Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, July 29, 1880, Image 7

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    Flower Seeds Given Away
To ovary Yearly Subscriber to
The American Garden,
I \EVOTKD exclusively to the (iur
dfiilng lnt*rM(ii of Atiifrirn. CoUUin* twelve
pagaa of ciuwly printed nintter, rrUhiig to IIOHTI
AND V KUKTAIILK OAKDKN In all thalr varUsl |
This popular Mncatinr, haretufora puhll*h*d by
MMNB. REACH, SON k Co., Hill hnuftT IN* puhlUht-d
by thw prtMx-iit proprietor*, in iu *tttir*ly new ilria*,ami
HIII ap|M<ar HI January, April, July UML October of
racl year.
Flrat numl>>r will IH ready aUiut April JOCli.
Flower Seed* for the Wild Garden, i
Kvt'rjf yearly nlcrllwr will receive, In addition In
TIN- jmpt'l , a packet of FLOWER SEED* roR TIIB WILD
iiifthlN, which contain* a mixture of upward tern
RVXfiin VARIETIES, Btaflklßttl lr A MKiri r.ni
irround, which will give a profusion of flower* during
the entire a*aaoii for neferal year* in aticcaaaion In
-tuition* for ■awing and *ulxM*)uiit Treatment of 1
Flower BeeR, an wll am for other plant* for the Wild
tiardeii, will te foiiud in the April number of the
B. K. BLISS te SONS, I*iihlinher& %
27-dw 'M Harclay Street, New York. |
Xetr Victor Sewing Machine—Harper Hrothers, Agents.
'ovements September, 1878.
•itlmtending llio VICTOR lias long been the
nv Sewing Machine in tbo market a fact
Iby a bout of volunteer witnemea—■we now
a wonderful reduction of friction aid n rare
tie is a beautiful specimen of mechanism,
and token rank with thehighext nchieveim lit*
or conxign Machine*. therefore, have no old
We Sell New Machines Every Time.
Send for Illustrated Circular and prices. Liberal term* to the trade. Don't buy
until you have seen the
Most Elegant, Simple and Easy Running Machine in the
Market.—The Ever Reliable VICTOR.
iY.wtern Branch O&eu, Vi.l3 STATE Sr.. i'UICAOO, 111 MIDDLETOWN, CONN.
HARPER BROTHERS, Agents, Spring Htrmt, ... BKLLEFONTE, PA.
IViltion, McFarlane <1 Co., Hartlfcarc Dealer*.
Paints, Oils, Glass and Varnishes,
ALUMonrr HTREKT, .... ■mar BLOCK. .... BttxavoifTX, PA.
ItmtinenH Car tin.
In (inrmiu'i Nrv Block,
WATCHta, CUM'It, JtVLLfeT, Ac.
All work r**ally pverntkri. On Alkgli*nj itrtft,
under BrockerbofT lloum>. 4-tf
2 R> A. Brorkerholf Row. 5
jj , All h. Standard Patent Medicine. Pre- a
■c jacrlptlon. end Family Recipe a* curately p.
SJ .prepare). Truman, Shoulder Brace., Ac., Ac \ 3
r| 4-tf j s
. Ilrut k**ihfr Kow, AlleKhenj
1-ljr m foatt, I'a.
B. C. HI"KM, Pie |. J. P. lUftklf. tklh'r,
Alle|benjf ktrwct, B*llfonU. Fa. 4-tf
Receive Dep "It,
And Allow Inter eat,
Dtocoout NotM;
Bnjr and Bell
(In*. Securities,
Uuld and Coupon.,
J mil A Bur**, President.
J. B. SacoiaT,enable*. 4-tf
ALL Buflercrs from this disease
that are amino* to be cored should try Da
DKHS. These Powder* ar* the only pr.|airatlnn known
that will car. Oouaanme* and all dl*caw* of the
Thwoat a** Luna.—lndeed,*o strong la nor faith In
then, and alao to conrinr* you that they are no hntn
ho*, w. will forward to .tery .offerer by mall, poat
paid, a r*u Taut Boi.
• don't want yonr money nntll yon are pwfertly
■atlafled of Ibelr coratlre power.. If yonr life la worth
earing, don't delay In giving then* Pnwn** a trial, a.
they will ioroly core yon.
Brio., for large boa, 13.W1, rent to any part of th.
Dotted State* or Canada, by mail, on receipt of price.
44-ly SAO rolfon Street, Brooklyn, R. Y,
X Humbug— by ana month'* usaa* *f Or. Qow
lrd'* C*lbr*t*d Infalbbl* Fit Pawdaru. To cna
rlnce *uffer*re that the*, ponder* will do all we claim
for them wa will tend them hy mall, roer ram, a ran*
rata* hi. A* Dr. Uonlard la Uiaonly phy.lrian that
he* i.tr made tbie dlaaaaa a aped a I .tody, and a* to
our knowledge thousand. have beea newi.uiht cur
ed hy the nae of theee Powntna, atwiu. demur** A
r**HA**nr cur# In wary caaa, or aarunn Tou AU
■t.BBT Ilpmrnu. All *iilferen abonld rive theee
Powder* an early trial, and be convinced of their cnra
ti v a power*.
1 Price, for large boa, $3 00, or 4 bote* for 11040, sent
by mall to any part of I be United States or Qanaila on
rodept of price, or by eiprsee, C. O. D. Addraa*
44-ly. MO Fnlton Street, Brooklyn, R, T.
Plain or Fancy Printing.
Wo have unusual facilities for printing
tor Printing done in the best stylo, on
short notice and at the lowest rates.
toy-Order* by mail will receive prompt
I J R. R.—Tlins Tl'ls In ! on and M*t '
I, IBM*: 7
l.ee> Snow Shoe 7.20 a. M.,arrive* in Bellefonte
0.10 an.
!.*. Bellefonl* 10.2-1 A. M., arrive* al Snow Shoe
11.17 A. a.
Lravra Snow Shoe 2>4) r .,errlrc* In 8.-llrfnnle
3 41 r. .
I.cav** Bellefonte .VIA r n . errlvee at Snow Shoe
; 6.17 r. M. DANIEL HIIOADS,
( I _____ Ooxoral Sn|o-rlnlendnt.
ROAD —Time-Table, April 20. 14MI:
I Kip Mail. wtftTWAkn. eastward. Kxti. Mail
*• *. r. M. P M. A. H
• lo 632 Arrl?s*lTBns ... 7 R * jo
" •'* • 25 U*iKMlTyn)Ds !**•#... 7 15 I 27
7 .19 A2l ...... M Vnll •' ... ? |ti n3|
7 Aft 17 •• Hal.! kUirU • ... 723 * .37
7.4" ft 9 . u Fflrr M ... 7XI N O
742 6 3 ....m •• lUnnab M ... 730 9 7
735 665 •• pri MntiM* •• ... 744 ft 14
727 ft 47 " XarlliA *• ... 752 92k
71* ft 3* .•• •e. M JUIUD •• ...kin 44.
7 • ft 27 ...... '• I'nionvilU •• ... Rll 943
70 ft IR 0.0.0. •• ftow Hho la M ... k2l 9 ft|
6'4 ft Ift ...... " Milwlivri •* ... R24 9 Aft
•40 ft- ft M D'-llkfont* M ... n32 9 ftl
• 3f 4 ftft •• MilMLurg " ... R 4ft 10 3
j 6 2ft 4 4ft ...... 11 Cart in " ... 4 ftft lo 14
4 lft 4 4< " .Mmint Kdfc'l •• ... 900 10 Ift
ft 9 431 " Howard •• ... 9 RlO 2V
ft fttft 420 M Kaglrviila M ... 91R10 42
'ft ftO 415 ...... " lurn h i'rak M ... 92210 47
ft 4 9 " Mill Hail " ... 93411 U0
1 & 29 400 • riminirtnn •• ... 987 11 4
•ft 2ft 8 ftft " Ld*rk Haran * ... 942 11 R
X —< Philadelphia and Kris Dtvi.ion ) —On and
after December 12. 1*77 :
' , KRIR MAIL leave. Philadelphia 11 Mpa
" IlarrUbnrg I Ban
I" Willlamaport * 3.1 n m
" " Lock llav.a 040 a m
" Ranovn 10 AS a m
I " arrive, at KH 73Ap in
RIAOARA KXPRKSH leave. Philadelphia.. 7 2tiam
" llarrithnrg.... In AO a tu
" Willlamaport. 2Vi p m
" arrivM at Renovo.. 4 40 p m
Paaacngera by thia train arr>v. In Belle
fonte nt 4 3.1 p tn
PAST LIN* leave. Philadelphia It 41 a m
" " Harrtetmrg 3 *.l p m
" " Wllllam.tHirt 730p ni
" arrive, at Lock llaren
PACIFIC EXPRESS leaves Ie k Haven—... A4O a m
M M'illiamtport... 7 Mi n
arrives at HarrMmrg II Maa
" " Philadelphia.... 3 4.1 p m
DAT RXPRRBS leave. Renovo 10 Id a m
" I-Ock Have* II in **>
" W1111am^0rt......... 12 40 am
" arrive, at Harrtaborg 4 lop m
" Philadelphia. 720 p m
ERIK MAIL leave. Renovo, • 3A p m
" Lock Haven 0 4.1 p m
" WilliamaporL.. 11 05 p m
" arrive, al Harrtaborg 24& a m
PAST S,IRR leave. Willlamaport 12 36 . m
" arrive, at Harrtaburg * ft* a m
_ " Philadelphia. 7 3ft a m
Rrta Mail WaaLMlagara Riprma Wad, Lock llavea
Accommodation Wert, and Day Riprew Raat, make
clou, connection, at KnrthombeFland with L. A I. R
Rrt. Mail Wed, Mtegar. Ripred Wed, and Rrta
El ore.. Sal, and Lock ll.ven Accommodation Weat,
maa.ctaa.connection at Wllllanupwrt with B.C. R.
W. train* north.
Rrta Mall Want, Niagara Riprew Wert, and Day
*>!:"• *••*. 'low conaactlo* at Lock Haven
With B. B. P. R R. train*
RH. Mall Raat and Weat connect at Rrla with train*
on L. 8, A M. 8. R. R., at Corry with 0. C. A A. V. R.
*t Rmporlnm with B, R, TIM, R. an I al
Driftwood with A. V. R. R.
Parlor ear. will rnn bdwwa Philadelphia and
Willlamaport oa Niagara Riprew Wad, RH. Kiprw*
Wwt, Philadelphia Baprese Raat aad Day Ripreea
Ram, aad Saaday Raprwe Red Sleeping ear*on all
night train*. W*. A. Bilpwik,
Hen'l Sapartnteadeat.
sht Crnto jprraotrai
Every farmer in his annual experience
discovers something of value. Write it ami
vend it to the "Agricultural Editor of the
Dkmochat, itelle font e, J'enn'a," that other
farmers mag have the benefit of it. Let
communications be timely, and be mire that
they are brief and well pointed.
Shade Offensive to Potato Bugs.
We have on our jilacc potatoes
planted in no Jess than six different
patches or lots—some for ourselves,
nnd some for the men employed on
the place—besides sundry small lots
in the several gardens; having been
governed in the selection of the sev
eral places by considerations of con
venience and adaptability of the land.
We have noticed, all through the
season, that while some of those lots
are completely overrun with the
"bugs," others arc comparatively free
from them. During a drive of an
Hour or two last week, we noticed the
same discrimination in various other
places, 1 hiL failed to find any satis
factory reason for it. This morning,
in looking over some of our agricul
tural exchanges, we find the following
paragraph credited to Charles A.
Green, of New York:
We have potatoes planted in the old
apple orchard. Where the earth is
shaded by the trees the Colorado beetle
| does not disturb tlie plants nt all, but
| where the sun strikes in between the
! trees, or where a tree is missing, the
j beetle lias to be fought constantly,
j Numerous theories ure suggested by
! this freak, but I have not investigated
far enough to oiler an opinion.
Recalling our own observations,
and going over, so far ns we can
remember, the several lots we have
noticed, that Mr. Green's
statement furnishes an entirely satis
factory explanation. So far as we
can now recall the different patches
wc noticed, every one which struck us
as lieing unusually troubled by the
hugs lies open to the sun, while those
j which enjoy a degree of immunity
| from their attacks, are at least par
j tially in the shade. We should be
i glad to know if any of our readers
| have made similar observations.
A Timely Caution.
The "ensilage" of green corn or
other forage crops, as clover, rye, and
so on, is attracting wide spread atten
tion and inquiry throughout the
country. Those of our readers who
| carefully read the article on this sub
ject in our issue of the fifteenth inst.,
I from the Chicago Slack Journal , will
| have a c lear understanding of it.
j The claims set up for this method of
preserving fodder, by Homo enthusi
astic gentlemen who have practiced
it, are so great that a word of cau
tion from so high an authority ns
I'rof. S. W. Johnson may not lie
amiss. We are indebted for the ex
tract to the Country Gentleman :
That the silo cannot create any
fodder, or that wc cannot take out of
the silo any food element that wc do
not put in is evident.
It is, I scarcely doubt, equally true
that ensilage is no more palatable, no
more digestible and no more nutri
tious than the fresh corn from which
it is produced. The rumor now
floating in the air that ensilage is
worth more, nay, much more than
the fresh corn fodder, lins nothing sol
id to rest on. Fodder is on all hnnds
conceded to lose nothing in the silo
that can effect a concentration of its
nutritive matters. The analyses of
Barral which. Goffart quotes in his
book, give both for fresh maize and
for ensilage 80 per cent, of water.
The main advantage of the silo plain
ly is to magazine green fodder.
Whether in our climate the silo or
the stook and shed are the licst, ex
perience must decide. Whether suc
cessful ensilage is more palatable or
more cheap than well cured corn fod
der, experience must likewise settle.
That ensilage once provided may be
a valuable accessory to dry feed is
fairly to he anticipated, but evidently
the enthusiasts are over-rating it.
The Horse Fork Neglected.
While tbe excellent labor-saving ma
chinery for sowing, caring for, and cut
ting the (arm crops, have been generally
appreciated and employed, the means
for placing the gross and hay in the
barn have been (ar too frequently neg
lected. The improved and almost per
fect horse forks have claims upon the
farmer, that he is slow to acknowledge.
We used to think the hardest work of
the haying and harvesting was the
"pitching off," but when we put up one
of those grappling forks and set it at
the work, with a horse as the power, the
hard labor was changed into a sort of
half sport. The horse fork is one of
the great recent inventions, and <ie-
I serves to take a front rank among those
machines that lighten the labor of the
farmer, and at the same time allows his
work to lie done in the most rapid man
ner in that portion of the season when
he is the most hurried and every aid is
Ho says the American Agriculturist,
and so say we.
We have used some one or another
ol the many different horse forks ever
since we commenced fanning, and
would think we could not farm at
all without one. Heretofore we have
used them with the simple rope and
pulleys,but last fall, .Mr. .1. 11. Leath
ers, of Mountain Eagle, who appre
ciates good farm machinery, and is
aiding in introducing some of it to
our farmers, put up for us a ''Church
Elevator," for conveying the hay to
different parts or the barn, and we
are now using it, for the first time,
in connection with the double harpoon
fork made by the Pennock Co., at
kennctt Square. The two combined
make a complete arrangement for
unloading hay, leaving nothing to lie
wished for in this direction.
Experiments in Thin Seeding of Wheat.
We find in the American farmer
a very interesting account of a series
of experiments in the thin seeding of
wheat, by C. Howard Shipley, of
Baltimore county, Md. After giving
a statement of the previous treatment
and croping of the land, Mr. Shipley
Now this prepared us for the final
and successful results which I come
toin 157(5, namely : finding out that
we could produce a larger yield of
wheat from a smaller quantity sown
than the old quantity, viz : six pecks
per acre with drill, which was the
amount I formerly sowed as first
referred to.
As to the increased yield of wheat
per acre from a small quantity sown,
it was proven to me by accident, viz:
by the setting in motion of a new
Hagerstown drill I hail put to work,
intending to set the seed paat of the
drill for sowing five peeks of wheat
per acre. I placed the lever bar on
the wrong side of the centre, or
bushel notch, which made it sow only
three peeks per acre instead of five
fiecks, which mistake I did not dis
cover until I had sown three-fourths
of my field. This being a particular
piece of ground I had selected to sow
with a new lot of wheat (amber) I
had just purchased for seed, I discov
ered my seed going too slow. Upon
examination of drill I found the mis
take as above mentioned, viz: wheat
gauge set to wrong notch ; nnd having I
only sown three pecks per acre. I ;
immediately changed the lever bar
upon the other aide of bushel notch, j
as I first intended, and sowed balance
of seed with live fiecks per aore, and
noticed result. Having sown it almut
middle of September, the three fiecks
came up looking very thin to what
the five fiecks did, and I should have
lieen discouraged but for the fact of
having read some years previously
an account in an extract from an
English agricultural journal where in
England they had produced large
fields of wheat jieracre by sowing, or
planting, if we may so call it, one j
grain to the square foot, or, in other
words, cue foot apart —making as
high as eighty bushels of wheat per i
As I stated, my thin sowing looked ,
very unpromising at first; but the ,
next spring, as the warm rains and
hot sun licgan to have their effect, it
was not long liefore I could sec it
thickening up, with strong branches
shooting out fifteen to twenty stalks
from one grain, while the five fiecks j
per acre sowing did not contain more '
than half ns many branches; and!
when ready to harvest it stood equal
ly as thick upon the ground as where
I had sown the five pecks, with all
the branches well up nnd heads much
larger. When harvested the yield
wsb thirty-six bushels of good w*hrat
per acre for the three-peck sowing
and only thirty-one bushels for the
five-peck sowing.
This being conclusive to my mind,
that the smaller quantity we sow per
acre the larger return we will realize,
provided the ground is strong enough.
It therefore causer! me to attempt
a similar trial in earnest to a greater
extent, so far as I had better and
stronger ground—as the thinner you
sow the better it requires the ground
to lie. Consequently the next year
(187 C) my principal crop wns sown
with only three pecks per acre of
amber wheat, in corn ground, plowed,
Sic., ns first described, with an appli
cation of four hundred fiounds of
SlinglulTs raw bone per acre (this
standard fettilizcr 1 prefer to all
others, after having tried several
kinds.) My return from this teat of
three fiecks per acre was thirty-eight
bushels jier acre.
But being disposed to teat my ex
perience still further the coming sea
son (fall of 1877,) I prepared one
Held of sixteen acres, ami sowed it
with three pecks per acre.
I had about four acres in another
lot; this waa clover sod, plowed late
In spring, top dressed with manure
and cross plowed in August, sowed
at the same time as the other, about
; middle of September, with only two
' pecks per acre and five hundred
pounds of Slingluff's bone per acre
—both pieces put in with Hickford
Si Huffman's drill. I also had anoth
er small piece in my truck patch—a
little better piece of ground than the
J above, containing about one-twelfth of
I an acre, upon which I sowed at the
rate of only one peek per acre, with
, the same quantity of fertilizer. This
j wns put in with a Hagerstown drill,
the Bickford Si Huffman drill not
sowing a less quantity than two
pecks to the acre.
Now as to results.
I/Ol Km. A. in. Ilcin.txA.tr
1 10 -AH
• 1.1 :w(2
Mi i'A M
Or, in other words, a table showing
bushels harvested to one bushel's sow
Tni Nod. yunnl'c „wn. ||c. j.. r cu re . Bui. f..r I nn
' ]
1 M ' 210
This first sowing of sixteen acres
with three peeks stood beautiful and
regular all over the field ; but heads
were short and of ordinary length.
The second lot sown, of four acres,
with two pecks per acre, was equally
as thick a growth upon the ground,
but wallowed considerably in places,
which a fleeted the; yield of this piece
somewhat. The heads of this wheat
averaged from four to live inches in
The third lot t>f one-twelfth of an
acre, at rate ol only one j>eck per
acre, stood upon the ground from
four, five and six inches apart; but
sometimes three or four grains would
drop together, which was an objection
to thin sowing. Here I would re
mark, there should be constructed a
I drill especially adapted to thin sow
ing of wheat, so as to deposit but a
single grain of w heat in a place, from
four to six inches apart.
I could stand some distance from
j this w heat ami count the single
growths of grain near the bottom ;
but when viewing the whole piece
i over the top it looked as thick as
i either of the of the other two pieces,
with much longer and larger heads,
. averaging about live inches in length,
i Some of this wheat put up as many
as thirty to thirty-five branches from
i one grain, and upon an average over
j the whole piece twelve to fifteen
stalks from a single grain.
I ***** *
In conclusion, I am unhesitatingly
, in favor of thin seeding of w heat;
hut the ground must be good and (
thoroughly worked, as in the case of
the third lot, where I sowed at rate
of one peck per acre, —it having been
cultivator] three or four years as a
truck or vegetable garden, and conse- j
quently the ground bad been well
worked and highly improved.
1 continue my seeding with three
pecks of wheat to the acre ; but as
my lands improve I shall reduce to
two pecks j>er acre. Then when
brought to that high state of cultiva
tion in which all lands should be to
make tbera pay, (more particular now
than in former years, owing to the
great competition we farmers have to
contend with against the Western
production of all kinds,) followed by
setting in grass, iny labor w ill tie less,
my crops larger, my profits greater;
and my satisfaction at results will
commend a consideration of this
mode of farming to all tillers of the j
Coldness of the Horns.
The horns of a cow are alwavs j
hollow. They are the natural cover
ing and perfection of bony processes I
from the skull and are themselves in- 1
sensible as the hair or ttic hoof is.
They are formed of a fibrous sub
stance, having the same composition
as hair, but as they contain within
them tiic bony cores which are part
of the skull, they may indicate by
their tetn|>cratiire disease in these or
neighboring portions of the skull.
A low temperature indicates decreas
ed circulation, and heat is a symptom
of increased circulation. Either of
these may be the result of disease
elsewhere nnd the temperature of the
horns should lie regarded only ns one
of the many circumstances which
point to some constitutional condition,
just ns a hot, dry skin or a cold,
clammy one, would indicate the same
in a person. By itself it is no guide
to the seat of the disorder, but taken
with others it may lie.
Stones in the Meadow.
Frntn Ih# American Afrrirtittnriat?
As the knives in the mowing ma
chine strike against the loose stones
in the meadow, or become broken by
the small ones that get lietween the
guards, they are not pleasant remind
ers that lliesc obstructions should tic
removed from the surface of the
meadow. There is no better time for
doing this, than just after the grass
crop has been taken oft, while the
surface is comparatively bare, and
the stones often loosened by the horse
rake, and other haying implements.
A few hours now spent in gathering
up the loose surface atones, will lie
well s|M>nt, and may prevent a serious
break to the mowing machine, and
in a hurried time of work.
. IIAV* a good deal of faith In an
overruling Providence, but plough
early and often, and use the cultiva
tor as often, with plenty of manure
'in the hill; then, with occasional
I rains, Providence will never hide a
1 smiling countenance.
A North Carolina Bonanza.
An extraordinary change has oc
curred in one phase of the agriculture
of North Carolina, by which the re
jected lands are preferred, and prices
have risen from a dollar an acre to
thirty and even fifty. The extension
of the culture of bright yellow tobac
co has been the cause, and the re
gions affected are the northern coun
ties adjoining the Danville district,
in \ irginia, and also the I'iedrnont
region farther south and west, in
eluding the counties of Alexander,
Caldwell, Catawba, Lincoln and
Cleveland. The light, gruy, sandy
soils are peculiarly adapted to this
crop. A moderate quantity of phos
phates and guano is used to get a
quick growth, which the dry weather
of the late Summer terminates, and
the porous quality of the soil sup
plies from below sufficient moisture
; to make the ripening very gradual to
a clear lemon color, and the curing
without spotor blemish. This tobac
co is used for plug wrappers, com
mands a very high price, and often
brings to the grower sf>oo per acre.
It|is enriching multitudes, building
houses and stimulating unaccustom
ed improvements and making hand
some bank accounts throughout the
favored district. It is a rural bonan
za lor many an industrious poor man,
whether white or black, and still
yields a golden harvest.
Importance of Good Stock.
Fru the Arnri<ftn Dairyman.
A large portion of the possible
value of products is lost by reason
of not having the right things in the
right place. A dairyman for instance
; who has not the right kind of cows
must submit to receive a yearly in
j come of S4O or sf>o per cow, or less,
when he might otherwise gain SOO or
S7O. A keeper of poultry may not
receive from his fowls the actual
value of the fool consumed ; or the
feeder of pigs may find himself in
the same predicament when he sends
his pork to market. Much of this
preventive loss occurs from want of
judgment or discrimination of select
ing or breeding stock. The live stock
of a farm, and more especially of the
dairy farm upon which no crops, but
only animal products are sold, are
i the tools or instruments, so to speak,
with which the profits arc dug out of
j the soil. If the tools are not the
very best, the work done by them is
proportionate!}* |>oor and poor work
is not profitable. It is then of the
the first importance that the animals
which are to be used as machines
should be of the very best kind.
American Fanner.
.Judge Luse says that in cases of
hoven, tympanitis, or drum-belly, as
it is sometimes called, which is caus
ed by cattle eating too heartily of wet
rank grass, clover or green rye in the
spring, and overfilling the paunch be
fore the stomach has ime to act
hence fermentation commencing, the
animal swelling, suffering great pain
and generally dying in a short time
unless relieved —lie gives a teaspoon
ful of pulverized charcoal every fif
teen minutes, in about one-half pint
of milk and water sweetened with a
little molasses, until relieved. Since
lie learned of the efficacy of this rem
edy he lias had no difficult}* in reliev
ing his cattle from the severest at
tacks of hoven.
IT costs no more to winter an oll
hog than itdoesapig. The practical
difference is that a IIREEIUNO sow
may be kept up on the same feed
which a pig would require, and in the
spring a litter of young ones would
make a large margin in favor of the
old one. Old sows arc twice as
profitable as young ones, as the off
spring ate always larger and more of
them. They may be kept a number
of years with profit. When a year
old, small-boned breeds will have
their growth and require but little
food, only enough to uiainUin life
and locomotion, whereas a growing
pig requires food for the same pur
poses and to promote its growth.
TIMOTIIV can not be cut low, espe
cially in dry weather, without harm
attending ; therefore it is advised that
all attempts at close shaving the
sward will be avoided. Not a few of
our most successful farmers cut tim
othy nearly or quite four inches from
the ground. Others, in gauging mow
ing machines for this grass, take care
to run them so high that it will not
be cut below the second joint above
the tuber.
IF you want }*our chickens to grow
fast feed them on oatmeal scalded
with sweet or sour milk. Don't make
the feed wet or sloppy, nor give more
at once than will be eaten up clean.
Only prepare as much as will be
eaten before any fermentation takes
place in it. Where oatmeal can not
be had, fine corn meal or cracked
wheat similarly treated and adminis
tered will answer a very good pur|oae.
Do not try to mow with a dull
sevthe; in one hour double the time
will be spent In whetting that it
would require to give it a good grind-
Ing, lieside twice the physical force
is expended in mowing. These re
marks apply with equal force to all
who use edge tools.
EARLY maturity is a desirable
quality in chickens.