Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, June 24, 1880, Image 6

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Kottnaate of Airlonlt.nU Pooalblltl.
—Some Aito nil hi it m Figure., m
C Robert P. Porter has an article in the
International Review regarding! agri
culture in the United States. We make
the following suggestive extracts:
Our total cereal product increased in
ten years from 1,460.000,000 bushels to
•,178,000,000 bushels, the export move
ment from 39,000,000 in 1868 to 189,000,-
000 in 1878. About three per cent, of
the national supply was exported in
1868; nearly ten per cent, in 1878. Mr.
Dodge estimates the crop of 1878 at
9,302,964,950 bushels, of which 946,611,-
607, or nearly eleven per cent., were ex
ported. It may surprise many to find
that only about nine per cent, of our
total grain product, by bushels, is ex
ported. Yet this is an Immense item in
the world's markets, and with cheapen
ing transportation is capable of being
greatly increased.
The only hope for the British and
Russian farmer is the high rates of
transportation here, and the fact (as
some British writers say) that tne
American farmers, through bad farm
ing are exhausting the soil. Such talk
is the merest nonsense. It has been
truthfully said that in the area yet to
be subdued between the Missouri and
the Pacific coast, the proportion of the
cultivated area devoted to wheat will
be larger than in the territory already
occupied. When all these available iands
are taken up, and population threatens
to press upon the subsistence, fertiliza
tion, with rotation, will increase the
rate of yield (as has happened in the
most populous districts of Europe), and
then the center of wheat production
may possibly recede slowly eastward,
obedient to the impulse of improved
Careful estimates show that the
United States is capable of maintaining
an area of 200,000,000 acres of corn
lands, which, with the average yield
of the past ten years would give us over
5,250,000,000 bushels of corn. While
the western line of maize culture
traverses the eastern slopes of the Rocky
mountains at an average elevation of
about 5.000 fe< t, wheat can be grown
9,000 to 3,000 feet above the maize line.
Recent geographical reports show that
a large portion of the Pacific coast is
susceptible of culture, either with or
without irrigation. The governor of
Washington Territory claims for it great
superiority in wheat production, and
prophecies a yield in the near tuture
three times as large as the present sup
ply of California. The Governor of
Dakota estimates the area suitable for
field culture, and especially suited to
wheat growing, at 40,000,000 acres.
These views may prove too sanguine,
but there is a good basis for some en
thusiasm. The Indian Territory, says
J. R. Dodge, though only half as large
has nearly as much more available for
agricultural production. Montana,
better adapted to grazing purposes, is
estimated by Professor Cyrus Thomas
to contain 7,800,000 acres of irriga
ble lands. In all there is an aggregate
of 200,000,000 acres of land, from the
northern and more elevated portions of
which the grrwth of the maize is ex
cluded, in which wheat farming will
for many years exist as a specialty.
Turning from corn and wheat to one
other great staple, we find that, accord
ing to Edward Atkinson, the whole cot
ton crop of the whole world could be
raised on a section of Texas less than
one-twelfth of its area; or could be
divided between any two of the other
principal cotton btates without ex
hausting one-half of their good lands.
The world's cotton crop is now equal
to from 10,000,000 to 12.000,000 bales of
cotton, over 5,000,000 of which arc an
nually raised in this country
Here, then, is the rich heritage to
which we are born. Our Pilgrim
fathers found it, yet knew it not. Nearly
two generations passed away before the
treasures of this continent attracted the
populations of the old world, nor do
they to this day understand the vast
ness of our store. We have learned
something of the distribution of our
agricultural interest, of its drifting to
the West and Southwest, and of its
changed conditions. We have seen the
population of the older States overtake
their food-producing capacity, and have
learned something concerning that de
ficiency and the source from which it
is supplied. Certainly we feel reassured
about the continued abundant yield of
our soil. This generation has witnessed
the migration of the center of corn pro
duction from the South to the West;
andof wheat from the Middle States to
the ar West. Not the least interesting
of these changes has been the remarka
ble increase in the cotton crop since free
labor has taken the place of slavery.
But the great central fact is the increase
in the past decade of our agricultural
products, and the rapidity with which
the Western States, ushered into exist
ence as it were by the war, have devel
oped their vast resources. The small
ness of our exports compared with the
home consumption should stimulate
alike the producer and those en
gaged in transportation to continue to
push our wares by the aid of cheap
freight into every foreign country, t>s
the facts show that the possibilities of
our agricultural interests are as yet an
unknown quantity.
Dogs and the Weather.
Dogß are not without their weather
lore. Thus, when they eat grass it is a
sign of rain; if they roll on the ground
and scratch, or become drowsy or
stupid, a change in the weather may be
expected. As, indeed, in the case of
the cat, most of their turnings and
twistings are supposed to be prognosti
cations of something. There are nu
merous other items of folk-lore con
nected with the dog to which we can
only incidentally allude. Thus, in
Ireland it is considered unlucky to meet
a barking dog early in the morning,
and on the other band just as fortunate
for one to enter the house first thing in
the day. They are commonly said to
possess a wonderful Instinct for dis
cerning character, generally avoiding
ill-tempered persons, and making
friends with any stranger who happens
to be of a kind and cheerful disposi
tion. The life of adog is sometimes said
to be bound up with that of his master
or mistress. When either dies, the
other cannot live. It is curious that
this faithful companion of man should
have become a term of reproach and be
used by most of our old writers. Ttius
we find various phrases such as "dog
bolt," "dog's face." "dog's leach,"
" dog-trick," etc., all of whio'i were in
tended to convey the idea of contempt.
In the days gone by it was a common
practice in the oountry house for the
dog to turn the spit at the kitchen fire,
& custom which is described by Dr.
Caius, founder of the ooliege at Cam
bridge which bears his name. 2
Voids Affected bj Diet.
There is no question that when the
system is in perfect oondition it has a
marvelous ability to withstand not only
the extraordinary changes of our Now
England climate, but even these with
what would generally be considered
gross carelessness added. I have known
men who would stand in the snow with
almost fronen feet and chop in the log
ging Bwamp, day after day, all winter,
and when spring came join the "drive,"
standing hours together, upon occasion,
in cold water, wet to the middle, often
retaining wet garments all day, exempt
from any kind of illness, until, the sea
son over, having a period of loafing in
summer, they would be subject to severe
" coldB" for the first time during the
year, and perhaps be laid up with fever
of some form. It may be said that
these men had become " used up " by
the winter and spring campaign and
that the summer sickness was the nat
ural result. Such is not the fact. So
long as they were working hard all day
long, and tne cold weather lasted, their
systems could not only withstand the
large amount of food swallowed, bu*
absolutely needed it to keep up flesh,
strength and animal heat. Hence,
while these conditions lasted, these
men remained in perfect physical con
dition, equal to any amount of labor
and exposure incident to their business.
But when all these conditions were re
versed, and the men ignorantly held to
the same diet, which they invariably
did so long as appetite lasted, disease
was the inevitable result. Often they
would lose their appetites in season to
save them from violent illness, but
few escaped more or less harm from
eating in excess of the requirements of
the system. In the army, during ac
tive service, with no surplus of" hard
tack," colds were comparatively rare,
though we marched all day in the rain
and slept on the ground in wet. clothes
at night; but when we were in camp, in
comfortable quarters, taking little ex
e-cise, and got a nice box of turkey,
pies, cakes, and the like, from the dear
home friends who pitied us so, tiie
prevalence of "colds" was something
fearful to contemplate. How often we
remark upon the fact that when in
winter we have a week or two of nice
warm weather, " everybody has a
cold," and such weather is called "un
healthy" and "unseasonable." If our
stoves and furnaces had palates to
tickle and were self-feeding, what
" summer complaints " there would be.
Fires would burn as briskly in July as
in January, and fire pots would be
burned out as fast as stomachs are used
up under the prevailing custom of sup
plying fuel to the human machine with
out regard to the weather or other modi
fying conditions. Let us continue to
exercise sufficient care as to wraps,
flannels, avoidance of draughts, and
unnecessary exposure; but aside from
all this we should live in so rational a
manner with regard to diet, air, exer
cise and cleanliness, as to be proof
ngainst disease, and become less like the
old lady who caught her last cold " hik
ing gruel out of a damp basin."—
Journal qf Chemistry.
The International Exhibition at New
York in 1883.
For two years a constant agitation
has been kept np in New York for the
holding of an international exhibition
in this country in 1883. The dwellers in
towns remote have, during this period,
heard but little of the labors of the
handful of public-spirited men who
have persistently carried forward the
movement to the point it has now
reached. Patiently and prudently they
have gone on from stage to stage, hav
ing the satisfaction at each successive
step to witness a decided advance in all
the essential elements of success. The
holding of an international exhibition
in this country in 1883 is now an as
sured fact. The initiatory difficulties
inseparably connected with a scheme
of such magnitude, particularly those
in regard to the obtaining of necessary
legislation, have all been overcome, and
the preliminary arrangements and com
plete organization of the United States
international exhibition commission of
1883 are being pushed forward to a
speedy completion. A special act of
Congress providing for the holding of
such exhibition has been obtained;
bills have been passed in the New York
legislature granting to the commission
ers who may be appointed, powers to
acquire such lands, etc., as may be re
quisite, and the governors of the several
States are rapidly nominating com
missioners to assist theprojcct to a suc
cessful termination. The plan of the
proposed exposition is on a scale of
such magnitude that it completely
eclipses everything of the kind in the
past, and may probably never be sur
passed in the future, and the movement
has now entered upon a career of public
recognition and public favor which
guarantee the ultimate accomplishment
f all its projectors have hoped to
Origin of Amber.
Nearly 3,000 years ago, Pliny, the
naturalist, wrote that amber was the
fossil resin ol an extinct cone-hearing
tree, and modern science can say of it
but little more. The original amber
producing forest probably reached from
Holland over the German const, through
Siberia and Kunschalka, even to North
America. One of the most celebrated
deposits is on the peninsuinof Sam land,
a portion of Prussia, nearly surrounded
bv the Baltic sea. The northern pnrt
of this region, constituting the promon
tory of Brusterort, is billy, and the const
bonks are often 160 feet to 300 feet high.
At one time all the amber found here,
even by the peasants in plowing, be
longed to the German government, the
tinder, however, receiving one-tenth of
its value. For a piece in the Berlin
museum, weighing eighteen pounds,
the finder is said to have received a
thousand dollars. During stormy
weather, when the wind and waves beat
violently against the coast, a great
quantity of amber is washed up. The
total yearly product is, however, ap
parently on the decrease, and so the
price of amber Is on the increase.
Professor Zoddach, of Konigsberg,
concludes that the trees yielding the
amber resin must have grown upon the
grecn-.'and beds of the cretaceous forma
tion, which at the time formed the
shores of estuaries where the lower di
vision of the tertiary accumulated. Im
mediately over the amber-producing
strata rest the hrown-coal beds, the fos
sil plants found in which differ entirely
from the ntnher-bed flora. Many insects
find plntite arc found embalmed in the
ntuhrr. Over 80 species of the former
have been named, and over 100 of the
la' tor.
Boie—" What time do yon retlrs
hercP" Young Indy (bored)—" Soon as
the company goes.' 4
A Strange Bird.
An interesting story respecting the
habits, under peculiar circumstances,
of the chapparal cock,commonly known
us the "roau runner," is related by a
California lady, who takes pleasure in
reproducing any interesting matter re
garding the natural oeauties of her na
tive State: It appears that a family
named Davies, being engaged in olive
culture, occupied the "Old Mission"
at San Diego, around which is a dense
growth of cactus, passing through
which, one day, Mr. Davies heard a
strange noise resembling the sound
made by a pair of pigeons billing and
cooing, winding up with a succession of
short, quick, )erky notes, thus—per
root! per-root! per-root! The listener
searched until he discovered the cause
of his surprise, which was a nest of
four young birds of the specie* Geococ
cyx Calirornianus. lie took them
home, and succeeded easily in raising
them in a coop, like chickens, the old
ones feeding them. Their beautiful
plumage soon attracted the attention
of a number of visitors to the Old Mis
The birds were finally released, but
they regularly returned at night to the
coop and lingered around, becoming
satisfied habitues of the barnyard. Two
of them died. The two remaining
fought until one vanquished the other,
which lor a while repaired to the cactus,
but returned with the nest-making sea
son. In the meantime the sole remain
ing bird had become so seltisli in its
attachment to Miss Davies that it lie
came a nuisance to the household. It
would allow no living thing near her,
showing its jealousy by darting fiercely
at the object of its hatred, pecking it
furiously with its sharp bill, whether
at, dog or child, oftentimes drawing
blood, after which it would retire satis
fied. For its own dainty consumption
it would bring in beetles, bugs, spiders,
and when anything larger was captured
—tor instance, a lizard or small snake
—it would fly to its mistress, strut
around her until noticed and petted for
its enterprise, during which it coos
like a parrot whose feathers are being
rubbed down. With the returned mate
it began a nest on a small table by the
window in the young lady's room. The
nest —a most uncomfortable affair about
the depth of a soup-plate -was made of
large, rough sticks, some of them about
ten inches long, which they brought
and laid on the outside of the window
sill, if the window remained closed, for
the occupant of the room to add to the
nest, winch she faithfully did, and the
nest was soon completed, the inner
lining being dry grass and straw. Hut
one egg was laid in this rude nest in its
present location, inasmuch as the male
one day decided the fate of " household
and home " by bringing to his mate a
large gopher snake, which twirled itself
around bis beak more than half alive,
whereupon, witli a peculiar nervous
sensation, the lady immediately re
moved their lodging to the "cold
ground " among the cactus, where the
birds hatched a promising brood, and
again brought them to the house for
food like chickens. The young birds
are much like young turkeys, and at
full size arc about as large as half
grown turkey hens. The "road runner"
particulary mentioned never forgot its
attachment to Miss Davies, and would
follow her every where after its chicks
were grown; they only parted when
the family lelt the country, leaving the
birds behind, which they now regret.—
.San Francisco Bulletin.
Extraordinary Success la a Reviving
Out in Colorado recently n vigilance
committee concluded to lynch a certain
bunko ateerer, and two physicians of
the town, having been interested in re
cent experiments in electricity on the
bodies of persons who had been hung,
arranged with the chairman of the com
mittee to let them have the body to ex
periment on. It was arranged that he
should have the corpse sent to the hot. 1
and putin a private room, and then the
ph\ ->icians were to be sent for, as though
they knew nothing about it, and were
wanted to revive the victim.
Tney got their electric batteries ready
for the business and awaited the sum
mons. Soon a boy called on them with
the information that they were required
at the hotel. They took their machines
and started, nnd on t leir arrival were
shown into a room. On the bed lay the
body of a man partly undressed and
with an expression of agony on his face.
It was a horrid sight, but the young
doctors overcame their nervousness,
and immediately, without a word,
placed the handles of the batteries in
the hands of the victim and turned on
the current with much force.
The effeci was marvelous. The body
at once assumed the appearance of life.
It sprang from the bed, the eyes opened
and glared wildly about, the mouth
opened and forth came a terrible yell.
Then the body began to perform n wi.d
dance, and the shrieks, mingled with
invectives, came thick and fast. The
corpse evidently strove to let go of the
flattery handles, but was unable to do
so. It began to call for help, and in its
struggles the observations heaped upon
the doctors were positively frightful.
They aroused the whole house, and
presently the landlord and a lot of guests
burst into the room, and the first tiling
the landlord did was to ask: "What
the deuce are you doingP" " Reviving
the c ,rpse," said onaof the doctors, who
was nearly wild with cutnuaiasra.
" CorpseP" cried the landlord; "that's
the£man who wanted you to come and
lance a boil for him. They turned off
thebatterics, and after the man with
tiie boil had recovered himself a bit he
got a shot gun and chased those doctors
five miles into the mountain.
Tie Hlrdle Round the Earth.
If yon scud n telegraphic dispatch
from Pari* it will reach Alexandria.
Egypt, in ft hours; Berlin, in I hour and
3d minutes; Basle, in 1 hour IS minutes;
Bucharest, in ft hours; Constanti
nople, in 5 hours; Copenhagen, in 4
hours; Cuba, in 10 hours; Kdlnburg, in
I hour 30 minutes; Dublin, in 3 hours;
Frankfort-on-Mnin, in 1 hour 90
minutes; Genera, in I hour IS minutes;
Hong Kong, in 19 hours; Hamburg, in
9 hours 30 minutes; Jerusalem, In 6
hours; Lirerpool, in 9 hours; London,
in 1 hour IS minutes; Madrid, in9hours
3o minutes: Manchester, in 9hours 30
minutes; New York, in 4 hours; New
Orleans, in 8 hours; Rio Janeiro, in 8
hours; Rome, in 1 hour 30 minutes;
San Francisco, in i I hours; St. Peters
burg, in 3 hours; Saigon, in it hours;
Southampton, in 3 hours; Sydney
(Australia), in 16 hours; Valparaiso, in
19 hours; Vienna, in I hour46minutes;
Washington, in 6 hours; Yokohama, in
14 hours, .and Zanzibar, in 7 hours.—
Ad rice to Correspondents,
Never write with pen or ink. It is
altogether too plain, and doesn't hold
the mind of tbc editor and printers
closely enougli to their work.
If you are compelled to use ink, never
use that vulgarity known as the blot
ting-pad. Ii yon drop a blot of ink on
the paper, lick it off. The intelligent
compositor loves nothing BO dearly as
to read through the smear this will
make across twenty or thirty words.
We have seen him hang over such a
piece of copy half an hour, a'l the time
swearing like a pirate, lie felt thatgood.
Don't punctual . We prefer to punct
uate all manuscript sent to us. And
don't use capitals. Then we can punct*
uate and capitalize to suit ourself, and
your article, when you see it in print,
will astonish, even if it does not please,
Don't try to write too plainly. It is
a sign of plebian origin and public
school breeding. Poor writing is an
indication of genius. It's about the
only indication of genius that a great
many men possess. Scrawl your article
with your eyes shut and make every
word as illegible as you can. We get
the same price for it from the rag man
as though it were covered witli copper
plate sentences.
Avoid all painstaking with proper
names. We know the full name of
every man, woman and child in the
United States, and the merest hint at
the nnme is suflicient. For instance, if
you write a character something like a
drunken figure " 8," and then draw a
wavy line, and the letter M and another
waving line, we will know at once that
you mean Samuel Morrison, even though
you may think you mean " I>emuel
Messenger." It is a great mistake that
proper names should be written plainly.
Always write on both sides of the
paper, and when you have filled both
sides ol every page, trail a line up and
down every margin, and back to the
top of the first page, closing your article
by writing your signature just above
the date. And how we would like to
Set hold of the man who sends them.
ust for ten i inutes. Alone, in the
woods, witli a cannon in our hip pocket.
Revenge is sweet; vuni, yum, yum.
Ijixy your paper on the ground when
you write; the rougher the ground the
Coarse brown wnipping-pspcr is tiif*
best for writing sour articles on. If
you can tear down an old circus poster
and write on the pasty side of it with a
pen stick, it will do still better.
When your article is completed,
crunch your paper in your pocket, and
carry it two or three days before send
ing in. This rubH off the superfluous
pencil marks, and makes it lighter to
If you can think of it, lose one page I
out of the middle of your article. We
can easily supply what is missing, and
we love todo it. We have nothing else
to do!— liurlinyloti Hi ckeyc.
-. •
A Wlnnt of the Revolution.
A letter to the Petersburg (Va.) Ap
pro! says: The allusion in a recent let
ter of your Iuisa correspondent to the
old revolutionary giant-hero, Peter
Francisco, revives many traditions and
reminiscences of the wonderful perform
ances and daring deeds of that extra
ordinary man. M v father, recently de
ceased at the age of ninety, well remem
bered Lira, having often seen him in his
native county of Buckingham, and re
lated many nnecdotesof his stirring and
perilous adventures and hairbreadth
escapes as he heard the recital fall from
the fips of the giant himself. He de
scribed him as six feet one inch in
height, his weight iWO pounds, his
complexion dark and swarthy, features
bold nnd manly, and his hands and feet
I uncommonly large, his Ilium hs being as
large as an ordinary man's waists.
Sucii was his personal strength that he
could easily shoulder cannon weighing
1.100 pounds, and he had seen him take
a man in his right hand, pass over the
floor and dance his bead against the
ceiling with as mueh ease as if he had
been a doll-baby, ihe man's weight
was 105 pounds. Partaking of the pa
triotic enthusiasm of the times, he en
tered the American revolutionary army
at sixteen. He was present at the
storming of Stony Point, and was the
first soldier, after Major Gibbon, who
entered the fortress, on which occasion
he received a bayonet wound in the
thigh. He was at Hrandywine. Mon
mouth and other battles at the North,
and was transferred to the South under
General Greene, where he was engaged
in the actions of the Cowpens, Camncn.
Guilford Court House, etc. He was so
brave and possessed such confidence in
his prowess that he was positively fear
less. He used a sword with a blade
five feet long, which he could wield
like a feather, and every swordsman
WHO came within reach of him paid the
orleitof his life.
Where the Iceberg* and lee Fields
to me From,
The icebergscomechieflv from Green
land, being formed by rivulets, etc. The
vast ice fields seen upon the hanks of
Newfoundland are brought there by
the vast currents of the sea and wind.
They oomc mostly from the coist of
Isihrador, and are parts of the fields that
are formed during the long winter in
the great bays and inlets of the labra
dor coast. Icebergs are continually
changing their line of floating, owing
in part to the breaking off of pieces of
the upper mass and the melting away
of the submerged portion. Their mo
tion is always slow, nnd accidents can
rarely happen from them to prudent
mariners. They float along the hanks
of Newfoundland, und finally, striking
the warmer waters of the Gulf stream,
soon disappear. The movement of a
field of ice is accompanied by much
crashing, and is often obscured by a
dense log, through which rise the tope
of the bergs. On two occasions during
the Arctic cruise of the Juniata, in the
Polaris search expedition, that vessel
barely escaped destruction by icebergs.
One of these was in the middle of July,
1873. During a dense fog at midday,
off Cape Farewell, an immense berg was
suddenly seen to loom up out of the fog
not more than a ship's length directly
Ahead. Fortunately the vessel was run
ning at slow speed, and her course was
quickly changed, and she cleared the
foe mountain by about 100 feet. On
another oocaeion, off Fiskernaes, in a
dense fog, another very large berg was
seen a little on the port bow, and a
ledge of rocks on the starboard bow,
not more than 500 feet distant. Ihe
engines were stopped and reversed, and
the vessel only escaped destruction by
a lew feet.— Philadelphia BuUkin.
In Mtting out cabbage and similar
plants selects cloudy day, and do not
let a sdaht rain drivs you out of the
Fashion Notes
Epaulets ol small rosebuds are worn
on white India muslin dresses.
The newest turbans have wide-rolled
rims and crowns sloping to a point.
Unllned silks of black surah are im
ported to wear with black silk or grena
dine skirts in the house.
Maltese gloves in cream, pearl, white
and old gold are made with luce bands
in the wrist this year.
Mitts are to be worn over gloves this
summer. Mitts •.lone should make the
hand warm enou/ 1 in summer.
China handles for parasols are too fra
gile for general use, and are followed up
in the satin covered handles, with ivory
A new lace pin is in the form of a
bee with an oval and emerald body and
diamond wings, perched on a gold bar
tipped with pearls.
Imperial dragons wrought in scarlet
and Chinese cTiaracters form the em
broidery of some black silk gowns which
are called Oriental.
White zephyr wool embroidery on
white cashmere is effective if the ribs
of tlie leaves and the stamens of tlie
flowers be traced in silk.
All shades of coffee brown, including
cafe au lait and clair coffee, and the
pale leather tints, will be much worn,
as they are newer than the cream
Worth recently made for a customer a
polonaise of scarlet Bengaiine very long
in front and slightly draped behind to
show a skirt covered witli small ruffles
of black surah.
The imported gingham suits are the
prettiest of all wasli dresses. A gay
fancy is of trimming light blue and
white-checked gingham with bands and
pointed tongues of dark scarlet-colored
Suits for young girls are made up
with hooded jackets or a hood on the
bacx of the dress itself. They are
loosely fitting affairs, of dark green or
navy blue chuddah or serge, or camel's
hair cloth.
Itoyal Bridal llrritri.
lioniton lace owes its great reputation
to its sprigs, which were at first woven
into the ground, but latterly "applique,"
or sewn on the ground. In the course
of the last century the making of the
plain net ground on the pillow was a
separate branch of the trade. The net :
was lieautiful and regular, but expen- !
Hive, as may be judged from the fact
that the thread by which some of the
finer qualities were made cost as much
i ;ts $350 to $525 per pound weight. The
j worker was paid in a rather curious
fashion. The lace ground was spread
out and covered with shillings, and as
many coins as the piece would accom
modate were the reward of the maker.
It was no uncommon thing to pay SSOO
for a lioniton lace veil when tlie busi
ness was in its palmy days. The inven
tion oi machines for making lace dealt a
severe blow to the peculiar industry of
Devonshire, and it threatened to become
altogether extinct. Mrs. Bury I'alliser
records that when wedding lace was re
quired for her majesty Queen Victoria,
it was with difficulty the necessary
number of workers could be obtained to
make it. It was undertaken by Miss
Jane Bidney. who caused the work to
be executed* in the small fishing hamlet
of Beer and its environs. The dress
cost $5,000; it was composed entirely ef
lioniton sprigs, connected with pillow
by a variety of openwork stitches; but
tlie patterns were immediatly destroyed,
so it cannot be reproduced.
The bridal drcs-es of the Princess
Royal, the Princess Alice and the Prin
cess ot Wales were all of lioniton point,
the patterns consisting of natural
(lowers, ferns, etc. Many of the more
experienced hands find employment in
restoring and remaking old lace, and the
ingenuity they display in this direction
is said to be marvelous.
A Udr on Grmautlri.
" A Ixidy Physician " writes to a New
York paper as follows:
For years past 1 have been con
vinced that the mania for gymnastic
exercise, athletic development and
muscular power has l>oen productive of
•a vast deal of harm. Years ago a
theory in vogue for gaining health was
dieting, and hundreds of people dieted
themselves into insanity or the grave.
Now the mania is for exercise, and hun
dreds of yomijK men, and (although it
may seem a rfflicu'ousstatement) young
women also, are killing themselves by
"exercise." Nature rebels at "knot
ted " muscles, and requires the full pay
ment of a serious penalty whenever the
folly is perpetrated of developing mus
cle as a business, through the swing
ing of dumb-bells and Indian clubs.
The long walks which are taken too
frequently and with quite too much
vim, under the influence of a spirit of
emulation to win a bet. are productive
of far more injury than benefit. But
most of all. 1 want to call attention to
the idea of daily bathing. It is a sim
ple form of suicide, lacking the element
of crime, because done through igno
rance; lacking the horror, because it
lacks the crimson stains and mangled
form of the ordinary suicide.
Our young men are not c-catent until
thev are scrubbed hald-headt-d by the
willing barber, and lx>k an their youth
very " near of k-n " indeed to their aged
grandsires. Were rebellion raised when
the whiskers arc tampered with, and
the fact that fashion benevolently and
fortunately guards against them.nodoubt
they, too, would be shampooed out of
existence so effeoturally as to leave the
" coming man " without that becoming
The poor body is literally scrubbed
out of existence. Nature guards her
outposts very jealously, but she cannot
do double duty in one direction without
signal failure in some other. Conse
quently, when the surface of the b-dy
is daily denuded of the cuticle under je
vigorous application of the itarlmruos
"coarse towel," she must repair dam
ages at the expense of tlie digestion or
the natural eliminations of morbid mat
ter: some organ loses the harmony with
its fellows which is necessary to a per
fect whole. 'Cleanliness is not only
"next to godliness." but> very large part
of it. and it is highly important that
battling should be employed as a hygi
enic force; out not the shower-bath
when an exhausted body is slowly wak
ing from an unnatural sleep, nor a cold
sponge when the day's duties have ex
hausted both mind and body. To change
the clothing frequently and permit a
thorough airing, to expose the entire
surfaoe of the body for a few moments
to the air of the room on rising and re
fripg, ■ liffht brushing with a soft brush
or fine towel, and a good bath onoe or
twice a week are ail that an America*
can do and retain health. Light exer'
cise of those muscles not called ino"
play in the daily routine is also desira.'
hie, hut it should be calisthenic, nv
gymnastic, and should not include a vi
orous pound ingot the chest, than whie},
nothing can be worse for the lungn. '
Water Hspply.
Of the danger of injury to health from
polluted wells, it is hardly possible u,
say too much. In one cholera sensor
in Ix>ndon six hundred deaths
traced to the use ot a single street j u tD[j
Typhoid fever has \x in repeatedly, in.
deed many times, known 'oaffect wim *
families who resorted to a well for
common supply, while others in th*
same neighborhood, using differed
water, were not attacked. Worse y*'
perhaps, seems to be the subtlety wit
which organic poison may be con eyed
by water, through milk in dairymen'*
supplies. Several times this has hp.
pencd in ixmdon and elsewhere in Eng.
land. In one instance, so far as
peared, the only mode ofcontarnination
was by the milk-pans at the dairy beiij.
washed in water from a stream inv
which leakage had occurred irom i
neighboring vault. At anothertim<-
several well-to-do families in London
one of them that of a phvsieian,w. r< *'■
fected with typhoid fever. It
found that they were ali supplied wiu.
milk by a company which furnish**!
milk from several dairies. i:
was ascertained that cases of fev<r <y.
curred only in those families to whoa
had been sent the milk of one particular
dairy; and a local cause of oontam 1 na
tion of its supply was also traced.
What exquisite cleanliness of all thing!
is enjoined by this experience! Noth
ing is more sensitive than milk anc
cream to all impurity. Even the water
which cows drink, when marshy and
bad, lias been known Ui make their milk
unwholesome. Butter can be made gfx>*
only where the mot scrupulous sweet
ness, cleanliness, and freshness of every,
thing is maintained. This is the chief
tof flood butter-making; and tig
moral of it may be extended and ap
plied by saying that perfect clean line
of water, food, air and person, is <
where absolutely necessary to perfect
health. —American //> allh Primsr.
What a Shoemaker Did bj Studj.
Most of our readers have hi-ard o!
"the learned blacksmith" (Eiiliu bur
rit), but "the learned shoemaker,"
though not nearly so famous. wa, in
his way, quite as remarkable a man.
Charle3C. Frost, a learned sho< raak<r.
recently died at Brattleborough, Vt.,
aged seventv-four years. He recived s
common school education, and learned
his father's trade. Suffering from dys
pepsia, he was advised to walk one hour
every morning and evening in pursuit of
the field study of botany, ol which h
was very fond.
He Bent to London for a standard wort
on botany, and on its arrival disoovi
l that it was written in Ixilin. &iangua?<
of which he was ignorant. He bough;
a Latin grammar, and in six moot
j could read his new book as easily a' if
lit were written in English. In thesaa
I manner he mastered French and Germ ji,
i and hie scientific studies soon caus :
him to be widely known to savans.
He received the degree of A. M. free.
Dartmouth and Middiebury colleges, lit
devoted a part of every day (frandayt
excepted) to tlie study of the ian gui k ->s
and sciences, and at tlie time of his
death was well ver-ed in geology, uJn'-r
--nlogy. entomology, zoology . con tioingy,
meteorology and botany, especia.ly the
latter, to wliich he devoted his particu
lar attention, and in the department of
cryptogams he became ieadirg
The I'zsr's Grandson.
Mrs. Lucy Hooper in one of her Paris
letters says: Sometimes one hears it
tie things shout the Czar of Boas is
| which makes one inclined to pardon
| Nihilism and to comprehend the dyns
I mite plots. The other day I went to
j visit a very charming old lady, who is
an American, and who ha lived for
j many years in Europe. Whilst turn
ing over tlie pages of her photograph
album. I came across the portrait of *
| child, a boy of some six or eight year?
| of age, so singularly beautiful that ray
I attention was at once interested. The
j little fellow was drcss'-d in a Knicker-
I bockcr suit of black velvet, with his
fair hair cut llo.bein-wise over his
brow, and a lovlier or nobler image of
healthful boyhood never gladdened s
parent's heart. On my making somr
exclamation of admiration, my friend
produced several other photograph! of
the same child, remarking at the same
time that the picture, so far from ex
aggerating his beauty, hardly did it
justice. Bhe then tola of her meeting
with the boy and bis mother Swin it
The child was the son of the Grand
Duke Alexis of Russia, the mother be
ing bis secretly-wedded wife. Bv om-e
mand of the czar the husband and wife
were separated, and the latter was
oreed, not only to consent to a divorce,
but to marry another man " How
could you consentf" asked my friend
when the unhappy lady related her
story. The eyes of the speaker fihed
with tears and her lips quivered. "It
was for my son's sake," she whispered,
and then she said no more, being evi
dently still not wholly freed from the
toils of the " giant spider of the North."
as Whitticr once called the czar in one
ol his fervent lyrics on freodom.
Never answer questions in general
company that have been nut to others
Never, when traveling abroad, be
over-boastful of your own 00. ntry.
Never lend an article you have bor
rowed, unices you have permission U>
do no.
Never attempt to draw the attention
of the company upon yourself.
Never exhibit anger or impatience,
or excitement, when an accident hap
Never pane between two persons who
are talking together, without an apol
Never enter a room noisily.
Never fail to close the door after yon,
if you found it ekteed. and never alam it-
Never forget tbat if you are faithful
in a few things, you may be ruler or r
"You must admit, doctor," said *
witty lady to a celebrated doctor of
divinity, with whom she was arguing
the question of the "quality ot the
sexes'—"you must admit that worn*"
was created before man!" "well,
really, madam," said the astonished
divine, " I must ask you to prove your
case." That can be easily ioue. sir.
Wasnt Ere the first maid **