Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989, January 15, 1880, Image 3

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When l •• ■*• *° I> * cl,ir ' On*'" law-
The following lines were taken from
the serapbook of a grandmother:
LonglivoJlwill d> maiden prove
Whose lover on Monday declares hia love,
plutus and Hymen will sweetly smile
If 011 Tuesday she yield" to her lover's wile.
Wednesday they tsll me is looky but ruin
W'ill dampen your prospects, oh refrain—
flash maiden, nor plunge into deepest woe.
II he sues on Thursday, hid him " go."
Friday, tho' some toolish folk may doubt it,
Is perfectly safe, that's all about it,
Have no tears, maiden, all will go well
If on Saturday ho his tale doth tell.
At home from church you wend your way,
And one short word is all you say.
Oh, happy maiden, yon'lt bo blest;
Your joy Icegins on the day ol rost.
A Boston correspondent .writOH; I
rosd somewhere lately a futile attempt
at definition ot the word "fashion."
It is an impossible task to put it in
woid9. hut we see it in facts every day
of our lives. But when has such a strik
ing illustration of it been shown in any
twelvemonth as during that just pnst?
One short year ago women wore the
sheath-like costume, trimmed all over in
patchwork style, with long close-fitting
basques, and not a sail about tho whole
craft tlmt was not tightly furled. And
now—but let me describe a beautiful
lady who rode up town in a horse car
opposite me the other day. She was tall
and graceful, and a blonde. The skirt
of her dress was of fine, soft, gray cordu
roy, with silvery gleams in it. It was
perfectly plain, without a sign of trim
ming of any sort, and was hemmed nt
the bottom instead of being braided.
There was an overdress of some black
material, in points at the sides, and
bunched up drapery behind, but it only
showed when she rose to leave the car.
As she sat, only the plain gray skirt was
seen below the black silk mantle, trim
med with rich fringe. She wore a
broad-brimmed black felt bat, set back
on the head enough to show the light
hair parted on the forehead, and waved
away from the face in the stylo of five
years ago, nnd trimmed witli a long
black ostrich plume, drooping over the
right side of the hat brim its entire
length, the end curling upon the looped
braids of black hair. Lnng-wristcd
gloves of black, undressed kid, and the
tiniest of diamonds studs in her ears,
completed this simple costume. Bu.,
beneath it was worn an unquestionable j
Now. what are we to believe in this
matter? One authority says positively
that hoops are not going to be worn,
Another, just as reliable, says that they
are, and not so slowly either, being
adopted by fashionable ladies on both
sides of the Atlantic. Certainly the re
vival of plain skirts would give some
color to the latter statement, for un
trimnied dresses are not apt to " tiang "
very well unaided. But there is time
enough. One need not hasten to adopt j
such an innovation in dress, and espe
ci.aily those who remember by experience
the lust reign of that despotic monarch,
the hoopskirt, will not lie too ready to
bend the knee to his yoke a second
fashion Xolai.
New sleeve-buttons are composed of
beaten gold and have several gems set
in each indentation. Double buttons j
connected by a swivel are newer than
Corsages with deep, long points are in 1
favor lor fuil-drpss occasions; so are j
coat bodices cut low in the neck and of 1
different material from the rest of the
As further evidence of the extent to
which bright colors are worn are wine
colored and biue cloth wraps bordered
with hands of cashmere, nnd ruby
gloves, just now the fancy in Paris.
Satin is the prineipnl element of all
elaborated toilets at present, whether
for house, street or evening wear.
Among trimmings popular for ball
dresses, as well as evening garments, are
birds set on in groups.
Buttons of finely grnincd woods, tak
ing on a brilliant polish and having
monograms cut on them, are seen on
some of the handsome imported cloaks;
other novelties in this line are those of
walnut relieved with trimmings of oak.
Numbered with new bodices intro
iuced in Paris dresses is the Guernsey,
or Veronese cuirass, as it is respectfully
failed in England nnd Paris. It is coin -
fosed of elastic material and fits the
figure without seams, being laced at the
Fur muffs are carried with costumes
trimmed with fur. otherwise they
bouid match the bonnet, not the dress,
of old. A recent fancy in muffs are
fiat ones to correspond with tlie flat fur
stole# worn in place of boas. These are
tied in front with satin ribbons.
Die rage for fur trimmings continues
Bonnets are not only finished with
Mods of fur, but are composed of it.
Other novelties in bonnet* are those witli
handkerchief crowns and plush brims,
mcopy of one embraced in the trous
seau of the youthful Queen of Spain.
isg-fleeeed fur bats in black and cream
colors, with low crowns and wide brims,
are in favor. Kpingsline, velvet shot
with several colors, is a fashionable ma
terial tor covering bonnet frames, as is
satin and satin de Lyon. New ribbons
have leathered edges; others are rep ped
with satin borders.
The World's Commercial Marine.
According to the " Repertoire Gene
ral" Bureau Veritas, tor 1879-80, the
wiling tonnage of the civilized world
baa decreased from 14,218,079 to 14,103,-
wS— a falling away which shows the
decided tendency which now prevails to
give steamers the preference over sailing
jewels. The total sailing tonnage of
breat Britain, which includes colonial
tonnage, is 5,6*4.12*. so that consider
ably more than one-third of the tonnage
which sails the sea is under the British
ag. When we come to steamships,
'■reat Britain takes a still prouder posi
tion. The total number of steamers
which can be classed as sea-going Is
5.897, of which Great Britnin has 3,542;
wd the total net tonnage of steamships
4.021, Hit), of which Great Britnin has
'.555,575 tons, or about three-fifths of
the whole. Counting sailing vessel# and
1 Weanicr* together, tnc civilized world
has 18,125,474 ton# afloat, of which
".139,703, or not much less than half are
under the British flag. Canada ocrrn
the fourth position among nations.
Hie leading nations are Great Britain,
•nited] States. Norway, Canada, Ger-
B*ay,ltaly ar.d France.
H nut lag the Orang-Outaag.
In Borneo the orang-outang Inhabits
that wide belt of low, forest-covered
swamp which Ilea between the sea
coast and the mountain ranges of the
interior, extending entirely around the
western half of the island. Last jear,
while on a collecting expedition for
Prof. 11. A. Ward, I had ample oppor
tunity to study the habits of the orang
outang in its native forests. I visited
Borneo in August, H7B, for the sole
purpose of obtaining specimens of the
Itornean simia and to study the different
species. I visited the territory of
Sarawak and for two and a half months
devoted my entire time to hunting the
orang along the river Sadong and its
tributary, the Slmitjan. This whole
region is one vast swamp, covered every
where with a dense growth of lofty
virgin forests. During the fruit season,
from the middle of January to May 1,
the food of the orang is the durion,
mongasteen and rambuton. During the
hot months of May, Juno, and July they
retire far into the depths of the forests
and arc exceedingly difficult to find.
But during the season of the heaviest
rains, from August to November, when
the forests are flooded, the orang are
found in the vicinity of the rivers. I
soon found that the only way to reach
them would be to paddle up and down
the rivers and watch for them in the
tree-tops. Near the source of the
Simujiui river and far beyond the last
Dyak village we found great numbers
of orang nests nnd some which were
quite new. The nests consists of a
quantity of leafy branches broken off
and piled loosely into the fork of a tree.
The orang usually selects a sapling nnd
builds his nest in its top, even though
his weight causes it to swav alarmingly.
He often builds his nest within twenty
five feet of the ground, and seldom
higher than forty feet. Sometimes tt
is fully three feet in diameter, but
usually not more two, and quite 1 flat on
the top. There is no weaving together
oi branches. In short, the orang builds
a nest precisely as a man would build
one for himself were he obliged to pass
the night in a tree-top, and had nothing
to cut branches with. I hnve seen one I
or two such nests of men in the forest, j
where the builder had only his hands'
to work with, and they were just as
rudely constructed, of just such ma
terials, and in al>out the same position
as the average orange nest. Upon this
leaty platform the orang lies prone
upon his hnck, with his long arms and
short thick legs thrust outward and up
ward, flrmly grasping, while he sleeps,
the nearest largest branches within Ids
reach. On several occasions I surprised
these animals upon their nests, and
onee I had sa opportunity to watch an
orang while it constructed its resting
place. He never uses a MSt after the
leaves become withered and dry; no
doubt became the bare branches are
not comfortable to lie upon. I never
saw or heard of any house building by j
We found the animals most numerous
along the Simujan river near its source.
(>ui manner hunting was to make
trips up and down the river in our boat,
paddling slowly and ■ silently along,
keeping a careful lookout. Sometimes
in rounding a bond in the river we
would come full upon a huge, black
faced, red-haired animal, reposing
quietly or feeding. I aimed to shoot
them through the chest, and thus
either kill them at once or disable them
so that they would be unable to get
away. On several occasions I succeeded
in killing a large specimen with a single
bullet. It would at all times have been
an easy matter to have shot them
through the bend, but this wbuld have
ruined their skulls. As soon as an
orang was fired at, if not killed nt onee.
be would begin climbing away with all
I think we may fairly consider the
orangs the most helpless of all ouadru
mana. Owing to the great weight of
their bodies and the peculiar structure
of their hands they cannot run nimbly
along even the largest branches, nnd
never dare to spring from one tree to
the next. The weight of an adult male
ranges from 190 to 160 pounds. Owing
to tlie disproportionate shortness of his
legs, his progress depends mainly upon
his long, sinewy arms, and very often he
goes swinging through a tree-ton ry
their aid alone, Upon the ground the
ornngs arc the picture of the most abject
helplessness, nnd in their native forest
they are very seldom known to descend
to the earth. They are utterly incapa
ble of standing fully erect without
touching the ground with their hands,
and for them to be represented in draw
ings and museums as standing erect is
contrary to nature. — ProftMor Hotnadny.
Words of Wisdom.
No rank can shield us from the im
partiality of death. •
The power of eloquence is sometimes
superior to military force.
Flattery is like your shadow; it makes
you neither larger or smaller.
It is in the power of the meanest to
triumph over fallen greatness.
We take lessons in art, literature—a
thousand things; hut timt high sense of
honor, man's obligation toman, is frr
A mind unsteady of purpose is like a
toy balloon veering with every wind,
drifting in many directions and arriving
at nowhere.
Twenty men who believe what they
profess end live as they believe, are
worth more than five hundred hypo
crites to any good cause.
Write your name by kindness, love
and mercy in the hearts of thousands
you come in contact with year by year
and you will never be forgotton
Anybody can soil the reputation of
any individual, however pure and
chaste, by uttering a suspicion that Ins
enemies will believe and his friends
never hear of.
Events are only the winged shuttles
which fly from one side of the loom of
life to the other, bearing the many col
ored threads out of which the fabrics of
our character Is made.
No man can be thoroughly manly
nor carry the blossom, bloom and fruit
unless he has in a large measure what
belongs to a good body and a well regu
lated mind. Asceticism never made a
good man.
lie who travels with his eyes open
cannot fail to see that others, as well as
himself, have their discomforts and
drawbacks, and he will thus be all the
more disposed to meet his own with a
brave spirit.
If all the napkins that contain the one
talent were unwrapped by those who
have tied them up and sit complaining
at the world for It* favoritism, plenty,
contentment and happiness would be
come universal
In Pekln,
We went down on the broad streets
that run for miles without a bend. The
vista is closed by a eity gate, and broken
by here and there an elaborate arcli that
spans thb roadway, a pylotn erected to
commemorate either wealth or virtue;
but the green aDd gold have rubbed off,
and the structure is out of line, like a
gravestone where the earth has sunk;
the houses, built of brick, are of one
story, yet as the fronts of the chemists,
tea and tobacco shops art a mass of
gilded and painted wood sometimes
thirty feet high, they make a daz/.ing
show when new. but paint and gilding
wear away rapidly in this climate, and
when the gold tarnishes it is not renewed
so that there are sombre lines of faded
finery broken at intervals by a brilliant
flash of color, like the glare of a public
house in a street that has lost gentility.
The middleof the road way is the highest:
there are lower roads on either side, and
off these the sidewalks and shops. At
intervals the mi idle is occupied by rows
ol booths covered with wooden boards
or with curtains of rags, where traveling
merchants display their goods as in an
English fair, or else cook and sell hot
viands that always attract tye country
folks who have come into market. At
other points there are oblong groups of
eager listeners, each groun gathering
around a story teller, who tells his tale
with wonderful dramatic action; and
when he lias worked up his audience to
thednighest suspense sends around the
hat before he begins the next chapter; I
saw him once vehemently shake his cash
box in the face of a mean fellow who was
sneaking away without paying. A few
yards off, a juggler has an equally eager
crowd, while he swallows porcelain cups
and needles without end. A little further,
and there is the veritable box of Punch
and Judy, although the distinguished
persons on that mimic stave are but very
distant and poor relations to their name
sake here. On the sidewalks the chiropo
dist operates on way-worn feet, and the
barber is busy shaving customers and
settling their tails. An ancient scribe
with hofei spectacles well on bis nose is
writing a letter for some love-sick swain,
and a knot of ten or twelve idlers are
f lathered around to hear it Other ciowds
lave collected about ballad-singers and
street musicians; and we are told that
if it was the kite season, old gentlemen
of grave aspect would lie flying paper
dragons 100 feet long. A ceaseless
throng, on foot and horseback, is ia
motion through nil these stationary
bodies. Soldiers ride by with guns
slouched across their shoulders, and
others armed with only bows and ar
rows. Cows and camels lie about the
sideways, nnd the camels arc loaded
with sacks of coal. A huge red um
brella appears, and a mandarin follows
it, borne in bis chair, and with ragged
lie tors clearing the way. We pan a
l'ekin cab-stand, both the carts and
mules rather faded. A golden streak of
lire rushes out ot the smithy, and
urchins stay and watch it as they do at
home. A blind man threads his way by
beating doleful tunes upon a tamborine.
Old men and young men carry sticks to
which birds are attached by a slight
thread under the wing, and a good bird
may cost as much as ¥ 10. There is a
sound not of revelry, but of mournful
stringed instruments, and banners gieam
in the distance unsteadily advancing
through the press; it is a wedding pro
cession. wc are told, and for an hour
the procession flows slowly by; coolies,
who have flying scarlet cloaks over
their native poverty; bearers will. hOH
structures, supposed to be a bride s
presents, sometimes in chnirs, some,
times on flat trays; and instiuments of
music, banner poles, sedan chairs,
heraldic shields, tablets, coolies, trays,
follow in confused and brofen line as if
they bad no natural beginning or end.
Overhead there is a musical whirr, in
cessant but not unpleasing; a tiny lyre
is inserted in a pigeon's tale, some say
to guard it from birds of prey, and the
wind makes the music in its flight.—
Good Words.
"Death's Door."
" Death's Door" is a significant name.
A correspondent has been at " Port du
Mort,"as the French call it, and has a
rather sensational and tragic story to
Ull regarding the little green bay and
l*ake Michigan strait. This occurred,
he says, in February, 1877. and has never
before been published. Mentioning that
Death's Door was so named because
nearly the whole tribe of Pottawatomie
Indians were drowned in trying to cross
the strait, the correspondent says that
two winters ago an old fisherman and
bis son sailed from Detroit harbor on
their return to Sister Bay. where they
lived. They disappeared and were not
seen again for forty days. One day
almut the middle of March the light
house keeper n Cana island saw two
nun drifting down witli the ice out of
Death's Door. They sat upright in the
stern of the l>oat, side by side. The old
man sat with his arms folded, slightly
bent forward, resting tlicm on his knees.
Tlieson was bolt upright. As the boat
fiassed with the swift enrrent nnd rrack
ng ice the keepers erutinized them with
his spy-glass. To his surprise, neither
of the men moved. He adjusted his
glass again, bringing them nearer.
Tlifn he saw that both were dead and
frozen stiff. Icicles were hanging from
the father's beard, On his hat was
frozen snow. His face wore the expres
sion of a man in the deepest agony.
The son's feature* were at rest and his
eyes glsssy in their Blare. Theoboat
swept by, and neither boat nor ecu
pants were ever seen afterward.
llowa Laach Was Sold.
The proprietor of the Silver Palace
restaurant at the depot in Sacramento is
an individual apparently equal to an
emergency. A few mornings since a
man who intended to go East by the
emigrant train with his family was
bargaining with the restaurant keeper
for a lunch of large dimensions, ano
" lDn" was holding out for a big price.
The ears containing the emigrant pas
sengers were about to be moved from
one track to another, but Ben had infor
mation that they would not leave for the
East until 3p. m. While he and the
passenger were discussing the price de
manded for the lunch a switch-engine
coupled on to the cars and l>cgan mov
ing them out of the depot. Thepassen
gei was much distressed, inveighing
against his ill-luck in not being ready,
and made a rush to get on Isiard. Ben,
however, detained him, saying witli
ready wit that lie would signal the
train to return, and pulled three time#
upon a rope used to open and close a
arge door of Ihe restaurant. When in
the course of a minute the cars stopped
%nd backed up, the passing* r was so
grateful that be not only paid all that
was asked for the lunch, but over
whelmed Ben with thanks.
Farm Note*.
Cabbage should not he allowed to re
main out to be frozen through night
after night.
Parsnips may remain in the ground
until the very fast . If they are left un
til spring they will not be injured.
Hogs intended for slaughter should
receive all the food they will cat, and
should have a warm, dry bed, that they
may sleep comfortably and grow fat
A Mississippi farmer dashes cold water
into tne ears of choking cattle. This
causes the animal to shake its head vio
lently and the muscular action dislodges
the obstruction.
Professor Caldwell states that pars
nips appear to rank first in value for
horses. In some parts of Franec this
root is substituted for oats, forty pounds
being given in a daily ration. The
horses maintain n good condition and
the parsnips cost only a fourth as much
as oats.
It is said that eggs may be preserved
indefinitely by washing the shells with
whites of eggs, thoroughly heated. After
washing, they are laid on a piece of blot
ting paper to dry. If laid on a plate or
board the albumen adheres to tne plate
and is liable, when theeggsareremoved,
tc ic.ive a portion of the shell uncov
At six feet apart, it will require 1,210
vines to the acre; at nine feet, 537; at
twenty-one feet, ninety-eight; at one
feiot, 13,500; at two and a half feet,
0,90a. These figures should be cut out
!in<*viistcd in a book for reference, as
they are always useful. In planting
asparagus, one ounce of seed will plant
a drill sixty feet long. An ounce of
onion seed will plant a drill 100 feet
Poultry intended for immediate kill
ing should fast for twenty-four hours be
fore being killed, since the food injures
the appearance of the bird and is also apt
to sour and damage the meat. Turkeys
should he killed by bleeding in the neck;
in fact all poultry is better, treated in the
same manner and picked while warm,
though never scalded. When the poul
try is picked take off the head at the
throat, peel back the skin a trifle and |
remove n little of the neck bone. Whet j
it is cold and just before packing draw 1
the skin over the end ana tie and trim
neatly. Draw the intestines, mnking ,
the incision as small as possible, leaving
the gizzard, heart and liver within.
Dellrlou* Way* of Cooking Apple*.
PVIUUNO.—An excellent apple pud- I
ding enn be made from the remains of a '•
rice pudding. Arrange wcll-OWMtBMd
and flavored apple-sauce in alternate
layers with COM rice pudding; add a I
little butter and sugar, sift sugar over
the top, and nut in the oven to In at
through and brown on the top. Any
sort of flavoring may he used for this
CHARLOTTE. —The ordinary apple 1
charlotte is not nearly so nice as this, j
which is slightly more elafiorate: Line |
a pie dish with buttered slices of bread; |
fill it un with layers of apples cut very |
small, placing between each layi-ra little
apricot jam, some grate lemon lind, !
and plenty of brown sugar. Cover the
dish up with slices of bread buttered, j
am| bake till the bread is well browned, i
PQMMF.S ALT BEI UKE.— Peel and core a
number of apples, lay them in a linking
tin plentifully buttered, fill the core of
each apple with brown sugar and a
small piece of butter, and put the tin in j
a slow oven till the apples are a good j
coior and quite dene, i'hey should IK- j
occasionally basted with the butter dur- ]
ing the process of cooking, and the core
should bo filled a second time with !
sugar, and they may have a slight I
sprinkling of powdered cloves or cinna
mon. according to taste.
APPLE CHKF.SE.—PeeI and quarter a
quantity of apples, stow them with a
little water, a good deal of sugar, the
thin rind of n lemon and a few cloves, or
a stick of cinnamon. When quite done
pnas them through a hair sieve; and to
one quart of the puree thus obtained add
half A packet of gelatine, dissolved in
water; mix well, pour into a mould
and when set, turn it out and serve with
a eustard poured about it. It is well to
remember that the puree must he thor
oughly well sweetened and flavored to
rari y off the insipidity of gelatine.
COMPOTE. Pare and core half a
dozen large, fair apples, throwing each
as it is pared into cold water to keep it
from turning brown. Put a half pound
of loaf sugar into an enameled stewpan
with three pint* of water: as soon as it
is melted and boils put in the apples
w'th the juice of two lemons, stew
gently until the apples are sufficiently
cooked but not broken. Then tak
them out carefully nnd lay them in th
dish in which they are to go to table
Cut the rinds of the lemon into the thin
nest possible strips and put them into
the syrup; boil till tender, by which
time the syrup will be murb reduced.
When cola pour ths syrup about the
apples, nnd also dispose the transparent
strips of lemon about them. This dish
looks wilh a hit of nuinee jelly
plneed in the hollow of each apple; or
with a candied cherry in the hollow,
an i angelica cut into losengc* and in
serted around the top of each apple.
Care of Broom*.
There is an old saying to the effect that
a woman's housekeeping capacity can
be told by the state in which her broom
is kept. Our plan is keep a separate broom
for the parfor, dining-room, sleeping
room ana kitchen. When the latter is too
much worn for use in the house send it
to the yard; take the second best for the
kitchen, tiie broom from up-stairs for
the dining-room and the parlor broom
for the etinmbers, and let the new one
be kept for the parlor and hall. Many
servants hnvc the habit of leaning
heavily on a broom when stopping L>
pick up articles and while sweeping.
This results in bent and broken splinters
and a worthless broom. When a new
broom Is purchased provide away for
hanging it tip in this wise: With a
small gimlet liore a hole through the
handle, aLout nn inch from the top;
draw a piece of strong, waxed twine,
long enough when tied in a hard knot
to form a loop three or four inches long.
If brooms he dipped in clean hot suds
once every week and dried quickly, they
will last twice as long.
The values of the msin products ot
the United Rtatcs for 1879 are estimated
M follows: Com, $625,000,000; beef,
$270,000,000; wheat, $410,000,000; cot
ton, $270,0.10,000; rye. $16,000,000; oats,
$150,000,000; barley, $25,000,000; buck
wheat, $9,000,000; hay, $300,000,000;
pork, $850,000,000.
- 1 Saowboßn^liiarradUOdify.
A few weeksago nix miners, bidding
good-bye to the world. climbed the tow
ering heights of King's river canyon,
Cal., and passed into Paradise valley,
where they are now snowbound (or the
winter. They could as easily tunnel
their way to the Antipodes as escape
from their camp alter the first snows ol
November, so until May of next year
they will dig for gold, giving no thought
to the summer companions from whom
they are exiled. The valley is eight
miles long and about one mile in width,
ifself 10,000 feet above the sea, while
the cliffs encompassing run perpendicu
larly 7.0(H) feet further. Until last year
it was deemed impossible for men to
pass a winter in the valley. Then four
hunters, W. A. CJark, William Hicks,
William Hilton and L. M. Grover, tried
the experiment and met with success.
They built a cabin and stored away a
pack-train load of necessaries. To their
surprise they found deer and boars un
der the cliffs throughout December and
January. One afternoon Clark cornered
a buck and doe at the head of a small
canyon where the cliffs were too steep
for them to climb. He determined to
catch them without using a rifle. lie
stunned the doe with a stone and tied
her down. The buck, a powerful fellow,
made frantic leaps toward a small ter
race over his head till his tongue hung
from his mouth, and tumbling sixty
feet down a precipice broke his neck.
Ixwking down from their cabin one
moonlight night the hunters saw three
cinnamon bears climb to the retreat of
a mountain ram, whose defense was
fierce, but ineffectual. On the twelfth 1
of January an avalanche of snow and
rocks swept down, burying two of the j
men fifteen feet. Tliemen had heard the 1
thunder of its approach and rooted them- j
selves deep under a neighboring ledge,
from which they dug their way out j
through the snow in five minutes A
remarkable phenomenon, of which they
had the benefit, was a double suneet
every day—one at 1.30 p. M., when the
sun passed behind a towering clifT into
obscurity for two hours, and another at
four o'clock.
While the four mountaineers were im
prisoned for the winter in Paradise val- !
ley, Clark climbed to a bluff three thou
sand feet above the valley to kill grouse.
It was in the latter part of April and
the bears had emerged from their win
ter quarters. He was on the point of
descending when three bears bounced
out info his path. He looked about for
a place of refuge. A dead pine Htood a
little ways to his front. To divert the j
approaching beasts he sent one shot
from his only weapon, a Colt's heavy
dragoon six shooter. One bear dropped, j
but got up again and joined in the rush.
A second shot was of more account, for
the fellow that was hitrolled over, while
the other made loud aud indescribable
bear music over him. Clark reached
the tree and aiiout twenty-five feet up
found a strong limb over which he put
his leg and rested, puffing and blowing,
while lie viewed the new situation. The
last bear shot lay in its death struggles,
with a hall through its heart; the other :
two pranced around and occasionally
made toward the hunter. Hoping his
companions would come to his assist
ance, Clark resolved to discharge his ;
four remaining shots in quick sueccs- '
sion at the bears, wishing, if possible,
at the same time to kill one or both of
them- He emptied his pistol accord- !
ingly, hut neither War seemed to be j
badly hurt, if struck at all; and bis!
comrades, thinking lie was shooting at
grouse, did not come rear him. An in- 1
tcresting predicament this. At last, after
a half hour or more, the two surviving
bears, having eyed and howled at him
to their heart's content, loped off, en
large one la-hind being somewhat disa
bled. Once in a while as this oldhruin
disappeared in the distance lie sat down
and cast a wistful glance at the tree,
evidently feeling that a mortal was there
whose hones he wanted to crack.
Railroad Accidents.
In his recently published "Notes on i
Railroad Accidents," Mr. Charles Fran
cis Adams. Jr.. shows that the percent- j
age of loss of life and of personal in- j
juries on railroaus is exceedingly small, j
when compared with the amount of
travel, ana that the risks of railroad
travel are much less than they arepopu- I
larly supposed to lie. He cites statistics j
to prove that it is actually safer for a j
man or his family to travel by rail than
to stay at home, thus corroborating the
saying attributed to John Bright, that I
the saf-dt place in which a man could
put himself was inside a first-class rail- j
road carriage of a train in full motion, |
During the eight years from IH7O to 187 ft !
the whole number oi lives lost in oprr- !
ating the entire railroad system of
Massachusetts was 1.165. or an average
of 11* a year, while in Boston the re
corded deaths from accidental causes
during the ten years from 1868 to 1878
was 2,587, or an annual average of 259.
These results show that in Boston alone
the yearly number of deaths caused by
accidents was eighty per cent, greater
than the numler reported on all the
rail mads of the State. This comparison
is not peculiar to Massachusetts, but
may be tak<-n as approximately accurate
for other places. Indeed, statistics were
published years rfgo in France showing
that people were leas safe at home than
while traveling on the railroads. An
other fact which will serve to reassure
the timid is. that of the whole number
of persons accidentally killed or injured
on railroads, but a small proportion are
passengers. Many of those who lose
their lives or are personally injured, are
employees who are constantly exposed
to risk by virtue of their employment,
and whose familiarity with danger leads
them to be careless, and even foolhardy
oftentimes. But, as Mr. Adams shows,
the greatest and most regular cause of
death and injury in the operation of rail
mads is the reckless habit of walking on
the track, which is common with too
many people, and especially with (hose
who are more or less drunk. More than
one-third of all the railroad casualties
reported in Massaehusetls are classified
under the general head of accident* to
trespassers- that is, accidents to men.
women and children, especially the lat
ter, illegally lying, walking or playing
on the tracks, or riding on the cars. Mr.
Adams says that the best remedy for
tills dangerous practice is the system
of broken-stone ba.laet. covering the
entire surface of the road-bed. This
has been adopted by ths Pennsylvania
raihoad with the most aatlsfa-tory re
sults, though the company had other
objects In view than the discomfort of
pedestrians. _
Editors are generally poor off for
clothing. When you hear of one of
them having two sulfa, you can cal
culate that one is the suit he wears
every day and Sundays, too, and the
sther is a libel suit.— Some Hcntmel.
The ten ant-far mere of England, ac
cording to a member of Parliament, will
be satisfied with nothing less than:
1. Better representation. 2. Security
for capital. 3. Freedom of cultivation.
4. Liberty to dispose of produce to best
advantage. 5. Abolition of distraint.
0. Reform of the game Jaws. 7. legiti
mate share in county government;
8. Fair apportionment of local burdens.
A story comes from Nemehah county.
Mo., that one David Meiscnthaler was
killed there by a meteor or aerolite. He
was driving cattle from the field when
the meteor descended obliquely through
a tall maple, cutting the limbs as clean
as if it had been a cannon ball. It
struck near the shoulder, passing
through his body obliquely and nurying
itself two feet in the earth. The meteor
is composed of iron pyrites, round and
rough, about the size of a common
patent bucket.
The movement to recognize the ster
ling qualities of Adam, by the erection
of a monument at Elmira, N. Y., is
booming. The Free J'ress of that city
contains a report of a meeting held there
to perfect arrangements for the desired
testimonial. Trie Free Press says: "A
committee of three was appointed to
correspond with eminent sculptors,
with a view of getting designs sugges
tions and estimates upon the cost of the
memorial, according to a plan which at
the meeting hail been generally pre
ferred. The matter of the location of
the work was informally discussed, and
several sites, any of which would be
favorable, were named. The work un
dertaken will be earnestly and zealously
pushed until the design of the projectors
sball be an accomplished fact. .
The foolish man who told his son that
wine is made of grapes was, as every
one knows, very far from the truth.
Still people have been of the opinion
that American home-made wine, at
least, was manufactured from grapes.
It seems that in this also they are mis
taken. The Sandusky (Ohio) Register,
iii its annual review of the vineyard pro
duction of Northern Ohio, says that of
the million and a half gallons of wine
that was made there this season, less
than a million gallons of grape juice
was used. It adds that dealers make no
secret of the fact tliat they use spirits,
sugar and water largely in the produc
tion of wine, and claim that this is done,
not so much to make money as to suit
the taste of their patrons, who prefer the
adulterated product to the pure article.
The method id op ted in (icrmany for
preventing the slipping and failing of
hone* on the publy road is as unique
as it is simple. The smith, when finish
ing the shoe, punches a hole in the two
ends, and when the shoe is cold he taps
in a screw thread and screws into the
shoe, when on the horse's foot, a sharp
pointed stud of an inch in length. With
shoes thus fitted, the horse can travel
securely over the worst possible road,
never being known to slip under any
mode of employment—draft horses being
also shod in the same way. When the
horse comes to the stable, the pointed
stud is unscrewed and a button screwed
in, so that no damage can happen to the
horse and the screw holes are prevented
from tilling. When the horse is going
out, the only thing reqmred is simply
to remove the button and screw in the
pointed stud.
Professor Willard. in a speech at the
New York dairy fair, deprecated the
present tendency ot farmers to extrava
gance—"pianos, fine clothes and sl2 kid
shoes." Commenting upon the profes
sor's speech, the New York Graphic re
marks : " Now, farmers have as much
right to the refinements of life as any
other class of people. The inference
from this perpetual preaching of econ
omy to the farmer is that he must live
in a very plain house, dress in very plain
| clothes, ahjurc all ornamentation, and
live down to a level which borders on
squalor. If this ndviee is good for the
farmer it should be equally good for
merchant, lawyer or doctor. Sauce for
the goose is sauce for the male bird also.
All of life is not embraced in pork and
cabbage, pictureless rooms, or a house
without piano, tasty furniture or books.
Are certain favored occupations to be
the only ones to njoy the luxuries of
life? Refinement is not extravagance.
The American farmer is by this exces
sive economy to be Converted into an
American peasant. If people are edu
cated up to the modern requirements it
will follow, as a matter of course, that
they will demand modern elegancies.
The piano has its mission in the farmers'
parlor as well as in that of the Fifth
avenue. Indeed it is alTthe more needed
to relieve the ise,lation ot the country
home. If farming cannot bring the re
fined necessities of life, then farming is
a very poor business."
The Harvests of the World.
The Monticur Beige publishes the fol
lowing estimate of the harvest in vari
ous countries: Belgium, yield below the
average; Austria-llungary. moderate
harvest, no export of gram this year:
Russia, pretty good harvest, exports of
r-ain will be between 3,500,000 and
000,000 qrt.: (icrmany, satisfactory
harvest; in Prussia and Wurtemburg
!up to the average and in Saxony and
Bavaria considerably leyond it; Italy,
! bad harvest; Spain, tolerably good;
Switzerland, average harvest; Turkey,
harvest generally good; Holland, liar
vest only middling: France, the harvest
will be is per cent, below the average,
and it will be necessary to import
5,000,000 qrs. England, had harvest—
will require about 24,000,000 qrs of
wheat more than she has grown; Uni
ted States, good harvest, estimated at
409,002,500 qrs.; which, after deducting
the 940.625,000 qrs. required for home
consumption and need, leaves 108,437-
500 qrs. for exportation to Europe.
Obstructing the mail is getting to b
serious business. It is also becoming ,
difficult to tell precisely when one Is ob,
intruding the mail. Only a short time
since a man quarreled one evening with
a letter carrier in one of our Western
cities and gave him a black eye, which
prevented his attending to liis duties
next day. The first thought of the gov
ernment was to hold the assailant for
assaulting an officer; but as the latter
was not at the time of the aasault in the
discharge of his duty, it has been de
cided to make a complaint for obstruct
ing the mails. In Ohio a charcoal
dealer has just been fined for not turning
out his charcoal car. and giving half
the road to a mail carrier who drove a
light spring wagon and was compelled
to go uncomfortably near the ditch