Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, July 08, 1880, Image 6

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Fashions of the Season.
Neat, inexpensive and, above all, novel
suits are in demnnd this season, and the
modistes and manufacturers liuvo suc
ceeded in meeting the demand. First on
the list of novelty suits arc the useful
and beautiful parasol costumes. These
consist of a combination suit of striped
and chene, or mottled or mixed ginp
hams, percale or calico, made up in
three pieces; a coat hasque, doublo
breastcd with rolling collar, and basque
skirts; an overdress gracefully draped,
and a round walking skirt finished with
a deep kilted flounce. A parasol of per
cale, gingham or calico, matching the
material of the dress and made with a
neatly finished frame and handle, is sold
with these oostumes, the price of the
dress and parasol together not exceeding
six dollars, and sonic are as low ns five
dollars. Ladies, however, who are
much above or below the sizes in which
ready-made garments usually come, or
wlio prefer to make their own dresses,
will find numbers of percale, calico,
yeddo crape and gingham parasols dis
played on the counters by the side of
goods matching the parasol covers, from
which they can purchase their dress
patterns and take the parasol matching
their purchase. The material thus
bought can then be made up in as inex
pensive or costiy a manner as the pur
chaser may choose. To complete the
cool effect of the parasol dress, a chip
gypsy or light Fayal straw hat may be
worn with it, trimmed with scarfs of
India mull muslin, and the dress mate
rial finished with a large bow and a
cluster of artificial field flowers; or the
trimming may be entirely of flowers, the
hat being tied down with a mull or
calico scarf.
Some rarely attractive dresses in their
line are seen on the countersof large dry
goods houses, made of inexpensive
muslins, lawns and organdies. These
are of all colors for the grounds, from a
hair-lined brown to a delicate blue or
Eink, or heliotrope with boraers ot
right pink hedge roses or other
bright flowers or set patterns in rich
and contrasting colors and new and
original designs. Most of these dresses
are made with long basques, a round
draped overekirt, and a shoit round
underskirt. The trimmings are alter
nating ruffles and flounces of the fancy
borders and plain stuff', the last being
edged frequently with Italian Valen
ciennes of inexpensive quality. A
" love of a dress" of this kind is of pale
rose-colored lawn, the ground of which
is sprinkled over with small sprigs of
wheat and barley in pure white. The
border is in Oriental colors—a mingling
of brown, blue, pink, yellow and purple
—the pattern half floriated but forming
a decidedly Oriental design. This ma
terial is made up in a dress in the
style described above. It, and dupli
cates in pale rose, blue, mauve and buff
can be bought at some of the west-side
avenue stores for $3.50.
White lawn home dresses, for young
girls over twelve and under sixteen, are
made this season all in one piece—a
loose princess or gabrielle, with the
draperies and trimmings superimposed
in such a manner as to stimulate a short
coat and a skirt. These dressc > are
usually trimmed with Hamburg em
broideries in the open English and
Saxony designs. Embroideries arc pre
ferred for children's and young girls'
dresses this season, their value as dur
able and washable trimmings being ap
precinted. They retain their fresh look
.onger than the wash laces and frail
Valenciennes edged frills of last season.
The gypsy is the fashionnbic summer
Ijonnet, una for midsummer these gvpsy
hats are frequently made without strings
and trimmed with a long crepe lisse or
lace scarf, a golden rake and spade, a
cluster of golden bearded wheat esj;;,
and a strnj or two. The fw,
Aoft, wldc-brlmmed Fayal hats nre fre
quently trimmed in the same manner.
In trimming hats with wild flowers, it
is prettiest to leave the stems exj>oscd
and fasten the cluster of daisies and
other flowers carelessly, as if just plucked
and pinned into place. A girl who has
taste and a knack for millinery will find
it easier to trim her own hats this spring j
than ever before. There are so many
lovely and becoming little shapes that :
need only a smooth satin lining of red, !
turquoise blue, or old gold or black or .
white, a great bow of ribbons and a !
spray of chrysanthemums or white j
Black silk stockings are popular for
dress occasions, and are embroidered on j
the instep in colored designs of dancing
ballet girls, Scotch Highlanders, with
bagpipes, butterflies, small dogs and
humming birds. Less expensive stock
ings are polka dotted and striped, both
vertically and horizontally. Some of
these are at the same time very pretty
and very invipensive. We have seen
very pretty ecru-eolored summer stock
ings embroidered on the instep in a
fanciful design ol flowers and .eaves
sold from nineteen to thirty cents the
pair.— New Yor Stm.
Women of Montenegro.
The women of the Black mountain
have played as conspicuous a part in
wars as their m< n. In time of war they
carry provisions and ammunition for
the troops. This can seldom be done
without fighting rcguUr battli s an I
opening away through the enemy's
ranks. They succor the wounded, and
constitute, as it wre, a second army,
which has frequently secured a victory
when defeat was impending upon \hc
tir*t. Even by joining in the exploits
and rcvengfs of their nun, these women
get no recognition of their services from
their husbands. They prepare for them
selves only a prominent and well-e.irner!
place in the popular rhapsodies of the
The attire of the Montenegrin women
is picturo que and graceful when worn
with a bit of coquetry, which many
girls, however simple and timid, dis-
Llr.y. Their short linen gowns in the
iglier circles are ornamented with
velvet and trimmed witii gold em
broideries and coins. The most im
portant part ot their costume is the
" kapa," or national headgear. It
has a patriotic meaning. It seems to
tell the history of their past trials and
the hopes of their future. It is a cp of
red cloth, the sidesof which are covered
with a wide strip of black silk or crape.
A go>d disk witn slanting rays is em
broidered on a red ground at the junc
tion of the strips. The " kapa" illy
protects the head, yet the women
would not change it for anything in the
world. The red top means the lake of
blood in which, since the bnttle of Kos
novo, the country has been plunged.
The black band symbolizes the mourn
ful veil tii .t hangs over the mountain
from the day of the Turkish conquest.
The diic emerging from the crap" is the
nun of Montenegro, rising on a bioody
horizon, and spreading its rays over a
regenerated Slav fatherland.
Though perfect beauty in rare among
those martyrs of labor, the traveler will
occasionally meet with types remark
able for regularity and refinement of
feature. In such enses the characteris
tics of the Serbo-Slav race entirely dis
appear, and arc replaced by outlines and
profiles of antique cast, and by a dis
tinction of manners which arc more
impressive as the eye becomes more un
accustomed to it in approaching the
Black mountain. Abundant glossy hair,
and deep, wide eyes that dart fiery
glances, (and a rosy complexion make
them types worthy of the admiration of
painters and sculptors. Foreign blood
flows in the veins of the Montenegrin
beauties. In their battles against the
Moslems the Montenegrin warriors of
old took other booty than horses and
arms. Like the early soldiers of Rome,
they obliged these new Sabines ta take a
seat at their banquets and forced them
to become their wives, after having
purified them with the lustral water of
Baptism. But the Montenegrins of to
day have little or no appreciation for
beauty.— New York Sun.
Ilow Drru In I'eral*.
She wore a bright red satin skirt,
richly embroidered with gold lace: it
was very full and short, barely reaching
to her knees; a loose jacket of blue vel
vet, also much trimmed—this time with
silver lace; the sleeves were mode of
cashmere shawl, buttoned by al>out
twenty small buttons. She wore several
necklaces, most of them very massive,
studded with several turquoises. On
her head she wore a white shawl, with
a band of jewels round her forehead,
and at one side a large pearl star. She
had on both arms at least a dozen brace
lets—some handsome ones, some only
bands of colored glass. Her feet were
covered with coarse white socks; her
shoes green leather with scarlet heels.
Some, of the ladies wore bright red
trousers reaching to the ankle; but this
was quite the exception. They wear a
long veil reaching from head to foot,
generally made of some smart print or
muslin. I ought to mention that every
lady wore a small leather case around
her neck, containing some artli from
Mecca and verses from the Koran. The
faces of my hostess and friends were
much decorated, the eyebrows broad
ened and carried quite across the nose.
Some had small designs tattooed on the
cheeks. The hair is very long and
thick, generally dyed red; it is worn
plaited in many thin tails, twisted with
gold thread. The hands are well shaped,
but nails and palms are stained a dnrk
red. — Tinslcy's Magazine.
Infr. nta Cloak*.
Infants' cloaks for midsummer wear
are made of nainsook, and are edged on
both upper and lower capes with tucks
and a ruffle of Hamburg embroidery.
Sometimes the upper capes of these
little cioaks are entirely covered with
tiny sprays of hand-wrought embroid
ery. Besides the nainsook cloaks two
blankets are added for wraps in every
infant's layette, one of fine flannel with
a simple border, the other of cashmere
elaborately embroidered. The little
ecru muslin close-fitting infants' caps
have an entire crown of delicate Saxony
work. They also have a frill of muslin
around the face, and soft muslin strings
to tie beneath the chin. The general
fancy for bright coloring has caused
some encroachments in babies' ward
robe effects, and, though the best taste
still prefers pure white sashes, many
fashionable mothers now include a pale
rose-colored and a baby-blue Surah
sash among the other effects of thoir in
fants' layettes,
>°uhl4n Fancies.
Large collars are to be revived.
Bismarck shade* Will be worn in the
mitti are worn again in all
Round waists with belts nrc much j
Linen dusters in long mantle shape
are new.
Amber-colored roses arc worn on
black hats.
All sorts of lace and net mitts are
Bunchy and aggressive draperies are
The long Mercutio plume is the fash-
I ionable feather.
The gypsy bonnet is the rage in Paris
! and New York.
Tell not your secrets in a cornfield: it
has thousands of ears.
Illumination of red or orange grows
in favor for black dresses.
Almost all the female companions of
Queen Victoria are widows.
The Queen of Sweden is liable to go
! out any moment with heart disease.
1 Your grandmother's bead bag, if you
have it, is the acme of style in reticules.
Low coiffures arc worn by young
ladies, high Roman crown braids and
pull's by matron*.
Nun's veiling is the latest white and
cream-colored novelly for summer
toilets of ceremony.
Embroideries in jet, in pearl, in amber
and in iridescent beads are among clc-
I gant trimmings.
Many linen suits arc made with al
most plain skirts and plain round cor
sages with wide belts.
The most fashionable long gioves for
full dress are of undn ssed kid, white
or in very pale shades of color.
The imported English gypsy hats
have a netted cord covering the front
and back of the turned up brim.
Dressy white eibow capes have a
foundation of white Surah silk, covered
with tiny plaitings of Breton lace.
A new and odd fashion is to lace up
dresses with silk lacing strings and
leave the tags hanging as ornaments.
Very simple elbow capes are of any
black silk or wool fabric, with three or
four plaitings on the edge and a rufile at
the neck.
TheNorrutown Herald thinks It queer
that the Philadelphia policeman who
turned to stone should be regarded as a
greater curiosity than the one that
turned into a beer saloon.
Mrs. Boutbworlh, the novelist, has a
quaint cottage at Georgetown, D. C..
built in the crevice of a high, steep
rock, and commanding n series of ex
quisite views of hill and river.
Rough-and-ready straws, both black
and white, and with wide, irregular
biims, are worn as archery, lawn, gar
den and coaching hnts, trimmed pro
fusely with feathers and bright flowers.
A New Y ;rk correspondent telle an
interesting story about four women who
go to dinners and receptions to talk and
i to help the hostess entertain her guests.
The price for their services is $25 an
Fashionable stockings are in all the
new shades of heliotrope,cream, almond,
old gold, blue, rose and red, while the
instens are embroidered in buttercups,
rosebuds, forget-mo-nots and polka dots
in contrasting colors.
Iti-: not sate to be like one of the pro
fessional l/nidon beauties. A lady was
mobbed in Hyde Park the other day, the
ciowd blocking up the walk in front of
tier chair, and some persons standing on
the seats to look at her, and all because
she resembled the Jersey lily.
Pretty aprons to be worn at church
fairs, etc., arc made in India muslin,
the bib and square pocket in front marie
of close-set runners of muslin, the apron
bordered with a pulling and thin narrow
lace out at the back, so a- to form a
point beneath a large muslin bow.
The colors adopted by fashion this
summer are yellow and purple in all
shades, from deep'orange to straw color,
and from dark violet to the faint lilac
tint which goes this year by the name
of heliotrope. Deep red and lire color
also are liked in small quantities.
For day weir the old white skirt is
being superseded by those of black, lus
terless silk, trimmed witli several nar
row flounces, finely plaited. Ladies of
extreme elegance choose the petticoat
with reference to the shade of the dress
—exactly of the same shade or a decided
but harmonious contrast.
The. double pins attached by chains,
that have been out of tusbion for so
many years, are now being revived, and
are used for caps and cravats. In the
caps they are placed either across the
front or to one side, and on the cravats
they are fastened in one above tire
other. They are also to be seen in some
of the new velvet and lace toques lor
out-door wear.
Plaited skirts for walking-dresses are
more popular than they have ever been,
and are most variously made. Some are
boz-plftited in single plaits, others are
double kilts, while many have three
kilted flounces covering them. Most
ol the skirts of one plaiting lall at the
foot on a narrow plaited border, which
is often of a dark orange or red, in con
rast to the goods of the skirt.
Mittens of black and white silk are
stiil very popular for evening wear, and
some of the most elaborate are very open
and fine, and have small flowers em
broidered on them in colored silks.
They are v< ry long, and are kept up by
colored satin ribbon run in and out at
the top and tied in a bow. The most
elaborate of evening hose match the
mi;tens in fineness and embroidery.
The hood in every known shape—ex
cept the ugly and unbecoming old
"jelly-bag"—seems brought into requi
sition. But they are all wide open,
large and with the lining turned out, so
as to show completely. No cords and
tassels are used with them, as of old,
hut a cord is sometimes run through
the outer edge to draw it up and tie it
round the throat; or a bow of ribl<on is
placed in the center of the back. Many
hoods are made in the shape worn by
the Capuchin monks, and also in that
ot a clerical or academic hoed, to be
worn with tight-fitting dresses or a Jer
sey. In this way they will ouite take
the place of a mantle and will supply
the only out-of-door covering needed,
this will be especially the case with
young ladies and little girls. Shepherds'
plaid is much used for lining black silk
hoods, to be worn with any dress, and
as the season progresses black lace
hoods lined with a color will be very
Urlgin of a Few Familiar Phrases.
"You cannot say boo! to a goose "
How often have persons relieved their
feelings of irritation at the weakness of
others byh uning this phrase at them!
Had the latter only known ita origin
they could have been paid hack in their
own coin The origin is this: When
Ben Jonson, Hie dramatist, was intro
duced to a nobleman, the peer was so
struck with his homely appearance that
he exclaimed: "What! you are Beu
Jonson? Why, you look as if you could
not say boo! to a goose." " Boo!" ex
claimed tire witty dramatist, turning
to the peer and making his bow.
Tire phrase "Putting the cart before
the horse" can boast of great antiquity,
having first been quoted by Lucian, the
great Greek writer, nearly 1,700 years
ago. Francis Rabelais, the French
I satirist and wit, whose " Uorgantua''
| was published in the year 1533, has the
j phruse "He placed the carriage before
the steed." No derivation of it can be
! giv<n, but the meaning is very obvious,
and refers to those who begin to do a
; thing at the wrong end. " I have a bone
I to pick willi you" is a phrase that is un
complimentary to the ladies at starting.
1 It means, as is well known, having an
unpleasant matter to settle with vou;
and this is the origin of the phrase At
i the marriage banquets of tiro Sicilian
poor, the bride's father, after the meal,
■ used to hand the bridegroom a bone,
I saying : " Pick this hone, for you have
taken in hand a harder task."
The well-known saying that a shoe
maker should stick to his last originated
with Appelles, the celebrated Greek
painter, who ret a picture which he had
finished in a public place and concealed
I him.-elf behind it, in order to hear the
I criticisms of passers-by. A shoemaker
I observed ad feet in the shoe, anil tiie
j painter forthwith coirecbrt it. The
I cobbler came again the next day, anfl
, encouraged by the success of his first
j remark, began to extend his censure to
I the leg of the figure, when the angry
painter thrust out bis head from behind
thcpictuic nno told the shoemaker to
keep to his trade.
"Tlier 's a good time coming, boys;
a good time corning," was written thirty
years ago by Dr. Uharics Mnckay, and
sung with great popularity by Henry
Russell in bis concerts throughout the
' British islands.
I " Going the whole bog." Thisphrasj
originated in Ireland, where n British
, shilling lias been culled "a hog "time
out ol mind. Iu Ireland, if a fellow
happens to have a shilling, when he
met his friends he would announce the
fact that he would stand treat, even if
tiro expense reached tire whole amount
—in plain words, that he would " go
the whole hog" to gratify them.— 7>©y
7 trues. _______
The peculiar Western fish, theciseoes
of Lake Geneva, Wis onsin, have just
begun to bite, and parties are catching
twenty 1 o thirty doxen a day. The
eiscoes bite for a few days every year
and then retire to deep waters and hold
their mouths close for a year.
It is wonderftil how silent a man can
be when he knows his cause is just, and
bow boisterous he becomes when he
know* he is in the wrong.
IMINMI of Ilorxi' r<M—Corm.
Most horsemen understand more or
less the nature of this latter common
disease. Few are so ignorant as not to
know their location in the foot of the
horse. Yet, with all this knowledge of
the disease, these very persons, though
they think they know the nature of
corns, really know very little about
Corns, like many other diseases, are
curable when taken before much dis
organization of the parts iiave taken
In the first place, undue pressure
upon the outer edge of the inner heel is
mainly the cause of the disease, and
consequently in shoeing should have
extra care in seating the shoe to this
part of a horse with either a shelly hoof
or a corn. The shoe should be eased
oil'gradually for about an inch or so
from the end, never upon any account
thickened where the foot is weak, or at
all inclined to corns, for most certainly
the increased thickness must and does
increase the pressure, and a borae, so
shod, cannot long escape corns.
In all cases of corns the foot affected
must have the sole between the frog
and the outer crust pared pretty thin
and evenly, sons to allow of some elas
ticity in the immediate vicinity of the
corn. Cutting away the bars of the
foot very materially weakens the same,
and, as a consequence, induces corns
and other diseases of the foot. Weak
heelsshould not be pared to the extent
that a string foot is, which should al
ways be well and evenly pared at every
shoeing, but should be nicely and evenly
rasped, the sh JC scarcely touching the
After a corn is found in a foot bevond
question, with a very line paring knife
carefully pare to the bottom. Don't by
any means wound the sensible part ol
the foot, but for fear of quitton and
other serious mischief, get to the
bottom. Put into the hollow formed
by paring a piece ol tow or cotton bat
ten wet with butter, butterof antimony,
and press it to the bottom. Do this for
about three or four times; then substi
tute for the butter of antimony com
pound tincture of myrrh and aloes;
apply for some time, say a week or ten
days. Then examine caniully, also
watching the movements of the horse
to ascertain the degree of benefit result
ing from the treatment, and govern your
future acts by cireumsfjinces. If Lurtbe's
treatment is found necessary, why
then, of course, it must be jepeated. If
the corn seems to be dead-killed then
have put on a good fitting horseshoe,
or one with a web broad enough to
cover entirely the cavity made in the
foot. Be careful not to allow the inner
edge totouch unduly the frog—neither
bar shoe or broad web. The shoe
must be so made as to have no hearing
whatever upon the part affected.
Anoint occasionally with common tur
pentine and lard, eoual parts, carefully
melted together; this will soften the
hoof and stimulate its growth. This is
good for any disease of the hoof, and is
one of the best aad surest stimulants to >
new formation, and may be used with
great advantage in all hoof dise:iges.—
William Ilornc, M. D. Y .8., in IHxie
Btidilluu Peach Tree*.
Charles Block, Higginstown, N. J.,
writing on the budding and after-treat
ment of the peach in the C/r.cncr.i'
Monthly, says: We begin as early in
August as possible; generally the first
week have the branches and leaves all
cleaned off for six inches up the trees.
Clean out ail clods, weeds, etc., so that
there will be nothing in the way of the
workmen; the buds are cut trie night
before thay are wanted and spread out
on grass, well wet, with leaves on. Then
early in the morning the leaves are cut
closely to the eyes of the bud; the buds j
are kept in a wet cloth in tiie shade at
the nursery. The budder wraps up in a ;
cloth enough sticks or limbs to bud ;
several hundred and rami's tlieiu tied
fast to his waistband by his side; lie j
takes out a stiek.'ftolds it in his left hand I
with lower end from him and plat es his '
knife—wbirb may be any kind with a
b'ade pretty thin and of good quality—
about hall an inch below the hud; then
with a drawing cut— gradually deeper
cut about as Tar above the bud; rut
about halt way through a medium-sized
stick, not so deep as in a larger one.
Take out the knife and cut crosswise of i
the limb, just through the bark, about
half an inch above the bud, making a
I tout bud about one inch long; place
the point of the knife within one or two
inches of the ground on the seedling,
making a cut upward just through the
hark alxiut one inch lone: then make a
cut at the top t>( it crosswise, making a
T slipped cut after it is done. In mak- |
ing the crosscut, the knife has to have
a certain twist, which throws open the 1
bark enough to admit the point of the
hud without the aid of bone orquiil.
Now take hold of the bud cut on the
limb with thumb and forefinger of the
right band and twist it sideways and it
will come off, lraving the woodcut with
it on the limb; tin n thrust the lowir
point of the bud in the seedling fully
bntf-way up; then with thumbnail or
side of the thumb push down so that
the bud just fits in the stock We tie
with bass matting, cut about one foot
long and in strips quarter of an inch
wide, making three or four wraps, and
tie in a single knot in front ol the bud.
The ties have to be loosened in ten days
or two weeks, according to the growth
ol the tree. They ore slit by the knile
about half-way up the mat, directly back
of the bud. It does not injure the tree
by the knife cutting through the bark.
After this there iB nothing needed until
the next spring, when the tops are cut
off close above the bud, any time after
March 1, until the buds begin to grow.
Now this is our mode, but it depends a
great deal on the performer, who must
strain every nerve and guard against
every false motion, making as few as
possible to do the work.
fowls as lor roasting, and put them in a
pot of boiling water until tender. W hen
within twenty minutes of being done
add a teacuplul of rice, which will cook
in the gravy. Add parsley, pepper and
salt, and serve the fowl on a dish with
tire rice around it.
ICE CREAM CAKE.— Take the whites
of five eggs, one and a half cups of
sugar, one-naif cup of butter, one cup of
milk, one-half teaspoonful of soda, oce
teaspooonful of cream tartar, three cups
of Dour. Separate this mixture and
color half with strawberry coloring.
Flavor this with vanilla, the white
with lemon. Put in the white, (then
the pink. Bake slowly.
OnANGE JEM.T.— PeeI twelvg large
and sweet oranges; cut t hem into small
pieces, and squeeze them thoroughly
through a linen ba;- To one pint of
juice add one pound of sugar; when the
sugar is dissolved put it over the fire;
dissolve two ounces of isinglass in iust
hot water enough to cover it, and add it
to the jelly as it begins to boil, it
boil very fast for twenty minutes. Put
it iiot into the jars, and tie it up.
SOUKFLK PUDDING. —Put into a stew
pan a piece of butter the size of an egg.
When it is melted add half a tablespoon
of flour. Stir on the fir ' a few minutes,
but do not allow it to color; then add a
gill of milk, stir until it boils, and then
stir in the juice of one lemon strained,
and the rind of two lemons either
chopped very fine or grated. Add
pounded sugar to taste, and, off the
fire, the yolks of fou* eggs, which you
stir n well. Whisk the whites of six
eggs into a still froth; mix them to
gether with the above, pour the mix
ture into small molds, bake in a quick
oven and serve promptly.
ncrease iu Agricultural Products.
A writer in the International Review
says that in fifteen years the production
of wheat and barley in the United States
has trebled; corn, cotton and tobacco
more than doubled,oats increased nearly
140,000,000 bushels, potatoes nearly
doubled, and hay increased more than
one-third. He gives the figures for the
chief crops in 1805 and 1870, according to
which the production of wheat has in
creased from 148,553,000 bushels in the
former year to 44-1.750,000 in the latter
corn from 704,427,000 to 1,544,809,000,
oats from 225 252,000 to 304,253,000; rye
from 19.544,000 to 22,640,000; baney
from 11,391.000 to 40,184,000; potatoes
from 101,032,000 to 181,369,000; hay from
23,538,000 tons to 35,648,000; tobacco
from 183,317,000 pounds to 384,059,000,
and cotton from 2,229,000 let lea to 5,020,- 1
000. The remarkable inerea'e in the
production of cereals has beet, largely
owing to the settlement and develop
ment of the Western and Northwestern
Suites. Within the present generation 1
the ecnter of corn production has shifted j
from the South to the West, and oi 1
wheat production from the Middle 1
States to the far West. In 1849 fifty- '
nine per cent, and in 1859 fifty-two per J
cent- of the corn crop of the country was (
produced in the Southern States. In
1877, 850.000,000 bushels were grown in '
Ohio, Indiana. Illinois, lowa. Missouri !
Kansas and Nebraska, while the produo- 1
lion of nil the restof the Union amounted 1
to 494,558,000 bushels. The increase of '
the tobacco crop lias been chiefly in the '
South, where tiie production increased
100,000,000 pound- from 1870 to 1878. 1
During the same period the yield of not- 1
ton increased from 3,012,000 bales to '
5,216,600. This increase was mainly in *
Arkansas and Texas, the crop of the ?
former !-"tate swelling from 111,000,000 '
pounds in Ih7o to 318,000,000 in 1878 1
and that of the latter State from 157,- 1
000,000 pounds in 1870 tJ nearly 500,. ,
000,000 in 1878. According to the writer '
already cited, only about nine per cent,
ol our entire grain crop is exported, in- .
eluding 24.70 per cent, of the wheat
and 0.49 per cent, of the corn produced.
The exports have rapidly increased in •
>the past few years. and are likely to in- '
crease in the future, especially if the cost '
of transportation shall be reduced. 1
Thus, the total exports of all cereals in- '
creased from 39,000.000 bushels in 1868 '
to 189,000,000 in 1878. About three per 1
cent of the national product was ex
ported in 1808. and nearly eleven per
cent, in 1878. In addition to this, the
exportation of live-stock, into which
corn entcra more or less, has increased
tenfold within the past twj years.
The value of the land and stock em
ployed in furnishing milk, butter and
cheese in the United States is estimated
at $1,300,000,000. Over 3,000 factories
are engaged in the manufacture of these
articles, besides the tens of thousands of
private dairies. One manufacturer in
Western New York has over thirty fac
tories. Others in different parts of the
country have from five to thirty each.
There are several firms in New York
city which handle from $2,000,000 to
$3,000,000 worth of butter and cheese
annually. The annual production of
cheese in the United States is estimated
at 350,000.000 pounds, and of butter
1,500.000.000 pounds. The value of the
two is about $350,000,000, $50,000,000
more than tlie wheat crop, one-seventh j
j more than the hay crop, one-third more
than the cotton crop and only one-fifth
less than the corn crop, 'flu re are
13,000,000 cows In the United States,
which is over six limes the number in
Great Britain, and more than twice the
number in France. The cheese and
butter exported this year have paid
j freight to ocean transportation com
| panies amounting to 81,000 000. or al
most enough to support a line of ocean
• steamers. They pay to railroad com
panies annually over $5,000,000, and
milk pays nearly as much besides. The
annual production ol milk in the United
States may be safely valued at $ 00 •
A Curious Insert.
' Don't catch that bumble-bee in your
fingers—it will sting you." said li by
stander to a dentist with scientific
proclivities who resides in the coun
try. 'Not a bit of danger," said the
doctor; "the fact is that fellow is not
a l>ce at all, only a fly made to resem
ble the bumble-bee very closely, but
differing therefrom in some point easily
detected by any one with a slight
knowledge of insects. He is a very
formidable fellow among the smaller
insects, devouring great numbers of
them, but altogether incapable of in
jury toman. In fact be is one of the
beneficial kind, because he destroys
whole hecatombs of insects during his
short lifetime. You see I handle it
without injury. It is a bom fraud,
made to represent bumble-bees for two
reasons: Because its victims do not
expect to be eaten by the honey-loving
bumble-bees, and itse: niesare fright
ened away by fear of the terrible busi
ncss end of fbet lnc t. There are
many such 4 a imicry in the in
sect world. It bciongs to the genus
laphira." "How do you distinguish
them from bees?" "Easy enough.
Bees have always four wings. This fel
low, you tee, hns only two. That gives
him away. He is a fly sure to the few
who know that, but a terrible bumble
bee to all the rest."
The young man who was referred to
pa when he popped the question, slated
that he vuitM the convention as
an instructed delegate.-jHWadeZpMa
Full ruches of black lace form reft
high about the necks of most handsome
summer mantillas, dolmar vbdtes and
shoulder capes.
A White Han's Sacrifice for a Squaw,
The M&niboulin Expositor, a Hritisfc
American paper, says: News has just
been received of the death of Arthur
Cole Hill, who died at Serpent riv-r
The deceased came from England, was
about thirty-five years of age and r>o
scHsed of a good college education. if.
entered the Her vice of the Hudson Hay
company for three years, arid upon Uj,.
expiration of his time signed for two
years more. After putting in about one
year of the latter term he made the ac
quaintance of a squaw and wanted to get
married, but as he could not do so until
he left the company, he wrote to head,
quarters for his discharge and his salary
up to that time. Mr. Mackenzie, who
was in charge of the post at the time
also wrote explaining matters, which r>y
suited in the discharge not being granted
Hill was then sent up Jatko Superior to
another post, where it was thought |,<
would give up the idea of marring a
squaw, but lie did not -top there long—he
deserted and got married. Aeeort'ngvj
some rules of the company, a man -.vim
does not serve his time out 10-e- ail h. ' ;•
m< ney, and such was the COM- with LI;:J
However, he beard from bis brother
Henry Hill, who, we an- informed, holds
some oflice in the Hank of England.
there w:is $.500 to his credit there,
tie intended to sue the Hudson Hay coin
puny for back pay, which Ls UIKJU- SOOO.
Alter he got married he made hi home
among the Indians at SerjMmt river, U/.-
lowing their life, fishing, hunting, • -. t
and received a small amount lor V,,:. Di
aller Murray's mill at that pla •<•. I. -•
November lie took si k, an 1 as th r-
DO medical attendance at band he 11 :
on till iiis death. Frank Mil'er, wtiol a
boen trading on the N'orth Shore all v. in
ter, went t-> am Hill at the sugar Ottlb
about fifteen miles from Serpent rivn ;
upon asking hirn what '.van the ma;<-r]
lie replied tout he had la-en siek. hu - {•■ •
better then. Miller stopped in tin vig.
warn that night, and next morning H i
took worn- and tol 1 Ljrn he was djl g.
He told Miller that if anything har.p< .. i
and if tiis money could be obtain' 1 h;.
wife waa to have it. H- wafl - ent 1
while. Suddenly a gun was lired. fo -
lowed by two more reports, then turning
on bisside he-aid: " Frank, do you k.vnv
what that mean-?" On being told ;h:
bo did not, he sai 1: " That mean-Ihere's
a death in the camp, hut 1 ain't a gone
coon yet."' After lying quiet a few mo
ments be asked Miller to teaeli hi
boy to pray, and that was his la-: r< ,ui ;
he died •' 2 p. M. It was a hard - < c,
Miller being the only white man with
him; the de eascd's wife and child. h<
mother and four Indians, comprised the
funeral. The body was rolled in a
blanket and drawn out r-f camp on a dog
sleigh, followed by the little proce-s -
in single file, and placing a few arrow - in
the grave they buried him. Deceased
was well liked both by the Indians and
white m> n, and bis -ad death 1- deeply
felt by all who knew him.
How a Kentucky Fount ry loan makes.
There are comparatively few residents
of the town who know what ta -
during the hours betwi.n the peej-o'-
day and full sunrise Those first to ap
pear on the streets, which is just about
the time that the combat bt'twcin day
and night is equally balanced, are near y
always half-way disguised, and are anx
ious not to be recognized when met. II
recognized and accosted, an excuse k
always ready to account for the > ariy ap
pearance. Those people have slee;?
eves and languid looks, betokening that
tue drowsy god had been neglected in
their last night's offerings. With .iphl
and hurried fim I soot
appears, and wiii appear no more until
late in the day or the next morning.
Now theday is beginning to gain tie ad
vantage of night 'I bird* b;- r •
sing, and soon a fall chorus from th<
cemetery surge toward and fili the
streets witii the melody of tlnir K>r.g.
Singers perched in . < trees of th< •
lend their voices to swe.i ih voiu
The next people to appear are the old
colored women, on their way to the
places where tll emp'.-. %<•'.. Be
fore they have disappeared the old'r
colored men, who wait upon the store*,
come up and stand in groups, waiting
for the time to rouse the clerks, for they
dare not do it so early. The bat
shops are the first to open. The sound
of their saws and knives can be h f nrd
before the disguised class hardly dis
appear. About the time the other
| co.ored men come, the customers of the
butchers begin to drop in. These are
old white gentlemen, who believe that
early customers get the tender steak.
Now day has gained the victory, and
night is fast retreating westward. A
general rattling of doors begin, the
younger colored men and women
till the streets, going in various dire -
tions. Undressed cierks appear, ar.d
] with a lazy yawn exchange morning
{ salutations with theirneiglibors. Some
half dressed proprietors, with last
) niflit's films yet upon them. come.
I Shutters are opened, blinds art raised.
specimens of wares are put upon the
! streets, the sun lias come in fuil splen
dor ; the stages arc making r< any to
leave; travelers are taking their places:
some are going to and some are coming
from breakfast; the later store- are
open : the streets are fil.ed with v hi' les
and people, and Richmond is on the full
tide ol another day.— Richmond (Ay )
Herald. -
An Interesting IJelir.
We have at our office a handsome
specimen pf the "diseoidal stone." a
kind of stone implement thai has very
rarely been found outside of East Ten
nessee and adjoining sections. The*
relics deserve a passing notice on account
of the rapidly growing interest in arch-
I aeology. and especially in American an
tiquities. The name is given to this type
of relics by the aeicntitta from its shape
—that of a double convex disk. They
arc usually made of the hardest quart*.
Tory symmetrical and beaulituUy po.-
ished. and the manufacture of a sing.e
one, without the use of metallic toon,
must have cost the ancient workman
the labor of months. The traditions of
the Cherokeea do not reach back to the
origin of these implements, but only
say that their first people found the®
here and made use of them in plajiM
" ohungke," a game described by ear.y
writers as being similar to ten -pin*
Like many relics of the stone age, whose
use cannot be accounted for, toe dis
eoidal atone is ascribed to the mounn
builders. The present specimen was
recently plowed up in n field n r
Kingston. It U made of beautUuir*:
ricrated quartsite, polished smooth af>
the finest marble, and so hard that it
would turn the edge of the best tern;
pered steel drill. Whatever Its origjua.
purpose, it must have bwn something
the owner considered vsry Important.
It was probably connected with so®*
superstition or some religious belief or