Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, March 04, 1880, Image 1

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    <XI)r Centre El cm oc rat.
VOL. 2.
Slir (Centre democrat.
Term* $1.50 per Annum, in Advance.
s. T SHUGERT *nd R. H. FORSTER, Editor*.
Thursday Horning, March 4, 1880.
Democratic Stato Committeo.
There will be a meeting of the Demo
cratic State Committee at the Monongabela
House, Pittsburg, on THURSDAY, the 18th
day of March, 1880, at 3 o'clock, r. M., to
lit the time and place for the meeting of
the Democratic State Convention.
GEO. W. MII,LEU, Chairman.
SUIT hns been brought against ex-
Governor Robinsou, of New York, iu
a claim of damages for 850,000 for
removing a County clerk during his
term of office. The clerk's name is
Gumbleton. He was removed on a
charge of malfeasance preferred by
the Par Association.
CONK LINO'S key-note for the Presi
dential campaign, as given at theUtica
convention, is sectionalism. With the
hloodv-shirt as a platform, anil Grant
as a candidate, the work of burying
the third-term idea will scarcely af
ford the Democracy sufficient exercise
to make the campaign interesting.
The great shot-gnu hero ought to have
given us something to make things
more lively. Sectionalism aud bloody
shirts are played out and not at all
MR. HAYES, on Friday, nominated
Mr. P. S. 11. Pitichbnek, the chronic
colored office-seeker of Louisiana, to
he naval officer for the District of New
Orleans. He is an unmitigated scamp,
not immediately connected with the
Returning Board thieves; but, like
all the rogues iu New Orleans, pos
soses peculiar claims upon the dr facto
President and his Secretary of the
Treasury. Besides, Piuchback is au
important factor iu fixing up instruc
tions for the Louisiana delegation to
the Chicago convention.
THE select committee of the House
"to inquire into the causes of the pres
ent depression of labor," of which
Mr. Wright of Pennsylvania is chair
man, had a meeting on Saturday last.
They agreed to report a hill recom
mending the passage of a law restrict
ing the immigration of Chinese to
this country, limiting the number to
he brought in each vessel to fifteen,
and also adopted a resolution request
ing Mr. Haves to take the proper steps
to have the Liurlingamc treaty modi
fied, so as to restrict the immigration
of the Celestial heathen.
SOUTH CAROLINA recently had an
extra session of the Legislature, and
we were informed by our Republican
friends that it was for the purpose of
disfranchising a large Republican vote
by the passage of a law to require an
educational qualification for the voter
—that is, that he shall be able to read
and write. But it seems these per
verse ex-Confederates failed to con
firm the prediction. They adjourned
and did not do it. Even to gratify
our Republican friends the generous
people of South Carolina could not
find it in their hearts to reduce their
illiterate nrgroen to the level that the
laws of Republican Massachusetts aud
Rhode Island have reduced the illiter
ate white men of these States.
LIGHTNING appears to have struck
the Sherman boom in Pennsylvania,
ihe Hon. Edward McPherson was
forwarded from the Treasury depart
ment at Washington aud placed at
the helm. The Philadelphia Preu
was selected as the engine to pull the
great "Resumer" to the frout, but the
announcement that Mr. McPherson is
to be retired from the editorial direc
tion of that paper is notice that Sher
man is either not satisfied with Mc-
Pherson's generalship or that McPher
son has got so badly mixed up with
his Blaine variations as to be unable
to tell exactly which way the cat will
jump. We congratulate the readers
the Preu. They can't help but be
the gainers by a change.
General Grant and the South.
It is boldly and confidently asserted
by many of the advocates of a third
term, tlint the nomination of the hero
of San Domingo will insure a break
in the South and bring to bis standard
several States otherwise sure to cast
their electoral votes for the Democrat
ic candidate. Upon what foundation
they erect their temple of hope it is
difficult to see. During the eight
years iu which General Grant held his
mailed hand upon the helm of State
were encompassed all the frightful
wrongs inflicted upou the reconstruct
ed States. He it was who turned
loose upon the unprotected and help
less people of the South the horde of
reckless plunderers, who iu the name
of law and under the protection of Fed
eral bayonets, usurjied their State gov
ernments, stole their revenues and re
enacted upon American soil the bloody
policy of Russia, when she crushed
I'olaud beneath the iron heel of mili
tary despotism. It was General Grant
who dispersed their legally elected
legislatures, and seated iu their guber
natorial chairs men whom they never
elected. Who surrouuded their polling
places with the armed soldiery of the
Republic and made the inalienable
right of suffrage a mockery and a
farce. He turned his back upon the
representative men of that section and
took to his bosom the most disreputa
ble of all that class who swooped
down, vulture-like, upon a defenseless
ami uuhuppy people to feast upon
their sorrows aud hold high caruivn!
iu their shame. His eyes were closed
while men in his name and by his au
thority fattened upon the distress and
speechless agony of this brave, noble
though misguided people. While the
Lamars, Gordons, Hamptons, Varices
ami Johnstons were turned unheard
from the portals of the executive
mansion, Mosby, Wells, Pinehhack,
Bullock, ('kamherlain and Alcorn
were met with outstretched bands and
hearty welcome. The fangs of car
pot-bng rule sank deeper and deeper
into the vitals of government. The
people become poorer and poorer, hut
the imperial C'nsnr of the White
House had no ears with which to hear
the wail of reproach aud anguish
wrung from a dauntless and intrepid
people, who escaped from the dire ca
lamities of war only to be plunged
into the more awful maelstrom of civ
il misrule, robliery aud official de
bauchery. The fine sense of honor
and delicate consideration for a
fallen foe, which distinguished Gencr-
Grant at Appomattox seems to have
withered and died the moment he as
sumed the functions of chief magis
trate. Unused to the ways of a civ
ilian he plunged into the vortex of
politics only to lose all the ennobling
characteristics of the soldier. A
Democrat, if he ever knew enough of
the distinctions between parties to
make a choice, he became at once and
without effort the most violent and
malevolent of Republican partisans.
Elected as the President of the whole
people, he studiously ignored the wants
aud needs of one-half of our country,
aud inaugurated for the first time the
policy of sectional hate. He seemed
to have so much regretted his chival
rous conduct at the ch se of the war
as to wish to blot it out of the book
of his remembrance by such acts of
violence and malignity as have but
seldom in the history of the world
been charged to the account of any
civil functionary. Remembering all
this, it is strange that any one should
see in his candidacy for a third term
any inducement for the South to aid in
once more placing him where he could
take, up again the disastrous policy
which did more to paralyse and crip
pic her industries, than the destructive
simoon of war. But there are not
wanting men, high in the confidence
of the southern people, who assume to
say that there is a strong sentiment
in favor of the silent man to be found
south of Mason and Dixon's line. The
ides of November will either dissipate
this impression or establish its truth.
The Pennsylvania Railroad.
The thirty-third annual report of
the Pennsylvania Railroad Company
lius been Hubmittcd to the stockholders
and given to the public. It i a most
gratifying exhibit of the condition of
this great corporation and is no doubt
pleasant reading to those who have at
tested their faith and confidence in the
Company by becoming its sharehold
ers. In round numbers the net earn
ings of the past (pear aggregated $6,-
.>OO,OOO. Of this 8000,000 were paid to
the trust fund inaugurated in 1878,
243,400 were paid into the consolidat
ed mortgage sinking fund, and over
8800,000 were ndvanced to various of
the tributary lines controlled by the
Compnny, this leaving the handsome
net balance of 84,800,300.08. The
President and directors of the Penn
sylvania Railroad Company can not
be too highly praised for the efficient,
economic and skillful manner in which
they have conducted the great interests
confided to their care. The securities
of the Company now have a market
value equal to if not greater than the
amount charged upou the Company's
books. The floating debt is small in
comparison, and this is met by a large
cash balance now in the treasury. The
valuuble improvements made are treat
ed with the consideration their im
portance deserve, while the increased
facilities the Company enjoys in Phil
adelphia and Jersey City arc pleasant
ly dilated upou. Possibly the most
cheering and gratifying portion of the
re|>ort is wherein it assures an advanc
ed compensation to Inbor in the near
future. The increased earnings of the
Company justify this promise, and is
u graceful tribute to the large army of
trained aud capable employes enlisted
in its service. Altogether the docu
ment aa a whole us mutt admirable
and concise statement of the condition
of Pennsylvania's great railroad aud
will give the most entense satisfaction
to those who like to sec pluck, perse
verance and matchless enterprise reap
substantial reward. The Pennsylvania
Railroad Company now takes a new
lease of life. The gradual but certain
improvement in all branches of indus
try is nowhere more fitly seen than in
the phenomenal prosperity which has
justly crowned the management of
this great corporation, aud we predict
even greater triumphs as its recom
pense in the future.
most stalwart preciucta of Cameron's
domain, is agitated, and gives sigus of
insubordination and disgust, which
mny require the prompt and energetic
lash of the master to subdue. The
Republican masses of that county
were not permitted to participate in
the choice of delegates to the late
State convention. That duty was as
signed to the County committee, and
the rank and file expected to concur
in their acts uuqueationed and with
out a grumble. This, it seems, they
are not disposed to do, and are uow,
stninge as it may appear, in rebellion
against the edicts of the Cameron ring.
Believing that their sentiments have
not been fairly represented, they now
demand that the voters shall have an
opportunity in their primary assem
blies to express their choice of a Re
publican candidate for President, and
their right as a Congressional district
to name the delegates to the National
Convention, which was done for them
by the State Convention. This is a
rebellion that Don will not view with
complacency, but a few turns of the
thumb-screws may hold it in check
until all danger has passed of inter
ference' with the Empire movement at
Chicago. The Lancaster discontents
may as well "possess their souls in
peace." The machine is omnipotent.
The Empire is decreed and the Em
peror agreed upon. His name is Grant,
and there can be no hitch in the pro
gramme, except a few effective pro
tests the Democracy intend to put in
as a bar to iu'consummation in No
vember next.
IT is specifically charged from
Washington that Secretary Sherman
has issued orders to collectors of cus
toms, instructing them to withhold, at
the solicitation of shippers, all statis
tics as to the ini|>ortation aud shipment
of merchandise, for ninety days. This
is a hold ami unscrupulous concession
to speculators, as it prevents legitimate
business men from knowing what de
mand there is either at home or abroad
for any particular class of merchandise.
For example. When the grain now
locked up by gambling sj>eculators
begins to move, they can flood the
foreign markets, and the honest busi
ness man, being deprived of any in
formation as to the amount of ship
ments abroad may export at a very
serious loss. It is said the complaints
made by the mercantile community
meet with no respouse from the Treas
ury Department, aud it is thought a
concurrent resolution will have to be
iutroduced in Congress declaring such
repression of statistics illegal. Noth
ing can more surely indicate the com
plete subjection of the Secretary of the
Treasury to the stock gambling and
speculating interests of the country
than this iniquitous order. The soon
er John Sherman is appreciated a* the
pliant and subservient tool of the mon
ey power the better for all concerned.
He is a cord, calculating schemer and
the spectacle of such a man in the ex
ecutive chair of the nation would be a
sight for gods and men.
ANOTHER Richmond in the field.
The Republicans of Vermont have ap
pointed delegates to the Chicago con
vention, in-tructcd to vote for Senator
Edmunds of that State as the Repub
lican candidate 'or president. Ed
mund* is unquestionably the ablest
inao£yct named for President in IKI
party, and seems to be in earnest, hav
ing himself, almost simultaneous with
the action of his State, waived the
hloody-shirt in the Scuate of the Uni
-1 ted States, to give force to his presi
dential boom. • A young man named
Heiskcll, of Baltimore, who, when n
hov sixteen years of age, served in the
Confederate army, made application
to Congress to have his disabilities tin
der the statute removed. This new
candidate for presidential honor, could
not let the opjortunity pa** to give
the Vermont man a etartcr, and as
nothing better offered, he brought for
ward the mnguinary rag, whieh here
tofore has heen monopolized by Blnine
as his political stock in trade. Ver
mont now vies with Maine, and be
tween them the poor rebs may expect
no mercy.
NoTwrwiirrANiMNo the bombastic
threats of the murderous Nihilists the
twenty-fifth anniversary of the acces
sion of the Czar to the throne as Em
peror of all the Russias passed off
without disturbance aud the pro
gramme of ceremonies marked out was
followed without break or hindra ee.
The Emperor drove through the
streets of St. Petersburg in an open
carriage and was received with the
most unbounded enthusiasm by the
populace. Alexander is without ques
tion one of the best and most liberal
of the whole line of Muscovite mon
arch*, and the substantial reforms he
yet seeks to inaugurate are only tem
porarily obstructed by the insanity of
a few blood-thirsty villians who thrive
only in sceues of assassination and ra
pine. The whole civilized world will
congratulate the Czar on this auspici
ous entering upon the twenty-sixth
year of his reign.
CONKLINO had no difficulty with
his machine in New York. It work
ed well, and ground out a full third
term delegation for Grant. He didn't
care a copper for the threats of George
William Curtis, or the curses of Blaine
And Sherman friends. Like Cameron
In Pennsylvania, life and death to the
shot-gun hero hung upon the result,
and he went in to win, regardless of
the bellowing of the wounded. And
he did win.
\\ Eclip the following scrap of truth
ful history from u correspondent of
the l'hilndelphiu Titneg writing from
In severity of criticism of the Cam
eroon, of Iloyt and of Quay the Repub
licans here excel any and all others
along the northern border. General
Cameron himself comes in possibly for
the heaviest share. He seems to be re
gal ded as a political exemplar, worthy
of studied avoidance. "I'rior to 1M.0,"
say they, "bargain and sale in politics
was unknown in Pennsylvania, at least
in connection with the high office of
United .States Senator. At that time
tiie late George W. Woodward was
slaughtered in the house of his friends.
Cameron and lie were Democrats. A
caucus nomination of the latter did not
save him in a majority Senate and
House. New appliances overthrew
j party fealty ; Cameron triumphed, and
from that day to this these new appli
ances have become great adjuncts in se
curing political success. In 1857 their
influence was first felt in the Republi
can parly. Cameron had changed to a
Republican. They worked as well with
new associates as with the old. Between
18C1 and 1867 machine politics had an
inauguration. This proved to he an im
'• proveinent on the former method. Gen
| eral Cameron not only reached the
j United States Senate again, hut his clan
reached the attainment of their several
ambitions. Looking after the primaries
became a chief (unction of machine work
Conventions, in county and State, were
thus controlled. In 1873 the machine
did its allotted work—General Camer
on succeeded himself. fn 1877 the
i General's fee simple in the machine was
j transferred through the filial care of
j Hoyt and Quay, aided by PhiladeL hia,
Allegheny, and Lancaster county lack
eys, hummer*, shoulder hitters and j>oll
| bruiser*, to Don C'*meron, the son of
hi* lather. In 187'J the transfer was af
firmed, and thereupon the machine was
putin trim for use on a broader field."
• —-• .
Gov. CtAKOELOX again. This time
he uppcar* to repel the statement of
his successor calling for an appropria
tion of $lB,OOO, based cm the allega
tion that this amount was necessary
to cover expenses incurred under the
administration of Garcelon. This he
denies emphatically, and takes oc.-a
- *MM •flinii ihttt rtuiiklll, LtttitHOU
became Governor the moment his onn
term expired, aud thai (sen. Chamber
lain had no legal right to act under
his authority thereafter. He also af
firms that the bills incurred under him
have been paid, except $3OO, which
he is ready to settle at sight.
- ■ -
WE learn from Washington, through
private sources', that the consideration
of the Curtin-Yocum contested elec
tion case was post|K>ned from Tuesday
until to-day, when final action will IK*
taken. The case was laid over in
order to enable the House to dispose
of the new rules, which was done un
der the workings of the previous ijues
Ohio Politic*.
The Cincinnati Enquirer, in a double
leaded article on it* editorial page, states
that a Democratic politician of national
reputation has been all over the State,
having met three-fourth* of the party
j leaders, and says Til-Jen's supporters
! number nine to one over those of any
j other Democrat. The Enquirer, however,
' in a leading editorial in the same issue,
says :
"Unless Mr. Tilden ran soothe the dif
ferences in his own State, it t# useless to
attempt to disguise the fact that he would
be an exceedingly dangerous candidate to
his paity in his own Hiate. But Mr. Til
den can name the Democratic candidate
that can be ehvted and inaugurated. Can
he rise to the height of giving away a
nomination for the presidency T"
The Enquirer also publishes an inter
view with Mr. Hausereck, the German
editor who controls the VolktblaU,
Mr. Hausereck is just from Washing
ton, and announces hia belief that
Grant will be nominated by the Re
The Eamea Petroleum Iron Worka
Company at Titusville is to be incor|K>r
ated and its building enlarged. The en
largement ia rendered necessary by the
increase of orders, and the management
speaks of adding a pipe making mill.
The Company will also have worka in
New York for smelting gold and ailver.
and aa oil will furnish heat in this aa it
doe a in the manufacture of iron at Ti
tusville, the Herald of the latter place,
expects from these sources a greatly in
creased demand for oil.
William H. Vanderbilt, C. K. Garri
son, William E. Dodge, James Taldott
and others have subscribed $30,000
toward a tund of $lOO,OOO for the pur
pose of founding a large and perma
nent institution for the New York
Christian Home for Intemperate Men.
It is confidently expected that the lull
amount will be raised by voluntary sub
A miner in Colorado sent word to a
fiiend in Foxburg, Forest county, that
if he would forward him $lOO to aid in
developing a claim, he would give him
a title to half of it. The Foxburg man
refused to Invest, and three weeka after
ward, according to the Foxburg Qntett*.
the olain sold for sloo^ooo.
TKHMN: K1.50 |MT Amiuiii, in Advance.
A picture of Martha Washington i* to
t<e puichased for the White House,
j Judge Coffin,ex member of Congress,
and aged seventy-two yeats,died Sunday
i afternoon at Mt. Oilead, Ohio.
I'rfa, in Asiatic Turkey, has been
nearly destroyed by tire. The town is
j situated on the supposed site of the
biblical city of "Ur of the Chaldeans."
j It contained 50,000 inhabitants, coiu
; posed of Armenians, Turks, Kburds and
I Israelites.
Twenty-seven years ago, on Thursday,
there were born unto the family of
1 William Marshall, of White Water,
I Wis., triplets, two boys and one girl.
All three were married on Thursday
' night in one ceremony by the Kev. <.
j Wells ami the three happy couples
took the train for Chicago.
It is said that 5.000 persons have
j been living in the Czar's \V inter i'alace,
and nobody has ever known the precise
j duties of one half of them. It has *l
- ways been the refuge for numberless
i vagabonds, workmen, friends o servants
and others, many wit hout passports who
would not live with impunity anywhere
i else.
It will not do to trust implicitly to
the Directory every time. There are
too many names that are just alike. A
j present of five cases of champagne went
to the wrong man in New York the
other day and was nearly all consumed
:by the surprised recipient and hi*
friends before the mistake was discov
Between 2 anil 3 o'clock on Saturday
morning three burglars broke into the
jewlery store of Charles Bird, Jr., at Mt.
tiilead, 0., and carried off $3,000 worth
of gold and silver watches. They broke
in at the rear and rolled a 3,000 pound
safe from the front to the rear of the
store, drilled and blew the door to piec
es. A young man in the livery stable
close by saw the whole proceeding,
while one of the burglsrs stood over
hnu with a revolver. The burglars es
caped on a band car.
Mesgre as they are, the advices from
Ireland show that the extent of the
.distress and the consequent danger of
death from famine are greater than was
imagined in this country a few weeks
ago. All tne money that has been con
' tributed here and in England would
not, if divided by capita, amount to a
dollar to each person who is on the
brink of starvation. How long will a
; dollar bau>|. -U.v-r Tile story is
told in the statement that in Itonegal
alone the number of the distressed has
; increased to sixty-six thousand, and
that the increase in the county Mayo
in two weeks was nearly seventeen
thousand. The //mi ./s Dublin corres
|x>ndenl reports that it is the opinion
| of competent observers that the worst
is to c<4fiie, alt hough there will be a re
laxation of the famine during the two
; weeks when lulior will be employed in
' rowing the crops. The experience of
1H47 teaches that the severest period of
the famine will be the last fortnight of
May. the whole of dune ami the first
1 fortnight of July. These consideration*
must impress the ini|K)rtnnc of keep
j ing up a steady flow of subscription* to
; 'he several funds which have already
reached such respectable proportion*.
I'he New York Herald has now collected
£237,101.77, or, excluding Mr. Bennett's
- own subscription, an average of over
i *7.500 a day since it la>gan it* work.
I his is noble, but it is not enough. Let
j nobody keep bia band in bis pocket
i with the idea that the danger ha*
: passed.
HONORED.— IIamiI) Boal, son of the
j lamented Judge Boat, of Itoalsburg, and
Mr. Kd. Leuffer, also well known here,
have recently been gaining to themselves
honor in the employ of the Boston, Hoosac
Tunnel and Western railroad. The road
being completed on the lt.th of December
last, a* is the usual custom,,a gold spike
was used to fasten the last rail in place.
This delicate duty was entrusted to Mr.
Boal, who is In charge of one of the road
divisions. The event was signalised by
the firing of guns and other joyous demon
strations. Mr. Leuffer is the chief engi
neer of the road, and of course its success
ful completion reflects honor upon hitn.
We are glad that the services of these
young gentlemen are considered so valua
ble by their present employers.
—Upon profound consideration, we are
bsppy to be able to state that the meeting
of the Addisonian Club on Saturday night
was a slight improvement on those of the
two previous weeks. Its redeeming fea
ture was a recitation by Prof, lleebner of
one of Longfellow's latest poems. What
ever the Professor essays to do is always
well performed. For Saturday evening
next the following proposition was offered
for discussion:
fit retired, That Chinese immigration
should be encouraged.
It is hoped that there will be an encour
aging attendance on that occasion.
—A party of Bohemian glass blowers
are now practicing their art in a room in
McClain'e building, opposite this office.
They give an interesting exhibition.
—The price of butter end eggs has bot n
coming down until now they am within
the roach of the consumer. Good butter,
however, Is rare at any jfflce,
NO. Id