Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, July 01, 1880, Image 7

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    Xew Advertisements.
Horse Hay-Fork.
Daxcriptlte Catalogue eiit frt\
3w. Kimnxtt SqVAU, CliMti>r County, I'n. j
A Now Early Sweet Potato,
SiPPERIOU in earlincw, productive-
W tiMut, color and quality. Produced tuber* large
•boq|li for flu Mifkit InvMitydftjfi 1
On account of its Early Maturity, it is be- '
lif red to be better adapted for Culti
vation in the Northern States
than any other variety.
In ha|M tlu*y are somewhat shorter tlian the ordinary \
virodiN, o| n ir>lil*n yell<w color, cinik very dry, and
are of *it|orior flavor. Hill grow on quite ordinary toll '
with hut a flight roat of manure, yielded a large crop
the past irßMin upon land that Hoiild Hot glow ahove
tifteen bushel* of Corn to the acre. An excellent keep
er The no-t valuable variety in cultivation.
Price of wlfh diiectionv for planting. by mall, I
|nit-|niil, ftu cents per do/.en ; $l -.' lur titty . S'i.'t) per
hundred 51 2. Vi per thousand
*24-3 U llarc lay Street, New York. j
Mew I'irfor Setviny —Harper lira!hers, Ayents.
'Ovements September, 1878.
ritliHtandiug the VICTOR baa long bom tin
ny Sowing Machine in tho market- a fart
tby a boat of volunteer witneHsen—we now
u wonderiul reduction of friction ami n l . ro
tin in a beautiful Hpeciimn of lueckniii.Mii,
and taken rank with the hifjhevt ncliiovium r.t.s
We Sell Hew Machines Every Time.
Send for Illustrated Circular aud prices. Liberal terms to tho trade. Don't buy
until yon liavo seen tho
Most Elegant, Simple and Easy Running Machine in the
Market.—The Ever Reliable VICTOR.
tV.stem UraaeU Odieo, Statu Sr.. < loxcaoo, 111. KIDDLETOWN, CONN.
IIAItPEU BROTHERS, Agent*, Spring Street, - - - 11KLLKFONTK, I'A.
Wilson, Me I'arlane ,(1 <V>., Hardware Healers.
Paints, Oils, Glass and Varnishes,
lliisiitrss Cfirils.
in Humum'* New Block,
IIUBVOm, FA, i 1)
AH work neatly **,. ntMi. On Allegheny *tr*et.
under BrocktrhnfT ||nu<M. 4.if |
B if • DRI OOIRTfI t '
2 !f fl. Ilrork erhofT Row £
£ ;*crl|tin* liiil Family Kwlpfi accurately! #. !
35 | prepared. Truaae*, Shoulder Hriwe, Ar., Ac. '2 1
?1 4 " 11,
f oris DOLL,
Brockerhoff How, Allegheny *tret,
1-ly MMMiti, Fi<
*. \ in mm, Pren't. J. f. iiuhik, (knh'r.
Allegheny Street. Ilellefonte, Pa. 4-tf
\J company
Ami Allow Intercut,
Diwounf Not"*;
Hoy and Ml
CioV, M urltie*,
Hold and Coupon*, :
Jawm A. Br.i vkr, Pr-id#nt.
J. d. >Wi—t,oMir. 4-tf j
\LL sufferers from this disease
that re an x ton* to he mrH should try D i
I'KHS Tlifw Powder* are the only pn|ration known
that will cum Cowstarr(oa and all tliH*e of th*
TfinoT axn Ltrvo*— Indeed. atrornria our faith in j
them, and al*n to convince you that they are no hum
hit*, we will forward to *very unfferer by mail, |*,*t I
paid, a rnrit Trial Box.
We don't want your money until yon are perfectly !
Mtiflpd of their curative power*. If your life i worth
earing. don't delay in giving theee Powuvfea a trta!, a* j
they will *ure!y cure yon.
Price, for large box, ent to any part of th*
t'fitted Statea or Canada, by mail, on receipt of price. .
44-ly 3mi Kulton Street, Rnmhlyn, 11. Y. I
Humbug-by on* month', utaga of Or. Qoh
lard', Colobr.tod Infolliblo Fit Powdara. To con
vince snlferer* (hot llm* |>*derv will do nil wr claim !
for thnm wr will arnd thrui by moll, root rata, o raaa
TOIAk •<>*. A, l)r. Oonlard la th* only phyaletan Ihot
li.a .r mod. thla diaraaa o special atn.ly. Mid M to j
our knowladge thousand. havab-en PIOM4,IOTLT enr- I
rd by Ihr im of these Powoaas, i wiu. cituXASTta 0
cure In .Tory ow, or narumi rot' ai.l
aoxar ixeaxnrn. All antTerera ahould rim three
Powdrro on aarly trial, and ha convinced of their cura
tive power..
Pi Ire, for largo Ih>k, $3.00, or 4 Ikum for f 10.00, .rut
hv mall to any part of tlia United Stale, or Canada on
rrciept of price, or by express C. O. t>. Address
4 -)y. 3tW Fulton Street, Brooklyn, N. T.
Flower Seeds Given Away
To every Yearly Subscriber to
The American Garden,
I \ICVOTKD exclusively to the (!ar
_l ' cli'i.iliK lutcrKi of Aiurrii.n. CnnUllm Iwlvo
imu... of rlim. ly prlnli'il IHHU' I. t.-Intiuic to IIOKTI
AM) \ KUKTAULK (lAltliKN In all tliulr vurlod
KoiTlli nr Dn. F. M. IIKXAMKK.
Till. ,io,mlar Mii|cttzlin*, linrt'tufurn |iul>lialu-'l |,y
ll**' 11, SON A CO., will hormillar 1.0 |"iMUIul
li.v Um l'loiH iit |iro|irlt'U>r>, lu niu-utlrely howUrt..,aoil
mil ai ill Jaoiiarjr, April, July auJ October of
eat h year.
Firt number will la- r.u.ly about April JOIIi.
Flower Seeds for the Wild Garden.
Kvrjr yarly >ubacrib,<r will rwelvr, In ailditloii In
the paper, a packet •>( I'L'jWi.H Sialifl oK Till WILII
livhukn, which contain* a mix tin• of upaord tt.sr.
11l VAHIKTIKa, atitllcieiit fttt a square rod of
grotfnd. which will give a piufuaioii of (lowers dtiiing
the entile eunMli for M'Vftul yearn in aucctHMion In*
*tru tiotin for sowing and subsequent Treatment of
Flower heed", ll* Well an lor other plants for tin- Wild
Garden, will tie found iii the Apiil tiuuiher of the
Amekican (PARIIX.N.
B. K. BLISS & SONS, Publishers t
*ll -3w ,'4 Han lay Street, New York.
H. R.—Time-Talde In effect on and after Mav
Leavefl Snow Shot 7.20 a. m.,arrives In Bellefbnte
; ♦.in a m
j Bellefonte 10.2-* a. m .arrive* at Know Hlhp<
i 11/.7 A. v
i Ircavea Bnw Sht# 2 t) r.M.,arriye in lldlf<>nte
' \V. r. m.
I#eave B#>llefti)te ".,I't p v.. arrives at Know Bhie
J fi &7 r. M. DANIEI, KIIQADH,
Oeneral Superintendent.
i-1 K 'AD.—-Time-Table, April 1
1 K*p. Mail. wisTwaan. *atwari. Kip. Mail
I *• r*■ rm.a. m
; "I Jo fl 3*2 Arrive at Tyrne Leave..... 7 M 21)
* '• -*i Kaat Tyrone Leave... 71A 9 */7
7*9 21 " Vail " ... 719 A .11
• M fl 17 M Bald Kag*e ... 721 H:C
I7 4* n ...... •• Fowler " ... 7 t; e 4<;
j7 12 f .'I •• Hannah " ... 7ld W "
7 :t5 ft Aft ...... •• pfrt Matilda " ... 744 9ld
727 ft 47 •• .Martha "• ... 7 ft 2 V 2*
7l# 61H M Julian M ... H \ |pi
7 '• ft 27 " I'nlnnville " ... HII p4l
700 ft IH " Snow Shis In " ... k2l 9 ftl
I ft -A & Ift " MilFwt.nra " ... * '24 9 Aft
'ft 49 6 ft " Bellefr.nts M ... H32 9AI
ft 39 4AA '• Mileehurg " ... 9 4ft 10 3
ft 2A 4 4ft M Curtln " ... ftft lo 14
ft 19 440 •• Mount Eagle " ... 9On lo 1
ft 411 •• Howard " ... 9 hID '29
6 fto 420 .... M KaglenUe • ... 91910 42
ft '< 4 Ift " Beech Creek M ... 92210 47
A• 4 1 " Mill Hall M ... 914 11 (*)
ft 29 400 " Flemlngtna M ... 937 11 4
ft 2ft 3 Aft M Lck Itavcn " ... 942 11 9
1 •—(Phllnd.lpbl. end Krie Diri.ion.) —On end
, .fter December 12, 1177 :
| EKIR M All. leave. Philadelphia 11 M p n,
" " lUrri-lnrc ll.Ua
j " " willlam.|.rt • ,lA. in
I " " Inck Haven MOia
" Kanovo ]0 7,6 a m
" arrive, at
NIAUAHA EXPRESS leave. Philadelphia.. 7 2b a m
" llarrlabiirg.... In Mi a m
" William.port. 22n p m
" arrive, at Itenuro. 4 4n p u ,
| Paawneera by thi. train arrive In Delle-
I fonte at 4 36 p m
FAST I.lNKlevea Philadelphia II 46 am
" " Ilarrlehurg 336 p m
•• " Wllllaln.lM.rt 730 pm
| " arrive, at l.nrk llaven 140 p m
PACIFIC EXPRESS lenvea Dock Haven..... (1 40 a m
•' '• W'llllainaport... 766 a m
" arrive, at llarrl.hnrg 11 66 a m
" " Philadelphia.... 8 46 p m
| DAY EXPRESS leave. Renovo 10 lo a in
" " liOck Haven 11 Ulan
" " W'llllainaport 12 40 am
" arrive, at Harrtahnrg 4 In p in
" " Philadelphia. 720 p m
KRIE MAID leave. Rennvii S 36 p m
" lioek llaven 046 p m
'• W'llllam.port II 06 p m
" arrive, at liarrlahnrg 2 46 a ra
*' H Philadelphia 700 am
FAST liIRR leavea Wllllam.pnrt 12 36 a in
" arrive, at llarrlalmrg 3 6H a m
" Philadelphia. 736 a m
Erie Mall W'eat. Niagara Kvpreea Weat, l/oek Haven
i Accommodation W'eat, and Day Expreaa Kaat. make
i cloae connecttona at Nortliiimtierland with 1,. A B. R
R. tralna for W'llkeabarra and Kcranton
Erie Mall Weat. Niagara Expreaa W'aat, and Krla
Expreaa Weat, and liock llaven Accommodation Weal,
maaa cloae connection at W'llllama|mrt wttn N. 0. R.
W. tralna north.
Krle Mall W'eat, Niagara Expreaa Weal, and Day
| Ex praaa Kaat, make rliwe eonnertloii at Lock Haven
With H K V. K H tralna.
Erie Mall Kaat and Weal connect at Krla with trains
on I. H. A M. S. R. 8.. at Corry with 0. C. A A. V. R.
IL. at Kmportnm with B. N. T. A P. R. R„ an I at
Driftwood with A. V. R. R.
Parlor cars will rnn between Philadelphia and
Willlamapnrt on Niagara Expreaa Weat, Krte Expreaa
Weat, Philadelphia fcxprem Kaat and Day Expreaa
Kaat, and Sunday Expreaa Kaat. Sleeping can on all
night tralna. ffx. A. B.ukwia,
flen'l Superintendent.
®hc Cenlw |l mural.
Every farmer in hit annual erjtenence
discovers somethiny of value. Write it anil
■lend it tn the "Ayricultnral Editor oj the
Dkmockat, Hellefunte, I'enn'u," that other
farmers may have the benefit of it. Let
communications be. timely, and be sure that
they are brief ami well/minted.
WE liuvc received, under date of
Juno 12, "Bulletin 44" of the Con
necticut Agricultural Experiment
Station, which cautions the public
against the "Pallard Fertilizers."
One of these is the "Concentrated
Privy Guano," the right to manu
facture which is being offered to farm
ers in several parts of this State.
We advise our readers not to invest
largely in this right until a thorough
investigation shall have satisfied them
that they are right in going ahead.
We have discovered in our own
wheat fields and others in the vicin
! ity a new enemy to the wheat crop —
j at least new to us. As the wheat ap
! proaches ripeness, many heads—say
one in ten or twelve —suddenly turn
almost white, and upon examination
are found to he dead. A close ex
amination discovers a small worm,
somewhat resembling the wire worm,
except in size, in the stalk, between
the upper joint and the head. What
: is it? and where does it come from?
| Since writing the above we notice
j that our exchanges speak of the same
! trouble in other parts of the State.
The Army Worm.
This wonderfully destructive pest
i lias made its appearance in great
| force in Maryland and New Jersey,
and on Long Island. It is impossible
to any that it may not soon strike us,
| and in order that our farmers may he
forearmed, wc copy from our ex
changes in the infested districts
descriptions of the methods there
adopted of fighting them :
Considerable excitement exist* in
Maryland over the appearance of the
army worm. They first appeared in
the wheat tiebfn, and wherever found
have eaten the heard entirely off. and
have otherwise injured the wheat. They
are now leaving the wheat and are seek
ing the younger and more tender grain*.
The fir*t corn field* attacked were there
of John A. Mitchell and 8. N. Hyde
and son, near Baltimore, and as far a*
the march had extended when discov
ered the fields are entirely hare. Con
cave ditches were at once dug through
the fields, and a panel fence taken
down, which stopped their further pro
gress in that direction. The farmers
; are now digging ditches around their
corn fields. Every few yards in these
ditches pits are sunk, into which the
worms fall in their efforts to cross. In
those pits can be seen great masses of
the worms, and as the pits fill up
the worm* are burnt and thrown
out to make room for others. They
hegiti to march about noon, and
during the afternoon the roads adja
cent to the fields where they are is cov
ered with the moving army.
The only effective remedy in fighting
them so far has been in the use of deep
trenches dividing the fields to be pro
tected from the field already attacked.
The deeper the trench the better,
and it will he improved by pit* or wells
dug still deeper.
With these trenches and pits a boy
with a broom can stop an artny, but it
is better to keep fresh "red top'' satur
ated with Paris green or London pur
ple in the bottom so that tbey may eat
of it and die. On one farm every means
of destroying them was tried, and all
means except the trenches, even the
attempt to destroy by a heavy iron rol
ler, has failed.
The owner says; "Wc have abandon
ed our iron road roller as of no earthly
use, Jt weighs about a ton when
weighted, end, although it of course
kills a great many, with such an army
as we have to contend with, it was of
but little use,
"Ip running the roller it would soon
become so moist with the crushed worms
that the dry dirt would adhere to
the roller and make the roller lumpy ;
*o that many would escape. If the
grass is short the roller is effective, hut
if long, it is of no use. Next we have
used tar, but with no efTect whatever.
They will go right over it, and if one
gets stuck i' simply makes a bridge for
another. We have tried salt, dry sow
ing it in winnows; also made a brine of
it, with no efTect whatever. We used
kerosene oil by pouring it in the plough
ed furrows or ditches prepared for
them. It stopped their progress only
momentarily, lor the dead ones only
formed bridges for those marching be
hind. Then we tried lime, without the
least particle of effect. They cared no
more for it than brown sugar."
A WOMAN who has raised a large
number of hens says that after vain
ly trying the recommended remedies
for lice, she hit upon a plan of giv
ing then, once or twice a week, a
large loaf made of Graham flour in
which a handful of sulphur had been
mixed. \
EXPERIENCE has demonstrated
that the best soil on which to raise
the early amber cane is a sandy loam
well fertilized.
Agricultural Books and Periodicals.
We are under obligations to Hon. F.
8, Gold, Secretary of tho Conn. State
Board of Agriculture, for a copy of his
report lor IMTV'XO. Bound in the same
volume of (lie report of the Slate Board
proper, is the report of the agricultural
experiment station, which was establish
ed by Act of Assembly in 1X77, "for the
purpose of promoting agriculture by
scientific investigation and experi
ment." The two reports cover neatly
six hundred pages of matter of great
value to every thinking farmer.
Last Saturday's—June 26—issue of
the Scientijic Amm-ian contains a finely
illustrated article upon the "army
worm" which is doing so much damage
along parts of the sea coast from Virgin
ia to
the interior. It is not at all improbable
that this terrible scourge may reach us
in time, and it would b* well for those
who wish to he fully informed as to its
nature, habits and the means of combat
ting it, to send for this number. I'ricc 10
cents. Munn A Co., .'IT Park Bow, New
Hay for Milk Produotiou.
"Old Fanin*r w In tli" THLuno.
A dairyman speaking lately of the
i irest kind of hay for fuelling his cows
I during the winter, places them accord
l ing to their value in the following or
! der : Ited clover rowen, clover hay,
; fine English hay, hordsgrass. These
| should he cut as soon as the earliest
| heads begin to blossom. I wonder
jhe does not mention timothy and
{orchard grass; fur if sowed thick
and cut just before flowering tliey
uiuke excellent hay for milch cows as
well as sheep. By lierdsgrass I sup
pose redtop is meant, as it hears the
former name in some localities. But
tiiere are two other grasses better
than either of the above to produce
choice butter and to fatten stock rap
idly, and these are June or blue grass
and white clover. The late Mr.
C'lift, one of the best farmers in Put
nam county, New York, paid partic
ular attculion to these two latter
grasses for hay considering that their
mixture, half and half, making up a
ton of hay, was worth for butter and
to fatten animals thrice that of most
other hay ; and although these did
not pro*luce over a third as great a
weight per acre as timothy, still they
were the most profitable to grow on
suitable lands, and there were the ad
ditional considerations of less stor
age-room required and less labor in
In The Wrong Place.
W. I. ( hanjl s-rUin In Prm Ural farmer
Some years ago, when I was teach
ing, my father's farm, the one I now
own, was rented to a not over labori
ous tenant. He complained of lack
of fertility—said he couldn't get hay
and grain enough to winter the cows,
etc. I Raid : "You should save and
apply the manure better, then. The
cows linger shivering in the fence
corners and along the lane fences all
•lay, when they should he in the warm
barn where they would need less
hay to keep up the animal heat, and
where their manure could le all saved
and properly used." "Wal," he re
plied, with a grin, "I 'spose they
leave their dung and urine somewhere
round on the farm, ntul it's a mighty
sight easier than to shovel it out of
the stable." Ah! There was just
the trouble. It was "somewhere
around" in snow drifts or on the fro
zen ground or lane where not needed,
ar.d where its value at any rate
would waste in every thaw and rain
till summer. It was "like water
spilled on the ground which cannot
be gathered up." It was in the
wrong place. The fence corners arc
not plowed and the lanes do not raise
crops of wheat.
Now this, it seems to me, is the
I fault witk man's farming. He doesn't
; always tare, all the manure ami use it
in lite right place and time and way.
1 If any man docs, he is, so far at least,
a good husbandman.
A FARM ditfers from almost every
other kind of property in its rapac
ity for perpetual production. A horse
or a cow lives but a few years, and
the problem for the farmer is how to
produce the greatest profit from tliem
for the short period of their life.
But a farm never dies—or never
should die. It is a possession for
all time, and should be farmed with
reference to its perpetual productive
ness. The man who for immediate
profit "skins his farm" by injudicious
cropping is as short-sighted as if he
should skin his living cow for the
profit in the bide.
THE prizes to be offered at the next
State Fair will reach in the aggre
gate $40,000 including $8,500 for
cattle; $7,000 for horses (racing pro
hibited); $6,500 for sheep; s.'s,ooo
for swine ; $1,500 for poultry ; $2,500
for the dairy ; $4,000 for tools, im
plements ami machinery ; $3,000 for
State, county, club and individual
exhibits of farm, orchard and gardeu
products; $4,000 for wool and wool
products ami other manufactured
EVERY needed means for the ap
proaching harvest should be made
ready. Mowers, rakes,scythes, barns,
stack bottoms, etc., should all be
examined and put in order.
The Old Ways and the New.
r" in* In from tin- i/it?s<low, wlf**, %*lwi" th
giurs is full mik] urt-fu;
I IjoMiTm! out t!fM*u tn rsiic to M'V J*.tin's iihw mu lilfiw;
It iiin'li' m> 01-I e>'4 siim | again to #•" tli.it uiows-f mow,
Ami I (notvl'd n sigh llivn ytlic f wnog worn* twen
ty yemru ngu.
M.utv un l muni * 0i•- day I v IIIO*nI, With tli* >•
f Ihi- fe orcliiiig sun
Till I thought my piMr l* k would l>ri*k >-r- tuy tank
for tin* <hty Ma* dufii*.
I Ofton think of fill' .U.vs Ol toil in tin* fi'-lds all over
th> farm.
Till I the sweat on my wrinkled brow mid the old
pulii cuifie In my mm,
It wus hurd work, it was slow woik, it swinging thi
ol*! *<yth<- til* li ,
I'nlik" (lie liiow r that went through the gra* Ilk<-
d'-stk through tin- ranks of no n.
I sto.nl and looked till my old e>a ached, art taxed at
lU sfMO'd ami |m>w or
Tim work it took me ;• day hi do it done in one short
John said I hadn't mn-o th half; wh'-u he liuti It
Into his wheat
I d sen it leap it, ami rak- it ami put it in huudies
; Then so*, I a vank*-'- will em along slid to work
j to Isru
To reap and thra*h it, and hag it up and send it Into
thi burn
I John kinder laughed when he said it, hut I said to tin
hired mau.
' " I've s* mi ie mil' h in my piigiimage, thru' my three
score yat* sod t'-u.
Thst I Wouldn't be suiprised to sew tt railroad in
the air,
Or s V utih * • in a flyiu' ship s'goin' mo-t any where.'
j There's adilh-reme in the woik 1 done and th work
my Uys no v do .
, Kleady sod slow iu the good old way, worry sud fret
, ill the new.
lint so|n<-)i*>w I think was happiness* rrowhd
Into those toiling day,
I The f,i-t yorfig mail ol tin- pres-rit won't #i- till they
< hang" their ways
j To think tuHt !• should live to *.- w.,rk d..ris in this
Woitdrrftil way!
Old tools sr- of little s-m •• nw, and farm in' is
almost play;
Ihe woiii"ii have got their n-win* mo* hum*, fit* ir
wring*!• and every eh h tlnng.
And now play t ij, (he d<**r yard, m eit in the
pallor and sing.
T'waMi t you that had it so .-iu.y, wife, in the days so
long gone by ;
You n/ u|. early and est up Isle, a-tolliug f-r you
j There W'-reciiws to milk there mm* butter to make,
sud many a day did you stand
I A-wathiti inj talticd garments, ami wringing
them by hand.
I Ah, wif", our children will ticvar see the hard work
*• have seen,
I for the h'-avjr task a tid the long task is done with a
! No longer t lie noise of the ec* the do I hear: the m>w*
I •!—there, I hear it alar*
i A rattiiu' along through the Ui! stunt grae with the
fioise of a railroad car.
Well, the old tool* ara now shoved away tbey staii I
la-gathering rust,
I.lke many an old man I've ae n put aside with only s
| When the eye grows dlrrf, when the sf"p is wak.wheo
the strength goes out of his anil.
J The bo-I thing a |or old man tan do i ttf hold the
I deed of the farm.
| There is .ii" old way that they <an't improve, although
It has |*n triisd
I Ity mm who tudiad and studied, and w .rrird till
tlo-y died;
j It has shown undimmed for age#, like gold refined
from its droas
It's tli" wy to the Kirigihon of H<-*t*n by the simple
way of tbr < r**
—John 11. Yates
Early VineH.
A hint to these who are *lesiroua
| of early melons, tomatoes, cucumbers
i and squashes w ill Ikj of value, 1
ptliink. (Jo to a pottery ami have a
! hundred or two hundred small pots,
two inches across the top and one at
the bottom. Plunge these in your
cold frame or hot-led, in rows; fill
with dirt, and put two seeds in each
{one. If both come up, destroy one.
| Let them grow here till the second
| or third leaves show ; then transplant
!to their hills in the garden. The ad
; vantage is that you can transplant
' vines without disturbing the roots or
checking growth. Lima beans and
vines are especially in need of some
such method. In this way a month
of growth can be secured from mid
j die of April to middle of May. The
j vines will then Ikj out of the way of
{ bugs before they appear. Nast can
I picture the surprise of the striped
bugs when they find themselves too
late for breakfast.
This method is quite superior to
the use of inverted sods. It is, of
j course, understood that beans and
1 vines cannot IK? started in a hot-bed
{in the usual way. It is better even
j for tomatoes, pep|>er9. cauliflowers,
Ac., to start them in pots. The cost
j of the pots will not exceed two dol
lars a hundred, and they will last, if
I well baked and stored properly when
I out of use, for ten years. 1 have
j them in use since 1868, and three
{ fourths are still sound.
It will still IK? well to make sure
against* all failures by having on
hand a few boxes, with mosquito net
ting closely tacked over the top.
Press these down over the transplant
ed hills. Most of tho advertised
i plant protec'ors are perfectly reliable.
Marbled Beef.
i Fn-ni th" Chicago Time*
Americans have succeeded in pro
ducing beef sufficiently fat to meet
! the demands of any market. Unfor
tunately, however, for the quality of
the beef the fat and lean are not well
distributed. The fat is in huge
masses and is useless as human food
Specimens of tincly-marbed beef are
rarely found in this eountry. Un
doubtedly our method of feeding
beef cattle causes the absence of "the
streak of fat and streak of lean" that
are so desirable. Our animals are
for the most part fattened on corn,
which produces a large amount of
hard tallow, that is deposited in
masses outside the flesh. The best
marble beef is produced by cattle
that feed on rich, tender grasses. The
best beef known in the London mar
ket comes from the mountain r*gion*
of Scotland and Ireland where the
cattle have little or no grain. It was
at one time thought that the breed of
the rattle raised in these localities
was the cause of the marbled appear
ance and of the prime flavor of the
meat. It now seems to be settled
that the superiority of this beef is
due to the |>eculiar feed of the ani
mals. Corn produces an abundance
of fat, but it is not fat of tbe right
kind and it is not deposited in the
right places. It is likely that we
have made too much use of corn in
the production not only of beef but of
pork and mutton.
THERE ia probably no potato that
is a better keeper than the Snow
Care of Milch Cows.
Yrow tb* W Nlrfi hum I.
During the intense hot weather of
the Hummer, cows, unless in very ex
tra pasture, with a plenty of shade
and water, fail very much in their
productiveness. When once partially
dried up, it is hard to bring them in
to a full flow of milk again during
the season. The greatest care should
therefore be taken to give a plenty of
some kind of nutritious soil-feed,
corn, oats, or whatever other green
feed a farmer may happen to have.
Feed they must have or dry up—
there is no such thing as milk and
butter without feed.
1 f cows are obliged to work hard
all day, in short pasture, during hot
weather, to obtain barely enough to
keep them alive, they will become
both too much heated and fatigued to
keep up a full How of milk, and who,
! ever expects any profit from cows in
hot weather must feed them enough,
so that as the heat of the day ad
vances they may retire to the shade,
for comfort and repose. Kxeessive
heat is more injurious to a milch cow
than short feed. Cows require plenty
to eat without great exercise to ob
tain it, and rejw. It is more profit
able to feed shorts, oil rneal, or other
grain, where pastures are short, than
to suffer cows to dry up.
Cows should lie driven very slowly,
particularly in hot weather, that they
may not be overheated; and if 3'ard
ed nights, should always have a full
supply of clean water. Cows give
, more milk and do better w hen kept
constantly in the pasture, unless they
arc soil-fed in the yard or stable.
The Better Way.
The usual custom in regard to the
horse manure pile is to let it leach
and lie exposed to air and rain, and
when it is carted to the field the
"llrefang" has burned its value out,
the nitrogen or the ammonia having,
bv the fermentation, all escaped.
This loss can easily be avoided. The
horse manure can be thrown into the
yard where the cattle can tramp It
into the soil of the yard, or it can be
| mixed with the manure from the cat
| tie stalls, for this las seems to coun
| Unbalance the heating and volatile
nature of the former.
Some farmers who wish to keep
the manure separate from the other,
for special purposes, sprinkle the
heap with salt and use plaster, which
holds the heat in check ; but then it
; will have a tendency to "fire," which
I can only •be prevented by throwing
water upon it. But this remedy has
; its loss, unless "just enough" is used,
isoas to prevent a waste of its solu
ble parts. A very thorough incor
jmration of the horse manure and
I that of the cow stable is secured by
using the former as an absorbent for
the manure ditch, and the liquids are
then all saved and the stables have a
noticeable absence of odors, which is
' largely due to the use of the absorb
j cnt.
There is yet a need of greater
1 economy almut the treatment of the
manure piles and heaps that are lea
thro' the summer to ta used upon the
wheat lands. The loss in valuable
properties is usually very great, and
may be almost entirely avoided, if
j the manure of the yard is thrown up
into piles, or under shelter, which
I would be better.
1 nr. American AgrirulturiM says:
| "If tliere was any doubt about the
lest time for cutting grain, the gen-
I eral experience last year went far to
ward settling the question. All over
i the country a hot spell came on just
as the cutting became general, and
, the grain shrank badly. Had the
' harvest locn a few days earlier, the
I total grain would have been enor
mous. In the writer's field, stop
ping the cutting for the 4th of July
! holiday last season, caused a loss of
SIOO in the quality of the grain and
in shrinkage of weight and bulk,
i As soon as the grain is solid, but
will still crush dry between the fin-
I ger nails, it may be cut, aud hot
weather will not injure it in the
shock as it will when standing. Dead
ri|H> grain is not only less valuable,
but the straw is worth less than if
cut three or four days earlier.
ington county, Pa., keeps 650 highly
improved sheep, which cost annually
$1.54 per head ; his wool averages
four pounds of hrorik-washed wool
|icr head. In 1675 his wool sold for
56 cents per pound, or 2.24 per head.
On account of severe winters the
crop costs 15 cents per pound, which
makes his net income per sheep $1.64.
His sheep are worth $3.50 per head,
and his profits are 56 per cent of the
capital invested. The land on which
he pastures his sheep is worth about
$1.50 per acre.
AN Indiana hen,killed for dinner
the other day, was found stuffed with
ten eggs, five perfect and the rest
soft-shelled. It is suggested that she
was holding for higlu-r prices.
PROTECT the nesting birds. Thous
ands of eggs are stolen every year
by nest-robbing urchins, who are re
sponsible in a Urge measure for tho
scarcity of the birds.
SET your liens always in the even
'n 8i ' n preference to placing tliim on
the hatching nests by daylight.
Young fowls will do better in this way