want of active occu
pation powerfully predispose* to faint
ing. Persons who are not very strong
are most likely to faint after some un
usual fatigue, or after long abstinence
from food. A liability to fainting seems
nlmost to be hereditary, so common is
it in some fnmilies. Sometimes it is as
sociated with heart-disease, but In the
vast majority of cases it is purely func
tional, and there is nothing wrong with
that organ. The determining causes of
a faint are vat iable in character. In sus
ceptible subjects it may be brought on
by any sudden impression on tbe
nervous system. This need not of no
easity be painful or unpleasant, for
people may faint from excitement or ex
cess of joy. For instance, tbe sudden
announcement of tbe return of some
long-lost relative, or of tbe favorable
termination of a protracted lawsuit,
may be the exciting cause. Tbe tight
of certain animals, such as a frog, or a
black beetle, or even a mouse, is quite
enough to send some people off, while
others faint immediately at the sight of
blood, and even feel sick and faint if
they read of an accident in the papers.
We have all beard tbe story of the
young preacher who fainted on having
to read tbe account of one of tbe san
guinary battles in tbe Old Testament.
Medical students sometimes faint at
tbeir first operation. Snch a trivial ac
cident ns pricking the finger will make
some people tee] sick and faint.—Phila
delphia Timet.
A Dangerous Practice.
A surgeon in tbe German army calls
tbe attention of all who have to do with
horses to the danger of using the pocket
handkerchief to wipe away any fosui
from the month or noae of a horse which
may have been thrown upon tbeir
clothes. Some months ago, the writer
states, an officer came to him suffering
from an obstinate cold and cough. The
usual remedies were prescribed, but in
vain; a visit to the baths at Releben
hall also did the patient no good. Re
turning to dutv, tbe officer beoame
worse; fever, attended with great pain
in and swelling of tbe head, eat in, and
ultimately, alter much suffering, be
died with every symptom of glanders.
Inquiries were set on loot, and it was
found that some time before he was
taken 111 he bad ordered a horse which
he believed was suffering from glanders
to be aliot. Neither the groom or any
of theother soldiers who had been near
the horse have been attacked by gland
ers, and consequently it is suspected
that the officer who died may have con
veyed the disease into hla system by
perhaps using his handkerchief to wipe
some of the foam from the mouth or
nose of tbe horse feom his uniform.
Te Set KM ef Bats.
Rata ere a'pest in every city nod
town, and, indeed, everywhere in thin
country. It seems nearly impoeaible to
yet rid of them, and any method that
promises to secure this most desirable
end is worth trying. Somebody recom
mend* covering stones, rafters, ■*
every part of a cellar with ordinary
whitewash, made yellow with copperas,
putting copperas in every crevice or
cranny where a rat may get, and scatter
ing it in corners on the door, ile has
tried it repeatedly, and the result has
been a general retreat of both mice and
rats, not one of which bad at last ac
counts returned. It is said that a coat
of this yellow wash, given each spring to
a cellar, will not only banish these ver
min, but will prevent fever, dysentery
or typhoid. Everything eatable should
be carefully secured against the ravages
of rats, wbic li are so intelligent that
they will soon abandon premises where
they can get next to nothing to eat.
The rat we are most troubled with is
the brown rat, much larger, stronger,
fiercer and more ravenous than the
black rat, which has almost entirely dis
appeared, having been driven off or ex
terminated by the more formidable
species. The brown rat is frequently
called the Norway rat, from the erron
eous impression that it came from Nor
way, which country it did not reach
until it had become abundant in Britain
and Am" It appeared first at As
trakhan in the beginning of the eigh
teenth century, and gradually spread
over Western Europe, whence we have
derived it. It was once known as the
Hanoverian rat, because the British Ja
cobites were pleased to believe that it
came in with the House of Hanover.
Why He Didn't.
There was a case in Justice alley yes
terday in which the lawyer for the
plaintiff had a sudden drop. It was a
matter of trespass, and the defendant's
only witness was an old man. He stated
that he rode along a certain highway
with defendant, held the horses while
defendant got down, but be saw no act
of trespass.
"You say you rode down to the
Corners with him ?" queried the lawyer.
" Yes."
" When he came to plaintiff's farm be
got out. didn't he P"
" I think it was about there."
" And he entered a field P"
" I don't know."
"You dout. Wasn't it broad day
light r*
"Yes. sir."
" Did you turu away your head so as
not to see him P",
" No, sir."
"Was your face toward him ?"
" Yes, sir."
" And yet you testify that you didn't
j see him enter the field P"
" No, I didn't see him."
" Did you want to P"
"I did."
" Then why didn't you ?"
" Because I am blind !"— Detroit
borne Serere Droughts.
An interesting record is that of severe
droughts, as far back as the landing of
the Pilgrims. How many thousand times
are observations made like the follow
ing: "Such a cold season!" "Such a
hot season!" " Soch dry weather!" or
"Such wet weather!" "Such high
winds or calms!" etc. Read the follow
ing list showing number of days with
out rain: In the summer of 1691.
twenty-four days; in 1530, forty-one
days; in 1657, seventy-five days; in
167' i, eighty days; in 1674, forty-five
days; in 1688. eighty-one days; in 1694.
sixty-two days; in 1705, forty days; in
1715, forty-six days; in 1798, sixty -one
days; in 1730, ninety-two days; in 1741,
seventy-two days; In 1740, 108 daya;
in 1755, forty-two days; in 1768, 183
days; in 1773, eighty days; in 1791.
eighty-two days; in 1819, twenty-eight
days; in 1856, twenty-four days; in
1871, forty-two days; in 1875, twenty
six days; in 1876, twenty-six days.
It will be seen that the longest
drought that ever occurred in America
was in the summer of 1708. No rain fell
from the first oi May to the first of Sep
tember. Many of the inhabitants sent
to England for hay and grain.
Words sf Wisdom.
A gilded frame makes a (good picture
in the eyes of nearly all the world.
The only disadvantage of an honest
heart is credulity.
The smaller the caliber of mind the
greater the bore of a perpetually open
Advice is like snow, the softer it falls
the longer it dwells upon and the deeper
it sinks into the minds.
Friendship which flows from the
heart cannot be frosen by adversity, as
the water that flows from the spring
does not coogea! in winter.
The son which ripens the corn and
fills the succulent herb with nourish
ment also pencils with beauty the violet
and the rose.
A quart of milk for every six inhnH
tante. is the rule by which they cal
culate the amount |of milk .requited to
supply the population of any city.
Never work with dull tools, for they
require too greatfan outlay of strength,
both of man and beast.
It is stated that an English grape
grower stopped the profuse bleeding of
a thrifty grapevine by forming a sort of
hard cement over the cut ends by re
peated dustings at short intervals with
Portland oement.
A preacher at Chicago ad roc Ales the
introduction of Udyttth*r at church,
to make the young men attend.
, aI